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  • 251.
    Mohammedzade, Siavash
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Mohammedzade, Sina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster: att lagra filer i molnet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to contribute to the knowledge about the security risks companies face when using file storage as cloud services. There is a lot of research and surveys on cloud computing and its security, as many companies see this aspect as a key factor. When talking about file storage security, research shows that many companies restrain to make use of cloud services when they are concerned about the protection, loss and control of data, or reliability to who can see the data. However, the use of cloud services also brings a number of advantages such as flexibility and scalability. This is a qualitative study and people that somehow works with file storage as a cloud service has been used to collect data for the study. The companies that the interviewees are working in are two IT & technology consultancies, one college, a supplier of ERP systems, a company within the automotive industry and a utility company. The respondents hold positions such as IT director, IT architect, system manager, on-site IT-manager, solution architect and system integration specialist. The interviews had a semi-structured approach. The study shows that companies are aware of the security risks which are present using a cloud service, and that the companies must carefully evaluate and review what is included in the agreement with the supplier. All of the respondents who participated in the survey uses file storage as a cloud service. The majority of security risks which the interviewees addresses match the previous research about the uncertainty of data protection, who has access to data and loss of control. The conclusion is that there are security risks by storing files in the cloud, but that cloud services bring so many benefits that it is difficult for companies to restrain from. The main risks when storing files in the cloud was the location of data, reliability and backup.

  • 252.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Editorial: Internet use and disability2017In: Cyberpsychology : Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, ISSN 1802-7962, E-ISSN 1802-7962, Vol. 11, no 1Special IssueArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Movva, Naga Pradeep
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Problems and possibilities of telemedicine in India2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information and communication  technologies  (ICTs)  are  having a great  capability to face some challenges in both developed as well as developing countries which includes providing access,  cost  effective  and  high  quality  health  care  services.  Telemedicine  uses  ICT  to overcome  geographical   barriers,  and  increase  access  to  health  care  services.  This  is particularly beneficial for rural and underserved communities in India. This paper focuses on the rising profile of e-health on the international policy agenda and related developments  in the  National  Health Service. Few developments  in public health today create energy and opportunity present in the word "e-health". As a developing country, India is implementing the technology to deliver health information and services regarding health widely across the country. These solution  though promising also present new challenges particularly in acceptable standards, choice of technologies, overcoming traditional jurisdictional boundaries, investment, privacy and confidentiality.

     

    In this study, examine current state of telemedicine in a developing country, India. Telemedicine has brought several benefits to the people of India, especially those living in rural and remote areas. Discussed the Indian telemedicine implementation case of Apollo Hospital and Chakrajmal village, consolidate lessons learned from cases, and culminate with potential researchable critical success factors that account for the growth and modest successes  of telemedicine  in India. This  research will  discuss  how e-health  provides the opportunity for patients to maintain longer independence and for the providers to monitor    a condition more closely. It also describes barriers and challenges for current status of e­- health. Also, an attempt is made for presenting future e-health status in Indian scenario. Further,some  recommendations  are provided for  improvement.

  • 254.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Konturer till en nomadologisk kulturanalys2012In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 34-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws up some lines and puts forwardthoughts about blogging as a way to develop and make Cultural Studies more upto date, both with society and with recent theoretical insights about culture.The objective of this text is to inspire fellow academics to start bloggingabout their work and to use blogs as a two way tool for both communication andinvestigation, and to elaborate on some prerequisites for nomadologicalCultural Studies.

  • 255.
    Nilsson, Galina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Kristiansson, Lilia
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering.
    Enhancing students creativity using project-based learning in engineering in higher education: Case study from Sweden2011In: World Conference on Education, Imagination and Creativity, WERA/International conference on education, TERA 2011: 5-9 dec 2011, Taiwan, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    A Notion of Presence: Exploring the Effects of Minimalistic ation on a Chat System2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Design Patterns for Visualization of User Activities in a Synchronous Shared Workspace2015In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 8, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars in fields such as Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) have extensively covered the general theme of distributed collaboration in the past few decades. Recent advances in web technologies have pushed forward the boundaries of what is possible to create on the web, aiding the development of various types of collaborative software. Standing on the shoulders of previous research, and in the light of the new web technologies, we here outline the development of what we label a "synchronous shared workspace". The purpose of the system is to serve as a web-based collaboration tool for small groups of geographically and/or temporally dispersed persons within a learning context. Designing this type of system presents interesting challenges on how to graphically visualize the presence of others and their activities, i.e. awareness information. Further, the system provides other types of functionalities such as visualizing previous activities and real-time manipulation of media objects that provides challenges for designers. Utilizing a "design pattern" approach, this paper explores visualization patterns for collaboration in shared workspaces in order to support mutual awareness and coordination activities. Five design patterns were implemented in the system and evaluated by a small group of online learners. The results support the notion that visualization of awareness information is a complex issue and that the work to provide effortless coordination of collaboration is a research interest that needs more attention.

