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  • 201.
    Emilsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pedagogical challenges in nurse education: A Case Study Focusing on the Completion Rate in Theoretical Education at a Swedish University2014Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 202.
    Engberg, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlsson, Fredrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Långtidsfriska mål: Personalens upplevelser av att arbeta i en hälsofrämjande organisation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to examine how the staff experience organizational factors in terms of long-term healthy organization. Long-term healthy goals and long-term healthy staff are becoming more and more common, but despite this, some people are suffering from illness – why is that? Research that focuses on risk and health factors is extensive, but studies that examines employees' experiences of work in such an organization are more rare. With this background, the purpose of the present study was to help fill that knowledgegap. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten employees working within an organization with long-term healthy goals. The focus during the interviews was on the respondents' experience of working in a health promotion organization. Collected data were analyzed using a thematic analysis, resulting in six themes; demand and control, meaningfulness, insufficient communication, presenteeism, health initiatives and inadequate 2 Confidentiality: C2 - Internal leadership. The most important result was in a general theme; communication, which characterized the results of the analysis. Communication is reflected in all the themes and seemed to have a major impact on the well-being of the respondents. Leadership also became important in the result in relation to social support. An unexpected result was the awareness of physical health, which all respondents actively worked to maintain or promote. The themes of the results consisted of concepts that could be found in the theories of salutogenesis, Karasek and Theorell's demand- control- and support model, as well as previous research on communication and leadership's importance for organizational health. The results of the study contribute to an increased understanding of how health promotion work is experienced by employees in organizations that strive for long-term healthy staff, which can be useful knowledge for organizations that have such goals. The study thus contributes to research on promoting health in organizations.

  • 203.
    Engblom, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Behandlingsassistenters upplevelse av arbetsmiljön inom Statens institutionsstyrelse: En kvalitativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how treatment assistants, employees on a special youth home for care of young people, experience their work situation and the conditions for performing their work. The study is based on three questions, "How do the informants view their opportunities to do the job they are employed to do?", "Are there any dilemmas and difficulties in the work that the treatment assistants experience in their professional role?" and "What would increase the treatment assistants opportunities to offer young people more successful care? ". Karasek and Theorell's requirement and control model is the theory chosen as a theoretical perspective.

    To answer the study's questions, five semi-structured interviews with treatment assistants were conducted at one of SiS's youth homes. The data has then been analyzed through a thematic analysis.

    The result showed that all informants considered themselves to have relevant education in order to perform the job well, the social support from the employees proved to be important for the informants ability to perform their job. The informants had different experiences about whether rules and procedures were followed at the departments. Their experiences of the expectations and the demands they have on them, varied. Absence of support from managers and family as well as staff shortages were identified as dilemmas and difficulties with the work. Internal education as well as internal and external resources would increase the treatment assistants opportunities to offer young people more successful care.

  • 204.
    Engelbrektsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundvall, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Äventyrsguiders upplevelse av flow vid utomhusaktiviteter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study whose purpose was to examine how adventure guides are experiencing a sense of flow when they execute different types of outdoor activities. This study has focused on the flow theory, since flow is a feeling that hopefully many can relate to. There is a lot of research regarding outdoor activities and flow but the connection between these two topics has a narrow area of research, which this study was trying to broaden.

    The informants on whom this study has relied on are individuals with different ages, genders and backgrounds. Their only common factor is that they are all students at an adventure guide program and for that reason they all fit in the target group of this study. The informants were interviewed with the help of a semi structured interview guide and the collected material was transcribed and analysed with a phenomenological analysis according to Giorgi, which makes this a qualitative study.

    The result of the analysed material is somewhat varied. Four main themes were manufactured, whereof three of the main themes find support in previous research. All produced themes were analysed from a phenomenological approach and discussed separately and against each other to detect different similarities and differences.

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  • 205.
    Engelbrektsson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Turtell, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka ungdomar mobbar andra?: Samband med impulsivitet, våldsbenägenhet och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying affects 60,000 children in Sweden every year and is a problem in school.Not only do bullies have problems at school but also runs a greater risk of committingviolent crimes at an adult age than people who do not bully others. The purpose ofthis study is to highlight whether impulsivity, violence and parenting communicationcan have relationships with bullying and to find out if there are any differencesbetween boys and girls. A quantitative study was made based on data from LoRDIA(Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence) wave 3, where 1324 youngpeople aged 13-17 were included. The result shows that based on self-reported andself-assessed behavior there is a positive statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others, violent behavior and parenting communication in the form ofparental solicitation, and a negative statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others and parenting communication in the form of parental knowledge andchild disclosure.

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    fulltext
  • 206.
    Englund, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erséus, Matilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tenderar individer med kreativa arbeten att vara mer nöjda med livet?: En kvantitativ studie utifrån World Value Survey Wave 62018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today companies face big competition that requires them to have a niche that makes the company unique compared to other actors. Creativity has thus become an important factor in the survival of the organization and has also been shown to help employees become happier.

    The purpose of this study was thus to investigate whether there is a positive correlation between the extent to which individuals consider themselves to have creative work and how satisfied they are with life, which in this study is also referred to as satisfaction with life. Age influence on the perceived satisfaction with life was investigated as previous studies showed that older individuals tend to assess their work as more creative. Finally, it was investigated whether individuals who assess their work as creative also tend to assess their work as independent.

    The results were based on World Value Survey Wave 6 data collected for Sweden. Raw data for 931 respondents with an age range between 18 to 65 were examined, of which about 53 percent women and 47 percent men.

