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  • 201.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Honesty-Humility in contemporary students: manipulations of self-image by inflated IQ estimations2014In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 115, no 1, p. 311-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The HEXACO model offers a complement to the Big-Five model, including a sixth factor, Honesty-Humility, and its four facets (Sincerity, Fairness, Greed-avoidance and Modesty). The four facets of Honesty-Humility and three indicators of intelligence (one performance-based cognitive ability test, one self-estimated academic potential, and one self-report of previous IQ test results) were assessed in students entering higher education (N = 187). A significant negative correlation was observed between Honesty-Humility and self-reported intelligence (r  = –.37), most evident in the Modesty facet. These results may be interpreted as tendencies of exaggeration, using a theoretical frame of psychological image-management, concluding that the Honesty-Humility trait captures students’ self-ambitions, particularly within the context of an individualistic, competitive culture such as Sweden.

  • 202.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kritiskt tänkande och högskolans kritiska uppdrag2012In: / [ed] Chalmers konferenser, 2012, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De högre lärosätena har av Sveriges riksdag och regering fått i uppgift att skola självständiga och kritiskt tänkande studenter för samhällets bästa. Det kritiska tänkandet är förutom en värdering i vår kultur också en förtjänstfull metodik som har visat sig gynna djupinlärandet hos studenter. Studien tar sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i Kolbs (1984) inlärningsmodell för att beskriva hur det kritiska tänkandet med hjälp av ett arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL)-perspektiv kan utvecklas. Kritiken som riktas i detta arbete är att reflektionens väg och mål idag på förhand ofta är givet studenterna. Detta skulle kunna resultera i antitesen till högskoleverkets målsättningar och att studenterna i själva verket blir osjälvständiga och okritiskt tänkande. Studien pekar på att arbetssätt och metakognition kring kritiskt tänkande inom det högre lärandet bör medvetandegöras mer och den argumenterar för att AIL-perspektivet kan förbättra det kritiska tänkandet på Sveriges högre utbildningar.

  • 203.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Sweden.
    Low Honesty-Humility gives high self-reported IQ2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The HEXACO model offers a complement to the Big-Five model, including a sixth factor, Honesty-Humility, and its four facets (Sincerity, Fairness, Greed-avoidance and Modesty). The four facets of Honesty-Humility and three indicators of intelligence (one performance-based cognitive ability test, one self-estimated academic potential, and one self-report of previous IQ test results) were assessed in students entering higher education (N = 187). A significant negative correlation was observed between Honesty-Humility and self-reported intelligence (r = –.37), most evident in the Modesty facet. These results may be interpreted as tendencies of exaggeration, using a theoretical frame of psychological image-management, concluding that the Honesty-Humility trait captures students’ self-ambitions, particularly within the context of an individualistic, competitive culture such as Sweden.

  • 204.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Self-estimated IQ Varies with Context: ICAR16 compared with a Swedish Intelligence test2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between self-estimated and observed intelligence has sparked an interest among researchers in recent years. However, studies on the relationship between how personality traits predict self-estimations of intelligence in different test-settings are still not explored. This study set up a two-way experimental within-subjects design (N = 84) to test how prior personality traits predict self-estimated intelligence, immidiately after having performed an intelligence-test. At a first occasion, an explicitly easy intelligence-test (Kajonius, 2014) under relaxed pretenses was given to a number of work psychology students, and at a second occasion two months later a difficult intelligence test (Condon & Revelle, 2014, ICAR16) with time pressure was given to the same students. No test-scores or personality traits’ results were revealed until after the study. An expected relationship between self-estimated and observed intelligence of similar strength was found in both conditions (r ~ .55). Also, the students’ prior personality tests (Big Five Inventory-44) showed that neuroticism had a negative relationship with self-estimated intelligence (r ~ -.30), similarly in both conditions. However, the self-enhancing traits of Machiavellianism and narcissism (Short Dark Triad-3) showed a significant positive relationship with self-estimated intelligence only in the easy condition (r = .30) and not in the difficult condition (r = .10). The discussion suggests that neither student exits nor adjustment effects can explain the differences in the impact of dark triad traits between the conditions. The conclusion is that the study implies that test situations can activate personality traits differently, while the accuracy of self-perceived intelligence is more constant.

  • 205.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The effect of information overload on charity donations2014In: International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 2163-1948, E-ISSN 2163-1956, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 41-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effect of information overload, due to information about people in increasing extent and number of needs, on altruism, such as charity giving. Information overload has previously been conceived in terms of quality as well as quantity of information. The former is conceptualised as extent of need and the latter as number of needs in the present research design. Two studies were conducted to test the prediction that information overload and charity donation size are inversely related. Study 1 was designed according to a 2 x 2 factorial design: Number of needs (high vs. low) x Extent of needs (long term and large scope vs. short term and small scope). Study 2 used a modified similar approach manipulating only number of needs. A sample of 60 and 44 undergraduate students filled out a charity donation form in the two studies. The results show a significant relationship between the factors of extent of need and number of needs with amount of money pledged for charity. People gave less the greater the extent of the need and the greater the number of needs. Both studies suggest information increase about extent and number of needs has inhibiting effects on charity giving. This effect, attributed to information overload, is labelled moral exhaustion.

  • 206.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The Impact of Care Process on Satisfaction with Elderly Care2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is based on the growing interest in Swedish elderly care. The aim of this thesis is to investigate what generates satisfaction with elderly care among older persons. The dominant ideology in both privately and publically run elderly care is individualized care, also called person-centered care, which holds the older person’s satisfaction as one of the main quality indicators. The proportion of older people is increasing and to maintain high levels of satisfaction with elderly care will require more knowledge. Data from the National Board of Health and Welfare’s (2012) nationwide survey on seniors’ experiences with elderly care was collected. Statistical analyses of this sample formed the basis for the results of the thesis and were reported in two papers. Study I used Donabedian’s (1988) model of quality of care in terms of structure, process, and outcome, and all municipal units in Sweden were included (N = 324). The results showed that structural variables (i.e. budget, staff, and training level) have minimal or no relationships with older persons’ satisfaction with care, while process variables (i.e. experiences of respect, information, and influence) have strong relationships with satisfaction with care. Study II made use of the long-standing person versus situation- model in social psychology, and was analyzed on an individual level (N = 95,000). The results showed that care process factors (i.e. experiences of treatment, safeness, staff- and time-availability) had a stronger relationship, than individual factors (i.e. health, anxiety, and loneliness) with satisfaction with care. The results also showed that older persons with home care generally felt better treated than older persons in nursing homes, but also felt less safe. Mediational analyses, based on this comprehensive elderly data, suggest that the individual aging condition of loneliness can be countered by providing safeness and treatment, resulting in high satisfaction with care. In conclusion, satisfaction with elderly care in Sweden today can largely be explained from a psychological perspective by the older persons’ perception of the care process, not by the amount of structural resources or the conditions of the aging persons. These findings could help facilitate the future quality development in municipalities and care organizations.

