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  • 151.
    Coetzee, Wayne Stephen
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Doing research on ‘sensitive topics’: Studying the Sweden–South Africa Arms Deal2020In: Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 65-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conventional arms trade is a sensitive topic that is often shrouded in secrecy. As with most aspects of so-called ‘high politics’, processes connected to conventional arms trade habitually take place behind closed doors between a relatively small and tightly knit group of individuals. Gaining access to such people is an enormous challenge for any researcher. Moreover, building rapport with key decision-makers takes a long time, and it requires considerable effort and resolve. This article recapitulates the approach and method of a study done on conventional Swedish arms trade with South Africa. It provides insights into several substantive issues related to such research, in particular, aspects connected to elite interviewing and research ethics. The bulk of the article covers matters related to research design, access to elites, the limitations associated with elite interviewing, and the interview process that was adopted during fieldwork.  The discussion on research ethics is closely, but not exclusively, connected to elite interviewing, and here the article reflects on various ethical considerations as well as the harsh reality of researching sensitive topics, such as conventional arms trade. 

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    WS_Coetzee_2020_Researching_Sensitive_Topics
  • 152.
    Coetzee, Wayne Stephen
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg.
    Ideals and Interests in Swedish Foreign Policy: Explaining the South African Gripen Deal2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores ideals and interests (and their interrelation) in foreign policy. An in-depth case study of this issue examines Sweden’s 1999 JAS-39 Gripen fighter aircraft deal with South Africa. 

    Theoretically, the dissertation responds to the long-standing debate in foreign policy analysis about whether ideals or interests drive foreign policy. Speaking directly to research that has aimed to bridge the ideals-interests divide, this study sets out a framework of analysis that encompasses both ideals and interests as well as the relevant contextual forces that impact on foreign policy behaviour. The analysis shows that due to the multitude of richly interrelated elements connected to arms trade, there cannot be a neat and parsimonious distinction be-tween agents and structures or domestic and international settings. Reflected here are real-world practices and strategic relations between those forces that influence foreign policy behaviour regarding Sweden’s Gripen exports. 

    Empirically, the dissertation provides an in-depth account of what the policymaking elite in Sweden was thinking and doing regarding the export of the Gripen to South Africa in the aftermath of the Cold War. The dissertation contends that the Gripen deal with South Africa is an interesting case study for two reasons: It involves long-standing, deeply (if not passionately) held ideals in Swedish foreign policy behaviour towards a country in the so-called Global South as well as compelling interest-driven calculations regarding the political economy of arms trade. These ideals- and interest-driven aspects stand side-by-side in this case study, explaining how Sweden’s foreign policy behaviour reflected and dealt with these issues in its decision to sell advanced fighter aircraft to South Africa. 

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    spikblad
  • 153.
    Cvetic, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kantari, Sofia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Collective Trauma and Collective Memory: The creation of collective memories through representations of trauma in docudramas of Utøya 20112019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research is designed as a single case study where film theory along with narrative theory and collective memory theory is employed to investigate how two docudramas narratively represent the same terrorist attack. To execute this study, the concepts of “remembrance” and “forgetting” are used in order to be able to describe how the films, Utøya 22 juli and 22 July, narratively represent the politically motivated terrorist attack on Utøya, Norway which occurred on 22 July 2011. The study found that the representations of the attack visibly depicted and excluded different elements regarding the narrative representations of victims, perpetrator, society, effects, consequences, causes and actions. This results in that the narrative representations of the two docudramas aid in creating different particular collective memories. The research contributes in examining how traumatic political events are represented in films to create particular collective memories, since collective memories are crucial in the political science field regarding issues such as policy formation and identity creation. Moreover, the collective memory that is being left behind, in today’s world where extremist ideologies are continuing to grow, can be vital for institutions and nations in their effort to prevent them; today and in the future.

  • 154.
    Dahl, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bergenholz, Oliver
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender Patterns in the Recruitment of Managers in Gothenburg's Public Administration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine if the job ads for managers in Gothenburg's public administration are gender coded to benefit male or female applicants. This is accomplished by examining the job ads of one female dominated administration as well as one male dominated administration and making a comparison between them. The reason for choosing Sweden, Gothenburg as a case is because Sweden is one of the highest ranked countries in the world when it comes to gender equality and Gothenburg is one of its biggest cities and has worked actively to include equality in its public administrations since 2006 (Budget 2016). Based on several different theories concerning gender, stereotypes as well as male and female leadership an analytical framework was created that helped categorize different merits in job ads as female or male. Hence the method used to answer the research question is a content analysis guided by the analytical framework. The result of the analysis show that the job ads in the male dominated sector are intentionally structured to target women in order to obtain a gender equal manager structure. The female dominated sector does not show the same transparent gender patterns but give an indication that female applicant is more likely to reach the required merits stated in the ads.

  • 155.
    Dahlberg, Henric
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The role of investor sentiment in small-cap stock valuations: In the OMX30 Stockholm2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This study seeks to answer whether the ex post investor sentiment proxy of Baker and Wugler (2006, 2007) has a similar effect on the Swedish stock market, and if there is a varying sectoral dependency of this proxy. The paper considers firm-level data from 38 small-cap firms listed on the OMXS30, in a comparison to 137 small-cap firms listed on the NYSE to draw conclusions on whether the dependency structures are similar on the firm-level. To investigate the sectoral level, 27 market-wide sector indices are considered. The result points towards there being national differences in the firm-level adoption of the proxy between Sweden and the U.S. but also that there are sectoral differences as to whether the sentiment proxy is more or less useful. The conclusions drawn are based upon the proxy’s effect on segmented regressions.

  • 156.
    Dahlberg, Henric
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ravanbakhsh, Desirée
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Underlying factors of Consumer Sentiment: How much is Sweden affected by the US sentiment?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Financial stress is often defined as the issues of trust towards financial institutions. According to the established doctrine, financial stress is able to cause a decline in economic activity and is proven to have a Granger causal relationship with consumption. This study is aiming to examine whether the sentiment indexes of a larger nation is a dependent factor to a change in the sentiment indexes of a smaller nation, and thus Granger-causing a change in consumption in the smaller nation. In finding a regressive pattern between the sentiment indexes, we are going to assume the consumer confidence index of Sweden as a dependent variable of the consumer sentiment index of the US along with other determinant factors. This can give us enough information to measure the proportion of Sweden's consumer stress caused by the US consumer stress. Our results have proven that the US sentiment has some explanatory power over the Swedish sentiment, even though other factors such as the variations of stock market prices are of greater importance. Other underlying factors such as the consumer price index may be useful for other countries if it has a high volatility. However, it was found not to be significant for Sweden.

