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  • 151.
    Alfredsson, Samona
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Thai, Vong
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Kvinnors karriär i en mansdominerad bransch: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevda karriärmöjligheter i ett It-företag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling är något som alltmer kommit att hamna på tapeten och som numera anses vara avgörande på många sätt. FNs Agenda 2030 fastställer ett antal hållbarhetsmål som rör ekologiska, ekonomiska och sociala aspekter som samtliga medlemsländer uppmuntras att eftersträva.

    Gällande den sociala aspekten ligger jämställdhet mellan könen som ett delmål som regeringen arbetat fram en jämställdhetspolitik utefter, inom vilket bland annat kvinnors karriärmöjligheter står i fokus. Detta till trots råder det fortfarande idag en stor o-jämställdhet på arbetsmarknaden där kvinnor tenderar att halka efter i männens karriäravancemang. Tidigare forskning kring jämställdhet på arbetsplatsen påvisar komplexiteten inom området genom att belysa olika faktorer såsom kön, könsfördelning, tokenism, glastak och intersektionalitet som några exempel på bidragande faktorer som spelar roll för kvinnors karriärutveckling. Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka möjligheter och begränsningar kvinnor upplever deras möjligheter till att göra karriär. Den teoretiska referensram som tagits fram som grund förstudien utgår från tidigare forskning och vetenskapliga artiklar, där teorin grundar sig i Edgar Scheins teori om organisationskultur. Med den teoretiska referensramen som grund genomfördes insamling av empiri genom en kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta kvinnor på ett It-företag. Studiens resultat visar att de anställda upplever att organisationskultur är något som bidrar till de värderingar som finns i en organisation, att kulturen styr hur personer väljer att förhålla sig till sin omgivning. I resultatet framgår det också att de anställda upplever att karriärmöjligheterna är goda och att alla oavsett kön har möjlighet att komma till tals. Vi kan också konstatera att företaget värdesätter vikten av kompetenta medarbetare, genom att erbjuda kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling och karriärmöjligheter. Detta signalerar att företaget satsar mycket på att rekrytera kvinnor in till organisationen, vilket kan anses vara positivt ur ett jämställdhets- och hållbarhetsperspektiv, inom vilket bland annat kvinnors karriärmöjligheter står i fokus. Denna studie kan bidra till att ge en ökad förståelse förhur kvinnors karriärmöjligheter inom mansdominerade branscher ser ut idag samt belysa de eventuella problem som fortfarande återfinns på många arbetsplatser, kopplat till organisationskulturen. 

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  • 152.
    Algers, Anne
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Skara, Sweden.
    Lindström, Berner
    University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-based learning through negotiated projects: Exploring learning at the boundary2016In: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 2-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    More collaborative and open learning models are suggested as part of the paradigm shift in the way knowledge is produced, distributed and used. This paper aims to explore a work-based learning model, based on systemic negotiations between actors from the three parties: The academy, the industry and the students. The purpose is to investigate how teachers, supervisors and students value negotiated work-based learning as a boundary activity and to enhance the understanding of the learning potential at the boundary.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Activity theory is used as a lens to analyse the results from a survey to the three stakeholder groups and interviews of students. The four learning mechanisms are used to explore learning at the boundary between the two activity systems.

    Findings

    Diversity and mobility in education and work addressed by the notion of boundary crossing are associated with both challenges and a learning potential. There is a constant dynamic between structure and agency, where structure, the negotiated model, influence the individual agency. When gradually removing scaffolding students can as boundary crossers engage behaviourally, emotionally, and cognitively and have agency to handle contradictions at a local level. However, they did not seem to prioritize both systems equally but instead they were gradually socialised into the activity system of the industry.

    Originality/value

    When work-based learning is framed by a negotiated partnership it can manage and customize inherent conflicts of interest and enhance individual learning opportunities at the boundary and can be conceptualized as an open learning practice.

  • 153.
    Algotsson, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jonasson, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Samspelet mellan 2D och 3D: 3D-CGI:s inverkan på stämning och perceptuell realism i animen Attack on Titan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attack on Titan (2013) is a popular anime that has been widely distributed around the world. The anime is a prime example when it comes to using 3D Computer Generated Imagery (3D-CGI) combined with traditional 2D animation. This essay is a case study that explores how 3D-CGI impacts the building of atmosphere and tension as well as the perceptual realism in the anime. This has been done in the form of a content analysis where we take a closer look at a selection of scenes. These are establishing, in-depth, or climax, and have further divided them into battle scenes and non-battle scenes. The 3D-elements are divided into three categories, 3D-scenography, 3D-character, and virtual camera. The results show that there are no significant differences in the use of 3D-scenography and virtual camera in the different types of scenes. However, the use of 3D-characters can only be seen in in-depth scenes and battle scenes, respectively. The world of Attack on Titan has many similarities with our reality when it comes to respecting the laws of physics. 3D-CGI contributes with a flawless perspective that increases the sense of distance and speed, however, the use of 3D-characters seems to be largely an economical and time-efficient choice. Nevertheless, the creators have taken advantage of the possibilities that a 3D-character brings by creating tension-inducing imagery.

    3D-CGI has been a contributing factor to the series' perceptual realism mainly because of its use of 3D-scenography and virtual camera, and it has also been a contributing factor in the building of tension and atmosphere mainly with its use of 3D-character.

  • 154.
    Algotsson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Öhlander, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Uncertainties in the Innovation Process: The Impact of External Uncertainties2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about How External Uncertainties Affect the Innovation Process. Written during the spring term of 2020 by Simon Algotsson and Johan Öhlander. The thesis main goal is to generate knowledge about the properties and sources of external uncertainties and create an understanding of how they can come to affect an innovation process. This research encourages organizations that are planning to participate, or currently resides in an innovation process to give it a read. Anyone who seeks a deeper understanding of the impact of external uncertainties may use our findings as a source of inspiration. The research question we have answered is: How do external uncertainties affect the innovation process? As the title and research question shows, innovation and uncertainties are the two most common denominators in this work. Presented in the theoretical framework is previous research done concerning the innovation process, and what it consists of. As well as how other researchers describe different types of uncertainties. We have also constructed our own model of how external uncertainties can give rise to internal uncertainties. For this type of research, a qualitative method has been selected, since it enabled us to go in-depth in one specific innovation process. We have conducted two interviews with the CEO and CFO of a company referred to as Gamma. They have both shared their own perspectives of the innovation process their company has gone through. The data collected from the interview has been transcribed separately and is later presented in the empirical evidence. The final sections of this thesis include the analysis and the conclusion. In these chapters we draw parallels between the research presented in the theoretical framework and Gamma's innovation process. The process we have investigated for this thesis encountered several uncertainties, both internal and external. In the analysis we present the authors own model of how external uncertainties came to affect Gamma's innovation process. The conclusion discusses the significant findings of the research such as how Gamma's innovation turned into a 'black hole' for the profits generated by the company.

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  • 155.
    Al-Hasbani, Sally
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Noura, Melissa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskap hos män och kvinnor: Har ledarskap ett genus?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have chosen to study leadership in reference to the gender perspective, by studying earlier made researches on this subject and comparing it to the empirical part through interviews with leaders. The underlying interest in the chosen subject was highlighted when we compared the number of male leaders with women, through statistics. This showed that there is gender imbalance in the number of leadership positions. Therefore, we chose to investigate in this subject area from several aspects in order to create a vision of the underlying reason why male leaders possess more leadership positions than women. There are numbers of research on differences between male and female leadership, what distinguishes this report from the rest is that our main focus is on leadership in men and women to examine whether leadership has an underlying gender or not. This by studying leadership with regard to the gender perspective, where we emphasize gender equality, leadership, characteristics, power positions but also female and male leadership roles.

