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  • 201.
    Francke, Sophia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandh Bäckström, Linn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lojalitet, motivation och socialt stöd inom bemanningsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lojalitet, socialt stöd och motivation anses vara väsentliga faktorer för företags framgång. Bemanningsföretag verkar i en expansiv bransch där konkurrensen om lönsamma affärer och professionella medarbetare ökar. Med utgångspunkt från att konkurrensen inom branschen kommer att öka finns det fördelar med att verka för en ökad långsiktighet vad gäller anställningstiden i branschen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur ett bemanningsföretags interna medarbetare och externa konsulter upplevde konsultrollen, lojalitet, socialt stöd, kommunikation och motivation samt eventuella diskrepanser mellan de interna medarbetarna och externa konsulternas inom dessa områden. Kvalitativ metod har använts och semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med nio respondenter. Tematisk analys användes vid bearbetningen av insamlad data. Studiens resultat visade, i enlighet med tidigare forskning, att kommunikation var en viktig faktor för att skapa lojalitet. I studien betonades vikten av personliga möten för att förbättra den personliga relationen och kommunikationen. Faktorer som bidrog till ökat socialt stöd var en individanpassad och tydlig kommunikation, feedback, konsultträffar samt konsultchefer som var väl insatta i arbetsförhållandena för de externa konsulterna. De främsta motivationsfaktorerna var utbildning och kompetensutveckling. Andra motivationsfaktorer som framhölls var goda relationer på arbetsplatsen samt intressanta arbetsuppgifter. 

  • 202.
    Fransson, Madelene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konflikthanteringsstil och upplevd stress hos universitetslärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has been found to occur in the teaching profession. Stress is connected with conflicts in the psychosocial work environment. The purpose of the study was to investigate if conflict styles were related to the experience of stress. The study examined which style that was most and least frequent, and university teachers perceived stress levels. A further aim was to examine whether stress and conflict styles were related to gender and age. The participants were 92 full-time teachers (52 women) at University West. For the data collection the Perceived Stress Scale and Thomas - Kilmann Conflict Mode Instruments were used among with background questions regarding gender, age and institutional belonging. The results showed the competing style to be least frequent and that teachers' perceived stress level was considered to be relatively low. The results also showed a weak positive non-significant correlation between stress and the two styles; collaboration and avoidance. The relationship between stress and the avoidance style, and between stress and the collaborative style, were discussed to be perceived as more stressful since both styles try to ensure both needs in a conflict. The study found that stress and the competing style tended to be less frequent and less prevalent among older teachers, which were discussed to be positive since it indicates that teachers do not look to meet their own needs in front of their students. A critical approach should be use with these results, since the internal consistency regarding conflict management styles, were difficult to assess

  • 203.
    Fransson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyström, Michela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvantitativ studie över sambandet mellan personlighet och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that personality traits measured according to the Five Factor Model (which will henceforth be referred to as FFM), are of predictive value for both job satisfaction as well as well-being. This led to the hypothesis that individuals with different personality traits prefer different degrees of flexibility in work hours. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between personality, age as well as gender, and preferred degree of flexibility in working hours. The study was conducted using surveys which were posted on Facebook and in a medium-sized company in western Sweden (n = 572 of whom 115 men and 451 women aged 18-69+). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho. The main outcome of the study shows no significant connections between four of the personality traits in FFM, age, gender and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. An unexpected result proved to be a positive correlation between openness to experience and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. Previous studies of connection between work-related factors and traits have indicated that openness to experience was the least predictive trait within the FFM (Judge et al., 2002). Combined, the results of this study indicate that further studies need to be conducted to investigate what factors may affect preferred degree of flexibility in working hours.

  • 204.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form(TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality ItemPool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding(BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 205.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality Item Pool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 206.
    Friberg, Martina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wallius, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasieelevers attityd till marijuana: Upplevd självkänsla och upplevd känsla av sammanhang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey was made on the basis of today's attention of the use of the drug marijuana and its synthetic counterparts among young people. Also, the liberalization that has occurred in other countries created an interest to do the survey. A questionnaire study was conducted among third graders in upper secondary school in the region of Västra Götaland. The study had 57 respondents with a mean age of 18 years and the gender distribution was 33 % female and 67 % male. The study showed that male upper secondary students' tended to have a more accepting attitude towards the drug marijuana. This attitude also had a positive correlation with self-esteem. The study found no statistically significant correlation between sense of coherence (SOC) and attitude toward marijuana. SOC and self-esteem was however positively correlated, which is in line with previous research. In summary, students in the third grade of upper secondary school with higher self-esteem also tended to be more accepting in their attitude toward the drug marijuana.

  • 207.
    Frisell, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jakobsson, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Evolutionsteorin: Har barndomsminnen ett överlevnadsvärde?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in human memory is extensive and so is research on the theory of evolution, but studies that investigate how people's childhood memories have influenced their behaviors and approaches in adulthood based on the theory of evolution are rare.

    The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the completion of this knowledge gap. Semi-structured interviews with three educators, a social educator, two psychology students, two sociology students and a nursing student were conducted focusing on which childhood memories they have had, negative or positive, and how they have experienced how it has affected their behavior and approach in adult life. The informants were between 25 and 66 and there were five men and four women. Based on the informants' answers, we examined whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values.

    In the result of the thematic analysis, seven themes emerged: 1. Fear, 2. Alienation, 3. Helpfulness, 4. Parental / Adult Role, 5. Belonging, 6. Betrayal / Lack of Trust and 7. Negative experiences. The study's results give an understanding of how childhood memories can affect people's behavior and how evolution  theory can be applied in people today. The result shows people's efforts to constantly improve their characteristics by learning from their or other’s mistakes.

    The study thus makes a psychological contribution to the qualitative research on how people's memories can be adapted through generations based on the theory of evolution.

