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  • 251.
    Ali, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Alam, M. Ashan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Role and Performance of Microcredit in Pakistan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microcredit provides small loans to poor people and small enterprises. It is the best solution of removing poverty. This research provides an overview of the role and performance of microcredit in Pakistan. The major objective of the study is to show the microfinance sector performance and impact of the microcredit on the different poverty levels. This study is based on both quantitative and qualitative methods in order to answer the thesis questions. The result of the study was that microcredit helps in the poverty alleviation of different categories of poor people and has the positive effects on their living standards. It was found that there is a high interest rate on micro loans because of the administrative cost. We discovered that there are three types of organizations that provide services of microfinance in Pakistan. The government takes interest and supports the microfinance sector and of their main initiative is microfinance ordinance 2001. It was observed that there is improvement in the microfinance sector in the recent years in terms of investments, active borrowers, branches and personnel.

  • 252.
    Ali, Ayan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Cederrand, Robert
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Livet blir vad du gör det till: En litteraturstudie om att leva med hjärtsvikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heart failure is one of the most common diagnoses in Swedish health care. Approximately 250 000 people in Sweden are estimated to have a heart failure and approximately 30 000 new patients are diagnosed every year. Heart failure is a serious illness with server symptoms and high mortality. The aim of this study was to illustrate patients with heart failures experiences of quality of life. The method that was used is a literature-based study of 12 qualitative articles that was based on their results. The included articles were published between 2003-2014. The majority of the participants were in the scale between NYHA-II-III. The result shows that patients with heart failure experienced symptom burden that limited their daily life. They described a constant struggle between the illness and the feeling of maintaining the roll they once had. The most important thing was to find strategies to maintain the quality in life and to have good spirit and positive thought. The result was presented in four themes: When the body sets limits, feelings taking over, captive in your own home and an uncertain future. The conclusion that can be drawn from the results of this study is that the experience of quality of life is highly individual and depends mostly on how the experience of the disease is being managed by the individual.

  • 253.
    Ali, Fatima
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Personalekonomisk redovisning och dess nyckeltal: Poängen med personalekonomisk redovisning som lyfter fram personalnyckeltal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, the value of staff in terms of resources has gained increasing attention in staff-intensive companies. During the 1990s, a bill from the Work Environment Commission came about that all organizations should draw up a staff accounting report. But the bill was rejected because most organizations have already volunteered to introduce such accounts. This study shows if organizations use staff accounting and, if so, to what extent. The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of how the personnel-economic key figures in an enterprise's accounting affect the business and how the choice of certain staff key figures are determined. Staff key figures that are part of the staff report are highlighted through staff issues. By managing staff issues and maintaining communication between employees effectively, it has resulted in a good workplace environment for both employees' well-being and for the company's profitability.

    The qualitative research effort of the study consists of previous research highlighting the importance of human resources and its accounting and its key figures. This is stretched by two interview surveys of the staff in two industry sectors. Based on the theoretical frame of reference and the collected empirical, four factors have been discussed in the analysis section, explaining why they use human resource accounting and key performance indicators. These four factors are organization, interest, skills and developed systems.

  • 254.
    Ali Hassen, Yasin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Role of ICT for the growth of small enterprises in Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises strive to survive and grow in the business they are involved. They makeefforts to utilize different resources and technologies available to this end as long as it isaffordable and productive. Information Communication Technology or ICT and e-commerceare among those technologies that take the front line. This study asks the question ‘howmuch are Ethiopian small enterprises responsive to ICT and the internet and how much ofthe benefits have they utilized for their growth?’ It takes five small enterprises involved inimport and export business to perform case study research on the issue and examines theirutilization level of the technology. The findings show that small enterprises in the countryare on a very low level of utilizing ICT and e-commerce due to several reasons among whichare scarcity in infrastructure development and expertise in the area coupled with barriersfrom government policy and bank regulations.

  • 255.
    Ali, Hussein
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Al-Habobi, Ahmed
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svenska molnleverantörers perspektiv på säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid development of the cloud has contributed to a remarkable change within the IT industry. The outstanding functionality of using the cloud is the possibility to access data from a variety of sources regardless of its geographical location. Today different users around the world utilize the cloud, users from a broad range of businesses and backgrounds. However, there are also downsides to the cloud that might lead to severe negative consequences if not taken into consideration. This study identifies the security risks that could occur by using the cloud. These security risks have been identified and analyzed, in order to minimize them. Therefore, the aim of this study is to highlight the risks of using the cloud in order to minimize security risks and to achieve an increased security when using the cloud. The research question was answered using a scientific methodology based on the collection of qualitative data. The qualitative data was collected through interviews. More specifically, multiple interviewees from different suppliers in Sweden, all whom contributed with relevant information to this study. The result of this study shows that the amount of security risks is dependent on the supplier providing the cloud and the type of cloud infrastructure. Hence, the risks in the cloud could vary depending on which supplier that offers the service. Today it is almost impossible to eliminate the security risks that the cloud entails. However, this study shows that the potential to minimize these risks are found within the set agreement between supplier and customer, risks that both parties agree on are acceptable to the customer. 

  • 256.
    Ali, L.
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Psychiatric and Mental Health care, The Institute of Health and Care Science, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Department of Psychiatry.
    Daily life for young adults who care for a person with mental illness: A qualitative study2012In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 610-617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the daily life and management strategies of young informal carers of family members or friends with mental illness. Twelve young adults (three men and nine women; 16-25 years old) in Sweden were voluntarily recruited between February and May 2008. Data collected through eight individual semi-structured interviews and one focus group interview were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings revealed nine subthemes that were further grouped into three main themes: showing concern, providing support and using management strategies. Participants lived in constant readiness for something unexpected to happen to the person they cared for, and their role in the relationship could change quickly from family member or friend to guardian or supervisor. Supporting a friend was considered as large a personal responsibility as supporting a family member. Their management strategies were based on individual capacities and their ability to step aside should the situation become too demanding. These young informal carers need support in caring for the mentally ill. As the internet becomes increasingly fundamental to daily life, support could be provided most effectively through person-centred web sites. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing.

  • 257. Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Sjöström, Nils
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Need and usage of support among young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed method study2013In: Horatio, European Psychiatric Nursing Congress 2013. Stepped care provided by psychiatric nurses in different parts of the world. Abstract book. / [ed] Neslihan Keser Özcan & Hülya Bilgin, 2013, p. 94-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Support for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: A mixed-method study2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 611-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how young (16-25 year old) informal carers of a person with a mental illness experience and use support. In a mixed method approach, we interviewed 12 young carers, and 241 completed a self-administered questionnaire. While the young carers strive to maintain control, their main support seems to be others in their lives, who often define the situation differently. The carers said web-support, counseling, and group counseling might be helpful, yet very few had any professional support. Young carers are greatly in need of support and it should be provided.

