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  • 251.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Children and Parents: Attributions, Attitudes and Agency2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and parents are both part of children’s development and research on children and on parenting are both areas that, in some way, have changed in recent decades. These changes are related to the new way of seeing children and that children are no longer seen as ‘becomings’ or adults in the making; rather, children are insteadregarded – and seen – as more active in their development and as social agents. With a new way of viewing children and childhood there is also a new way of explaining or understanding parenthood. The general aim of this thesisis to learn more about how parents think about their parenting and how this can be related to children’s agency. Inaddition, children’s own beliefs about their agency are studied. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed thatSwedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children inall nine countries. Despite the high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In Study III Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children was examined in relation to their children’s agency. It also studied the longitudinal relation between agency and children’s externalizing, internalizing, and school achievement. Swedish children’s parents (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children’s agency, children’s externalizing and internalizing behaviors and school achievement. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to children’s subsequent perceptions of their agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalizing and internalizing problems and higher academic achievement. Personal agency is studied in Study IV and the aim of this study was to examine how 10-year-old children perceive their agency in three different contexts, family, school and peer-situations. Interviews were conducted with 103 ten-year-old Swedish children. Vignettes concerning three different situations were presented to the children and their answers were written down for subsequent thematic analysis. The resultsshowed that children perceive their agency differently depending upon which context they find themselves in. The difference is not in how they think adults or peers would react to their agency, but in how they themselves would act if their agency was suppressed. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find a solution together, while they would be more emotional and powerless with adults.In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions. It is also revealed that parents’ warmth is related to children’s agency,and that children’s perceptions of their agency depend on whether they interact with adults or other children. Apossible contribution of this thesis is to generate additional knowledge about parental cognitions and the implications that parenting can have on child agency, but also the shedding of light on the ways in which, depending on the context, children’s beliefs of their agency differ.

  • 252.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Exempel 5: FöräldraResursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 65-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    När det blir en sjukdom: en studie om hur olika yrkesprofessioners arbete påverkas då spelberoende, 'Internet Gaming Disorder', blir en diagnos.2018In: Nya vägar, nya perspektiv: Barn- och ungdoms nätverket i samarbete med Tema barn, Linkopings universitet, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2018, p. 8-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag arbetar flera verksamheter på olika sätt med de diagnoser som finns och påverkar barn och ungdomar i skolan. Nya diagnoser tillkommer då och då, och sommaren 2018 informerade Världshälsoorganisationen (WHO) om att TV-spelberoende nu klassas som en diagnos, s.k. Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). TV-spel av olika karaktär är frekvent använda av barn och ungdomar och i Sverige spelar 87 % av barn 9-12 år varje dag. Spelberoende är omdiskuterat och kan ses som ett eget problem eller en följd av andra problem. Avsaknaden av forskning inom området innebar att American Pyschiatric Association uppmanade till mer forskning om Internet Gaming Disorder och med en IGD-diagnos från WHO kommer mer kunskap inom området att behövas. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att följa hur elevhälsans, socialtjänstens och hälso- och sjukvårdens arbete förändras i och med en ny diagnos och vilket lärande som därigenom kommer till stånd. Vidare ska studien undersöka hur förhållningssättet till barns och ungdomars aktörskap ser ut vid ny diagnos.

  • 254.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Parenting Across Cultures: Parental attributions, attitudes and behaviour2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously studies in parenting have mainly been conducted in Western countries. Not uncommonly results from such studies are used to describe general, worldwide trends. In an attempt to make the field of parenting research more culturally heterogeneous, an international research project, Parenting Across Cultures, was started. The project includes nine participant countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and USA) and its purpose is to examine parenting across cultures. This thesis is based on reports from parent participants. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed that Swedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions, they think more alike for parenting attitudes and there was greater variability for parenting attributions, particularly regarding uncontrollable success, as opposed to attributions regarding adult- or child-controlled failure. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’ self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children in all nine countries. Despite the overwhelmingly high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, and despite our use of statistical controls for parental age, education, social desirability, and child age, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions.

  • 255.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    When it becomes a diagnosis: a study of professionals’ work after Internet Gaming Disorder, IGD, becomes a diagnosis2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today various professionals’ work involves diagnosing children and youth. This affects children and youth in different ways, among them, their performance in school. A new diagnosis can be both positive and negative. Those who support a diagnosis claim that without one, it is difficult to help people with problems or do research. But a negative aspect can be that people who receive a diagnosis can be stigmatised and suffer from lower self-esteem.

    In 2018, the World Health Organisation put out a statement clarifying that too much gaming would now be classified as Internet Gaming Disorder. 87 % of Swedish children aged 9-12 play different games on the Internet or in other settings every day. Excessive gaming has long been discussed and can be seen as a problem in itself or as a problem related to something else. There is not much research into gaming disorder and with this new diagnosis more knowledge is required.

    The purpose of this study is to interview different professional groups who work with children and youths: student health professionals (e.g. school nurses), social services (e.g. family support) and child psychiatry. The aim is to gain more knowledge about how these professionals’ work changes when a new diagnosis is classified. What do they learn and how do they collaborate? Another aim is to study which approach they take in regard to children’s agency after a new diagnosis. 

