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  • 251. Samuelson, Gösta
    Svenska barns kost och kostvanor1983In: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, no 23, p. 1329-1339Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 252. Samuelson, Gösta
    [Swedish children's diet and food habits].1983In: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 75, no 23, p. 1329-31, 1335Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 253. Samuelson, Gösta
    Ungdom mot år 2000 och Göte-Älvstudien: två unika undersökningar om matvanor, fysisk aktivitet och hälsa hos svenska tonåringar1997In: Livsmedelsteknik, ISSN 0024-5399, no 1/2, p. 46-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Water intoxication: a dangerous condition2003In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 107-107Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 255. Samuelson, Gösta
    Wine, diet and healthy lifestyle2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 113-115Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 256. Samuelson, Gösta
    Övervikt och fetma hos barn2007In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 8-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 257. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Brattby, LE
    Ungdom mot år 2000: en studie om kost, fysisk aktivitet och andra livsstilsfaktorer1994In: Vår föda, ISSN 0042-2657, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 72-77Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Brattby, LE
    Ungdom mot år 2000: en studie om kost, fysisk aktivitet och andra livsstilsfaktorer1994In: Elevvård & Hälsa, ISSN 1102-3120, no 1, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 259. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Bratteby, L E
    Enghardt, H
    Hedgren, M
    Food habits and energy and nutrient intake in Swedish adolescents approaching the year 2000.1996In: Acta Paediatrica. Supplement, ISSN 0803-5326, no 415, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993-94 a nutritional survey of 15-year-old adolescents was carried out in Uppsala, a university city in eastern Sweden, and in Trollhättan, an industrial town in the western part of the country. The study was the beginning of a longitudinal nutritional survey of 193 boys and 218 girls randomly selected from the official population register. The dietary methods used were a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a combined estimated and weighed 7-day dietary record. According to the FFQ both boys and girls consumed cereals, butter or margarine and something from the group meat/fish/eggs every day. Milk, milk products, sweets and snacks were consumed more than once per day. Vegetables and fruit/roots were consumed less often. There was relatively good correlation between the FFQ and the 7-day record results. The mean daily energy intakes of the 15-year-old boys and girls were 10.2 and 8.3 MJ, respectively, in Uppsala, and 9.8 and 7.4 MJ in Trollhättan. The mean daily intakes of sucrose were 74 and 58 g in boys and 64 and 52 g in girls. The average daily dietary fibre intake was 1.8 g/MJ. The daily intake of energy obtained from breakfast was 18% on weekdays and 22% on weekends; 18 and 11% from prepared lunch; 24 and 30% from dinner, 21 and 14% from light meals; and 16 and 28% from snacks, in Uppsala and Trollhättan respectively. The lowest energy intake from a prepared lunch meal was noted during weekends. On both weekdays and weekends, considerable energy was obtained from light meals and snacks. However, nearly 40% of the girls and 28% of the boys had an energy intake from fat of < 30 energy%. The mean intakes of vitamin D and selenium and, in the case of girls, iron and zinc, were below the official Swedish Nutrition Recommendations. The daily median intake of iron was 18.7 mg in boys and 14.1 mg in girls. The iron intakes varied between 6 and 35 mg per day. Low serum ferritin concentrations, defined as s-ferritin < 12 micrograms/L, were found in 7 boys (3.7% and in 29 girls (13.9%). Significant negative correlations were found between smoking and frequency of consumption of vegetables, roots, fruits and meat. A negative correlation was also found between smoking and the intake of energy and a number of nutrients. Socioeconomic factors seem to be less important for the food habits of teenagers than for those noted during childhood. Only frequent consumption of vegetables was positively correlated to the mothers' educational level.

  • 260. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Lenner, R A
    Carlgren, G
    Hardell, L I
    Johansson, B
    Jonsson, G
    Sandström, B
    Food and nutrient intakes in Swedish diabetic children.1989In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 43, no 11, p. 801-3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food and energy intakes in diabetic children, 7-9 and 12-14 years of age, were studied by the 7-d record method. The mean duration of diabetes in the younger group was 3.0 years and in the older group 4.2. The children had 3 main meals and 3.4 light meals daily. The median daily number of sandwiches was 7, often offered as snacks. All children used a low-fat margarine, low-fat cheese and low-fat milk. Sweets and diabetic food were seldom used. Of the energy intake protein contributed 18 per cent, fat 32 per cent and carbohydrates 50 per cent, including sucrose 2 per cent. Mean daily intake of fibre was 20 g. Compared to healthy children of the same age and from the same areas of Sweden the diabetics had a more regular meal pattern, their energy intakes did not differ, but the diet of diabetics was lower in fat and sucrose and higher in protein. The mean height, weight and BMI did not differ from healthy children.

  • 261. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Lönnerdal, B
    Kempe, B
    Elverby, J E
    Bratteby, L E
    Serum ferritin and transferrin receptor concentrations during the transition from adolescence to adulthood in a healthy Swedish population.2003In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 5-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: As part of a longitudinal nutrition study of adolescents, changes in serum ferritin (s-Ft), serum transferrin receptors (s-TfR) and the TfR/Ft ratio from 15 to 21 y of age were studied in randomly selected Swedish adolescents.

