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  • 151.
    Paldanius, Martina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Erlandsson, Elizabeth
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Fattiga barn i Sverige: Hur kan vi underlätta för dem?2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child poverty is a social problem that is highly topical in the media and in public debate.The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the situation of the poor children in Sweden, this in order to develop empowerment strategies that could help them, from a social pedagogic approach. Our essay is written as a literature review and through text analysis we have sought answers to the questions: What problems do the children living in poverty face in their homes, at school and in their spare time? How do they handle their situation? What are the needs of these children? Can we make it easier for them and if so, in what way? In our result we looked at the problems poor children face and how they handle them. The result shows that they encounter limitations and experience feelings of shame, in comparison with other children. The school was found to be a central arena where the problems were obvious. Children bear much inwardly, and have an economic consciousness. To deal with problems they use different strategies to reduce their needs, to hide their situation and so on. In the analysis the children's needs, based on empowerment and previous research, are highlighted. It was found that the children need to be strengthened and given opportunities to participate. We conclude with a discussion on how we can facilitate for the children living in poverty. The professionals, for example at schools, need to be aware of structures that exist and which create a sense of exclusion.

  • 152.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Affinity and Generosity: OnEconomic Assistance and Social Capital2012In: Proceedings from the 11th International Conference Partnership ofBusiness and Education in the Regional Innovation Development / [ed] Assorina, G.& Kompaniets, O., 2012, p. 15-26Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Ageingand Economic Performance: Dilemmas and Dichotomies2012In: Yearbook of Finnish Population Studies, ISSN 1796-6183, Vol. XLVII, p. 89-112Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Arbetskraftsinvandring... men varifrån?2003In: Nyheter & Debatt, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 155.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Barnfattigdom2011In: Barnbladet, no 6, p. 6-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barnfattigdom2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barnfattigdom - en introduktion2013In: Barnfattigdom / [ed] Rauhut, Daniel, Lund, 2013, 1, p. 13-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barnfattigdomens orsaker2013In: Barnfattigdom / [ed] Rauhut, Daniel, Lund, 2013, 1, p. 51-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Framtidens arbetskraftsbrist: ett välfärdshot?2003In: Nyheter & Debatt, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Var det bättre förr? Omflyktingar, kommunerna och socialbidragen 1945-19652012Report (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Humer, Alois
    University of Vienna.
    Smith, Christoffer
    Nordregio.
    Is there a European Welfare Model?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Johansson, Mats
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Should I Stay or Should I Go?: A CaseStudy on Young Women Leaving Rural Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lingärde, Svante
    Malmö Högskola.
    Child Poverty in a Regional Perspective: A Study of Sweden 1990 and 20102013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When welfare is analysed in Sweden the analysis is usually made at the national level; when the analysis is not done on the national level, the local level is in focus to illuminate differences between municipalities. Studies on poverty are no exception. The regional level contains a lot of information which is needed to understand the dynamics of poverty. Without this information it is difficult to fight or mitigate poverty. The previous research focusing on i) regional aspects of poverty and, at the same time, ii) child poverty is very limited. The aim of this paper is to analyse child poverty in Sweden 1990 and 2010 in a regional perspective. A multivariate cross-section OLS regression model will be used to estimate what factors causing child poverty in a regional perspective. The chosen method enables to control for a subset of explanatory variables and examine the effect of a selected independent variable when estimating the factors causing child poverty in a regional perspective. This study uses data collected from Statistics Sweden (SCB), the National Board of Social Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) and the National Labour Market Board (Arbetsformedlingen). The data used is regional macro data, which does not contain information on single individuals. The regional share of children living on economic assistance in Sweden is used as the dependent variable while the regional share of foreign born population, regional unemployment rate, the regional share of single parents, regional sickness leave, regional mean personal income and mean regional transfers per person are used as independent variables. The findings indicate that old industrial regions experience a high presence of child poverty. These regions experience an obsolete economic structure and an obstructed structural change in the economy. High unemployment, a high share of early retirement and sickness leave and relatively high welfare transfers to the population. The statistical analysis show that when the share of foreign born increases in the regional population, so do the regional share of children living on economic assistance; being unable to enter the labour market is the most probable reason. Higher incomes lower the regional share of children living on economic assistance.

