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  • 201.
    Hussein, Sabrina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aden, Samiyo Yonis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Black Lives Matter in British media: A comparative study of conservative and liberal media framing of the Black Lives matter (BLM) movement in the UK through a postcolonial lens2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study critically analyzes and compares how the BLM movement is framed in British liberaland conservative media. This thesis has its starting point in previous literature which identifies the various used frames, being: Episodic anti-black frame, episodic pro-white frame and thematic anti-black frame and thematic pro-white frame. This study employs a qualitative content analysis for UK conservative and liberal newspapers of our selected newspapers being the Daily Telegraph and the Guardian, to search for the above mentioned frames in the period from 25 May to 30 June. Literature on American media framing of the BLM movement has inspired our study and we placed it in a British context. The results showcase a presence of news-articles with the white racial frame constructed in combination with the episodic/thematic frame in British liberal and conservative media. Emerging new frames are also defined and discussed in the analysis chapter. Our thesis will contribute to the broader question of how British conservative and liberal print media affects the framing of race in the coverage of the BLM movement. 

  • 202.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The doom loop A relation between Sovereigns and banks.: - An panel analysis of Eurozone banks2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the second component of the doom loop relation between sovereigns and banks in the Eurozone during the period 2012-2017. The purpose of the study is to see if the increase of sovereign debt increases the banks risk. The paper studies Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain that faced distress during the euro crisis and France, Germany and the Netherlands who were more stable. The study is conducted through a panel regression analysis for the Zscore, representing the bank risk. The results showed that the stable countries of France and the Netherland had an increase in bank risk as sovereign increases their debt bonds while not distressed countries did not. The result shown implies that distressed counties expects to be bailed out by ECB while stable countries does not which makes the second part of the doom loop to be even worse. In conclusion it becomes important for banks to know the intention of their sovereign and the political interventions.

  • 203.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Izabel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Swedish identity and cultural clashes: -Nationalism, multiculturalism, racism in the ideology of the Sweden Democrats2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze the latent meaning of Sweden Democrats (SD) ideology. In order to do so we analyze how the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism is constructed. By examining the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, one can determine if SD ideology point to racist elements or not. Choosing a single case study provides a more in-depth understanding of SD ideology. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and theories of nationalism, multiculturalism and racism, a qualitative textual analysis has been conducted in order to describe how these concepts are constructed in SD ideology. This analysis shows that there is an existing relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, where SD enhances their nationalistic ideas and beliefs upon the negative ideas of multiculturalism. Through the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, one can find racist elements in SD ideology. SD categorizes individuals based on culture and justifies different treatment according to one's culture. Some cultures will be treated worse than others, which points to cultural racism.

  • 204.
    Høines, Benedicta Idiaye
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigrants' gender norms in integration process: A comparative study of first- and second-generation Somali immigrant women2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate how culture and hence values change in an immigrant group in Sweden and if their understanding of gender changes over generations, by using first- and second-generation Somali immigrants.

    The study is a comparative small-N study design and uses a qualitative method of data collection with the help of a focus group interview.

    This study employs the theory of agenda setting priming & framing, the aspects of gender and gender ideal types of traditional and liberal gender role ideologies - to explore the differences and similarities of the understanding and importance of gender between the two groups. The analysis was categorized under the first- and second-generation Somalis with subcategorization of the aspects of gender, to have a better structured analysis.

    The key findings of this study indicate that the first-generation Somalis are compelled to conform to the liberal mainstream of the Swedish society, whilst keeping their core values such as their religious beliefs. However, they hold their religion to a higher esteem and placed more values on religion than culture. This is so because Somali culture is routed in religion and a lot of their cultural practices are based on religion, as indicated by both groups. Further, none of the aspects of gender raised in this study seems to be of great importance to the participants other than the aspects of clothing which is the wearing of Hijab.

  • 205.
    Ibishi, Jeta
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Staničić, Sonja
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    “Du ved, hvad vi står for!’’ “Au Nom du Peuple!”: A comparative small-N study of Danish People’s Party and Front National in the context of racist and Islamophobic discourses2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to identify the terms of inclusion and exclusion within two right-wing populist parties by the use of a discourse analysis. In relation to the rising populism in modern Europe, right-wing parties have had a rapid increase in their support. More specifically, this thesis aims to examine the discourse of Danish People’s Party and Front National during the period of 2014 to 2018 by asking the questions: 1) How do Danish People’s Party & Front National justify their anti-immigration politics?, 2) What is the significance of racism in this discourse? and 3) What is the significance of Islamophobia in this discourse? We apply two analytical frameworks whereas one is used for finding racist elements while the other is used for finding Islamophobic elements. The first analytical framework is based on a theory provided by van Dijk (1992) and the second is based on a theory provided by Conway (1997). By analyzing speeches and interviews from the two parties, we have been able to conclude whether their politics contain racist and/or Islamophobic elements. For the analysis, a qualitative small-N study has been adapted. Twelve speeches have been coded per party and analyzed. The conclusion for this thesis is that the discourse of both parties consists of both racist and Islamophobic elements, although these discriminatory practices have differentiated based on the party. The Danish People’s Party base their exclusion on clash of civilizations whilst the Front National focus their exclusion based on ethno-nationalism. 

  • 206.
    Ibrahim, Asma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reporting Africa: Same old stereotypical representation?: A qualitative single case study of terrorism in Nigeria2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this single case study is to examine how western media represent terrorism in Africa, more specifically, how BBC news represent terrorism in Nigeria. There are further two comparative moments that the specific case will be compared to which are stereotypes of; firstly, earlier studies of terrorism generally made by the "other" and secondly, earlier studies of representation of Africa. The research gap is that there is lack of studies concerning media representation of terrorism in Africa, there are studies about media representation of Africa and terrorism individually, however, this combination is absence. The theoretical approaches that are used in the thesis are post-colonial and representation theories which are relevant in order to provide the useful analytical tool to carry out the research. The analytical framework is developed based on earlier studies and theories where three frames are presented; colonial, cultural and religious frame. The method used is a qualitative content analysis where BBC news articles concerning Terrorism in Nigeria are used as data. The thesis finally revealed that there are general similarities to both earlier studies of representation of terrorism and Africa, however, the religious stereotypes which are associated with the general representation of terrorism, were more stable and dominant.