  • 207.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden and Univ Skovde, Dept Cognit Neurosci, Skovde, Sweden.
    Carlander, Anders
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Who gets ahead in life?: Personality traits and childhood background in economic success2017In: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 59, p. 164-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many societies around the world, the ideal is that anyone can achieve a successful life independent of family background. An indication of such social mobility could be that personality characteristics have stronger impact than childhood background on economic success. The present study investigated how much of life outcomes (i.e., educational attainment, annual income, and life outcome satisfaction) were accounted for by adult personality traits (the Big Five), when controlled for childhood socio-economic status (SES). The results from a large, representative Swedish sample (N = 5280) showed that personality traits (especially neuroticism) were associated as much as or more than childhood SES to annual income and life outcome satisfaction, whereas childhood SES related more to educational attainment. These results may help facilitate our understanding of the mechanisms behind individual economic success. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 208.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Exploring the Relationship Between Honesty-Humility, the Big Five, and Liberal Values in Swedish Students2014In: Europe's Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1841-0413, E-ISSN 1841-0413, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 104-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on the Five-Factor model (Big Five) reports a relationship between personality traits and liberal values, and the trait  Agreeableness has demonstrated the strongest relationship. The HEXACO model offers a complement to the Five-factor model with an additional sixth trait of Honesty-Humility. Previous research on the Honesty-Humility trait has reported mixed results with liberal values, and this study set out to resolve this. The work presented here explored the relationship between the Honesty-Humility trait on facet-level (Sincerity, Fairness, Greed-avoidance and Modesty) and liberal values (equality for women, minorities, and socio-economical groups). Data from Swedish students (N = 202), known for their individualistic and liberal mindset, were sampled. There was an overall positive correlation between Honesty-Humility and the strength of liberal values (r = .36), and Honesty-Humility predicted liberal values beyond Agreeableness. We discuss these results in terms of the significance of traits and values in a culture that promotes both individualism and equality.

  • 209.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The Impact of Personality Traits, Values, and Abilities on the View of Uniqueness of Consciousness2015In: Towards a Science of Consciousness: Book of Abstracts, Helsingfors, 2015, p. 315-no. 284Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Personality traits, including the well-known Big Five traits, the subclinical Dark Triad traits, as well as cognitive (IQ) and emotional abilities (EQ), are known to predict a number of attitudes, such as views of politics, importance of other people, or interest in self. This present study set out to research the impact of personality traits on the view of consciousness, the main question being whether consciousness sets mankind apart from the animal kingdom. A Swedish sample was tested on six different personality-related tests measuring traits, values, and abilities. The results showed that high scorers in emotional intelligence, openness and extraversion had a view of consciousness being unique for human beings only. Furthermore, people high on self-enhancing values and the tendency to manipulate others (Machiavellianism) also held a view of consciousness being unique for human beings, and which sets us apart from animals. Only self-transcending values, such as universalism, showed a negative association with the uniqueness of consciousness. The discussion extends to how the view on consciousness affects other outlooks on life, such as the view on one’s personal future or mankind’s environmental predicament. Motivational agendas stemming from personality traits, in terms of stable, genetical influences, might explain views on ontological questions to a greater degree than previously thought.

  • 210.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Kazemi, Ali
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Advancing the Big Five of user-oriented elderly care and accounting for its variations2016In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 162-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Care process quality (i.e., how care is enacted by a care worker toward a client at the interpersonal level) is a strong predictor of satisfaction in a wide range of health care services. The present research aims at describing the basic elements of care process quality as user-oriented care. Specifically, the questions of how and why quality in user-oriented care varies were investigated in the context of elderly care.

    Design – Two municipalities were selected for in-depth field studies. First, in each municipality, we interviewed and observed care workers’ interactions with the older persons in both home care and nursing homes during two weeks (Study 1). Second, in an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of why process quality in terms of user-oriented care varies, we conducted interviews with care workers and care unit managers (Study 2).

    Findings – A new taxonomy for categorising process quality variation, the Big Five of user-oriented care (Task-focus, Person-focus, Affect, Cooperation, and Time-use), is proposed. In addition, the perceived reasons for process quality variation are reported in our own developed Quality Agents Model, suggesting that variations in care process evaluations may be explained from different perspectives at multiple levels (i.e., older person, care worker-, unit-, department-, and municipality-level).

    Value – The proposed taxonomy and model are useful for describing user-oriented care quality and the reasons for its variations. These findings are of relevance for future quality developments of elderly care services, but also may be adapted to applications in any other enterprise employing a user-oriented approach.

  • 211.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Högskolan i Skövde.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Ledningsklimatets betydelse förkvalitet inom äldreomsorgen2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Older Persons’ Subjective Evaluations of Care Quality: Three studies Analyzing the National Survey of Swedish Elderly Care2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the proportion of older people in coming years is increasing, and as the organizations of home care and nursing homes grow to manage the expectations from the population, the debate on the quality of elderly care has gained a new momentum. Today, most decision-makers within elderly care in Sweden base their actions on the nation-wide annual quality report on elderly care from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Open Comparisons. This research presents findings from this national survey conducted in 2012, including a wide variety of indicators for elderly care services in all Swedish municipalities (N = 324) based on the responses from over 95,000 older persons. Study I presents that structural variables (i.e., budget resources and personnel training) overall did not correlate with older persons’ perceived quality of care, while processual variables (i.e., influence, respect, and access to information) showed moderate to strong correlations. Study II presents that overall satisfaction with care was strongly correlated with evaluation of relationship with care personnel and feelings of safeness. Study III presents an overall municipality quality-index with which comparisons between municipalities can be made, showing that the highest and the lowest ranked municipalities did not differ strongly on indicators of quality (d < 0.6). The conclusion is that there currently exists no reliable and valid measure which manages to tap quality of municipal elderly care, and that developing a new client-care centered climate scale should prove to be fruitful. Seeing how a person-centered theoretical approach is receiving support from this large national sample, implications for extending the theoretical frame of person-centeredness into psychological climate research in organizations is proposed. 

