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  • 251.
    Edvardsson, Anneli
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Grandin, Silena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Historier som smittar: En kvalitativ studie på socialtjänsten, om sekundär traumatisering på enheten för våld i nära relationer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sekundär traumatisering är en företeelse som kan drabba en individ till följd av annan individs trauma. Trauma är en händelse som är omtumlande och omskakande för personen som utsätts för den. Sekundär traumatisering är ett begrepp som, vilket namnet antyder, relaterar till trauma. Som företeelse har sekundär traumatisering dock hamnat lite i skymundan, trots alla de yrkesgrupper som i sin dagliga praktik tar del av olika livsöden och trauman, vilket innebär att de själva utsätts för en risk för att bli utsatta för trauma. Sekundär traumatisering innebär att medarbetaren blir exponerad för klientens trauma. Den överföring som sker från klient till professionell kan skapa symptom i form av till exempel minnesbilder av klientens trauma, sömnsvårigheter, koncentrationssvårigheter, huvudvärk och trötthet. Syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka socialarbetares förståelse och kunskap om sekundär traumatisering, mer specifikt den grupp som arbetar med våld i nära relationer. Ytterligare syfte med studien är att studera hur socialarbetare använder reflektion i situationer av upplevd sekundär traumatisering. Individuella intervjuer (n=7) användes för att producera data. För att analysera materialet användes tematisk analys. Resultatet visar bland annat att socialarbetare efterfrågar mer kunskap kring begreppet sekundär traumatisering och att reflektion är ett viktigt arbetsverktyg för socialarbetaren, samt ett led i att undvika sekundär traumatisering. Sammantaget bidrar studien till ökad insikt och förståelse kring sekundär traumatisering. Detta för att synliggöra och uppmärksamma sekundär traumatisering i det sociala arbetet vilket kan minska riskerna för olika framtida arbetsmiljöproblem.

  • 252.
    Edvinsson, Stina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Johansson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: en studie om i vilken utsträckning personlighet kan predicera inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse hos lärare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personality and job satisfaction are two well known terms in research in psychology. Personality is the basic characteristics of people, being relatively stable over time and often reflected in how to react and act on the things in daily life (Furnham, 2011). Job satisfaction is, according to Spector (1997), how individuals feel about their job, how much they like or dislike their work. Based on Herzberg´s two-factor theory (Kaufmann & Kaufmann, 2010) job satisfaction in this study is divided into intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study's purpose was to examine whether the personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness could predict intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study had a quantitative approach and was conducted using a questionnaire consisting of the Big Five Inventory and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnare. The 54 respondents in this study were teachers in primary, secondary and adult school. The average age was 44 years (SD = 12.6), 70% women and 30% men. Data were analyzed by three multiple regression analyzes which showed that personality accounted for 4-8% of the variance in the three factors of job satisfaction. Neuroticism was the only one of the five personality dimensions that showed a significant correlation with job satisfaction. The correlation was negative, which meant that those who were higher on the neuroticism scale tended to be lower in intrinsic and general job satisfaction. This is substantially in line with previous research on the subject. One conclusion of the study is that the intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction to the greatest extent is influenced by other factors.

  • 253.
    Ekegren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ledarintelligens, självkänsla och personlighetsdrag före och efter deltagande i UGL2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

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  • 254. Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership Intelligence Before and After Participation in UGL Leadership Training2015In: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, ISSN 1321-0122, E-ISSN 1942-3241, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 23-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether there was a difference in three types of leadership intelligence (spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, and rational intelligence) before and after participation in a specific leadership training course. Leadership intelligence was assessed with the aid of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ; Dåderman, Ronthy, Ekegren, & Mårdberg, 2013). The study included 125 participants (M = 38 years, SD = 8), 82 of whom were women. The participants achieved significantly higher mean scores in the three types of leadership intelligence after participation in leadership training, than their mean scores before the training. This professional development program may have contributed to the increase in leaders’ mean scores in leadership intelligence, hopefully leading to a higher quality of leadership.

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  • 255.
    Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership intelligence, self-esteem and personality traits before and after participation in UGL2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 17-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and 2 immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 256.
    Eklund, Jimmie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Hultman, Niclas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Short Dark Triad: En begreppsvalidering av svensk översättning med femfaktormodellens IPIP-120 och Swedish universities Scales of Personality2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dark triad is a group of three dark personality scales consisting of subclinical psychopathy, subclinical narcissism and Machiavellianism (Paulhus & Williams. 2002). The Short Dark Triad (SD3), is the measuring tool and was developed by Jones and Paulhus (2013). The purpose of this thesis was to validate a Swedish translation of the SD3. This was done within an existing research project and included 103 respondents, aged 19-64 years, all being employed. They were assigned to respond to nine different surveys, three of them measuring psychopathy, narcissism and Machiavellianism-related scales. Convergent validation was done by correlation analysis with IPIP-120, measuring the personality of five factor model and Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP), measuring personality traits based on biological markers, and how well they measure the SD3.

    Our results generally confirm earlier research on studies between five factor models personality scales and SD3 (Furnham, Richards, Rangel, & Jones, 2014). One result of particular importance was the negative correlation with the Agreeableness Scale since it is a core for the dark triad personalities. Furthermore, our results followed the expected patterns in the correlations between dark triad personalities and the five factor model. The result of our thesis concludes that the Swedish translation of thPSKe SD3 test is to be considered valid.