  • 164.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Littke, Helene
    KTH, Avd. Urbana och regionala studier.
    Minimum Provision of Services of General Interest: What Rights do Individuals and Services have?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ludlow, David
    University of the West of England, Bristol, U.K..
    Services of General Interest and Territorial Cohesion – what, how and by whom?2013In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no special issue, p. 108-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Services of General Interest (SGI) are a heterogeneous group of services for which the EU Member States are primarily responsible. Territorial Cohesion is a vague political concept aiming at creating a balanced distribution of economic and social resources among the European regions in order to promote competitiveness and sustainable growth. Consequently, the potential to successfully

    implement territorial cohesion policy objectives under these conditions is low. This paper aims to discuss how territorial cohesion policy is implemented in the area of services of general interest.

  • 166.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Ludlow, David
    University of the West of England, Bristol.
    Services of General Interest and Territorial Cohesion: what, how and by whom?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Johansson, Eva M.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Strategiskt och operativt arbete med validering av reell kompetens: Ett följeforskningsprojekt vid Högskolan Väst2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a description, among other possible descriptions, of the work done on accreditation and recognition of qualifications at University West. The project was carried out during the autumn and spring terms of 2016 and 2017 respectively. The work on which this report is based was in the form of an on-going evaluation. This study, in turn, was carried out as the result of a government mandate issued by the Swedish Council for Higher Education. It aimed to improve the way work relating to the assessment of practical expertise is done at institutions of higher learning. The aim of the study was formulated as a description that offered an interpretation of the strategic and operational work on accreditation and recognition of qualifications carried out at University West. Two theoretical frames of reference – discourse analysis and chain of command theory – were used to interpret the empirical evidence that was collected. This was done by participating in workshops that were run during the spring of 2017, analysing information that was available via www.hv.se and www.hv.se/en the analysis of notes taken during meetings, and an interview with a focus group. The results show how UW worked with the issue at the strategic and operational levels. The report underscores the possibilities and limitations of the current webpage, which appears to be both time-consuming and opaque. This is worrisome in today's world where more and more people seek information via the Web. Similarly, it is made clear that a limited amount of information reaches all university employees and what the consequences of this lack of transparency can be. Moreover, the results show that work on validation is done in different ways and is not shared with other departments of the university. The report closes with a discussion of the results from three perspectives: that of the individual, of the group, and of the organisation. The possibilities and limitations for working with accreditation and recognition of qualifications are problematized.

  • 168.
    Seitl, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kompetens för implementeringsarbete2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Seitl, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Making knowledge": When discussions about goals and visions turn to an innovative environment of knowledge2015In: NERA 2015: the 43rd Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association 4-6 March 2015, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research topic/aim Topic: Work Integrated Learning. Changes are part of our everyday life, so even of working life. There are various incentives for wanting to change something at work. When it comes to public organizations, there is a social responsibility to be organized in order to respond the needs and conditions of the society. Such an awareness, can be expressed in strategic plans in order to lead the organization in a intended direction and towards predetermined goals. The challenge is then to implement this in a complex organization with many areas of expertise. This requires communication between actors, where argumentation, negotiation and meaning-making becomes important. The interaction between the actors will have a crucial role for the interpretation of the goals and concepts. Furthermore the interaction will contribute to the "production of knowledge", therefore, the conditions for this need to be studied. The aim of the study is to describe how different concepts, related to the goals and visions, are interpreted by actors in different parts of the organization and how the knowledge and responsibility is negotiated by these actors in multiple settings. Based on this, I examine the transformation of knowledge, through discussions about the concepts. Theoretical and methodology framework The study has a socio-cultural approach to generate understanding of the interaction between different domains of knowledge. The data consist of observations of inter-professional meetings and related documents. Furthermore, data has been collected in three steps; 1) general goal documents, 2) observation of meetings, and 3) amended documents. Expected findings The discussions that take place in different settings and between different professionals highlights importance of the interaction. It illustrates that expert knowledge is important for the actors as they discuss the practical use of different concepts. The way that various professions contribute to the conversation, with specific examples and arguments, leads to meaning-making and knowledge about shared collective thinking and learning. Relevance to NERA The research highlights particular field of pedagogy, namely Adult learning-at work

  • 170.
    Siverbo, Sven
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Kan medarbetare styras med beröm?: Teori, litteraturgenomgång och forskningsförslag2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with if it is possible to control employees by praise. More precisely, the report deals with possibilities, risks, advantages and disadvantages related to praising employees for the purpose of directing and motivating them to fulfil organizational objectives. The aim of the report is to develop a structure for describing different praise practices, to generate theory about praise as a control instrument, and to compile current empirical research on workplace praise.