    The results show a strong positive correlation between creativity and independence at work, as well as between creativity and satisfaction with life. A small positive correlation was identified between age and satisfaction with life. The studied variables could only explain 6 percent of individuals' self-estimation of satisfaction with life. This indicates that there are other factors not investigated in this study that can explain individuals' experience of satisfaction with life.

  • 207.
    Entero, Jeanivie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ghetu, Georgiana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur samvarierar upplevd stress, arbetsrelaterad självtillit och individuell arbetsprestation?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress reactions can lead to reduced workers' attention and working memory capacity, which further leads to reduced work performance. An individual's level of self-efficacy has been shown to be related to how the individual chooses to handle stress. Previous research that has been done when it comes to the relationship between work-related stress and individual work performance shows a correlation between the variables. However, the direction of the correlation differs between the researches. Results from previous research have shown that self-efficacy and work performance have a positive correlation. The purpose of the study was to investigate how perceived stress and self-efficacy covariate with the individual work performance and to investigate the relationship between the variables. To answer the study's questions, a quantitative survey was conducted where data collection was conducted via a web-based survey. Three different measuring instruments were used to measure individuals' work performance (IWPQ), perceived stress (PSS) and level of self-efficacy (OSS-6). The questionnaire used in the study consisted of the three measuring instruments and six background questions. The study involved 72 people (M = 32 years, SD = 9 years). The results showed that self-efficacy and perceived stress have a significant correlation with all dimensions within work performance. Perceived stress is a significant predictor of task-based performance, self-efficacy is a significant predictor of contextual performance while counterproductive work behavior had no significant predictor.

  • 208.
    Eriksson Jeppsson, Adrian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestlund, Adrian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Employer branding: Att attrahera kvinnor inom olika utbildningsfält2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market is currently beneficial for the employees. The number of vacancies vacant in some areas is greater than the amount of labor in today's Sweden. The occupational groups that are mainly sought after in the labor market are post-secondary educated, specialists and academics. The interest in attracting and retaining skilled personnel is therefore great. This work goes under the concept of Employer Branding. Previous research in the field has focused in particular on how an employer can attract staff with different attributes, as well as comparisons between women and men, age, civil status, etc. Something not previously investigated is whether individuals from different educational background have different values regarding desirable attributes with a prospective or current employer. The present study has aimed at contributing to and reducing the lack of knowledge existing in this area. Semi-structured interviews with four female graduates from different educational backgrounds were held to gain increased knowledge of whether these different individuals resonated differently about job attributes. The interviews resulted in five main themes: similarities, differences and unique attributes. For the study, three major employers have also been interviewed to gain a better understanding of how they work with their employer branding. The results have partly confirmed much of what previous theories have raised in the field, but also shown deviations and added to the previous understanding of what individuals of the generation Y are looking for at a prospective or current employer. In order to gain a better understanding of what individuals are attracted to by employers, Herzberg's two-factor model has been applied.

  • 209.
    Eriksson, Jesseca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En narrativ studie om placerade ungas upplevelser och uppväxtvillkor: Med fokus på vändpunkter, framtidstro och identitetsutveckling2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there is little research on placed young people's own experiences of their development conditions, even though out of home placements are something that costs society a lot of resources and which in research have shown poor results. In the field of children and youth science, it is clear that children and young people need to be heard more, which has become even more relevant in the social work field with children and young people since the Children's Convention ratified as a law in Sweden this year. In this study, five placed in out of home care, or previously placed in out of home care adolescents and young adults between 16-26 years were interviewed about their experiences before, during and after placement. The focus during the interviews has been on turning points and future beliefs, which have had a clear link to the narrative tools used as an analytical method. Theories of identity development and risk-resilience have been used to analyze the development conditions. The result showed that relationships with parents and peers had a major impact on these young people and that despite difficult experiences in life, there was an optimistic future belief in which there was a connection to their own achievements.

  • 210.
    Eriksson, Madelen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Klaesson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det är ett teamarbete samtidigt som det är ett ensamarbete”: En kvalitativ studie om interprofessionellt teamarbete i hemtjänst/hemsjukvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our elderly and ill persons today receive assistances from various activities, professions, but also from different principals. Previous research addresses the importance of investigating the context in which inter-professional teamwork is an appropriate organizational form, as well as the importance of creating the right conditions for teamwork in the context of elderly care. Person-centered care takes the team work to a wider dimension where the user becomes an equal partner in the inter-professional team. The members of the team exchange information with the caretaker/patient instead of about the caretaker/patient, and then assess, plan and evaluate the continued efforts. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how a team, in municipal housing services/home care in the elderly care sector, experiences/describes its obstacles and 2 opportunities to work in an inter-professional team in accordance with person-centered care. Research questions aimed at gaining knowledge of which factors as individuals/group and structure levels perceive the ability of the team to be effective and how the concept of person-centered care is perceived. Seven employees in an interprofessional home care team were interviewed according to semi-structured interviews, and the interviews were analyzed according to thematic analysis. A complex picture was described, and in the results it emerged that the current context can create obstacles to the professions to interact effectively in inter-professional teams. Factors that hinder the team's ability to be effective are considered by respondents to be; the organization's set up as well as the team’s lack of close interaction. The professions perceive and describe the concept of person-centered care in a similar manner. It is about listening and assuming the patient/caretaker's perception of quality of life and creating an opportunity for participation in how the care is performed. Our results can contribute to knowledge and understanding of the challenges a home care team face. 