  • 208.
    Frisen, Ann
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology.
    Anneheden, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Changes in 10-year-old children’s body esteem: A time-lag study between 2000 and 20102014In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 123-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This time-lag study examined if there has been any changes in body esteem over a 10-year period for 10-year old children in Gothenburg, Sweden. Two cohorts of children, one in year 2000 and one in 2010, answered the same questionnaire about body esteem. A total of 960 children, 515 girls and 445 boys, participated in the first wave in 2000 and a total of 342 children, 171 girls and 171 boys participated in the second wave in 2010. The results showed a general stability in levels of body esteem for both girls and boys over the past 10years. The gender differences, with boys being more satisfied with their appearance and weight compared to girls also seems to be stable over the years. In addition, the results also showed a somewhat positive development among the overweight girls with enhanced body esteem for the overweight girls compared to the non-overweight girls during the ten years studied. Unfortunately, the same pattern was not found for overweight boys. For them the discrepancy in body esteem compared to non-overweight boys, with the overweight boys being more dissatisfied, found in 2000 remained in 2010.

  • 209.
    Frisk, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mångfald på arbetsplatsen: En studie om hur personliga värderingar påverkar attityden till utrikes födda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how attitudes towards foreign-born employees are linked to the individual's personal values. The study was conducted with the help of Swedbank and its staff. Study subjects consisted of 137 participants. To investigate the impact of personal values on attitudes towards foreign-born coworkers, questionnaires were sent consisting of 44 questions. The questionnaire was structured in two parts, one part which consisted of a scale that measured how survey participants felt that the bank and the staff are affected. The second part of the questionnaire measured the weight that study participants attach to different personal values. In order to answer the research questions, a correlation analysis Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and a multiple linear regression were used. The results showed positive correlations between the perceived effect on the bank as well as the banking staff and the values for universalism and benevolence. Also shown, there was a negative correlation between the perceived effect on the bank and the banking staff with values for power. Finally, the results also showed a negative correlation between the values of security and tradition with the perceived effect on banking staff. The results mean that the participants who value relationships and appreciation for diversity of people, felt that the recruitment of foreign-born is positive for the bank and the staff. Study participants who instead value the control, domination, security and respect for traditional culture was shown to have a negative attitude towards foreign-born employees. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the value dimensions (self-transcendence and self-enhancement) and (openness to change and conservation) explain 10 percent of the total variance in perceived banking impact, as well as explaining 7 percent of the total variance in perceived impact on banking staff.

  • 210. Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Lunde, Carolina
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Peer Victimisation and Its Relationships with Perceptions of Body Composition2009In: Educational Studies, ISSN 0013-1946, E-ISSN 1532-6993, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the links between children's exposure to peer victimisation, in terms of type and frequency, their body composition and subjective perceptions of body composition. A total of 960 Swedish 10-year-olds (515 girls and 445 boys) completed questionnaires about their peer victimisation experiences, weight and height, and perceptions of shape and stature. Results showed that whereas overweight girls reported exposure to both appearance-teasing and bullying, overweight boys mainly reported repeated experiences of appearance-teasing. When examining the relative importance of body composition (weight and height) and perceptions of body composition on peer victimisation experiences, children's negative body perceptions were more strongly associated with the outcome than were body composition. This study hence stresses that children who are victimised also seem to battle unfavourable attitudes towards their physical selves, which may cause increasing concern as the child enters adolescence.

  • 211.
    Frändegård, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Vestgård, Selvi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress: En kvantitativ studie om stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd och konflikten mellan arbete och privatliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Work Environment Authority’s report from 2014 shows how there’s an elevated share of people with work related ill health (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2014). The purpose of this study was to investigate how working group therapy assistants experience stress, self-efficacy, social support, conflict between work and personal life. To complement previous research in the field, we performed a quantitative survey. 49 individuals participated, where in 15 women and 34 men. Average age was 41.41 (SD=10.07). Established questionnaires were used to measure stress, self-efficacy, social support and conflict between work and personal life. The data was analyzed by using regression analysis, correlation analysis, independent one-wayANOVA and independent t-test. The most important result was that stress has its strongest connection with self-efficacy and the conflict between private life and work. The results from this study are discussed in relation to previous surveys.

  • 212.
    Fåll, Alexander
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Depersonalisation: En kvalitativ studie kring hur vårdpersonal upplever patienter med depersonalisationssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depersonalization syndrome is a mental condition that is estimated to affect between 1-3 percent of the world's population at some time during their lives. Although it is considered as a well-documented syndrome there are relatively few people who know the concept and what it means. The aim of the present study was to contribute to increasing the general knowledge and to examine how healthcare professionals experience these patients. Semi-structured interviews with five informants, two psychologists and three psychiatric nurses, ware carried out with a focus on how they experienced their patients and how they are affected in their life and what treatment they received. Analysis of the empirical data was performed by theoretical interpretation where the two built-in themes in the interview guide were central. The results of the analyses showed the different approaches in the treatment stage between psychologists and psychiatric nurses. Besides that the analyses confirmed previous research by demonstrating that the under diagnosis is great, medical use is common and the ordinary life of individuals with depersonalization syndrome can often be problematic. The study thus represents a psychological contribution in the dissemination of knowledge regarding depersonalization syndrome.

  • 213.
    Gagnero, Sanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd och syskonsplacering hos studenter: en kvantiativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress-related disorders are increasing among adolescents and the majority of students experience stress several days a week. Previous research has shown that there is a link between stress and self-efficacy, between self-efficacy and social support and between stress and social support. Research has also shown that birth order has a link to self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to investigate these relationships further. The questions for the study was (a) Is there a connection between stress, self-efficacy and social support? (b) Can social support and self-efficacy predict stress among students? (c) Is there a difference between students depending on birth order when it comes to stress, self-efficacy and social support?

    The participants were 41 students, 37 women and 4 men (M = 25.88, SD = 5.6). Established questionnaires were used to measure stress, self-efficacy and social support, with Cronbachs alpha of .80, .89 and .85. The data was analyzed by using correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and independent one-way ANOVA.

