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  • 1951.
    Sveitz, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Den co-coachande arbetsplatsen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is common to use a method called co-coaching between leaders and managers to exchange experience. The standard hierarchy at a workplace is that the leader/manager has the main responsibility for coaching the staff. What happens if co-coaching is used at employee level to exchange experience, discuss current problems or upcoming changes? The question above was the base of the study. However, it has been difficult to find similar studies with this particular research question, to carry out co-coaching on the employee level. This paper examines co-coaching further between colleagues by examining the descriptions of co-coaching at an early stage and how this co-coaching affected the participant's ability to act in the workplace after they tried to coach each other during four weeks.

    The essay is based on a qualitative method where empirical data were collected by interviews with six operational leaders working at a large organization in Gothenburg. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed from an interpretive thematic content analysis of key coding. The study uses a theoretical framework of empowerment in social theory and social support as well as previous studies done on the subject co-coaching.

    The result of the study showed that those who participated in general feel positive about co-coaching but have concern about the amount of time spent on this. Based on the participant's descriptions, the co-coaching method is perceived as empowering for the employees. The topics covered in the discussion of this study are; the relationship is important, experience exchange, it is time consuming and new understanding into action.

  • 1952.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Attitudes to Information Technology Among Healthcare Professions, 20092009In: 17th European Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Newell, S, Whitley, E A, Pouloudi, N, Wareham, J, Mathiassen, L, 2009, p. 2541-2554Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to explore attitudes towards IT among various categories of health care staff; health care professions. We will identify problem areas that may be the reasons for why different attitudes among different professions at a healthcare organisation exist, and subsequently we will analyse how this may have impact on how to understand and use IT. The research question is: What factors may explain differences regarding attitudes to IT among different professions in a health care organisation? The paper reports from a particular study of the “NU” healthcare organisation in west Sweden. The results reveal two main problem areas: the infrastructural and the socio-organisational, which are discussed as analytical implications for bridging the gaps between different professions in health care organisations.

  • 1953.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Challenges in Using IT Systems for Collaboration in Healthcare Services2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id E1773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Frail elderly people refer to multi-diseased and vulnerable patients in need of medication and healthcare. These patients require healthcare from several different healthcare organizations, including hospital care, primary care, and municipal care services. This situation is challenging the capacity of healthcare organizations to manage inter-professional collaboration for person-centered care. This paper aims to identify challenges associated with collaboration between different healthcare organizations, related to the use of IT systems in the daily work practice. The paper was based on a qualitative study, which included three focus group interviews, each lasting for two hours. Each focus group consisted of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist, and a family member representative. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis. Challenges identified in the study include insufficient information exchange, inconsistencies in communication, differences in the use of IT systems, and deficient coordination. The work processes that aim to promote collaboration between different healthcare organizations need to be better organized, and the use of IT systems needs to be better aligned.

  • 1954.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Frisk, Erik
    Linkoping University, University of Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Björn
    Lund University.
    Larsson, Lena G.
    University of Gothenburg, University of Michigan, Narhalsan Res & Dev Primary Hlth Care, Dev & Educ Ctr Fyrbodal, Linnaeus University.
    Svenningsson, I.
    Fargelanda Primary Care.
    How collaborative practice research can improve human betterment2018In: 12TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED), Valencia, Spain: IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION & DEVELOPMENT , 2018, p. 3942-3945Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An aging population, lack of competence and digitalization places new high demands on Swedish welfare. This situation will challenge the traditional management of the primary healthcare. In order to enable a person-oriented healthcare the primary healthcare realizes that it needs to enable managers to work more interactive. To deal with this the health care center in the Fargelanda municipality has started to make the management more interactive, in order to create continuous and better feedback, both from the healthcare professionals, the caretakers, and other actors within the healthcare. This initiative is supposed to contribute to a better communication between different actors, in order to increase older people’s life quality, according to their physical and psychological health as well as a meaningful everyday life. The purpose of the paper is to present some guidelines for how to design collaboration between healthcare and academia in order to be able to in the future design an interactive management in which developed information technology related products assist the healthcare to increase life quality for elderly people. This action research project will then contribute in designing a patient-centered health care for the population in a municipality, when the project is knitting together the different actors related to supporting the people’s health.

  • 1955.
    Svensson, Ann-Charlott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Söder, Therese
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vårda vårdarna: vilka strategier har sjuksköterskor för att hantera traumatiska situationer på arbetet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses often encounter traumatic events at work, but how do they handle and process the feelings that comes with that? And do they have the time to cope with the feelings afterwards?

    Aim: To highlight nurses' experiences of dealing with traumatic care situations.

    Method: A literature-based study with the analysis of qualitative research. Results: Three themes emerged from the results. Sense of belonging, keeping a distance and experience provides development. Sense of belonging shows that the feeling of being part of a team and being able to share emotions helps the nurses to deal and cope with traumatic situations. Keeping a distance shows that the nurses sometimes feel the need to keep their feelings on a distance to be able to deal with traumatic situations. Experience provides development shows that time and experience gives the nurses confidence and resistance which make it easier for them to deal with traumatic situations.

    Conclusion: The team makes a big difference in how the nurse will be able to deal with and process the feelings after encountering a traumatic situation at work. The number of traumatic experiences also played a role in how the nurses were able to deal with and process their feelings. With the experiences came the resistance which was good in the process of dealing with traumatic situations.

  • 1956.
    Svensson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ett livslångt pussel: Unga människors upplevelse av livskvalité med typ 1 diabetes2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 1 diabetes is a serious non-communicable disease affecting young people worldwide. To be diagnosed is a transformational experience that requires great adaptability and constant attention from the person affected and involves family and friends.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of quality of life regarding young people with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: The method performed was a literature based study based on qualitative research. a literature review. This study's results include eight qualitative articles analyzed according to Friberg’s review template. The analysis resulted in three head themes with five subthemes.

    Result: The study’s results gave three main themes: A constant struggle, support and environmental influences, and the desire for a normal life. The main themes gave four sub-themes: to take control of the disease, to become independent, relationship with parents and relationship with friends. The result showed that it was important for young people with diabetes to feel affiliation and to have support from friends, family and caregivers. It was common for young people with diabetes to feel different and sometimes want to hide the disease. Although the disease sometimes felt difficult to deal with, many young people wanted to turn their diabetes into something positive. Good self-care and independence promoted health and wellbeing which increased the perceived quality of life.

    Conclusion: Young people with diabetes felt that the disease sometimes restricted the everyday life and the risk of lowering the quality of life. To connect with like-minded people and support from family and friends was important. Although the disease sometimes felt difficult to deal with, many young people wanted to turn their diabetes to something positive. Awareness of young people’s perception of the quality of life in relation to the diabetes enables good person-centered care. Therefore, the nurse ought to see every young person with diabetes as a unique person and apply person-centered care.