    In addition, the aim is to identify knowledge gaps concerning praise as a control instrument and suggest further research. The report shows that praise may be based on different types of performances, on different criteria and on individual or collective performance. It is also shown that praise may be more or less salient on workplaces. The salience of praise depends on predictability, strength, frequency, who the praiser is, if it is given in public or in private, if it is based on subjective or objective judgement and (maybe) if it given orally or in writing. The theory generation is mainly based on self-determination theory but also on agency theory, expectancy theory, stewardship theory, social-cognitive theory and the attentionbased view.

    Theoretically it is argued that praise has potential to motivate and direct employees and that the effects depend on how praise is given and on context.The literature review confirms the tentative theory in several regards but the dominating impression is that there is need of more empirical studies, especially on the connection between praise and autonomous motivation and between praise and direction but also on collective praise and praise in contexts of high work complexity. The report ends with tangible suggestions for future research.

  • 171. Sjögren, Karin
    et al.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    What gender barriers do students face in WIL placements?: A comparative study between WIL and Non- WIL Students in an international empirical study.2018In: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 6-6Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an earlier project (2014-2015) we found that young adults and specifically women was a exposed group when it came to reported psychological vulnerability. This triggered us to design for a new study to learn more about their sense of belonging in and out of study context. We plan to use a mixed methods approach with individual interviews, focus groups, and a broader online survey on students that are enrolled in WIL-programs, the student need to have completed at least a practicum or coop-period prior to participation in the research study. Our next steps will be to start the ethics protocols for both the University of Waterloo and the University of Toronto. Thereafter Scotland and Sweden apply for theirs. The research questions is: What gender challenges do WIL students face that impact their career identity, sense of belonging, work self-efficacy, overall wellbeing, sociability, and transition to full-time employment after graduation? What gender specific barriers impact WIL students' perceptions of being valued in the workplace (on the team, in meetings)? What gender specific barriers impact WIL students' perceptions of how employers perceive their technical competencies? What resources do WIL students perceive are available to them from their universities and employers to help overcome these barriers? In the interactive session we will discuss both the research questions/content and the methodological approaches.

  • 172.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En systematisk samverkansmodell2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 111-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Exempel 4: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 57-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rapportering, spridning och nyttinggörande2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 121-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tips och råd inför samverkansforskning2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 124-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ryding, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Exempel 6: Implementering av evidensbaseratföräldrastödsprogram2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 71-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Interculturalism. National Identity, Citizenship and the Populist Right: The Example of Sweden2014In: Building Barriers and Bridges: Interculturalism in the 21st Century / [ed] Jonathan Gourlay & Gabriele Stroschen, Freeland, Oxfordshire: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2014, 1, p. 99-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Boys, The Girls, and The Party: Representations of Gender and Rape Culture in Three Adolescent Swedish Films2018In: Rape Culture and Survivors. An International Perspective.: Volume One: Rape Cultures and Their Manifestations / [ed] Tuba Inal & Merril D. Smith, Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2018, p. 185-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Idea of Intercultural Education and the Dilemma of Diversity2016In: Bridging Differences: Understanding Cultural Interaction in Our Globalized World / [ed] Newtona (Tina) Johnson and Shawn Simpson, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2016, p. 3-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    An Approach for Trust and IS Engagement in Professional-Orientated Work2010In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Lima, Peru, 2010, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses profession-orientated work and the professionals’ involvement and engagement in design and use of information systems. Two ethnographical studies have been performed within different types of professional organizations. Information systems should will reduce the complexity in the professionals’ work, but only if the professionals could trust the usage of information systems. The analysis reveals the importance of the professionals’ engagement in information systems design and use in order to trust the systems integrated in the work.

