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  • 251.
    Nylind, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Effekterna av influencer marketing på konsumenter: En studie med fokus på källkritik på sociala medier2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on parasocial relationships, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of influencer marketing on consumers. It uses a qualitative method consisting of interviews. All of the participants felt that influencer marketing promotes overconsumption, and their feelings overall indicate skepticism towards it. The conclusion is that the negative effects of influencer marketing outweigh the positive, and that consumers find it difficult to discern the credibility of marketers.

  • 252.
    Ogbamichael, Miriam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Elmi, Nimo
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Personligt rekommenderat för dig: En kvalitativanalys om huruvida Netflixanvändare påverkas av rekommendationssystem och personliga rekommendationer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have examined Netflix users' general perception and understanding of filtering, recommender system and personal recommendations. We investigated from a user perspective because this perspective centered around users was lacking in previous research. To answer the research questions, we conducted a semi-structured internet-based interview that gave us the opportunity to understand the underlying cause of their opinion. We interviewed ten experienced Netflix users.

    The results showed that Netflix users we studied were generally not satisfied. They described that their decision-making process was influenced by the filtering and the recommendations they received from the service. Of the ten interviewed users, only two were satisfied with the recommendations and used the personal recommendations they received. The users' opinion about recommender system affected their views of personal recommendations and filtering. The result also showed that the users seek understanding of how Netflix recommends, they want to see a clear connection between their previously seen content with their current personal recommendations. At the end of the study, we gave future recommendations to further work in this subject.

  • 253.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Industrial PhD students spanning the boundaries between academia and practice: a collaboration for organisational learning, Organisational Learning, Knowledge and Capabilities.2022In: Learning future workforce capabilities for global sustainability, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to further expand research on cross-boundary organisational collaboration for learning by focusing on industrial PhD education and the overlapping role of industrial PhD students. This paper reveals the perspectives of industrial PhD students, academia, and industry involved in collaboration for organisational learning. Work-integrated learning is applied as a theoretical lens to identify vital issues for collaboration. Qualitative methods are applied. The sample includes three categories of respondents (in total 38): 19 industrial PhD students from the three disciplines, 9 representatives from academia and 10 respondents from industry. This explorative study contributes to advance the current knowledge on PhD education by integrating multiple perspectives insights to reveal issues that are vital for a successful industrial PhD education collaboration to generate organisational learning. Findings state that industrial PhD education collaboration is generating organizational learning and understanding across sectors and industries.

  • 254.
    Olsson, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sheibani, Rana
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    “Det är nog bara för att hålla närhet”: En kvalitativ studie om emotionella brukskvaliteters betydelse för den digitala kommunikationen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study touches a dimension in the development of design concepts that describes how we feel when we use functions and applications in digital artefacts. What happens to us when the mobile phone vibrates and a notification with our partner's name appears on the screen? We do not yet know what actual information the text message contains, yet an expectation is built and different feelings arise. Löwgren and Stolterman (2004) describe this dimension of the characteristics of the user experience as qualities of use. That is, the changing properties that arise in the use of an artifact. This study is about emotional qualities in use (emotionella brukskvaliteter), a term created for this essay. By that we mean the qualities in use that are important for interaction and that emerge in the space between the usage and the feeling that is created. Touching on such a complex concept as emotions, also requires that we limit ourselves to reproducing only occuring emotions and the meaning they have for the users, not how and why.

    By raising the theory of Löwgren and Stolterman (ibid.) we have researched what users' interaction look like and ask ourselves the question; What role do emotional qualities in use play in digital interaction? There is a tendency that the softer values of the use of technology are often emphasized by opinions. We see a gap in writing about the emotional side of digital interaction where the outcome is based on actual empirical data.

    This study mainly consists of data collected via semi-structured in-depth interviews with seven interviewees. The respondents also fullfilled a user diary in order to provide a basis for the interviews. The results are analyzed according to Braun and Clarke's (2006) thematic method where all collected data is transcribed, coded and themed in several rounds. Our results indicate that emotional qualities in use are important to the user. We could identify these by the respondents sharing their perceived feelings about their user experiences. Our findings strengthen the need for emotional qualities in use to be implemented in the design process.

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  • 255.
    Omarson, Agri
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Borovic, Edvin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pair programming effekt på studentens prestationsförmåga2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extreme programming, called XP, is a software development approach that was developed under a fifteen year period by Kent Beck, Ron Jeffries and Ward Cunningham. From extreme programming emerged pair programming (PP) which is an agile technique. PP is put to the practice when two programmers sit next to each other and work together on the same code, algorithm, design and tests. Studies have shown PP to have a positive impact on some aspect of student performance or enjoyment without compromising student learning. The aim of this study is to investigate by reporting results from case studies on pair programming performance. Finding out if the programmers that use the PP approach is benefitting their performance or if there are issues or challenges with the practice. The goal is to come to a conclusion on how pair programming actually affects students performance. A case study and experiments was conducted at University West to examine the students satisfaction, confidence and performance. 23 students took part in this study and experiment. The result showed that all the students benefited more from the PP method compared to SP students, however the intervju results showed that second year students gave a bit lower grade to PP method compared to first year students. In conclusion PP method gave the students a better performance compared to SP students. However, first year students felt that they accomplished more by using the PP method compared to second year students. PP can be an effective tool to use as a teaching method to increase the students performance.

  • 256.
    Opasinov, Aleksandar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Eftekhari, Sina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Improving the Cyber defence of an organisation based on IP Geolocation and security appliances2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As advancement and usage of data communication has increased exponentially on a global scale, with a devastating exposure to attacks and varying security threats to home offices as well as to large enterprises, there is always a need for enhanced network protection. The IT department of the company OneDefence, located in western Sweden, was chosen for the thesis and based on the stated information from the organisation, aims were set on how to improve their network defence capabilities. The aim of this thesis is to list ten countries posing the most serious IT threats, and to limit the attack surface of OneDefence’s IT network as much as possible while still providing the necessary services to users abroad. After researching the countries, a prototype was set up to mimic OneDefence’s topology of interest and test attacks were conducted as detailed in the Methodology chapter. The results of the investigations showed the countries posing most serious cyber threats included China, Russia and North Korea among others which were statistically calculated based on the total number of recognised cyberwarfare attacks. The results obtained from the different DoS attacks in the prototype showed that an IPS should be at the heart of an organisation's network defence for combating these intrusions, as well as potentially other types. With the help of a prototype built based on the organisation's topology, several attacks were somewhat successfully mitigated with the equipment used on hand, with only a low percentage of packets allowed to pass through the security unit. Lastly, to explore further enhancements of defence capabilities of OneDefence, a comparison between different products and devices were performed. This resulted in products from the Fortinet brand such as FortiGate NGFW and UTM capabilities as they are offering several advantages compared to competitors.

