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  • 151.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Education and Parenting in Sweden2019In: School Systems, Parent Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An International Perspective / [ed] Sorbring, Emma; Lansford, Jennifer E., Springer, 2019, p. 95-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish children's rights to school and a childhood were discussed as early as 1900 and today nearly all (99.9%) Swedish children from the age of six attend comprehensive school for ten years. Comprehensive school, both private and public, is free of charge and compulsory for everyone. In general, Sweden is described as a country where young people are perceived as individuals with agency, both in the family and in school. It is expected that students should be treated with respect and taught about their rights and how to practice them. Teachers are supposed to encourage young people's agency by, for example, letting them take responsibility and be involved in decisions about the school work and their lives. This is related to the goal of teaching young people more about how to become citizens and about democratic values in society. Although Swedish schools have a high interest in students' own agency and their mental health, politics put pressure on the schools to achieve higher academic success among students. This chapter presents the current Swedish education system and its challenges when it comes to maintaining high values concerning students' mental health and, simultaneously, striving for better academic results, focusing particularly on families belonging to the lower socioeconomic class and with a migration background.

  • 152.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Swedish Children's Beliefs about Agency in Family, School and Peer Situations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine children's beliefs with regard to their agency (i.e., to know and predict your own actions and the consequences of them), in different contexts (family, school and peer-situations). Interviews were conducted with 103 ten-year-old Swedish children. Vignettes were presented to the children and their answers were written down for subsequent thematic analysis. Children think of their agency differently depending upon which context they find themselves in. The contexts where children believe most in their agency are found in situations with peers, and the contexts where they believe least in their agency are experienced with teachers. In situations with parents children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers.

  • 153.
    Gustavsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seaton, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den Mörka Triaden: En studie på olika chefsnivåer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad is described as three undesirable personality traits consisting of machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The purpose of the present study was to analyze to what extent the dark traits occur at different levels of management, and furthermore how gender and age relate. The study was originally conducted by Eklund och Hultman (2015) with 101 respondents in a senior company position in Sweden (47 were women, 51 were male and three did not indicate gender). Of the respondents surveyed, 13 managers supervised at group level, 39 at middle level and 49 at management level. The age range varied between 24 and 64 years. The study consisted of a questionnaire with 80 questions, 27 of these questions were statements about Short Dark Triad (SD3) that aimed to measure machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The results showed a positive trend between machiavellianism and higher management level, and that the mean values for narcissism and psychopathy increased when moving to higher management level. Men generally showed higher traits of the Dark Triad than women which was consistent with previous research. Age also correlated negatively with machiavellanism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy, which indicates that the Dark Triad was less frequent among older Swedish managers.

  • 154.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University-Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    “It's About Time!”: Company Support for Fathers' Entitlement to Reduced Work Hours in Sweden2016In: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 142-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen nations offer fathers the right to reduce work hours to care for children. Incorporating a gender perspective, this study uses a mixed-methods approach to examine the implementation of this policy in the first nation to offer it, Sweden. It investigates whether the institutional and cultural environment exerts pressure on companies to facilitate fathers' hours reduction, companies' levels of support for fathers' use of this entitlement and correlates of company support. The persistence of the “male model of work” appears to be an important barrier to implementation of a policy that offers promise in offering fathers time to care.

  • 155.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Policy is not enough: the influence of the gendered workplace on fathers' use of parental leave in Sweden2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 58-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool for degendering the division of labor for childcare. Swedish fathers have had the right to paid parental leave since 1974, but they take only one-fourth of leave days parents take. There are strong cultural norms supporting involved fatherhood, so couples typically want to share leave more than they do. This article explores how workplaces can constrain Swedish fathers' use of state leave policy, in ways that fathers can take for granted, a topic that has received less attention than individual or family-related obstacles. Based on interviews with 56 employees in five large private companies, we found that masculine workplace norms can make it difficult for fathers to choose to take much leave, while aspects of traditional workplace structure building on these norms can negatively affect fathers' capabilities of taking much leave. Workplace culture and structure seemed to be based on assumptions that the ideal worker should prioritize work and has limited caregiving responsibilities, setting limits to fathers' ability to share leave with mothers. Gender theorists suggest such assumptions persist because of male dominance at the workplace and the endurance of gendered assumptions about the roles of men and women.

  • 156.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Who will stay home today?" What do we know...What do we need to know about parental sharing of leave to care for sick children?2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University,, Indianapolis, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. b Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Workplace support and European fathers' use of state policies promoting shared childcare2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social policies such as paternity leave and parental leave offer fathers the opportunity to be more involved in childcare than earlier generations of fathers. While such policies are increasingly offered by governments around the world, research by the International Network on Leave Policies and Research shows that many European fathers do not take advantage of these benefits, despite fathers' growing interest in participation in early childcare. This article introduces a special issue devoted to understanding how the workplace can impact European fathers' interest in and abilities to take leave, a topic that has received relatively little research attention. The articles in the special issue suggest that barriers to European fathers' leavetaking are deeply embedded in workplace culture and work practices and will be difficult to eradicate without a dramatic challenge to the concept of the male ideal worker, who prioritizes work above family.

