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  • 201.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    E-learning at work: Towards a participative approach2009In: E-Learning and Digital Media, E-ISSN 2042-7530, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 206-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study focusing on learning outcomes from a web-based course and integration ofn new knowledge into work practices at the County Administration of Sweden is analysed. The study has a process-orientated longitudinal character combining different methodological approaches. The current work situation of the workers was studied using interviews. A questionnaire was distributed to the first hundred learners after they had passed the course. Telephone interviews were then made a month after the course. The respondents were more positive with respect to the usefulness of the course for their work immediately after completing the course, compared with their interview responses a month later. When they answered the questionnaire they also thought it was easier to get time for the course, than they indicated later in the telephone interviews. Likely reasons for this discrepancy are considered. The study shows the risk of obtaining inflated positive judgements of a course when the evaluation is made immediately following course completion. Instead, a processoriented evaluation is recommended, evaluating both the work situation before the course, the comprehension of the course immediately after the course has been passed, and evaluation a month after the course has been passed. Although a majority of the learners had an overall positive judgement of the course, about half of them had not applied the new knowledge to their work, a month after thecourse. A participative approach with discussions in local work groups before and after the course supported by local management, is proposed in order to facilitate integration of knowledge from the course into the work practices.

  • 202.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    E-Learning Processes in Organisations2004In: Proceedings of ED-Media 2004 World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications / [ed] Cantoni, Lorenzo, McLoughlin, Catherine, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article two different types of e-learning processes in organisations are presented and discussed; adaptive and development-oriented learning. Both adaptive and development-oriented learning are seen as complementary. Two evaluation studies of IT-mediated learning illustrate these types of learning. Consciousness of these types of learning could lead to appropriate design of web-based courses and the organising of project work, supporting both organisational and individual learning processes.

  • 203.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of Contact Centre Implementation in a Swedish Municipality with Focus on Social Aspects2010In: Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on e-Government / [ed] O’Donnell, David, Limerick: Academic Publishing International , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study of the implementation of a contact centre in a Swedish municipality was analysed and discussed. The MOA-E model was used as a theoretical frame of reference of the study. In the study mainly social consequences from the perspective of the employees were focussed. Semi-structured interviews were made with managers and employees at the contact centre and the governmental agencies. Negative attitudes from handling officers at governmental agencies affected were one of the most difficult problems to solve when the contact centre was implemented. Some reasons behind the negative attitudes were related to fears for loosing work tasks or even loose their jobs and to professionalization struggles. The management had their main focus on the employees at the contact centre during the implementation process compared with the professionals at the governmental agencies. A lack of management attention caused a feeling of inadequacy among some professionals at the governmental agencies. There is a need for more focus from management also on work aspects at the governmental agencies during the implementation process of the contact centre. The management need also to be more aware of social aspects affecting the implementation process. Increased user participation during the implementation could be a way to increase the motivation and lead to more positive attitudes.

     

  • 204.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of eGovernment Implementation from a Social Perspective2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing Limited , 2008, p. 203-210Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An interview study focussing on experiences of the on-going implementation of eGovernment for the County Administration of Sweden is presented and discussed. The study was made during 2007 in the region of West Gotaland. Eighteen interviews were made with different personnel groups in the traffic and legal departments. The interviews especially focussed on experience of the implementation and social consequences of work situations, work processes and customer services. A new electronic system for dealing with official matters has been implemented at the legal authority. They have also implemented e-services for security guards and foundations. Implementation of e-services for drivers' licence applications was in progress at the traffic authority. According to the results some social consequences are benefits, such as fast, efficient treatment of e-services, facilitating the handling process from both a citizen's and an employee's perspective. But other aspects are barriers, such as risks for a more stressful job, and more impersonal, slow routines for manual applications from citizens and an increased schism among different user groups. Therefore, it is important to integrate knowledge about social aspects into implementation processes, in order to get more overall positive consequences for work situations, work processes and services to the client.

  • 205.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Evaluation of E-Learning at Work: Methodological Aspects2007In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, 2007, p. 189-198Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An internally developed web-based course (Diabas) at the County Administration of Sweden was analysed. The course focussed on dealing with official records in the organisation. The evaluation model MOA-L was used as a theoretical frame of reference and the use of the model was process-oriented. The current work situation was studied before the course. A questionnaire was distributed to the first hundred learners after they had passed the course. A phone interview was then made a month after they had passed the course. The main focus of the evaluation was the usefulness of the course, for the learners’ ordinary work. The respondents were more positive to the usefulness of the course when they answered the questionnaire compared with the phone interviews a month later. They also thought it was easier to get time for the course, when they answered the questionnaire, compared with answers from phone interviews. Probable reasons for this discrepancy are discussed. Some conclusions of the study are that traditional ways of carrying out course evaluations immediately after a course has been passed may not be relevant for evaluation of internal courses at work. The study shows the risk of more positive judgements of the course when the evaluation was made immediately after the course had been passed. Instead a process-oriented evaluation is recommended, evaluating both the work situation before the course, the comprehension of the course immediately after the course has been passed, and also evaluation about a month after the course has been passed in order to examine the relevance of the course for the learners ordinary work. Other important aspects that could affect attitudes towards the course are whether the participation in the course is voluntary or cogent, and whether the contents of the course is properly adjusted to the pre-knowledge level of the student.

