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  • 201.
    Alabaf, Setareh
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gillberg, Christopher
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.2019In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 83-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime enuresis, encopresis) in a nationwide population of 9- and 12-year-old twins subdivided into those with and without indications of NDDs. Parents of 28,058 twins participated in a well-validated telephone interview regarding their children's mental health and answered questions about their physical problems. The results indicate a high rate of physical problems in children with NDDs, particularly in those with indications of the presence of combinations of several NDDs.

  • 202.
    Alaei, Seyed Fatemeh
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Anette
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Privatization: What we learn from failure: A case study of Iran Air2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was conducted to assess how the privatization of Iran Air process managed in last efforts and how should it be in right way. It increases the knowledge about privatization in Iran and the need for it. Iran air as our case study is a flag-carrier airline company that is protected by government regulations and subsidies. We try to find the reasons for failure of privatization in Iran Air and their attempt on privatization.

    The method used to collect data was a qualitative methodology, consisting of semi-structured interviews with relevant managers, and knowledgeable professors and the official sites and press. In conclusion, we find that privatization is an important need for Iran Air Company and the main problems that are against Iran Air can be categorized to political, financial, and social. The effects of political connections are most pronounced in countries with high levels of corruption. Iran’s level of corruption and law enforcement environment are lower than those are in developed countries. The root of financial problems of government and the company is the deficiency of liquidity to compensate the debts, but the share did not sell. The social problem arises from the uncertainty of the future of employees of going private company. Decreasing the level of corruption and increasing law enforcement in country are general solution for political problem. Preparing transparent financial statements and fair evaluation of share base price are our suggestion to Iran Air. The staff must be sure of their future. Social Security Organization and employment laws of country or any other response organization must protect them

     

  • 203.
    Alagic, Almira
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Balint, Norbert
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Marknadsanpassning av kabelskopa2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Excavating buckets are tools that construction machines use for excavation, demolition or moving different sorts of soils. Buckets are exposed to harsh environments there for ex-ample weather and the soil material that wears and strains the tool. To minimize wear and increase the tool's efficiency, can the material for the bucket be suited for the environment in which the tool is used.

    The aim of the project is to help the company to increase their exports to the EU. The goal is to produce a cable bucket adapted for the Dutch market, which is based on the product's current weight, material composition, performance and cost.

    Based on the company's needs the focus of this project is to adapt a cable bucket to the conditions and the market in the Netherlands. In order to implement a market expansion the company also needs to get information about market conditions, circumstances and customer requirements.

    In the end of the project a cable bucket considered to be adapted for the Dutch market were proposed. The comparison between the new bucket and the existing bucket resulted in a lighter and cheaper bucket where the material choices are based on the most common in the Netherlands and the bucket performs as its competitors.

  • 204.
    Alagic, Amra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Anthonsen, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Socialt ansvarstagande: En studie kring arbete med CSR inom detaljhandeln ochhur media kritiskt granskar detta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate social responsibility has recently become increasingly important, especially in the retailing sector. It has also become more important to the society which affects how organisations choose to work with this. Therefore, media reporting on corporate social responsibility has also increased. How can this affect organisations and their CSR-reporting? Corporate social responsibility has become a well-known concept that corporations have adapted, a consequence of this is that the concept of CSI has emerged. This means that corporations are working in an irresponsible manner to achieve legitimacy. Organisations are dependent on their stakeholders, which in turn may be affected by the media. Thus, it is in the interest of businesses to convey a positive image to the society, which can be done by producing sustainability reports. The purpose of this essay was to contribute with knowledge about how a public organisation with many stakeholders workswith CSR and how they are affected by the media's reporting regarding this. We have conducted a qualitative study where we analysed 15 sustainability reports produced by H&M between 2002-2016. We have done this by conducting a content analysis where we developed a coding scheme. We searched for key concepts and examined how many times these occurred in the sustainability reports. We also analysed the media reporting on H&M's corporate social responsibility. Our theoretical framework consists of research that addressed the concepts CSR, CSI, stakeholders, legitimacy, sustainability reportingand media. We also present an analysis model that served as a starting point, with this weput our empirical data in relation to the theoretical framework and afterwards we conductedan analysis based on this. Our empirical study consists of our coding scheme and material from media and H&M's website. This, together with the theoretical framework, forms the basis of our discussion and conclusions. Our main conclusion was that the corporations' sustainability reporting is primarily influenced by the demands of stakeholders. We have not been able to identify a greater impact from the media regarding the organisations sustainability reports, which reinforces this statement.

  • 205.
    Alamaz, Gulsen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Avdic, Jasmina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsmiljö och patientsäkerhet på äldreboende: En intervjustudie kring arbetsmiljön och dess påverkan på patientsäkerheten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a common problem among nursing assistants to work under difficult conditions in the nursing homes. They are exposed to stress which leads to an unhealthy workplace. According to several researches there is a high lack of patient safety in health care and this is a problem that is also found in nursing homes (Handler et al., 2006; SKL, 2011; Hughes & Lapane, 2006). The study's main purpose was to critically review the work environment deficiencies in nursing homes and how those affect patient safety. The questions used for the purpose of the study were: 1.Which are the failure causes of the work environment in nursing homes? 2. How do the workplace deficiencies in the nursing homes affect the patient safety? Six nursing assistants were interviewed in two different nursing homes. The study was conducted using a semi-structured interview guide, where the interview questions were divided into two main themes: work environment and patient safety. The material was collected from the interviews and processed by using thematic analysis. Four themes appeared: staff shortages, stress, lack of communication and written procedures. The results showed that staff shortages were the starting point for the other following factors, such as stress and lack of communication. Nursing assistants did not have the work procedure guidelines or safe work instructions. The conclusion was that the organization has a vital role in how the work environment and patient safety will develop in the future. To strengthen and create an effective health and social care the leadership is likely the key in improvement of structure and communication in the work environment of nursing assistants.

  • 206.
    Alampay, Liane Pena
    et al.
    Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines..
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA..
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, MD, USA..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, China..
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Thailand..
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Colombia..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Jordan, and Emirates College for Advanced Education, UAE..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Italy..
    Severity and justness do not moderate the relation between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes: A multicultural and longitudinal study2017In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 491-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7–10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup path models revealed that across cultural groups, and as reported by mothers and fathers, there is a positive relation between the frequency of corporal punishment and externalizing child behaviors. Mother-reported severity and father-reported justness were associated with child-reported aggression. Neither severity nor justness moderated the relation between frequency of corporal punishment and child problem behavior. The null result suggests that more use of corporal punishment is harmful to children regardless of how it is implemented, but requires further substantiation as the study is unable to definitively conclude that there is no true interaction effect.

  • 207.
    Alanko, Eveliina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pandid, Mila
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Who is the victim?: A descriptive single case study of the United Nations’ construction of the sex trafficking victim2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive single case study where the construction of the sex trafficking victims by the UN is analysed. More specifically, the study examines the construction of the actual victim and non-victim through the theoretical assumptions of masculinity and femininity. It asks 1) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the actual victim by the UN? and 2) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the non-victim by the UN? Making it possible to draw conclusions about the "ideal victim" of sex trafficking. Through the use of qualitative content analysis, we look at how the UN uses feminine and masculine assumptions in the construction of sex trafficking victim. The findings indicate that the UN uses more feminine assumption when describing the actual victim and masculine assumptions when describing the non-victim. Hence, supporting the construction of "ideal victim" being a woman. As the UN is a significant actor on the field of trafficking issue, the assumptions and ideas it spreads through its documents and media campaigns, has a significant affect to other actors in the field, IOs, IGOs, NGOs and governments, thus spreading the socially constructed gender stereotypes of the female victim and male predator.

