Change search
Refine search result
2345678 201 - 250 of 451
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 201.
    Heder Brandt, Petter
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Olsson, Anders
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Dahlquist, Karl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    “Profitability is sustainability”: framing of forest management practices by the Swedish forest industry2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 38, no 7-8, p. 429-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the Swedish forest industry, as represented by the three largest Swedish private forest companies (Svenska Cellulosa AB, Stora Enso, and Holmen), through their main public relations (PR) channels frame the current dominant Swedish forestry model and alternative models that are promoted by the European Union (EU). The content analysis of the three companies’ trade magazines published between 2019 and 2022 explores the patterns in the PR framing of the forest management models with respect to economic, environmental, and social aspects. The time interval is centered by the July 2021 announcement of the EU’s new Forest Strategy for 2030. The magazines’ target audience is private forest owners, from whom Svenska Cellulosa AB, Stora Enso, and Holmen buy 40–50% of the timber used in production. The main finding of the study is that these corporations did not present alternative methods as viable options to replace the Swedish forestry model. The magazines, with some individual variations, respond to the alternative methods promoted by the EU and environmental associations by an increased emphasis on the benefits, mainly environmental, of the Swedish forestry model–framing the model as not only the most profitable but also the most ecologically sustainable. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 202.
    Heed, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Törnberg, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Regional arbetslöshet: faktorer som påverkar den regionala arbetslösheten i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the determinants of regional unemployment in Sweden during the period 2009-2013. By collecting data we have studied six explanatory parameters covering the financial and social factors. By using Aragon's (2003) model, we studied six variables and examined what impact they had on the regional unemployment. The variables were the number of companies, number of inhabitants, proportion of foreign born, the percentage who are college-educated, average age and median income. The results of the study show that there is a relationship between the variables and the level of unemployment in the regions. The variables that have a statistically significant effect on regional unemployment are proportion of foreign born and median income.

  • 203.
    Hellberg, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aulin, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aktiv kontra Passiv Fondförvaltning: En Analys av Svenska Aktiefonder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this empirical study has been to draw a conclusion about whether actively managed funds outperform the market or not. This study is based on the following two questions:

    1. Does an actively managed fund provide a higher risk-adjusted net return than the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI? and 2. Is there any correlation between Swedish Actively managed equity funds' fees and their excess return?

    Fourteen funds were selected and compared to the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI. The period choosen is between 2007-04-04 and 2016-04-04, which resulted in 107 observations as we studied the data on a monthly basis. The model used is CAPM and the risk-adjusted performance measures were Jensen's alpha and Sharpe ratio. The results given from CAPM and sharpe ratio showed that funds on average perform better than OMXS30, but not OMXSBGI. However, the results for CAPM show lack of significance. The conclusions drawn from this study is that actively managed funds can not be proved to have a higher risk-adjusted net return than the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI. This study also shows a negative correlation between the funds' fees and their alfa-values.

  • 204.
    Hellohf, Alexander
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Allestam, Joanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkar offentligt underskott den ekonomiska tillväxten i ett land?: En studie av utvalda länder i Europa2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our paper was to examine the relationship between government deficit and economic growth. The hypothesis was that the government deficit negatively affects economic growth in a country. This hypothesis was based on previous research as well as the theory of the crowding out effect. According to this theory an increase in government deficit leads to a decrease in investments, which then leads to a decrease in growth. To examine the effects of government deficit on growth we used a fixed effects model with dummy variables to account for country-specific and time-specific differences. We used panel data for the countries Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Finland during the time period 2000–2017. A correlation matrix was created to discard the possibility of multicollinearity amongst the explanatory variables. Apart from government deficit, a set of explanatory variables which are commonly used to explain growth were included. The result of the study confirmed the hypothesis that government deficit has a negative impact on growth. 

  • 205.
    Helte, Veronica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How well can a simple monetary model explain the depreciation of the Swedish Krona2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the reasons for the fluctuations in the Swedish exchange rate for the period 2005 to 2014. Mainly, focus will be on the nominal bilateral exchange rate measured against the dollar. Although, as an attempt to extend the model and get a better result, the effective Swedish exchange rate, measured as the total competitive weight-index, will also be tested. A simple monetary model, of the Mundell-Fleming approach, and a vector error correction model is used to find the factors of the depreciation, specifically, during the last six months. The result found in the study is that the theory explains what has actually happened in the economy well, and is valid when trying to explain the volatility of the exchange rate. A decrease in the interest rate causes a depreciation in the exchange rate to a great extent, together with an increase in inflation and a decrease in national income.

  • 206.
    Henke, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Petersson, Stina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tobin Q's påverkan på nybyggnationer av småhus i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyze the relations between the profitability, as described by Tobin Q, and newly constructed houses in Sweden for the period 1998 to 2014. In addition, we include two counties with the lowest and the highest Q-values, namely, Stockholm and Västerbotten, to highlight the regional differences. We found, through regression analyses, that there is a positive relation between profitability and the newly constructed houses for the whole country and Stockholm, but not for Västerbotten.

