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  • 151.
    Eklund, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa .
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Organisering av en fingerad verklighet: Om övningar mellan blåljusorganisationer2013In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 34-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to elucidate exercise participants’ understanding of critical aspects of organizing and implementation of collaboration exercises with police, fire department and ambulance services. The focus is critical aspects in exercises that have, or are expected to have, bearing on the participants’ ability to learn. Collaboration exercises are used as a tool to reinforce and develop the preparedness for future incidents. The need for such exercises was usually advocated after critique to actions during largescale real-life incidents. The study had a qualitative approach and is based on phenomenographic analysis of interviews with participants from four exercises with different scenarios. The identified critical aspects of exercises were related to realism, acceptance for mistakes, exercise extent and aims and opportunities for joint discussions. The management of an accident can be described to a large extent depend on the organizations’ joint ability to adapt to the prevailing situation and to collaborate. For exercises to contribute to these abilities, they could benefit from shifting the focus to how to organize exercises that allow participants to test different decisions and actions, with less emphasis on the choice of scenario.

  • 152.
    Ellgren, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hagman, Rasmus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How the Sweden Democrats use Alternative Truths within their Political Rhetoric2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world populistic parties rises seize power, this can take the form of coalitions with the ruling political party, to be the opposition against the leading power or just to seize power on their own, as seen in Hungary. These parties will not often admit that they are populists as the word has a negative connotation in many parts of the word. In Sweden the Sweden Democrats have been accused of being populists with their focus on the people against their political opponents (often the government) that they claim is and serve an elite. The Sweden Democrats began their political journey by opposing immigration to Sweden and has since their election to parliament in 2010 expanded their repertoire to include education, science and politics of equality. In this thesis, we investigate if the Sweden Democrats in Sweden are using populistic rhetoric, with a specific focus on “alternative truths”, as to legitimize their own politics. An example of this is how populists in the US uses alternative epistemologies against the media (as they brand “fake news”), politicians and experts to gather support and to legitimize his own truths, or as they say, to “tells it as it is” (Harsin, 2018). The Sweden Democrats also focuses on political questions that are applied to the national spirit to divide people into those groups, “the elite” and “the people”. Based earlier scholarships on populism this thesis will assume that SD’s politics lies within the populistic spectrum. We are thus investigating for the first time with the Sweden Democrats as our focus: How are they using the same technique of constructing the rhetoric to create alternative truths as populist elsewhere does. To answer this question, this small-N single case study has collected and analysed 20 interpellations from the Swedish Parliament (Riksdag) in 2020 by the Sweden Democrats. More specifically, these interpellations are analysed through a set of indicators constructed through a combination existing analytical category concerning epistemological and induction. The result shows how the Sweden Democrats are creating alternative truths to undermine other politicians and to elevate their own believable stories using populistic rhetoric with the focus on alternative truths. 

  • 153.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg; University of Borås, Borås .
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Andersson, Thomas
    School of Business, University of Skövde, Skövde;VID Specialized University Oslo (NOR).
    Hellström, Andreas
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg.
    Lifvergren, Svante
    Department of Technology Management and Economics Chalmers University of Technology Gothenburg SE‐412 96 Sweden;Skaraborg Hospital Group Skövde SE‐542 24 Sweden.
    Value Propositions in Public Collaborations: Regaining Organizational Focus Through Value Configurations2022In: British Journal of Management, ISSN 1045-3172, E-ISSN 1467-8551, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 2070-2085Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is consensus that complex problems of contemporary society call for public service collaborations. So-called public service logic (PSL) focuses on joint value creation among a multiplicity of actors in service ecosystems. Despite recognizing various actors, this logic is essentially user-centric, with the service user being the one realizing the value. Consequently, single and collaborating organizations cannot deliver value, only potential value, or so-called value propositions. The elusive public service logic takes a network value configuration for granted and as a starting point. Drawing from two cases in Swedish healthcare, this paper argues that two other value configurations (chain andshop) are also relevant for understanding the development of value propositions – and that these may be related to both intra- and inter-organizational processes. Theoretically, we conclude that just like public service logic, other collaborative public management theories need to recognize the importance of a multiplicity of value configurations and that these are often related to both intra- and inter-organizational processes. We conclude that managers should not adopt the latest network trends without first reflecting on the relevance of existing internal processes.