  • 158.
    Hallberg, Angela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapets intelligens, empati, stress och resurser att bemästra stress hos personer i chefsposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A person in chief position plays an important role in respect to both the company and its employees. Ronthy's theory (2006, 2013) aims to highlight her view of the concept of "leadership intelligence" which consists of: emotional intelligence (EQ), rational intelligence (RQ) and mental intelligence (SQ). A test relating to measuring leadership intelligence has been developed; Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ). The test is now in version 3; LIQ3. People in the Chief Position can be divided into two types using LIQ3: Leader and Manager. A leader is characterized by high emotional and spiritual intelligence, while a manager of high rationality. Based on Ronthy's theory, this study aims at examining the following issues: (a) Can LIQ3 distinguish between managers and leaders from the point of view of whether the company produces goods or focuses on services? (b) Do EQ and SQ co-exist positively with empathy? (c) Does the self-reliant stress differ between leaders and managers according to LIQ3? (d) Is there a positive link between EQ and useful coping resources? The participants were 131 in different positions (34% women) from four different organizations (M = 49 years, SD = 8), of whom 18% were senior executives, 62% middle managers and 21% group leaders. In addition to LIQ3, participants responded to questionnaires that measure self-perceived stress, empathy and coping resources. LIQ3 could not distinguish between managers and leaders by organizational type. EQ and SQ positively correlated with social and emotional coping resources. There were no significant differences in stress levels between managers and leaders. Various aspects of leadership skills are noted and questioned in today's organizations and its properties have been investigated and discussed in this study.

  • 159.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish adolescents’ exposure to pornographic, violent, and hateful content online.In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Skoog, Therese
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law , Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ Sexual Activity Offline and Online: A Longitudinal StudyIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Halleröd, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Värdet av att verka tillsammans: En kvalitativ studie om samarbete, samordning och samverkan ur ett medarbetar- och chefsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how different occupational categories within adult education in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) interact within the framework of their common business.

    As a method for carrying out the study, I have used qualitative interviews. The data material presents opportunities and difficulties that appear around working together. The empirical material has been processed through thematic analysis. The theoretical starting point for the study is a model of different degrees of vertical and horizontal integration for understanding collaboration.

    The result shows that there are a variety of temporary collaborations. Through interviews the study give examples of professional categories that meet in everyday work. In addition, work takes place between different professional categories in a more coordinated form through teams. Furthermore, the respondents' experiences of the value of collaborating, such as strengthened relationships and a better working environment, are made visible. Another highlight that is mentioned is the increased possibility for staff to identify the need for support from the students, which leads to better adaptations of teaching. The result also shows how the business is coordinated through teams, and the potential for collaboration. Cooperation between professional categories is not fully achieved today within sfi.

    The conclusions show that there is a consensus among managers and other occupational categories considering which mechanisms make it difficult or possible to cooperate. There are no routines for collaboration today. What employees also demand is someone who leads the work, makes decisions and bears the responsibility of planning, implementing and following up the collaboration.

  • 162.
    Hammarin, Zandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lautiainen, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan anknytningsmönster, tilltro till den egna förmågan och utmattning hos sjuksköterskor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That nurses are exhausted is today a common phenomenon, however, certain nurses are less exhausted than others in their profession. There are many psychosocial factors that can affect that an individual feels exhausted.

    In this study the authors examine if attachment to a caregiver as a child matters in how you feel fatigue (exhaustion) in adulthood. An interesting factor that the study examines in addition is the feeling of fatigue can be connected too self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a combination of self-awareness, self-esteem and self-doubt.

    44 nurses that work in hospitals and health clinics attended in this study in the ages of 20-70. There were 36 women and 8 men. Three scales were used to measure; Shimron melamed burnout questionnaire (SMBQ), Experience in close relationships (ECR), and General self-efficacy scale (GSE) which measures faith in self-efficacy.

    The result showed that there was no correlation between attachment and fatigue or between self-efficacy and fatigue.

  • 163.
    Hansen, Elise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Granath, Amina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsengagemang: en god prediktor för den individuella arbetsprestationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Getting the best and most out of every employee has become more important in today's society. We are expected to be both productive and efficient in everything we do. But what exactly does coincide with the individual work performance? Is it how committed we are at work, our self-esteem or is it even our personality? Are there any tools for recruiting who can say something about how someone will perform at work?

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether employee engagement, personality and performance-based self-esteem are of importance to the perceived individual work performance.

    The study examined validated tests that measure personality (Mini-IPIP6), performance-based self-esteem (PBSE) and work engagement (UWES9) in relation to the individual work performance (IWPQ) to investigate which relationships that exist. A web questionnaire with these four questionnaires was compiled and supplemented with background issues. The collected data were analyzed using correlation and regression analyzes. The study comprised 250 people (M = 34 years, SD = 11 years) with different backgrounds, and the only inclusion criterion was to have some form of work experience.

    The results showed that work engagement was the best variable to predict a good individual work performance, while the personality dimensions, neuroticism and honesty, were the best variables to predict a counterproductive work behavior. The conclusion in this study was that questionnaires that measure work engagement (UWES9) are best suited of Mini-IPIP6, PBSE and UWES9, when the purpose is to try to predict a good perceived individual work performance.

  • 164.
    Hecktor, Karin  
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordberg, Marlene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sociala medier och stress hos gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the 21st century the use of tablets, smartphones, computers and gaming has increased according to a report from Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018). Furthermore, the report shows that the psychosomatic symptoms are more common among young people who devote more time to television and the Internet. However, Folkhälsomyndigheten considers that there is still insufficient research on the subject in order to draw safe conclusions about whether use of digital media has negative effects on the mental health of children and adolescents (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2018).