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  • 257.
    Palomaa, Matias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ädel, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svenska myndigheters text- och bakgrundsfärger på webben: Finns tillräckliga kontraster som underlättar läsbarheten?2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, readability on the web is more important than ever before, as almost all public services have been digitized. Everything from state and municipal authorities to decision-making assemblies in municipalities and regions, schools and healthcare are now providing their information online. All age groups are dependent on the information available on the internet and therefore it is of extra importance that the content is available to the public. Web accessibility means that websites, tools, and technologies are designed and developed so that people with disabilities can use them.

    In this report, we have chosen to focus on the contrast between text and background color/colours. We have conducted a quantitative survey of almost a hundred public websites to get an idea of what it looks like on the web today. The result shows that almost all surveyed government websites have a high contrast between body text and background. We have also discovered that the most common combination is a pure black text on a pure white background. All this means that the existing guidelines for contrasts are met by almost all the authorities surveyed. One of our conclusions is that if you use black text on a white background, you use the highest possible contrast and you also work according to what is best according to secondary data. Another conclusion is that most of our surveyed authorities have strived for a better accessibility. 

  • 258.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    A Teachable Agent Game for Elementary School Mathematics promoting Causal Reasoning and Choice2010In: 1st International Workshop on Adaptation and Personalization in E-B/Learning using Pedagogic Conversational Agents (APLEC 2010): Online Proceedings / [ed] Diana Pérez-Marín, Ismael Pascual-Nieto, Susan Bull (Eds.), Hawaii, 2010, p. 13-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a mathematics computer game for children designed to promote causal reasoning, choice-making, and other higher-order cognitive activities. The game consists of a choice-based board game, enhanced with a conversational, teachable agent, taught to play the game, by the child, through demonstrations and questions. Game design is motivated by causal reasoning theory and educational psychology. The game is currently evaluated in an ongoing large-scale study that seeks to investigate the game’s effects on the players’ abilities to reason and make productive choices. The study involves 20 elementary-school classes at different levels.

  • 259.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Graphical Arithmetic for Learners with Dyscalculia2005In: Proceedings of the 7th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility, New York: ACM [Association for Computing Machinery] , 2005, p. 214-215Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a model for arithmetic, based on graphical representations, to complement the symbolic language of mathematics. The focus is conceptual understanding of arithmetic. We argue that the graphical model supports understanding concepts known to be difficult for learners with dyscalculia, such as number-sense and decimal system. The proposed graphical representation share properties of the decimal system, but is closer to the semantic representation of numbers vital to the number-sense. The model is evaluated with school-children, but needs to be further tested by learners with dyscalculia. 

  • 260.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Teachable Agents that Learn by Observing Game Playing Behavior2009In: AIED 2009, 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, Workshops Proceedings: Volume 3- Intelligent Educational Games / [ed] Scotty D. Craig & Darina Dicheva, Brighton, 2009, p. 31-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An educational game in mathematics targets cognitive skills oincluding pattern finding and generalization from example by teaching an agent. These can be difficult for young children, let alone teaching about them. Therefore, we have designed a new way of teaching an agent, the teach-by-guiding model. We describe the model and its basic implementation. Because this is a work-inprogress, we end by raising questions of how such an agent is perceived, and in what respect it may differ from other pedagogical agents.

  • 261.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Design Experience from Experience Design: Towards Strategies for Enhancements2007In: Proceedings of the 15th European conference on information systems (ECIS 2007): relevant rigour, rigorous relevance / [ed] Hubert Österle, Joachim Schelp & Robert Winter, University of St. Gallen , 2007, p. 1898-1909Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises within the experience-based economy face big challenges when investing in IS applications for their products and services. Especially, organizations and services that offer different kinds of attractions and experiences have realized the emergent use of mobile technology. In this paper we explore in what way an IS (information systems) design can enhance experience-based activities conducted at a Swedish regional museum. The research presents an in-depth analysis of a case study along with requirements and design activities for a location-aware, auditory museum guide, primarily aimed for people with visual and language disabilities was developed. We argue that in order to keep in pace with the on-going growth of experience-based and IS design initiatives, enterprises and designer must consider its value for their businesses. Thus, we have developed a three-level strategy for valuing enhancements of a proposed IS application. The strategy proved to be particular fruitful for both designers and managers when assessing the potential of various enhancements to generate values for the different target groups.

  • 262.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Understanding users with reading disabilities or reduced vision: Toward a universal design of an auditory, location-aware museum guide2006In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN 1565-012X, E-ISSN 2191-1231, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 147-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present ongoing work on the design of an information system for users with reading disabilities and users with reduced vision. The design target is a portable, auditory, location-aware information system, to complement visually displayed information in exhibitions. Applying a user-centered, we identify non-typical user-groups’ specific requirements, which are turned into a design. The first design-iteration, which includes a formative evaluation, using a mock-up prototype, with dyslectic and visually impaired participants, is completed. The evaluation indicates that the user-group’s specific aspects we have identified are relevant, while designing for these groups. © 2006, by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. All rights reserved.