  • 256.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parental perceptions of children’s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment2016In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 186, no 8, p. 1203-1211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children in relation to their children's agency. It also examined the longitudinal relation between agency and children's externalising, internalising, and school achievement. Swedish children's mothers and fathers (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children's agency, and children's externalising and internalising behaviours and school achievement. Parental warmth at Time 1 was significantly correlated with child agency at Time 2, which was significantly correlated with child externalising and internalising behaviours and academic achievement at Time 3. There were no differences between girls and boys. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to subsequent perceptions of children's agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalising and internalising problems and higher academic achievement. These findings held in the context of a three-year longitudinal study and for both boys and girls, suggesting the importance of child agency in the link between parental warmth and children's adjustment.

  • 257.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1565239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine children's perception of their agency in different relationship contexts. Historically, most studies conducted in Sweden concerning children's agency, in relation to their self-efficacy and perceptions of their effectiveness as agents, have been carried out in school situations or other institutional organizations. Past research has shown that children'sagency has positive links to health, school achievement and/or adjustment. Method: Interviews were conducted with 103 10-year-old Swedish children to examine three relationship contexts: parent-child, teacher-pupil, and peer relations. Vignettes about the different contexts were presented to the children and their answers were analysed with thematic analysis. Results: The results show that children think of their agency differently depending upon which relationship context they find themselves in. Most perceived agency are found insituations with peers, and children perceive they have the least agency with teachers. In situations with parents, children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find asolution together, while they would be more emotional and perceive less power with adults. Conclusion: We conclude that children make adistinction in their perception of agency depending upon the relationship context. These findings can be relevant for helping children receive more agency in all contexts, which might have apositive impact on health and adjustment.

  • 258.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Education and Parenting in Sweden2019In: School Systems, Parent Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An International Perspective / [ed] Sorbring, Emma; Lansford, Jennifer E., Springer, 2019, p. 95-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish children's rights to school and a childhood were discussed as early as 1900 and today nearly all (99.9%) Swedish children from the age of six attend comprehensive school for ten years. Comprehensive school, both private and public, is free of charge and compulsory for everyone. In general, Sweden is described as a country where young people are perceived as individuals with agency, both in the family and in school. It is expected that students should be treated with respect and taught about their rights and how to practice them. Teachers are supposed to encourage young people's agency by, for example, letting them take responsibility and be involved in decisions about the school work and their lives. This is related to the goal of teaching young people more about how to become citizens and about democratic values in society. Although Swedish schools have a high interest in students' own agency and their mental health, politics put pressure on the schools to achieve higher academic success among students. This chapter presents the current Swedish education system and its challenges when it comes to maintaining high values concerning students' mental health and, simultaneously, striving for better academic results, focusing particularly on families belonging to the lower socioeconomic class and with a migration background.

  • 259.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Swedish children’s beliefs about agency in family, school and peer situationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Vi kan väl sprida kärlek istället för hat?”: om kränkningar på nätet ur unga och vuxnas perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Digitalization gives an increased access to online networking in schools meanwhile the use of social media among young people increases. E-bullying takes place in different forms and to different extents. The aim of this study is to deepen the understanding of online violations by comparing the perspectives of youths and adults on e-bullying based in one school environment. The study uses qualitative methodology and semistructured interviews. Eight pupils and eight teachers from one school have participated. The study draws on themes and attitudes about what e-bullying means, the prevalence of online violations and what is being done to prevent the problem. One theoretical starting point is that the technology used in online networking may involve a shift in power in relation to traditional bullying. The results of the study show that it is not evident that youths and adults each have a certain perception of e-bullying. The descriptions of online violations are multiple. However, adults tend to see the language of the youngsters as rougher than youths do themselves. Adults experience that young people report violations to a greater extent than youths describe from their perspectives. General conclusions about preventive work against online network violations in a school stress the importance of the work being systematic, informative and communicated to pupils as well as based on reflections about norms and values

  • 261.
    Gustavsen, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Larsson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Individuella skillnader som prediktor för upplevd arbetsmiljö: en korrelationsstudie med Big Six och DIAMONDS2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Poor work environment is a contributing factor to both physical and mental illness in Sweden. 28% of the individuals, who are currently employed in working life, experience problems caused by work-related reasons. Individually adapted work environment may possibly reduce this number. Previous research has found that personality can be significant in the perception of situations in daily life. However, previous studies have not investigated whether personality can predict how work environment is perceived. The purpose of this study was therefore to answer this question by examining whether there is a relationship between personality, through the Big Six, and perceived work environment, through DIAMONDS. In order to answer the question, a survey was conducted in which 107 respondents participated (M = 33 years, SD = 12, age range 18–79 years, 76% women). Personality was examined with the instrument Mini-International Personality Item Pool-6 (MiniIPIP6) and perceived work environment was measured through Riverside Situational Q-Sort (RSQ-8). Correlation analyzes were carried out, based on the respondents’ answers, which resulted in outcomes which showed five statistically significant relationships between Big Six and DIAMONDS. Two of these corresponded to previous research, while the rest had not occurred earlier. The five correlations were further investigated through two regression analyzes, where negativity and adversity, which are variables belonging to DIAMONDS, were dependent variables because these correlated strongly with the Big Six variables. Neuroticism and agreeableness turned out to be the only significant predictors out of the personality traits. An 3 important explanation variance emerged and according to this study, personality can therefore predict certain parts of how individuals experience their work environment.