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the use of social media and perceived stress among high school students.

    The participants consisted of swedish high school children aged 15 – 19 years. There were 63 participants in the study, 31 boys and 32 girls, who responded to a digital survey about their habits around social media and perceived stress. The following questions were included: (a) What is the frequency of use of social media among the youth? (b) Is there any correlation between use of social media and stress? (c) Is there a gender difference between the use of social media and perceived stress?

    The results show that all young people use social media on daily basis and are using them regularly and that they also felt a certain amount of stress about the use of social media. The correlation between the use of social media and stress was somewhat stronger for girls than for boys. Through a t-test it emerged that there was no significant difference between girls and boys and their time they used social media.

  • 165.
    Hedrén, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad har du för inställning till att arbeta i team?: Individer med höga värden av extraversion har en positiv inställning till att arbeta i team2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teamwork is a common working method within both school and work. Despite this established working method, we see that there is a lack of studies on individuals' attitude towards working in teams. This study aims to investigate this subject further and answer the following question: Is there a correlation between personality and the attitude towards working in teams? To investigate the issue, an online survey was sent out, of which 124 people responded of the sample’s total 206. The sample consisted of 85 women (69%) and 39 men (31%) aged 21 – 69. IPIP-30 was used to measure participants' personality traits based on the Big Five. Self-designed questions were created to investigate the attitude to working in teams. The results of the study showed that extraversion correlates positively with the attitude to working in teams, and that neuroticism correlates negatively. When we controlled for all personality traits, sex and age in a regression analysis, only extraversion showed a significant relationship. This study can be important for recruitment, choice of working method or composition of working groups for both managers and teachers. Our conclusion is that it would have been interesting to see similar studies done on larger populations and then examine whether people's experience of working in teams and the level of education have any impact on the attitude to working in teams.

  • 166.
    Heikkinen, Sami
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Värdegrundsarbete i offentlig verksamhet: En kvantitativ studie kring medarbetares upplevelser av implementering av en gemensam värdegrund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the implementation of a set of values in public service with the study circle as a central part of the implementation process. Furthermore it examines employees' perception about the value base material, and how knowledge from education applied in everyday activities. Implementation, study circle and collective workplace learning form the theoretical basis.

    Quantitative methods were applied and data collection consisted of 100 employees from the care administration who completed a survey with statements.

    The results show that several employees have changed some of their practices since the implementation process started and that values material is an important part of employees' work. A somewhat overwhelming majority of employees feel that education is utilized and applied in operations.

  • 167.
    Henriksson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bengtsson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av återhämtning i arbetet: En kvalitativ studie på 1177 Vårdguiden på telefon Västra Götalandsregionen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are only a few published studies about recovery at work. More research would be necessary to investigate the importance of recovery and the potential recovery strategies in an working environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the nurses' experience of recovery at work by studying scheduled recovery time at 1177 Healthcare Service over the phone. The study focus on finding and to understand the importance of recovery at work by investigating the workload and working climate, these factors was looked at on how well the nurses managed their work tasks and social interaction in the workgroup. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten nurses at the 1177 Healthcare Service over the phone. Gathered data was looked at using thematic analysis which resulted in five themes; energy levels at work, the presence in the conversation with the caller, the legitimate acceptance to recover at work, ability to detach from work during breaks and the nurses solidarity in the workgroup. The result show the importance of each individuals need to feel like they are in demand of their own recovery as well as being able to detach themselves from work during their breaks. Recovery at work has a significant impact on the workload as it is perceived to provide the nurses with higher levels of energy, better focused, become more efficient and the ability to enter a more professional role when handling their work tasks. Recovery is also important for the nurses working climate, it provides the feeling of getting a closer relationship with colleagues, higher level of support and the time to reflect with each other and the opportunity to develop work related relationships, results shown after the insight of studying the interaction of the work group. The study contributes to understand the importance of recovery as a resource for the person to feelin control and solidarity at work which can benefit the organisational and social work environment.

  • 168.
    Hernqvist, Anna-Theresé
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mattsson, Annelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Husdjur inom äldrevården: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the health benefits of animals in healthcare can be traced far back in time. Research on the subject, however, had a boost during the 1990s. Historically, animals have been used in the care of children, but also in psychiatry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pets on the elderly and staff in a nursing home setting. Qualitative interviews were conducted to collect material from both staff and residents in a retirement home. The number of informants was eight and all were women. The material was analyzed and themed. The work generated the following four themes: security, quality of life, intersectionality and trust. The result showed that animals in health care have a positive effect, psychologically and physically, on both the elderly and the staff. The animal's emotional impact on man and the importance of the relationship between man and animal became particularly clear during the interviews where the animal was present. The elderly expressed that the animal, in this case predominantly dogs, had a great significance for them. Loving views and repeatedly commenting on the animal reinforced the informants' verbal description of their relationship with the animal. The staff talked about the relationship between the residents and the dogs, including a woman with periods of depression and introverted behavior that experienced positive changes with the dogs. The woman felt more calm, happy and social in the proximity of the dogs. According to accounts about animals in healthcare settings this type of reaction is common. Concepts like an experience of peace, security and love were constantly recurring during the interviews.