  • 208.
    Alatalo, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Karin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kampen mot barnlösheten: kvinnors upplevelser av infertilitet. En studie av självbiografier2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fertility problems in women often cause mental stress. Feelings that women describe during the infertility investigation is jealousy, sorrow, guilt, pain, and anxiety. These women need support and encouragement from the nurse during the investigation. Therefore it is important that nurses understand the women's experiences. Previous studies on women's experiences of infertility are based on interviews. Therefore, this study will focus on women's own stories about their experiences during infertility investigation.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of infertility during the time the investigation is in progress.

    Method: The study was based on narratives, which in this case means an analysis of biographies. Three autobiographies were analyzed according to Dahlborg-Lyckhages (2006) description of analysis of narratives.

    Results: Four themes and seven subthemes emerged from the analysis. The results show that women's experiences are characterized by being inadequate, feeling guilt, envy, and the nurse's attitudes that can give sense of desperation or hope. The women's experiences affect their everyday lives and their emotions make them isolate themselves.

    Conclusion: Motherhood is a central part of the woman's life and identity, to be infertile is perceived as to major pressure that may result in mental stress. To reduce the infertile women´s suffering and mental stress it is important that the nurse shows empathy and understanding

  • 209.
    Albadri, Rand
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Jämförande analys av driftsäkerhet medRTU och PLC2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will make a comparative analysis of the operation safety of the wire connection to Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) and Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) with bus-controller. The report describes the basic description of the difference between these two systems and will explore which is safer and more economic with consideration to qualification according to Swedish energy companies' guidelines for dam safety (Ridas).Through course literature, ABB Bok, internet web sits and interviews with Skellefteå Kraft AB staff the result of this report have been created.The report results prove that PLC with bus-controller will operate operationally safe and profitable compared to wire connection to RTU. Results also showed that there is nothing which prevents to install bus-controller according to RIDAS but certain features should be installed.

  • 210.
    Albertsson, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Man vill typ känna att de bryr sig: om behandlingsalliansen och empatins betydelse i behandling med kognitiv beteendeterapi2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När man arbetar med KBT, Kognitiv beteendeterapi, så får man alltid reda på hur effektiv metoden är och att den fungerar mot de allra flesta problembeteenden. Däremot har jag många gånger haft diskussioner med kollegor om möjligheten/omöjligheten att jobba med "hjärta" när man använder sig av den metoden. En händelse med en introvert flicka fick mig att fundera mer på allvar vad det var vi höll på med. Syftet med min studie är att beskriva behandlingsalliansens betydelse vid genomförandet av KBT. Frågeställningarna var: Upplever eleverna att det finns olika personaltyper? Hur upplever eleverna att de olika personaltyperna utför KBT-behandlingen? Hur upplever eleverna att de olika personaltyperna värdesätter och arbetar för behandlingsalliansen? Jag har använt mig av en kvalitativ studie med intervjuer. Detta för att det är mest lämpligt eftersom denna metod syftar till att ge kvalitativ empiri. Att jag har valt intervjuer beror på att detta görs för att tolka människors upplevelse och livsvärld. Min teoretiska utgångspunkt har varit den hermeneutiska då det är en forskningsansats med tolkning som analysredskap. Jag har intervjuat 8 flickor som varit placerade på en §12- institution som genomfört och avslutat sin behandling. Deras uppfattning är att man kan dela in personalen i två olika typer: De känsliga och de okänsliga. De kan beskriva hur de olika typerna bedriver behandlingen och ett huvuddrag är att de gör samma sak men på så olika sätt. De upplever att empatin är det som är det viktigaste hos en personal. En empatisk behandlingspersonal innebär att klienten känner sig sedd och förstådd och att de som tar hand om dom verkligen bryr sig. Studien visar att handledning och kommunikation över huvud taget är den viktigaste ingrediensen för att personalen ska kunna möta klienten på ett professionellt sätt.

  • 211.
    Albertsson, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Karlsson, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att arbeta med kognitiv beteendeterapi2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    KBT, Kognitiv beteendeterapi är en metod som dagens samhälle förespråkas av många om man vill uppnå ett snabbt behandlingsresultat. Syftet med vår studie är att beskriva verksamheten på en LVU-institution samt att undersöka hur personalen upplever att det är att arbeta med KBT. Våra frågeställningar var: Hur kan man använda KBT praktiskt på en LVU-institution? Vilka faktorer i metoden anser personalen underlättar samt försvårar deras arbete? Vilka känslor väcks hos personalen? Vår studie är genomförd på en institution med flickor placerade enligt LVU. Detta är en kvalitativ studie med enskilda intervjuer för att få fram personliga åsikter av personalen. I studien har vi utgått från ett socialpedagogiskt perspektiv. Vi har gått igenom grunderna i KBT och även beskrivit hur metoden kan genomföras rent konkret på en avdelning. Genom att intervjua personal som arbetar med KBT har vi fått fram faktorer i metoden som de anser underlätta samt försvårar deras arbete. Gemensamt i samtliga intervjuer var att respondenterna hade lättare att utrycka faktorer som underlättar än de som försvårar deras arbete. Bland faktorer som underlättar nämns bl.a. struktur och ansvarsöverlämnande som skapar trygghet, motivation och arbetsglädje. Faktorer som anses försvåra deras arbete är bl.a. svårigheten att möta ett nytt tankesätt samt att alla i inte gör lika. Då vi anser att begreppen motivation, empati och professionellt förhållningssätt är viktiga komponenter i behandlingsarbetet har vi ställt svaren i intervjuerna i förhållande till dessa begrepp. Studien visar att KBT är bra i behandlingsarbete om den som utövar metoden besitter en empatisk förmåga, kan motivera eleven och ha ett professionellt förhållningssätt.

  • 212.
    Albihn, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Larsson, Sanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av livskvalitet efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    To suffer a myocardial infarction is a dramatic even that might influence a human´s quality of life. Women and men´s symptoms may differ and this might delay treatment for women. This gives women a worse prognosis and also affects their quality of life.

    Aim

    The aim was to describe women´s experiences of quality of life after myocardial infarction.

    Method

    To study the selected area a literature review was used. It consists of five qualitative and four quantitative studies.

    Results

    Three themes and six sub-themes emerged. The themes were social well-being, a second chance and uncertainty for the future. The sub-themes were support from family and friends, support from health care, hope and meaning with life, a new start, fear and stress.

    Conclusion

    The social network increased quality of life in women as it gave feelings of security, love and belonging. The women discovered that life didn´t consist of work only but contained more meaningful things like helping others and do things they didn´t think they could manage anymore. Many of the women experienced decreased quality of life related to fear of suffering a new myocardial infarction. Information and education should be individualized relevant to the patient´s specific situation

  • 213.
    Albinsson, Bengt-Åke
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Enhandsmanövrerad slanganslutning till dammsugare2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 214.
    Albinsson, Birgitta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Bergström, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Närståendes upplevelser av mötet med personal i hemsjukvården i den palliativa vården2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Being cared for in your own homes by staff from the home health care the last days of your life has become more common and will probably be gradually expanded. When a person becomes seriously ill, they usually get support from their families.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study was to describe the relatives ' experiences of meeting with staff from home care in who is working with palliative care. Three women and two men were interviewed individually in their own homes.

    Method:

    The study was conducted with a qualitative approach, based on Graneheim and Lundman’s content analysis. The analysis resulted in four different conclusions: to feel secure, to feel involved, be able to be at home and to be I good hands.

    Results:

    The study showed that the families think that the attitude and the commitment from the staff to the family and the person being cared for was the most important. The families had a positive experience and felt secure when there was continuity in the home care staff group. Staff with sensitivity and competence for the task was desirable for the relatives. To personally be able to maintain the responsibility to look after the person in need of care, and being involved, was a high priority, this while the support from the home care continued.

