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  • 201.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Audiology.
    The impact of perceived tinnitus severity on health-related quality of life with aspects of gender.2001In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 3, no 10, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) has been used to investigate the health profiles in different medical conditions. It has, however, never been applied to tinnitus sufferers. The present study aimed at investigating relationships between the perceived severity of tinnitus, audiometric data, age, gender and non-disease specific health-related quality of life measured with the NHP divided into two sections; NHP I (topics related to health status) and NHP II (health induced problems in daily life). These parameters were statistically analysed to identify predictive factors to the perceived severity of tinnitus, described by the Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire (TSQ). A total of 186 consecutive tinnitus patients (57 females and 129 males) attending an audiological specialist clinic in Sweden were included in the study. The stepwise regression model used explained 37.8 per cent of the variance in the perceived severity of tinnitus, and the significant predictors were: "Emotions", "Sleep", and "Pain", three of the six dimensions of the NHP I. Differences between gender were found in NHP II and age-related differences emerged in NHP I when male and female patients were compared to normal controls.

  • 202.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holmes, A
    University of Florida, Department of Communicative Disorders, College of Public Health and Health Professions.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults2008In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 203.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 204.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    University of Poitiers, Department of Psychology, CAPS-EA4050, Poitiers, France.
    The Experience of Tinnitus and Its Interaction With Unique Life Histories: Life Events, Trauma and Inner Resources Narrated by Patients With Tinnitus2020In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 11, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The challenges facing people with chronic tinnitus include finding relief and rebuilding quality of life. However, previous traumatic episodes may influence adjustment and prolong suffering. Recovery implies reducing aggravating reactions and improving social roles, relationships and interests. Self-narratives about living with tinnitus have not yet received the attention they deserve in the research literature. Thus, the main goal of the present study was to illustrate how tinnitus suffering interacts with the participants’ unique life histories. Method: Four women and one man (ages 52–58) took part in the study after consulting a special hearing clinic for annoying tinnitus. Criteria for inclusion were that tinnitus was regarded as a problem with negative consequences for quality of life. The participants should be willing to share how the experience of tinnitus suffering interacts with their previous life story. Narrative methodology was employed in order to achieve the goals of the study. We used unstructured interviews with free conversation, which allowed for rich narratives with full contextual meaning. Results: The findings, based on the narrative analysis, revealed that three out of five participants presented a regressive form of narrative indicating ongoing struggles beyond tinnitus itself, which they were unable to bring to closure. For them, valued goals were continuously thwarted by frustrating circumstances in their lives, either past events or current unresolved issues. Progressive and stable narratives, as identified in the other two participants, demonstrated values that rely on others’ attitude and understanding toward their suffering, in sharp contrast to the regressive narratives. We suggest that a central issue in tinnitus rehabilitation should be to help suffering patients to overcome unresolved conflicts and thereby extend their ability for a fuller commitment in life. Conclusion: Considering enduring tinnitus as a chronic condition, whose course is likely to vary depending on the patient’s general health status, an alteration of progressive and stable narratives is likely to occur during the lifespan. A progressive narrative shows similarities to the core construct of the salutogenesis model of health promotion (1). In conclusion, a narrative approach in tinnitus rehabilitation can be health promoting by offering the patient the opportunity to engage in storytelling, which in turn can increase comprehensibility and a sense of coherence. © Copyright © 2020 Erlandsson, Lundin and Dauman.

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  • 205.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 206.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The effects of noise, attitudes, and risk taking on children and young adults.2004In: Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 8-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 207.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Maj-Liz
    Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neuroscience.
    A longitudinal study investigating the contribution of mental illness in chronic tinnitus patients2006In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 124-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of affective components seen in relation to tinnitus suffering was investigated in 70 patients consulting at an audiological clinic. They were interviewed and answered the Spielberger's State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). It was hypothesized that an anxious and depressed mood might be a sign of a serious psychiatric illness and, therefore, diagnostic interviews including the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), Axis II (personality) disorders (SCID-II), the BDI, the Montgomery A?sberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Hopelessness Scale (HS), as well as biomedical tests, were conducted in a subgroup of 18 individuals. Fifty per cent (two women and seven men) were diagnosed as suffering from a personality disorder. No significant relationships were revealed when various biochemical markers were analysed. One and a half years later, 16 subjects were interviewed a third time and answered the STAI and the BDI. There was a clear trend in the data showing that patients having a personality disorder did not change their distress profile from the first to the third period of assessment. In these patients, a vicious circle caused by pronounced intolerance to life stress seems to operate in a more serious way than in patients who do not suffer from a personality disorder. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

  • 208.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, E.
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, article id 1319584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 209.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenging the ADHD consensus2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-2, article id 31124Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 210.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Riskbeteende och sociala faktorers betydelse för barns och ungdomars hörsel.2006In: Inre och yttre världar: funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Essman, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lugnet efter stormen: En kvalitativ studie om delar av polisens omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the organizational change of the police organization, with the intention of increasing employee involvement, motivation and organization's flexibility, is perceived by its employees. The study was based on six participants, including four police officers and two civil servants. In order to investigate the participants' experiences, semi-structured interviews have been conducted. The semi-structured interviews allowed supplementary questions, which has helped to explore the participants' experiences more closely. Interview material was recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed. The transcripts subsequently identified several recurring codes that together formed different themes. These themes formed a total of six main categories which are: conditions for reorganization, attitude to reorganization, motivation factors, structural factors, lack of trust and lack of understanding. The result showed that all participants had been informed of the reorganization before its implementation. However, the information varied in quality, and the participants experienced different degrees of satisfaction. None of the participants had expectations of the organizational change and participants reported differences in experienced motivation and structural benefits and disadvantages after the organizational change. Furthermore, the result showed that some participants experienced insufficient confidence in managers and management after the reorganization. Finally, the result showed that all participants experienced difficulties understanding the goal of increased organizational flexibility.