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  • 154.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Division of Service Management and Logistics, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (SWE); Department of Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås (SWE).
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lindahl, Göran
    Division of Building Design, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Centre for Healthcare Architecture, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Alexandersson, Patrik
    Division of Service Management and Logistics, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Eriksson, Johanna
    Division of Building Design, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Centre for Healthcare Architecture, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Public management in turbulent times: COVID-19 as an ecosystem disruptor2021In: Australian journal of public administration, ISSN 0313-6647, E-ISSN 1467-8500, Vol. 80, no 4, p. 732-747Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The decentralisation of Swedish healthcare closer to citizens has been slow. Drawing from empirical material of the reform prior and amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, this paper argues that the pandemic has disrupted the healthcare ecosystem. Consequently, citizen-centred collaborations have accelerated integration of resources (such as knowledge and skills) across organisational, hierarchical and professional borders. However, collaborations have been delimited to traditional healthcare providers, neglecting the resources of citizens and other actors to be used to improve service delivery. The pandemic has revealed strengths and weaknesses with the prevailing healthcare ecosystem that post-COVID-19 public management must address, both theoretically and practically. Theoretically, the paper contributes to the development of a public service logic, addressing both strengths and difficulties with the logic in turbulent times. Practically, the empirical descriptions contribute to improved understanding of public service delivery reform and how it is impacted during the pandemic. © 2021 The Authors. Australian Journal of Public Administration published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Institute of Public Administration Australia.

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    Wiley
  • 155.
    Eriksson, Robin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sandkvist, Linus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ideas of Gender in the Swedish Radical Right.: An Ideological comparative Study Between the Sweden Democrats, the Party of the Swedes and the Swedish Resistance Movement2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses ideas of gender in the Swedish radical right. The aim of the study is to see if there are any differences or similarities in the way gender is being formulated by a populist radical right party as the Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna), the extreme right party, Party of the Swedes (Svenskarnas Parti) and the extreme right movement Swedish Resistance Movement (Svenska Motståndsrörelsen). Ideas of gender are presented in the theory chapter which is used later on in the analysis to compare with the radical right organisations of Sweden. To fulfil the aim we have performed a comparative ideological analysis between the three organisations and the base for our analysis is texts from each organisation’s webpage. The study shows that the ideological differences concerning gender between populism and extremism in the Swedish radical right are relatively small

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  • 156.
    Folia, Cassandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    De obesuttna, makt och samhälle2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:Ursula K. Le Guins roman De obesuttna är en dystopisk science-fiction som uppmärksammar olika ideologier, maktstrukturer och könsroller. Romanen utspelar sig i en teoretisk framtid där människan förstört jorden och kolonialisterat andra planeter. Romanprotagonisten Shevek reser från planeten Anarres till planeten Urras och genom hans ögon får man se skildringen mellan dessa planeter. 

    Syfte:Syftet med uppsatsen är att med hjälp av tematisk analys se hur de olika samhällsystemen utmärker sig samt hur de olika maktsystemen problematiseras med hjälp av karaktärerna.

    Metod:Med hjälp av en tematisk analys ska olika citat ur romanen De obesuttna analyseras. Med hjälp av tematisk analys kan man noggrant undersöka de olika framträdande teman och mönster. Detta är för att analysera olika citat och händelser som uppkommer i romanen för att sedan kunna besvara hur de olika samhällsystemen är och hur maktstrukturerna utspelar sig.