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  • 257.
    Eklund, Jonna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Eklund, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rekrytering - Artificiell intelligens eller traditionellt?: Vilken personlighet föredrar AI-rekrytering?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A recruitment process supported by artificial intelligence can surpass traditional methods according to some studies in predicting an individual’s job performance. Despite the benefits, the population generally holds at negative attitude towards increased implementation of AI. The following research question was formulated: What is the relationship between personality and attitude towards a recruitment process conducted with artificial intelligence? To answer the research question, a questionnaire on personality according to Hexaco and the experience of traditional and AI-based recruitment was designed. The results suggest that there is no statistically significant relationship between personality traits and the experience of AI in a recruitment process (N = 105). However, he results indicate that younger individuals have a more positive attitude towards AI compared to older individuals. The lack of a relationship between personality and attitude towards AI-based recruitment may be due to insufficient knowledge being widespread.

  • 258.
    Eklund, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nilsson, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv: En studie om samverkande faktorer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social structures are changing and the boundary between work and personal life is becoming more blurred as a result of gender development, constant reachability through technology and changing family constellations which can create conflict between work and private life. The study's purpose was to examine the conflict between work and private life, and how factors such as social support in private life, gender, place of work, number of close friends and relatives, age, number of years in the workplace and civil status interacts with conflict. The survey was conducted at three workplaces, had 45 participants, with an average age of 45.38 years, of which 13.3% men and 86.7% women. Surveys were MOS Social Support Survey and the Work-Family Conflict Scale and analyzed by multiple linear regression, independent t-test and independent one-way ANOVA. The study showed that the number of years of work interacted positively with conflict between work and private life, which is also part of the previous research has shown. Other factors examined in the study showed no statistical significance, which was partly in line with previous research. One conclusion is that gender, civil status, and children living at home are not colluded in the perceived conflict between work and private life and we discuss whether it can be attributed to cultural factors and modern gender roles. The perception of social support in the private life not interacted with the conflict between work and private life, which is in contrast to some previous research.

  • 259.
    Ekman, Sven
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nilsson, Chris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är du man, tryck start, är du kvinna, byt spel: En kvantitativ studie om könsskillnader inom elektroniskt spelande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined gender differences in electronic gaming and presents a result with a quantitative survey (N=111, n=36 women, n=75 men). The respondents answered how much they play, how much they appreciate different game genres and also to a set of statements meant to measure their motivation for playing games. The result shows that the amount of gameplay correlates negatively with increased age, that men prefers physical and imaginary games to a higher degree than women and that women appreciate simulator games more than men. Regarding gamers’ motives for playing, the result shows that men are to a higher degree than women motivated by social interaction between players and the feeling of excitement within gameplay

  • 260.
    El abed, Karim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Moradi, Sartip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Högskolestudenters skolmotivation under Corona pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The coronavirus pandemic has affected the education system worldwide, including Sweden. The public health authority in Sweden has introduced higher education restrictions throughout the country. Digital education and thus distance learning have become the condition of learning and interacting. In this study, we, therefore, ask: What does socially distanced and digital education mean for college students in Sweden? This study includes seven qualitative interviews with the aim to examine how college students, in their various second higher educational programs, experience digital learning and study motivation. The result shows that the students experience reduced study motivation as the everyday social contacts and relations have been replaced with digital or virtual relations and modes of learning. However, the results differ between the respondents due to individual conditions and different perceived factors for study motivation.

  • 261.
    El Amrani Enghult, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress och arbetsmotivation: En kvantitativ studie om samband mellan upplevd stress och motivation på arbetet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there is any correlation between per-ceived stress and motivation at work. The purpose was also to examine if the de-mograpich questions could be of interest according to the results of the study. The study was based on a quantitative approach and used a questionnaire that was devided in two parts. One that measured perceived stress and the other that meas-ured working motivation. The questionnaires that were being used were PSS- Per-ceived Stress Scale and BPNS- Basic Psychological Needs at Work Scale. The study included 78 respondents, all working at five different companies. The study was based on the P-E fit- theory, Karasek´s demand- and control model and Self Determination Theory. The results of this study showed that there is a significant correlation between percevied stress and motivation at work.

  • 262.
    El Mzadi, Abdennour
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tétouan, Morocco.
    Zouini, Btissame
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tétouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tétouan, Morocco.
    Mental Health Profiles in a Sample of Moroccan High School Students: Comparison Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic2022In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 12, p. 1-13, article id 752539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundGiven the biological and psychological changes that occur during adolescence, adolescents’ experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic measures could significantly threaten their mental health and cause long-term consequences.

    AimThis study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions on the psychological distress of Moroccan adolescents and identify the risk and protective factors that could influence their mental health.

    MethodsThe participants in this study were Moroccan high school students who were recruited at two different times—before the COVID-19 pandemic (350 students, mean age: 16.55 years; 53.71% female) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (457 students, mean age: 16.84; 64.1% female). Students responded to the Brief Symptom Inventory and the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity questionary, and reported information about their psychosocial environment, gender, and age. The scores on the Brief Symptom Inventory dimensions from the pre-pandemic period and during 2020 were compared. A comparison between the scores of the two genders of the 2020 sample was also carried out. In addition, binary regression analysis was performed to predict the associations between gender, frequency of physical activity, the presence of the number of negative psychosocial factors, and those dimensions of the Brief Symptom Inventory that significantly changed between the samples.

    ResultsFemale students reported higher psychological distress than male students in both data collection periods. During the COVID-19 pandemic, students scored significantly (p < 0.001) higher in depression and paranoid ideation, and they scored significantly (p = 0.01) lower in hostility and anxiety compared with the pre-pandemic period. Female gender and the experience of physical or psychological abuse significantly increased the risk of reporting higher scores in depression and paranoid ideation symptoms during 2020. Moderate and frequent physical activities were significantly and negatively associated with depression (p = 0.003 and p=0.004; respectively).ConclusionsThis study confirms the stressful impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Moroccan high school students, who reported more symptoms of depression and paranoid ideation compared with the pre-COVID-19 period. Female students reported higher psychological distress than male students did. The experience of physical /psychological abuse during the pandemic worsened mental health, while moderate/frequent physical activity improved it.