  • 213.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Rankning av Sveriges kommuners äldreomsorg i Öppna jämförelser2014In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 323-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med den ökande andelen äldre personer i Sverige har diskussionen om kvalitet i äldreomsorgen tagit ny fart. Idag är äldreomsorgsbeslut baserat på den omfattande årsrapporten, Öppna jämförelser, som rankar alla Sveriges kommuner utifrån ett antal kvalitetsindikatorer. Relevant för området sociala studier och hälsa, visar sekundäranalyser av dessa data att Öppna jämförelser gör en missvisande rankning som inte tar hänsyn till hur de äldre har svarat, och inte heller påtalar hur små skillnaderna mellan högst och lägst rankade kommuner är. Genom att använda effektstorleksmått presenteras i artikeln ett nytt och mer korrekt sätt att ranka kommuner. Vidare föreslås i denna artikel att Öppna jämförelser i sina framtida mätningar inkluderar reliabla och valida mått på brukarorienterad omsorg då detta har visat sig ha positiva effekter på äldres upplevelse av omsorgskvalitet.

  • 214.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Safeness and Treatment Mitigate the Effect of Loneliness on Satisfaction with Elderly Care2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 928-936Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maximizing satisfaction among the older persons is the goal of modern individualized elderly care and how to best achieve this is of relevance for anyone planning and providing for elderly care services. Purpose of the study: What predicts satisfaction with care among older persons can be conceived as a function of process (how care is performed), and the older person. Inspired by the long-standing person versus situation debate, the present research investigated the interplay between person- and process aspects in predicting satisfaction with elderly care. Design and method: A representative nationwide sample was analyzed, based on a questionnaire sent out to 95,000 individuals using elderly care services. Results: The results showed that person-related factors (i.e., anxiety, health, and loneliness) were significant predictors of satisfaction with care, although less strongly than process-related factors (i.e., treatment, safeness, and perceived staff- and time availability). Among the person-related factors, loneliness was the strongest predictor of satisfaction among older persons in nursing homes. Interestingly, a path analysis revealed that safeness and treatment function as mediators in linking loneliness to satisfaction. Implications: The results based on a large national sample demonstrate that the individual aging condition to a significant degree can be countered by a well-functioning care process, resulting in higher satisfaction with care among older persons. 

  • 215.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Structure and process quality as predictors of satisfaction with elderly care2016In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 699-707Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure versus process approach to quality of care presented by Donabedian is one of the most cited ever. However, there has been a paucity of research into the empirical validity of this framework, specifically concerning the relative effects of structure and process on satisfaction with elderly care as perceived by the older persons themselves. The current research presents findings from a national survey, including a wide range of quality indicators for elderly care services, conducted in 2012 at the request of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare in which responses from 95,000 elderly people living in 324 municipalities and districts were obtained. The results revealed that the only structural variable which significantly predicted quality of care was staffing, measured in terms of the number of caregivers per older resident. More interestingly, process variables (e.g. respect and access to information) explained 40% and 48% of the variance in satisfaction with care, over and above the structural variables, in home care and nursing homes respectively. The findings from this large nationwide sample examining Donabedian's model suggest that quality in elderly care is primarily determined by factors pertaining to process, that is, how caregivers behave towards the older persons. This encourages a continued quality improvement in elderly care with a particular focus on process variables.

  • 216.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden and School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    School of Business, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Organizing Principles and Management Climate in High-Performing Municipal Elderly Care2016In: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, E-ISSN 1751-1887, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 82-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Previous research has shown that user-oriented care predicts older persons’ satisfaction with care. What is yet to be researched is how senior management facilitates the implementation of user-oriented care. The present study set out to investigate the organizing principles and management climate characterizing successful elderly care organizations.

    Design – The care organization in one highly ranked municipality was selected and compared with a more average municipality. On-site semi-structured in-depth interviews with managers as well as participatory observations at managers’ meetings were conducted in both municipalities.

    Findings – The results revealed three key principles for successful elderly care: 1) organizing care from the viewpoint of the older service user, 2) recruiting and training competent and autonomous employees, 3) instilling a vision for the mission which guides operations at all levels in the organization. Furthermore, using climate theory to interpret the material, in the highly successful municipality the management climate was characterized by affective support and cognitive autonomy, in contrast to a more instrumental work climate primarily focusing on organizational structure and doing things right characterizing the more average municipality.

    Value – We suggest that guiding organizing principles are intertwined with management climate and that there are multiple perspectives that must be considered by the upper management, i.e., the views of the older persons, the co-workers, and the mission. The results can guide future care quality developments and increase the understanding of the importance of organizational climate at the senior management level.

  • 217.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Björn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap.
    Dark Values: the Dark Triad hiding in Schwartz’ value orientation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad offers measurement and predictive validity of egotistic and anti-social dispositions, including the factors Narcissism, Psychopathy, and Machiavellianism. Based on the well established link between personality traits and values, this study proposes that the Dark Triad can be used to understand individuals’ propensity towards including or excluding other people in their social relationships. A group of 80 human resource management students whose future comptence among other things will be to cooperate with others were measured on the Dark Triad, Schwartz’ ten Value Orientations, and two versions of the Big Five personality traits (FIPI, BFI44). The results showed consistent negative correlations between the Dark Triad and the value dimensions of concern for generalized others, as well as positive correlations between the Dark Triad and the value dimensions of concern for self. The study also concluded that the Dark Triad works as a moderator of the relationship between personality traits (Big Five) and values (Schwartz’), and substantially adds additional explained variance especially on values of exclusion. The etiology of social in-group and out-group processes in everyday life is suggested to be individuals’ dispositions for dark values, a path towards deviant and negative behaviors. 

  • 218.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Björn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap.
    Jonason, Peter K.
    University of Western Sydney, Australia.
    Achievement, Power, and Hedonism: Universal Values that Characterize the Dark Triad2015In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 77, p. 173-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a sample of Swedes and Americans (N = 385), we attempted to understand the Dark Triad traits (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) in terms of the universal social values. The Dark Triad traits correlated significantly with all 10 value types, forming a sinusoid pattern corresponding to the value model circumplex. In regression analyses, Machiavellianism and narcissism were positively associated with the values Achievement and Power, while psychopathy was positively associated with the values Hedonism, and Power. In addition, the Dark Triad traits explained significant variance over the Big Five traits in accounting for individual differences in social values. Differences between the Swedish and the US sample in the social value Achievement was mediated by the Dark Triad traits, as well as age. Given the unique complex of values accounted for by the Dark Triad traits compared to the Big Five traits, we argue that the former account for a system of self-enhancing “dark values”, often hidden but constantly contributing in evaluations of others.