  • 262.
    Gustavsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seaton, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den Mörka Triaden: En studie på olika chefsnivåer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad is described as three undesirable personality traits consisting of machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The purpose of the present study was to analyze to what extent the dark traits occur at different levels of management, and furthermore how gender and age relate. The study was originally conducted by Eklund och Hultman (2015) with 101 respondents in a senior company position in Sweden (47 were women, 51 were male and three did not indicate gender). Of the respondents surveyed, 13 managers supervised at group level, 39 at middle level and 49 at management level. The age range varied between 24 and 64 years. The study consisted of a questionnaire with 80 questions, 27 of these questions were statements about Short Dark Triad (SD3) that aimed to measure machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The results showed a positive trend between machiavellianism and higher management level, and that the mean values for narcissism and psychopathy increased when moving to higher management level. Men generally showed higher traits of the Dark Triad than women which was consistent with previous research. Age also correlated negatively with machiavellanism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy, which indicates that the Dark Triad was less frequent among older Swedish managers.

  • 263.
    Gustavsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöqvist, Christof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie i unga vuxnas kristna tro: Orsaker till tron och upplevelser av mening med- och i livet2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is today one of the world's most individualized and secularized countries, but the trend in recent years seems to have turned and diminished with Generation X, those born in the 60-80's. At the same time previous research shows that religious practice and a sense of purpose in life have a positive impact on people's mental wellbeing. However, there are still gaps in the research into the reasons why people believe. This study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons why young adults that are christians believe in a god and how they perceive the meaning of life and in life in relation to their faith. The theories Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence worked as a basis for the study. A qualitative method was used and the collection of data was made using semi-structured interviews. The participants consisted of three women and three men, active in the Swedish Church. The analytical method IPA was used for processing the collected data. The results showed that the informants' perceptions of why one believes could be organized into the three themes of: The community molds, helps and creates a feeling of belongingness, Christian family background led to faith and experiences in adolescence were crucial for the faith. The results also showed that belief in itself, as well as the Christian community gave a sense of purpose of life and in life. These results were discussed in relation to theories of Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence. Some conclusions that could be drawn from the results and the discussion is that this study's question on reasons why Christians, young adults in the Swedish Church believes, resulted in two kinds of answers: One concerned the reasons why they first came to faith and the other on the causes to why they continue to believe today. Meaning of- and in life was perceived in relation to the Christian community and through the personal faith of the informants. The quest to become a better person and to live well was central to the experience of meaning of life and in the lives of informants. Reliability was affected mainly by the authors' own background and pre-understanding.

  • 264.
    Gustavsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olausson, Therese
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelser av maktaspekter inom den psykiatriska tvångsvården: en litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients in compulsory psychiatric care often feel powerlessness and a defective participation. A good treatment from the caregivers with empathy, feeling and respect can help the patients to be motivated to participate in their care. The alliance between patients and caregivers can make a good base in the care process. It can also help patients to decide to change their lives. Aim: To describe patients' experience of power aspects in compulsory psychiatric care. Method: A literature review with qualitative articles. Nine articles were analyzed to find similarities and differences. It resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. Results: The first theme described patients' experiences of participation, being limited and the feelings about their lack of control and not being informed. The second theme described patients' experience of the social interaction in compulsory psychiatric care, alliance, treatment from the staff and their superior power positions. The third theme described the care environment influence of the patients' circumstance of life and feeling of safeness. It also described the battle within oneself. Conclusion: The study reveals that many patients have experienced a lack of participation, information and control. Patients felt powerless compared to the staff by the way they acted and treated them. Many have been treated with defective empathy and respect. They described feelings of being treated like a unworthy and not successful human. It revealed that many patients wanted a better alliance with the caregivers. They also wanted to be more participated and informed about their care

  • 265.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Policy is not enough: the influence of the gendered workplace on fathers' use of parental leave in Sweden2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 58-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool for degendering the division of labor for childcare. Swedish fathers have had the right to paid parental leave since 1974, but they take only one-fourth of leave days parents take. There are strong cultural norms supporting involved fatherhood, so couples typically want to share leave more than they do. This article explores how workplaces can constrain Swedish fathers' use of state leave policy, in ways that fathers can take for granted, a topic that has received less attention than individual or family-related obstacles. Based on interviews with 56 employees in five large private companies, we found that masculine workplace norms can make it difficult for fathers to choose to take much leave, while aspects of traditional workplace structure building on these norms can negatively affect fathers' capabilities of taking much leave. Workplace culture and structure seemed to be based on assumptions that the ideal worker should prioritize work and has limited caregiving responsibilities, setting limits to fathers' ability to share leave with mothers. Gender theorists suggest such assumptions persist because of male dominance at the workplace and the endurance of gendered assumptions about the roles of men and women.

  • 266.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University,, Indianapolis, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. b Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Workplace support and European fathers' use of state policies promoting shared childcare2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social policies such as paternity leave and parental leave offer fathers the opportunity to be more involved in childcare than earlier generations of fathers. While such policies are increasingly offered by governments around the world, research by the International Network on Leave Policies and Research shows that many European fathers do not take advantage of these benefits, despite fathers' growing interest in participation in early childcare. This article introduces a special issue devoted to understanding how the workplace can impact European fathers' interest in and abilities to take leave, a topic that has received relatively little research attention. The articles in the special issue suggest that barriers to European fathers' leavetaking are deeply embedded in workplace culture and work practices and will be difficult to eradicate without a dramatic challenge to the concept of the male ideal worker, who prioritizes work above family.