  • 207.
    Henriksen, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Blomberg, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Domestic vs international diversification: An empirical study on the performance of Swedish mutual funds2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates the performance of Swedish mutual funds with different investment strategies between April 2014 and March 2019. The purpose was to study whether or not international diversification is profitable for the Swedish investor in terms of the risk-return criterion. To establish the relationship between risk and expected return, the Capital Asset Pricing Model and the Fama and French three-factor model were used, in line with previous studies. The performance of the funds was evaluated by adopting different performance measures such as Sharpe ratio and Jensen's alpha. Data was collected as time series for 30 mutual funds registered in Sweden on a monthly basis, using DataStream and Kenneth R. French's data library. From the elaborated data along with descriptive statistics, the Sharpe ratio could be calculated. Jensen's alpha along with the other coefficients within these models was estimated using ordinary least squares (OLS). The comparison between the performance measures of Sharpe ratio and Jensen's alpha with one another, among the fund categories, does give results that collaborate. The highest risk adjusted return determined by Sharpe ratio as well as the best performance according to Jensen's alpha, was experienced by equity funds investing only on the domestic market. Thus, international diversification is not profitable for the Swedish investor according to this study.

  • 208.
    Heukers, Remco
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sectoral Equity Returns in Europe: An Empirical Study on Reducing Portfolio Risk2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the performances of 16 key equity sectors in the European market. Hereby, the daily sectoral equity indices are used for the period 2000-2017. Different performance measures have been used, including the Sharpe-ratio and Jensen’s Alpha. In addition, the cross-sectoral and cross-countries return correlations have been examined. Furthermore, calendar anomalies have been researched and portfolio optimization techniques have been used to illustrate different diversification scenarios. Four structural models have been tested and the classical linear regression model with the ordinary least squares technique has been used to run regressions, both on the aggregated Europe equity index as well as the sectors individually. This research finds that Consumer Staples/Chemicals have on average the highest risk-to-return ratio and IT/Banks the lowest. Moreover, Health Care and Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals, Financials and Banks were the most correlated while Banks and Leisure, Materials and Leisure were the least correlated sectors. This research also finds that the aggregated European equity index shows a higher correlation with the sectors Banks, Financials and Industrials than the aggregated US and aggregated World indices do. Finally, it is shown that the average return correlations across sectoral indices are lower than the average return correlations across developed countries indices within the European equity market.

  • 209.
    Hillefors, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Isaksson, Nathalie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    De svenska hushållens sparande: Vilka faktorer påverkar sparkvoten? En reflektion under den rådande Corona-pandemin.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The savings ratio for Swedish households is record-breaking and Sweden, together with the rest of the world, is currently in the middle of a pandemic. What drives individuals to save is based on a number of different factors that previous research has concluded. The purpose of this study is to, with previous research as a basis, investigate which factors affect the savings ratio for Swedish households. Quarterly data for the years 1982–2020 is analyzed in a time series by first processing for unit roots and then cointegration. The data is then estimated in a multiple linear regression in the form of an “Error Correction Model”, with the intention of investigating both the short-term and long-term relationship. The results of the study indicate that the variables that have a significant impact on the change in the household savings ratio are GDP per capita, inflation, unemployment and consumption, while public savings and the development of the stock market have a significant but less considerable effekt. The economic theories that the study findssupport for are the theory of precautionary savings as well as the standard buffer-stock model. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 210.
    Hindgren, Beatrice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur den ekonomiska tillväxten påverkas av inkomstojämlikheter: En studie på regional nivå i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the relationship between economic growth and income inequality in Swedish municipalities during 2012 using cross-sectional data. The study uses the measure of economic growth as the total wage sum of the municipality and income inequality as the Gini-coefficient. A subsidiary purpose was to investigate whether there existed varying relationships between the variables in rich and poor municipalities. The study was based on a regression model from Cialani (2013) where several variables was collected and used. Some exchanges were made based on what we felt was more relevant to the study. The variable to be explained in the analysis is the economic growth and this is done by the use of several explanatory variables which are average income, the Gini-coefficient, the municipal tax rate, education costs, elderly care costs, family care costs, total cost per capita, the percentage of highly educated workers, the percentage of unemployment, the percentage of seniors, population density and two dummy variables to distinguish political importance and the difference between a rich and a poor municipality.

    The results were unexpected since we ended up with a negative relationship between income inequality and economic growth as it differs from earlier research done at the regional level in Sweden (Cialani 2013, Nahum 2005) in which they found a positive relationship. Regarding the subsidiary purpose of the study, we found that the negative effect had stronger impact in the poor municipalities than in the rich.