  • 259.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet.
    Elf, Michael
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Young caregivers that support and care to people with mental illness2010In: Nordic Conference of Mental Health Nursing, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Göteborgs universitet.
    Unga vuxna som ger stöd till personer med psykisk ohälsa: hur påverkas de närståendes liv?2010In: Familjefokuserad omvårdnad.: Den tredje nordiska konferensen, Kalmar, Sverige 22-23 september 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Ali, Murad
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Offline constraint-based routing in OSPF networks: a server based study2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many of the network applications today are demanding QoS guaranteed paths which the best effort routing protocols e.g. OSPF cannot calculate, because these protocols are topology driven, do not address many of the constraints by these applications and only calculate shortest paths. In this thesis offline constraint based routing is studied for Open Shortest Path First (OSPFv2) protocol single area network and an offline server is proposed for QoS guaranteed routing. The server builds traffic engineering (TE) database and calculates QoS guaranteed paths on behalf of all the routers in that area. The client routers only do best effort routing for normal data flows with no requirement for QoS guaranteed paths. The client routers use NETCONF protocol to download QoS routes from the offline server (OS). The offline server besides calculating QoS paths also reduces congestion and helps in efficiently utilizing the network resources, for example bandwidth.

  • 262.
    Ali Omar, Sadiya
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hemodialys: en systematisk litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In Sweden there are almost 1100 people per year who suffer from chronic renal failure. Chronic kidney disease is a serious and progressive disease that causes uremic symptoms. Without proper treatment, the disease can lead to death. The goal of haemodialysis treatment is to improve the patient's quality of life by preventing or alleviating uremic symptoms, as well as slowing down the deterioration of kidney function and possible complications and consequences of kidney failure. Living with haemodialysis involves major physical, psychological and social changes in the patient's life which causes suffering

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to highlight patients' experiences of living with haemodialysis

    Method

    A literature review was performed, based on eight qualitative articles. A content analysis was made according to Friberg's four steps

    Results

    The results show three main themes and eight subthemes which describe the patient's experience of living with haemodialysis. Results show that patients experienced loss of freedom because of the bound and dependence they felt to haemodialysis and the competence of the hospital staff. The treatment also resulted in limitations on the patient's life, which resulted in changes in the physical, psychological and social aspects of the patient's life. To be able to handle the changes, the patients developed different strategies, such as finding strength and faith in religion and the family, and many patients hoped to get a kidney transplant.

    Conclusion

    Nurses have continuous contact with patients in haemodialysis. These patients need physical, psychological, social and existential/ spiritual support. By knowledge and increased understanding of the patient's individual experience of their illness and treatment, the nurses may more easily relieve the patient's suffering, promote health and increase their well-being and create a good healthcare relationship.

  • 263.
    Ali, Rashid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Performance of Network Redundancy in SCTP: Introducing effect of different factors on Multi-homing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of designing the Stream Control Protocol (SCTP) was tooffer a robust transfer of traffic between the hosts over the networks. For this reasonSCTP multi-homing feature was designed, in which an SCTP sender can access destinationhost with multiple IP addresses in the same session. If the primary path between the sourceand the destination is down, the traffic may still be sent to the destination by utilizingredundant path. And SCTP multi-homing also supports for the concurrent multipathtransfer of traffic. This paper introduces the effect of different network factors likeconcurrent cross traffic, congestion control algorithms and SACK timers on multi -homingfeature of SCTP. Throughput and end-to-end packet delay were used as performancemetrics to introduce the effect of these factors. From the study it was introduced thatconcurrent cross traffic in the network behaves same on multi -homed interfaces and bothinterfaces were affected almost same. It was concluded that congestion control algorithmsalso affects on multi-homing, the RED congestion control algorithm reduced delay andimproved throughput of the SCTP multi-homing. In RFC4960 recommended SACK timeris 200ms, but when 100ms SACK timer was used with concurrent multipath transfer inSCTP (CMT-SCTP) multi-homing, the high throughput and low delay was achieved ascompared with 200ms and 300ms, which indicated that different SACK timers affects onmulti-homing feature of SCTP. All the simulation works have been conducted in NS2network simulator. 

  • 264.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work–integrated informal Learning (WiiL) Adopting Social Networking as Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning usually focuses on student's practical knowledge and learning duringthe education, while a student after completing the institutional period is still a student at workplace ass/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only the formal training and educationof the employees, but also an informal process of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices, and norms, as well as the social ties among the persons.The use of social networking site within the organization enables a new work integrated methodof learning and communication among the colleagues from different disciplines, encouraging both personal and professional informal knowledge sharing inside the organization. Our analysis ofemployee's behavior and acceptance of social networking as an informal way of learning was performed by a descriptive case survey research.The respondents providing the empirical data for survey consisted of 105 out of 180 targeted employees from a private IT organization in Pakistan. The questionnaire results present that the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in the hierarchical levels of the profession within the organization. Their motivation in using social networking includes sharing personal and professional experiences with co-workers and advancing their career.This paper illustrates the power of social networking as a Work Integrated Informal Learning (WIIL) tool that contributes significantly to increase the gain of interdisciplinary knowledge within the organization

  • 265.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Competence development at workplace: a work integrated informal learning (WIIL) approach2016In: Far East Journal of Electronics and Communications, ISSN 0973-7006, Vol. 2, p. 35-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. We analyzed employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning. The analysis is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. The purpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we obtain quantitative data from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favor social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 266.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Social Networking sites for Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace: Work integrated informal Learning (WiiL)2016In: International Conference on Advanced Computing, Communication and Information Sciences (ICACCI-2016): Proceedings, Pushpa Publishing House , 2016, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning (WIL) studies usually focuses on educational situations when professional organizations are actively involved in learning processes for students in higher education. However, after completing the institutional period entering the professional arena, the professional person is still actually a student at the workplace as s/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. Our analysis of employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. Thepurpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we quantitative data isobtained from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favors social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 267.
    Ali, Shukri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Aly, Carolina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Upplevelser av utbrändhet: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Burnout due to work-related stress is increasing in the society. Many studies concern the causes and effects of burnout, but rarely concern the experiences of those who are living with burnout. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of living with burnout. The concepts of health, suffering, burnout, stress and coping are briefly described in the background. The method that was used is a literature-based study with the analysis of qualitative research. This study is based on eight qualitative articles. Six themes emerged; Physical experiences, Psychological experiences and Existential experiences, Work experiences, Experiences of relations in private life and Experiences of demands and expectations. The results shows that burnout affects a person on many different levels. Dealing with burnout involves a range of varieties of symtoms, physical as well as psychological and social. Physical symtoms that appeared among the participants were for instance fatigue, brain fog, headache and palpitations. Social and relational problems as bad conscience, low self- esteem and feelings of inadequacy were experienced. Emotional disturbances and existential reflections were common amongst those who were suffering from burnout.