  • 267.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 268.
    Hallberg, Angela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapets intelligens, empati, stress och resurser att bemästra stress hos personer i chefsposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A person in chief position plays an important role in respect to both the company and its employees. Ronthy's theory (2006, 2013) aims to highlight her view of the concept of "leadership intelligence" which consists of: emotional intelligence (EQ), rational intelligence (RQ) and mental intelligence (SQ). A test relating to measuring leadership intelligence has been developed; Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ). The test is now in version 3; LIQ3. People in the Chief Position can be divided into two types using LIQ3: Leader and Manager. A leader is characterized by high emotional and spiritual intelligence, while a manager of high rationality. Based on Ronthy's theory, this study aims at examining the following issues: (a) Can LIQ3 distinguish between managers and leaders from the point of view of whether the company produces goods or focuses on services? (b) Do EQ and SQ co-exist positively with empathy? (c) Does the self-reliant stress differ between leaders and managers according to LIQ3? (d) Is there a positive link between EQ and useful coping resources? The participants were 131 in different positions (34% women) from four different organizations (M = 49 years, SD = 8), of whom 18% were senior executives, 62% middle managers and 21% group leaders. In addition to LIQ3, participants responded to questionnaires that measure self-perceived stress, empathy and coping resources. LIQ3 could not distinguish between managers and leaders by organizational type. EQ and SQ positively correlated with social and emotional coping resources. There were no significant differences in stress levels between managers and leaders. Various aspects of leadership skills are noted and questioned in today's organizations and its properties have been investigated and discussed in this study.

  • 269.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. .
    Adolescents in a Digital Everyday Environment2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to examine different aspects of Swedish adolescents’ everyday environment in a digital world. Drawing on ecological and psychosocial developmental theories I will discuss social, sexual, and biological aspects of the Internet as an everyday environment, an environment in which most adolescents spend a great deal of time. The thesis comprises four studies, all examining different aspects of the developmental stage of adolescence. Study I focused primarily on the extent to which adolescents encounter explicit online content, such as pornographic, violent, and/or hateful material, and how they react to it. What feelings are associated with explicit online content? And how do adolescents deal with those feelings? In study I we analyzed questionnaire data collected from 226 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 (47% girls and 53% boys). In line with other studies on the subject, the results showed that many Swedish adolescents are exposed either intentionally or unintentionally to explicit online content. Adolescents in this study showed surprisingly low emotional response to their exposure to explicit content. Their coping strategies center on personal agency, with most choosing to avoid or block unwelcome content rather than turn to parents or siblings for support and advice. Almost no significant gender differences were found in the choice of coping strategies, except that young men were more likely to avoid a site than were young women. Study II focused on the association between various parental and child factors and the parents’ attitudes toward adolescents’ online sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data collected from parents (78% mothers) and adolescents (54% girls) in 496 families. Results showed that parental attitudes toward adolescents’ offline and online sexual activities are closely related, although parents are more permissive in the offline setting. Parents’ attitudes toward online sexuality are not only correlated with their attitudes toward sexuality in traditional settings, but also by their preferences on the Internet. Parental attitudes were found to differ by the sex of the parent and the sex and age of the child. The link between fathers’ attitudes and adolescents’ online sexual activities was mediated by parental rules, suggesting that communication is part of the transmission of values. The focus of study III was on the link between adolescent boys’ pubertal timing and their offline and online romantic and sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data obtained from 142 early adolescent Swedish boys. Participants reported on stagenormative (physical) and peer-normative aspects of pubertal timing, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing were related to romantic and sexual activity offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to sexual activities online. In study IV the focus was on the relationship between sexual and romantic activity in a traditional offline context and similar activities online. Longitudinal questionnaire data were obtained from 440 adolescents over three years. Results revealed that both offline and online sexual activity increased over time within the group. We found that results for girls showed a somewhat larger effect, indicating that the link between offline and online sexual activity is largest within the female group. Results also revealed a small but significant increase in the slope for participation in offline sexual activity with online sexual activity as a predictor – but only for boys – indicating that the link between online and offline sexual activity (i.e., the other way around) only exists within the male group. Thus, as boys’ participation in sexual activity increases online, so it also does offline. The article concludes that adolescents’ romantic and sexual activities online are tied to their physical, offline equivalent and so the Internet can be regarded as an important context for sexual development. Taken together, the individual studies suggest that The Internet, as an everyday environment is linked to several aspects of the developmental phase of adolescence. Further studies should continue to explore the effect of the Internet on adolescents’ developmental tasks.

  • 270.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish adolescents’ exposure to pornographic, violent, and hateful content online.In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 271.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Skoog, Therese
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law , Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ Sexual Activity Offline and Online: A Longitudinal StudyIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Hamdi, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Markusian, Susan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sambandet mellan upplevt organisatoriskt stöd och organisatoriskt engagemang2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted to find possible links and differences between the two main variables: organizational commitment and perceived organizational support (POS). The purpose of this study was primarily to examine the relationship between organizational commitment and perceived organizational support and in addition, to investigate if other variables, such as; sex, age, employment status, type of organization and industry, interacts with organizational commitment. 120 individuals participated by answering an online-form through social media sites, Facebook and LinkedIn. The sample consisted of both women (n =84) and men (n =36), with ages ranging from 18 to 62. The measurement "8-item Survey of Perceived Organizational Support" (SPOS8) was used to measure POS. Organizational commitment was measured by using a three-dimensional scale, "Organizational Commitment Scale", that included affective commitment, normative commitment and continuance commitment. The results showed a statistically significant, positive medium-strong correlation between POS and organizational commitment where the dimension "affective commitment" correlated statistically significantly and the strongest with POS. Differences between the groups "forms of employment" (full time, part time and seasonal employees) were also shown to be statistically significant. The results reported in this study were in line with previous presented research. The importance of the results was discussed with reference to previous research. Thoughts regarding future research were presented.