  • 1957.
    Svensson, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Nilsson, Emma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Kvinnors kroppsuppfattning i samband med bröstcancerbehandling: En litteraturstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background                     

    There are different types of treatments for breast cancer, and these may be of surgical and non-surgical art. These treatments produce different side effects that can cause both physical and mental harm to the woman. The breast cancer can change the women's body image and relationships to their families. The women manage their lives in different ways depending on which culture they belong to.

    Aim                                   

    The aim of the study was to elucidate women’s experience of her body and the altered body in relation to breast cancer treatment.

    Method                             

    The method used was a literature review based on scientifically articles to overview the field of breast cancer. For the systematic and unsystematic search nine articles were found and used to present the results.

    Results                              

    The result was based on analyzes of the nine articles and three main themes revealed: To take control, To change and To meet the cultural ideal.

    Conclusion                        

    Women with breast cancer often experience hair loss as the most difficult part of the treatment. It’s therefore important that the women is prepared to what is going to happen for being able to handle the new situation. By preparing in different ways women handle their situation easier. It’s important for the women to feel normal and maintain their identity and role in the family. 

  • 1958.
    Svensson, Clary
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Att fånga stunden i mötet med den äldre i hemsjukvården: sjuksköterskans upplevelse2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskan i hemsjukvården har hög arbetsbelastning i förhållande till tid och antal patienter. Vilka förmågor hos henne upplevs skapa förutsättningar för att "fånga stunden" med den äldre trots att mötena många gånger är korta?Syfte: Att tolka och förstå sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att fånga stunden i mötet med den äldre i hemsjukvården.Metod: Hermeneutisk tolkning av intervjuer med sju sjuksköterskor.Resultat: Tre huvudteman framkom vilka var "att bjuda in", "att vara närvarande" och "att bygga broar". "Att bjuda in" innefattade " att förmedla trygghet", " att förmedla förtroende och våga vara nära" och " att vara ödmjuk, lyhörd och tillgänglig". "Att vara närvarande" innefattade " att vara här och nu och lägga allt annat åt sidan", " att känna av, ha tålamod och ta sig tid". "Att bygga broar" innefattade " att skapa harmoni och inte pressa på", " att ha fantasi" och " att ha ett genuint intresse och våga vara uppriktig".Slutsats: Utifrån sjuksköterskans erfarenhet, kunskap och professionalitet möjliggjordes att bjuda in i mötet och skapa en ömsesidig relation. Förmåga att skapa närhet, visa ömhet och vara tillgänglig var då viktigt. Att ta sig tid, hantera stress, ha tålamod och förmedla en gemenskap skapade förutsättningar för samhörighet och förståelse genom att vara närvarande. Att skapa harmoni, våga ha roligt och inte pressa på var ett förhållningssätt som skapade förutsättningar för att bygga broar. Genuint intresse för den äldre och dennes situation och sjuksköterskans förmåga att förmedla sin inre kallelse och glädje ökade möjligheterna till känsla av närvaro i mötet.

  • 1959.
    Svensson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Ida Linn
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    BVC sjuksköterskans erfarenheter kring föräldrastöd gällande barns sömnproblematik2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sleep problems among children is a common problem that the child health care nurse (CHCN) confronts. Parents of children aged 1-6 years with sleep-related issues ask the CHCN for advice. The CHCN is the one who provides parental support and ensures children's health. A fundamental part of caring for children who struggle with sleeping is to educate the parents.

    The theoretical frame of reference for this study is Kate Eriksson's health theory books and articles. The aim of the study was to describe the CHCN's experiences with parental support regarding children's sleep issues from one to six years of age.

    The method was a qualitative inductive content analysis based on interviews with nine CHCN nurses. The result showed that the CHCN nurse's function was to increase the parents' knowledge of routines and guidelines in handling the situation. The descriptive category, "Strengthening parents with strategies to cope with their new life situation," describes how CHCN's can simplify the surrounding factors around sleep issues and assess the parents' individual needs for support. The category "Advising and assisting parents to ensure the family's needs," describes the importance of routines, as well as preventive conversations and advice needs of the family. The category "Sleep deprivation is a complex problem which rarely has a simple solution," describes the CHCN's experiences and observations on working with sleep problems, parental support works to gain knowledge and information about children's sleep issues. It is important to tailor the help to the parents' individual needs, and to recognize that all parents are different and can see problems differently. Finally, it's about being there as a support, helping parents establish more structured daily routines.

  • 1960.
    Svensson, Hannah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Westberg, Carolina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Aspekter som påverkar bemötandet av personer med alkoholmissbruk inom vården: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Alcohol abuse in Sweden has increased the past 20 years. Many patients who are seeking care experiences that they are being treated with closed-minded attitudes. Lack of knowledge in nursing care lead to patients feeling stigmatized. Alcohol abuse and mental illness is often occurred together and that's why more knowledge in this area is required.

    Aim:

    The purpose of this study is to describe which aspects that influences how people with alcohol abuse are treated in health care.

    Method:

    A literature review were used to analyze nine articles, four qualitative and five quantitative articles.

    Results:

    Three themes were created during the analyze. The first theme is educated and experienced staff promotes the patient's experience of care. The second theme is the importance of the relationship. The third theme is prejudices that lead to deficiencies in the treatment. The themes are presented as headlines in the result.

    Conclusion:

    The study reveals that persons with alcohol abuse and mental illness wanted to be treated with a professional attitude towards their problem. They also wanted a good relationship with the staff in health care

  • 1961.
    Swan, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Näslund, Lisa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hjälp och stöd vid hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: Erfarenheter från utsatta kvinnor och verksamheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Honour-related violence and oppression is a problem which can imply mental and physical suffering for the victims and in the worst cases death. Honour can be held as an individual and wants to be preserved as it's seen as a social capital and this is done by following rules. To control if the rules are followed, control or violence is exercised. A consequence of honour-related violence and oppression could affect the mental health and therefore young girls and women seek help from others than the family.

    Aim: Describe girls', young women's and the public sector experiences of support in honour-related violence and oppression.

    Method: A literature study was done with searches through the databases CINAHL and PsycINFO. It resulted in three interview studies with a qualitative approach. The studies were analyzed with a three step model. Result: Two main categories were designed, Supporting activities and The face of vulnerability. Six subcategories are described, Working methods and protection, The staff's dilemma, Trust, The family's oppression and impact, Rescue or loss and Life after. The result showed that professionals were insecure about which help was the best. Confidentiality and trust were important factors for the victims who stood between two choices, freedom or a life without their family.