  • 213.
    Fagerberg, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Jevås, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Samverkan mellan KASAM, personlighet och stress2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress in the workplace is increasing in today's society, consequently, the workload and demands in health care will be greater. The study's purpose was to investigate whether there was a relationship between the SOC (sense of coherence), stress, personality variables (neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness), and age. Even comparative analyzes were conducted with the purpose to investigate whether there are differences between groups. Analyses have been done to investigate if SOC and stress can be predicted. A survey was carried out on the children's section at a hospital in Sweden. There were 44 respondents who participated in the study, all women. Mean age was 48 years. Analyses were performed by correlations, regressions, t-test and ANOVA. The results of the study showed mainly a strong negative correlation between SOC and stress, which is consistent with previous research. The results also showed that SOC has a positive correlation with age among women, which differs from previous research where the correlation has previously only been seen among men. The study also demonstrated that age and stress had a significant negative correlation. The personality trait neuroticism had a negative correlation with SOC and was positively correlated with perceived stress. Conscientiousness showed a negative correlation with stress and a positive correlation with SOC. The study also showed that stress and neuroticism to 62% could predict SOC. The result showed that there was a significant difference in the degree of perceived stress among those who had worked 0-5 years, compared with those who had worked 6-20 years, as well as those who had worked 21 or more in the workplace.

  • 214.
    Falkeling, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Everlund, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd anställningsbarhet bland högskolestudenter: Betydelsen av ålder, upplevd självförmåga samt extraversion2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there was a relation between perceived employability, extroversion, self-efficacy and age in students at a university in Western Sweden. Furthermore the purpose was to examine if these factors can predict perceived employability. A comparison between differences in perceived employability was also made between different programs and gender. Surveys was handed out to second-years students at six different educational programs at University West. The results showed that self-efficacy and age can predict perceived employability. There was also a positive correlation between each of the predictors with perceived employability. There was no significant difference between the sexes in perceived employability. Although, differences between the various programs was significant and the nurses self-rated themselves highest in perceived employability.

  • 215.
    Fihn, Belinda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Jumark, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    "De bästa marknadsförarna är ju våra medarbetare": En kvalitativ studie av medarbetares syn på en organisations interna varumärkesarbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was that by using employees' voices study how they view the organization's own internal work with the organization's brand (that is, internal branding). Previous studies that examined internal branding work have not demonstrated methods of how employees can be involved in branding. Our research questions were about how employees feel about the organization's brand, how the view of the internal work differs between managers and employees and how employees themselves would like to design the internal branding work. The result builds on 12 qualitative interviews with eight employees and four managers for the brand work. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis. The results show that employees have ideas about how the organization's internal branding could be designed in the future. The result is in line with previous research but contributes to involves employees by asking about how they would like to design the internal work. The conclusion that can be drawn is that organizations can involve employees in the work by asking them to contribute with their experience of the brand and how they would like the organization to work in the future.

  • 216.
    Finnson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindberg, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan organisatoriskt engagemang till arbetsplatsen vara en prediktor för upplevd stress?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave due to stress-related problems has increased in recent years and the number of sick leave days varies between women and men. Previous research has shown that employees with high organizational commitment had a stronger desire to practice greater work efforts and efforts on behalf of the organization. However, there was a risk that the employee made such an effort that it affected the recovery, which in turn could lead to stress-related illnesses.

    Studies on work-related stress occur to a large extent, however, few studies have done research on the correlations between organizational commitment and work-related stress. A quantitative study was conducted to answer the research questions; data collection was done through both online- and paper questionnaires with a total of 25 items. The survey was designed by two established questionnaires; Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and Perceived Stress Scale 10-items (PSS) that were intended to measure workplace engagement and work-related stress. A total of 233 people participated in the study (M = 24.9 years, SD = 10.2 years, range of ages 18-68 years, 63% women). The variables showed a normal distribution and therefore a simple linear regression was conducted.

    The results showed a negative statistically significant correlation between commitment and stress for women, but not for men. Engagement levels can to a greater extent predict stress levels in women than in men.

  • 217.
    Fjellman, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ylander, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är emotionell intelligens här för att stanna?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence is a concept that in recent decades has been more and more talked about. The concept is often described by other concepts such as motivation, empathy, social skills, warmth and optimism. The present study focuses on the emotional intelligence of managers, and variables that correlate with Ronthys emotional intelligence. The study included 95 managers in Gothenburg and Mölndal. In order to answer the questions of the study, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regressions were used. The dependent variable was Ronthy’s emotional intelligence and independent variables were emotional intelligence as measured by well-tested instruments (BEIS-10 and HrQM empathy). The results showed that there was a sex difference and there was a statistically significant difference regarding HrQM empathy, and variable BEIS-10 (1) assessment of their own feelings. ANOVA revealed no significant differences in Ronthys emotional intelligence in relation to work position. Based on the regression analysis, HrQM empathy, BEIS-10 (4) regulation of the feelings of others and BEIS-10 (5) emotion explained part of the variance in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. HrQM empathy explained more of the variance than the other variables, although the differences were small. The conclusion showed, according to the current sample, that there was no significant difference between women and men in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. Women showed, according to self-ratings, more HrQM empathy in their leadership than men, which is interesting because empathy is said to be a part of emotional intelligence