  • 219.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Roos, Magnus
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The American dream in a Swedish representative sample: Personality traits predict life outcomes better than childhood background2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The American Dream is that any individual, not regarding family background, can achieve what they desire, in terms of life,economic liberty, and happiness. An indication of the American dream would be if individual adult personality traits predicted lifeoutcomes better than childhood background. A sample of the Swedish population, representative in age, sex, and occupation (N= 5,280) was 2012 measured on adult personality traits, childhood socioeconomic status (SES), and 3 life outcomes – education,income, and life outcome satisfaction. Childhood SES accounted for almost twice the disattenuated variance (22%) compared topersonality (12%) in educational attainment, while personality accounted for almost twice the variance (12%) compared to childhoodSES (7%) in annual income. Life outcome satisfaction was only predicted by personality (37%) and not by childhood SES (0%).Moreover, particularly the traits extraversion and neuroticism showed a full compensating catch-up effect on high childhood SESin annual income. Expressions of personality may be growing in predictive importance and constitute a societal trademark of theAmerican dream being present. Sweden is a renowned progressive, individualistic, and egalitarian country, which could make theresults of wide-reaching interest.

  • 220.
    Kartberg, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Glans, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vägen in i ett missbruk: Fyra unga vuxnas livsberättelser2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to examine and analyze how a young adult who have or have had an alcohol and / or drug abuse describes their way into misuse. We are interested to find out how they ended up in an abusive and see discern similarities in their stories, or finding similar causes. The study included four respondents aged 20-25 years, three of them are male and one female. Through semi-structured interviews, we sought knowledge about the informant's own experience of his way into abuse. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data and the following themes were identified; heredity, lack of parenting, anesthesia and socializing. The result shows that all respondents had similar upbringing and exposed to about the same risk factors. They have had absent parents, a circle of friends who used alcohol and / or drugs and some of them have a family history of mental illness and addiction. Previous research shows that it is precisely these factors which form the basis for a future abuse.

  • 221.
    Kastens, Isabell
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Koltys, David
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Whistleblowing: En studie om benägenheten att anmäla missförhållanden kopplat till personlighet och social önskvärdhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is plenty of research on whistleblowing but studies investigating the relationship between whistleblowing and personality are limited. Therefore the study´s objective was to investigate this relatively unresearched relationship. Since the survey was based on self-assessments of hypothetical statements the study also included a measurement of social desirability. In order to measure personality the five personality traits from the Big Five theory were used. The participants consisted of 49 students studying social work (39 women, 10 men) (M= 28.77, SD= 8 years). Two well-known questionnaires that measure personality and social desirability were used and a self-constructed questionnaire was made for whistleblowing. The results showed that the mean values of whistleblowing (M= 3.9) and social desirability (M= 3.67) were high. Pearson correlational analyses showed a positive, medium strong correlation between whistleblowing and social desirability. A multiple linear regression showed that social desirability and personality explained 10 % of the variation of whistleblowing and that social desirability and extraversion had the highest positive beta-value and openness had the highest negative beta-value. Our results were for the most part not in line with the previous research, therefore other explanations were discussed for our findings.

  • 222.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    Högskolan Skövde.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    User-oriented elderly care: a validation study in two different settings using observational data2015In: Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, ISSN 1471-7794, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 140-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– User-oriented care, defined as individualized assisting behaviors, is the dominant approach within elderly care today. Yet, there is little known about its conceptual structure. This paper proposes that user-oriented care has a bi-partite structure which may be decomposed into the two dimensions of task and relation.Design/methodology/approach– Care workers were “shadowed” (i.e. observed) at their work (n=391 rated interactions). User-oriented care was assessed along ten process quality indicators targeting the acts of caregiving (i.e. task focus, relation focus, involvement, time-use, body language, autonomy, respect, warmth, encouragement, and information) in two elderly care settings, i.e. home care and nursing home. Observations added up to 45 hours.Findings– Principal component analyses confirmed the proposed two-factor structure of user-oriented care. Specifically, the user-oriented care indicators loaded on two distinct factors, i.e. task and relation. The underlying structure of user-oriented care revealed to be invariant across the two settings. However, the results revealed interesting structural differences in terms of explained variance and the magnitude of factor loadings in the home care and nursing home settings. Differences also emerged specifically pertaining to the indicators of autonomy and time-use. These findings suggest that user-oriented behavior may to some extent denote different acts of caregiving and what may be called task- and relation-orientation may be loaded with different meanings in these two care settings.Originality/value– This is the first study investigating user-oriented behavior in the context of elderly care using a quantitative observational approach. The authors propose that the observed differences between the two care settings are primarily not due to better elderly care work in home care, but due to some inherent differences between these two contexts of care (e.g. better health and living at home).

  • 223.
    Kehdi, Mona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    HBTQ-personers användning av sociala medier2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a law where everyone has equal worth, regardless of sexuality. Societal attitudes towards LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual and queer) people may however still contain prejudice and discrimination. Social media can possibly fulfill an important function for LGBTQ people where they get the space and opportunity to organize themselves with peers and develop a sense of belonging and wellbeing. The five informants of the study answered written open-ended questions. The study's focus was the informants' experiences of social media and its importance to them. Results were analyzed using IPA. In the analysis five themes appeared: (1) Contact seeking and participation on social media, (2) Expressive opportunities of social media, (3) Society's expectations, (4) Social media's importance for the LGBTQ world, and (5) Social benefits and drawbacks of social media. The results of the study revealed that social media influences and contributes to LGBTQ people's life. Although there are some shortcomings and risks of using social media, the informants' of the study experienced that social media has influenced their own and others' lives positively. The study thus represents a contribution to research on LGBTQ people using social media.