  • 268.
    Ali, Tara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gustavsson, Anna-Lena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Distriktssköterskans erfarenhet av sin arbetssituation på vårdcentral2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The work done by the nurse at the primary health care center includes meeting with people of different ages and with different health problems and diseases. It is important that the work is carried out in a good environment. Former studies show that the workload for the district nurse has increased and become more stressful with threats and violence from patients who expect more treatment.

    Aim: To describe the district nurse's experiences of their work situation.

    Method: A qualitative interview study with eight district nurses working in primary health care in Sweden were interviewed. The data was analysed using a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.

    Results: Three main categories and nine subcategories were generated by the authors. The categories included: The content of a good day is when all the colleagues are present, and the timetable is good planned with enough work containing good meetings. When planning fails is the change of planning because of more patients and obstacles in communication skills. Experience of their environment is the impact of the physical environment such as good working environment and threatening environment.

    Conclusion: There was negative employment in the district nurses' work situation, but despite that, the experience was positive to work independently, make decisions and use their resources. They felt collegial support and it was important to know where to turn when things went wrong.

  • 269.
    Ali, Zana
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Webbtjänst för projektledare: ett stöd för ekonomiska uppskattningar2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 270.
    Alic, Emira
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lärande och kompetensutveckling i arbetslivet: förskollärares syn på kompetensutveckling2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad förskollärare har för uppfattningar om kompetensutveckling. Detta är viktigt eftersom verksamhetens kvalitet är i hög utsträckning beroende av pedagogernas kompetens. Frågeställningarna i min undersökning är: hur ser pedagogerna på sin egen kompetensutveckling samt vilka möjligheter upplever pedagogerna att de har att utveckla sin kompetens? Jag har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie med intervju som forskningsmetod. I bearbetning och tolkning av resultatet har jag använt mig av två metoder för intervjuanalys - meningskoncentrering och meningskategorisering. Min analys och tolkning av förskollärarnas berättelser visar att det finns ett samband mellan hur förskollärarna uppfattade begreppet kompetens med vilka lärandeformer de själva prioriterar och lyfter fram som viktiga för kompetensutveckling. Min studie visar också att förskollärarna känner sig ganska nöjda med de möjligheter för kompetensutveckling som finns på deras arbetsplatser. Men det är viktigt att poängtera att de bedömde möjligheterna till formell kompetensutveckling högre än möjligheterna till informell kompetensutveckling.

  • 271.
    Alic, Majda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hamid, Irsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Matematikverkstäder: en kvalitativ studie om två pedagogiska verksamheters förhållningssätt till matematikverkstäder med laborativt material som arbetssätt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det råder idag ett ointresse och okunskap kring ämnet matematik ute i skolverksamheten. Enligt en undersökning som utfördes av Europakommissionen framkom att intresset för matematik har minskat radikalt bland våra elever. Denna brist antas ha sin grund i elevernas bristande kunskaper och förståelse för ämnet. Som pedagog menar vi att stor vikt bör läggas på att stimulera eleverna för att då fånga deras intresse för matematiken. "Matte är kul när man fattar och tråkigt när man inte förstår" (Rystedt & Trygg, 2005, s. 1). I denna undersökning utforskas fenomenet matematikverkstad som ska syfta till att möjliggöra en varierande och stimulerande matematikundervisning.

    Syftet med denna studie är att närmre undersöka vad en matematikverkstad är, vad den har för funktion samt vilka för- respektive nackdelar verksamma pedagoger finner vid arbete i matematikverkstäder. I studien undersöker vi även hur pedagogerna på två olika skolor förhåller sig till bland annat bedömning gällande elevernas kunskaper vid undervisning i matematikverkstäderna.

    Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod där vi har tillämpat intervjuer i två fokusgrupper. Intervjuerna utfördes på två olika skolor i Sverige. Samtliga pedagoger som medverkade i intervjuerna undervisade i ämnet matematik.

    Studien presenterar de olika pedagogernas tankar, förhållningssätt och erfarenheter vid arbete med laborativt material i matematikverkstäder

  • 272.
    Aliti, Albert
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Modern Colonizer: Travelling, Orientalism and Colonialism in Alex Garland's The Beach2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Aliti, Albert
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Chukwuemeka, Jordan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Changes in English Language Textbooks in Relation to English as an International Language and Curricula for English in Swedish Upper Secondary School2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 274.
    Alizadeh Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    KTH.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars E.
    KTH.
    Optimisation of Lilla Edet Landslide GPS Monitoring Network2015In: Journal of Geodetic Science, ISSN 2081-9919, E-ISSN 2081-9943, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 57-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the year 2000, some periodic investigations have been performed in the Lilla Edet region to monitor and possibly determine the landslide of the area with GPS measurements. The responsible consultant has conducted this project by setting up some stable stations for GPS receivers in the risky areas of Lilla Edet and measured the independent baselines amongst the stations according to their observation plan. Here, we optimise the existing surveying network and determine the optimal configuration of the observation plan based on different criteria.We aim to optimise the current network to become sensitive to detect 5 mm possible displacements in each net point. The network quality criteria of precision, reliability and cost are used as object functions to perform single-, bi- and multi-objective optimisation models. It has been shown in the results that the single-objective model of reliability, which is constrained to the precision, provides much higher precision than the defined criterion by preserving almost all of the observations. However, in this study, the multi-objective model can fulfil all the mentioned quality criteria of the network by 17% less measurements than the original observation plan, meaning 17%of saving time, cost and effort in the project.