  • 211.
    Hintze, Michael
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mc Cullough Nylén, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bostadsrättsprisets utveckling i Göteborg: En tidsserieanalys om det är en prisbubbla på bostadsrättsmarknaden i Göteborgs kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to analyze whether Gothenburg's tenant-owned housing market is in a housing bubble and its possible definition of it. This thesis aims to study the timeframe between 1998-2018 and focuses only on condominiums. The purpose of the thesis is to determine whether the price development can be explained by the factors population, repo rate, new constructions, employment and income. We will also evaluate whether price developments have followed the trend within the theory for identifying a price bubble. To try answering the questions by a quantities study, a multiple regression model was used. From it, our result and conclusion are linked. Based on our used theories from Stiglitz (1990) and Lind (2008), no price bubble has been identified on the tenant-owner market in the city of Gothenburg. However, in Lind's five-step theory, some criteria are met regarding the existence of the price bubble. In order to fully evaluate the theory, a qualitative study is required, which is not included during our study period.

  • 212.
    Hjalmarsson, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindberg, Berndt
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jämförande studie av prisutvecklingen på småhusmarknaden mellan Jönköpings och Stockholms län2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares the price development on the house market in Jönköping and Stockholm County during the time period 2003-2012. Price development for the period examined have shown a rising trend, however, with a slowdown after the 2008 financial crisis. The study examines the extent to which four key macroeconomic factors affect price development in the housing market for the respective counties. The result obtained in this study is that the price of real estate in Jönköping County is affected by classical macroeconomic variables such as mortgage interest rate and inflation. However for Stockholm County price development is affected primarily by changes in population and changes in salary.

  • 213.
    Hjelte, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Garström, Fredrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Förhållandet mellan risk och avkastning hos svenska försäkringsfonder: En kvantitativ studie med stöd av CAPM modellen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is based on the assumption of a positive relationship between risk and return, which many people believes in. The most common mutual funds form in Sweden today is the insurance funds, which affects almost everyone in one way or another. Therefore it's interesting to analyze this relationship on this type of mutual funds. A dominant model in financial economics, which have been used in the study, is the CAPM model which describes the relationship between expected return and market risk of financial assets.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between risk and return of a number of chosen Swedish insurance funds, in order to find out if there was a positive significant relationship between two different risk measures (standard deviation and beta) and return. To be able to accomplish this one simple linear regression and one multiple linear regression which is based on the CAPM model, have been used. The study investigates this relationship in three different time periods (2004-2013, 2009-2013 and 2011-2013) and was based on quarterly data for the Treasury bonds and the benchmark and also annual historical average return and standard deviation. The results presented a positive significant relationship for the funds with the lower risk, both in the simple and the multiple regressions. For the funds with the higher risk no positive significant relationship was found, neither in the simple or the multiple regressions. The conclusion came down to that there was a positive significant relationship between risk and return for the low-risk funds, but not for the high-risk funds

  • 214.
    Holm, Ninni
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Värdepåverkande faktorer vid värdering av bostadsrätter i Uddevalla kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a condominium shall be sold in the market a value judgment is performed in order to create a market-based pricing as a basis for the transfer. It is important to know the factors that influence the price and what potential buyers are willing to pay for different qualities and therefore leads to this thesis problem; which characteristics can explain and have the highest effect on the price of a condominium in Uddevalla? To answer the question has empirical data on 1,578 condominium transfers that occurred during the period 2008 to 2013 received.

    After considerations the ideal method is based on hedonic price theory, where the price implicitly reveals consumer preferences. By use of the logarithmic regression model the results obtained by multiple regression analysis where consumer preferences about different qualities have been identified and analyzed, as well as if population and the repo rate affect the price. In addition, the thesis will find out if the price tends to be higher during some of the year's four seasons.

    The thesis conclusions are that living space is the variable that has the greatest impact on price on condominiums in Uddevalla. Because rooms tend to increase with increased living space, the willingness to pay more for each additional room also increases the price. The condominiums location and monthly fee is also crucial for the price. If the distance from the center and monthly fee increase, it reduces buyers' willingness to pay. Further conclusions about the factors that affect the price are that consumers are willing to pay more for newly constructed condominiums and prefer to stay relatively high in the residential buildings

  • 215.
    Holm, Sara
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Boman, Carl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The relationship between the stock and housing market in Sweden: Under different market conditions2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The two largest assets on the balance sheet in the Swedish households are stocks and houses. The country's wealth and general economy are greatly affected by changes in the two markets. This paper investigates the relationship between the stock- and housing market in Sweden under the time period 1987 to 2019. To investigate the correlation, a bivariate correlation matrix was used and to investigate the causality of the two assets, the Granger causality test based on a vector autoregressive model (VAR) was applied. The causality test is performed both with and without control variables like GDP and interest rate. We will be dived the full time series into different subsamples, where focus is on two periods that includes a recession and two periods that include an economic boom. It is important to analyze how causality is during different business cycles to get a better understanding about the causality between the two markets. The conclusion that there is a large and positive relationship between the two assets could be drawn after the analysis of the bivariate correlation matrix. Overall, the causality test shows that there is unidirectional causality from the stock market to the housing market during an economic boom but not during a recession.