  • 263.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Marianne
    Chalmers.
    Engelbrektsson, Pontus
    Chalmers.
    Larsson, Lena E
    Berndtsson, Bo
    Creating an arena for use-centred development of medical and health care technology2007In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on the Management of Healthcare & Medical Technology, HOF Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, 3-5 October 2007, Pisa, Italy., 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Snis, Ulrika L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    An explorative, operational method supporting usability evaluation of technology changes in work contexts2006In: Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering, as part of the 24th IASTED International Multi-Conference on APPLIED INFORMATICS, Innsbruck, 2006, p. 276-281Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we elaborate on the process of designing usability evaluations of technology that is to be integrated into specific real work settings, and where technology is the main target for change. Our research question relates to both what to evaluate and how to evaluate, and the ambition is to support evaluation designers on a practical level. We propose an explorative, operational method for usability evaluation design, which makes the design process explicit and design decisions more tractable. The evaluation design method is illustrated by an empirical example of how to design a comparative usability evaluation study, in a health care setting. The method supports the designer on a conceptual level by describing the different levels in the evaluation design. On an operational level it supports the designers by defining transitions between levels. And, on the analytical level it provides a template for a usability matrix, which allows for an explorative approach of constructing the conceptual content as well as a structured way to define and refine usability measures. However, the method needs to be further tested in other settings.

  • 265.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Snis, Ulrika L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Design strategies for enhancing experience-based activities2006In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 4161 LNCS, p. 326-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enjoyment and experience-based activities are important in today's society. The purpose of this paper is to explore and better understand how experiences can be enhanced using IS in such experience-based enterprises. The research is based on a case study conducted in collaboration with a Swedish regional museum, where a location-aware auditory museum application for experience enhancement is being designed. The results include design approach recommendations, enhancement strategies and a model for estimating the potential benefits related to enhancements features of the system design. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2006.

  • 266.
    Persson, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ollander, Lotta
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    En studie om sökmotoroptimering och användarvänlighet: Google vs användare2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this survey has been to investigate whether there are contradictions between user experience (UX) and search engine optimization (SEO), also called Google versus users. Professionals, in UX and SEO, have been asked to respond to a questionnaire regarding text and images within these two aspects. In addition to the professionals, users have also been asked to answer questionnaires and taken part in two different websites to investigate how text and images related to the previously mentioned aspects. The content on the sites has been the same but the design itself has been different, one has focused on UX - user experience and the other has been towards SEO - search engine optimization. The results of the study have not been distinctwhether there are contradictions between Google and users among professionals. Even in the relationship with users, how they experienced the different sites, there were contradictions between these two aspects. The conclusion is thus that it depends a lot on who views the website and his or her personal preferences.

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  • 267.
    Pettersson, Linda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Sökmotorsoptimering – Från nyckelord till relevant innehåll: Fem företags SEO-praktik i förändring2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In all theory about Search Engine Optimization there are lots of different ideas on how to optimize search engines. Much of the theory concerns the technical aspects and only offers a short explanation on the importance of the actual content of the website. In this essay I will examine how web companies think and act around search engine optimization and web statistics, but also go deeper into how the relationship between customer and company affects where the market is heading. By doing qualitative interviews with web companies where the subject search engine optimization, paid ads and web statistics were discussed, a result has been formed.

    Based on the latest articles, the answers from the respondents and my own personal reflections of the situation, there are clear signs that the definition of Search Engine Optimization has changed. The technical aspect is still there, but with less importance since the search engines keeps changing the algorithms in order to become smarter. Instead the focus is on the content. Rich content, good written text, interesting videos and images has a larger impact than changing the little things in the structure of a website.

    The search market looks different today than it did a few years ago. The term Search Engine Optimization has changed its meaning into something more than just improving your own homepage. Now it also includes all the marketing your company does outside of the web.

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  • 268.
    Pongolini, Malin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Avdelningen för tillämpad IT, Göteborgs universitet.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Global Online Meetings in Virtual Teams: from Media Choice to Interaction Negotiation2011In: Proceedings of the Fifth Communities and Technologies Conference 2011, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Australia / [ed] Jesper Kjeldskov and Jeni Paay, Brisbane, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on an ethnographical study of a community of technology experts within a global automotive manufacturing company that uses information technology to communicate and collaborate in global virtual teams. Our findings show that discussions, negotiations, compromises and joint problem solving characterize media choices made in virtual teamwork. Practitioners are adding new media to ongoing interactions, rather than using media in sequence. Furthermore, one medium is not used exclusively, rather a number of media can be used in parallel. This shows that some of the fundamental assumptions built into the concept of media choice theories, are somewhat problematic as an analytical perspective when virtual teams are researched in real settings outside of laboratories and hypothetical scenarios.

  • 269.
    Radhakrishnan, Divya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Internet of Things: Privacy and Security Issues: A qualitative study about the Internet of Things and its privacy and security challenges from a developer’s perspective2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) is a term that refers to a global network of physical and virtual 'things' that are connected to the internet. Each object has a unique identifier that is used to identify it. IoT is a new technology that will fundamentally alter how we interact with devices. Almost every electronic device in the future will be a smart device capable of computing and communicating with other hand-held and infrastructure devices. Since the majority of devices are battery-powered, security and privacy are major concerns in the IoT. Authentication, identification, and heterogeneity of devices are the primary security and privacy issues on the Internet of Things. Integration, scalability, ethical communication mechanisms, business models, and surveillance are all significant challenges. A qualitative method is used in this study to collect data from a semi-structured interview about privacy and security concerns on the Internet of Things from the perspective of some developers. In the results, the impact of IoT, as well as the privacy and security challenges and issues inherent in IoT were discussed

  • 270.
    Ramadan, Karar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Virtual reality som behandlingsform för fobier: En studie om virtual reality som hjälpmedel för att behandla fobier2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technological development is constantly evolving in the various aspects of human life. The technology can be seen in practically all different types of areas today, and it is increasingly emerging in areas such as healthcare and medicine. Previous research has shown that virtual reality adapted to specific areas can be useful in the treatment of phobia. The main purpose of the study is to answer the following question: "How can phobias be treated using VR?" but also to gather knowledge and understanding of how similar treatments are carried out, and to pass on knowledge to future scientific executions. The study also focuses on the factors that are important for effective VR treatment. In total, eight volunteer participants participated in virtual reality simulations based on their phobias and their background. Subsequently, eight qualitative interviews were conducted with the participants, where the participants were divided into two different groups: One group consisted of participants with biologically stressed phobias and the other group of psychologically caused phobias. The interviews have then been analyzed through a thematic content analysis, and the results indicate three leading themes of experiences, emotions and opportunities in virtual reality. These themes and the division of participants with biologically stressed phobias as well as psychologically caused phobias contributed to the understanding of how to treat phobias using virtual reality.

