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  • 201.
    Jonasson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Behov av dokumentation inom agila projekt vid systemförvaltning: En fallstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the documentation in the management of ERP- (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems and the challenges that exist around documentation in agile methods. The study provides knowledge about the needs for documentation in agile projects for system maintenance and the risks associated with a lack of documentation in the administration. A qualitative approach has been used by a case study. The study's conclusions are based on ob-servations, interviews and document analysis. Agile methods do not require as much docu-mentation of tasks and are based on personal collaborations between operators in the system. The study's final results show that the documentation cannot be excluded, but it should be used where it fits. If documentation support human interaction, rather than to replace it, can it still can be in line with agile development principles. There is a general consensus that that a major drawback of Agile methodologies is a loss of undocumented knowledge. Because doc-umentation is compromised when applying agile methods, important knowledge is lost during and after system development. Many companies are embracing Agile projects are told that they should not be document anything, without relying on open communication going on. People often misunderstand agile methods. Policies and practices for Agile methodologies introduced in organizations but not implemented fully.

  • 202.
    Jonsson, Birk
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Personlig integritet, kakor och riktad annonsering: hur stor är kunnigheten hos dagliga internetanvändare?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fact that actors with the aim of generating targeted ads track internet users via cookies on the web can be considered problematic when it comes to privacy. In some contexts, the use of cookies can also make IT security measures more important to take. With the introduction of new software technologies, today's useful anti-tracking measures may become redundant, and internet users privacy is thus exposed to new risks. In this work, internet users opinions, awareness and tendency to take four measures against tracking were investigated. What security measures are usually taken were also studied, as well as internet users perceived concern and apprehension about their privacy online. A quantitatively oriented survey was carried out, which included 17 questions with predetermined answer options. The survey was designed via Google Forms, and a digitally generated link was sent out via Facebook Messenger and several other digital platforms. The response data was analyzed using Google Forms and Excel. In total, 43 survey responses were collected, and the results showed a reasonably high level of concern regarding privacy among surveyed internet users. An even greater concern could also be demonstrated among the internet users who took any of the four anti-tracking measures specified in this study. These respondents were also found to be more aware of the functionality and purpose that cookies serve than other participants in the study. Similar to another study, it could also be demonstrated that internet users who used software to block ads to a greater extent took other measures against tracking online. Almost all surveyed internet users took one or more security measures on their devices, and no problem regarding a lack of security awareness could be demonstrated. In the relatively near future, third-party cookies, and thus also cookie notices on webpages on the internet, may be phased out in favor of browser-integrated software technologies. Almost half of the participants in the study were found to be positively or cautiously positive about this, despite the fact that it will likely lead to reduced opportunities for them to avoid tracking and targeted advertising on the internet. Similar to a previous study, it is emphasized that the EU statutory principle of informed consent via cookie notices has shortcomings, and it is assessed that these shortcomings have not been fully overcome. It is concluded that some internet users are likely not satisfied with its practical implementation.

  • 203.
    Josefsson, Anton
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Timmy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kunskapsefterfrågan för webbutvecklare2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That the knowledge which is required for a web developer is shifting with time is absolute. The development of both internet services and hardware is rapidly advancing, and with that theprerequisites of web pages and web apps increases. Qualities such as functionality, performance, safety, production time and simplicity are sought after. Through the use of frameworks and content management systems these qualities are acquired. In this work, we conduct an empirical study to find out what knowledge in addition to the most basic ones that employers are looking for when hiring a web developer, by collecting data from active job advertisements and also by interviewing web developers. The result from our data collection shows that the most requested programming language is C#, the framework is React, the content management system is WordPress and the database knowledge is SQL. PHP is also in high demand. Our analysis shows that traditional web development, that is, using only HTML, CSS and JavaScript is no longer sufficient. Nowadays, broader knowledge is needed.

  • 204.
    Kalhor, Mohammad Sardar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Study of the most important opportunities and obstacles for the development of smart homes in Kurdistan2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Kurdistan region of Iraq has special problems and circumstances, which could use an improvement by new smart home technologies. The region also has a unique situation when it comes to the economy, investing opportunities, the government´s engagement, and attitudes towards new technologies. One of the main issues in the region is that the electricity is unreliable and the national electricity grids cannot provide enough electricity. Because of this, there are privately owned diesel generators in each neighborhood that are unsafe, bad for the environment, and expensive for people to use. Thus, the main focus of this study has come to be about how smart home technologies can be a part of the solution to the electricity consumption and distribution problems, and what the government can do to urge this development. In order to examine this, the earlier research on the subject is studied, looked into what the government is doing related to smart home technologies, and conducted interviews with experts within construction and energy, active in Kurdistan, to find out what the main opportunities and obstacles for smart home technology development in the region are. The result shows that smart home technology could be beneficial, especially when it comes to energy efficiency since the current problems with electricity in the region. The interview respondents meant that an expansion of the technology should be done by the government. They also saw that maybe they need more knowledge about the technology to understand the benefits and be willing to enforce the development at a larger scale, even though they have made some accomplishments already. Most of the interviewees also mentioned the combination of the technology with solar energy, pointed out as a good opportunity in Kurdistan due to the geographical situation. When it comes to other features of smart home technology, it seems that most people see it as an unnecessary luxury and therefore do not consider it very useful. 

  • 205.
    Karlsborn, Sophia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hafezi, Mona
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Produktvisualisering i marknadssyfte: En jämförande analys mellan fotorealistiska datorgenererade bilder och fotograferade bilder2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    he purpose of the thesis is to find out the differences between photorealistic computer-generated image and photographed images for marketing purposes, and to find out the advantages and disadvantages of using photorealistic computer-generated image in the field of product visualization for marketing purposes. We also investigate whether there are any moral issues with using photorealistic computer-generated images for marketing purposes. The survey was conducted through a qualitative method through interviews of companies and individuals who use or have used photorealistic computer-generated still images for marketing purposes, where the focus was on the participants' experiences and opinions. The essay highlights six methods for achieving a photorealistic computer-generated image, which relates to the interpretation of Lee and Shim (2012) which deals with the factors that make a computer-generated image photorealistic. The theoretical part of the essay aims to create a greater understanding of the field of photorealistic image, and presents differences between photographs and computer-generated images. The results of the study show that there are several advantages for companies to use photorealistic computer-generated images for marketing purposes, while there are areas where photography with a camera can be a better method. 