    Resultat:På de olika planeterna framgår många olika skillnader, dessa skillnader yttrar sig i till exempel jämlikheten och maktstrukturerna. Genom en analys av makt och kön utifrån romanen ser man dessa skillnader på de två syskonplaneterna. På planeten Anarres finns det ingen enskild individ eller stat som har makt utan istället är det majoriteten av samhällsindividerna som bestämmer olika val som ska tas. Planeten Urras styrs av olika statsmakter, och på denna planet finns även kön och klasskillnader i samhället som inte existerar på Anarres. Dessa skillnader problematiseras i romanen främst med hjälp av protagonisten Shevek, som reser från Anarres till Urras. Läsaren får ta till sig hans synpunkter om hur de olika skillnader mellan människorna och statsskicken uppvisas.

    Slutsats: Med hjälp av analysen tar man del av dessa två planeter och deras samhällsstruktur. Genom protagonisten Shevek problematiseras båda dessa planeter och hur samhällena är uppbyggda. Läsaren tar del av Sheveks idéer men får själv en uppfattning om hur olika maktstrukturerkan uttrycka sig. Le Guins roman skildrar två samhällsstrukturer och socialas strukturer med hjälp av en framtida dystopi vars ämne kan vara aktuellt även i dagens samhälle.

  • 157.
    Forai, Emma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Seguel, Karina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Can self-identified political colors in Newspapers change the way news is represented?: The portrayal of the hijab cases in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a comparative small-N study on how political ideologies influence news released by Aftonbladet and Expressen. More specifically, it examines cases where the Muslim veil is being written about and portrayed. By using social constructivism and framing as main theories, they lay the foundation for the understanding of the construction of reality, as well as to understanding how news can be "framed". Based on framing techniques, media outlets contribute to the diverse conceptual build up the readers may have when reading news. Agenda setting and two political ideologies: liberalism and social democracy are aimed to give the grounds for the analytical framework, in order to find the values portrayed in each newspaper release.

    After applying the theories it was found that political ideologies play an important role in how and what is represented, as well as serving as a filter to what kind of topics are being released.

  • 158.
    Friborg, Nadja
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Carlsson, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Middle powers and the rise of China: A case study of Swedish policy formulations with respect to China2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world is currently experiencing a power transition along with China's rise as a superpower. The decline of the United States as the unipolar world-leader is one of the great debates in international relations theory. However, this debate has focused on great powers and left out the role of the middle powers. In this thesis, the premise is that middle powers have an influential position in the world order. Among these, Sweden has had little scholarly attention. This thesis analysed Sweden's middle power role and policy formulations with respect to China, and how these two dimensions have changed over the period 2001-2019. By combining middlepower theory with role theory, a content analysis of government documents is conducted in a longitudinal study. The results indicated that Sweden increasingly focuses on its role of supporting the liberal world order, compared to the emphasis on its role of good international citizenship in 2001. Sweden's tone on China also showed increasingly cautious expressions over time. This shift in Sweden's middle power role is of significance since middle powers mostly hedge as a response to China's rise. The study of middle powers contributes to the broader question of how we can understand China's rise.

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  • 159.
    Gaff, Arina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rypdal Josefsson, Saga
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How are drugs and drug use framed within the US and Swedish drug policy today?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how the US and the Swedish drug policies have framed drugs and drug use. The countries selected both have with strict prohibitionist policies and zero-tolerance approach towards drugs in common. The study will examine which of the three approaches, prohibition/criminalization, harm-reduction/decriminalization, and legalization, have been mainly used to combat the 'War on drugs' in each country. The research also will apply the policy framing theory, which refers to how a specific piece of information is being shown, i.e., framed. To evaluate the findings, theoretical tools such as frames will be identified and categorized within the data. The research design consists of a qualitative small- N comparative study and a qualitative content analysis, examining the most recent and updated version of each state's policy in governmental documents to conduct a comparative case study. Results have shown amongst numerous similarities and differences that, while both the US and the Swedish drug policy share similaritiesin their prohibition and punishment for drug and drug use, Sweden have taken on harm-reduction approaches to combat their drug issue, and that is not the case in the US. The US has instead taken on more and more legalization. 