  • 271.
    Ramare, Isabella
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Möllbrant, Mikaela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Smarta hem för en miljövänligare framtid: En kvantitativ studie av faktorer som påverkar studenters tankar kring smart teknik i hemmet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smart home technology is becoming more and more common while there are constant demands to reduce our energy consumption. Previous research shows environmental issues concerning the usage and branding of smart technology. Smart technology has the potential to help us towards a more environmentally friendly future, but we will have to uplift these qualities to make this possible. Previous studies show that primarily young and higher educated people are the most interested in smart technology. This is the reason why we chose college and university students as our target group.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the underlying factors that affect students' opinions of smart technology in their home. Since smart home technology has good potential to be used for energy saving purposes, we also wanted to focus a little extra on the environmental factor and how it affects the students' thoughts. Based on previous research, six significant factors were identified, including the environment. These factors were then used to design a survey that collected both quantitative and qualitative data for our study. The survey was shared online via several different university Facebook groups where 303 students from a total of 26 different universities responded. Our results show that convenience was the factor that influenced the students' opinions about smart home technology the most. Our results also found some gender differences where women often found the environment and finances of more importance, while men found safety and interest more important. We also discuss how the importance of convenience can be linked to the purchases of smart home technology that necessarily does not affect the environment positively. In conclusion, the study gives insight into students' thoughts about smart home technology which increases knowledge and helps us face the environmental problems that smart home technology may bring.

  • 272.
    Rashid, Sarmad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Jonathan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den självkörande bilen och dess etiska dilemma2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our essay is to, based on a literature review, find out from most articles how ethical aspects of self-driving cars are affected. With self-driving cars, there is a possibility that traffic accidents will be fewer and so will fatalities (Hevelke, 2015). But it is not defensible enough because there are several ethical collisions. Is there a more ethically correct approach in, for example, a trolley situation on how a self-driving car takes maneuver in the event of an unavoidable traffic accident? JafariNaimi (2018) and Coca-Vila (2018) both address interesting discussions about potential approaches such as Utilitarianism, acceptance criteria and deontological ethics. Coeckelbergh (2016) addresses the topic of who should be responsible for the potential act of self-driving cars or caused a traffic accident. Jones (2020) writes that there must be sufficient data security and integrity solutions for selfdriving cars. These several ethical aspects that come into play must be highlighted and this will be done during this reading.

  • 273.
    Riha, Jan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Social sensing och dess reglering för koordination i arbetsgrupper: Mobile Phone Sensing och forslag pa ramverk for trygg Social sensing inom IT & Media arbetsgrupper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses possibility of People centric opportunistic social sensing system usage in coordination of small IT and Media teams. Paper define inter and extern dependencies of private sensing data sharing in IT and Media groups through coordination theory. Design science research method is used for analysis of such dependencies in small work teams. These dependencies are analysed with help of focus groups discussions. Result from combination of analysis and theory leads to development of graphic artefact with rules of Google Material Design. This artefact is used as material in inquiry sheet where more possibilities of dependencies and sharing are discussed. Results of this paper is possible groundwork for usage of People centric opportunistic social sensing system in small IT and Media groups. Part of the result is graphic artefact of possible mobile application based on this paper. This paper also describes that new study of possibilities is needed in future because of ever shifting relationship between humans and computers.

  • 274.
    Romi, Ronaldo
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Garagol, Kajom
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Behovet av Spelbaserat Lärande inom sjuksköterskeprogrammet: en studie om Högskolan Västs sjuksköterskeprogram2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem - This is a study that deals with the effects of game-based learning in the nursing program at University West. Traditional teaching methods are not always sufficient to keep students motivated.

    Purpose - The aim of this study is to find out if there is a need for game-based learning among the students in the nursing program at University West. This is done by identifying and highlighting the challenges students have without game-based learning.

    Method & approach - To answer the purpose, a data collection questionnaire is used. The data collected comes from students who are currently studying the nursing program at University West. The survey serves as a support and complement to the completed literature search. The literature search resulted in the use of eleven different scientific articles dealing with the subject. These are articles that in one way or another touch on the effects of the use of serious games as part of a game-based learning in healthcare-related education.

    Results - The results of the study show that it would be favorable for the nursing program at University West to conduct game-based learning. Some opportunities that a game-based learning adds are endless repetition possibilities without unnecessary resource consumption, as well as direct feedback for the students to follow without the presence of a teacher. In addition, game-based learning contributes to an interactive and entertaining way of learning, which increases students' motivation.

    Conclusion - The study shows that game-based learning is beneficial as a complement to current traditional teaching methods. It is difficult to achieve good effects with only the application of game-based learning. When it complements the traditional form of teaching, it will facilitate/counteract the challenges that prevail among students without the game-based learning.

  • 275.
    Ruijan, Du
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Guideline for Work-Integrated E-Learning: Design Challenges of Online Courses in Production Technology2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing requirements for continuous competence development in the manufacturing industry, workplace training and e-learning combined builds a new education platform. Such initiatives and educational models have increasingly been studied as work-integrated e-learning focusing on how organizations are trying to increasingly incorporate higher education at the work place, and how higher education can benefit from close cooperation with organizations.

    This thesis work investigate challenges among experienced higher education teachers who are going to design and implement course modules as a work-integrated e-learning initiative based on demands from several manufacturing industries in West Sweden. During the project, the required 20-40 course credits (ECTS) will be divided into smaller course modules, consisting of about 2-5 credits in order to meet demands of flexibility and time sensitiveness from participating manufacturing companies. As it is a cooperative project, the course modules could be tailored according to different requirements from the companies. The course modules are focusing on industrial automation, flexible and virtual automation, robotics, simulation based manufacturing, production systems and precision engineering among other fields within production technology. The research method is abduction with qualitative research, and the empirical data is collected through interviews.