  • 275.
    Alizadeh-Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Jensen, Anna O.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Optimization of deformation monitoring networks using finite element strain analysis2018In: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 187-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An optimal design of a geodetic network can fulfill the requested precision and reliability of the network, and decrease the expenses of its execution by removing unnecessary observations. The role of an optimal design is highlighted in deformation monitoring network due to the repeatability of these networks. The core design problem is how to define precision and reliability criteria. This paper proposes a solution, where the precision criterion is defined based on the precision of deformation parameters, i. e. precision of strain and differential rotations. A strain analysis can be performed to obtain some information about the possible deformation of a deformable object. In this study, we split an area into a number of three-dimensional finite elements with the help of the Delaunay triangulation and performed the strain analysis on each element. According to the obtained precision of deformation parameters in each element, the precision criterion of displacement detection at each network point is then determined. The developed criterion is implemented to optimize the observations from the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Skåne monitoring network in Sweden. The network was established in 1989 and straddled the Tornquist zone, which is one of the most active faults in southern Sweden. The numerical results show that 17 out of all 21 possible GPS baseline observations are sufficient to detect minimum 3 mm displacement at each network point. © 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

  • 276.
    Alizadeh-Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars
    Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Effect of Instrumental Precision on Optimisation of Displacement Monitoring Networks2016In: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, ISSN 1217-8977, E-ISSN 1587-1037, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 761-772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to detect the geo-hazards, different deformation monitoring networks are usually established. It is of importance to design an optimal monitoring network to fulfil the requested precision and reliability of the network. Generally, the same observation plan is considered during different time intervals (epochs of observation). Here, we investigate the case that instrumental improvements in sense of precision are used in two successive epochs. As a case study, we perform the optimisation procedure on a GPS monitoring network around the Lilla Edet village in the southwest of Sweden. The network was designed for studying possible displacements caused by landslides. The numerical results show that the optimisation procedure yields an observation plan with significantly fewer baselines in the latter epoch, which leads to saving time and cost in the project. The precision improvement in the second epoch is tested in several steps for the Lilla Edet network. For instance, assuming two times better observation precision in the second epoch decreases the number of baselines from 215 in the first epoch to 143 in the second one.

  • 277.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Frivillig IFRS: En möjlighet eller onödighet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about why companies choose to voluntary introduce the international accounting framework IFRS. 2005 the EU adopted IFRS which resulted in companies that are listed are required to report according to the standards in IFRS while unlisted companies have the option to do it. There are different reasons why companies voluntary choose to introduce IFRS or not, reasons to introduce voluntary IFRS can be the size of the company or a require from the stakeholders. There are many positive effects of reporting under IFRS despite this there are also negative effects like the introduction are expensive. The purpose of this essay is about to find out which factors certified controller believes are behind voluntary introduction of IFRS. Certified controller is a profession with a great knowledge in accounting which made it relevant to interview them. To study the purpose of this essay a qualitative method were used while the research approach was inductive. To study which factors certified controller believe is behind voluntary IFRS interviews were used. The studies research question is like following: What are the motives for implementing voluntary IFRS for unlisted companies? In the analyses it can be concluded that the majority of the respondents believe that companies applying voluntary IFRS for example the fact that companies want to be listed. Agent costs, information asymmetry and external relations are three factors that according to previous researches has an impact on the accounting choices a company will make. All of the interviewees told us that agency costs were a significant cost because the cost can be high. External relations is a motive that this study shows does matter, for example it can be relevant to some companies to implement voluntary IFRS to get the chance to take a loan. Other affecting factors that contribute to the implementing of voluntary IFRS is the vision of the owner. The positive effect with implementing voluntary IFRS is greater comparability. Despite the benefits, this study shows that there are negative effects of IFRS. The implementing for example is expensive and report according to IFRS is complicated, also the staff are not always inclined to change with the introduction of a new system. The result of this essay shows that there are extern and intern motives to voluntary implementing IFRS. Despite this the essay shows that there are also affecting effects that arise when implicating the framework.

  • 278.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Investeringsprocess: En studie om investeringsprocessen i tillverkningsföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om investeringsprocessens olika delar dvs. planeringen, genomförandet, beslutsunderlaget och uppföljningen av investeringar. Forskningsfrågorna utgörs av två frågor som handlar om hur investeringsprocessen ser ut från initiativ till verklighet och vilka faktorer som är mest väsentliga vid det slutgiltiga investeringsbeslutet. Uppsatsen avgränsas i syftet till företag som är verksamma inom tillverkningsbranschen. Detta är en bransch där det många gånger krävs en viss kapacitet i form av resurser som maskiner och dylikt för att kunna tillverka. Vidare är uppsatsen avgränsad till företag som inte klassificeras som stora företag dvs. färre än 250 anställda i samband med en omsättning som inte är större än 50 miljoner euro.

    Studien av investeringsprocessen har genomförs genom en kvalitativ metod som har inneburit en induktiv ansats där utrymme har getts åt tolkning. För att undersöka fenomenet har bland annat intervjuer via e-post skett, detta underlag är det som senare utgör empiriavsnittet och analyseras i analysavsnittet. Dem företag som slutligen har deltagit i uppsatsen är Trollhätteplast AB, Leröy Smögen Seafood AB och Sandflo Mekanik AB. Det visade sig att dem deltagande företagens investeringsprocess skiljde sig åt. Samtliga deltagande företag använde sig av någon sorts planering men det fanns inte en fullbordad kombination av investeringsplaneringar i samband med investeringar. Behovet av investeringar uppkom på likartade sätt inom samtliga företag dvs. ett upptäckt gap som behövs fyllas. Likaså var ansvarsfördelningen vid genomförandet av investeringar likartad. Vidare visade det sig att de avgörande faktorerna vid ett investeringsbeslut hade en sammankoppling med företagens affärsidé. En annan aspekt som var väsentlig vid investeringsbeslut är lönsamhet däremot framkom det att detta inte är den mest avgörande faktorn.

  • 279.
    Alkema, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindberg, Madelene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Feedback är en gåva,men vågar du ge den?: Fem chefers upplevelser kring användandet av feedback på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how leaders work with feedback as a toolin their management positions. Previous research has shown how feedback is usedwithin organizations to develop individuals' performance and behavior. Further,the introduction highlighted how there is not enough research regarding the experiences of working with feedback. The theory-section also stressed thatfeedback is a process for both the sender and the receiver. The sender's process is characterized by anxiety and fear which result in a presentation of less quality. The managers described the process for the receiver as influenced by personal characteristics which affect their perception. The informants consisted of five leaders, four men and one woman. These managers had different positions and geographical placements within the same company. Since this study aims to emphasize how these managers experience feedback, a qualitative study with semistructured interviews and thematic analysis was chosen. To an extent the result reflected the results of previous research and described how the senders' feedback process was characterized by fear in those cases where the managers were to present criticizing feedback. The informants pointed out that feedback was a gift since it promotes individual progress and therefore is something the receivershould be grateful for. Possibly, it is not the presentation of feedback that further needs to be developed but the receivers' openness and acceptance. This to have an allowing culture where the employees and not only the board, requests feedback.