  • 273.
    Hamideh, Daniala
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

  • 274.
    Hammarbäck, Andreas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Motivation inom monotona yrken: En kvalitativ undersökning av anställdas upplevelse av motivation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what motivates individuals working in monotonous occupations, and what they think could be improved so that they experience a higher level of motivation. The study was conducted on a customerservice department in Gothenburg. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analyzed by thematic analysis. The study revealed that all respondents considered it important to feel motivated in their work no matter what role you have in the organization. What the individuals felt motivated them in their work was their personal relationships within the workteam, the possibility for personal development and clear goals to work towards. Affinity was considered strong, which favored cooperation and could be further strengthened through more activities between the workteams. The results showed that all respondents felt that their sense of motivation could be better in their work and have a positive impact on their performance.

  • 275.
    Hammarin, Zandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lautiainen, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan anknytningsmönster, tilltro till den egna förmågan och utmattning hos sjuksköterskor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That nurses are exhausted is today a common phenomenon, however, certain nurses are less exhausted than others in their profession. There are many psychosocial factors that can affect that an individual feels exhausted.

    In this study the authors examine if attachment to a caregiver as a child matters in how you feel fatigue (exhaustion) in adulthood. An interesting factor that the study examines in addition is the feeling of fatigue can be connected too self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a combination of self-awareness, self-esteem and self-doubt.

    44 nurses that work in hospitals and health clinics attended in this study in the ages of 20-70. There were 36 women and 8 men. Three scales were used to measure; Shimron melamed burnout questionnaire (SMBQ), Experience in close relationships (ECR), and General self-efficacy scale (GSE) which measures faith in self-efficacy.

    The result showed that there was no correlation between attachment and fatigue or between self-efficacy and fatigue.

  • 276.
    Hammarskär, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    När döden skiljer oss åt: En fenomenografisk studie om hur professionella uppfattar barns behov av stödinsatser då en förälder avlidit2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research of children with parental loss shows visible tendencies that focus is on remaining parent and that the child easily tends to fall in shadow or becomes forgotten. The study aims to investigate professional´s views and experiences of children´s needs for support when losing a parent. The theoretical views of the study are; the perspective of salutogenic, ”the new sociology of childhood” and the theory of structuration in a constructive perspective. The study was performed with a phenomenographic methodological approach to capture professional´s views and experiences and the material consists of seven semi-structured interviews.

    The result and conclusions shows that professionals proceed from some kind of model in their work and the model then guide the professionals in giving information, support and advice to the child. The child´s needs of support is mainly to find new strategies to deal with everyday life and the creation of identity when losing a parent. Different inputs of supports can help the child to defuse and normalise their expression of emotions in losing a parent. The ambition of the professionals is to listen to the child in order to meet each individual child and his/hers family situation, since children are not an homogenous group, their needs also vary. Most important is that the child doesn´t feel that he/she also is losing the remaining parent´s attendance and caring for him/her, through the parent´s own grieving process.

  • 277.
    Hansson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Söderqvist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsbelastning, arbetstillfredsställelse och sjukfrånvaro2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased work absence due to sickness is a current problem in society, and previous research has highlighted the different perspectives of the rising absenteeism and sick leave processes. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a link between workload, job satisfaction and absenteeism. To investigate this quantitative approach through a questionnaire survey was used. Further, we posed the following research questions: 1. Is there a correlation between job satisfaction and absenteeism? 2. Is there a correlation between workload and sick leave? Participants in the study were employed as assistant nurses, nurses, doctors and other health care personnel. A total of 83 from care staff participated, of whom 69 were women and 14 were men. A measuring instrument for measuring the workload was obtained from QPS Nordic as this is a well validated survey with good reliability. To measure job satisfaction statements, a previous study of global job satisfaction was used. The questionnaire contained 14 questions concerning workload measured with the following components: decision-making requirements, learning requirements and quantitative requirements as well as job satisfaction, some personal issues and three dimensions of the concept of sickness absence. To analyze the collected data a correlation analysis and multiple regression to explore a relationship between the different variables was used. There was no significant relationship between job satisfaction and absenteeism. A negative weak relationship existed between the decision-making requirements and one of the measurements of sick leave sick leave, number of times per year. Components, the learning requirements

    3

    and quantitative requirements during the workload showed no significant relationship with absenteeism. Based on the results of the study we can confirm that the results suggest that there are other variables in play, which is outside the scope of this study.