    Through an abductive approach teachers subjective experiences were analyzed in accordance to how they expressed their challenges in relation to how to design courses with flexible pedagogical set ups, incorporating course content and what digital technology best matched these aspects. Based on these analyses, the design guideline was constructed in relation to the analysis and to previous research of collaborative learning and engineering education. The guideline for engineering teaching in production technology suggests a new pedagogical approach of work-integrated e-learning. The guideline is expected to help teachers to design and implement work-integrated e-learning course modules in the production technology field. As a result, the outcome of the guideline could contribute to the development of work-integrated e-learning as a more effective learning approach for competence development for engineering teachers

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  • 276.
    Runesson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Young, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Samverkan mellan Trestads kommuner: ett kommunöverskridande samarbete för en gemensam e-förvaltningsutveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector is now developing an electronic society through strategic planning with help of IT, and is then called e-governance. There are more demands on Sweden's municipalities to develop their government services by offering e-services, to become more transparent. E-governance needs to be promoted through an innovative and participatory approach to improve quality and effectiveness. To support the development of e-governance, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) has established a strategy to help the municipal sector. They have decided that it is necessary that local governments increasingly need to collaborate. However it should not be taken for granted that collaboration generates success. Several earlier studies have shown this kind of arrangements are difficult to manage, particularly because of the lack of initiative to clarify the purpose of the collaboration, professional differences and distinctions in internal practices and cultures. The aim of the present study is to find out what opportunities and what obstacles municipal employees experience when several municipalities collaborate to develop a general e-service. By the results we intend to gather knowledge about how municipal collaborations can be beneficial. We have in our survey chosen to use a qualitative method. By performing a case study in the form of interviews and observations we have sought a deeper understanding in the field of cross municipal collaboration. The empirical data has been analysed from a hermeneutic interpretive approach and is to be put in relation with previous research but also to provide new perspectives on municipal collaboration when developing a general e-service. The analysis of the results shows the participant's attitude and motivation, team composition, distinct leadership and different organisation conditions were significant factors affecting the outcome of cross municipal collaboration. The conclusion of the study indicates that initial collaboration on projects when developing a general e-service between municipals should be carefully selected, because of the organisational differences. Extra time should be given to planning and establishing the outcome of the collaborations within all the municipal from a distributed project management. Cross municipal collaboration is based on ideas, knowledge and skills exchange but the major obstacle is the time given and the internal and external organisation differences.

  • 277.
    Ryrå Landgren, Isabella
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Samspel i det berättartekniska: text, bild och effekter i musikvideor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Music videos have under the last 50 years become entertainment in our society. Some are created to reflect feelings while others are a kind of showcase for the artist. There are also those based off of the lyrics and thus creates a short film or an illustration of the lyrics. Through the use of technologies such as visual effects is it possible to bring the impossible worlds and stories alive.Videos with these effects are the kind of videos I've been analyzing in this essay with the purposeto explore how much the visual effects affect the narration. To achieve this I have chosen to make a semiotic study focused on analysis and interpretations of five chosen music videos created during orafter the year 2000. CGI, slow-motion and metaphors are techniques I've been looking at and they have proved to contribute to how the story of the video is told and how it's understood. The interplay between image and text is another thing I've been studying and in the chosen videos it's been varying between interpretations and literal translation to the other.

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  • 278.
    Santana, Anne-Marie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Information- och kommunikationsteknik i förskolans värld: "hur ser det ut och hur förhåller sig pedagogerna till digitalisering på förskolan"2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction In the new revised curriculum for preschool the new addition about digitalization has given preschool teachers a special responsibility to use digital tools that stimulate development and learning. A work on digitalization at the preschool does not only mean that the educators must have a digital knowledge but rather a digitalized approach where it is discussed and can meet the children's right to continue to be their own individual.

    Purpose The purpose of this work is to get a clearer picture of how ICT and digitalization are used in preschools today and the opportunities and fears that educators at preschools can face in their teaching, and to answer the questions: How does digitalization work in preschools? Do the children receive an equal education in view of the educators' different skills in digitalization? What does it mean that digitalization should be a natural part of children's everyday life at preschool?

    Method As a method, I have used qualitative interviews. The selection consists of six preschool teachers from three different preschools. The interviews were conducted via zoom under the prevailing circumstances with covid-19.

    Results Preschool teachers feel that they have incorporated the digital tool into their teaching and that it has become more and more a natural part of children's everyday life at preschool.

    Conclusions Digitalisation at the preschool has opened up new opportunities for teaching, the staff's competence and commitment are crucial for the children's use of the digital tools with a learning purpose. Digitization at the preschool gives the children a regulation of inequalities that can be found in the children's home environment.

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  • 279.
    Sargsyan, Michael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Saad, Robin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den digitala plånboken: aspekter som påverkar viljan att utnyttja mobila betalningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explored how consumers want to use a digital wallet, thus mobile payment services. This study highlights aspects that affect individuals wishing to use mobile payments, thus the aim is to increase the understanding of issues that affect mobile payments. We used the qualitative method. Interviews were conducted with respondents after they tested up to deal with the cell phone in a couple of times with SEQR, WyWallet and PayEx. Scientific papers and books have been used as a basis for the study.

    We see that the major factors that emerged through our study is the simplicity, safety and user-friendliness that affect how consumers embrace this new payment method. We found that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments.

    The conclusions we can draw from our study is that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments. Depending on different individuals' perceptions regarding mobile payment services, how each one looks at mobile payments, our study led to compatibility, time savings, ease of use affects these individuals choose to use their services

  • 280.
    Saxin, Daniel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Industry 4.0 revolution and how the rise of machines have changed IT departments.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Manufacturing industries are today changing faster and faster due to digitalisation and Industry 4.0. Digitalisation has changed the business environment by integrating business and engineering processes, enabling companies to become more dynamic and connected and inherently more complex and dependent on information technology. Furthermore, Industry 4.0 continually changed manufacturing industries since its iteration, with recent advances showcasing the potential of these technologies to assist manufacturers in tackling the challenges associated with the digital transformation.With five qualitative interviews with business professionals in manufacturing industries in addition to a literature review covering 14 articles, this research aimed to identify challenges and opportunities between Industry 4.0 initiatives and IT departments. The research found the increased need for research regarding IT departments roles in Industry 4.0 implementations and how IT departments are defined in organisations today. It found that organisations spread the digital competencies rather than having the IT department as the sole entity for digitalisation. In addition to other areas of interest regarding Industry 4.0 implementation like enabling technologies and the focus on maturity and digital readiness for organisations.