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  • 263.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes2017In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e12132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective

    In this study, we explore how personal and situational factors relate to the provision of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes. Specifically, we focus on the relationship between the care staff's personality traits and provision of PCC and to what extent perceptions of the working environment influences this relationship.

    Background

    The ultimate goal of elderly care is to meet the older person's needs and individual preferences (PCC). Interpersonal aspects of care and the quality of relationship between the care staff and the older person are therefore central in PCC.

    Design and methods

    A cross-sectional Swedish sample of elderly care staff (= 322) completed an electronic survey including measures of personality (Mini-IPIP) and person-centred care (Individualized Care Inventory, ICI). A principal component analysis was conducted on the ICI-data to separate the user orientation (process quality) of PCC from the preconditions (structure quality) of PCC.

    Results

    Among the five factors of personality, neuroticism was the strongest predictor of ICI user orientation. ICI preconditions significantly mediated this relationship, indicating the importance of a supportive working environment. In addition, stress was introduced as a potential explanation and was shown to mediate the impact of neuroticism on ICI preconditions.

    Conclusions

    Personality traits have a significant impact on user orientation, and the perception of a supportive and stress free working environment is an important prerequisite for achieving high-quality person-centred elderly care.

    Implications for practice

    Understanding how personality is linked to the way care staff interacts with the older person adds a new perspective on provision of person-centred elderly care.

  • 264.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Kazemi, Ali
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The older person as a client, customer or service user?2019In: Working with Older People, ISSN 1366-3666, E-ISSN 2042-8790, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 9-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe three different approaches to work in elderly care (i.e. professional, market-oriented and person-centred) and examine whether these theoretically derived approaches can be confirmed empirically. Additional aims were to examine the endorsement of these approaches and whether there were differences in the endorsement of these approaches in nursing home vs home care and municipality vs privately run care units. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey study of frontline care staff (n=1,342). Exploratory factor analysis was used to investigate the empirical validity of the proposed approaches to work in elderly care. A series of paired and independent samples t-tests were conducted to analyse mean differences between the proposed approaches to work. Findings A principal axis factoring analysis yielded three theoretically meaningful factors as proposed. These results indicated that the respondents were able to differentiate between three distinct but related approaches to work with older persons. The results also showed that the professional care approach was the highest endorsed and the market-oriented the lowest endorsed approach. No notable differences in approaches to work were observed in nursing home vs home care and municipality vs privately run care units. Originality/value This is the first study to examine multiple approaches to work in elderly care as previous research studies mainly have investigated the person-centred care approach. Current findings indicate that these approaches to work often coexist in various combinations and that the care staff adopts all these approaches but to varying degrees. The approaches differ in several important respects (e.g. legitimacy and view of the older person) and most likely affect the way care staff treats the older person and how the older person perceives their relationship with the care staff. Knowledge about these differences facilitates management of the care staff’s work situation and helps to improve the quality of care.

  • 265.
    Eliason, Felix
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad chefer anser vara väsentligt när de anställer chefer för att nå Employer of Choice2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer of choice is a marketing form, where an organization chooses to identify,attract, optimize and retain skilled employees. This includes future and currentemployees. The purpose the present study is to investigate the employer's choicebased on a management perspective. Which leadership qualities are important? Isthe employer "employer of choice" in mind when they recruit senior positions? Thiswas a qualitative study with semistructured interviews, carried out at amanufacturing company. The following themes emerged: (1)Employers ofchoice,(2) executives acting to reach the employer of choice, and (3) managers'thoughts in recruiting other managers to reach the employer of choice. These arediscussed in relation to the essay's approaches and presented theories. Based onidentified themes and questions asked, we can see tendencies that managers haveemployer of choice in mind when recruiting, and that they look whether thecandidates have a genuine interest, stands for what the company does, the motivebehind, and the willingness to take responsibility. The study shows how managersact to reach the employer of choice, and by being a rolemodel, building longtermrelationships, understanding employee needs, being accessible, and beingvisible and open to their surroundings.

  • 266.
    Ellertsson, Christin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stress ur ett studentperspektiv: Studenters egna upplevelser och erfarenheter av stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has become more frequent and has evolved into a social problem in a large portion of the population. All interviewees were students at a college in the South of Sweden consisting of three women and one male within the age-range of 25-40. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of how students experience stress, how they reason, counteract and manage stressful situations. Two interviews were conducted, one with a focus group involving three interviewees, and one involving a single interviewee. An interview guide was created and all interviews were recorded using a dictation machine. The analysis was conducted using thematic analysis which resulted in six themes: driving force, control damage, ambiguity, forward planning, positive thinking, and security. The results showed, among other things, that the interviewees could experience that stress adds to personal progress and sometimes as hindering and draining. Situations where the students experience stress as cumbersome can be when they have vague information about what can be expected of them before an examination while they believe a way to counteract this is good structure. The students also have different approaches as to how they handle their stress, such as exercise or performing stimulating activities, which give them satisfaction and motivation.

  • 267.
    Elmquist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvalitativt förundersökningsledarskap i polisens mängdbrottsutredningar: Vad är viktigt, vad kan påverka beslut?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The investigations of petty crimes are of public interest. They constitute our most common crimes in society. The purpose of this study was to examine which factors police officers leading preliminary police investigations consider most important to carry out investigations with high quality. Furthermore, factors that influence how easy or difficult the decision-making process becomes, and how police officers handled these factors was studied.

    Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight police officers working with investigations. The interviews were thematically analyzed and four themes were found: (1) job demands, (2) work attitudes, (3) the basis of decision, (4) take responsibility and feel secure in decision-making.