  • 258.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Exploring Design Patterns of Shared Interfaces for Web Collaboration2015In: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on E-Learning in the Workplace / [ed] David Guralnick, Ph.D., 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars in fields such as Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) have extensively covered the general theme of distributed collaboration in the past few decades. Recent advances in web technologies havepushed forward the boundaries of what is possible to create on the web, aiding the development of various types of collaborative software. Standing on the shoulders of previous research, and in the light of the new web technologies, we here outline the development of what we label a "synchronous shared workspace". The purpose of the system is to serve as a web-based collaboration tool for small groups of geographically and/or temporally dispersed persons within a learning context. Designing this type ofsystem presents interesting challenges on how to graphically visualize the presence of others and their activities, i.e. awareness information. Further, the system provides other types of functionalities such as visualizing previous activities and real-time manipulation of media objects that provideschallenges for designers. Utilizing a "design pattern" approach, this paper explores visualization patterns for collaboration in shared workspaces in order to supportmutual awareness and coordination activities. Five design patterns were implemented in the system and evaluated by a small group of online learners. The results support the notion that visualization of awareness information is acomplex issue and that the work to provide effortless coordination of collaboration is a field that needs more attention.

  • 259.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Asocial Responselessness of Unfocused Interaction in Computer Mediated Communication2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Utilizing emerging web standards designing a Synchronous Shared Workspace2015In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015, p. 1157-1161Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief paper is part of a larger project aimed at innovating mediated collaboration in higher education. In this paper, we will discuss technology needed to be able to develop a web based synchronous shared workspace. With the emerging HTML5 standard together with the JavaScript platform called "Node.js" utilizing WebSocket communication, it is possible to create able web based real-time systems. Preliminary testing reveals the setup very reliable, supporting collaborative processes even on bad wireless connections.

  • 261.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Bengtsson, Fredrik
    Johansson, Christian
    Svensson, Lars
    Exploring Awareness2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 262.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Awareness information and user behavior: A field experiment of an online collective system2005In: WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications, ISSN 1790-0832, Vol. 2, no 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to investigate the effects synchronous non-verbal awareness information has on users of a collaborative system. The experiment was setup in on online picture exhibition where users were given a minimalistic indication of any co-present users present. Logs from the website were analyzed and revealed that users who were in the online gallery and were exposed to the notion that there were other visitors there at the same time spent a statistically significant longer time in the gallery as opposed to visitors who were given the information that they were all alone in the gallery. We also noted that although time in the gallery differed between the two groups, we cannot say anything conclusive as to whether use-patterns differed or not. 

  • 263.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Presenting the Kludd: A Shared Workspace for Collaboration2015In: GROUP '14 Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Supporting Group Work, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015, p. 295-298Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this poster, we would like to present the current state of the Kludd system. Kludd is a web-based collaboration tool, enabling users to collaborate around various media objects like images, videos, texts and audio in a shared workspace. The design metaphor is an online whiteboard, where multiple actors can add, manipulate and remove objects, all while everyone sees the same view. The system is made with standard components like HTML5, CSS3 and a number of open-source javascript libraries enabling real-time collaboration in a browser. Utilizing a Design Science Research methodology, the initial design was based on 9 design requirements. In this poster, a further four requirements are presented as a result of the analysis of the first phase, and an initial design of the second phase of the project is presented

  • 264.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Supporting participation in online learning communities with awareness information2012In: International Journal of Web Based Communities, ISSN 1477-8394, E-ISSN 1741-8216, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 537-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to investigate the relationship between awareness information and participation in an online learning community (OLC). Inspired by the sociocultural notion of learning as social participation, this article will analyse the events that took place in an online photo gallery equipped with a system for visualising co-present users. The article discusses the importance of why social systems should support the creation, recreation and reinforcement of social norms to better facilitate participation. The article concludes by presenting four design implications of educational technologies supporting participation as well as a section referencing the importance of a transactional perspective in order to understand the effects of awareness information.                                                     

  • 265.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Supporting nomadic work- and study practices in groupware design2017In: Proceedings on E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Oct 17, 2017 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada / [ed] Jon Dron; Sanjaya Mishra, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2017, p. 822-826Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief paper concerns the design of real-time collaborative systems adhering to a nomadic work- and study practice. Nomadic practices can be characterized as having a heterogeneous workplace, working or studying from different locations during a day. This practice has been enabled by advances in technology and formed by human behavior. This means that we now must consider this type of work when designing collaboration software. This brief paper outlines some major issues concerning technology-mediated collaboration arising from nomadic work practices; different network conditions, data cost and device heterogeneity, and proposes tentative design ideas addressing these issues.

  • 266.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för tillämpad IT.
    Working as an Online Educator: Challenges when scaling up distance education2013In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013 / [ed] Ron McBride; Michael Searson, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) , 2013, p. 881-885Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years online and blended learning has scaled up from being a pilot endeavour driven by pioneers, to constituting a large portion of many institutions of higher education. In the process, the conditions for the online teacher has gradually changed, and the situation of today is in many ways problematic where student interaction and dialogue has to stand back in favour of time consuming content production, material delivery, and technical problem solving. This paper draws on the experiences from a Scandinavian University to illustrate how this transition can be understood in the light of rapid technological development in combination with slow evolution of pedagogical models for online education.

