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  • 251.
    Karpuzi, Laureta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kücükyavuz, Dilan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representations of gender and sexuality in male and female magazines: a comparative study on gender representation in Swedish magazines2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis aims to analyse and compare how men and women are represented in Swedish male and female magazines, mainly fashion and lifestyle magazines. This thesis specifically studies how media represent men and women in Swedish magazines in relation to stereotypical behavior, appearance and sexuality that has been discovered in previous scholarship. In this thesis four different magazines have been studied, two male and two female: Café, King, Elle and Vecko Revyn. This thesis is a comparative qualitative case study with contemporary gender theory and social constructivism that will study how men and women are represented in Swedish male magazines and how women and men are represented in Swedish female magazines. The gathered data concluded in the analysis that men and women are portrayed differently in male and female magazines. There is a lack of representation of women in male magazines and men in female magazines in Sweden. In both gender magazines men are still portrayed as strong, in control and can talk about sex much more than women, while women are represented as sensitive, beautiful and emotional and can not talk about sex or show the body to a similar extent as men however, the female magazines have come to include feminist interviews, and writing a lot more about women, the female body and sex.

  • 252.
    Karpuzi, Marigona
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    (Mis)Representation of Muslims in Homeland?: A qualitative content analysis on the representation of Muslims in the TV-serial Homeland2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Western world, media is accused of holding Muslims responsible for everything that is wrong with the civilised society. Through poor generalizations about the connection between Muslims and terrorism, Muslims have become "the other." The American TV-serial Home-land has received much critical reaction for this type of representation, both in the US and internationally, yet it is one of the most popular TV-series today. The claims are that Muslims are represented as violent, barbaric and terrorists. This thesis specifically studies whether or not Muslims are stereotypically represented in Homeland by using Edward Said’s theory of orientalism and the theory of "us" and "the other," together with the theory of representation. This thesis will investigate if Muslims are seen as a homogeneous group, based on the idea of the Cultural Other, the Religious Other and the Political Other. The interesting factor here is if there are cases where Muslims are represented as us/the West. This thesis is a content qualita-tive study where data has been collected and investigated by watching the twelve episodes in season one. The gathered data showed that Muslims are represented stereotypically in all three types of "otherness." However, there were also cases of Muslims being represented as "us," and cases of Western citizens being represented as the other – most notably with the character Sergeant Nicholas Brody. What is interesting is that Homeland challenges many stereotypes by introducing the Muslim CIA Analyst, Danny Galvez, and Mansoor Al Zahrani, the gay Saudi Arabian diplomat. Another interesting finding is how the show also condemns violent acts made by the CIA and the FBI in their fight against terror. This study shows that Homeland reinforces and reproduces some sensitive stereotypes - that all Muslims are poten-tial terrorists. The dangers with Homeland is that it is group-oriented when explaining war on terror, creating an image that the Middle East is the birth-giver of all evil, the home of terror-ism.

  • 253.
    Kaya, Alican
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Al-Kadasi, Mohammed
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rallying Around the EU Flag: A In- Case Comparative Study of Sweden's Foreign Policy Response to the Kosovo War and the Russian Invasion of Ukraine2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1995, Sweden's accession to the European Union (EU) brought about a significant transformation in its foreign policy, leading to a more proactive engagement in global affairs. This shift became particularly evident during the Kosovo War of 1998-1999, wherein the Swedish government advocated for a more active approach through cooperation missions and rallied around the EU flag to advance its leadership aspirations within the Union via foreign policy means. This approach deviated from relying solely on diplomatic efforts, as observed in the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022. In this context, the Swedish government leveraged its presidency in the EU to assume a leadership role and rally EU member states in support of the EU flag, enabling sanctions against Russia and providing military and financial aid to Ukraine. This research employs an in-case comparative study, focusing on the international application of the "Rally around the flag" effect instead of its more commonly examined domestic manifestations. The theoretical framework of securitization guides the investigation into how Sweden rallies around the EU flag, the factors shaping Sweden's response and approach during the Russian invasion of Ukraine relative to the Kosovo War, and the discernible differences between their responses during the timeframes of 1995-1999 and 2022-2023. To achieve this, a qualitative discourse analysis is conducted, delving into Swedish governmental official documents, statements, and speeches pertaining to the Kosovo War and the conflict in Ukraine. The analysis reveals that Sweden exhibited a rallying effect around the EU flag in both crises, demonstrating diverse manifestations of support. During the Kosovo War, the Swedish government assumed an active role, manifesting its support through international peacekeeping cooperation missions in the Balkan region, particularly in Kosovo, with the aim of safeguarding its leadership interests. Conversely, in Ukraine, the Swedish government adopted a proactive role in rallying behind the EU flag, utilizing its EU presidency to unify EU member states in support of the EU flag, implement sanctions against Russia, and provide military and financial assistance to Ukraine, thus securing its leadership position. Hence, this thesis aims to make a substantive contribution toward comprehending the "Rally around the flag" effect in an international setting.

  • 254.
    Khorram-Manesh, Amir
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet .
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Carlström, Eric
    Göteborgs universitet .
    Two Validated Ways of Improving the Ability of Decision-Making in Emergencies: Results from a Literature Review2016In: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma, ISSN 2322-2522, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 186-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current review wasto study the existing knowledge about decision-making and to identify and describe validated training tools.A comprehensive literature review was conducted by using the following keywords: decision-making, emergencies, disasters, crisis management, training, exercises, simulation, validated, real-time, command and control, communication, collaboration, and multi-disciplinary in combination or as an isolated word. Two validated training systems developed in Sweden, 3 level collaboration (3LC) and MacSim, were identified and studied in light of the literature review in order to identify how decision-making can be trained. The training models fulfilled six of the eight identified characteristics of training for decision-making.Based on the results, these training models contained methods suitable to train for decision-making.

  • 255.
    Kinali, Neslihan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nerso, Laura
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Syrian conflict in the eyes of the media: A single case study of how Al-Jazeera news agency represents the Syrian conflict of 20112013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media representations of conflicts and events are constructed in different ways and by different media in this world. Media is a very important actor in real-life politics, since problems could be represented in different ways, which provides different constructions, meanings and understandings in this world. Representation theory and more specifically ‘what is the problem represented to be approach’ implies as a theoretical tool in this research regarding

    Al-Jazeera’s’ representation of the Syrian conflict of 2011. The aim with this research is to analyze how Al-Jazeera news agency represents the nature of the conflict in Syria of 2011. The research is qualitative and uses Al-Jazeera’s articles as data material, all articles are analyzed during the first three months of the conflicts representation.