    Conclusion:

    It is important that the staff in home health care reflects on their approach when care is provided in the home. Because the staffs are guests and the caretaker and the relatives are hosts. In This study we wanted to highlight the families point of view, which can lead to that the staff have a better attitude and that will give the relatives a higher sense of wellbeing

  • 215.
    Albinsson, Julia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Faktorer som påverkar skuldkvoten hos de svenska hushållen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the determinants of the Swedish debt ratio for the period 1996-2016. The model that this project is built around is made by Meng et al (2011) where the dependent variable is debt ratio for swedish households and the explanatory variables are GDP, real interest rate, HPI (House Price Index), number of new constructed houses, unemployment ratio and change in inflation. This essay uses cointegration test and Error Correction Model to investigate the short run and long run determinants of the Swedish household debt ratio. The final result after an Error correction model shows that HPI, GDP and unemployment are the variables that affects the debt ratio for Swedish households the most.

  • 216.
    Albinsson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Magnusson, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Belöningssystemets effekt på personalens trivsel och gemenskap: En fallstudie inom en säljorganisation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's globalization has framed the market and increased the competition among com-panies. Investing in the staff has therefore become more important to maintain the com-pany on the market. With a reward system the company can motivate their employees to perform better. A reward system can be mixed, which means that it consists of group- and individual rewards and goals, and financial- and non-financial rewards. We already know that people are motivated by different factors, that is why it is interesting to study how different kinds of rewards can affect the employees comfort and companionship.

    The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding on how a mixed reward system influence the employees' companionship and their individual well-being in a sales organ-ization. To fulfill this purpose a theoretical framework has been filled with what a reward system is and how it appears in a sales organization, and primarily what the advantages and disadvantages are of using the different types of rewards. A review about work mo-tivation, job satisfaction and companionship has also been presented.

    The study has been qualitative where interviews have been conducted on a company with a well-developed reward system. We received a wide comprehension of what the sellers thought about the reward system and how it affected their companionship and their indi-vidual well-being. This has been represented in the empirical part to therefore discuss theories and empirics in the analysis part.

    We have increased the understanding that group goals and group rewards improve the companionship, but at the same time individual rewards are required to support the per-sonal development despite that these promote competition among sellers. The financial rewards are used in the short-run but it is important to give sellers something substantial for their work effort. While the non-financial rewards needed to praise, encourage and strengthen the individual satisfaction both in the short- and long-run.

  • 217.
    Albinsson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sahlsten, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetstest vid rekrytering: En kvalitativ studie ur ett arbetsperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personality tests for recruitment context is a common selection method for companies. In the recruitment process personality test are used as a tool to find the right person for the right place. The purpose of this qualitative study is to find examples of how this is used as a selection method in the recruitment of managers and the function tests have been in the recruitment process. To achieve the aim and answer the questions semi-structured interviews were carried out, to illustrate the respondents' perceptions, sensations and experiences on personality tests in recruitment. This was studied from two angles, namely with HR and store managers at ICA Special. The respondents interviewed were two women from ICA Specials HR department and four store managers, a man and three women from ICA Maxi stores. Respondents were aged from 35-60 years. Interview guides were divided into two parts, one interview guide for HR and one interview guide for store managers. The interview material was analyzed based on a thematic analysis. In the result, it was seen that a personality test has the function of a complement to discern candidates, to verify what the hiring manager sees, hears and feels during the process, but also as a self-reflection of the store managers who have performed the test. Moreover, it emerged in the results that the feedback of the candidate's profile is considered one of the most significant steps in the recruitment process and that respondents felt this should be related to the candidate in the form of a call. Finally, HR uses the communicative competence in the feedback of the candidate's profile as they relate to the profile, to get the candidate to gain a better understanding of their profile content.

  • 218.
    Albulena, Sadiki
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Grujoska, Stefanie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Vinnande marknadsföring: För rekryterings och bemanningsföretaget Jobbakuten2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie var att hjälpa Jobbakuten med deras marknadsföringsstrategi då de inte visste hur det skulle marknadsföra sig på bästa sätt. Jobbakuten är ett rekryterings och bemanningsföretag som funnits i branschen i 15 år och är därmed det äldsta företaget. För att hjälpa dem att utforma en marknadsföringsstrategi har vi tagit hjälp utav teorierna relationsmarknadsföring, då deras kunder tyckte detta är det bästa sättet. Sedan har vi även gjort en SWOT-analys för att på så vis ha en bättre insikt över vad det är som är företagets styrkor, svagheter, möjligheter och hot. Förutom detta så har vi även använt oss utav marknadsföringsmodellerna AIDAS-F, DRIP och gått igenom olika marknadsföringskanaler, för att på så vis hitta det som passar Jobbakuten bäst.

    För att kunna göra en marknadsföringsstrategi så har vi även valt att göra en enkätundersökning, som vi riktade till allmänheten för att på så vis få med mer synpunkter. Vi har även telefonintervjuat tio av företagets kunder där vi ställde frågor om företaget, vad de tyckte om företaget och hur dem anser de bör marknadsföra sig. Dessa undersökningar bidrog till att vi anser att Jobbakuten bör trycka på relationsmarknadsföring för att på så vis trygga sin plats hos sina kunder, då det uppskattades mycket utav kunderna

  • 219.
    Alburquerque, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    En kvalitativ studie om fritidshemmets arbete i en mångkulturell skola2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Anledningen till det valda ämnet är den ökande problematiken i mångkulturella skolor där många elever inte når kraven som ställs på dom. Samtidigt upplevs ett utanförskap som strider emot fritidshemmens värdegrund och mål.

    Syfte:

    Syftet är att få ökad kunskap kring hur fritidspedagoger på ett mångkulturellt fritidshem arbetar för att främja varje elevs utveckling. Fokus ligger på gemenskap och inkludering, språket samt föräldrasamverkan.

    Metod:

    Jag har utfört en kvalitativ studie genom intervjuer med fritidslärare och observationer på plats i fritidshemmet i en mångkulturell skola. Materialet har sedan bearbetats utifrån arbetets syfte och frågeställningar.

    Resultat:

    Resultatet visar att det fortfarande finns många utmaningar men även fördelar med att arbeta i ett mångkulturellt fritidshem. Det finns grupperingar och oenigheter dagligen och kommunikationen brister i många fall. Tillgången till olika erfarenheter är dock stor och utbytet sker dagligen, vilket ökar förståelsen för varandra.

  • 220.
    Alchahin, Jean
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Van Nguyen, Phuong
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Typ II-fel ur ett nytt perspektiv: en kvalitativ studie som kartlägger konkursförvaltares intryck av typ II-fel2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines Type II errors from the bankruptcy administers' perspective. It aims to give auditors an insight into why Swedish bankruptcy trustees perceive the proportion of Type II errors as high. Type II errors occur when the accountant in the audit reports does not consider the uncertainties that are threatening the client's ability to stay as a going concern, and the company thereafter applies for bankruptcy. The auditor is considered to operate as an independent intermediate, with the task to confirm to accounting users that the Board's management of the annual report, in line with the Annual Account act, demonstrates a true and fair view. However, recent research emphasizes that auditors continuously do not issue going concern warnings. This auditor behavior results in more challenging corporate bankruptcies, which eventually charge the bankruptcy trustees who have the assignment of administrating the bankruptcy estates, with a higher load of work. Since the bankruptcy administrators will become key players, in relation to Type II errors, this study, hence, aims to identify Type II errors from their point of view. In order to fulfill the purpose, our research question was formulated to illustrate if the bankruptcy administrators are experiencing Type II errors, and if so, to identify the factors that are considered to be a part of the core problem. Five bankruptcy administrators, who have administrated hundreds of bankruptcy estates, were given the opportunity to answer the research question. As this thesis aims for a deep understanding, it has been conducted using qualitative personal interviews. Meanwhile, recent research illustrates the proportion of Type II errors as high, in line with the fact that the non-issued going concern warnings have been linked to several underlying factors. Our interviewed bankruptcy administrators, however, gave an expression of a much higher complexity when the Type II errors were highlighted to occur to a greater degree, and the auditor behavior was considered to be linked with other additional factors. Based on the analysis, the conclusion drawn was that Type II errors occur and that the auditors' non-issued going concern warnings are based on the accounting assessment problems, clients, auditor characteristics, articles of association and the bankruptcy processes. Another issue is that new circumstances occur while the auditor is reviewing the audit reports.