  • 206.
    Karlsfred, Mauro
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Linlycke, Hugo
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Molntjänsters implikationer för hållbar transformation: En studie med fokus på sociala, ekologiska och tekniska dimensioner för hållbarhet hos organisationer2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nowadays sustainable development and sustainability related problems have a central role in the modern world. Actors around the world are trying to do their part - this also includes organizations. The transformation from today's way of work to more sustainable work practices is called a sustainable transformation. One of the biggest information technologies of today is cloud services. The technology has many benefits towards the environment. Implementing a Sustainable transformation is a challenging task, but cloud services can be used to facilitate the transformation for organizations.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate cloud services and its social, environmental and technical implications towards sustainable transformations of organizations. In other words, how cloud services affect organizations in their journey to become more sustainable. 

    Method: The study takes a qualitative research approach to gain knowledge of people's interpretations, opinions, and experiences about cloud services and sustainability. The method consists of an initial literature study and individual semi-structured interviews. The selection consisted of seven respondents, four from Microsoft and three from one of their customer organizations.

    Result: The result shows that there are several factors that affect sustainability in organizations. Organizations that use Azure as a platform are affected by technical, social, and ecological implications. There are two different aspects of the result. The first one is the implications that come when you use Azure and its services. The other one is the data centres and their implications on the cloud services and organizations. There are four themes that emerge from the result, data centres meaning for technical sustainability, the importance of cloud services for ecological sustainability, visualization of data and the importance of cloud services for social sustainability.

  • 207.
    Karlsson, Emil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Nilsson, Lina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Animerad TV-vinjett: utsmyckning eller genre? En studie i animerad TV-vinjett2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, the TV vignette is considered an embellishment to a TV program, despite its broad audiences and unique appearance. We wanted to find out if the television vignette has some common features and conventions but also find out how it relates to genre.We used a case study where we analyzed ten vignettes that we chose from certain criteria. We used a model based on image analysis that we modified to fit our needs. The main parts of each model consisted semiotics, imagery, dramaturgy and sound.We also made a couple of interviews with people who are active or used to work with vignettes. As a result we discovered that the television vignettes consist of certain conventions and that the vignette will not be considered as an independent genre, until the public has accepted it. However, we found that the vignette has common features and conventions that could fit into the established art form Motion Graphics. We see, however, that the vignette has the potential, thanks to digitization, to evolve and become a kind of its own.Today, the TV vignette is considered an embellishment to a TV program, despite its broad audiences and unique appearance. We wanted to find out if the television vignette has some common features and conventions but also find out how it relates to genre.We used a case study where we analyzed ten vignettes that we chose from certain criteria. We used a model based on image analysis that we modified to fit our needs. The main parts of each model consisted semiotics, imagery, dramaturgy and sound.We also made a couple of interviews with people who are active or used to work with vignettes. As a result we discovered that the television vignettes consist of certain conventions and that the vignette will not be considered as an independent genre, until the public has accepted it. However, we found that the vignette has common features and conventions that could fit into the established art form Motion Graphics. We see, however, that the vignette has the potential, thanks to digitization, to evolve and become a kind of its own.

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    Animerad TV-vinjett: utsmyckning eller genre?
  • 208.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bicoli, Jashar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Yttre faktorers påverkan på utvecklingen av aktiva säkerhetssystem i bilar: En kvalitativ undersökning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Active vehicle safety systems are becoming a standard in new cars and these systems are expected to protect us and make our driving experience easier but more importantly safer. To develop and test these safety systems external factors needs to be considered in the development process. These external factors are affecting more than just the development, they determine how the systems will affect the traffic as a whole.

    The purpose of this thesis is primarily to study how Transportstyrelsen may reach its "Zero vision" goal with the help of active safety systems in cars. At the same time, we will examine how these systems function as well as identifying and examining some external factors that affect the development and functionality of these systems. The thesis is a qualitative study on how Transportstyrelsen may reach the "Zero vision" goal with the help of active vehicle safety systems and how external factors affect these. To answer the thesis´ two research questions six semi-structured interviews were carried out as well as reviewing previous literature and their research results.

    The result proved how external factors are a major part of the development of the active traffic safety systems and as such a major factor when it comes to how Transportstyrelsen will reach its "Zero vision" goal.

  • 209.
    Karlsson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gustafsson, Gustaf
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Poängen med poäng: En studie av hur förhandsinformation påverkar acceptansen av ett poängsystem på en webbsida2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how well users accept badges as an element depending on prior information. This study conducts a user test where two user groups where created. The first group gets prior information about badges and that they are going to test a webpage, and participate in a survey. The secound groups dosen't get any information that the website contains badges. 34 participant conducted the survey and showed low acceptance towards badges. The results also showed that the prior information had negative impact on the user acceptance.

  • 210.
    Khalayleh, Tamer
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Misic, Emir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Införande av distansmöte via video: Vid samordnad vård- och omsorgspanering i Västra Götalandsregionen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Region Västra Götaland has introduced a video implementation meeting on health and long-term care planning for released patients. This is a tripartite cooperation in which the municipality, hospital and primary care are supposed to participate. In this study, we delimit ourselves to primary care and the implications of this technology at their part. The initial thought is that you should make use of distance meetings via video on every occasion where the opportunity to do so exists, but we can see that the utilization rate today is at a low level. This raises questions. We have therefore asked ourselves how the change process had an impact on usage. We have also asked ourselves what the flaws were and what kind of resistance arose against the change. In order to answer the questions, we have been using the interview method and because we want to examine the change process, we focused on interviewing management lines and managers that have been involved in the change. In our theoretical framework, we have been using Kurt Lewin’s recognized model of change, Arnfalk’s theory of distance meetings and how it should be introduced, the “caught in the middle” role of middle managers in the public sector, and theories relevant to resistance. Theories in relation with the empirical results made it possible for us to answer the questions.

    Since this was qualitative study, the results are presented in the form of the summary of respondents' quotes. Secondary data were taken from the public documents that had been published by the region Västra Götaland. Finally, we tested our empiricism against, in particular, Lewin's change theory and concluded that the implementation has not gone past the first, so-called unfreezing phase. Consequently, the change affected the use negatively as they have not succeeded in destabilizing everyday activities and change attitudes. Information and communication have not communicated properly down the management line and middle managers have, because of this, failed to involve their staff. Distance meetings is a new process for primary care where the situation is already strained, which means that middle managers end up "caught in the middle” and not showing enough commitment and desire for change. One should always in a process of change, regardless size, ensuring that everyone involved understands the importance of the change before starting working on it, otherwise the resistance will occur.