    As a result to this research, the Syrian conflict is represented by

    Al-Jazeera news agency from a specific point of view. The conflict is represented as a domestic political problem facing a force of overwhelming power that oppresses the Syrian citizens of expressing any political opinions. Al-Jazeera highlights a representation of a lack of democracy and freedom in the country where peaceful protestors are being tortured by the regime whenever they are demanding political changes. The cause of the conflict is according to Al-Jazeera embodied in the incident with some young boys expressing their liberal political opinions regarding the Arab Spring, however imprisoned and tortured by the state force. To briefly summarize the main findings of this research, Al-Jazeera represents the Syrian conflict as a conflict of domestic political oppression from the governments towards the Syrian population.

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  • 256.
    Kinnunen, Verneri
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Shahabuddin Ahmadyar, Sayed
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Swedish Media's Framing of ISIS Female and Male Foreign Fighters: A gender analysis2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Foreign fighters in Islamic States have been in public discussion around the world for several years. There are a lot of male and female fighters, who have joined the ISIS in Syria and some of them have already returned to their home countries worldwide, including Sweden. As Sweden provides a critical case, a country ranking first in gender equality index with a high degree of integration of gender equality goals in its institutions, it is a critical case to research the use of societal gender stereotypes in media framing. This study, therefore, explores how Swedish media frame ISIS female and male foreign fighters in terms of the extent of gendered framing. It is a qualitative single N-study analyzing 80 online articles from four different Swedish news outlets, Aftonbladet, Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter which include both evening and morning newspapers. Framing theory and gender role theories are used to describe the extent to which male and female ISIS fighters are framed by the Swedish media in stereotypical gendered terms, as "warriors" and "beautiful souls" respectively. While our findings demonstrate that Swedish media mostly framed ISIS fighters based on traditional gender roles, especially when it comes to male fighters as "warriors," we also found that the framing of female fighters has been more nuanced. Although there were often framed in gendered terms, there have also been cases where ISIS female fighters were framed as killers and active fighters comparable to their male counterparts.

  • 257.
    Koj, Emily
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Usher Harris, Rafe
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Decline of Democracy in France during the Algerian war: An Interpretation from the Ancient Greeks2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of a theoretical study constructed upon the three great Ancient Greek theorists: Aristotle, Plato and Thucydides looking at decline of democracy. Aspects of this study, include imperialism and war, with a focus on the Peloponnesian War. This theoretical study will then be applied to the single-N case study of France during the Algerian War 1954- 1962, through the use of parliamentary debates. In order to do this a textual analysis shall be undertaken of the debates. The analysis will explore through the paradigm of the theoretical study the effects of the war on French democracy during the aforementioned period, assisting in developing a deeper understanding of the processes behind democratic decline. The results of this affirm that war negatively impacted the state of democracy in the chosen single-N case study. Further studies such as comparative ones could strengthen the results found in this study.

  • 258.
    Konjević, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Georgieva, Vanina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The migrant as a threat?: Media framing of migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina's Serb, Bosniak and Croat ethnic newspapers2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From early 2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) became the main transit route for migrants on their path to reach EU and Western countries. This phenomenon has received a significant amount of attention in the country's domestic media. Since media is what people usually turn to in their aim of understanding of who the migrants are, where they come from and what their intentions are, it holds a significant power of representing and forming public views. In news, migrants are often attributed to creating problems leading to various forms of threats towards the local population. Due to the ethnic composition of the country, the most commonly read newspapers within each of the three ethnic groups – Serbs, Bosniaks and Croats – were analyzed to explore whether they are framing migrants as a security, cultural threat, or a non-threat and if there are any differences in the framing process between the three ethnic groups. Our findings suggest that variations exist between the groups as Serb newspapers generally framed migrants in a more negative context than the rest. However, the predominant framing of migrants consisted in the form of a security threat in the majority of newspaper articles. Criticism against authorities regarding their methods of handling issues related to migrants was also discovered to be a recurring trend among several newspapers.

  • 259.
    Korsheden, Anneli
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Östlund, Minna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Främjande av lärande i organisationer: En fallstudie om lärande hos medarbetare inom stödfunktioner i hälso- och sjukvårdssektorn2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate barriers and enabling factors for organizational learning from an employee perspective. The theoretical starting point is previous research in organizational learning, and then primarily Senge's (1995) five disciplines: systems thinking, personal mastery, mental models, shared visions and team learning. To these we have added leadership as a sixth discipline. This supplemented version constitutes the analysis model for this study.

    Through a qualitative research method, 15 semi-structured interviews have been conducted with employees in various support functions within two organizations operating in the health care sector. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed thematically based on our analysis model.

    The result shows that the respondents had a positive attitude towards organizational learning. The learning took place primarily through informal learning processes within the framework of the daily work and to a large extent it was the employees and the individual´s own motivation and drive that was the basis for the learning to take place. An emerging shortcoming within the organizations was that knowledge of goals and strategies within learning and development appeared to be largely unknown to the participants in the study.

    The study shows that the organizational conditions that were considered to promote organizational learning were openness, time, access to learning platforms and digital tools, as well as various elements of transformative leadership. Inhibiting factors that have been demonstrated are lack of time, that goals and structure were missing in learning and competence development, and that the organizational form means that there are silos of knowledge, which to some extent prevents knowledge exchange across functional boundaries and also prevents knowledge from finding its way out into the organizations. The result also indicates that leadership plays an important role in organizational learning. 

  • 260.
    Kulic, Luka
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kupi, Uran
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sweden's Roles Vis-à-Vis Russia: A role theory analysis of Sweden's foreign and security policy formulations2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While framing its foreign and security policy, Sweden continuously uses formulations aimed at Russia. The relations between the two states have experienced various stages during the course of time, with the more companionable relations characterising the periods of 1990s and majority of 2000s, while experiencing a turmoil throughout the 2010s. These periods mirror the overall change in Sweden's foreign policy which overlaps with the shift from an increased focus on the European Union towards the Nordic region. This research is articulated as a single-N case study where role theory is applied to descriptively investigate how Sweden framed its foreign and security policy vis-à-vis Russia in the period from 2002 to 2020. In order to do so, a qualitative content analysis was conducted to explore how Sweden's Ministry for Foreign Affairs formulated the official documents in relation to Russia. From the analysis, it resulted that in the observed time period, Sweden's foreign policy revealed a blend of both change and continuity in its relations to Russia. This was a reflection of a general pattern in Sweden's foreign and security policy, but also a consequence of Russia's gradual turn towards a more authoritarian state. Therefore, this study will contribute to the broader question how Sweden has responded to the newly formed security issues in Europe and Nordic region.

