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  • 251.
    Alburquerque, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    En kvalitativ studie om fritidshemmets arbete i en mångkulturell skola2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Anledningen till det valda ämnet är den ökande problematiken i mångkulturella skolor där många elever inte når kraven som ställs på dom. Samtidigt upplevs ett utanförskap som strider emot fritidshemmens värdegrund och mål.

    Syfte:

    Syftet är att få ökad kunskap kring hur fritidspedagoger på ett mångkulturellt fritidshem arbetar för att främja varje elevs utveckling. Fokus ligger på gemenskap och inkludering, språket samt föräldrasamverkan.

    Metod:

    Jag har utfört en kvalitativ studie genom intervjuer med fritidslärare och observationer på plats i fritidshemmet i en mångkulturell skola. Materialet har sedan bearbetats utifrån arbetets syfte och frågeställningar.

    Resultat:

    Resultatet visar att det fortfarande finns många utmaningar men även fördelar med att arbeta i ett mångkulturellt fritidshem. Det finns grupperingar och oenigheter dagligen och kommunikationen brister i många fall. Tillgången till olika erfarenheter är dock stor och utbytet sker dagligen, vilket ökar förståelsen för varandra.

  • 252.
    Alchahin, Jean
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Van Nguyen, Phuong
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Typ II-fel ur ett nytt perspektiv: en kvalitativ studie som kartlägger konkursförvaltares intryck av typ II-fel2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines Type II errors from the bankruptcy administers' perspective. It aims to give auditors an insight into why Swedish bankruptcy trustees perceive the proportion of Type II errors as high. Type II errors occur when the accountant in the audit reports does not consider the uncertainties that are threatening the client's ability to stay as a going concern, and the company thereafter applies for bankruptcy. The auditor is considered to operate as an independent intermediate, with the task to confirm to accounting users that the Board's management of the annual report, in line with the Annual Account act, demonstrates a true and fair view. However, recent research emphasizes that auditors continuously do not issue going concern warnings. This auditor behavior results in more challenging corporate bankruptcies, which eventually charge the bankruptcy trustees who have the assignment of administrating the bankruptcy estates, with a higher load of work. Since the bankruptcy administrators will become key players, in relation to Type II errors, this study, hence, aims to identify Type II errors from their point of view. In order to fulfill the purpose, our research question was formulated to illustrate if the bankruptcy administrators are experiencing Type II errors, and if so, to identify the factors that are considered to be a part of the core problem. Five bankruptcy administrators, who have administrated hundreds of bankruptcy estates, were given the opportunity to answer the research question. As this thesis aims for a deep understanding, it has been conducted using qualitative personal interviews. Meanwhile, recent research illustrates the proportion of Type II errors as high, in line with the fact that the non-issued going concern warnings have been linked to several underlying factors. Our interviewed bankruptcy administrators, however, gave an expression of a much higher complexity when the Type II errors were highlighted to occur to a greater degree, and the auditor behavior was considered to be linked with other additional factors. Based on the analysis, the conclusion drawn was that Type II errors occur and that the auditors' non-issued going concern warnings are based on the accounting assessment problems, clients, auditor characteristics, articles of association and the bankruptcy processes. Another issue is that new circumstances occur while the auditor is reviewing the audit reports.

  • 253.
    Alchahin, Maria-Arbil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karim, Shahla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett nytt land: En kvalitativ studie om syriska emigranter i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent times there has been a lot of debate on Syrian refugees who have immigrated to Sweden. The armed conflict in Syria is now in its fourth year. At least 120 000 people have died. The conflict has forced 9 million Syrians to flee and out of them 6.5 million are IDPs.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the integration process of the Syrian immigrants, who have lived in Sweden for at least two years. We wanted to find out how they had experienced their first time in Sweden, how they perceive the support from the Swedish society and the factors that have had an impact on their wellbeing.

    In this essay we have used a qualitative method. Data was collected through interviews which dealt with the integration process based on Syrian immigrants´ perspective. To our interviews, we used an interview guide and we picked out three women and two men between the age 20 to 45 years.

    The theoretical basis was based on Bourdieu's habitus, Olkiewiczs (2008) assimilatory and nostalgic groups and Franzens (1997) constructive and destructive patterns.

    Our results showed that the first time in Sweden was considered as a very difficult period for our informants. This was partly because of the fear of not being offered a Swedish residence permit, in turn this caused feelings of uncertainty in the refugee camps. They told us that the economy has not been a major problem, however, they were unhappy with that lack of consideration about their mental illness after the terrible experiences in their past. Some important aspects of feeling part of the community participant in the community were language skills, knowledge of Swedish culture and access to employment.

    Through our results, we can draw the conclusions that social and political measures must be taken with regard to the integration process. The first thing you should do is to improve immigrants´ access to psychological treatment, since mental illness has had the biggest impact on their integration. At the same time we concluded that our informants need support from the community, in order to facilitate the conditions that they believe will improve their well-being. Successful integration should be built on the interaction between society and the immigrant, in order to be able to adapt to the society, and this is a fundamental condition for promoting the immigrants´ roles in society.

  • 254.
    Aldegren, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Pettersson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Cancer förändrar allt!: Kvinnans upplevelse av bröstcancer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One of ten women in Sweden will at some point in her life get breast cancer. In today's society, more women than ever before suffer from breast cancer, but the chance of survival increases. As a nurse, it is important to have knowledge about the woman's experiences of breast cancer in order to provide as optimal and individualized care possible.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to elucidate how the woman experience the first time with breast cancer.

    Method: A literature-based method is used to bring out the woman´s experiences of getting breast cancer. The results of the studies were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis consists of five steps. The analysis resulted in four themes and twelve subthemes.

    Results: The results showed that the woman are in great need of support, feeling anxiety and fear, experiencing an altered self-image, and that treatment hinders.

    Conclusion: The conclusion showed that regardless of the situation, it was important for the woman that someone always was there for them as support. An important aspect was the need for information to reduce fear and anxiety. Breast cancer affecting the whole of the woman's lives and she strove to reclaim as much as possible of her previous life. This could be difficult because of fatigue and other major changes the woman experienced after the treatments, both physically and mentally.

  • 255.
    Aldegren, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Mäntylä, Nina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Icke-farmakologiska metoder för att lindra postoperativ och procedurrelaterad smärta hos små barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Non-pharmacological methods refer to a variety of methods that does not involve the use of drugs but makes the pain more tolerable and makes the child feel more in control. Children and pain has for long been diminished and not enough research has been conducted to find better methods to relieve the common postoperative and procedural pain among children. There is lacking knowledge among nurses about non-pharmacological methods that relieve pain in children. The child’s experience of health care and nurses can be negative by not relieving there pain.

    Aim:

    The aim was to explore the non-pharmacological methods used to relieve postoperative and procedural pain in children, aged 0-5 years.

    Method:

    A literature review was conducted, based on both qualitative and quantitative research. Eleven studies were analysed, critically reviewed and the results were compiled into five categories.

    Results:

    The five categories were distraction, breastfeeding and breast milk, sensory stimulation, pacifier and sucrose and water. The result shows that some non-pharmacological methods are effective in relieving postoperative and procedural pain. Breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier were most effective on infants. Parental attendances were also important for the children, all ages to make them feel more secure and safe.