  • 181.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Belonging to T or L-profession?: about professional and organizational challenges for knowledge management2012In: MCIS 2012 Proceedings / [ed] Hakikur Rahman, Anabela Mesquita, Isabel Ramos, Barbara Pernici, 2012, p. 1-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations have been even more knowledge-intensive and profession-orientated during the last years. Professional work has generally certain specific properties related to its working context. Professions working in organizations will add other dimensions of organization structure, culture, strategy and organizational effectiveness in creating, managing and sharing of knowledge. Two different case studies have been made, within two different work disciplines; within aircraft maintenance and emergency health care. This paper explores the conditions for knowledge management activities within different types of professions in the time- and life-critical work practices. The types of professions are called T- and L-professions. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenges of different types of professions characteristics on the knowledge creation, management and sharing in organizations dealing with time- and life-critical activities. Different characteristics exist of the T- and L-professions, respectively. The differences relate to different challenges within the knowledge management in organizations.

  • 182.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kunskapsintegrering med informationssystem i professionsorienterade praktiker2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a professional perspective in the use of information systems. Information systems for knowledge integration in professional practices constitutes of dynamics for management and organization, where the professional work practice and information systems can be developed together. This thesis is started out from studies of two different professional work practices, aircraft maintenance and emergency health care, as both can be characterized as time- and life critical. The two different professional work practices can be seen as two different profession types. The four research questions in this thesis are:

    What importance do the characteristics for T- and L-professions have, respectively, on the use of information systems?

    What general challenges can be derived from professions’ use of information systems?

    What importance do the management and organization have for T- and L-professions, respectively, on the use of information systems?  

    How can the use of information systems be organized in order to facilitate knowledge integration within professional work practices?

    Two case studies with ethnographical influences have been conducted where the two different profession types constitute two defined cases.  These studies were initially inductive and exploratory, for then becoming more explanatory and somewhat normative at the final stage. One of the studies was conducted within the aircraft maintenance performed at the Swedish Airforce in cooperation with Volvo Aero Corporation. The other study was conducted within the Emergency Health Care incorporated in the NU Health Care, in Västra Götaland, Sweden.

    The contribution of the thesis is aimed at showing that professional characteristics are important for trust, sense-making and engagement for, and in use of information systems. The thesis shows the need for seeing structures between professions and management as crucial for knowledge integration with information systems, where a new integrated leadership is suggested. This new integrated leadership is important for guiding the knowledge integration. Moreover, the thesis suggests a new approach to knowledge integration in order to bridge organic boundaries and limitations. This approach is called transact. Transacts within professional work practices are important in order to develop existing and future use of information systems as well as to integrate information systems into the complex work, so it can be effectively performed, with a high quality.

  • 183.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Professional Knowledge Sharing in Aircraft Maintenance: A New Complex in Dynamics2011In: International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, ISSN 1759-0256, E-ISSN 1759-0264, ISSN 1759-0256, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 322-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aircraft maintenance can be described as a complex and interactive technical system. The ever increasing complex system of aircraft maintenance places much greater demands on the professionals carrying out this work including the leadership and management roles. This ethnographical study analyses this complex and intelligent aircraft maintenance work. Sharing of professional knowledge is of vital importance enhancing the innovative and creative work done in this domain. The aim of this paper is to highlight the challenges for the leadership and the management teams to effectively link complexity to the highly collective human intelligence that flourishes in this military domain. The challenges will be based on the empirical findings showing how the intrinsic leadership, collective intelligence and social dimensions such as cooperation, professional knowledge and management skills are played out within the communities of aircraft maintenance.

  • 184.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Knowledge Integration in Profession-Oriented Work: a Cross-Case Analysis2010In: 2010 Organization Learning, Knowledge, and Capabilities Conference, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, US June 3‐4, 2010, Boston, USA: Northeastern University , 2010, p. 1-3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Different professions conduct their on-goingprofessional work in various forms of organizations, in order to accomplishcomplex and sometimes both time- and life-critical activities. Knowledge is aprerequisite resource in performing work in such activities and sometimes thework requires collaboration across boundaries between professional groups andspecializations. Hence, knowledge is integrated in such work settings, andknowing is a central concept to make sense of the professionals doing and theircollaborating actions. In this paper we present and analyze two ethnographicalcase studies. The aim is to understand how different types ofprofession-orientated work practices can be facilitated through informationsystems (IS) support in order to improve collaboration and knowledgeintegration between different groups and professions. The analysis of the casesshows both differences and similarities regarding the integration of knowledge.We use the concepts of boundary objects, brokers and boundary spanningactivities as a facilitating foundation for the integration of knowledge amongthe different professions. From the results we discuss some proposals fordesign of new ways of IS support for knowledge integration.