  • 206.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of e-Learning in Health Care: A Qualitative Approach2009In: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education: E-Learn 2009 / [ed] Bastiaens, Theo, Dron, Jon, Xin, Cindy, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An interactive web-based course was studied with the aim to improve the behaviour of health care professionals when they interact with disabled patients. The course was offered to about 45.000 employees within the health care sector in a region of Sweden. According to a survey most respondents showed a positive attitude towards the course, but only four respondents had changed their behaviour towards disabled due to the course. A qualitative study was then made focussing on the reasons behind the fact that very few of the respondents changed their behaviour after the course, and what aspects did affect the total impact of the course. Aspects that influenced the total impact were engagement of management and co-ordinators, the relevance of the course contents for the work, the organisation of the studies, the aim and marketing of the course, time aspects, and the study form of the course.

     

  • 207.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of the Development Process of a CSCW System for Health Care Planning2008In: Communication in Dependability and Quality Management International Journal (CDQM), ISSN 1450-7196, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an evaluation study of the development and test of a CSCW system for health care planning, is reported. The system supports the co-operative health care planning process for hospital care, primary care and municipality organised care. A CSCW system often affect informal aspects of work, and the use of the evaluation model MOA-E contributed to explain the logics of a CSCW system focussing on both work situation of the individuals, work process and quality produced to the patients. The system development was criticised for taking too long time by the stakeholders. They did not seem to understand the special characteristics of developing a CSCW system compared with a more traditional system. The evaluation model contributed to explain for the long time used for developing the system. Interviews with test users focussed their experiences of the development process. Much time has been spent on analysis of the work routines in the development work in an iterative “learning by doing” process. This participate development work has served as a learning process for the participants. The participative development style seems to be relevant for CSCW systems, but is more time consuming compared with traditional systems development.

     

  • 208.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of the Development Process of a CSCW System for Health Care Planning2006In: Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Information Technology Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Brown, Ann, 2006, p. 274-282Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an evaluation study of the development and test of a CSCW system for health care planning, is reported. The system supports the co-operative health care planning process for hospital care, primary care and municipality organised care. A CSCW system often affect informal aspects of work, and the use of the evaluation model MOA-E contributed to explain the logics of a CSCW system focussing on both work situation of the individuals, work process and quality produced to the patients. The system development was criticised for taking too long time by the stakeholders. They did not seem to understand the special characteristics of developing a CSCW system compared with a more traditional system. The evaluation model contributed to explain for the long time used for developing the system. Interviews with test users focussed their experiences of the development process. Much time has been spent on analysis of the work routines in the development work in an iterative “learning by doing” process. This participate development work has served as a learning process for the participants. The participative development style seems to be relevant for CSCW systems, but is more time consuming compared with traditional systems development.

  • 209.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Evaluation of the use of videoconferences for healthcare planning2001In: Health Informatics Journal, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 71-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of CSCW systems in general involves complex informal communication between many users at different geographical places. An evaluation strategy of such systems has to be complex and focussing especially on organisational and social aspects. The MOA-E evaluation model is used for the evaluation of the use of videoconferences for health care planning. The case study has a multi-method approach with the use of participated observation, interviews and questionnaire. If the patients are not healthy enough personnel meetings are found as more appropriate than videoconferences for health care planning. The case study could be seen as a “critical case” for the use of videoconferences for elderly persons. The MOA-E model has contributed to a comprehensive understanding of the case study.

  • 210.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Implementation of a contact Centre in a Swedish Municipality2011In: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on e-Government / [ed] Klun, Maja, Decman, Mitja and Jukic, Tina., Reading, UK: Academic Publishing Limited , 2011, p. 296-303Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of a contact centre (CC) in a Swedish municipality was analysed and discussed. Interviews were made with 16 respondents in different organizational units and positions. The implementation of CC was successful so far, but it will be a challenge to have continuous learning possibilities for the municipality guides, in order to avoid future monotonous work situations. There was an alternation between a top down and bottom up approach in the implementation work. There was even a need for increased focus on back-office and social aspects in the further implementation work. There was also a need to communicate personnel strategies related to the transfer of work tasks from the administrations and CC, in order to reduce anxiety and concerns about change of work situations for the handling officers. There were some problems with different mental images among the handling officers and the project management regarding the vision for the implementation.  There was also a need for more co-operation between the project team and the handling officers in order to have a more homogenous implementation process at the different units. Furthermore, there was a need for increased competence development education of the handling officers. E-learning combined with group discussions could be relevant educational forms.