  • 218.
    Floberg, Bent
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Avdelningsledare på högskolan: Möten och ledarskapsroller2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att illustrera avdelningsledares roller och möten i det dagliga arbetet. Uppdraget som avdelningsledare på en högskola är speciellt då avdelningsledaren arbetar inom tre olika kulturer samt är begränsat i både tid och omfattning. Studien har utförts genom observationer där tre avdelningsledare har följts. Resultatet visar att 64 % av arbetstiden gick åt till olika typer av möten och de vanligaste ledarskapsrollerna som observerades var som ledare och informationsspridare. Vidare bedömdes avdelningsledarna bedriva ett ledarskap som visade sig till övervägande del vara vad som enligt Luthans (1988) är ett effektivt ledarskap för organisationen, snarare än ett karriärinriktat ledarskap.

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  • 219.
    Fors, Petra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rosenqvist, Agnes
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Känsla av sammanhang samt socialt stöd: faktorer som samvarierar med upplevd stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study was a survey that examined covariation between stress, sense of coherence and social support. The study also compared the differences in perceived stress, depending on the number of exercise days a week, civil status and differences in perceived social support and civil status. There were 49 students in adult education who participated in the survey (40 women and 9 men between 20-58 years). The result showed a highly significant negative correlation between SOC and perceived stress. This is in line with previous research (Korotkov & Hannah 1994). The results also showed a medium negative significant correlation between perceived stress and social support, which also aligns with previous research (Glozah & Pevalin, 2014). In the regression analysis predicted SOC stress but social support predicted no stress.

  • 220.
    Forsberg, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En positiv revolution för förändring: Hur Appreciative Inquiry kan bidra till att utveckla organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities and private companies are facing major challenges, both when it comes to keeping their current employees but also when it comes to recruiting new employees who wants to work inside the public sector. As a step towards these challenges, the municipality of Grästorp has chosen to focus on their leaders, but with an intention that it also will benefit every employee in the organization at hand. A work with Hospitality Management (värdskap) has been going on during several years and has proven to be successful but the municipality intends to improve it one step further. To do that they have chosen to work actively with methods like Appreciative Inquiry, appreciative leadership, coaching and organizational development. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a method that focuses on the positive things that already exist in the organization instead of focusing on the existing problems. This study has, by interviewing four leaders, examined how they experience that a venture on methods or ways to work like AI can help an organizational development. Some of the important results from the study are that AI is about finding a new focus, that it demands a new kind of leadership and that it demands that the leaders get guidance and support if it is going to be successful. There are very few Swedish and international studies within the area of AI that put focus on potential downsides of AI, which is why there is a need for further study.

  • 221.
    Forsman, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Heisler, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan specifika personlighetsdrag och inkomst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is limited research on the relationship between specific personality traits and income. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between income and specific personality traits within the Big Five. The term "facet" was used in the study referring to the 30 specific personality traits, 11 of which are highlighted in this study, which together form five broader factors. The correlations were studied at facet level, whilst controlling for age, sex and number of years in the current profession. The study consisted of a two-part questionnaire, partly with 16 selfassessed questions about income, partly with 120 self-assessed claims about personality (IPIP NEO-120). Data was processed using a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. 4 hypotheses were tested, where 3 out of 4 could be supported by the result (N = 131, age 18-61 years, 68% women and 32% men). Anxiety, assertiveness and achievement-striving were the 3 facets that found support in the result, while Modesty did not find support. Of all facets, adventurousness (β = .24, p = .02) and achievement-striving (β = .25, p = .01) showed the greatest predictive ability along with the control variable age (β = .52 , p <.001). The results from the study can be helpful by showing the predictive ability of personality on income as well as the relation between professional qualifications and personality. Knowledge about how personality correlates with income can contribute to development in areas such as recruitment, personnel development and salary settlements.

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  • 222.
    Forsman, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivation i samband med monotona arbetsuppgifter: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how employees, in this case assemblers, who have been working with monotonous tasks are experiencing their work in terms of competence, belonging, autonomy and what improvements they think could increase these factors to a greater extent. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analysed through thematic analysis. In this study, all six respondents believed that competence is important to successfully carry out their tasks as for the development of the organisation. Competence was developed through distinct guidelines within the organisation, but to advance the development the organisation could offer more education and possibilities for promotions. The level of belonging was considered high, but the respondents also called for more kinds of activities together with the other work groups to increase it further. Moreover, the respondents find the level of autonomy to be low and the possibilities to affect anything within their tasks to be insufficient. The results of this study corresponds with previous studies on this subject and assemblers in particular find their job to be strictly controlled and changes difficult to bring through.

  • 223.
    Forster, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svenska ungdomars uppfattning av sexualkunskapen de får i skolan: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual education in school is important to provide a guideline forward in adolescents' lives, where some schools seem to accomplish this mission in a better way than others. Research in these results in education is available, but studies that examine adolescents' perception are rare.

    This phenomenological study aims to make visible the opinions and wishes of the students. The study is based upon semi-structured interviews in which eleven 18-year-olds had the opportunity to evaluate and comment on their sexual education in school.

    In the results of the thematic analyses three themes emerged; the teachers' contribution and impact, content and arrangement of the tuition, and time dedicated to the subject. The overall result that was found in all interviews was discontentment and disappointment, which also incuse the results of the analyses. An unexpected finding was that a majority of the informants were more satisfied with the sexual education at lower grades, but that it got worse at higher grades.

