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  • 251.
    Hallberg, Angela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapets intelligens, empati, stress och resurser att bemästra stress hos personer i chefsposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A person in chief position plays an important role in respect to both the company and its employees. Ronthy's theory (2006, 2013) aims to highlight her view of the concept of "leadership intelligence" which consists of: emotional intelligence (EQ), rational intelligence (RQ) and mental intelligence (SQ). A test relating to measuring leadership intelligence has been developed; Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ). The test is now in version 3; LIQ3. People in the Chief Position can be divided into two types using LIQ3: Leader and Manager. A leader is characterized by high emotional and spiritual intelligence, while a manager of high rationality. Based on Ronthy's theory, this study aims at examining the following issues: (a) Can LIQ3 distinguish between managers and leaders from the point of view of whether the company produces goods or focuses on services? (b) Do EQ and SQ co-exist positively with empathy? (c) Does the self-reliant stress differ between leaders and managers according to LIQ3? (d) Is there a positive link between EQ and useful coping resources? The participants were 131 in different positions (34% women) from four different organizations (M = 49 years, SD = 8), of whom 18% were senior executives, 62% middle managers and 21% group leaders. In addition to LIQ3, participants responded to questionnaires that measure self-perceived stress, empathy and coping resources. LIQ3 could not distinguish between managers and leaders by organizational type. EQ and SQ positively correlated with social and emotional coping resources. There were no significant differences in stress levels between managers and leaders. Various aspects of leadership skills are noted and questioned in today's organizations and its properties have been investigated and discussed in this study.

  • 252.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. .
    Adolescents in a Digital Everyday Environment2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to examine different aspects of Swedish adolescents’ everyday environment in a digital world. Drawing on ecological and psychosocial developmental theories I will discuss social, sexual, and biological aspects of the Internet as an everyday environment, an environment in which most adolescents spend a great deal of time. The thesis comprises four studies, all examining different aspects of the developmental stage of adolescence. Study I focused primarily on the extent to which adolescents encounter explicit online content, such as pornographic, violent, and/or hateful material, and how they react to it. What feelings are associated with explicit online content? And how do adolescents deal with those feelings? In study I we analyzed questionnaire data collected from 226 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 (47% girls and 53% boys). In line with other studies on the subject, the results showed that many Swedish adolescents are exposed either intentionally or unintentionally to explicit online content. Adolescents in this study showed surprisingly low emotional response to their exposure to explicit content. Their coping strategies center on personal agency, with most choosing to avoid or block unwelcome content rather than turn to parents or siblings for support and advice. Almost no significant gender differences were found in the choice of coping strategies, except that young men were more likely to avoid a site than were young women. Study II focused on the association between various parental and child factors and the parents’ attitudes toward adolescents’ online sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data collected from parents (78% mothers) and adolescents (54% girls) in 496 families. Results showed that parental attitudes toward adolescents’ offline and online sexual activities are closely related, although parents are more permissive in the offline setting. Parents’ attitudes toward online sexuality are not only correlated with their attitudes toward sexuality in traditional settings, but also by their preferences on the Internet. Parental attitudes were found to differ by the sex of the parent and the sex and age of the child. The link between fathers’ attitudes and adolescents’ online sexual activities was mediated by parental rules, suggesting that communication is part of the transmission of values. The focus of study III was on the link between adolescent boys’ pubertal timing and their offline and online romantic and sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data obtained from 142 early adolescent Swedish boys. Participants reported on stagenormative (physical) and peer-normative aspects of pubertal timing, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing were related to romantic and sexual activity offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to sexual activities online. In study IV the focus was on the relationship between sexual and romantic activity in a traditional offline context and similar activities online. Longitudinal questionnaire data were obtained from 440 adolescents over three years. Results revealed that both offline and online sexual activity increased over time within the group. We found that results for girls showed a somewhat larger effect, indicating that the link between offline and online sexual activity is largest within the female group. Results also revealed a small but significant increase in the slope for participation in offline sexual activity with online sexual activity as a predictor – but only for boys – indicating that the link between online and offline sexual activity (i.e., the other way around) only exists within the male group. Thus, as boys’ participation in sexual activity increases online, so it also does offline. The article concludes that adolescents’ romantic and sexual activities online are tied to their physical, offline equivalent and so the Internet can be regarded as an important context for sexual development. Taken together, the individual studies suggest that The Internet, as an everyday environment is linked to several aspects of the developmental phase of adolescence. Further studies should continue to explore the effect of the Internet on adolescents’ developmental tasks.

  • 253.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish adolescents’ exposure to pornographic, violent, and hateful content online.In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Skoog, Therese
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law , Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ Sexual Activity Offline and Online: A Longitudinal StudyIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 255.
    Hamdi, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Markusian, Susan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sambandet mellan upplevt organisatoriskt stöd och organisatoriskt engagemang2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted to find possible links and differences between the two main variables: organizational commitment and perceived organizational support (POS). The purpose of this study was primarily to examine the relationship between organizational commitment and perceived organizational support and in addition, to investigate if other variables, such as; sex, age, employment status, type of organization and industry, interacts with organizational commitment. 120 individuals participated by answering an online-form through social media sites, Facebook and LinkedIn. The sample consisted of both women (n =84) and men (n =36), with ages ranging from 18 to 62. The measurement "8-item Survey of Perceived Organizational Support" (SPOS8) was used to measure POS. Organizational commitment was measured by using a three-dimensional scale, "Organizational Commitment Scale", that included affective commitment, normative commitment and continuance commitment. The results showed a statistically significant, positive medium-strong correlation between POS and organizational commitment where the dimension "affective commitment" correlated statistically significantly and the strongest with POS. Differences between the groups "forms of employment" (full time, part time and seasonal employees) were also shown to be statistically significant. The results reported in this study were in line with previous presented research. The importance of the results was discussed with reference to previous research. Thoughts regarding future research were presented.