  • 211.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Implementation of "Vision of E-Government 2007" at the County Administration of Sweden2005In: / [ed] Irani, Z., Elliman, T., Sarikas, O.D., London, England: Brunel University , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article a current interview study is presented and discussed. A vision of E-government was formulated by the County Administration of Sweden and should be implemented at the end of 2007. The interviews focus on knowledge and attitudes towards E-government of personnel in the organisation, before implementation. The respondents mainly had a positive attitude towards E-government, although they also mentioned some negative aspects. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the vision of “E-Government 2007” need to focus more on information, attitudes, and work culture issues, than on pure technology issues. Web-based information and education could be used in flexible forms, such as study circles, for the work-integrated learning needed in the implementation process.

  • 212.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Integration of e-learning outcomes into work processes2011In: Eleed. e-learning & education., Vol. 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three case studies of in-house developed e-learning education in public organizations with different pedagogical approaches are used as a starting point for discussion regarding the implementation challenges of e-learning at work. The aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of integrating mechanisms of e-learning outcomes into work processes in large, public organizations. The case studies were analyzed from a socio-cultural perspective using the MOA-model as a frame of reference. Although the pedagogical approaches for all of the cases seemed to be relevant and most of the learners showed overall positive attitudes towards the courses, there were problems with integration of the e-learning outcomes into work processes. There were deficiencies in the adaption of the course contents to the local educational needs. There was also a lack of adjusting the local work organization and work routines in order to facilitate the integration of the e-learning outcomes into the work processes. A lack of local management engagement affected the learners’ motivation negatively. Group discussions in local work groups facilitated the integration of the e-learning outcomes. Much of the difficulties of integrating e-learning outcomes into work processes in big organizations are related to the problems with adjusting centrally developed e-learning courses to local needs and a lack of co-operation among among the developers (often IT-professionals) and the Human Resources Department of the organizations.

  • 213.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Is videoconference a useful tool for co-ordinated health care planning?: An evaluation study in progress2000In: Proceedings of the 23rd Information System Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Doing IT together / [ed] Svensson, Lars, Snis, Ulrika, Sörensen, Carsten, Fägerlind, Hanna, Lindroth, Thomas, Magnusson, Maria, Östlund, Christian, Uddevalla: Laboratorium for Interaction Technology University of Trollhättan Uddevalla , 2000, p. 1385-1400Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, some initial results from an evaluation study of test work in progress with videoconferences for co-ordinated health care planning are reported and discussed. Two wards at the hospital of Alingsås in Sweden participate in the test, as well as some staff from the municipality of Vårgårda. The MOA-U model is used as an evaluation model. The patient perspective is especially focussed, but the experiences from the staff also are studied. Methods that are used in the evaluation work are participating observation, interviews and an inquiry.

  • 214.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    MOA - An Evaluation Model for Implementation and Use of IT in Organizations2009In: Proocedings of the 3rd European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation (ECIME) / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing Limited , 2009, p. 187-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MOA is an evaluation model for implementation of IT in organisations, developed by the author. The model has been used for several evaluation studies, and has been slightly modified in order to be useful for different fields of informatics.  The MOA-E model has been used for case studies within the field of Computer-Supported Co-operative Work and implementation of e-Government. The MOA-L model has been used for case studies within the field of e-Learning at work for web-based internally developed courses. The MOA model has also been used as a scenario model (MOA-S). The basic model primarily focuses on the three different aspects work processes (from a management perspective), work situations (from the perspectives of the employees) and quality of services (or product) produced (from the perspective of the customers/clients or patients). The model has mainly been used in a process-oriented way, studying implementation and use at different stages of the development process. The aim of the paper is to describe the model and the main experiences from the use of the model. Some experiences from the use of the model are usefulness for many different fields of informatics and flexibility. The model combines simplicity and complexity in a flexible way. The focus on different perspectives of the model facilitates the design of technology, organisation (and education) leading to a “win-win”-scenario for the different interest groups, and also the evaluation of consequences for different interest groups.

  • 215.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    MOA-E, An Evaluation Model for CSCW Systems2001In: Proceedings of the 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Björnestrand, Solveig, Moe, Richard, E., Mörch, Anders, I., Opdahl, Andreas, L., 2001, p. 631-644Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of CSCW systems in general involves complex informal communication between any users at different geographical places. An evaluation strategy of such systems has to be complex and focussing expecially on organisational and social aspects. The MOA-E evaluation modell is used for the evaluation of the use of videoconferences for health care planning. The case study has a multi-method approach with the use of participated observations, interviews and questionnaire. If the patients are not healthy enough personnel meetings are found as more appropriate than videoconferences for health care planning. The case study could be seen as a "critical case" for the use of videoconferences for elderly persons. The MOA-E model has contributed to a comprehensive understanding of the study.

  • 216.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    MOA-S A Scenario Model for Integrating Work Organization Aspects into the Design Process of CSCW Systems2000In: IFIP TC WG8.2 International Working Conference on the Social and Organizational Perspective on Research and Practice in Information Technology / [ed] Baskerville, Richard, Stage, Jan, DeGross, Janice, I., ssachusetts, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers , 2000, p. 409-428Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scenarios using the MOA-S model is proposed as a method for discussion and design of the future work organisation of CSCW systems The CSCW technology has the potential to enable a flexible design of the organisation as it can be used for more flexible communication patterns than before. We still have, however, lack of methods for the design process of CSCW systems. A case study is presented of the development and test of a prototype in Lotus Notes for dealing with social insurance matters within the Swedish Social Insurance Board. The focus of the case study is on integration of work organisation aspects into the development process of CSCW systems. Different design of the technology and the organisation could affect the work organisation as well as efficiency and quality aspects.