    Conclusion: The victims had in common that they were worried about the broken rules against their family's honour. The professionals judged how serious the consequences could be and acted from there. The study can contribute to illustrate the function and how well different support efforts work and what should be developed in the process to fight repression.

  • 1962.
    Säfström, Alice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Englund, Ida
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att ta del av det svenska som asylsökande: En kvalitativ studie om vuxna asylsökande och volontärers perspektiv på språkinlärning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the winds of change are blowing, and the world becomes a more global arena, the population in countries all over the world are changing. Immigration is becoming a common phenomenon all over the world and Sweden is not an exception. What are the challenges that these immigrants faces in their new country with regard to language and being a part of the community? In this study we have examined this through observations and interviews with adult asylum seekers and volunteers in a aid organisation located in the west of Sweden. This organisation operates a language café where asylum seekers and other immigrants are given a chance to learn Swedish through conversation and interaction with Swedish volunteers and other immigrants. The essence of our empiricism was that the asylum seekers learned through social interaction with swedes, and one of the most important conditions for learning is a place where such a kind of social exchange may happen. There are many different factors that affects how well immigrants will be included in society, this study have come to the conclusion that language is one of the most important. To be able to live and be a part of society it demands that you can communicate with other humans in everyday life, in school and at your worksite.

  • 1963.
    Sätterman, Kristoffer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Molin, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Patienters delaktighet i den rättspsykiatriska vården: Ur ett personalperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1995, a psychiatric reform took place in Sweden which accorded to The National Board of Health and Welfare emerged to improve patient participation, improve care and social support for humans with psychiatric illnesses. When the final report came in 1999 some improvements had been done, such as the possibilities to move to a permanent home after being discharged from a psychiatric ward and a better collaboration between social services and psychiatry. Although it was clear that there was still work to do. Through person centered care the individual gets listen to and gets a saying in their own care so alignment and patient participation can be formed. The aim of the study is to describe the caring staffs' experiences working with patient participation in forensic psychiatric care. The method used in the study was a qualitative research method and six informants were interviewed about their experiences regarding patient participation in forensic psychiatric care. The data analysis was conducted by means of a content analysis. The result revealed two categories. The first called Care relations significance for patient participation had two subcategories, A sense of us and Present personnel. The second category was called Care contents effect on patient participation and had three subcategories, Common goals, The teams' role and Purposive caring. It became evident that more research regarding patient participation needs to be done.

  • 1964.
    Sävland, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wennerholm, Bella
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att tillfriskna från Bulimia Nervosa: vilka faktorer underlättar?2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1965.
    Söder, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Widén, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att överleva sitt barn: En litteraturöversikt om att vara förälder till ett barn som vårdas i ett palliativt skede i hemmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care is used when a disease or injury no longer can be cured. In this final stage it focuses on symptom relief and relieve suffering for the patient. Parents with a sick child with palliative care suffer in different ways and experience the situation differently. When parents experience the situation differently it is important that nurses get an understanding of the parent’s experiences in order to respond to them in the best way. Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight parent’s experiences of having a child with palliative homecare. Method: A literature overview was used as method. Five and a half qualitative articles and three and a half quantitative articles were analyzed. After the analysis it resulted in three main themes and seven sub themes. Results: The main themes of the study were: ”To experience family balance in connection with home care”, ”to experience increased parental responsibility” and ”parents needs of support”. Knowledge, communication and support were fundamental to give the child the best care for their needs but also for a good cooperation between parents and healthcare staff. Conclusion: It was found that parents experienced family balance in connection with home care. They got more time and energy to spend with the whole family which led to better relationships with relatives and friends. The parents felt that they needed support from health care professionals and realtives and communication was one important factor to ensure that the support was as good as possible.

  • 1966.
    Söderberg, Inger
    et al.
    Kungälvs Sjukhus.
    Trevena, Ingela
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus.
    Fridolfsson, Agneta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Transitioner under sjukdomstiden: Sjuksköterskans stödjande funktion för patienter med cancer2006In: Theoria: journal of nursing theory, ISSN 1400-8033, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 16-24Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1967.
    Söderberg, Jacob
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Andersson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Nyanställda sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hot och våld i psykiatrisk slutenvård2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Nurses in psychiatric care have a particularly high risk of being exposed to threats and violence. It is difficult to get an accurate picture of how large the incidence of threats and violence is, as there is probably a large number that goes unreported. One reason may be that threats and violence can be considered part of the job. Workplace-related threats and violence can lead to mental and physical symptoms. Young and inexperienced staff have shown to have a higher risk of being exposed to threats and violence than older and more experienced staff.

    Aim To describe newly employed nurse's experiences of threats and violence in psychiatric inpatient care.

    Method A qualitative, descriptive method together with a qualitative content analysis has been used in this study. Ten newly employed nurses from all over Sweden and from different wards were interviewed.

    Results The existence of threats and violence differed among the nurses but everyone has experienced it in some way or another at work. As a new employee, one could feel insecure and afraid of threatening situations. The nurse's recovery process was affected because of trouble letting go of certain situations from work. The support from colleagues and the head of the ward was very helpful. Peer group supervision was considered a good tool and supportive in instances where it was available. The participants asked for more education mainly in the form of how to approach patients.

    Conclusion Newly employed nurses in psychiatric inpatient care need education and proper support so they can feel secure at work. This is a prerequisite to be able to deliver good patient care.

  • 1968.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Björnestad, John Olav
    Skisland, Anne
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP)2011In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 4, p. 165-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP) using structural equation modeling. The instrument is a 12-item self-report instrument, developed in the Scandinavian cultural context and based on Kohlberg's theory. A hypothesized simplex structure model underlying the MDSP was tested through structural equation modeling. Validity was also tested as the proportion of respondents older than 20 years that reached the highest moral level, which according to the theory should be small. A convenience sample of 339 nursing students with a mean age of 25.3 years participated. Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high. A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level. The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory

  • 1969.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    The Internal Structure of the Appraisal of Self-care Agency (ASA) Scale.2001In: Theoria : journal of nursing theory, ISSN 1400-8033, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 5-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1970.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    The structure of self-care in a group of elderly people2001In: Nursing Science Quarterly, ISSN 0894-3184, E-ISSN 1552-7409, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 55-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Orem's self-care deficit theory of nursing, the structure of self-care consists of self-care agency balanced by therapeutic self-care demand. Different conditioning factors constitute these two constructs. The aim of this study was to investigate through secondary analysis the structure of self-care in a group of elderly. Data were originally collected from a total of 125 randomly chosen elderly individuals (65+ years of age) in Sweden by means of a mailed questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to show that self-care agency was totally and significantly balanced against therapeutic self-care demand and explained by five conditioning factors.

