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  • 151.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Biel, Anders
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The impact of environmental information on professional purchasers' choice of products2007In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 421-429Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Illness perception of nursing students regarding MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION2009In: Nursing Education Perspectives, ISSN 1536-5026, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 234-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health Interventions aimed at secondary prevention of myocardial infarction (MI) are important. Patients' illness perceptions influence adherence behaviors and actions. Providing adequate information about the disease and lifestyle interventions is an important task for health care professionals. Therefore, a question of interest is how health care professionals perceive myocardial infarction themselves. The aim with the present study was to investigate how nursing students at a Swedish university perceived Ml and to determine whether their illness perceptions changed during their six-term program of education. Illness perception was measured using the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) in a sample of 196 students enrolled in terms 2, 4, and 6 of the nursing program. A quasi-experimental design was used. Illness perceptions among nursing students were also compared to illness perceptions in a group of patients with coronary heart disease. The belief that it is possible to control Ml through medical treatment became stronger during the course of nursing education. Nursing students were found to view the consequences of Ml as serious, but also as medically treatable and responsive to lifestyle changes.

  • 153.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmberg, Roger
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Coaching i det moderna arbetslivet2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1., p. 23-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personality traits and personal values: A replication with a Swedish sample2015In: International Journal of Personality Psychology, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 8-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To maintain rigor and transparency in the science of personality psychology, we conducted a replication of the often cited “The Big Five Personality Factors and Personal Values” by Roccas, Sagiv, Schwartz, and Knafo (2002). More than a decade ago, based on a study of Israeli students, they presented results on how personality traits and personal values relate. In the current replication study with Swedish students, we related the Big Five personality traits to Schwartz´s personal values. Our results replicated most of the earlier findings. Whereas the earlier study tested the predictive validity of traits and values on religious beliefs, presumed to be under a relatively high degree of cognitive control, our study tested the willingness-to-pay for Fairtrade alternatives. Our findings confirmed the earlier findings that personal values explain substantially more variance than personality traits in this. We discuss that traits and values are different constructs and that their relationship is consistent across the two geographic locations and student cohorts.

  • 155.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lekedal, Hans
    Marmendal, Maarit
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Values and eco- and fair-trade labelled products2007In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 169-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Children and Parents: Attributions, Attitudes and Agency2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and parents are both part of children’s development and research on children and on parenting are both areas that, in some way, have changed in recent decades. These changes are related to the new way of seeing children and that children are no longer seen as ‘becomings’ or adults in the making; rather, children are insteadregarded – and seen – as more active in their development and as social agents. With a new way of viewing children and childhood there is also a new way of explaining or understanding parenthood. The general aim of this thesisis to learn more about how parents think about their parenting and how this can be related to children’s agency. Inaddition, children’s own beliefs about their agency are studied. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed thatSwedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children inall nine countries. Despite the high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In Study III Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children was examined in relation to their children’s agency. It also studied the longitudinal relation between agency and children’s externalizing, internalizing, and school achievement. Swedish children’s parents (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children’s agency, children’s externalizing and internalizing behaviors and school achievement. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to children’s subsequent perceptions of their agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalizing and internalizing problems and higher academic achievement. Personal agency is studied in Study IV and the aim of this study was to examine how 10-year-old children perceive their agency in three different contexts, family, school and peer-situations. Interviews were conducted with 103 ten-year-old Swedish children. Vignettes concerning three different situations were presented to the children and their answers were written down for subsequent thematic analysis. The resultsshowed that children perceive their agency differently depending upon which context they find themselves in. The difference is not in how they think adults or peers would react to their agency, but in how they themselves would act if their agency was suppressed. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find a solution together, while they would be more emotional and powerless with adults.In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions. It is also revealed that parents’ warmth is related to children’s agency,and that children’s perceptions of their agency depend on whether they interact with adults or other children. Apossible contribution of this thesis is to generate additional knowledge about parental cognitions and the implications that parenting can have on child agency, but also the shedding of light on the ways in which, depending on the context, children’s beliefs of their agency differ.