  • 169.
    Hjalmarsson, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan emotionell intelligens, personlighet och arbetsprestation: en tvärsnittsstudie som validerar den svenskaversionen av TEIQue-SF2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence has been defined differently throughout studies for many years in several countries. The trait emotional intelligence consists of four dimensions; emotionality, self-control, well-being and sociability, and is measured by the TEIQue-SF measuring instrument. TEIQue-SF has achieved good validity as a measurement tool in different languages and is now validated in Swedish through this study. Previous research has shown liaisons between the emotional intelligence (EI), personality and work performance. However, these together have not been investigated in Sweden.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQ-SF), Mini-International Personality nventory Pool-6 (Mini-IPIP6), Short Dark Triad (SD3) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), and to find out which personality traits and dimensions within self-perceived individual work performance best explain the variance within TEIQue-SF dimensions.

    The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study with 228 Swedish participants (M = 34 years, SD = 12.6, range 16-71 years, 66% women) with an average work experience of 14 years (SD = 11.5).

    Expected result was that neuroticism would correlate negatively with TEIQue-SF four dimensions, which was also achieved in this study. Positive correlation with Task Performance and Contextual Performance was found between all dimensions of EI. Regression analysis also showed that neuroticism had a negative relation to explanation of variance in all imensions of TEIQue-SF. A preliminary conclusion is that TEIQue-SF has shown theoretical and empirically reasonable relation to relevant variables and can be considered validated among younger people with relatively high educational levels.

  • 170.
    Holm, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Henriksen, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Här är ganska nice, men...": Ungdomars tankar om Västervik och om vad som är viktigt i livet2019Report (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Holmberg-Hansson, Jorunn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att växa upp utanför sitt hemland: Ett tvärkulturellt perspektiv avseende risk och resiliens hos ungdomar som rör sig över nationsgränser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores whether the impact of moving away from one's home country, from one's extended family and social networks would increase adolescents' risk of developing internalizing and/or externalizing behavioral problems, compared to adolescents remaining in their home- and country environment. Moreover, the effects of adolescents spending major parts of their formative years in a cross-cultural environment, and whether the challenges and changes this lifestyle encompasses will make these adolescents more resilient or not, compared to their non-cross-cultural counterparts is explored. Lastly, the study establishes whether there are contextual similarities or differences among the various groups of these adolescents, based on the reason behind them leaving their home country, i.e. expatriate or refugee reasons. Furthermore, the study examines to what extent these similarities or differences help explain the levels of resilience among the participating adolescents. Results from initial analyzes indicate that young people from the two international groups are significantly more resilient than peers who do not leave their country of origin. Implications of found results are further discussed.

  • 172.
    Hoskyn, Katherine
    et al.
    Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Zegwaard, Karsten E.
    University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
    Ferns, Sonia
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Kay, Judie
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mcrae, Norah
    University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.
    The professional development needs of the New Zealand work-integrated learning community in comparison to international perceptions2018In: Proceedings of the 21st New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education Conference / [ed] K. E. Zegwaard & K. Hoskyn (Eds.), Aukland, New Zealand: New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education , 2018, Vol. 21, no 29, p. 17-21Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fatherhood: Organizational Change and Gender Equity2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Framing Childhood: Century of the Child2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Moderna familjer: barn och föräldrar i nya konstellationer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Barns psykologiska utveckling: från nyfödd till skola2017In: Förskolan och barns utveckling: Grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Pramling, N., Lindgren, A-L.& Säljö, R., Malmö: Gleerups , 2017, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxna: utveckling och livsvillkor2018Book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Utvecklingspsykologi2019Book (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Icenogle, Grace
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA .
    Duell, Natasha
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    ady Irwin College, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, LUniversity of Delhi, India.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura,Consultorio Psicologico Popular, Medellín, Colombia.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan; Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Adolescents’ cognitive capacity reaches adult levels prior to their psychosocial maturity: Evidence for a "maturity gap" in a multinational, cross-sectional sample2019In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 69-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All countries distinguish between minors and adults for various legal purposes. Recent U.S. Supreme Court cases concerning the legal status of juveniles have consulted psychological science to decide where to draw these boundaries. However, little is known about the robustness of the relevant research, because it has been conducted largely in the U.S. and other Western countries. To the extent that lawmakers look to research to guide their decisions, it is important to know how generalizable the scientific conclusions are. The present study examines 2 psychological phenomena relevant to legal questions about adolescent maturity: cognitive capacity, which undergirds logical thinking, and psychosocial maturity, which comprises individuals' ability to restrain themselves in the face of emotional, exciting, or risky stimuli. Age patterns of these constructs were assessed in 5,227 individuals (50.7% female), ages 10-30 (M = 17.05, SD = 5.91) from 11 countries. Importantly, whereas cognitive capacity reached adult levels around age 16, psychosocial maturity reached adult levels beyond age 18, creating a "maturity gap" between cognitive and psychosocial development. Juveniles may be capable of deliberative decision making by age 16, but even young adults may demonstrate "immature" decision making in arousing situations. We argue it is therefore reasonable to have different age boundaries for different legal purposes: 1 for matters in which cognitive capacity predominates, and a later 1 for matters in which psychosocial maturity plays a substantial role. © 2019 American Psychological Association.