  • 1971.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Holmgren, Linda
    Health Promotion Officer, Feelgood, Linköping.
    Testing Antonovsky's sense of coherence (SOC) scale among Swedish physically active older people2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 215-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, the major concept sense of coherence (SOC) is constituted of three core components called comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Several scales that are intended to measure SOC are available and used by researchers in health and caring sciences all over the world. When using a scale, evidence of its quality in different study groups is needed in order to get reliable and valid data. The aim of this study was to test reliability and construct validity of the Swedish version of Antonovsky's original 29-item sense of coherence (SOC) scale in a group of physically active older people. The scale was tested with a convenience sample of 140 physically active older individuals, who took part in different fitness-training groups in eastern Sweden. Reliability was assessed as item to total correlations and with the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed with the known groups technique, confirmatory factor analysis, and with logistic regression analysis. The results showed that in the studied group of older individuals, the instrument was a very reliable tool with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.92. Construct validity of the scale was supported by the fact that the global concept sense of coherence was found to be hierarchically organized in a model that consisted of the three core components of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Furthermore, perceived health could be explained to some degree by sense of coherence, but even more by comprehensibility, in both cases independently of chronological age. The results clearly corroborated Antonovsky's theory.

  • 1972.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Linköping University, Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nurses' influence on quality of care in postoperative pain management: a phenomenological study.2003In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 26-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to describe a group of nurses' influence on the quality of care in postoperative pain management and to elucidate the meaning of exercising this influence. Fifteen protocols, written by experienced clinical nurses, describing complex postoperative pain situations where the nurses' actions influenced the outcome were analysed by using two different phenomenological methods. The results showed that the general meaning structure of the nurses' influence on the quality of care in postoperative pain management consisted of (i) the nurses' perception of an unsatisfactory situation concerning the pain management of the surgical patients; (ii) that the nurses personally intervened; and (iii) that they changed the outcome of the situation in a positive direction. The meaning of exercising this influence was interpreted as an aspiration to relieve the patients from their suffering by exercising professional skills and knowledge in a creative, problem-solving, caring process.

  • 1973. Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    Lindencrona, C
    National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm.
    Gustavsson, Siw Merit
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Attitudes toward older people among nursing students and registered nurses in Sweden2001In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 225-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geriatric nursing is generally not considered to be a popular branch of nursing among Swedish nursing students and registered nurses. It is, therefore, important for nurse educators and others with responsibilities for the development of nursing to pay attention to trends of importance for the care of the elderly. Attitudes - conceptualized as feelings, knowledge, and readiness to act - may be one important factor. It has been reported that feelings toward older people may change with experience, age and gender. The aim of this study was to measure feelings toward older people among nursing students and registered nurses. A convenience sample of 151 undergraduate nursing students and 41 registered nurses in Sweden participated in the study. Data were collected through Kogan's Old People scale. The results confirmed earlier findings and showed that limited previous experience of care of older people, age <25 years, and male gender were significant factors for showing less favourable feelings towards the aged. In the education of nurses, goal-directed experience of elderly care is recommended in order to create positive feelings towards and interest in older people among students. It is also suggested that special considerations should be given to very young students and male students.

  • 1974.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Arendal.
    Skisland, Anne
    Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Kristiansand.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Attitudes towards the anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context2010In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no Suppl 1, p. 129-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:There may be different attitudes towards the transition into retirement and old age pensioner life among people who are relatively close to get into their third age. This phenomenon has not been widely studied in the nursing literature. Since this predictable-involuntary transition may have influences on personal health and well-being, it should be meaningful to study it in a self-care perspective. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. Methods and Materials:A qualitative design was used in this  study. A total number of 13 individuals, 55–65 years of age, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon was revealed. Results: All informants viewed their lives in retrospective with  positive feelings with respect to their childhood and youth. As grown up individuals, they saw family, friends and social relations as very important. No particular differences between the informants from the different municipalities were found, nor in relation to age, sex or profession. There were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns and worries related to the transition into old age pensioner life among the informants from both the rural and urban municipalities. Conclusion: Autonomy and mature dependence seem to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into old age. Supporting autonomy should, therefore, be a way for facilitating the predictable-involuntary transition into retirement. Further studies about the retirement transition within a self-care perspective are needed. This study indicates that motivation, autonomy and mature dependence are important issues that should be focused in such research. Gender issues and connectedness are other important areas.

  • 1975.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing. University of Agder, Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences,Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway.
    Skisland, Anne
    University of Agder, Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences,Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Self-care and anticipated transition into retirement and later life in a Nordic welfare context2011In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 2011:4, no 4, p. 273-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Few studies have appeared in the health care literature on the meaning of transition into retirement and later life. However, this predictable-involuntary transition may influence personal health and well-being, and studying it from a self-care perspective could be useful. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. A total of 13 individuals, aged 55 to 65 years, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. Conversational interviews took place, during which the informants shared important events in their lives that had occurred from early childhood until the present time, together with thoughts about their anticipated future developmental transition into later life. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive picture of the phenomenon was revealed. The results showed that there were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns, and worries related to the transition into retirement and old age among informants from both rural and urban municipalities. Self-care, in connection with this, depended on motivating and demotivating factors. Autonomy and mature dependence seemed to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into later life. Supporting autonomy should be a way of facilitating the transition into retirement and later life.

  • 1976.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Agder, Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad, Norw.
    Sundsli, Kari
    Diakonhjemmet University College, Department of Social Welfare and Occupational therapy, Sandnes, Norway.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Dale, Bjørg
    University of Agder, Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad, Norw.
    Psychometric properties of Antonovsky's 29-item Sense of Coherence scale in research on older home-dwelling Norwegians.2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 867-874Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to test the homogeneity and construct validity of the Sense of Coherence 29-item scale (SOC-29) among older home-dwelling Norwegians.

    METHODS: A postal questionnaire, consisting of background variables, five health-related questions, the SOC-29, and three other instruments measuring mental health, self-care ability, and risk for undernutrition, was sent to 6033 home-dwelling older people (65+ years) in southern Norway. A total of 2069 participants were included. Homogeneity was assessed with Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-to-total correlations. The construct validity was assessed with "the known-groups technique," a linear stepwise regression analysis with SOC score serving as the dependent variable and with confirmatory factor analysis.

    RESULTS: With a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.91 and statistically significant item-to-total correlations, the SOC-29 was found to be homogeneous. Construct validity was supported because the SOC-29 could separate known groups with expected high and low scores. The factors that could predict SOC were mental health, self-care ability, feeling lonely, being active, and chronic disease or handicap. Evidence of construct validity was displayed in a confirmatory factor analysis that confirmed SOC-29 as one theoretical construct with the three dimensions, comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Norwegian version of the SOC-29 is a reliable and valid instrument for use in research among older people. The results confirm that SOC has a particularly strong relationship with mental health and self-care ability.