    The results showed that (a) stress had a positive, medium strong correlation with self-efficacy (r = .55, p <.01), and (b) self-efficacy had a positive, medium strong correlation with social support (r = .37, p <.05) and that (c) there was no correlation between stress and social support. Self-efficacy predicted stress (R = .52, p <.01). No differences were found regarding sibling position was correlated with stress, self-efficacy and social support. The results were partially in line with previous research, however, an unexpected result were regarding the absence of correlation between stress and social support. The results are discussed on the basis of possible cultural differences.

  • 214.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    University of Turku, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Finland, University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, Sweden.
    Al Nima, Ali
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden .
    Brulin, Joel Gruneau
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rapp-Ricciardi, Max
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IRT analyses of the Swedish Dark Triad Dirty Dozen2018In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) can be captured quickly with 12 items using the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Jonason and Webster, 2010). Previous Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses of the original English Dark Triad Dirty Dozen have shown that all three subscales adequately tap into the dark domains of personality. The aim of the present study was to analyze the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen using IRT. Method: 570 individuals (nmales = 326, nfemales = 242, and 2 unreported), including university students and white-collar workers with an age range between 19 and 65 years, responded to the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Garcia et al., 2017a,b). Results: Contrary to previous research, we found that the narcissism scale provided most information, followed by psychopathy, and finally Machiavellianism. Moreover, the psychopathy scale required a higher level of the latent trait for endorsement of its items than the narcissism and Machiavellianism scales. Overall, all items provided reasonable amounts of information and are thus effective for discriminating between individuals. The mean item discriminations (alphas) were 1.92 for Machiavellianism, 2.31 for narcissism, and 1.99 for psychopathy. Conclusion: This is the first study to provide IRT analyses of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Our findings add to a growing literature on the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen scale in different cultures and highlight psychometric characteristics, which can be used for comparative studies. Items tapping into psychopathy showed higher thresholds for endorsement than the other two scales. Importantly, the narcissism scale seems to provide more information about a lack of narcissism, perhaps mirroring cultural conditions. © 2018 The Authors

  • 215.
    Gavelin, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöström, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar och villighet att betala extra: En kvantitativ studie gällande miljömärkning och social produktmärkning av mobiltelefoner2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal values are an important part of psychology and concerns what people consider to be of importance in their lives. Recent studies have focused on the effect personal values have on people’s willingness to pay when it comes to fair trade and eco-labelled food. The purpose of this study was to examine personal values linked to willingness to pay when it comes to a fairtrade or eco-labelled mobile phone, regarding people who live in three closely situated towns in western Sweden. The participants in this study were 79 men and women in the ages 18 – 64. This was a quantitative study and one of the instruments used were Schwartz Portrait Values. The results show that people who found the values benevolence and univeralism to be most important where those who were willing to pay more for these kind of mobile phones. The result is consistent with earlier studies

  • 216.
    Gerhard Eriksson, Tommy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fördomsfullhet (modern rasism) och social dominansorientering bland polisstuderande och intagna i fängelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that police officers and police-trainees are more ethnically prejudiced than the average population. Research on the phenomenon of prejudice has revealed that intolerant people tend to “divide” people hierarchically into groups, so-called social dominance orientation (SDO). In social dominance theory there is a thesis that police officers belong to the dominant group, while the prison population belongs to the subordinate group. Later research has linked prejudice and SDO to personality traits in the Five Factor Model and to the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy), primarily to low levels of factor agreeableness and openness, and high levels of Machiavellianism. The main aim (Study 1) was to examine the differences in prejudice and SDO between police-trainees at the end of their education (N = 202) and inmates (N = 264), as well as investigate relationships between prejudice and SDO through regression analyses in each group. Unexpectedly, a multivariate analysis of variance disclosed that police-trainees were less ethnically prejudiced than inmates, and that the thesis on social dominance theory could be rejected, as police-trainees also were less socially dominant than inmates. SDO predicted prejudice throughout the whole sample; the effect was significantly higher within the groups of inmates. A more open set of questions (Study 2) was to examine, from a personality approach, in which way inmates were more prejudiced and socially dominant. Multiple regression analyses showed that low levels of agreeableness and high levels of Machiavellianism predicted ethnic prejudice and SDO in the group of inmates, which may well explain the difference between the groups.

  • 217.
    Gerward, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur lärarlönelyftet påverkade upplevelsen i gruppen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Lärarlönelyftet” was a project by the Swedish government to elevate the status of the teacher profession and student performance by rising the wages of the best teachers. This resulted in that 40% of the teachers got a raise of about 3,000 SEK.

    The following thesis focus on examining how the teachers in Skellefteå county public schools (students age 16-19) experienced that “lärarlönelyftet” influenced their work group and work climate. There are few previous studies on how performance-based pay influence the group and its members.

    This thesis includes five semi-structured interviews with teachers. The participants included males and females, people who had or hadn’t taken part of the rise. A thematic analysis of the data resulted in four themes, showing both positive and negative effects.

    Teachers who’d gotten the rise felt acknowledged, while the ones who hadn’t felt devalued. A rift developed between colleagues; conflicts and devaluating comments were prominent. There was a feeling of injustice and anger about who had gotten the rise. The ones who got the rise felt favoured in an unwanted way which led to anxiety. The anxiety was, among other, founded in the notion that they had gotten more than their colleagues. Opinions differ if the effects linger three years later.

    The result of this thesis acknowledges the effects performance-based pay can have on a group and its dynamics. Additional studies on a bigger scale should be carried out to reach deeper analysis about if and how the effects linger and what happens to the group.

  • 218.
    Gharib, Kashma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Halawi, Nafisse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Monetära och icke-monetära belöningar: En kvantitativ studie gällande motivationsfaktorer på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was written to examine the factors that motivate most in the workplace and whether these could be predicted based on gender, qualifications length, and personality. The aim was to find out how the employees at the company estimate different motivational factors at work, if there is a difference in estimation among genders, and if different variables could affect this estimation. The method was carried out by letting the employees answer a survey form where they had to estimate different motivational factors and conduct a personality test. 43 out of 50 participated and all of them were office-workers from two different departments. The results showed that monetary motivation factors, at a group level, were valued higher at the workplace and that women estimated monetary motivators higher than men. The results also showed that the variables gender and monetary motivation factors correlated statistically significantly, while the remaining variables, which all varied with difference in strength and direction, were not statistically significant. This therefore means that the results cannot be generalized to the population since there is an absence of evidence for such correlations. However, these relationships between the variables are considered common in psychology. Another thing that can have affected the validity of the study's results is the expansion of the sample. Since this study was conducted in different departments, this may have affected the results since the different departments may have had different experiences or attitudes. The authors of this study did not find plenty of previous research and studies to confirm the survey results.