  • 207.
    Ibrahim, Sahra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Analyzing Canada's feminist foreign policy: A Qualitative Content Analysis on Canada's feminist foreign policy examined through the lenses of feminist theory2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines how 'feminist' Canada's new feminist foreign policy is by assessing how the foreign policy reflects aspects of feminist theory and thought. The research contains deductive elements and used liberal and radical feminism as theoretical tools for the analysis of the chosen foreign policy document. To conduct the analysis, three different categories based on feminist theory were constructed to capture the main differences between liberal feminism and radical feminism. The three different categories were: the political and the private; cause of inequality; and goals to achieve gender equality. After analyzing the extent to which elements of liberal and radical principles were reflected in the foreign policy, it emerged that there were some variations between the three different categories. The first category mostly reflected aspects of radical feminist thinking, whereas the other two categories mostly mirrored the main principles of liberal feminism. The overall picture gathered from the analysis showed that Canada's new feminist foreign policy was mainly related to a liberal feminist perspective.

  • 208.
    Ibrahim, Zahra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Asylum process from the perspective of asylum-seeking women: How does the long waiting time for asylum outcomes affect asylum-seeking women and their mental health?2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative case study aims to explore the situation of the asylum-seeking women during their asylum process. The focus will mainly be on how they perceive the long waiting time and what effect it has on their health. The asylum-seeking women that are included in this research live at the asylum accommodation at Restad Gård. The research is based on Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence theoretical framework, through his theory the experiences of the asylum seeking women will be examined in relation to comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness.

    This is an explanatory research study that aims to explore the effects that the asylum process has on asylum-seeking women. According to previous studies, asylum-seeking women undergo mental distress because of lack of occupation in their daily lives as well as lack of support. The research design used in this research is a single-case study and with ten asylum seeking women situated at Restad Gård. The method used to gather the data is semi-structured interviews.

    Results from the research indicates that all asylum-seekers lacks information about the asylum process which is the reason why many feel like the system does not make sense to them. This also make it difficult for the asylum-seeking women to manage during the waiting period, many suffer both mentally and physically, majority of women mentioned that they suffer from mental distress and insomnia. Even though it is hard to find meaning under circumstances like this, some women find meaning through the common ties among each other at the asylum accommodation.

  • 209.
    Ibrahim, Zahra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gålbom, Sofie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Libyan slave trade in media: Is the presentation of the causes biased by CNN and Al Jazeera?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to analyze how CNN and Al Jazeera present the causes of the slave trade in Libya. Our specific research question is “How do CNN and Al-Jazeera present the causes of the slave trade in Libya”. To answer our question, Robert, M. Entman’s approach on framing biases is applied. We chose to include three concepts that are analyzed: framing, priming and agenda setting. The thesis is a comparative case study since we investigated the differences between CNN and Al Jazeera’s presentations of the causes. The slavery in Libya became world news in November of 2017, after CNN's report that revealed the slave auctions. The main problem defined by both news networks is the fact that slavery and slave auctions still exist in the modern day. The framings of the causes concerning the slave trade differ between CNN and Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera presented the slavery as a result of the actions of the Western countries, European countries in particular, while CNN addressed many different factors as causes for the slave trade, primarily the political instability in Libya.

  • 210.
    Ilievska, Bjanka
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Zhao, Ruihong
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Pursuit of European Strategic Autonomy: Balancing or Hedging Foreign Policy Behaviour in Relation to Russia?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Following the publication of the European Union Global Strategy in 2016 where the EU officially announced its quest for European Strategic Autonomy (ESA), a policy initiative toenable EU’s capacity to act autonomously in the realm of security and defence, this study poses the following research question: What type of foreign policy behaviour does the EU exhibit in security and defence through its quest for strategic autonomy?

    Broadly based in realism, the study is designed as a single case-study of EU foreign policy behaviour in relation to Russia and analyses whether the pursuit of ESA entails a balancing or hedging EU foreign policy behaviour. By doing so, the study contributes theoretically, by disentangling and operationalising these two concepts analytically, and empirically, by applying them to an EU context and investigating their presence. The results show that the EU does not exhibit a hedging behaviour towards Russia, and whether the EU exhibits a balancing behaviour remains inconclusive as the empirical material provided insufficient evidence to conclude so.

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  • 211.
    Ilina, Elena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Learning and knowledge creation across individual, group and organisational levels: A Work Integrated Learning study within the Administration, Education, Employment and Social Affairs Departments of Trollhättan Municipality2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how knowledge is created, shared, and put into practice within a public organization, using the lenses of work-integrated learning, and joint framework of organizational learning and knowledge creation theories. The study draws on the research internship at the Trollhättanmunicipality, including the research report, to examine how new knowledge is handled by individuals and groups within the municipality (i.e., on individual and group level). Additionally, the study explores how decision makers perceive organizational learning (i.e., on organizational level). Moreover, it sheds light on the challenging task of delineating clear boundaries between knowledge creation and organizational learning, suggesting their inherent interconnectedness and shared processes. Further exploration in this direction promises valuable insights for the fields of organizational learning, knowledge creation, and WIL.

    The study employs qualitative methods and thematic analysis to analyze collected data. Ethical considerations, reliability, validity, and generalizability are addressed. The findings highlight collaboration, evidence-based practices, adaptability, and research integration as crucial for decisionmaking and continuous improvement. This study contributes to both our understanding of knowledge dynamics in organizations, promoting effective learning and innovation and the broader field of workintegrated learning (WIL)

  • 212.
    Ilovaca, Mia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hrkic, Zerina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Populist ideology: A comparative study in order to see if and in that case how characteristics of populist ideology is present in political speeches by Bernie Sanders and Donald J. Trump2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to conduct research within the field of populist ideology and compare left- and right-wing populism by analysing if and in that case how characteristics of populist ideology is present in political speeches. By choosing two contrasting cases, left-wing Bernie Sanders and right-wing Donald J. Trump, it provides a unique comparison since they come from different parts of the political sphere, and this in turn can give a larger chance for generalization to other cases within the field of populist ideology. An analytical framework is constructed based on characteristics of populist ideology and a qualitative analysis is the base for analysing the political speeches of the politicians. The results of the analysis shows that there are characteristics of populist ideology present in the political speeches of Bernie Sanders and Donald J. Trump. The characteristics that are found are being compared between the politicians in the analysis. The analysis shows that there are differences in how the characteristics of populist ideology are present and how the populist ideology is filled with content in their political speeches, as well as how the differences can be connected to their ideological background.