    METHODS: Blood samples from 60 males and 66 females were drawn at 15, 17 and 21 y of age.

    RESULTS: In males, median s-Ft increased significantly from 33 microg l(-1) at 15 y to 96 microg l(-1) at 21 y, and in females, after a non-significant decrease at 17 y, from 27 at 15 y to 34 microg l(-1) at 21 y. Between 15 and 17 y, s-TfR increased significantly, in males from 5.9 to 7.7 microg l(-1), and in females from 5.2 to 7.6 microg l(-1), whereas s-TfR decreased significantly in both genders between 17 and 21 y. The log (TfR/Ft) ratio did not change in males between 15 and 17 y, but decreased significantly from 2.2 +/- 0.3 to 1.8 +/- 0.3 by the age of 21 y. In females, the TfR/Ft ratio increased significantly between 15 and 17 y, whereas a significant decrease was found by the age of 21 y. S-Ft <12 microg l(-1) at 15, 17 and 21 y was 3, 2 and 2% in males, and in females 18, 26 and 21%, respectively.

    CONCLUSION: This study shows an increase in s-Ft and a decline in s-TfR in males, indicating increased iron stores. In females, s-Ft did not increase significantly, whereas s-TfR and the TfR/Ft ratio decreased between 17 and 21 y, indicating that cellular iron needs were met.

  • 262. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Osland-Johansson, Turid
    Persson, Lars-Åke
    Kvinnans kostvanor och näringsintag under graviditet1983In: Näringsforskning, ISSN 0027-7878, no 1, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 263. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Persson, Lars-Åke
    Strömbergson, Lars Erik
    Longitudinell studie av barnets och familjens kostvanor under första levnadsåret1979In: Vår föda, ISSN 0042-2657, Vol. 31, no 9/10, p. 577-579Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 264. Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Uhari, Matti
    Blodtryck hos barn och ungdom1989Book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Sarit, Swapna
    et al.
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, SCB Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India.
    Rajesh, Gururaghavendran
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pai, Mithun
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
    Impact of Sense of Coherence on Oral Health Behaviour and Perceived Stress among a Rural Population in South-India: An Exploratory Study2020In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN 0973-709X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 1-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Sense of Coherence (SOC) measures a person's ability to use currently existing life scenarios to overcome the associated problems and cope with life stressors to lead a healthy lifestyle, free from any disease to stay well. It is the central construct of the salutogenic theory put forth by Aaron Antonovsky. Few studies have examined its impact on Oral Health Behaviour (OHB) in adults, especially in the rural Indian context.

    Aim: To determine the impact of SOC on OHB and perceived stress among adults in rural South India.Materials and Methods: Present study was carried out among 230 adults aged 18 years and above visiting a Primary Health Centre in Ullal, Karnataka. SOC was assessed by employing the SOC-13 scale and perceived stress was assessed by using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). OHB was assessed by a structured, pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Information about socio-demographics was also collected. Correlation analysis employed Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis was performed with OHB as dependant variable.

    Results: Education was significantly associated with OHB (r=0.16, p=0.01) and socio-economic status had a significant association with SOC (r=-0.13, p=0.04). OHB was significantly associated with SOC (r=0.31, p<0.001). Stress was also associated with SOC (r=-0.21, p=0.001) and OHB (r=-0.19, p=0.003). Multi-variate regression analysis revealed SOC (OR=1.02, p=0.04, CI 1.01-1.04) and PSS (OR=0.83, p<0.001, CI 0.76-0.91) as significant predictors for OHB.

    Conclusion: More favourable OHB like twice daily tooth brushing, maintaining adequate oral hygiene and no associated tobacco habits were observed among those with a stronger SOC and less perceived stress. Salutogenic model might have critical implications for OHB in rural India.

  • 266.
    Schyllander, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish Civil Contingencies Agcy, Karlstad.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Nyberg, Cecilia
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Eriksson, Ulla-Britt
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Ekman, Diana Stark
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Case analyses of all children's drowning deaths occurring in Sweden 1998-20072013In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 174-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The goal of this research project was to explore circumstances surrounding each drowning death occurring to children and adolescents ages 0-17 in Sweden during the years 1998-2007. Methods: Records from the National Board of Forensic Medicine (NBFM) and other sources were analysed. We collected information on children's personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnic background, weight, height, physical condition, and pre-existing health conditions) and the circumstances of deaths (time and place of occurrence, type of drowning, resuscitation efforts and medical care given, for example). We also collected information on prevention factors: the physical environment, adult supervision, whether or not the child could swim, and if the child was using a personal flotation device at the time of death. Results: Our analysis showed that 109 children had drowned in Sweden during the study period - of this group, 96 had died from unintentional causes. Children from immigrant backgrounds, particularly with families coming from the Middle East and Iran, were inordinately represented in the group of victims who had died from unintentional drowning deaths. Other risk factors included: coming from a single parent-headed family, alcohol use by older victims and a lack of ability to swim. Conclusions: Prevention efforts to prevent drowning in the future should focus on preventing alcohol use by young bathers; better fencing around swimming sites; improved coverage of swimming lessons to all children in Sweden, especially children from immigrant families; more education on drowning risks for single parents; and better awareness by adults on the need for constant supervision of children and adolescents in and near water.