  • 185.
    Szücs, Stefan
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg.
    Liljegren, Andreas
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Höjer, Staffan
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg.
    Coping with Citizens and Stress: Interaction Strategies during Public Service Delivery within Health Care, the Police, and Social Work2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research and theory suggests that frontline workers adapt to workload-related stress in a number of ways, interacting towards or away from citizens, or even against citizens, but what are the actual practices of coping, and how is coping related to stress? The data comes from a web-survey sent to 990 public sector frontline workers in West Sweden during 2018 within the police, health care psychiatry, and social work organizations. The findings show that there are significant differences in stress: highest average level among social workers, followed by police officers, and heath care psychiatry. Four ways of moving towards clients – through prioritizing motivated clients, rule bending/breaking, instrumental action, or using personal resources – and three ways of moving away from clients – through aggression, by rationing, or routinizing – are revealed (H1). Prioritizing and aggression are most common within the police, rule bending/breaking and routinizing in social work, and instrumental action within health care (H2), but only instrumental action does not significantly increase stress, on top of individual characteristics and organizational demands and resources (H3).

  • 186.
    Viking, Tuija
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    En studie om interprofessionellt lärande i teamarbete: Fallet med en 'best practice´ för tvångsvård2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det interprofessionella lärandet, IPL, i team har blivit ett populärt medel för att öka samarbete och kvalité i den sociala sektorn och hälso- och sjukvård. En alltmer specialiserad och fragmentiserad vård, som ofta genomförs i team, har lett till stor spridning av interprofessionell utbildning, IPE. Studerande och/eller medlemmar från olika professioner lär sig därmed, med, från och om varandra. Sådant lärande antas ske vid utbyte av och reflektion över varandras olika erfarenheter, perspektiv och kunskaper, d.v.s. professionella skillnader, och leda till förbättrad effektivitet och kvalitet i vården.

    Inom hälso- och sjukvårdsområdet har man dock bara i mindre skala undersökt vad IPL i etablerade team innebär och hur professionella skillnader påverkar lärandet. Denna licentiatuppsats hade som övergripande syfte att bidra med ökad kunskap inom detta område. Här studerades ett arbete, med kliniska riktlinjer för psykiatrisk tvångsvård, som skulle genomföras av ett interprofessionellt team. Huvudfrågan var hur teamet arbetade med riktlinjerna och hur professionella skillnader kom till uttryck och gav implikationer för IPL. Licentiatuppsatsen är en fallstudie. Undersökningen baseras dels på material (mötesprotokoll, mejlkommunikation, dokument och mediarapporter) från teamets tre-åriga arbete, dels nio intervjuer och en observation av seminariet där teammedlemmar presenterade de färdiga riktlinjerna. Studie 1 syftade till att undersöka hur teamet hanterade en kontrovers och hur de strategier som användes gav konsekvenser för interprofessionellt lärande. Studie 2 syftade till att studera hur teamet granskade kön/genus i arbetet med riktlinjerna och vilka implikationer det blev för riktlinjerna och för interprofessionellt lärande. Fokus här är därmed på ett lärande i ett "färdigt" team. Resultaten i studierna baseras på fallbeskrivning och narrativ analys. Fynden i studierna tolkades huvudsakligen utifrån sociokulturell teori och idéer och insikter från kontroversstudier (studie 1) och det genusvetenskapliga fältet (studie 2).

    Resultatet i studie 1 visade att kontroversen hanterades främst genom en kompromiss. Resultatet visar också hur lärandestrategier nyttjades vid användning av texter. Lärandet utmanades dock när maktstrategier användes genom hävdande av auktoritet snarare än utforskande av kunskapsläget.