  • 1977.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    A successful way for performing nutritional nursing assessment in older patients2009In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 431-439Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1978.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norra Älvsborgs Länssjukhus, Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Developing and testing the Nutritional Form For the Elderly2001In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 336-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Undernutrition among elderly patients is a significant problem in nursing care. The aims of this study were to develop and test an instrument for identifying actual and potential undernutrition among elderly patients in clinical nursing care. A Likert-type scale consisting of 15 items was constructed. A consecutive sample of 56 elderly patients (>65 years) in a geriatric rehabilitation ward in western Sweden were interviewed with the instrument. The data were mainly analysed with non-parametric statistical methods. The results showed that the instrument was a fairly reliable scale with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.72. Evidence of validity concerning face validity, criterion-related validity-including concurrent and predictive validity-and construct validity was shown in the study group. Further testing is required if the instrument is to be used in clinical nursing care and research.

  • 1979.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norra Älvsborgs Länssjukhus, Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Reliability and validity of the nutritional form for the elderly (NUFFE)2002In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 28-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Nutritional Form for the Elderly (NUFFE). BACKGROUND: The prevalence of undernutrition among older people in nursing homes and hospitals reaches high levels. Assessment of older patients' nutritional status is an important task for nurses in clinical care. To use a simple nutritional assessment instrument for older people is one approach for nurses. Examples of such instruments are the well validated Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and the newly developed NUFFE. METHODS: A total of 114 consecutively chosen, newly admitted older patients in an elder care rehabilitation ward in western Sweden were interviewed using the NUFFE and MNA. Arm and calf circumferences, body mass index (BMI), and presence of pressure sores and skin ulcers were noted as part of the MNA on admission. Weight was monitored and BMI calculated on discharge. Serum albumin levels on admission and discharge were used if these were available in the records. Reliability of the NUFFE was measured as homogeneity. Criterion related validity, concurrent validity, construct validity, and predictive validity were assessed with different statistical methods. The regional research ethics committee approved the study. RESULTS: The results showed that the NUFFE is a fairly reliable and valid instrument for identifying actual and potential undernutrition among older patients. CONCLUSION: The NUFFE is a simple tool for nurses to use to assess older patients with the aim of detecting undernourished individuals and those at risk for undernutrition. When doing a nutritional assessment with the NUFFE, the BMI ought also to be calculated. The assessment could also be combined with food intake recording for a period of time.

  • 1980.
    Söderlund, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lusth, Hanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av vårdpersonalens bemötande vid förlusten av ett barn: En självbiografistudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Parents who suddenly lose their child, needs to be treated professionally when encountering the health care system. In order to do so, it is important that the nursing staff have knowledge and could meet the parents where they are. To get knowledge it is beneficial to ask the parents over their experiences.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to explore parents' experience of the treatment received at the sudden loss of their child.

    Method:

    The chosen method was a qualitative analysis of autobiographies, based on Dahlborg-Lyckhages method of analyzing narratives. Present study is based on five autobiographies.

    Result:

    The result revealed three themes; the first the death announcement, including how the parents were told that their child has died.

    The second theme involved the meeting with health professionals, including both positive and negative meetings. The third theme involved being in community with others, the needs of meeting others parents with the same experience.

    Conclusion:

    As a caregiver it is very important to keep in mind that all people are individuals. The caregiver must be professional, show understanding and dare to show support. This study shows that the care of the parents when they experience their child’s sudden death needs to be further elucidated and it also needs more empirical research on how parents experienced the meetings with health care professional

  • 1981.
    Söderqvist, Helena
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Health and Rehabilitation , Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology , Sweden..
    Eklund, Kajsa
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Health and Rehabilitation , Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology , Sweden..
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. The Vårdal Institute, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences , Lund , Sweden.
    Wentz, Elisabet
    The Vårdal Institute, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences , Lund , Sweden.
    The caregivers' perspectives of burden before and after an internet-based intervention of young persons with ADHD or autism spectrum disorder.2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 383-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Everyday life in a family with a young person with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is multifaceted and may be a burden to the caregivers. The aim was to explore experiences of the caregiver situation, and how they were affected when the young persons received Internet-Based Support and Coaching (IBSC).

    METHOD: A multiple descriptive case design was used. Ten caregivers of 10 young persons with ADHD and/or ASD participated, and completed a questionnaire, measuring caregiver burden. Three analysis methods were used; statistical analysis of the caregivers' scores, case reports and qualitative content analysis of an open question.

    RESULTS: Most of the caregivers never had to provide hands-on help with primary ADL, and were able to cope with the young person's problems. The caregivers' role required patience. They had major worries about the future, when they would no longer be around to provide support. After the intervention, there was no common trajectory for all caregivers; their situation either remained unchanged, improved or deteriorated.

    CONCLUSIONS: The caregiver's burden is more or less complex when the young person undergoes the transition into adulthood. The caregiver burden decreased in some families following the young person's participation in IBSC.

  • 1982.
    Talundzic, Dzevida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Sillgren, Lazzat
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Salutogent arbetssätt - ett modeord?: en studie om undersköterskors uppfattningar av salutogent arbetssätt i hemtjänsten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1983.
    Tammpere, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Larsson, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Livet efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction is one of the most common diseases that cause death in the world. The diagnosis has an immediate impact on the person's life. It's important that nurses are aware of the paramount importance of their role as caregivers and also as their role in monitoring the patient after discharge from hospital.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences after myocardial infarction.

    Method: In order to understand patients' experiences following myocardial infarction and to contribute to evidence-based nursing, present study was a literature study based on qualitative research. Analysis was conducted according to Friberg's five-step analysis method, which gave four themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The result shows that patients had experience of physical and mental changes after myocardial infarction. They felt a loss of energy and strength and experienced fatigue, which limited them in everyday life. Getting support from healthcare professionals was considered important to implement the lifestyle changes that were recommended and to get a pleased recovery. Patients' relatives were also considered important during recovery as they constituted support for the patient and helped them to see a bright future.

    Conclusion: It´s important that nurses maintain continuous contact with patients after discharge from hospital in order to make a good support system and to encourage the patients for a healthy living.

  • 1984.
    Tchini, Sandy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Reking, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Beskrivning av specifika faktorer som kan leda till att en individ utvecklar pedofili: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Pedofili är en diagnos enligt DSM-5. Det förekommer bland både kvinnor och män men är vanligast bland män. Det finns olika psykologiska och sociala kännetecken som ofta förekommer hos individer med pedofili. Många av dessa individer lider av sin sexuella störning och detta är något som borde uppmärksammas inom vården.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva specifika faktorer som kan leda till att en individ utvecklar pedofili.