  • 267.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Lemrani, Dina
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Risk and protective factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan high-risk male populations2018In: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 6, article id e5930Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Substance use is linked to biological, environmental, and social factors. This study provides insights on protective and risk factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan, high-risk, male samples.

    Methods

    Data from the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders" (MeSHe) survey were utilized in the present study. The MeSHe survey assesses somatic and mental health parameters by self-report from prison inmates (n = 177) and outpatients from an addiction institution (n = 54). The "Drug dependence" and the "No drug dependence" groups were identified based on the Arabic version of the Drug Use Disorder Identification Test's (DUDIT) validated cutoff for identifying individuals with drug dependence, specifically in Morocco.

    Results

    The majority of participants who had at least high school competence (67.6%), were living in a partnership (53.7%), were a parent (43.1%), and/or had a job (86.8%) belonged to the "No drug dependence" group, while the presence of mental health problems was typical among the "Drug dependence" group (47.4%). A multivariable regression model (χ2 (df = 5, N = 156) = 63.90, p < 0.001) revealed that the presence of depression diagnosis remains a significant risk factor, while a higher level of education, having a child, and being employed are protective factors from drug dependence.

    Discussion

    Findings support the importance of increasing academic competence and treating depression as prevention from the persistence of drug addiction in male high-risk populations.

  • 268.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Malmström, Petter
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torstensson, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Yoga Practice Reduces the Psychological Distress Levels of Prison Inmates2018In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 9, article id 407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Psychiatric ill-health is prevalent among prison inmates and often hampers their rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is crucial for reducing recidivistic offending. A few studies have presented evidence of the positive effect of yoga on the well-being of prison inmates. The conclusion of those previous studies that yoga is an effective method in the rehabilitation process of inmates, and deserves and requires further attention.Aims: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of 10 weeks of yoga practice on the mental health profile, operationalized in the form of psychological distress, of inmates. Methods: 152 volunteer participants (133 men; 19 women) were randomly placed in either of two groups: to participate in weekly 90-minute yoga class (yoga group) or a weekly 90-minute free-choice physical exercise (control group). The study period lasted for 10 weeks. Prior to and at the end of the study period the participants completed a battery of self-reported inventories, including the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Results: Physical activity (including yoga) significantly reduced the inmates’ levels of psychological distress. Yoga practice improved all primary symptom dimensions and its positive effect on the obsessive-compulsive, paranoid ideation, and somatization symptom dimensions of the BSI stayed significant even when comparing with the control group. Conclusions: Yoga as a form of physical activity is effective for reducing psychological distress levels in prison inmates, with specific effect on symptoms such as suspicious and fearful thoughts about losing autonomy, memory problems, difficulty in making decisions, trouble concentrating, obsessive thought and perception of bodily dysfunction.

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  • 269.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Zouini, Btissame
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Lemrani, Dina
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Berman, Anne H.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Version of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) in Clinical, Prison Inmate, and Student Samples2017In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 280-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The study aimed to validate the Arabic version of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) by (1) assessing its factor structure, (2) determining structural validity,(3) evaluating item-total and inter-item correlation, and (4) assessing its predictive validity.

    Method 

    The study population included 169 prison inmates, 51 patients with clinical diagnosis of substance used disorder, and 53 students (N = 273). All participants completed the selfreport version of the Arabic DUDIT. After exploratory factor analysis, internal consistency of the Arabic DUDIT was determined and external validation was performed.

    Results

    Principal factor analysis showed that Arabic DUDIT exhibited only one factor, which explained 66.9% of the variance. Reliability based on Cronbach's alpha was .95. When compared to the DSM-IV substance use disorder diagnosis in a clinical sample, DUDIT had an area under the curve (AUC)of .98, with a sensitivity of .98 and a specificity of .90.

    Conclusion

    The Arabic version of DUDIT is a valid and reliable tool for screening for drug use in Arabic-speaking countries.

  • 270.
    Sieb, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Flodin, Christian
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Man vaknar upp och det är lite alarmklockor som ringer": En studie om deltagande i en friskvårdssatsning utifrån ett förändringsperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Historically health efforts mainly have been focusing on prevention and to rehabilitate already injured and/or sick people. This vision of health and health work has recently changed towards now having a stronger belief in the importance of health promotion actions. We both think that change management is very interesting and therefore wanted to investigate whether health profile assessment is an appropriate method for preventive health care in the organizational environment.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the participants experiences during a healthcare project with health profile assessment as method and if it can motivate to a healthy lifestyle.

    Method: This has been investigated with the help of a qualitatively oriented study on a corporation with a total of ten employees. Empirical data have been gathered through semi-structured interviews and been analyzed with inspiration from phenomenological analyze method.