  • 211.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johannesson, Elias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Emilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Region Västra Götaland, Intensive Care Unit, NU Hospital Group, SE-46173 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Development and Psychometric Test of the Salutogenic Survey on Sustainable Working Life for Nurses: Identifying Resistance Resources against Stress2024In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive research shows nurses’ work environment to be particularly stressful. This study develops, explores, and psychometrically tests a new profession-specific questionnaire identifying generalised and specific resistance resources, that make it possible to measure resources to manage work-related stress. An exploratory study design was employed. The questionnaire development was inspired by the MEASURE approach and the salutogenic theory of health. Building on the results from a literature review of nursing research and salutogenesis, supplemented by twelve interviews with hospital nurses, an item pool was generated. The first version was pilot-tested in a group of nurses who were studying to become specialist nurses. The second version of the questionnaire was psychometrically tested on a sample of registered nurses in close patient care (n = 475), analysed using confirmatory factor analysis to test seven predefined domains of the questionnaire. The analysis revealed a first order seven-domain model of 21 items: job satisfaction, professional role, work motivation, commitment, belonging in the workplace, factors and conditions for remaining in the profession, and workload. The structure of the questionnaire indicates its usefulness in clinical practice for measuring resistance resources.

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    fulltext
  • 212.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning2018In: Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, Vol. 9, no 34, p. 17-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barn behöver vuxna som kan lyssna2018In: Barnbladet, E-ISSN 0349-1994, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Reactions to Tinnitus2008In: The Consumer Handbook on Tinnitus / [ed] Tyler, Richard S., Sedona: Auricle Ink. , 2008, p. 49-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Varför har NPD-diagnoser för barn utvecklats till en epidemi?2023In: Abstracts för Decemberkonferensen, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2023, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den neuropsykiatriska diagnosmanualen är ett trubbigt verktyg och saknar dessutom – i de flesta fall – ett individuellt perspektiv på de drabbade barnens situation. Att inte erkänna att människors erfarenheter och upplevelser skiljer sig åt, riskerar att marginalisera barn och unga. Vi behöver förstå att unga som försöker leva upp till vuxensamhällets förväntningar äger förmågor och egenskaper som behöver vårt skydd.

    Tyvärr lägger psykologer inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) och andra privata mottagningar för ADHD en stor del av sin tid på att utreda de lidande barnen, istället för att erbjuda terapi och stöd till både barn och vårdgivare. Föräldrar som i stället erbjuds hjälp att se sitt barn som en unik individ, utan den normativa bilden av önskvärt beteende, kan öka sin empatiska förmåga och sin tillit till barnet.

  • 216.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Olsson, Astrid
    University West, University West, the Library.
    The state and art of tinnitus research from a critical discourse perspective2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives 

    Tinnitus is a condition that almost entirely belongs to the field of audiological medicine, predominately regarded as a disorder of the ear. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of the art concerning the scientific discourse on tinnitus. Our main interest was to find the answers to: Who are involved in the research; i.e. within a disciplinary context? What approaches have been most influential?  How much influence does one specific perspective have on the discourse compared to another perspective?

    Methods

     A selection of articles with tinnitus as the main objective, published in international journals between 1930-2013, were analyzed according to Critical discourse analysis and influenced by concepts deriving from (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985). Collected articles were representative, disciplinarily seen.

    Results

    Discourse analysis showed to be an appropriate method for studying the discourses on tinnitus within a time period of more then 80 years. The most influential discourse on the definition of tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of a sound (s) in the absence of an external sound source. It is clear that this definition has been adopted regardless of disciplinary field. Philosophical and existential aspects of tinnitus suffering are not prevalent in the discourses on tinnitus, a somewhat understandable result, as the influence of medical science is exceptional. 

    Conclusion

    Generally seen, the dominance of one discourse in a field of research can lead to an inhibition of other valuable discourses from the periphery (the field of discursivity). The most productive scientific strategy would be to allow several discourses to exist side by side. A significant point to stress, since no epidemiological data so far have demonstrated that the populations of tinnitus patients in any way are homogeneous.

  • 218.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicholas
    Univ Poitiers, Dept Psychol, .
    Categorization of tinnitus in view of history and medical discourse2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, p. 23530-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation and paradigms have had no influence on how the condition is defined as for instance one would expect psychologists and neurologists to have their own viewpoint on this issue.

  • 219.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, Poitiers (FRA).
    The Aftermath of Silencing the Trauma: A Narrative Case Study2023In: Narrative and Mental Health: Reimagining Theory and Practice / [ed] Mildorf, Jarmila, Punzi, Elisabeth, Singer, Christoph, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 86-103Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The association between silence and powerlessness is one reason behind rape victims’ decision to remain silent about the assault. Rape victims, who most often are traumatized, face a wide array of negative experiences as a consequence of the violence. At the heart of this trauma narrative is the case of a female patient, 70 years old, suffering from tinnitus, for which she was offered psychotherapy. During one of the last therapy sessions the patient disclosed that she was raped at the age of 22 by a man she met when searching for a job. This case study explores the complex relationship between sensory fragments (i.e., hallucinations and tinnitus) and the disclosure of a hidden trauma that occurred half a century earlier. It also illustrates how establishing a confidential therapeutic alliance can contribute to a sustained integration of fragmented experiences of the trauma into a personal history.