  • 216.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Izabel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Distance from insolvency in the Swedish banks: A panel analysis of the four largest banks in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the resent financial crisis in 2007-2009, the terminology of 'too-big-to-fail' has become an increasingly debated topic around the world, referring to risk-taking by banks that causes systemic risk due to their size and complexity. Large capital contribution packages, implicit guarantees, has been paid out in order to prevent financial meltdown while giving banks and its creditors the incentive to take on higher risk, causing moral hazard. This thesis aims to determine what bank activities that influence implicit guarantees that is measured by banks risk-taking, distance from insolvency, in the four largest bank in Sweden during the time period 2001 to 2015. By a panel regression analysis, we can see that total asset and debt securities influences the banks risk-taking. From the findings we can conclude that the problem of 'too-big-to-fail' exists in Sweden.

  • 217.
    Hällgren, Philip
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Sambandet mellan mat- och bränslepriser i Sverige2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the connection between food prices and fuel prices in Sweden, and also to see if it's possible to find out which of the two variables affect the other. The data is gathered from Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) and all the variables are measured by a CPI, which is measured monthly from January 2013 to January 2023. To investigate how they affect each other, different statistical tests and methods will be used. Such are unit root test, cointegration test, Granger-causality test and also correlation. The result from the Granger-causality test showed that bread and other cereal products and also alcoholic beverages and tobacco Granger-causes fuel, but also that fuel Granger-causes alcoholic beverages and tobacco. The conclusion was that both food prices and fuel prices affect each other, but that there is no connection between fuel prices and the prices of all of the different food products.

  • 218.
    Håkansson, Filip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Eriksson Uggla, Hugo
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hedonisk studie om bostadsrättsmarknaden: Hur har Covid-19 påverkat bostadspriserna i olika delar av Göteborg stad2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 2020 on March 11, the new Coronavirus was classified as a pandemic, the pandemic came to affect both Sweden's economy, unemployment, and the housing market. As a result of the pandemic, more and more jobs were given the possibility to work from home and therefore the demand for larger housing increased. This thesis analyzes the impact of the covid-pandemic on condominium prices in Gothenburg for the period: 11 March 2019 to 11 March 2020 and 11 March 2020 to 11 March 2021. The data is largely taken from Swedish Brokerage Statistics and supplemented, if necessary, by Booli, Hemnet or SCB. The purpose is to see which properties have been affected by Covid-19, and how the final prices of condominiums have been affected because of these.The study is done using a Hedonic method and a regression analysis where the price is a dependent variable and the tenant's different physical, location-economic properties are independent variables. The focus will be on analyzing how consumers' willingness to pay has been affected and which housing-related properties have been the driving force. With the help of the hedonic model and the regression analysis, the results of the study show that the willingness to pay has increased for several properties in condominiums. The results show that the pandemic did impact the prices of condominiums in Gothenburg city, the study shows an increase in price from before the pandemic. The results also show that there were a few properties that were affected, such as the condominium's number of rooms, the fee, residents, and balcony affect the price. Even when the condominium is built and which area it is located was shown to partly affects the price.

  • 219.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Real Estate, Economics and Society.
    Gretzel, Ulrike
    University of Southern California (USA).
    Wihlborg, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development. University of Linköping, Linköping (SWE).
    Introduction to the Minitrack on Hospitality and Tourism in a Global Digital Economy: New Models, Services and Performance2023In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: HICSS 2023 Virtual, Online 3 January 2023 / [ed] Bui T.X., IEEE Computer Society, 2023, p. 3962-3963, article id 187535Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 220.
    Högemark, Anton
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Bergström, Marcus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Har amorteringskraven fått den effekt som önskats av beslutsfattarna?: Sett ur ett nationellt perspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increased prices of the housing market leads to bigger mortgages and higher debt-to-income ratio for Swedish households. The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority has the task of controlling and regulating the financial risks that consumers and corporations may face. In order to regulate the increasing prices of the housing market and an elevated debt-to-income ratio, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority introduced a mortgage ceiling in 2010 as a first step to slow the growth of these two factors. With continued elevated price levels of the housing market as well as an increased debt-to-income ratio, another fiscal policy measure was introduced in 2016. This was the first amortization requirement which was then led by a sharpened amortization requirement two years later. The purpose of this study has been to prove if the fiscal policy measures that the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority introduced have led to an effect that was desired. The variables that have been used in order to conduct this study are Debt-to-income ratio, GDP, employed of total occupied, Real estate price index, Disposable income, Average interest rate on mortgages, Household consumption, and dummy variables for the Mortgage ceiling, Amortization requirement as well as the Sharpened amortization requirement. The study was built on prior research on this area and the data that have been researched are from the timespan between the years of 1990-2020. The economical method used in the study is the market theory and the econometric method used was the OLSmethod. The regressions showed that the variables of the first amortization requirement, GDP, household consumption, housing market index and employed of total occupied had a significant effect on the debt-to-income ratio. The variables of disposable income, average interest rate of mortgages, mortgage ceiling and the sharpened amortization requirement proved to have no significant effect on the debt-to-income ratio and were therefor not reliable. The first amortization requirement, which was introduced in 2016, proved to have a negative beta value towards the debt-to-income ratio which meant that this fiscal policy measure did have the effect that the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority and other decision makers wanted in the ongoing work for a more secure domestic credit market. 