  • 219.
    Gillard, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Moa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work-Family Conflict: en kvalitativ studie om småbarnsmammors upplevelse av relationen mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how working women with children under the age of five experience the relationship between work-life and family-life. We examine what conflicts can arise and how theese women cope with them.

    To learn more about this relationship we have used a qualitative method and collected data based on six semi-structured interviewes. The data has then been analysed using a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that the women in this study experience work-family conflict as a result due to lack of social support from their spouse.

    The conclusion is that theese women experience stress, which can be derived to inequality in housework, as a consequence of the work-family conflict.

  • 220.
    Gjokaj, Demir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Spjuth, Jon
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikationen om risker på en svensk flygplats: En kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Airports are an important part of today´s existent infrastructure and are often built in close connection to our cities. Airports are covered by the law of aviation security, which aims to prevent criminal and unlawful acts against civil aviation. Safety at airports is crucial for passenger´s, but also for second- and third party victims who would be adversely affected by an aircraft accident. The following study aims to investigate how employees perceive airports communication of risks and how airports are organized to be high-reliability organizations (HROs). To examine the purpose of the study we interviewed four informants who at that time worked on a major airport in Sweden. The age range of the informants was 24-45 years and was represented by both men and women. Informants of this study were working with strategic and supervisory tasks related to safety at the airport. Data collection was done through interviews and the questions were formulated to answer this study´s purpose. On the basis of an interview guide, semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis and by repetitive reading of the transcript we were able to identify important themes and subthemes. The results of the following study argues that the work of the investigated airport is not organized on the basis of HRO-principles and that the communication of risks does not take place according to HRO- principles, this based on the informants experiences. The conclusion of present study indicates that some error can occur at the investigated airport without a catastrophic event as a result.

  • 221.
    Gouranios Nycander, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hermansson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie av sambanden mellan locus of control, self-efficacy, socialt stöd och positiv feedback2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational psychology can sometimes appear too problem-oriented emphasizing only the problems and conflicts within organizations. Though there is some focus on studying of the relationships and processes that contributes to people, groups and organizations working well. The purpose of this study was so to explore possible relationships between positive feedback, self-efficacy, locus of control and social support. Data was collected through a web-based questionnaire. The scales that were used were Work Locus of Control Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Social Support subscale from QPS Nordic. To measure positive feedback the authors constructed a scale specifically for the task. The participants of this study were employees at three different elementary schools in a middle-sized town in Sweden. The sample size was 58 persons (47 women and 11 men). The result of this study showed significant correlations between positive feedback, self-efficacy and locus of control. Conclusions made from the result are that positive feedback plays a significant role in the workplace and is a variable to consider for further investigation. 

  • 222.
    Graepler, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cyberloafing: En enkätstudie om internetanvändning för privat bruk under arbetstid2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technology has made great strides during the last years. The development of technology has created new opportunities for growth and marketing for companies. Internet is a tool that has helped to createtheseopportunities. This asset has also led to an opportunity for employees to engage in”invisible”, non-work related activities such as cyberloafing (internet use for personal use during working hours). Previous researchhas reportedtwo levels of cyberloafing which are called minor cyberloafing (e.g. sending and receiving private e-mail) and severe cyberloafing (e.g. participate in online games involving real money). The purpose of this study was to examine the activities that occurred when employees used the Internet for private purposes and also why cyberloafing occurred. The purpose was also to studytherelationships between participants' attitude towards cyberloafing and how they felt that cyberloafing affected their job performance. It also examined if therewasa connection between how many times per day the participants on average used the cyberloafing and their attitude towards the subject. It was of interest to investigate whether there were any differences between the public and the private sector. The study was conducted using an online questionnaire and had 87 respondents. The participants came from companiesinthe Trestads area. Therequirementwas that the employees had daily access to Internet. Our results showed that the most common activity was visiting news sites. The results of this study showed some significant differences between genders and between the public and the private sector.

  • 223.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    An Examination of Swedish Human Resource Management Students' Beliefs about What Work Should Ideally Be Like2015In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 166-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Resource Management students' beliefs about how work should be organised will influence their behaviour in future professional positions. This prompted a study in which students in a three-year programme in Human Resource Management at University West in Sweden commented on a number of statements about what work should ideally be like. All 140 respondents were born between 1978 and 1990 and hence belong to Generation Y, also known as Generation Me. The respondents generally agreed strongly with humanistic beliefs about work and female students agreed with humanistic beliefs to a far greater extent than male students.

  • 224.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attitudes towards Fairtrade Principles and Environmental Views among the Inhabitants of a Rural Swedish Town2015In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 6, no 13, p. 1661-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates associations between values and preference for the Fairtrade concept andcompares the ecocentric and anthroprocentric views of Nature. The intention of Fairtrade productlabelling is to increase consumers' awareness of products that have a presumably more positiveinfluence on workers' lives in developing countries. The ecocentric view assumes that Nature hasan intrinsic value and should be preserved regardless of economic implications. The anthropocentricview, on the other hand, assumes Nature has value only because of the material, physical,or other benefits Nature provides humans. All respondents in the study were residents of Gestad, asmall town in a sparsely populated area of Sweden. Among the main results of the study was thatself-transcendence values (e.g., universalism and benevolence) were positively correlated with apreference for Fairtrade and ecocentrism, and negatively correlated with anthropocentrism. Conservationvalues (e.g., tradition and conformity) were positively correlated with anthropocentrism,and negatively correlated with a preference for Fairtrade. Another result was that women weremore positive than men towards Fairtrade and ecocentrism.