  • 224.
    Korduner, Madelaine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Vad tror du folk skulle säga om du gjorde sådär?": Unga kvinnors upplevelser och tankar kring krav och press från samhället, skola och arbetslivet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In one of the work health studies it has been shown that mental illness amongst women under the age of 30 has increased during 2010 to 2013. The purpose of the study was to understand the experience and thoughts of women concerning this issue. A qualitative analysis with semistructured interviews of four young women in the ages 20-26 was chosen. The theory used was symbolic interactionism with a focus on the socialization process, which is a lifelong process in how people learn how to be a social human being. This process was efficient and explains how they were able to adapt to other people in different situations. They thought that mental illness comes from norms that is reproduced in social media; to always be reminded how they should be as a person and look like in order to fit into society, and furthermore to feel a pressure to gain status and success. The ideals of today makes them put to high demands on themselves which in turn leads to poor health. The conclusion was that the women try to live up to the demands despite the fact that it makes them feel bad about themselves because they are afraid of being left outside the group, that solidarity is more important than well-being in itself

  • 225.
    Korek, Magdalena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mental hälsa: Den upplevda effekten av kundaliniyoga hos fem utövare inom primärvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The numbers of stress-related diagnoses in society are growing while an increased number of people with stress-related symptoms look for help within primary health care. The primary health care provides different treatments for stress-related problems, amongst others kundalini yoga. Hitherto no qualitative study has been made on how practitioners experience kundalini yoga, practised in a drop-in-class, free of charge within primary health care. The study is based on an convenience sample of 5 participants. The participants defined themselves as women aged 25-85 years having different experiences of depression, angst, anxiety and other stress-related symptoms. The participants' responses were collected by the use of semi-structured interviews and analysed using the Constant Comparative Method. The participants expressed positive physical, mental, emotional, interpersonal and spiritual effects. The kundalini yoga fulfilled several crucial purposes in the lives of the participants and was of great importance for their physical and mental well-being. The sense of finding the right context and practice as well as external circumstances such as the kundalini yoga teacher and the fact that the yoga was free of charge played an important role in how the participants experienced the kundalini yoga. The participants perceived kundalini yoga as effective in reducing stress-related symptoms and in generating positive effects in a variety of areas of life.

  • 226.
    Korp, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasiet, en skola för alla: men på olika villkor2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 133-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Kullberg, Diana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindqvist, Erika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Behov av kompetensutveckling och ett ökat socialt nätverk hos mellanchefer: En jämförande studie i kommunal förvaltning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A middle manager´s position is complicated with both the need from the employee and the requirement from the management to be taken into account. This study´s first purpose was to determine the degree of competence development with middle managers in Kungsbacka, Sweden. A survey was sent to all middle managers within the municipality and was analyzed through a quantitative method. The intervals used were 0-2 years, 5-10 and more than 10 of working within the municipality. The study would determine if there were any differences depending on the number of years they´ve been working as managers. The second purpose of the study was to determine the need for increased social support depending on the number of years worked within the municipality. The results showed no significant differences in the need of competence development. It showed a medium to large difference between the group 0-2 years and group 5-10 years. This means that group 5-10 years has a bigger need of competence development. There were no significant differences in the need of social support. The result showed no significant difference of competence development need in the interval group of 0-2 years in comparison to the interval group of 5-10 years and the group of more than 10 years. A medium effect size was discovered between the groups 0-2 years and more than 10 years. There was no significant difference in the need of social support depending on the number of years they worked within the municipality

  • 228.
    Kärmander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ studie av arbetsvärderingar hos generation X och Y2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine which values in the workplace that existed within the two generations, X and Y, if these differed and were consistent with previous research. Working Values were divided into three categories; Leadership, Loyalty and Motivation. The study was made with a qualitative approach and conducted at a large construction company. A semi-structured interview was used on four participants, two men and two women. All worked as foremen and two of the participants belonged to the generation X and generation Y. For the analysis, a thematic analysis was used to develop relevant themes. The results that emerged showed that there were differences between the generations, but these were relatively small, and the question may also be whether it really was due to generation or to other factors, such as age or experience. The most obvious differences that's been emerged within motivation was that generation Y not valued high salary as high as generation X and that generation Y tended to look to their own personal development a bit more than generation X, which instead saw salary and influence as an important factor. Within Leadership was generation X was in need of immediate feedback, such as in terms of quick response and feedback of their performance, while generation Y was in need of more continuous feedback and jacking while working. Within loyalty generation X tended to want to combine work life and private life, while generation Y puts leisure in the first place, even if they also were willing to make sacrifices for their employer. Generation Y also had somewhat greater expectations of their employers

  • 229.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City 1108, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha
    Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13115, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, 81100 Caserta, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Department of Educational Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno University, Maseno 40105, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza,Faculty of Psychology, 00185 Rome, Italy.
    Runyan, Desmond K.
    Department of Social Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Faculty of Psychology, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, 00185 Rome, Italy.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Corporal Punishment of Children in Nine Countries as a Function of Child Gender and Parent Gender2010In: International Journal of Pediatrics, ISSN 1687-9759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a global perspective on corporal punishment by examining differences between mothers' and fathers' use of corporal punishment with daughters and sons in nine countries. Methods. Interviews were conducted with 1398 mothers, 1146 fathers, and 1417 children (age range =7 to 10 years) in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States. Results. Across the entire sample, 54% of girls and 58% of boys had experienced mild corporal punishment, and 13% of girls and 14% of boys had experienced severe corporal punishment by their parents or someone in their household in the last month. Seventeen percent of parents believed that the use of corporal punishment was necessary to rear the target child. Overall, boys were more frequently punished corporally than were girls, and mothers used corporal punishment more frequently than did fathers. There were significant differences across countries, with reports of corporal punishment use lowest in Sweden and highest in Kenya. Conclusion. This work establishes that the use of corporal punishment is widespread, and efforts to prevent corporal punishment from escalating into physical abuse should be commensurately widespread.

  • 230.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and HumanDevelopment.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau.
    Chen, Bin-Bin
    Fudan University.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University and King Abdulaziz University; Sombat Tapanya, Chiang Mai University.
    Alampay, Liane P.
    Ateneo de Manila University.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.
    Universidad San Buenaventura.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    How International Research on Parenting Advances Understanding of Child Development2016In: Child Development Perspectives, ISSN 1750-8592, E-ISSN 1750-8606, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 202-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    nternational research on parenting and child development can advance our understanding of similarities and differences in how parenting is related to children's development across countries. Challenges to conducting international research include operationalizing culture, disentangling effects within and between countries, and balancing emic and etic perspectives. Benefits of international research include testing whether findings regarding parenting and child development replicate across diverse samples, incorporating cultural and contextual diversity to foster more inclusive and representative research samples and investigators than has typically occurred, and understanding how children develop in proximal parenting and family and distal international contexts.

  • 231.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Emirates College for Advanced Education. Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan, and Health and Special Education Division, , Abu Dhabi, UAE.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Caserta, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Hong Kong Institute of Education, Department of Psychological Studies, Hong Kong, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Education Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Mothers', fathers' and children's perceptions of parents' expectations about children's family obligations in nine countries.2016In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 51, no 5, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children's family obligations involve assistance and respect that children are expected to provide to immediate and extended family members and reflect beliefs related to family life that may differ across cultural groups. Mothers, fathers and children (N = 1432 families) in 13 cultural groups in 9 countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and United States) reported on their expectations regarding children's family obligations and parenting attitudes and behaviours. Within families, mothers and fathers had more concordant expectations regarding children's family obligations than did parents and children. Parenting behaviours that were warmer, less neglectful and more controlling as well as parenting attitudes that were more authoritarian were related to higher expectations regarding children's family obligations between families within cultures as well as between cultures. These international findings advance understanding of children's family obligations by contextualising them both within families and across a number of diverse cultural groups in 9 countries.

  • 232.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Duke University.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
    Chang, Lei
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University.
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University.
    Individual, family, and culture level contributions to child physical abuse and neglect: A longitudinal study in nine countries.2015In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, Vol. 27, no 4 Pt 2, p. 1417-1428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study advances understanding of predictors of child abuse and neglect at multiple levels of influence. Mothers, fathers, and children (N = 1,418 families, M age of children = 8.29 years) were interviewed annually in three waves in 13 cultural groups in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Multilevel models were estimated to examine predictors of (a) within-family differences across the three time points, (b) between-family within-culture differences, and (c) between-cultural group differences in mothers' and fathers' reports of corporal punishment and children's reports of their parents' neglect. These analyses addressed to what extent mothers' and fathers' use of corporal punishment and children's perceptions of their parents' neglect were predicted by parents' belief in the necessity of using corporal punishment, parents' perception of the normativeness of corporal punishment in their community, parents' progressive parenting attitudes, parents' endorsement of aggression, parents' education, children's externalizing problems, and children's internalizing problems at each of the three levels. Individual-level predictors (especially child externalizing behaviors) as well as cultural-level predictors (especially normativeness of corporal punishment in the community) predicted corporal punishment and neglect. Findings are framed in an international context that considers how abuse and neglect are defined by the global community and how countries have attempted to prevent abuse and neglect.

  • 233.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, U.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Peña Alampay, Liana
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, 1000 Metro Manila National Capital Region, Philippin.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University,Emirates College for Advanced Education. Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,, Zarqa, Jordan, and Health and Special Education Division, , Abu Dhabi, UAE .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Caserta, Italy .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Hong Kong, China .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA .
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand .
    Mothers', Fathers', and Early Adolescents' Expectations about Family Obligations in Nine Countries: Paper presented at 2015 SRCD Biennial meeting, Philadelphia, USA2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy.
    Sharma, Chinmayi
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy.
    Malone, Patrick.S.
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology.
    Woodlief, Darren
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Thailand .
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Jordan .
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Philippines .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, United States .
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, , Hong Kong .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Tech, Department of Psychology, United States .
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Corporal Punishment, Maternal Warmth, and Child Adjustment: A Longitudinal Study in Eight Countries2014In: Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology (Print), ISSN 1537-4416, E-ISSN 1537-4424, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 670-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two key tasks facing parents across cultures are managing children’s behaviors (and misbehaviors) and conveying love and affection. Previous research has found that corporal punishment generally is related to worse child adjustment, whereas parental warmth is related to better child adjustment. This study examined whether the association between corporal punishment and child adjustment problems (anxiety and aggression) is moderated by maternal warmth in a diverse set of countries that vary in a number of sociodemographic and psychological ways. Interviews were conducted with 7- to 10-year-old children (N = 1,196; 51% girls) and their mothers in 8 countries: China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Follow-up interviews were conducted 1 and 2 years later. Corporal punishment was related to increases, and maternal warmth was related to decreases, in children’s anxiety and aggression over time; however, these associations varied somewhat across groups. Maternal warmth moderated the effect of corporal punishment in some countries, with increases in anxiety over time for children whose mothers were high in both warmth and corporal punishment. The findings illustrate the overall association between corporal punishment and child anxiety and aggression as well as patterns specific to particular countries. Results suggest that clinicians across countries should advise parents against using corporal punishment, even in the context of parent-child relationships that are otherwise warm, and should assist parents in finding other ways to manage children’s behaviors. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 235.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Giunta, Laura D.
    Rome University 'La Sapienza'.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.
    Malone, Patrick. S.
    University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Kisumu, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.
    Rome University 'La Sapienza', Rome, Italy.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Peña Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, United States.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Boys' and Girls' Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries2012In: Aggressive Behavior, ISSN 0096-140X, E-ISSN 1098-2337, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 298-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distinguishing between relational and physical aggression has become a key feature of many developmental studies in North America and Western Europe, but very little information is available on relational and physical aggression in more diverse cultural contexts. This study examined the factor structure of, associations between, and gender differences in relational and physical aggression in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States. Children ages 7-10 years (N = 1,410) reported on their relationally and physically aggressive behavior. Relational and physical aggression shared a common factor structure across countries. In all nine countries, relational and physical aggression were significantly correlated (average r = .49). Countries differed in the mean levels of both relational and physical aggression that children reported using and with respect to whether children reported using more physical than relational aggression or more relational than physical aggression. Boys reported being more physically aggressive than girls across all nine countries; no consistent gender differences emerged in relational aggression. Despite mean-level differences in relational and physical aggression across countries, the findings provided support for cross-country similarities in associations between relational and physical aggression as well as links between gender and aggression. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 236.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, U.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Peña Alampay, Liana
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, 1000 Metro Manila National Capital Region, Philippin.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University,Emirates College for Advanced Education. Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,, Zarqa, Jordan, and Health and Special Education Division, , Abu Dhabi, UAE .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Caserta, Italy .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Hong Kong, China .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA .
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand .
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Physical Aggression, Relational Aggression, and Endorsement of Reactive Aggression in Nine Countrie: Paper presented at 2015 SRCD Biennial meeting, Philadelphia, USA2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Duke University.
    Woodlief, Darren
    University of South Carolina.
    Malone, Patrick S
    University of South Carolina.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University.
    Tirado, Liliana.Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Tech.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University.
    A longitudinal examination of mothers’ and fathers’ social information processing biases and harsh discipline in nine countries2014In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 561-573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined whether parents’ social information processing was related to their subsequent reports of their harsh discipline. Interviews were conducted with mothers (n = 1,277) and fathers (n = 1,030) of children in 1,297 families in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States), initially when children were 7 to 9 years old and again 1 year later. Structural equation models showed that parents’ positive evaluations of aggressive responses to hypothetical childrearing vignettes at Time 1 predicted parents’ self-reported harsh physical and nonphysical discipline at Time 2. This link was consistent across mothers and fathers, and across the nine countries, providing support for the universality of the link between positive evaluations of harsh discipline and parents’ aggressive behavior toward children. The results suggest that international efforts to eliminate violence toward children could target parents’ beliefs about the acceptability and advisability of using harsh physical and nonphysical forms of discipline. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2014.

  • 238.
    Leen, Eline
    et al.
    University of Erlangen-Nuremburg, Institute of Learning Innovation.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mawer, Matt
    Coventry University, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences.
    Helsing, Bo
    University of Erlangen-Nuremburg, Institute of Learning Innovation.
    Bowen, Erica
    Coventry University, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences.
    Prevalence, dynamic risk factors and the efficacy of primary interventions for adolescent dating violence: An international review2013In: Aggression and Violent Behavior, ISSN 1359-1789, E-ISSN 1873-6335, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 159-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent dating violence is a pressing international issue: yet, there have been few attempts to collate the international evidence regarding this phenomenon. This article reviews contemporary evidence from Europe and North America on prevalence, dynamic risk factors, and the efficacy of intervention programs for adolescent dating violence. Prevalence findings suggest that victimization rates are comparable across Europe and North America. Although individual studies report differing prevalences, the overall hierarchy of violence types - in which psychological/emotional violence is most and sexual violence least prevalent - is consistent across almost all investigations. Four dynamic risk factors for perpetration are identified: peer influence, substance use, psychological adjustment and competencies, and attitudes towards violence. Peer influences and attitudes towards violence appear to be the most extensively evidenced factors in the literature. Nine existing intervention programs are identified, all located within North America. Intervention results are mixed, with some evaluations reporting significant long-term benefits while others report positive intervention effects dissipate throughout follow-up. Tentative analysis suggests that programs focused on behavioral change may elicit sustainable effects more readily. However, this is difficult to ascertain with no data on program repetitions and variations across intervention pedagogy and sample. Concerns with existing research and interventions and possible future directions are discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 239.
    Lindell, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlsson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attityd till teamwork: Påverkan av extraversion, vänlighet och samvetsgrannhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the personality factors extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness from the Big Five and their impact on attitude towards teamwork with consideration of the demographic factors gender, age and education. The current study was based on a questionnaire where 90 students from University West were participating. The students were studying Finance Program, Digital Media and Nurse Program. The participants were at the age of 19-59, where 71 persons were women and 19 persons were men. The result showed that a high degree of agreeableness has a positive correlation with attitude towards teamwork and agreeableness explains 6.4 % of the variance in attitude towards teamwork. The result showed that high degree of agreeableness and conscientiousness differed over the category of gender where women had a higher degree of both agreeableness and conscientiousness than men had. Extraversion differed over the category of education where the students from Finance Program had ha higher degree of extraversion than the students from the other two programs had. The result in the current study were being discussed with regard to the literature where similarities and dissimilarities where found. Since research about attitude towards teamwork are rare, is the aim that the current study will arouse interest to do future research within this field.

  • 240.
    Lindgren, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Zetterberg, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd rättvisa och work locus of control: en sambandsstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in organizational justice states that the perception of justice is individualand subjective. It has been investigated whether personality can be a contributingfactor to why the experiences of justice differ between individuals. The purpose ofthis study was to examine the relationship between perceived justice and thepersonality trait work locus of control. Data were collected through aquestionnaire, using a Quantitative method. The questionnaire was composed ofquestions about procedural justice, drawn from Questionnaire to measureorganizational justice. Questions about distributive justice, was brought fromLiljegren's Swedish translation of Distributive Justice Index. In addition, WorkLocus of Control Scale was also used. The sample was 70 people, of which 63%women and 37 % men with participants from three different workplaces. Theresults showed that there was a significant relationship between work locus ofcontrol and procedural and distributive justice. The significance remained evenwhen controlling for sex, age and length of service. A higher degree of internalwork locus of control corresponded to a higher level of perceived justice. Furtheranalyses on the different workplaces, separately, showed that the significance ofthe relationship varied between them. Separate treatment of gender also showedvariance in the significance. There was a significant relationship between the2variables for women but not for men. The results indicated that the personality aswell as other factors in the context, does matter to the individual's perception ofjustice. Factors that could have affected why the relationship was not found in allinvestigated workplaces, or for both sexes, were not measured in the study. Furtherstudies that measures several other factors, or regression analyses was implicated.So was also the impact that social norms and collective assumptions has on theperceptions of justice.

  • 241.
    Liveland Colombo, Jeanette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Östlund, Charlotta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ledarintelligens hos chefer och ledare i näringslivet med fokus på själslig intelligens2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate, what in this study is defined as, spiritual intelligence in managers and leaders in private companies, and to validate instruments that measure, as the study defines as, leadership intelligence with a focus on spiritual intelligence. The study evaluated the spiritual intelligence of managers and leaders, and if there was differences in the level of spiritual intelligence between women and men. The study used a questionnaire in which participants were asked to answer questions about spiritual, emotional and rational intelligence. The study validated two scales of spiritual intelligence based on the Canadian instrument, SISRI (The Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory), one scale for spiritual intelligence, (SQ), which was part of a Swedish instrument, LIQ (Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire), and a new scale for the spiritual intelligence, NySQ. 90 managers and leaders in Västra Götaland, 37 women and 53 men, responded to the survey, the average age was 47 years. The survey responses were analyzed using quantitative methods. The study validated Ronthy´s scale of spiritual intelligence that showed a positive significant correlation with two scales that are designed to measure similar concepts. The results showed that women had a higher level of spiritual intelligence than men, and that managers and leaders with a high level of spiritual intelligence also had a high level of rational intelligence. The results shed new lights on abilities that might not have been valued enough in organizations or discussed in formal contexts.

  • 242.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Musik som livsmening: om unga människors musikupplevelser2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 109-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Ljungman, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lysell, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Min resa tillbaka till arbetslivet": En kvalitativ studie om hur yrkessamma som har varit utbrända upplever organisationers bemötande och stöd i processen.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim is to enhance the understanding of how burned out staff experience organisations' management and treatment. This subject is interesting study because this is a controversial topic in today's society. This is also an important subject to understand when one is working in HR departments because this is substantial problem substance that is present in the workplace. The study enrolled five informants who suffered from burnouts and have returned to work again. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews. A thematic analyse was conducted to analyse the data. The results showed that the employees' own demands and control, organizational demands and organizational support were the most contributing factors that resulted in the burnout. The results also showed that internal and external support were important to prevent burnout and for a faster recovery process. These factors are discussed based on theories of the psychosocial work environment in organizations and its effect on health. It turned out that the study's results in some parts were consistent with the presented theories; however, the result showed that there were more profound factors that entailed the risk of burnout. The study's contribution is a deeper understanding of how organizations should manage burned-out staff. By identifying factors that are significant for the informants, organizations can gain more understanding and devote resources to these factors.