  • 278.
    Hartmann, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lampio, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsgivares och studenters uppfattning om betydelsen av "generic skills": en studie om självuppskattad anställningsbarhet bland studenterna vid Högskolan Väst2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that there is a gap between which skills employer’s seek and what attributes student’s actually possess. Generic skills are defined as personal attributes, which are useful in all kinds of professions, at all levels in the career. Generic skills is an inherent part of any discussion about employability. Employability was originally defined as the ability to gain, maintain and regain employment. Studies have shown that generic skills are developed by real world experience, and due to this, work-integration during the education is crucial in order to develop generic skills. The aim of the present study was to compare whether employer’s perception of generic skills are consistent with the skills that students actually possess and if the students perceptions are the same as the one’s that employers value the most. The present study consisted of two surveys. In the first study 74 employers participated, and in the second survey 466 students at the University West participated. The main result showed that students believed they possessed two out of three, by the employers, top-rated skills (responsibility and work ethic) and these two skills where consistent with the student’s perceptions of which skills employers would value. This was not consistent with previous research. The conclusion was that generic skills may be valued differently due to the context.

    2

    Finally, it was debated if the high level of work-integration at University West could have led to the fact that the students possess several skills that employers value

  • 279.
    Hecktor, Karin  
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordberg, Marlene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sociala medier och stress hos gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the 21st century the use of tablets, smartphones, computers and gaming has increased according to a report from Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018). Furthermore, the report shows that the psychosomatic symptoms are more common among young people who devote more time to television and the Internet. However, Folkhälsomyndigheten considers that there is still insufficient research on the subject in order to draw safe conclusions about whether use of digital media has negative effects on the mental health of children and adolescents (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2018).

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the use of social media and perceived stress among high school students.

    The participants consisted of swedish high school children aged 15 – 19 years. There were 63 participants in the study, 31 boys and 32 girls, who responded to a digital survey about their habits around social media and perceived stress. The following questions were included: (a) What is the frequency of use of social media among the youth? (b) Is there any correlation between use of social media and stress? (c) Is there a gender difference between the use of social media and perceived stress?

    The results show that all young people use social media on daily basis and are using them regularly and that they also felt a certain amount of stress about the use of social media. The correlation between the use of social media and stress was somewhat stronger for girls than for boys. Through a t-test it emerged that there was no significant difference between girls and boys and their time they used social media.

  • 280.
    Hedeblom, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetsdrag hos whistleblowers: -en kvantitativ studie av sjuksköterskestudenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the tendency to report, being a whistleblower, and certain personality traits. Although it is possible to partly predict whistleblowing based on a specific personality traits and the number years in the profession, the interpretation of personality traits in itself can also be of great importance. 60 people participated in the study. Participants were nursing students at their first semester at University West. The gender distribution was 51 women and 8 men with an average age of M = 25.86 and an average of three years of work experience in healthcare. Respondents were presented with two different anomalous scenarios. One had a milder problems, and the other a more complex representation. In Scenario 1, the milder, a positive correlation between the personality traits openness and a negative correlation with the personality traits agreeableness and self-rated tendency with reporting the anomaly was found. Both results were significant. To predict the likelihood that an employee will report anomalies based on number of years in the profession and personality traits such as openness proved to be possible.

  • 281.
    Hedrén, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad har du för inställning till att arbeta i team?: Individer med höga värden av extraversion har en positiv inställning till att arbeta i team2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teamwork is a common working method within both school and work. Despite this established working method, we see that there is a lack of studies on individuals' attitude towards working in teams. This study aims to investigate this subject further and answer the following question: Is there a correlation between personality and the attitude towards working in teams? To investigate the issue, an online survey was sent out, of which 124 people responded of the sample’s total 206. The sample consisted of 85 women (69%) and 39 men (31%) aged 21 – 69. IPIP-30 was used to measure participants' personality traits based on the Big Five. Self-designed questions were created to investigate the attitude to working in teams. The results of the study showed that extraversion correlates positively with the attitude to working in teams, and that neuroticism correlates negatively. When we controlled for all personality traits, sex and age in a regression analysis, only extraversion showed a significant relationship. This study can be important for recruitment, choice of working method or composition of working groups for both managers and teachers. Our conclusion is that it would have been interesting to see similar studies done on larger populations and then examine whether people's experience of working in teams and the level of education have any impact on the attitude to working in teams.

  • 282.
    Hellekant, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Hagberg, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Missuppfattningar om psykologi bland de som borde veta: sambandet mellan Öppenhet för intellekt och psykologisk (o)kunskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that there are a number of misconceptions in the psychological field of knowledge. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between personality and misconceptions about psychology, and contingent differences between two groups with different amounts of psychology courses in their education; human resource management students and psychologist students (N = 65). The study was performed by a questionnaire consisting of Five- Factor model of personality (IPIP-120) and Test of misconceptions about psychology (TMP). Our study showed that the personality characteristic Openness to intellect was significantly negatively correlated with individuals' misconceptions about psychology. This means that those who had lower Openness to intellect had more misconceptions about psychology. The results also showed that human resource management students had lower Openness to intellect and more misconceptions about psychology than psychology students. The results showed that the Openness to intellect alone may explain individual misconceptions about psychology by 28%, which is considered a large effect.