     

  • 217.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    New Organizational Forms can Emerge when CSCW systems are Implemented in the Swedish Social Insurance Board1999In: Proceedings of the 22nd Information Systems research Seminar in Scandinavia: Enterprise Architectures for Virtual Organisations / [ed] Käköla, Timo, K., Jyväskylä, Finland: Jyväskylä University Printing House , 1999, p. 377-398Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The CSCW technology enables a flexible design of the organisation compared with the old technology. New organisation forms emerge that are flexible, boundless and process-oriented. In this article a case study is presented of the development and test of a prototype in Lotus Notes for dealing with social insurance matters within the Swedish Social Insurance Board. The focus of the case study is on integration of work organisation aspects into the development process of CSCW systems. The design of the technology and the organisation could affect the work organisation of the individual as well as efficiency and quality aspects. Scenarios are proposed as a technique for discussion and design of the future work organisation of CSCW systems.

  • 218.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Professionals and Learning in Organizations2004In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital and Knowledge Management / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, 2004, p. 119-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient IT-mediated learning processes are crucial for modern knowledge organisations. Two case studies from Swedish public organisations are presented. These case studies illustrate two different aspects of professional conflicts affecting the learning processes of the organisations. Such power struggles could prevent or delay the learning process an also affect co-operation and motivation. Power struggles among professionals in organisations are not enough noticed in modern theories about learning in organisations.

  • 219.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Reflection Meetings as a Method for Learning and Evaluation2004In: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Information Technology Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, 2004, p. 169-174Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflection meetings were used as a method for learning and evaluation in the project County Academy at the County Administration of Sweden. An internal organisation for the administration of in-house education should be developed in the project. The project group consisted of both researchers and practitioners. The reflection meeting became an arena for ptoblem setting, analysis, reflection and evaluation. There were no pre-defined agendas for the meetings. The discussions often focused on different psychosocial aspects of the project. The discussions at the previous project meetings focused more on technical-oriented aspects.

  • 220.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Transparancy Aspects of eGovernment2006In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of e-Government / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited , 2006, p. 197-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementations of eGovernment are criticised as being too focused on technical issues that lead to consequences such as user resistance. For example, a transparent problem analysis could contribute to define real problems and find proper solutions. Different professional competencies are needed in order to focus and analyse different aspects of problem situations. Traditional work culture and the competence of systems developers as well as professional territories towards other professionals could hinder cooperation in multi-professional teams.

     

  • 221.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Utvärdering av arbetsintegrerat e-lärande vid länsstyrelsen2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, B., Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, 1, p. 285-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Frisk, Elisabeth
    The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation (EJISE): ECIME2009 Special2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Christina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Obeid, Ayman
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Dialogue meetings as an arena for collaboration and reflection among researchers and practitioners in a prestudy of a welfare technology testbed2020In: International Journal of Engineering Management and Economics (IJEME), ISSN 1756-5154, E-ISSN 1756-5162, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 629-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research question of the article is to explore whether the method dialogue meetings could be relevant for collaboration reflective learning among researchers and practitioners when welfare technology should be implemented in municipalities, or not. A testbed was planned to be implemented in a retirement home in a Swedish municipality, and the practitioners worked with a pre-study of that testbed. The aim of the article is to describe the collaboration and dialogue between the researchers and the practitioners in the dialogue meetings, and to reflect upon the potential of dialogue meetings as an arena for democratic collaboration and reflection among researchers and practitioners. The research methodology approach is participatory action research with mixed methods (dialogue meetings, focus groups,participant observations). During the dialogue meetings, the researchers learned more about the use of traditional research methods, and the practitioners learned more about how they could improve their use of the methods in order to facilitate change processes in their organization. Dialogue meetings could be relevant for reflective learning among researchers and practitioners in different organizational contexts, as a method to promote bridging the gap between practice and research in a democratic way; create inter-professional collaboration and reflection, and contribute to work change processes and sense-making.

  • 224.
    Grósz, Izabella
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Wheelan, Freya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Verklighetseffekten: En fallstudie om potentiella störningsmoment som kan avslöja en specialeffekt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study observes the relation between selected movie-viewers and special effects. The aim of this study is to find and define potential distractions that special effects could cause which in result can affect the filmic reality and viewer experience. With the help of a semi structured interview with an addition of a live showcasing of different outtakes of famous science fiction-movies we let our informants express the noticeable elements that they reacted to.

    The answers are analysed by a systematic structure inspired by the grounded theory to give an overview of what our informants experienced. By the use of theories such as Perceptual Realism, Reality Effect and Cognitive Film Theory we found that disturbance within perceptual expectations and the visual whole to be the main contributing factors amongst our informants as to what causes a special effect to distract them from accepting the filmic reality.