  • 211.
    Kolbaek, Ditte
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Online learning: "In between" University studies and professional work2019In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 164-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores learning when professionals return to education and use their professional work experience to fulfil their study objectives. The research question is: How do students learn from experiences in two contexts-a master’s course at a university and their organisations of employment-by attending a blended learning course? The study builds on Engeström’s (2001) expansive learning model of two interacting activity systems, namely, the students’ master’s degree programme and their professional workplaces. As the study context is an online learning environment it follows a "netnographic" approach. The findings show that the students integrated requirements from their university studies with interventions in their professional work situations. The online learning environment enabled reification of reflections which the students could use later in their study and supported them to become more skilled professionals and influencers in their organisations of employment. © Universitetsforlaget.

  • 212.
    Kolbæk, Ditte
    et al.
    Aalborg University Copenhagen, The Faculty of Humanities, Department of Learning and Philosophy.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rethinking expansive learning: Experience from an educational design supporting authors in practice2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses an online community of master's students taking a course in ICT and organisational learning. The students initiated and facilitated an educational design for organisational learning called Proactive Review in the organisation where they are employed. By using an online discussion forum on Google groups, they created new ways of reflecting and learning. We used netnography to select qualitative postings from the online community and expansive learning concepts for data analysis. The findings show how students changed practices of organisational learning in their professional organisation and how they developed their identity to become more skilled practitioners. We discuss the effects of the written discussions and reflections on the students' endeavour to become authors in practice. Our contribution to the research consists of considerations of changing the spoken word to the written word, which lacks spontaneity but supports equality among students.

  • 213.
    Kotlowski, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Veinbergs, Niklas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kundernas uppfattning av de svenska matbutikernas e-handelsplatser2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the on-going digitalization of our society, more and more of our daily activities now take place online. This change has led to an enormous growth of the e-commerce market, and has for some people even replaced the need for any local stores. The local grocery markets however still remain as popular as ever, but has seen a big growth due to the situation surrounding the covid-19 pandemic. Our goal with this essay is to study how some of the largest companies involved in the swedish grocery market have developed their e-commerce platforms - and especially how their potential customers experience them. 

  • 214.
    Kotlowski, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Veinbergs, Niklas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kundernas uppfattning av de svenska matbutikernas e-handelsplatser2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the on-going digitalization of our society, more and more of our daily activities now take place online. This change has led to an enormous growth of the e-commerce market, and has for some people even replaced the need for any local stores. The local grocery markets however still remain as popular as ever, but has seen a big growth due to the situation surrounding the covid-19 pandemic. Our goal with this essay is to study how some of the largest companies involved in the swedish grocery market have developed their e-commerce platforms - and especially how their potential customers experience them. 

  • 215.
    Kvarnåsen, Josefine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hi, I am the new digital co-worker: A qualitative study on employees within the public sector’s expectations and experiences of implementing AI chatbots2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chatbots are becoming increasingly common within both private and public sectors as they are implemented for organizations to provide service at any time. Within related research on the topic, the focus lies on the private sector and chatbot users, while the research on how chatbot implementation may affect the employees within the public sector is lacking. The focus of this thesis is therefore to provide more information about chatbot implementation within the public sector. More specifically, to understand how the employees expect and experience that the implementation of chatbots can affect them in their work and ways to communicate information. 

    In this study, eight semi-structured interviews with a duration of one hour each were conducted, where the interviewees were employees in municipalities and universities who are working with chatbot implementation. The results show that the interviewees expect that there will be a decreased workload and increased time to work on more complex tasks. However, the time that is liberated because of the chatbot needs to be reinvested into its upkeep, and the interviewees experience that new tasks are added to fill that time, indicating that their expectations are unfulfilled. 

    The results also show that the interviewees expect the chatbot to increase their availability and that it will be a new, less formal way to communicate information. It is experienced that people can contact them any time through the chatbot. They experience that the chatbot uses a simple language to communicate information and that it presents information like it would be presented by a human.

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  • 216.
    Larsson, Clara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Point of View: The Impact of Background Conditions on Distinguishability of Visualised Data in Detailed Virtual Environments2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Data visualisation in a virtual environment (VE) opens up new ways of presenting data and makes it possible for the observer to explore data in an immersive way. However, it also comes with a number of challenges. One of these challenges is data distinguishability. The data needs to be distinguishable against the background, but in a VE where the user can move around and observe the data from different perspectives, the backdrop will be constantly changing. This thesis studies this challenge and contributes knowledge to current research about data visualisation in VEs. The research question When in a detailed virtual environment, what impact does the varying background have on distinguishability of visualised data? is answered using a digital self -completion questionnaire and four hypotheses. 

    The data were not able to clearly determine if one of the colourmap used (YellowRed, Rainbow) was overall more effective than the other one. However, the rainbow colourmap did have marginally better results and was chosen by more participants as their preferred colourmap. The results did show that a larger number of participants disagreed that the light background made the data easier to distinguish in comparison to a dark backdrop. The results showed that more participants found it easier to see the data when seen from above than when from below. The two colourmaps were not equally effective regarding how well they could show both the VE and the data: The results indicating that the YellowRed colourmap was better at showing the details of the VE but not as good at distinguishing the data, whilst the Rainbow colourmap had the reverse results being better at distinguishing the data but less effective at showing the background. 

    The thesis concludes that it has fulfilled its goal of establishing a starting point for further studies, further studies that, according to the author, is woefully needed.

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  • 217.
    Lidström, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Funktionalitet och upplevelse för de med synnedsättning: En litteraturstudie inom UX-design2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the reader will gain an insight into how to create user-friendly websites to improve the experience for people with different types of visual impairments. The purpose is to convey the methods and guidelines that exist in this area with the help of prototypes that have been developed to clearly show what potential differences arise. No tests or interviews have been conducted in the study, however the work has been based on previous research literature, for example, what definitions of visual impairments that exist. The reader also gets a good idea of what UX-design is and what significance this can have for the development on websites. The result shows how color, typography and navigation should look on a user-friendly website for the visually impaired.