  • 283.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Problems in close relationships and risky sexual behavior among young men2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Hermansson, Jozephine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tengström, Ramona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kreativitet och innovation ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ undersökande studie inom offentlig sektor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study was to increase the knowledge about how the public sector can take advantage of employees' creativity and innovation, as previous research mostly was carried out in the private sector. The study investigated how participants want their organization to take advantage of their creativity and innovation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five employees within a municipal business. The participants represented various employee categories within the organization, and all were women in the age range 26-47. Data were analyzed with a thematic analysis. The results of the analysis identified three themes: Prerequisites/opportunities, communication and leadership. Our results demonstrate that an organization that wants to promote creativity and innovation need to give their employees conditions and opportunities to get ideas, develop them and then implement them in the organization. They need a climate of transparency, good relations and good cooperation with all those involved in their work. For this to be possible, the employees need leaders at all levels who are active role models and give priority to creativity and innovation and enables effective communication processes. The workplace context and the interpersonal interactions were important elements of the employees' creativity and innovation.

  • 285.
    Hernqvist, Anna-Theresé
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mattsson, Annelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Husdjur inom äldrevården: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the health benefits of animals in healthcare can be traced far back in time. Research on the subject, however, had a boost during the 1990s. Historically, animals have been used in the care of children, but also in psychiatry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pets on the elderly and staff in a nursing home setting. Qualitative interviews were conducted to collect material from both staff and residents in a retirement home. The number of informants was eight and all were women. The material was analyzed and themed. The work generated the following four themes: security, quality of life, intersectionality and trust. The result showed that animals in health care have a positive effect, psychologically and physically, on both the elderly and the staff. The animal's emotional impact on man and the importance of the relationship between man and animal became particularly clear during the interviews where the animal was present. The elderly expressed that the animal, in this case predominantly dogs, had a great significance for them. Loving views and repeatedly commenting on the animal reinforced the informants' verbal description of their relationship with the animal. The staff talked about the relationship between the residents and the dogs, including a woman with periods of depression and introverted behavior that experienced positive changes with the dogs. The woman felt more calm, happy and social in the proximity of the dogs. According to accounts about animals in healthcare settings this type of reaction is common. Concepts like an experience of peace, security and love were constantly recurring during the interviews.

  • 286.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Att förstå och förklara smärta: sammanställning av en enkätundersökning där ungdomar från Lettland och Sverige medverkar2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på enkätsvar i fyra olika skolklasser på högstadiet, två skolklasser i Lettland och två i Sverige. I de två lettiska skolklasserna finns en klass med elever med lettiska föräldrar och en skolklass där elevernas föräldrar är ryssar. De två svenska skolklasserna utgörs av en grupp elever med huvudsakligen svenska föräldrar (den svenska gruppen) och en skolklass med företrädesvis elever där föräldrarna har annan bakgrund än den svenska (invandrargruppen). Eleverna i de fyra skolklasserna har besvarat ett antal frågor som berör deras hälsa och ohälsa. I denna delstudie presenteras resultat från frågor som berör smärta och smärtupplevelser. Studien innefattar fyra delar där det inledande avsnittet ger en teoretisk ram till smärta utifrån biologiska och kulturella aspekter. Denna del efterföljs av presentation av empiriska resultat från två frågeställningar där ungdomarna tillfrågats om hur de agerade då de fick smärta och om vad som var viktigast i en smärtsituation – om smärtan gick över snabbt, om de var rädda för att smärtan skulle komma igen eller om de ville veta varför smärtan uppkom. I nästa del av rapporten följer en redovisning av ett fenomenologiskt betraktelsesätt på kropp och kroppsuppfattning, vilken ligger till grund för en mera omfattande diskussion om smärta som en individuell livserfarenhet. Denna del är en teoretisk genomgång. I den andra empiriska delen presenteras resultat från den berättelse ungdomarna skrivit ned om ett tillfälle då de kände smärta, hur smärtan upplevdes och hur/varför den gick över. Resultatet i studien visar att det finns stora likheter i hur ungdomar med olika bakgrunder beskriver smärta och smärtupplevelser. De skillnader som ändå framträder kan härledas till de två ländernas skilda förutsättningar när det gäller hälso- och sjukvård, könsrollsmönster och olika traditioner när det gäller egenvård.

  • 287.
    Hjalmarsson, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan emotionell intelligens, personlighet och arbetsprestation: en tvärsnittsstudie som validerar den svenskaversionen av TEIQue-SF2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence has been defined differently throughout studies for many years in several countries. The trait emotional intelligence consists of four dimensions; emotionality, self-control, well-being and sociability, and is measured by the TEIQue-SF measuring instrument. TEIQue-SF has achieved good validity as a measurement tool in different languages and is now validated in Swedish through this study. Previous research has shown liaisons between the emotional intelligence (EI), personality and work performance. However, these together have not been investigated in Sweden.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQ-SF), Mini-International Personality nventory Pool-6 (Mini-IPIP6), Short Dark Triad (SD3) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), and to find out which personality traits and dimensions within self-perceived individual work performance best explain the variance within TEIQue-SF dimensions.

    The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study with 228 Swedish participants (M = 34 years, SD = 12.6, range 16-71 years, 66% women) with an average work experience of 14 years (SD = 11.5).

    Expected result was that neuroticism would correlate negatively with TEIQue-SF four dimensions, which was also achieved in this study. Positive correlation with Task Performance and Contextual Performance was found between all dimensions of EI. Regression analysis also showed that neuroticism had a negative relation to explanation of variance in all imensions of TEIQue-SF. A preliminary conclusion is that TEIQue-SF has shown theoretical and empirically reasonable relation to relevant variables and can be considered validated among younger people with relatively high educational levels.