  • 225.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Beliefs in dualism and personal values2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dualists view mind and body as two fundamentally different kinds of “things”. Mind and the physical body are viewed as equally real and neither of them is, in a primal way, thought to be dependent on the other. Cartesian or “substance” dualism include the idea that mind and body belong to two different substances, the non-physical and the physical. These two substances are furthermore thought to influence each other causally. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the notion that everything is physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. In this view everything in the world is composed by the same kind of substance, which is physical or material. All mental states are hence fundamentally physical states. In the current study Swedish university students views on the mind-body relationship as well as the importance they attached to different personal values were measured using a self-report inventory. Students that attached more importance to the power value; that is to strive for social status and prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources, were found to hold stronger non-dualistic or physicalistic views on the mind-body relationship. If similar results in future studies of professional philosophers should be found it would challenge the idea that philosophical arguments and opinions is something “above” or “are unaffected by” psychological factors such as personal values.

  • 226.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consumer attitudes to ethically labelled products2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is an overview of academic research into consumer attitudes towards, and choice of, alternatives with ethical, in the sense of socially aware, product labelling. Nearly all research within this field has been conducted on consumers in (northern) Europe and in the USA. In certain literature on the subject, a broader definition is used of ethical product alternatives; normally products are included in that case with different types of environmental labelling. Socially responsible product labelling focuses on issues linked to how the production of labelled goods influences both the people as well as the local communities where the production of the goods takes place. In order for the product to be socially labelled it is necessary that active work is undertaken in the field of employee rights. Child labour and all forms of discrimination shall be actively opposed while democracy and the right to organise in the workplace, including the right to form trade unions, shall be promoted. The purpose of social labelling is that consumers in the developed world shall be given the possibility of choosing product alternatives that have a more favourable effect on the communities where the goods are produced. The Fairtrade label is the dominant social labelling; the lion's share of the academic research into consumer attitudes to products with social labelling has been carried out with Fairtrade labelled product alternatives in focus. Research has shown that a large share of the Swedish population knows the Fairtrade label and their trust in the Fairtrade label is relatively high. Women generally have a more positive attitude towards Fairtrade than men. To place greater emphasis on self-transcending values, i.e. to strive to transcend personal and individual interests and instead to work for the good of others (and in that case also others with whom one is not in direct contact) has been shown to increase the likelihood of having a positive view of Fairtrade. To strive for "warm relations" (to have close colleagues and friends and deep ties of friendship) are also associated with a positive attitude to Fairtrade. Certain studies have investigated how much consumers are prepared to pay for a socially labelled product. The results vary quite sharply and the methodology in itself has also been criticised. Researchers in this field believe that the so-called "willingness-to-pay" studies function as a kind of attitude indicator, rather than a measure of how much one is actually prepared to pay. In studies where factors such as good working conditions are set against the products being produced in an eco-friendly manner, it has been found that the social, employee right aspects, and in particular the fact that no child labour has occurred, are shown to be more important than the fact that the products are produced in an eco-friendly way.

  • 227.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konsumenters inställning till produkter med etisk märkning2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en översikt över akademisk forskning om konsumenters inställning till och val av alternativ med etiska, i meningen sociala, produktmärkningar. Nästan all forskningen inom området har genomförts på konsumenter i (norra) Europa och i USA. I viss litteratur används en bredare definition av etiska produktalternativ, vanligen inkluderas då än  produkter med olika typer av miljömärkning. Sociala produktmärkningar har fokus på frågor om hur produktionen av de märkta varorna påverkar såväl människor som de lokala samhällena där produktionen äger rum. För att produkten skall få märkas med en social märkning krävs att det arbetas aktivt med arbetsrättsliga frågor. Barnarbete och diskriminering skall motverkas och demokrati och organisationsrätt, inklusive rätten att bilda fackföreningar, skall främjas. Syftet med de sociala märkningarna är att konsumenter i i-länder skall ges möjlighet att välja alternativ av varor som har en mer gynnsam inverkan på de samhällen där varorna produceras. Fairtrade-märkningen är den dominerande sociala märkningen och den största delen av akademisk forskning om konsumenters inställning till produkter med sociala märkningar har gjorts med Fairtrade-märkta produktalternativ i fokus. Forskning har visat att en stor andel av den svenska befolkningen känner till  fairtrademärkningen och förtroendet för märkningen är relativt hög. Kvinnor är generellt sett mer positivt inställda till Fairtrade. Att lägga större vikt vid självöverskridande värderingar, d.v.s. att sträva efter att överskrida personliga och individuella intressen och istället arbeta för att vara andra till gagn (och då även andra som man inte är i direkt kontakt med) har visat sig öka sannolikheten för att man är positivt inställd till Fairtrade. Att sträva efter "varma relationer" (att ha nära kompisar och vänner och djupa vänskapsband) är även det förknippat med en positiv inställning till Fairtrade. I en del studier har man undersökt hur mycket konsumenter är beredda att betala för en produkt som är märkt med en social märkning. Resultaten varierar ganska kraftigt och även metodiken som sådan har kritiserats. Forskare inom området menar att så kallade "willingness-to-pay" studier fungerar som ett slags attitydmått, snarare än mått på hur mycket man faktiskt är beredd betala. I studier där man ställt faktorer som goda arbetsförhållanden mot att produkterna är miljövänligt producerade har man funnit att de sociala, arbetsrättsliga aspekterna, och då i synnerhet att inget barnarbete har förekommit, anges som viktigare än att produkterna framställts på ett miljövänligt sätt.

  • 228.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar och preferens för rättvis handel (fair trade) hos gymnasielever2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras resultat från en studie av samband mellan vikt en individ lägger vid värderingar och preferens för rättvis handel (fair trade). Respondenterna var gymnasieelever i Vänersborg (n = 99). Data samlades in med hjälp av enkäter. Vikt vid värderingar mättes med List of Values (LOV) skalan. Större vikt vid värderingarna ”Varma relationer till andra” och ”Självförverkligande” hade samband med starkare preferens för rättvis handel.