  • 221.
    Alchahin, Maria-Arbil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karim, Shahla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett nytt land: En kvalitativ studie om syriska emigranter i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent times there has been a lot of debate on Syrian refugees who have immigrated to Sweden. The armed conflict in Syria is now in its fourth year. At least 120 000 people have died. The conflict has forced 9 million Syrians to flee and out of them 6.5 million are IDPs.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the integration process of the Syrian immigrants, who have lived in Sweden for at least two years. We wanted to find out how they had experienced their first time in Sweden, how they perceive the support from the Swedish society and the factors that have had an impact on their wellbeing.

    In this essay we have used a qualitative method. Data was collected through interviews which dealt with the integration process based on Syrian immigrants´ perspective. To our interviews, we used an interview guide and we picked out three women and two men between the age 20 to 45 years.

    The theoretical basis was based on Bourdieu's habitus, Olkiewiczs (2008) assimilatory and nostalgic groups and Franzens (1997) constructive and destructive patterns.

    Our results showed that the first time in Sweden was considered as a very difficult period for our informants. This was partly because of the fear of not being offered a Swedish residence permit, in turn this caused feelings of uncertainty in the refugee camps. They told us that the economy has not been a major problem, however, they were unhappy with that lack of consideration about their mental illness after the terrible experiences in their past. Some important aspects of feeling part of the community participant in the community were language skills, knowledge of Swedish culture and access to employment.

    Through our results, we can draw the conclusions that social and political measures must be taken with regard to the integration process. The first thing you should do is to improve immigrants´ access to psychological treatment, since mental illness has had the biggest impact on their integration. At the same time we concluded that our informants need support from the community, in order to facilitate the conditions that they believe will improve their well-being. Successful integration should be built on the interaction between society and the immigrant, in order to be able to adapt to the society, and this is a fundamental condition for promoting the immigrants´ roles in society.

  • 222.
    Aldegren, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Pettersson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Cancer förändrar allt!: Kvinnans upplevelse av bröstcancer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One of ten women in Sweden will at some point in her life get breast cancer. In today's society, more women than ever before suffer from breast cancer, but the chance of survival increases. As a nurse, it is important to have knowledge about the woman's experiences of breast cancer in order to provide as optimal and individualized care possible.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to elucidate how the woman experience the first time with breast cancer.

    Method: A literature-based method is used to bring out the woman´s experiences of getting breast cancer. The results of the studies were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis consists of five steps. The analysis resulted in four themes and twelve subthemes.

    Results: The results showed that the woman are in great need of support, feeling anxiety and fear, experiencing an altered self-image, and that treatment hinders.

    Conclusion: The conclusion showed that regardless of the situation, it was important for the woman that someone always was there for them as support. An important aspect was the need for information to reduce fear and anxiety. Breast cancer affecting the whole of the woman's lives and she strove to reclaim as much as possible of her previous life. This could be difficult because of fatigue and other major changes the woman experienced after the treatments, both physically and mentally.

  • 223.
    Aldegren, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Mäntylä, Nina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Icke-farmakologiska metoder för att lindra postoperativ och procedurrelaterad smärta hos små barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Non-pharmacological methods refer to a variety of methods that does not involve the use of drugs but makes the pain more tolerable and makes the child feel more in control. Children and pain has for long been diminished and not enough research has been conducted to find better methods to relieve the common postoperative and procedural pain among children. There is lacking knowledge among nurses about non-pharmacological methods that relieve pain in children. The child’s experience of health care and nurses can be negative by not relieving there pain.

    Aim:

    The aim was to explore the non-pharmacological methods used to relieve postoperative and procedural pain in children, aged 0-5 years.

    Method:

    A literature review was conducted, based on both qualitative and quantitative research. Eleven studies were analysed, critically reviewed and the results were compiled into five categories.

    Results:

    The five categories were distraction, breastfeeding and breast milk, sensory stimulation, pacifier and sucrose and water. The result shows that some non-pharmacological methods are effective in relieving postoperative and procedural pain. Breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier were most effective on infants. Parental attendances were also important for the children, all ages to make them feel more secure and safe.

    Conclusion:

    The results showed that distraction methods used on children aged 4-5 years, studied in this literary review, were ineffective. The results showed that non-pharmacological methods such as breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier are effective in relieving pain in infants and new-borns

  • 224.
    Aldjamali, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Rekrytering av säljare: Vad är det som efterfrågas hos en säljare?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobile communications industry is growing, several companies are launching new mobiles, and the number of mobile resellers is increasing. The competition in the mobile reseller industry is tough, where service is in focus. In the service that mobile resellers offer their customers, the sellers are in the spotlight, the frontface of the company. Finding good sellers is therefore an important part for mobile resellers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics and core competencies that a recruiter needs from a sales person who works in mobile resale at the store, as well as investigate which recruitment methods are suitable for use in connection with recruitment. The study strives to help new companies in the sales industry increase their chances of being established by recruiting the right sellers. Through six qualitative interviews with in total nine respondants, I have collected empirical evidence that has been compiled and analyzed on the basis of a theoretical reference framework, which includes relevant previous research. Qualifications and core competencies to be sought when recruiting are mainly communication skills, but also motivation and loyalty. Companies need to be clear in their needs, especially among companies with limited financial resources. During the recruitment process, communication between recruiters and candidates plays an important role, and the recruiter should implement recruitment methods in which the recruiter will be able to observe the candidate's communication skills. Both communication and education play an important role in a recruitment process.

  • 225.
    Aleborg Nilsson, Camomilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Vägen in och vägen ut ur misshandel i en nära relation2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är först och främst att försöka beskriva en del av den process en misshandlad kvinna genomgår innan hon kan bryta upp ur ett förhållande präglat av våld, men också för att öka förståelsen för varför det ofta tar tid för en kvinna som lever i ett misshandelsförhållande att lämna mannen. Jag undersöker vilka processer som leder in i och ut ur ett förhållande av detta slag. För att göra detta möjligt valde jag att utgå ifrån en självbiografi, skriven av en kvinna som levt i ett misshandelsförhållande. Den forskning jag funnit om dessa processer handlar dels om de emotionella band som binder kvinnan vid mannen och som gör det så svårt att bryta upp, dels om den långa processen ut ur förhållandet. Det är alltså en form av kvalitativ teoretisk studie där jag delat upp berättelsen i två kapitel; Vägen in och Vägen ut, vilka jag sedan tolkar utifrån en försoningens hermeneutik. För att kunna analysera texten ställde jag olika frågor för att sedan kategorisera avsnitt utifrån de mönster jag kunnat finna. Därefter tolkar jag materialet med hjälp av tidigare forskning och relevanta teorier. De slutsatser jag kommer fram till är att vägen in är en långsam process där mannen till en början är älskvärd för att sedan successivt bryta ner henne, tills våldet blir en del av vardagen. Vägen ut kantas av många knickar och språng innan kvinnan så småningom frigjort sig.