  • 267.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Social Media as Sociomaterial Service: On Practicing Public Service Innovation in Municipalities2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments are in need to innovate public service. They struggle with complex societal problems, decreased citizen trust and the work of adapting to new demands related to how service should be delivered to fit contemporary living. Inspired by success stories from the private sector's "open innovation" approaches, governments are complementing internal competence with knowledge resources of external actors such as citizens. One increasingly growing strategy for knowledge expansion beyond government boundaries has been to use social media platforms, e.g. Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. This strategy has been shown to be especially effective at a local government level (henceforth municipality) where citizens are geographically close to the government and where government manages activities that citizens rely on in their daily lives.

    Despite an expansive rise of social media use in municipalities, and efforts to see beyond a traditional and New Public Management approach to public service, there is little knowledge about the participatory and innovative capacity of social media in a government context. This knowledge gap is reflected in researchers' and municipal administrators' uncertainty as to how to make use of social media for improvement of public service and how to handle tensions about what is possible to do with social media and what is legitimate to do as a public servant.

    The aim of the thesis is thus to map, unpack and conceptualize social media practice by municipal communicators to understand how tensions and dynamics between social media mechanisms and government rationales are shaping the practice and how new emerging practices can be understood as public service innovation. The research questions of the thesis are: RQ1: How are social mediamechanisms supporting different public service rationales?; RQ2: How is public service enacted in the social media practice by municipal communicators?; RQ 3: How can social media practice by municipal communicators be understood as public service innovation?

    With an engaged scholarship research approach, related research on social medialogic, e-government, e-governance and digital public service innovation, and with the help of the theoretical perspectives "service innovation," "practice perspective" and "sociomateriality," the thesis contributes extended insights into how social media platform mechanisms support different government rationales in processes of sociomaterial service, and how such practice can be understood as creative processes towards public service innovation.

    As a practical contribution I propose that both communicators and managers in government engage together in networks of others working with social media and to discuss for instance the mission of the government in relation to the aim of using social media, what tensions arise in the social media practice and why, and how algorithms are shaping the social media practice.

  • 268.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Boundaries of Logics in Municipality Communicators' Facebook Practice: Towards a New Public Service Competence2019In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019, 2019, p. 3097-3106Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increased use of external online platforms, digital government logics are gradually intertwined with external, algorithmic, crowd-influenced value logics of social media platforms. This new scene especially affects administration, which can no longer neutrally deliver public service, but becomes involved in processes of consideration and judging what rules and traditions seem most appropriate in the situation.Through deep interviews and workshops with municipal communicators, we examine this balancing act when communicators use social media for external communication. We use a practice perspective to characterize and conceptualize an emerging approach to public service.

  • 269.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Topics and Approaches: A Framework for Municipality Social Media Engagement2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Efforts at the boundaries: Social media use in Swedish municipalities2016In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 9821, p. 123-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is used by the majority of Swedish municipalities. However, the highly interactive features of social media are often not taken advantage of. The study aims to get a better understanding of why social media is not used to its full potential in the municipality. Findings from an interview study with communicators in three Swedish municipalities reveal that the motivation for using social media is often difficult to turn into action. Tensions emerging in the use of social media result in hesitation, uncertainty and a slowing down of work practice. The processes of managing the tensions are characterized by boundary crossing between different communities, such as municipal communicators, elected officials and citizens, with social media itself as an equally important actor. The processes of boundary crossing by the municipal communicators are discussed in terms of learning processes and new emerging competences that might redefine the role of the municipal communicator and hence perhaps the public servant in general. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2016.

  • 271.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    NU-sjukvården.
    Balancing the Social Media Seesaw in Public Sector: A Sociomaterial Perspective2017In: IRIS Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, ISSN 1891-9863, E-ISSN 2387-3353, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media in the public sector changes the professionals' everyday work practice. This paper sheds light on the emerging challenges of using social media as a part of work, based on the analysis of three contexts within the public sector in Sweden and through the lens of sociomateriality and affordances. The approach is interpretive field studies with a narrative analysis, where we interpret and analyse key elements of the storylines, focusing on the transition to social media use among professionals (nurses, municipal communicators, and physicians) in the three contexts. Social media enables an open work environment where information is visible and potentially spreadable to an unknown audience. The process of interacting with an unknown audience and finding a professional tone is analysed here as context collapse. The unknown, and at times imagined complex audience, makes it hard to balance the seesaw between friendliness on the one hand and an authoritative tone on the other; a tonality which leaves most of the potential audience unreached. The interplay between social media and the professionals shapes the professionals' practice. We analyse this interplaying practice more specifically, as sociomateriality in action.

  • 272.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Transgressions and Transformations at Work: Towards a Social Media Practice among Swedish Municipality Communicators2017In: Transitions, Transformations and Transgressions in Work and Learning & Work and Learning Research: Book of Abstracts, Grahamstown: Rhodes University , 2017, p. 81-, article id ID071Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how communicators at the municipality, in their work, negotiate the tension between a traditional role of an 'informative administrator' and a 'promoting, engaging social media profile'. The work is learned by carefully transgressing municipality social media and IT policy and by transforming social media practice from private and commercial use of Facebook, towards a new practice founded in democratic values.