  • 160.
    Gahnström, Emil
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hermeneutics in Work Integrated Learning: A Gadamerian Approach to an Understanding of Knowledge Production and Learning in Work Integrated Political Studies2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is conducted as a descriptive case study with the aim to provide an understanding on how knowledge production takes form within Work Integrated Political Studies (WIPS), and by extension, Work Integrated Learning (WIL). Specifically, it seeks to provide a hermeneutical understanding on how political knowledge production takes form when a work placement is situated within academia (and when the employment trajectory is that of an academic career), as opposed to a non-academic career.

    The collected data are field notes taken throughout my 7 months’ work placement (09/2020-04/2021) at the Department for Political Studies at University West: Trollhättan, Sweden. The field notes have been produced based on an autoethnographic method. Guided by the background of Hans-Georg Gadamer’s “Elements of a Theory of Hermeneutic Experience”, the analysis is conducted based on an abductive approach to the autoethnographic methodology.

    The analysis derives concepts from the field notes which reveals that when a work placement is situated within academia, then knowledge production can be understood as (a) rigorous, as it demands thorough groundwork, (b) transformative, as knowledge is accumulated along with the production, (c) conscious, as it makes the researcher aware of the idiosyncrasies that are connected to the subject matter under inquiry, and (d) responsive, as it acknowledges issues in need of being addressed.

  • 161.
    Gahnström, Emil
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hermeneutics in Work Integrated Learning: A Gadamerian Approach to an Understanding of Knowledge Production and Learning in Work Integrated Political Studies2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is conducted as a descriptive case study with the aim to provide an understanding on how knowledge production takes form within Work Integrated Political Studies (WIPS), and by extension, Work Integrated Learning (WIL). Specifically, it seeks to provide a hermeneutical understanding on how political knowledge production takes form when a work placement is situated within academia (and when the employment trajectory is that of an academic career), as opposed to a non-academic career.

    The collected data are field notes taken throughout my 7 months’ work placement (09/2020-04/2021) at the Department for Political Studies at University West: Trollhättan, Sweden. The field notes have been produced based on an autoethnographic method. Guided by the background of Hans-Georg Gadamer’s “Elements of a Theory of Hermeneutic Experience”, the analysis is conducted based on an abductive approach to the autoethnographic methodology.

    The analysis derives concepts from the field notes which reveals that when a work placement is situated within academia, then knowledge production can be understood as (a) rigorous, as it demands thorough groundwork, (b) transformative, as knowledge is accumulated along with the production, (c) conscious, as it makes the researcher aware of the idiosyncrasies that are connected to the subject matter under inquiry, and (d) responsive, as it acknowledges issues in need of being addressed. 

  • 162.
    Gahnström, Emil
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nationalism Articulated by Rudolf Kjellén: A Case Study Concerning Nationalism in Sweden during 1905-19062020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is conducted as a descriptive case-study with the aim to explore the political context that formed and articulated the nationalist thoughts of the Swedish scholar, publicist, and parliamentarian Rudolf Kjellén. Specifically, it concerns his nationalist thoughts as they are articulated in his nationalist manifesto Nationell Samling: Politiska och Etiska Fragment(National Congregation: Political and Ethical Fragments (1906)), and how they were articulated during his two initial years in the Swedish Riksdag: 1905-1906. Hence does the work conducted here constitute a study into the history of ideas. Based on Quentin Skinner's theory regarding the role of context when inquiries into history are conducted, the chief focus of this inquiry has its attention on the political context. In as much as this study reveals, the political context that formed Kjellén's nationalism was the major influence of political liberalism at the time with which this inquiry is concerned, and especially so with regards to how it influenced the results of the negotiations in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Swedish-Norwegian Union in 1905, and the discussions on universal suffrage in Sweden at the time. Additionally, this inquiry provides support for a variety of claims and ideas from previous research, both on nationalism and on Kjellén, while simultaneously delivering a more nuanced understanding of the relatively unexplored political context that articulated the specifics of Kjellén's nationalism. Accordingly, it is my aim to contribute to the scholarships on nationalism, and on Kjellén, with a thorough and structured understanding of the political context that formed and articulated its idiosyncrasies.