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  • 261.
    Lal, Jonas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The shift in the United States' attitude towards the Taliban in Afghanistan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis investigates the gradual shift in attitude of the U.S.A towards the Taliban in Afghanistan. The aim of the study is to see if there have been any changes in U.S. behavior by focusing on how U.S. governmental documentation is framed. The study applies a longitudinal case study design where role theory, and its important concepts, and framing theory are used. This paper uses primary material that was published in country reports on terrorism in Afghanistan between 2007 and 2017 by the U.S. Department of State. Thus, this thesis employs a qualitative content analysis to analyze data collection through an in-depth method of frame expression of the role strain and role conflict, with indicators of "AbsolutistTerrorists" and "Traditional Terrorist". The findings indicate that the U.S. attitude developed from identifying the Taliban as "absolutist terrorists" to becoming "traditional terrorists" over a period of time. The U.S. perception of the Taliban changed from it being a non-negotiable organization to a negotiable group, from a global terrorist group with aims of religious fanaticism, to being a more nationalist movement which focuses on its territorial autonomy, and from being an extreme terrorist group to a less extreme terrorist group.

  • 262.
    Lamarre, Michelle
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Peralta, Angel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Media Framing of 2021 US Capitol and 2023 Brazil Congress attacks: A comparative analysis of Fox News Reports2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are multiple studies that focus on elections and how they are reported. In recent times, there have been protests caused by elections’ results. Yet, the focus on this area can be researched further but in more specific manners. The 2021 US Capitol and 2023 Brazil Congress attacks share one characteristic in common: supporters of the losing candidate in elections started a violent movement to take over the legislature as a protest. Extensive research has been done on media framing of protests and elections, including media’s ideological orientation in relation to their framings. This study develops a qualitative comparative case study on 18 articles published along the dates of the events by the American news outlet Fox News on the two events, one domestic and one foreign. The study consists of a content analysis approach with a coding procedure following an analytical framework based on Entman’s Framing Theory, the Protest Paradigm and the Lawful and Lawlessness of a protest, to understand the similarities and differences in media framing when they frame the similar events that occurs outside and inside a country. The study concludes that there are similarities in the framing objective and differences in the way the framing is approached. The US case tends to have an incoherency of lawlessness and lawfulness of the framing, whereas in the Brazil case, Fox News conducts a rather stable notion of framed lawlessness. 

  • 263.
    Larsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Neo-liberal ideas in Social Democratic arguments?: A look at the privatization debate regarding the Swedish railway sector2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Privatization is said to be fundamentally a neo-liberal idea and deregulation is one form of privatization. The Swedish railway sector has been deregulated gradually over the years. Some of the policy changes towards more deregulation have been done with the Swedish Social Democrats in government. This thesis analyzes the arguments for and against privatization on two occasions, 2000 and 2009 with the Social Democrats in government and opposition respectively, to see if the party’s argumentation has been influenced by neo-liberal ideas and if that change depending on whether they are in government or not. The analysis shows that there has been influence of neo-liberal ideas on arguments from the Social Democrats and that their view on privatization and deregulation differed depending on whether they were in government or in opposition.

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  • 264.
    Larsson, Lena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Hälsoakademin Väst, (SWE).
    Samordnad individuell planering: en organisatorisk utmaning för sjukvården2022In: Perspektiv på samverkan: om utmaningar och möjligheter i välfärdens praktik / [ed] Åsa Hedberg Rundgren, Charlotte Klinga, Mikael Löfström, Linda Mossberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 351-374Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Lejman, Linnéa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Integration in a Swedish community: A qualitative single case study on unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis is conducted with semi-structured interviews and studies and analyzes how the concepts of integration are apprehended among unaccompanied minors from various back-grounds, ages and length of stay in Sweden. More specifically, this case study will answer the following questions;

    - What are the asylum-seeking unaccompanied minors perception of integration?

    This research has a qualitative approach and is based on ideal-types of integration. In summary, the content analysis of the data illustrates that the representations of the concept integration have both differences and similarities to the ideal types of integration. Furthermore, the analysis shows that national languages play an important part when it comes to becoming integrated into society.

  • 266.
    Lemoine, Jack
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Two sides of the same coin: A comparative study of how the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Barack Obama was represented in Swedish and U.S daily news papers2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and compare how the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Barack Obama was represented in Swedish and U.S daily press. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and theories of media representation, medialization and international relations – a combination of quantitative and qualitative content analysis will be conducted to be able to describe what the media representation of Obama as a Nobel Peace Prize laureate looked like. Drawing from theories about different media systems and political cultures influence on media representation as a benchmark for the analytical framework, words and meanings used by media to represent the event will be compared. The analysis will portray some similarities as well as some substantial differences between the two cases as articles published in DN were much more likely to focus on the politicization of the award and the U.S hegemonic role in the global community. Both cases were found to have similar amounts of articles coded as negative, but as the qualitative analysis showed – it was for different reasons. The plausible effects of the award were found to be considerably more optimistic in Swedish press, reflecting the nation's strong belief in liberal institutionalism and importance of soft power. U.S press revealed a rather mixed message, portraying the highly polarized political climate, where some portrayed the prize as a confirmation of the U.S role in the world and U.S values: others viewed the award as a threat toward U.S interests and unilateralism.

  • 267.
    Lidqvist, Karin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    "Cool Neighbours": How has Sweden’s attitude towards Russia changed since the end of the Cold War?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how the attitude of the Swedish Riksdag towards Russia has changed during the post-Cold War era. Describing the change in attitude is done by using Alexander Wentd's Social theory of international relations, and the constructivist idea of external shocks influencing state behaviour. More specifically, the thesis examines, (1) what external shocks/events that can be found during the post-Cold-War-era? and (2) In what way and/or direction have these events caused a shift in culture? This study uses a qualitative approach to conduct a single case study in order to explain the Sweden-Russia relationship. By looking at protocols from the Swedish Riksdag, the opinions of the politicians can be established, which ultimately is where the attitude of Russia is formed. The study shows that the relationship has, indeed, changed. Through events like the Chechnya, Georgian and Syrian war, the appointment of president Vladimir Putin, the 9/11 attacks and the Ukraine crisis, the Swedish attitude towards Russia has has experienced a change for the worse. The relationship has shifted from being based on friendship, to be based on rivalry.

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  • 268.
    Lindberg, Cajsa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Orientalism in Swedish Literature: The Representation of Arabs2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is investigating the representation of Arabs in novels written by Swedish authors. By using textual analysis it will examine three books selected by its popularity among its Swedish readers. The books Gömda, by Liza Marklund, Men inte om det gäller din dotter, by Jan Guillou, and Aldrig fucka upp, by Jens Lapidus were selected as cases of examination for a more recent contribution to the larger field Orientalism in literature. The field has been previously researched by international as well as Swedish scholars and an updated contribution is therefore relevant. The thesis shows that there are stereotypes being used when describing not only Arabs, but also when portraying the society in which Arabs lives. It shows that there are new stereotypes being created regarding the representation of Arabs as well as old stereotypes reoccurring in the books

  • 269.
    Lindblad, Tanja
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bengtsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Vad orsakar en ökad bolånestock i Sverige?: Hur stor påverkan har en förändrad bolåneränta på den totala svenska bolånestocken?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aimed to investigate the main factors contributing to the rise in the level of mortgage debt in Sweden. In the method a modified econometric model of Meniago et al (2013) was used and an autoregressive distributed lag (ADL) model was constructed to determine which factors that cause the increase in the Swedish mortgage debt. The life cycle hypothesis is a theory which explains how household debt changes over a lifetime and is supplied on the thesis. The associations between independent factors (mortgage rate, debt-to-income ratio, gross national product, consumer price index, amortization requirements, disposible income) and the dependent factor (total mortgage debt) were investigated with regression analyses. The results were presented in an ADLmodel, with the conclusion that an increase in mortgage rate is associated with a decrease in the total mortgage debt. The total mortgage debt was also influenced by other independent variables such as gross national product, consumer price index and debt-to-income ratio.