    The results of this study provides an understanding that the students perceive the sexual education as scanty, shallow and old fashioned and that they wish for a more updated tuition that meet their needs in a better way. Furthermore, there is a desire for teachers that are confident in the topic which leads to a confidence in their role as sexual educators, as well as more time in class for sexual education. The study thereby constitutes a contribution to the vega

    development of the contemporary sexual education.

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  • 224.
    Forsén, Märit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Larsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Belief in a just world och attityder till individuell lönesättning: vad avgör om du upplever att du får vad du förtjänar?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to earlier research the employees’ attitudes towards individualized pay are vital for how well the pay system will work in the organization. The aim of this study was to examine as to what degree Belief in a Just World (BJW) correlates with attitudes towards individualized pay. BJW is the need to believe that the world is a just place where people get what they deserve. The construct can be divided into personal and general BJW. Personal BJW concerns the belief that events in the person’s own life is just and general BJW that the world over all is just. An additional aim for this paper was to research to what degree personal and general BJW predicts attitudes to individualized pay when satisfaction with current pay-system and perceived pay equity where controlled for. Data was collected through a questionnaire that measured attitudes towards individualized pay, experience with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity. The total number of respondents where 54, 44 women and 10 men. The average age was 43,7 years (sd= 9,5). The respondents were mainly Swedish public sector employees. A positive correlation (.24) between personal BJW and attitudes towards individualized pay was found. Those who had a stronger belief

     

    that the world is just had a more positive attitude towards individualized pay. When more variables where controlled for the satisfaction with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity were stronger predictors for attitudes towards individualized pay than general and personal BJW.

  • 225.
    Francke, Sophia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandh Bäckström, Linn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lojalitet, motivation och socialt stöd inom bemanningsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lojalitet, socialt stöd och motivation anses vara väsentliga faktorer för företags framgång. Bemanningsföretag verkar i en expansiv bransch där konkurrensen om lönsamma affärer och professionella medarbetare ökar. Med utgångspunkt från att konkurrensen inom branschen kommer att öka finns det fördelar med att verka för en ökad långsiktighet vad gäller anställningstiden i branschen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur ett bemanningsföretags interna medarbetare och externa konsulter upplevde konsultrollen, lojalitet, socialt stöd, kommunikation och motivation samt eventuella diskrepanser mellan de interna medarbetarna och externa konsulternas inom dessa områden. Kvalitativ metod har använts och semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med nio respondenter. Tematisk analys användes vid bearbetningen av insamlad data. Studiens resultat visade, i enlighet med tidigare forskning, att kommunikation var en viktig faktor för att skapa lojalitet. I studien betonades vikten av personliga möten för att förbättra den personliga relationen och kommunikationen. Faktorer som bidrog till ökat socialt stöd var en individanpassad och tydlig kommunikation, feedback, konsultträffar samt konsultchefer som var väl insatta i arbetsförhållandena för de externa konsulterna. De främsta motivationsfaktorerna var utbildning och kompetensutveckling. Andra motivationsfaktorer som framhölls var goda relationer på arbetsplatsen samt intressanta arbetsuppgifter. 

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  • 226.
    Fransson, Madelene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konflikthanteringsstil och upplevd stress hos universitetslärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has been found to occur in the teaching profession. Stress is connected with conflicts in the psychosocial work environment. The purpose of the study was to investigate if conflict styles were related to the experience of stress. The study examined which style that was most and least frequent, and university teachers perceived stress levels. A further aim was to examine whether stress and conflict styles were related to gender and age. The participants were 92 full-time teachers (52 women) at University West. For the data collection the Perceived Stress Scale and Thomas - Kilmann Conflict Mode Instruments were used among with background questions regarding gender, age and institutional belonging. The results showed the competing style to be least frequent and that teachers' perceived stress level was considered to be relatively low. The results also showed a weak positive non-significant correlation between stress and the two styles; collaboration and avoidance. The relationship between stress and the avoidance style, and between stress and the collaborative style, were discussed to be perceived as more stressful since both styles try to ensure both needs in a conflict. The study found that stress and the competing style tended to be less frequent and less prevalent among older teachers, which were discussed to be positive since it indicates that teachers do not look to meet their own needs in front of their students. A critical approach should be use with these results, since the internal consistency regarding conflict management styles, were difficult to assess

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  • 227.
    Fransson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyström, Michela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvantitativ studie över sambandet mellan personlighet och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that personality traits measured according to the Five Factor Model (which will henceforth be referred to as FFM), are of predictive value for both job satisfaction as well as well-being. This led to the hypothesis that individuals with different personality traits prefer different degrees of flexibility in work hours. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between personality, age as well as gender, and preferred degree of flexibility in working hours. The study was conducted using surveys which were posted on Facebook and in a medium-sized company in western Sweden (n = 572 of whom 115 men and 451 women aged 18-69+). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho. The main outcome of the study shows no significant connections between four of the personality traits in FFM, age, gender and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. An unexpected result proved to be a positive correlation between openness to experience and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. Previous studies of connection between work-related factors and traits have indicated that openness to experience was the least predictive trait within the FFM (Judge et al., 2002). Combined, the results of this study indicate that further studies need to be conducted to investigate what factors may affect preferred degree of flexibility in working hours.