  • 157.
    Dahlquist, Karl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reflections of collaboration between student – university – society for research internship within the Master´s programme for Work Integrated Political Studies2020In: VILÄR: 3–4 December 2020 University West,Trollhättan. Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2020, p. 20-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     The new Masters in Work Integrated Political Studies is the first advanced program to combine Worked Integrated learning with Political Studies. In line with Work Integrated Learning, students learn, through their studies and placements, skills and knowledge required for their future employment careers. In line with the rationale behind Work Integrated Political Studies (WIPS), students bring to the workplace (within government or civil society) knowledge from their studies at the university, which enables them to invigorate and advance workplaces and their practices from within. More specifically, in the classroom, students learn theoretical principles that inform political and critical engagement on the one hand, and concrete methodological tools to conduct studies that will be required in their line of work, on the other.The Masters in Work-Integrated Political Studies includes in the second year an internship in a host organization in government or civil society, during which the students conduct applied research for the host. Both the students’ studies at the university and research for the host the institution serves as the basis for the Masters’ thesis. In the final year of their study, WIPS students thus operate at two levels of engagements: the first level is the work and study that the students conduct for the host institution. This work has its own methodological and theoretical dimensions that are negotiated and constructed in dialog between the university (supervisor/s),the student, and the host (work-place supervisor/s). The second level of activity surrounds is the Masters’ thesis that the students write. While the compilation thesis includes the study or studies from the host institutions, the “Kappa” of the thesis is centered around ethnographic reflections, comparisons, and articulation of the kind of work and knowledge produced at the university (designated as “theory” in the WIL literature) and the kind of work and knowledge produced at the host (designated as “practice” in the WIL literature), and their own role therein, as well as the interrelation and cross-fertilization of these two spheres of activity.

    In this presentation, I will use my ethnographic notes from seminars and conversation with staff and students to reflect on the collaborative work between the host institutions, the students, and the supervisors at the university during the internship. Among other things, we have found that the students’ encounter at the host organization has informed what we teach at the university; we have modified our supervision sessions accordingly, and by doing so, expanded our own level of knowledge and engagement (i.e., incorporated knowledge from the "work-place"). Another observation is that in collaboration with us (i.e., the academic supervisors/university) the host institution together with the students have developed the studies/work practice in accordance with both established and new theoretical, methodological, and critical advancement within the academy. These preliminary findings thus suggest a knowledge exchange – a possible “hybrid” or “third space” –that bridge the "theory" (university) and "practice" (workplace) divide that underpin sthe WIL literature, on the one hand, and create new practices/studies that transform the workplace in line with the ethos of Political Studies, on the other.

  • 158.
    Dahlquist, Karl
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Economou, Konstantin
    Linköping universitet.
    Handfast möte på vilka villkor: en studie om yrkesintegration inom konstfältet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    HANDFAST MÖTE PÅ LIKA VILLKOR – INTEGRATIONSPROJEKTET KONSTEN ATT DELTA1.1 SAMMANFATTNING Detta är en studie av integrationsprojektet Konsten att delta: Bild och Form genom-förd under hösten 2018 på uppdrag av Konstnärernas Riksorganisation.1 Texten ger en inblick i projektets praktik av kollegiala möten mellan konstnärskollegor med bakgrund från olika nationella och internationella kultur- och konstfält med målet att nå yrkesintegration inom det svenska konst- och kulturfältet. Syftet är att undersöka konstnärers möten och aktivitet inom ramen för projektet, ge per-spektiv på de roller som utvecklats, och vilken nivå av integration som projektet når. Som framgår i denna studie, är svårigheterna som kan möta en nyanländ konstnär att över huvud taget bli sedd och erkänd som yrkesverksam konstnär, och därefter att komma in i sammanhang och konstnärliga nätverk där dennes kompetens kan tillvaratas. Konsten att delta har utifrån denna verklighet utformat mentorsprogrammet och arbetat aktivt gentemot olika kulturinstitutioner och myndigheter som en lösning på dessa två problem. Vi kommer till slutsatsen att mentorprogrammet fungerar som yrkesintegration på individnivå och att Konsten att delta och deltagarnas arbete emot institutioner över en längre tid har lett till en förändring. Integration blir här synlig som en tvåvägsprocess: då utlandsfödda eller konstnärer som är utbildade eller tidigare har varit verksamma utomlands, påskyndar en förändring också av de kulturinstitutioner och personer som dessa kommer i kontakt med. För att nå fram till en punkt där det svenska kultur- och konstfält speglar, och är representativt för dagens mångfaldssverige krävs det en förändring bland svenska kultur- och myndighetsinstitutioner. Det finns goda in-dikationer på att Konsten att delta är en del i denna förvandling. Vi föreslår ett antal rekommendationer, dels gällande att vidareutveckla Konsten att delta och dels för fortsatta studier som kan stärka projektet och ge ytterligare förståelse för integrationsprojekts bestående verkan och värden.

  • 159.
    Dalin, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Samuelsson, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur har reporäntan påverkat prisutvecklingen på fastigheter?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effect the repo rate has had on real estate price index in Sweden. During the past years, the repo rate has been lowered to record low rates, now even negative rates. During the period 1994-2017 the real estate prices on average increased by 440%, compare this with the consumer price index which increased by 130% during the same period. The definitive reason behind this massive increase in real estate prices is not quite clear. Previous research does not show the exact same results. Some consider the repo rate being the greatest factor in real estate price index while some consider other factors plays a greater part in describing the price increase. To find out how much the real estate price index has been affected by the record low repo rates a regression analysis have been used. In the regression analysis the mortgage rate has been used instead of the repo rate. This has been considered okay because of the high correlation (98%) between the repo rate and the mortgage rate. The results of the regression analysis show that an increase by one percent in the mortgage rate, would on average tend to decrease the value of real estate prices in Sweden by 0,12928%.