  • 270.
    Lindblom, Rebecca
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Understanding Approaches of Work Integrated Learning (WIL): A Comparative Field Study between Central University of Technology (CUT) in South Africa and University West (UW) in Sweden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore and understand how different perspectives of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) plays out as approaches of higher education in an international comparative context. The study is a comparative qualitative case study and has been conducted based on WIL literature that generated certain themes to see how different perspectives on WIL plays out in an international context. Through qualitative interviews based on identified WIL-approaches, 11 employees in total at Central University of Technology in South Africa and University West in Sweden constitute the empirical part of the study. The study shows that uniform definition of WIL is insufficient to capture the width of the concept. By identifying strains of WIL, approaches appeared at both universities implying variations, followed by different ways of implementing and value WIL. This study concludes putting emphasise on WIL- approaches, higher education institutions can, in an informed way, derive what one refers to in higher extent. This study advice HEIs wanting to scale up or deepening their work with WIL to address approaches to avoid unfeasible or avoidable complexity in their organisation. If a generic approach is used it could lead to a lack of clarity of the purpose and aim of WIL and a misalignment of the structured needed and what is required to reach the aim. By clarifying which strategic choices are made and why, decisions, exchange of experience, development or scaling up can be more informed.

  • 271.
    Lindgren, Peter
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Report from Inside the Bas: An Autoethnographic Account of Knowledge Creation Related to the Covid-19 Pandemic at a Government Agency2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The creation of knowledge is an aspect of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) not really explored by scholarship. With the aim of examining the process of knowledge creation at a government agency this thesis establishes a link between the fields of WIL and organizational knowledge creation. To this end, the evaluation of the County Administrative Board’s (CAB) of Västra Götaland crisis management of the covid-19 pandemic is used as a case study.

    I use autoethnography as a method to describe and analyse my personal experience of being a participant observer of knowledge creation while working in the team tasked with conducting the evaluation. The empirical data consist of fieldnotes and e-mail correspondence. Following the grounded theory methodology of simultaneously collecting, coding and analysing the data is seen as the first step in a two-step analysis with the second step being the application of the concept of ba together with the SECI model from organizational knowledge creation theory as an analytical framework to guide my observations and make sense of my personal experience.

    The analysis shows that knowledge creation related to the evaluation was a collective activity on different levels and that the process of creating knowledge was affected by other processes occurring inside and outside of CAB. The work on the evaluation was approached pragmatically by doing what needed to be done to create the most useful knowledge. The pragmatic approach also manifested itself in dealing with workplace politics – factors related to self-interest and/or adherence to hierarchy that influenced the knowledge creation process. In terms of ba and the SECI model, the analysis shows that the knowledge creation process took place in two bas – dialoguing ba and systemising ba – which occurred simultaneously and were engaged continuously as the process moved forwards.

  • 272.
    Lindgren, Peter
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Struggle Among Structures, Agency and Culture: An Analysis of the Discursive Construction of #MeToo in Sweden from the #MeToo Movement to Official Government Politics2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Existing scholarship has not paid attention to the discursive (re)formulation of an event from a social movement to a government. With the ambition of filling this gap, the aim of this thesis is to examine the discursive construction of #MeToo in Sweden from the #MeToo movement's hashtag activism on Twitter to official government politics. To achieve this aim I conduct a discourse analysis using a framework based on concepts derived from Ernesto Laclau's and Chantal Mouffe's discourse theory. The analysis shows that the #MeToo movement uses two discourses to create meaning of #MeToo where one sees sexual abuse as a problem caused by structures of unequal gender relations and the other as a cultural problem caused by a failed migration policy. In the government's discourse #MeToo is viewed as intrinsically tied to structures of unequal gender relations but, in comparison to the corresponding discourse of the #MeToo movement, greater emphasis is put on the structural aspect. Individuals are seen by the government as powerless and not responsible whereas the powerful and responsible are instead collective entities such as agencies, employers and unions. However, the ultimate responsibility for making sure that sexual abuse does not occur and that there is a change toward a gender equal society is seen as lying with the government itself.

  • 273.
    Lindmark, Axel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Karlsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Debating the Education Utopia: Ideational change in the Swedish debate about privatization of education between 2003 and 20112012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is strong support among scholars that ideas are important in shaping public policy. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the ideas present in the Swedish debate about privatization of education between 2003 and 2011 during different governments, and if Sweden has undergone an ideational shift where ideas of privatization are becoming more accepted not just among politicians but also among a wider base of actors. Framing theory and the concept of counter framing are used to categorize these ideas. A mixed methods approach is used where frames are first defined based on previous research about privatization of education, then identified in newspaper articles from three major Swedish newspapers, then quantified according to whether they are used by proponents or opponents of privatization and finally analyzed to investigate their content. We found that there had indeed been a change in which frames were used as well as how they were used between the years analyzed. This indicates that there has been an ideational shift towards market oriented ideas in Sweden which could be attributed to the change in government as counter framing was more common for proponents of privatization during a social democratic government and more common for opponents during a center-right government, however further research is needed to determine the validity of this correlation.

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  • 274.
    Lindquist, Annica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Sköld, Mathias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    The paradox of municipal cooperation: Municipalities’ organizational culture and its effect on negotiation strategy   -The case of Northern Bohuslän2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study if organizational culture affects the negotiation strategy in negotiation processes between municipalities in Sweden. Our cases are four municipalities involved in the municipal cooperation “Tillväxt Bohuslän”; a project which aims to foster cooperation.

    The question this thesis seeks to answer is: “Does the cultural attribute of organizational culture (ability for joint action) of the municipalities in ‘Tillväxt Bohuslän’ affect negotiation strategy in a negotiation process?”

    The municipalities’ ability for joint action has been classified as either strong or weak by a previous study. This thesis uses these already established classifications with the intention to test if they affect which negotiation strategy municipalities use. The negotiation strategy can either be of a competitive or a collaborative nature.

    The method to collect data about the municipalities’ negotiation strategies is semi-structured interviews with politicians who are actively involved in the negotiation in the municipal cooperation “Tillväxt Bohuslän”.

    Results from the analysis in this thesis show a zero result; the municipalities’ ability for joint action does not affect which negotiation strategy they use. However, interesting empirical findings are explored.