    Social media has become an important strategy for municipalities to disclose a massive amount of information with relatively low cost and to create engagement with citizens. However, fostering participation and citizen engagement on social media platforms is still a great challenge for municipality administration as well as for research. Despite a widespread diffusion of platforms such as Facebook in municipalities, interaction level is relatively low compared to private organisations. We know from previous research that citizens' engagement with municipalities on Facebook is related to the municipalities' tradition of openness and transparency and their local administration style. Municipalities with a tradition of transparency are to a greater extent using features in Facebook that enable citizen engagement.Hence the organisational context where the engagement takes place is a crucial factor.However, what is often forgotten when trying to understand how engagement emerges on municipality social media platforms is the intentions of the platform providers and the emerging social logic of the platforms in use. A digital platform such as Facebook cannot be regarded as one overall technology choice, but as a platform provider that promotes services and tools along with a considerable amount of conditions and regulations. As social platforms are being adopted and matured, the huge amount of data concerning user behaviour and interaction patterns has changed from being side business to core business for the platform providers. This is applied,for instance, in the possibility to harvest and sell data. Overtime, the logic of such platforms has become more advanced and its ability to shape and transform the communication patterns has grown stronger and become critical. So, what implications do such a platform logic have on municipality administrations' use of Facebook? A content analysis of online interaction on four municipalities' Facebook pages during a period of two years was conducted. Approximately 6000 posts and comments were categorised by content, media type and tone. Engagement such as likes, shares and comments were then measured for the different categories.Empirical findings indicate that municipality communicators have problems both to reach out with information and to create engagement on Facebook. It is important for the communicators to be politically neutral, correct and speak with the voice of the whole municipality (i.e. not too personal). This way of being, however, does not work so well on Facebook.They report having gradually adjusted their work (content, tone, media type and timing) to what is spreadable, sharable and commentable according to a Facebook logic. The communicators say they feel forced to post pictures of blossomtrees and check-ins from the lunch restaurant in order to get likes and shares. They know that if they don't do this they will lose citizens' attention and they will not reach out with more important posts. They are aware that posts that are interesting to see and read are not sufficient; posts also need to trigger people to like, share and comment. The socialmedia work needs to be designed in accordance with a unique Facebook platform logic.

    This paper aims to contribute to the body of knowledge on IT and learning at work with a special focus on new competence in the public sector. It also extends an existing framework of e-government transparency and citizen engagement by taking into account the role of Facebook as a platform with highly structured strategies for how to foster a special kind of sociality and engagement. The practical contribution implies new knowledge for staff and management in the public sector to develop competence to manage transparency and engagement through social media.

  • 273.
    Nowé Hedvall, Karen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Gärdén, Cecilia
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Ahlryd, Sara
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Michnik, Katarina
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Carlén, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Byström, Katriina
    Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Department of Archivistics, Library and Information Science, Oslo; Norway.
    Social media in serious leisure: themes of horse rider safety2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 4, article id 772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The aim of this study is to gain insight into how issues of safety are discussed and understood by horse riders on social media. Safety issues are omnipresent in the leisure activity of horse riding. Social media affords user-generated content, which provide arenas for information interactions and informal discussions that complement more official arenas.

    Method. An extensive number of postings and comments were derived from selected social networking sites, blogs and web forums engaged in by Swedish horse riders.

    Analysis. An iterative, qualitative content analysis was conducted on the basis of analytical questions and emerging themes on rider safety. The analysis generated five themes that together portray rider safety as an issue in need of greater attention.

    Results. Safety issues are downplayed in social media dealing with horse riding. The findings show that safety for humans is given lower priority than the safety of horses. There is a tendency to disregard safety and to project personal experiences of fear onto the horse, and there is no agreement on what constitutes safety.

    Conclusion. The results highlight a renewed need for explicit attention to be paid to safety issues especially in riding schools, since safety remains elusive and negotiable in discussions in social media, and thus becomes a risk in itself. Participants try to emulate embodied knowledge (intentionally and unintentionally) through stories and series of pictures and film sequences. The lack of support for a corporeal information modality in social media generates uncertainty, which may distort the meanings and intentions latent in the conversations.

  • 274. Nylén, Per
    et al.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Simulation and Controller Design of Thermal Spray Processes1996In: Svenska AI-föreningens konferens i Linköping 1996., 1996Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Olander, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hasic, Nele
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vård på distans för diabetiker: En studie om hur telemedicin påverkar diabetessköterskors arbetsuppgifter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a constantly changing world that is digitized at a faster pace than ever, new forms of information technology arise that make new demands on both individuals and organizations. The consequences of telemedicine and its impact on diabetic nurses duties are not fully clear and need further research.

    The purpose of this study was to find out how telemedicine affects diabetic nurses duties within the public healthcare. Furthermore, the purpose of this study was to inform the reader about the consequences of telemedicine on a diabetic nurses duties and to arrive at a conclusion regarding the question at issue.

    The question at issue was defined in the following way: “How does telemedicine affect a diabetic nurses duties within primärvården?” 

    The authors of this study have been inspired by a interpretative scientific approach. To study the area a casestudy within VGR will be done. To answer the question at issue, a qualitative approach was deemed necessary. More specifically, the authors conducted 8 semi-structured interviews and used 2 control documents as data collection.