  • 160.
    Danhard-Rundquist, Robert
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aminzadeh, Pouya
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Statsskuldens inverkan på den ekonomiska tillväxten i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examine the relationship between government debt and economic growth using quarterly Swedish data for the period 2000 Q2 to 2014 Q2. We use OLS regression and the model developed by Splitio & Vamoukas (2014) to test if there is a negative relation between the growth of GDP and the government debt in Sweden. The result show that government debt in Sweden is not the major factor that affects the GDP, instead it’s the interest rate and savings.

  • 161.
    Danielson, Niklas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ideals and Interests in Right-Wing Populism: Regarding NATO Membership: The Cases of Sweden and Denmark2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to examine the relationship between ideals and interests in the creation of the preferences of two right-wing populist parties regarding NATO-membership. The two parties who are examined are the Sweden Democrats and Danish People´s Party of Sweden and Denmark, respectively. The Sweden Democrats wish for Sweden to stay out of NATO, while The Danish People's Party wish for Denmark to remain in NATO, and this study sets out to discover the reasons for this difference of opinion between two right-wing populist parties. Such an analysis has not been performed previously in this way inside the broader study of right-wing populism, with the majority of academic study being devoted to, among other themes, the emergence of and subsequent voter demographics associated with right-wing populism.

    The theory utilized for this investigation is "The Liberal Theory of International Politics" based on the works of Andrew Moravcsik, with the analytical indicators being ideals and interests, drawn from this theory. The design of this study is that of a comparative, small-n case study.

    The findings show that there is a variation of ideals and interests between the two parties, with the ideal of peace being the most important for the Sweden Democrats, and the ideal of cooperation being the most important for the Danish People´s Party. National Security was the most important interest for both parties. The findings also showed that economic incentives had little impact on the shaping of either party´s preference when it came to the subject of NATO.

  • 162.
    Darabi, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sundic, Katarina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Genererar ett EU-medlemskap ekonomisk tillväxt?: En tillväxtstudie baserad på Europeiska unionen.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether an EU-membership can increase countries economic growth. The main focus will be to analyze the European union and their trade benefits such as open trade. Previous studies and research on the subject show evidence that the assumption of open trade has a positive impact on economic growth. In order to investigate the subject, we apply a method named ordinary least squares that examines 90 countries from 1990 to 2019, including the 28 member states of the European Union. The dependent variable in the method is GDP per capita. The independent variables are trade, tariff rate, population growth, labor force, exchange rate and a dummy variable that indicates whether a country has an EU-membership or not. The data used in the study is collected yearly from the World Development Indicators. The result mainly shows that the EU-membership itself cannot be proven having an effect on economic growth. In fact, it is the trade opportunities the union implies which can increase the growth.

  • 163.
    Daurer, Vanessa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    What is Development?: Peruvian local perception on “development” and foreign development aid- a way to a “non-westernized” development?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract“Development” is an essentially contested concept within academia and some critics, the so-called post-development school, argue that the concept and practice of development is a world-view monopolizing our imagination. The school of thought promotes alternative ways to think about development but is merely at the theoretical level and lacks taking into account empirical cases. Therefore, this theoretical approach is to test and develop existing literature and the theory is originating from the work of Michel Foucault and theory of post-development’s presented hegemonic development discourse. The aim is to study Peruvian NGO executives’ perceptions on development and alternative development collaborations through in-depth interviews and a critical case study design. The study reveals an alternative thinking about “development” and local perceptions challenge the “truth” of the hegemonic development discourse. A donor-recipient relation is visible where local knowledge is limited and local NGOs are coerced into new behaviors to satisfy donors’ demands. Studying “periphery” grass-root voices from the Third World is important to be able to imagine “development” differently in discourses silenced, limited and at the margins.

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    fulltext
  • 164.
    Davudov, Isa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dimitrova, Ani
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Just logical?: a comparative study of the use of different argument types in the presidential rhetoric of Barack Obama and George W. Bush2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and compare similarities and differences between the presidential rhetoric of Barack Obama's and George W. Bush's State of the Union speeches. Using a comparative design, as well as using the substance of rhetoric as a merit and theories of classical rhetoric, a qualitative analysis is conducted to fulfill the aim of this research. The three classical artistic proofs: ethos, logos and pathos are key concepts for our analysis, where we compare their use within the different policy areas. The results of this thesis illustrate that despite studying so contrasting presidents, their rhetoric appears not in total opposition. In particular, the most predominant appeal in the policy area of defense, in Barack Obama's rhetoric, is to ethos, whereas pathos is in George W. Bush's rhetoric. Similarities between presidents were found in the policy area of social security, where the most used appeal of both is to ethos. Even though in the category of moral questions, the presidents addressed to different issues, we found evidence of pathos combined with ethos, in the speeches of Barack Obama, and pathos combined with logos in the chosen State of the Union speeches of George W. Bush.

  • 165.
    Delic, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Alexander
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigration discourse change in the Swedish media?: A descriptive study of cosmopolitan and communitarian representations of immigration in the Swedish editorials during the refugee crisis 2015-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor´s thesis is a descriptive study of the immigration discourse during the refugee crisis in 2015-2016 in the Swedish media, focusing on the editorials, and analyzing the representation of immigration before and after the Swedish government implemented a more restrictive immigration policy using the representation theory, discourse theory and the concepts of cosmopolitanism and communitarianism. More specifically the thesis analyzes, (1) How are the cosmopolitan representations characterized in the editorials in terms of norms, problems, solutions and the effects of the solutions in time frame 1 and time frame 2? (2) How are the communitarian representations characterized in the editorials in terms of norms, problems, solutions and the effects of the solutions in time frame 1 and time frame 2 (3) Has the political discourse on immigration in the editorials changed between the two time periods and what similarities and differences are there? The approach we used is a qualitative one, analyzing editorials from the five biggest newspapers in Sweden, which we found using "mediearkivet". The results that we found was that the cosmopolitan representation were the same, with focus on human rights and suggestions of generous immigrations policies, in both time periods. The communitarian representations in the first time period were mostly concerned with problems of immigration and suggestions of limiting it by implementing ID- and Border controls, while the second time frame was characterized by more discussions about national culture and values. A change in the representations could be seen between the two time periods, from a mix between cosmopolitanism and communitarianism in the first to a clear communitarian discourse in the second one.