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    The paradox of municipal cooperation
  • 275.
    Lindqvist, Moa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Mohammad Ali, Dogukan Namik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The implementation of UNCRC in preschools in the municipality of Vänersborg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) was adapted into Swedish law in 2020 which has provided a framework for children´s role in participating in forming education and welfare. This thesis examines how the Convention is implemented in preschools in Vännersborg municipality. The questions that arise are if there is room for improvements for implementation, are there any limitations with implementing some articles of the conventionand by interviewing principles there were some concerns regarding budget and institutional collaborations created hard time to prioritize the best for the children. The research question that is presented in the thesis is to identify how principles view issues with the implementation of the Convention and what successful implementation of children's rights is. Further research can be conducted on this project, for instance, one can investigate how politicians and higher administration work in order to create budget and collaboration with other institutions for successful implementation. A lack of understanding or willingness to implement the Convention from the municipal side can make it difficult for the street-level bureaucrats to implement it. 

  • 276.
    Lindsjö, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Schubert, Angelia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Climate refugee a security issue?: A comparative study of how climate refugees are being represented in media in relation to security issues2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how climate refugees are constructed in the U.K. and New Zealand daily press from two different security perspectives, the national- and human security. Based upon the ontology of media representation and theories of securitization, a qualitative analysis has been conducted to be able to describe how media representations of climate refugees are made. The use of stereotypical terms to describe climate refugees when being illustrated in media have been compared between the daily press from the U.K. and New Zealand. By combining the securitization theory with the what´s the problem approach, we have been able to provide answers to our research questions of: a) how is the problem of climate refugees constructed in media from a national security and/or human security perspective in each of the selected countries; b) what are the presumed causes of climate refugees according to the two perspectives; c) what are the suggested solutions to the problem of climate refugees; and d) are the depictions of climate refugees different and/or similar between the two selected countries. The analysis has shown that a similar use of securitizing language has been used to describe climate refugees as a national security threat, between the two selected cases. Additionally, the analysis has also revealed that both countries hold a humanitarian perspective towards climate refugees, where focus is placed on their individual security. The analysis has also reviled a small difference concerning the contextualization. Those advocating a national security standpoint tended to describe the climate refugees through the broader subject of global warming. While on the other side of the spectrum, the focus was placed on the individual security of the climate refugees.

  • 277.
    Littke, Helene
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Foss, Olaf
    Norsk Institut for By- og Regionalforskning.
    Services of General Interest and Regional Development in the ESPON Space2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Ljunggren, Rebecka
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Kunskap om platsen: En masteruppsats om deltagande, invånare och kunskap2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this essay is the research internship I carried out in the master's program Work-integrated political studies at the University West. The research internship and the collaboration with the research group at University West touched on topics such as the resident as possess or of knowledge, where the resident's experience of places can illustrate usage of public space and the developmental needs of the physical space. There, the purpose of this essay is developed, which is to investigate differences and similarities in the consideration and treatment of residents as holders of local and experiential knowledge in two separate processes, the research report "Stadsdelsexperter: Invånares röst i ett blandområde i Trollhättan" and in the planning program process for urban development at Hults Höjd. Furthermore, the essay also examines how methods of implementing participatory opportunities enable the residents to be able to share their knowledge.The theoretical composition of the several theoretical perspectives results in two theoretical approaches, firstly the resident as a knowledge holder of local and experiential knowledge and that the enabling of the individual's ability to participate and articulate his local and experiential knowledge as performed by the organizers of the participation. The analytical framework is presented based on these theoretical approaches. Data is collected from the two different cases through multiple methods, ethnographic method, semi-structured interviews and documents. The result shows that both processes consider and treat the resident as a knowledge holder of local and experiential knowledge, by inviting the participants from a limited local context where the goal of their participation is an increased knowledge of the physical place, and that the residents' subjective experience of the place is promoted. The result also shows that the design of the implementation is similar in that the implementation undergoes level movements and a competence development of the participants for different purposes. The processes also differ in representation, where the planning application process is more open to a wider group of residents and where the research report makes a representative sample. Finally, the result shows that the resident as a knowledge actor in both processes has the opportunity expand knowledge and create new knowledge.

  • 279.
    Ludlow, David
    et al.
    University of the West of England, Bristol, U.K..
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Services of General Interest2013In: Europa XXI, ISSN 1429-7132, Vol. 23, p. 69-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Ludvigsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ericzon, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of media logic in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' and the Ministry of the Environment's government communication: An institutional approach to mediatisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Government Offices hold eleven different ministries, created over two hundred years but now existing in the same, modern, society. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Environment are two of these different ministries that in this thesis are representative of the different relation two ministries can have to society. Mediatisation is one way to study different ministries in the same institutional context acting in separate ways in relations to societal structures. The expectations with the thesis were from the beginning that the institutional foundations of two fundamentally different ministries in Sweden would have different media logic and therefore have different approaches to strategic government communication. This theory was applied to the research through a framework that has been elaborated for this thesis. After implementing a quantitative comparative study to press release, press conferences, twitter accounts and blogs results showed that that there is a difference between ministries. It is a small difference but still a difference, the ministries may rely on approximately the same amount of media logic though this logic comes forth in different manners. Manners which can be traced back to the norms that arose in the founding of the ministries.

  • 281.
    Lundberg, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hamade, Suzanne
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Framing of Muslims in the News: A Comparative Study Between Australia and France2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this small-N study is to compare the media framing of Muslim perpetrators in two terror attacks that occurred within two Western countries, the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, France and the Sydney Siege in Sydney, Australia. The research answers whether the media framing of the perpetrators between our two cases differ in accordance to Orientalism by them being framed as a Muslim 'other'. Our theoretical approach is based upon the ontological position of constructivism and by media framing in order for us to carry out the research to detect Orientalist framings. An analytical framework was made with three different frames in order for us to detect if they were framed as an 'other'. The frames were a political, cultural and religious frame. Newspaper articles were chosen for the qualitative content analysis that was carried out with three different newspapers in each country. The study revealed that there were many similarities in the framing of the perpetrators between Australia and France but there also some differences in the framing of the perpetrators mostly in regards to culture and religion.

  • 282.
    Lundgren, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    ”Man måste vara lite som en Jack Russel”: En studie om hur strateger i kommunal verksamhet hanterar organisatoriska dilemman.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of administrative posts has increased within the municipal administration. This has involved the employment of a new form of staff, the strategists. These strategies are needed due to the increased complexity of the municipal administration and be part of the municipalities' work to develop a more cross-sectoral approach. The strategists are expected to deliver results, even though they lack formal power in the form of, for example, budget or personnel responsibilities. Strategies are at the intersection of a vertical organization and a horizontal organization. The study aimed to increase the understanding of how strategists in municipal organizations handle potential organizational dilemmas they encounter in their work and how they relate to these dilemmas. To fulfill the purpose and the study's questions, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 strategists who were active in several different subject areas such as gender equality, crime prevention work, men's violence against women, sustainability and public health. The empirics were analyzed based on the theoretical frame of reference, which content description of four different assignments and roles strategists can hold: neutral administrator, political entrepreneur, generalist in management or coordinator. The results of the study showed that the strategists relate to potential organizational dilemmas by acting as a political entrepreneur or a neutral administrator. When the strategist acts as a political entrepreneur, the strategist tries to deal with the dilemmas the strategist faces by lobbying for change. The strategist can target both within the own organization or to enlist the help of external actors to point out the dilemmas and solve them. When the strategist acts like a neutral administrator, the strategist approaches the dilemma in such a way that the strategist stops in their work and waits for directives and budgets to continue with their work.