  • 225.
    Grönblad, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Öman, Marcus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kan animation öka motivationen i skolan?: En kvantitativ analys av en animerad prototyp i skolmiljö 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if animated pictures combined with spoken and written text can increase primary school students' motivation. We will design and create a prototype based on earlier research and theory about how to design animated images for educational use. We conduct an experiment involving 55 students. The students would perform an identical school assignment, half the group performed the task without our prototype and half the group used our prototype. Afterwards students answered a questionnaire in which they rate their experience and motivation of the task. This in order to explore whether students' motivation increased by using the prototype or not. The results show no clear correlation between students' motivation and use of the prototype. We discuss possible reasons for this in our text and give suggestions for further research.

  • 226.
    Guenebaut, Boris
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Automatic Subtitle Generation for Sound in Videos2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last ten years have been the witnesses of the emergence of any kind of video content. Moreover, the appearance of dedicated websites for this phenomenon has increased the importance the public gives to it. In the same time, certain individuals are deaf and occasionally cannot understand the meanings of such videos because there is not any text transcription available. Therefore, it is necessary to find solutions for the purpose of making these media artefacts accessible for most people. Several software propose utilities to create subtitles for videos but all require an extensive participation of the user. Thence, a more automated concept is envisaged. This thesis report indicates a way to generate subtitles following standards by using speech recognition. Three parts are distinguished. The first one consists in separating audio from video and converting the audio in suitable format if necessary. The second phase proceeds to the recognition of speech contained in the audio. The ultimate stage generates a subtitle file from the recognition results of the previous step. Directions of implementation have been proposed for the three distinct modules. The experiment results have not done enough satisfaction and adjustments have to be realized for further work. Decoding parallelization, use of well trained models, and punctuation insertion are some of the improvements to be done.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 227.
    Guevara-Garca, Alfredo
    et al.
    McMaster University, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology.
    Echegaray, Eleonora
    Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Facultad de Qumica, Laboratorio de Qumica Terica Computacional (QTC).
    Toro-Labbe, Alejandro
    Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Facultad de Qumica, Laboratorio de Qumica Terica Computacional (QTC).
    Jenkins, Samantha
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Kirk, Steven R.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ayers, Paul W.
    McMaster University, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology.
    Pointing the way to the products Comparison of the stress tensor and the second-derivative tensor of the electron density2011In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 134, no 23, p. 234106-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The eigenvectors of the electronic stress tensor can be used to identify where new bond paths form in a chemical reaction. In cases where the eigenvectors of the stress tensor are not available, the gradient-expansion- approximation suggests using the eigenvalues of the second derivative tensor of the electron density instead; this approximation can be made quantitatively accurate by scaling and shifting the second-derivative tensor, but it has a weaker physical basis and less predictive power for chemical reactivity than the stress tensor. These tools provide an extension of the quantum theory of atoms and molecules from the characterization of molecular electronic structure to the prediction of chemical reactivity. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.

  • 228.
    Guezo-Mevo, Ingrid Glory Evrard
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Risk Assessment Framework for Cyber-physical Systems in the context of IoMT devices: A closer look at a health manufacturing company2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis delves into the field of cybersecurity in the context of Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) devices, particularly focusing on wearable sensor devices used in diapers and used by individual with incontinence. The study made use of the new NIS 2 Directive’s recommendation of utilizing the ENISA Risk Assessment Framework for critical infrastructure. By conducting a review of industry reports and academic research, the study identified various challenges and regulatory risks associated with Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) devices. Existing security standards and recommendations were carefully analyzed and integrated into a comprehensive risk assessment framework. The ENISA risk assessment methodology was then implemented within a health products manufacturing company, specifically evaluating risks in its Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). The effectiveness of the methodology was assessed and compared to the ISO 14971 framework currently utilized by the company. The implementation of the ENISA framework reveals the identification of additional assets and threats, showcasing its superiority over ISO 14971 in terms of comprehensiveness and necessary steps for conducting a robust risk assessment. The study acknowledges limitations arising from restricted data availability and suggested future research to refine and validate the methodology. Overall, this research significantly contributed to enhancing the security of IoMT devices and advocated for the adoption of robust cybersecurity practices in the healthcare industry. 

  • 229.
    Gunnarsson, Alexander
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Från rutnätszoom till genetisk algoritm vid optimering av dyra funktioner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    D. Lindström has developed an algorithm for optimization of expensive functions which is based on response surface methodology which means that a model of the expensive function is created. To optimize the response surface the algorithm is making use of a grid zoom. This grid zoom is replaced by a genetic algorithm which is based on biological evolution. Measurements are done before and after the modification focusing on CPU time. A vectorization of the code is also performed.

    Expensive functions often appear in the real world. An expensive function could be to run a simulation with certain settings to see how good they are. Because the simulation takes a long time to run you can't just try everything but instead need to strategically select which parameters to test. This it what Lindströms algorithm does.