  • 166.
    Deljamie, Alesina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    UN’s framing on how to successfully combine human security with national security in the EU’s migration policy2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this theses is to analyse how the UN refugee agency, UNHCR frames the human security of refugees in current European migration policy. It will also examine how they frame the increased security concern in the EU. Do they ignore it or take it into consideration? More specifically my thesis will examine: 1. How does the UNHCR represent human security of refugees and asylum seekers as opposed to national security issues raised by states? 2. In what ways are EU’s refugee and asylum policy represented as a problem? 3. What is represented as the solution to the problem? The method used is a single case study with a qualitative approach and makes use of framing theory and social constructivism. After thoroughly analysing data collected from UNHCR webpage, the results indicate that UNHCR frames the national security versus human security as problems due to securitization. The causes of the problem are represented as inefficient border management and xenophobia. The solution to the problem is represented to be a development of common asylum policy towards a more efficient and equal asylum procedure, but also a more efficient border security and cooperation between European member states.

  • 167.
    Dharsani, Moez
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ericsson, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Women In Diplomacy: How is the Problem of Absence of Women in Diplomacy Framed by the UN?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor’s thesis is analyzing contemporary advocacy for more women in diplomacy by the United Nations (UN), with the help of framing theory. More specifically, it examines, (1) how is the absence of female diplomats represented as a problem? (2) What is represented as the causes of that problem? And finally, (3) what is represented as the solutions to that problem? The thesis examines one UN body: UNITAR, which is the only body that focus on the promotion of women explicitly in diplomacy. This is a single case study with a qualitative approach, and makes use of framing theory, based on social constructivism. Through gathering of outward-focused documents from UNITARs webpage, it has been observed that UNITAR frames the absence of women in diplomacy as an inefficiency problem. The argument is that by promoting more women in foreign policy, there will be greater productivity, enhanced economical growth and less poverty. The main causes of the problem are represented as a mix of societal, individual and organizational barriers. The solution to the problem is represented to be mainly training of individual women to improve skills needed to successfully carry out diplomacy, but also, to a lesser extent, training of organizations to inforce a gender mainstreaming approach.

    Key Words:  Women in diplomacy, framing, United Nations, women in foreign policy, international campaigns.

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    Women in Diplomacy
  • 168.
    Dumani, Gentrim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A qualitative descriptive study on the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party's post-2014 political integration approaches2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis is to describe the approaches of the Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party to political integration for the newly-arrived immigrant groups in the post-2014 period. This is a descriptive study is with textual qualitative content analysis as a methodology to explore the statements made by the two parties. The sources and data used in the analysis chapter are from the two parties' official websites, government website and the parliamentary website. When the data is analysed by using three models, i.e. the multicultural, assimilationist, and exclusionary models, of integration, this study concludes that while both parties had adopted a multicultural model of integration before 2014, in the post-2014 period there are some elements of change in Moderate Party's integration approaches, such as the addition of demands like the compulsory participation in integration courses for the immigrants and an the integration test shifting the Moderate Party's position toward the exclusionary model of integration. The findings indicate that the Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, still promotes the multicultural model of integration after 2014.

  • 169.
    Dung Nguyen, Trung
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dalsborn, Dominica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Freedom of speech in the social media context: A comparative study about the debate between the USA and Norway2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of speech is a fundamental principle within democracy which enhances the civil liberty and political power of citizens in democratic nations. In the past decade, the appearance of socialmedia has both empowered and challenged freedom of speech, resulting in democratic inclusion and exclusion. This thesis aims to contribute new knowledge to freedom of speech in the context of social media. The prevailing views from the existing literature have illustrated that there is an insufficiency of frames to cover the overall picture and highlight untouched issues to freedom of speech in the context of social media. This will be exercised by identifying frames of ongoing patterns and social phenomena of online speech. There are two well-suited theoretical approaches applied to this study: Constructivism and framing theory. In order to address the subject of study, the thesis employed a comparative descriptive qualitative design, following the format of a small N comparative case study between two democratic nations’ major news outlets, the United States of America and Norway. The findings confirmed the existing literature’s claims regarding online free speech, which illustrated online speech patterns and behaviors of online hate speech and undermining democracy. The study also identified new frames which might contribute to the collective list of frames for this subject of study. They are ‘the distortion of freedom of speech’, ‘online harassment’, and ‘public attitude toward social media platforms’ regulation’. Furthermore, these frames indicated emerging problems like a decline in public discourses due to fear of a heated debate climate, and the rising suppression of employee’s freedom of speech in society which requires further attention, comprehension, and prevention. 

  • 170.
    Edström, Elin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Tove
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Val av avkastningsmodell under en finansiell kris: En studie på den svenska aktiemarknaden före och under Covid-19 krisen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes stock returns in Sweden during the time periods January 2010 to December 2018 and January to March 2020. The method we use is OLS regressions. The regressions are performed on two different indexes. The purpose of the thesis is to find out which return model of CAPM, Fama-French Three Factor Model and Fama-French Five Factor Model that is the most optimal application in a crisis market for large and small companies respectively. The topicality comes from the crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic, that influenced the Swedish Stock market during the first quarter of 2020. The results of the regressions indicate that regardless of the market conditions, the five-factor model should be applied to both small and large companies at the Swedish stock market. This is despite the fact that the five-factor model variables do not consistently show significance.

  • 171.
    Edvardsson, Annelie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Martinez, Paulina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The performance of European green funds under different market conditions2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of investing responsible and using the ESG-criteria’s (environmental, social, and governance) has increased over the past years. Also, rapid climate change has worked as a stimulant for the development of more green investing alternatives. Previous research has shown that socially responsible investing options, in many cases, have managed better during crisis or market downturns, meaning that they have outperformed conventional funds.Research has been done on global funds, US funds, and other countries like France, Germany,and Japan. The purpose of this thesis is to study the performance of European green funds under different market conditions. We have examined the period from 1/1/2008 to 30/6/2020. The period was analyzed as a full period for the whole sample and then divided into five subsamples. The first sub-sample was the financial crisis in 2008. The second is a non-crisis period from the crisis of 2008 until the debt crisis in the Eurozone 2011. The third was the period of the debt crisis in the Eurozone 2011. The fourth was another non-crisis period. This non-crisis period was from the end of the debt crisis in the Eurozone 2011 to the covid-19 crisis in 2020. The last (fifth) sub-sample was the period of the Covid-19 crisis in 2020. It was studied if the green funds performed better than the conventional funds during crisis and non-crisis periods by measuring the portfolios abnormal returns. The data came from 386 conventional funds and 112 green funds that were active during the whole analyzed period and had a geographical focus on Europe. To estimate the excess return of the portfolios, the alpha from CAPM, Jensen’s Alpha, and the 3-factor model was used. Since we experienced problems with non-normality and heteroscedasticity, we used Huber White’s robust standard errors when conducting the regressions. All tests were conducted in excel. The results show that green funds do perform better than conventional funds during crisis and non-crisis periods.