  • 213.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Production of Rape as a Weapon in the Making of "Just" Wars2018In: Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective / [ed] Inal, Tuba, & Smith, Merril D., Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger, 2018, p. 2-1-2-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Inal, Tuba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Smith, Merril D.
    Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Inderberg, André
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kratz Lindskog, Oscar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    We can´t have it both ways: A Network’s framing of Corporate Social Responsibility2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is to increase sustainable business practices in all sectors of society. The EU-2030 agenda creates a blueprint for actors and influences national strategies of sustainability as a countermeasure of the sustainability issues at hand. We are investigating how the publicly co-financed Swedish regional network, CSR-Västsverige (CSR-V) is framing the concept CSR. Our theoretical framework consists of the triple bottom line which is divided into its social, economic and environmental dimensions, and the equivalence frames risk/opportunity. This thesis is a single case study that will conduct a qualitative content analysis on CSR-Vs education material to answer our research question; How does CSR-Västsverige frame the concept CSR in their education programs? Through our analysis, we found that CSR-V employs both risk and opportunity framing, with a main focus on opportunity framing in the economic category.

  • 216.
    Iro, Fuad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Somalia’s federalism benefits and drawbacks: A case of the Somali minority clans2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Somalia is regarded as a failed state since its central government has been collapsed in the 1990s by clan-based armed functions. Since then, the country has struggled with political stability and social and economic development. There have been transformations, including peace and reconciliation conferences and decentralization processes with the help of the International Community and the United Nations. Somali society consists of ethnic clans, mainly divided into majority and minority. Most of the majority clans are those powerful and or armed clans. In contrast, minority clans are unarmed and work as unskilled laborers such as tailors, blacksmiths, and shoemakers. Somalia implemented a federal system using the 4.5 clan-based power-sharing formula in which minority clans did not get equal quotas.The research will answer our research queston of what are the benefits and drawbacks of the current Somali federal system for minority clans as seen through the lens of the minority government officials in Somalia.This research use the classical federal and social exclusion theories to analyze and describe the topic using qualitative data analysis. The study will be exploratory, in which I will conduct both primary and secondary data by having interviews (semi-structured) with the minority government workers at both federal and member state levels.

  • 217.
    Ishak, Guorgis
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Kidane, Danay
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States. The choice of the United States as the critical case is highly relevant, not only because they have placed emphasis on gender equality in foreign service, but also due to their dominant position in the international arena, their unique ability to spread norms and influence the world politics on a larger scale. Based on two institutional theories about gender, co-variance between sex of the ambassadors and characteristics of the countries of placement is made. The result from the quantitative analysis shows that men and women are placed differently. Men are often placed in relatively powerful states, while women on the other hand are placed in relatively weak states. The results indicates that even though the field of foreign policy have developed and gone to a more gender equal direction, there is still long way to go. Gender equality can only develop by examining the situation of women and men in different fields, and emphasizing its importance

  • 218.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Digital Fight to Digital Pride in Public Sector: Redefining Professionals' Roles and Work in Public Sector2016In: SIG USE 2016 16th Annual Research Symposium at ASIST 2016: Information Behavior in Workplaces, October 15, Copenhagen, Denmark.: Information Needs Seeking and Use (USE), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The digitalization in the public sector poses challenges for the professionals that have previously not been using digital tools as a part of their everyday practice. Building on three qualitative research projects this study shed light on contradictions and tussles, as well as possibilities related to professionalism in the public sector. The three cases involve different professionals: cancer rehabilitation nurses, municipality communicators, and resident physicians. The paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of digitalization efforts on everyday work practices, and the emerging opportunities and challenges of using digital artifacts as a part of professional work. Our findings show how the transition toward digital work practices is pushing the professional boundaries of rooted professionalism in the public sector. The meaning of work and what it means to be a professional profoundly changes. The process of tuning professionalism in the public sector is not straight forward.

  • 219.
    Isse, Abdulkarim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing of Organized crime in Sweden: A qualitative study about how Swedish newspapers covers gang criminality in Sweden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how the Swedish media portrays gang crime. From a social constructivist perspective, I have analyzed material from two Swedish newspapers, Expressen and Aftonbladet. The framing theory has been used in the study to analyze how articles from the newspapers presented the problem from the political, cultural and economic perspectives, also how it presented reasons and solutions to gang crime. The study is a qualitative study and the method used is content analysis. Results showed that the media presentation from the political perspectives was about migration, segregation and weak criminal policy, the cultural presentation was about family-based criminal networks, class differences and unemployment and the economic presentation was about uneven economic distribution and that large resources are needed to resist gang crime. The study can be used in research that is related to criminal policy and gang crime, materials that have been analyzed are available in the various journals, which makes the study credible.This study can provide a better understanding of how the media portrays gang crime and what image it gives to the people in society. This study can be interesting because nowadays the media has a great influence in people's lives and in Sweden people vote for which party will govern, so this study which will be about how the media presents the gang crime will give a broader understanding for political actors.

  • 220.
    Jammal Aldin, Ali Aldin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Said Mohamed Solieman, Abdel-Hakem
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in US newspapers: A comparative study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a bachelor thesis on the representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in The New York Times and Chicago Tribune. The research looks for frames articles in terms of security, economy and identity in relation to these two countries. The analytical framework is based on social constructivism which is used to understand the frames in relation to Alexander Wendt’s cultures of anarchy which in turn speaks of the relationship between states in combination with Agenda-setting theory and Framing theory. These theories are used to describe the frames in terms of friendliness and hostility, Hobbesian being the enemy, Lockean being the rival, and Kantian being the friend. The study showed that between the years of 2002 and 2015, Iran was mostly framed as a Hobbesian enemy while Saudi Arabia was mostly framed as a Kantian friend.