    In this study, we are using a qualitative method through interviews. This is due to the fact that we consider this method as relevant for the report as we strive for deep and comprehensive data. Furthermore, we present previous research and theories in the form of scientific articles and dissertations under our theoretical frame of references. Themes that are highlighted in the theoretical part are leadership, leadership styles, male and female leadership, gender perspective on leadership and stereotypes. In addition to that we also present in the empirical part our collected data from the interviews that are conducted on six different managers, whereas three are men and three are women. There the respondents share their previous experiences and perceptions about the subject. After studying previous research and the responses from the interviewed leaders, we discuss in the analysis and interpretation part the theory and the empirical data. Through this, we compare, interpret and emphasise our own opinions about the chosen subject area. This will lead us to a result that can answer our research question.

    After examining leaders' experiences and perceptions in relation to previous research, we conclude that leadership does not directly have an underlying gender. It turns out that leadership is based on personalities rather than gender, because it differs in characteristics, values and attitudes. This because we are different as individuals and we value differently. Furthermore, to strengthen this conclusion it has been presented that both male and female leaders use qualities that are classified as either masculine or feminine, with that said they use each other'squalities. However, we cannot deny that men for biological reasons have a body language and characteristics that creates the picture of male dominance in leadership, unlike females.

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  • 156.
    Ali, Abdifatah
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A qualitative study of the importance of leadership and organisational conditions regarding the working conditions for social workers.: An employee perspective.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave due to stress has almost doubled and now there is a severe shortage of social workers in many municipalities. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency recently presented figures on sick leave among employees in Sweden. The results revealed that sick leave due to stress has dramatically increased. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency indicates that the worst group that had a high sick leave related to stress were social workers that work in social services. Social workers sick leave due to stress has nearly doubled between the years 2010-2014. The report indicates that the situation is alarming and that it is hard to find new social workers. Many social services in Sweden are trying to recruit social workers but, it is hard to find social workers (SVT, 2016). The purpose of this study was examining the importance of leadership and organisational conditions for social workers and their working conditions. This study was desired to find out the employees (social workers) perceptions of the importance of leadership and organisational conditions for their working conditions including their health. The objective of the study was to increase the understanding of importance of leadership and organisation conditions for social workers and their working conditions including their wellbeing. It is important to mention that the study’s focal point was to examine the social workers and their working conditions from Swedish context. The purpose of the study was to answer the following research questions:

    1- How does leadership affect employees (social workers) working conditions?

    2- How do organisations conditions affect employees working situation and their health?

    To answer the research questions, six semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed with the help of the theoretical frame of reference. The study found out that there is a need to improve several areas within social service to provide a better and health promoting workplace for social workers. The study found out that there is the need of more health promoting activities, better working environment, honest leaders, good communication and better organisational conditions to improve the working conditions of social workers. Leadership plays a great role to improve the working conditions of social workers and therefore there is the need of cooperation and commitment from employees and organisations to make this possible.

  • 157.
    Ali, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Alam, M. Ashan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Role and Performance of Microcredit in Pakistan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microcredit provides small loans to poor people and small enterprises. It is the best solution of removing poverty. This research provides an overview of the role and performance of microcredit in Pakistan. The major objective of the study is to show the microfinance sector performance and impact of the microcredit on the different poverty levels. This study is based on both quantitative and qualitative methods in order to answer the thesis questions. The result of the study was that microcredit helps in the poverty alleviation of different categories of poor people and has the positive effects on their living standards. It was found that there is a high interest rate on micro loans because of the administrative cost. We discovered that there are three types of organizations that provide services of microfinance in Pakistan. The government takes interest and supports the microfinance sector and of their main initiative is microfinance ordinance 2001. It was observed that there is improvement in the microfinance sector in the recent years in terms of investments, active borrowers, branches and personnel.

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  • 158.
    Ali, Fatima
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Personalekonomisk redovisning och dess nyckeltal: Poängen med personalekonomisk redovisning som lyfter fram personalnyckeltal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, the value of staff in terms of resources has gained increasing attention in staff-intensive companies. During the 1990s, a bill from the Work Environment Commission came about that all organizations should draw up a staff accounting report. But the bill was rejected because most organizations have already volunteered to introduce such accounts. This study shows if organizations use staff accounting and, if so, to what extent. The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of how the personnel-economic key figures in an enterprise's accounting affect the business and how the choice of certain staff key figures are determined. Staff key figures that are part of the staff report are highlighted through staff issues. By managing staff issues and maintaining communication between employees effectively, it has resulted in a good workplace environment for both employees' well-being and for the company's profitability.

    The qualitative research effort of the study consists of previous research highlighting the importance of human resources and its accounting and its key figures. This is stretched by two interview surveys of the staff in two industry sectors. Based on the theoretical frame of reference and the collected empirical, four factors have been discussed in the analysis section, explaining why they use human resource accounting and key performance indicators. These four factors are organization, interest, skills and developed systems.

  • 159.
    Ali, Foos
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Egal, Ikram
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sweden Democrats and Islamophobia: A qualitative study of how the Sweden Democrats construct Islam in their ideology2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and examine how the Sweden Democrats construct Islam and if there are any Islamophobic elements in their ideology. We have chosen to examine the Sweden Democrats from the period before the election in 2009, when they entered the Swedish parliament in 2010 up until 2017. The Sweden democrats have developed the way the party construct Islam in their rhetoric from the period before the party got elected and the period after. We found it interesting to further look at the period when the party explicitly criticized Islam and when it became implicit. In this way we shed a light on how the Sweden Democrats might have used the creation of fear of Islam in order to gain voters. However, the problem in our question is although to see how they construct Islam and if there are any Islamophobic elements in their ideology. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and theories connected to Islamophobia, a qualitative analysis will be conducted to describe the Islamophobic elements that might exist within the party. We will present a further explanation of the concepts in the theory chapter and will also be used in the conduction of an analysis of the party's ideology. The three main areas of interests which are religious, cultural and political differences will be connected to the definitions of Islamophobia and will be analyzed separately. By doing so, it became clear that the party developed their way of expressing concerns of immigration and assimilation of Muslims in Sweden. Our results show that the Sweden Democrats are not Islamophobic regarding all our main areas. Rather, the party has only shown clear Islamophobic elements in the area of cultural differences and problems that occurs with immigration of Muslims during the time before the election. These types of messages are hard to find within the party today.

  • 160.
    Ali, Hikmah
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    En kvalitativ studie om svenska konsumenters inställning till digitala plånböcker2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital wallets have become a trendy topic, and a popular method of paying in physical stores. The aim of the study is to gain a deeper understanding of the attitude of Swedish consumers towards digital wallets Apple Pay and Samsung Pay. With the help of semi-structured interviews and previous research, users' attitudes could be more thoroughly established and the question asked for the study was answered. Factors that influence the user's attitude are based on previous research and theory. The factors that have been identified are usability, availability and security. With the help of the semi-structured interviews, it is possible to determine that most user's attitudes to the security of the services are poor. A poorer attitude to one or more factors will make the user's attitude to the whole of the services less favorable. The results also show that respondents feel some uncertainty when it comes to loss of account information.

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  • 161.
    Ali, Hussein
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Al-Habobi, Ahmed
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svenska molnleverantörers perspektiv på säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid development of the cloud has contributed to a remarkable change within the IT industry. The outstanding functionality of using the cloud is the possibility to access data from a variety of sources regardless of its geographical location. Today different users around the world utilize the cloud, users from a broad range of businesses and backgrounds. However, there are also downsides to the cloud that might lead to severe negative consequences if not taken into consideration. This study identifies the security risks that could occur by using the cloud. These security risks have been identified and analyzed, in order to minimize them. Therefore, the aim of this study is to highlight the risks of using the cloud in order to minimize security risks and to achieve an increased security when using the cloud. The research question was answered using a scientific methodology based on the collection of qualitative data. The qualitative data was collected through interviews. More specifically, multiple interviewees from different suppliers in Sweden, all whom contributed with relevant information to this study. The result of this study shows that the amount of security risks is dependent on the supplier providing the cloud and the type of cloud infrastructure. Hence, the risks in the cloud could vary depending on which supplier that offers the service. Today it is almost impossible to eliminate the security risks that the cloud entails. However, this study shows that the potential to minimize these risks are found within the set agreement between supplier and customer, risks that both parties agree on are acceptable to the customer. 