    Metod: Denna uppsats är en litteraturöversikt med analysmetoden "simplifierat tillvägagångssätt". Litteratursökningen gjordes i databaserna "ProQuest - Advanced Search" och "Cinahl with full text". Urvalet bestod av nio kvantitativa studier och en studie med mixad metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet delades in i fyra teman: Traumatiska-, Sociala-, Psykologiska- och Biologiska faktorer. Det finns evidens som visar på ett samband mellan att ha blivit sexuellt utnyttjad som barn och att som vuxen själv begå sexuella övergrepp mot barn. Individer med pedofili har ofta relationssvårigheter, isolerar sig och känner ensamhet. Det förekommer ofta psykiatriska diagnoser och uppförandestörning i barndomen. Majoriteten av individer med pedofili har högre IQ och färre psykopatiska drag än andra brottslingar. Det finns en genetisk överförbarhet för pedofili och en lägre volym av vit hjärnsubstans hos dessa individer.

    Konklusion: Vi har funnit flera olika specifika faktorer som kan kopplas till varför en individ utvecklar pedofili. Kunskapen om dessa specifika faktorer kan bidra till en ökad förståelse för individer med pedofili inom människovårdande verksamheter vad gäller traumatiska-, sociala-, psykologiska- och biologiska erfarenheter och funktioner. Kunskapen kan även bidra till en kvalitetsutveckling av behandling och terapi för individer med pedofili.

  • 1985.
    Tegelström, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Zahlin, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av omvårdnad av patient med hjärtsvikt2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    There are national guidelines for cardiac care and the nursing care as outlined in the study. Caring of patients with heart failure consists of seeing the whole picture around the patient. The nurses are responsible for the care and information to the patient with heart failure. Furthermore, the nurse also is responsible for over-reporting among providers to provide heart failure patients continued good care. It is of interest to find out the nurses experiences of caring for patient with heart failure.

    Aim:

    The aim was to describe nurses' experience of caring for patients with heart failure.

    Method:

    Qualitative interview studies with nine nurses were contacted. The analysis resulted in five which led to two categories safety and collaboration.

    Results:

    To create peace for patients with heart failure became an important category, and the results showed a difference in how a nurse creates peace depending on the workplace and education. Second category was collusion in which the results showed that better cooperation is needed to create good nursing care for patients with heart failure.

    Conclusion:

    Nurses sees the creation of giving peace to patients with heart failure as an important part of nursing. Nurses create peace in different ways depending on the workplace and patient needs. All nurses believe that collaboration between different caregivers today malfunction.

  • 1986.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Klassnormer och föreställningen om klasslösa patienter2015In: Jämlik vård: normmedvetna perspektiv / [ed] Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth, Lyckhage, Gunnar & Tengelin, Ellinor,, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 81-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1987.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia H
    University of the Free State, Department of Social Work, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Norm-Critical Potential in Undergraduate Nursing Education Curricula: A Document Analysis2019In: Advances in Nursing Science, ISSN 0161-9268, E-ISSN 1550-5014, Vol. 42, no 2, p. E24-E37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The documents and literature that regulate nursing education are based on certain values and knowledge, and the underlying power in the curriculum raises the question of how health care professionals are molded during the course of their education. Norm criticism is a concept with its roots in critical pedagogy and gender and queer studies, emphasizing the origins as well as the consequences of marginalization, power, and knowledge of what is generally accepted as "normal" and "true." Norm criticism is used in this article to analyze the documents and literature underlying a nursing program in Sweden, which are shown to include a sometimes politically correct rhetoric, but one lacking a firm basis in social justice values.

  • 1988.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Constructing the Norm-critical awareness scale: A scale for use in educational contexts promoting awareness of prejudice, discrimination, and marginalisation2019In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 652-667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Healthcare professionals' conscious or unconscious norms, values and attitudes have been identified as partial explanations of healthcare inequity. Norm criticism is an approach that questions what is generally accepted as "normal" in society, and it enables professionals to identify norms that might cause prejudice, discrimination and marginalisation. In order to assess norm-critical awareness, a measurement scale is needed. The purpose of this paper is to develop a scale for measuring norm-critical awareness. Design/methodology/approach: The scale-development process comprised a qualitative item-generating phase and a statistical reduction phase. The item pool was generated from key literature on norm criticism and was revised according to an expert panel, pilot studies and one "think aloud" session. To investigate the dimensionality and to reduce the number of items of the scale, confirmatory factor analysis was performed. Findings: The item-generation phase resulted in a 46-item scale comprising five theoretically derived dimensions revolving around function, consequences, identity, resistance and learning related to norms. The item-reduction phase resulted in an instrument consisting of five dimensions and 20 items. The analyses indicated that a summary score on the scale could be used to reflect the broad dimension of norm-critical awareness. Originality/value: The Norm-critical awareness scale comprises five theoretically derived dimensions and can be used as a summary score to indicate the level of norm-critical awareness in educational contexts. This knowledge is valuable for identifying areas in greater need of attention. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 1989.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Discourses with potential to disrupt traditional nursing education: Nursing teachers’ talk about norm-critical competence2017In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 24, no 1, article id UNSP e12166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the discourses underlying nursing teachers’ talk about their own norm-critical competence. Norm criticism is an approach that promotes awareness and criticism of the norms and power structures that exert an excluding effect in society in general and in the healthcare encounter in particular. Given the unequal relationships that can exist in healthcare, for example relationships shaped by racism, sexism and classism, a norm-critical approach to nursing education would help illuminate these matters. The studied empirical material consisted of focus group interviews. Nursing teachers discussed their norm-critical competence based on the university course "Norm-Aware Caring" in which they had recently participated. Through a critical discourse analysis, three discourses were identified in their talk, all of which had the potential to disrupt traditional, normative nursing education. However, in all three discourses there was an underlying discourse of normality, clearly positioning the teachers as exemplifying the "normal." The binary constructed between normality and otherness contradicts a basic tenet of the norm-critical approach and may hamper the development of genuine norm-critical competence in nursing education. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 1990.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Nursing teachers’ reflections on their own norm-critical competence2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing education in Sweden generally lacks norm-critical perspectives, even though this could help unveil normative judgements of patients in nurses’ daily work. To pursue work-integrated learning about norm criticism for nursing teachers at a small university college in Sweden, all teachers involved in nursing education were offered the course Norm-Aware Caring.Aim: To describe how norm criticism in nursing education is constructed by nursing teachers’ discussions.Methods: After the course Norm-Aware Caring, 20 of the participating 33 nursing teachers were interviewed in five focus groups about their reflections on their new knowledge. The interview transcripts were analyzed on the basis of Fairclough’s discourse analysis, in which words and social practice are seen as mutually constituting each other.Results: Discursive constructions related to teaching, caring and learning were seen in the text. Norm critical teaching was constructed as a practice of much consideration not to insult any student. Norm criticism as a basic caring value was closely related to person-centered care. Their own, personal learning was expressed as fear to use their new knowledge in a wrong way. The teachers themselves considered norm-criticism as something to learn in order to improve the understanding of people who does not fit into majority norms. This perspective of tolerance was consistent in the construction of all discourses.Discussion: It appears that the teachers’ social practice is influenced by a perspective that divides the “normal” from the “deviant”. This may prevent an internalization of norm-critical knowledge, a perspective that aims to question categorizations of normality. Therefore, it is important to continuously scrutinize and reflect over the role of social norms as part of work-integrated learning for nursing teachers.