    Result: The participants experienced that the health profile assessment provided a current state to relate to when they are going to start or continue a lifestyle change to a more healthy life. They believed that the wellness intervention is a sign of how the business managers highly value health and that it shows an understanding of the relationship between good employee health and business success. Finally it seems to have been a positive change in how they think about diet, exercise and stress, where it now has a higher value than before

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  • 271.
    Sjölander, Per
    et al.
    Southern Lapland Research Department, Vilhelmina.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Stroke and acute myocardial infarction in the Swedish Sami population: incidence and mortality in relation to income and level of education2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 84-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Skaresund, Robert
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Work Integrated Learning: crossing Boundaries2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work integrated learning was established at Swedish universities about twenty years ago; and today there are some different attitudes about the purpose of integrating theoretical perspectives to practical experiences, during higher education. For example, there are arguments that students tend to become clients or tools in order to gain regional development if the practical perspectives overcome the possibilities of reflection. Education will in this case only serve to facilitate employment after graduation, rather than to facilitate developmental learning. To understand the relationship between reproductive- and developmental learning, this thesis explores the different kinds of strategies student teachers develop, during their teacher training – to gain the skills and knowledge needed to work as a professional teacher. The focus is how the students respond to the various emerging contradictions, while crossing the boundaries – between the university, and the workplace. The activity theory approach conceptualizes boundary-crossing as a phenomenon based on the idea of horizontal development – which requires the ability to find relevant information wherever it may be available. The implication is that change and development occur as a result of collaboration through mutual boundary objects, and via emerging contradictions between two or more interacting activity systems. The overall design resembles a phenomenological case study performed over a period of approximately six months. The population providing the empirical data consisted of five student teachers, in their first year, attending a teacher training program in Sweden. Data collection where gathered through a three-step design, where exploratory narrative interviews were conducted at three different occasions: (i) after their first period of work placement, (ii) before entering their second period of work placement and (iii) immediately after their second period of work placement. The results indicate that the students’ processes of learning include four distinct learning strategies (questioning, challenging, adjusting and imitating), to transform the information given in various situations. These strategies are consequences of the students´ prior experiences when encountering contradictions during their teacher training program.

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  • 273.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Team Agera: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete genom tvärprofessionell samverkan2016Report (Other academic)
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  • 274.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Team Agera: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete genom tvärprofessionell samverkan2016Report (Other academic)
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  • 275.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Grästorps kommun, Grästorp, Sverige.
    "Att sänka tröskeln och ge den långa berättelsen plats": Om ett skolhälsoarbete där tillvaratagandet av barns och ungas eget aktörskap bidrar till att fler får stöd och hjälp2017In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, no 5, p. 24-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 276. Sunnegårdh, J
    et al.
    Bratteby, L E
    Hagman, U
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sjölin, S
    Physical activity in relation to energy intake and body fat in 8- and 13-year-old children in Sweden.1986In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 75, no 6, p. 955-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A random sample of 682 8- and 13-year-old children resident in Sweden was studied with regard to physical activity, energy intake, height, weight and skinfold thickness. A reduction of physical activity over the years was indicated by a tendency towards a higher body fat content in spite of a lower mean energy intake as compared with such values obtained 10-15 years ago in Swedish children of equal ages. Children characterized by high habitual physical activity tended to have a lower body fat content, despite a higher energy intake, than less active children. Children, especially girls, of parents with a low educational level showed a tendency towards higher body fat content as compared with those of parents with higher education.

  • 277.
    Sveitz, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Arbetsglädje i ständig förändring - hållbart?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school staffs workload is today a topical theme, which is discussed both in the media and in political debates. Manpower shortage, declining academic results, overtime and demands from the school board imprints their environment. The school staff therefore faces challenges and constant changes in their environment as a result of this workload.

    The purpose of this study is to, from a health promotion perspective, explore the staff's experience of job satisfaction as a basis for business development and social sustainability. Therefore, a qualitative interview study has been conducted in which eleven volunteers from three schools in a Western Swedish municipality have been interviewed. A phenomenological analysis was performed based on the recorded material. Four different themes emerged from the analysis, which were developing relationships, supportive environments, setting limits and good leadership. Work development has a major focus in the paper, therefore the school staff's thoughts on business development are presented under the theme of learning from each other at the end of the thesis.