  • 220.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Audiology.
    The impact of perceived tinnitus severity on health-related quality of life with aspects of gender.2001In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 3, no 10, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) has been used to investigate the health profiles in different medical conditions. It has, however, never been applied to tinnitus sufferers. The present study aimed at investigating relationships between the perceived severity of tinnitus, audiometric data, age, gender and non-disease specific health-related quality of life measured with the NHP divided into two sections; NHP I (topics related to health status) and NHP II (health induced problems in daily life). These parameters were statistically analysed to identify predictive factors to the perceived severity of tinnitus, described by the Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire (TSQ). A total of 186 consecutive tinnitus patients (57 females and 129 males) attending an audiological specialist clinic in Sweden were included in the study. The stepwise regression model used explained 37.8 per cent of the variance in the perceived severity of tinnitus, and the significant predictors were: "Emotions", "Sleep", and "Pain", three of the six dimensions of the NHP I. Differences between gender were found in NHP II and age-related differences emerged in NHP I when male and female patients were compared to normal controls.

  • 221.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holmes, A
    University of Florida, Department of Communicative Disorders, College of Public Health and Health Professions.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults2008In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hornborg, Christoffer
    Department of Sociology and Work Science, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE), Campus Västervik, Västervik (SWE).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, Université de Poitiers, Univ Rennes, Univ Angers, Univ Brest, RPPSY, Poitiers (FRA).
    Is ADHD a way of conceptualizing long-term emotional stress and social disadvantage?2022In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, p. 1-14, article id 966900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The prevalent, neuropsychiatric, deficit perspective on childrenand youth diagnosed with ADHD prohibits a multidimensional approach wheresocio-economic status, family stress and relationships within the familiesare relevant factors to examine. Assessments of ADHD through the use ofrating scales and short-term interventions may lead not only to overdiagnosis but also to a reductionistic approach in the psychiatric field. This literaturereview aims to address research outside the prevailing discourse on ADHD as an organic brain dysfunction and broaden the perspectives on children’s behavioral difculties.

    Methods:

    The articles included in this applied, mixed-method, systematic review includes 26 peer-reviewed articles, both English and French, with a search focus on ADHD in children and youth related to Attachment stylesand relationships.

    Results:

    In the studies reported, researchers approached correlations between ADHD and attachment in different ways, and in most cases, there was a caution to address causality. The role of parents was found to be both buffering and aggravating for the appearance of ADHD. In the French case studies, the diagnosis was conceptualized as a relational phenomenon where the child’s behavior was inseparable from family member’s suffering.

    Discussion:

    This review article illustrates how children’s difficulties in terms of ADHD symptoms can be addressed through a paradigm where emotional and cognitive dysregulation is understood through psychosocial factors rather than as a neurological condition. In our view, to avoid an overly reductionistic and medicalized approach to children’s behavioral difficulties, it is time to reiterate the value of the biopsychosocial perspective.

    Conclusion:

    Professionals and researchers need to acknowledge that becoming diagnosed with ADHD has a strong connection to economic disadvantage, social status, and familial care. The academic discourse of addressing brain dysfunctions might serve the unintended purpose of masking emotional stress and social disadvantage that manifests across generations. A biopsychosocial approach to ADHD including family, emotional history, and socio-economic issues could imply a lesser focus on medical treatment as a first choice.

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  • 223.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 224.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    University of Poitiers, Department of Psychology, CAPS-EA4050, Poitiers, (FRA).
    The Experience of Tinnitus and Its Interaction With Unique Life Histories: Life Events, Trauma and Inner Resources Narrated by Patients With Tinnitus2020In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 11, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The challenges facing people with chronic tinnitus include finding relief and rebuilding quality of life. However, previous traumatic episodes may influence adjustment and prolong suffering. Recovery implies reducing aggravating reactions and improving social roles, relationships and interests. Self-narratives about living with tinnitus have not yet received the attention they deserve in the research literature. Thus, the main goal of the present study was to illustrate how tinnitus suffering interacts with the participants’ unique life histories. Method: Four women and one man (ages 52–58) took part in the study after consulting a special hearing clinic for annoying tinnitus. Criteria for inclusion were that tinnitus was regarded as a problem with negative consequences for quality of life. The participants should be willing to share how the experience of tinnitus suffering interacts with their previous life story. Narrative methodology was employed in order to achieve the goals of the study. We used unstructured interviews with free conversation, which allowed for rich narratives with full contextual meaning. Results: The findings, based on the narrative analysis, revealed that three out of five participants presented a regressive form of narrative indicating ongoing struggles beyond tinnitus itself, which they were unable to bring to closure. For them, valued goals were continuously thwarted by frustrating circumstances in their lives, either past events or current unresolved issues. Progressive and stable narratives, as identified in the other two participants, demonstrated values that rely on others’ attitude and understanding toward their suffering, in sharp contrast to the regressive narratives. We suggest that a central issue in tinnitus rehabilitation should be to help suffering patients to overcome unresolved conflicts and thereby extend their ability for a fuller commitment in life. Conclusion: Considering enduring tinnitus as a chronic condition, whose course is likely to vary depending on the patient’s general health status, an alteration of progressive and stable narratives is likely to occur during the lifespan. A progressive narrative shows similarities to the core construct of the salutogenesis model of health promotion (1). In conclusion, a narrative approach in tinnitus rehabilitation can be health promoting by offering the patient the opportunity to engage in storytelling, which in turn can increase comprehensibility and a sense of coherence. © Copyright © 2020 Erlandsson, Lundin and Dauman.