    The result showed that blood glucose meters was a central tool enabling healthcare at a distance for diabetics. A majority of diabetic nurses recommend various applications to the patient depending on different factors, where age is the most common. Based on the differently used tools to provide telemedicine, it appears that it affects the diabetic nurse's duties but in different degrees and frequency. Examples of tasks that change as a consequence of telemedicine are duties such as “Treat anxiety of patients” as well as “Motivate patient to self-care”. The interviews that were conducted also revealed that new duties appear as a consequence of telemedicine. Examples of duties and task that appear are “Distribute and educate patient of how the blood glucose meter works”. Following-up on the patient via telephone has been found to be shorter on average and preserves its quality in many places where possible and can replace some of the duties performed during physical visits. A natural consequence of this is that the accessibility aspect that the telemedical healthcare form entails, may contribute to an increased quality of life for the patient within primärvården. Telemedicine appears to affect the diabetic nurses duties, because of the fact that several duties change as a consequence of telemedicine.

  • 276.
    Olausson, Jesper
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Veckans erbjudande, digitalisering!: En studie om webbplatser inom dagligvaruhandeln ämnade för inköpare.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The way of selling has in correlation with the growth of internet changed in many ways and companies are choosing to use digital platforms over face to face meetings. The grocery retail market is a trade that during the last decade has gone over huge changes where the entire organisations have been centralised to the disadvantage of external suppliers.The internal platforms are well lavished and easy to use by the stores purchasers. This excludes the external suppliers furthermore since they do not have the same resourcebase.

    Purpose: The studies purpose was to examine which usability- and navigation aspects a designer needs to take into consideration while developing a website aimed at business to business with the target group purchasers within the grocery retail market. The study originated from Varupartner AB's website where the goal was to collect external suppliers on one website.

    Method: The study was performed with the help of a qualitative research approach to evaluate Varupartner's current website to discover issues and to collect the target groups experiences. The study used a method triangulation where the research started with an observed usability test which was followed up with a qualitative semi structured interview. The collected data was analysed with an inductive approach by placing the data against research based principles.

    Result: The result discovered that the target group had a good attitude against digitalizing the buying process, even for external suppliers. They also pointed out the importance of efficiency in their work. The result also showed a number of issues connected to Varupartner's current website. It also clarified which aspects that were the most important to study in this context. The context specific areas that showed issues were the missing information about sell-by-dates and whether to give the user information about piece, carton or pallet when they entered goods into the shoppingcart.

    Conclusion: The general principles for usability and navigability are also applicable in the context of grocery retail market where terms like affordance and error prevention are at great importance. The context shows that a well functioning search engine was extra important as this type of website has a complex nature and stores big amount of products and suppliers. Furthermore is a clearer terminology connected to the issue about piece, carton and pallet needed to clarify the amount of goods the user has ordered. The conclusion can also be made that the target group requires great efficiency from the website.

  • 277.
    Onerup, Aron
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Bock, David
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Börjesson, Mats
    Göteborg University and Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Sport Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg Sweden.
    Fagevik Olsén, Monica
    Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Department of Physical Therapy and Department of Surgery, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Haglind, Eva
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hanna
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Angenete, Eva
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG—Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research GroupInstitute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra Gothenburg Sweden.
    Is preoperative physical activity related to post-surgery recovery?: A cohort study of colorectal cancer patients2016In: International Journal of Colorectal Disease, ISSN 0179-1958, E-ISSN 1432-1262, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 1131-1140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: An increasing interest is seen in the role of preoperative physical activity (PA) in enhancing postoperative recovery. The short-term effect of preoperative PA on recovery after colorectal cancer is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the preoperative level of PA with postoperative recovery after surgery due to colorectal cancer disease. Methods: This is a prospective observational cohort study, with 115 patients scheduled to undergo elective colorectal surgery. The self-reported level of preoperative PA was compared to measures of recovery. Results: Regular self-reported preoperative PA was associated with a higher chance of feeling highly physically recovered 3 weeks after surgery (relative chance 3.3, p = 0.038), compared to physical inactivity. No statistically significant associations were seen with length of hospital stay, self-assessed mental recovery, re-admittances or with re-operations. Discussion: In clinical practice, evaluating the patients’ level of PA is feasible and may potentially be used as a prognostic tool for patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. Given the study design, the results from this study cannot prove causality. Conclusion: The present study found that the preoperative level of PA was associated with a faster self-assessed physical recovery after colorectal cancer surgery. PA did not show any associations with the primary outcome measure length of hospital stay or any of the other secondary outcome measures. Assessment of PA level preoperatively could be used for prognostic reasons. If systematic preoperative/postoperative physical training will enhance recovery, this remains to be studied in a randomized controlled study. Highlights: We examined preoperative physical activity and the recovery after colorectal cancer surgery.Physically active individuals had faster self-assessed physical recovery.Assessment of preoperative physical activity may provide prognostic clinical information. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 278.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Utility Games: gaming as a design strategy to achieve utility effects2007In: LearnIT conference Game in´Action, Gothenburg, 13–15th of June, 2007, Göteborgs universitet , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to introduce the concept of utility games, to develop a characterization of such a game category, and to explore design and evaluation issues particular for this category. By utility games, we refer to games predominantly designed for utility purposes, and where gaming is viewed as a design strategy to achieve the utility. Four utility games were analysed, with the following dimensions: the overall context, the utility objective, the game setting, evaluations performed and challenges related to design and evaluation. The analysis shows that the utility aspects and the game design are highly interrelated and affect each other on all levels of the design, and that evaluations of utility games have many dimensions to consider. A summary of lessons learnt and some recommendations to utility game designers are provided.