    The results show that the grid zoom was more effective than expected but that it is ineffective in higher dimensions.

  • 230.
    Gunnarsson, Maj
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Magnusson, Maria
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Rasmusson, Peo
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Less is more: When IT comes to knowledge management2000In: Proceedings of IRIS23, 2000, Vol. 23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we take the point of departure from two thoroughly conducted casestudies, in which we have analysed certain knowledge work activities with followingimplications for design. Both studies clearly stated the call for a ICT-support whensearching information and sharing knowledge. For example, sharing bookmarksamong knowledge workers seemed to be a necessary and useful activity. Importantand valuable bookmarks often mirror what kind of information and knowledgepeople are looking for, and also what kind of forum they usually go to on the worldwide web. In this work we have developed a prototype, KnowMan, which managesbookmarks on the world wide web. The prototype is designed as a user-friendly"pad-interface" in which bookmarks can be collaboratively collected, shared andfurther explored and annotated by other knowledge workers. We end up with ageneral discussion about the possible effects of using KnowMan and what furtherdesign aspects that should be considered.

  • 231.
    Gustafson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Evaluation of Statistical Distributions for VoIP Traffic Modelling2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistical distributions are used to model behaviour of real VoIP traffic. We investigate call holding and inter-arrival times as well as speech patterns. The consequences of using an inappropriate model for network dimensioning are briefly discussed. Visual examination is used to compare well known distributions with empirical data. Our results support the general opinion that the Exponential distribution is not appropriate for modelling call holding time. We find that the distribution of talkspurt periods is well modelled by the Lognormal distribution and the silence periods by the generalized Pareto distribution. It is also observed that the call inter-arrival times tend to follow a heavy tailed distribution.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 232.
    Gustafsson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Kanefur, Johan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Influens av sensorteknik inom styrketräning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi vill börja med att tacka vår handledare Dena Ala-Hussain för all hjälp och guidning vi har fått genom arbetets gång.

    Vi vill även tacka STC Kungälv Rollsbo och alla personer som medverkade i testandet av sensorsystemet.

    Fördelningen av arbetsuppgifter har varit jämn och båda har deltagit i alla moment.

  • 233.
    Gustafsson, Jon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandberg, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attraktionskraften hos Göteborgs Stad: En kvalitativ studie om Employer- och Corporate Branding i offentlig sektor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer Branding and Corporate Branding are two components of the same strategic tool – which is to attract and retain talents in a competitive environment. Within the City of Gothenburg this strategy is implemented under the name "Attractive Employer". The aim for this study has been to portray what made employees, with a technical background within the private sector, choose to seek employment within the city of Gothenburg. The study focused on the employee's experiences before, and after, they became employees within the city. On the basis of the employee's experiences, the ambition has been to raise a constructive discussion with a focus to support the City of Gothenburg in its continuing work with Employer- and Corporate Branding. The study is qualitative and the data was collected through six semi-structured interviews. The interviews were conducted among employees from four municipal departments within the city. The interview data was transcribed and analyzed by a thematic analysis. The result showed that three out of the six interviewees had made an active choice to seek employment in the public sector. Furthermore the result indicated a discrepancy among the employees regarding the external image of a public employer – and what the employees now were experiencing from within the organization. The employees also experienced some key differences in values when working in the public sector compared to the private sector. Festinger's (1957) dissonance theory was used as a way to further discuss the employee´s choice to seek employment within the public sector.

  • 234.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    How to describe interaction with a collaborative robot2017In: HRI '17 Proceedings of the Companion of the 2017 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, 2017, p. 93-94Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe early work on a classification model on how to interact with industrial and other types of robots. We suggest a classification for how to describe different scenarios within Human-Robot Interaction. The idea with this model is to help when identifying the gap between where a company is and where they would like to be when it comes to collaborative automation. © 2017 Author.

  • 235.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Layered design: concepts, case studies and processes - theories and implementations2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Augustsson, Svante
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Safety Critical Robot Programming and Testing for Operations in Industrial Co-production2014In: IEEE Conference Publications, IEEE, 2014, p. 29-32Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 237.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Bäckman, Rickard
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Gidmark, Mikael
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Persson, Ann
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    iLayer: MLD in an operating system interface2006In: AVI: Proceedings of the working conference on advanced visual interfaces  (AVI '06 ) Venezia, Italy   May 23 - 26, 2006, ACM , 2006, p. 87-90Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Erstorp, Ulf
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Magnusson, Staffan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Ångfors, Peter
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Easylayer: MLD in an application portal with multiple user groups2007In: Proceedings of the Iadis International Conference Applied Computing 2007: Salamanca, Spain 18-20 February 2007, IADIS , 2007, p. 27-34Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In large organizations there are usually rather large groups of heterogeneous users with different tasks and different needs. Their requirements would most likely vary a lot when the system is designed to grant them access to different parts of the functions and applications In our earlier work we have tested the interface concept of Multi-Layered Design (MLD) on an operating system where each layer had a set of applications and tools. The users working with the system could get access to different applications depending on their level of experience or their different needs. The current paper presents how the MLD concept is taken one step further; implementing a layered design in a multi-user portal on a Citrix server. When a network solution is used, new available possibilities are given. The MLD approach can be combined with a role based access technique can the layered structure can be used in different ways for many different groups of users. In the study a MLD mushroom structure is employed where the user category decides the set of layers the different user groups can choose from while the individual user’s tasks and experience guide the choice of the specific layer. Thin clients are used to access the layer structure and five personas are made to represent the potential user groups. The results show that MLD can be used within a Citrix environment and that it is a viable alternative or complement for multi-user portals