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  • 225.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 226.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The effects of noise, attitudes, and risk taking on children and young adults.2004In: Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 8-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 227.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, E.
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, article id 1319584Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 228.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Inledning2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 7-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Inledning: Perspektiv på ungdomars vardag2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, EmmaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Riskbeteende och sociala faktorers betydelse för barns och ungdomars hörsel.2006In: Inre och yttre världar: funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Esfandiari, Enrico
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Allt handlar om en bra och säker framtid - Om ensamkommande ungdomars strävan efter att bli en del av svensk arbetsmarknad”2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A central motive for research against unaccompanied young people is to reproduce the young people's own voices and experiences and work from their own perspective (Darvishpour, Månsson, 2019). In previous research, the starting point is often the government or public perspective (Månsson, 2016). Refugees have generally often been described as a threat to the national collective identity (Ahmadi & Lilja, 2018). Societal changes greatly affect newly arrived children and young people. For the unaccompanied group of children, the refugee situation in itself means a particularly insecure situation without an own family and the safety net that this constitutes (Darvishpour & Månsson, 2019). For the unaccompanied group, employment (referred to in the study as “work”) is important for successful integration. This can contribute to better opportunities to stay in the country. Therefore, it is of particular importance to conduct conversations with the young people and introduce the young people's perspective in the direction of a successful integration into Swedish society. Adult role models, foster parents and good men can be of great practical benefit to the unaccompanied young people. It is about all these parties having to take into account the youth perspective for a successful integration (Stretmo & Melander, 2013). 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out the experiences of unaccompanied young people in acquiring a job in Sweden. It is about examining what help young people consider to be most central in the path to a job. The following issues are considered in this study; 

    • What challenges and opportunities do unaccompanied minors experience when it comes to looking for work?

    • What professional support do the unaccompanied young people feel they are offered on the way to a job?

    • Which adult support is perceived by young people as most crucial on the road to integration?

    Method: This study is based on a qualitative method. The data production consisted of twelve semi-structured interviews conducted with unaccompanied young people who were recruited 5via private contacts in the form of a convenience sample. This approach was considered possible even during the current pandemic. The interviews were transcribed and a thematic analysis was made based on a phenomenological framework. 

    Results and conclusions: Through a thematic analysis, the experiences of unaccompanied young people were compiled. The themes that emerged were five and were about: 

    1. “Keys to a successful integration”, which deals with integration into society, 

    2. “Unaccompanied young people without a permanent residence permit”, which deals with the anxiety and insecurity of young people.

    3. “Social support creates security for the unaccompanied individual”, which is centrally about adult support from outside.

    4. “The importance of networks for establishment in the labor market”, which deals with contact networks and the connection of social networks, 

    5. “Future plans for the unaccompanied individual”, which is largely about inner ambitions. 

    The study area has not been explored and it is a matter of focusing attention on the fact that the young people's own experiences contribute with great benefit to the field of research in children and youth science. The focus should be on prioritizing the approach that includes the young people's interpretations and views, instead of describing the young people from a re-perspective. The research should be about working with young people instead of telling about young people. In addition, successful integration work presupposes that young people are assessed as individuals and not as categories of unaccompanied minors, refugees or migrants. When young people's perspectives are highlighted, this contributes to valuable perspectives. Not least at the stage of integrating unaccompanied young people into the Swedish labor market. 

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  • 234.
    Essman, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lugnet efter stormen: En kvalitativ studie om delar av polisens omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the organizational change of the police organization, with the intention of increasing employee involvement, motivation and organization's flexibility, is perceived by its employees. The study was based on six participants, including four police officers and two civil servants. In order to investigate the participants' experiences, semi-structured interviews have been conducted. The semi-structured interviews allowed supplementary questions, which has helped to explore the participants' experiences more closely. Interview material was recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed. The transcripts subsequently identified several recurring codes that together formed different themes. These themes formed a total of six main categories which are: conditions for reorganization, attitude to reorganization, motivation factors, structural factors, lack of trust and lack of understanding. The result showed that all participants had been informed of the reorganization before its implementation. However, the information varied in quality, and the participants experienced different degrees of satisfaction. None of the participants had expectations of the organizational change and participants reported differences in experienced motivation and structural benefits and disadvantages after the organizational change. Furthermore, the result showed that some participants experienced insufficient confidence in managers and management after the reorganization. Finally, the result showed that all participants experienced difficulties understanding the goal of increased organizational flexibility.

  • 235.
    Fast, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Bjork, Anna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Närhälsan Krokslätt Primary Health Care Center, Mölndal, (SWE).
    Strandberg, Maxwell
    Global Market Data Analyst, SKF, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Johannesson, Elias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wentz, Elisabet
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Half of the children with overweight or obesity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder reach normal weight with stimulants2021In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 110, no 10, p. 2825-2832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Treatment of childhood obesity is often insufficient and may be aggravated by high co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate whether children with overweight or obesity normalised in weight when receiving stimulant treatment for ADHD. Methods Growth data of 118 children were obtained from medical records at outpatient paediatric and children’s psychiatric services in the Gothenburg area, Sweden. The children were diagnosed with ADHD and were between 6 and 17 years at the start of stimulant treatment. The pre-treatment data act as an internal control where every child is their own control. Results At the start of treatment, 74 children had normal weight and 44 had either overweight or obesity. During the year with stimulants, the mean (SD) body mass index (BMI) in standard deviation score (SDS) decreased significantly: -0.72 (0.66) compared with 0.17 (0.43) during the year before treatment (p < 0.01). After one year with treatment, 43% of those with overweight or obesity had reached normal weight. Conclusions Stimulant treatment for ADHD yields significant weight loss. In children with overweight or obesity and ADHD, this is an important finding showing additional benefit in terms of weight management.