  • 218.
    Liljedahl, Johanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jag ska bara ta en selfie: en kvalitativ fallstudie kring varför unga kvinnor använder sociala medier och tar selfies2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Together with the rapid technological development of the internet and smartphones, social media has quickly become a part of many people's everyday lives, especially among young women. Social media is used daily to receive news, entertainment, and keep in touch with friends, but also used as a platform to present themselves in pictures and text. Many young women choose to take pictures of themselves with their mobile that is, so-called selfies, which many then choose to add on such as Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat. The purpose of this study is to examine why young women choose to take selfies and post them on social media and how it affects the individual. A study was conducted where twelve young women aged 16-17 years were interviewed using semi-structured focus groups where discussions were held about the use of social media and taking selfies. The results showed that the interviewees felt pressure from friends and the community that they must be part of the social media to be accepted. Many of the interviewees chose to take selfies because it was an easy way to get quick confirmation from others. Pressure from friends and the community around the use of social media together with selfies create according to interviewees performance anxiety and social stress in one's everyday life that is difficult to get rid of.

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  • 219.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    IT-University, Göteborg .
    Breadcrumbs of interaction: situating personal information management2008In: Proceedings of the 5th Nordic conference on Human-computer interaction: building bridges, ACM , 2008, p. 266-273Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied Information Technology.
    Laptopers in an educational practice: Promoting the personal learning situation2010In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 311-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an ethnographical study of laptopers' activities during lectures in a university milieu is analyzed as different kinds of involvements. Through interviews and observations we have focused on how these involvements influence the laptopers' alignment towards the educational practice. The analysis shows the importance of separating the educational practice and the personal learning situation. Studying students' learning intentions, rather than certain laptop related activities, we get a deeper understanding of the role the laptop can take during learning activities. Five general characteristics of laptoping are found. Negotiating the laptops' different roles in the educational practice opens up for an understanding of the students personal learning situation as being more than just listening to a lecturer. Additionally, competent integration of digital tools into the learning situation extends the dimensions of the lecture beyond the lecturing hours and personal note taking. Such knowledge is vital for creating foundations for digital competency in a digitized society. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 221.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Steineck, G.
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Clinical Science, Sweden.
    Lundin, J.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Sweden.
    From narratives to numbers: Data work and patient-generated health data in consultations2018In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics / [ed] Klein G.O.,Karlsson D.,Moen A.,Ugon A., IOS Press, 2018, Vol. 247, p. 491-495Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents preliminary findings on how the introduction of patient-generated health data (PGHD) triggers changes during patient-nurse consultations. This article builds on a two-year case study, examining the work practice at a cancer rehabilitation clinic at a Swedish Hospital using PGHD. The study focuses on how nurses’ use data, gathered by patients with a mobile phone app, during consultations. The use of PGHD introduce a change in the translation work, the work of turning rich patient descriptions and transform them into data, during the consultation for documentation and clinical decision-making. This change affects precision, questions asked and the use of visualizations as well as the patient-nurse decision making. © 2018 European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) and IOS Press.

  • 222.
    Liuxinwei, Ma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    User Satisfaction of Maternal and Infant Healthcare Apps in China and How to Improve Them2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increased number of mothers and newborns as well as the increased tendency to use smartphones to gather healthcare information, mobile healthcare app markets have great potential in China. However, little work has been done on users' satisfaction of Chinese maternal and infant health apps. The purpose of this study is to determine what factors influence users' satisfaction and how to improve them. The triangulation method has been selected for doing this research. In the first step, a questionnaire was used to verify the influential factors that contribute to a positive influence on users' satisfaction. Further, adopted interviews were used to investigate the specific requirement from users' perspective. The empirical findings show the user's expectation and perceived quality of the product has a positive influence on user's satisfaction and intention to use the app. In the next step I analyzed how to improve the apps from the users' perspective. The research findings presented in this thesis will help to evaluate mobile apps relating to maternal and infant health in China, and could thus be beneficial to different actors through adherence to the following advice: enterprises should conduct user surveys and usability tests to understand their customers' needs, and use this information in the products before sending to the market, the timely tracking of users is also needed to gain knowledge of the users' experience with the app, and further improve it; the government should enact related laws concerning the apps as soon as possible; and users should enhance their judgment of the information content and resist blindly believing the apps.

  • 223.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Knowledge is acknowledged?: A field study about people, processes, documents and technologies2000In: Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, IEEE, 2000, p. 68-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the issue of technology support for people in knowledge management processes. The results are based on field study of a quality support group in a pharmaceutical company. Particularly, the knowledge work activities are analyzed in a framework of different knowledge management processes with consequent implications for the design of new IT use. The results indicate that there are many processes constituting knowledge management. Some of the processes are appropriately supported with different technologies while others are not supported at all. One successful tool is recognized as a knowledge-mediating system, which seems to be extremely important ("the very lifeline") as a shared workspace for this particular setting. Beyond the current use of IT a more thorough discussion about future needs and requirements is outlined.

  • 224.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Gunnarsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Magnusson, Maria
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Knowman: To Go Where No Man Has Gone Before2000In: Proceedings of WebNet World Conference on the WWW and Internet 2000, San Antonio, Texas: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) , 2000, p. 815-816Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT-support for knowledge work should be designed to support and enhance the human interaction and knowledge sharing processes. The specific usage of web-based technology gives the possibilities of putting crucial, knowledge-related interaction on-line. For example, sharing bookmarks among knowledge workers seems to be a necessary and useful activity. Important and valuable bookmarks often mirror what kind of information and knowledge people are looking for and also what kind of forum they use to go to on the world wide web. In this work we have developed a prototype, KNOWMAN, which manages bookmarks on the world wide web. The prototype is designed as a user-friendly "pad-interface" in which bookmarks can be collaboratively collected, shared and further annotated and explored by other knowledge workers.

  • 225.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Competence Management Systems in Networking Organisations: Designing for Empowerment?2007In: Proceedings of 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: IRIS 30 / [ed] Tarja Tiainen, Hannakaisa Isomäki,Mikko Korpela, Anja Mursu, Pirkko Nykänen,Minna- Kristiina Paakki & Samuli Pekkola, University of Tampere , 2007, p. 1236-1248Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current trends among business companies imply that sources of human competencies are spread across intra-organisational and inter-organisational units into networks of organisations of different kinds. This paper explores the challenges for design of competence management systems (CMS) raised by inter-organisational collaboration in a network of private companies. We take the point of departure from the co-workers’ abilitly to explore and manage their competence. The research question to be answered is: How can a network perspective on competence management systems empower co-workers? The paper presents findings from an on-going research project aiming at identifying design implications of a network competence management system (nCMS), where the role of the individual is valued crucial for its success. We argue that there is a need to take a critical stand towards common assumptions of CMS as a tool for intra organisational strategic work - instead a nCMS should empower the individual member of the network organization.