  • 221.
    Hölscher, Victor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ahlkvist, Victoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Har bostadspriserna i Skövde påverkats av införandet av amorteringskrav?: En jämförelsestudie av amorteringskravets påverkan på bostadspriserna i mindre svenska kommuner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how house prices have been affected by the amortisation requirement. On June 1, 2016, the Swedish Financial Supervisory imposed an amortization requirement for new mortgages. The requirement was tightened on March 1, 2018, with the introduction of a second amortisation requirement. (SCB, 2019) We have analyzed the possible impact that the introduction of the amortisation requirement has had on the Swedish housing market in a number of smaller cities for the period 2015-02-01 to 2019-12-31. As a basis for this thesis, we have used an econometric model with the support of economics theory and previous research. Our focus has been to examine the change in house prices in Skövde, Trollhättan, Uddevalla, Varberg and Örnsköldsvik. We have performed two statistical linear multiple regressions with two different dependent variables, which are prices of houses and prices of apartments for each city. Based on our regression, it is not possible to draw conclusions about how the amortisation requirement has affected housing prices. The results have low reliability in many of our variables. We therefore hope that the study can influence future studies, where by including more explanatory variables and a longer observation period a more reliable conclusion can be drawn.

  • 222.
    Islam, Md Safiqul
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Monetary Approach to Exchange Rate Determination: Evidence from Five Countries2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine an alternative version of the monetary approach to exchange rate determination to describe the CAD-USD, YEN-USD, GBP-USD, CHF-USD, SGD-USD exchange rate. We study this phenomenon empirically by collecting quarterly data of the exchange rate, money supply, gross domestic product, and interest rate, the inflation rate of Canada, Japan, England, Singapore, and Switzerland during 1979-2019. Therefore, this study also works on Dronbusch's sticky-price monetary model of the exchange rate determination for Canada, the UK, Switzerland, Japan, and Singapore.

  • 223.
    Ismayil, Aygun
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Effects of Audit Quality on Earnings Management in listed Swedish Companies2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information asymmetry between agent and principal creates an opportunity for management of the company to mislead decisions of its stakeholders. To avoid information asymmetry between stakeholders and management and creating trust in capital markets auditors' role as an independent party is crucial. The negative association between audit quality and earnings management has been proved theoretically and empirically by previous studies. The purpose of this study is to examine this relationship management for listed Swedish companies. The logistic regression model has been used to investigate the association between earnings management and audit quality proxies such as auditor firm size, industry specialization, and audit fee. Earnings management has been measured by the 8-variable Beneish Model. The study analyses 60 companies from five different sectors (basic materials, consumer services, healthcare, industrials, and technology) for the period between 2016 and 2018. The evidence of the study reveals that industry specialization is a significant factor that restricting earnings management, while audit firm size and audit fees do not significantly affect earnings management for listed Swedish companies.

  • 224.
    Jadidi, Khosro
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is the market leading ratings, or ratings leading the market?: A case study of the four largest Swedish banks' default probabilities' relationship with their respective ratings2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims at finding out whether a bank's default probability measures are capable of predicting its ratings, and vice versa. It also attempts at finding the most useful combination of independent variables for a predictive regression. I analyze the data regarding ratings, distance to default and Z5 scores for the four largest Swedish banks (Handelsbanken, Nordea, SEB, Swedbank), and utilize multiple linear, ordinal and nominal logit regressions in order to reach my findings. I conclude that default probability measures can be reasonably good variables for predicting these four bank's long term ratings. The same can't be said about the short term ratings. The ratings however, fail to be good predictors of default probability measures.

    Also, it has been discovered that a combination of distance to default, Z5, and distance to default interacting with Z5, is the most effective combination of independent variables for predicting the ratings. The fact that ratings weren't capable of predicting default probability measures too well, suggests that the effect of market on ratings is greater than the opposite. In other words, market leads the ratings.

  • 225.
    Jakobsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nässlander, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reporäntans effekt på hushållens sparande i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies how variations in the repo rate affects the saving rate of Swedish households and in different ages between 1996 and 2016. The central bank of Sweden is the controlling unit of the range for the repo rate. The repo rate affects the inflation as well as the loans and other variables for Swedish households. The time series data used in this thesis are quarterly. Independent values for the variables of the repo rate, inflation, disposable income and saving in relation to age for four different age groups is used. This thesis has developed data that are processed for unit roots and cointegration to estimate the effect on financial savings by using the regression model called "Error Correction Model". The economic model has an explanation power of about 50 % on financial savings in Sweden. This indicates that financial savings can be explained by other variables, such as consumption and psychological effects. With help of previous research, we have concluded that the life cycle hypothesis is the dominant theory when it comes to saving. The conclusions of this study show that the repo rate, as well as the other independent variables such as inflation and disposable income, have an effect on household savings.