    Results showed that ability to prioritize, work involvement and values were important in the working process and that easy decision-making was based on experience among other factors. Interestingly, the police officers, seeking for well-funded decisions, handle different kinds of influences and biases, even though they were not aware of the influence factors. Participants also expressed influencing factors such as pressure from investigators, mass media, time-pressure and stereo-types.

    The study showed high workload and that decision-making concerning petty crimes could be complex and demanding. These factors may lead to faster decision-making resulting in bad decisions due to time-pressure and is a major issue to examine further.

  • 268.
    Elofsson, Ella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Väversted, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hur påverkar din preferens för att sätta gränser din upplevda balans mellan arbete och privatliv?: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan upplevd balans mellan arbete och privatliv och gränsättningsspreferens2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle där flexibelt arbete får en allt större roll i samband med att kraven på individen ökar kan det bli svårare att hitta balans mellan arbete och privatliv. Hur väl en individ lyckas med detta kan beror på preferens när det kommer till att sätta gränser mellan arbete och privatliv. Syftet med studien var att undersöka sambandet mellan upplevd work-life balance och individers gränssättningspreferens. Studien är av kvantitativ karaktär där en webbaserad enkätundersökning genomfördes. Urvalet av respondenter bestod av dels ett bekvämlighetsurval och dels ett snöbollsurval. 105 respondenter mellan åldrarna 25-55år deltog i studien varav 30st var män och 75st var kvinnor där medelåldern för respondenterna var 40.5 år. Vid insamlandet av data användes Work – Family Conflict och Family – Work Conflict Scale utformat av Netemeyer m.fl. (1996) samt gränssättningspreferens utformat av Kreiner (2006). Datamaterialet från enkäten analyserades med hjälp av korrelationsanalyser. Resultatet visade inte några signifikanta samband mellan individers upplevda work-life balance och gränssättningspreferens, däremot visade det på nolleffekter, vilket skiljer sig åt från tidigare forskning.

  • 269.
    Emanuelsson, Moa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nilsson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Varför trivs jag på jobbet?: En kvantitativ undersökning om sambandet mellan arbetstillfredsställelse, livstillfredsställelse och personlighet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Who doesn't want their staff to thrive? In order to understand why an individual acts and feels in a certain way, it is necessary to study more than just the workplace. Work- and life satisfaction are two separately studied subjects, where studies investigating the relationship between them can be expanded. Since previous studies indicate that personality has a decisive factor for people's way of feeling, thinking and behaving, there is interest in studying how this can affect the outcome. The purpose of the study is thus to first investigate whether there is actually any connection between perceived work- and life satisfaction, in addition to seeing whether individuals' different personality traits can have a contributing impact on the connection. A partial correlation was used with personality as the control variable. This is to investigate whether the existing relationship will change slightly with personality traits taken into account. A quantitative study was conducted with a total of 103 respondents who are currently working. To collect the study's data, an internet-based questionnaire was initially created which consisted of self-rated statements. The result showed a strong positive significant correlation between work- and life satisfaction of r = .31. When the connection between work- and life satisfaction is controlled by personality, it drops from its original value for neuroticism to r = .22, similar results occur for extraversion which drops to r = .23. Finally, conscientiousness resulted in a reduction that takes on a new value of r = .24. These decreasing values show the important influence that personality has linked to the relationship work- and life satisfaction, where the personality traits neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness reported to have the most impact. The study's conclusion is thus that there is a connection between work- and life satisfaction and that people's personality is said to have an impact on the connection and thus how individuals experience their existence. 

  • 270.
    Emanuelsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olausson, Amanda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Relaterar vård- och omsorgspersonalens arbetstillfredsställelse med deras relation till ledaren?: En kvantitativ undersökning kring sambandet mellan LMX och arbetstillfredsställelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The shortage among health- and welfare personnel is expected to rise in the near future and some of the prime reasons are low salaries and lack of good leadership. The leadership theory leader-member exchange (LMX) and work satisfaction have been proven to affect the employee’s intention to quit the profession. Therefore the purpose of this study is to examine how LMX relates to work satisfaction among health- and welfare personnel operative in the public sector. The study has a quantitative approach and a questionnaire survey was carried out. The survey consisted of two instruments (LMX 7 and overall job satisfaction) as well as background questions with a total of 21 questions. 106 employees in two different health- and welfare operations participated in the study. Two analyzes were carried out in SPSS (correlation- and regression analyzes). The result showed a strong positive correlation between LMX and work satisfaction among the selection group. As expected, the result agrees with previous research result in the area. This study can contribute with an increased insight in the relationship between LMX and work satisfaction among health- and welfare personnel in the public sector.

  • 271.
    Engdahl, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Sofie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikation och stress på demensboende: - En intervju- och observationsstudie av vårdgivares kommunikation medvarandra2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the literature, communication is a vital component to avoid incidents. The aim was to illuminate the importance of communication during transport, to study how caregivers are influenced by time related stress, and how being stressed for time influences communication and to compare the result from this study with an earlier by the same authors. Therefore the following issues were chosen: 1) How caregivers communicate with each other during transport of the care-taker 2) Does time related to stress influence communication? 3) Is there any difference in communication-pattern between two experienced caregivers and one experienced and one less experienced caregivers? Five semi-structured interviews and an observational study were conducted, followed by thematic analysis. The interview participants consisted of four experienced caregivers and a trainee. The results show that the caregivers used double communication, where they indirectly informed each other through the care recipient. A great deal of work was spent on routine and therefore communication between the caregivers was not required. To be on "the same level" and to count before a transport was an important part of communication. Experiencing low stress was something that may had come with years of experience. The conclusion was that a great deal of what was going on was supported by reliable praxis, which affected how the caregivers communicated and experienced the stress level. Many of those who worked the geriatric care had worked together for years. Consequently the need for instructions was reduced. Since the caregivers did not experience stress as a problem, neither did they experience that communication was influenced. These results were further verified in three follow-up interviews at two other dementia care facilities. The theories proposed were supported by the follow-up interviews which were based on analyses from the observation.