  • 279.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Goude, Daniel
    Curictus AB.
    Rydmark, Martin
    Gothenburg University.
    Virtual reality, haptics and post-stroke rehabilitation in practical therapy2008In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies / [ed] Paul Sharkey, Pedro Lopes-dos-Santos, Patrice L Weiss, Tony Brooks, University of Reading , 2008, p. 245-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We address the question of usefulness of virtual reality based rehabilitation equipment in practical therapy, by letting experienced therapists explore one such equipment during six months in their regular practice under natural circumstances. By protocols, questionnaires and focus group interviews we collect data regarding which activities they considered useful, why these are useful and what might improve usefulness of such activities, based on the therapists’ professional judgement and experiences. This resulted in a set of purposeful activities, identified values for therapeutic work, and design guidelines. The conclusion is that such equipment has benefits beyond real life training, that variation in content and difficulty levels is a key quality for wide suitability and that the combination of challenging cognitive activities which encourage motor training was considered particularly useful.

  • 280.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Haake, Magnus
    Lund University,Department of Design Sciences, Faculty of Engineering.
    Lindström, Paulina
    Lund University,Department of Design Sciences, Faculty of Engineering.
    Sjödén, Björn
    Lund University Cognitive Science, Kungshuset.
    Gulz, Agneta
    Lund University Cognitive Science, Kungshuset.
    A teachable-agent-based game affording collaboration and competition: Evaluating math comprehension and motivation2012In: Educational technology research and development, ISSN 1042-1629, E-ISSN 1556-6501, Vol. 60, no 5, p. 723-751Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an educational game in mathematics based on an apprenticeship model using a teachable agent, as well as an evaluative study of how the game affects (1) conceptual understanding and (2) attitudes towards mathematics. In addition, we discuss how collaborative and competitive affordances of the game may affect understanding and motivation. 19 students played the game in pairs once a week during math lessons for 7 weeks (the game-playing group) while another 19 students followed the regular curriculum (the control group). Math comprehension scores increased significantly for the game-playing group but not the control group (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in attitude change between the two groups. Post hoc analyses indicated that game-playing primarily affected students' confidence in explaining math to a peer, but not their enjoyment of doing so. Collaborative and competitive activities seem to carry a strong motivational influence for students to play the game. © 2012 Association for Educational Communications and Technology.

  • 281.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, B.
    NU-Hospital Organisation, Dep. of Research and Development, Trollhättan.
    Zeller, S.
    NU-Hospital Organisation, Dep. of Research and Development, Trollhättan.
    Sunnerhagen, K. S.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology.
    Rydmark, M.
    University of Gothenburg,Institute of Biomedicine, Mednet.
    Broeren, J.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Biomedicine, Mednet.
    Virtual TeleRehab: A case study2011In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 169, p. 676-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the efficacy of a remotely based occupational therapy intervention. A 40-year-old woman who suffered a stroke participated in a telerehabilitation program. The intervention method is based on virtual reality gaming to enhance the training experience and to facilitate the relearning processes. The results indicate that Virtual TeleRehab is an effective method for motivational, economical, and practical reasons by combining game-based rehabilitation in the home with weekly distance meetings. © 2011 European Federation for Medical Informatics. All rights reserved.

  • 282.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Britt
    Department of Research and Development, NU-Hospital Organisation, Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Christer
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Zeller, Sally
    Department of Research and Development, NU-Hospital Organisation, Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Sunnerhagen, Katharina
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, SU/Sahlgrenska, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rydmark, Martin
    Institute of Biomedicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    Department of Research and Development, NU-Hospital Organisation, Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Telehealth with 3D games for stroke rehabilitation2011In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN 1565-012X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 373-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the feasibility of a novel telehealth system for stroke rehabilitation in a rural area in Sweden. It addresses two major problems of home-based rehabilitation: training motivation and frequent meetings. Three stroke subjects were equipped with 3D computer games workbenches, and were instructed to play with the hemiplegic upper extremity. On-line coaching meetings were performed using bi­directional audiovisual communication. The intervention led to clinical changes for all subjects. On-line coaching is promising, but not yet as effective as desired. However, a distance based approach using 3D games for upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke is feasible.