  • 226.
    Jakobsson, Niklas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet Handelshögskolan. Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik.
    Tengstam, Sven
    Does immigration affect welfare state generosity? Quasi-experimental evidence2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    his note studies the impact of immigration on welfare state generosity in 12 Western European countries. In estimations not coping with the possible endogeneity problem, there are indications of a negative relationship between immigration and welfare state generosity. However, when the distance to the Balkan wars are used as a source of exogenous variation in the immigrant share, as to overcome potential endogeneity in mobility across countries, our findings suggest that an increase in the immigrant share does not decrease welfare state generosity.

  • 227.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Pecunia olet: The Funding Dilemma for Think Tanks in Poland2022In: Resourceful Civil Society: Navigating the Changing Landscapes of Civil Society Organizations / [ed] Kravchenko, Zhanna; Kings, Lisa; Jezierska, Katarzyna, Springer International Publishing , 2022, p. 37-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanks are a special type of civil society organization engaged in research and advocacy. They produce and deliver social analysis to policymakers and the wider public, aiming to influence policy in a given direction while declaring themselves detached from vested interests. This chapter focuses on how the image of independence rhymes with think tanks’ need for significant economic resources, revealing two main strategies to resolve the resulting funding dilemma. The first strategy entails diversification of funding sources; the second is avoiding certain types of funding outright. The concrete sources that individual think tanks eschew turn out to be linked to their ideological profiles: conservative institutions highlighted foreign funding as the most problematic, while market liberal and centrist liberal institutions shunned state funding.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Springer
  • 228.
    Johansson, Casper
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mattsson, Andreas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    De svenska hushållens skuldsättning: En ekonometrisk studie kring dess påverkande faktorer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sharp increase in household debt has lead to a major increase in research done in the subject. We will in this essay analyse how Swedish households indebt themselves and investigate to which degree our explanatory variables affect the total indebtedness in Sweden.

    We will perform a time series analysis of each variable and use a simple multiple regression model to help us interpret which factors are significant in explaining Swedish households indebtedness. The study is based on quarterly data from 2002–2017, which is applied through an econometric model. Our depent variable, the debt ratio, is the ratio between a household's total debt and their disposable income. The explanatory variables used are; the reporate, unemployment, inflation rate, changes in GDP and housing prices in form of a housing price index.

    The results indicate that there is a connection between the debt ratio and the explanatory variables unemployment, changes in GDP and housing price index. This most likely depends on the fact that housing prices have a high explanatory power to household indebtedness.

  • 229.
    Johansson, Emely
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Segle, Jacqueline
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkas de svenska storbankernas vinster, under reglering av Basel II?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, there have been several financial crisis and it has shown that banks don´t hold enough capital for the risk their taking. The Basel committee are working on recommendations for banks and how much capital they need to hold. The purpose of Basel recommendations are that banks are going to hold capital for future risks. The Basel committee has released a new regulation, Basel III that is implemented until 2019. This is because the former regulation, Basel II, was not safe enough, which the financial crisis in 2007 proofs. Higher regulations are associated with higher costs and this means lower profit for the banks. By using variables that affects profit, and dummy variables that measures the profit before and during Basel II, we can make a regression analysis. To do the final OLS regression we made a Dickey Fuller tests to test the variables for unit roots.

    This study examine the impact of an increase in capital requirement, as indicated by Basel II, on the profitability of Swedish banks for the period 1998 to 2009. We use the OLS regression model to assess the impact of an increase of Capital requirement and other control variables on Swedish bank profitability (ROA). The results of this report show that the Basel II didn't had any effect on the Swedish banks profitability.

  • 230.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Uddevalla Symposium - Summary and a Historical Review2007In: Uddevalla Symposium tenth anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Buildning Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 9-12Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 231.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2003: entrepreneurship, spatial industrial clusters and inter-firm networks : papers presented at the Uddevalla Symposium 2003, 12-14 June, Uddevalla, Sweden2004Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2004: regions in competition and co-operation : papers presented at the 7th Uddevalla Symposium 2004, 17-19 June, Fredrikstad, Norway2005Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2005: innovations and entrepreneurship in functional regions : papers presented at the 8 Uddevalla Symposium and the 8 McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference,15-17 September, Uddevalla, Sweden2006Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2006: entrepreneurship and development - local processes and global patterns : papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2006, Fairfax, VA, USA2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2007: institutions for knowledge generation and knowledge flows - building innovative capabilities for regions : papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, Uddevalla, Sweden2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Larsson, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigration and the economy: A study of the costs and benefits of immigration2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relationship between immigration and GDP/capita in Sweden for the period 1993-2015. This period is chosen because of limitations of data and to include the recent refugee flows in Sweden. The analysis is based on a decomposition framework of GDP/capita. This study contains two empirical investigations; First, an analysis of the contributions of foreign citizens to the Swedish GDP/capita derived from the participation rate. Second, an analysis of which underlying factor(s) of GDP/capita that had an effect from immigration. The result states that an increase in the participation rate for foreign citizens will help to increase the growth of Sweden’s GDP/capita. The result further suggests that there exists no direct effect from immigration on Sweden’s GDP/capita. It also shows that the overall participation rate has a negative correlation with immigration, but no significance when investigation the participation rate with other explanatory factors from GDP/capita. The conclusion must therefore be that any negative effect that immigration has on the participation rate will be weakened or canceled out from possible positive effects in the output-capital ratio, capital intensity rate or the employment rate.