  • 226.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nuldén, Urban
    University of Gothenburg.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    A new agenda for research on higher education and information technology2008In: Proceedings of the 31th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 31, Åre, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for a more timely agenda for research on teaching and learning, and the use information technology in higher education. It is here claimed that many of the prior research issues within this area are obsolete. Information technology infrastructure previously provided solely by the institutions of higher education is now successively replaced by the students own technology which they bring to the educational context. The new agenda should orient towards (i) integration of students own technology in educational activities, and integration between on and of campus learning activities (ii) tools for supporting activities in classrooms such as presenting, visualizing and simulating, and (iii) issues of availability to participate in alternative ways, making educational activities available to new groups. The suggested agenda is discussed using a number of anecdotes collected in various educational settings.

  • 227.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pongolini, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Communication in boundary practices: from media choice to interaction negotiation?2009In: Proceedings of the 32nd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 32: Inclusive Design / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen, Molde University College , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented in this paper is an initial analysis of an ongoing project build on work in, what we call, boundary practices. These new professional roles emerge in the border lands between existing practice communities. This change effect knowledge production, decision making, collaboration and a range of other aspects in work. However, the study at hand focus how work is conducted and coordinated through and with new media technologies, and in particular how media are put to use. We have conducted ethnographical studies within a global automotive manufacturing company. The organization has recently introduced a new role, subsystem manager, i.e. a technical expert that is given strategic responsibilities for shared parts and platforms within the organization. The subsystem manager is to participate in a number of global meetings with other experts within the subsystem or with other managers for closely related or integrated subsystems. Three different global meetings have been observed and preliminary findings indicate that some of the fundamental assumptions built into the concept of media choice and media richness might be problematic as an analytical perspective used on our empirical context. The work we have studied is characterized by negotiations, not only concerning how to solve a task, but also concerning what the task actually is. The choice of media is in itself is a matter of negotiations. Practitioners are adding new media to ongoing interactions, rather than using media in sequence and one medium is not used exclusively. Rather a number of media are used in parallel.

  • 228.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Practice Based Design for Learning at Work2008In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 17-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing for learning at work in a manner that embraces the rich situatedness of practice involves a number of challenges in bridging normative and descriptive perspectives, as well as closing the gap between IS design theory and practice. In this paper, we propose a grounded approach that combines influence from learning theories with studies of existing learning practices. This approach could result in learning models, constituted of a sequence of learning activities that outlines the didactics of the workplace. The arguments are based on the empirical findings from an action-oriented research project in collaboration with six SME:s, and are illustrated through a e-learning model called “The Competence Kick-off”.

  • 229.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    Chalmers.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Coping With Dualities in Network Action Research: Methodological Issues2008In: Proceedings of the 31th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 31, Åre, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents lessons learned from an action research venture involving a network of SMEs and a group of IS researchers. The purpose is to discuss some fundamental methodological issues that we learned when doing action research with a network of interrelated organizations, rather than report the action research project itself. Our results are presented as four dualities that should be addressed throughout diagnostic and therapeutical activities in a network action research project. The dualities (teach–learn, local–global, multifaceted–unified, and liquid–crystal) are forwarded as analytical scaffolds to cope with the inherent difficulties of understanding and acting in IS action research projects, especially network action research.

  • 230.
    Lundin, Lina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Dahlström Språng, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "Just nu får ni 20% på hela hemsidan": Hur unga vuxna uppger att deras köpbeslut påverkas av influencermarknadsföring på sociala medier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated how young adults (18 - 29 years) stated that their purchasing decisions were influenced by influencer marketing on social media. This is something that has led companies to change their marketing strategies to reach their customers on a better level. One of these strategies is influencer marketing. To answer our research question and get a better understanding of how our target group experienced influencer marketing, we conducted a quantitative survey with 125 participants where they were able to answer questions about social media, influencers and influencer marketing. This was done in order to support our theory together with the previous research on consumer behavior and marketing. The final results showed that ​e-WOM (electronic word-of-mouth) is a well-functioning marketing method that is important in consumers' purchasing decisions. However, it was found that trust in influencers was of a lesser degree, which indicated that some were more critical and did their research before making a purchase decision. Impulse purchases can be elicited through discount codes that are only available for a certain time, our results showed that 60% used discount codes from influencers.

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  • 231.
    Löfberg, Roger
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    IT-stödd omvärldsbevakning i en offentlig verksamhet: En fallstudie vid ett svenskt lärosäte med inriktning studie- och karriärvägledning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to gain insight into the role of horizon scanning has for a Swedish university and the study is expected to contribute knowledge about the horizon scanning importance to operate effectively in a successful manner. The study's research questions about the role of horizon scanning has for educational and career counselors and the challenges that the horizon scanning in this context. The study was conducted in the form of a case study and six semi-structured interviews were conducted with an educational expert and five educational and career counselors at University West and the Department Student Center. Horizon scanning is an important activity in the daily work at the Student Center. Horizon scanning is largely information retrieval by the authorities with the mission that relate to the activities of the Student Center, but also information taken from other universities and colleges are of recurring interest. Horizon scanning usually takes place on behalf of the organization's target group are students. The staff at the Student Centre has routinely used the electronic source as a recurring point of reference in their work. This procedure means that the staff always treats the information that is current. Newsletter is a way to control the incoming information flow. Horizon scanning is important for the staff at the Student Center and the approach is perceived as resource efficient. Employees use a rule of established channels of information to find the information they seek. The information must be updated, which increases the importance of horizon scanning. Challenges associated with horizon scanning is, generally on the IT systems designs in terms of the degree of usefulness, especially for people with reduced eyesight. The staff sees a need to become more accessible through the use of various IT systems. Real-time communication, for example through chat and Skype is of interest.

  • 232.
    Löfström, Daniel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Design principles for embodied pedagogical agents: Scenario based learning for virtual reality2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined how pedagogical agents can be used to improve the guidance of students that need scenario-based learning in virtual reality (VR). VR has become more and more common within educational spaces. Guidance in a virtual environment (VE) via digital guides opens new opportunities for learning. This study utilized semi-structured interviews for data gathering. The results of the artefact development and the interviews indicate that while pedagogical agents in VR can assist with learning, the way they are designed and implemented is important for a proper guide. This study presents four nascent design principles to act as guidelines for designing and implementing pedagogical agents in educational VEs. The design principles are Utilize the Six Degrees of Freedom, Demonstrate available choices to the user, Opportunities for learning dangerous tasks and Familiarity in the Virtual Environment.