  • 239.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Lindahl, Fredrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Torgersson, Olof
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Designing a multi-layered image viewer2004In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series Vol 82: proceedings of the third Nordic conference on Human-computer interaction NordiCHI '04 , Tampere, Finland, ACM , 2004, p. 181-184Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Anders
    EDS.
    Brandt, Eric
    University West/Chalmers Technical University3.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Reliability and Quality of Software Engineering in Manufacturing Industry: a case study2008In: 19th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering (ISSRE 2008.): Proceedings of a meeting held 10-14 November 2008, Seattle, Washington., Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ) , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software engineering has proposed the use of formal and industrial methods, models and tools within software industry for some time now. There are several good examples like the aircraft industry, branches of the military, the space shuttle development and the nuclear power plant industry that have come a long way with their software processes. However, there is still an ongoing dilemma of how to better introduce software processes within most regular production industry. In this paper we try to summaries our experiences of software processes and quality systems within the vehicle industry of northern Europe. A first investigating case study is conducted at a large software consulting company, focused on industrial software, and then we further investigate the software situation at one of the largest vehicle manufacturers in Scandinavia. We use a ten point list with adapted metrics to evaluate process quality and create a progress report of the work-flow and process implementation rate. Based on our results from the evaluation we also provide a first set of guidelines for how to level the differences in quality processes for hardware and software development.

  • 241.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Prytz, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Evaluation of Interaction with Commercial Educational Games when Used by Children with Autism2010In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Software Engineering Research & Practice: Software Project Management + Education and Computer Law / [ed] Hamid R. Arabnia, Hassan Reza, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Juan Jose Cuadrado-Gallego, Vincent Schmidt, Ashu M. G. Solo, Las Vegas: CSREA Press , 2010, p. 418-424Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Gårdelid, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Danielsson, Mikael
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    IT för alla: En analys av mellanstora kommuners arbete för att uppfylla lagen om tillgänglighet till digital offentlig service2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent publication of the Swedish accessibility law for public services says that all public E-services and websites in Sweden must be accessible to all users, regardless of disabilities, in September 2020. This includes authorities as well as county councils and municipalities. However, making an E-service accessible requires clear guidelines as well as specific competence within the organization. This study aims to investigate the ongoing work to make the E-services accessible in some of the medium-sized municipalities in Sweden. The study was made in a qualitative way, where we interviewed nine people with different positions in the municipalities, both in the procurement as well as the IT sector. The study shows that the work is proceeding in all the municipalities, but that the process is at different stages. The thing that the municipalities find most difficult regarding E-service accessibility is how to make the documents that is published on their websites accessible. These documents typically include forms in PDF format. The municipalities do not currently know the best way to make these documents accessible and this study presents a few strategies hereby

  • 243.
    Hadi, Nima
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Mahdavi, Kamyab
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Augmented Reality (AR): based guidance for furniture assembly2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Augmented Reality (AR) is an emerging technology with a growing potential for guidance in manual assembly. This report explores the possibilities of Microsoft’s HoloLens 2 glasses for creating an AR-based guidance for a furniture and compares this condition with video-based and the standard paper-based guidance. A series of experiments were conducted on a number of voluntary participants to determine how effective the AR-based guidance is compared to the paper- and video-based guidance and to see if the AR technology is a beneficial successor to the existing guidance methods. All the results were recorded and documented for analysis and discussion at the end of this study. The results showed that the AR-condition did not make a huge difference when it comes to the completion time of the assembly. However, the visualization aspect of the AR-glasses was a great benefit to the users, as they could better interpret the information presented to them compared to the paper- and video-conditions

  • 244.
    Hadi, Yasir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Wisniewski, Damian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Proposal and evaluation of a smart post box system2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our thesis work is focusing on usage of wireless technologies in post delivery systems. The technologies that we will investigate are RFID and NFC, we want to present the advantages and disadvantages of both technologies in this development process. We will do that, because of cost measures for the end users. This paper will not include prices for devices and assembling due to huge amount of possibilities. Work will be based on the statistic of the question if the customers want to have NFC based post boxes and those functions that will be available to customers to make it easier and more comfortable to use smart post boxes and which security issues they may cause.

    To promote new technology that will replace an already used one, we will need to convince customers that the change will be worth of making. We will also spend time to figure out how it would be best to make it work for both customers and post companies. We will prove why were most suitable to manage post boxes.