  • 256.
    Hamideh, Daniala
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

  • 257.
    Hammarbäck, Andreas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Motivation inom monotona yrken: En kvalitativ undersökning av anställdas upplevelse av motivation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what motivates individuals working in monotonous occupations, and what they think could be improved so that they experience a higher level of motivation. The study was conducted on a customerservice department in Gothenburg. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analyzed by thematic analysis. The study revealed that all respondents considered it important to feel motivated in their work no matter what role you have in the organization. What the individuals felt motivated them in their work was their personal relationships within the workteam, the possibility for personal development and clear goals to work towards. Affinity was considered strong, which favored cooperation and could be further strengthened through more activities between the workteams. The results showed that all respondents felt that their sense of motivation could be better in their work and have a positive impact on their performance.

  • 258.
    Hammarin, Zandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lautiainen, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan anknytningsmönster, tilltro till den egna förmågan och utmattning hos sjuksköterskor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That nurses are exhausted is today a common phenomenon, however, certain nurses are less exhausted than others in their profession. There are many psychosocial factors that can affect that an individual feels exhausted.

    In this study the authors examine if attachment to a caregiver as a child matters in how you feel fatigue (exhaustion) in adulthood. An interesting factor that the study examines in addition is the feeling of fatigue can be connected too self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a combination of self-awareness, self-esteem and self-doubt.

    44 nurses that work in hospitals and health clinics attended in this study in the ages of 20-70. There were 36 women and 8 men. Three scales were used to measure; Shimron melamed burnout questionnaire (SMBQ), Experience in close relationships (ECR), and General self-efficacy scale (GSE) which measures faith in self-efficacy.

    The result showed that there was no correlation between attachment and fatigue or between self-efficacy and fatigue.

  • 259.
    Hammarskär, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    När döden skiljer oss åt: En fenomenografisk studie om hur professionella uppfattar barns behov av stödinsatser då en förälder avlidit2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research of children with parental loss shows visible tendencies that focus is on remaining parent and that the child easily tends to fall in shadow or becomes forgotten. The study aims to investigate professional´s views and experiences of children´s needs for support when losing a parent. The theoretical views of the study are; the perspective of salutogenic, ”the new sociology of childhood” and the theory of structuration in a constructive perspective. The study was performed with a phenomenographic methodological approach to capture professional´s views and experiences and the material consists of seven semi-structured interviews.

    The result and conclusions shows that professionals proceed from some kind of model in their work and the model then guide the professionals in giving information, support and advice to the child. The child´s needs of support is mainly to find new strategies to deal with everyday life and the creation of identity when losing a parent. Different inputs of supports can help the child to defuse and normalise their expression of emotions in losing a parent. The ambition of the professionals is to listen to the child in order to meet each individual child and his/hers family situation, since children are not an homogenous group, their needs also vary. Most important is that the child doesn´t feel that he/she also is losing the remaining parent´s attendance and caring for him/her, through the parent´s own grieving process.

  • 260.
    Hansson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Söderqvist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsbelastning, arbetstillfredsställelse och sjukfrånvaro2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased work absence due to sickness is a current problem in society, and previous research has highlighted the different perspectives of the rising absenteeism and sick leave processes. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a link between workload, job satisfaction and absenteeism. To investigate this quantitative approach through a questionnaire survey was used. Further, we posed the following research questions: 1. Is there a correlation between job satisfaction and absenteeism? 2. Is there a correlation between workload and sick leave? Participants in the study were employed as assistant nurses, nurses, doctors and other health care personnel. A total of 83 from care staff participated, of whom 69 were women and 14 were men. A measuring instrument for measuring the workload was obtained from QPS Nordic as this is a well validated survey with good reliability. To measure job satisfaction statements, a previous study of global job satisfaction was used. The questionnaire contained 14 questions concerning workload measured with the following components: decision-making requirements, learning requirements and quantitative requirements as well as job satisfaction, some personal issues and three dimensions of the concept of sickness absence. To analyze the collected data a correlation analysis and multiple regression to explore a relationship between the different variables was used. There was no significant relationship between job satisfaction and absenteeism. A negative weak relationship existed between the decision-making requirements and one of the measurements of sick leave sick leave, number of times per year. Components, the learning requirements

    3

    and quantitative requirements during the workload showed no significant relationship with absenteeism. Based on the results of the study we can confirm that the results suggest that there are other variables in play, which is outside the scope of this study.

  • 261.
    Hartmann, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lampio, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsgivares och studenters uppfattning om betydelsen av "generic skills": en studie om självuppskattad anställningsbarhet bland studenterna vid Högskolan Väst2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that there is a gap between which skills employer’s seek and what attributes student’s actually possess. Generic skills are defined as personal attributes, which are useful in all kinds of professions, at all levels in the career. Generic skills is an inherent part of any discussion about employability. Employability was originally defined as the ability to gain, maintain and regain employment. Studies have shown that generic skills are developed by real world experience, and due to this, work-integration during the education is crucial in order to develop generic skills. The aim of the present study was to compare whether employer’s perception of generic skills are consistent with the skills that students actually possess and if the students perceptions are the same as the one’s that employers value the most. The present study consisted of two surveys. In the first study 74 employers participated, and in the second survey 466 students at the University West participated. The main result showed that students believed they possessed two out of three, by the employers, top-rated skills (responsibility and work ethic) and these two skills where consistent with the student’s perceptions of which skills employers would value. This was not consistent with previous research. The conclusion was that generic skills may be valued differently due to the context.