    Conclusion:

    The results showed that distraction methods used on children aged 4-5 years, studied in this literary review, were ineffective. The results showed that non-pharmacological methods such as breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier are effective in relieving pain in infants and new-borns

  • 256.
    Aldjamali, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Rekrytering av säljare: Vad är det som efterfrågas hos en säljare?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobile communications industry is growing, several companies are launching new mobiles, and the number of mobile resellers is increasing. The competition in the mobile reseller industry is tough, where service is in focus. In the service that mobile resellers offer their customers, the sellers are in the spotlight, the frontface of the company. Finding good sellers is therefore an important part for mobile resellers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics and core competencies that a recruiter needs from a sales person who works in mobile resale at the store, as well as investigate which recruitment methods are suitable for use in connection with recruitment. The study strives to help new companies in the sales industry increase their chances of being established by recruiting the right sellers. Through six qualitative interviews with in total nine respondants, I have collected empirical evidence that has been compiled and analyzed on the basis of a theoretical reference framework, which includes relevant previous research. Qualifications and core competencies to be sought when recruiting are mainly communication skills, but also motivation and loyalty. Companies need to be clear in their needs, especially among companies with limited financial resources. During the recruitment process, communication between recruiters and candidates plays an important role, and the recruiter should implement recruitment methods in which the recruiter will be able to observe the candidate's communication skills. Both communication and education play an important role in a recruitment process.

  • 257.
    Aleborg Nilsson, Camomilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Vägen in och vägen ut ur misshandel i en nära relation2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är först och främst att försöka beskriva en del av den process en misshandlad kvinna genomgår innan hon kan bryta upp ur ett förhållande präglat av våld, men också för att öka förståelsen för varför det ofta tar tid för en kvinna som lever i ett misshandelsförhållande att lämna mannen. Jag undersöker vilka processer som leder in i och ut ur ett förhållande av detta slag. För att göra detta möjligt valde jag att utgå ifrån en självbiografi, skriven av en kvinna som levt i ett misshandelsförhållande. Den forskning jag funnit om dessa processer handlar dels om de emotionella band som binder kvinnan vid mannen och som gör det så svårt att bryta upp, dels om den långa processen ut ur förhållandet. Det är alltså en form av kvalitativ teoretisk studie där jag delat upp berättelsen i två kapitel; Vägen in och Vägen ut, vilka jag sedan tolkar utifrån en försoningens hermeneutik. För att kunna analysera texten ställde jag olika frågor för att sedan kategorisera avsnitt utifrån de mönster jag kunnat finna. Därefter tolkar jag materialet med hjälp av tidigare forskning och relevanta teorier. De slutsatser jag kommer fram till är att vägen in är en långsam process där mannen till en början är älskvärd för att sedan successivt bryta ner henne, tills våldet blir en del av vardagen. Vägen ut kantas av många knickar och språng innan kvinnan så småningom frigjort sig.

  • 258.
    Alehojat, Seyedmobin
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Effect of HVAF sprayed NiCoCrAlY coating on oxidation performance of E B PBF manufactured Alloy 7182019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is an upsurge of research interest on Alloy 718 additively manufactured (AM) by electron beam powder bed fusion (EB-PBF) technique in aero and land-based gas turbine engines. However, the surface quality hence the oxidation performance of the manufactured components is of great concern. Along with surface roughness resulted from partially melted powder particles, surface defects such as balls, satellites, microcracks as well as up-skin and down-skin surfaces can enhance the vulnerability of the manufactured parts to oxidation. When the surface is unable to withstand the exposed environment adequately, oxidation can be triggered. The surface-induced failures are increasingly becoming more challenging as the AM components often have complex geometries that render them even more difficult to finish. So, the relatively poor surface finish is the barrier to the full exploitation of the AM industry.

    In the present study, a NiCoCrAlY coating deposited by high velocity air-fuel (HVAF) technique on EB-PBF manufactured Alloy 718 was investigated. The oxidation behavior of the parts was investigated in an ambient air environment at 650 and 800 °C for 168 h. The oxidation behavior of the coated samples was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS). The oxidation behavior of the parts was significantly improved after deposition of the thermal spray coating. The oxide scale formed on the surface of the EB-PBF Alloy 718 without the coating was rich in Cr and the oxide scale formed on the surface of the EB-PBF Alloy 718 with NiCoCrAlY coating was rich in Al.

  • 259.
    Alenius, Filippa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "I Can't Help What's Past!": Mourning and Melancholia in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to present Nick's, Gatsby's and Daisy's relations to their pasts, as they have the strongest connections to their previous history. In particular focus will be on what constitutes their losses from a psychoanalytic perspective, and the Freudian framework of mourning and melancholia will be applied. In his work from 1917, Freud claimed that both mourning and melancholia are responses to loss. However, mourning is seen as the healthy and conscious response to loss, whereas melancholia is a pathological and paralyzing response. Therefore, I interpret the novel as an exploration of how the different attitudes towards loss affect the main characters and their relation to the future.

    As this essay will show, both Nick and Daisy display mourning, in contrast to Gatsby who represents the more pathological state of melancholia. This results in Gatsby's unwillingness to let go of the past, and causes his obsession with having it repeated. Nick and Daisy, on the other hand, have an awareness of their losses, which eventually leads to an acceptance and therefore detachment from what they have lost.

    In Chapter One, a few of the critical readings of the novel that are relevant for the essay will be summarized, as well as a deeper explanation of Freud’s framework and his theory regarding mourning and melancholia. An introduction to the Lost Generation will also be provided, together with modernism and the American Dream, as they deepen the understanding for the novel’s historical and societal context and connect with the themes of loss, mourning and melancholia.

  • 260.
    Alenius, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ejerhed, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "De prioriteras inte då de klarar sig själva": En diskursanalys av hur fem lärare talar om särskilt begåvade elever i matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att synliggöra hur lärare i årskurs 4–6 identifierar och beskriver den särskilt begåvande eleven i matematik, samt att se om det går att urskilja olika diskurser kring särskild begåvning i matematik. Vi ämnar också undersöka hur lärare talar om att utforma undervisningen efter en likvärdig utbildning och de särskilt begåvande elevers behov.

    De frågor som ligger till grund för studien är:

    • Vilken bild av den särskilt begåvade eleven framträder i lärarnas samtal?

    • Hur talar lärarna om att synliggöra särskild begåvning i matematik?

    • Hur uppger lärarna att de utformar undervisningen utefter uppdraget om en likvärdig utbildning?

    • Går det att urskilja hur olika diskurser kring särskild begåvning i matematik används, och i sådana fall vilka?

    Analysen är baserad på kvalitativa intervjuer som gjordes med fem legitimerade lärare i matematik. I resultatet framkom att lärarna inte hade en entydig bild av den särskilt begåvade eleven. Beskrivningar varierade och eleverna beskrevs bland annat som duktiga, självgående och högpresterande. Tre av lärare talade om att den särskilt begåvande eleven utmärkte sig i matematiken genom att svårigheter att redovisa svar, i övrig skilde sig svaren åt. Ett par lärare nämnde att elever med särskild begåvning är svåra att tillmötesgå, då de enbart vill arbeta med uppgifter som går fort. En annan lärare understryker deras behov är att bli sedda och rätt bemötta. Begreppet en likvärdig utbildning tyckte majoriteten av lärarna var svårt att definiera. Samtliga uppgav att de anpassar sin undervisning på olika sätt vilket bland annat kan innebära att ge eleverna extra uppgifter eller annat material. Det framkom tre olika diskurser kring särskilt begåvning som vi sammanfattar under rubrikerna "hög prestation", "självständighet" och "svårigheter kring likvärdig utbildning".

    I diskussionsavsnittet diskuteras resultatet utifrån vår teoretiska referensram som är socialkonstruktionism och diskursteori. Resultatet ställs även mot tidigare forskning och våra egna tankar som uppkommit under studien gång lyfts fram.

  • 261.
    Alenius, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ejerhed, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Extramural engelska: en kvalitativ studie i årskurs 42017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka extramurala aktiviteter som elever i årskurs fyra ägnar sig åt, samt skapa en förståelse för deras syn på kunskapen de inhämtar genom engelskundervisningen. Vidare ämnar vi också att undersöka lärarens kunskap kring de extramurala aktiviteterna och skapa förståelse för hur läraren anpassar undervisningen utefter denna aspekt. Vi utgår från följande frågeställningar:

    - I vilka aktiviteter möter eleverna engelska på sin fritid? - Hur ser eleverna på den kunskap de inhämtar genom engelskaundersvisningen?  - På vilka sätt upplever läraren att den extramurala engelskan påverkar elevernas kunskap? - Hur anpassar läraren undervisningen för att ta till vara på den informella aspekten av kunskap om elevernas extramurala engelska?

    Vårt resultat är baserat på kvalitativa intervjuer som gjordes med fyra lärare och tolv elever i årskurs fyra. Resultatet visade att samtliga elever kom i kontakt med engelska på sin fritid, majoriteten av dem kom i kontakt med engelska genom utlandsresor eller kontakt med släkt och vänner som talade engelska. Intresset för engelska varierande bland eleverna, vissa tog tillfället i akt att lära sig engelska när tillfälle gavs, medan andra undvek det. Många av eleverna uppger att de känner ett obehag inför att prata engelska i skolkontext men inte utanför. Orsaken till detta, som de uppgav, var rädsla för att göra fel inför sina klasskompisar och på så sätt skrattas åt. Vissa elever nämner att de tycker att de lär sig svårare ord på fritiden och en mer vardaglig konversation, till skillnad från i skolan där de får lära sig enstaka ord och fraser. Lärarna uppger att de ser effekt av den extramurala engelskan, genom att de elever som ägnar sig åt sådana aktiviteter bland annat har bättre uttal och bredare ordförråd. En negativ effekt som två av lärarna nämner är att de tycker sig kunna se att eleverna har svårigheter med att producera eget material. Samtliga lärare har god insyn i vad deras elever har för intressen, men alla tar inte in den aspekten i undervisningen. I diskussionsavsnittet resonerar vi kring några utvalda delar från vårt resultat, utifrån vår teoretiska referensram. Vi tittar på det utifrån ett barnperspektiv; hur stort inflytande eleverna har i undervisningen, vilket visar sig vara bristande. Ur en sociokulturell teoribildning tar vi bland annat upp den proximala utvecklingszonen, då många elever nämner att de tar hjälp av en förälder eller lärare när de inte förstår. Avslutningsvis diskuterar vi våra egna reflektioner och tankar som har dykt upp hos oss under arbetets gång. Bland annat reflekterar vi över de utmaningar som kan dyka upp när lärare ska integrera extramural engelska i undervisningen.

  • 262.
    Alexandersson, Anders
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    On the principles and future of COM featuring: the random dot stereoimage technology2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 263.
    Alexandersson, Anders
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    RubyComp: a Ruby to CIL compiler2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 264.
    Alexandersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Sundström, Wiveca
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Designförslag på sportflaska2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 265.
    Alexandersson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Broberg, Martina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Butikskommunikation inom modebutiker: En observationsstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stores need to be competitive in the current environment where big shopping centers are emerging and customers are increasingly demanding a better shopping experience. Studies indicate that customer decisions are mainly made during the store visit. This means possibilities for shops to influence the customers buying process during the store visit by use of a suitable in-store communication that influence, reminds and inspires customers. Retailers should therefore be aware of how the store communication looks like and how they should strive to improve it. Retailers should know what effects shop communication has to be able to perform changes in hopes to increase customers shopping experience.

    The study aim to investigate how three stores communicate with customers regarding presentation of the assortment, store layout, colors and lighting. The ambition was also to come up with proposals for changes concerning these components which would hopefully improve the shopping experience in the stores. The study was conducted with a qualitative research approach through observations in the three stores to obtain knowledge of the selected components.

    The result of the study indicated that the stores communicated to customers in similar manners regarding presentation of the assortment, store layout, colors and lighting, but it also differed on certain points. Proposition of changes for two stores were given within the components which hopefully would create a better shopping experience for the customers. Change proposal for shop A and C were given in the components which would hopefully create a better shopping experience for customers when they visit the stores. Change proposal for store A was to review the tight placement of the product range which created tight paths and created difficulties to survey the range and try to create a more open layout in the store. Both for shop A and C a propose was to use a uniform background color due to the stores colorful assortment and that store A could create a better color structure of its range. Store B was considered to have a store communication that lived up to expectations based on the theory, which resulted in that no changes have been specified for this shop.

  • 266.
    Alexandersson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Borg, Solveigh
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att synliggöra de osynliga anhöriga: om anhöriga till psykiskt sjuka2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 267.
    Alexandersson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Drama i förskolan: Att främja språk- och kommunikationsutveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med mitt examensarbete har varit att redogöra för förskollärares uppfattningar och erfarenheter av att använda sig av dramapedagogik i förskolans verksamhet. I studien har jag utgått från det sociokulturella perspektivet, där fokuset ligger på individens och gruppens interaktion med varandra. Med hjälp av perspektivet ges individen även möjligheten till att klargöra tankar, känslor och handlingarna som människan i det sociala samhället sammandrabbas med.

    Studien är en kvalitativ metod där jag har använt mig av fokusgruppsintervjuer. De här fokusgruppsintervjuerna har tillfört ett rikligt insamlat material som jag därefter har analyserat med utgångspunkt från den tidigare forskningen samt med hjälp av Mia Marie Sternudds (2000) fyra dramapedagogiska perspektiv som även de har tillfört en god grund till mitt analysarbete.

    Utifrån analysen har det därefter kommit fram resultat på mina problemformuleringar som studien grundar sig på. Jag har genom resultatet som framkommit fått en djupare förståelse för hur man kan använda sig av drama i förskolans verksamhet, samt hur förskollärare väljer att använda sig av drama för att främja språkutvecklingen. Det framgår även under studiens gång att det krävs både utbildning och mod från förskollärarens sida att agera i samband med drama för att det ska få en så betydande roll som möjligt för dramats utförande i förskolan.

  • 268.
    Alexandersson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vikten att vara en bra boendecoach: En studie om hur personal på HVB-hem arbetar med empowerment och delaktighet för att förbereda ensamkommande ungdomar till ett självständigt liv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har i avsikt att undersöka hur personalen på HVB-hem arbetar för ensamkommande ungdomar och hur personalen förbereder dem för ett självständigt liv, med hjälp av empowerment och delaktighet. För att få en djupare förståelse utifrån personalens perspektiv valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativ metod, där vi gjorde fem semistrukturerade intervjuer av anställda på tre olika HVB-hem. För att analysera empirin utgick vi från Lindgren (2015) analysmetod "the constant comparative method". Resultatet som gestaltas visar på att personal lägger stor vikt vid relationer till ungdomarna, samt att motivationsarbete och delaktighet finns i det mesta som görs. Genom att använda empowerment ökades ungdomarnas självständighet genom motivation och stöd. Dessutom med hjälp av delaktighet som verktyg kunde man få ungdomarna bli aktiva och på så vis bli mer självständiga i vardagliga arbetssysslor. Vi drog slutsats om att genom delaktighet fick man empowerment och vice versa. I resultatet kunde vi även se att personalen fungerade som en pålitlig och trygg vuxen i ungdomarnas närhet. Vi fann dessutom ett samband mellan självkänsla och självständighet, kunde ungdomen öka sin självkänsla ökades även deras självständighet.

  • 269.
    Alexandersson, Patrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sundberg, Lars
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    TrueCIV: a strategy game/simulator with a human ecological touch2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 270.
    Alexandersson, Paula
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carrvik, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighet och medarbetarskap2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to find correlations between personality traits, experienced employee empowerment and job satisfaction. Employee empowerment means the sense of meaning, competence, self-determination and impact. The study examined if there was a gap between experienced and desired empowerment and if this gap could be explained by personality. The study also examined if this gap had a connection to satisfaction. The questionnaire was carried out at the Swedish Maritime Administration. To measure different personalities, the personality scale mini-IPIP6 was used and in order to measure experienced and desired empowerment, the Spreitzer’s Empowerment Scale was used. The results showed that the personality trait neuroticism correlated negatively with experienced employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. Extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness correlated positively with perceived employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. The results confirm previous research done with the well-established theory of the "Big Five, while employee empowerment is a rather new concept.

  • 271.
    Alfaro Guzman, Elaisis
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Prado Castro, Karen
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av teamarbete på vårdcentralen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background; The nurse often works in teams with other professional groups. Communication is a key factor for the collaboration in a well functioning team. The system theory is a useful to apply within teamwork at the health center, to better gain understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the team members. Studies show that there is a need to set aside time for team meetings and that the current lack of time in the health center has a negative impact on teamwork and patient safety. Therefore it is important to explore the nurse's experience of teamwork.

    Aim; Nurse's experience of teamwork in primary care.

    Method; A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data collection, where semi structured interviews were applied to elucidate the purpose of the study. The number of informants interviewed was 11 from four different health centers in four different municipalities.

    Result; Three categories emerged from the experience of teamwork at the health center. These were described as competence that provides security and that the work structure facilitates the team's workload and that there were impediments in the work. The result showed that the nurse felt that, with the right skills, the nurse could provide security to colleagues, patient and their relatives. An impediment was lack of time to conduct team meetings. This made it a challenge to plan for the patient's continued care. Despite this, the nurse did her best to prevent the patient from being adversely affected. It turned out that when the nurse structured up the day's work, the workload is facilitated and errands that arose got solved more quickly.

    Conclusions; The barriers in the development of the teamwork mentioned are lack of time and resources. In order to develop teamwork, additional communication tools are needed to facilitate communication within the team.

  • 272.
    Alfredsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Detta är en hård nöt att knäcka": Sexualupplysning till nyanlända ungdomar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explore more closely how different organizations in society work and do their business to learn about sex and social information for newly arrived young people. In the study, the participants' own stories will provide an insight into how it may appear to work with sex and social information for newly arrived young people. These organizations work to provide sex education to newly arrived young people in diverse ways, which made it interesting to rigorously compare the organizations work methods with each other and then highlight the forces in the diverse ways of working. The purpose of this study is to investigate how some organizations in society work with sex and social information aimed at newly arrived young people. Furthermore, an aim is to investigate these organizations own perceptions of this work and look at similarities and differences in their way of working. In this qualitative study, interviews have been chosen as data collection methods. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze data for this study. The main result of the study was presented in the form of "Change". The theme Change shows the informants' desire for change in both working methods and perceptions. The theme consists of two domains. The first domain is "Way of working" and represents how the different organizations look at the work, and what are the shortcomings. For example, more resources and continuity at work are needed, and generally how the work on sex and cohabitation information looks. Under the domain of Work, there are four categories "more resources", "continuity", "grouping" and "participation and interaction". The second domain is "Knowledge Situation and Needs", which represent the actors' perceptions of how the knowledge situation among the youths. Under the Knowledge and Requirements domain, there are two categories, "ignorance" and "attitudes". In these categories, the group's attitudes towards sexual and social information and the meetings with the organizations, as well as the attitudes of the activities, are emphasized. An illumination of the lack of knowledge of the group is in the category of ignorance, deviant ignorance compared to young people in general. In conclusion, it is generally necessary to add more resources and the theme 'Change' summarizes the whole of how the organizations work with sex and social information or how they want to work with it. More resources should be invested in the field and they need to work continuously with this area for a lengthy period. A common picture and perception was established regarding that more involvement and cooperation between organizations. The organizations consider that diverse ways of grouping at the meeting with young people are needed and constructive work with the attitudes of young people and the ignorance that the organizations consider is associated with sex and cohabitation among young people.

  • 273.
    Alfredsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Olsson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kroppsspråk, skrämselretorik och retoriska argument: En observationsstudie av den retorik lärare använder sig av i grundskolans tidigare år2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Vi har valt detta ämnesområde då vi under våra verksamhetsförlagda utbildningsperioder iakttagit att de lärare vi följt använt sig av olika retoriska tillvägagångssätt i sin undervisning. Vi vill därför studera hur det ser ut i grundskolans tidigare år mer generellt, vilka olika retoriska tillvägagångssätt lärare använder sig av. När vi började läsa in oss på ämnet retorik fick vi tidigt upp intresset för de tre retoriska argumentationssätten; logos, ethos och pathos. Att det dessutom saknas mycket forskning om hur lärares retorik bidrar till undervisningsområdet har gjort att uppgiften att berika detta fält blir alltmer angeläget.

    Syfte:

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka vilken retorik lärare använder sig av i grundskolans tidigare år. Med grundskolans tidigare år avser vi förskoleklass upp till årskurs 5. Retorik kan vara alltifrån hållning och gester till användandet av retoriska argumentationssätt.

    Metod:

    Vi har valt att använda oss av observationer i vår studie eftersom detta tillvägagångssätt ger oss möjlighet att studera tyst kunskap, till exempel i form av kroppsspråk och gester. Vi har observerat tio stycken olika lärare i deras elevgrupper. Vi presenterar resultat och analys av sex stycken av dessa.

    Resultat:

    Vi har kommit fram till att retorik är en stor bidragande faktor i hur väl lärare lyckas fånga sina elevers engagemang och intresse i undervisningssituationer. Med hjälp av goda retoriska verktyg kan läraren ge elever möjlighet till ett bättre lärande. Majoriteten av de lärare vi observerade använde sig av ett tydligt kroppsspråk och flertalet gester i sin undervisning. Det argumentationssätt som var mest frekvent förekommande var logos. Ethos förekom inte lika frekvent som logos gjorde och pathos användes endast av ett fåtal lärare vid sporadiska tillfällen. Vid de tillfällen när dessa tre argumentationssätt användes var eleverna engagerade i undervisningen genom att ställa frågor samtidigt som ljudnivån i gruppen var svag. Vi har även kommit fram till att skrämselretorik påverkar undervisningen negativt då den hämmar elevernas initiativförmåga till att delta aktivt i undervisningen

  • 274.
    Alfredsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nej, här bestämmer vi tillsammans!!: Maktpositioner i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Makt är något som sker överallt, t.ex. i leken, i arbetslaget, mellan barn och vuxna och det kan ske mellan vilka personer som helst. Att vara i en grupp kan vara en utmaning för både barn och vuxna då alla har olika viljor och meningar. För barn kan detta vara extra svårt då de har lite kunskap om vad makt är. Makt är alltså något man kan se i barngrupper och detta behöver uppmärksammas betydligt mer. Om alla skulle bli mer medvetna om makten som sker mellan barn och barn samt barn och vuxna skulle man kunnat arbeta med det på ett annat sätt. Om arbetet kring makt hade utmanats så skulle barn känna att förskolan är en säkrare miljö.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att synliggöra makten som uttrycks i barngruppen. Jag intresserar mig även för de olika formerna av makt som kan framkomma i olika leksituationer.

    Metod: Jag har valt att genomföra denna studie genom kvalitativ metod där jag har observerat samspelet mellan barn i olika gruppkonstellationer i stora barngruppen och små grupper. Jag valde att observera två timmar om dagen i fem dagar för att få syn på olika grupper och konstellationer då alla 20 barn inte är på förskolan samtidigt, och om de då skilde sig beroende på hur gruppen såg ut.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att makt pågår hela tiden oberoende av gruppens storlek. Barn hittar olika sätt att utöva makt på, verbalt och icke verbala handlingar. Man kunde även se att personalen utan att själva reflekterar över det, har makt över barnen. Oftast syntes det om barnen inte lyssnade.

  • 275.
    Alfredsson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kjell, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nilsson, Michael
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Pedagogers uppfattningar och bemötanden av barn som inte leker i den fria leken2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Deltagandet i den fria leken är ytterst viktigt för barn. Det är där de tränar sina sociala färdigheter tillsammans med andra. Genom leken lär barnen känna sig själva och sin omvärld. För att fungera i dagens samhälle krävs det en god social förmåga då vi i allt större utsträckning jobbar och lever nära varandra. Skolan har ett lika stort ansvar att uppnå både de sociala- och kunskapsmässiga målen. I de flesta verksamheter inom skolan möter man barn som inte kan leka. Dessa barn är ytterst beroende av att pedagoger fångar upp deras oförmåga till lek, bemöter och hjälper dem till det sociala samspel de behöver. Syfte: Att belysa pedagogers bemötanden och uppfattningar av barn som inte leker under den fria leken. Metod: För att nå vårt syfte med studien valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som metod. Materialet består av nio kvalitativa intervjuer med pedagoger i skolan. Allt insamlat material har kategoriserats, bearbetats och analyserats. Resultat: Vår slutsats är att pedagogernas uppfattningar av barn som inte leker är likartade. De har beskrivit barnen som inte leker på ett liknande sätt i deras olika beteendemönster utanför leken. Pedagogernas bemötande av dessa barn är också av samma karaktär. Dock skiljer det sig på hur bemötandet sker. En del väljer att lägga fokus på att observera, andra att delta aktivt i leken och vissa väljer båda arbetsmetoderna.

  • 276.
    Alfredsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att leva med ett barn med självskadebeteende: en litteraturbaserad studie med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberate self-harm are a growing problem among young people in Sweden. It's not only the child that suffers from the behaviour, even the whole family. Parent´s need the right support from the healthcare staff for their own wellbeing, but also to be able to give good support for their child. Par-ent´s experiences are of importance for the nurse in the healthcare of the child and their families. The aim of this study was to describe parent´s experiences of living with a child with a deliberate self-harm behavior. In this literature study ten qualitative articles were analyzed using the method of Friberg (2012). Eight articles were found by a systematic search and two articles were found in an unsystematic search. This study showed four main themes and ten subthemes. Main themes were parent´s experience of support, parent´s experience of different feelings, parent´s experience of fam-ily relations and parent´s experience of parenting. Subthemes were to experience lack of support from healthcare staff, to need support from the environment, to feel guilt and shame, to feel concern and fear, to experience chock, to communicate with their child, to experience a different relation-ship in the family, to maintain trust in the relationship between parent and child, wanting to protect their child, to feel unsecure in their parenting. Conclusion were that parent´s need better support from the healthcare staff and from others in their environment. Nurses need more knowledge about parent´s experiences to be able to understand their needs and to be able to support them.

  • 277.
    Alfredsson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Framtagning av kravspecifikation och affärsmodell för fjärrdiagnostisering av lyftlösning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In collaboration with Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB, a product development project has been carried out at the University West in Trollhättan. Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB manufactures and develops lifting solutions for loads up to 300 kg and is an affiliate of the Binary Group, where operations are conducted in two primary areas: Industrial Solutions and First Responder Technology.

    The vision for most companies is to develop and given the current trend of the Internet of Things, Binar wanted to see how a wireless communication solution can integrate with the company's existing lifting solutions. The goal of this mission was to establish a requirement specification and a business model for wireless diagnostics of their lifting solution, based on customer needs and the company's basic requirements.

    The introduction of the project consisted of a preliminary study which included information gathering and interviews with stakeholders and experts. A market investigation was performed in parallel with the interviews where a function and competitor analysis were conducted to obtain relevant customer data as well as an understanding of the market. The requirement specification was established using collected information in the preliminary study and the business model was generated from the preliminary study as well as the customer and base requirements.

    The result was a requirement specification with mainly subjective requirements as well as a business model with a basic contract offer for the sale of the wireless solution.

  • 278.
    Alfredsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hushållens konsumtion: En kvantitativ studie om makroekonomiska faktorer som påverkar hushållens konsumtion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of Swedish households represents two-thirds of Sweden's total GDPgrowth and can therefore be seen as the engine in the Swedish economy. Changes in consumption can therefore be of great importance to the country's economy and are important to analyze. The purpose of this study is to analyze how macroeconomic variables affect the consumption of Swedish households. The macroeconomic variables that will be investigated are: disposable income, inflation, interest rate, and wealth, consisting of financial and real assets. In order to facilitate understanding of the consumption behavior households, the most well-known consumption theories will form the basis of the study, which are: Keynes Consumption Theory, Life Cycle Hypothesis and the Permanent Income Hypothesis. A quantitative study is performed which means that the relationship between selected variables will be examined by the time period from 1986 to 2017 by an econometric model. Based on previous research and collected data sets, an Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ADL). The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between changes in consumption and changes in the explanatory variables disposable income, inflation and housing wealth. The impact of the the variables on consumption over time is very difficult to identify because of lack of significance in the time lags.

  • 279.
    Alfredsson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Jesper
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Flerdimensionell styrning inom offentlig sektor: Effekter på chefers motivation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One method to ease the implementation of strategy and improve performance which has come to grow strong in the public sector is contemporary performance measurement systems (CPM). CPM is a system which comprises the use of financial as well as nonfinancial performance measures. To have a motivating effect according to earlier studies CPM have to be in line with the basic targets of the organization, and the managers should have the possibility to affect the performance measures. performance measures also have to be challenging but still accessible. Earlier studies also indicate that performance measures which is linked to meaningful rewards, and a strong cause and effect relation between the financial and non-financial performance measures has a motivating effect. This study aims to examine how CPM affects managers motivation in the public sector. To do so a number of interviews has been held with managers in the public sector. The results of the study indicate that CPM has the possibility to increase managers motivation, and this could be connected to several factors. One factor which has the possibility to increase motivation is if the performance measures is connected to meaningful rewards. The results also indicate that CPM isn’t necessary to make the managers feel motivated cause they already have a sort of basic motivation, but CPM could contribute to increase motivation further. The reason for this motivation is that they get a confirmation of how good their performances are, and they get clear signals of what is expected of them. PM within a CPM could also motivate the managers to act in a way that is not always optimal for the organization. The competition in the municipal organizations can encourage manipulation of performance measures to get better results than competing organizations. Within the public sector there is also a risk that CPM motivates the managers to focus on performances which is measured, while performances which is not measured gets out of priority. 

  • 280.
    Algenaid, Wael
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Erosion behaviour of suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are applied on the surface of hot parts of gas turbine engines to increase the turbine efficiency by providing thermal insulation and also to protect the engine parts from the harsh environment. To maximize these benefits, the TBC must remain intact to the underlying metallic gas turbine components through the life of the gas turbine engines. Typical degradation of TBCs can be attributed to bond coat oxidation, thermal stress etc. In addition to this, erosion can also lead to partial or complete removal of the TBCs especially when the engine operates under erosive environment such as flying over desert area, near active volcanic or offshore ocean environment. Therefore, erosion is also acknowl-edged as a significant life-limiting factor for TBCs. Suspension plasma spray (SPS) is a rela-tively new technique capable of producing coatings with lamellar/vertically cracked and co-lumnar microstructures. Moreover, SPS is a cheaper process compared with Electron Beam Physical Vapor Deposition (EB-PVD) which is a well-known commercial technique to produce columnar TBCs. This work aims to study the effect of microstructure produced by SPS on the erosion performance of TBCs. Six different suspensions of 8 wt. % Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) ceramic powder with distinct suspension characteristics such as solid load, solvent type and particle size distribution were used to spray six different TBCs using an identical bond coat and substrate. The as-sprayed TBCs were subjected to an air jet erosion test at room temperature, and their erosion resistance was compared. It was found that the total porosity content in the coating was the most predominant factor influencing the erosion performance of the coatings. Moreover, vertically cracked coatings resulted in low total po-rosity which in turn lead to high erosion resistance. This result was also supported by one of the columnar coatings which had the lowest porosity and highest erosion resistance as com-pared to other columnar coatings. Therefore, it is recommended to produce a columnar coating with lower porosity content for SPS TBCs.

  • 281.
    Algenaid, Wael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Ganvir, Ashish
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Calinas, Rosa Filomena
    Innovnano materials, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Varghese, Johny
    University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India.
    Rajulapati, Koteswararao V.
    University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Influence of microstructure on the erosion behaviour of suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings2019In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 375, p. 86-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are applied on the surface of hot parts of gas turbine engines to increase the turbine efficiency by providing thermal insulation and to protect the engine parts from the harsh environment. Typical degradation of TBCs can be attributed to bond coat oxidation, thermal stress etc. In addition to this, erosion can also lead to partial or complete removal of the TBCs especially when the engine operates under erosive environment such as flying over desert area, near active volcanic or offshore ocean environment. Suspension Plasma Spraying (SPS) is a promising technique for TBC applications by virtue of its ability to produce a strain-tolerant porous-columnar microstructure that combines the benefits of both electron beam physical vapor deposited (EB-PVD) as well as atmospheric plasma sprayed (APS) coatings. This work investigates the influence of various coating microstructures produced by SPS on their erosion behavior. Six different coatings with varied microstructures produced using different suspensions with distinct characteristics were studied and their erosion resistance was compared. Results showed significant influence of SPS TBCs microstructures on the erosion resistance. Furthermore, the erosion resistance of SPS TBCs showed a close correlation between fracture toughness and the erosion rate, higher fracture toughness favours superior erosion resistance. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

  • 282.
    Algers, Anne
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Skara, Sweden.
    Lindström, Berner
    University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-based learning through negotiated projects: Exploring learning at the boundary2016In: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 2-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    More collaborative and open learning models are suggested as part of the paradigm shift in the way knowledge is produced, distributed and used. This paper aims to explore a work-based learning model, based on systemic negotiations between actors from the three parties: The academy, the industry and the students. The purpose is to investigate how teachers, supervisors and students value negotiated work-based learning as a boundary activity and to enhance the understanding of the learning potential at the boundary.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Activity theory is used as a lens to analyse the results from a survey to the three stakeholder groups and interviews of students. The four learning mechanisms are used to explore learning at the boundary between the two activity systems.

    Findings

    Diversity and mobility in education and work addressed by the notion of boundary crossing are associated with both challenges and a learning potential. There is a constant dynamic between structure and agency, where structure, the negotiated model, influence the individual agency. When gradually removing scaffolding students can as boundary crossers engage behaviourally, emotionally, and cognitively and have agency to handle contradictions at a local level. However, they did not seem to prioritize both systems equally but instead they were gradually socialised into the activity system of the industry.

    Originality/value

    When work-based learning is framed by a negotiated partnership it can manage and customize inherent conflicts of interest and enhance individual learning opportunities at the boundary and can be conceptualized as an open learning practice.

  • 283.
    Algotsson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bodin, Maja
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vård med fokus att lindra: En litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser i palliativ vård.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to World Health Organization is palliative care a human right. The focus of palliative care is relieving suffering and having quality of life as the main goal. The nurse's role is to enable symptom control, to be a support for the patient and close relatives, as well as contributing to a good and worthy death. Although death is a part of life, strong feelings arise about death and the dying. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurse experiences of palliative care. Method: The method used was a literature study based on international qualitative research. Eleven articles were analyzed and resulted in four main themes and nine sub-themes. Results: The findings were four main themes; the profession, relationships, work environment and feelings as well as nine sub themes; experiences and knowledges, the patient, relatives, stress, support from colleagues, lack of support from colleagues, grief and impotency, satisfaction and mental strain. Conclusion: The nurse’s experience of palliative care is individual and varies depending on, experience, interaction with colleagues and self-perception regarding individual values and existential questions.

  • 284.
    Algotsson Wiklund, Åza
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Strinne, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nio pedagogers uppfattningar av samlingen som fenomen2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Att barn lär sig i samspel med andra barn är något som ett flertal teoretiker påtalat i sina studier i flera år. Det sociala samspelet tillför mycket i barns utveckling, de tränar sig på att samarbeta samt att lära sig förstå andras behov och önskemål. I en samling lär sig barnen enligt Rubenstein Reich (1996) även att träna den språkliga medvetenheten, vilket de kan göra genom sånger och lekar. Vårt urval av relevant litteratur med fokus mot förskolans samling som fenomen, har varit ett underlag och viktig ram i vår undersökning. Detta har gett oss en djupare förståelse för vårt empiriska material när vi bearbetat vår analys och resultat.

    Syfte

    Syftet med vår undersökning är att vi vill studera pedagogers uppfattning av samlingen som ett pedagogiskt verktyg.

    Metod

    Vårt empiriska material består av kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio förskollärare på tre olika verksamheter i en mellanstor kommun i Västra Götaland.

    Resultat

    Vi har utifrån våra semistrukturerade intervjuer kategoriserat fyra kategorier. Dessa kom att bli

    miljö och organisation, pedagogens uppfattningar av samlingen som begrepp, samling som lärsituation och barnens involvering i planering och genomförande av samlingen. Det framgår i studien att de intervjuade pedagogerna var överens om att samlingen har förändrats över tid. Från att ha varit en så kallad "traditionell" planerad samling, till att de nu "fångar lärandet i stunden".

    Genom vår analys och sammanfattning kunde vi urskilja ett mönster där det framgick att ett flertal pedagoger hade en uppfattning av att de var styrda av bland annat läroplanen, men att de ändå kände en frihet till att planera sina samlingar som de önskade. En annan uppfattning som framkom från några av pedagogerna var att samlingarna på förskolan sågs som en förberedande inskolning till skolverksamheten.

  • 285.
    Algsten, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Agardius, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Här knackar vi inte längre: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö på Kronan skola2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel have reacted in regard to their mental, physical, and social working environments one year after the Kronan School attack in Trollhättan. The study's results are based on semi-structured interviews with five staff members. The qualitative method of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (I.P.A) has been used to analyse the material. The results show which factors the staff members have considered to be the reasons for their recovery and setbacks when returning to work after the event. Five comprehensive themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. The comprehensive themes are based on the interviewees' experiences of social support, security, the lost meeting place, social strains, and mental processing. The results present how important the component's safety, security, and social support has been for the interviewees' processing of the traumatic event, as well as their return to work. The conclusion emphasises the interviewees' experience in a workgroup, where solidarity has developed and strengthened after experiencing crisis.

  • 286.
    Alhabashneh, Mohammad Abad Alhameed
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Project and team handler (PTH)2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is always a need for easy-to-follow processes that enable accurate and non-time consuming solutions. Nowadays we see a lot of different approaches to development processes in software engineering. This project is concerned with how to manage a software development process in a reliable, secure and efficient way. Software is available which provides some help for project managers / administrators to work more productively, with effective communication. Using such systems, it is possible to keep track of all the phases of development, including task distribution, making maximum use of previous hands-on experience and increasing productivity, to deliver a finished product in minimum time. No existing solution, however, fulfills all the desirable criteria. This paper describes the motivation, design and implementation of an improved development management system using Active Server Pages and Microsoft Internet Information Services with a backend Microsoft Access Database developed using a waterfall software development process. The resulting system is described and evaluated. This system will be beneficial for software houses, because they can communicate on the web, allowing efficiency gains by avoiding the need to call meetings for distribution of tasks among employees, with the additional advantage of location-transparent team management through the Internet.

  • 287.
    Al-Hasbani, Sally
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Noura, Melissa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskap hos män och kvinnor: Har ledarskap ett genus?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have chosen to study leadership in reference to the gender perspective, by studying earlier made researches on this subject and comparing it to the empirical part through interviews with leaders. The underlying interest in the chosen subject was highlighted when we compared the number of male leaders with women, through statistics. This showed that there is gender imbalance in the number of leadership positions. Therefore, we chose to investigate in this subject area from several aspects in order to create a vision of the underlying reason why male leaders possess more leadership positions than women. There are numbers of research on differences between male and female leadership, what distinguishes this report from the rest is that our main focus is on leadership in men and women to examine whether leadership has an underlying gender or not. This by studying leadership with regard to the gender perspective, where we emphasize gender equality, leadership, characteristics, power positions but also female and male leadership roles.

    In this study, we are using a qualitative method through interviews. This is due to the fact that we consider this method as relevant for the report as we strive for deep and comprehensive data. Furthermore, we present previous research and theories in the form of scientific articles and dissertations under our theoretical frame of references. Themes that are highlighted in the theoretical part are leadership, leadership styles, male and female leadership, gender perspective on leadership and stereotypes. In addition to that we also present in the empirical part our collected data from the interviews that are conducted on six different managers, whereas three are men and three are women. There the respondents share their previous experiences and perceptions about the subject. After studying previous research and the responses from the interviewed leaders, we discuss in the analysis and interpretation part the theory and the empirical data. Through this, we compare, interpret and emphasise our own opinions about the chosen subject area. This will lead us to a result that can answer our research question.

    After examining leaders' experiences and perceptions in relation to previous research, we conclude that leadership does not directly have an underlying gender. It turns out that leadership is based on personalities rather than gender, because it differs in characteristics, values and attitudes. This because we are different as individuals and we value differently. Furthermore, to strengthen this conclusion it has been presented that both male and female leaders use qualities that are classified as either masculine or feminine, with that said they use each other'squalities. However, we cannot deny that men for biological reasons have a body language and characteristics that creates the picture of male dominance in leadership, unlike females.

  • 288.
    Ali, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Alam, M. Ashan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Role and Performance of Microcredit in Pakistan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microcredit provides small loans to poor people and small enterprises. It is the best solution of removing poverty. This research provides an overview of the role and performance of microcredit in Pakistan. The major objective of the study is to show the microfinance sector performance and impact of the microcredit on the different poverty levels. This study is based on both quantitative and qualitative methods in order to answer the thesis questions. The result of the study was that microcredit helps in the poverty alleviation of different categories of poor people and has the positive effects on their living standards. It was found that there is a high interest rate on micro loans because of the administrative cost. We discovered that there are three types of organizations that provide services of microfinance in Pakistan. The government takes interest and supports the microfinance sector and of their main initiative is microfinance ordinance 2001. It was observed that there is improvement in the microfinance sector in the recent years in terms of investments, active borrowers, branches and personnel.

  • 289.
    Ali, Ayan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Cederrand, Robert
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Livet blir vad du gör det till: En litteraturstudie om att leva med hjärtsvikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heart failure is one of the most common diagnoses in Swedish health care. Approximately 250 000 people in Sweden are estimated to have a heart failure and approximately 30 000 new patients are diagnosed every year. Heart failure is a serious illness with server symptoms and high mortality. The aim of this study was to illustrate patients with heart failures experiences of quality of life. The method that was used is a literature-based study of 12 qualitative articles that was based on their results. The included articles were published between 2003-2014. The majority of the participants were in the scale between NYHA-II-III. The result shows that patients with heart failure experienced symptom burden that limited their daily life. They described a constant struggle between the illness and the feeling of maintaining the roll they once had. The most important thing was to find strategies to maintain the quality in life and to have good spirit and positive thought. The result was presented in four themes: When the body sets limits, feelings taking over, captive in your own home and an uncertain future. The conclusion that can be drawn from the results of this study is that the experience of quality of life is highly individual and depends mostly on how the experience of the disease is being managed by the individual.

  • 290.
    Ali, Fatima
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Personalekonomisk redovisning och dess nyckeltal: Poängen med personalekonomisk redovisning som lyfter fram personalnyckeltal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, the value of staff in terms of resources has gained increasing attention in staff-intensive companies. During the 1990s, a bill from the Work Environment Commission came about that all organizations should draw up a staff accounting report. But the bill was rejected because most organizations have already volunteered to introduce such accounts. This study shows if organizations use staff accounting and, if so, to what extent. The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of how the personnel-economic key figures in an enterprise's accounting affect the business and how the choice of certain staff key figures are determined. Staff key figures that are part of the staff report are highlighted through staff issues. By managing staff issues and maintaining communication between employees effectively, it has resulted in a good workplace environment for both employees' well-being and for the company's profitability.

    The qualitative research effort of the study consists of previous research highlighting the importance of human resources and its accounting and its key figures. This is stretched by two interview surveys of the staff in two industry sectors. Based on the theoretical frame of reference and the collected empirical, four factors have been discussed in the analysis section, explaining why they use human resource accounting and key performance indicators. These four factors are organization, interest, skills and developed systems.

  • 291.
    Ali, Foos
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Egal, Ikram
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sweden Democrats and Islamophobia: A qualitative study of how the Sweden Democrats construct Islam in their ideology2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and examine how the Sweden Democrats construct Islam and if there are any Islamophobic elements in their ideology. We have chosen to examine the Sweden Democrats from the period before the election in 2009, when they entered the Swedish parliament in 2010 up until 2017. The Sweden democrats have developed the way the party construct Islam in their rhetoric from the period before the party got elected and the period after. We found it interesting to further look at the period when the party explicitly criticized Islam and when it became implicit. In this way we shed a light on how the Sweden Democrats might have used the creation of fear of Islam in order to gain voters. However, the problem in our question is although to see how they construct Islam and if there are any Islamophobic elements in their ideology. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and theories connected to Islamophobia, a qualitative analysis will be conducted to describe the Islamophobic elements that might exist within the party. We will present a further explanation of the concepts in the theory chapter and will also be used in the conduction of an analysis of the party's ideology. The three main areas of interests which are religious, cultural and political differences will be connected to the definitions of Islamophobia and will be analyzed separately. By doing so, it became clear that the party developed their way of expressing concerns of immigration and assimilation of Muslims in Sweden. Our results show that the Sweden Democrats are not Islamophobic regarding all our main areas. Rather, the party has only shown clear Islamophobic elements in the area of cultural differences and problems that occurs with immigration of Muslims during the time before the election. These types of messages are hard to find within the party today.

  • 292.
    Ali Hassen, Yasin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Role of ICT for the growth of small enterprises in Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises strive to survive and grow in the business they are involved. They makeefforts to utilize different resources and technologies available to this end as long as it isaffordable and productive. Information Communication Technology or ICT and e-commerceare among those technologies that take the front line. This study asks the question ‘howmuch are Ethiopian small enterprises responsive to ICT and the internet and how much ofthe benefits have they utilized for their growth?’ It takes five small enterprises involved inimport and export business to perform case study research on the issue and examines theirutilization level of the technology. The findings show that small enterprises in the countryare on a very low level of utilizing ICT and e-commerce due to several reasons among whichare scarcity in infrastructure development and expertise in the area coupled with barriersfrom government policy and bank regulations.

  • 293.
    Ali, Hussein
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Al-Habobi, Ahmed
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svenska molnleverantörers perspektiv på säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid development of the cloud has contributed to a remarkable change within the IT industry. The outstanding functionality of using the cloud is the possibility to access data from a variety of sources regardless of its geographical location. Today different users around the world utilize the cloud, users from a broad range of businesses and backgrounds. However, there are also downsides to the cloud that might lead to severe negative consequences if not taken into consideration. This study identifies the security risks that could occur by using the cloud. These security risks have been identified and analyzed, in order to minimize them. Therefore, the aim of this study is to highlight the risks of using the cloud in order to minimize security risks and to achieve an increased security when using the cloud. The research question was answered using a scientific methodology based on the collection of qualitative data. The qualitative data was collected through interviews. More specifically, multiple interviewees from different suppliers in Sweden, all whom contributed with relevant information to this study. The result of this study shows that the amount of security risks is dependent on the supplier providing the cloud and the type of cloud infrastructure. Hence, the risks in the cloud could vary depending on which supplier that offers the service. Today it is almost impossible to eliminate the security risks that the cloud entails. However, this study shows that the potential to minimize these risks are found within the set agreement between supplier and customer, risks that both parties agree on are acceptable to the customer. 

  • 294.
    Ali, L.
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Psychiatric and Mental Health care, The Institute of Health and Care Science, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Department of Psychiatry.
    Daily life for young adults who care for a person with mental illness: A qualitative study2012In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 610-617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the daily life and management strategies of young informal carers of family members or friends with mental illness. Twelve young adults (three men and nine women; 16-25 years old) in Sweden were voluntarily recruited between February and May 2008. Data collected through eight individual semi-structured interviews and one focus group interview were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings revealed nine subthemes that were further grouped into three main themes: showing concern, providing support and using management strategies. Participants lived in constant readiness for something unexpected to happen to the person they cared for, and their role in the relationship could change quickly from family member or friend to guardian or supervisor. Supporting a friend was considered as large a personal responsibility as supporting a family member. Their management strategies were based on individual capacities and their ability to step aside should the situation become too demanding. These young informal carers need support in caring for the mentally ill. As the internet becomes increasingly fundamental to daily life, support could be provided most effectively through person-centred web sites. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing.

  • 295. Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Sjöström, Nils
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Need and usage of support among young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed method study2013In: Horatio, European Psychiatric Nursing Congress 2013. Stepped care provided by psychiatric nurses in different parts of the world. Abstract book. / [ed] Neslihan Keser Özcan & Hülya Bilgin, 2013, p. 94-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Support for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: A mixed-method study2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 611-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how young (16-25 year old) informal carers of a person with a mental illness experience and use support. In a mixed method approach, we interviewed 12 young carers, and 241 completed a self-administered questionnaire. While the young carers strive to maintain control, their main support seems to be others in their lives, who often define the situation differently. The carers said web-support, counseling, and group counseling might be helpful, yet very few had any professional support. Young carers are greatly in need of support and it should be provided.

  • 297.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet.
    Elf, Michael
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Young caregivers that support and care to people with mental illness2010In: Nordic Conference of Mental Health Nursing, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Unga vuxna som ger stöd till personer med psykisk ohälsa: hur påverkas de närståendes liv?2010In: Familjefokuserad omvårdnad.: Den tredje nordiska konferensen, Kalmar, Sverige 22-23 september 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Ali, Marian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Drobic, Elma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskor i en hotfull och våldsam miljö: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Threats and violence against healthcare staff is an international concern worldwide. Specifically nurses are at high risk of experiencing threats and violence at their workplace. A threatening and violent work environment creates huge difficulties for the nurses involved. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe nurse's experience of threats and violence in their workplace by patients and people that are related to the patient. Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. Ten articles were analyzed according to Friberg's five step model and resulted in two main themes and eight sub-themes. Results: The nurses experience were divided into two main categories; experience of feelings and the nurse's experience of consequences. Conclusion: The result showed that the nurses experience of threats and violence in the workplace affected their ability to work and their private life negatively. Consequently, having a negative influence on their patient care. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to nurses working environment by applying different strategies to combat the threats and violence experienced by identifying the root cause and managing the problem.

  • 300.
    Ali, Murad
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Offline constraint-based routing in OSPF networks: a server based study2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many of the network applications today are demanding QoS guaranteed paths which the best effort routing protocols e.g. OSPF cannot calculate, because these protocols are topology driven, do not address many of the constraints by these applications and only calculate shortest paths. In this thesis offline constraint based routing is studied for Open Shortest Path First (OSPFv2) protocol single area network and an offline server is proposed for QoS guaranteed routing. The server builds traffic engineering (TE) database and calculates QoS guaranteed paths on behalf of all the routers in that area. The client routers only do best effort routing for normal data flows with no requirement for QoS guaranteed paths. The client routers use NETCONF protocol to download QoS routes from the offline server (OS). The offline server besides calculating QoS paths also reduces congestion and helps in efficiently utilizing the network resources, for example bandwidth.

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