    This document contains information about users' needs and their expectations from the company who would develop it. Surveys that are included in this project are showing clear view to customers requirement. Futhermore this report includes system vision and design how system can be created.

  • 245.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Semantiska webben och sökmotorer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with the definitions and terms main purpose has been to investigate how the semantic web affects search engines on the web. This has been done through an investigation consisting of ten different search engines. Nine of these search engines are considering being semantic search engines, and the last one being the most used one on the web today. The study is conducted as a descriptive and quantitative study. A literature review has also been implemented by the relevant sources about the semantic web and search engines. The conclusions drawn where that the semantic web is multifaceted with its definitions and that the result of how concrete search engines implements semantic web principles can vary depending on which search engine one interacts with.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 246.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The phenomenon of feeling addicted to social media: why do we feel addicted to social media?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 247.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing a Web-Based Education Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37), Ringsted, Denmark, 10-13 August. / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Newcomers in Sweden face a problem of learning the Swedish society with respect to laws, culture, democratic values, education system, labor market and aspects of taking the role as a parent. The municipality of Gothenburg and the county administrative board in Västra Götaland are appointed by the Swedish government to educate newcomers in civic orientation. This paper describes some problems in providing distance education for Swedish civic orientation in forms of advanced learning modules (ALM). Requirements for implications for design were gathered through several conducted workshops together with relevant stakeholders through a participatory design approach. We concluded that our design for implications can be processed for future research and used together with a system solution.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Designing a Web-Based Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation
  • 248.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems,Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-Integrated Learning as an Outcome of Using Action Design Research in Practice2019In: Extending the Boundaries of Design Science Theory and Practice / [ed] Tulu B., Djamasbi S., Leroy G., Springer, 2019, Vol. 11491, p. 92-107Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) as an outcome of using Action Design Research (ADR) in practice. We argue that ADR is a subtype of Design Science Research (DSR) and a prominent method for facilitating mutually beneficial collaboration between academia and practice. Subsequently, we tie our work around ADR and WIL to the Scandinavian school of IS-research and worker participation, by emphasizing reflective practice on both researcher and practitioner side. We demonstrate this through two empirical cases and four case episodes. Consequently, the cases highlight building, intervention, and evaluation in the areas of civic orientation and county administration. The narrative around each case focuses on ADR-activities that mediate reflection and learning through iterative cycles. Outcomes from the cases are reported as WIL-outcomes and finally, we conclude this paper by briefly suggesting two implications for future relevant research.

  • 249.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems, Aalto University, Espoo (FIN).
    Towards Design Principles for Safety Training in Virtual Reality: An Action Design Research Case2021In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 12807 LNCS, p. 89-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual Reality (VR) technology has progressed and become viable for the purpose of education, learning, and training. Organizations adopt and employ VR technologies to enhance employees' skills, competency, and readiness through safety training that prepare the employees towards work-specific situations that are dangerous, hazardous, and uncertain. This research in progress paper reports early results from an Action Design Research case on VR safety training. The empirical work of this study is on-going and is set in the domain of rail industry. Early results are reported as tentative design implications for safety training in VR, which are based on a first round of data analysis. The implications are proposed with the ambition of extending them into design principles for safety training in VR. Subsequently, steps for future research are outlined and discussed to advance the design implications into principles.

  • 250.
    Hamberg, André
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Are Teslas Too Minimalistic?: A quantitative study on how Tesla drivers view that interacting with a center console touchscreen for controlling functions and features affect their distraction while driving2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a trend amongst car manufactures today on implementing bigger and more touchscreens for controlling functions in the cars, with a reduce in physical controls and levers. In Sweden, it is illegal to use a smartphone while driving since it is considered as distracting, and now there are touchscreens in many new cars, which are also found to be distracting. One company that has gone the furthest regarding reducing physical controls and the implementation of center console touchscreens is Tesla. They have been using big center console touchscreens since the launch of their Model S in 2012 and all their cars have a big central touchscreen. they are even thought of to influence other car manufacturers. But how distracting is it to use Teslas touchscreens while driving,? That is what this study is investigating, and the research question addressed in this study is:

    - “How do Tesla drivers view that interacting with a center console touchscreen for controlling functions and features affect their distraction while driving?

    Four hypotheses were constructed from the previous research presented in this study; those are: 

    H1. It is distracting to use the screen while driving.

    H2. Using the screen causes more distraction early on. 

    H3. Younger drivers are more distracted by the screen.

    H4. Gestures can reduce distraction.

    To answer the research question and the hypotheses, a quantitative method has been applied. An online self-completion questionnaire was designed and tested in a pilot-study before it was released. The questions have been generated from the previous research, the hypotheses, the theoretical framework consisting of a presentation Teslas interior, but also the theory for planned behaviour. The result shows that a majority of the participants does not believe that using the screen while driving, but a majority believes that using the screen early on is more distracting. The number of younger participants in this study was low, but no relation between age and distraction was found either way, and gestures was not believed to reduce distraction. When the theory of planned behaviour was applied to the result of this study, it argues for that the participants will use the screen whenever they feel a need for using it.

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