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  • 278.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Frisk, Erik
    Linkoping University, University of Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Björn
    Lund University.
    Larsson, Lena G.
    University of Gothenburg, University of Michigan, Narhalsan Res & Dev Primary Hlth Care, Dev & Educ Ctr Fyrbodal, Linnaeus University.
    Svenningsson, I.
    Fargelanda Primary Care.
    How collaborative practice research can improve human betterment2018In: 12Th International Technology, Education And Development Conference (Inted), Valencia, Spain: IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION & DEVELOPMENT , 2018, p. 3942-3945Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An aging population, lack of competence and digitalization places new high demands on Swedish welfare. This situation will challenge the traditional management of the primary healthcare. In order to enable a person-oriented healthcare the primary healthcare realizes that it needs to enable managers to work more interactive. To deal with this the health care center in the Fargelanda municipality has started to make the management more interactive, in order to create continuous and better feedback, both from the healthcare professionals, the caretakers, and other actors within the healthcare. This initiative is supposed to contribute to a better communication between different actors, in order to increase older people’s life quality, according to their physical and psychological health as well as a meaningful everyday life. The purpose of the paper is to present some guidelines for how to design collaboration between healthcare and academia in order to be able to in the future design an interactive management in which developed information technology related products assist the healthcare to increase life quality for elderly people. This action research project will then contribute in designing a patient-centered health care for the population in a municipality, when the project is knitting together the different actors related to supporting the people’s health.

  • 279.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing. University of Agder, Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences,Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway.
    Skisland, Anne
    University of Agder, Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences,Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Self-care and anticipated transition into retirement and later life in a Nordic welfare context2011In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 2011:4, no 4, p. 273-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Few studies have appeared in the health care literature on the meaning of transition into retirement and later life. However, this predictable-involuntary transition may influence personal health and well-being, and studying it from a self-care perspective could be useful. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. A total of 13 individuals, aged 55 to 65 years, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. Conversational interviews took place, during which the informants shared important events in their lives that had occurred from early childhood until the present time, together with thoughts about their anticipated future developmental transition into later life. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive picture of the phenomenon was revealed. The results showed that there were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns, and worries related to the transition into retirement and old age among informants from both rural and urban municipalities. Self-care, in connection with this, depended on motivating and demotivating factors. Autonomy and mature dependence seemed to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into later life. Supporting autonomy should be a way of facilitating the transition into retirement and later life.

  • 280.
    Talundzic, Dzevida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Sillgren, Lazzat
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Salutogent arbetssätt - ett modeord?: en studie om undersköterskors uppfattningar av salutogent arbetssätt i hemtjänsten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 281.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Nursing teachers’ reflections on their own norm-critical competence2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing education in Sweden generally lacks norm-critical perspectives, even though this could help unveil normative judgements of patients in nurses’ daily work. To pursue work-integrated learning about norm criticism for nursing teachers at a small university college in Sweden, all teachers involved in nursing education were offered the course Norm-Aware Caring.Aim: To describe how norm criticism in nursing education is constructed by nursing teachers’ discussions.Methods: After the course Norm-Aware Caring, 20 of the participating 33 nursing teachers were interviewed in five focus groups about their reflections on their new knowledge. The interview transcripts were analyzed on the basis of Fairclough’s discourse analysis, in which words and social practice are seen as mutually constituting each other.Results: Discursive constructions related to teaching, caring and learning were seen in the text. Norm critical teaching was constructed as a practice of much consideration not to insult any student. Norm criticism as a basic caring value was closely related to person-centered care. Their own, personal learning was expressed as fear to use their new knowledge in a wrong way. The teachers themselves considered norm-criticism as something to learn in order to improve the understanding of people who does not fit into majority norms. This perspective of tolerance was consistent in the construction of all discourses.Discussion: It appears that the teachers’ social practice is influenced by a perspective that divides the “normal” from the “deviant”. This may prevent an internalization of norm-critical knowledge, a perspective that aims to question categorizations of normality. Therefore, it is important to continuously scrutinize and reflect over the role of social norms as part of work-integrated learning for nursing teachers.

    References

    AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE ANALYSIS 2014. A more equal care is possible. Analysis of unmotivated differences in care, encounters and treatment. Report 2014:7. Stockholm: Agency for Health Care Analysis.

    FAIRCLOUGH, N. 1989/2015. Language and power, London, Routledge.

    KIRKEVOLD, M. 2009. Nursing Science – epistemological deliberations]. In: ÖSTLINDER, G., SÖDERBERG, S. & ÖHLÉN, J. (eds.) Caring as an Academic Subject: Report from a Working Conference. Swedish Association for Nurses.

    VAN HERK, K. A., SMITH, D. & ANDREW, C. 2011. Examining our privileges and oppressions: incorporating an intersectionality paradigm into nursing. Nursing Inquiry, 18, 29-39.