  • 281.
    Schagerholm, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Dughem, Petrus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Sammanhållning i systemdesign: User eXperience inom organisationers systemgränssnitt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have not found the definitive reason why organizations will not adopt UX, but they have their suspicions. Therefore, this study intends to investigate this further. What is the reason why companies do not implement UX and dive deep into the impact of UX on the user? Aqualitative study was conducted against a west Swedish production and development company to collect data, through interviews and tests. Based on the data, mock-ups were created which were presented in an test to the respondents. The conclusion showed that the users appreciated anUX-optimized interface and companies can benefit from the implementation of UX on both new and existing systems. In order for companies to gain a better understanding of UX and what it can contribute to, we suggest that they have UX workshops and training internally. As aresult of the study, a new type of affordance emerged, Relations affordances. 

  • 282.
    Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vårdpersonalens attityder till videoteknik vid samordnad vård och omsorgsplanering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Västra Götalandsregionen have implemented video technology for all hospitals in the region to facilitate care planning meetings. There are templets available and the system is ready for use, although the system is not used that much like VGR wants. In this study, the problem has been examined by a qualitative research method, in which seven people with experience of care planning took part in semi-structured interviews. Before the interviews an interview guide was compiled composed of questions based on previous research and theoretical model The interviews were compiled and categorized on the basis of previous research and TAM2, that brought us to the results. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. On the other hand, the hospital staff experienced distance meetings to be shorter than face-to-face meetings and a number of participants that would otherwise not usually be able to participate now have the opportunity to do that. It gets even better for the patient because the patient receives information directly from all participants. The hospital staff does not experience distance meetings to be time-efficient for them comparatively with face-to-face meetings. There is a lack of available meeting rooms, the equipment must be prepared before the distance meeting and documentation must be carried out after a distance meeting, therefore distance meetings are time consuming for the hospital staff. Another influencing factor that we identified in this study is that the hospital staff felt that the training was not sufficient. The hospital staff would have preferred a more practical training to be able to feel comfortable in the use of video technology.

  • 283. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018In: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 284.
    Shuyu, Bai
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing Software for Learning Swedish: Method to Improve Oral Swedish with Learning Theory2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the number of immigrants in Sweden has been increasing rapidly. To help immigrants integrate into the local society, the Swedish government provides a free Swedish course to immigrants (SFI). This study gathers the learning experiences of the newcomers in SFI courses and relates their learning experiences to teaching theories. The aim of this research is applying teaching methods into language learning software to explore how to improve oral Swedish for SFI students.

    A qualitative method and inductive approach are used in this research. From the literature review, I created the theoretical framework which consisted of situational language teaching theory, motivation theory, previous research of mobile device and design theory. Qualitative data was collected by interview. 9 SFI students were interviewed with some questions which related to their own learning experience from SFI course and opinions about oral Swedish learning. Almost all respondents complained that SFI course is not provide enough opportunities for them to practice oral Swedish.

    Based on the SFI students’ individually learning experience, they require more opportunities to communicate with other in Swedish and learn oral language. life-related learning materials, making Swedish friends and appropriate reward system can help students improve oral Swedish and promote learning motivation. The author summarized four tentative findings about oral Swedish learning software. These findings were analyzed and discussed with learning theories and finally verified. Recommendations of the author were put forward in the end of this research.

  • 285.
    Sjöberg, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Andersson, Martina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kan man vara vän med en vloggare?: En kvalitativ studie om följarnas sociala relation till vloggare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the relationship created and maintained between the video blogger (vlogger) and their followers in the production and consumption of video blogs (vlogs) on Youtube. Vlogs has contributed with a new form of autobiographical documentation that has engendered many positive effects on young people. Trough vlogs they get the possibility to feel togetherness, find like-minded and it has also brought courage to talk about rule-breaking subjects.

    We take a follower perspective where the interest lies in understanding what the vlogger means to the followers. With the study we are also exploring how the connection they feel to a vlogger can arise and how it is maintained through various forms of social exchanges.

    The empirical data were gathered through in-depth interviews with 6 experienced followers. They share their experiences and feelings about their vlog consumption and discuses their relationship with their favorite vlogger.

    Social penetration theory, Para social relationship theory helps us to understand how relationships can appear and develop. Our results, together with theories within public design, show that these theories are insufficient to explain the complex ties that are built through an asynchronous monologue with the asynchronous response from followers. The study also shows that the relationship between the followers and vlogger depends on its context. Factors affecting building relationships are mediated form, the common context, accessibility, participation, content and authenticity.

  • 286.
    Skager, Jesper
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Sundén, Oskar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Upplevelsen av Digitala Informations- och Kommunikationsverktyg på en Intensivvårdsavdelning: Utifrån Medarbetares Erfarenheter och Perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digital development occurring in today's society results in more organizations using digital platforms for information and communication management. The digital platform SharePoint serves as a portal for sharing and maintaining documents. Document management in SharePoint opens up the possibility for better collaboration between employees within and between departments in a business. SharePoint can be perceived as complicated and requires user training to achieve its full potential. Important aspects for achieving user acceptance may include support from management, how many people use the system, and whether it is easy to use and understand a system. A major challenge is to get the systems used as intended, so policies and guidelines are important to ensure that the system is used correctly. It is important to educate users of a system early in the implementation phase, which can also help reduce user stress. Lack of education also contributes to users not perceiving the potential of a system. The purpose of this study is to investigate how employees experience the use of SharePoint as a digital communication platform. The study aims to examine employees' experiences of the platform based on the user interface, appropriate features for work routines, and knowledge sharing to identify any problems or challenges. This study can also provide suggestions for improvements when using a digital platform for communication and information management. The study also aims to examine factors that facilitate the use of the platform in other departments. The data collection method consisted of semi-structured interviews with respondents working in an intensive care unit at a hospital where they used SharePoint as a digital platform for information management.

    The results were divided into five different themes based on thematic analysis. The five different categories were Support and Education, Benefits of SharePoint, Drawbacks of SharePoint, SharePoint as a Tool and Improvements and Actions. Based on the results of this study, it was found if users felt they received the education and support necessary to use SharePoint, the advantages and disadvantages of using SharePoint as a digital platform were identified, users described the purpose of using SharePoint and the most common use cases. Through user experiences, different aspects that could benefit and improve the use of SharePoint as a digital platform for information and communication management were identified.