  • 283.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lindhardt, Bent
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Vejbaek, Leif
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Wølner, Tor Arne
    Vestfold University College, Norway.
    Gynther, Karsten
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Model for Instructional Design in Virtual Nordic Classrooms2013In: The Inaugural European Conference on Technology in the Classroom 2013: The Impact of Innovation: Technology and You, Naka Ward, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan: The International Academic Forum , 2013, p. 222-233Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will report from an on-going EU-financed project aiming at developing innovative cross-border, virtual classroom instructional designs; that is designs where classes from three Nordic countries collaborate by means of technology to enhance teaching and learning. School management, teachers, students, and educational researchers from Denmark, Norway and Sweden collaborate since 2011 in three-country teams on all levels to explore and evaluate novel cross-border instructional designs in four subjects. The research approach is user-driven innovation by means of Action Research and Design-based research. The cross- border instructional designs exhibit several challenges: designs need to be aligned with all national curriculums with respect to 1) subject content and 2) learning goals, and in order to advance learning, we need to address 3) learning benefits due to the collaboration. In Mathematics, such cross-border learning benefits were particular elusive to identify, so some kind of guidance were needed. The model, first proposed for Mathematics but generalizable to other subjects, is a three-dimensional cube that categorizes an instructional design with respect to 1) subject-content, 2) aimed-for competence, and 3) learning-benefit. The subject contents and required competencies were derived and synthesized from the national curricula, whereas the learning benefits were inspired from previous cross-border designs. The model has successfully been used as a classification system for virtual classroom tasks, and also as an innovation tool to generate novel instructional designs where the expected learning benefits became explicit from start, which facilitates design evaluation. 

  • 284.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ljungberg, Christer
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    GU.
    Johansson, B
    NU-sjukvården.
    Sunnerhagen, KS
    GU.
    Rydmark, Martin
    GU.
    Telehealth using 3D virtual environments in stroke rehabilitation: work in progress2010In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and AssociatedTechnologies. Viña del Mar/Valparaíso, Chile, 31 Aug. – 2 Sept.2010., 2010, p. 115-122Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have now started testing a telehealth system for stroke rehabilitation in a rural area in Sweden (NU- Hospital Group Area). For collection of assessments and audiovisual communication, the telehealth system has bidirectional contact with the home-based units. To date, three stroke subjects’ participated; they were instructed to play 3D computer games with the hemiplegic upper extremity. The intervention led to clinical changes for all subjects. The analysis of the audiovisual communication revealed that the both stroke subjects and therapists were not yet effective in regulating their turn taking process. The data suggests the feasibility of a distance based approach using 3D virtual environments for upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke.

  • 285.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    An Interactive Visualization Model for Competence Management: an Integrative Approach2007In: Proceedings of I-KNOW ’07, Graz, Austria, September 5-7, 2007, Graz, 2007, p. 440-447Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims at innovative IT support for competence management (CM) integrating organizational, group and individual perspectives. Our method is action case research resulting in a design model. This paper addresses our overall approach towards an integrative CM system, which is usage-oriented. Based on in-depth analysis of seven business companies’ CM activities, we present a new interactive visualization model for CM. The model is suitable for explorative analysis and for communicating competence situations at individual, group or organizational levels. It provides support for constructing competence information incrementally. We view competence descriptions as negotiable estimations with varying verification levels, and use a competence representation which deals with uncertainties of estimations. Our view on competence is novel, and has far reaching consequences. Future work includes a running prototype and planned pilot studies.

  • 286.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Reaching out to new visitors: Designing Location-Aware Auditory Technology to Increase Accessibility and Augment the Experience of Museum Visits2005In: Proceedings of the 28th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 28), 2005, Vol. 28Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 287.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Work-Integrated Mobile Technology: Towards a Patient-Oriented Workplace in Health Care Settings2004In: Proceedings of the 27 Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Flensburg, P. and C. Ihlström (Eds.), Falkenberg, Sweden , 2004, p. 219-239Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT. University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernheim, Bo Göran
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing for Learningin Network Organizations2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Schwartz, Daniel L.
    Stanford University, School of Education.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Learning by guiding a teachable agent to play an educational game2009In: Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Learning Systems that Care: From Knowledge Representation to Affective Modelling / [ed] Vania Dimitrova, Riichiro Mizoguchi, Benedict du Boulay, Art Graesser, 2009, Vol. 200, no 1, p. 662-664Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachable agents are used to support transfer of game playing knowledge to domain knowledge for an educational, arithmetic game. A pre-posttest experiment study show promising learning effects for low ability students.

  • 290.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sharkey, Paul M.School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading, United Kingdom.Merrick, JoavNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Technology, Rehabilitation and Empowerment of People with Special Needs2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 291.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sharkey, Paul M.
    University of Reading, School of Systems Engineering, Reading, United Kingdom.
    Merrick, Joav G.
    Ministry of Social Affairs Israel, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Using virtual reality technologies to support everyday rehabilitation2016In: Journal of Pain Management, ISSN 1939-5914, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 197-198Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sharkey, Paul
    University of Reading, School of Systems Engineering, United Kingdom.
    Merrick, Joav
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Introduction: Using technology to enhance rehabilitation and empower people with special needs2015In: Technology, Rehabilitation and Empowerment of People with Special Needs, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , 2015, p. xi-xiiiChapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, LarsUniversity West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.Lundin, JohanGothenburg University, Applied Information Technology.Lundh Snis, UlrikaUniversity West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 20162016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Can teachers’ fragmented work situation jeopardize professional development of future teaching practices?2014In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2014, p. 464-469Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization of schools has been on the political agenda for decades, but despite all reforms, technology investments and professional development initiatives, the goals are not yet reached. We have examined how teachers? perceive their working situation in order to explore if the conditions are suitable for learning and novel teaching practices. 18 interviews with Swedish primary school teachers were conducted and transcribed, from which 330 excerpts were extracted and divided in two characterizing categories: fragmentation reflecting working rhythm and density reflecting working tempo. The working condition had char-acteristics known to cause stress and less wellbeing, which counteracts teachers? sensitiveness to adapt to novelties and a reflective practice. This may jeopardize future professional development and thus digitalization of schools.