  • 283.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The illusion of structure: about harmonization and variation in competence management system practices in a public healthcare organization2015In: ECIS 2015 Completed Research Papers, 2015, article id 126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of the use of a competence management system in a public healthcare organization. Even though systems for documenting and managing competence information have been implemented widely in most sectors, there is a lack of research focusing the adoption and use of such systems in general, and in particular within the public sector. The use of the system was studied through interviews, observations as well as document studies. In our analysis, we focus on local adap- tation practices, and variations in use, as well as how this functionality is carried by social or materi- al parts of the system. By so doing, we show how contradictory perspectives of the system's purpose and use is present in the organization, and surprisingly unproblematic. We argue that our in-depth case analysis illustrates how efforts of standardization in a system benignly can co-exist with local adaptation and variation.

  • 284.
    Lundmark, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Den fungerande stadsplaneringen: En studie i uppfattningar och effekter av torget och dess påverkan på demokrati2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this undergraduate thesis you will venture on a journey through the land of democratic values and urban planning. My research question is stated as: whether or not urban planning can show effects on democratic values and whether or not the municipalities in Sweden takes these possible effects into account when planning their city centres. You will in my theory part of this thesis be able to read about different views on urban planning and on democracy. Famous authors like Robert D. Putnam and Richard Florida will be examined as well as other theorists on democracy and urban planning. To be able to map whether or not urban planning matter I have done a thorough research on two cases of urban planning in two of Sweden’s smallest municipalities. Both of them have fairly recently rebuilt their urban centres and my research will try to show how this new urban planning has influenced the democracy in those regions. This research will show to you that thoughts, that urban planning affects the democracy, actually exist and affect the ones who execute and plan the urban centres in the municipalities. On the question whether or not there exist a correlation between urban planning and a well functioning democracy this research will show that no such link is recognizable and that urban planning, for the two cases, did not matter.

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  • 285.
    Lundqvist-Westin, Wilma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Development of an International Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies: Perspectives from Prospective Students and Employers2019In: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy. / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 351-371Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to get a reflective understanding of what prospective students and potential host organisations regard as pros and cons of a new International Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies (WIPS), that is to be implemented jointly by University West (Sweden) and the University of the Western Cape (South Africa). Furthermore, the paper thereby also aspires to contribute to the theoretical discussion regarding work integrated learning (WIL) and contradictions between theory and practice, as well as academia and the real world. More specifically, the paper examines; (1) What are the positive and negative thoughts of prospective students regarding the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies? (2) What are the positive and negative thoughts of potential host organisations regarding the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies? (3) How do the respondents see the contradictions between theory-practice and the academia-real world in relation to the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies?

    This paper is built on two parts, one is the creation and evaluation of the new WIPS master and the second part highlights previous research in the field of WIL and theoretical contradictions. It is a qualitative small-n study of Sweden and South Africa. Through focus group interviews with students and semi-structured interviews with organisations, it is shown that the interest in the programme is high. A majority of both prospective students and potential host organisations would like to be a part of this new master's programme. The reason is the combination of work and studies, which is valuable for both the students and the host organisations. The programme aims to better prepare students for the labour market, which the students' desire and the organisations are sure of. However, the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies faces a challenge regarding being acknowledged as a third place-based design to overcome the theoretical contradictions. Respondents are still separating theory and practice as well as the academia and the real world, even if some can see and acknowledge the integrating aspects between the contradictions.

  • 286.
    Löf, Cajsa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Love is ours only in death: An analysis of how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped on Western television shows through the use of tropes2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Television is a mirror of society and in which we hope to see our lives and existence reflected. When the images shown marginalises your reflection through the use of stereotypes and common tropes it is hard to believe this does not affect the world around you and your perception about yourself. Television is vastly researched and this case study will add to it by analysing how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped through the use of tropes on Western television shows. Semiotics is used to decipher the underlying meanings of stereotypes and tropes; as stereotypes and tropes marginalise groups of people. By using visual analysis to watch episodes, the scenes analysed through qualitative content analysis proved that same-sex relationships are stereotyped through tropes and rarely challenge previous research. Social interaction based on representation theory solidify the perceptions through television images causing further harm to lesbians and bisexuals.

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    fulltext
  • 287.
    Löf, Cajsa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Love is ours only in death: An analysis of how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped on Western television shows through the use of tropes2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Television is a mirror of society and in which we hope to see our lives and existence reflected. When the images shown marginalises your reflection through the use of stereotypes and common tropes it is hard to believe this does not affect the world around you and your perception about yourself. Television is vastly researched and this case study will add to it by analysing how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped through the use of tropes on Western television shows. Semiotics is used to decipher the underlying meanings of stereotypes and tropes; as stereotypes and tropes marginalise groups of people. By using visual analysis to watch episodes, the scenes analysed through qualitative content analysis proved that same-sex relationships are stereotyped through tropes and rarely challenge previous research. Social interaction based on representation theory solidify the perceptions through television images causing further harm to lesbians and bisexuals.

  • 288.
    Lövenhamn, Linus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Könsstereotyper i barnfilmer: en beskrivande fallstudie av Bröderna Lejonhjärta och Ronja Rövardotter ur ett genusperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Astrid Lindgrens children's fiction novels are some of the most appreciated novels of Swedish modern history. The novels themselves have been made into popular films. The impact of these films can be seen throughout, but not explicitly, the Swedish context. Scholars have conducted several gender based studies in which they found that the analyzed films contained gender based stereotypes of various kinds. Critics point out that these studies have only been conducted on films that, in relation to the presence of gender based stereotypes, constitutes critical cases under favorable circumstances. The brothers Lionheart (1973) and Ronja the robber's daughter (1981) are two films that in relation to the presence of gender based stereotypes work as critical cases under unfavorable circumstances. This paper conducted a case study and analyzed these films through the lenses of gender theory and was able to fill the hole in the existing literature by pointing out that gender based stereotypes in fact did exist within the context of this paper. Although no broader generalizations can be drawn from a study of this magnitude the claim that gender based stereotypes do not exist in these cases and cases like them can no longer be viewed as an absolute truth or fact.