  • 280.
    Alkvik, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Bergstedt, Sofia
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    IAS 39s påverkan på redovisningen av finansiella instrument2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 281.
    Alleborg, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det sociala är ju goare än maten många gånger": En studie kring ytliga samtal och sociala gemenskaper för äldre.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to illustrate and analyze the occurrence and meaning of superficial conversation for senior citizens. The purpose was also to investigate what meaning superficial conversations can have regarding everyday life for the elderly and if it can contribute in creating social communities. Based on the objective of the study the following questions were formed: How can superficial conversations be described and what can be conveyed in these conversations? Of what importance is the place in creating superficial conversation? How can superficial conversation in conjunction with the place contribute to establishing social communities for the elderly? The study has a qualitative approach and the scientifically theoretical standpoint is critical realism. The empirical material has been gathered from a municipally driven diner. Seven participating observations has been conducted, where around four informal interviews have been conducted for every observation session. Furthermore four formal interviews were conducted; these have been qualitative interviews; a combination of semistructured and unstructured interviewing. Field notes were taken in conjunction to the observations and all formal interviews have been transcribed. The respondents are men in the ages 40-90 years old, living alone in private properties. The results of the study demonstrates that there are developed social relations at the restaurant which can be categorized as thin ties. The results also display how these social relations are expressed and the meaning of these thin ties in relation to the place. The results have been analyzed in relation to the studies theoretical framework and previous research. The conclusion is that the superficial conversation has a deeper meaning as a means for the elderly to create social communities. It also shows that the place is important, both in itself but also in conjunction with superficial conversation to help create these communities. The place is a contributing factor in the development of thin ties and superficial conversation nourishes this development and keeps these social relations alive. An increased understanding regarding the importance of superficial conversation would facilitate the social pedagogical work for finding new ways of preventing social exclusion and in the development of social meeting places for elderly people.

  • 282.
    Allenby, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Ydenius, Josefin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Duger du som mamma: En studie av bilder och föreställningar om moderskap2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we have had as purpose to analyze the discourse about motherhood as it shows in media which appeal to mothers. This is in order to get an understanding about standards and valuations existing in today´s community concerning what it means to be a mother. The paper´s empiric material consists of the magazine Mama, which appeal to mothers with children younger than 12 years of age. We have with the help of an attempt of a discourse analysis analyzed how the motherhood discourse is reproduced and constructed in the material, and we can in our analysis see that it in the magazine is conveyed a message about what a mother "is" and "should" be. It is even evident that in the material there are pictures and texts where the mother has the basic responsibility for the children and for the home, and that these pictures strengthen the motherhood discourse. They become an accordingly normative ideal for mothers to endeavor. We also see in our analysis that there is a conception that a woman is expected to fulfil and balance different roles in many fields, as an example you should be able to combine being a good mother, career woman and a wife at the same time. And it is very important to be a great success in all these fields

  • 283.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Komponentavskrivning av byggnader i kommuner: Implementeringsprocessen och dess svårigheter.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior fiscal year 2014 an explicit requirement for component depreciation for fixed assets was introduced in Swedish municipalities by the standard setting body Council for Municipal Accounting (CMA). The requirement has largely been introduced due to increased harmonization with the municipal companies. Recommendations from the Council is a principle-based regulatory system, which means that municipalities may make their own interpretations of less detailed rules. This could result in different interpretations of the requirement for component depreciation among the municipals. This could possibly lead to reduced comparability.

    The purpose of the study was to gain a better understanding for how municipalities one year after the requirement for component depreciation was introduced, have interpreted the requirement of component depreciation of buildings, and what difficulties encountered in the implementation process. Furthermore, the aim was also to examine whether the comparability is reduced by the introduction, where there are no specific rules for the classification of components to be made.

    The study was based on a qualitative approach, and personal interviews were conducted with respondents from four municipalities in western Sweden. The theory underlying the study was based primarily from institutional theory, which emphasizes the processes of change in organizations, and why organizations tend to resemble each other.

    The results of the study showed that a few municipalities began the component depreciation method. However, the municipalities will probably use a similar component model as they use information and guidance from the same regulatory body in the working process of component depreciation. The main difficulties that the municipalities generally experiencing is primarily the lack of guidance in the interpretation of the recommendations and how detailed the component depreciation should be. That half of the municipalities have not begun component depreciation in time can possibly be explained by the budget priorities that generally have been superior to accounting principles in Swedish municipalities, but also indicate that the municipalities want to avoid costly mistakes and awaiting responses from other municipalities. It can also be explained by the resistance that occurred in a single municipality. This can partly be explained by that it is generally considered more difficult to implement a change that does not go against the established rules and practices of an organization, but also of the municipal specific uniqueness where the budget plays a major role. The municipalities are also looking much on how other municipalities have handled the issue, which should result in similar models and decrease the risk of reduced comparability.

  • 284.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The knowing doing gap: En studie av de bakomliggande orsakerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och beteende till hållbart mode2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka de bakomliggande faktorerna bakom det gap som finns mellan unga svenska kvinnors attityd och handling till hållbart mode. Detta undersöks med litteraturen som utgångspunkt och en enkätundersökning. Tidigare studier visar att unga kvinnor anser sig värna om miljö och människor men dessa goda intentioner översätts inte i handling. Resultatet bekräftar tidigare studier samt de orsaker som antas ligga bakom. Studien visar att de bakomliggande faktorerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och handling vad gäller hållbart mode framför allt är bristen på utbud, information, okunskap, en begränsad ekonomi samt psykiska faktorer som välbefinnande av att handla snygga kläder och ett starkt begär av det senaste modet. Studien visar även att unga kvinnor inspirerar varandra och därför också påverkar varandras beteende

  • 285.
    Allgurén, Olivia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Patama, Sanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Securing the just-in-time delivery for the after-market: Study at Volvo car customer service2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis has been performed at Volvo Car Customer Service in Gothenburg, Sweden. The output from the study will support Volvo to secure the Just-In-Time delivery of referrals for the after-market. The scope was limited to referrals from pre-planned orders, which occurs when there is no availability in the distribution centre where the orders were placed.

    Volvo's main warehouse in Europe is the Central Distribution Centre, which process referrals. The warehouse had an ongoing organisational change during this study. The concern was that the change would not lead to optimal conditions for processing referrals for different markets. It was therefore important to preserve the market knowledge in order to maintain a reliable referral service.

    A qualitative study was used and the information was gathered primarily through semi-structured interviews. Literature was studied both initially and continuously through the study. Analyse of the literature, current situation and data collection generated ideas for possible ways of securing the referral process and improvements. Benchmarking and Workshop was also performed in order to obtain further ideas.