  • 228.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality Item Pool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 229.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form(TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality ItemPool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding(BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 230.
    Friberg, Martina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wallius, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasieelevers attityd till marijuana: Upplevd självkänsla och upplevd känsla av sammanhang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey was made on the basis of today's attention of the use of the drug marijuana and its synthetic counterparts among young people. Also, the liberalization that has occurred in other countries created an interest to do the survey. A questionnaire study was conducted among third graders in upper secondary school in the region of Västra Götaland. The study had 57 respondents with a mean age of 18 years and the gender distribution was 33 % female and 67 % male. The study showed that male upper secondary students' tended to have a more accepting attitude towards the drug marijuana. This attitude also had a positive correlation with self-esteem. The study found no statistically significant correlation between sense of coherence (SOC) and attitude toward marijuana. SOC and self-esteem was however positively correlated, which is in line with previous research. In summary, students in the third grade of upper secondary school with higher self-esteem also tended to be more accepting in their attitude toward the drug marijuana.

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  • 231.
    Frisell, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jakobsson, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Evolutionsteorin: Har barndomsminnen ett överlevnadsvärde?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in human memory is extensive and so is research on the theory of evolution, but studies that investigate how people's childhood memories have influenced their behaviors and approaches in adulthood based on the theory of evolution are rare.

    The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the completion of this knowledge gap. Semi-structured interviews with three educators, a social educator, two psychology students, two sociology students and a nursing student were conducted focusing on which childhood memories they have had, negative or positive, and how they have experienced how it has affected their behavior and approach in adult life. The informants were between 25 and 66 and there were five men and four women. Based on the informants' answers, we examined whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values.

    In the result of the thematic analysis, seven themes emerged: 1. Fear, 2. Alienation, 3. Helpfulness, 4. Parental / Adult Role, 5. Belonging, 6. Betrayal / Lack of Trust and 7. Negative experiences. The study's results give an understanding of how childhood memories can affect people's behavior and how evolution  theory can be applied in people today. The result shows people's efforts to constantly improve their characteristics by learning from their or other’s mistakes.

    The study thus makes a psychological contribution to the qualitative research on how people's memories can be adapted through generations based on the theory of evolution.

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  • 232.
    Frisen, Ann
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology.
    Anneheden, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Changes in 10-year-old children’s body esteem: A time-lag study between 2000 and 20102014In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 123-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This time-lag study examined if there has been any changes in body esteem over a 10-year period for 10-year old children in Gothenburg, Sweden. Two cohorts of children, one in year 2000 and one in 2010, answered the same questionnaire about body esteem. A total of 960 children, 515 girls and 445 boys, participated in the first wave in 2000 and a total of 342 children, 171 girls and 171 boys participated in the second wave in 2010. The results showed a general stability in levels of body esteem for both girls and boys over the past 10years. The gender differences, with boys being more satisfied with their appearance and weight compared to girls also seems to be stable over the years. In addition, the results also showed a somewhat positive development among the overweight girls with enhanced body esteem for the overweight girls compared to the non-overweight girls during the ten years studied. Unfortunately, the same pattern was not found for overweight boys. For them the discrepancy in body esteem compared to non-overweight boys, with the overweight boys being more dissatisfied, found in 2000 remained in 2010.

  • 233.
    Frisk, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mångfald på arbetsplatsen: En studie om hur personliga värderingar påverkar attityden till utrikes födda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how attitudes towards foreign-born employees are linked to the individual's personal values. The study was conducted with the help of Swedbank and its staff. Study subjects consisted of 137 participants. To investigate the impact of personal values on attitudes towards foreign-born coworkers, questionnaires were sent consisting of 44 questions. The questionnaire was structured in two parts, one part which consisted of a scale that measured how survey participants felt that the bank and the staff are affected. The second part of the questionnaire measured the weight that study participants attach to different personal values. In order to answer the research questions, a correlation analysis Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and a multiple linear regression were used. The results showed positive correlations between the perceived effect on the bank as well as the banking staff and the values for universalism and benevolence. Also shown, there was a negative correlation between the perceived effect on the bank and the banking staff with values for power. Finally, the results also showed a negative correlation between the values of security and tradition with the perceived effect on banking staff. The results mean that the participants who value relationships and appreciation for diversity of people, felt that the recruitment of foreign-born is positive for the bank and the staff. Study participants who instead value the control, domination, security and respect for traditional culture was shown to have a negative attitude towards foreign-born employees. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the value dimensions (self-transcendence and self-enhancement) and (openness to change and conservation) explain 10 percent of the total variance in perceived banking impact, as well as explaining 7 percent of the total variance in perceived impact on banking staff.

  • 234. Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Lunde, Carolina
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Peer Victimisation and Its Relationships with Perceptions of Body Composition2009In: Educational Studies, ISSN 0013-1946, E-ISSN 1532-6993, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the links between children's exposure to peer victimisation, in terms of type and frequency, their body composition and subjective perceptions of body composition. A total of 960 Swedish 10-year-olds (515 girls and 445 boys) completed questionnaires about their peer victimisation experiences, weight and height, and perceptions of shape and stature. Results showed that whereas overweight girls reported exposure to both appearance-teasing and bullying, overweight boys mainly reported repeated experiences of appearance-teasing. When examining the relative importance of body composition (weight and height) and perceptions of body composition on peer victimisation experiences, children's negative body perceptions were more strongly associated with the outcome than were body composition. This study hence stresses that children who are victimised also seem to battle unfavourable attitudes towards their physical selves, which may cause increasing concern as the child enters adolescence.