  • 181.
    Inderberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stiller, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Förändring är jobbigt, tror jag": En kvalitativ studie om hur medarbetare upplever en HR transformation på ett globalt företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sense of coherence is a theoretical construct, which is used to measure the degree to which a person finds the world comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. In this study we aimed to discover and understand how the employees in an HR department at a large global company perceived the implemented changes from a sense of coherence perspective. The purpose of the organizational change was to become a more efficient HR department, as well as implementing a more unitary work procedure where there was supposed to be more room to support line managers in the organization and less focus on repetitive and administrative tasks. The study is based on a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with six respondents. The questions we aimed to answer in this study were "Have the employees received sufficient information about the change? Have the employees felt involved in the change process? Do the employees feel that the change has contributed to increased commitment and well-being?" The study's result and conclusion reveals that the employees have different opinions regarding the HR transformation depending on which role they received after the organizational change. The interviews also showed that employees generally felt that they had received the information required for the HR transformation and that this is a decisive factor in feeling involved in the organizational change. A significant result 2 was also that there were uncertainties about what tasks should be performed by each working group. Finally, the study showed that as long as employees have the opportunity to influence their new positions and feel that their work experience is developing and challenging, it contributes to increased commitment and well-being at the workplace.

  • 182.
    Ingelgård, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungvux-Centralen: Åmåls Kommun I Samarbete Med Vgr Och Samordningsförbundet2018Report (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pongolini, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Björkum, Klara
    Campus Västervik, Västervik.
    Kommunikation för hållbar energianvändning i bostäder2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En effektivare användning av energi och minskat resursslöseri är viktigt för att begränsa klimatförändringar och arbeta mot en mer hållbar utveckling, inte minst inom bostadssektorn. Bostadens energianvändning är beroende av både de professionellas och hushållens agerande. I dag finns teknisk kunskap om hur vi utvecklar och producerar energieffektivaoch smarta energilösningar till bostäder och till den teknik som hushållen använder. Det finns också forskning om hur hushållen agerar och bör agera för att spara och effektivisera användningen av energi i hemmet. Ett mer angeläget problem är hur dessa grupper ska samverka med varandra så att energieffektivisering och besparing också genomförs. Det gäller såväl kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll, som de senares interaktion med den energiteknik som de professionella tillhandahåller.Syftet är att undersöka hur kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll kan utvecklas för att uppnå en hållbar energianvändning i bostäder. Rapporten baseras på en sammanställning av beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning som på olika sätt har behandlat kommunikation om energiteknik, energibesparing och effektivisering. Vi har även genomfört intervjuer med olika professionella aktörer vid ett energibolag. Avsikten har då varit att undersöka hur energibolaget kommunicerar om miljö- och energifrågor med hushållen. Vår bakgrundsförståelse utgår från tre olika kommunikationsstrategier; informations-, respons och medverkansstrategier, som grundar sig i delvis olika sätt att förstå vad kommunikationenmellan professionella och hushåll kan innebära.Resultatet från kunskapssammanställningen pekar på vikten av att, i kommunikationen med hushåll, utgå från deras egen energianvändning, energirelaterade vanor och val av energiteknik, liksom deras intresse och motiv till att spara energi. För att kommunikation om energifrågor ska upplevas som relevant och meningsfull för hushållen så räcker dock inte detta.Man bör även identifiera och/eller skapa adekvata tillfällen för kommunikation och sträva efter att budskapet liksom kommunikationen kan anses som trovärdig. För att nå fram är det också av vikt att tänka igenom hur man talar eller skriver om energifrågor, exempelvis att det som sägs och skrivs är tillräckligt begripligt. De professionellas kommunikation medhushållen sker även via tekniken. Att designa tekniken för god användbarhet och effektivare energianvändning är därför viktigt.Resultatet från intervjuerna med professionella aktörer på energibolaget VMEAB visar på olika former av kommunikationsaktiviteter såsom allmänt informationsmaterial som skickas till hushåll, digital kommunikation, reklam, evenemang och personlig kontakt. Intervjupersonerna lyfter fram vikten av att det som kommuniceras är begripligt för hushållen och att den information som ges ut varken är för omfattande eller knapphändig. Personlig kontakt medhushållen är eftersträvansvärt, men det är resursmässigt svårt att tillgodose. Energibolaget har en ambition att ytterligare utveckla kommunikationen med hushållen för att öka deras intresse och medvetenhet för energianvändningen. Insatser som då nämns är att synliggöra energianvändningen via en personlig hemsida, utveckla funktioner som ska ge direkt återkoppling mellan kund och bolag, samt se över möjligheten att vara mer informell i kommunikationen med hushållen.

  • 184.
    Iseland, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A study of long haul truck drivers’ work tasks and reasons for performing secondary tasks: En studie av lastbilschaufförers arbetsuppgifter och anledningar bakom utförandet av sekundära uppgifter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that secondary tasks (task unrelated to driving, which demands the driver’s attention resources, e.g., talking on the hand-held device) during manual driving increase the risk of being involved in an accident. The purpose of the study was to investigate; (1) if long-haul truck drivers engage in work tasks (tasks that are mandatory for their work) that involve secondary tasks whilst driving, if they do, what tasks are performed and how frequently; (2) the drivers selfperceived reason/s for performing them; (3) if factors personality traits, stress, workload, health-related life quality and self-perceived cause relate to the engagement in secondary tasks and if the group differs from norm groups regarding these factors. The study included 13 truck drivers driving long-haul and was conducted through an observational-, a questionnaire- and an interview study. The result indicates that the drivers had no work task whilst driving, but did performed secondary tasks. The main reasons for engaging in these secondary tasks were reported to be due to boredom, to prevent drowsiness. No strong correlations were obtained between personality traits, experienced stress, workload, health-related life quality and the number of performed secondary tasks. The trait Honesty-humility and workload showed a weak moderate negative correlation with secondary tasks. The results obtained are consistent with past research that they feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to decrease boredom and drowsiness.