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  • 236.
    Finnson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindberg, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan organisatoriskt engagemang till arbetsplatsen vara en prediktor för upplevd stress?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave due to stress-related problems has increased in recent years and the number of sick leave days varies between women and men. Previous research has shown that employees with high organizational commitment had a stronger desire to practice greater work efforts and efforts on behalf of the organization. However, there was a risk that the employee made such an effort that it affected the recovery, which in turn could lead to stress-related illnesses.

    Studies on work-related stress occur to a large extent, however, few studies have done research on the correlations between organizational commitment and work-related stress. A quantitative study was conducted to answer the research questions; data collection was done through both online- and paper questionnaires with a total of 25 items. The survey was designed by two established questionnaires; Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and Perceived Stress Scale 10-items (PSS) that were intended to measure workplace engagement and work-related stress. A total of 233 people participated in the study (M = 24.9 years, SD = 10.2 years, range of ages 18-68 years, 63% women). The variables showed a normal distribution and therefore a simple linear regression was conducted.

    The results showed a negative statistically significant correlation between commitment and stress for women, but not for men. Engagement levels can to a greater extent predict stress levels in women than in men.

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  • 237.
    Fivelsdal, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olovsson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Föräldraledighet: Centralt för ökad jämställdhet eller en ekonomisk fråga?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how parents of young children reason about the distribution of parental leave days and how the economy is affected during this time. Our questions were: What are the factors that determine the distribution of parental leave days and with what arguments is this distribution negotiated? Are the parents based on gender equality thinking in this distribution and if so, how is it expressed? And how is the economy affected during parental leave? We have used six different semi-structured interviews with parents with young children. The theoretical starting points for this study is the role theory which describes our social roles and also Yvonne Hindman’s theory about gender system. 

    The results show that there has been a change in who is on parental leave. It’s no longer just the mother, more fathers choose to stay home, but it’s still the mother who takes the biggest responsibility for the parental leave. The results also show that economy, involvement and the motherhood are common factors that decides who should be at home with the children. More fathers take parental leave the more equal society we get. Our respondents share their experience of a difficult economy during parental leave.

  • 238.
    Flensner, Karin K.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skolan som forum för integration: Elevers och skolpersonals upplevelser av en kommunalt styrd insats för att motverka skolsegregation2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolsegregation är ett växande samhällsproblem både i Sverige och internationellt som har stora negativa konsekvenser för elevers måluppfyllelse och rätt till likvärdig utbildning och därmed likvärdiga livschanser.

    Den här rapporten är en sammanställning av empiriskt material som samlats in inom ramen för ett samverkansprojekt kopplat till Trollhättans Stads arbete med att minska skolsegregation och öka likvärdigheten för kommunens elever. Efter vårterminen 2020 stängdes två skolenheter i Trollhättan och skolornas elever anvisades plats på och erbjöds skolskjuts till fem andra skolor. I samband med beslutet om denna omorganisering påbörjades ett samverkansprojekt mellan utbildningsförvaltningen på Trollhättans Stad och Högskolan Väst. Ett samverkansprojekt är ett tidsbegränsat forskningsprojekt där båda parter gemensamt formulerar syfte och forskningsfrågor. Syftet med detta samverkansprojekt var att skildra hur berörda aktörer – rektorer, lärare, övrig skolpersonal och elever – upplevde kommunens förändringsarbete för att motverka segregation och öka likvärdighet genom skolstängningar. De frågor som undersöktes var:

    • Hur arbetar rektorer och lärare för att inkludera de nya eleverna och vilka framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar kan identifieras i arbetet med inkludering?

    • Vad betyder den sociala och språkliga miljön för elevers lärande?

    • Hur upplever eleverna, både de som flyttar och de som går på de mottagande skolorna, sammanslagningarna utifrån ett psykosocialt perspektiv?

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  • 239.
    Fogelström, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stenström, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    HR -utövares utmaningar i Covid -19 krisen: Subjektiva upplevelser av utmaningar i krisen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Covid-19 crisis has affected the world in many different ways, including organizations and HR practitioners. The purpose of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of the challenges that HR practitioners experienced in relation to the Covid-19 crisis and their experience of how previous experiences and crisis preparedness may have affected the challenges. The Covid-19 crisis created a unique opportunity to examine HR in relation to crisis situations. The study was conducted with nine HR practitioners in the same region, who worked entirely or partly with strategic HR issues. To gather empirical data, a qualitative method was used in which semi-structured interviews were conducted, the interviews were analyzed through a thematic analysis in which four overall themes and related subthemes were designed. The results showed challenges regarding adapting and having a crisis attitude, communicate and disseminating information, ensuring and providing a good working environment, maintaining efficiency, managing uncertainty and concerns, and ensuring that the organization was staffed despite increasing sick leave rates. The results also showed that experiences and the organization's crisis preparedness in some way hade affected the challenges the respondents saw and how they were handled. Theory and previous research that has been presented have focused on crisis preparedness, crisis management and HR's role in crisis work. Previous research on HR practitioners' experiences of challenges linked to crisis situations have not been found, the result of the study may therefore have given new perspectives to the field. The conclusions that can be drawn is that past experiences and crisis preparedness can have an impact on the challenges that arised in the Covid-19 crisis and that challenges are difficult to avoid for HR practitioners despite preparation and experience.

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  • 240.
    Fonjah, Ismael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dahlbom, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Äldre personers upplevelser av välbefinnande: En kvalitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the experience of well-being among older people and their strategies to maintain the well-being experience. The results are based on half-structured interviews of approximately 20-45 minutes, with thirteen older people. Interviews are conducted with older people living in two different elderly homes, but we have also conducted interviews with older people who still live at home. Five of the interviewed live in elderly homes and eight live at home.