  • 295.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Educational technology in teaching: What do teachers perceive they need in order to develop their professional competence?2013In: Proceedings IRIS 36: August 11-14 2013 at Gran, Norway University of Oslo, department of informatics / [ed] Tone Bratteteig, Margunn Aanestad & Espen Skorve, Oslo, 2013, p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This paper addresses the challenge of how to reach an Information and Communication Technology (ICT) competent teaching faculty in the Swedish compulsory school. Continuing professional development (CPD) can be a means to reach ICT-competence among teachers. In order to achieve successful CPD it is important to understand what teachers’ perceive they need in their professional development, which is examined in this paper. The study was performed in order to get a better understanding of the challenges associated with achieving ICT-competence. 17 teachers have been interviewed to investigate how they perceive needs regarding professional development and how they want these needs to be met. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by learning theories suitable for professional practices. Teachers’ expressed needs were interpreted as well aligned with CPD methods advocated in research literature, but less aligned with previous CPD initiatives. Their expressed needs were highly divergent, depending on individual competence, motivation and learning preferences. Previous ICT initiatives may therefore have been too uniform to be effective.

  • 296.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Prata och göra matematik tillsammans med digital teknik2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 21-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Pehrson, Hannah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pantic, Nicola
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Från noll till hundra på åtta sekunder: En experimentell studie av laddningsindikatorers påverkan på användarupplevelsen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether progress indicators' various degrees of feedback have any impact on the users' subjective experienced time and satisfaction during loading sequences in smartphones. By executing a user test 30 participants used and evaluated three mobile applications, containing unique stimuli in the form of progress indicators. Throughout this we have been informed of the participants self-reflection experience through subsequent interviews. The result of this shows a clear correlation between progress indicators' degree of feedback and their impact on the subjective experienced time, and the degree of satisfaction.

    We made interesting findings in terms of the fastest perceived loading sequence was not alwaysthe most satisfying, but we can only discuss the reason behind this since further researchis required. Finally, we conclude that the development of applications should make useof progress indicators with a high degree of feedback since they positively promotes the subjective experienced time and satisfaction. Because of studies with this focus in UXare infrequent, we assume that this study can form the basis for further and deeper research in the subject. 

  • 298.
    Petersen, Ann-Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Distribuerat ledarskap för samverkan och pedagogisk utveckling2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 109-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Rask, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Mattsson, Madeleine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Etablering av medborgardialog kring smart mobilitet: En explorativ studie om medborgardialogens inverkan på människans inställning till digitala innovationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our thesis was to examine citizens' attitude in a smaller city to new digital innovations, specifically autonomous vehicles and carpools, as well as opinions about citizens' participation.

    Through a web-based questionnaire, which was distributed on social media, as well as a discussion group on Facebook, an understanding was formed about the human acceptance, motivation factors, views and mobility habits. This was then analyzed to create an understanding of how a citizen dialogue should be conducted in social media. In line with this, we examined whether connections regarding human acceptance of new digital innovations can be affected, depending on how the dialogue is conducted and how much information the citizens are provided with.

    The result showed a clear relationship between knowledge and attitude, where a little knowledge created a more negative opinion. Other interesting discoveries that were identified, were that people see both problem areas and opportunities with a more digitized society. We also found how the respondents wanted increased participation, and that citizens' views are taken into account and have a clear impact on urban development.

    Finally, we conclude that the degree of citizens' participation and how the dialogue is conducted, shape their acceptance and understanding of changes in society and mobility solutions. The research area on human acceptance, participation and dialogue on autonomous vehicles and carpools is an emerging area of research. This means that the essay is exploratory which can enable further and more in-depth research.

  • 300.
    Riyadh Gafory, Ali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Öller, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Införandet av Neo på NÄL: Personalens upplevelser av en digital artefakt som stöd för resursplaneringen på neonatalavdelningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption of information technology in health care has become a major part of the Swedish health care sector. It has been shown that processes can be streamlined, the quality of care can increase and it helps to provide a clearer overview for the staff. On the other hand, the adoption of a software or system is a time-consuming and complex process that must go through several different instances before it can be implemented. It applies to both large-scale systems and small-scale department-specific software. The study examines what characterizes the introduction of a small-scale software for the neonatal department at Norra Älvsborg Länssjukhus (NÄL). The evaluation model Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) evaluates how the staff experience the use of such software to support their resource planning process. The study shows that it is a timeconsuming process to introduce even a small software and it can be hard to motivate management to allocate resources for something that only supports a single department. The study also shows that with a willingness to change a work process and with a positive attitude towards digitization, a small-scale software can be perceived as a support for a work process.

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