  • 172.
    Egestål, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wild Thongsonti, Kimberly
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Framing Sex Trafficking: the case of Sweden and Europe: A comparative study on how Sweden and the European Commission frame human trafficking for sexual exploitation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trafficking for sexual exploitation is a phenomenon that greatly affects the individual as well as society. The effect is grim for the victims and their families, as sex trafficking violates their basic human rights, can shatter families, and cause severe psychological trauma. Sex trafficking has also negative effects on societies, it can adversely affect the economy, public health, national security, and gender equality. Policies have been implemented in response to sex trafficking, both in Sweden and in Europe. The thesis aims to show how sex trafficking is framed by the Swedish Government and the European Commission, based on the application of framing theory integrated with Bacchi's WPR-approach.

    The research method used is a qualitative, descriptive, comparative, small-N case study with a qualitative content analysis of textual data. Through this method, 11 different documents provided by the Swedish Government and the European Commission were analyzed. The result of the analysis shows that the documents from the Swedish Government use a more prominent frame of human rights, while for European Commission the most significant was organized crime. When it comes to Bacchi’s WPR-approach, the underlying assumptions behind these frames can be argued to be influenced by the national versus supra-national level and how many actors are involved, as well as ideological and legislative differences. Silences were complicated to find in the European Commission, while in the Swedish Government, sovereignty was not discussed. There could also be seen a difference in trend over time, where the European Commissionshifted more towards ‘human rights’ as recently as 2020-2021, while the Swedish Government was more constant in their frame of ‘human rights’. 

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  • 173.
    Ejermo, Olof
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Invention, Innovation and Regional Growth in Swedish Regions2009In: Uddevalla Symposium 2009. The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Revised papers presented at the 12th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June 2009, Bari, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2009, p. 449-467Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the link between invention and innovation on the one hand and the level of economic activity and economic growth in Sweden by using patents granted and the quality of patens as our indicators of invention and innovation respectively. Our results indicate that both types of measures are able to explain the level and the changing levelof economic activity equally well. However, an important difference is that the economic activity is affected differently by the two measures. We find that inventions have the strongest marginal effect in regions where economic activity is the highest. Instead, innovations have similar marginal effects across regions with different economic activity. Our interpretation is that quality-adjusted patents sort out "bad" from "good" patents in a manner which reflect economic importance.

  • 174. Ejermo, Olof
    et al.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Invention, Innovation and Regional Growth in Swedish Regions2011In: Innovation, Technology and Knowledge: Their Role in Economic Development / [ed] Johansson, B., Karlsson, C. and Stough, R, London: Routledge, 2011, p. 187-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Ekdahl, Patrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bodin, Oskar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    21 Svenska fondförvaltares prestation mot index OMX302015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the performance of 21 Swedish funds in relation to the OMXS30. We use two measures of performance: the CAPM model and Jensen's ALPHA. Our results suggest that, on average, only 14 equity funds produces higher gross monthly rate of return than OMXS30. After subtracting the expense ratio, the results suggest that all Swedish mutual funds included in our data underperforms their bench- marks, net of costs, with an exception of two mutual funds. The conclusion of the study is then that some of the funds are shows positive results but cannot pay for their own costs.

  • 176.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The meaning of health, well-being, and quality of life perceived by Roma people in West Sweden2013In: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 243-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as "being healthy" and "feeling good". Elements that were crucial part of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

  • 177.
    Ekström, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Walberg Wesström, Anton
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Att mäta kundtillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie om hur kön, ålder och det mänskliga minnet påverkar tillförlitligheten i marknadsundersökningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several different organisations today that perform surveys to discover factors that influence the customer's satisfaction. TNS Sifo is one of the largest actors in Sweden who working with market research, buying habits and guidance in segmentation and positioning.

    This study is based on a large amount of collected dataset, which has been collected by TNS Sifo. The data set contains 153 701 responses allocated five countries in Europe, where the surveys intention was to measure customer satisfaction after a car service. The background to the study is that many companies and their stakeholders use similar surveys as indicators for the companies, without knowing how reliable the measurements are.

    There are many different factors that affect how the respondent answers a survey. This study has therefore chosen to focus on how the human memory in relation to gender, age and time and what its impact on the outcome of the investigation. The purpose of the report affects on the allocated data set, with a base in marketing linked to previous research in psychology and memory research, and thereby generate a new scientific contribution in customer satisfaction and thereby develop the reliability of market research.

    Based on the theory, five hypotheses designed to form the basis of the results and the further analyses. It has been shown that age is a factor that have a significant impact how to measure customer satisfaction, while gender and time does not have the same effect on how to judge

  • 178.
    Ellgren, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hagman, Rasmus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How the Sweden Democrats use Alternative Truths within their Political Rhetoric2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world populistic parties rises seize power, this can take the form of coalitions with the ruling political party, to be the opposition against the leading power or just to seize power on their own, as seen in Hungary. These parties will not often admit that they are populists as the word has a negative connotation in many parts of the word. In Sweden the Sweden Democrats have been accused of being populists with their focus on the people against their political opponents (often the government) that they claim is and serve an elite. The Sweden Democrats began their political journey by opposing immigration to Sweden and has since their election to parliament in 2010 expanded their repertoire to include education, science and politics of equality. In this thesis, we investigate if the Sweden Democrats in Sweden are using populistic rhetoric, with a specific focus on “alternative truths”, as to legitimize their own politics. An example of this is how populists in the US uses alternative epistemologies against the media (as they brand “fake news”), politicians and experts to gather support and to legitimize his own truths, or as they say, to “tells it as it is” (Harsin, 2018). The Sweden Democrats also focuses on political questions that are applied to the national spirit to divide people into those groups, “the elite” and “the people”. Based earlier scholarships on populism this thesis will assume that SD’s politics lies within the populistic spectrum. We are thus investigating for the first time with the Sweden Democrats as our focus: How are they using the same technique of constructing the rhetoric to create alternative truths as populist elsewhere does. To answer this question, this small-N single case study has collected and analysed 20 interpellations from the Swedish Parliament (Riksdag) in 2020 by the Sweden Democrats. More specifically, these interpellations are analysed through a set of indicators constructed through a combination existing analytical category concerning epistemological and induction. The result shows how the Sweden Democrats are creating alternative truths to undermine other politicians and to elevate their own believable stories using populistic rhetoric with the focus on alternative truths. 