  • 235.
    Frändegård, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Vestgård, Selvi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress: En kvantitativ studie om stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd och konflikten mellan arbete och privatliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Work Environment Authority’s report from 2014 shows how there’s an elevated share of people with work related ill health (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2014). The purpose of this study was to investigate how working group therapy assistants experience stress, self-efficacy, social support, conflict between work and personal life. To complement previous research in the field, we performed a quantitative survey. 49 individuals participated, where in 15 women and 34 men. Average age was 41.41 (SD=10.07). Established questionnaires were used to measure stress, self-efficacy, social support and conflict between work and personal life. The data was analyzed by using regression analysis, correlation analysis, independent one-wayANOVA and independent t-test. The most important result was that stress has its strongest connection with self-efficacy and the conflict between private life and work. The results from this study are discussed in relation to previous surveys.

  • 236.
    Fåll, Alexander
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Depersonalisation: En kvalitativ studie kring hur vårdpersonal upplever patienter med depersonalisationssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depersonalization syndrome is a mental condition that is estimated to affect between 1-3 percent of the world's population at some time during their lives. Although it is considered as a well-documented syndrome there are relatively few people who know the concept and what it means. The aim of the present study was to contribute to increasing the general knowledge and to examine how healthcare professionals experience these patients. Semi-structured interviews with five informants, two psychologists and three psychiatric nurses, ware carried out with a focus on how they experienced their patients and how they are affected in their life and what treatment they received. Analysis of the empirical data was performed by theoretical interpretation where the two built-in themes in the interview guide were central. The results of the analyses showed the different approaches in the treatment stage between psychologists and psychiatric nurses. Besides that the analyses confirmed previous research by demonstrating that the under diagnosis is great, medical use is common and the ordinary life of individuals with depersonalization syndrome can often be problematic. The study thus represents a psychological contribution in the dissemination of knowledge regarding depersonalization syndrome.

  • 237.
    Gagnero, Sanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd och syskonsplacering hos studenter: en kvantiativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress-related disorders are increasing among adolescents and the majority of students experience stress several days a week. Previous research has shown that there is a link between stress and self-efficacy, between self-efficacy and social support and between stress and social support. Research has also shown that birth order has a link to self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to investigate these relationships further. The questions for the study was (a) Is there a connection between stress, self-efficacy and social support? (b) Can social support and self-efficacy predict stress among students? (c) Is there a difference between students depending on birth order when it comes to stress, self-efficacy and social support?

    The participants were 41 students, 37 women and 4 men (M = 25.88, SD = 5.6). Established questionnaires were used to measure stress, self-efficacy and social support, with Cronbachs alpha of .80, .89 and .85. The data was analyzed by using correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and independent one-way ANOVA.

    The results showed that (a) stress had a positive, medium strong correlation with self-efficacy (r = .55, p <.01), and (b) self-efficacy had a positive, medium strong correlation with social support (r = .37, p <.05) and that (c) there was no correlation between stress and social support. Self-efficacy predicted stress (R = .52, p <.01). No differences were found regarding sibling position was correlated with stress, self-efficacy and social support. The results were partially in line with previous research, however, an unexpected result were regarding the absence of correlation between stress and social support. The results are discussed on the basis of possible cultural differences.

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  • 238.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    University of Turku, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Finland, University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, Sweden.
    Al Nima, Ali
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden .
    Brulin, Joel Gruneau
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rapp-Ricciardi, Max
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IRT analyses of the Swedish Dark Triad Dirty Dozen2018In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) can be captured quickly with 12 items using the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Jonason and Webster, 2010). Previous Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses of the original English Dark Triad Dirty Dozen have shown that all three subscales adequately tap into the dark domains of personality. The aim of the present study was to analyze the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen using IRT. Method: 570 individuals (nmales = 326, nfemales = 242, and 2 unreported), including university students and white-collar workers with an age range between 19 and 65 years, responded to the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Garcia et al., 2017a,b). Results: Contrary to previous research, we found that the narcissism scale provided most information, followed by psychopathy, and finally Machiavellianism. Moreover, the psychopathy scale required a higher level of the latent trait for endorsement of its items than the narcissism and Machiavellianism scales. Overall, all items provided reasonable amounts of information and are thus effective for discriminating between individuals. The mean item discriminations (alphas) were 1.92 for Machiavellianism, 2.31 for narcissism, and 1.99 for psychopathy. Conclusion: This is the first study to provide IRT analyses of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Our findings add to a growing literature on the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen scale in different cultures and highlight psychometric characteristics, which can be used for comparative studies. Items tapping into psychopathy showed higher thresholds for endorsement than the other two scales. Importantly, the narcissism scale seems to provide more information about a lack of narcissism, perhaps mirroring cultural conditions. © 2018 The Authors

  • 239.
    Gavelin, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöström, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar och villighet att betala extra: En kvantitativ studie gällande miljömärkning och social produktmärkning av mobiltelefoner2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal values are an important part of psychology and concerns what people consider to be of importance in their lives. Recent studies have focused on the effect personal values have on people’s willingness to pay when it comes to fair trade and eco-labelled food. The purpose of this study was to examine personal values linked to willingness to pay when it comes to a fairtrade or eco-labelled mobile phone, regarding people who live in three closely situated towns in western Sweden. The participants in this study were 79 men and women in the ages 18 – 64. This was a quantitative study and one of the instruments used were Schwartz Portrait Values. The results show that people who found the values benevolence and univeralism to be most important where those who were willing to pay more for these kind of mobile phones. The result is consistent with earlier studies