  • 233.
    Löfström, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Virtuella verkligheter som läromedel för studenter inom svetsning samt metallurgi: En studie kring WELD-VR med avatarer och agenter i fokus2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the advantages agents and avatars can have in a virtual environment for students in welding and metallurgy. The focus will be on how one can in the best way, through qualitative interviews and previous research, design the appearance of agents and avatars and how these can function as teaching aids. The results of the study show that avatars and agents have great opportunities to affect and influence the learning process of the welding and metallurgy students and also reduce potential risks that otherwise would be dangerous in a real situation. Furthermore, the visual design of avatars and agents have been investigated and shows that the appearance needs to be designed in a way that is not offensive in any way, by designing a gender-neutral appearance. The study has also assisted in an ongoing project at University West, called WELD-VR, that develops a virtual environment for teaching students in welding and metallurgy. It has given the study valuable insights into what virtual environments and potential teaching agents can look like.

  • 234.
    Magnusson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Thyrsson, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Banner blindness: hur webbanvändare undviker reklambanners2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Reklam på internet är ständigt ökande och många internetanvändare är negativt inställda till den. Därför har de utvecklat olika medvetna och omedvetna strategier för att undvika den när de ska göra något på internet. För skapare av reklam på Internet kan det vara bra att känna till hur reklamen undviks för att kunna bli bättre på att skapa effektiv reklam. Denna undersökning har baserats på intervjuer med vana internetanvändare med olika bakgrund för att få reda på hur de hanterar reklambanners samt en förståelse för hur de tänker. Intervjuerna föregicks av en videoinspelning där försöksdeltagarna fick specifika uppgifter att utföra för att eftersträva ett naturligt beteende.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visade att banner blindness är ett fenomen som används av många försöksdeltagare, både på ett medvetet och omedvetet plan. Det visade sig att bara några få gör något aktivt fö ratt slippa eller undvika reklambanners. Anledningarna till varför de undvek reklamen visade sig i många fall bero på tre anledningar som tas upp i Cho och Cheons (2004) teoretiska modell : reklamen stör deras uppgift; många och röriga banners samt tidigare negativa erfarenheter.

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  • 235.
    Magnusson, Victor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vrban, Daniel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Anpassning av inlärningsmoment i VR-miljö: En studie på Weld-VR2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The technical development is going at a furious pace and something that in recent years has become popular for entertainment purposes is Virtual Reality (VR). However, VR is not only used for entertainment purposes but has also become an increasingly popular tool for teaching in institutions and schools. Today VR is easily accessible for the public, which in turn hasincreased the amount research on how VR can be adapted to suit different institutions and contribute to learning. The purpose of this study is to investigate why the course Welding Metallurgy at University West wants to create a virtual learning environment, what they expect from it and what opportunities and challenges they see with VR. To answer these questions, a qualitative study was conducted consisting of interviews with teachers from the course Welding Metallurgy. The teachers' goal is to create the course's microscopy and welding lab in VR through the Weld-VR project. The study showed that the purpose of WeldVR was to be able to make the course a distance course in the future. At present, it is required that the students are on site and complete the course laboratory work, which VR can hopefully change. The study also showed that teachers' expectations were high and hoped that students would be able to learn in VR, as if they were in the real lab. The advantages that the informants mentioned are that the students will be able to weld on their own, without risking physical damage in the virtual environment, another advantage is that the students will hopefully have access to the virtual lab regardless of day and time. Challenges that were mentioned included that the infrastructure around the VR environment must be good enough to support and function without disruption. Another challenge that was mentioned was the risk of losing the social contact between teacher and student if you only use the virtual lab. 

  • 236.
    Malmqvist, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vasell, Viktor  
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spel-orienterat lärande i klassrummet: En fallstudie om motivation i lärandesammanhang2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivation är en mycket viktig aspekt av lärande och det finns många som motiverar för att traditionell undervisning med böcker och dylikt har problem att nå ut till studenterna på rätt sätt. Spel-orienterat lärande kan vara ett substitut eller ett komplement i undervisningen som kan underlätta för studenter att hitta samt bibehålla motivationen under undervisningens gång.

    Med hjälp av intervjuer med nyckelpersoner inom ämnet har vi lyckats påvisa hur spel-orienterat lärande kan användas som ett motivationsinstrument i klassrummet. Det är dock viktigt att skapa en kontext kring instrumentet, det vill säga en läromiljö som är anpassad för denna typen av undervisning.

  • 237.
    Malmström, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Cybersäkerhet: SQL injection, dess påverkan och sätt att skydda sig2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This papers goal it to study, analyse and educate in cybersecurity, primarily with focus on SQL injection attacks. The study will briefly go over how a normal SQL statement is supposed to look like when sent from a webpage to a database, and how an intruder can manipulate input-fields in order to mess and destroy data in the database. After this, we analyse what makes a prepared statement one of the preferred defenses against SQL injection attacks, and how prepared statements work as a bridge between web pages and the database in order to prevent SQL injections. Lastly, we interview three different people with varied background in programming and web development to consider their opinions regarding SQL, SQL attacks and prepared statement as defense.

  • 238.
    Maparzadeh, Milad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Patients’ perspective of digital healthcare: Social implications during a digital healthcare meeting2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the patient’s perspective regarding social interactions in video healthcare meetings. Social presence theory was used in the context of how video calls can result in vital aspects of social interactions disappearing and how that can affect the outcome of a doctor consultation in contrast to physical meetings. A qualitative method with semi-structured interviews was applied to this study. This study included 7 participants with similar age range from 26-36 years old including both genders. This study resulted in many different views and perspectives whereas some participants found it harder to communicate virtually whereas others did not think that social interactions was not even an important factor. The conclusion that could be made from this study is that virtual healthcare meetings are good depending on which context they are used for. Furthermore, the doctor cannot always get the full picture because the camera creates a psychological distance which makes it harder for the doctor to observe as much as he/she can in a physical setting which can lead to many signals and cues missing out.