    The analysis of the material has consisted of a qualitative content analysis where the research effort is phenomenology, which means a term in which predetermined sentences should not be found by our authors. As theoretical tools, we have used the lifecycle perspective, participation, society, quality of life and needs.

    During the compilation, the various factors highlighted by the informants are most important to the well-being. These were experiences of retirement homes, safety, mental attitudes, life tensions and approaches to creating well-being. The answers differed between the older people at elderly homes and those living at home. Those who still live in their own homes had, in many cases, life partners, they participated in different associations and were generally active. Those living at home had fewer physical and mental constraints compared to those living in homes for elderly people.

    In the final discussion we have elucidated older people's experiences of well-being and discussed our findings and found that older people who are not dependent on elderly care are still living in their own homes where they can handle their daily tasks and personal hygiene, expressed well-being and more positive emotions and happiness.

  • 241.
    Forsberg, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En positiv revolution för förändring: Hur Appreciative Inquiry kan bidra till att utveckla organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities and private companies are facing major challenges, both when it comes to keeping their current employees but also when it comes to recruiting new employees who wants to work inside the public sector. As a step towards these challenges, the municipality of Grästorp has chosen to focus on their leaders, but with an intention that it also will benefit every employee in the organization at hand. A work with Hospitality Management (värdskap) has been going on during several years and has proven to be successful but the municipality intends to improve it one step further. To do that they have chosen to work actively with methods like Appreciative Inquiry, appreciative leadership, coaching and organizational development. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a method that focuses on the positive things that already exist in the organization instead of focusing on the existing problems. This study has, by interviewing four leaders, examined how they experience that a venture on methods or ways to work like AI can help an organizational development. Some of the important results from the study are that AI is about finding a new focus, that it demands a new kind of leadership and that it demands that the leaders get guidance and support if it is going to be successful. There are very few Swedish and international studies within the area of AI that put focus on potential downsides of AI, which is why there is a need for further study.

  • 242.
    Forsman, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Heisler, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan specifika personlighetsdrag och inkomst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is limited research on the relationship between specific personality traits and income. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between income and specific personality traits within the Big Five. The term "facet" was used in the study referring to the 30 specific personality traits, 11 of which are highlighted in this study, which together form five broader factors. The correlations were studied at facet level, whilst controlling for age, sex and number of years in the current profession. The study consisted of a two-part questionnaire, partly with 16 selfassessed questions about income, partly with 120 self-assessed claims about personality (IPIP NEO-120). Data was processed using a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. 4 hypotheses were tested, where 3 out of 4 could be supported by the result (N = 131, age 18-61 years, 68% women and 32% men). Anxiety, assertiveness and achievement-striving were the 3 facets that found support in the result, while Modesty did not find support. Of all facets, adventurousness (β = .24, p = .02) and achievement-striving (β = .25, p = .01) showed the greatest predictive ability along with the control variable age (β = .52 , p <.001). The results from the study can be helpful by showing the predictive ability of personality on income as well as the relation between professional qualifications and personality. Knowledge about how personality correlates with income can contribute to development in areas such as recruitment, personnel development and salary settlements.

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  • 243.
    Forsman, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivation i samband med monotona arbetsuppgifter: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how employees, in this case assemblers, who have been working with monotonous tasks are experiencing their work in terms of competence, belonging, autonomy and what improvements they think could increase these factors to a greater extent. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analysed through thematic analysis. In this study, all six respondents believed that competence is important to successfully carry out their tasks as for the development of the organisation. Competence was developed through distinct guidelines within the organisation, but to advance the development the organisation could offer more education and possibilities for promotions. The level of belonging was considered high, but the respondents also called for more kinds of activities together with the other work groups to increase it further. Moreover, the respondents find the level of autonomy to be low and the possibilities to affect anything within their tasks to be insufficient. The results of this study corresponds with previous studies on this subject and assemblers in particular find their job to be strictly controlled and changes difficult to bring through.

  • 244.
    Forster, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svenska ungdomars uppfattning av sexualkunskapen de får i skolan: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual education in school is important to provide a guideline forward in adolescents' lives, where some schools seem to accomplish this mission in a better way than others. Research in these results in education is available, but studies that examine adolescents' perception are rare.

    This phenomenological study aims to make visible the opinions and wishes of the students. The study is based upon semi-structured interviews in which eleven 18-year-olds had the opportunity to evaluate and comment on their sexual education in school.

    In the results of the thematic analyses three themes emerged; the teachers' contribution and impact, content and arrangement of the tuition, and time dedicated to the subject. The overall result that was found in all interviews was discontentment and disappointment, which also incuse the results of the analyses. An unexpected finding was that a majority of the informants were more satisfied with the sexual education at lower grades, but that it got worse at higher grades.

    The results of this study provides an understanding that the students perceive the sexual education as scanty, shallow and old fashioned and that they wish for a more updated tuition that meet their needs in a better way. Furthermore, there is a desire for teachers that are confident in the topic which leads to a confidence in their role as sexual educators, as well as more time in class for sexual education. The study thereby constitutes a contribution to the vega

    development of the contemporary sexual education.