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    Kommunikation och stress på demensboende - En intervju- och observationsstudie av vårdgivares kommunikation med varandra
  • 272.
    Engelbrektsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundvall, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Äventyrsguiders upplevelse av flow vid utomhusaktiviteter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study whose purpose was to examine how adventure guides are experiencing a sense of flow when they execute different types of outdoor activities. This study has focused on the flow theory, since flow is a feeling that hopefully many can relate to. There is a lot of research regarding outdoor activities and flow but the connection between these two topics has a narrow area of research, which this study was trying to broaden.

    The informants on whom this study has relied on are individuals with different ages, genders and backgrounds. Their only common factor is that they are all students at an adventure guide program and for that reason they all fit in the target group of this study. The informants were interviewed with the help of a semi structured interview guide and the collected material was transcribed and analysed with a phenomenological analysis according to Giorgi, which makes this a qualitative study.

    The result of the analysed material is somewhat varied. Four main themes were manufactured, whereof three of the main themes find support in previous research. All produced themes were analysed from a phenomenological approach and discussed separately and against each other to detect different similarities and differences.

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  • 273.
    Engelbrektsson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Turtell, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka ungdomar mobbar andra?: Samband med impulsivitet, våldsbenägenhet och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying affects 60,000 children in Sweden every year and is a problem in school.Not only do bullies have problems at school but also runs a greater risk of committingviolent crimes at an adult age than people who do not bully others. The purpose ofthis study is to highlight whether impulsivity, violence and parenting communicationcan have relationships with bullying and to find out if there are any differencesbetween boys and girls. A quantitative study was made based on data from LoRDIA(Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence) wave 3, where 1324 youngpeople aged 13-17 were included. The result shows that based on self-reported andself-assessed behavior there is a positive statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others, violent behavior and parenting communication in the form ofparental solicitation, and a negative statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others and parenting communication in the form of parental knowledge andchild disclosure.

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    fulltext
  • 274.
    Englund, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erséus, Matilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tenderar individer med kreativa arbeten att vara mer nöjda med livet?: En kvantitativ studie utifrån World Value Survey Wave 62018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today companies face big competition that requires them to have a niche that makes the company unique compared to other actors. Creativity has thus become an important factor in the survival of the organization and has also been shown to help employees become happier.

    The purpose of this study was thus to investigate whether there is a positive correlation between the extent to which individuals consider themselves to have creative work and how satisfied they are with life, which in this study is also referred to as satisfaction with life. Age influence on the perceived satisfaction with life was investigated as previous studies showed that older individuals tend to assess their work as more creative. Finally, it was investigated whether individuals who assess their work as creative also tend to assess their work as independent.

    The results were based on World Value Survey Wave 6 data collected for Sweden. Raw data for 931 respondents with an age range between 18 to 65 were examined, of which about 53 percent women and 47 percent men.

    The results show a strong positive correlation between creativity and independence at work, as well as between creativity and satisfaction with life. A small positive correlation was identified between age and satisfaction with life. The studied variables could only explain 6 percent of individuals' self-estimation of satisfaction with life. This indicates that there are other factors not investigated in this study that can explain individuals' experience of satisfaction with life.

  • 275.
    Entero, Jeanivie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ghetu, Georgiana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur samvarierar upplevd stress, arbetsrelaterad självtillit och individuell arbetsprestation?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress reactions can lead to reduced workers' attention and working memory capacity, which further leads to reduced work performance. An individual's level of self-efficacy has been shown to be related to how the individual chooses to handle stress. Previous research that has been done when it comes to the relationship between work-related stress and individual work performance shows a correlation between the variables. However, the direction of the correlation differs between the researches. Results from previous research have shown that self-efficacy and work performance have a positive correlation. The purpose of the study was to investigate how perceived stress and self-efficacy covariate with the individual work performance and to investigate the relationship between the variables. To answer the study's questions, a quantitative survey was conducted where data collection was conducted via a web-based survey. Three different measuring instruments were used to measure individuals' work performance (IWPQ), perceived stress (PSS) and level of self-efficacy (OSS-6). The questionnaire used in the study consisted of the three measuring instruments and six background questions. The study involved 72 people (M = 32 years, SD = 9 years). The results showed that self-efficacy and perceived stress have a significant correlation with all dimensions within work performance. Perceived stress is a significant predictor of task-based performance, self-efficacy is a significant predictor of contextual performance while counterproductive work behavior had no significant predictor.

  • 276.
    Eriksson Jeppsson, Adrian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestlund, Adrian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Employer branding: Att attrahera kvinnor inom olika utbildningsfält2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market is currently beneficial for the employees. The number of vacancies vacant in some areas is greater than the amount of labor in today's Sweden. The occupational groups that are mainly sought after in the labor market are post-secondary educated, specialists and academics. The interest in attracting and retaining skilled personnel is therefore great. This work goes under the concept of Employer Branding. Previous research in the field has focused in particular on how an employer can attract staff with different attributes, as well as comparisons between women and men, age, civil status, etc. Something not previously investigated is whether individuals from different educational background have different values regarding desirable attributes with a prospective or current employer. The present study has aimed at contributing to and reducing the lack of knowledge existing in this area. Semi-structured interviews with four female graduates from different educational backgrounds were held to gain increased knowledge of whether these different individuals resonated differently about job attributes. The interviews resulted in five main themes: similarities, differences and unique attributes. For the study, three major employers have also been interviewed to gain a better understanding of how they work with their employer branding. The results have partly confirmed much of what previous theories have raised in the field, but also shown deviations and added to the previous understanding of what individuals of the generation Y are looking for at a prospective or current employer. In order to gain a better understanding of what individuals are attracted to by employers, Herzberg's two-factor model has been applied.