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  • 239.
    Maparzadeh, Milad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Geda Elias, Eyobed
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Acceptans av Självkörande bilar: Faktorer som bidrar till att studenter i en ort i Västsverige accepterar självkörande bilar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the study was to analyze whether age, gender and integrity affect the acceptance of self-driving cars. The theoretical framework TAM (Technology AcceptanceModel) is used as a starting point for acceptance where we set our variables against Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Ease of Use that are the main variables in the model. A quantitative method has been applied and a survey was used for data collection. The survey was sent to 140 students. The response rate was 82 % involving a total of 116 respondents, of which 60 were women and 53 were men, where age ranged between 18-60 years old. The results of a T-test showed that there was a correlation between gender and acceptance of self-driving cars. The remaining variables could not be linked to acceptance in our study. The conclusion that we could make from this study was that there was a correlation between gender and acceptance of self-driving cars based on the cognitive mindset that is separated between the sexes.

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  • 240.
    Martin, Anneli
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    How to improve the integration between international students and Swedish students in University Courses and Programes: [Runda bordssamtal]2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this contribution for the NU2012 Conference in Gothenburg is to propose “A round the table Discussion” where Global Higher Education (3. Den globala utbildningen) will be focused.

    The Topic for the discussions will cover various questions concerning how international students and Swedish students meet one another, mix, or not mix, in programs and courses. I naturally choose to present this abstract in English hoping that participants from Sweden and other nations will feel welcome to take part.

    Introduction

    As the result of having designed international courses in multimedia, design and taught international students and Swedish students during the past years I have noticed the positive effects of the integration of different nationalities in higher education. One of the most prominent situations noticed is when Swedish and international students mix in different workshops using analogue and digital design techniques. A workshop of this kind entails collaborations with different elements and it may need a helping hand from the lecturer or a student colleague. This can be one of the best times for the students to communicate, to start a dialogue with one another. Another example is exercises and seminaries where the students work in groups; another idea is to make two students write their exam report together.

    The Course Surveys from the International courses have shown positive outcomes. The students have pointed out the value of having worked and met “over the boarders”, this has increased the standard of the course. They have learned from each other for instance. I have noticed a natural flow and an open attitude to the general language being English throughout lecturers, workshops and tutorials. I believe that the student here develops not only the course subject, but a foreign language and mix with international contemporaries.

    The task for the future in Global Higher Education will be to invite and inspire University programs and courses to open up further for international students but also to inspire teachers and lecturers to perform in English.

    Around the table Discussions

    Several questions of integration ought to be discussed… how can we improve and go ahead? And how can we help students to meet “around the table” in the lecture room? What experiences can we share? And what can we learn from each other and this meeting?

     

     

     

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    presentation NU2012 19 okt
  • 241.
    Melin, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Darheden, Sofie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Online screening som en del av rekryteringsprocessen inom kommunal verksamhet: "Digitala avtryck har ju inte relevans för ett arbete. Eller har det de?"2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From an organizational/business perspective, we study whether and how online screening is used as a part of the recruitment process in Municipal operations. How does one look at candidate's digital footprints and what does one judge based on these? Why is it good for organizations/companies to do an online screening? What are the consequences? Is online screening a part of the documented work process or is it something one does beyond the traditional background check?

    The purpose of this study is to identify if and how online screening is used as a part of the recruitment process in Municipal operations. A survey with respondents from 38 of Swedens Municipalities was conducted to gather both quantitative and qualitative data.

    Our results indicate that Municipal operations use the method online screening, but the extent and approach varies, and there is a lack of frameworks concerning the use of the method.

  • 242.
    Moberg, Linnéa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Zagerholm, Katrin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Samarbete mellan företag och bloggare: Hur ska det egentligen gå till?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the regulations concerning collaborations between bloggers and companies. The purpose is also to investigate whether or not bloggers are more or less obvious about how they communicate collaborations with companies in the individual blogs. In the attempt to analyse blogs a qualitative content analysis is performed and specific texts during a determined period are inspected. A survey is used in the attempt to investigate if companies and bloggers are aware of the laws regulating how collaborations shall be performed. The result of this thesis indicate that bloggers are evolving their knowledge regarding how to correctly highlight collaborations with companies in their blog posts. The conclusion is that this a present topic, since there are a number of cases where bloggers have been convicted for false or hidden marketing. New guidelines are being presented to assist bloggers with how to become clearer about collaborations with companies.

  • 243.
    Mugeni Simbi, Isabelle
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The use of social media as a marketing tool by Rwandan small businesses: A multiple case study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies including SMEs use the technology of social media in business as a marketing tool. However, little is known regarding how small businesses use social media for marketing purpose. Thus, this master project investigates how social media is used by small businesses in Rwanda. The purpose of this study, is to explore how social media is used by small business, to identify main factors that lead to the use and to contribute to the knowledge gap on social media marketing.

    This study of qualitative nature follows a multiple case study design. The sample investigated is comprised of five Rwandan small businesses owned by women. Two methods of data collection were used: online observation of social media platforms together with semi-structured telephone interviews with participants.

    The results show that businesses benefit from using social media marketing. However, results indicate also that small businesses use social media informally without strategies of use with a prevailing lack of technical knowledge in social media for business. Main factors that led to the use of social media were identified as well.

    The study concludes with recommendations to small business on the effective use of social media as a marketing tool.

  • 244.
    Ndow, Yaharr
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Blockchain Adoption by Organizations: Benefits and Barriers: A qualitative study about the benefits and barriers of adopting blockchain technology in organizations2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to identify some of the benefits of this technology and explore the factors hindering the adoption of blockchain in organizations. A study of previous literature revealed that a lack of knowledge, security, privacy, regulations, and scalability are some of the barriers to adopting the technology. The benefits identified include transparency, speed,security, and increased efficiency. Using the semi-structured interview of the qualitativeresearch methodology, developers from different organizations were the research participants interviewed. The collected data were transcribed and analyzed using themes generated from the analyzed data. The findings in the analyzed data merge most of the data generated in the literature.

  • 245.
    Niklasson, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Schneider, Joakim
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Webbapplikationsinförande vid en neonatalavdelning: en belysning av hur vårdgivare kan stöttas med hjälp av IT2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A child who is born prematurely, or has other types of complications after birth, needs neonatal care. An increasing focus on family centered neonatal care brings new challenges and greater demands on the healthcare. Previous research shows that web applications are an efficient way of supporting health care. This study addresses the question: "How can the health care operations at the neonatal unit at NÄL be affected by a responsive web application and what are the caregivers' attitudes towards the new system?" The strategy used to approach the subject is a case-study of a web application introduced at the neonatal unit at NÄL whose purpose is to give parents support in caring for their newborn children. The method used for the collection of the data is semi-structured interviews of nannies and nurses on the ward. The result of the study shows that the neonatal unit can be positively influenced with the support of IT. Healthcare providers are mostly positive about the change. A slight difference in acceptance has been identified among the caregivers with greater experience. This group shows greater skepticism towards the new system than those with less experience in the field.