  • 287.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ericsson, Thommy
    Department of Applied IT, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg.
    Sunnerstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Huang De-Voss, Cammy
    Virtual Labs, Stanford University, Stanford.
    Axelsson, Michael
    Department of Zoology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg.
    Unlock the rigidity and design for flexibility2010In: US-China Education Review, ISSN 1548-6613, Vol. 7, no 11, p. 44-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports findings from a project implementing the VL (virtual labs) site featuring

    flash-based animations developed at Stanford University. The main conclusion in this paper stresses the need to

    design for flexibility and adaptability of interactive media to better suit the specific situation teachers encounter in

    their everyday work, in order to allow them to build their own audiovisual presentation kits based on various

    available resources. Ambitious but rigid visualization products might otherwise end up not being used at all. 

  • 288.
    Stanke, Maria Helena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Boktrailern: varför marknadsföra text med ljud och bild?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce the book trailer as a phenomenon and method of marketing. Similarities between the book trailer, the book cover and the movie trailer are examined to show how a "typical" book trailer looks and what functions it possibly has. The paper also explores the book trailer’s prospects of reaching different audiences in different age groups. It also points to difficulties in defining an audience. Young adult literature and the fantasy genre are linked to the book trailer and examples are given on how authors and publishers can establish relationships with readers through the Internet. General guidelines are given for what should be considered to appeal to as many potential readers as possible when a book trailer is being used or designed. The book trailer's ability to reach young, reluctant readers, who have given up on reading to the benefit of image based storytelling like movies and computer games, are explored. The conclusion highlights the advantages of promoting books with audio and video.

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  • 289.
    Strand, Camilla
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Tillgänglighet för synnedsatta på webben medhjälp av Wordpress-teman och plugins2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to highlight that there is a need to learn more about accessibility in web development and web design, and to explore how Wordpress can facilitate the practical work of making a web page accessible. What has been investigated are some selected Wordpress themes and plugins. This report focuses on points that specifically help users with the need for screen readers. These points apply to page readability, tab navigation, alt texts, and field labels. The results of the survey show that Wordpress themes mostly make it easier for the web developer, but that there are themes that Wordpress classifies as especially accessible where the layout impairs the accessibility for users who use screen readers. Wordpress plugins prove to be good tools in making a website more accessible, one example being to make sure there are text descriptions on all images on the web page. The conclusion of the report is that Wordpress themes and plugins help a long way to achieve accessibility, but that it is of outmost importance to have the knowledge of the topic to really succeed in making a website accessible to all.

  • 290.
    Svanberg, Pia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Incentives for Participation in Organised Business Networks2009In: Proceedings of the 32nd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 32: Inclusive Design / [ed] Molka-Danielsen, J., Molde University College , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much research shows several implications that business collaboration and knowledge exchange takes place across several inter-organisational network constellations. As organisational boundaries become inter-connected into networks of people and resources there is a need to consider the value and effects of such non-traditional networking businesses. This paper portrays how business managers perceive the role of an organised business network and what values cross-company business networking generate. 16 in-depth interviews form the foundations of this preliminary findings. The research question is: Which are the incentives for participation in business networks? The aim is to better understand incentives and values for participation in order to design and manage the business network organisation more effectively. Our argument is that the specifics of incentives and preconceptions of business networking have big impact on how valuable the actual effects of such network participation are. From this study we also discuss implications of how the network can facilitate and coordinate for increased business opportunities.

  • 291.
    Svegås, Victor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Persson, Jesper
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hur uppfattar allmänheten säkerheten i autonoma bilar i dagens samhälle?: En kvantitativ studie om allmänhetens uppfattning av säkerhet i autonoma bilar med fokus på dess nya tekniska utmaningar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With an high number of accidents on the roads where most of the accidents are caused by the human factor where people lose their concentration in some way or are intoxicated by drugs or alcohol. We are looking over to autonomous cars to help us reduce or remove the human factor in the traffic to make a safer environment for all.

    Autonomous cars are constantly developing and are becoming more integrated in the car market every day. With these new cars the goal is to make the roads a safer place as well as making less of an environmental impact than regular cars which is all good and well, but these new cars comes with challenges of their own. Their new technology regarding their sensors, cybersecurity and testing are three new phenomenon that have security risks that we haven't really seen before in the traditional cars.

    By studying what the opinion the public have regarding these autonomous cars are we can get a clearer insight in what people are afraid of, what they think is safe- not safe and think requires more research. In turn we also help the car developing companies to hopefully see what they need to inform the public more about to make sure the public feel safe whilst driving or buying a autonomous car.

    In this study 64 people responded to a survey conveyed by us through the social media platform Facebook to reach a wide amount of people. The respondents were mostly positively intrigued by the safety and security regarding autonomous cars (82,6 %). Although there were some worries regarding the cars the majority wanted to buy an autonomous car by the end of the survey (57,1 %). We conclude therefore that most people not are worried about the safety and security regarding autonomous cars but are instead excited and ready for the next step in the car industry even though it might be some slight mistrust towards these types of cars from our respondents.

  • 292.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Development of the Road Carriers Cluster in the Western Region of Sweden2007In: Uddevalla Symposium Tenth Anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 701-712Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The road carriers business in West Sweden is described as a cluster of the Swedish business world. This cluster has been exposed to great competitiveness and deregulation during about the last ten years. The road carrier cluster has been analysed by Porter´s diamond model. The preconditions for the successful growth of the cluster are presented. Especially the road carrier cluster´s opportunities and limitations have been taken into consideration. The study has been performed as a literature study, complemented by studies of magazines in the branch. Furthermore three interviews have been performed of an owner of a road carrier firm. One day has been spent as carrying out an ethnographical study as a driver of a trailer truck. The conclusion of the study is that there are many factors influencing the development of the road carriers business. The road carriers business furthermore has a strong influence from the general business cycle.