    The result of this study was an information material containing information about all concerned markets, overview of referral flow and information regarding how the Central Distribution Centre needs to print referrals. The proposals suggested for future work were explained in long- and short-term. The short-term suggestions include use of the developed material in order to preserve the knowledge along with providing correct working conditions. For long-term suggestions focus has been on how to reduce or remove the printing problem. For future work Volvo Car Customer Service should consider these proposals in order to secure and improve the referral service.

  • 286.
    Alléus, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Dalin, Patrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Vass, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Planering av laddstationer vid flerbostadshus2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sales of electric vehicles grow annually which increases the need for charging stations on parking lots at apartment houses. This report explore both the technical and the economical aspects of electric car charging for Stenungsundshem. The types of electric cars available on the market that can be charged by energy from the electric power network is the Plug-in hybrid and the electric car. The most common type on the market is the Plug-in hybrid which is driven by an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. The electric car is only driven by an electric motor. Charging times for electric cars depend on if the charging station is designed with normal charging or fast charging. For home charging, normal charging is the most common type of charging where the car is fully charged after six to ten hours. The connection between charging stations and cars can be made by different types of connectors. The European standard is the Type 2 connector. Safety is very important when charging electric cars, Therefore, charging stations have been divided into four different safety modes. Safety modes differ depending on the type of communication available between the charging station and the car. Mode 3 is the standardized mode in the Nordic countries. Charging of electric cars can result in power peaks which the main fuse must be dimensioned for. Power peaks can be reduced by using some type of load balancing system where available power during the day is distributed between charging stations to keep the power consumption below rated power. Terms of how charging is done and installation of charging station must be in compliance with Ellagen. For easier compliance and clarification of Ellagen standards and regulations should be used. In this project cable dimensioning by power requirements for different amounts of charging stations has been made, PEX insulated aluminum cable is exclusively used within the project. The market of charging stations is explored to look at different solutions and costs for charging stations and routing of cables. The best option for Stenungsundshem is currently to install two charging station for charging outlets to four parking spaces. Contributions like “Klimatklivet” can reduce total costs of investments for charging stations and cable routing with up to 50%.

  • 287.
    Alm, Helén
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Strategisk Talent Management: Strategier för att behålla sina vassaste medarbetare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Competence is a very important part of organizations to ensure that the organization has the right kind of skills to meet the demands. Recruitment of new employees is very costly and it is therefore important to retain the employees in the organization. A special form of careerplanning for those who are high-potentials in the organizations is called Talent management. The purpose of the study was to contribute knowledge about how Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations and to bring high-potentials to remain in the organization. To study this, I did a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations' work and is a common HR activity in organizations. The study shows that high-potentials remains in an organization when they have a challenging job that involves a lot of responsibility, they feel that they have the trust of his boss, they have a good opportunity for career development and they have a good working environment. The study also shows that as head of a talent, it is important to give employees feedback and praise, have conversations regarding career planning, let employees work with what they are good at and give the employees motivated by getting more tasks and more responsibility.

  • 288.
    Alm, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Miller, Klara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Det dagliga livet efter att ha drabbats av en stroke: en litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People that suffer from stroke become a regular patient category in hospitals. A severe change in the patient's living situation occurs both physically, mentally and socially. A stroke can cause physical as well as cognitive impairments. When patients lose their physical ability it often leads to a sense of loss. The disability prevents the stroke survivors from living as before and they feel they are no longer in control of their lives.

    Aim: To describe patient's experiences of performing activities of daily living after a stroke.

    Method: Method of contributing to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research.

    Results: The result is described in two main themes: being physically limited and being psychosocially limited. Patients described traumatic and emotional experiences when they were not able to control their body and suddenly became dependent on nursing. Nurses have an important role in making the patient involved in nursing care to facilitate the patient's sense of dignity. The patients had difficulty processing their feelings after the stroke and they felt worried about the future. Social relations could be adversely affected when cognitive impairments prevented the patients and they felt sorrow when their future plans changed dramatically.

    Conclusion: Patients affected by stroke were in an exposed situation. They perceived that their changed body affected them both emotionally and existentially and they had trouble accepting their functional difficulties. Everyday life became complex because of the complications after the stroke.

  • 289.
    Almahdawi, Shahad
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    The impact of using touch technology in elementary education2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before the touch-sensitive screen technology invented and being widely used all over the world, the education process was limited to three main points, the student, the teacher and the subject. Now the touch-sensitive screen is quickly becoming the fourth point that supports the education process.

    The aim of this project is to define the role of touch technology on education, and to check how the process has changed using new materials. The project will mainly analyse the impact of those devices in primary schools, age 6 – 12 years and their teachers.

    The report is divided into three main parts, the first part is to examine the effect of touch devices on the student, the second part related to the impact of these devices on the teacher and the third part will investigate how the touch technology influences the educational material. In the report I will also try to highlight the most important pros and cons of this technology, and also to highlight the most important flaws and shortcomings of using the devices in this area to make use of this useful technology.

    The study will also show how the results differ using such devices, outcomes including doing homework, working together in groups, communicating with other students and teachers.

  • 290.
    Almgård, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Samhällskunskapsämnets Janusansikte: En kvalitativ studie om hur samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet betonar aktualiteter i undervsiningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna ämnesdidaktiska uppsats ämnar jag belysa hur samhällskunskapslärare betonar aktualiteter inom sin undervisning. Detta sker genom intervjuer med sex samhällskunskapslärare, samtliga verksamma inom kommunala gymnasieskolor i Västra Götalandsregionen. Uppsatsens empiriska material inhämtades under hösten 2016.

    Gymnasielärarens roll som både pedagog och myndighetsutövare tar sin utgångspunkt i transformation och realisering av styrdokument (läro- och kursplaner). Beroende på hur lärare tolkar kunskapsuppdraget utmynnar undervisningen på skilda sätt. Detta förfarande är att betrakta, i termer av Lipsky (2010), såsom att närbyråkraten ständigt står inför olika dilemman i sin service till medborgarna. Även om läraren skall förhålla sig sakligt och vidare beakta myndigheters beslut genomsyras lärarprofessionen ändock av diskrepans. Dessa avvikelser synliggörs i samhällskunskapslärares förhållningssätt till aktualiteter inom undervisning och utmärks av en dubbelhet. Lärare som upplever sig fria i relation till styrdokument blickar mot framtiden och ger uttryck för att "världen anpassar sig till ämnet samhällskunskap". Emellertid påvisar lärare som känner sig mer styrda ett regredierande förhållningssätt gentemot eleverna och ger ett minskat utrymme åt aktualiteter.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att bidra med ökad kunskap om hur samhällskunskapslärare lägger betoning på aktualiteter. Detta sker genom ett nedslag i en aktuell händelse som karaktäriseras likt en komplex och värdeladdad fråga. Min ambition är således att rikta ljuset mot terrororganisationen IS/Daesh inom en undervisningskontext, vilken också fyller funktionen att bistå uppsatsen som ett fall inom kunskapsområdet aktualiteter i ämnet samhällskunskap på gymnasiet.