  • 226.
    Alenius, Filippa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "I Can't Help What's Past!": Mourning and Melancholia in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to present Nick's, Gatsby's and Daisy's relations to their pasts, as they have the strongest connections to their previous history. In particular focus will be on what constitutes their losses from a psychoanalytic perspective, and the Freudian framework of mourning and melancholia will be applied. In his work from 1917, Freud claimed that both mourning and melancholia are responses to loss. However, mourning is seen as the healthy and conscious response to loss, whereas melancholia is a pathological and paralyzing response. Therefore, I interpret the novel as an exploration of how the different attitudes towards loss affect the main characters and their relation to the future.

    As this essay will show, both Nick and Daisy display mourning, in contrast to Gatsby who represents the more pathological state of melancholia. This results in Gatsby's unwillingness to let go of the past, and causes his obsession with having it repeated. Nick and Daisy, on the other hand, have an awareness of their losses, which eventually leads to an acceptance and therefore detachment from what they have lost.

    In Chapter One, a few of the critical readings of the novel that are relevant for the essay will be summarized, as well as a deeper explanation of Freud’s framework and his theory regarding mourning and melancholia. An introduction to the Lost Generation will also be provided, together with modernism and the American Dream, as they deepen the understanding for the novel’s historical and societal context and connect with the themes of loss, mourning and melancholia.

  • 227.
    Alenius, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ejerhed, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "De prioriteras inte då de klarar sig själva": En diskursanalys av hur fem lärare talar om särskilt begåvade elever i matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att synliggöra hur lärare i årskurs 4–6 identifierar och beskriver den särskilt begåvande eleven i matematik, samt att se om det går att urskilja olika diskurser kring särskild begåvning i matematik. Vi ämnar också undersöka hur lärare talar om att utforma undervisningen efter en likvärdig utbildning och de särskilt begåvande elevers behov.

    De frågor som ligger till grund för studien är:

    • Vilken bild av den särskilt begåvade eleven framträder i lärarnas samtal?

    • Hur talar lärarna om att synliggöra särskild begåvning i matematik?

    • Hur uppger lärarna att de utformar undervisningen utefter uppdraget om en likvärdig utbildning?

    • Går det att urskilja hur olika diskurser kring särskild begåvning i matematik används, och i sådana fall vilka?

    Analysen är baserad på kvalitativa intervjuer som gjordes med fem legitimerade lärare i matematik. I resultatet framkom att lärarna inte hade en entydig bild av den särskilt begåvade eleven. Beskrivningar varierade och eleverna beskrevs bland annat som duktiga, självgående och högpresterande. Tre av lärare talade om att den särskilt begåvande eleven utmärkte sig i matematiken genom att svårigheter att redovisa svar, i övrig skilde sig svaren åt. Ett par lärare nämnde att elever med särskild begåvning är svåra att tillmötesgå, då de enbart vill arbeta med uppgifter som går fort. En annan lärare understryker deras behov är att bli sedda och rätt bemötta. Begreppet en likvärdig utbildning tyckte majoriteten av lärarna var svårt att definiera. Samtliga uppgav att de anpassar sin undervisning på olika sätt vilket bland annat kan innebära att ge eleverna extra uppgifter eller annat material. Det framkom tre olika diskurser kring särskilt begåvning som vi sammanfattar under rubrikerna "hög prestation", "självständighet" och "svårigheter kring likvärdig utbildning".

    I diskussionsavsnittet diskuteras resultatet utifrån vår teoretiska referensram som är socialkonstruktionism och diskursteori. Resultatet ställs även mot tidigare forskning och våra egna tankar som uppkommit under studien gång lyfts fram.

  • 228.
    Alenius, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ejerhed, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Extramural engelska: en kvalitativ studie i årskurs 42017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka extramurala aktiviteter som elever i årskurs fyra ägnar sig åt, samt skapa en förståelse för deras syn på kunskapen de inhämtar genom engelskundervisningen. Vidare ämnar vi också att undersöka lärarens kunskap kring de extramurala aktiviteterna och skapa förståelse för hur läraren anpassar undervisningen utefter denna aspekt. Vi utgår från följande frågeställningar:

    - I vilka aktiviteter möter eleverna engelska på sin fritid? - Hur ser eleverna på den kunskap de inhämtar genom engelskaundersvisningen?  - På vilka sätt upplever läraren att den extramurala engelskan påverkar elevernas kunskap? - Hur anpassar läraren undervisningen för att ta till vara på den informella aspekten av kunskap om elevernas extramurala engelska?

    Vårt resultat är baserat på kvalitativa intervjuer som gjordes med fyra lärare och tolv elever i årskurs fyra. Resultatet visade att samtliga elever kom i kontakt med engelska på sin fritid, majoriteten av dem kom i kontakt med engelska genom utlandsresor eller kontakt med släkt och vänner som talade engelska. Intresset för engelska varierande bland eleverna, vissa tog tillfället i akt att lära sig engelska när tillfälle gavs, medan andra undvek det. Många av eleverna uppger att de känner ett obehag inför att prata engelska i skolkontext men inte utanför. Orsaken till detta, som de uppgav, var rädsla för att göra fel inför sina klasskompisar och på så sätt skrattas åt. Vissa elever nämner att de tycker att de lär sig svårare ord på fritiden och en mer vardaglig konversation, till skillnad från i skolan där de får lära sig enstaka ord och fraser. Lärarna uppger att de ser effekt av den extramurala engelskan, genom att de elever som ägnar sig åt sådana aktiviteter bland annat har bättre uttal och bredare ordförråd. En negativ effekt som två av lärarna nämner är att de tycker sig kunna se att eleverna har svårigheter med att producera eget material. Samtliga lärare har god insyn i vad deras elever har för intressen, men alla tar inte in den aspekten i undervisningen. I diskussionsavsnittet resonerar vi kring några utvalda delar från vårt resultat, utifrån vår teoretiska referensram. Vi tittar på det utifrån ett barnperspektiv; hur stort inflytande eleverna har i undervisningen, vilket visar sig vara bristande. Ur en sociokulturell teoribildning tar vi bland annat upp den proximala utvecklingszonen, då många elever nämner att de tar hjälp av en förälder eller lärare när de inte förstår. Avslutningsvis diskuterar vi våra egna reflektioner och tankar som har dykt upp hos oss under arbetets gång. Bland annat reflekterar vi över de utmaningar som kan dyka upp när lärare ska integrera extramural engelska i undervisningen.

  • 229.
    Alexandersson, Anders
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    On the principles and future of COM featuring: the random dot stereoimage technology2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 230.
    Alexandersson, Anders
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    RubyComp: a Ruby to CIL compiler2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 231.
    Alexandersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Sundström, Wiveca
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Designförslag på sportflaska2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 232.
    Alexandersson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Broberg, Martina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Butikskommunikation inom modebutiker: En observationsstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stores need to be competitive in the current environment where big shopping centers are emerging and customers are increasingly demanding a better shopping experience. Studies indicate that customer decisions are mainly made during the store visit. This means possibilities for shops to influence the customers buying process during the store visit by use of a suitable in-store communication that influence, reminds and inspires customers. Retailers should therefore be aware of how the store communication looks like and how they should strive to improve it. Retailers should know what effects shop communication has to be able to perform changes in hopes to increase customers shopping experience.

    The study aim to investigate how three stores communicate with customers regarding presentation of the assortment, store layout, colors and lighting. The ambition was also to come up with proposals for changes concerning these components which would hopefully improve the shopping experience in the stores. The study was conducted with a qualitative research approach through observations in the three stores to obtain knowledge of the selected components.