    Resultatet i studie 2 visade hur kön/genus aktualiserades i en diskussion om könsskillnader i användning av tvångsbälten. I diskussionen användes professionsspecifika erfarenheter och kunskaper om kön/genus, vilket kan antas främjade IPL. Teamets lärande om komplexiteten kring kön/genus resulterade i riktlinjer som betonar makt och med fokus på den individuella patienten. Därmed ledde teamets analys och lärande relaterat till kön/genus paradoxalt till könsneutrala riktlinjer. Slutsatsen är att studierna, på olika sätt, visade förekomst av IPL och hur detta påverkades både positivt och negativt av professionella skillnader.

  • 187.
    Wagstaff, Chris
    et al.
    University of Birmingham.
    Jeong, Hyeseung
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University of Waikato.
    Nolan, Maeve
    National Rehabilitation Hospital.
    Wilson, Tony
    Sunway University.
    Tweedlie, Julie
    Northumbria University.
    Phillips, Elly
    University of Derby.
    Senu, Halia
    University of South Australia.
    Holland, Fiona
    University of Derby.
    The accordion and the deep bowl of spaghetti: Eight researchers' experiences of using IPA as a methodology2014In: Qualitative Report, ISSN 1052-0147, Vol. 19, no 24, p. 1-15, article id 47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1996 Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) has grown rapidly and been applied in areas outside its initial “home” of health psychology. However, explorations of its application from a researcher's perspective are scarce. This paper provides reflections on the experiences of eight individual researchers using IPA in diverse disciplinary fields and cultures. The research studies were conducted in the USA, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and the UK by researchers with backgrounds in business management, consumer behaviour, mental health nursing, nurse education, applied linguistics, clinical psychology, health and education. They variously explored media awareness, employee commitment, disengagement from mental health services, in-vitro fertilisation treatment, student nurses' experience of child protection, second language acquisition in a university context, the male experience of spinal cord injury and academics experience of working in higher education and women’s experiences of body size and health practices. By bringing together intercultural, interdisciplinary experiences of using IPA, the paper discusses perceived strengths and weaknesses of IPA.

  • 188.
    Wallström, Astrid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attityder till kvinnliga chefer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ojämställdhet råder, framför allt inom det privata näringslivet, på chefsnivå i Sverige. Majoriteten av samtliga chefer män, endast 33 % av cheferna är kvinnor. Inom den privata sektorn är andelen kvinnliga chefer endast 25 %, medan det inom den offentliga sektorn råder det omvända; 64% av cheferna inom den kommunala sektorn är kvinnor, i landstingen är andelen 72%. Tidigare forskning har visat att de stereotypa attityder som finns avseende kvinnliga chefer påverkar kvinnors karriärmöjligheter. Föreliggande studie syftade därför till att undersöka vilka attityder som finns avseende kvinnliga chefer och om det finns någon skillnad i attityder beroende på respondentens karaktäristika. Studien omfattade 57 deltagare och genomfördes med hjälp av Women As Managers Scale (WAMS). Signifikanta skillnader i attityd till kvinnliga chefer uppvisades på basis av respondentens kön, akademiska bakgrund och erfarenhet av kvinnliga chefer. Inga signifikanta skillnader mellan den yngre och äldre respondentgruppen uppvisades. Studien visade därmed att det inte är rimligt att anta att ett generationsskifte på arbetsmarknaden kommer att förändra attityderna till kvinnliga chefer. De respondenter som hade negativa attityder till kvinnliga chefer ansåg att det är större skillnad mellan kvinnliga och manliga chefer än de respondenter som hade positiva attityder till kvinnliga chefer.

  • 189.
    Werner, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Niklasson, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    ”Jag vill mer än vad jag kan”: ekonomi och återhämtning för personer med psykiskt funktionshinder2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1 juli 2008 trädde en förändrad sjukförsäkring i kraft där syftet är att effektivisera sjukskrivningsprocessen och därmed öka möjligheterna för sjukskrivna att återgå i arbete. Kritik har riktats mot lagen och dess kommande konsekvenser angående individers arbetsförmåga. Individer som bedöms ha viss arbetsförmåga men inte tillräcklig för att få ett arbete kan komma att hänvisas till kommunernas försörjningsstöd. De flesta individer som råkar i ekonomiska svårigheter kan få psykiska problem bland annat i form av ökad stress. Individer som redan har psykiska problem och dessutom får ekonomiska svårigheter råkar då dubbelt illa ut. Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva hur personer med psykiskt funktionshinder påverkas av en förändrad ekonomisk situation. I uppsatsen får läsaren möta Sara, Per och Paula som samtliga på ett eller annat sätt påverkats eller kommer att påverkas av de nya bestämmelserna. Sara och Paula lever under ett hot om att deras sjuk- respektive aktivitetsersättning kan komma att dras in. Per har redan upplevt konsekvenserna av en indragen aktivitetsersättning. Frågorna vi ställer oss i uppsatsen är om hot om en förändrad ekonomi får följder för individens återhämtningsprocess, hur den förändrade lagen påverkar individens ekonomi samt vilka copingstrategier individen använder sig av för att hantera sin situation.

    Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer med individer samt verksamhetsföreträdare inom psykiatrin. I tolkningen av vårt material har vi använt oss av ett copingperspektiv samt begreppen återhämtning och ekonomiska konsekvenser. Vi har använt oss av en hermeneutisk tolkning som innebär att tolka materialets delar och helhet parallellt. Uppsatsens resultat är att personer med psykiskt funktionshinder kan komma att drabbas hårt av en förändrad sjukförsäkring. Då en indragen sjuk- eller aktivitetsersättning innebär att individen måste söka sig ett arbete. Om individen inte kan arbeta men ändå inte bedöms av Försäkringskassan ha tillräckligt nedsatt arbetsförmåga så får individen ansöka om försörjningsstöd från kommunen. De ekonomiska konsekvenser som detta innebär påverkar i sin tur individens återhämtningsprocess.

  • 190.
    Wiest, Karin
    et al.
    Institut für Länderkunde, Leipzig.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rural development, female mobility and the provision of SGI – a target group oriented approach.2013In: Second ESPON Scientific Report, Luxembourg, 2013, p. 61-67Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hermansson, Hans-Erik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skola, social integration och pedagogik2008In: Meningsskapande och delaktighet: om vår tids socialpedagogik / [ed] Martin Molin, Anders Gustavsson & Hans-Erik Hermansson, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2008, p. 252-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Organisationshälsa: En bok om hållbart arbetsliv2018Book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Çoktel Ericsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tidehorn, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie om studenters upplevda kontrollokus och akademiska motivation i relation till arbetslivserfarenhet och ålder2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to examine differences between different groups of students disaggregated by years of work experience and age. The reason was to examine if the work experience and age had any significance for students' internal motivation, external motivation, amotivation and locus of control. Correlations between the above variables were also examined. In the cross-sectional study 71 students participated (60 women and 11 men) from a college in central Sweden with an age range of 19-47 years. The survey was based on; The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS- C28) for college students (Ryan & Deci, 2000) and the Academic locus of control scale for college students (ALC) (Trice, 2013). A statistically significant difference was found between one group of students who were 19-22 years old and a student group that was 26 years and older on locus of control, where the results showed that the oldest group experienced more external locus of control than the younger group. Statistically significant differences were also found among a group of students who had between 0-2 years of work experience and a student group that had more than 4 years of work experience on locus of control in which the students who had more work experience experienced more external locus of control than the group that had less work experience. Work experience and age showed a positive statistically significant relationship as well as between locus of control and age. Locus of control and work experience showed a weak positive statistically significant relationship and there was also a weak negative correlation between locus of control and external motivation. A positive significant correlation was shown between internal motivation and external motivation. The results showed no differences or relationships regarding work experience and motivation. Additional characteristics are essential to create an overall picture to the work practices relevant to students

  • 194.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik.
    Who Cares and Who Pays?: The Stakeholders of Maritime Human Factors2009In: Human Factors in Ship Design & Operation: London, September 25-26, 2009, London: Royal Institute of Naval Architects , 2009, p. 69-76Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at identifying the key stakeholders in maritime human factors and analyse their interest in, and power to influence the human factors issues. A stakeholder analysis is done and a model displays eight stakeholders from a vessel lifecycle perspective. It is concluded that the interest and the power to influence is much differentiated, largely due to the nature of shipping. An increased public interest in environmental, economic and socio-political sustainability has affected the environmental work in the industry and it is believed that pressure from consumers will lead to increased demands on shipping. It is further concluded that well operated shipping contribute to greater overall efficiency and economy and should offset higher unit freight costs resulting by the use of better maintained and managed ships.

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