  • 185.
    Iseland, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Emma
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Human Behaviour and Perception, M1.6, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Skoog, Siri
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Product Design, ABN, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An exploratory study of long-haul truck drivers' secondary tasks and reasons for performing them.2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 117, p. 154-163, article id S0001-4575(18)30149-0Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires. The drivers performed secondary tasks, such as work environment related "necessities" (e.g., getting food and/or beverages from the refrigerator/bag, eating, drinking, removing a jacket, face rubbing, and adjusting the seat), interacting with a mobile phone/in-truck technology, and doing administrative tasks. The long-haul truck drivers feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to alleviate boredom/drowsiness, and for social interaction. The higher number of performed secondary tasks could be explained by lower age, shorter driver experience, less openness to experience, lower honesty-humility, lower perceived stress, lower workload, and by higher health-related quality of life. These explanatory results may serve as a starting point for further studies on large samples to develop a safer and healthier environment for long-haul truck drivers.

  • 186.
    Ivehag, Petronella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lans, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förmågor i lärarhandledningar till skönlitterära böcker?: En innehållsanalys av tre handledningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet högläsning är en stor del av elevernas vardag under deras första skolår, de får då lyssna på flertalet sagor under fruktstunden och nedvarvningen. Men hur meningsfull är den läsningen för elevernas läsutveckling? Forskningen visar att det finns många positiva effekter av högläsning, både i hemmet och i skolan. Syftet med uppsatsen är att se hur tre stycken lärarhandledningar kan bidra till att göra högläsningsstunden i skolan meningsfull. Vi har undersökt vilka förmågor ur den svenska läroplanen som framkommer i lärarhandledningarna. Genom att undersöka både det latenta och manifesta budskapet fick vi fram vårt resultat. Vi har granskat våra två frågeställningar genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där vi fått fram ett resultat samt en efterföljande analys av resultatet. I färgkodningen framkom det att förmågan att formulera sig och kommunicera i tal och skrift var den mest frekventa förmågan i alla tre handledningar. Resultatet har kopplats till det sociokulturella perspektivet, som är uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt.

  • 187.
    Jakobsson, Erik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan inställning till intuition vid rekrytering och personlighet, kognitiv förmåga och rationellt tänkande2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intuition is a difficult concept to explain, but could be defined as a concept in which a feeling arises that something is right or wrong. Distinguishing for this feeling is that it is not a result of intellectual analysis. But what does it mean to recruit individuals based on intuition, and what consequences could it have? The opinion is divided on whether or not the use of intuition in the recruitment process is good or bad. Some recruiters argue that intuition is necessary to make the right decision, while others believe that we should not rely on intuition.

    This quantitative study consists of 221 participants aged 22 to 67 years. 144 of the participants are women, while 73 are men. With intuition-based recruitment as a variable, attitude to using intuition when recruiting is measured. A high value in this variable means that the attitude to using the intuition in the recruitment process is more positive, while a low value indicates that the attitude to using the intuition in recruitment is more negative.

    The study does not show any connection between intuitive recruitment and personality traits based on the five-factor theory, or between intuition-based recruitment and cognitive ability. In this study, the intuitive recruiter seems to prefer general ability as a selection criterium, which means that the recruiter uses, for example, a test to measure the cognitive ability or intelligence of a candidate, in order to obtain a value for general ability.

  • 188.
    Jarmander, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kompetensutveckling i förskolan: en fallstudie utifrån flera perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master theses is about how pre-school teachers, pre-school managers and directors of Education, in a case study, sees on idea development and developing people's skills in preschool. There has been throughout the last decade a new systematic quality work in school and preschool and how this is used in today's preschool to see which areas that needs learning and idea development and developing people's skills is presented in this following master theses. The aim of this study is to examine the development of skills in pre-school teachers and pre-school managers opportunities for skills development on the basis of three different perspectives. This study was carried out through computer-assisted interviews whit pre-school teachers and pre-school managers and some directors of Education were interviewed. It was found, most centrally, there was work done to develop people skills and idea development in pre-school but the opinion on how well this work is done differs between the various professional categories. However, it transpires that the systematic work whit collection of materials and a focus on the development skills in the pre-school and for pre-school managers works from the director of Educations side. However, it was shown that contact with both pre-school managers and pre-school teachers were very sporadic. The outcome has been set in relation to research on pre-school teachers opinions on primarily the work with people development skills in pre-school which has elaborated to some criticism of the lack of contact whit the activities in the respective area.