  • 244.
    Lundell, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Schoberth, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevelsen av socialt stöd för stödgruppsanslutna kvinnor diagnostiserade med endometrios: stödjande aktörer och deras handlingar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease that affects every 10th child-bearing woman. The main symptom is pain, other symptoms are infertility and extreme fatigue. Living with endometriosis affects all parts of a woman's life, such as social relationships. People living with chronic pain are a vulnerable group in society. These vulnerable people can be forced into unwanted loneliness that they themselves cannot escape from but social support can be a preventive factor that promotes human quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine what social support means for women diagnosed with endometriosis. A qualitative design was chosen with Internet interviews as a method in which the informants were asked to answer in letterform via e-mail. 13 women diagnosed with endometriosis were included in the study and they were between 19 and 46 years. In the analysis of the collected material an inductive thematic analysis was used. The supporting actors identified in the study were partners, family, friends, colleagues, health care contacts and other people who have been in similar situation. Examples of supporting actions which these provide were experienced as emotional, cognitive, concrete & practical support. The results showed that the major support comes from family and partners, but the main support comes from health care when informants have a chronic illness which often involves severe pain that requires treatment and medication, and without support from healthcare they would not be able to manage their disease. These results are consistent with previous research on chronic pelvic pain and social support.

  • 245.
    Lundin, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lind, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Discipliningenjörernas tilltro till efterlevelsen av installationspacken offshore: En kvantitativ studie inom olje- och gasverksamheten hos Reinertsen Sverige.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The offshore industry today counts as a high-risk workplace the offshore industry has been affected by several big accidents during its 40 years of activity and has cost 100s of lives. The purpose of the study was to examine specialized engineers' confidence in compliance of the installation package offshore and the factors that could have affected confidence in compliance of the installation package. One of the work tasks that the specialized engineer had in projects was to design a so-called installation package. The installation package, treated identified risks in the current project among other things. The installation staff used the installation package offshore. The study was done by a survey on 31 specialized engineers at Reinertsen Sweden. The result showed that the specialized engineers confidence in compliance of the installation package offshore did not correlate with background factors or experience. A positive association that meant an increased confidence was found between confidence in compliance of the installation package and confidence of the brainstorming meetings to identify risks. Another association was found between specialized engineers confidence in compliance of the installation package offshore and the ability to speak your mind without criticism from other co-workers. The conclusion was that the specialized engineers' confidence in compliance of the installation package offshore was affected by the organizational culture in which risks were identified for the current project.This study helped to contribute to the knowledge about risk intermediation and the factors that could affect the specialized engineers confidence in compliance of the installation package offshore.

  • 246.
    Lundström, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nasirian, Mehri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd grad av utbrändhet hos vårdpersonal på ett stort sjukhus i södra Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights the problem of burnout among health care workers. Long-lasting stress among medical professionals can lead to burnout or other health problems and even lead to serious consequences for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in the degree of perceived burnout among enrolled nurses, nurses and medical secretary at a large hospital in southern Sweden. Relationships between the degree of burnout and variables such as age, sex, number of sick leaves and sick days were also investigated. The study was based on a quantitative research approach with 69 participants, of whom the majority were women. The data collection was carried out with the web-based survey Maslach's Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS) containing three issue areas (reduced performance, negative attitude and fatigue). The result showed that participants at all positions experienced moderate degrees of burnout, however, with large individual differences. The results also showed that the participants who felt that they had more difficulty to perform in the workplace felt more fatigued. The participants who were more fatigued also had more sick leaves. Correlations between the degree of burnout and variables such as age, gender and sick leave days were not found.

  • 247. Löfgren-Mårtenson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Tangled up in blue": Views of parents and professionals on internet use for sexual purposes among young people with intellectual disabilities2015In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 12, no suppl 5, SI, p. 347-347Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 248.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies, Nordenskiöldsgatan 8, Malmö, Sweden.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Experiences of the Internet, Sexuality and Intellectual Disability among Parents and Professionals2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies, Nordenskiöldsgatan 8, Malmö, Sweden.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Tangled Up in Blue" (T@ngled): Views of Parents and Professionals on Internet Use for Sexual Purposes Among Young People with Intellectual Disabilities2015In: Sexuality and disability, ISSN 0146-1044, E-ISSN 1573-6717, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 533-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aim to examine parents' and professionals' views on the usage of Internet for love and sexual purposes among young people with intellectual disabilities (18-€“20 years) in Sweden. Five semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with professionals (n = 8) working on special programmes in upper secondary schools and with parents (n = 5). The interviews were analysed with thematic analysis and the theory of sexual scripts were guiding the process. The results show that the Internet is seen as a social arena with complex challenges; for love and sexuality, for sexual conduct, and for sexual risk and opportunities. Young people with intellectual disabilities are looked upon as more vulnerable than other youth. However, the result also show that parents view the risk of their adolescent of being lonely as greater than the risk of being abused or mislead. A Net-script consisting of rules is geared towards the young people with intellectual disability. Nevertheless, a change to a more flexible and nuanced Net-script is shown while the group of young persons with intellectual disabilities are seen as more heterogeneous than earlier. In-depth knowledge about parents’ and professionals’ perspectives on the Internet and sexuality is important since the young people live in a dependency situation towards their surroundings. In addition, the surroundings’ attitudes and behaviour are essential for the young peoples’ access of support and opportunities to develop their own capacity and to experience love and sexuality. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

  • 250.
    Lööf, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nygårdh, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Rekryterande chefers upplevelse av HR-stödet i rekryteringsprocessen: En sambandsstudie mellan krav, kontroll och stöd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study had the aim to investigate whether there is a correlation between workplace descriptive variables, which are experienced instrumental support, perceived demands, perceived control and role conflict during the recruiting process. The survey was conducted in industry, shipping, IT consulting companies and the public sector. The questionnaire was based on the QPS Nordic 34 + and ASK. The respondents comprised of middle managers. Of the respondents, 28 were men and 21 were women. Using regressions analyses, instrumental support was the dependent variable, because the HR department is assumed to provide such support. The results showed that there were significant relationships between instrumental support and quantitative demands, role conflict, and support from managers. The reliability of the study was low for some variables in the survey which generated the results are not fully reliable

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