  • 277.
    Eriksson, Jesper
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Pehrson, Amanda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Personlighet och coping vid arbetsrelaterad stress: En kvantitativ studie om hur personlighet samverkar med coping2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depending on differences in personality among individuals, we tend to deal with situations in different ways. One way to form an understanding of these types of differences is to use the five factor model where different degrees on a scale within the five personality traits is 3 presented. To deal with stressful situations, that for example comes from interactions and interrelational exchange, individuals have shown to use coping strategies. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the variance in personality among individuals and how these handle stressful situations using coping strategies in the workplace. A quantitative study in the form of a survey with a hundred participants was conducted. The survey was made out of questions from the test “Big Five Inventory - 10” to investigate personality and questions taken from the test “Ways of Coping Questionnaire” to investigate the usage of coping strategies. After the data material was collected, correlation analyses and regression analyses was carried out to see if there was a relationship between the two phenomenons. The study showed that there were some correlations between personality and coping strategies. The correlation analysis found relations between the personality traits Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, and coping. Furthermore, the regression analysis demonstrated a positive significant relationship between the personality trait Agreeableness and coping, however, no relationship was observed between coping and the other personality traits. Thus, the results indicated that certain personality traits have a greater impact on the coping strategies individuals employ in stressful work situations than others. 

  • 278.
    Eriksson, Jesseca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En narrativ studie om placerade ungas upplevelser och uppväxtvillkor: Med fokus på vändpunkter, framtidstro och identitetsutveckling2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there is little research on placed young people's own experiences of their development conditions, even though out of home placements are something that costs society a lot of resources and which in research have shown poor results. In the field of children and youth science, it is clear that children and young people need to be heard more, which has become even more relevant in the social work field with children and young people since the Children's Convention ratified as a law in Sweden this year. In this study, five placed in out of home care, or previously placed in out of home care adolescents and young adults between 16-26 years were interviewed about their experiences before, during and after placement. The focus during the interviews has been on turning points and future beliefs, which have had a clear link to the narrative tools used as an analytical method. Theories of identity development and risk-resilience have been used to analyze the development conditions. The result showed that relationships with parents and peers had a major impact on these young people and that despite difficult experiences in life, there was an optimistic future belief in which there was a connection to their own achievements.

  • 279.
    Eriksson, Madelen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Klaesson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det är ett teamarbete samtidigt som det är ett ensamarbete”: En kvalitativ studie om interprofessionellt teamarbete i hemtjänst/hemsjukvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our elderly and ill persons today receive assistances from various activities, professions, but also from different principals. Previous research addresses the importance of investigating the context in which inter-professional teamwork is an appropriate organizational form, as well as the importance of creating the right conditions for teamwork in the context of elderly care. Person-centered care takes the team work to a wider dimension where the user becomes an equal partner in the inter-professional team. The members of the team exchange information with the caretaker/patient instead of about the caretaker/patient, and then assess, plan and evaluate the continued efforts. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how a team, in municipal housing services/home care in the elderly care sector, experiences/describes its obstacles and 2 opportunities to work in an inter-professional team in accordance with person-centered care. Research questions aimed at gaining knowledge of which factors as individuals/group and structure levels perceive the ability of the team to be effective and how the concept of person-centered care is perceived. Seven employees in an interprofessional home care team were interviewed according to semi-structured interviews, and the interviews were analyzed according to thematic analysis. A complex picture was described, and in the results it emerged that the current context can create obstacles to the professions to interact effectively in inter-professional teams. Factors that hinder the team's ability to be effective are considered by respondents to be; the organization's set up as well as the team’s lack of close interaction. The professions perceive and describe the concept of person-centered care in a similar manner. It is about listening and assuming the patient/caretaker's perception of quality of life and creating an opportunity for participation in how the care is performed. Our results can contribute to knowledge and understanding of the challenges a home care team face. 

  • 280.
    Eriksson, Sarah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Svanberg, Linnea
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hur framställs poliser av allmänheten i media?: En kvalitativ studie om polisers subjektiva upplevelser och åsikter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To work as a police in today’s modern society means to be more exposed, even though the duty of law enforcement is to protect members of society and keep them safe. Social media is used by police all around the country for the purpose of spreading information about the role of the police, but also to disseminate other information from which the public may benefit. One disadvantage with social media is that anyone can publish online. Individuals may capture video of police officers doing their job and publish that media out of context. As social media platforms spread news and events involving police, a consequence can be a biased view of police. Our study is grounded in George Gerbner Cultivation theory from 1976 and examined the experiences of individuals who work in law enforcement, to shed light on how the police themselves feel about their representation on social media. We used semi-structured interviews with eight employees within the police, and the transcribed material was examined using thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006). The result showed that comprehension for working as a police officer, hate against the police, fellowship and social media are important concepts among police’s perception about how they are portrayed. The study’s aim is to contribute to the understanding of the role of the police, according to the police themselves. The study is also about contributing to society’s feelings of safety, but also how social media can depict a distorted image of police officers.

  • 281.
    Eriksson, T. Gerhard
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Masche-No, Johanna G.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Psychology, Building 14, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: Signs of adjustment to the situation?2017In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, p. 237-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

  • 282.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning2018In: Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, Vol. 9, no 34, p. 17-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Reactions to Tinnitus2008In: The Consumer Handbook on Tinnitus / [ed] Tyler, Richard S., Sedona: Auricle Ink. , 2008, p. 49-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Varför har NPD-diagnoser för barn utvecklats till en epidemi?2023In: Abstracts för Decemberkonferensen, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2023, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den neuropsykiatriska diagnosmanualen är ett trubbigt verktyg och saknar dessutom – i de flesta fall – ett individuellt perspektiv på de drabbade barnens situation. Att inte erkänna att människors erfarenheter och upplevelser skiljer sig åt, riskerar att marginalisera barn och unga. Vi behöver förstå att unga som försöker leva upp till vuxensamhällets förväntningar äger förmågor och egenskaper som behöver vårt skydd.

    Tyvärr lägger psykologer inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) och andra privata mottagningar för ADHD en stor del av sin tid på att utreda de lidande barnen, istället för att erbjuda terapi och stöd till både barn och vårdgivare. Föräldrar som i stället erbjuds hjälp att se sitt barn som en unik individ, utan den normativa bilden av önskvärt beteende, kan öka sin empatiska förmåga och sin tillit till barnet.

  • 285.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Olsson, Astrid
    University West, University West, the Library.
    The state and art of tinnitus research from a critical discourse perspective2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives 

    Tinnitus is a condition that almost entirely belongs to the field of audiological medicine, predominately regarded as a disorder of the ear. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of the art concerning the scientific discourse on tinnitus. Our main interest was to find the answers to: Who are involved in the research; i.e. within a disciplinary context? What approaches have been most influential?  How much influence does one specific perspective have on the discourse compared to another perspective?

    Methods

     A selection of articles with tinnitus as the main objective, published in international journals between 1930-2013, were analyzed according to Critical discourse analysis and influenced by concepts deriving from (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985). Collected articles were representative, disciplinarily seen.

    Results

    Discourse analysis showed to be an appropriate method for studying the discourses on tinnitus within a time period of more then 80 years. The most influential discourse on the definition of tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of a sound (s) in the absence of an external sound source. It is clear that this definition has been adopted regardless of disciplinary field. Philosophical and existential aspects of tinnitus suffering are not prevalent in the discourses on tinnitus, a somewhat understandable result, as the influence of medical science is exceptional. 

    Conclusion

    Generally seen, the dominance of one discourse in a field of research can lead to an inhibition of other valuable discourses from the periphery (the field of discursivity). The most productive scientific strategy would be to allow several discourses to exist side by side. A significant point to stress, since no epidemiological data so far have demonstrated that the populations of tinnitus patients in any way are homogeneous.

  • 286.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicholas
    Univ Poitiers, Dept Psychol, .
    Categorization of tinnitus in view of history and medical discourse2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, p. 23530-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation and paradigms have had no influence on how the condition is defined as for instance one would expect psychologists and neurologists to have their own viewpoint on this issue.

  • 287.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, Poitiers (FRA).
    The Aftermath of Silencing the Trauma: A Narrative Case Study2023In: Narrative and Mental Health: Reimagining Theory and Practice / [ed] Mildorf, Jarmila, Punzi, Elisabeth, Singer, Christoph, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 86-103Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The association between silence and powerlessness is one reason behind rape victims’ decision to remain silent about the assault. Rape victims, who most often are traumatized, face a wide array of negative experiences as a consequence of the violence. At the heart of this trauma narrative is the case of a female patient, 70 years old, suffering from tinnitus, for which she was offered psychotherapy. During one of the last therapy sessions the patient disclosed that she was raped at the age of 22 by a man she met when searching for a job. This case study explores the complex relationship between sensory fragments (i.e., hallucinations and tinnitus) and the disclosure of a hidden trauma that occurred half a century earlier. It also illustrates how establishing a confidential therapeutic alliance can contribute to a sustained integration of fragmented experiences of the trauma into a personal history.

  • 288.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Audiology.
    The impact of perceived tinnitus severity on health-related quality of life with aspects of gender.2001In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 3, no 10, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) has been used to investigate the health profiles in different medical conditions. It has, however, never been applied to tinnitus sufferers. The present study aimed at investigating relationships between the perceived severity of tinnitus, audiometric data, age, gender and non-disease specific health-related quality of life measured with the NHP divided into two sections; NHP I (topics related to health status) and NHP II (health induced problems in daily life). These parameters were statistically analysed to identify predictive factors to the perceived severity of tinnitus, described by the Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire (TSQ). A total of 186 consecutive tinnitus patients (57 females and 129 males) attending an audiological specialist clinic in Sweden were included in the study. The stepwise regression model used explained 37.8 per cent of the variance in the perceived severity of tinnitus, and the significant predictors were: "Emotions", "Sleep", and "Pain", three of the six dimensions of the NHP I. Differences between gender were found in NHP II and age-related differences emerged in NHP I when male and female patients were compared to normal controls.

  • 289.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holmes, A
    University of Florida, Department of Communicative Disorders, College of Public Health and Health Professions.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults2008In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hornborg, Christoffer
    Department of Sociology and Work Science, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE), Campus Västervik, Västervik (SWE).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, Université de Poitiers, Univ Rennes, Univ Angers, Univ Brest, RPPSY, Poitiers (FRA).
    Is ADHD a way of conceptualizing long-term emotional stress and social disadvantage?2022In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, p. 1-14, article id 966900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The prevalent, neuropsychiatric, deficit perspective on childrenand youth diagnosed with ADHD prohibits a multidimensional approach wheresocio-economic status, family stress and relationships within the familiesare relevant factors to examine. Assessments of ADHD through the use ofrating scales and short-term interventions may lead not only to overdiagnosis but also to a reductionistic approach in the psychiatric field. This literaturereview aims to address research outside the prevailing discourse on ADHD as an organic brain dysfunction and broaden the perspectives on children’s behavioral difculties.

    Methods:

    The articles included in this applied, mixed-method, systematic review includes 26 peer-reviewed articles, both English and French, with a search focus on ADHD in children and youth related to Attachment stylesand relationships.

    Results:

    In the studies reported, researchers approached correlations between ADHD and attachment in different ways, and in most cases, there was a caution to address causality. The role of parents was found to be both buffering and aggravating for the appearance of ADHD. In the French case studies, the diagnosis was conceptualized as a relational phenomenon where the child’s behavior was inseparable from family member’s suffering.

    Discussion:

    This review article illustrates how children’s difficulties in terms of ADHD symptoms can be addressed through a paradigm where emotional and cognitive dysregulation is understood through psychosocial factors rather than as a neurological condition. In our view, to avoid an overly reductionistic and medicalized approach to children’s behavioral difficulties, it is time to reiterate the value of the biopsychosocial perspective.

    Conclusion:

    Professionals and researchers need to acknowledge that becoming diagnosed with ADHD has a strong connection to economic disadvantage, social status, and familial care. The academic discourse of addressing brain dysfunctions might serve the unintended purpose of masking emotional stress and social disadvantage that manifests across generations. A biopsychosocial approach to ADHD including family, emotional history, and socio-economic issues could imply a lesser focus on medical treatment as a first choice.

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  • 291.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 292.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    University of Poitiers, Department of Psychology, CAPS-EA4050, Poitiers, (FRA).
    The Experience of Tinnitus and Its Interaction With Unique Life Histories: Life Events, Trauma and Inner Resources Narrated by Patients With Tinnitus2020In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 11, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The challenges facing people with chronic tinnitus include finding relief and rebuilding quality of life. However, previous traumatic episodes may influence adjustment and prolong suffering. Recovery implies reducing aggravating reactions and improving social roles, relationships and interests. Self-narratives about living with tinnitus have not yet received the attention they deserve in the research literature. Thus, the main goal of the present study was to illustrate how tinnitus suffering interacts with the participants’ unique life histories. Method: Four women and one man (ages 52–58) took part in the study after consulting a special hearing clinic for annoying tinnitus. Criteria for inclusion were that tinnitus was regarded as a problem with negative consequences for quality of life. The participants should be willing to share how the experience of tinnitus suffering interacts with their previous life story. Narrative methodology was employed in order to achieve the goals of the study. We used unstructured interviews with free conversation, which allowed for rich narratives with full contextual meaning. Results: The findings, based on the narrative analysis, revealed that three out of five participants presented a regressive form of narrative indicating ongoing struggles beyond tinnitus itself, which they were unable to bring to closure. For them, valued goals were continuously thwarted by frustrating circumstances in their lives, either past events or current unresolved issues. Progressive and stable narratives, as identified in the other two participants, demonstrated values that rely on others’ attitude and understanding toward their suffering, in sharp contrast to the regressive narratives. We suggest that a central issue in tinnitus rehabilitation should be to help suffering patients to overcome unresolved conflicts and thereby extend their ability for a fuller commitment in life. Conclusion: Considering enduring tinnitus as a chronic condition, whose course is likely to vary depending on the patient’s general health status, an alteration of progressive and stable narratives is likely to occur during the lifespan. A progressive narrative shows similarities to the core construct of the salutogenesis model of health promotion (1). In conclusion, a narrative approach in tinnitus rehabilitation can be health promoting by offering the patient the opportunity to engage in storytelling, which in turn can increase comprehensibility and a sense of coherence. © Copyright © 2020 Erlandsson, Lundin and Dauman.

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  • 293.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 294.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The effects of noise, attitudes, and risk taking on children and young adults.2004In: Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 8-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Maj-Liz
    Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neuroscience.
    A longitudinal study investigating the contribution of mental illness in chronic tinnitus patients2006In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 124-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of affective components seen in relation to tinnitus suffering was investigated in 70 patients consulting at an audiological clinic. They were interviewed and answered the Spielberger's State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). It was hypothesized that an anxious and depressed mood might be a sign of a serious psychiatric illness and, therefore, diagnostic interviews including the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), Axis II (personality) disorders (SCID-II), the BDI, the Montgomery A?sberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Hopelessness Scale (HS), as well as biomedical tests, were conducted in a subgroup of 18 individuals. Fifty per cent (two women and seven men) were diagnosed as suffering from a personality disorder. No significant relationships were revealed when various biochemical markers were analysed. One and a half years later, 16 subjects were interviewed a third time and answered the STAI and the BDI. There was a clear trend in the data showing that patients having a personality disorder did not change their distress profile from the first to the third period of assessment. In these patients, a vicious circle caused by pronounced intolerance to life stress seems to operate in a more serious way than in patients who do not suffer from a personality disorder. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

  • 296.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, E.
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, article id 1319584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 297.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenging the ADHD consensus2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-2, article id 31124Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Riskbeteende och sociala faktorers betydelse för barns och ungdomars hörsel.2006In: Inre och yttre världar: funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Essman, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lugnet efter stormen: En kvalitativ studie om delar av polisens omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the organizational change of the police organization, with the intention of increasing employee involvement, motivation and organization's flexibility, is perceived by its employees. The study was based on six participants, including four police officers and two civil servants. In order to investigate the participants' experiences, semi-structured interviews have been conducted. The semi-structured interviews allowed supplementary questions, which has helped to explore the participants' experiences more closely. Interview material was recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed. The transcripts subsequently identified several recurring codes that together formed different themes. These themes formed a total of six main categories which are: conditions for reorganization, attitude to reorganization, motivation factors, structural factors, lack of trust and lack of understanding. The result showed that all participants had been informed of the reorganization before its implementation. However, the information varied in quality, and the participants experienced different degrees of satisfaction. None of the participants had expectations of the organizational change and participants reported differences in experienced motivation and structural benefits and disadvantages after the organizational change. Furthermore, the result showed that some participants experienced insufficient confidence in managers and management after the reorganization. Finally, the result showed that all participants experienced difficulties understanding the goal of increased organizational flexibility.

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