    References

    AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE ANALYSIS 2014. A more equal care is possible. Analysis of unmotivated differences in care, encounters and treatment. Report 2014:7. Stockholm: Agency for Health Care Analysis.

    FAIRCLOUGH, N. 1989/2015. Language and power, London, Routledge.

    KIRKEVOLD, M. 2009. Nursing Science – epistemological deliberations]. In: ÖSTLINDER, G., SÖDERBERG, S. & ÖHLÉN, J. (eds.) Caring as an Academic Subject: Report from a Working Conference. Swedish Association for Nurses.

    VAN HERK, K. A., SMITH, D. & ANDREW, C. 2011. Examining our privileges and oppressions: incorporating an intersectionality paradigm into nursing. Nursing Inquiry, 18, 29-39.

  • 1991.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Utveckling av ett instrument som kan mäta normkritisk medvetenhet2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund. Normkritisk kompetens är en förutsättning för att kunna ifrågasätta rådande, begränsande normer som skapar ojämlikhet. Att kunna mäta normkritisk medvetenhet är nödvändigt av flera skäl, exempelvis för att kunna identifiera kunskapsbehov eller utvärdera insatser. Idag finns dock inget vetenskapligt baserat instrument för detta ändamål. Syfte. Studien syftar till att utveckla ett instrument som kan mäta graden av normkritisk medvetenhet. Metod. Utvecklingen av instrumentet omfattade två faser: (1) generering och test av items samt (2) reducering av items genom konfirmatorisk faktoranalys. I den första fasen formulerades och testades validiteten i items genom expertbedömningar, pilotstudier och samtal med studenter, vilket resulterade i 46 items. I nästa fas analyserades dessa med konfirmatorisk faktoranalys i syfte att reducera instrumentet till 20-25 items för att få ett mer lätthanterligt instrument. Resultat. Faktoranalysen resulterade i 20 items och fyra dimensioner. Dimensionerna var Normers konsekvenser, Att lära sig normer, Motstånd mot normer och Normers funktion. Det visade sig också att de fyra dimensionerna tillsammans mäter en bred dimension (normkritisk medvetenhet). Diskussion. Utvecklingsprocessen reser frågor kring styrkor och svagheter med att operationalisera och kvantifiera kvalitativa fenomen så som medvetenhet om normkritik. Det utvecklade instrumentet kan användas för att mäta normkritisk medvetenhet i olika sammanhang, exempelvis effekten av normkritiska utbildningssatsningar inom högre utbildning.  

  • 1992.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Misund Dahl, Berit
    Department of health sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Boman, Åse
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Ottesen, Aase Marie
    Department of communication and psychology, Aalborg University.
    The struggle between ancient welfare thinking and prevailing health care policy in Scandinavian health care legislatived ocuments2019In: 25th Annual Qualitative Health Research (QHR) Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2019, p. 67-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional welfare state systems in Scandinavia are challenged by new governance systems. Demands for efficiency and productivity in healthcare increase, raising questions about patients' positions and agency. This also implies ethical dilemmas for healthcare professionals. Comprehensively analysing the findings of previous discourse studies on how the patient is constructed in central policy texts, this study compares the position of the patient and the accompanying ideological struggles in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The purpose was to compare and discuss the findings of discursive constructions of patients in law and policy text from the three countries. We found an ideological struggle across the Scandinavian countries, operating at a political level, a legislative level and a healthcare level, with variation in how the new value-based patient care is constructed. We conclude that national governance systems still exert hegemonic power by strongly influencing patients' degree of choice and autonomy. The Scandinavian countries may all be heading towards a commercial healthcare market, despite their tradition of a welfare model of healthcare. Today, healthcare strategies move in the opposite direction, controlled by politicians' financial goals. The ideological struggle between welfare state governance and other governance systems, may exist also in other western countries in our globalized world.

  • 1993.
    Tenggren, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vasques, Tatiana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Individers upplevelser av vad som hjälper och hindrar att inte återfalla i kriminalitet vid substansmissbruksproblematik efter avtjänat fängelsestraff: En litteraturstudie.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies show that a stable economy, housing and employment is important preparations for release from prison. Clients who are released to a disorderly situation feel fear and anxiety. The Swedish prison and probation service should help these individuals during the transition to society and even offer them drug treatment. Despite this, some individuals experience that they are not helped in the release. Aim: The aim was to illuminate individuals’ experiences at substance abuse after serving prison sentences. Method: The material has been gathered via systematic and unsystematic searches and the study was designed as a literature review. The articles which responded to the aim of this study were included and it resulted in eight articles. Results: Our results will be displayed by themes: To have goals, to stay away from negativity, having a supportive environment, to have home, having accommodation and to have the opportunity to health care. These themes have subthemes: Short and long-term sustainable goals, to use experiences to help others, restart, difficulty, jacking by family and friends, support of professional, a home to go to, nothing to come home to, the ability to obtain a meaningful work, the ability to education. Conclusion: The correctional workers needs knowledge of what former inmates with substance problems felt that they lacked at release. This knowledge is needed in order to improve the individual's transition to freedom and to help them to stay away from drugs and prison.