  • 162.
    Ali, Rashid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Performance of Network Redundancy in SCTP: Introducing effect of different factors on Multi-homing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of designing the Stream Control Protocol (SCTP) was tooffer a robust transfer of traffic between the hosts over the networks. For this reasonSCTP multi-homing feature was designed, in which an SCTP sender can access destinationhost with multiple IP addresses in the same session. If the primary path between the sourceand the destination is down, the traffic may still be sent to the destination by utilizingredundant path. And SCTP multi-homing also supports for the concurrent multipathtransfer of traffic. This paper introduces the effect of different network factors likeconcurrent cross traffic, congestion control algorithms and SACK timers on multi -homingfeature of SCTP. Throughput and end-to-end packet delay were used as performancemetrics to introduce the effect of these factors. From the study it was introduced thatconcurrent cross traffic in the network behaves same on multi -homed interfaces and bothinterfaces were affected almost same. It was concluded that congestion control algorithmsalso affects on multi-homing, the RED congestion control algorithm reduced delay andimproved throughput of the SCTP multi-homing. In RFC4960 recommended SACK timeris 200ms, but when 100ms SACK timer was used with concurrent multipath transfer inSCTP (CMT-SCTP) multi-homing, the high throughput and low delay was achieved ascompared with 200ms and 300ms, which indicated that different SACK timers affects onmulti-homing feature of SCTP. All the simulation works have been conducted in NS2network simulator. 

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  • 163.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work–integrated informal Learning (WiiL) Adopting Social Networking as Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning usually focuses on student's practical knowledge and learning duringthe education, while a student after completing the institutional period is still a student at workplace ass/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only the formal training and educationof the employees, but also an informal process of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices, and norms, as well as the social ties among the persons.The use of social networking site within the organization enables a new work integrated methodof learning and communication among the colleagues from different disciplines, encouraging both personal and professional informal knowledge sharing inside the organization. Our analysis ofemployee's behavior and acceptance of social networking as an informal way of learning was performed by a descriptive case survey research.The respondents providing the empirical data for survey consisted of 105 out of 180 targeted employees from a private IT organization in Pakistan. The questionnaire results present that the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in the hierarchical levels of the profession within the organization. Their motivation in using social networking includes sharing personal and professional experiences with co-workers and advancing their career.This paper illustrates the power of social networking as a Work Integrated Informal Learning (WIIL) tool that contributes significantly to increase the gain of interdisciplinary knowledge within the organization

  • 164.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Competence development at workplace: a work integrated informal learning (WIIL) approach2016In: Far East Journal of Electronics and Communications, ISSN 0973-7006, Vol. 2, p. 35-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. We analyzed employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning. The analysis is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. The purpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we obtain quantitative data from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favor social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 165.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Social Networking sites for Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace: Work integrated informal Learning (WiiL)2016In: International Conference on Advanced Computing, Communication and Information Sciences (ICACCI-2016): Proceedings, Pushpa Publishing House , 2016, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning (WIL) studies usually focuses on educational situations when professional organizations are actively involved in learning processes for students in higher education. However, after completing the institutional period entering the professional arena, the professional person is still actually a student at the workplace as s/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. Our analysis of employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. Thepurpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we quantitative data isobtained from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favors social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 166.
    Ali, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Kaká, Solin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Belöningssystem: dess påverkan på medarbetarnas motivation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reward systems is a motivational tool applied by organizations to get employees to work in the same direction as the organization goals. It has become a challenge for organizations to create a reward system that motivates employees, because what motivates is highly personal and varies. The purpose of the study is to investigate how reward systems can contribute to motivation among employees, as well as how the most optimal mix of financial and nonfinancial reward looks. The study is based on what the employees within the chosen company have in view of the applied reward system in that company. By examining the reward system, it will provide in-depth knowledge about how the reward system works and how the employees perceive the reward system. The study is based on qualitative methods for obtaining a holistic view of reward systems within the chosen company, but to get a realistic view of reality, the approach has been inductive in empirical data. The empirical part is built and designed by a summary of the interviews carried out. In the study, we analyzed previous research together with empirical data. Our result indicates that both financial and nonfinancial rewards are an important source of motivation for employees. A mix of both rewards is required for the reward system to have the most optimal motivation influence on employees. However, our result suggest that non-financial rewards is more important and effective than financial rewards, especially among the older employees in terms of education and development opportunities. The motivational preferences varied between the different interviewees, but everyone agreed that there should be a combination of these rewards in order to achieve the highest level of motivation.

  • 167.
    Ali, Sadiya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Isse, Yasmiin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    How can you be dark-skinned and beautiful?: A Qualitative study of how colorism and internalized racism is perceived by Somali women in Sweden2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the perceptions and understandings of Somali women in Sweden toward colorism and internalized racism in the context of Sweden’s Eurocentric beauty ideals. Using social constructivism, intersectionality theory, colorism, and internalized racism as the theoretical frameworks. The study employs a qualitative method with focus group interviews to explore the beauty habits and ideals of Somali women and how they attempt to conform to Eurocentric norms. This thesis finds that Somali women's beauty ideals are heavily influenced by Eurocentric beauty ideals as they dominate the media and beauty industries. The study also finds that it is difficult for Somali women to belong to Swedish beauty norms as whiteness is the dominating norm. Concluding, the study reveals that intra-racial colorism is prevalent and perpetuated within the Somali community, and that Somali women internalize racism as the unattainable Eurocentric beauty ideal of light skin leads to skin lightening practices and attempts at concealing one’s racial identity. 

  • 168.
    Alieva, Zarema
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ramare, Jennifer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    What are the effects of a cashless society on VAT evasion?: A study on Denmark, Finland & Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this essay is "What are the effects of a cashless society on VAT evasion –A study on Denmark, Finland & Sweden". Due to an increasingly digitalized world there will be different effects on the economy. We are getting closer to a cashless society every day, but we do not know the consequences that this will have. VAT evasion has long been a problem and has been easy to go through with, due to all the payments made with cash. It would be interesting to see if there is going to be a change in VAT evasion now as we go towards a cashless society. The aim of the study was therefore to answer the question: what are the effects of a cashless society on VAT evasion. To answer this question we focused on collecting data from three Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Finland and Sweden. Many articles were read on the subject before interesting data was collected to be analyzed. The data, mostly gathered from the European Central Bank, included the VATgap, number of payment terminals, number of ATMs, percentage of total payments made with cards, GDP and the Consumer Price Index for each of the three chosen countries. In the theoretical framework the theory around VAT is presented as well as a short discussion about the underlying factors on VAT evasion. There is also a section on how we have chosen to represent the cashless society and how this will be measured in the paper. In order with previous research the hypothesis of the study was formed to be that the VAT gap will decrease as we gotowards a cashless society. Multiple regressions were made on the data collected and the result analyzed. There was no significant relationship found between the VAT gap and any of the three explanatory variables. Instead the VAT gap seemed to be connected to what country that was studied. The coefficients of the variables seemed to indicate that there might be a positive relationship between the VAT gap divided by GDP and the number of payment terminals. The reason for this relationship was discussed to possibly be blamed on the fact that card usage increases the total transactions due to the speed and simplicity of card payments. In order to make the results more reliable it was suggested that the study would be enlarged to include more countries and specifically countries that are less digitalized and perceived to be more corrupt.