  • 229.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bergström, Kerstin
    Dept. of Home Economics Gothenburg University.
    Fuentes, Christian
    Dept. of Business Administration Marketing Group, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg University.
    Shanahan, Helena
    Dept. of Home Economics Gothenburg University.
    Solér, Cecilia
    Dept. of Business Administration Marketing Group, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg University.
    Exploring the perception and use of environmental information in the food system2006In: Environmental information in the food supply system, Stockholm: Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI) , 2006, p. 31-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Biel, Anders
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Predictors of purchase of eco-labelled food products: A panel study2007In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 701-708Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 231.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Biel, Anders
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The impact of environmental information on professional purchasers' choice of products2007In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 421-429Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 232.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personality traits and personal values: A replication with a Swedish sample2015In: International Journal of Personality Psychology, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 8-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To maintain rigor and transparency in the science of personality psychology, we conducted a replication of the often cited “The Big Five Personality Factors and Personal Values” by Roccas, Sagiv, Schwartz, and Knafo (2002). More than a decade ago, based on a study of Israeli students, they presented results on how personality traits and personal values relate. In the current replication study with Swedish students, we related the Big Five personality traits to Schwartz´s personal values. Our results replicated most of the earlier findings. Whereas the earlier study tested the predictive validity of traits and values on religious beliefs, presumed to be under a relatively high degree of cognitive control, our study tested the willingness-to-pay for Fairtrade alternatives. Our findings confirmed the earlier findings that personal values explain substantially more variance than personality traits in this. We discuss that traits and values are different constructs and that their relationship is consistent across the two geographic locations and student cohorts.

  • 233.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Persson, Björn
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The Relationship between Mind-Body Dualism and Personal Values2016In: International Journal of Psychological Studies, ISSN 1918-7211, E-ISSN 1918-722X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 126-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dualists view the mind and the body as two fundamental different “things”, equally real and independent of each other. Cartesian thought, or substance dualism, maintains that the mind and body are two different substances, the non-physical and the physical, and a causal relationship is assumed to exist between them. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the idea that everything that exists is either physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. Hence, all mental states are fundamentally physical states. In the current study we investigated to what degree Swedish university students’ beliefs in mind-body dualism is explained by the importance they attach to personal values. A self-report inventory was used to measure their beliefs and values. Students who held stronger dualistic beliefs attach less importance to the power value (i.e., the effort to achieve social status, prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources). This finding shows that the strength in laypeople’s beliefs in dualism is partially explained by the importance they attach to personal values.

  • 234.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lekedal, Hans
    Marmendal, Maarit
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Values and eco- and fair-trade labelled products2007In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 169-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 235.
    Granlund, Mathilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Strömberg, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Den stressade mellanchefen: livet mellan arbetskrav från över- och underordnade2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that middle managers believe that their work-related stress is connected to the demands from both superiors and subordinates (Skagert, Dellve, Eklöf, Heather, Pousette & Ahlborg, 2004). The aim of the present study was to in a public organization investigate whether the middle managers perceived job demands from superiors and subordinates are related to their perceived work-related stress level. The following research question was formulated: To what extent can the perceived job demands from superiors, subordinates, age and number of years as middle manager predict levels of perceived work-related stress. Participants in the study consisted of 63 middle managers (52 women and 11 men). The results showed that perceived job demands from subordinates were the only independent variable that statistically significantly predicted perceived work-related stress. Number of years as middle manager had a negative statistically significant correlation with perceived work-related stress. These results were partially in line with the presented theory and previous research.

  • 236.
    Grgic, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Korneliusson, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Medarbetarupplevelser och reaktioner vid en omorganisering: en kvalitativ studie inom en kommunal förvaltning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational change can be crucial if an operation is to be successful in meeting new demands. The process of change is complex and time consuming. There is a risk that this leads to some workers experiencing symptoms of illness. Research on organizational change is extensive, but studies investigating the sense of coherence are rarer. The aim with the present study was to contribute to filling this knowledge gap. To answer the purpose of the study, the authors had designed interview questions from Aaron Antonovsky's theory of sense of coherence. The following questions were used to answer the goal with the study purpose; a) Was the change process understandable for the employees? b) Did the employees experience the change as manageable based on their individual abilities? c) Did the employees find meaningfulness before, during and after the change? Semi-structured interviews with eight employees in a municipal organisation were conducted focusing on their experiences and reactions regarding the change. The results of the thematic analysis showed five themes: (1) volume, (2) ambiguity and employee health, (3) communication, (4) leadership and support, and (5) participation. The study's result provided an understanding of what sense of coherence means in an organizational change, and how it can be useful knowledge for change leaders. For this reason, the study constituted a psychological contribution for research on work-integrated learning. The study results were that the employees did not experience a healthy working environment during the change. This was because of the size of the change, the lack of supporting relations, lack of communication and unclear roles and responsibilities.

  • 237.
    Gulamhusein, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Muhiaddin, Esma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Varför kollar dom snett?”: En kvalitativ studie om bostadsområdet och ungdomars identitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att öka förståelsen kring hur bostadsområdet har format ungdomarnas identitet utifrån respondenternas upplevelse. Polismyndigheterna presenterar i deras studie femton särskilda utsatta områden i Sverige. Ett av dessa utsatta områden var Angered som blev studiens fokusområde (Hellberg & Khorramshahi, 2017). Denna undersökningen gjordes med stöd av kvalitativa intervjuer och en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. För att stärka analysen av det empiriska materialet utifrån metoderna har författarna dessutom tagit Erikssons teori om identitetsutveckling samt Goffmans teori om sociala stigman. Insamlingen av materialet gjordes utifrån intervjuer med unga individer mellan 16- 19 år. För att analysera resultaten av dessa intervjuer användes tematisk analys där materialet kodades och delades in i teman. I slutändan kom författarna fram till att respondenterna upplevde en stark gemenskap i bostadsområdet samtidigt som det fanns faktorer som har påverkat individernas identitet. Respondenternas syn och samhällets syn stämmer inte riktigt överens om hur Angered är som stadsdel.