  • 179.
    Emami, Sam
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nyberg, Lisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigrationens påverkan: Hur påverkar flyktinginvandringen i Sverige landets ekonomiska tillväxt mätt i BNP per capita?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study how the immigration in Sweden affects the economic growth between 1990-2016. The study will answer how immigrants affect Sweden's GDP per capita in the long run. We have chosen to limit this study to immigrants, which is asylum seekers and how they affect the GDP per capita. In order to make our conclusions we have used the researchers Muysken and Ziesemers model and theory based on the Solow-Swan model. With a multiple regression our results confirm the impact on GDP per capita, with our explanatory variables: immigrants, employment rates, education and interest rates. The conclusion is that over time immigrants contribute to a positive development of GDP per capita, when immigrants are integrated into Sweden.

  • 180.
    Emilsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Pedagogical challenges in nurse education: a case study focusing on the completion rate in theoretical education at a Swedish University2014In: Vol. 6, no 11, p. 14 s.-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of this survey was to relate completion rate and results on national clinical final examinations to student’s admission background and examination results for nursing and medical courses.

    Methods: The research data were based on a quantitative case study, with 286 nursing students, using statistical analysis.

    Results: The programme's overall completion rate was 76%, i.e. almost one out of four students did not complete the programme. The higher students' upper secondary/high school grades, the fewer attempts they needed to pass the nursing and medical courses exams (p<0.001). The average examination attempts needed to pass courses in medical science was significantly greater than the number needed to pass courses in nursing science (p<0.001). In a multivariate analysis both upper secondary/high school grades and average examination attempts needed to pass were significant predictors for national clinical final examination score.

    Conclusion: In sum, upper secondary/high school grades and examination attempts needed, especially for courses in medical science, may be regarded as important indicators of achieved knowledge and skills which are tested in the national final examination.

  • 181.
    Enblom, Pontus
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindfors, Mattias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Har fotbollsklubbars lönekostnader, storlek och antal anställda ett samband med fotbollsklubbars framgång?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research in other countries has highlighted the importance of football clubs' wages, size of the organization, and number of employees' effect on success. However, no study has investigated the combination of these variables in Swedish football. Thus, the purpose of this paper was to investigate whether the football clubs' wages, size and number of employees were related to success. The analysis was conducted with the help of a paneldata-analysis in which 13 football clubs from Sweden participated. The criterion for participating in the analysis was to not have played in a lower division than the second division (Superettan) in Sweden during the period 2009-2019. The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between football clubs' success and their wage, size, and number of employees. Furthermore, the results showed that size was the only one of these variables that had a predictive effect on the success of football clubs between 2009-2019. Thus, this result adds new knowledge to the subject and opens up for further research.

  • 182.
    Engberg, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Spajic, Monika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hushållens sparande: Vilka faktorer påverkar hushållens sparande och på vilket sätt?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Savings can be defined as the portion of income that is not consumed and can be explained in different ways: the need to build a buffer with assets to finance future consumption, future uncertainty, save for next generation, and perhaps the most important example: saving to be able to consume during the retirement years. The purpose of this study is to highlight what factors affect Swedish households savings and how. This study deals with selected variables, and the purpose is to find out the impact of variables on Swedish households' savings. The chosen variables are based on the Sebastian Edward model of the researcher, presented in 1995. One factor that gives increased interest in studying household savings is the introduced amortization requirement from 2016, and the recently tightened amortization requirement from March 2018. To investigate this, methods such as cointegration analysis as well as a error correction model were used. Theories chosen to support this study's analysis are life cycle theory, the income and substitution method and the ricardian equivalence. Previous studies in private savings have shown that per capita GDP, inflation and economic growth are two explanatory variables that have a positive impact on household savings. The study's results show that the current account and inflation have the greatest impact on household savings. The results indicate that increases in income through a positive current account balance are what largely explain saving. Variables that generate higher income for households will have a positive impact on the saving of Swedish households. The study also reveals that amortization behavior is becoming increasingly positive and will have a positive effect on the savings.

  • 183.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wessberg, Linnea
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rörligheten på bostadsmarknaden: Amorteringskravets påverkan på bostadsmarknaden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gothenburg is a city under constant development. The city is an attractive point in western Sweden for both companies and students. In order to continue to develop and attract new residents, a functioning housing market is required, where the chains operate as they should in theory. Daily news is that there is housing shortage, it is built too slowly or that we are a residential bubble.

    The essay will describe how mobility is influenced by various laws, rules and requirements that the government and various institutions set up in one way or another to try and regulate the housing market. In some cases it should be cooled down to counteract a rise in prices on housing and in other cases accelerate the construction of new housing.

    A regression will be made if the amortization requirement has had a signaling effect, as the increase in mobility should be increased by the press release until it became operational. The essay will also investigate whether there is any effect of the amortization requirement today. We will let supply and demand show how mobility is changing with increased demand through the 4Q model, which will also interconnect the various submarkets in a housing market.

    There will also be drawn parallels to other studies, reports, debates and scientific articles in order to draw a conclusion about the amortization requirement had an impact on the number of sales and thus affect the mobility of the housing market.

  • 184.
    Eriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hülphers, Charlotta
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Vad påverkar storbankernas listutlåningsräntor på bolån?: En empirisk studie om hur storbankernas listutlåningsräntor för bolån påverkas av deras finansieringskostnader2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have indicated that following the financial crisis 2007-2009 the repo rate has had a lower affect on banks' pricing of mortgage rates. The purpose of this study is to see what other factors in place of the repo rate that are affecting the mortgage rates from the four largest banks' in Sweden. Further the study will test if an empirical model tested by Enzo Cassino can be applied in Sweden. Based on the previous study done by Enzo Cassino, data from Sweden is collected for three explanatory variables for banks' funding costs; deposit rate, treasury bill rate and credit default swap rate. Time series data from November 2008 to March 2017 have been analysed and tested for unit roots and cointegration to be able to continue with further tests of a regression analysis in the form of an error correction model. Through the error correction model, long-term and short-term relationships can be estimated. The study's results show that, using the error correction model, it can be confirmed that the same factors affecting the mortgage rates in Enzo Cassinos study also have the same affect on mortgage rates in Sweden. It's clear that the banks' funding costs can explain the average mortgage rates in the short and long term.

  • 185.
    Eriksson, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Berntsson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    E-handelns inverkan på inflationen i USA: En tidsserieanalys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are moving towards a time when digitalization is now, companies are forced to push prices against extremely price-conscious consumers. This essay, the impact of e-commerce on inflation, aims to find out how increased e-commerce affects inflation. The statement is based on Yiping Huang, Xun Wang and Xiuping Huas (2010) article that explores what determines China's inflation, then this essay will focus on the United States and taking into account the new variable, e-commerce. Using economic models to analyze selected variables is the method of this quantitative study. Through the quarterly data from January 2000 to December 2016, the change in the consumer price index, CPI, will measure inflation as a dependent variable. The independent variables are output gap, export growth, liquidity, change in national house price index, stock price index, base lending rate, change of real effective exchange rate index and e-commerce. Through the inflation, consumer-, producer- and marketlevel we have chosen to explain effects of e-commerce. In these three levels we deal with theories linked to competition, which in turn show how inflation may be affected by increased e-commerce. The theories for the paper are thus, increased competition and inflation, consumer and search-costs, company level and reduced profit margins, market-level influence, perfect competition with perfect information and then e-commerce effects in a macro perspective.The variables that have a positive impact on inflation, which can be read in the ECM model, are the constant, house price index, exports, stock price index and interest rate. The variables that show a negative impact on inflation are the error correction term, e-commerce, output gap, liquidity and exchange rate. The result for R2, the degree of explanation, is high. The explanation rate indicates that 73.1 % of the variation in the CPI can be explained by the variation in our independent variables.

  • 186.
    Eriksson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fondförvaltning: En analys av skillnaden i avkastning mellan aktivt förvaltade fonder och indexfonder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will examine and compare the return in actively managed funds and index funds. Many of the earlier studies has been done on American funds and we want to see what similarities and differences there are to the Swedish market. The study is based on monthly listing of 22 Swedish funds, 17 of them are actively managed and five of them are index funds. The benchmark used is OMXS30. The time period is 2011-2015 and only those funds which has existed the whole period has been included. To be able to evaluate the funds we have used Jensens alpha and the Sharpe ratio. The result is comparable with many of the earlier studies which tells us actively managed funds do not generate higher return than index funds. The fees are therefore not justified.

  • 187.
    Eriksson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jakobsson, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Amorteringskravet: Hur har det påverkat priset på småhus i Göteborgs kommun?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the purpose is to analyze whether the price of single-family houses was affected by the amortization requirement introduced in June 1, 2016. The data collected is expressed quarterly and extends between 2001Q1 and 2017Q4. It will be presented with a National Economics Model, developed by Xu and Tang (2014), which can be applied to the housing market and may assist in answering the issue regarding the effect of the amortization requirement. In order to get results, a number of tests have been conducted, where we look for unit root through a Dickey-Fuller test and cointegration through an Engel-Granger test. In addition, an Error Correction Model has been used to study the short-term behavior between the variables, as well as how repo rate, income and population influenced the prices of singlefamily houses. The result shows that the amortization requirement had a positive effect on house prices, while repo rate, population and income had a negative effect on prices in Gothenburg. However, we can not ensure the results for the population and the amortization requirement as they do not show significance.

  • 188.
    Eriksson, Robin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sandkvist, Linus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ideas of Gender in the Swedish Radical Right.: An Ideological comparative Study Between the Sweden Democrats, the Party of the Swedes and the Swedish Resistance Movement2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses ideas of gender in the Swedish radical right. The aim of the study is to see if there are any differences or similarities in the way gender is being formulated by a populist radical right party as the Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna), the extreme right party, Party of the Swedes (Svenskarnas Parti) and the extreme right movement Swedish Resistance Movement (Svenska Motståndsrörelsen). Ideas of gender are presented in the theory chapter which is used later on in the analysis to compare with the radical right organisations of Sweden. To fulfil the aim we have performed a comparative ideological analysis between the three organisations and the base for our analysis is texts from each organisation’s webpage. The study shows that the ideological differences concerning gender between populism and extremism in the Swedish radical right are relatively small

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  • 189.
    Evegård, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lundin, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bostadsbrist och byggande: en nutidsanalys av bostadsinvesteringar i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most of Swedish municipalities suffer from a shortage in housing. The last few years the population growth has increased more than expected and is not expected to decrease during the next couple of years. More residentials must be built. In this study we highlight the problem with housing shortage and the factors that mainly affect the level of housing construction. A statistic analysis is performed based on an empirical model. The model contains two equations – one for price of housing and another for residential investment.

    The results in this study show that house prices and population growth have the biggest positive impact on residential investments. The study confirms the long shown market pattern; that high house prices and high residential investments are strongly related.

  • 190.
    Ferraz-Nunes, José
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Burden of stroke in a large county in Sweden Sickness cost and potential development2013In: Cerebrovascular Diseases, ISSN 1015-9770, E-ISSN 1421-9786, Vol. 35, no Supplement: 3, p. 469-469Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Ferraz-Nunes, José
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The importance of health capital in an ageing population: a QALY approach2012In: International journal of behavioural and healthcare research, ISSN 1755-3539, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 106-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of health capital, especially in relation to an aged population, is discussed. The value of health as a stock is important because it may contribute to the well-being and individual independence that influences the expectations and desires of humans for activities. Expected depreciation of health capital between two points in time may imply a demand for investments in health, which corresponds to flows of health services and activities performed by individuals. An efficient allocation of resources in this area demands measurement of health that is connected with analysis of activities that promote health in different age groups and activities. This paper presents the use of QALY in several empirical studies that have dealt with different ways to increase health capital. All of the cases illustrate the importance of new technologies to improve cost efficiency in services used by aged people.