  • 157.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Parenting Across Cultures: Parental attributions, attitudes and behaviour2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously studies in parenting have mainly been conducted in Western countries. Not uncommonly results from such studies are used to describe general, worldwide trends. In an attempt to make the field of parenting research more culturally heterogeneous, an international research project, Parenting Across Cultures, was started. The project includes nine participant countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and USA) and its purpose is to examine parenting across cultures. This thesis is based on reports from parent participants. The aim of Study I was to investigate mothers’ and fathers’ (77 participants from each group) attributions and attitudes in Sweden. The results revealed that Swedish parents are more polarized in their attitudes than in their attributions, they think more alike for parenting attitudes and there was greater variability for parenting attributions, particularly regarding uncontrollable success, as opposed to attributions regarding adult- or child-controlled failure. Regarding attitudes, mothers and fathers reported more progressive than authoritarian attitudes. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than mothers. In Study II the aim was to assess whether mothers’ and fathers’ self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect of their children differ in the nine countries. A total of 1996 parents (998 mothers and 998 fathers) participated in the study. Mothers and fathers reported high acceptance and warmth and low rejection and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their children in all nine countries. Despite the overwhelmingly high levels of acceptance and low levels of rejection across all countries, and despite our use of statistical controls for parental age, education, social desirability, and child age, some systematic differences between countries emerged. In summary, parents in the studies report higher similarity about parenting in some cases, for example concerning acceptance and warmth and hostility/rejection/neglect, but lower in others, such as the Swedish parents’ reports about attributions.

  • 158.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parental perceptions of children’s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment2016In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 186, no 8, p. 1203-1211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children in relation to their children's agency. It also examined the longitudinal relation between agency and children's externalising, internalising, and school achievement. Swedish children's mothers and fathers (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children's agency, and children's externalising and internalising behaviours and school achievement. Parental warmth at Time 1 was significantly correlated with child agency at Time 2, which was significantly correlated with child externalising and internalising behaviours and academic achievement at Time 3. There were no differences between girls and boys. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to subsequent perceptions of children's agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalising and internalising problems and higher academic achievement. These findings held in the context of a three-year longitudinal study and for both boys and girls, suggesting the importance of child agency in the link between parental warmth and children's adjustment.

  • 159.
    Gustafsson, Jon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandberg, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attraktionskraften hos Göteborgs Stad: En kvalitativ studie om Employer- och Corporate Branding i offentlig sektor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer Branding and Corporate Branding are two components of the same strategic tool – which is to attract and retain talents in a competitive environment. Within the City of Gothenburg this strategy is implemented under the name "Attractive Employer". The aim for this study has been to portray what made employees, with a technical background within the private sector, choose to seek employment within the city of Gothenburg. The study focused on the employee's experiences before, and after, they became employees within the city. On the basis of the employee's experiences, the ambition has been to raise a constructive discussion with a focus to support the City of Gothenburg in its continuing work with Employer- and Corporate Branding. The study is qualitative and the data was collected through six semi-structured interviews. The interviews were conducted among employees from four municipal departments within the city. The interview data was transcribed and analyzed by a thematic analysis. The result showed that three out of the six interviewees had made an active choice to seek employment in the public sector. Furthermore the result indicated a discrepancy among the employees regarding the external image of a public employer – and what the employees now were experiencing from within the organization. The employees also experienced some key differences in values when working in the public sector compared to the private sector. Festinger's (1957) dissonance theory was used as a way to further discuss the employee´s choice to seek employment within the public sector.

  • 160.
    Gustavsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöqvist, Christof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie i unga vuxnas kristna tro: Orsaker till tron och upplevelser av mening med- och i livet2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is today one of the world's most individualized and secularized countries, but the trend in recent years seems to have turned and diminished with Generation X, those born in the 60-80's. At the same time previous research shows that religious practice and a sense of purpose in life have a positive impact on people's mental wellbeing. However, there are still gaps in the research into the reasons why people believe. This study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons why young adults that are christians believe in a god and how they perceive the meaning of life and in life in relation to their faith. The theories Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence worked as a basis for the study. A qualitative method was used and the collection of data was made using semi-structured interviews. The participants consisted of three women and three men, active in the Swedish Church. The analytical method IPA was used for processing the collected data. The results showed that the informants' perceptions of why one believes could be organized into the three themes of: The community molds, helps and creates a feeling of belongingness, Christian family background led to faith and experiences in adolescence were crucial for the faith. The results also showed that belief in itself, as well as the Christian community gave a sense of purpose of life and in life. These results were discussed in relation to theories of Belongingness, Logo-therapy and Self-transcendence. Some conclusions that could be drawn from the results and the discussion is that this study's question on reasons why Christians, young adults in the Swedish Church believes, resulted in two kinds of answers: One concerned the reasons why they first came to faith and the other on the causes to why they continue to believe today. Meaning of- and in life was perceived in relation to the Christian community and through the personal faith of the informants. The quest to become a better person and to live well was central to the experience of meaning of life and in the lives of informants. Reliability was affected mainly by the authors' own background and pre-understanding.

  • 161.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 162.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. .
    Adolescents in a Digital Everyday Environment2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to examine different aspects of Swedish adolescents’ everyday environment in a digital world. Drawing on ecological and psychosocial developmental theories I will discuss social, sexual, and biological aspects of the Internet as an everyday environment, an environment in which most adolescents spend a great deal of time. The thesis comprises four studies, all examining different aspects of the developmental stage of adolescence. Study I focused primarily on the extent to which adolescents encounter explicit online content, such as pornographic, violent, and/or hateful material, and how they react to it. What feelings are associated with explicit online content? And how do adolescents deal with those feelings? In study I we analyzed questionnaire data collected from 226 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 (47% girls and 53% boys). In line with other studies on the subject, the results showed that many Swedish adolescents are exposed either intentionally or unintentionally to explicit online content. Adolescents in this study showed surprisingly low emotional response to their exposure to explicit content. Their coping strategies center on personal agency, with most choosing to avoid or block unwelcome content rather than turn to parents or siblings for support and advice. Almost no significant gender differences were found in the choice of coping strategies, except that young men were more likely to avoid a site than were young women. Study II focused on the association between various parental and child factors and the parents’ attitudes toward adolescents’ online sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data collected from parents (78% mothers) and adolescents (54% girls) in 496 families. Results showed that parental attitudes toward adolescents’ offline and online sexual activities are closely related, although parents are more permissive in the offline setting. Parents’ attitudes toward online sexuality are not only correlated with their attitudes toward sexuality in traditional settings, but also by their preferences on the Internet. Parental attitudes were found to differ by the sex of the parent and the sex and age of the child. The link between fathers’ attitudes and adolescents’ online sexual activities was mediated by parental rules, suggesting that communication is part of the transmission of values. The focus of study III was on the link between adolescent boys’ pubertal timing and their offline and online romantic and sexual activities. The study was based on questionnaire data obtained from 142 early adolescent Swedish boys. Participants reported on stagenormative (physical) and peer-normative aspects of pubertal timing, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing were related to romantic and sexual activity offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to sexual activities online. In study IV the focus was on the relationship between sexual and romantic activity in a traditional offline context and similar activities online. Longitudinal questionnaire data were obtained from 440 adolescents over three years. Results revealed that both offline and online sexual activity increased over time within the group. We found that results for girls showed a somewhat larger effect, indicating that the link between offline and online sexual activity is largest within the female group. Results also revealed a small but significant increase in the slope for participation in offline sexual activity with online sexual activity as a predictor – but only for boys – indicating that the link between online and offline sexual activity (i.e., the other way around) only exists within the male group. Thus, as boys’ participation in sexual activity increases online, so it also does offline. The article concludes that adolescents’ romantic and sexual activities online are tied to their physical, offline equivalent and so the Internet can be regarded as an important context for sexual development. Taken together, the individual studies suggest that The Internet, as an everyday environment is linked to several aspects of the developmental phase of adolescence. Further studies should continue to explore the effect of the Internet on adolescents’ developmental tasks.

  • 163.
    Hamideh, Daniala
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

  • 164.
    Hansson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Söderqvist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsbelastning, arbetstillfredsställelse och sjukfrånvaro2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased work absence due to sickness is a current problem in society, and previous research has highlighted the different perspectives of the rising absenteeism and sick leave processes. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a link between workload, job satisfaction and absenteeism. To investigate this quantitative approach through a questionnaire survey was used. Further, we posed the following research questions: 1. Is there a correlation between job satisfaction and absenteeism? 2. Is there a correlation between workload and sick leave? Participants in the study were employed as assistant nurses, nurses, doctors and other health care personnel. A total of 83 from care staff participated, of whom 69 were women and 14 were men. A measuring instrument for measuring the workload was obtained from QPS Nordic as this is a well validated survey with good reliability. To measure job satisfaction statements, a previous study of global job satisfaction was used. The questionnaire contained 14 questions concerning workload measured with the following components: decision-making requirements, learning requirements and quantitative requirements as well as job satisfaction, some personal issues and three dimensions of the concept of sickness absence. To analyze the collected data a correlation analysis and multiple regression to explore a relationship between the different variables was used. There was no significant relationship between job satisfaction and absenteeism. A negative weak relationship existed between the decision-making requirements and one of the measurements of sick leave sick leave, number of times per year. Components, the learning requirements

    3

    and quantitative requirements during the workload showed no significant relationship with absenteeism. Based on the results of the study we can confirm that the results suggest that there are other variables in play, which is outside the scope of this study.

  • 165.
    Hartmann, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lampio, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsgivares och studenters uppfattning om betydelsen av "generic skills": en studie om självuppskattad anställningsbarhet bland studenterna vid Högskolan Väst2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that there is a gap between which skills employer’s seek and what attributes student’s actually possess. Generic skills are defined as personal attributes, which are useful in all kinds of professions, at all levels in the career. Generic skills is an inherent part of any discussion about employability. Employability was originally defined as the ability to gain, maintain and regain employment. Studies have shown that generic skills are developed by real world experience, and due to this, work-integration during the education is crucial in order to develop generic skills. The aim of the present study was to compare whether employer’s perception of generic skills are consistent with the skills that students actually possess and if the students perceptions are the same as the one’s that employers value the most. The present study consisted of two surveys. In the first study 74 employers participated, and in the second survey 466 students at the University West participated. The main result showed that students believed they possessed two out of three, by the employers, top-rated skills (responsibility and work ethic) and these two skills where consistent with the student’s perceptions of which skills employers would value. This was not consistent with previous research. The conclusion was that generic skills may be valued differently due to the context.

    2

    Finally, it was debated if the high level of work-integration at University West could have led to the fact that the students possess several skills that employers value

  • 166.
    Hedeblom, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetsdrag hos whistleblowers: -en kvantitativ studie av sjuksköterskestudenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the tendency to report, being a whistleblower, and certain personality traits. Although it is possible to partly predict whistleblowing based on a specific personality traits and the number years in the profession, the interpretation of personality traits in itself can also be of great importance. 60 people participated in the study. Participants were nursing students at their first semester at University West. The gender distribution was 51 women and 8 men with an average age of M = 25.86 and an average of three years of work experience in healthcare. Respondents were presented with two different anomalous scenarios. One had a milder problems, and the other a more complex representation. In Scenario 1, the milder, a positive correlation between the personality traits openness and a negative correlation with the personality traits agreeableness and self-rated tendency with reporting the anomaly was found. Both results were significant. To predict the likelihood that an employee will report anomalies based on number of years in the profession and personality traits such as openness proved to be possible.

  • 167.
    Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Inledning2011In: Läraryrket: ett mångfacetterat uppdrag / [ed] Henry, Alastair, Gurdal, Sevtap, Asplund Carlsson, Maj, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 11-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gurdal, SevtapUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.Asplund Carlsson, MajUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Läraryrket: ett mångfacetterat uppdrag2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Hermansson, Jozephine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tengström, Ramona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kreativitet och innovation ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ undersökande studie inom offentlig sektor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study was to increase the knowledge about how the public sector can take advantage of employees' creativity and innovation, as previous research mostly was carried out in the private sector. The study investigated how participants want their organization to take advantage of their creativity and innovation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five employees within a municipal business. The participants represented various employee categories within the organization, and all were women in the age range 26-47. Data were analyzed with a thematic analysis. The results of the analysis identified three themes: Prerequisites/opportunities, communication and leadership. Our results demonstrate that an organization that wants to promote creativity and innovation need to give their employees conditions and opportunities to get ideas, develop them and then implement them in the organization. They need a climate of transparency, good relations and good cooperation with all those involved in their work. For this to be possible, the employees need leaders at all levels who are active role models and give priority to creativity and innovation and enables effective communication processes. The workplace context and the interpersonal interactions were important elements of the employees' creativity and innovation.

  • 170.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 171.
    Holmberg, Robin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wikström, Christian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Commitment till förändring: En kvantitativ studie utförd vid GKN Aerospace2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's economic reality requires organizations to constantly adapt to keep up with the competition. One such adaptation used by organizations is lean-production. This study was conducted at

    Guest Keen and Nettlefolds, GKN Aerospace, in Trollhättan, where they at the time of the study underwent a process of change to implement lean-production. The study's perspective to examine the change process was commitment-to-change with the help of the Three component model (TCM). The problem statements were answered using questionnaires. Four groups, a total of 59 participants, with varying age and experience of lean-production were investigated using self-assessment questionnaires. The majority of the participants were blue-collar men between the ages of 18 to 65, further on they had working experience between 0 years to over 20 years within GKN Aerospace. The questionnaires were analyzed using regression analysis and t-test. The result of the study also showed that the training opportunity increased the participants' affective and normative commitment. One conclusion was that the participants' levels of commitment were positively affected by their self-valuated behavior. Another conclusion was that training increases the participants' sense of obligation to the organization in relation to change

    , hence their efforts to enforce the change as well as their emotional involvement in the change process. Cultural differences affect the comparability of the regression with previous research which made it problematic to draw concrete conclusions. The study can provide insight into how behavior is affected by change and how training can affect individuals' attitude to change.

  • 172.
    Holmes, Alice E.
    et al.
    University of Florida.
    Wideén, Stephen. E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carver, Courtney L.
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore.
    White, Lori L.
    University of Florida.
    Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults2007In: American Journal of Audiology, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

  • 173.
    Hrustic, Adi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Beroendet handlar om relation": En studie om synen på substansmissbruksproblematik bland yrkesverksamma inom missbruksvård och förebyggande arbete.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's substance abuse problems are significant and continuously growing. Studies and surveys have shown that an increasing number of people avoid seeking help for their addiction. Not only does there seem to exist obstacles for becoming abstinent, but there’re also obstacles regarding the seeking of help for addiction treatment. The aim of the study was to investigate how therapists in different establishments perceive how substance abuse develops and the obstacles that arise in the treatment procedures. The aim was also to examine how Sweden today is working regarding the prevention of substance abuse. Six participants who worked with treatment or preventive measures were interviewed in the study. All the interviews were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. These were compiled together for a more extensive analysis. Results showed that positive social options were shown to be the key to getting out of an addiction. Substance abusers often had psychological and social issues in their past life that prevented them from establishing healthy social relationships. The study also revealed that communication deficiency among networking establishments created barriers for patients during treatment, which were expressed in misunderstandings and misdiagnoses. The conclusion of the study was that the treatment procedures should focus more on the abusers possibility of creating social relations if individuals were to successfully heal. The development potential for establishments and especially therapists should also be paid attention to, where the therapists' working experience should be given more opportunity to influence future treatment.

  • 174.
    Huang, Li
    et al.
    Tuskegee University, AL, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, SC, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA, USA;.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    fEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza,’ Rome, Italy; kUniversidad de San Buenaventura, Medellin, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Measurement invariance of discipline in different cultural contexts2012In: Family Science, ISSN 1942-4620, E-ISSN 1942-4639, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 212-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement invariance of mother-reported use of 18 discipline strategies was examined in samples from 13 different ethnic/cultural groups in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Participants included approximately 100–120 mothers and their children aged seven to 10 years from each group. The results of exploratory factor analyses and multi-group categorical confirmatory factor analyses (MCCFA) indicated that a seven-factor solution was feasible across the cultural groups, as shown by marginally sufficient evidence for configural and metric invariance for the mother-reported frequency on the discipline interview. This study makes a contribution on measurement invariance to the parenting literature, and establishes the mother-report aspect of the discipline interview as an instrument for use in further cross-cultural research on discipline.

  • 175.
    Hussain, Zaynab
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vad anser anställda inom näringslivet vara kränkande beteende med fokus på sexuella trakasserier och könstrakasserier?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heinz Leymann is regarded a pioneer in research on adult bullying. The aim of this study was to examine which behaviors are considered to be the most insulting, with a focus on sexual harassment and gender harassment among employees in a male-dominated work sector. In addition to finding out if there is a connection between the phenomena and scenarios. The factors that were studied in addition to the con-text were gender, age, education and profession type. The respondents were em-ployees (

    N = 396; 54 women and 236 men) with the following professions; 187 of-ficials, 54 public employees, and 44 consultants. All were between 20 and 65 years. The questionnaire consisted of two main questions, eight phenomena and five scenarios. Some of them were related to sexual harassment and others to gen-der harassment. The results showed that ignoring and touching, as well as scenario touch from the boss was regarded as the most insulting. The older group experi-enced scenarios that was related to gender harassment more insulting, while the younger group experienced phenomenon that was related to sexual harassment as more insulting. Men experienced phenomena which were related to gender harass-ment more insulting than women did. The results showed that officials were more offended by the phenomena and scenarios that were related to gender harassment than consultants and public employees. Based on the results, the conclusion is that several phenomena were considered to be offensive when they were alone but not when put in context.

  • 176.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policies and practices2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policy and practices in Scandinavia2014In: Men as Fathers: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fatherhood in the Context of the Family, Öhningen, Germany, May 7-9, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Fatherhood and parental leave in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Parental leave and gender equity2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 180.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Gruppsykologi: för skola, arbetsliv och fritid2014 (ed. 1. utg)Book (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxnas identitetsskapande i relation till familjen2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 20-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs familjen som kontext och dess betydelse under ungdomsperioden, men också efter det att individen som ung vuxen flyttat hemifrån.

  • 182.
    Högberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Åberg, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Familjehemsdynamik: Familjehemsföräldrars upplevda påverkan på den egna familjen i uppdraget som familjehem.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was done in order to investigate how foster parents experience how foster care affects themselves, their biological children and their relationships. Focus group interviews were conducted with two groups of five foster parents in each group. The focus groups consisted of five women and five men between 33 and 61 years old. An interview guide and a smaller survey was created and used during the interviews that were recorded on audio files. Data processing consisted of a phenomenological, hermeneutic analysis. The analysis gave three final themes:

    the importance of communication within the foster home and in their contact with the world outside the home; the impact of foster care on the biological children and their parents' relations within and outside the foster home and the positive and negative impact on personal and psychological development on parents and biological children in foster homes. Communication is a central concept in the foster carers everyday life. Relationships and psychological development is influenced both positively and negatively. The results of the study are in line with previous research. Communication, boundaries and empathy are key elements in foster care. The paper generated a model named Fostering care family dynamics. The model describes potential effects of fostering on the individuals in the biological family.

  • 183.
    Höglund Velasquez, Javiera
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mamalingaz, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att jobba som taxichaufför: En kvalitativ studie om risker, säkerhetsarbetet och den egna upplevelsen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working in the taxi industry may involve many risks for the drivers. This study was conducted with the purpose to try to identify risks taxi drivers face daily, how the organization works with the prevention of risks, and how the drivers themselves handle risk situations. The study followed a qualitative design where six taxi drivers from two different taxi companies participated, five men and one woman. The ages ranged from 23-54 years. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews where the drivers had to answered questions about the risks in their occupation, organizational factors, health and personal experiences. Thematic analysis was used to process and analyse the collected data. The results of this study showed that stress, threats and violence affected taxi drivers safety. The results also showed that safety measures may differ between companies but all of the interviewees expressed a wish for more established safety routines. Acceptance and social skills were key elements of the taxi drivers' personal way of handling risk situations. The results in this study agreed well with earlier research wich was the basis for this study. The risks that taxi drivers are greeted by are many and can often be associated to stress, health, external factors such as threatening passengers and internal organizational factors such as equipment and routines. Although some companies are working with the prevention of risks, there was still a desire expressed among the taxi drivers about more common and established safety procedures.

  • 184.
    Jakobsen, Tonje
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hussain, Zaynab
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kränkande beteende på arbetsplatsen: Hur definierar vi kränkande beteende och vad är avgörande för vår definition2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research has shown the difficulty of defining insulting behaviour in the workplace. It has been noted that the individual and subjective definition is connected to the specific situation in which the potentially insulting incidence occurred. In this study we designed a quantitative questionnaire in order to hopefully elucidate the comprehension of insulting behaviour and furthermore enable a more in-depth investigation on how important the contextual meaning is. This study examined 140 (n=140) working adult’s attitudes towards insulting behaviour in the workplace and the importance of the contextual variables. The results showed that improper contiguity (80,7 %), sexual insinuations (84,2 %) and being ignored (88,6 %) are what the respondents find most insulting. The results also show that the context in which the potentially insulting incidence occurred was not the sole determining factor when the respondents evaluated the incidence.

  • 185.
    Jensen, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ökar arbetstillfredsställelsen i grupper som utvecklas framåt i Wheelans integrerade modell om grupputveckling?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether there is any connection between increased work satisfaction and groups that develop forward from a lower to a higher phase in Wheelans model

    "Integrative Model of Group Development" (IMGD). The dataset used in this study was collected during an "European Social Fund" (ESF) funded collaborative project between occupational health services and a Swedish manufacturing industry. 31 management teams of 5-8 persons each of whom one was a line manager and the other team leaders were surveyed. The questionnaire "Group Development Questionnaire" (GDQ) where used to see in what phases according to the model IMGD the management teams were found, as well as additional supplementary questions about work satisfaction. The measurements were made on two occasions with seven months in between and during that time group interventions were made that intended to promote the groups' development forward. The results show that there was a positive correlation between increase of phase assignation and increase in work satisfaction. The results further show that even the stage a group was at in the first measurement had a positive correlation with the increase in job satisfaction seven months later.

  • 186.
    Joelsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    E-kommunikation på arbetsplatsen: Medarbetares upplevelser av chefens e-postkommunikation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Quick, technological development changed communication in the workplace. The virtual context contributed by digital means of communication, where e-mail is the most popular. The benefits are great. E-mail save time and is cost effective. According to early research organizations' performance was largely due to communication and relationships between managers and employees. In regard to the limited research on employees´ experience of the manager´s e-mail communication, this study´s purpose was based on the employee's perspective, highlighting how the virtual context influences the downward communication in the workplace. The study focused on the effects and affects e-mail has on communication, relationships, confidence and work performance. The study resulted in a qualitative design, which aim was to examine the descriptive data by individual experiences and create additional understanding. The selection was based on the criterion that the participants would work in a virtual context, where they would use e-mail communication with their manager as a tool. Based on a questionnaire guide, six semi-structured interviews were conducted. A thematic analysis resulted in four themes: cognitive abilities, interaction between employees and management, which affected as described, borderlines of time, space and labor. E-mail proved to be a complex concept. It was fast, while simultaneously a time thief. It contributed to a sense of belonging and participation, but also uncertainty and misunderstanding. We need e-mail skills in our organizations to minimize negative effects and affects.

  • 187.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sköld, Kajsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vill studenter leda och varför: Beror det på personlighet, graden av Self-efficacy eller genus2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examined the relationship between Self-efficacy, personality, based on the Big Five, and the willingness to lead in the future, and if the participants in this study thought that males or females were better leaders. This study investigated whether differences according to gender, age and work experience did exist. 132 university students responded to a questionnaire.

    The results showed that the desire to lead not was predicted by gender, age or work experience. Gender, age and work experience did not predict individual Self-efficacy. Self-efficacy and personality dimensions showed associations in some cases; Self-efficacy and Neuroticism had a negative association, while Self-efficacy had a positive association with Extraversion. The desire to lead was predicted by personality dimensions Extraversion and Agreeableness. Extraversion had a positive relationship and Agreeableness was negatively related to the willingness to lead. Women had higher levels of Conscientiousness compared to men. Self-efficacy and personality were the variables that best predicted the willingness to lead. Men felt to a greater extent than women that men were better leaders. The reliability of the Big Five, Self-efficacy, as well as the statements of leadership was at an acceptable level and all questions could be used in the questionnaire. The people who had the goal to have a leading position in the future tended to have a high degree of the personality dimension Extraversion

  • 188.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 189.
    Johansson, Ingvor
    et al.
    NU Hospital group, Department of Internal Medicine.
    Karlson, Björn W.
    Astra Zeneca R&D, Mölndal.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Disturbed sleep, fatigue, anxiety and depression in myocardial infarction patients2010In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 175-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Disturbed sleep has been linked to increased morbidity, mortality and depression and worsened health-related quality of life in patients with chronic illness. Few studies of readjustment after coronary artery disease have explicitly focused on sleep disturbance. Aim: To explore associations between disturbed sleep, fatigue, anxiety and depression, and to assess to what extent fatigue four months post-MI could be explained. Method: The sample included 204 consecutive patients, ≤ 80 years of age who answered questionnaires about disturbed sleep, fatigue, anxiety and depression four months after MI. Results: The variables anxiety, depression and disturbed sleep were all associated with fatigue. The regression model accounted for 46% of the variance in fatigue with depression and disturbed sleep as predictors. Infarct size measured by conventional biochemical markers, left ventricle ejection fraction and history of previous MI were not correlated with disturbed sleep, fatigue, anxiety or depression. Conclusions: From knowledge about associations between disturbed sleep, fatigue, anxiety and depression after MI, cardiac nurses could be trained to observe such symptoms. Optimal care for sleep disturbance may include actions to reduce anxiety and depression as well as self-care advices about sleep hygiene in order to improve sleep quality and reduce fatigue. © 2009 European Society of Cardiology.

  • 190.
    Johansson, Kamilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsmiljöns väktare: En studie om skyddsombuds upplevelse av möjligheter till inflytande i offentlig sektor.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skyddsombud har som uppgift att säga ifrån och framföra kritik vid missförhållanden i arbetsmiljön. I denna studie valde författaren att undersöka skyddsombuds inflytande inom offentlig sektor, vilka upplevda faktorer som främjar och hindrar skyddsombuds arbete och möjligheter till inflytande när kritik framförs. I Sverige omfattas alla offentligt anställda av rätten att framföra kritik. Men tidigare forskning visar att det ändå finns en rädsla och oro för till exempel sin anställning och risken att hamna utanför den sociala gemenskapen om anställda framför kritik. Att skyddsombud känner en oro över att bli för besvärliga gentemot arbetsgivaren har gett denna studie en intressant infallsvinkel kring en funktion som funnits i 102 år på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Sex stycken skyddsombud som arbetar inom utbildning- och vård och omsorgsförvaltningen i offentlig sektor intervjuades. Intervjuerna genomfördes enskilt och med en semi-strukturerad intervjuguide. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades sedan med hjälp av tematisk analysmetod där fyra teman utformades; arbetsgivarens mottagande och respons vid arbetsmiljöarbete, upplevda faktorer som ger skyddsombud inflytande, svårigheter i rollen som påverkar inflytande och svårigheter i organisationen som påverkar inflytande. En av de svårigheter som lyftes fram i resultatet var att inneha två roller i arbetslivet, en som anställd och en del av arbetsmiljön och en som skyddsombud där rollen förväntas vara objektiv och kritiskt granska arbetsmiljön och arbetsgivarens arbete. Dock ger inte denna studie enbart en negativ syn på skyddsombuds inflytande utan lyfter också de möjligheter som skyddsombud har att vara med och påverka genom samverkansgrupper i organisationen och genom lagstiftning och regler. I studien framkom det också att alla skyddsombud känner ett stort ansvar att framföra kritik och anser att arbetsgivaren inte kan undkomma sitt ansvar vid arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 191.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Aktionsforskning som perspektivvändare2013Book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan i Kristianstad.
    Going global!2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan i Kristianstad .
    Dimenäs, Jörgen
    Högskolan Borås.
    Vetenskap och profession på lika villkor: en utvärdering av VFU konceptet inom Försvarshögskolan - ett led i kvalitetsutvecklingen inför Högskoleverkets utvärdering 2013.2012Report (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    ISO- WACE – ett samtal om hur vi kan utveckla AIL internationellt tillsammans2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Is everyone on board: A study investigating the implementation of a programme with a "new " learning design.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Thång, Per-Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Förord2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Johansson Sporregård, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lidberg, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ungdomars självkänsla, kroppsuppfattning och träningsvanor: En jämförelse mellan killar och tjejer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were any differences between boys and girls regarding self-esteem, body image and exercise habits. The aim was to explore whether there were correlations between young people's exercise habits, self-esteem and body image. The study was conducted on 41 girls and 53 boys in high school, and the average age was 17 years. Participants were asked to answer a questionnaire that measured the concepts of "self-esteem", "body image" and how often they performed physical activity. Results showed that there were significant differences between the sexes. Boys tended to have a more positive self-esteem and body image and exercise more often. Results showed a positive correlation between self-esteem and body image with boys. The results with girls showed a significant correlation between self-esteem and body image and a negative relationship between body image and BMI