    The result of the study indicated that the stores communicated to customers in similar manners regarding presentation of the assortment, store layout, colors and lighting, but it also differed on certain points. Proposition of changes for two stores were given within the components which hopefully would create a better shopping experience for the customers. Change proposal for shop A and C were given in the components which would hopefully create a better shopping experience for customers when they visit the stores. Change proposal for store A was to review the tight placement of the product range which created tight paths and created difficulties to survey the range and try to create a more open layout in the store. Both for shop A and C a propose was to use a uniform background color due to the stores colorful assortment and that store A could create a better color structure of its range. Store B was considered to have a store communication that lived up to expectations based on the theory, which resulted in that no changes have been specified for this shop.

  • 233.
    Alexandersson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Borg, Solveigh
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att synliggöra de osynliga anhöriga: om anhöriga till psykiskt sjuka2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 234.
    Alexandersson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Drama i förskolan: Att främja språk- och kommunikationsutveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med mitt examensarbete har varit att redogöra för förskollärares uppfattningar och erfarenheter av att använda sig av dramapedagogik i förskolans verksamhet. I studien har jag utgått från det sociokulturella perspektivet, där fokuset ligger på individens och gruppens interaktion med varandra. Med hjälp av perspektivet ges individen även möjligheten till att klargöra tankar, känslor och handlingarna som människan i det sociala samhället sammandrabbas med.

    Studien är en kvalitativ metod där jag har använt mig av fokusgruppsintervjuer. De här fokusgruppsintervjuerna har tillfört ett rikligt insamlat material som jag därefter har analyserat med utgångspunkt från den tidigare forskningen samt med hjälp av Mia Marie Sternudds (2000) fyra dramapedagogiska perspektiv som även de har tillfört en god grund till mitt analysarbete.

    Utifrån analysen har det därefter kommit fram resultat på mina problemformuleringar som studien grundar sig på. Jag har genom resultatet som framkommit fått en djupare förståelse för hur man kan använda sig av drama i förskolans verksamhet, samt hur förskollärare väljer att använda sig av drama för att främja språkutvecklingen. Det framgår även under studiens gång att det krävs både utbildning och mod från förskollärarens sida att agera i samband med drama för att det ska få en så betydande roll som möjligt för dramats utförande i förskolan.

  • 235.
    Alexandersson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vikten att vara en bra boendecoach: En studie om hur personal på HVB-hem arbetar med empowerment och delaktighet för att förbereda ensamkommande ungdomar till ett självständigt liv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har i avsikt att undersöka hur personalen på HVB-hem arbetar för ensamkommande ungdomar och hur personalen förbereder dem för ett självständigt liv, med hjälp av empowerment och delaktighet. För att få en djupare förståelse utifrån personalens perspektiv valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativ metod, där vi gjorde fem semistrukturerade intervjuer av anställda på tre olika HVB-hem. För att analysera empirin utgick vi från Lindgren (2015) analysmetod "the constant comparative method". Resultatet som gestaltas visar på att personal lägger stor vikt vid relationer till ungdomarna, samt att motivationsarbete och delaktighet finns i det mesta som görs. Genom att använda empowerment ökades ungdomarnas självständighet genom motivation och stöd. Dessutom med hjälp av delaktighet som verktyg kunde man få ungdomarna bli aktiva och på så vis bli mer självständiga i vardagliga arbetssysslor. Vi drog slutsats om att genom delaktighet fick man empowerment och vice versa. I resultatet kunde vi även se att personalen fungerade som en pålitlig och trygg vuxen i ungdomarnas närhet. Vi fann dessutom ett samband mellan självkänsla och självständighet, kunde ungdomen öka sin självkänsla ökades även deras självständighet.

  • 236.
    Alexandersson, Patrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sundberg, Lars
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    TrueCIV: a strategy game/simulator with a human ecological touch2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 237.
    Alexandersson, Paula
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carrvik, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighet och medarbetarskap2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to find correlations between personality traits, experienced employee empowerment and job satisfaction. Employee empowerment means the sense of meaning, competence, self-determination and impact. The study examined if there was a gap between experienced and desired empowerment and if this gap could be explained by personality. The study also examined if this gap had a connection to satisfaction. The questionnaire was carried out at the Swedish Maritime Administration. To measure different personalities, the personality scale mini-IPIP6 was used and in order to measure experienced and desired empowerment, the Spreitzer’s Empowerment Scale was used. The results showed that the personality trait neuroticism correlated negatively with experienced employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. Extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness correlated positively with perceived employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. The results confirm previous research done with the well-established theory of the "Big Five, while employee empowerment is a rather new concept.

  • 238.
    Alfredsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Detta är en hård nöt att knäcka": Sexualupplysning till nyanlända ungdomar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explore more closely how different organizations in society work and do their business to learn about sex and social information for newly arrived young people. In the study, the participants' own stories will provide an insight into how it may appear to work with sex and social information for newly arrived young people. These organizations work to provide sex education to newly arrived young people in diverse ways, which made it interesting to rigorously compare the organizations work methods with each other and then highlight the forces in the diverse ways of working. The purpose of this study is to investigate how some organizations in society work with sex and social information aimed at newly arrived young people. Furthermore, an aim is to investigate these organizations own perceptions of this work and look at similarities and differences in their way of working. In this qualitative study, interviews have been chosen as data collection methods. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze data for this study. The main result of the study was presented in the form of "Change". The theme Change shows the informants' desire for change in both working methods and perceptions. The theme consists of two domains. The first domain is "Way of working" and represents how the different organizations look at the work, and what are the shortcomings. For example, more resources and continuity at work are needed, and generally how the work on sex and cohabitation information looks. Under the domain of Work, there are four categories "more resources", "continuity", "grouping" and "participation and interaction". The second domain is "Knowledge Situation and Needs", which represent the actors' perceptions of how the knowledge situation among the youths. Under the Knowledge and Requirements domain, there are two categories, "ignorance" and "attitudes". In these categories, the group's attitudes towards sexual and social information and the meetings with the organizations, as well as the attitudes of the activities, are emphasized. An illumination of the lack of knowledge of the group is in the category of ignorance, deviant ignorance compared to young people in general. In conclusion, it is generally necessary to add more resources and the theme 'Change' summarizes the whole of how the organizations work with sex and social information or how they want to work with it. More resources should be invested in the field and they need to work continuously with this area for a lengthy period. A common picture and perception was established regarding that more involvement and cooperation between organizations. The organizations consider that diverse ways of grouping at the meeting with young people are needed and constructive work with the attitudes of young people and the ignorance that the organizations consider is associated with sex and cohabitation among young people.

  • 239.
    Alfredsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Olsson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kroppsspråk, skrämselretorik och retoriska argument: En observationsstudie av den retorik lärare använder sig av i grundskolans tidigare år2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Vi har valt detta ämnesområde då vi under våra verksamhetsförlagda utbildningsperioder iakttagit att de lärare vi följt använt sig av olika retoriska tillvägagångssätt i sin undervisning. Vi vill därför studera hur det ser ut i grundskolans tidigare år mer generellt, vilka olika retoriska tillvägagångssätt lärare använder sig av. När vi började läsa in oss på ämnet retorik fick vi tidigt upp intresset för de tre retoriska argumentationssätten; logos, ethos och pathos. Att det dessutom saknas mycket forskning om hur lärares retorik bidrar till undervisningsområdet har gjort att uppgiften att berika detta fält blir alltmer angeläget.

    Syfte:

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka vilken retorik lärare använder sig av i grundskolans tidigare år. Med grundskolans tidigare år avser vi förskoleklass upp till årskurs 5. Retorik kan vara alltifrån hållning och gester till användandet av retoriska argumentationssätt.