  • 192.
    Ferraz-Nunes, José
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlberg, Ingvar
    Hälsoekonomi: begrepp och tillämpningar2012 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Fjugstad, Nadine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Cerić, Amina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Påverkande faktorer på svensk varuexport: En empirisk analys på makronivå med tillämpning av gravitationsmodellen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the gravity model is used to examine the determinants of the Swedish exports of goods to Sweden's five largest trade partners; Germany, Norway, Denmark, Finland and the United States for the period 2000-2014. Exports are an important foundation for economic growth in Sweden. The purpose was to gain knowledge about what affects the Swedish export of goods. The export of goods has in this study been explained with the help of GDP, population, distance, free trade agreements, common language, common land border and the financial crisis. This study did not succeed to account for which variables that impact the trade of goods in the Swedish economy by using the configuration of the gravity model. This study has therefore not contributed to an increased understanding of which factors that had led to increased trading conditions within the Swedish exports.

  • 194.
    Flodén, David
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mörck, Emil
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The 2016 United Kingdom EU Membership Referendum: Impact on Western Stock Indices2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1973, the United Kingdom became a full member of the EEC. A controversial move at the time. Leaders of the political parties has over the decades been pressured to renegotiate the membership several times. Finally, the UK prime minister at the time promised to hold a referendum regarding its status as a member of the union in 2016. The stock market performance over the referendum is analysed in this paper. The analysed stock markets in this paper are the UK, French, German and Norwegian markets. The market model is used to find the proper alpha and beta for the various indices compared to the global index. The model includes data from November 2015 to May 2016. Some of the event windows over the event shows abnormal returns, that are concentrated around the event day, but fades away short after and becomes insignificant. This is over all in line with earlier studies in the topic.

  • 195. Flood, Lennart
    et al.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tid för barn, tid för arbete: En undersökning av svenskahushålls tidsanvändning1997In: Familj, makt och jämställdhet: Utredningen om fördelningen av ekonomiska resursermellan kvinnor och män / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Inga Persson, Stockholm: Fritzes, 1997, p. 159-188Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 196.
    Forai, Emma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Seguel, Karina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Can self-identified political colors in Newspapers change the way news is represented?: The portrayal of the hijab cases in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a comparative small-N study on how political ideologies influence news released by Aftonbladet and Expressen. More specifically, it examines cases where the Muslim veil is being written about and portrayed. By using social constructivism and framing as main theories, they lay the foundation for the understanding of the construction of reality, as well as to understanding how news can be "framed". Based on framing techniques, media outlets contribute to the diverse conceptual build up the readers may have when reading news. Agenda setting and two political ideologies: liberalism and social democracy are aimed to give the grounds for the analytical framework, in order to find the values portrayed in each newspaper release.

    After applying the theories it was found that political ideologies play an important role in how and what is represented, as well as serving as a filter to what kind of topics are being released.

  • 197.
    Forsman, Denize
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Krause, Amanda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Skillnader i prisutvecklingen på den svenska fastighetsmarknaden: En empirisk utvärdering av bestämningsfaktorernas påverkan på olika delmarknader2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the determinants of Swedish housing prices between 1996Q1 and 2017Q4. We use three different housing price indices namely, prices for one- or twodwelling buildings, vacation home prices, and rental house prices- along with an error correction model and an Autoregressive Distributed Lag model (ADL). The results show that the price increase for one - and two dwelling buildings and rental apartment buildings were due to lower interest rates, while the higher price of holiday houses mainly depended on rises in income.

  • 198.
    Francisco, R.
    et al.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Klein, A. Z.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Engeström, Y.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Sannino, Annalisa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University of Tampere, Finland Center for Research on Activity, Development and Learning (CRADLE), Finland; Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Knowledge on the move: Expansive learning among mobile workers2018In: Online Collaboration and Communication in Contemporary Organizations / [ed] Ditte Kolbaek, IGI Global, 2018, p. 179-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile workers are professionals who frequently work on the move, far from a fixed workplace, often performing knowledge-intensive activities. Mobility challenges creation and sharing of knowledge among these professionals, and the existing literature lacks powerful theoretical frameworks conducive to creating supportive learning pathways for them to meet these challenges. This chapter is a theoretical and practical contribution to fill this gap by analyzing a case of expansive learning initiated by mobile workers themselves. Based on longitudinal participant observation, the study traces the steps undertaken by these professionals to create a new artifact that helped them to know what, when, where, and how they needed to perform their work activities. © 2018, IGI Global. All rights reserved.

  • 199.
    Franzén, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bränfeldt, Veronica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Har Sveriges handel gynnats av valutaunionen trotsatt Sverige står utanför?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is part of the internal market within European Union (EU), but remains outside the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Sweden is a highly export-dependent country and exported goods and services with a value of 44.6 % of GDP, where three-quarters of exports go to countries within Europe. We have in our study had the intention to examine how exports and import developed for Sweden since the euro was introduced in 1999. Have the Swedish trade benefit from the currency union, despite the exclusion? We have been using an expanded gravity model and constructed a time series analysis using dummy variables including export flows between countries within the EU and EMU to see how the monetary union could have affected trade. A positive export developments have occurred over the years for Sweden, based on our results, we cannot see that the introduction of the European currency have contributed to the development of trade for Sweden.

  • 200.
    Franzén, Rebecca
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Allansson, Matilda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Genererar kvinnliga fondförvaltare en högre eller lägre avkastning?: En empirisk studie i fondavkastning mellan kön2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The financial industry in Sweden is overrepresented by men and has been for a long time. A common gender stereotype assumption in the financial sector is that men generally take more risk compared to women and that they are more confident in their financial investments and that, in return, that may lead to higher returns. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are any differences in behavior between male and female fund managers and if it leads to different returns. This has been tested using the CAPM and Fama French threefactormodel, in which a gender dummyvariable has been added, to test if it is a dependent variable for a fund's return. To test the fund managers' performance, the measures Sharperatio, Treynorratio and Jensen’s Alfa has also been used. Other factors that has been analyzed includes: Tracking Error, fund capital, number of assets and standard deviation. The result can not prove that gender is an dependent variable in a fund's return. In addition to this, the study does show some differences between male and female managers, the men in this study has a higher average return. This study can not prove though, if this is a coincidence or not since it is not statistically significant. Some more differences that the thesis’ result can prove are, among other things, that the male managers hold more assets in their funds and that the female managers generally manage funds that have lower capital.

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