  • 282. Tornqvist, H
    et al.
    Hernell, O
    Samuelson, Gösta
    [Hypercholesterolemia in children and adolescents. Active follow-up needed].1991In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 88, no 48, p. 4107-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Torp, Steffen
    et al.
    Vestfold University College, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health Promotion.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Thorpenberg, Stefan
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Research on workplace health promotion in the Nordic countries: A literature review, 1986-2008[Estudio sobre la promoción de la salud en el lugar de trabajo en los países nórdicos: Revisión de la bibliografía, 1986-2008]2011In: Global Health Promotion, ISSN 1757-9759, E-ISSN 1757-9767, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 15-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace health promotion may include approaches focusing on behavioral change among employees and approaches with a holistic system-oriented thinking aiming at changing the physical, social and organizational factors of a setting. This literature review aimed to identify studies on workplace health promotion in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), to describe when, where and how the studies were performed and to further analyze the use of settings approaches and empowerment processes. Using scientific literature databases, we found 1809 hits when searching for Nordic studies published from 1986 to 2008 with the search term health promotion. Of these, 116 studies were related to workplace health promotion and 33 included interventions. We used content analysis to analyze the abstracts of all articles and the full articles of the intervention studies. Most studies were performed in Sweden and Finland. The focus was mainly on behavioral change rather than on holistic health promotion as defined by the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. This was especially obvious for the intervention studies. In addition to the intervention studies using non-settings approaches with top-down driven behavioral change, we identified studies with participatory settings approaches aimed at changing the setting. We categorized relatively few studies as having a non-participatory settings approach. The studies aiming specifically at improving employees' empowerment were evenly distributed between the categories market-oriented persuasion of empowerment, therapeutic empowerment and empowerment as a liberal management strategy. More studies on workplace health promotion using empowering and participatory settings approaches are needed in the Nordic countries, and a more theory-based approach towards this research field is needed. © International Union for Health Promotion and Education 2011.

  • 284.
    Trollklint, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Thollander, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Kunskapsresan: Hälsovetares resa genom utbildning och arbetsliv, utifrån ett Arbetsintegrerat lärandeperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna intervjustudie är att studera examinerade hälsovetarstudenters övergång från studier till arbetsliv och deras uppfattningar om kunskap, studier och arbete idag. Vi har intervjuat 17 hälsovetare som gick Hälsovetarutbildningen på Högskolan Väst för ett flertal år sedan. Utifrån ett nutida perspektiv undersöker vi hur de har utvecklat sin yrkesroll övertid och vilken betydelse Hälsovetarutbildningen har haft för deras yrkesroll.

    I studien framkommer att hälsovetarna har en bred syn på kunskap och att det är vanligt att de förhåller sig till flera olika kunskapsinriktningar och pedagogiska teorier samtidigt. Det finns influenser av humanism, naturvetenskaplighet och flertalet pedagogiska inriktningar. Hälsovetarna ser kunskap som både objektiv faktakunskap och som en subjektiv process om vart annat, beroende på i vilka sammanhang de tas upp. Detta menar vi uppstår i och med att hälsovetarna förväntas leva upp till både en vetenskaplig profession (en slags ”hälsoexpert”) och en ödmjuk pedagog. En viktig förmåga för hälsovetarna blir därför att kunna balansera dessa olika kunskaper och synsätt, för att passa in i alla roller och situationer som krävs. Ett av de mest framträdande resultaten i studien är att hälsovetarna har tillägnat sig flera ”tysta” och anpassande förmågor. Yrkesrollen handlar om ledarskap, självständighet, tålamod, argumentation, förtroende, ödmjukhet, social kompetens och förståelse för olika lokala kulturer, strukturer och sociala koder i olika grupper med mera. Särskilt viktiga strategiska förmågor är till exempel att känna av när det är läge för vissa projekt och när människor är mogna för förändring.

    Hälsovetarna har till stor del ett livslångt perspektiv på kunskap och uppfattar de olika förhållningssätt som de fick med sig ifrån Hälsovetarutbildningen som mycket värdefulla i deras yrke. Själva inträdet på arbetsmarknaden upplevs olika beroende på yttre omständigheter som till exempel omorganisationer och tillgång till socialt stöd. Hälsovetarna upplever att det fanns en bra koppling mellan teori och praktik under Hälsovetarutbildningen, men att deras verklighetsuppfattning av arbetslivet inte alltid stämde överens med verkligheten. Yrkesrollen är mer strategisk än vad de kunde föreställa sig under utbildningen. Samtidigt är hälsovetarna övertygade om att de kunskaper som behövs i deras yrkesroll går att tillägna sig under resans gång.

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  • 285.
    Van Bulck, Lisbet
    et al.
    KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Belgium.
    Luyckx, Koen
    KU Leuven – University of Leuven, School Psychology and Development in Context, Belgium; UNIBS, University of the Free State, South Africa.
    Goossens, Eva
    KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care,Belgium; Research Foundation Flanders (FWO), Belgium; Division of Congenital and Structural Cardiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium .
    Apers, Silke
    KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Belgium.
    Kovacs, Adrienne. H.
    University of Toronto, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Canada; Oregon Health & Science University, Knight Cardiovascular Institute, USA .
    Thomet, Corina
    Center for Congenital Heart Disease, Bern University Hospital, Switzerland.
    Budts, Werner
    Division of Congenital and Structural Cardiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium ; KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences,Belgium .
    Sluman, Maayke A.
    Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Jeroen Bosch Hospital, The Netherlands; Coronel Institute for Occupational Health, Academic Medical Centre, The Netherlands.
    Eriksen, Katrine
    Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital – Rikshospitalet, Norway.
    Dellborg, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sweden; Adult Congenital Heart Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden; Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sweden.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Sweden.
    Caruana, Mayanne
    Department of Cardiology, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta.
    Soufi, Alexandra
    Department of Congenital Heart Disease, Louis Pradel Hospital, France.
    Callus, Edward
    Clinical Psychology Service, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Italy; Università degli Studi di Milano, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Italy .
    Moons, Philip
    KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Belgium; University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden; Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa .
    Patient-reported outcomes of adults with congenital heart disease from eight European countries: scrutinising the association with healthcare system performance2019In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 465-473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inter-country variation in patient-reported outcomes of adults with congenital heart disease has been observed. Country-specific characteristics may play a role. A previous study found an association between healthcare system performance and patient-reported outcomes. However, it remains unknown which specific components of the countries' healthcare system performance are of importance for patient-reported outcomes.