  • 189.
    Javanshir, Parisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundström, Nancy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delat ledarskap: En studie om medarbetares upplevelser av och förtroende för delat ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to assess the pros and cons of a shared leadership from the employees perspective, how shared leadership affects the employees' work situation and also how shared leadership affects employees' trust towards their leaders. Data has been collected by means of eight semi-structured interviews. Respondents from four organizations with shared managements, both in the private and public sectors, have participated in the study. Döös & Wilhelmson's theory of shared leadership and Lewicki & Bunker's theory of trust, are the theories used in this study. The study's data was analyzed with Braun and Clarke's (2006) six phases of thematic analysis. Four overall themes were found; availability, eligibility, communication and responsibilities and duties. The study's conclusions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of shared leadership were that shared leadership leads to increased accessibility of leaders in the workplace, increased employee eligibility as well as generating an increased competence among the management team. However, with the increased eligibility among leaders, scenarios can occur, where employees use the increased eligibility for their own benefit. Something else that became clear throughout the writing of this study was the fact that processes and decisions in organizations with shared leaderships becomes more time-consuming, while at the same time they are more thought-out and refined. Employees' work situation is affected because the personality and chemistry with the leaders and the employees is the decisive factor for respondents to prefer a shared leadership instead of an individual one. It became clear that the co-leadership method, is the most beneficial shared leadership-method for the employees' work situation. It also surfaced that there were communication shortages between management and employees, within organizations that practice shadow management, functionally shared leadership or matrix management. The communication shortcomings that arise in the aforementioned leadership forms, in turn, reduce employee confidence in management while at the same time a joint leadership increases that confidence from employees to the shared leadership.

  • 190.
    Jerrebäck, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöö, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En studie som undersöker samband mellan arbetsbelastning och personkonflikter på arbetet: Emotionell Intelligens som moderator2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that interpersonal conflicts at work can lead to negative consequences for both individuals, groups and organizations. High workload contributes to the emergence of conflicts between employees. Levels of trait Emotional Intelligence (EI) are of significance for how a person tends to handle demanding situations and feelings.

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the levels of trait EI can moderate the relationship between perceived workload and interpersonal conflicts at work.

    We predicted that individuals with a high level of EI would show a weaker correlation between perceived workload and interpersonal conflicts at work. To test the hypothesis, a web-based questionnaire was constructed and consisted of three measuring scales. Quantitative Workload Inventory (QWI) investigates workload, Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale (ICAWS) investigates interpersonal conflicts at work and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short Form (TEIQue-SF) measures trait EI. The survey turned to individuals working or individuals who had worklife experience. This study used a convenience sample (N = 202). The age range was between 19 to 66 years (M = 39; SD = 13), 73% women, 26% men and 1% who defined themselves as other.

    Results indicated that high perceived workload is associated with more reports of involvements in work-related conflicts. Another finding showed that individuals with high level of EI, have fewer involvements regarding interpersonal conflicts at work. However, the positive correlation between interpersonal conflicts and workload was constant regardless of one's level of EI. This contradicts the hypothesis, since EI, as moderator, had no significant influence on the relationship between interpersonal conflicts and workload

  • 191.
    Jirenfelt, Henrik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur utförs självpresentationer på sociala medier: En kvalitativ studie baserad på sex informanter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ways of communicating with each other in society is changing all the time, however, there are many principles in our communication that still consist. There is no matter where a communication takes place, we still want to introduce ourselves according to how we understand and believe is the best way for us to do it. In this study, the goal has been to find out how social media users present themselves when they use social media.

    Six people have been interviewed and to find out the basic purpose of this study, the informants have answered questions such as what material do they share in social media, to who the material is available to and what purpose the informants have with their use of social media. The material in the qualitative interviews has been processed using a thematic analysis method. Previous research on the subject has been presented and the results and final discourse are linked to the previous research and Erving Goffman's theories about self-presentation.

    It emerges in the result that the foundation of all informants use of social media is that they want to present themselves in such an advantageous way that is possible based on their understanding of the social environment they are currently living in. There are informants who use social media to get appreciation, to get outlet for their narcissistic side and there are indications that the informants are affected by their own sharings. It is consistent that the self-presentations in real life differ from the self-presentations that the informants convey through social media.

  • 192.
    Johansson, Ann-Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö University, Department of Care Science, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö, Sweden.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Symptoms, Illness Perceptions, Self-Efficacy and Health-Related Quality of Life Following Colorectal Cancer Treatment2018In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 8, no 9, p. 591-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is associated with fatigue, poor mental and poor gastrointestinal health during the first three months after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. Research indicates that maintaining usual activities has a positive impact on HRQoL after treatment for CRC. Illness perceptions have been associated with HRQoL in other cancer diseases, and self-efficacy has been associated with HRQoL in gastrointestinal cancer survivors. Our knowledge about illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities and HRQoL following CRC treatment is incomplete. Aim: To explore associations between HRQoL, fatigue, mental health, gastrointestinal health, illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities, three months after surgical CRC treatment. A further aim was to test the Maintain Function Scale in a CRC population. Method: The study was cross-sectional. Forty-six persons participated. Data were collected using questionnaires. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used. Results: Persons who were more fatigued, depressed, worried, and had more diarrhea were more likely to report lower HRQoL. Increased fatigue and diarrhea were associated with decreased HRQoL. Concerning illness perceptions, persons who reported negative emotions and negative consequences of CRC were more likely to report lower HRQoL. Persons scoring higher on self-efficacy were more likely to report higher HRQoL. Increased self-efficacy was associated with increased HRQoL. The Maintain Function Scale was suitable for assessing self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities. Conclusions: Nursing support to improve self-efficacy and illness perceptions and to minimize symptoms during recovery should have a favorable impact on HRQoL.