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  • 169.
    Alihuseyinl, Jahangir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Soudi, Hamzi Yihia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Belöningssystemets påverkan på social hållbarhet inom en livsmedelsorganisation: Upplevelser från personal och ledare2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reward system itself is a control system that consists of different types of rewards, such as bonuses, promotions and the like. The purpose of reward systems is to attract and motivate employees to work more efficiently, but also to be able to more easily form a community between employees for a good collaboration towards the same goal. The reward system is also considered to be one of the biggest challenges that organizations face, as it is about leaders needing to find the right way to reward and influence their employees in order for them to perform better and work towards the same goal. It is thus a matter of implementing a fair reward system that would suit everyone, as the staff experience reward systems in different ways. The complexity, however, lies in the fact that people are individuals and that everyone perceives rewards in different ways. Problems then arise in that the organization and management can not always apply an equal and fair reward system that is suitable for all their staff, and relate to social sustainability. This problem is mainly relevant in food organizations, where there are difficulties in applying a fair reward system. The purpose of this study is thus to create a deeper understanding of how the staff and the leader experience that reward systems affect the social sustainability within a food organization. In conducting the study, a qualitative method has been applied where semi-structured interviews have been conducted. In the interviews, eight respondents participated, of which four of the participants were employees and four of whom had their role in the management within the selected organization. The study has resulted in both the staff and the leader experiencing a negative impact of the reward system on social sustainability in the selected organization. The staff  eel that the reward system is unfair and does not create good equality between the employees of the selected organization, and impairs the social integration between the employees. They believe that some employees are less motivated by the reward system, which in turn leads to a deteriorating social work environment. The leaders, on the other hand, also experience that the reward system has a negative effect on social sustainability, as it is perceived as impairing the well-being of the staff, as well as the community between them, which in turn reduces the staff's trust in management. However, the leaders feel that the implementation of a fair reward system that suits one's own, can have a positive impact on social sustainability in the future.

  • 170.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Frivillig IFRS: En möjlighet eller onödighet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about why companies choose to voluntary introduce the international accounting framework IFRS. 2005 the EU adopted IFRS which resulted in companies that are listed are required to report according to the standards in IFRS while unlisted companies have the option to do it. There are different reasons why companies voluntary choose to introduce IFRS or not, reasons to introduce voluntary IFRS can be the size of the company or a require from the stakeholders. There are many positive effects of reporting under IFRS despite this there are also negative effects like the introduction are expensive. The purpose of this essay is about to find out which factors certified controller believes are behind voluntary introduction of IFRS. Certified controller is a profession with a great knowledge in accounting which made it relevant to interview them. To study the purpose of this essay a qualitative method were used while the research approach was inductive. To study which factors certified controller believe is behind voluntary IFRS interviews were used. The studies research question is like following: What are the motives for implementing voluntary IFRS for unlisted companies? In the analyses it can be concluded that the majority of the respondents believe that companies applying voluntary IFRS for example the fact that companies want to be listed. Agent costs, information asymmetry and external relations are three factors that according to previous researches has an impact on the accounting choices a company will make. All of the interviewees told us that agency costs were a significant cost because the cost can be high. External relations is a motive that this study shows does matter, for example it can be relevant to some companies to implement voluntary IFRS to get the chance to take a loan. Other affecting factors that contribute to the implementing of voluntary IFRS is the vision of the owner. The positive effect with implementing voluntary IFRS is greater comparability. Despite the benefits, this study shows that there are negative effects of IFRS. The implementing for example is expensive and report according to IFRS is complicated, also the staff are not always inclined to change with the introduction of a new system. The result of this essay shows that there are extern and intern motives to voluntary implementing IFRS. Despite this the essay shows that there are also affecting effects that arise when implicating the framework.

  • 171.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Investeringsprocess: En studie om investeringsprocessen i tillverkningsföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om investeringsprocessens olika delar dvs. planeringen, genomförandet, beslutsunderlaget och uppföljningen av investeringar. Forskningsfrågorna utgörs av två frågor som handlar om hur investeringsprocessen ser ut från initiativ till verklighet och vilka faktorer som är mest väsentliga vid det slutgiltiga investeringsbeslutet. Uppsatsen avgränsas i syftet till företag som är verksamma inom tillverkningsbranschen. Detta är en bransch där det många gånger krävs en viss kapacitet i form av resurser som maskiner och dylikt för att kunna tillverka. Vidare är uppsatsen avgränsad till företag som inte klassificeras som stora företag dvs. färre än 250 anställda i samband med en omsättning som inte är större än 50 miljoner euro.

    Studien av investeringsprocessen har genomförs genom en kvalitativ metod som har inneburit en induktiv ansats där utrymme har getts åt tolkning. För att undersöka fenomenet har bland annat intervjuer via e-post skett, detta underlag är det som senare utgör empiriavsnittet och analyseras i analysavsnittet. Dem företag som slutligen har deltagit i uppsatsen är Trollhätteplast AB, Leröy Smögen Seafood AB och Sandflo Mekanik AB. Det visade sig att dem deltagande företagens investeringsprocess skiljde sig åt. Samtliga deltagande företag använde sig av någon sorts planering men det fanns inte en fullbordad kombination av investeringsplaneringar i samband med investeringar. Behovet av investeringar uppkom på likartade sätt inom samtliga företag dvs. ett upptäckt gap som behövs fyllas. Likaså var ansvarsfördelningen vid genomförandet av investeringar likartad. Vidare visade det sig att de avgörande faktorerna vid ett investeringsbeslut hade en sammankoppling med företagens affärsidé. En annan aspekt som var väsentlig vid investeringsbeslut är lönsamhet däremot framkom det att detta inte är den mest avgörande faktorn.

  • 172.
    Allansson, Julia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Employer branding riktad mot studenter: En kvalitativ studie om en biltillverkares arbete med arbetsgivarvarumärket2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When choosing an employer, there are various factors that make employers more or less attractive to students when looking for a job. Surveys on what students’ value in an employer vary and there is limited research on this within the automotive industry. Therefore, this study aims to expand knowledge about how car manufacturers in Sweden work with their employer brand to attract students as well as what image the organization wants to convey to the students and how the students perceive the organization.

    The study is a case study and the data has been collected through qualitative questionnaire surveys where two of the respondents work in an HR department and nine respondents are students and active within the same organization. Employer branding is about how potential employees, and already employees, have created an image of an organization as an employer. Employers try to build an awareness of the organization, a positive image and a positive reputation that should be consistent with reality. To strengthen their employer brad, organizations work with internships, recruiting through colleges, social media and job ads. The assessment of what makes an employer attractive varies, but some factors that job seekers see as attractive are salary, organizational culture, company stability, job security, advancement opportunities and development.

    The study concludes that the organization works with social media, events, lectures and working days to reach out to students. The organization works through internships, recruitment through schools, trainee programs, social media, fairs and school events. They also try to arouse interest in the engineering profession and technology among young people and they tell their story and try to always be easily accessible for students to connect. The organization wants to be the obvious choice for students as an employer. Students value good communication skills in a prospective employer. They emphasize working conditions, salary and breaks as good qualities of their employer. The organization fulfills the desired characteristics that students in Sweden are looking for in 2023.

  • 173.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Komponentavskrivning av byggnader i kommuner: Implementeringsprocessen och dess svårigheter.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior fiscal year 2014 an explicit requirement for component depreciation for fixed assets was introduced in Swedish municipalities by the standard setting body Council for Municipal Accounting (CMA). The requirement has largely been introduced due to increased harmonization with the municipal companies. Recommendations from the Council is a principle-based regulatory system, which means that municipalities may make their own interpretations of less detailed rules. This could result in different interpretations of the requirement for component depreciation among the municipals. This could possibly lead to reduced comparability.

    The purpose of the study was to gain a better understanding for how municipalities one year after the requirement for component depreciation was introduced, have interpreted the requirement of component depreciation of buildings, and what difficulties encountered in the implementation process. Furthermore, the aim was also to examine whether the comparability is reduced by the introduction, where there are no specific rules for the classification of components to be made.

    The study was based on a qualitative approach, and personal interviews were conducted with respondents from four municipalities in western Sweden. The theory underlying the study was based primarily from institutional theory, which emphasizes the processes of change in organizations, and why organizations tend to resemble each other.

    The results of the study showed that a few municipalities began the component depreciation method. However, the municipalities will probably use a similar component model as they use information and guidance from the same regulatory body in the working process of component depreciation. The main difficulties that the municipalities generally experiencing is primarily the lack of guidance in the interpretation of the recommendations and how detailed the component depreciation should be. That half of the municipalities have not begun component depreciation in time can possibly be explained by the budget priorities that generally have been superior to accounting principles in Swedish municipalities, but also indicate that the municipalities want to avoid costly mistakes and awaiting responses from other municipalities. It can also be explained by the resistance that occurred in a single municipality. This can partly be explained by that it is generally considered more difficult to implement a change that does not go against the established rules and practices of an organization, but also of the municipal specific uniqueness where the budget plays a major role. The municipalities are also looking much on how other municipalities have handled the issue, which should result in similar models and decrease the risk of reduced comparability.

  • 174.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The knowing doing gap: En studie av de bakomliggande orsakerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och beteende till hållbart mode2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka de bakomliggande faktorerna bakom det gap som finns mellan unga svenska kvinnors attityd och handling till hållbart mode. Detta undersöks med litteraturen som utgångspunkt och en enkätundersökning. Tidigare studier visar att unga kvinnor anser sig värna om miljö och människor men dessa goda intentioner översätts inte i handling. Resultatet bekräftar tidigare studier samt de orsaker som antas ligga bakom. Studien visar att de bakomliggande faktorerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och handling vad gäller hållbart mode framför allt är bristen på utbud, information, okunskap, en begränsad ekonomi samt psykiska faktorer som välbefinnande av att handla snygga kläder och ett starkt begär av det senaste modet. Studien visar även att unga kvinnor inspirerar varandra och därför också påverkar varandras beteende

  • 175.
    Alm, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Distansledarskap: Är hybridledarskap framtiden i kommunal verksamhet?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 2020 pandemic, there were major changes in Sweden, and it created completely new conditions in working life. One of the big changes was that several businesses had to move their operations away from the offices overnight. It was forced to create completely new conditions for the leaders to lead their employees. The study has investigated, with a focus on the leadership perspective, what challenges and opportunities the leaders face partly when it comes to leading remotely, and partly in leading in a hybrid way. Research in the past has not had a pronounced leadership perspective, which is why the aim of the study is to contribute new knowledge within the current field. The study is limited to municipal operations. Management/leadership, transactional leadership, transformed leadership, and distance work are the parts used to create a structure in the study. Transcription has taken place of seven semistructured interviews which are coded and thematically analyzed with the help of previous research. The study has arrived at several interesting results. After the leaders led remotely for several years during the pandemic, a majority wanted to maintain some distance working. They didn't want to lead completely remotely and felt that hybrid work was a good middle ground to take. It would be easier to lead the employees and they would be able to be managers more easily. The control they felt they lost during the pandemic, they can get back through this new way of leading and they can get back a good group dynamic, which was missing during the pandemic. The new leadership becomes a new variant of traditional leadership, and the hybrid leadership shows the study, and study concludes that it produces positive employees, and the manager has fewer social problems to deal with. There is also a strong connection between the leadership perspective and the employee perspective (empowerment) when it comes to the many new ways of managing a hybrid workplace. That connection did not exist during the pandemic. It shows the study when it was more of an employee perspective that led to employee leadership. Now in hybrid leadership, both parts are present. The study shows that most of the managers favored a certain distance leadership, with mandatory elements for the employees. Through that, they get the best of traditional leadership, with the best of leading remotely, which in turn has resulted in happier employees, less sick leave, and more efficiency. This does not only apply to the employees, but the same applies to the managers, the study shows.

  • 176.
    Alm, Helén
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Strategisk Talent Management: Strategier för att behålla sina vassaste medarbetare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Competence is a very important part of organizations to ensure that the organization has the right kind of skills to meet the demands. Recruitment of new employees is very costly and it is therefore important to retain the employees in the organization. A special form of careerplanning for those who are high-potentials in the organizations is called Talent management. The purpose of the study was to contribute knowledge about how Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations and to bring high-potentials to remain in the organization. To study this, I did a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations' work and is a common HR activity in organizations. The study shows that high-potentials remains in an organization when they have a challenging job that involves a lot of responsibility, they feel that they have the trust of his boss, they have a good opportunity for career development and they have a good working environment. The study also shows that as head of a talent, it is important to give employees feedback and praise, have conversations regarding career planning, let employees work with what they are good at and give the employees motivated by getting more tasks and more responsibility.

  • 177.
    Al-Mahdawi, Raghda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Meijer, Robin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Virtual Reality för att motivera till rörelse: En kvalitativ studie av två musik- och rytmspel2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual Reality games have a great potential for combining physical exercise and entertainment, which in turn can help make exercise more fun and at the same time help make you want to move more. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the VR experience can affect the motivation to physically exercise and what other factors in games that can affect the motivation. We are investigating this with the help of a qualitative survey where we observe and interview eleven different respondents with mixed experiences in VR. The respondents tried out the VR games Beat Saber and Synth Riders, both are music- and rhythm games. The respondents tried out these games for two ten-minute sessions while we observed their behavior. After the game sessions, the respondents were interviewed where we asked questions about their experiences and opinions about their VR experience.The results show that VR games have several advantages that can motivate the player to want to move more. The majority of the respondents thought it was fun thanks to the music and rhythm while at the same time challenging themselves with harder difficulties and more challenges in the VR-games. The respondents came to the conclusion that VR worked as an excellent complement to exercise but did not consider it sufficient to completely take over as it is not as physically intense as, for example, bodybuilding or solid full body workouts and that you still need fresh air. 

  • 178.
    Al-Mashhadi, Maryam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Karlsson, Kevin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hur upplevs den digitala kompetensen bland studenter som läser en IT-utbildning?: En kvantitativ studie om digital kompetens på Högskolan Väst2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur studenter på en programbaserad IT-utbildning upplever deras digitala kompetens samt om en demografisk faktor som kön kan ha en påverkan på studenternas upplevda digitala kompetens. En enkätundersökning som formulerades utifrån Digcomp 2.0 ramverket besvarades av studenterna på Högskolan Väst.

    Resultatet som samlades in kunde peka på en sämre upplevd digital kompetens inom två aspekter av Digcomp 2.0 men kunde inte påvisa någon signifikant könsskillnad. Oavsett erhöll studien en låg reliabilitet och slutsatser kunde därför inte dras. Sammantaget kan resultatet peka mot att respondenternas upplevda digitala kompetens har fortfarande potential för vidareutveckling. 

  • 179.
    Almqvist, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nadj, Sanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Leder invandring till ekonomiska förluster?: Hur arbetskraftinvandringen påverkar Sveriges ekonomi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a history of labor migration since the World War II. The migration structure has however changed over the last decades and contains a greater number of refugees. The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of labor migration on the economic growth in Sweden. Also throughout the study we will investigate whether Sweden needs labor migration to meet the needs of the labor market. With this study we want to create a discussion that could provide a greater understanding to the impact of labor migration. The time period in this study extends from 1970 to 2014. A Panel Vector autoregressive model (VAR) will be used to analyze the relationship between labor migration and economic growth. By support of previous research, a theoretical discussion and a comparison of results regarding labor migrations effect on the economic growth will be carried out. In the study we can deduce a positive impact on the Swedish economic growth of the immigration. The variable immigration does however not only take the labor migration into account, which can lead to a deceptive result, because the impact of all immigration is captured in this variable. In the analysis of the result we can interpret that immigration does not displace domestic labor, because of the positive impact of immigration on the employment rate.

  • 180.
    Almqvist Chinos, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bock, Terezia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tillitsbaserat ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie inom PolismyndigheteN2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The trust reform was an initiative by the government to encourage the public sector to move from NPM to TSL. TSL means a transition from less detailed control and control in the business to increased room for manoeuvre and trust in employees' skills and abilities.

    Purpose: Our aim with this study is to increase the understanding of how trust-based leadership, interpreted and applied in the public sector, from a managerial perspective.

    Method: In order to fulfil the purpose of the thesis and answer the questions, a qualitative research method was chosen with semi-structured interviews.

  • 181.
    Almqvist, Fanny
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En longitudinell studie av goodwill sedan införandet av IFRS 3 och IAS36: Har nedskrivningar utförts och på vilka grunder vilar dess beslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Goodwill is a complex and discussed accounting area. This because of the difficulty in defining what goodwill is, no clear common method for managing the asset has been found and that they are now based on interpretations, assessments and estimates. Previous research that writes about goodwill and the standards IFRS 3 and IAS 36 addresses the difficulties with the information of requirements, the definition of goodwill, difficulties with the standards and also the impairments during the first years since the introduction of the standards. However, there is no longitudinal study between the years 2005-2018, which looks at companies that apply the accounting standards to see if impairments have been made since the introduction. The purpose of this longitudinal study is to investigate and map whether companies that apply IFRS 3 and IAS 36 handle goodwill and any impairment testing, but also what reasons may be behind an impairment. The research questions are:

     Have impairments been made since the introduction of IFRS 3 and IAS 36?

     What is the reasons why impairments are or are not made?

    The theory discusses how impairment testing of goodwill is made, the difficulties with impairments and criticisms of the accounting standards. The keywords used are: goodwill, IAS 36, IFRS 3, impairment, negative, reasons and why. To obtain empirical data, a longitudinal study has been conducted by fourteen company's annual reports for seven years. The time period is between 2005-2018 and the companies have been selected based on a list from an article in Avanza. The empirical evidence shows that impairments have been made and with how much. It also addresses how impairment assessments are made and what the reason for an impairment or not. The analysis discusses the answers from the empirical data based on the presented theory, where previous research sees that few impairments are made and that the information about goodwill is scarce in the annual reports. The conclusion for the study is that impairments have been made and this, for example, due to changed market conditions and divestments. Difficulties are also raised with the impairment tests.

  • 182.
    Almér, Gustav
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Wallander, Julia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Digitaliseringen av redovisningsbranschen: Påverkan och drivkrafter2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization means a big change for organizations. One industry that is greatly affected by digitalization is the accounting industry. Some studies imply that the accounting profession is about to be fully automated, but others claim that it is a changing professional role. Digitalization poses new challenges for the firms in the accounting industry, but despite this, the transformation does not seem to be slowing down. Much is unclear about how digitalization affects the accounting industry in practice and there is a lack of studies in the field. The purpose of this study is thus to increase the understanding of how the accounting industry is affected by digitalization and what drives this digital transformation in the accounting industry. Previous research shows that digitalization leads to automation of tasks, a changed professional role and implementation of digital solutions in the accounting industry. The literature also shows that institutional theory can explain what drives change in the accounting industry. According to institutional theory, organizations are affected by norms and traditions in their environment, which leads to organizations in the same industry becoming increasingly homogeneous. This can be explained by three so called isomorphisms: coercive, mimetic and normative. In order to create a deeper understanding of the field of interest, a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews was utilized. The interviews were conducted with five respondents from different accounting firms in Sweden. The study shows that the digital development has not come as far as the literature suggests. Digitalization affects the accounting industry in such a way that when certain tasks are automated, the accounting consultant's professional role shifts to more advisory and analysis of results. The entire industry is changing, and the focus is shifting from simple bookkeeping to expert knowledge in accounting. What drives this change turned out to be several different driving forces, such as authorities making demands, a desire for efficiency and that other firms succeed with digitalization. The study showed that digitalization can be considered a source of legitimacy and the accounting firms that do not switch to a digital way of working, will not survive in the long run. The driving forces can be related to coercive, mimetic and normative isomorphisms, of which normative was considered to be the most important. Through the study, we have thus contributed to an increased understanding of what the digitalization of the accounting industry looks like in practice and what is considered to be the main driving forces for digitalization. 

  • 183.
    Alnakeshbandi, Sari
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Eshgham, Golchehreh
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sustainability and CSR online communication by Nordic Banks2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Both experts and scholars have assured that Corporate Social Responsibility is one of competitive advantage components for MNEs. The increasing focus on sustainability comes from rising stakeholders' pressures for more organizational accountability and transparency across a range of corporate behavioural issue. Recently one of the main interesting areas for banks is solving social problems and concerning community welfare plans. Hence banks become one of the most active sector regarding investment on CSR practices.

    Many companies are able to publish their sustainability issues online, but they do not because they are afraid to be attacked and criticized by NGOs, which mean that they do not have enough experience in communicating their CSR activities online.

    Many recent researches regarding communicating sustainability online have lack of their findings' generalizability across different industry and countries therefore, it is recommended to conduct future researches that have this generalizability for specific industry and area or region, therefore authors have chosen Nordic Banks as a specific industry and region for their thesis.

    Research question: How do banks in Nordic countries communicate their CSR and three aspects of sustainability through online?

    Purpose: This thesis aims to understand the way in which Nordic banks convey their CSR's messages online. Beside the authors seek to identify similarities and differences of communicating the messages between Nordic banks regarding sustainability dimensions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This thesis is qualitative and has followed deductive approach. Meanwhile, multiple case is the study design. Six Nordic bank which are: Nordea, Swedbank, SEB, Handelsbanken, Danske bank and DNB are in the sample of this thesis. The data have collected through online observation of each banks' corporate websites regarding communicating sustainability dimensions terms.

    Findings: The CSR and Sustainability online message that is communicated by Nordic bank is reach, the banks have some similarity and differences in conveying their CSR and sustainability online message.

  • 184.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

  • 185.
    Alsaffar, Karim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Mujic, Marko
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Relationen mellan ledarskap, organisationskultur och struktur: hur bekräftas en relation som är osynlig?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several factors that interact and affect an organization's survival and effectiveness. The factors we have chosen to study is leadership, organizational culture and structure and how these factors work in a relationship. To understand the relationship interactions, but also to understand how the relationship is improved, we have studied the different types of leadership, organizational cultures and structures. It has helped us to understand that the organization's approach and values requires a certain type of example leadership style needs some kind of organizational culture and structure for the relationship to work effectively. Schein (1993) argues that organizational culture is created by a constant interaction between the employees of an organization formed by the leadership behavior and therefore it is important that the management style and organizational culture works in relation to each other.

    As help for this study we have chosen an organization to answer how the relationship between leadership, organizational culture and structural works in practice. The organization we have investigated is Ur & Penn AB, which operates in the retail sector, we would however point out that this study can be applied to other organizations in the retail sector as a means to identify and respond to the type of leadership style, organizational culture and structure it has. In order to be able to take a position and understand how to deal with changes to meet their organization's needs. When we could answer that, we could identify overlaps and gaps in the relationship as Anthony (1990) describes as problematic and occurs when there is discord in the relationship, but also when changes occur that are biased to a factor.

    We have conducted a qualitative study and by doing semi-structured interviews. To get a complete picture of the organization we selected interviewees from marketing, finance, purchasing, logistics, HR, the President, and a store employee.

    As to the result have we studied how structural changes have affected the organization and the relation to organizational culture and the leadership. We have also proven which type of leadership, organizational culture- and structure Ur & Penn have and also if it is the right approach to get a relation that is functional.

  • 186.
    Alsaffar, Karim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Mujic, Marko
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ökad lönsamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lönsamhet har en nyckelroll i företagande och man försöker ständigt öka den. Företag letar därför ständigt efter nya sätt att tjäna pengar på samtidigt som man sänker kostnaderna. Ur & Penn hade år 2015 en lönsamhet på 7 % och syftet med denna studie var att försöka förbättra den. Denna studie har ett hermeneutiskt synsätt och har utförts med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom intervjuer från två nyckel aktörer i Ur & Penn. Studiens resultat visade b.la att det finns stora förbättringspotential i Ur & Penns lager och inköp. Lagren har för mycket kapital bundet och inköpen görs med liten hänsyn till lagret och efterfrågan. För att förbättra inköpen måste man med hjälp av formler räkna på hur stor kvantitet som är ekonomiskt optimal.

  • 187.
    Altsjö, Hannah
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Ek, Hilda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vilka samband finns mellan hushållens skuldsättning och huspriser i Sverige: på lång och kort sikt?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the aim is to investigate the relationship between house prices and household indebtedness in Sweden, considering both the short and long-term perspectives between 2000 and 2019. This means three major interferences on the debt- and housing market are present, more precisely two amortization requirements and the so-called mortgage ceiling and the effects they've brought.

    In this thesis, the main model used is the vector autoregressive model, which gives a good insight into what the relationship between the variables looks like in both directions. To be able to use that model, and run such regressions, several tests were made to ensure the variables meet the standards required for a VAR.

    Since rising house prices would most probably cause people to lend more money to be able to buy the houses, our hypothesis was that house prices should have a positive effect on household indebtedness. This was something we found the foundation for in the literature, and it was also true when we ran the regressions. House prices had a significant and positive effect on household debt, while the opposite relationship showed a far weaker connection between these variables.

    Important to keep in mind when reading this thesis is that more variables could of course be included, and several other models used to investigate the relationship between house prices and household debt.

  • 188.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund (SWE).
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, Skövde (SWE).
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Reconceptualizing the management–profession conflict: Occupational heuristics and multi-professional interrelations in health care2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Alwassati, Salman
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hallgren, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En kvantitativ studie om förekomsten av big bath på Stockholmsbörsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    En kvantitativ studie om big bath på Stockholmsbörsenwas written by Salman Alwassiti and Martin Hallgren who studied the economics program at Högskolan väst in Trollhättan during the spring of 2017. Internationally, many studies about big bath have been conducted in relation to different variables. Two variables confirmed to have a clear connection to big bath are negative results and replacement of CEO. What made our essay interesting was that, based on our knowledge, this was the first time a negative result and replacement of CEO was tested in combination for connection to big bath. Based on our knowledge, this was also the first time negative results and the CEO replacement was tested separately for connection to big bath in the Swedish market. Globalization has also brought about new economic rules such as IFRS, which also had an impact on the trends in big baths. The thesis is mainly written to business economists and researchers studying big bath. The purpose of the thesis is to achieve a clear result that answers the research questions:

    1. Does a negative result affect the presence of a big bath?

    2. Does a CEO replacement affect the presence of a big bath?

    3. Does negative result and CEO replacement in combination affect the presence of a big bath?

    The aim of the study is to achieve clear results that will answer these research questions. Evidence of correlation between negative results, CEO replacement, both combined and big bath has been obtained through scientific articles for the theoretical reference framework. Based on the theory, the different hypotheses have since been deduced:

    Hypothesis 1: A negative economic result increases the incidence of big bath.

    Hypothesis 2: The degree of big bath increases when a CEO's replaced.

    Hypothesis 3: The combination of both a negative result and a CEO replacement increases the occurrence of a big bath.

    The research questions are answered by the fact that the different hypotheses are either in line with reality or must be rejected. To test the hypotheses, a total of 180 small, medium and large listed companies have been selected on the Stockholm Stock Exchange in 2013, 2014 and 2015. The data has been taken from the randomly selected companies' annual reports. The thesis results showed that there was a correlation between negative results and big bath which was quite expected. The correlation test showed that there is a negative correlation between big bath and relative results of -0.277. The standardized betacoefficient also indicated a relationship of -0.277. The significance of the two tests were 0.000. Sweden is on similar level with the other investigated countries from the theory chapter. No statistically significant relationship was found between the big bath and the CEO replacement, which goes against the theoretical reference framework. Nor was there any connection between finding a combination of negative results and CEO replacement and big baths. As a proposal for further studies, big bath can be studied in relation to IFRS introduction in Sweden.

  • 190.
    Alwin, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Mikiver, Hanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Dolda buds påverkan på bostadsspekulanter: En kvalitativ studie om dolda bud påverkar bostadsspekulanters budgivningsstrategier och attityd till dolda bud2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dolda bud är en budgivningsstrategi som blivit allt mer utbredd i Sverige de senaste åren.Strategin går ut på att man lägger ett bud med villkoret att det ska vara dolt för övriga bostadsspekulanter och budgivare. Enligt en undersökning av Mäklarsamfundet har hela 18% av bostadskonsumenterna kommit i kontakt med dolda bud de senaste tre åren. Att dolda budtillåts har kritiserats av både Mäklarsamfundet och flera av de stora mäklarkedjorna. De anser att dolda bud skapar irritation och bidrar till att konsumenter känner sig otrygga på bostadsmarknaden. Syftet med studien är att undersöka bostadsspekulanters upplevelser och erfarenheter av dolda bud på den svenska bostadsmarknaden och i sin tur om denna kännedom påverkat bostadsspekulanternas beteende i framtida budgivningar. Tio intervjuer med respondenter som har tidigare erfarenhet av dolda bud har genomförts. I analysenjämförs tidigare forskning om budgivningsstrategier, känslor, kunskap och stress med insamlade data. Resultatet av studien visar att upplevelsen av dolda bud på bostadsmarknaden påverkar spekulanters budgivningsstrategier i framtida budgivningar. Studien tyder även på att dolda bud är förknippade med negativa känslor och erfarenheter vilket bidrar till att respondenterna agerar på ett sätt som de tidigare själva inte har uppskattat av andra budgivare. Anledningen till detta har framförallt grundat sig i en oro eller stress för att en upprepad situation med dolda bud ska infinna sig och att de inte ska få möjlighet att delta i en öppen budgivning. Trots att majoriteten av respondenterna har en dålig upplevelse av dolda bud, har de en övervägande positiv attityd till att själva använda sig av dolda bud

  • 191.
    Amanuel, Yobel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Kozarcanin, Enis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Digitala vårdmöten: En kvalitativ studie om vårdpersonalens upplevelser och erfarenheter av vårdmöten på distans2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of healthcare in Sweden has introduced new experiences for healthcare staff. The health service has developed something called digital care meetings, this is an aid for people who do not have the opportunity to visit hospitals or health centers physically. The patient gets an opportunity with digital care meetings to book an appointment for a follow-up or examination of a health problem and then carry out the meeting via their computer or mobile phone.

    The new technology has affected certain work activities and the care staff's experience of these aspects may vary. Therefore, this study has conducted interviews with healthcare professionals who have different professional roles to be able to describe their experience of digital healthcare meetings. These interviews were analyzed using a content analysis.

    The conclusions of the analysis were that the healthcare staff experienced digital care meetings as an alternative for patients and not a substitute for physical care meetings.

  • 192.
    Amer, Maan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Marouni, Bassel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på ekonomens arbete inom den offentliga sektorn2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is a relevant topic in today's society that affects economists and their work methods. There is a considerable amount of research on how digitalization has impacted economists in the private sector, but research on how it affects economists in the public sector is less. The Swedish government has chosen to invest in the public sector to improve and promote digitalization with the goal of Sweden being leaders in digitalization. The purpose of this study is to generate in-depth knowledge and identify the challenges and opportunities of digitalization from an accountant’s perspective. The study was conducted using a qualitative method, with six semi-structured interviews conducted in five different public organizations in Western Sweden. The study participants consist of four accountants and two financial managers. Digitalization contributes to a transformation of information from analog to become digital. This results in improved work processes for organizations and increased efficiency due to digital workflows. This is achieved by reducing manual tasks and human errors. New institutional theory encompasses coercive isomorphism, mimetic isomorphism, and normative isomorphism. These isomorphisms influence organizations to become homogeneous and work in similar ways. The empirical findings of the study show how digitalization has led to a transition from analog to digital processes, resulting in more efficient work processes in the five public organizations. With regards to the New institutional theory, the study reveals that the primary isomorphism leading to homogeneity in public sector organizations is coercive isomorphism, in combination with normative isomorphism. The study's conclusion presents that the opportunities of digitalization include contributing to more efficient work processes, improved quality in reporting, and enabling economists to focus on more qualified tasks requiring human interaction. This is achieved by freeing up time through automation of manual tasks and reducing human errors. A disadvantage of digitalization is that it presents challenges for accountants, as they need new knowledge to work with the new systems. Therefore, they need to develop their IT skills and get help from IT-knowledgeable people. Another disadvantage of digitalization is that it brings risks in terms of IT-security which leads to that organizations continuously should work with improving their security. 

  • 193.
    Ames Villar, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Aldén, Mattias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Från penna till polygon: En kvalitativ forskning om animatörers förhållningsätt till Disneys 12 animationsprinciper2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will investigate how Disney's 12 principles of animation is used today by professional 3D CGI animators in their work.

    The purpose of this study is to get an insight on how Disney's 12 principles of animation has changed for application in 3D CGI animation, as they were originally made for hand-drawn animation.

    Based on a selective choice based on a survey sent to studios working with animation and to freelance animators, we conduct interviews with the animators who answered the survey and could provide empirical data to our research.

    In the interviews, we ask how the respondents apply Disney's 12 principles of animation in their work in order to evaluate how they have changed since the 30s.

    The results we got showed that all respondents agree that Disney's 12 principles of animation are important tools in the creation of believable character animations.

    Some respondents chose to go through each animation principle and explain how they utilize each principle in their work, while other respondents stated they did not carefully followed these principles as they work with timelimited projects which means they do not have time to go through them all

  • 194.
    Amiin, Cismaan Cali
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Mahamed, Abdifatah
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A qualitative content study of Social Orientation course.: A small case study of the Somalis’ perception and opinions of the Social Orientation course.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is aimed to explore a qualitative study on participants’ experience of the Social Orientation course which is intended to facilitate the refugees that are new to Sweden in their integration, establishment in working and social life. According to UNHCR (2014) integration prepares refugees to adapt to their host societies without giving up their cultural identity. This study focuses on the newcomers’ experience and perception of the social orientation course Since they must participate in this course. Moreover, there has been little empirical research conducted on the participants’ experience in this subject area. the study will focus on two cities, Trollhättan and Falköping because of the availability of participants in these cities. In this regard, a qualitative case will be utilized, and data collection will be made by interviewing the participants. Furthermore, the theory which will be applied in this thesis is the acculturation theory to investigate how immigrants’ understandings and experiences reflect on the components or categories of the acculturation theory, integration, assimilation, and separation. The analysis and discussions presented in this study show that, due to a lack of educated instructors with pedagogical competencies, participants have experienced that they did not benefit anything from the course.

  • 195.
    Amiri, Aimal
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Simaei, Peyman
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Undersökning av Matter-standarden för IoT inom säkerhetsbranschen i ett västsvenskt IT-säkerhetsföretag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of the IoT (Internet of Things) has changed people's way of life. With the help of home applications that integrate thermostats, switches, smart locks, appliances and monitoring systems, people can have the opportunity to interact and monitor their homes from anywhere. Due to the fact that more industries and people have adopted IoT, concerns about the integrity and security of IoT devices have been raised. Since IoT was introduced to the market, several stakeholders, suppliers and researchers have developed IoT solutions in parallel. Although there are several protocols and device types for IoT on the market, only a few IoT products from different vendors are compatible with each other. This qualitative study is about the challenges, opportunities and security aspects that exist when connecting IoT with the Matter standard. The study reports even that the radio communication standard Matter solves some of the security challenges posed by IoT, it is still unclear how well it can protect users' privacy.

  • 196.
    Amoson, Jonas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Building complex GUIs in Plan 92009In: Proceedings 4th International Workshop on Plan9, Athens, GA: University of Georgia , 2009, p. 15-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can non-trivial graphical user interfaces be designed in Plan 9 without them losing their minimalistic style? Different toolkits are discussed, and a proposal for a tabbed toolbar is suggested as a way to add functionality without cluttering the interface and avoiding the use of pop-up dialog boxes. A hypothetical port to the GUI in LyX is used as an example.

  • 197.
    Amoson, Jonas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Porting the Netsurf web browser to Plan 92023In: IWP9 2023 : 9th International Workshop on Plan 9 (IWP9) Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 21–23 April 2023: Proceedings / [ed] Engel, Michael, Waterloo: University of Waterloo , 2023, p. 91-97Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Netsurf has recently been ported to Plan 9 (9front), bringing a more powerful browser to the Plan 9 users. This paper describes the steps done inthe porting effort and the solutions considered for challenges encountered in the tool chain, the environment and the build system. Solutionsfall in different categories, depending on where they can be implemented: in upstream Netsurf, in 9front or if they have to be maintainedas patches outside the official Netsurf sources.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 198.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Helping Out Refugees: the Way Forward Stakeholders' Activities for Newcomers in Trollhättan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study used the qualitative research approach to investigate stakeholders' activities, stakeholders' opinions on technology, stakeholders' opinions on newcomers and problems of stakeholders in Trollhättan. Interest was on provided activities of the stakeholders'. With the actor network theory (ANT) framework, the study addressed the problem of newcomers to know about stakeholders' activities in Trollhättan. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted on seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality. A private company, Trollhättan Municipality Employment Office, the Red Cross, a university and three non-profit organizations. Data were analyzed based on summative content analyses. The study revealed that stakeholders arrange varied types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees that were placed in Trollhättan, especially newly arrived in Trollhättan to get access to the initiatives. The study concluded that reaching out to newly arrived newcomers is a major problem for stakeholders in Trollhättan.

  • 199.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Reaching Out, Tuning in: On the Problematic Information Structure Hindering Connection between Socially Engaged Organizations and Refugees in the Municipality of Trollhättan2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 21-28Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent refugee crises have caused newcomers to settle in different municipalities in Sweden. Different municipalities respond differently to the situations that arise from an increased number of refugees waiting for decisions from the Swedish Migration Agency regarding residence permit. Such variation in response also affects how refugees can access relevant information about activities and initiatives available in the designated municipality while waiting. This study investigated how stakeholders' in the municipality of Trollhättan experienced their possibilities to spread information about their activities targeting refugees. A particular interest was on what kind of activities stakeholders provided, problems they face in reaching out to refugees, and opinions on using technology usage for outreach. Seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality were included in the study; a private company, the municipal employment office, a university and four nonprofit organizations. Findings suggest that stakeholders did arrange various types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees placed in Trollhättan to get access to these local initiatives. Stakeholders wanted to reach out to as many refugees as possible but they have a hard time doing so. The study concluded that information access of stakeholders activities is a major problem for refugees in Trollhättan. In order to address the dispersed and hard-to-find information from the varied stakeholders, a mobile app was suggested as a solution to the information problem in order to create a digital cental place for stakeholder initiatives and information spread. These initiatives, if known about, could create a more active and varied everyday life for refugees awaiting decisions from the migration board. For stakeholders to reach out with information of planned activities and for refugees to be able to tunein to these possibilities becomes particularly important in municipalities where refugees are dispersed in various kinds of locations, rather than living in largec amps.

  • 200.
    Anciano, Fiona
    et al.
    Department of Political Studies, University of the Western Cape (ZAF).
    Piper, Laurence
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development. Department of Political Studies, University of the Western Cape (ZA).
    Localising governance in the African city: a grounded model of multiple and contending forms of security governance in Hout Bay, Cape Town2022In: Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, ISSN 1466-2043, E-ISSN 1743-9094, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 298-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper articulates a model of urban governance, developed through emergent analysis of the rulers, methods, rules and logics evident in the practices of security governance in Hout Bay, Cape Town. Informed by the concept of hybrid governance, this grounded theorising draws on extensive fieldwork on security governance practices in a complex urban neighbourhood to present a model of multiple and sometimes contending forms of governance that include, but are not limited to, bureaucratic, market, developmental, network and informal governance. Our model emerges from a critique of top-down approaches to understanding governance that starts with the state, institutions and law, or approaches that primarily focus on formal partnerships between the state and business or other social partners. The view from above can miss important aspects of how residents are governed ‘from below’ and informally. Hence it is impossible to understand from the formal, and in advance of grounded research, exactly how many places in urban Africa are governed. Exposing the particular and local forms of governance in urban Africa can support improved forms of service delivery and citizen’s experiences of living in their city. In addition, while our model may be relevant in other places, more important is the methodology of identifying the rulers and methods, but especially the rules and logics of practice, to surface the specific, and complex, forms of governance in an urban place.

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