  • 246.
    Nilsson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lärsituationens komplexitet för elever som upplever svårigheter i matematik: Rutiga Familjen i en ny lärmiljö2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Squares Family is a game developed as a learning aid in mathematics. With its graphical representation of the decimal system, the four basic arithmetic operations and positive and negative numbers together with a learning agent as pedagogical approach, the game’s primary purpose is to motivate students in their learning of mathematics. Although the game is strictly based on mathematical rules it attempts to encourage students to play and work with math without experiencing it as mathematics as this is initially not obvious. The game being internationally tested on normal performing students, this project introduced the game to six Swedish students who experience low motivation for and/or difficulties in mathematics. The students from fifth up to seventh grade participated therefore in a three weeks’ study. The ultimate goal of this project is to make suggestions on the integration of the game in the students’ learning environment and on the adaptation of it to fit their needs. In order to be able to make such recommendations, following question was raised: How does the learning situation look like for students experiencing difficulties in mathematics? An attempt to understand the complexity of their learning situation was made through several tests in students’ attitude, self-efficacy and understanding of mathematics, through observations of their game playing, interview with their pedagogue and through a questionnaire on their attitude towards the game and their special education in mathematics and in their understanding of traditionally vs. graphically represented mathematical problems. Despite the time limited study it is obvious that the students’ difficulties in mathematics are not independent of other factors, as the majority of these students display a negative attitude, a low self-efficacy and a sensibility for disturbances and reactions from their social network.

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  • 247.
    Nilsson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    The Complexity of Integrating Technology Enhanced Learning in Special Math Education: a Case Study2010In: Sustaining TEL: From Innovation to Learning and Practice. 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 28 - October 1, 2010. Proceedings / [ed] Martin Wolpers, Paul A. Kirschner, Maren Scheffel, Stefanie Lindstaedt and Vania Dimitrova, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag , 2010, p. 638-643Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of integrating an educational game in special math education, to explore challenges faced during the process. The game promotes an unconventional approach supporting students having math difficulties, through visual representations, learn-by-exploration and learn-by-teaching models. Our conclusion is that integration in special education is more challenging than in the main stream counterpart, due to social vulnerability of the students, learning/teaching challenges in content, motivation and attitude, a non-typical learning situation, and the challenge of matching learning peers.

  • 248.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Exploring the relationship between awareness information and user activities online2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the domain of awareness information. Awareness information can be viewed as a fundamental building-block of social media, visualizing people and their activities in an online setting. With life becoming more and more influenced by social media such as Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, Linkedin and Digg, it becomes important for designers of social media to have an understanding of how users respond to awareness information. An online gallery of pictures was developed and equipped with a chat and a basic awareness information system. Usage data was collected by the system and analyzed combining qualitative as well as quantitative approaches aiming to explore the influence awareness information have on the usage of the system. The analysis reveals that awareness information is a powerful tool triggering social behaviour. It is, at the same time, challenging to implement in a way that it provides a sound environment for social interaction. This was manifested by co-present users both stayed longer in the system and also was inclined to take a different path through the gallery than the solitary user. However, the interaction that took place in the gallery was characterized by frequent conversational break-downs and irritation among users. Results indicate that this is, in part, due to the lack of built-in social norms guiding users in their activities in the system. Subsequently, it is important to facilitate the creation, recreation and reinforcement of social norms when designing social systems.

  • 249.
    Nomark, Ulf
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    UX design – teori möter praktik: Att lyckas med UX i en verklighet av begränsade resurser2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to find out how to succeed with UX design in a reality with limited resources. What does current science say about the subject, and how do UX-designers in work life handle this challenge? These questions are explored by studying current literature and scientific reports and by conducting qualitative interviews with six UX designers working in different settings. Science and literature suggests that what is called "Lean UX" is well suited in environments with limited resources. One of the main reasons for this is because of its focus on eliminating waste. The analysis of the interviews shows that many of the traditional UX methods are not used in real life due constraints in time and/or resources. The analysis also revealed five problem areas: 1. Interviews with users must be prioritized even higher. 2. The design process must be connected to measurable business goals. 3. Communication, and especially cross-functional communication is a key issue. 4. The degree of UX maturity in the company is essential. 5. Testing must be prioritized even higher. Lean UX can be a way of handling the challenges summarized above in a resource effective way. This is due to that Lean UX suggests that interviews and testing are built into and conducted continuously through the design process. Doing this without resolving issue 2-4 above is very hard. A mandate must be given to connect the design process with business goals, stakeholder/users/coders must be involved continuously in the process and the organization must allow a more mature view of UX design. If this is done successfully there are good chances of performing good UX design also in projects and companies with limited resources.

  • 250. Nordensson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Infocopter: Designing and Implementing an Enterprise Information Model2004In: Proceedings of IRIS-27, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: As enterprises become increasingly information centric, making improvements in their information management activities becomes their top priority to assure their continuing competitiveness. The current problems related to enterprise information modelling seem to concern incompatibilities, poorly understood standards, codification and incoherent use of organisational information objects. We argue that the technical architecture and design, as well as the organisation, processes and knowledge dimensions, by which the Enterprise Information Model (EIM) is developed, managed, used and sustained all are equally important. Our business focus suggests us to view information as a corporate asset and by doing so it becomes natural to strive for increased return on information investments, hence “Return on Information“. The research aim was to examine the possibility of a generic model to depict and describe an organisation's information to support the understanding and management of the information. The main conclusions are that an EIM can be developed. The model construct must be built on aspects from different research domains, resulting in a multifaceted holistic model. The flexibility of the model suggests the model to have generic capabilities and support the management of information and leverage higher “Return on Information”. Implementing an EIM which stops at just documenting “as is” status is of no value. The critical success factors for implementing an EIM is to integrate into existing processes, organisations, roles and responsibilities to ensure the sustained maintenance of the model and its content. The model as such allows a stepwise implementation both related to choice of model dimensions and components as well as to choice of information objects

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