  • 288.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 289.
    Holm, Anne Lise
    et al.
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Lyberg, Anne
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Cutcliffe, John
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa .
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Shadows from the past: The situated meaning of being suicidal among depressed older people living in the community2014In: Crisis, ISSN 0227-5910, E-ISSN 2151-2396, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 253-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most depressed older people in a suicidal state have mixed feelings, where the wish to live and the wish to die wage a battle. Aims: To explore and describe depressed older people’s experiences of being suicidal and their search for meaning. Method: Data were collected from 29 participants resident in the Rogaland and Vestfold districts of Norway, by means of individual interviews, after which a thematic analysis was performed. Results: For the participants in this study, the lived experiences of the situated meaning of survival after being suicidal comprised a main theme—”shadows from the past”—and two themes—”feeling that something inside is broken” and ”a struggle to catch the light.” Conclusion: Mental health-care professionals might be able to reduce the risk of suicide and perturbation by helping depressed older people to explore, resolve, and ultimately come to terms with their unresolved historical issues. Additional valuable strategies in primary care settings include encountering patients frequently, monitoring adherence to care plans, and providing support to address the source of emotional pain and distress. 

  • 290.
    Holmes, Alice E.
    et al.
    University of Florida.
    Wideén, Stephen. E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carver, Courtney L.
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore.
    White, Lori L.
    University of Florida.
    Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults2007In: American Journal of Audiology, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

  • 291.
    Hrustic, Adi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Beroendet handlar om relation": En studie om synen på substansmissbruksproblematik bland yrkesverksamma inom missbruksvård och förebyggande arbete.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's substance abuse problems are significant and continuously growing. Studies and surveys have shown that an increasing number of people avoid seeking help for their addiction. Not only does there seem to exist obstacles for becoming abstinent, but there’re also obstacles regarding the seeking of help for addiction treatment. The aim of the study was to investigate how therapists in different establishments perceive how substance abuse develops and the obstacles that arise in the treatment procedures. The aim was also to examine how Sweden today is working regarding the prevention of substance abuse. Six participants who worked with treatment or preventive measures were interviewed in the study. All the interviews were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. These were compiled together for a more extensive analysis. Results showed that positive social options were shown to be the key to getting out of an addiction. Substance abusers often had psychological and social issues in their past life that prevented them from establishing healthy social relationships. The study also revealed that communication deficiency among networking establishments created barriers for patients during treatment, which were expressed in misunderstandings and misdiagnoses. The conclusion of the study was that the treatment procedures should focus more on the abusers possibility of creating social relations if individuals were to successfully heal. The development potential for establishments and especially therapists should also be paid attention to, where the therapists' working experience should be given more opportunity to influence future treatment.

  • 292.
    Huang, Li
    et al.
    Tuskegee University, AL, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, SC, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA, USA;.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    fEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza,’ Rome, Italy; kUniversidad de San Buenaventura, Medellin, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Measurement invariance of discipline in different cultural contexts2012In: Family Science, ISSN 1942-4620, E-ISSN 1942-4639, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 212-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement invariance of mother-reported use of 18 discipline strategies was examined in samples from 13 different ethnic/cultural groups in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Participants included approximately 100–120 mothers and their children aged seven to 10 years from each group. The results of exploratory factor analyses and multi-group categorical confirmatory factor analyses (MCCFA) indicated that a seven-factor solution was feasible across the cultural groups, as shown by marginally sufficient evidence for configural and metric invariance for the mother-reported frequency on the discipline interview. This study makes a contribution on measurement invariance to the parenting literature, and establishes the mother-report aspect of the discipline interview as an instrument for use in further cross-cultural research on discipline.

  • 293.
    Hussain, Zaynab
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vad anser anställda inom näringslivet vara kränkande beteende med fokus på sexuella trakasserier och könstrakasserier?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heinz Leymann is regarded a pioneer in research on adult bullying. The aim of this study was to examine which behaviors are considered to be the most insulting, with a focus on sexual harassment and gender harassment among employees in a male-dominated work sector. In addition to finding out if there is a connection between the phenomena and scenarios. The factors that were studied in addition to the con-text were gender, age, education and profession type. The respondents were em-ployees (

    N = 396; 54 women and 236 men) with the following professions; 187 of-ficials, 54 public employees, and 44 consultants. All were between 20 and 65 years. The questionnaire consisted of two main questions, eight phenomena and five scenarios. Some of them were related to sexual harassment and others to gen-der harassment. The results showed that ignoring and touching, as well as scenario touch from the boss was regarded as the most insulting. The older group experi-enced scenarios that was related to gender harassment more insulting, while the younger group experienced phenomenon that was related to sexual harassment as more insulting. Men experienced phenomena which were related to gender harass-ment more insulting than women did. The results showed that officials were more offended by the phenomena and scenarios that were related to gender harassment than consultants and public employees. Based on the results, the conclusion is that several phenomena were considered to be offensive when they were alone but not when put in context.

  • 294.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policies and practices2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policy and practices in Scandinavia2014In: Men as Fathers: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fatherhood in the Context of the Family, Öhningen, Germany, May 7-9, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Fatherhood and parental leave in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 297.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Moderna familjer: barn och föräldrar i nya konstellationer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Parental leave and gender equity2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxna: utveckling och livsvillkor2018Book (Other academic)
3456789 251 - 300 of 603
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