  • 221.
    Jansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carlström, Eric
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden; University Collage of Southeast, School of Economics, Notodden, Norway (NOR).
    Karlsson, David
    University of Gothenburg, School of Public Administration, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Drivers of outsourcing and backsourcing in the public sector: From idealism to pragmatism2021In: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 262-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local governments are bringing previously outsourced services back in‐house. Research into explanations for sourcing decisions in the public sector is growing, however, few researchers have investigated drivers of both outsourcing and backsourcing in local public‐governance organizations. In this study we utilize transaction cost economic theory (TCE) and political ideology to investigate underlying motives of sourcing in local public governance organizations. Based on a 2018 survey of chief financial officers (CEO) in all of Sweden's 290 municipalities, this study shows that backsourcing is strongly associated with outsourcing and that outsourcing and backsourcing should not be understood as opposite phenomena, rather as interdependent phenomena in a dynamic sourcing strategy. Outsourcing and backsourcing are driven in part by different factors: Outsourcing by political ambitions and economic factors relating to TCE, while managerial and pragmatic concerns are foregrounded for backsourcing.

  • 222.
    Jartoft, Emy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The governmentality of Australia and New Zealand and the effects on UNDRIP: A critical analysis of the conceptual logics that lodge within problem representation of Indigenous policy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to describe what the specific style of governmentality of Indigenous people through policy in Australia respectively New Zealand are by critically analyze the conceptual logics rooted in the process of governing Indigenous people through education and labor policy with the use of a post-structuralist and postcolonial theoretical grounding, and to describe what effects the specific style of governmentality has on the requirements of UNDRIP. Especially, to see if the governmentality of Indigenous people in Australia respectively New Zealand entails colonial logics and, if so, if there is any patterns of what the effects of that are on the requirements of UNDRIP.

    The research was conducted with a comparative qualitative small N-study design. The data selection was conducted with a purposively approach also involving sampling with the generic purposively sampling approach. The method used in this research for analyzing the data is discourse analysis were the selected methodological instrument is the WPR approach.

    The findings reveal that Australia respectively New Zealand have similar style of governmentality of Indigenous people with similar contradictory effects on the requirements of UNDRIP. Specifically, both Australia and New Zealand have a colonial governmentality, thus, colonial logic lodging within the governmentality of Indigenous people through policy with sever implications for the Indigenous people, as the analysis reveal that the effects of the specific style of colonial governmentality of Indigenous people through policy generates contradictions on the requirements of UNDRIP.

  • 223.
    Jeminovic, Zulijana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ejupovic, Maida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How Muslim women are represented in Swedish textbooks: A comparative study of religion textbooks between 1970s and the 2000s2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a comparative qualitative analysis of religion textbooks in elementary schools. The aim is to investigate how Muslim women have been represented in religion textbooks used as educational material in Swedish schools, between the 1970s and the 2000s. This study rests on the social constructivist theory which implies that reality is what we make it. In order to do a comparative qualitative analysis, three deductive stereotypes have been applied: the

    oppressed, the submissive and the uneducated. However, an additional, inductive stereotype was identified during the analysis of the material: the independent. The text analysis showed that Muslim women were mostly represented as oppressed and submissive, having no right to their own opinions, lives or bodies and simply needing to be covered to get accepted by the Muslim society. However, it was also possible to conclude that similar representations of Muslim women could be found in textbooks from the 1970s and 2000s.

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  • 224.
    Jerios, Christine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Tebarek, Lia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Legitimacy of Intervention: Swedish Media Framing of the US and Russia Direct & Proxy Involvements in the Syrian Conflict2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines and compares the Swedish media framing of other countries' foreign policies. Specifically, the two chosen cases for comparison are the foreign interventions in the Syrian civil war by the US, which is an ally of Sweden, and Russia, which is in a complicated relationship with Sweden. This study applies a qualitative approach to conduct a small-N case study to compare and analyse the framing of the Swedish media of the US and Russia interventions in Syria. Framing theory and agenda-setting are applied as the theoretical framework. The media’s frames are divided between presenting the US and Russian direct and proxy interventions as legitimate or illegitimate. After assessing if the Swedish media representation of each type of intervention was framed as legitimate or illegitimate, the analysis revealed that the US intervention is framed as legitimate while Russia is framed as an illegitimate intervener in the Syrian conflict. The Swedish media apparent biases correspond to the Swedish states' foreign policy relationships with the intervening nations. This result is in line with and contributes to the literature on the national media framing of other countries’ foreign policy. 

  • 225.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Coming out of the liberal closet: Think tanks and de-democratization in Poland2022In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    De-democratization is a global trend, with an increasing number of governments gradually dismantling democratic institutions and norms in their countries. De-democratization can be seen as an incremental crisis that radically redraws the sociopolitical order. This article is among the first to highlight external knowledge producers in autocratizing contexts. Relying on a unique data set of 40 interviews with Polish think tankers conducted before and after the Law and Justice party came to power in 2015 and began pushing the country in an authoritarian direction, the article analyses how liberal think tanks handle de-democratization. The findings show that autocratization entails a reconfiguration of the think tank space; i.e. think tanks aligning with the government blossom and think tanks opposing the government are marginalized through a lack of public funding and access to policymakers. Second, significant changes in think tank tactics, strategies, and identities, especially among liberal organizations, are exposed. The doxic mode through which liberal think tanks produce analyses and provide policy advice as “nonpartisan experts” has shifted to the use of contentious tactics and the assumption of an openly political identity as “democracy defenders”

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  • 226.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Incredibly loud and extremely silent: Feminist foreign policy on Twitter: Feminist foreign policy on Twitter2021In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 84-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, Sweden’s Feminist Foreign Policy (FFP) was announced with a fanfare. This article critically interrogates how Sweden implements the FFP through digital diplomacy by investigating the extent of Sweden’s gender equality activities on Twitter since the introduction of the FFP and by tracing gendered online abuse in digital diplomacy. I focus on Swedish embassy tweets towards two countries where feminism is highly contested – Poland and Hungary. The theoretical inspiration comes from discursive approaches to the spoken and unspoken, enriched by feminist observations about the non-binary character of voice/silence. The method applied is gender driven quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The findings demonstrate that the FFP has not set any significant mark on digital diplomacy in the analyzed cases. The launching of the FFP went completely unnoticed and posts related to gender equality have actually decreased since 2014. There are no traces of ambassadors being subjected to gendered online abuse, but heavily xenophobic and paternalistic language is directed at Sweden as a representative of liberal policies.The article contributes to the literature on digital diplomacy by highlighting the (lack of) links between foreign policy and digital diplomacy and it addresses a gap by focusing on gender in digital diplomacy.

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  • 227.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 228.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Three Types of Denial: Think Tanks as a Reluctant Civil Society Elite2020In: Politics and Governance, E-ISSN 2183-2463, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 152-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanks, or policy advice institutions, are civil society organizations producing and delivering social analysis to policymakers and the wider public. Their aim is to influence policy in a given direction. Compared to most other civil society organizations, they hold relatively privileged positions, both in terms of wealth (on average bigger budgets and staffs), political influence (their very raison d’etre), knowledge (educational level of the staff), and social networks. Thus, it seems beyond dispute that think tanks adhere to the elite of civil society. This article focuses on think tanks’ negative self-identification, on their reluctance to accept labels. Not only are think tanks unwilling to take on the elite designation, some of them also deny being part of civil society, and some go one step further in denying identification with the think tank community. These multiple denials are expected if we recall Pierre Bourdieu’s observation that “all aristocracies define themselves as being beyond all definition” (Bourdieu, 1996, p. 316). The analysis focuses on how this definitional ambiguity is discursively constructed. Think-tankers are often described as situated in an interstitial space between such fields as politics, civil society, media, market, and academia. While this intermediary position is the source of their unique role as converters of various forms of capital, it also complicates the identity formation of think tanks. The argument is illustrated by Polish think tanks and the data consists of original interviews with think tank leaders. The article provides a novel perspective on think tanks and on civil society elites.

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  • 229.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    With Habermas against Habermas: Deliberation without Consensus2019In: Journal of Public Deliberation, E-ISSN 1937-2841, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Habermas's conception of deliberative democracy combines two concepts—deliberation and consensus—which, I argue, draw his theory in two opposite directions. While deliberation and the focus on communication can be read as a predominantly open element of his theory, consensus stands for closure. The process of deliberation contrasts Habermas's normative aim of deliberation, i.e., consensus. In other words, a realized consensus (in the strong, monologic formulation that Habermas favors) would put an end to the idea of continuous public justification of validity claims, i.e., deliberation. The article argues that in order to fully use the potential of deliberation in politics, we should leave behind the notion of consensus through deliberation. Instead, understanding should be the telos of deliberation, and voting after deliberation is put forth as the optimal institutional design for decision-making settings.

  • 230.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Proximity and distance: Think tanks handling the independence paradox2021In: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 395-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The credibility of think tanks is grounded in their image as independent experts. In order to gain authority to act, think tanks must be seen as independent, but in order to exert influence and gain funding, think tanks are forced to compromise this independent image. We focus on how think tanks handle this independence paradox. How do think tanks use different resources to construct an independent image? The aim of the article is conceptual, as we develop a theoretical model of the independence paradox. This conceptual work is based on empirical analysis of attempts by think tanks in Poland and Sweden to create independence while maintaining influence. The two desirables central for think tanks, independence and influence, force them to make strategic choices about their relations with various actors. We conclude that the processes of keeping distance and arranging proximity are at the core of the independence paradox. © 2020 The Authors. Governance published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.

  • 231.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Towns, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Taming feminism?: The place of gender equality in the "Progressive Sweden" brand2018In: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, E-ISSN 1751-8059, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As prior work on nation branding in Japan, Canada and Iceland has shown, gender can be an important component in nation branding. This article looks at the evolution of the idea of gender equality as a “Swedish” trait, from the initial incorporation of gender equality in Swedish state identity in the 1990s to contemporary nation branding. Based on standard discourse analysis of branding documents, branding websites and social media presence administered by the public diplomacy agency, the Swedish Institute, we show that gender equality remains a central pillar in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. In contrast with other national brands, “Progressive Sweden” is devoid of the more androcentric narratives and sexually objectifying representations of women. However, the “Progressive Sweden” narrative sports its own peculiarities, as it presents a liberal dreamscape that slides between utopian ideals and generalizations about “Sweden” as a unified actor whose population shares behaviors and goals. Discord and political struggle are written out of this narrative. Despite its rhetorical centrality in Swedish foreign policy, feminism thus disappears from view in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. The article ends with some considerations for the future of Swedish nation branding.

  • 232.
    Johansson, Andrea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    En studie av innovation i arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL) vid en akademisk institution2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the different descriptions of WIL (Work Integrated Learning) that exist within University West and how they can be understood. The concept of WIL within University West appears to be multifaceted and AIL has various meanings within the university. 

    The study is based on an empirical material, which consists of various strategic documents and decision documents that have been of significant importance for the development of WIL at University West. Furthermore, a theoretical framework is used to analyze the empirical material, and the framework is based on studies of research fields, investigations of various theoretical concepts, that relate to WIL as a concept. Different descriptions of WIL are inductively analyzed from through a content analysis. 

    The result of the analysis accounts for a variety of descriptions of WIL within University West and WIL can be understood as: a profile, a complete academic environment, a view of knowledge, an area of knowledge, a pedagogical approach, an area of examination, a subject, and an area of research.

    As a conclusion of the study's results, the need to anchor the subject WIL, at all levels, and ensure that a common image and understanding is created among all concerned at the University West is highlighted, among other things. Likewise, in cooperation with the academic world, to shed light on what the subject is about and what it can mean for the development of society.

  • 233.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Berg Ivarsson, Angelica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media’s Framing of Same-Sex Couple Adoption in Sweden between 1978- 20032018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After many years of discussion, in 2003 it became legal for homosexuals to adopt children in Sweden. This bachelor thesis investigates how the framing of same-sex couple adoption has changed in the Swedish daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter between the years 1978 and 2003. Focusing on the years preceding legalization of homosexual adoption helps us capture the discursive shifts before legalization was thinkable. Thus, ours is a longitudinal single case study, with the studied period divided in 5 intervals. We apply qualitative content analysis and framing theory in order to capture the underlying meanings of the articles. Our analytical framework, deduced from earlier research, consists of three frames: “love”, “rights” and “family norms”. The articles for analysis were selected with a strategy following randomization. During our intervals, the framing of the articles was both positive and negative towards samesex couple adoption. A recurring theme in our corpus concerns whether allowing homosexual couples to adopt would harm the child, even though no research mentions that it would. One of our conclusions is that apart from the three frames from previous literature, we should also distinguish an alternative frame concerning “the best of the child”. The most notable change during the studied years was that in the last interval an increased number of articles were published on the topic of same sex-couple adoption and the most common frame over the whole period was “rights”. Within rights a religious standpoint was also noted. The second most mentioned frame was “family norms” discussing breaking of the traditional family constellation. Our third frame - “love” - was not mentioned even once in our material.

  • 234.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Köster, Amanda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Environmental Lobbying Practices in the Gothenburg Region: A thesis about three companies owned by Gothenburg city and how they justify their environmental lobbying towards the European Union2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will describe and analyse how three local companies, that are all subsidiaries to the municipality in Gothenburg City, justify their work with environmental lobbying towards the European Union. These three companies are: Johanneberg Science Park, Gothenburg Energy and Business Region Gothenburg. This thesis will apply Rational Choice Institutionalism and Logic of Appropriateness in order to find how these companies justify their work with environmental lobbyism towards the EU. The thesis will analyse data gathered through expert interviews with strategically selected employees from these companies who have many years of expertise in their respective area. In addition to the interviews, reports from the projects they have participated in, as well as annual reports and documents will be analysed by doing a content analysis. The findings of this thesis are that these companies seem to justify their participation and lobbying practices in line with the two theories. However, the companies seem to justify the participation in line with Rational Choice Institutionalism more often than in line with the Logic of Appropriateness. On the other hand, the analysis show that what seem to be rational according to the companies do not have to rule out that it can be appropriate at the same time.

  • 235.
    Johansson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Zarpan, Hooda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Sweden Democrats: An analysis of the ideology of a radical right-wing populist party over time2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the ideology of the Radical right-wing Populist Party, Sweden Democrats. The aim of the study is to see if and how the ideology of the Sweden Democrats has changed through its years of activity, by comparing the party in three periods. The focus in the analysis is put on the party's view on the Swedish national identity and on multiculturalism. The reason for analyzing the party's view on these two concepts is due to the fact that they can be seen as corner stones in a racist ideology. An explanation of the concepts will be presented in the theory chapter, which is later used in the analysis of the party. The study shows that the ideology of the Sweden Democrats has changed very little throughout its years of activity in terms of their view on the national identity and the multicultural idea. This as a result has led to a similar amount of change in the arguments that can be seen as racist, by the party.

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  • 236.
    Johansson, Oscar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Truth or Tool?: Politicization of national museums2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how the level of politicization and professionalism of the Museum of Ethnography, the Museum of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Antiquities, the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities and the Museums of World Cultures has changed since 1969. It does so by applying theory of politicization, meritocracy and professionalism. The research questions asked are (1) has there been a change in the level of politicized recruitment and type of meritocratic recruitment of director generals to museums? (2) has there been a change in the level of politicized instructions in the steering documents of museums? The thesis is a comparative single-case study that uses both a quantitative analysis and a qualitative analysis. The thesis shows that the recruitment of director generals has not been politicized, and that organizational professionalism has become more common. The only politicized instructions found were in letters of appropriation from 2003 to 2008 as well as in 2012 and 2016.

  • 237.
    Johansson, Pär
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Mer hjärta än hjärna: Vad är engagerande politisk kommunikation på Instagram?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media can be an effective tool for strategic political communication, but how that effect can be achieved, especially in a Swedish context, is relatively unexplored, especially when it comes to Instagram – the channel that is growing the most. Are there specific ways that make visual communication more engaging on social media and thus can be spread to more recipients?

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate how engaging visual political communication is created on Instagram in a Swedish context. To do this, the Sweden Democrats' and the Left Party's Instagram feeds in 2021 have been examined. The reason why Sweden Democrats and the Left Party, is that they are on either side of the right-left scale of the parliamentary parties, and that they have the most followers on Instagram of all political parties. The analysis of the analysis units has taken place in two steps - first through a quantitative content analysis to distinguish the most engaging posts and then to a qualitative content analysis of this particular material.

    A number of clear trends can be identified - a more provocative, rallied and humorous communication that adds a new dimension to already established issues and debates, combined with a clear form where the recipient can immediately perceive the message is a way to better engagement. It is also clear that Instagram is primarily aimed at and mobilizes its own voters and sympathizers, but this group should be understood as a wider circle than just the active members and elected representatives. In summary, it is important to appeal more to the hearts of the recipients than the minds in the political communication on Instagram.

  • 238.
    Jordahl, Maja
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Alfredsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Radical Right-wing Populist-parties in Media: A comparative discourse analysis of media's representation of the Sweden Democrats and the Progress Party2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to identify and analyse how Radical Right-wing Populist (RRP) parties are represented in news media. A comparative discourse analysis of representations of the Progress Party and the Sweden Democrats in news articles and editorials is therefore carried out. Only a small amount of previous research on media’s attention to RRP-parties has looked at the representation of them in media, hence there is a gap within this research field. A comparison between these two parties is interesting in the sense that even if they are both RRP-parties there are many differences between them. At the same time they exist within similar media systems. A qualitative discourse analysis is carried out with the help of specific value questions from an analytical framework. The result of the analysis shows that there are many differences in representation of the two parties, but also some similarities. The differences might depend on the parties being different in level of establishment, ideology and history. However, the similarities found are that both parties tend to be represented as an outsider in the political arena. Both parties are often represented as an underdog trying to take place in the political game

  • 239.
    Junros, Joanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mandebvu, Tonderai
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media representation of honor crimes in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze the representation of honor crimes in Swedish media. The thesis is based upon an examination of two Swedish national newspapers to understand and identify if this representation is in stereotypical or non-stereotypical direction. The selected newspapers that has been used are Aftonbladet and Expressen, and the focus is on articles reported from the year 2002 up to 2019. The study is a single case descriptive study and qualitative content analysis has been conducted. Carol Bacchi's theory of "What's the problem represented to be?" was considered to be the most appropriate theory to this study. But in order to be able to investigate the research question we have applied the theory of media representation together with a theory of stereotypes. By combining these theories we have been able to answer our research questions of: "what’s the problem with respect to honor crimes represented to be, what’s the probable cause of the problem represented to be, and what is the proposed solution to the problem represented to be.”

    The analysis has shown that in describing crimes related to honor culture in two selected newspapers, the way they portray crimes as a global gender-based issue indicates the characteristics of domestic violence in a non-stereotypical representation. And regarding stereotypical representation both were emphasizing honor related crimes to people from other countries. The analysis of causes of the problem from a stereotypical perspective describes that some factors such as culture, religion, ethnic background and Islamic patriarchy are the main causes of committing honor crimes. And from a non-stereotypical perspective the lack of research about the perpetrators of honor crimes as well as the economic powerlessness of women are presented as causes of committing honor crimes. Regarding stereotypical representation both were emphasizing honor related crimes in associating with immigrant people and from a policy point of view both advocates a policy solution based on the idea of stricter punishments.

  • 240.
    Kabuthi, Zipporah Wanjiku
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Environmental Factors of Effective Schools in the Swedish Education Policies: A comparative case study on the incorporation of these environmental factors in Uddevalla municipality, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to compare how the environmental factors associated with effective schools are incorporated in the Swedish national education policies and in the education policies of Uddevalla Municipality, Sweden. These environmental factors refer to the reciprocal relation of the characteristics that are essential to effective schools.

    The study sought to fulfil the following objectives; to identify the presence of these environmental factors in the Swedish national education policies and compare to their presence in the education policies in Uddevalla municipality.

    The study was guided by the System Theory of organizations. The study adopted qualitative comparative case study design. Interview was used to gather information from representative of the education sector in Uddevalla municipality while formal government institutions documents were used to gather information on the education policies.

    The findings of the study revealed that not all the environmental factors associated with effective schools were present in both the Swedish national education policies and the education policies in Uddevalla municipality.

    The study concluded that some the environmental factors associated with effective schools had been incorporated in the Swedish national education policies and in the education policies in Uddevalla while some were missing. The study recommended that policy makers should incorporate the missing environmental factors in the Swedish national policies and in the education policies of Uddevalla municipality. Further research may be done on educational policy making and the implementation of these environmental factors on the schools' level.

  • 241.
    Kahsay, Robiel Futsum
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Mustonen, Hannah Mekleit
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A frame analysis of African international media on Chinese investments in Africa2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how African media frame and contextualize Chinese investments in Africa by using media framing theory. More specifically, the thesis examines the following questions,

    (1) How does international African media frame Chinese investments in Africa?

    (2) How does the media's framing of Chinese investments in Africa differ between Premium Times and The Mail & Guardian?

    The research applies qualitative content analysis in order to analyze the framing of Chinese investment in Africa by African international media.

    The results of this qualitative content analysis indicate that African media frames Chinese investments in Africa in a nuanced way, highlighting both the potential positive and negative aspects of these investments. While African media has framed Chinese investments in Africa in a largely positive light, emphasizing the potential economic and social benefits that these investments can bring to the region, they have also raised serious concerns about the potential for political interference, exploitation of African resources, debt defaults, and corruption. The media's framing of Chinese investments in Africa is also varied depending on the country being discussed and the media outlet's editorial policy and approach to reporting.

  • 242.
    Karim, Varsin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A comparative study of the Sweden Democrats: Ideological differences between the national and local level?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Are there differences in the Sweden Democrats formal ideology on the national and local level? This study finds, by using a comparative mixed method approach, that there are differences, most notably in regard to ethno nationalism. Where only 0.9% of ethno nationalism was found on the national level, the local level has 45% of ethno nationalism. By comparing official documents (municipal budgets, principal program and party manifesto) from the national and local level, in regards to three kinds of nationalism (civic, cultural and ethno) the author have been able to discern differences in the two levels. This study has implications for the understanding of the party's ideology. The results raises questions about its top-down structure, and ideological cohesion.

  • 243.
    Karlsson, Axel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A thousand words: A visual semiotic analysis of visual communication by parties in Swedish elections2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a visual semiotic analysis of posters used by Swedish political parties during the election campaigns of two elections to the Swedish Riksdag, 1979 and 2014. Semiotic theories and concepts are utilized in order to explore if and how the usage of images in these posters has changed between 1979 and 2014. The parties were found to have more heavily emphasized clarity in communication in 2014 than in 1979 through a heavier use of photographic images. Further, the parties were found to subvert or downplay elements of their own images in 2014, while no such attempts were made in 1979.

  • 244.
    Karlsson, Axel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A thousand words: A visual semiotic analysis of visual communication by parties in Swedish elections2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a visual semiotic analysis of posters used by Swedish political parties during the election campaigns of two elections to the Swedish Riksdag, 1979 and 2014. Semiotic theories and concepts are utilized in order to explore if and how the usage of images in these posters has changed between 1979 and 2014. The parties were found to have more heavily emphasized clarity in communication in 2014 than in 1979 through a heavier use of photographic images. Further, the parties were found to subvert or downplay elements of their own images in 2014, while no such attempts were made in 1979.

  • 245.
    Karlsson, Axel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kores, Alexander
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Forging a narrative: Political narratives in Swedish parties2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is an analysis of the self-narratives of the parties in the Swedish Riksdag and how these are used to construct the identities of the parties. For this purpose, we studied narrative theory and theories about identity in order to build a framework which would allow us to investigate the narratives of these parties. To identify the core narratives of the parties, we chose to focus on their respective party programs. Based on the results of our quantitative investigation, we chose four parties (Socialdemokraterna, Liberalerna, Miljöpartiet, and Sverigedemokraterna) to study in a more in-depth manner. Having selected these four parties, we utilized theories about narrative and identity in order to identify the constituent parts of the various parties' narratives contained in their party programs. The parties were found to adhere to our theoretical assumptions about how parties ought to construct narratives, albeit in different ways from party to party.

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  • 246.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Le, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media framing of symbolic power: a comparative study of heads of states in the United Kingdom and India2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze and compare how two heads of states, the Queen of the United Kingdom and the President of India, are framed by the media. Two most similar cases where the heads of states are both symbolic, but differ in how they gain their positions, have been chosen. The research question is therefore to find out if the media frame these two figures in the same way. Using the ontology of social constructivism and theory of media framing to achieve a qualitative analysis. Two frames, authority and periphery, are used to compare these two cases in three concepts; political life, personal attributes and institution.

    The result shows that the Queen and the President are framed differently in two concepts; political life and institution. The President is framed as more of an authority politically while the Queen is more in the periphery politically and vice versa in the concept of institution. They are both framed as authorities in their personal descriptions by the media.

  • 247.
    Karlsson, Emil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Wilsson, Linda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Gaining Social Power In a Time of Conflict: A case study on how the two superpowers China and the US are using security branding on Twitter to gain social power during an ongoing war.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How are the two superpowers of the world using Twitter as a platform for gathering global support for their policies when tweeting about an ongoing international conflict? That is the question that is answered in this thesis through a small-N case study. A mixed-method content analysis, based on security branding and generic framing, was applied to the data to determine how security branding is used by the actors to acquire social power. The findings suggest that China is using the situation to throw mud at, and question the morality of, the US and its behavior in international relations. The US is tweeting on a broader spectrum of topics. These topics include how the US and its allies and partners have supported Ukraine and taken action to weaken Russia. Another vital topic found is that the US uses Twitter to display its disagreement with the actions taken by Russia and Vladimir Putin in Ukraine.

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  • 248.
    Karlsson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Eyre, Joshua
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Gender (in)equality in the Swedish Radical Right: A Comparative Study of New Democracy and the Sweden Democrats2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the use of gender symbols and gender equality ideas in contemporary nationalist parties in Sweden. Nationalism and national identity traditionally contain gendered ideas, symbols and identities, in which women are subordinate to men. Paradoxically, in Sweden, gender equality has become an intrinsic part of the national identity. Theories on gender and nationalism are applied and used in the quantitative and qualitative analysis in order to distinguish and describe the use of gender symbols and gender equality ideas in the two Swedish parties New Democracy and the Sweden Democrats. The findings show that the parties do rely on traditional nationalist gender roles, and that the Sweden Democrats emphasize these roles to a greater extent than New Democracy. The analysis also shows that both parties try to incorporate the Swedish gender equality into their ideologies but interpret the notion of gender equality in two different ways. 

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    Gender (in)equality in the Swedish Radical Right
  • 249.
    Karlsson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lundqvist-Westin, Wilma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rudström, Hedvig
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ungdomars vardag i Trollhättan: Ungdomars bildberättelser under coronapandemin2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport fokuserar på gymnasieungdomars egna upplevelser och rörelsemönster i Trollhättan, före och under coronapandemin. Rapporten använder en tidsgeografiskt inspirerad metod för datainsamling där ungdomarna använt sina mobiltelefoner för att under en veckas tid skapa en digital bilddagbok samt därtill besvara en digital intervjuenkät. Studien pekar på att ungdomarna under coronapandemin saknar att umgås med vänner och familj, att röra sig fritt i samhället samt att utöva sina fritidsaktiviteter. Studien visar också att ungdomarna i studien intar en ambivalent position i förhållande till de restriktioner och begränsningar som gäller under pandemin. De förväntas i hög grad fortsätta sin skolgång på ett relativt oförändrat vis, men samtidigt förväntas de ta eget ansvar för att begränsa smittspridningen i sitt vardagsliv. Ungdomarnas situation tenderar att skapa spänningar och förvirring i relation till hur de ska agera såväl privat som i det offentliga rummet.Rapporten avslutas med diskussionsfrågor ämnade att ge kommunens politiker och förvaltningar ökad förståelse för ungas möjligheter till deltagande på lika villkor i det offentliga rummet, både under och efter en pandemi, samt utgöra ett kunskapsunderlag för strategisk planering och beslutsfattande. 

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  • 250.
    Karlsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery, Umeå, 901 87, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery, Umeå, 901 87, Sweden.
    Hultin, Magnus
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Umeå, 901 87, Sweden.
    Eklund, Annika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gyllencreutz, Linda
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery, Umeå, 901 87, Sweden.
    Expansive learning process of exercise organizers: The case of major fire incident exercises in underground mines2020In: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 12, no 14, article id 5790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major fire incident in a Swedish underground mine made the personnel from the mining company and the rescue service realize their limited preparedness. It was the beginning of a collaboration project that included the development of a new exercise model for a more effective joint rescue operation practice. The aim of this study was to explore the collaborative learning process of exercise organizers from the rescue service, mining companies, the emergency medical service, a training company, and academia. The analysis was performed through the application of the theory cycle of expansive learning to the material consisting of documents from 16 collaboration meetings and 11 full-scale exercises. The learning process started by the participants questioning the present practice of the rescue operation and analyzing it by creating a flow chart. An essential part of the process was to model new tools in order to increase the potential for collaboration. The tools were examined and tested during collaboration meetings and implemented during full-scale exercises. The exercise organizers reflected that the process led to organizational development and a better understanding of the other organizations’ perspectives. Consequently, a tentative model for developing the learning process of exercise organizers was developed. © 2020 by the authors.

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