    Tillvägagångssättet för uppsatsen sker genom en kvalitativ semi-strukturerad intervjumetod av sex samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet. Studien är av beskrivande karaktär, varför fokus riktas mot samhällskunskapslärarnas beskrivning av deras undervisning om aktualiteter. Studien sker inom en småskalig nivå och fokuserar på några få beskrivningar av vad som bör ses likt ett samhälleligt fenomen – IS/Daesh. I uppsatsen ämnar jag synliggöra hur lärare talar om IS/Daesh som en aktualitet. För att kunna identifiera lärarnas angreppsätt används en antagonistisk diskursanalys som inhämtats av Ernesto Laclau och Chantal Mouffes diskursteori.

  • 291.
    Almqist, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindvall, Pia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Vart tog läslusten vägen: En kvalitativ studie om hur grundskolelärare ser på förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att beskriva och problematisera hur lärare ser på förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling. Utifrån detta syfte har vi formulerat tre forskningsfrågor. Den första handlar om hur lärare ser på läslust. Här har vi utgått ifrån deras egen bakgrund samt om de menar att läslust går att påverka eller inte. Utifrån hur lärarna ser på läslust har vi sedan en forskningsfråga om vilka samband de ser mellan läslust och läsutveckling. Att främja en god läsutveckling bör vara det huvudsakliga arbetet när det gäller läsning. Vi undersöker i studien hur viktig lärarna anser att läslusten är för att främja en positiv utveckling. För att besvara denna forskningsfråga behövde vi ta reda på vilka arbetssätt och arbetsformer lärare anser öka elevernas läslust. Detta genom att be lärarna berätta om vilka aktiviteter de tycker ger en positiv upplevelse av läsning och därmed främjar en god läslust. För att utföra undersökningen valde vi en kvalitativ metod, där vi använde oss av Kvales (1997) modell för att, utifrån forskningsfrågorna, formulera intervjufrågor. Studien har bestått av fem intervjuer med lärare i årskurserna 1 – 3.

    Resultatet av studien visar att begreppet läslust kan definieras på olika sätt. Detta leder till att förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling också tolkas på olika sätt av de deltagande lärarna. Det framkommer att läslust enligt några lärare har med yttre motivation att göra medan andra är inriktade på att eleverna behöver finna en inre motivation för att uppleva läslust. De skillnader som antyds angående sambandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling synliggörs vid diskussion kring lämpliga arbetssätt och vid tolkning av vilka centrala delar lärarna lägger fokus på under intervjuerna. Trots att alla lärare kan ge exempel på lämpliga arbetssätt för att skapa läslust och ge förutsättningar för god läsutveckling finns det hos några en grundtanke i att läsning främst handlar om att eleverna ska kunna läsa tyst på egen hand. I arbetet problematiserar vi hur lärare framhåller att detta läsande blir både lustfyllt och utvecklande

  • 292.
    Almqvist, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nadj, Sanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Leder invandring till ekonomiska förluster?: Hur arbetskraftinvandringen påverkar Sveriges ekonomi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a history of labor migration since the World War II. The migration structure has however changed over the last decades and contains a greater number of refugees. The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of labor migration on the economic growth in Sweden. Also throughout the study we will investigate whether Sweden needs labor migration to meet the needs of the labor market. With this study we want to create a discussion that could provide a greater understanding to the impact of labor migration. The time period in this study extends from 1970 to 2014. A Panel Vector autoregressive model (VAR) will be used to analyze the relationship between labor migration and economic growth. By support of previous research, a theoretical discussion and a comparison of results regarding labor migrations effect on the economic growth will be carried out. In the study we can deduce a positive impact on the Swedish economic growth of the immigration. The variable immigration does however not only take the labor migration into account, which can lead to a deceptive result, because the impact of all immigration is captured in this variable. In the analysis of the result we can interpret that immigration does not displace domestic labor, because of the positive impact of immigration on the employment rate.

  • 293.
    Almqvist, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindvall, Pia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Standardalgoritmer eller skriftlig huvudräkning: en empirisk studie kring två vanliga beräkningsmetoder2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden för studien är den diskussion som sedan länge funnits kring standardalgoritmer. Frågan är om standardalgoritmerna främjar elevernas matematiska utveckling eller inte. Inom skolan har denna beräkningsmetod används i varierande utsträckning genom åren, från att vara självklar till att ifrågasättas totalt och näst intill uteslutas från undervisningen i skolan. Studiens syfte är att ta reda på vilken av de skriftliga beräkningsmetoderna skriftlig huvudräkning och standardalgoritmer som elever har lättast för vid beräkning av tvåsiffriga tal inom addition och subtraktion, samt vilken metod de föredrar att använda. I anslutning till detta är syftet också att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning lärarens perspektiv har betydelse för elevernas resultat och vilken metod de föredrar. För att undersöka detta innehåller studien ett elevtest med matematikuppgifter som beräknas med hjälp av de två aktuella metoderna samt en enkät och en lärarintervju. Resultatet av dessa undersökningar visar att den aktuella klassen har lättast för att beräkna matematikuppgifter med hjälp av standardalgoritmer och att det främst är subtraktion med växling som eleverna har svårt för. Enkäterna visar också att det är standardalgoritmerna som förespråkas av eleverna, vilket stämmer överens med testresultatet. Klassens lärare förespråkar också standardalgoritmer men har arbetat med båda metoderna i klassen. Läraren har arbetat mer aktivt med standardalgoritmer i klassrummet, vilket gör att eleverna har fått mer träning i att använda standardalgoritmer, vilket kan vara en förklaring till att eleverna har större förtrogenhet för den metoden. Elevernas testresultat kan genom detta test inte ge en korrekt bild av vilken metod som är lättast för elever generellt, utan visar främst att dessa elever har betydligt större förtrogenhet för standardalgoritmer. Testresultaten kan bero på hur mycket tid som lagts ner på respektive metod, men det är också möjligt att standardalgoritmerna är en enklare metod.