  • 238.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Children and Parents: Attributions, Attitudes and Agency2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and parents are both part of children’s development and research on children and on parenting are both areas that, in some way, have changed in recent decades. These changes are related to the new way of seeing children and that children are no longer seen as ‘becomings’ or adults in the making; rather, children are insteadregarded – and seen – as more active in their development and as social agents. With a new way of viewing children and childhood there is also a new way of explaining or understanding parenthood. The general aim of this thesisis to learn more about how parents think about their parenting and how this can be related to children’s agency. Inaddition, children’s own beliefs about their agency are studied. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed thatSwedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children inall nine countries. Despite the high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In Study III Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children was examined in relation to their children’s agency. It also studied the longitudinal relation between agency and children’s externalizing, internalizing, and school achievement. Swedish children’s parents (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children’s agency, children’s externalizing and internalizing behaviors and school achievement. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to children’s subsequent perceptions of their agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalizing and internalizing problems and higher academic achievement. Personal agency is studied in Study IV and the aim of this study was to examine how 10-year-old children perceive their agency in three different contexts, family, school and peer-situations. Interviews were conducted with 103 ten-year-old Swedish children. Vignettes concerning three different situations were presented to the children and their answers were written down for subsequent thematic analysis. The resultsshowed that children perceive their agency differently depending upon which context they find themselves in. The difference is not in how they think adults or peers would react to their agency, but in how they themselves would act if their agency was suppressed. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find a solution together, while they would be more emotional and powerless with adults.In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions. It is also revealed that parents’ warmth is related to children’s agency,and that children’s perceptions of their agency depend on whether they interact with adults or other children. Apossible contribution of this thesis is to generate additional knowledge about parental cognitions and the implications that parenting can have on child agency, but also the shedding of light on the ways in which, depending on the context, children’s beliefs of their agency differ.

  • 239.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Exempel 5: FöräldraResursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 65-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    När det blir en sjukdom: en studie om hur olika yrkesprofessioners arbete påverkas då spelberoende, 'Internet Gaming Disorder', blir en diagnos.2018In: Nya vägar, nya perspektiv: Barn- och ungdoms nätverket i samarbete med Tema barn, Linkopings universitet, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2018, p. 8-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag arbetar flera verksamheter på olika sätt med de diagnoser som finns och påverkar barn och ungdomar i skolan. Nya diagnoser tillkommer då och då, och sommaren 2018 informerade Världshälsoorganisationen (WHO) om att TV-spelberoende nu klassas som en diagnos, s.k. Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). TV-spel av olika karaktär är frekvent använda av barn och ungdomar och i Sverige spelar 87 % av barn 9-12 år varje dag. Spelberoende är omdiskuterat och kan ses som ett eget problem eller en följd av andra problem. Avsaknaden av forskning inom området innebar att American Pyschiatric Association uppmanade till mer forskning om Internet Gaming Disorder och med en IGD-diagnos från WHO kommer mer kunskap inom området att behövas. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att följa hur elevhälsans, socialtjänstens och hälso- och sjukvårdens arbete förändras i och med en ny diagnos och vilket lärande som därigenom kommer till stånd. Vidare ska studien undersöka hur förhållningssättet till barns och ungdomars aktörskap ser ut vid ny diagnos.

  • 241.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Parenting Across Cultures: Parental attributions, attitudes and behaviour2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously studies in parenting have mainly been conducted in Western countries. Not uncommonly results from such studies are used to describe general, worldwide trends. In an attempt to make the field of parenting research more culturally heterogeneous, an international research project, Parenting Across Cultures, was started. The project includes nine participant countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and USA) and its purpose is to examine parenting across cultures. This thesis is based on reports from parent participants. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed that Swedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions, they think more alike for parenting attitudes and there was greater variability for parenting attributions, particularly regarding uncontrollable success, as opposed to attributions regarding adult- or child-controlled failure. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’ self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children in all nine countries. Despite the overwhelmingly high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, and despite our use of statistical controls for parental age, education, social desirability, and child age, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions.

  • 242.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parental perceptions of children’s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment2016In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 186, no 8, p. 1203-1211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children in relation to their children's agency. It also examined the longitudinal relation between agency and children's externalising, internalising, and school achievement. Swedish children's mothers and fathers (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children's agency, and children's externalising and internalising behaviours and school achievement. Parental warmth at Time 1 was significantly correlated with child agency at Time 2, which was significantly correlated with child externalising and internalising behaviours and academic achievement at Time 3. There were no differences between girls and boys. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to subsequent perceptions of children's agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalising and internalising problems and higher academic achievement. These findings held in the context of a three-year longitudinal study and for both boys and girls, suggesting the importance of child agency in the link between parental warmth and children's adjustment.

  • 243.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts.2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1565239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine children's perception of their agency in different relationship contexts. Historically, most studies conducted in Sweden concerning children's agency, in relation to their self-efficacy and perceptions of their effectiveness as agents, have been carried out in school situations or other institutional organizations. Past research has shown that children'sagency has positive links to health, school achievement and/or adjustment. Method: Interviews were conducted with 103 10-year-old Swedish children to examine three relationship contexts: parent-child, teacher-pupil, and peer relations. Vignettes about the different contexts were presented to the children and their answers were analysed with thematic analysis. Results: The results show that children think of their agency differently depending upon which relationship context they find themselves in. Most perceived agency are found insituations with peers, and children perceive they have the least agency with teachers. In situations with parents, children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find asolution together, while they would be more emotional and perceive less power with adults. Conclusion: We conclude that children make adistinction in their perception of agency depending upon the relationship context. These findings can be relevant for helping children receive more agency in all contexts, which might have apositive impact on health and adjustment.