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  • 240.
    Gerhard Eriksson, Tommy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fördomsfullhet (modern rasism) och social dominansorientering bland polisstuderande och intagna i fängelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that police officers and police-trainees are more ethnically prejudiced than the average population. Research on the phenomenon of prejudice has revealed that intolerant people tend to “divide” people hierarchically into groups, so-called social dominance orientation (SDO). In social dominance theory there is a thesis that police officers belong to the dominant group, while the prison population belongs to the subordinate group. Later research has linked prejudice and SDO to personality traits in the Five Factor Model and to the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy), primarily to low levels of factor agreeableness and openness, and high levels of Machiavellianism. The main aim (Study 1) was to examine the differences in prejudice and SDO between police-trainees at the end of their education (N = 202) and inmates (N = 264), as well as investigate relationships between prejudice and SDO through regression analyses in each group. Unexpectedly, a multivariate analysis of variance disclosed that police-trainees were less ethnically prejudiced than inmates, and that the thesis on social dominance theory could be rejected, as police-trainees also were less socially dominant than inmates. SDO predicted prejudice throughout the whole sample; the effect was significantly higher within the groups of inmates. A more open set of questions (Study 2) was to examine, from a personality approach, in which way inmates were more prejudiced and socially dominant. Multiple regression analyses showed that low levels of agreeableness and high levels of Machiavellianism predicted ethnic prejudice and SDO in the group of inmates, which may well explain the difference between the groups.

  • 241.
    Gerward, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur lärarlönelyftet påverkade upplevelsen i gruppen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Lärarlönelyftet” was a project by the Swedish government to elevate the status of the teacher profession and student performance by rising the wages of the best teachers. This resulted in that 40% of the teachers got a raise of about 3,000 SEK.

    The following thesis focus on examining how the teachers in Skellefteå county public schools (students age 16-19) experienced that “lärarlönelyftet” influenced their work group and work climate. There are few previous studies on how performance-based pay influence the group and its members.

    This thesis includes five semi-structured interviews with teachers. The participants included males and females, people who had or hadn’t taken part of the rise. A thematic analysis of the data resulted in four themes, showing both positive and negative effects.

    Teachers who’d gotten the rise felt acknowledged, while the ones who hadn’t felt devalued. A rift developed between colleagues; conflicts and devaluating comments were prominent. There was a feeling of injustice and anger about who had gotten the rise. The ones who got the rise felt favoured in an unwanted way which led to anxiety. The anxiety was, among other, founded in the notion that they had gotten more than their colleagues. Opinions differ if the effects linger three years later.

    The result of this thesis acknowledges the effects performance-based pay can have on a group and its dynamics. Additional studies on a bigger scale should be carried out to reach deeper analysis about if and how the effects linger and what happens to the group.

  • 242.
    Gharib, Kashma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Halawi, Nafisse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Monetära och icke-monetära belöningar: En kvantitativ studie gällande motivationsfaktorer på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was written to examine the factors that motivate most in the workplace and whether these could be predicted based on gender, qualifications length, and personality. The aim was to find out how the employees at the company estimate different motivational factors at work, if there is a difference in estimation among genders, and if different variables could affect this estimation. The method was carried out by letting the employees answer a survey form where they had to estimate different motivational factors and conduct a personality test. 43 out of 50 participated and all of them were office-workers from two different departments. The results showed that monetary motivation factors, at a group level, were valued higher at the workplace and that women estimated monetary motivators higher than men. The results also showed that the variables gender and monetary motivation factors correlated statistically significantly, while the remaining variables, which all varied with difference in strength and direction, were not statistically significant. This therefore means that the results cannot be generalized to the population since there is an absence of evidence for such correlations. However, these relationships between the variables are considered common in psychology. Another thing that can have affected the validity of the study's results is the expansion of the sample. Since this study was conducted in different departments, this may have affected the results since the different departments may have had different experiences or attitudes. The authors of this study did not find plenty of previous research and studies to confirm the survey results.

  • 243.
    Gillard, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Moa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work-Family Conflict: en kvalitativ studie om småbarnsmammors upplevelse av relationen mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how working women with children under the age of five experience the relationship between work-life and family-life. We examine what conflicts can arise and how theese women cope with them.

    To learn more about this relationship we have used a qualitative method and collected data based on six semi-structured interviewes. The data has then been analysed using a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that the women in this study experience work-family conflict as a result due to lack of social support from their spouse.

    The conclusion is that theese women experience stress, which can be derived to inequality in housework, as a consequence of the work-family conflict.

  • 244.
    Gjokaj, Demir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Spjuth, Jon
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikationen om risker på en svensk flygplats: En kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Airports are an important part of today´s existent infrastructure and are often built in close connection to our cities. Airports are covered by the law of aviation security, which aims to prevent criminal and unlawful acts against civil aviation. Safety at airports is crucial for passenger´s, but also for second- and third party victims who would be adversely affected by an aircraft accident. The following study aims to investigate how employees perceive airports communication of risks and how airports are organized to be high-reliability organizations (HROs). To examine the purpose of the study we interviewed four informants who at that time worked on a major airport in Sweden. The age range of the informants was 24-45 years and was represented by both men and women. Informants of this study were working with strategic and supervisory tasks related to safety at the airport. Data collection was done through interviews and the questions were formulated to answer this study´s purpose. On the basis of an interview guide, semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis and by repetitive reading of the transcript we were able to identify important themes and subthemes. The results of the following study argues that the work of the investigated airport is not organized on the basis of HRO-principles and that the communication of risks does not take place according to HRO- principles, this based on the informants experiences. The conclusion of present study indicates that some error can occur at the investigated airport without a catastrophic event as a result.