    Metod:

    Vi har valt att använda oss av observationer i vår studie eftersom detta tillvägagångssätt ger oss möjlighet att studera tyst kunskap, till exempel i form av kroppsspråk och gester. Vi har observerat tio stycken olika lärare i deras elevgrupper. Vi presenterar resultat och analys av sex stycken av dessa.

    Resultat:

    Vi har kommit fram till att retorik är en stor bidragande faktor i hur väl lärare lyckas fånga sina elevers engagemang och intresse i undervisningssituationer. Med hjälp av goda retoriska verktyg kan läraren ge elever möjlighet till ett bättre lärande. Majoriteten av de lärare vi observerade använde sig av ett tydligt kroppsspråk och flertalet gester i sin undervisning. Det argumentationssätt som var mest frekvent förekommande var logos. Ethos förekom inte lika frekvent som logos gjorde och pathos användes endast av ett fåtal lärare vid sporadiska tillfällen. Vid de tillfällen när dessa tre argumentationssätt användes var eleverna engagerade i undervisningen genom att ställa frågor samtidigt som ljudnivån i gruppen var svag. Vi har även kommit fram till att skrämselretorik påverkar undervisningen negativt då den hämmar elevernas initiativförmåga till att delta aktivt i undervisningen

  • 240.
    Alfredsson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kjell, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nilsson, Michael
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Pedagogers uppfattningar och bemötanden av barn som inte leker i den fria leken2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Deltagandet i den fria leken är ytterst viktigt för barn. Det är där de tränar sina sociala färdigheter tillsammans med andra. Genom leken lär barnen känna sig själva och sin omvärld. För att fungera i dagens samhälle krävs det en god social förmåga då vi i allt större utsträckning jobbar och lever nära varandra. Skolan har ett lika stort ansvar att uppnå både de sociala- och kunskapsmässiga målen. I de flesta verksamheter inom skolan möter man barn som inte kan leka. Dessa barn är ytterst beroende av att pedagoger fångar upp deras oförmåga till lek, bemöter och hjälper dem till det sociala samspel de behöver. Syfte: Att belysa pedagogers bemötanden och uppfattningar av barn som inte leker under den fria leken. Metod: För att nå vårt syfte med studien valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som metod. Materialet består av nio kvalitativa intervjuer med pedagoger i skolan. Allt insamlat material har kategoriserats, bearbetats och analyserats. Resultat: Vår slutsats är att pedagogernas uppfattningar av barn som inte leker är likartade. De har beskrivit barnen som inte leker på ett liknande sätt i deras olika beteendemönster utanför leken. Pedagogernas bemötande av dessa barn är också av samma karaktär. Dock skiljer det sig på hur bemötandet sker. En del väljer att lägga fokus på att observera, andra att delta aktivt i leken och vissa väljer båda arbetsmetoderna.

  • 241.
    Alfredsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att leva med ett barn med självskadebeteende: en litteraturbaserad studie med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberate self-harm are a growing problem among young people in Sweden. It's not only the child that suffers from the behaviour, even the whole family. Parent´s need the right support from the healthcare staff for their own wellbeing, but also to be able to give good support for their child. Par-ent´s experiences are of importance for the nurse in the healthcare of the child and their families. The aim of this study was to describe parent´s experiences of living with a child with a deliberate self-harm behavior. In this literature study ten qualitative articles were analyzed using the method of Friberg (2012). Eight articles were found by a systematic search and two articles were found in an unsystematic search. This study showed four main themes and ten subthemes. Main themes were parent´s experience of support, parent´s experience of different feelings, parent´s experience of fam-ily relations and parent´s experience of parenting. Subthemes were to experience lack of support from healthcare staff, to need support from the environment, to feel guilt and shame, to feel concern and fear, to experience chock, to communicate with their child, to experience a different relation-ship in the family, to maintain trust in the relationship between parent and child, wanting to protect their child, to feel unsecure in their parenting. Conclusion were that parent´s need better support from the healthcare staff and from others in their environment. Nurses need more knowledge about parent´s experiences to be able to understand their needs and to be able to support them.

  • 242.
    Alfredsson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Framtagning av kravspecifikation och affärsmodell för fjärrdiagnostisering av lyftlösning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In collaboration with Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB, a product development project has been carried out at the University West in Trollhättan. Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB manufactures and develops lifting solutions for loads up to 300 kg and is an affiliate of the Binary Group, where operations are conducted in two primary areas: Industrial Solutions and First Responder Technology.

    The vision for most companies is to develop and given the current trend of the Internet of Things, Binar wanted to see how a wireless communication solution can integrate with the company's existing lifting solutions. The goal of this mission was to establish a requirement specification and a business model for wireless diagnostics of their lifting solution, based on customer needs and the company's basic requirements.

    The introduction of the project consisted of a preliminary study which included information gathering and interviews with stakeholders and experts. A market investigation was performed in parallel with the interviews where a function and competitor analysis were conducted to obtain relevant customer data as well as an understanding of the market. The requirement specification was established using collected information in the preliminary study and the business model was generated from the preliminary study as well as the customer and base requirements.

    The result was a requirement specification with mainly subjective requirements as well as a business model with a basic contract offer for the sale of the wireless solution.

  • 243.
    Alfredsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hushållens konsumtion: En kvantitativ studie om makroekonomiska faktorer som påverkar hushållens konsumtion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of Swedish households represents two-thirds of Sweden's total GDPgrowth and can therefore be seen as the engine in the Swedish economy. Changes in consumption can therefore be of great importance to the country's economy and are important to analyze. The purpose of this study is to analyze how macroeconomic variables affect the consumption of Swedish households. The macroeconomic variables that will be investigated are: disposable income, inflation, interest rate, and wealth, consisting of financial and real assets. In order to facilitate understanding of the consumption behavior households, the most well-known consumption theories will form the basis of the study, which are: Keynes Consumption Theory, Life Cycle Hypothesis and the Permanent Income Hypothesis. A quantitative study is performed which means that the relationship between selected variables will be examined by the time period from 1986 to 2017 by an econometric model. Based on previous research and collected data sets, an Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ADL). The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between changes in consumption and changes in the explanatory variables disposable income, inflation and housing wealth. The impact of the the variables on consumption over time is very difficult to identify because of lack of significance in the time lags.

  • 244.
    Alfredsson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Jesper
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Flerdimensionell styrning inom offentlig sektor: Effekter på chefers motivation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One method to ease the implementation of strategy and improve performance which has come to grow strong in the public sector is contemporary performance measurement systems (CPM). CPM is a system which comprises the use of financial as well as nonfinancial performance measures. To have a motivating effect according to earlier studies CPM have to be in line with the basic targets of the organization, and the managers should have the possibility to affect the performance measures. performance measures also have to be challenging but still accessible. Earlier studies also indicate that performance measures which is linked to meaningful rewards, and a strong cause and effect relation between the financial and non-financial performance measures has a motivating effect. This study aims to examine how CPM affects managers motivation in the public sector. To do so a number of interviews has been held with managers in the public sector. The results of the study indicate that CPM has the possibility to increase managers motivation, and this could be connected to several factors. One factor which has the possibility to increase motivation is if the performance measures is connected to meaningful rewards. The results also indicate that CPM isn’t necessary to make the managers feel motivated cause they already have a sort of basic motivation, but CPM could contribute to increase motivation further. The reason for this motivation is that they get a confirmation of how good their performances are, and they get clear signals of what is expected of them. PM within a CPM could also motivate the managers to act in a way that is not always optimal for the organization. The competition in the municipal organizations can encourage manipulation of performance measures to get better results than competing organizations. Within the public sector there is also a risk that CPM motivates the managers to focus on performances which is measured, while performances which is not measured gets out of priority. 