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  • 245.
    Fransson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löf, Michaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vi behöver komma fram till vad gruskornet i skon är: En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefers strategier i arbetet med korttidssjukfrånvaro2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In general municipality have higher sickness absence and lower health than other employers. The work strain in the home care service increases sick leave rates and the experience of insufficiency and understaffing makes employees wanting to quit work. The aim of this study is to investigate how Head of Units in the home care service use approaches that in this study are seen as pedagogical strategies for encourage attendance or reduce short-term absence. Ten Head of Unit participated from five different municipalities in the west part of Sweden. They had between ten months up to nine years of experience working as Head of Unit in home care service. The study applied a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews and were analyzed through a thematic analyze. Three themes were formulated from the empirics with eight associated subthemes. The results showed a challenge for the Head of Units to prioritize tasks and the main strategies appeared tried to break patterns and create a relationship with the employees. The conclusion is that the Head of Units use a number of influencing processes to influence and educate the employees. The strategies are partly to prevent, complicate, facilitate and break pattern.

  • 246.
    Fransson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyström, Michela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvantitativ studie över sambandet mellan personlighet och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that personality traits measured according to the Five Factor Model (which will henceforth be referred to as FFM), are of predictive value for both job satisfaction as well as well-being. This led to the hypothesis that individuals with different personality traits prefer different degrees of flexibility in work hours. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between personality, age as well as gender, and preferred degree of flexibility in working hours. The study was conducted using surveys which were posted on Facebook and in a medium-sized company in western Sweden (n = 572 of whom 115 men and 451 women aged 18-69+). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho. The main outcome of the study shows no significant connections between four of the personality traits in FFM, age, gender and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. An unexpected result proved to be a positive correlation between openness to experience and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. Previous studies of connection between work-related factors and traits have indicated that openness to experience was the least predictive trait within the FFM (Judge et al., 2002). Combined, the results of this study indicate that further studies need to be conducted to investigate what factors may affect preferred degree of flexibility in working hours.

  • 247.
    Franzén Kotarevic, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    För enkelhets skull: En studie om hur anställda upplever ansvar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how employees experience responsibility, primarily at work that is considered to have low autonomy and partly managed tasks. The goal was to try to find out where the boundary goes between the positive and negative dimensions of responsibility. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach in which seven semi- structured interviews were made and the material was analyzed with thematic analysis. The study found that responsibility had a major impact on employees' experience of the work, where emotions such as joy and nervousness arose. It was emphasized that responsibility is a major commitment and that the balance was important to ensure that responsibility would not contribute to negative aspects, such as health impacts. It also turned out that the possibilities for development were limited and the assignment of responsibility would increase motivation considerably when a belief inthemselves and confirmation of their competence would arise. The result showed that it was important to keep the balance between the positive and negative dimensions in order to keep their employees motivated to the level that they were willing to perform their utmost.

  • 248.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality Item Pool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 249.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form(TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality ItemPool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding(BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 250.
    Fridéhn, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Thyrsson, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samhällsvägledarens integrationsarbete: - en kvalitativ studie om yrkes- och kunskapsutveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the global migrant crisis, the immigration to Sweden has increased markedly (SCB, 2017). The Establishment Reform was implemented in 2010 to handle the social challenges that were identified and its main purpose was to accelerate the newly arrived's establishment in the job market (lag 2010:197). The responsibility for handling the establishment of the newly arrived was allocated among different actors, were Arbetsförmedlingen was assigned the main responsibility. The primary task of Arbetsförmedlingen is to support the newly arrived to establish themselves in the job market, which entailed that the family perspective and children perspective, as well as the health perspective ended up in the background of the integration work. The Establishment Reform also meant that each municipality is responsible for the integration work, which may look different depending on interest and preconditions. Furthermore, authorities work in what is called "vertical coordination", meaning, among other things, that the assignment of responsibility between delimited assignment may become a challenge (Bolman & Deal, 2012). It may also mean challenges for the newly arrived, which is often in contact with numerous authorities and other operations. For the municipality were the aforementioned study was carried out, a need was identified for a function which bridged the gap between operations and the newly arrived, hence personel was hired to carry out this function. The municipality choose to denominate these personel as Community Guidance workers with bridging capabilities. The objective of the study was to examine the municipality's integration work preconditions, as well as the Community Guidance worker's profession and the development of professional knowledge for their health promotional integration work. The study was carried out using a quality method, were inspiration was drawn from the hermeneutic approach. Semi-structured interviews and documents constitutes the empirics were thematic analysis were performed. The result of the study shows that the Community Guidance worker's job mainly is carried out as meetings between individuals that they follow in their matters. The work of the Social Guidance worker demands a great ability to adapt and a broad knowledge, as it is distinctively based on the needs of the newly arrived individual. This is possible within the scope of the establishment's guidelines and that the Community Guidance worker works between the operations and the newly arrived. The development of the Community Guidance worker's professional knowledge is formed in the everyday integration work. They will for instance happen upon challenges that will bring about learning possibilities through conversations with the newly arrived. The Community Guidance worker is in contact with the operations in the municipality and will gain knowledge regarding how they work, which in turn will facilitate their own work when the meet newly arrived with similar needs. The Community Guidance worker's own life experiences and cultural understanding constitutes a different prerequisite for the integration work. Further, this work may be seen as health promotional efforts, as the Community Guidance worker clarifies social functions such as explaining how Arbetsförmedlingen works or refer them to Försäkringskassan. The newly arrived will be put I contact with the correct operation based on their need, via the Community Guidance worker, which may accelerate their establishment process. The profession is new and relatively unexplored, which makes this study a valuable contribution to integration work, what expertise will support integrationwork and how the professions that are part of this work may be developed.

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