  • 293.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation2018In: Proceedings Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2018 / [ed] Margarethe Überwimmer, Robert Füreder, Martina Gaisch, Shaker Verlag, 2018, p. 319-327Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve and strengthen regional development is often subject of political decisions. This is thesituation within the European Union, to increase innovation in SMEs. SMEs need access to knowledge,competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness inproducts higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs ofdecreasing the time from knowledge development to ready products to the market. Ongoing evaluationis prevalent in many research and development projects today in order to follow up the intended results.The ongoing evaluation could contribute to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of a specificinnovation project by highlight areas of improvement and needs of development. The purpose of thispaper is to analyze how collaboration within research and innovation can be evaluated, using a specificinnovation project as an example. Qualitative methods have been used for the data collection andanalysis, based on documents, interviews and participation in various activities. An intervention theory iscreated, as interpreted and structured based on information from documents and interviews. Theintervention theory should be further refined, and could be used to select important aspects of theinnovation project for the further evaluation. The intervention theory can be used to evaluate the causesand effects, and if the innovation project is reaching its intended final achievements and results.

  • 294.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Utvärdering av nätbaserad utbildning 2007In: Högskoleverkets kvalitetskonferens, 10-11 oktober, 2007., Stockholm: Högskoleverket , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Voluntary Disclosure of Information on Intangibles in Corporate Annual Reports2014In: Global Review of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1838-5915, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 133-147Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Forssell Eriksson, G.
    Ytterbyskolan, Kungälv.
    Conditions for participation within synchronous online collaborative learning2014In: 20th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive and communicative situations within social environments are prerequisites for learning in collaboration. Synchronous communication offers the opportunity to actively engage students in collaborative learning activities. This paper is based on an action research conducted within a learning project including synchronous communication between students in lower secondary school. The students collaborate in a cross-border project involving Danish, Norwegian and Swedish students. The aim of the paper is to analyse the conditions for participation in synchronous online learning. collaborative learning. The findings are derived from the empirical study within a three-part learning project using synchronous online communication. The conclusion is that the conditions for participation in synchronous online learning are authenticity, motivation, confidence, preparation and teacher engagement.

  • 297.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Forssell Eriksson, Gunilla
    Ytterbyskolan Göteborg.
    Inter-professional Learning for Teaching: Using Digital Tools2014In: Proceedings of 15th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2014, p. 946-953Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of inter‐professional learning and knowledge integra‐tion for teaching is increasing as the use of digital tools will challenge the peda‐gogical conditions within the school context. It is the responsibility of schools thatthe students can use modern technology as a tool for searching knowledge, forcommunication, as well as for creation and learning. Therefore, teachers often arechallenged in integrating digital tools in their pedagogical practices. It has beenobvious that the implementation of new digital tools in the classrooms has causedsome uncertainty within the school professions. Thus, professionals working inschools need to collaborate, interact and communicate with other professionalsin order to develop their knowledge within their work practice. Communities ofpractice are sharing a specific practice and can create a common understandingand sense‐making. Digital tools have occurred as resources for interaction andcollaboration at different locations and times, also to a great extent facilitatinginter‐professional work and learning. This paper is based on an action‐based qual‐itative study of a Nordic education project, with focus on the inter‐professionalcollaboration and the use of digital tools. In the project different professions asteachers, principals, IT‐pedagogues, IT‐technicians as well as researchers haveparticipated. The aim of this paper is to analyze conditions for how to enable in‐ter‐professional learning and knowledge integration through various digital tools.Knowledge acquired collectively is actually negotiated and accepted within acommunity of practice. To collaboratively produce common teaching cases, obvi‐ously challenges the creation of a system of collective knowledge. Challenges arealso related to the inter‐professional processes of learning as different profes‐sions are acting in different contexts. Trust between different individuals and pro‐fessions seems to be an important aspect together with participation in the com‐munities of practice for inter‐professional learning and knowledge integratingusing various digital tools in a virtual environment

  • 298.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman, E.
    NU Healthcare, Sweden.
    Knowledge management for operations management within health care2018In: Proceedings of the ... European conference on knowledge management, ISSN 2048-8971, E-ISSN 2048-8963, Vol. 2, p. 847-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population of the western world poses a medical challenge for the society of today and of the future. In hospitals, healthcare professionals manage health care with the objective to provide care of high quality using the limited available resources. The decision-making in production and capacity planning decisions requires coordination and management of knowledge in different hierarchical levels and in different time-frames. Thus, this knowledge management is also needed between various health care services within a hospital, as well as with other healthcare providers, at a horizontal level. This paper is based on a qualitative study, conducted as a case study at a hospital in western Sweden. Eleven managers together with their production controllers were interviewed. This paper aims to analyze the challenges the health care at the hospital face related to the knowledge management in the production and capacity planning and control of activities performed. The difficulties found refers to limitations in knowledge management according to three different themes identified. These themes are the influence of political decisions, coordination and participation, and methods and IT-systems. 

  • 299.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Lund University.
    Growth of Ecological Production in the Agricultural Sector2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance : Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan  / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, p. 359-372Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The agricultural sector in Sweden has been experienced rather large changes through the last twenty to thirty years. The ecological production of foodstuff has increased during the last years. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the marketing strategies performed by the ecological farmers and its cluster. Then the paper will analyse and discuss how sucessful the marketing strategies have been, in comparison to the marketing strategies theories. There is now a cultural shift in food consuming, where more people choose ecological produced KRAV-foodstuff. It depends on that people has been more aware of environmental- and climate issues. Consumers chose to buy ecological products, as KRAV-products, because their values accord with a good environment, good caring of animals, and also because of health and social responsibility. In the marketing communication process it is important to inform and make potential customers aware of a firm´s or an organization´s offering. Therefore for example the Internet is a fruitful tool to convey different types of messages to the customers. We believe that the consumption of ecological products could increase more and faster if there is effective and lasting environment marketing. Until now there has been some restrictions of contracs for ecological farmers.

  • 300.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svanberg, Pia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Attitudes to information technology in health care professions2009In: The 17th European Conference on Information Systems, Verona, june 8-10, 2009., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore attitudes towards IT among various categories of health care staff; health care professions. We will identify problem areas that may be the reasons for why different attitudes among different professions at a healthcare organisation exist, and subsequently we will analyse how this may have impact on how to make sense of IT use. The research question is: What factors may explain differences regarding attitudes to IT among different professions in a health care organisation?

    The paper reports from a particular study of the “NU” healthcare organisation in west Sweden. The results reveal two main problem areas: i) the infrastructural and; ii) the socio-organisational. These are discussed as analytical implications for bridging the gaps between different professions in health care organisations.

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