  • 289.
    Magnusson, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sweden Democrats Voters' Worldviews in Rural and Urban areas: A comparative case study of Sweden Democrats voters in Mellerud and Gothenburg municipalities2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Sweden Democrats is Sweden’s largest radical right wing party that has grown rapidly in the last two national elections. The aim of this study is to examine Sweden Democrats voters’ worldviews in rural and urban areas in order to see if/how they differ. This is done through a qualitative case study and semi-structured interviews with 8 voters of the Sweden Democrats from two municipalities in Western Sweden representing rural and urban areas. The respondents are asked to explain their worldviews based on questions regarding multiculturalism, economic competition and political discontent. With these findings an analysis is made out of a social constructivist approach together with a nationalism ideology that in turn develops a theory that Sweden Democrats voters in rural and urban areas have different worldviews as their perceptions regarding multiculturalism, economic competition and political discontent differ. The results of this study show that respondents from urban areas share a more positive view of multiculturalism, than respondents from rural areas. Also, respondents from urban areas experiences immigration as a threat to the labor market, while respondents from rural areas have a view of immigrants not working at all. Regarding the political discontent, there is a common consent among all respondents that Swedish politics should be improved and parties in the Swedish parliament should highlight the issue of immigration. Studying worldviews among voters of radical right wing parties can contribute to a deeper understanding for radical right wing voting behavior, and in this case demonstrate why there are often a higher proportion of radical right wing supporters in rural areas.

  • 290.
    Mahram, Maryam
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Egyptian Relations: A Historical Analysis of Civil-Military Concordance: A Qualitative Descriptive Single Case Study of Egyptian CMR2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to uncover how the historical Egyptian civil-military relations came to affect the military elite’s behavior and actions during the 1977 Bread Riots, the 2011 Rosetta Revolution, and the subsequent military intervention in 2013. In so doing, this paper illuminates how the military negatively contributed to the failed democratic transition of Egypt in 2013. This thesis utilizes a descriptive historical content analysis of a qualitative nature, with data collected from a diverse set of sources so as to curb investigator bias. It accounts for the time frame of 1970 to 2013 by analyzing the historical evolvement of Egyptian civil-military relations and highlights the impact such separated, integrated, or hybrid institutional patterns have had on each uprising, and the subsequent democratic transition by measuring levels of concordance/discordance. Although this thesis is a single case study, it is nonetheless comparative as it compares the differences and similarities in civil-military patterns during specific Egyptian presidential eras, starting from Sadat and ending with Morsi. This methodology is complemented with a mixed theoretical approach: historical institutionalism with its distinctive feature of path dependency and the theory of concordance. The results show that all three structural patterns of civil-military relations (integration, separation, and a hybrid form) were present depending on the era of presidency, and that these patterns accumulated vast material and institutional interests for the military establishment which it did not care to give up to civilian leaders. This thesis concludes that the CMR policies formulated during each presidency came to have a direct impact on the military’s behavior in its protection of the Sadat regime, as well as its intervention on both Mubarak and Morsi.

  • 291.
    Majrbekov, Emin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Shire, Halima Jama
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Swedish media and Muslims: A thesis on how Swedish mass-media frame Muslims and Islam2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the media depiction of Muslims and Islam in the case of Sweden. There has been much research done on this topic and through generalisations and connecting Islam/Muslims to violence and terrorism, the media successfully groups Muslims and Islam in a group of ‘Others’. However there are gaps in the previous research, Sweden is a country that tends to be overlooked when it comes to this topic. The thesis makes use of a mixed-methods approach by qualitatively analysing articles and also collecting data.

    The results of this study shows that in contrast to previous research, Sweden does not in fact frame Islam and Muslims as ‘Others’ or ‘us vs them’. The Swedish media does not only lack the frames that make Muslims ‘Others’ but also the quantity of articles. The discovery of this study shows that the West and Islam is not something that is incapable of coexisting, there are in fact countries in the West that do not see Muslims and Islam as ‘Others’ and this could pave the way for the rest of the West and Muslims being able to function and coexist.

  • 292.
    Manasieva, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nikolic, Andela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How the Roma people are framed in the Swedish Media: A single case study on how the Roma people are framed by the Swedish Media2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to analyze how the Swedish Media frames the Roma people. Our specific research question is "How are the Roma people framed in the Swedish Media?". In order to answer our research question, we will use an analytical framework we created with the help of our chosen theories which will apply in order to see if there is a positive or negative framing. The theories we selected are framing theory, agenda setting theory and social constructivism. The media we will conduct data from is Dagens Nyheter and Expressen. This thesis is a single case study due to the fact that we investigate a group of people, in our case more clearly a minority and how media frames the group. It is historically known that the Roma people have been discriminated and still are in today's society and it is also known that the media plays a huge role on how they are being framed. The result of this thesis is that Dagens Nyheter and Expressen frame the Roma people more in a negative way than a positive.

  • 293.
    Manzone, Gaia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Crossing the Borders of Diversity: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Touristic Representations in Independent British Travel Blogs about Barbados2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research is articulated as a single-N case study where postcolonial theory is applied to descriptively investigate whether and how the status quo of colonial legacies within tourism discourse is challenged by alternative hybrid meanings. In order to do so, a critical discourse analysis was conducted to explore the representation of the Self and the Other in independent British travel blogs about Barbados. From the analysis, it resulted that colonial discourse lost its hegemony and got challenged in a greater discursive struggle by the emergence of a new discourse. This discourse was found to be characterised by alternative hybrid meanings of cultural identity, mirroring the existence of an opposition to the colonial power structure outside the discursive realm. This is due to the fact that the discourse of the examined independent travel blogs both constitutes and is constituted by the social world. The research contributes to gain a deeper insight in how the interaction with what perceived as ‘diverse’ and ‘unusual’ can lead to a new conceptualisation of the Self and the Other as interrelated, rather than as mutually exclusive; thus, implying the potential for overcoming the idea of a stable cultural, racial and national purity.

  • 294.
    Marquisio Carbajal, Victoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sosa Melendez, Andrea
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Stereotypes in political rhetoric: “Other-Self” in electoral campaigns: a case study about the 2016 US presidential campaign2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse the use of stereotypes about the Latin-American minority in the rhetoric of presidential candidates, using the single case of the 2016 US Presidential Campaign. The primary focus is the binary relation Self-Other established by the candidates through the use of stereotypes about the minority group and themselves. The analysis is performed in a framework that combines representation theory, constructivism and post colonial theory. The speeches and debates of the candidates, which served as data, demonstrate that stereotypes are present and help represent the Latin-American group as a negative Other, a threat or victimized burden. At the same time, through the representation of this specific Other, the candidates are creating their Self political persona, which in this case is a hero who will protect the American society from the threat, or a hero who will rescue the poor from their own victimized situation. Both candidates show similarities in the use of generalized stereotypes to mention LatinAmericans or in the context in which they refer to them. While they differ in the way that they create the Other, their position to confront the problem yields a similar political persona, as both want to be rescuers. Trump portrays LatinAmericans as a threat to security or as a poor victim, while Clinton also refers to the group as a victim, but also as an asset to economy. The intention of this thesis is to contribute to the field of stereotypes in political discourse in relation to the establishment of binary oppositions.