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between components of healthcare system performance and patient-reported outcomes in a large sample of adults with congenital heart disease.

    Methods: A total of 1591 adults with congenital heart disease (median age 34 years; 51% men; 32% simple, 48% moderate and 20% complex defects) from eight European countries were included in this cross-sectional study. The following patient-reported outcomes were measured: perceived physical and mental health, psychological distress, health behaviours and quality of life. The Euro Health Consumer Index 2015 and the Euro Heart Index 2016 were used as measures of healthcare system performance. General linear mixed models were conducted, adjusting for patient-specific variables and unmeasured country differences.

    Results: Health risk behaviours were associated with the Euro Health Consumer Index subdomains about patient rights and information, health outcomes and financing and access to pharmaceuticals. Perceived physical health was associated with the Euro Health Consumer Index subdomain about prevention of chronic diseases. Subscales of the Euro Heart Index were not associated with patient-reported outcomes.

    Conclusion: Several features of healthcare system performance are associated with perceived physical health and health risk behaviour in adults with congenital heart disease. Before recommendations for policy-makers and clinicians can be conducted, future research ought to investigate the impact of the healthcare system performance on outcomes further.

  • 286.
    Wennerberg, Mia M.T.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lundgren, Solveig M.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Danielson, Ella
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Unravelling Swedish informal caregivers' Generalized Resistance Deficits2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 186-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In salutogenic theory, individual/contextual, immaterial/material characteristics enabling movements towards health are labelled Specific and Generalised Resistance Resources, SRRs/GRRs, and characteristics counteracting such movements Specific and Generalised Resistance Deficits, SRDs/GRDs. The aim of this paper was to present SRDs and GRDs described by caregivers as stemming from themselves and their care recipient. Guided by salutogenic theory, an explorative design was used to collect data through interviews with 32 Swedish informal caregivers. During the theory-driven analysis, SRDs were unravelled using within-case approaches. To be able to unite them as GRDs across cases, a serviceable GRD definition was developed from the existing theoretical GRR definition. In findings, SRDs are visualised in citations and GRDs described in detail. Caregivers' experiences of SRDs/GRDs are presented as themes: 'Experiencing personal deficiencies', when stemming from themselves; and 'Struggling with an uncooperative co-worker', when stemming from their care recipients. Findings indicate that if these themes dominate a caregiver's view of life, she/he seems to have reached the 'breaking point' when caregiving ends due to lack of usable SRRs/GRRs. To prolong the time until this occurs, support, making otherwise unusable SRRs/GRRs usable, is needed. When designing this type of 'salutogenic' support, it seems essential to involve the target group (e.g. caregivers, care recipients), to ascertain what their SRRs/GRRs and SRDs/GRDs may consist of. Such knowledge regarding SRRs/SRDs could be used to design individualised support, and regarding GRRs/GRDs to design generalised support at group level. This study suggests how such new knowledge regarding resistance resources and deficits could be acquired.

  • 287.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Transforming information into practical actions: A study of professional knowledge in the use of electronic patient records2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, technologies are being introduced into historically established settings, which change the conditions for work as well as for work-integrated learning. In health care, electronic patient records (EPRs) has been implemented during the last decades to serve as a tool for planning, decision making and evaluation of care work. The overall aim of the research presented in this thesis is to analyse the complex actions and interactions that occur when EPRs are used in health care practice. Analytically, such an interest is pursued employing a socio-cultural perspective on workplace studies, where the use of technology is studied in action. Through three separate studies, practical actions and practical use of EPRs have been examined and the empirical data draws on observations, video-recordings, audio-recordings and documents from a hospital ward in Sweden. The result shows that technologies such as EPRs both offer and presuppose standardization of terminologies and information structures. This, however, does not mean that EPRs completely format and structure information, or that it is driven by its own logic. When staffs comply with a set of standards, transformations of those standards will gradually occur. Those transformations are collective achievements and since each professional involved act in a conscious and active manner, this affects the use of standards as well as the development of collective proficiency. The results also demonstrate that meaning making in(through) the use of EPRs presupposes extensive knowledge of the indexicality of categories, something that originates in the participants‘ shared institutional history. It is in the process of reliving, creating and exposing the meaning of information, that health care professionals actually bring information in EPRs to life. In further development of EPRs that exceeds institutional and even national boundaries it is important to see this development not as solely technical or organizational questions. To develop systems that enhance the possibilities for professionals in different institutions with different professional domains to make sense of standardized information may be a much more  demanding task than it seems to be. Such boundary-crossing systems are nevertheless of great importance for the further development of health care practice.