  • 237.
    Johansson, Josefine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The impact of oil price on household consumption in the Swedish economy2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With fast economic development and urbanization, household consumption plays an important role in the growth of a nation. During uncertain periods in the economy, household consumption is partly affected by behavioral factors such as fear and uncertainty. Energy markets are also vulnerable to behavioral factors. Crude oil is a naturally occurring petroleum product. The world’s economy is in great dependency of Crude oil since it is an important source of fuel, and is also used in the production of several products used on a daily basis. The oil market is very volatile and has experienced several fluctuations during the 20th century. The unpredictable events of the financial crisis of 2008 and the Covid-19 caused dramatic effects on the global economy, amongst household consumption and Crude oil prices. Previous empirical findings indicate that unexpected changes in oil price have a negative effect on consumption within oil importing economies. This paper analyzes the relationship between consumption and oil price for Sweden for the period 1995 to 2021 and uses OLS estimates as econometric methodology.As Sweden aims to reduce its oil dependency, it is interesting to study if the oil price has an impact on private expenditure. The results surprisingly suggests that there is no relationship between oil price and consumption of Swedish households.

  • 238.
    Johansson, Lise-Lotte
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Den privata skuldsättningen i Sverige: Utveckling och möjliga orsaker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates determinants of the Swedish household debt for the period 2000 to 2016. It used two regression analysis to identify the most important variables, one with the dependent variable debt ratio and one with loans in SEK. The results suggest that the debt ratio depend on cash on the market and to cash on the market in relation to M1. The loans in SEK depended on the short rate (one year), disposable income and house price index.

  • 239.
    Johansson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sadrija, Florentina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Utvecklingen av fastighetspriser på den svenska bostadsmarknaden.: Faktorer som påverkar prisutvecklingen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish housing market has in the recent years been debated since the price development has been tremendous. Conditions of low interest rate and rising disposable income is something that sets off the market and the consumers in particular. This study uses cointegration techniques and error correction models to analyze the long and the short run determinants of the Swedish housing prices for the period of 1997 to 2017. The choice of the period is based on a more variable price trend but also because the period above provides reliable data for the different variables. According to previous studies the market situation is based on supply and demand. With that in mind the general equilibrium model is used which fits in well with the objective, because the theories analyses what it is that affects the prices on real estate. To further prove the results of the work, statistics have been developed and analysed. The variables chosen have been based on the theory of the general equilibrium model and have been tested using various statistical economic programs (Eviews, SPSS). In order to use the data it has been tested for stationary which means the data is correct and useful. Further on the data has been tested for cointegration through a model called Engle-Granger, which shows if the variables are cointegrated, or not. Finally an ECM model is applied with the purpose to clarify a short-term relationship. In conclusion the results show that the tremendous movements in real estate prices mainly depends on rate, financial assets and disposable income

  • 240.
    Johansson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University Business School,Örebro University,Örebro,Sweden.
    Siverbo, Sven
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The relationship between supplier control and competition in public sector outsourcing2018In: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 268-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to develop theory and contribute to empirical studies about how the effectiveness of bureaucratic controls in public sector outsourcing is contingent upon supplier competition, and why and how this interaction plays out differently for hard and soft types of outsourced services. In previous inter-organizational management control (IOMC) research there is a contradiction between theory and empirical results concerning how bureaucratic control and supplier competition interacts in aligning suppliers. While IOMC theory suggests competition reduces the need for bureaucratic control, empirical studies clearly indicate the opposite. We extend previous research and theorizing by differing between the outsourcing of hard and soft types of services and by testing the joint effect of bureaucratic control and competition on supplier alignment. The empirical case for testing theory is outsourcing by competitive tendering in the public sector. We use transaction level data from 166 local government suppliers in Sweden. In accordance with our prediction, the effect of bureaucratic control in aligning suppliers decreases with supplier competition when hard types of services are outsourced. For soft types of services, our results indicate that bureaucratic control is not contingent upon supplier competition. Furthermore, we show that when supplier competition is low the effect of bureaucratic control on supplier alignment is stronger for hard than for soft types of services. These results constitute an important contribution to the central notion of the interplay between bureaucratic control and competition in the IOMC literature. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 241.
    Johansson Zanjanchi, Carolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wirtberg, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Amorteringskravet och bostadspriserna: En studie om prisförändringen på bostadsrätter under perioden då amorteringskravet infördes2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the price change on housing during the introduction of the amortization requirement. The essay is limited to condominiums in Gothenburg.