    2

    Finally, it was debated if the high level of work-integration at University West could have led to the fact that the students possess several skills that employers value

  • 262.
    Hecktor, Karin  
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordberg, Marlene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sociala medier och stress hos gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the 21st century the use of tablets, smartphones, computers and gaming has increased according to a report from Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018). Furthermore, the report shows that the psychosomatic symptoms are more common among young people who devote more time to television and the Internet. However, Folkhälsomyndigheten considers that there is still insufficient research on the subject in order to draw safe conclusions about whether use of digital media has negative effects on the mental health of children and adolescents (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2018).

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the use of social media and perceived stress among high school students.

    The participants consisted of swedish high school children aged 15 – 19 years. There were 63 participants in the study, 31 boys and 32 girls, who responded to a digital survey about their habits around social media and perceived stress. The following questions were included: (a) What is the frequency of use of social media among the youth? (b) Is there any correlation between use of social media and stress? (c) Is there a gender difference between the use of social media and perceived stress?

    The results show that all young people use social media on daily basis and are using them regularly and that they also felt a certain amount of stress about the use of social media. The correlation between the use of social media and stress was somewhat stronger for girls than for boys. Through a t-test it emerged that there was no significant difference between girls and boys and their time they used social media.

  • 263.
    Hedeblom, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetsdrag hos whistleblowers: -en kvantitativ studie av sjuksköterskestudenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the tendency to report, being a whistleblower, and certain personality traits. Although it is possible to partly predict whistleblowing based on a specific personality traits and the number years in the profession, the interpretation of personality traits in itself can also be of great importance. 60 people participated in the study. Participants were nursing students at their first semester at University West. The gender distribution was 51 women and 8 men with an average age of M = 25.86 and an average of three years of work experience in healthcare. Respondents were presented with two different anomalous scenarios. One had a milder problems, and the other a more complex representation. In Scenario 1, the milder, a positive correlation between the personality traits openness and a negative correlation with the personality traits agreeableness and self-rated tendency with reporting the anomaly was found. Both results were significant. To predict the likelihood that an employee will report anomalies based on number of years in the profession and personality traits such as openness proved to be possible.

  • 264.
    Hedrén, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad har du för inställning till att arbeta i team?: Individer med höga värden av extraversion har en positiv inställning till att arbeta i team2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teamwork is a common working method within both school and work. Despite this established working method, we see that there is a lack of studies on individuals' attitude towards working in teams. This study aims to investigate this subject further and answer the following question: Is there a correlation between personality and the attitude towards working in teams? To investigate the issue, an online survey was sent out, of which 124 people responded of the sample’s total 206. The sample consisted of 85 women (69%) and 39 men (31%) aged 21 – 69. IPIP-30 was used to measure participants' personality traits based on the Big Five. Self-designed questions were created to investigate the attitude to working in teams. The results of the study showed that extraversion correlates positively with the attitude to working in teams, and that neuroticism correlates negatively. When we controlled for all personality traits, sex and age in a regression analysis, only extraversion showed a significant relationship. This study can be important for recruitment, choice of working method or composition of working groups for both managers and teachers. Our conclusion is that it would have been interesting to see similar studies done on larger populations and then examine whether people's experience of working in teams and the level of education have any impact on the attitude to working in teams.

  • 265.
    Hellekant, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Hagberg, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Missuppfattningar om psykologi bland de som borde veta: sambandet mellan Öppenhet för intellekt och psykologisk (o)kunskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that there are a number of misconceptions in the psychological field of knowledge. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between personality and misconceptions about psychology, and contingent differences between two groups with different amounts of psychology courses in their education; human resource management students and psychologist students (N = 65). The study was performed by a questionnaire consisting of Five- Factor model of personality (IPIP-120) and Test of misconceptions about psychology (TMP). Our study showed that the personality characteristic Openness to intellect was significantly negatively correlated with individuals' misconceptions about psychology. This means that those who had lower Openness to intellect had more misconceptions about psychology. The results also showed that human resource management students had lower Openness to intellect and more misconceptions about psychology than psychology students. The results showed that the Openness to intellect alone may explain individual misconceptions about psychology by 28%, which is considered a large effect.

  • 266.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Relationer i en flytande tid2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 94-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den romantiska och sexuella relationen beskrivs här som en kontext i vilken ungdomen formar sin identitet. 

  • 267.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att vara ett global medborgare: skapandet av språkliga identiteter i och utanför skolan2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, Emma, Andersson, Åsa & Molin, Martin, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 276-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs språk som en kontext, och fokus är på identitetsskapande som kan kopplas till inlärning av främmande språk och språkanvändning.

  • 268.
    Hermansson, Jozephine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tengström, Ramona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kreativitet och innovation ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ undersökande studie inom offentlig sektor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study was to increase the knowledge about how the public sector can take advantage of employees' creativity and innovation, as previous research mostly was carried out in the private sector. The study investigated how participants want their organization to take advantage of their creativity and innovation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five employees within a municipal business. The participants represented various employee categories within the organization, and all were women in the age range 26-47. Data were analyzed with a thematic analysis. The results of the analysis identified three themes: Prerequisites/opportunities, communication and leadership. Our results demonstrate that an organization that wants to promote creativity and innovation need to give their employees conditions and opportunities to get ideas, develop them and then implement them in the organization. They need a climate of transparency, good relations and good cooperation with all those involved in their work. For this to be possible, the employees need leaders at all levels who are active role models and give priority to creativity and innovation and enables effective communication processes. The workplace context and the interpersonal interactions were important elements of the employees' creativity and innovation.

  • 269.
    Hernqvist, Anna-Theresé
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mattsson, Annelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Husdjur inom äldrevården: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the health benefits of animals in healthcare can be traced far back in time. Research on the subject, however, had a boost during the 1990s. Historically, animals have been used in the care of children, but also in psychiatry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pets on the elderly and staff in a nursing home setting. Qualitative interviews were conducted to collect material from both staff and residents in a retirement home. The number of informants was eight and all were women. The material was analyzed and themed. The work generated the following four themes: security, quality of life, intersectionality and trust. The result showed that animals in health care have a positive effect, psychologically and physically, on both the elderly and the staff. The animal's emotional impact on man and the importance of the relationship between man and animal became particularly clear during the interviews where the animal was present. The elderly expressed that the animal, in this case predominantly dogs, had a great significance for them. Loving views and repeatedly commenting on the animal reinforced the informants' verbal description of their relationship with the animal. The staff talked about the relationship between the residents and the dogs, including a woman with periods of depression and introverted behavior that experienced positive changes with the dogs. The woman felt more calm, happy and social in the proximity of the dogs. According to accounts about animals in healthcare settings this type of reaction is common. Concepts like an experience of peace, security and love were constantly recurring during the interviews.

  • 270.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Att förstå och förklara smärta: sammanställning av en enkätundersökning där ungdomar från Lettland och Sverige medverkar2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på enkätsvar i fyra olika skolklasser på högstadiet, två skolklasser i Lettland och två i Sverige. I de två lettiska skolklasserna finns en klass med elever med lettiska föräldrar och en skolklass där elevernas föräldrar är ryssar. De två svenska skolklasserna utgörs av en grupp elever med huvudsakligen svenska föräldrar (den svenska gruppen) och en skolklass med företrädesvis elever där föräldrarna har annan bakgrund än den svenska (invandrargruppen). Eleverna i de fyra skolklasserna har besvarat ett antal frågor som berör deras hälsa och ohälsa. I denna delstudie presenteras resultat från frågor som berör smärta och smärtupplevelser. Studien innefattar fyra delar där det inledande avsnittet ger en teoretisk ram till smärta utifrån biologiska och kulturella aspekter. Denna del efterföljs av presentation av empiriska resultat från två frågeställningar där ungdomarna tillfrågats om hur de agerade då de fick smärta och om vad som var viktigast i en smärtsituation – om smärtan gick över snabbt, om de var rädda för att smärtan skulle komma igen eller om de ville veta varför smärtan uppkom. I nästa del av rapporten följer en redovisning av ett fenomenologiskt betraktelsesätt på kropp och kroppsuppfattning, vilken ligger till grund för en mera omfattande diskussion om smärta som en individuell livserfarenhet. Denna del är en teoretisk genomgång. I den andra empiriska delen presenteras resultat från den berättelse ungdomarna skrivit ned om ett tillfälle då de kände smärta, hur smärtan upplevdes och hur/varför den gick över. Resultatet i studien visar att det finns stora likheter i hur ungdomar med olika bakgrunder beskriver smärta och smärtupplevelser. De skillnader som ändå framträder kan härledas till de två ländernas skilda förutsättningar när det gäller hälso- och sjukvård, könsrollsmönster och olika traditioner när det gäller egenvård.

  • 271.
    Hjalmarsson, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan emotionell intelligens, personlighet och arbetsprestation: en tvärsnittsstudie som validerar den svenskaversionen av TEIQue-SF2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence has been defined differently throughout studies for many years in several countries. The trait emotional intelligence consists of four dimensions; emotionality, self-control, well-being and sociability, and is measured by the TEIQue-SF measuring instrument. TEIQue-SF has achieved good validity as a measurement tool in different languages and is now validated in Swedish through this study. Previous research has shown liaisons between the emotional intelligence (EI), personality and work performance. However, these together have not been investigated in Sweden.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQ-SF), Mini-International Personality nventory Pool-6 (Mini-IPIP6), Short Dark Triad (SD3) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), and to find out which personality traits and dimensions within self-perceived individual work performance best explain the variance within TEIQue-SF dimensions.

    The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study with 228 Swedish participants (M = 34 years, SD = 12.6, range 16-71 years, 66% women) with an average work experience of 14 years (SD = 11.5).

    Expected result was that neuroticism would correlate negatively with TEIQue-SF four dimensions, which was also achieved in this study. Positive correlation with Task Performance and Contextual Performance was found between all dimensions of EI. Regression analysis also showed that neuroticism had a negative relation to explanation of variance in all imensions of TEIQue-SF. A preliminary conclusion is that TEIQue-SF has shown theoretical and empirically reasonable relation to relevant variables and can be considered validated among younger people with relatively high educational levels.

  • 272.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 273.
    Holm, Anne Lise
    et al.
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Lyberg, Anne
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Cutcliffe, John
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa .
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Shadows from the past: The situated meaning of being suicidal among depressed older people living in the community2014In: Crisis, ISSN 0227-5910, E-ISSN 2151-2396, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 253-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most depressed older people in a suicidal state have mixed feelings, where the wish to live and the wish to die wage a battle. Aims: To explore and describe depressed older people’s experiences of being suicidal and their search for meaning. Method: Data were collected from 29 participants resident in the Rogaland and Vestfold districts of Norway, by means of individual interviews, after which a thematic analysis was performed. Results: For the participants in this study, the lived experiences of the situated meaning of survival after being suicidal comprised a main theme—”shadows from the past”—and two themes—”feeling that something inside is broken” and ”a struggle to catch the light.” Conclusion: Mental health-care professionals might be able to reduce the risk of suicide and perturbation by helping depressed older people to explore, resolve, and ultimately come to terms with their unresolved historical issues. Additional valuable strategies in primary care settings include encountering patients frequently, monitoring adherence to care plans, and providing support to address the source of emotional pain and distress. 

  • 274.
    Holmes, Alice E.
    et al.
    University of Florida.
    Wideén, Stephen. E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carver, Courtney L.
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore.
    White, Lori L.
    University of Florida.
    Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults2007In: American Journal of Audiology, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

  • 275.
    Hrustic, Adi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Beroendet handlar om relation": En studie om synen på substansmissbruksproblematik bland yrkesverksamma inom missbruksvård och förebyggande arbete.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's substance abuse problems are significant and continuously growing. Studies and surveys have shown that an increasing number of people avoid seeking help for their addiction. Not only does there seem to exist obstacles for becoming abstinent, but there’re also obstacles regarding the seeking of help for addiction treatment. The aim of the study was to investigate how therapists in different establishments perceive how substance abuse develops and the obstacles that arise in the treatment procedures. The aim was also to examine how Sweden today is working regarding the prevention of substance abuse. Six participants who worked with treatment or preventive measures were interviewed in the study. All the interviews were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. These were compiled together for a more extensive analysis. Results showed that positive social options were shown to be the key to getting out of an addiction. Substance abusers often had psychological and social issues in their past life that prevented them from establishing healthy social relationships. The study also revealed that communication deficiency among networking establishments created barriers for patients during treatment, which were expressed in misunderstandings and misdiagnoses. The conclusion of the study was that the treatment procedures should focus more on the abusers possibility of creating social relations if individuals were to successfully heal. The development potential for establishments and especially therapists should also be paid attention to, where the therapists' working experience should be given more opportunity to influence future treatment.

  • 276.
    Huang, Li
    et al.
    Tuskegee University, AL, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, SC, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA, USA;.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    fEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza,’ Rome, Italy; kUniversidad de San Buenaventura, Medellin, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Measurement invariance of discipline in different cultural contexts2012In: Family Science, ISSN 1942-4620, E-ISSN 1942-4639, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 212-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement invariance of mother-reported use of 18 discipline strategies was examined in samples from 13 different ethnic/cultural groups in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Participants included approximately 100–120 mothers and their children aged seven to 10 years from each group. The results of exploratory factor analyses and multi-group categorical confirmatory factor analyses (MCCFA) indicated that a seven-factor solution was feasible across the cultural groups, as shown by marginally sufficient evidence for configural and metric invariance for the mother-reported frequency on the discipline interview. This study makes a contribution on measurement invariance to the parenting literature, and establishes the mother-report aspect of the discipline interview as an instrument for use in further cross-cultural research on discipline.

  • 277.
    Hussain, Zaynab
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vad anser anställda inom näringslivet vara kränkande beteende med fokus på sexuella trakasserier och könstrakasserier?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heinz Leymann is regarded a pioneer in research on adult bullying. The aim of this study was to examine which behaviors are considered to be the most insulting, with a focus on sexual harassment and gender harassment among employees in a male-dominated work sector. In addition to finding out if there is a connection between the phenomena and scenarios. The factors that were studied in addition to the con-text were gender, age, education and profession type. The respondents were em-ployees (

    N = 396; 54 women and 236 men) with the following professions; 187 of-ficials, 54 public employees, and 44 consultants. All were between 20 and 65 years. The questionnaire consisted of two main questions, eight phenomena and five scenarios. Some of them were related to sexual harassment and others to gen-der harassment. The results showed that ignoring and touching, as well as scenario touch from the boss was regarded as the most insulting. The older group experi-enced scenarios that was related to gender harassment more insulting, while the younger group experienced phenomenon that was related to sexual harassment as more insulting. Men experienced phenomena which were related to gender harass-ment more insulting than women did. The results showed that officials were more offended by the phenomena and scenarios that were related to gender harassment than consultants and public employees. Based on the results, the conclusion is that several phenomena were considered to be offensive when they were alone but not when put in context.

  • 278.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policies and practices2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policy and practices in Scandinavia2014In: Men as Fathers: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fatherhood in the Context of the Family, Öhningen, Germany, May 7-9, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Fatherhood and parental leave in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Moderna familjer: barn och föräldrar i nya konstellationer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Parental leave and gender equity2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxna: utveckling och livsvillkor2018Book (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Gruppsykologi: för skola, arbetsliv och fritid2014 (ed. 1. utg)Book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxnas identitetsskapande i relation till familjen2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 20-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs familjen som kontext och dess betydelse under ungdomsperioden, men också efter det att individen som ung vuxen flyttat hemifrån.

  • 287.
    Högberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Åberg, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Familjehemsdynamik: Familjehemsföräldrars upplevda påverkan på den egna familjen i uppdraget som familjehem.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was done in order to investigate how foster parents experience how foster care affects themselves, their biological children and their relationships. Focus group interviews were conducted with two groups of five foster parents in each group. The focus groups consisted of five women and five men between 33 and 61 years old. An interview guide and a smaller survey was created and used during the interviews that were recorded on audio files. Data processing consisted of a phenomenological, hermeneutic analysis. The analysis gave three final themes:

    the importance of communication within the foster home and in their contact with the world outside the home; the impact of foster care on the biological children and their parents' relations within and outside the foster home and the positive and negative impact on personal and psychological development on parents and biological children in foster homes. Communication is a central concept in the foster carers everyday life. Relationships and psychological development is influenced both positively and negatively. The results of the study are in line with previous research. Communication, boundaries and empathy are key elements in foster care. The paper generated a model named Fostering care family dynamics. The model describes potential effects of fostering on the individuals in the biological family.

  • 288.
    Höglund Velasquez, Javiera
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mamalingaz, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att jobba som taxichaufför: En kvalitativ studie om risker, säkerhetsarbetet och den egna upplevelsen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working in the taxi industry may involve many risks for the drivers. This study was conducted with the purpose to try to identify risks taxi drivers face daily, how the organization works with the prevention of risks, and how the drivers themselves handle risk situations. The study followed a qualitative design where six taxi drivers from two different taxi companies participated, five men and one woman. The ages ranged from 23-54 years. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews where the drivers had to answered questions about the risks in their occupation, organizational factors, health and personal experiences. Thematic analysis was used to process and analyse the collected data. The results of this study showed that stress, threats and violence affected taxi drivers safety. The results also showed that safety measures may differ between companies but all of the interviewees expressed a wish for more established safety routines. Acceptance and social skills were key elements of the taxi drivers' personal way of handling risk situations. The results in this study agreed well with earlier research wich was the basis for this study. The risks that taxi drivers are greeted by are many and can often be associated to stress, health, external factors such as threatening passengers and internal organizational factors such as equipment and routines. Although some companies are working with the prevention of risks, there was still a desire expressed among the taxi drivers about more common and established safety procedures.

  • 289.
    Icenogle, Grace
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA .
    Duell, Natasha
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    ady Irwin College, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, LUniversity of Delhi, India.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura,Consultorio Psicologico Popular, Medellín, Colombia.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan; Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Adolescents’ cognitive capacity reaches adult levels prior to their psychosocial maturity: Evidence for a "maturity gap" in a multinational, cross-sectional sample2019In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 69-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All countries distinguish between minors and adults for various legal purposes. Recent U.S. Supreme Court cases concerning the legal status of juveniles have consulted psychological science to decide where to draw these boundaries. However, little is known about the robustness of the relevant research, because it has been conducted largely in the U.S. and other Western countries. To the extent that lawmakers look to research to guide their decisions, it is important to know how generalizable the scientific conclusions are. The present study examines 2 psychological phenomena relevant to legal questions about adolescent maturity: cognitive capacity, which undergirds logical thinking, and psychosocial maturity, which comprises individuals' ability to restrain themselves in the face of emotional, exciting, or risky stimuli. Age patterns of these constructs were assessed in 5,227 individuals (50.7% female), ages 10-30 (M = 17.05, SD = 5.91) from 11 countries. Importantly, whereas cognitive capacity reached adult levels around age 16, psychosocial maturity reached adult levels beyond age 18, creating a "maturity gap" between cognitive and psychosocial development. Juveniles may be capable of deliberative decision making by age 16, but even young adults may demonstrate "immature" decision making in arousing situations. We argue it is therefore reasonable to have different age boundaries for different legal purposes: 1 for matters in which cognitive capacity predominates, and a later 1 for matters in which psychosocial maturity plays a substantial role. © 2019 American Psychological Association.

  • 290.
    Inderberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stiller, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Förändring är jobbigt, tror jag": En kvalitativ studie om hur medarbetare upplever en HR transformation på ett globalt företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sense of coherence is a theoretical construct, which is used to measure the degree to which a person finds the world comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. In this study we aimed to discover and understand how the employees in an HR department at a large global company perceived the implemented changes from a sense of coherence perspective. The purpose of the organizational change was to become a more efficient HR department, as well as implementing a more unitary work procedure where there was supposed to be more room to support line managers in the organization and less focus on repetitive and administrative tasks. The study is based on a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with six respondents. The questions we aimed to answer in this study were "Have the employees received sufficient information about the change? Have the employees felt involved in the change process? Do the employees feel that the change has contributed to increased commitment and well-being?" The study's result and conclusion reveals that the employees have different opinions regarding the HR transformation depending on which role they received after the organizational change. The interviews also showed that employees generally felt that they had received the information required for the HR transformation and that this is a decisive factor in feeling involved in the organizational change. A significant result 2 was also that there were uncertainties about what tasks should be performed by each working group. Finally, the study showed that as long as employees have the opportunity to influence their new positions and feel that their work experience is developing and challenging, it contributes to increased commitment and well-being at the workplace.

  • 291.
    Innervik, Marina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Kan ett datoriserat arbetspsykologiskt UPP-test genomskåda skönmålning?: resultaten är inte så optimistiska2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social desirability in personality tests which are often used as the selection method for recruitment is a big problem. Faked responses and unrealistic results can lead to wrong decisions and unsuccessful recruitment. This thesis was written in the context of a research project "Studies on a new Swedish labor psychological test Understanding Human Potential (UPP)". The author of the UPP test claims that the test reduces over 90% of the effect of social desirability (Sjöberg, 2015). The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the UPP test can detect social desirability. The study had an experimental design and was conducted in 2011-2012. Out of the 60 people who were recruited to the study, 48 took the UPP test on two occasions; the majority were students in the course Human Factors from an individual perspective at University West. At the first test session the participants were asked to honestly answer the test questions. At the second test session they were asked to try to portray themselves as good as possible in order to get their dream job. A paired samples t-test was used to measure the mean difference in all scales between these two occasions. The results showed that the UPP test was not able to correct for social desirability effectively. In 15 of the 24 scales the mean difference between the scores from the first and the second rounds had a large or moderate effect (d). The results are difficult to discuss in relation to previous research because previous studies on the UPP test are not peer reviewed and are often difficult to interpret. The results are discussed in relation to previous research on alternative ways to "get at" the problem of social desirability.

  • 292.
    Iseland, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A study of long haul truck drivers’ work tasks and reasons for performing secondary tasks: En studie av lastbilschaufförers arbetsuppgifter och anledningar bakom utförandet av sekundära uppgifter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that secondary tasks (task unrelated to driving, which demands the driver’s attention resources, e.g., talking on the hand-held device) during manual driving increase the risk of being involved in an accident. The purpose of the study was to investigate; (1) if long-haul truck drivers engage in work tasks (tasks that are mandatory for their work) that involve secondary tasks whilst driving, if they do, what tasks are performed and how frequently; (2) the drivers selfperceived reason/s for performing them; (3) if factors personality traits, stress, workload, health-related life quality and self-perceived cause relate to the engagement in secondary tasks and if the group differs from norm groups regarding these factors. The study included 13 truck drivers driving long-haul and was conducted through an observational-, a questionnaire- and an interview study. The result indicates that the drivers had no work task whilst driving, but did performed secondary tasks. The main reasons for engaging in these secondary tasks were reported to be due to boredom, to prevent drowsiness. No strong correlations were obtained between personality traits, experienced stress, workload, health-related life quality and the number of performed secondary tasks. The trait Honesty-humility and workload showed a weak moderate negative correlation with secondary tasks. The results obtained are consistent with past research that they feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to decrease boredom and drowsiness.

  • 293.
    Iseland, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Emma
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Human Behaviour and Perception, M1.6, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Skoog, Siri
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Product Design, ABN, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An exploratory study of long-haul truck drivers' secondary tasks and reasons for performing them.2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 117, p. 154-163, article id S0001-4575(18)30149-0Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires. The drivers performed secondary tasks, such as work environment related "necessities" (e.g., getting food and/or beverages from the refrigerator/bag, eating, drinking, removing a jacket, face rubbing, and adjusting the seat), interacting with a mobile phone/in-truck technology, and doing administrative tasks. The long-haul truck drivers feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to alleviate boredom/drowsiness, and for social interaction. The higher number of performed secondary tasks could be explained by lower age, shorter driver experience, less openness to experience, lower honesty-humility, lower perceived stress, lower workload, and by higher health-related quality of life. These explanatory results may serve as a starting point for further studies on large samples to develop a safer and healthier environment for long-haul truck drivers.

  • 294.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Digital Fight to Digital Pride in Public Sector: Redefining Professionals' Roles and Work in Public Sector2016In: SIG USE 2016 16th Annual Research Symposium at ASIST 2016: Information Behavior in Workplaces, October 15, Copenhagen, Denmark.: Information Needs Seeking and Use (USE), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The digitalization in the public sector poses challenges for the professionals that have previously not been using digital tools as a part of their everyday practice. Building on three qualitative research projects this study shed light on contradictions and tussles, as well as possibilities related to professionalism in the public sector. The three cases involve different professionals: cancer rehabilitation nurses, municipality communicators, and resident physicians. The paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of digitalization efforts on everyday work practices, and the emerging opportunities and challenges of using digital artifacts as a part of professional work. Our findings show how the transition toward digital work practices is pushing the professional boundaries of rooted professionalism in the public sector. The meaning of work and what it means to be a professional profoundly changes. The process of tuning professionalism in the public sector is not straight forward.

  • 295.
    Jakobsen, Tonje
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hussain, Zaynab
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kränkande beteende på arbetsplatsen: Hur definierar vi kränkande beteende och vad är avgörande för vår definition2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research has shown the difficulty of defining insulting behaviour in the workplace. It has been noted that the individual and subjective definition is connected to the specific situation in which the potentially insulting incidence occurred. In this study we designed a quantitative questionnaire in order to hopefully elucidate the comprehension of insulting behaviour and furthermore enable a more in-depth investigation on how important the contextual meaning is. This study examined 140 (n=140) working adult’s attitudes towards insulting behaviour in the workplace and the importance of the contextual variables. The results showed that improper contiguity (80,7 %), sexual insinuations (84,2 %) and being ignored (88,6 %) are what the respondents find most insulting. The results also show that the context in which the potentially insulting incidence occurred was not the sole determining factor when the respondents evaluated the incidence.