  • 244.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Swedish children’s beliefs about agency in family, school and peer situationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Vi kan väl sprida kärlek istället för hat?”: om kränkningar på nätet ur unga och vuxnas perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Digitalization gives an increased access to online networking in schools meanwhile the use of social media among young people increases. E-bullying takes place in different forms and to different extents. The aim of this study is to deepen the understanding of online violations by comparing the perspectives of youths and adults on e-bullying based in one school environment. The study uses qualitative methodology and semistructured interviews. Eight pupils and eight teachers from one school have participated. The study draws on themes and attitudes about what e-bullying means, the prevalence of online violations and what is being done to prevent the problem. One theoretical starting point is that the technology used in online networking may involve a shift in power in relation to traditional bullying. The results of the study show that it is not evident that youths and adults each have a certain perception of e-bullying. The descriptions of online violations are multiple. However, adults tend to see the language of the youngsters as rougher than youths do themselves. Adults experience that young people report violations to a greater extent than youths describe from their perspectives. General conclusions about preventive work against online network violations in a school stress the importance of the work being systematic, informative and communicated to pupils as well as based on reflections about norms and values

  • 246.
    Gustavsen, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Larsson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Individuella skillnader som prediktor för upplevd arbetsmiljö: en korrelationsstudie med Big Six och DIAMONDS2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Poor work environment is a contributing factor to both physical and mental illness in Sweden. 28% of the individuals, who are currently employed in working life, experience problems caused by work-related reasons. Individually adapted work environment may possibly reduce this number. Previous research has found that personality can be significant in the perception of situations in daily life. However, previous studies have not investigated whether personality can predict how work environment is perceived. The purpose of this study was therefore to answer this question by examining whether there is a relationship between personality, through the Big Six, and perceived work environment, through DIAMONDS. In order to answer the question, a survey was conducted in which 107 respondents participated (M = 33 years, SD = 12, age range 18–79 years, 76% women). Personality was examined with the instrument Mini-International Personality Item Pool-6 (MiniIPIP6) and perceived work environment was measured through Riverside Situational Q-Sort (RSQ-8). Correlation analyzes were carried out, based on the respondents’ answers, which resulted in outcomes which showed five statistically significant relationships between Big Six and DIAMONDS. Two of these corresponded to previous research, while the rest had not occurred earlier. The five correlations were further investigated through two regression analyzes, where negativity and adversity, which are variables belonging to DIAMONDS, were dependent variables because these correlated strongly with the Big Six variables. Neuroticism and agreeableness turned out to be the only significant predictors out of the personality traits. An 3 important explanation variance emerged and according to this study, personality can therefore predict certain parts of how individuals experience their work environment.

  • 247.
    Gustavsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seaton, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den Mörka Triaden: En studie på olika chefsnivåer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad is described as three undesirable personality traits consisting of machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The purpose of the present study was to analyze to what extent the dark traits occur at different levels of management, and furthermore how gender and age relate. The study was originally conducted by Eklund och Hultman (2015) with 101 respondents in a senior company position in Sweden (47 were women, 51 were male and three did not indicate gender). Of the respondents surveyed, 13 managers supervised at group level, 39 at middle level and 49 at management level. The age range varied between 24 and 64 years. The study consisted of a questionnaire with 80 questions, 27 of these questions were statements about Short Dark Triad (SD3) that aimed to measure machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The results showed a positive trend between machiavellianism and higher management level, and that the mean values for narcissism and psychopathy increased when moving to higher management level. Men generally showed higher traits of the Dark Triad than women which was consistent with previous research. Age also correlated negatively with machiavellanism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy, which indicates that the Dark Triad was less frequent among older Swedish managers.

  • 248.
    Gustavsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöqvist, Christof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie i unga vuxnas kristna tro: Orsaker till tron och upplevelser av mening med- och i livet2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is today one of the world's most individualized and secularized countries, but the trend in recent years seems to have turned and diminished with Generation X, those born in the 60-80's. At the same time previous research shows that religious practice and a sense of purpose in life have a positive impact on people's mental wellbeing. However, there are still gaps in the research into the reasons why people believe. This study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons why young adults that are christians believe in a god and how they perceive the meaning of life and in life in relation to their faith. The theories Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence worked as a basis for the study. A qualitative method was used and the collection of data was made using semi-structured interviews. The participants consisted of three women and three men, active in the Swedish Church. The analytical method IPA was used for processing the collected data. The results showed that the informants' perceptions of why one believes could be organized into the three themes of: The community molds, helps and creates a feeling of belongingness, Christian family background led to faith and experiences in adolescence were crucial for the faith. The results also showed that belief in itself, as well as the Christian community gave a sense of purpose of life and in life. These results were discussed in relation to theories of Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence. Some conclusions that could be drawn from the results and the discussion is that this study's question on reasons why Christians, young adults in the Swedish Church believes, resulted in two kinds of answers: One concerned the reasons why they first came to faith and the other on the causes to why they continue to believe today. Meaning of- and in life was perceived in relation to the Christian community and through the personal faith of the informants. The quest to become a better person and to live well was central to the experience of meaning of life and in the lives of informants. Reliability was affected mainly by the authors' own background and pre-understanding.

  • 249.
    Gustavsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olausson, Therese
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelser av maktaspekter inom den psykiatriska tvångsvården: en litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients in compulsory psychiatric care often feel powerlessness and a defective participation. A good treatment from the caregivers with empathy, feeling and respect can help the patients to be motivated to participate in their care. The alliance between patients and caregivers can make a good base in the care process. It can also help patients to decide to change their lives. Aim: To describe patients' experience of power aspects in compulsory psychiatric care. Method: A literature review with qualitative articles. Nine articles were analyzed to find similarities and differences. It resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. Results: The first theme described patients' experiences of participation, being limited and the feelings about their lack of control and not being informed. The second theme described patients' experience of the social interaction in compulsory psychiatric care, alliance, treatment from the staff and their superior power positions. The third theme described the care environment influence of the patients' circumstance of life and feeling of safeness. It also described the battle within oneself. Conclusion: The study reveals that many patients have experienced a lack of participation, information and control. Patients felt powerless compared to the staff by the way they acted and treated them. Many have been treated with defective empathy and respect. They described feelings of being treated like a unworthy and not successful human. It revealed that many patients wanted a better alliance with the caregivers. They also wanted to be more participated and informed about their care

  • 250.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

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