  • 245.
    Goria, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mjölnevik, Felicia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett liv mellan olika världar: En kvalitativ studie om att växa upp med flera kulturer, och dess inverkan på vuxna människors identitetsutveckling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish society people from different nationalities and cultures live together. To grow up, and live with multiple cultures, is something that not everyone gets to experience. Previous research shows that people who grow up with two cultures develop an uncertain self-image during adolescence. There may be confusion about which country or culture to adhere to.

    Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact that an upbringing of more than one culture may have on adults' identity development.

    Seven people were asked to participate in the study, who originate from different parts of the world. Using a qualitative method, interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide and the collected data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    The result showed that ambivalence and confusion around identity were common during adolescence. This developed into self-confidence at adulthood when an increased awareness of the opportunities brought about by growing up with more cultures.

  • 246.
    Gouranios Nycander, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hermansson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie av sambanden mellan locus of control, self-efficacy, socialt stöd och positiv feedback2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational psychology can sometimes appear too problem-oriented emphasizing only the problems and conflicts within organizations. Though there is some focus on studying of the relationships and processes that contributes to people, groups and organizations working well. The purpose of this study was so to explore possible relationships between positive feedback, self-efficacy, locus of control and social support. Data was collected through a web-based questionnaire. The scales that were used were Work Locus of Control Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Social Support subscale from QPS Nordic. To measure positive feedback the authors constructed a scale specifically for the task. The participants of this study were employees at three different elementary schools in a middle-sized town in Sweden. The sample size was 58 persons (47 women and 11 men). The result of this study showed significant correlations between positive feedback, self-efficacy and locus of control. Conclusions made from the result are that positive feedback plays a significant role in the workplace and is a variable to consider for further investigation. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Gouranios_Hermansson_2011
  • 247.
    Graepler, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cyberloafing: En enkätstudie om internetanvändning för privat bruk under arbetstid2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technology has made great strides during the last years. The development of technology has created new opportunities for growth and marketing for companies. Internet is a tool that has helped to createtheseopportunities. This asset has also led to an opportunity for employees to engage in”invisible”, non-work related activities such as cyberloafing (internet use for personal use during working hours). Previous researchhas reportedtwo levels of cyberloafing which are called minor cyberloafing (e.g. sending and receiving private e-mail) and severe cyberloafing (e.g. participate in online games involving real money). The purpose of this study was to examine the activities that occurred when employees used the Internet for private purposes and also why cyberloafing occurred. The purpose was also to studytherelationships between participants' attitude towards cyberloafing and how they felt that cyberloafing affected their job performance. It also examined if therewasa connection between how many times per day the participants on average used the cyberloafing and their attitude towards the subject. It was of interest to investigate whether there were any differences between the public and the private sector. The study was conducted using an online questionnaire and had 87 respondents. The participants came from companiesinthe Trestads area. Therequirementwas that the employees had daily access to Internet. Our results showed that the most common activity was visiting news sites. The results of this study showed some significant differences between genders and between the public and the private sector.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 248.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    An Examination of Swedish Human Resource Management Students' Beliefs about What Work Should Ideally Be Like2015In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 166-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Resource Management students' beliefs about how work should be organised will influence their behaviour in future professional positions. This prompted a study in which students in a three-year programme in Human Resource Management at University West in Sweden commented on a number of statements about what work should ideally be like. All 140 respondents were born between 1978 and 1990 and hence belong to Generation Y, also known as Generation Me. The respondents generally agreed strongly with humanistic beliefs about work and female students agreed with humanistic beliefs to a far greater extent than male students.

  • 249.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attitudes towards Fairtrade Principles and Environmental Views among the Inhabitants of a Rural Swedish Town2015In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 6, no 13, p. 1661-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates associations between values and preference for the Fairtrade concept andcompares the ecocentric and anthroprocentric views of Nature. The intention of Fairtrade productlabelling is to increase consumers' awareness of products that have a presumably more positiveinfluence on workers' lives in developing countries. The ecocentric view assumes that Nature hasan intrinsic value and should be preserved regardless of economic implications. The anthropocentricview, on the other hand, assumes Nature has value only because of the material, physical,or other benefits Nature provides humans. All respondents in the study were residents of Gestad, asmall town in a sparsely populated area of Sweden. Among the main results of the study was thatself-transcendence values (e.g., universalism and benevolence) were positively correlated with apreference for Fairtrade and ecocentrism, and negatively correlated with anthropocentrism. Conservationvalues (e.g., tradition and conformity) were positively correlated with anthropocentrism,and negatively correlated with a preference for Fairtrade. Another result was that women weremore positive than men towards Fairtrade and ecocentrism.

  • 250.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Beliefs in dualism and personal values2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dualists view mind and body as two fundamentally different kinds of “things”. Mind and the physical body are viewed as equally real and neither of them is, in a primal way, thought to be dependent on the other. Cartesian or “substance” dualism include the idea that mind and body belong to two different substances, the non-physical and the physical. These two substances are furthermore thought to influence each other causally. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the notion that everything is physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. In this view everything in the world is composed by the same kind of substance, which is physical or material. All mental states are hence fundamentally physical states. In the current study Swedish university students views on the mind-body relationship as well as the importance they attached to different personal values were measured using a self-report inventory. Students that attached more importance to the power value; that is to strive for social status and prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources, were found to hold stronger non-dualistic or physicalistic views on the mind-body relationship. If similar results in future studies of professional philosophers should be found it would challenge the idea that philosophical arguments and opinions is something “above” or “are unaffected by” psychological factors such as personal values.

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