  • 294.
    Almqvist, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Lathund för val av förband mellan transformator och ställverk2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 295.
    Almqvist, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det ska va gôtt å leva: En studie om betydelsen av att delta i en framtidsverkstad2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 296.
    Almqvist, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Lyckhage, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att skämmas över sitt barn: Föräldrars upplevelse av att leva med barn med självskadebeteende2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly seen in younger people. Deliberate self-harm is seen as a complication of mental illness. Self-harm means that people intentionally injure themselves as a habit and with more or less severe de-gree, but with no intention to take their own life. Aim: The aim of the study is to illustrate parents’ experiences of their child’s deliberate self-harm behavior. Method: A literature-based study based on analysis of ten qualitative articles. Results: The results are presented in three main themes and ten subthemes. The first main theme is "A roller coaster of feelings", with three subthemes "First battle", "Feelings of guilt and shame" and "Anxiety and fear". The second main theme is "Parenthood and family rela-tionship" with four subthemes "Changing positions of power", "Parents in conflict", "Not being enough as a parent" and "A changed relationship". The last main theme is "Parents ex-perience of support" with three subthemes "The insufficient support", "Feeling seen" and "To get support from the surroundings". Conclusion: Health care professionals need to create a good relationship with both parents and patients, which can be done by meeting the parents' feelings and being responsive.

  • 297.
    Almroth, Madelene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mällinen, Laila
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vara frisk, så länge man är frisk, då känns det okej!: En kvalitativ livskvalitetsstudie bland äldre boende i särskilt boende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine elderly´s, residents of nursing homes, feeling and experience of their own Quality of Life by examining their sense of well-being, satisfaction and happiness. The questions for this study was "What promotes and prevents the feeling and the experience of Quality of Life in elderly", "In what context and with whom perceive elderly high Quality of Life" and "How has the feeling and perception of Quality of Life changed after they moved to a nursing home". The choice of terms, well-being, satisfaction and happiness, has been made from Bengt Brüldes mixed Quality of Life theory. The Study is thus based on Brüldes theory ant thoughts about life and how Quality of Life can be examined.

    The study has a qualitative approach, in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with six elderly living in nursing homes in a small community. The analysis was done according to DePoy and Gitlins four thought and action processes of qualitative analysis. An inductive approach was used where categories, taxonomies and themes were picked up. The categories that emerged were primarily health, meaningful relationships and social interaction with others. Other categories that emerged were help/support, security/unsecurity, economy and humility.

    The study shows similar results to previous research projects nationally and internationally. The similarities that emerged is that good health is a contributing factor to an increased feeling and perception of Quality of Life, but also the importance of close and good relationships with family and friends. Furthermore, informants raised the importance of good living conditions so as economy. Nevertheless informants lift the importance of extracurricular activities but also past experience of life. What emerged as the most interesting in the analysis is our interpretation of the elderly as humble, which can affect their sense and experience of their own Quality of Life if their humbleness affect their ability to ask for help and support.

    Due to the findings of the study we are of the meaning that its of importance in social work with elderly to maintain and promote the feeling and perception of Quality of Life among elderly living in nursing homes. This is based on the analysis where our interpretation suggests that elderly's humility may affect their feeling and experience of individual Quality of Life negatively.

  • 298.
    Almstedt,, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gren, Gabriella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Spara på dom djävla flingorna åt Hitler ifall han skulle komma tillbaka!": En ideologikritisk analys av serieromanen Maus2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. I årskurserna 7–9 ska eleverna arbeta med olika texter samt olika estetiska uttrycksformer. I detta examensarbete ska en serieroman analyseras utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analysverktyg med ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv. Då bilderna många gånger uttrycker mer än vad läsaren kan ta till sig vid en första anblick, är det därmed av vikt att ha vetskap om detta samt verktyg för att kunna läsa och analysera bilder och/eller bildsekvenser.

    Syfte: Syftet är att analysera serieromanen Maus utifrån en ideologikritisk modell för att synliggöra de strukturer och anledningar bakom de konflikter Vladek hamnar i med sonen Art. 

    Metod: Utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analytiska verktyg har vi även lagt ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv och format verktygen för att passa vårt ändamål. Istället för att göra en analys av hela boken belyser vi särskilda passager, bildsekvenser, som är intressanta utifrån vårt syfte och vår frågeställning.

    Resultat: Vi fann att Vladek många gånger tydligt visar hur hans upplevelser format honom och hans beteende. Konflikterna mellan honom och sonen Art grundar sig många gånger i att de inte fullt ut förstår varandra. Även om de delar många övertygelser blir den stora skillnaden att de har väldigt olika kunskaper och erfarenheter. Vladek är en överlevare och har formats till det under kriget, något som han sedan försöker uppfostra Art till att också vara. 

  • 299.
    Almtén, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hallberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Individers upplevelse av att leva med kolorektalcancer efter genomförd behandling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer among men and women in Sweden. The disease is shown to have a higher incidence among older individuals. Recent studies showed that the individuals may ignore their symptoms. To make a choice in what treatment to go for individuals got support from family and friends. With the focus on getting through the treatment. Understanding the individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer is important for the nurse profession. The nurse roll is to inform, support, care for these individuals and give a person-centered care.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer after completed treatment.

    Method The method used in the study was designed by Friberg (2012) to contribute with evidenced based caring in qualitative science research. Eleven science articles were analyzed using Friberg (2012) five step method of analysis. The analysis resulted into three main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results The results were formed into three main themed named: the uncontrollable body, becoming depended on the environment and a new view of life after treatment.

    Conclusion To live with colorectal cancer after completed treatment, affects the individual life situation and quality of life. Therefore, it is important for the nurse to be aware of the disease and the effects of the trearment on the individual.

  • 300.
    Almäng, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Time, Mode and Perceptual Content2012In: Acta Analytica, ISSN 0353-5150, E-ISSN 1874-6349, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 425-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Francois Recanati has recently argued that each perceptual state has two distinct kinds of content, complete and explicit content. According to Recanati, the former is a function of the latter and the psychological mode of perception. Furthermore, he has argued that explicit content is temporally neutral and that time-consciousness is a feature of psychological mode. In this paper it is argued, pace Recanati, that explicit content is not temporally neutral. Recanati's position is initially presented. Three desiderata for a theory of time-consciousness are subsequently introduced. It is then argued that a theory locating time-consciousness as a feature of psychological mode will fail to satisfy these desiderata. In the last section the intentionality of memories is discussed. Using the notion of shiftable indexical, it is argued that memories have the same explicit content as perceptions, but that they nevertheless can have different conditions of satisfaction since they are entertained in different modes.

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