  • 198.
    Johansson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Jevtic, Lenka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lönar det sig att vara snäll: Buddhisters syn på konsekvenserna av osjälviskhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the bases in Buddhism is altruism, which means to do good deeds without the intention of expecting anything in return. In this study 6 Buddhists were interviewed about the consequenses of altruistic behavior. The participants said that small good deeds have significance both for themselves and the ones who the good deed is aimed at. They felt, for instance, more happy when they helped others and pointed out that altruism creates happiness in the long term. The society could also be positively affected by altruism according to the participants, who mentioned that all living beings are linked together. They also talked about the negative aspects of selfishness. A tematic analysis was done and the main themes were: Altruism, the self, and suffering

  • 199.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    An Inquiry into Satisfaction and Variations in User-Oriented Elderly Care2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation for this thesis is an ongoing discussion about quality in Swedish elderly care: Which are the most important factors that contribute to elderly care in terms of satisfaction among older persons, and what are the primary reasons for their differences? Aims. The principal aim was to examine what determines satisfaction with elderly care in home care and nursing homes, using the perspective of older persons (Studies I and II). The secondary aim was to analyze why these determinants differ, using the perspective of care workers, managers, and observers (Studies III and IV). Methods. Study I analyzed aggregated statistical data from the level of municipalities and districts (N = 324) based on the Swedish elderly care quality reports “Open Comparisons”, while Study II analyzed individual data based on the original ratings in the annual, nationwide elderly surveys (N = 95,000). Study III describes field observations and interviews with care workers and managers in two municipalities, one with a high rating for user satisfaction and one with an average rating. Study IV describes investigations in these two municipalities concerning their organizing principles and departmental level management climate. Results. The results relating to the principal aim showed that process factors (such as respect, information, and influence) are related considerably more closely than structural factors (such as budget, staffing levels, and training levels) to satisfaction with care. Other process factors (such as treatment, safeness, staff and time availability) were also able to alleviate person factors (such as health, anxiety, and loneliness). Moreover, the results relating to the secondary aim showed that differences in user-oriented elderly care are mainly due to interpersonal factors between the caregiver and the older person. Care workers, however, reported that other factors (such as organizing principles and leadership support) influence the quality of the care process. Overall, older persons who receive home care generally report higher satisfaction with care than those in nursing homes, and feeling less safe. It is possible that differences in the process of aging explain this. Value. This thesis shows that satisfaction with elderly care can be largely explained by psychological quality at the individual level. The sizes of structural resources and organizing principles at the municipal level have minimal effect (< 5%). The thesis also presents a theoretical multiple-level Quality Agents Model to explain the sources of differences in satisfaction with care, and it presents recommendations for elderly care practices. A renewed focus on the psychology of satisfaction may contribute to the development of quality in elderly care.

  • 200.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Förunderlighet och radikalitet: En samhällspsykologisk analys2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tvärtemot vår tradition om att vi skulle vara neutrala och lagom så framträder vid kritisk analys en bild av att Sverige är förunderligt och radikalt. Detta visar sig utgå ifrån en stark allians mellan staten och folket. Systemet utlovar trygghet, jämlikhet och rättvisa livsmöjligheter. Baksidan är att dessa kommer med ett högt pris och följaktligen har lagar, skatter och övervakning genom åren smugit sig in i varje moment i vår vardag. Boken vill påvisa hur detta pågående utbyte av en typ av frihet mot en annan för med sig en rad sociala och psykologiska samhällseffekter och ytterst sett förändrar oss själva. Följ med i en annorlunda och orädd samhällsberättelse och var en del i avslöjandet av den förunderliga svenskhet som gömmer sig bakom begreppet lagom.

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