    The Riksbank has in recent years discussed that measures need to be taken to prevent the Swedish housing market from being overheated. One of these measures is the introduction of the 2016 Amortization Claim. It was then legislated that the consumer is forced to amortize a certain percentage per year of his home loan. The amortization requirement was introduced to dampen household debt and block the way towards a potentially overheated market. It is therefore now interesting to examine what the effect of the amortization requirement had on the market.

    The study examines the effect of the requirement using an equilibrium model and a multiple regression with relevant data as a basis. This in the form of several explanatory variables and the amortization requirement as a dummy variable.

    The overall conclusion of the study states that housing prices will continue to increase during the imposition of the amortization requirement, both as a consequence of the introduction as well as a consequence of the impact of other factors.

  • 242.
    Josefsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wessling, Nathalie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Financial impact of the COVID-19 outbreak: How does the Swedish stock market respond?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of the coronavirus as it spread across the world cannot be mistaken. COVID-19 has already infected 2 540 556 people worldwide, with a total death of 177 004 (Jon Hopkins, 2020) and for Sweden the total amount of infected are 15 322 where 1 765 are deceased, as of 22nd of April 2020 (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2020). In this event study the capital asset pricing model and the cumulative abnormal returns are used to analyse the ten sectors of Nasdaq Nordic during four periods. Hypothesis for the study is that a surprise, like the coronavirus, will show immediate effects on the stock market. The results of the cumulative abnormal return for each sector showed that the oil and gas, basic materials, healthcare, technology and the utility sectors were affected the most and the telecom, industry, financials, consumer services and the consumer goods sectors were affected the least. The big winners are the utility sector where the entire period had over 20% increase and the oil and gas sector is the big loser where the entire period have fallen by approximately 20%. The conclusion for this event study is that, as presumed, the coronavirus has impacted different sectors in different ways.

  • 243.
    Josefsson, Rikard
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Porobic, Admir Adam
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Utvecklingen av de svenska hushållens skulder: Vilka är de bidragande orsakerna till utvecklingen av skulderna2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, the indebtedness of Swedish households has increased drastically. Sweden today has a loan of approximately SEK 400,000 per person. During the same period, Finansinspektionen has taken several different measures to prevent and limit the development of indebtedness. There are several researchers who said that this will have consequences and that there are great risks for households with large mortgages.

    The purpose of this study is to find out and explain which macroeconomic variables affect Swedish household debt for the period 2001-2021. The study has been carried out with a quantitative method and statistical analyzes have been carried out through linear regressions, for this we have used SPSS to test our theory. We have used the OLS method to analyze the time series and to be able to investigate the effect of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable, when they have been highly correlated, we have tested multicollinearity and stationarity is tested by unit roots, to arrive at the study results.The results show that disposable income has the greatest impact on household indebtedness. The relationship between disposable income and household indebtedness shows that an increase in disposable income, will result in an increase in household indebtedness.

  • 244.
    Joy Phiri Mwila, Taonga
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Trade and Economic Growth: The Zambia-China case2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the determinants of Zambia’s volume of trade during the period 1997-2012. Specifically we use the gravity model of international trade to panel data for Zambian exports to ten of the country’s major trading partners during the named period and include a dummy variable to single out the effect of China on Zambian exports. The results show that despite the different economic sizes and the distance between the two countries, the effect of exporting to China is a positive one for Zambia and this, in turn, is beneficial to the country’s economic growth. The results of the regression also suggest that despite distance being significant in trade choice it is proven not to be the complete determinant.

  • 245.
    Kadhim, Shler
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Brüls, Maxim
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Estimation of Trade Substitution Elasticities for Swedish Manufacturing Sectors: Armington elasticities at the two-digit ISIC Rev.3 level2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we estimate Armington elasticities for Swedish manufacturing sectors at the two-digit level of the International Standard Industrial Classification system (ISIC). These elasticities represent the sensitivity of Swedish consumption to relative price changes between imports and domestically produced products. We rework and refine the methodology taken from previous literature to create regression equations that keep intact the mathematical relationship inherent in substitution elasticities. Subsequently, data was taken from Eurostat and the OECD. This data was transformed into time series that correspond to the variables in the regression equations. The time series were tested for integration and cointegration. Out of fourteen manufacturing sectors for which data was available, we recommend five elasticity estimates for further use.

  • 246.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of “Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development. A Spatial Per­spective” 2005In: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 470-472Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 247.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of Simon C. Parker, The Economics of Entrepreneurship2011In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, ISSN 0266-2426, Vol. 29, p. 295-298Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 248.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of “The Learning Region. Foundations, State of the Art, Future” 2008In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, ISSN ISSN 0022-4146, Vol. 48, p. 1034-1036Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 249.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Clusters, Networks and Creativity2011In: Handbook of Creative Cities / [ed] David Emanuel Andersson, Åke E. Andersson, Charlotta Mellander, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, p. 81-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 250.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurship Policies.: National and Local Perspectives2010In: En­tre­preneurship Today / [ed] Dossena, G, Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2010, p. 41-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
2345678 201 - 250 of 451
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf