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  • 151.
    Carlén, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hadén, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kampen mellan två identiteter: En kritisk diskursanalys av en ung kvinnas identitetsprocess mot bakgrunden av en starkt gränssättande hederskultur2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kropp och utseende, sexualitet och kärlek samt grupptillhörighet är framträdande faktorer i en ungdoms identitetsprocess. Dessa faktorer är även framträdande diskurser i Elaf Alis självbiografi Vem har sagt något om kärlek? Att bryta sig fri från hedersförtryck (2021). Karaktären Elaf växer upp i en hederskultur där hon utsätts för hedersförtryck och hedersvåld. Elafs identitetsprocess är en kamp mellan två identiteter. Denna analys ger en inblick i hur en ungdoms identitetsprocess mot bakgrunden av en gränssättande hederskultur kan se ut.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka de framträdande identitetsdiskurserna i verket i relation till bakgrunden av en starkt gränssättande hederskultur.

    Metod: Den metod som används är kritisk diskursanalys.

    Resultat: De gränser som hederskulturen skapar gör det omöjligt för Elaf att uppnå sitt mål, att passa in. De hedersnormer som Elafs föräldrar kräver att hon efterföljer,skapar svårigheter för henne när det kommer till hennes sexuella identitet, utseende och grupptillhörighet. Hennes föräldrar vill att hennes identitet ska upprätthålla familjens heder. Konsekvenserna av att inte följa hedersnormerna innebär både psykiskt- och fysiskt våld samt utanförskap. Elaf är medveten om vilken identitet som hon vill ha och att den inte lever upp till hederskulturens förhållningssätt. De diskurser som framträder i verket skapar problematik i förhållande till karaktärens identitetsprocess. Identitetsdiskurserna sexualitet, utseende och grupptillhörighet är vanligt förekommande underdiskurser inom hedersdiskursen och den hegemoniska ungdomsdiskursen. Den hegemoniska diskursen står som motsats till hedersdiskursen och representerar den mer förekommande identitetsprocessen bortom hederns förtryck. Elafs identitetsprocess resulterar i en kamp mellan två identiteter. En identitet som är starkt präglad av föräldrarnas hedersutövande och en hegemonisk identitet som Elaf önskar uppnå för att få vara som alla andra.

  • 152.
    Cau Nicklasson, Annelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Janiak, Pamela
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    YouTube som marknadsföringsstrategi: Svenska företagsföreträdares attityder för användning av YouTube i marknadsföringssyfte2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 153.
    Chaimungkhun, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Human Attempt to Dominate Nature in Richard Adams' Watership Down2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 154.
    Chan, Letty
    et al.
    University of Nottingham.
    Dörnyei, Zoltan
    School of English, University of Nottingham.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Learner archetypes and signature dynamics in the language classroom: A retrodictive qualitative modelling approach to studying L2 motivation2014In: Motivational dynamics in language learning / [ed] Dörnyei, Zoltán, MacIntyre, Peter D. & Henry, Alastair, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2014, p. 238-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the use of ‘retrodictive qualitative modelling’ (RQM), a novel approach described for L2 research by Dörnyei (2014) that involves the identification of learner archetypes and motivational patterns in empirical research. The method reverses the traditional way of conducting research; it first examines the outcome – that is, the end-states – and then traces back the developmental trajectories leading to this outcome. Situated in a Hong Kong secondary school, we started our project by first asking a teacher focus group to identify salient learner archetypes in their classrooms (Years 7 to 9), and on the basis of these we then conducted in-depth interviews with one prototypical learner from each group. As a result, we gained insights into the ‘signature dynamics’ of the motivational system associated with each prototype. Our focus in this chapter is on evaluating RQM in action. First we report on the processes in which teachers identified learner archetypes and thereafter offer an in-depth analysis of the system dynamics of one of these students. In the final discussion, we list the main methodological lessons that we have learnt from applying RQM.

  • 155.
    Cizmic, Mirza
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Noura, Charbel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Svenska som andraspråkselevers strategier och attityder gentemot grammatik i det svenska språket: En kvalitativ enkätstudie om elevers förhållningssätt till grammatikinlärning2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Ordet grammatik kan få flera elever att känna obehag. Det är allmänt välkänt att grammatikundervisningen tidigare var omfattande i de svenska skolorna. Idag har undervisningsmetoderna gentemot grammatikundervisning förändrats. Läroplanen fungerar som en handledning för lärare inom specifika ämnen och fastställer både lärandemål för eleverna och kriterierna för bedömning. Något som, däremot, fortfarande är oklart är; vilka strategier och attityder elever i svenska som andraspråk har gentemot grammatik.

    Syftet:

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka svenska som andraspråkselevers (SvA) inlärningsstrategier i grammatik i det svenska språket. Fokus kommer att ligga på att analysera de strategier som SvA-elever använder för att lära sig grammatik och vilka attityder de har till ämnet, grammatik.

    Metod:

    Studien tillämpas genom en kvalitativ enkätmetod med öppna frågor där informanterna ges möjligheten att utveckla sina svar. Informanterna är svenska som andraspråkselever. Studien sammankopplas med den fenomenografiska metoden där informanternas svar kategoriseras.

    Resultat:

    Studiens resultat är att svenska som andraspråkselever tenderar att ha en positiv inställning till grammatik. En hög andel av eleverna förstår vikten av grammatik samt att de personligen värdesätter grammatiken högt. Majoriteten av eleverna påverkas av yttre faktorer såsom exempelvis ljud samt att andelen passivt- och aktivt lärande elever är jämlika.

  • 156. Cohen, Andrew D.
    et al.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Focus on the language learner: Focus on the language learner2019In: An introduction to applied linguistics / [ed] Norbert Schmitt & Michael Rodgers, Routledge, 2019, 3. ed, p. 165-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Colakovic, Senada
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hussein, Donia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mitt nya land: en studie om nyanlända kvinnors möte med det svenska samhället2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an essay about the newly arrived women meeting with the Swedish society. We have collected material through interviews that will address the integration process on the basis of the newly arrived immigrants' perspective. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the immigrant women in Sweden perceive their situation in the Swedish society. How do the women experience the language? What do they think of the response from the community? What is their opinion of the inclusion and participation? Our method has been half a structured qualitative interview where the interview responses are analyzed by using the concepts culture, ethnicity and identity.

    We saw how women feel about their living in the community and that they have a positive view when it comes to their future and integration in Sweden. Expectations are high among most women when it comes to choice of job and future plans. The most important aspects for successful integration are according to the women integration, language, the response from the community and participation in Swedish society. The results also showed a complex picture in which women experience difficulties and possibilities of their situation and struggle to vary between their adaption with the two cultures. The situation that the women find themselves in, and their worry about their future, is a process that changes their perspective on life.

  • 158.
    Dagård, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    A Comparative, Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis of Three Conservative British Prime Ministers’ Inauguration Speeches2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the discourse of political speeches, inauguration speeches are an opportunity for often newly appointed politicians in head positions to address citizens and persuade them about their policies and ideas and how they intend to govern further. This research essay analyses and compares the inauguration speeches of three conservative British prime ministers, Boris Johnson, Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak. This is carried out using Bash’s and Harnish’s classification of communicative (persuasive) speech acts at the micro level, and, by using a discourse analytical approach at the macro level. It also investigates the prime ministers’ persuasive messages about their opinions on Brexit and how to lead Britain forward in the wake of Brexit. The results demonstrate that the British prime ministers try to persuade the public both explicitly and implicitly by using mostly constative and commissive speech acts, both of which contribute to the exaggeration of their persuasive messages about their opinions on Brexit (Johnson and Sunak) and how to lead Britain forward in the wake of Brexit. The persuasive speech acts are not used desultorily and have distinct persuasive motives. The analysis of the persuasive speech acts at the micro level establishes a solid base for the comparative discourse analysis at the macro level in which Boris Johnson, in particular, attempts to persuade the public about the benefits of Brexit. Regarding leading Britain forward in the wake of Brexit, both Johnson, Truss and Sunak portray themselves as the right person in charge for Britain’s further development by pointing out various societal areas they want to improve and how they plan to boost the UK’s economy. Johnson and Truss express a vision to transform the UK into a global actor by implementing tax cuts, attracting investment, paving the way for high-skilled jobs, conspicuous research, and more, while Sunak predominantly focuses on financial stability. Taking into account that Brexit has reignited separatist forces in the UK, each prime minister attempts to persuade the public that they aspire to unite the country and include all parts of Britain in their plans for future improvements.

  • 159.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Att analysera berättelser (narrativer)2012In: Dags för uppsats: Vägledning för litteraturbaserade examensarbeten / [ed] Friberg Febe, Lund, 2012, 2, p. 162-173Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Att analysera diskurser2012In: Dags för uppsats: Vägledning för litteraturbaserade examensarbeten / [ed] Friberg, Febe, Lund, 2012, 2, p. 145-160Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 161.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Kunskap, kunskapsanvändning och kunskapsutveckling2012In: Dags för uppsats: Vägledning för litteraturbaserade examnensarbeten / [ed] Friberg, Febe, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, 2, p. 23-36Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Inst. för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fenomenografi2009In: Handbok i kvalitativ analys / [ed] Fejes, Andreas, Thornberg, Robert, Stockholm: Liber , 2009, 1. uppl., p. 122-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Inst. för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fenomenografi2015In: Handbok i kvalitativ analys / [ed] Fejes, Andreas & Thornberg, Robert, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2, p. 162-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Dahlin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gender and Power Distribution in George R.R. Martin’s A Feast for Crows2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 165.
    Dahlquist, Karl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Machiavelli’s Ambush: perspectives in an age of conspiracy2023In: Inquiry, ISSN 0020-174X, E-ISSN 1502-3923, p. 1-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I revisit The Prince and the Discourses and argue that across the design of these two texts on the theme of conspiracy Machiavelli constructs an ambush on Medici princes. I reconsider Mary Dietz’s (1986), and Langton’s and Dietz’s (1987) suggestion that Machiavelli’s The Prince was a deceptive political act through an exploration of the link Dietz and Sheldon Wolin (2004) draw between Machiavelli’s method and Renaissance artistry. I suggest that Machiavelli applied a one-point linear perspective – a scientific and visual method of pictorial representation and geometrical modelling that emerged for the first time in the Renaissance – to the political field. I test this hypothesis on the theme of conspiracy in Machiavelli’s work by arguing that The Prince ultimately presents one vantage point – that of the prince–while the Discourses offers another – that of the conspirators. I argue that a blindspot is created by these two texts when they are jointly considered: conspirators seduced, recruited, and trained by the Discourses eliminate a prince caught off guard for having followed the advice on conspiracy in The Prince.

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  • 166.
    Danielsson, Anneli
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Harry Potter and the Importance of Blood-Status: A Comparative Study of Race in Harry Potter and The Deathly Hallows and The Third Reich2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 167.
    Demirsoy, Cejna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Aleke, Sophie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andraspråksutvecklingsarbetet i praktiken: En kvalitativ studie om svenska som andraspråklärares syn på andraspråksutvecklande arbetssätt2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Språkets roll är centralt för alla människor och det sätter sin prägel på livet för andraspråksindivider, genom att det påverkar deras möjlighet att komma in i samhället. Detta gör att svenska som andraspråksundervisningen blir jätteviktig för dessa individer, eftersom det är först där språkutvecklingen kan befrämjas(Skolverket, 2019, s.12–13). Varje individ behöver få möjlighet att utveckla sin språkliga färdighet på ett så bra sätt som möjligt, vilket framgår i ämnet svenska som andraspråk som lyfter vikten av att lärare behöver anpassa sin undervisning i syfte att gynna elevers språkutvecklingsprocess.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka vilka arbetssätt fyra svenska som andraspråkslärare tillämpar i undervisningen för att främja elevers andraspråksutveckling. 

    Metod: Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ metod som består av semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Resultat: Undersökningen visar att lärarna använder sig av ett antal olika arbetssätt för att stötta elevernas andraspråksutveckling. Bland annat anser samtliga lärare att cirkelmodellen är en metod som gynnar elevernas andraspråksutveckling genom social interaktion i klassrummet. Ett annat arbetssätt som lärarna använder sig av i praktiken är det formativa arbetssättet som befrämjar elevers andraspråksutveckling genom stöttning, återkoppling och uppföljning av deras individuella kunskaper. Resultatet visar också att arbetssätten påverkas av två faktorer, dels av tidsbristen som påverkar lärarnas planeringsarbete och elevanpassning, dels klassrumsklimatet som har en stor effekt på den sociala interaktionsbefrämjande arbetssätten.Sammanfattningsvis lyfter studien vikten av den sociala interaktionens roll i elevers andraspråksutveckling, så väl som stödet de får från läraren. Studien pekar också på de faktorer som påverkar lärarens andraspråksutvecklande arbetssätt och dess effekter som sätter sin prägel på det andraspråksutvecklande arbetet. 

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  • 168.
    Demirsoy, Evin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sexual Bullying and Cyberbullying in Jay Asher's Thirteen Reasons Why2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 169.
    D’Hertefeldt, Patrick
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Konstruktionsbaserad eller traditionell grammatikundervisning?: En komparativ studie av två undervisningsmetoders effekter på inlärning av presentering och emfatisk omskrivning2021Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: För några år sedan (2017) genomfördes de två första svenska konstruktionsgrammatiska klassrumsstudierna (Håkansson, Lyngfelt & Brasch, 2019). Resultaten talade för att använda ett konstruktionsperspektiv i andraspråksundervisning och att det fanns ett stort behov av ökad kunskap om konstruktionsbaserad språkundervisning. Artikelförfattarna hoppades att de två första klassrumsstudierna skulle följas av fler och det här är den tredje klassrumsstudien av praktisk tillämpning av konstruktionsgrammatik i andraspråksundervisning.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte har varit att försöka fastslå om konstruktionsgrammatik i kombination med mönsterigenkänningsdidaktik kan vara ett effektivare sätt för andraspråksinlärare att lära sig grammatik än traditionell grammatik och didaktik där regler presenteras innan tillämpning.

    Metod: Studien genomfördes i form av en kvantitativ studie med en kvasiexperimentell design, där en experimentgrupp som undervisades med konstruktionsgrammatik och mönsterigenkänningsdidaktik jämfördes med en kontrollgrupp som undervisades med traditionell grammatik och didaktik. Innehållet i grammatikundervisningen bestod av två grammatiska konstruktioner: presentering respektive emfatisk omskrivning. Båda grupper fick göra ett identiskt test, och experimentfaktorerna, konstruktionsgrammatik och mönsterigenkänning, anses förklara skillnaderna mellan de båda undervisningsmetoderna. 

    Resultat: Resultatet talade till konstruktionsgrammatikens och mönsterigenkänningens fördel då elever som undervisats enligt den metoden uppvisade ett högre testresultat jämfört med kontrollgruppen som undervisats enligt traditionell grammatik. Skillnaderna var särskilt stora beträffande presenteringskonstruktionen, men fanns också beträffande emfatisk omskrivning. Slutsatsen är att konstruktionsgrammatik med mönsterigenkänning visade sig vara en effektivare metod för inlärning av presenteringskonstruktion och emfatisk omskrivning än traditionell grammatikundervisning och didaktik. Den här studiens resultat ligger i linje med de positiva resultaten i de två tidigare klassrumsstudiernaom praktiska tillämpningar av konstruktionsgrammatik genom mönsterigenkänning som genomförts med andraspråkselever.

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  • 170.
    Dickson, Jimmy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Katzeff, Judith
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Vad motiverar filmarbetare?: En studie av institutionella logiker inom filmteam2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problem: På senare år har ekonomiseringen av kulturproduktion tagit stor plats iSverige. I filmpolitiken ser man tydligt dessa tendenser där framträdande mål om effektivitet,vinst och anskaffandet av marknadsandelar återfinns. Författarna undrar hur detta påverkar självaproduktionen av film och i sin tur filmarbetarnas arbetssituation.Syfte: S yftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilka institutionella logiker som förekommerinom filmteamet på filminspelningar för att ge en bättre bild av vad som driver filmarbetare ochför att undersöka hur de påverkas av den framåtskridande ekonomiseringen av kulturproduktion.Metod: F ör denna studie har författarna valt en hermaneutisk kvalitativ metod där författarna hargenomfört två personliga djupintervjuer och 12 skriftliga intervjuer med specifikt utvaldarespondenter. Författarna har även tagit hänsyn till egna observationer från filminspelningar därde själva har arbetat för att bättre förstå respondenterna.Resultat och slutsats: D enna studie har lett författarna till slutsatsen att de största institutionernai ett filmteam är Ekonomiseringen, Gemenskapen och Demokratin och att dessa tre institutionerbåde kan motverka och samverka med varandra. Det krävs en balansgång mellan dessa treinstitutioner för att hålla motivationen av teamet på topp och om någon institution tillåts ta förmycket plats kan det ha hämmande effekter på produktens slutresultat.

  • 171.
    Dörnyei, Zoltan
    et al.
    University of Nottingham, School of English, United Kingdom .
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Muir, Christine
    University of Nottingham, School of English, United Kingdom .
    Motivational currents in language learning: Frameworks for focused interventions2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on Zoltán Dörnyei's authoritative work in the field of learner motivation, this book introduces a new conceptualization-Directed Motivational Currents (DMCs)-and sets out the defining aspects of what they are, what they are not, and how they are related to language learning motivation. Going beyond focused behavior in a single activity, DMCs concern intensive long-term motivation. The distinctive feature of the theory is that it views motivation not simply as a springboard for action but also as a uniquely self-renewing and sustainable process. It is this energizing capacity which distinguishes DMCs from almost every other motivational construct described in the research literature. Motivational Currents in Language Learning offers new insights, valuable both to motivation researchers and classroom practitioners. The accessible style, along with plentiful illustrations and practical suggestions for promoting sustained learning, invite readers to think about motivation in a different way. Highly relevant for language teachers, teachers-in-training, teacher educators, and researchers in TESOL and applied linguistics, the book explains how the DMC construct can be integrated into course structures and teaching methodologies, and encourages teachers to try out novel methods for harnessing motivational power in classroom settings. © 2016 Taylor and Francis

  • 172.
    Dörnyei, Zoltán
    et al.
    School of English, University of Nottingham.
    MacIntyre, Peter D.Cape Breton University.Henry, AlastairUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Motivational dynamics in language learning2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Dörnyei, Zoltán
    et al.
    School of English, University of Nottingham.
    McIntyre, Peter D.
    Cape Breton University.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Introduction: Applying Complex Dynamic Systems Principles to Empirical Research on L2 Motivation2014In: Motivational dynamics in language learning / [ed] Dörnyei, Zoltán, MacIntyre, Peter D. & Henry, Alastair, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2014, p. 1-7Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Dörrnyei, Zoltán
    et al.
    School of English, University of Nottingham, Nottingham (GBR).
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Accounting for long-term motivation and sustained motivated learning: Motivational currents, self-concordant vision, and persistence in language learning2022In: Advances in Motivation Science, ISSN 2215-0919Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although temporal conceptualizations of motivational processes have not held center stage in motivation science, the situation is currently changing. Drawing on work in the subfield of language learning motivation, where the motivational endurance needed to master a second language has been a major concern, the aim of this article is to contribute to the body of work currently exploring motivational persistence. After outlining the broader academic context of motivation and time, and describing the disciplinary trajectory of research into language learning motivation, we present two interrelated and multifaceted frameworks that seek to explain long-term motivation and motivational persistence: (a) the notion of a "directed motivational current" which refers to a period of intense, enduring, and self-sustaining engagement within an activity-sequence, and which is phenomenologically akin to an extended flow experience, and (b) a multicomponent framework of long-term motivation that offers a general account of sustained effort in learning. This framework integrates diverse components, such as self-concordant vision, habitual actions, progress checks, and affirmative feedback, and references a motivational process that is characterized by positive emotional loading and passion, and is supported by self-control capacity and self-regulatory skills.

  • 175.
    Edlund, Tina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass: A Poetic Paradox in Search of American Individualism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of Ralph Waldo Emerson on Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass is well known; equally well known are the traces of the Transcendentalist philosophy concerning nature. But Whitman expands upon both these influences as he developed his own individualism based on solidarity rather than independence. Whitman's take on individualism permeates all parts of Leaves of Grass, including the aesthetics. The aesthetics were up for much contemporary debate as the book seemed to lack traditional poetic structure and form. However, this was not the case as this study shows. In light of the sociopolitical climate in America when Leaves of Grass was first published, there was a demand for change from within literary circles. This need to create a new American spirit was called for by Emerson among others. Leaves of Grass was the response. In his book of poetry, Whitman develops a new American spirit with the intention of encouraging the American people to seek individual solitude; although, in this innovative individualism there is a paradox revealed: one must connect with each other and find social belonging at the same time as being self-reliant to have true liberating individualism. Also, the aesthetics in Leaves of Grass does show traces of traditional structure. However, the form is altered to represent Whitman's new innovative individualism. Thus, this study shows that the influences of Emerson and the transcendentalists are evident, but Whitman develops his own individualism in support of America, and in this lies a paradox. Whitman's first-person "I" becomes a representation of this paradox in Whitman's individualism, as well as a symbol for his solidarity towards his people: the united American people.

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  • 176.
    Edvinsson, Stella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    “Your life belongs to you and you alone, soso gi”: Confronting Gender Structures in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 177.
    Edvinsson, Stella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Persson, Lina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The “Return” of Grammar: A Comparison of the Grammar Teaching in Three Swedish EFL Textbooks2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Grammatical knowledge is often considered essential for communication. Despite this, the teaching of grammar was, for many years, not explicitly mentioned in the Swedish syllabus for English. However, when the curriculum was revised in 2021, grammar was explicitly named in the subject’s core contents. In the light of this recent change, this study aimed to investigate what grammar isincluded in Swedish EFL textbooks and the types of approaches used to teach it. To do so, we performed a content analysis of three textbooks commonly used in the Swedish upper secondary school course English 5. The analysis consisted of two parts. The first part of the study examined what grammar is included in the textbooks. For this analysis, a list of grammatical features basedon the CEFR-levels B.1 and B.2 was used as a framework to identify grammatical content in the textbooks. The second part of the study focused on the approaches to grammar teaching reflected in the textbooks. For this analysis, the concepts of ‘Focus on Form’ and ‘Focus on Forms’ wereused to categorise the approaches to grammar teaching identified in the textbooks.The results show that there is great variation in how the textbooks approach the teaching of grammar. For example, the learning materials varied in how much grammar was taught, what grammatical functions were included, as well as how these were distributed. Similarly, the overall approaches to grammar teaching differed. One textbook reflected a Focus on Form, while another displayed a Focus on Forms. The last textbook reflected a mixed approach, i.e. a combination of both a Focus on Form and Focus on Forms. Based on these results, the grammar teaching in Swedish EFL classrooms can differ greatly depending on what textbook is used. Consequently, if textbooks are to be used as a means of teaching grammar in the EFL classroom, teachers need tobe aware of how – and to what extent – textbooks differ from one another in order to effectively plan their teaching.

  • 178.
    Ejdeback Lindblom, July
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Riktigt lyckad blir en flicka bara med en pojke vid sin sida: En litteraturstudie av hur genus skildras i barnlitteratur2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället och skolan strävar efter jämställdhet mellan könen och det har blivit ett mer aktuellt ämne som diskuteras. I läroplanen står det att fritidshemmets undervisningen ska innehålla diskussioner om könsroller och kritiskt granska hur dessa företeelser framställs i populärkultur. Kunskapskonstruktionen har en central roll när de socialiseras med avseende på könsroller. Kunskapen hjälper barnen att lära sig om sina roller i samhället. Men när litteraturen presenterar stereotypa bilder kan det hämma deras utveckling. Inom fritidshemmet är högläsning en återkommande aktivitet, men vilka föreställningar om kön förmedlar man som vuxen till barnen genom dessa högläsningar? Vad innehåller böckerna och vilket budskap förmedlar böckerna till unga läsare? Syftet har varit att undersöka ett antal klassiker, populära och nyproducerade böcker som riktar sig emot fritidsåldrarna, 6 – 12 år ur ett genusperspektiv och besvara frågeställningarna: Hur porträtteras kön i böcker som är riktade till barn i fritidshemsåldern, 6 – 12 år? Vad gör karaktärerna i böcker som kan tolkas som stereotyparespektive normbrytande? Metoden utgår från textanalys med kritisk diskursanalytiska inslag, vilket är en relevant metod när man ska undersöka texten djupare och uppmärksamma föreställningar och tankar som ligger under textens yta samt granska innehållet i texter och diskurser för att upptäcka samhälleliga maktrelationer. Barnlitteraturen som har analyserats är från olika decennier. Urvalet består av sex barnböcker som har analyserats med hjälp av analytiska begrepp som är relevanta ur ett genusperspektiv. I resultatet framgår det att barnböckerna till största del innehåller stereotypt innehåll, men att det förekommer delar av normbrytande karaktär om än mycket begränsat. I resultatet framgår det även att flertal diskurser som är både överordnade och underordnade förekommer i böckerna som i sin tur speglar samhälleliga maktrelationer

  • 179.
    Ekström, Joel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Maxim Flouting in Guardians of the Galaxy: A Qualitative Gricean Analysis2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Communication was developed about 70,000 years ago. Since then, our communication methods have evolved from sounds to grammatical languages, humor, and conversational principles like Grice’s cooperative principle. The researcher analyzed whether the characters Quill, Gamora, and Rocket from Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy followed Grice’s principle. The researcher did this by posing two research questions to the material: What maxims were flouted by the characters in the film, and in what ways were they flouted? Are there any differences between what maxims the characters flouted and how they flouted them? The researcher also examined whether humor was part of the Guardian's communications. The analysis was conducted systematically, where the first step wastranscribing the material from the movie. Then, the non-observances were identified and categorized using event trees and cell charts. The Guardians are a diverse mix of characters from different backgrounds, cultures, and planets. One issue with Grice’s model is that it does not consider that people from different backgrounds, cultures, and planets have other notions of how to speak and not. This study confirmed some of these limitations with the theory. The study concluded that the characters flouted all the maxims in different ways, and humor was related to maxim flouting.

  • 180.
    Elabed, Fatin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    I hederns namn: En studie om länsstyrelsens arbete mot hedersrelaterat våld och dess betydelse utifrån sex tjänstemän.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det förekommer, enligt Amnesty International (amnesty.se) cirka 5000 hedersmord årligen runt om i världen. Hedersmord sker i hopp om att återupprätta familjens och släktens heder. Enligt Förenta Nationerna definieras begreppet hedersrelaterat våld på ett sätt som förklarar att det förekommer i ett patriarkalt samhälle där kvinnor befinner sig i en underlägsen position. Exempel på hedersrelaterat våld kan vara tvångsgifte, könsstympning, blodshämnd, våld och förtryck. Detta sker i samhällen/grupper som har hierarkisk struktur, styrda familjer och att de äldre familjemedlemmarnas inflytande är dominerande över familjen/gruppen och släkten. Denna studie är byggd på kvalitativa intervjuer med sex tjänstemän på Länsstyrelsen i sex olika län. I intervjuerna har frågor ställts om hur tjänstemännen utifrån sina yrkespraktiker, resonerar om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck. Samtliga informanter är eniga om att skillnaden mellan olika våldstyper är att hedersrelaterat våld, till skillnad mot förtryck och våld i nära relationer, utgår från ett kollektiv och att inte en ensam utövare ligger bakom våldet. Hedersbegreppet förklaras utifrån ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Diskussioner förs om vilken betydelse genus, etnicitet, kultur och klass har för att förstå de centrala dimensioner som skiljer hedersrelaterat våld från mäns våld mot kvinnor. Dessa begrepp lyfts upp utifrån hur de tolkas, samt den negativa innebörd som uppstår när man förbinder begreppet hedersrelaterat våld till föreställningar om och stigmatisering av vissa etniska grupper. I studien lyfts även synen på manligt och kvinnligt när det gäller hedersrelaterat våld, detta utifrån en heteronormativ förklaringsmodell och en diskussion förs om varför kvinnan framställs som ett förtryckt offer som behöver utbildas, medan mannen framställs som förövare och obildbar. Hedersrelaterat våld är ett komplext internationellt problem som ifrågasätter den lagstiftning som är uppbyggd utifrån ett individualistiskt sekulariserat perspektiv. Ett sådant perspektiv blir problematiskt eftersom de centrala aspekterna i våld bygger på en kollektivistisk livsåskådning med dimensioner av religion, tradition och kultur.

  • 181.
    Elam, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att bli betraktare av dans genom träning av kinestetisk uppmärksamhet och intensiv läsning av teoretiska texter2012In: Ord i tankar och rörelse: dansaren och den skapande processen: konstnärlig och humanistisk forskning i samverkan. En delrapport, Stockholm: Dans och cirkushögskolan , 2012, p. 57-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 182. Elam, Katarina
    Körsång och lust: en undersökning av körsång som sinnlig aktivitet och erfarenhet2009In: STM-Online, E-ISSN 1403-5715, Vol. 12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates choir singing as an embodied, sensuous experience. I have chosen a bundle of concepts which I think are foundational for singing, especially singing together in a choir. The concepts in question are embodiment, pleasure, and community, and by narrowing down the meaning of these concepts in this particular context, I try to make the phenomenon of choir singing appear. Choral singing is an aesthetic experience which embraces feelings of presence and engagement as an embodied subject; creating and reception; pleasure and happiness; being part of and a whole simultaneous, together. Thus, it is not possible to clearly demarcate the object for the investigation but in the frame of "choral singing and pleasure" I will illuminate the aspects that I find most relevant. The whole discussion ends up in some reflections concerning similarities between aesthetic and religious experience which would be interesting to deepen in the future.

  • 183.
    Elam, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hansson Stenhammar, Marie-Louise
    Göteborgs universitet,Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Karlsson Häikiö, Tarja
    Göteborgs universitet,Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Kupferberg, Feiwel
    Nejadmehr, Rasoul
    Wallin Wictorin, Margareta
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Educating Responsible Citizens: Intercultural Competence and Aesthetic Education2017In: Learning Scenarios for Social and Cultural Change: Bildung Through Academic Teaching / [ed] Rodrígues Sieweke, Lara, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 61-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What is aesthetic education good for in pedagogical regards and how can it be compared with the competencies that intercultural education aims at? Our main argument in the article is that the core of intercultural competencies consists of a number of overlapping modes of knowledge, skills and capabilities such as active empathy, critical approach to hidden colonial and racial heritages, dialogic relationships with the world and the other, as well as openness to experiences that are radically different from one’s own. We regard these skills, competencies and knowledge as main elements of “educating responsible citizens.” This article is a joint product of researchers working within different disciplines and with different knowledge interests. They share an interest in the question of if and how aesthetic education can lead to the particular intercultural competence of educating responsible citizens.

  • 184.
    Elezovic, Natalija
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rohi, Simon
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Transspråkande arbetssätt: Flerspråkighet som en resurs i svenska som andraspråksundervisning2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    I dagens globaliserade samhälle står utbildning inför en växande utmaning att anpassa sig till den ökande mångfalden av språk och kulturer. Många elever kommer till skolan med olika språkkunskaper och förmågor, vilket forskare som García framhåller som en resurs i deras inlärning. I den svenska utbildningskontexten har intresset för pedagogiska möjligheter med transspråkande ökat, vilket tydligt visar behovet av att utforska detta område ytterligare.

    Syfte:

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka metoderna som fem SVA-lärare använder för att integrera transspråkande i sin undervisningspraxis, att analysera de möjligheter och utmaningar som är förknippade med transspråkande enligt lärarnas perspektiv, samt att utforska deras uppfattningar om flerspråkighet.

    Metod:

    I studien tillämpas en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, där vi intervjuade fem SVA-lärare på gymnasienivå. Intervjuerna genomfördes digitalt via plattformen Zoom. Den teoretiska ramen för studien grundar sig i Vygotskijs sociokulturella teori och Garcías teori om transspråkande.

    Resultat:

    Resultatet visar att lärarna använder sig bland annat av grupparbete, språkjämförelser, översättningar och olika slags uppgifter. Lärarna anser att möjligheterna med transspråkande är språk- och kunskapsutvecklande samt identitetsutvecklande för eleverna. De upplever utmaningar såsom tidskrävande moment, svårigheter med att behålla kontrollen när de inte förstår elevernas språk och att hantera elevernas individuella behov. Trots dessa utmaningar har lärarna en positiv inställning till flerspråkighet och betraktar det som en resurs i undervisningen.

  • 185.
    Elgemark, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Jeong, Hyeseung
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Swedish youths as listeners for diverse English accents: Discussing the method2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish youth have received recognition for having high proficiency in English and for being highly motivated in learning English (Norrby, 2015). However, their accent preference and listening input are skewed towards certain Inner Circle Englishes, especially American English (AE) (Cabau, 2009), while it is not known if they are willing and/or capable of understanding a wide range of accents in globalised communication. Our study, to be commenced in early 2020, seeks to address this gap by investigating how Swedish youths are as listeners for diverse English accents. In this poster presentation, we will discuss the method of our study.

    The method is experimental. We operationalise listener intelligibility (LI), listener comprehensibility (LC), accentedness perception (AP) and accentedness acceptance (AA), adapted from previous studies (e.g. Kennedy & Trofimovich, 2008; Munro & Derwing, 1995; Tulaja, 2019), as well as listener variables found to have influence on the listener perception (e.g. Kang & Rubin, 2014). The stimulus will be the recordings of five university lecturers (one AE L1 and four L2 speakers) reading the same texts – adapted from previous Swedish national English 6 tests and the 40 true/false sentences from Munro and Derwing (1995). Listeners will be five classes of high school students, and each class will listen to one of the five speakers’ readings. We will administer tests to determine LI, LC, AP, and AA, and a questionnaire to identify individual variables. The analysis will target the LI, LC, AP and AA for different speakers, their relationships, interaction between the effects of speakers and listener variables, and speakers’ phonetic features compromising LI. At this stage of the research process, we welcome feedback, particularly on the justification of speaker selection, instruments for measuring the four constructs and for identifying individual variables and ways to remove training effect in test administration.    

    References

    Cabau, B. (2009). The irresistible rise and hegemony of a linguistic fortress: English teaching in Sweden. International Multilingual Research Journal, 3(2), 134-152. doi:10.1080/19313150903073786

    Kang, O., & Rubin, D. (2014). Listener expectations, reverse linguisticstereotyping, and individual background factors in social judgments and oral performance assessment. In A. Moyer & J. M. Levis (Eds.), Social dynamics in second language accent account (pp. 239-253). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

    Kennedy, S., & Trofimovich, P. (2008). Intelligibility, comprehensibility, and accentedness of L2 speech: The role of listener experience and semantic context. Canadian Modern Language Review, 64(3), 459-489.

    Munro, M., & Derwing, T. (1995). Foreign accent, comprehensibility, and intelligibility in the speech of second language learners. Language Learning, 45(1), 73-97. doi:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1995.tb00963.x

    Norrby, C. (2015). English in Scandinavia: Monster or mate? Sweden as a case study. In J. Hajek & Y. Slaughter (Eds.), Challenging the monolingual mindset (pp. 17-32). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

    Tulaja, L. (2019). Pronunciation errors by German L2 Danish learners: Ratings in accentedness, comprehensibility and acceptability. Paper presented at the The New Sounds, Waseda, Japan.

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  • 186.
    Elgemark, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Mollstedt, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Changing English, Changing Challenges: The Work of Teaching English in a Context of Diverse Experiences2021In: Engaging with Work in English Studies: An Issue-based Approach / [ed] Alastair Henry & Åke Persson, Cham: Springer, 2021, p. 151-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, teachers of English are facing new challenges. As a language and as a school subject, English is in a process of transformation. Learners’ encounters with English are constantly changing, resulting in classrooms where experiences are diverse and proficiency levels vary widely. In such contexts, teachers’ professional development becomes increasingly important. This chapter draws attention to the need to include and promote language awareness as a central element in the education of preservice teachers learning the work of teaching English. With language awareness firmly cemented as a part of an English teacher’s professional practice, and with working approaches that emphasize both function and form, students can better become equipped as speakers and users of English in a globalized world.

  • 187.
    El-Habel, Eyad
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Use of Speech Acts in Donald Trump Tweets2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the use of speech acts in Computer Mediated Communication (CMC), particularly on Social Networks Sites (SNS). The present study expands on previous studies by Dauterman, Schrock and Carr (2012), and examines speech acts by President Donald Trump on Twitter. The study explored a period of four months of Trump's tweets, two months before the election and two months after him becoming a president. In the first period from the 8th of September, 2016 till the 8th of January 2017, president Trump created 709 tweets including 1253 speech acts components. Content analysis of such data shows that his tweets were most frequently constructed with assertive speech acts, followed by expressive ones. In the second period from the 20th of January till th 20th of March 2017, president Trump created 283 tweets containing 348 speech acts components. In the second duration the expressive speech acts type was the most dominant one followed by the assertive type. The total results of the two durations showed the production of 992 tweets that contained 1601 components of speech acts. In addition, the most frequently used speech act type was assertive followed by expressive. The usage of these types of speech acts might reflect the need of Donald Trump as presidential nominee to act seriously in the studied periods.

  • 188.
    Eliasson, Mia E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    “That Summer”: Memory, Trauma, and the Partition in Clear Light of Day2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 189.
    Elmelid, Cornelia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Investigating Swedes’ attitudes towards their own and other Swedes’ English accents2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the sociolinguistic field of accent attitudes, it has often been shown that both native and non-native speakers show preference for certain accents, especially for native varieties. This ‘native speakerism’ can have a negative impact on second language speakers, as the stigmatisation they may experience can hinder their willingness to speak. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate accent attitudes of an English as a second language speaker group: Swedish L1 speakers of English, focusing on their attitudes towards their own English accents and their attitudes towards other Swedes’ English accents. The relationship between these attitudes were also examined. In doing so, the study drew on Standard Language Ideology and Social Identity Theory as the theoretical frameworks. In order to answer the research questions, data was collected through a questionnaire which collected 612 responses. Respondents’ answers were then quantified into descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that most respondents were positive towards their own and other Swedes’ English accents. However, there was a strong conformity to the Standard Language Ideology amongst the participating Swedes. The participants generally did not have a strong need to express their Swedish identity through their Swedish accents, which could also be attributed to the strong native norm. The results also showed that native norms were stronger in English L2 settings, while Swedish identity was more important for those living in a native English-speaking country. Finally, those who were positive towards Swedes’ English accents were more likely to value their Swedish identity, while those who were negative towards other Swedes’ English accents were themselves more likely to conform strongly to native norms. 

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  • 190.
    Elmi, Nadia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Well, Propensities and Principles Must Be Reconciled by Some Means": The Conflict of Happiness in Jane Eyre2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 191.
    Engdahl, Elisabet
    et al.
    Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg, Box 200, 405 30 Gothenburg (SWE).
    Lindahl, Filippa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg, Box 200, 405 30 Gothenburg (SWE).
    Extraction and Pronoun Preposing in Scandinavian2022In: Languages, E-ISSN 2226-471X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been noted that examples with extractions out of relative clauses that have been attested in Danish, Norwegian and Swedish are judged to be unacceptable in Icelandic and Faroese. We hypothesize that this may reflect whether or not speakers tend to prepose unstressed object pronouns as a way of establishing a coherent discourse. In this article we investigate to what extent pronoun preposing is used in Swedish, Icelandic and Faroese and whether there is any correlation with the acceptabilty of extractions from relative clauses. We show that Icelandic speakers use pronoun preposing to a very limited extent whereas Faroese speakers often prepose the VP or sentential anaphor tao. In both languages extraction from relative clauses is mainly judged to be unacceptable, with Faroese speakers being somewhat more accepting of extraction from presentational relatives. A crucial factor seems to be whether preposing is associated with a marked, contrastive interpretation or not.

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  • 192.
    Enoksson, Helen
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    From The Handmaid´s Tale to The Testaments by Margaret Atwood: A Testimony of Women´s Lives in Our Times2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 193. Enstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Flensner, Karin K.University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.Kardemark, Wilhelm
    Religious Literacy in Secular Religious Education: Nordic Perspectives and Beyond2024Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this volume, questions are addressed revolving around religious literacy and education. The term religious literacy is explored as the ability to discern and analyze intersections of religion with social, political, and cultural life in pluralistic societies. Questions about what types of religious literacies are possible in a non-confessional, and even secular, educational context are in focus. It delves into the intricate relationship between religious literacy, religious education in the Nordic countries, and the development of subject knowledge and generic abilities. The Nordic countries, as modern secular welfare states with shared characteristics, provide an intriguing framework for comparison. The exploration of variations in the organization, content, and goals of religious education in Finland, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden sheds light on the process of shaping educational content within specific historical and societal contexts and the anthology broadens its scope by incorporating global perspectives from the Indian, Italian, and Indonesian contexts.

    The volume features contributions from 18 researchers who explore empirical, methodological, and theoretical aspects of religious literacy and education. The concept of religious literacy, encompassing both knowledge and generic skills, proves to be indispensable for navigating the diverse religious and non-religious worldviews present in pluralistic societies.

    Tailored for students, educators, education researchers, and policymakers, this anthology contributes to the ongoing discourse on religious literacy. It not only provides valuable insights into the Nordic educational landscape but also fosters a global dialogue on the crucial role of education in understanding diverse worldviews.

  • 194.
    Eriksson, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Wahlqvist, Monica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    En bild säger mer än tusen ord: En kvalitativ studie om lärares användning av bild i NO-undervisningen2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Läroplanen för grundskolan understryker vikten av att elever ges möjlighet att uttrycka sig med olika uttrycksformer, bland annat med uttrycksformen bild. Bild har potentialen att stödja elever i att tillägna sig ett ämnesinnehåll samt att konkretisera ett ämne, så som NO, som annars kan upplevas svårbegripligt för eleverna. Uttrycksformen bild tolkas därför kunna bidra med mer än estetiska upplevelser och det är således intressant att undersöka i vilken utsträckning lärare använder sig av bild, samt vilka motiv lärare har till att använda uttrycksformen bild i NO-undervisningen.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 1–3 använder estetiska lärprocesser utifrån den estetiska uttrycksformen bild i NO-undervisningen.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån en kvalitativ metod där data samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem lärare som undervisar i NO i årskurs 1–3.

    Resultat: Studien visar att lärare använder den estetiska uttrycksformen bild i NO-undervisningen. I vilken utsträckning lärare använder uttrycksformen bild kopplas till olika organisatoriska resurser som exempelvis tid och gruppstorlek. Lärare uppger olika motiv till deras användning av uttrycksformen bild i NO-ämnet och dessa har identifierats som: lära ämneskunskaper, stötta elevers minne, uttrycka kunskap, variation i undervisningen samt lustfyllt lärande. Resultatet visar vidare att lärares stöttning i undervisningen möjliggör för elevers reflektion när de skapar med bild, vilket bidrar till att elever ges möjlighet att fördjupa sin förståelse av ämneskunskaper. Avslutningsvis visar resultatet att estetiska lärprocesser med bild fungerar som ett medierande verktyg vilket bidrar till att elever lär sig ämneskunskaper, men också att de utvecklar kompetenser som att ge och ta konstruktiv kritik.

  • 195.
    Eriksson, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    A comparative study of media bias in the coverage of the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong 20142020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the bias of Western and Chinese newspaper media in their coverage of the Umbrella Movement that took place in Hong Kong in 2014. Using the appraisal framework to analyse the chosen articles' attitudes and positionings, I observed that both Western and Chinese media are heavily biased in their coverage of the events and that their different political and ideological viewpoints are distinctly reflected in the articles.

    An analysis of the articles in Western media shows strong support for the Umbrella Movement and the protesters' demand for more transparent elections for Hong Kong's chief executive in 2017. By contrast, Chinese media express unequivocal disapproval for the Umbrella Movement and clearly stand behind the pro-Beijing supporters and the decision by the Chinese Communist Party to pre-screen candidates for the chief executive post.

    The implication is therefore that Western media place highest value on democratic elections for the chief executive and an autonomous Hong Kong not controlled by Beijing. On the contrary, Chinese media put highest importance on pro-Beijing values, i.e. Hong Kong being an integral part of mainland China that is controlled by the Chinese Communist Party.

  • 196.
    Erlandsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Hanson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    "Utan min inre konstnär blir det ingen yttre entreprenör": 3D-animationsstudenters berättelser om konstnärskap och entreprenörskap2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Entreprenörskap är ett begrepp som blir alltmer populärt och idag är det reglerat att entreprenörskap ska finnas på schemat inom nästan alla utbildningar. Begreppet konstnär däremot är ett begrepp som inte är lika självklart och populärt inom utbildningsväsendet. Att utbilda sig inom en kreativ industri leder inte alltid till en anställning utan istället uppmuntras det till en egen verksamhet som frilansare. Då kultur och ekonomi länge setts som motsatser blir kombinationen av den kreativa skaparen och den strukturerade företagaren inte alltid självklar. Vi diskuterar i vår studie konstnärskap och entreprenörskap genom sex 3D-animationsstudenters berättelser. Detta görs utifrån en narrativ ansats och en socialkonstruktivistisk syn på de båda begreppen. Deras berättelser har utgått från dem själva och deras tankar om konstnärskap och entreprenörskap. Entreprenören presenteras i berättelserna som självständig, extrovert och vinstdriven, medan konstnärens karaktär beskrivs som flummig, introvert och känslodriven. I mötet av de båda skapas en viss ambivalens där konstnären och entreprenören såväl krockar som går hand i hand, och på vissa plan till och med blir samma person. 

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  • 197.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Garaate Goraane Gheyre Dini - Jeld 2 Din va Imane Dini- Ketab va goraane Dini: A study of the "Non-religious Koran", Vol. 2, Religion and Religious Faith- The Book and the "Religious Koran2007Book (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 1, Mahdudiyat'ha-yi qurani va tahrifat-i qira'at-i "rasmi va ba vasitah"2006Book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 2, Din va iman-e dini - Kitab va "Quran-e dini".2007Book (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Falkenberg Hansen, Kjertil
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ljungdahl Eriksson, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design. Edsbyn.
    Atienza, Ricardo
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sound design through large audience interaction2019In: Proceedings of the Sound and Music Computing Conferences / [ed] Barbancho I.,Tardon L.J.,Peinado A.,Barbancho A.M., CERN , 2019, p. 119-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In collaboration with Volvo Cars, we presented a novel design tool to a large public of approximately three million people at the three leading motor shows in 2017 in Geneva, Shanghai and New York. The purpose of the tool was to explore the relevance of interactive audio-visual strategies for supporting the development of sound environments in future silent cars, i.e., a customised sonic identity that would alter the sonic ambience for the driver and by-passers. This new tool should be able to efficiently collect non-experts’ sonic preferences for different given contexts. The design process should allow for a high-level control of complex synthesised sounds. The audience interacted individually using a single-touch selection of colour from five palettes and applying it by pointing to areas in a colour-book painting showing a road scene. Each palette corresponded to a sound, and the colour nuance in the palette corresponded to certain tweaking of the sound. In effect, the user selected and altered each sound, added it to the composition, and finally would hear a mix of layered sounds based on the colouring of the scene. The installation involved large touch screens with high quality headphones. In the study presented here, we examine differences in sound preferences between two audiences and a control group, and evaluate the feasibility of the tool based on the sound designs that emerged. Copyright: © 2019 Kjetil Falkenberg Hansen et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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