  • 193.
    Johansson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kompetensutvecklingens betydelse för psykosociala hälsan hos lärare i grundskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the psychosocial health illness among teachers in society of today, the purpose of this study is to examine the importance of competence development for the perceived health of teachers working in elementary school, as well as the conditions for competence development that exist for teachers. A qualitative method has been used and the data were collected by eight semi-structured interviews with teachers at one single school. The data have been analyszed using qualitative content analysis. The results show that competence development has positive as well as negative effects on the psychosocial health for the teachers included in the study. The competence development contributes to the teachers getting more energy and motivation to teach, and that the skills development they make together contribute to getting to know each other better, which is found to be satisfactory. The negative effects of competence development on teachers include frustration and stress due to the fact that courses provided was not relevant for their everyday work and took time from other work tasks.

  • 194.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Principal´s Work: The Conditions, Obstacles and Opportunities for Learning in the Daily Activities2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 435-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School is often described as a complex organization with multiple challenges and expectations, where many studies have focused on teachers´ and students´ the situations. In these studies the principal's role are often described as changing from an educational leader to being and becoming organizational manager. But what the principal's daily work consists of and what competences leadership requires, are not as clearly studied area. Especially not in relation to how the introduction of ICT in education challenges established routines. The aim of this study is to reveal how ICT influence principal´s everyday workload. Data consists of includes audio-recorded interviews with ten secondary school principals. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed based on principals' views on the leadership, peer-support, ongoing change, scope of action and management of their unexpected. The results show that principals has a complex role, both presuppose and develop other skills than teachers often need. The conditions for learning, individually of collectively, in these studied organizations can be said to be good, and even though ICT is a mean for information, communication and administrative tasks, it is seldom seen as a way for reflection or learning. Despite that, they express that ICT has a potential for reducing some administrative tasks and make discussions, decisions, goals and ongoing dilemmas transparent and inclusive over time and place. The results indicate what characterizes principal´s professional knowledge to a great extent is multifaceted but consist of physical meetings with different purposes. As ICT is introduced this challenges the historical established routines that frames the work, but simultaneously it opens up for new possibilities, which in all will change the role for principal's work.

  • 195.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorer styr och ställer: Synen och utövande av ledarskap styr pedagogik och skolutveckling2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 197.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Being a Rector: A Study of Knowledge Needs and Knowledge Development in Secondary Schools2015In: Uddevalla Symposium 2015. Regional Development in an International Context. Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development: Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, p. 357-368Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorers lärande: förutsättningar, hinder ochmöjligheter för lärande i dendagliga verksamheten2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Theory, practice and synthesized knowledge: Students' learning  and reflections during internship-periods2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Courses with elements of internship are expected to bridge between different forms of knowledge domains and thereby contribute to synthesizing knowledge can easily be taken for granted. This requires a clear and systematic integration of theory and empirical knowledge, which can be seen as complementary opportunities. However, we still need more knowledge about how the relationship between different forms of work and knowledge domains can be understood. We have scrutinized the organisations, aims and approaches to knowledge and learning on internship­‐periods at two programs at a university where they outspokenly says that they see workplace settlement as a point of departure to reflect and synthesise knowledge in science and theory. The data consists of policy documents, curricula, student assessment work and written reflections of internship periods. Our results show that there are somewhat different conceptions of scientific knowledge, practice, knowledge, and the relationship between them. While some documents are based on theoretical perspectives other emanate from practical perspectives. In some texts internship is viewed as means to develop professional skills and other focuses theoretical analysis of practice, which have implications for pedagogical design. Ambiguous agendas are also reflected in students' assessments work where perspectives, focuses and reflections in and about situations differ depending on how students have perceived the aim with internship. Our conclusions are that ambiguity and different perspectives formulations may confuse students. To further develop internships pedagogically, an increased clarity and transparency is needed on both ontological and epistemological starting points and perspectives

  • 200.
    Johansson, Kit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Syla, Visar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka individegenskaper är vanliga inom polisyrket och andra riskrelaterade yrken?: En jämförande studie om personlighet och precisionsbedömning inom riskrelaterade yrken2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to get an insight into which individual characteristics that are common within the police profession and within other risk related occupations. The following questions were formulated: 1) Which personality traits are common in the police- academy, the police profession, and in educations and occupations that are risk related? Are there any differences? 2) Do police students or professional police show greater skills when it comes to impression accuracy, from looking at presented photos, than the ones who study or are working in other occupations? Both when it comes to precision in selections about who is, and when it comes to probability that a person is guilty and convicted of a crime. The participants were 342 persons; 163 (47.6%) were fulltime employed and the rest were fulltime students. The survey contained the personality test IPIP30 (International Personality Item Pool) which measures personality according to the five-factor model and a measurement of impression accuracy. Data was analyzed with SPSS and the statistic method of independent t-test. The result showed that 1) neuroticism was the personality dimension that was the most distinguished throughout the groups; police students, police, and the ones in other risk related occupations. These groups scored much lower in comparison to the groups of participants that study to or work in other occupations. 2) Police showed better skills in making precise judgements when it comes to guilty people. We conclude the results of this study could be used to get an understanding of the individual characteristics of people in these occupations.

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