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  • 295.
    Martinsdotter, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Elias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International Anarchy & the American Leviathan: A study in the moral and empirical applications of Hobbes’ concept of anarchy to American Foreign policy2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current president of the United States, Donald Trump, has been identified as the reason for a large shift in American foreign policy towards a doctrine closer to that of political realism. This claim has led us to examine if this transformation could be detected and described if we analyzed and compared Trump’s foreign policy doctrine with his predecessor, Barack Obama, through the lens Thomas Hobbes, whose ideas are at the core of the three modern schools of political realism. Accordingly, in this thesis, we deduce an analytical framework from the original corpus of Hobbes, where anarchy is divided into moral and empirical variables, identified as the primary factors for behavior in international settings. This is then applied inductively via a comparative qualitative content analysis to two primary documents, the National Security Strategies of 2010 containing the foreign policy doctrine of Obama, and the National Security Strategy of 2017 containing the doctrine of Trump. Our thesis shows a large shift in how the Presidents view the world in moral terms, or how they see it fit for the American executive to act on the international stage. And a relatively minor shift in empirical terms, or their perception of the foundational reality of the world system which they both consider to be of an anarchical nature closely connected to the theoretical model presented by our interpretation of Hobbes

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  • 296.
    Masalcha, Jennifer Fatin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Advocating the Incorporation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law: Which frames do Swedish advocates use?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines what frames the Swedish

    Lev Upp till Barnkonventionen campaign use, and whether the frames are in accordance to the frames suggested by Keck and Sikkink in their award-winning book Activists Beyond Borders. The Swedish Lev Upp till Barnkonventionen campaign is the only campaign in Sweden that aims to promote the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law. It started in 2009 as a network driven by 7 organizations, UNICEF, BRIS, World Childhood Foundation, Swedish Save the Children (Rädda Barnen), ECPAT, Plan Sverige and SOS-Barnbyar, together with the Swedish Children‟s Ombudsman (Barnombudsman). An ideational analysis of the texts, that the campaign uses to appeal to society and persuade, shows that four frames are frequently used within the campaign. Two of the frames are in accordance with the proposed frames, being "bodily harm to innocent and vulnerable people" and "legal inequality". The other two frames set the problem to be poverty/economic vulnerability or psychological harm. Although, all four frames identified follow the three parts a frame should include according to Keck and Sikkink – a problem, a cause with a short causal chain and a specific type of action to solve the problem. This study has contributed with another case study to the limited amount of cases that study how international norms are framed in national contexts. Furthermore, this study has discovered that Sweden, although is using other frames too, use the frames that Keck and Sikkink have proposed.

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    Advocating the Incorporation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law: Which frames do Swedish advocates use?
  • 297.
    Matei, Bianca Letiția
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nicolae Ceaușescu: A comparative analysis of ideology over time2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research is articulated as a single – N qualitative and comparative design where the socialist ideology is utilized to analyze Nicolae Ceaușescu's ideology at the beginning of his career as general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party and at the end of his career with the fall of Communism in the Eastern Bloc.

    In order to do so, a qualitative textual analysis was conducted to locate the expression of socialist ideology in the speeches held during the RCP congresses concerning the five central themes of the socialist ideology namely: community, cooperation, equality as political value, distribution of material benefits and rewards in society and common ownership.

    From the analysis, it resulted that Ceaușescu's statements in the four analyzed congresses maintained the same socialist ideological line therefore his ideology has not mutated over time.

  • 298.
    Mattsson, Natalie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A “Triangle” of Conflict between Duque’s Government of Colombia and the Ejército de Liberación Nacional – 2018-20202021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted as a descriptive qualitative single case study to establish empirical knowledge of the ongoing internal armed conflict between the government of Colombia and the guerrilla Ejército de Liberación Nacional. The ontological foundation orienting from social constructivism and Galtung’s theoretical concepts of attitude, behaviour, and contradiction along with the three aspects of violence: direct, cultural, and structural. Based on the application of the textual discourse analysis method, 96 different discourses were analysed. The result of the analysis shows that the perception the actors have towards each other strongly is negative. The government and the guerrilla accuse each other of contributing to the social injustice in Colombia, where perception towards the ‘other’, ideology and police violence against social protests are three main subjects found contributing to the conflict. The result indicates an interrelation in Galtung’s theory between the conflict triangle (T1) and the violence triangle (T2). The concept of contradiction from the conflict triangle, in this analysis, could only be distinguished within the three approaches of violence (T2). This study confirms several claims and arguments from previous research within the academic fields of peace and conflict in Colombia. Subsequently, I aim to contribute to a deeper understanding of the ongoing conflict

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  • 299.
    Migabo, Moses Bagona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Portal, Leo
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Study of France’s Justifications for the Sanctions against Russia after the 2014 Crimea Crisis2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following bachelor’s thesis analyses the arguments used by France’s state officials when justifying the recent sanctions against Russia. More specifically, it examines the following: (1) How the French government officials did justify the sanctions against Russia upon the invasion of Ukraine? (2) Are these justifications norm-based, material interest-based or both? And finally, (3) how did the justifications given by the government evolve in time in response to increasing economic losses by France as well as increasing security threats? That is in order to possibly identify a shift within the justifications. In answering these questions, we have used statements from relevant state officials when they are justifying for or against the sanctions. This is a single critical case study with a qualitative approach. Through the analysis of statements from the French government officials, the argument is that the justifications for the sanctions tended to be either norm-based or material interest-based in the period going from the beginning of the crisis to the first Minsk agreement. But then, in the two later periods going from the first Minsk agreement to April 2016 the justifications toward the sanctions shifted to be mainly self-interest and hostile towards the sanctions, with arguments built upon the economic losses made by France because of the sanctions against Russia.

  • 300.
    Miller, Josh Aaron
    et al.
    Northeastern University (USA).
    Gandhi, Kutub
    Northeastern University (USA).
    Gander, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Cooper, Seth
    Northeastern University (USA).
    A Survey of Citizen Science Gaming Experiences2022In: Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, ISSN 2057-4991, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen science games (CSGs) are a valuable means for motivating citizen science participation. However, many CSGs still suffer from the recruitment and retention issues of traditional citizen science projects, despite much prior literature on what motivates CSG players. In this study, we take a Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) perspective to explore in what ways CSGs are still failing to provide motivating play experiences for players. Using Qualitative Content Analysis, we conducted and analyzed an online survey of 185 players from 9 citizen science games. This survey contributes insights to the current state of CSG experiences and next steps for developers to address these issues. We found that major concerns included scientific communication, instructional design, user interface and controls, task quality, and software issues. © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

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