  • 296.
    Javanshir, Parisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundström, Nancy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delat ledarskap: En studie om medarbetares upplevelser av och förtroende för delat ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to assess the pros and cons of a shared leadership from the employees perspective, how shared leadership affects the employees' work situation and also how shared leadership affects employees' trust towards their leaders. Data has been collected by means of eight semi-structured interviews. Respondents from four organizations with shared managements, both in the private and public sectors, have participated in the study. Döös & Wilhelmson's theory of shared leadership and Lewicki & Bunker's theory of trust, are the theories used in this study. The study's data was analyzed with Braun and Clarke's (2006) six phases of thematic analysis. Four overall themes were found; availability, eligibility, communication and responsibilities and duties. The study's conclusions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of shared leadership were that shared leadership leads to increased accessibility of leaders in the workplace, increased employee eligibility as well as generating an increased competence among the management team. However, with the increased eligibility among leaders, scenarios can occur, where employees use the increased eligibility for their own benefit. Something else that became clear throughout the writing of this study was the fact that processes and decisions in organizations with shared leaderships becomes more time-consuming, while at the same time they are more thought-out and refined. Employees' work situation is affected because the personality and chemistry with the leaders and the employees is the decisive factor for respondents to prefer a shared leadership instead of an individual one. It became clear that the co-leadership method, is the most beneficial shared leadership-method for the employees' work situation. It also surfaced that there were communication shortages between management and employees, within organizations that practice shadow management, functionally shared leadership or matrix management. The communication shortcomings that arise in the aforementioned leadership forms, in turn, reduce employee confidence in management while at the same time a joint leadership increases that confidence from employees to the shared leadership.

  • 297.
    Jensen, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ökar arbetstillfredsställelsen i grupper som utvecklas framåt i Wheelans integrerade modell om grupputveckling?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether there is any connection between increased work satisfaction and groups that develop forward from a lower to a higher phase in Wheelans model

    "Integrative Model of Group Development" (IMGD). The dataset used in this study was collected during an "European Social Fund" (ESF) funded collaborative project between occupational health services and a Swedish manufacturing industry. 31 management teams of 5-8 persons each of whom one was a line manager and the other team leaders were surveyed. The questionnaire "Group Development Questionnaire" (GDQ) where used to see in what phases according to the model IMGD the management teams were found, as well as additional supplementary questions about work satisfaction. The measurements were made on two occasions with seven months in between and during that time group interventions were made that intended to promote the groups' development forward. The results show that there was a positive correlation between increase of phase assignation and increase in work satisfaction. The results further show that even the stage a group was at in the first measurement had a positive correlation with the increase in job satisfaction seven months later.

  • 298.
    Jerrebäck, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöö, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En studie som undersöker samband mellan arbetsbelastning och personkonflikter på arbetet: Emotionell Intelligens som moderator2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that interpersonal conflicts at work can lead to negative consequences for both individuals, groups and organizations. High workload contributes to the emergence of conflicts between employees. Levels of trait Emotional Intelligence (EI) are of significance for how a person tends to handle demanding situations and feelings.

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the levels of trait EI can moderate the relationship between perceived workload and interpersonal conflicts at work.

    We predicted that individuals with a high level of EI would show a weaker correlation between perceived workload and interpersonal conflicts at work. To test the hypothesis, a web-based questionnaire was constructed and consisted of three measuring scales. Quantitative Workload Inventory (QWI) investigates workload, Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale (ICAWS) investigates interpersonal conflicts at work and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short Form (TEIQue-SF) measures trait EI. The survey turned to individuals working or individuals who had worklife experience. This study used a convenience sample (N = 202). The age range was between 19 to 66 years (M = 39; SD = 13), 73% women, 26% men and 1% who defined themselves as other.

    Results indicated that high perceived workload is associated with more reports of involvements in work-related conflicts. Another finding showed that individuals with high level of EI, have fewer involvements regarding interpersonal conflicts at work. However, the positive correlation between interpersonal conflicts and workload was constant regardless of one's level of EI. This contradicts the hypothesis, since EI, as moderator, had no significant influence on the relationship between interpersonal conflicts and workload

  • 299.
    Jildermark, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Wångdahl, Jeanette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Arbetsplatsträffars effektivitet och utvecklingsnivåer: En observationsstudie inom en kommunal grundskola2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to highlight workplace meetings´ benefit and what level of development. The study was done at a school in Lidköping and included two qualitative observations. Most of the groups´ members were women; one man was included in each group, and there was a mixed age structure of the meeting participants. The collection of data was then paired with the scientific literature and scientific articles.

     

    .. Our results demonstrate that group 1 spend 59% of the time on information and 41% of communication. Group 2 show an even distribution of information and communication. None of the groups engaged in dialogue, decision making or empowerment.

  • 300.
    Joelsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    E-kommunikation på arbetsplatsen: Medarbetares upplevelser av chefens e-postkommunikation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Quick, technological development changed communication in the workplace. The virtual context contributed by digital means of communication, where e-mail is the most popular. The benefits are great. E-mail save time and is cost effective. According to early research organizations' performance was largely due to communication and relationships between managers and employees. In regard to the limited research on employees´ experience of the manager´s e-mail communication, this study´s purpose was based on the employee's perspective, highlighting how the virtual context influences the downward communication in the workplace. The study focused on the effects and affects e-mail has on communication, relationships, confidence and work performance. The study resulted in a qualitative design, which aim was to examine the descriptive data by individual experiences and create additional understanding. The selection was based on the criterion that the participants would work in a virtual context, where they would use e-mail communication with their manager as a tool. Based on a questionnaire guide, six semi-structured interviews were conducted. A thematic analysis resulted in four themes: cognitive abilities, interaction between employees and management, which affected as described, borderlines of time, space and labor. E-mail proved to be a complex concept. It was fast, while simultaneously a time thief. It contributed to a sense of belonging and participation, but also uncertainty and misunderstanding. We need e-mail skills in our organizations to minimize negative effects and affects.

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