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  • 288.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rystedt, Hans
    Department of Education, University of Gothenburg.
    Electronic patient records in interprofessional decision making: Standardized categories and local use2012In: Human Technology, ISSN 1795-6889, E-ISSN 1795-6889, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 46-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic patient records (EPRs) are a constitutive element of medical practice and are expected to improve interprofessional communication and support decision making. The aim of the current study is to explore the ways in which access to structured information from multiple professions within EPRs enters into the phases involved in arriving at final agreements about patients' future care. The results show that decision making in interprofessional team rounds involves a prestructuring of a pathological reality. Further, the results demonstrate how information in EPRs is deconstructed and recast into patterns that presuppose knowledge about the EPR's structural organization. This means that EPRs are highly flexible technologies and that their design does not determine their usefulness. A major conclusion is that the members' knowledge on how to bridge between standardized categories in EPRs and their local meanings is decisive for understanding the basic conditions necessary for how EPRs could support interprofessional collaboration.

  • 289.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säljö, Roger
    Department of Education, University of Gothenburg.
    Rystedt, Hans
    Department of Education, University of Gothenburg.
    Local knowing and the use of electronic patientrecords: categories and continuity of health care2012In: Health and Technology, ISSN 2190-7188, E-ISSN 2190-7196, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 185-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic patient record (EPR) is a constitutive element of medical practice and can be conceived of as a multi-purpose tool that is intended to support a range of activities such as planning, decision-making and evaluation. Each of these activities is quite complex in its own right. The aim of the present study is to explore how the standardized format of EPRs intervenes in the work of sustaining continuity in patients ' care. In doing this we analyse ow this standardized format contributes to structure the production and use of information concerning patients' mundane problems in the context of rehabilitation. Data consists of observations, informal interviews and video-recordings from a ward for patients affected by stroke. The results show that there is a tension between the highly uniform structures and standards for documentation in EPRs, on the one hand, and, on the other, how information is designed and put into use by care providers. When staff members use EPRs, they constantly have to contextualize what is written in relation to what they know about patients and/or the current situation. On the local level, the increasing standardization that follows the introduction of EPRs will make it even more necessary for professionals to engage in such interpretative work to close the gap between the standardized categories of the EPR and contextually relevant health care interventions. In spite of requests for increasing standardization there will always be a need to adapt to specific needs for more flexible information structures. Otherwise, there may be the risk that non-standard features the initial standardization was intended to reduce may be re-introduced.

  • 290.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Sfendla, Anis
    Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Errachidia, Morocco.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mental health profile and its relation with parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of abuse in a sample of Moroccan high school students: An explorative study2019In: Annals of General Psychiatry, ISSN 1744-859X, E-ISSN 1744-859X, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies on mental health are scarce from Arab countries, especially studies focusing on adolescents. In addition to the neurobiological and physiological changes that occur during adolescent development, psychological, societal and cultural influences have strong effects on adolescents’ behavior and on their somatic and mental health. The present study aimed (1) to describe the mental health profile, operationalized as psychological distress, of a sample of Moroccan adolescents, and (2) to investigate how specific psychosocial factors (parental alcohol use problems and the experience of physical and/or psychological abuse) may affect adolescents’ mental health. Methods: The sample included 375 adolescents from conveniently selected classes of four high schools in the city of Tetouan in Morocco. The participants responded to an anonymous survey containing, beside other inventories, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and identified those reporting parental alcohol use problems and/or the previous experience of abuse. The sample characteristics were defined using descriptive statistics. The effects of the defined psychosocial factors were identified using the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by the post hoc Fisher’s least significant difference test. Results: The most common problems found in high school students from an urban region of Morocco were memory problems, concentration difficulties, restlessness, fear, nervosity and feelings of inadequacy during interpersonal interactions. The female students reported significantly higher psychological distress levels when compared to the male students (p < 0.001). The adolescents reporting parental alcohol use problems and the experience of physical/psychological abuse showed significantly higher levels of psychological distress (p = 0.02), especially symptoms of somatization (p < 0.001), hostility (p = 0.005) and anxiety (p = 0.01), than those not reporting any of these psychosocial factors. Conclusion: The mental health profile of female adolescents from an urban area of Morocco is worse than that of their male fellow students. Adolescents reporting parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of physical/psychological abuse need synchronized support from social- A nd healthcare services. © 2019 The Author(s).

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  • 291. Åman, J
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Tuvemo, T
    Problemfri overgång till insulin 100 for barn  och ungdom1989In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 38, p. 3161-3162Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 292. Östman, J
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Starkare insulin från första april 19871986In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 83, no 43, p. 3615-3616Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 293. Samuelson, Gösta (Editor)
    Barn- och ungdomsdiabetes: vårdprogram1987Report (Other academic)
  • 294. Samuelson, Gösta (Editor)
    Kost, aktivitet och hälsa hos barn och ungdom.1990Book (Other academic)
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