  • 1994.
    Tengroth, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Krall, Tina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Men vem styr egentligen? Det gör ju jag!: Patienters uppfattning och hantering av sin sjukdom2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background The district nurse has a key role in caring and supporting patients with different kinds of health problems. A personcentered approach in the patient education facilitates for the patient to participate in self-care and management of the illness. Aim The aim of the study was to examine patients’ illness perceptions and management of their illness. Method Nine patients who has either hypertention, type 2 diabetes or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with an inductive and deductive approach. Results The results were presented from Leventhal´s five dimensions in The Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation: identity, time-line, consequence, cause and control. The Participants´ describings were formulated into ten categories: the illness is present, mental image, cognitive coping, illness duration, daily impact, behavioral coping, thoughts about cause, coping strategy, meaning of the treatment and coping - seeking social support. Conclusion This study showed that there are different coping strategies to manage illness: The participants used distancing, accepting responsibility, planful problem solving, positive reappraisal and/or seeking social support

  • 1995.
    Ternell, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Steinhof, Martin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Omvårdnadspersonals strategier för att förebygga återfall i beroende inom rättspsykiatrisk vård2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Relapse in drug dependence is a common problem among patients within forensic psychiatric care. Dependence complicates the patient's ability to rehabilitate, it causes physical and mental harm and increases the risk of returning into crime. The knowledge among health care professionals, and their strategies to prevent relapses in dependence among patients in forensic psychiatric care, is very limited.

    The aim of this study is to describe strategies used by the nursing staff to prevent relapses in drug dependence. The authors have conducted interviews with eight professionals working in four different wards. The interviews have been analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    The results show the importance of the patient's own ability and desires should be the basis of nursing care. Specific routines and well known consequences must be used in case of relapse. The re-adaptation to society is of great importance to prevent relapse in dependence.

    Most respondents however, asked for more specific strategies for dealing with dependency problems, especially regarding methods for dialogue and motivation.

  • 1996.
    Tersing, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Lindgren, Mariann
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Mödrars upplevelser av att amma det för tidigt födda barnet på en neonatalavdelning: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About five percent of the infants being born in Sweden are cared for in a neonatal unit because of their prematurity. Breastfeeding and breast milk is considered to be the best nutrition for infants in general and for premature infants in particular. The premature infant, depending on how premature, may not be able to breastfeed effectively due to their immaturity. Stress, anxiety and fatigue are factors that affect breast milk production in a negative direction and these feelings are common in the neonatal unit.

    Aim: To illuminate mothers’ experiences of breastfeeding the premature infant in the neonatal unit.

    Method: A literature review of eight studies with a qualitative research approach, published between the year 2000 and 2012 was conducted. The studies have been analysed through a content analysis.

    Result: The findings showed that mothers perceived breastfeeding as a marker of motherhood and they felt guilt and began to question themselves as good mothers if it did not work. The mothers experienced lack of understanding, from the staff, concerning difficulties with breastfeeding, moreover the nurses where the ones who decided when and for how long the mothers should breastfeed. It also appeared that excessively focus on breastfeeding and breast milk by the staff resulted in objectification and the mothers would rather see breastfeeding as a natural process. Some mothers felt support and encouragement from the staff, while some mothers felt that the staff was constant present, which resulted in insecurity.

    Conclusion: Breastfeeding support for mothers of premature infants during their hospital stay is not satisfying and nurses’ actions have a major impact on mothers’ experiences. Therefore, nurses need to pay attention to mother’s individual needs of support and be aware of how her actions affect the mothers. Nurses also need to strength the mothers in their parent role so that they believe in their own ability to make breastfeeding work.

  • 1997.
    Theander, Kersti
    et al.
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Torstensson, Olof
    Hospital of Oskarshamn.
    Jakobsson, Per
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University Hospital, Linköping.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Department of Medicine and Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Fatigue Impact Scale: Its validation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2007In: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, E-ISSN 1465-3966, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 470-484Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1998.
    Thenman Wennersten, Ylva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Karlsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Vetenskapligt förhållningssätt: Specialistsjuksköterskors erfarenheter i hemsjukvård2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Homecare is an area for advanced nursing. The needs of qualified homecare incorporate a considerable increase in professionalism for homecare nurses. A Professionalism including scientifically knowledge and understanding that will assure a qualitative and safe care for patients.

    Aim

    : The aim of this study was to describe how scientific training and scientific approach expressed in home care.

    Method:

    This study focused on specialist nurses with passing of master´s degree in nursing with the field of work in homecare. Data was obtained by telephone interviews with eight specialist nurses. The interview text was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    The analysis resulted in four categories describing in what way scientific education changed their way to approach work. The categories were: ability to develop their own understanding and knowledge, ability to lead and developing. To feel professional security, and ability to work from a new perspective.

    Conclusion:

    The study revealed that the in depth scientific training is important for the nurses professional development. A development can be seen in the specialist nurse descriptions, revealing a qualitative change in their way to respond, communicate and handle clinical situations.

  • 1999.
    Thor, Jonna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Hörnberg, Frida
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av vad som påverkar deras delaktighet i omvårdnaden av sitt för tidigt födda barn: En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden 120 000 infants are born each year, 5% of these are premature born. More infants survive because of the development in perinatal care, which leads to more infants being treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Therefore, new research is necessary. During the last decades NICU has developed a more family-centered care, which encourage parents to become involved in the care of their infant. Nurses have an essential role to involve parents in the care of their infant.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate parents’ experiences of what is effecting their participation in the care of their premature born infant.

    Method: A qualitative literature-based study has been conducted, which involves analysis of 11 qualitative articles.

    Results: The results are five categories, "Being close to the infant", "A feeling of support", "Being lost", "Staff doesn’t meet the parents’ needs" and "Being separated from the infant".

    Conclusion: Parents experienced a lot of feelings during their stay in the NICU. Nurse’s reception is a determinant part in parents’ participation. If nurses take a step back and let parents care for their infant it will encourage their participation. This requires that nurses have offered support to parents in their way to become more familiar with the infant.

  • 2000.
    Thorenius, Patrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att bli annorlunda bemött: En litteraturstudie om människors erfarenheter av att leva med HIV2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background HIV has developed to a global pandemic and millions of people are living with HIV or AIDS today. People living with HIV still face stigmatization and discrimination in their lives. Aim The aim of this study was to describe people´s experiences of living with HIV. Method A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was used in this study to deepen understanding. Ten articles were analysed. Results Three themes were identified: ”Manage a new life situation”, ”An emotionally turbulent living” and ” Not be treated than others” with subthemes. People living with HIV used many different strategies to handle their new life situation, for example church, to tell or not tell about their HIV-status and isolate themselves from others. Their new life situation was turbulent due to many emotions including fear for the death, shame, guilt and loneliness. Lack of knowledge contributed to the fact that health care staff offended people living with HIV by distancing themselves from these persons, using excessive precautions, breach of confidentiality and categorized them with stereotypes linked to HIV. Conclusion People with HIV experience many types of discrimination and stigmatization like denied care and health care staff keeping away from them. This leads to unwillingness among people with HIV to seek care and seems to create double suffering for them. In order to overlook their prejudices and work for good nursing, nurses need to develop their knowledge about HIV and be aware about their prejudices and treat everybody the same regardless of diagnosis.

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