  • 245.
    Algenaid, Wael
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Erosion behaviour of suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are applied on the surface of hot parts of gas turbine engines to increase the turbine efficiency by providing thermal insulation and also to protect the engine parts from the harsh environment. To maximize these benefits, the TBC must remain intact to the underlying metallic gas turbine components through the life of the gas turbine engines. Typical degradation of TBCs can be attributed to bond coat oxidation, thermal stress etc. In addition to this, erosion can also lead to partial or complete removal of the TBCs especially when the engine operates under erosive environment such as flying over desert area, near active volcanic or offshore ocean environment. Therefore, erosion is also acknowl-edged as a significant life-limiting factor for TBCs. Suspension plasma spray (SPS) is a rela-tively new technique capable of producing coatings with lamellar/vertically cracked and co-lumnar microstructures. Moreover, SPS is a cheaper process compared with Electron Beam Physical Vapor Deposition (EB-PVD) which is a well-known commercial technique to produce columnar TBCs. This work aims to study the effect of microstructure produced by SPS on the erosion performance of TBCs. Six different suspensions of 8 wt. % Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) ceramic powder with distinct suspension characteristics such as solid load, solvent type and particle size distribution were used to spray six different TBCs using an identical bond coat and substrate. The as-sprayed TBCs were subjected to an air jet erosion test at room temperature, and their erosion resistance was compared. It was found that the total porosity content in the coating was the most predominant factor influencing the erosion performance of the coatings. Moreover, vertically cracked coatings resulted in low total po-rosity which in turn lead to high erosion resistance. This result was also supported by one of the columnar coatings which had the lowest porosity and highest erosion resistance as com-pared to other columnar coatings. Therefore, it is recommended to produce a columnar coating with lower porosity content for SPS TBCs.

  • 246.
    Algers, Anne
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Skara, Sweden.
    Lindström, Berner
    University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-based learning through negotiated projects: Exploring learning at the boundary2016In: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 2-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    More collaborative and open learning models are suggested as part of the paradigm shift in the way knowledge is produced, distributed and used. This paper aims to explore a work-based learning model, based on systemic negotiations between actors from the three parties: The academy, the industry and the students. The purpose is to investigate how teachers, supervisors and students value negotiated work-based learning as a boundary activity and to enhance the understanding of the learning potential at the boundary.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Activity theory is used as a lens to analyse the results from a survey to the three stakeholder groups and interviews of students. The four learning mechanisms are used to explore learning at the boundary between the two activity systems.

    Findings

    Diversity and mobility in education and work addressed by the notion of boundary crossing are associated with both challenges and a learning potential. There is a constant dynamic between structure and agency, where structure, the negotiated model, influence the individual agency. When gradually removing scaffolding students can as boundary crossers engage behaviourally, emotionally, and cognitively and have agency to handle contradictions at a local level. However, they did not seem to prioritize both systems equally but instead they were gradually socialised into the activity system of the industry.

    Originality/value

    When work-based learning is framed by a negotiated partnership it can manage and customize inherent conflicts of interest and enhance individual learning opportunities at the boundary and can be conceptualized as an open learning practice.

  • 247.
    Algotsson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bodin, Maja
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vård med fokus att lindra: En litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser i palliativ vård.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to World Health Organization is palliative care a human right. The focus of palliative care is relieving suffering and having quality of life as the main goal. The nurse's role is to enable symptom control, to be a support for the patient and close relatives, as well as contributing to a good and worthy death. Although death is a part of life, strong feelings arise about death and the dying. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurse experiences of palliative care. Method: The method used was a literature study based on international qualitative research. Eleven articles were analyzed and resulted in four main themes and nine sub-themes. Results: The findings were four main themes; the profession, relationships, work environment and feelings as well as nine sub themes; experiences and knowledges, the patient, relatives, stress, support from colleagues, lack of support from colleagues, grief and impotency, satisfaction and mental strain. Conclusion: The nurse’s experience of palliative care is individual and varies depending on, experience, interaction with colleagues and self-perception regarding individual values and existential questions.

  • 248.
    Algotsson Wiklund, Åza
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Strinne, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nio pedagogers uppfattningar av samlingen som fenomen2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Att barn lär sig i samspel med andra barn är något som ett flertal teoretiker påtalat i sina studier i flera år. Det sociala samspelet tillför mycket i barns utveckling, de tränar sig på att samarbeta samt att lära sig förstå andras behov och önskemål. I en samling lär sig barnen enligt Rubenstein Reich (1996) även att träna den språkliga medvetenheten, vilket de kan göra genom sånger och lekar. Vårt urval av relevant litteratur med fokus mot förskolans samling som fenomen, har varit ett underlag och viktig ram i vår undersökning. Detta har gett oss en djupare förståelse för vårt empiriska material när vi bearbetat vår analys och resultat.

    Syfte

    Syftet med vår undersökning är att vi vill studera pedagogers uppfattning av samlingen som ett pedagogiskt verktyg.

    Metod

    Vårt empiriska material består av kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio förskollärare på tre olika verksamheter i en mellanstor kommun i Västra Götaland.

    Resultat

    Vi har utifrån våra semistrukturerade intervjuer kategoriserat fyra kategorier. Dessa kom att bli

    miljö och organisation, pedagogens uppfattningar av samlingen som begrepp, samling som lärsituation och barnens involvering i planering och genomförande av samlingen. Det framgår i studien att de intervjuade pedagogerna var överens om att samlingen har förändrats över tid. Från att ha varit en så kallad "traditionell" planerad samling, till att de nu "fångar lärandet i stunden".

    Genom vår analys och sammanfattning kunde vi urskilja ett mönster där det framgick att ett flertal pedagoger hade en uppfattning av att de var styrda av bland annat läroplanen, men att de ändå kände en frihet till att planera sina samlingar som de önskade. En annan uppfattning som framkom från några av pedagogerna var att samlingarna på förskolan sågs som en förberedande inskolning till skolverksamheten.

  • 249.
    Algsten, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Agardius, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Här knackar vi inte längre: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö på Kronan skola2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel have reacted in regard to their mental, physical, and social working environments one year after the Kronan School attack in Trollhättan. The study's results are based on semi-structured interviews with five staff members. The qualitative method of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (I.P.A) has been used to analyse the material. The results show which factors the staff members have considered to be the reasons for their recovery and setbacks when returning to work after the event. Five comprehensive themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. The comprehensive themes are based on the interviewees' experiences of social support, security, the lost meeting place, social strains, and mental processing. The results present how important the component's safety, security, and social support has been for the interviewees' processing of the traumatic event, as well as their return to work. The conclusion emphasises the interviewees' experience in a workgroup, where solidarity has developed and strengthened after experiencing crisis.

  • 250.
    Alhabashneh, Mohammad Abad Alhameed
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Project and team handler (PTH)2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is always a need for easy-to-follow processes that enable accurate and non-time consuming solutions. Nowadays we see a lot of different approaches to development processes in software engineering. This project is concerned with how to manage a software development process in a reliable, secure and efficient way. Software is available which provides some help for project managers / administrators to work more productively, with effective communication. Using such systems, it is possible to keep track of all the phases of development, including task distribution, making maximum use of previous hands-on experience and increasing productivity, to deliver a finished product in minimum time. No existing solution, however, fulfills all the desirable criteria. This paper describes the motivation, design and implementation of an improved development management system using Active Server Pages and Microsoft Internet Information Services with a backend Microsoft Access Database developed using a waterfall software development process. The resulting system is described and evaluated. This system will be beneficial for software houses, because they can communicate on the web, allowing efficiency gains by avoiding the need to call meetings for distribution of tasks among employees, with the additional advantage of location-transparent team management through the Internet.

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