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  • 201.
    Sandblom, Anneli
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Performance of Swedish mutual funds2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Investing in mutual funds is one of the most common forms of saving in Sweden, almost all Swedes has some form of savings in mutual funds. This study analyzes the performance of Swedish mutual funds during the sample period 2006-2016 on a monthly basis. Fund performance is evaluated with the help of three different models; the CAPM, Fama and French three-factor model and Carhart's four-factor model. The study is based on 127 Swedish mutual funds and the purpose is to investigate the Swedish fund market, to see if there is any difference in the abnormal risk-adjusted return for the different investment styles of funds. These investment styles are bonds, equity, mixed assets, alternative and others, ethical and SRI funds. The risk-adjusted performance measures, the Sharpe ratio and Jensen's alpha, are calculated and then compared with MSCI World index to draw conclusions about whether the funds have performed an abnormal return or not. The results showed that Jensen’s alpha is not statistically significant different from zero for responsible and conventional investments. The conclusion is therefore that there is no difference in abnormal riskadjusted return for the different investment styles; further, investing in ethical or social responsible investment funds does not generate any difference in abnormal risk-adjusted returns from other styles.

  • 202.
    Shen, Ping
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How Exchange Rate Influence China-US Bilateral Trade Balance: Based on the empirical analysis from 1993 to 20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis tends to figure out the influence of the real effective exchange rate on the trade balance between China and the USA, using time series data from 1993 to 2015. After passing the unit root test and cointegration test, I established the ECM model for the empirical work, and find out that the influence does exist, but the effect is the only minor. Moreover, the short-run effect corresponds to the pass-through period described in the J-Curve theory.

  • 203.
    Sinani, Giovanni
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    An estimation of the Phillips curve for Swdeish data 1996 to 20132015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to study the relationship between inflation and unemployment using Swedish quarterly data from 1996 to 2013. The real interest rate was included as an additional explanatory variable when trying to explain the cyclical unemployment. This was based on microeconomic theory about optimization, because an increase of the real interest rate makes capital more expensive leading to a decrease of its use but also to a decrease of the amount of labor used (Gentle, Paudel and Upadhyaya, 2005). A vector autoregression (VAR) was estimated and diagnostic tests were performed to assess the results produced by the model and the conclusions drawn from the same. It was found that only the inflation rate and the real interest rate were significant, but contrary to what was expected the real wage growth was not found to be significant.

  • 204.
    Sjöling, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sellgren, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prisutveckling vid budgivning hos bostadsrätter: Göteborg vs Oslo2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay deals with the Swedish and Norwegian price difference at the bidding of a condominium at 1-3 rooms and if the difference in the bidding system, in turn, can affect the final price. One view is that the final price tends to increase more in Sweden than in Norway where Norway's bidding system is much more regulated than the Swedish. In Norway, the bids placed are binding and in Sweden you can change after placed bids. To get a clear understanding of what the question is if it differs between Gothenburg and Oslo and in such case whether any differences in prices is explained by differ in bidding systems? Data was collected from 99 Swedish completed sales of condominiums and 99 Norwegian, where the starting price, the final price, number of rooms and size is the information that is most significant. With help from the hedonic price model data was analyzed using regressions and tables and figures. A questionnaire was also sent out to realtors in Gothenburg and Oslo, where they were asked how many bids as well as how many bidders that occur most frequently at each residential sale. The authors wanted to find out how the final price was affected if there were more bidders, the more number of bids for the sale of a home. The result that was developed shows the price when selling an apartment, is twice as high in Gothenburg than Oslo, which is an advantage for the seller to the dwelling which then earns more money than he originally thought.

  • 205.
    Skärlén, Helena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Jacqueline
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    ÖVERSKULDSÄTTNINGENS OLIKHETER I SVERIGES KOMMUNER: Överskuldsättning är ett samhällsproblem, men kan man kvantifiera orsakerna till överskuldsättning och vilka orsaker ligger bakom detta samhällsproblem?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's central bank has for a long-time controlled lending by commercial banks to the public by setting regulations for lending. In November 1985, these regulations were abolished and the public's ability to borrow for consumption began to flourish like never before. After this, a combined bank, finance and real estate crisis took place, which led to many heavily overindebted individuals in the society. The Debt Settlement Act was introduced in Sweden in 1994 and some individuals were now allowed to apply for debt restructuring. The purpose of this study is to find municipal differences in the proportion of over-indebtedness in Sweden and to find underlying quantitative factors that increase the probability that individuals will fall into excessive debt. Based on previous research, we investigate how house prices and unemployment affect over-indebtedness. The method selection generated a panel data study, which resulted in a fixed effects model. The conclusion we reached is that house prices do not affect the over-indebtedness as we first believed. But on the contrary, our hypothesis that unemployment effects over-indebtedness was confirmed. We have only scratched the surface of this interesting subject, so there are many possible ways to both deepen and develop future studies and research.

  • 206.
    Soumaoro, Sekou
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mourad, Jimmy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The fast or the furious credit spread: Sovereign CDS-bond basis equilibrium relationship and cross-border spillover2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's contribution is divided in two sections, the first section analyzes the price discovery mechanism, i.e. which market is correcting the basis towards the long run equilibrium. Results shows that CDS market is the most contributing market in the price discovery, i.e. CDS market is reflecting risk first/better than Bond Yields market for the 4 Eurozone countries. Italy and Belgium shows a two-way relationship, with both markets contributing to price discovery, but results show that CDS is contributing more. France and Spain in the other hand shows that CDS market stands for price discovery alone, while cash market adjust accordingly. This is in line with previous authors with similar studies.

    The second section which analyze the existence of cross-border spillover from one country basis onto another, i.e. if past change in one country basis is granger causing current change. Since a change in the basis is a change in the CDS-bond basis, which implies a change in the risk structure. The results revealed significant cross-border spillover. But the level of influence varies amongst the countries, but one interesting finding is that Spain and Italy revealed that their own past changes was limited, i.e. the second lag of their own basis failed to explain their current basis. Which suggest that there are non-model factors participating, which is out of the scope of this study, but a valid discussion can be made.

  • 207.
    Stough, Roger R.
    et al.
    George Mason University.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Endogenous Regional Growth and Development: Clusters, Agglomeration and Entrepreneurship2014In: Agglomeration, Clusters And Entrepreneurship: Studies in Regional Economic Development / [ed] Charlie Karlsson , Börje Johansson , Roger R. Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 3-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional economic development has experienced considerable dynamism over the recent past. Perhaps the most stunning cases are China and India rising to emergent country status by the turn of the millennium, when most development economists believed in the mid to late twentieth century that such developments could not and would never occur. Paralleling these developments are similar stories of rapid growth at both the national (for example, the four little dragons-Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore and Taiwan; and also Malaysia and Brazil) and the sub-national regional level, which are elaborated on below. With time now for hindsight, some of the reasons these development successes are beginning to emerge are becoming known. The four little dragons' success is tied to what has come to be known as export-dominated development. By focusing on sizeable export markets for non-durable and to some extent durable goods at first and then later, on durables coupled with disciplined, educated and educable labor forces, these countries rose to developed status by the closing decade of the twentieth century. While all of this was going on, new thinking about economic growth-such as the 'new growth theory', along with recognition of emerging patterns of change such as agglomeration, clustering and entrepreneurship-began to modify the quasi-static development views of the neo-classical perspective on economic growth that had changed little since the 1950s following the work of Solow.

  • 208.
    Strand, Fanny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sager, Josephine
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Den ekonomiska effekten av att legalisera cannabis: Hur ska cannabis prissättas och beskattas2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the economic benefits of legalization cannabis on the Swedish market and how to price and tax the product. This paper will not take into account moral standards, healthcare, crime rate, addiction etc. In the past years several states in the US have legalized cannabis and there's been a positive economic effect. Furthermore, other countries such as Ireland and Canada are discussing whether to legalize cannabis or not. They have done some researches on the topic to analyze potential effects of the legalization. At this point Sweden hasn't brought up the subject for discussion, but studies show that there's an interest among the citizen to discuss whether to legalize or not. By using different methods such as demand and supply, price elasticity of demand and a regression analysis the most beneficial price and tax rate of cannabis can be estimated. The conclusion is that the most optimal price of cannabis in Sweden is 200 kr with a tax rate of 72Swedish krona per gram cannabis plus 1 percent of the retail price. With these conditions and an estimated increase in demand, the Swedish state could have generated approximately 1.4 billion kronor in 2016.

  • 209.
    Ström, Denise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lukenda, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Faktorer som påverkar prisutvecklingen på småhus i Sverige: En tidsserieanalys som visar finanskrisens (-07) inverkan på den svenska bostadsmarknaden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has its main purpose to investigate which underlying factors is behind the housing prices for residences in Sweden with the financial crisis 2007 in focus. With the help of a time series analysis, the independent variables has been identified and analyzed through time to give an overview of how the financial crisis affected the housing market in Sweden and how the independent variables have changed because of the financial crisis in Sweden. The study has been limited to a time span of 15 years, between the years 2000-2015. Three independent variables were analyzed against a dependent variable which is the property price. The independent variables are population growth, disposable income and rate. These were selected based on previous research and has been analyzed through correlation analysis, regression analysis and dummy variables. The results of the regression analysis shows that the variables population growth and disposable income has had a significant effect on the housing market's pricing in the aforementioned fifteen years. The interest rate on the other hand has not had a significant impact on prices. The financial crisis, in turn, suggests that there is no significant explanatory value of housing prices in Sweden. The price trend has continued as before, to slowly but surely increase, despite the results in our study of an insignificant financial crisis, which according to previous studies had a major impact on other countries' price trend in the housing market.

  • 210.
    Sumo, Sam
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Exchange Rate Determination: Empirical Evidence From Liberia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the determinants of the nominal exchange rate in Liberia, assess the relationships among the variables, and test the validity of the PPP theory in Liberia. The Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares and Cointegration Regression were applied to monthly data from January 2006 to December 2016. Similar to past research papers, the paper employs macroeconomic variables from three approaches for exchange rate determination, Purchasing Power Parity, Monetary and Portfolio Balance, and Balance of Trade approaches. The study finds the relative consumers price of Liberia’s CPI to the United States’ CPI as an important long-run determinant of the Liberian dollar to US dollar nominal exchange rate. In the short-run, the variables do not adequately explain the nominal exchange rate behavior. The difference of the trade balances of Liberia and the US has short-run causality on the exchange rate. All the variables including nominal exchange rate, consumer price index, short-term interest rate differential, and trade balance are cointegrated and have long-run relationships. The PPP theory does not hold for the period under study. 

  • 211.
    Sundelius, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Landin, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar hushållens skuldsättningsgrad i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Household debt in Swedish households have since decades been consistently increasing and reaches today record high levels, financial researchers point to the future risk for the macro- and microenvironment in Sweden. The aim of this study was to highlight the factors that influence the household debt in order to possible predict the financial decisions that can affect the high levels. This paper employs an Engel-Granger cointegration test and an Error Correction Model to estimate the long and short-run relationships between Swedish household debt and the explanatory variableshouse prices, CPI, GDP, market rate and the household's levels of disposable income, consumption and saving. The results show with significant values that a long run positive relationship exists between an increasing household debt and an increase in house prices, also a long-run negative relationship exists between a decreasing household debt and an increase in GDP/capita. Further on shows the result that there exist a short-run positive relationship between an increase in household debt and an increase in house prices and GDP/capita, and finally a short-run negative relationship between a decrease in household debt and an increase in market rate and disposable income. Based on the results of this study and previous research and the existing relationships there´s facilities to use financial- and monetary policy decisions to change any of the significant explanatory variables and thus steer the household debt in Sweden to a sustainable level.

  • 212.
    Svernling, Erik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Det nya ITP-avtalet: Konsekvenser för framtida tjänstemän2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Industry and commerce supplementary pension are collective agreement for private civil servants. 2007 was the year when the new ITP-agreement came into effect which lead to a huge shift when the agreement went from benefit pension to defined contribution retirement pension, for all civil servants born 1979 or later on. The purpose with the bachelor dissertation is to study the new ITP-agreement and to illustrate the differences between benefit pension and defined contribution. And give a picture of the consequences of the new agreement and the effect on future size of occupational pensions.

    The studie will use the pension standard developed by the insurance line to calculate the size of future pensions. With the help of three "type" individuals the studie will do calculations based on real portfolio and fees to give an idea of occupational pension size for future retirements.From the results of the analysis the study can´t give a straight answer if the new ITP-agreement caused some improvements or degradation for the private civil servants. Depending on individual´s ability to invest their pension funds the occupational pension size can both be larger or smaller than the old ITP 2 agreement. What the study can state is the new possibility for individual´s to affect their occupational pension. This also means a larger responsibility for the pension

  • 213. Tengstam, Sven
    Biståndet bör styras till de fattigaste länderna2012In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 5, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 214. Tengstam, Sven
    Debt Relief and Adjustment Effort in a Multi-Period Model2006In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 91, p. 127-130Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 215. Tengstam, Sven
    Disability and marginal utility of income: Evidence from hypothetical choices2014In: Health Economics, ISSN 1057-9230, E-ISSN 1099-1050, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 268-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states—(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all—is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so‐called veil of ignorance. The outcomes of the lotteries include both income and disability status. It is found that most people have higher marginal utility when paralyzed than when not mobility impaired at all. The two marginal utilities are evaluated at the same levels of income.Having personal experience of mobility impairment and supporting the Left Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Green Party, or the Liberal Party are associated with having a higher marginal utility when paralyzed. The results suggest that more than full insurance of income losses connected to being disabled is optimal. The results further suggest that, given a utilitarian social welfare function, resources should be transferred to rather than from disabled people. Finally, if the transfers are not large enough to smooth out the marginal utilities of the disabled and the nondisabled, distributional weights based on disability status should be used in cost–benefit analysis. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 216. Tengstam, Sven
    Påven, tillväxten och fattigdomen2014In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 3, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Thidé, Irene Hansen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hjul, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Egenskapspriser på småhusmarknaden: En jämförelse mellan stadskommunen Örebro och landsbygdskommunen Hällefors2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study are based on 2855 property sales that occurred during the time period of 1 January 2009 - 31 December 2013 in Örebro and Hällefors commune. With the help of the hedonic pricing model we will study the real estate characteristics and if so, how the various characteristics affecting the property price. This study focus on the real estate characteristics living area, built year, land area and the property location. The results of the study shows that in Örebro commune the property location has the greatest positive impact on the price, if the property is centrally located the price increases, followed by living area, land area and built year. In Hällefors commune, it is the living area that has the greatest positive impact on the sales, followed by land area and built year. If the property is centrally located, it turns out to have a major negative effect on the price, this means that the properties that are located in the central area has a lower selling price than those located in countryside.

  • 218.
    Träff, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kristensson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Alpha på den svenska fondmarknaden: Har förvaltningsavgiften någon påverkan på alpha?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mutual funds in Sweden are a very popular and attractive investment option for both companies and civilians. Fondbolagens förening claims that almost every Swedish person have some sort of fund saving and that the number of mutual funds on the Swedish market have grown during the last years. Today there is almost 2 500 mutual funds for an investor to choose from. It can make it hard for civilians and companies to know which mutual fund to invest in. To ease the decision have many models been developed in a try to prognosticate the mutual funds expected return, one of them the CAPM-model. The model has been further developed to make it possible to compare mutual fund performance. Many scientists have during the years tried to find variables that can affect the mutual funds' performance, the opinions are different but many scientists believe that the mutual funds fees and size are common factors.This study examines the performance of fifteen Swedish equity funds during a period of ten years. The performance then analyzes and thereafter the performance is put in relation to the mutual funds fee and size to find an eventual relationship.

    The study is done in a quantitative approach were we assume three hypotheses, thereafter deduction is used to find relate theory to empiricism. Therefore we use a hypothetical-deductive method to make conclusions. We find that the examined equity funds have a lower risk and return than the market portfolios. Like many other scientists we find that it is hard for the examined Swedish equity funds to outperform the market, the mutual funds have during the examined period underperformed the market. We can show that fees are significant and can explain variations in alpha, but the relationship is very weak. We cannot show any relationship between a mutual funds size and it´s return, which means that the return isn´t affected by the fund size.

  • 219.
    Urban, Gråsjö
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Flood, Lennart
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Regression Analysis and Time Use Data: A Comparison of Microeconometric Approaches with Data from the Swedish Time Use Survey1999In: Time Use: Research, Data and Policy / [ed] Merz, Joachim & Ehling, Manfred, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999, p. 457-472Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 220.
    Wang, Yan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The influence of exchange rate volatility on international trade: The case of Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of exchange rate volatility on export volume using Swedish data for the period 2000 to 2015. Specifically, we use the model developed by Udo Broll & Bernhard Eckwert in 1999 assess the impact of the volatility of the Swedish exchange rate vs. 9 main trade partners including Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Netherlands and U.K. The results show that the effect on both total export volume and bilateral exports volume are all insignificant. It indicates that trade may not be affected if Sweden's join the eurozone area.

  • 221.
    Warneflo, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Samuelsson, Philip
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    De svenska och de amerikanska hushållens skuldkvot och dess primära drivkrafter: Skiljer de sig åt?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The household debt is and will always be an interesting parameter for economists. And can it possibly get more interesting than by comparing one of the world's economic giants with hundreds of million citizens to a small Scandinavian country with just ten million citizens? In this study we examine the household debt in the United States of America and Sweden. We test whether the two nations have some similar and/or different denominators that drives the household debt. We hand-picked four different variables that we believed would have an impact on the household debt and ran an error-correction model to execute the tests. The four explanatory variables that we choose are: Federal fund rate, disposable income, indexed houseprices and the number of citizens in the age of 15-64. The results we got tells us that there seems to be differences between the countries. Our ECM regressions showed results that differs between the countries while the OLS-model had more similar results and the OLS also had r2-values around 50 % which indicates that we might have found some variables that actually have some influence on the debt ratio. We have presented our expectations regarding how we think each variable will influence the debt ratio. After running the regressions it turned out that we were on the right track since most of our expectations were successfully fulfilled.

  • 222.
    Wessberg, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Oscander, Sofia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Invandringens påverkan på Sveriges arbetsmarknad: Med fokus på lönenivå och sysselsättningsgrad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A hot topic today is immigration and how it affects Sweden in different ways. It discusses the pros and cons of immigration, and especially about the costs for Sweden to receive immigrants. Media is not late to hesitate on our opinions and turn and turn around all the effects that are becoming. This leads to the fact that many people believe that immigration only produces negative effects for Sweden. In this paper, we want to try to find out what effects immigration actually gives Sweden when it comes to the labor market. We have delimited immigrants with upper secondary and post-secondary education of at least three years.

    So how does immigration to Sweden actually effects the labor market in Sweden, in terms of salary and employment rates? Is it positive or negative affects?

    To get a conclusion about our most interesting question, we will use Y = F(L,K) as a theoretical basis. It's based on that Y is total production in the economy, L is different types if labor and K is capital. As an empirical model, we will use a multiple regression to identify possible statistical relationships between our dependent variable wages and our independent variables; immigration, employment rate and wage lagged one period. The period of time examined is between 2001 and 2015 and data is collected for each quarter.

    In our thesis we have found that immigration affects the wages in Sweden positively. We have also tested for longer periods back in the time and the effect remains positive.

  • 223. Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Creativity as an integral element of social capital and its role in economic performance2014In: Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Creativity / [ed] Rolf Sternberg and Gerhard Krauss, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 60-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a theoretically informed discussion of creativity in social capital and elaborates on its role in economic growth and development based on recent theoretical developments in evolutionary economics and economic geography. We discuss social capital as an explanatory factor for creativity and creative processes in the short run, but also creativity as a factor having impacts on social networks, norms and values in the long run. The theoretical discussions are complemented with empirical illustrations and examples. Our starting point is that creativity has both an individual and a collective component, which are both linked to social capital.

  • 224.
    Widenbäck, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Do acquiring firms gain on takeovers?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Merger and acquisitions has increased rapidly the last three decades. There has been a lot of articles discussing the wealth created for shareholders. Most articles are focusing on how the returns are changing for the targeted firms after the announcement of a takeover. In this thesis I have been investigating the abnormal return for the acquiring firm when announcing for a takeover. With data of stock prices collected from DataStream and Eikon, I have performed an event study. The findings indicate that a Swedish firm listed on the stock market on average have a negative abnormal return when announcing for a takeover of another firm.

  • 225.
    Wihlborg, Clas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kompromissande ekonomer i debatt och rådgivning2016In: Makropolitik i kris: En vänskrift till Lars Jonung med anledning av hans 70-årsdag, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2016, p. 105-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Wihlborg, Clas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Khoury, Sarkis J.
    University of California at Riverside, Riverside, USA.
    Trust in the Euro and the EU’s Banking Union After the Financial Crisis: Interdisciplinary European Studies2019In: Trust in the European Union in Challenging Times: Interdisciplinary European Studies / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Bremberg, Niklas; Michalski, Anna; Oxelheim, Lars, Springer, 2019, p. 111-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wihlborg and Khoury examine whether greater institutional flexibility can strengthen confidence in the euro and the European banking union. The authors highlight the costs and benefits of harmonization as compared with those arising from competition among national regulatory frameworks. Greater trust requires either that some EU member states abandon the euro as their currency, or that they effect far-reaching structural reforms. Politically, it is advantageous to divide the euro zone into two different currency areas. Regarding the EU’s banking union, Wihlborg and Khoury contend that market discipline with regard to banks’ risk-taking improves national regulatory frameworks through institutional competition. Mutual recognition between national supervisory authorities requires harmonization of rules for dealing with troubled banks, as well as for banking regulation and supervision.

  • 227.
    Wolmesjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Östman, Caroline
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bostadsbrist: En kvantitativ undersökning om vilka faktorer som orsakar bristen på lägenheter i Stor-Göteborg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A report on the lack of apartments in Sweden's second largest city, Gothenburg. The study aims to analyze the causes of the housing shortage that is current in Gothenburg and how the selected factors have contributed to the lack of apartments. The study has been done quarterly between 2000 and 2017 and limited to Greater-Gothenburg, which includes the following municipalities: Kungälv, Stenungsund, Tjörn, Öckerö, Gothenburg, Mölndal, Partille, Härryda, Lerum, Ale, Alingsås, Lilla Edet and Kungsbacka. Four variables selected based on the presented scientific articles have been examined for unit roots and cointegration to further investigate its short and long-term impact on the dependent variable using an Error Correction Model. The result confirms the population, price of apartment and production cost for apartment as the most influential number of apartments in Greater Gothenburg in the long term. In the short term, the number of apartments in the form of a historical value from the previous quarter is confirmed as an important factor in explaining the current range of apartments and also the price of the apartments and the error term. All variables with the exception of the lending rate together have a high R2 value of 99.4%, which indicates a high degree of explanation of the dependent variable.

  • 228.
    Yemen, Alias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jernberg, Joakim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sambandet mellan den ekonomiska tillväxten och arbetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between GDP-growth and Unemployment as a two-variable equation was established by Arthur Okun in the 1960´s. The equation was later called Okun´s law because it provided a fitting description of the relation between GDP-growth and unemployment. Studies in the late 2000´s has shown that the relationship is diminishing as the markets for GDP-growth and Unemployment becomes more complex.

    This studies purpose is to examine the relation between GDP-growth and unemployment, and which form of GDP that explains unemployment levels the best. The authors of this paper will use three models, the difference version, the levels version and the gap version that each describes the relationship between various forms of GDP and unemployment. The countries the relationship will be tested for is Sweden and the U.S for the time period 2001-2018 by using quarterly data for the countries and see if the relationship differs between the countries and the plausible explanations on why it differs.

    Results from the studies show that the relationship is best described by the levels version and that the countries in this paper don´t differ a lot from each other and the studies that was conducted by Okun in the 1960´s.

  • 229.
    Yüksel, Antonio
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Berglund, Torbjörn
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prissättning på bostadsrätter i Göteborg: Vilka egenskaper är det som påverkar priserna och hur mycket påverkar dem?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which characteristics that's affecting the prices of condominiums in Gothenburg and by how much each of them affect. It is widely known that there are many factors that can increase the price of a condominium, the question is to what extent? By using the hedonic pricing model and multiple regression analyzes, we have been able to estimate how much each of these factors affect the price. The study is a cross-sectional study comprising 100 observations in Gothenburg city (downtown, east, west and Hisningen) collected from two different brokerage firms in Gothenburg during 2013-2014. These observations have been divided into a total of 23 variables, which includes living area , number of rooms (RoK) , fee, area/location , year of construction , balcony and elevator which are independent variables aimed at explaining the dependent variable, residential price. The results showed that 11 of the 23 variables showed statistical significance which includes living area, fee, and several of the location variables showed the expected results. Features such as number of rooms, elevator, balcony and floor is something that is constantly in demand by speculators but showed insignificance in the study, which means that, according to this study, that they do not have an impact on the final price. This may be due to multicollinearity and the shortage of observations. As the study is the first of its kind for condominium market in Gothenburg, we believe that there is now a good foundation that simply and clearly shows the significant property influences on housing price

  • 230.
    Zetterström, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Floden, David
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Price determinants of the Swedish housing market2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have been carried out the last decades trying to identify key factors that contribute to the surge in housing prices. Since the deregulation of the Swedish credit market in 1985, the prices have risen more than the CPI and have failed to provide an increased production of real estate. Studies on both domestic market and abroad points out two key variables: GDP and mortgage rates. This study uses an error correction model to find the long run and short term relationship between the variables and prices. The ECM results suggest that the deviation of disequilibrium between housing prices and their fundamentals is corrected over time by roughly 28 per cent per year with GDP and the interest rate as the main influencers in the short term

  • 231.
    Ziegler, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is there an EMU effect on trade inside the Eurozone?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A major economic reason for the development towards Economic and Monetary union of European union (EMU) was the extensive view that it would enhance trade between the member countries. The aim of this paper is to estimate if there is an EMU effect on trade for the countries inside the Eurozone, and in addition look how trade is affected between EMU members and countries outside the currency union. A panel data set has been used, covering bilateral trade from 10 developed countries, for the years 1995 to 2013. The regression is run on two different groups, one including all OECD countries in the sample, and one using data from only the European Union countries in the sample. I estimated that the adoption of the Euro inside the Eurozone has increased trade between 16 and 17,5 percent. Furthermore, i found that trade from Eurozone to outside countries has increased between 9,4 to 21 percent. After implemented yearly dummy variables for the Eurozone it can be detected that the EMU effect on trade has increased over time, from 10,3 percent in 1999 to 29 percent in 2013.

  • 232.
    Bernhard, Iréne (Editor)
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Olsson, Anna Karin (Editor)
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    A Nordic Perspective on Co‐Operation for Sustainable Destination and Regional Development2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report contributes to a Nordic perspective on co-operation for sustainable destination- and regional development based on studies conducted within a Swedish-Danish Interreg project 2012-2014 (MARIFUS). An introduction chapter with major themes initiates this report followed by five chapters1 written by researchers from Aalborg University, Denmark (Incevida) and University West, Sweden (School of Business, Economics and IT). The purpose of this report is to give deeper nsights in Nordic destination and regional development by empirical case studies. These studies have been presented and discussed at seminars during international scientific conferences within regional science (the 16th Uddevalla Symposium 2013 in Kansas City, USA and the 17th Uddevalla Symposium 2014 in Uddevalla, Sweden) organized by University West. The contributions are nterdisciplinary in that sense that they are written by scholars from different scientific disciplines such as business administration, informatics, planning and culture studies. However, all scholars have a destination and/or regional perspective as a point of departure in the case studies conducted. The three-year project offered great opportunities to cross-border learning and applied research in close co-operation (Work integrated learning) with project partners and students.The studies are partly supported by the project MARIFUS “Maritime Inlands – past, present and future strengths” financed by the European Union Regional Development Fund (Interreg IV A). The editors express sincere gratitude to all authors and all partners of the MARIFUS project. 

2345 201 - 232 of 232
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