  • 163.
    Gahnström, Emil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Knowles, Robin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Dragon, The Unicorn and the Grip of The Lion: A Comparative Case Study on the Secessionist Political Parties in Scotland & Wales and the Nationalist Arguments Aiming for Secession2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted as a descriptive comparative case study with the aim to explore the utilisation of different forms of nationalist arguments for secession by the Scottish National Party in the Scottish Parliament and Plaid Cymru in the Welsh Assembly. Based on the application of nationalist theories from three different modernist scholars, statements made by each party are analysed from politico-ideological, economic, and socio-cultural perspectives.

    The Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru share both secession as the ultimate goal and perceptions of being in a subjugated position within the United Kingdom. However, the results of the qualitative textual content analyses show that the approach towards secession is fundamentally varied between the two parties. The Scottish National Party utilises predominantly economic arguments for independence whilst Plaid Cymru find themselves arguing for further devolution of powers together with attempts to differentiate themselves from the UK.

    This study confirms a number of claims and ideas from previous research within the academic fields of nationalism and secessionism while simultaneously delivering findings on unexplored idiosyncrasies of nationalist discourses in Scotland and Wales. Subsequently, it is our aim to contribute to a deeper and more structured understanding regarding the content of nationalist arguments for secession.

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  • 164.
    Gatjetjiladze, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tomaszewska, Magdalena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The five permanent members behaviour toward the ICC: A comparative study of how the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council justified their voting behaviour in resolution 1593 and 19702016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the five permanent (P5) members’ justifications, and compare their justifications with different voting behaviour in resolutions 1593 and 1970. In previous studies regarding the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), International Criminal Law, and UNSC and International Criminal Court (ICC), there is a lack of comparative research on the P5 members voting behaviour towards the ICC. Thus, a study of justifications on the voting behaviour fills the existing gap. This thesis use the theoretical approach of Logic of Appropriateness (LoA) and Logic of Consequences (LoC). This study is comparative and data is collected from resolutions from the official website of the United Nations. Further, the method of analysis is qualitative textual analysis. The results of this study are that LoA describes the P5's behaviour with justifications on the basis of justice, cooperation and humanitarian concern. Both China's and the US’s behaviour on the other hand can be described with LoC where sovereignty norms, cooperation and security are emphasised. Further, the P5's behaviour in resolution 1970 are also described by LoA with similar justifications, whereas France and Russia's behaviour on the other hand are also described by LoC. The change in the voting decision is described by the logics with the change of behaviour which in resolution 1593 is based on sovereignty norms and security, and in resolution 1970 is based on norms, humanitarian concern and cooperation. This result shows that the P5 members’ behaviour is based on both LoC and LoA, it is recognised in justifications that the voting behaviour is described by the two logics in the resolutions.

  • 165.
    Ghadami, Ali Reza
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Javeedan, Javeed
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Political Leanings and the Framing of NATO's Involvement in Ukraine: A Comparative Analysis of CNN and FOX NEWS Coverage.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze how CNN and FOX NEWS, two prominent American news media outlets, have framed NATO's involvement in Ukraine. Our study is comparative, and we have selected 30 articles from CNN and 27 articles from FOX NEWS for analysis. Our research puzzle revolves around the question of whether the political leanings of these two news media outlets have influenced their coverage of NATO's involvement in Ukraine. To address this question, our gathered data will be analyzed with the help of qualitative content analysis and Entman's framing theory which consists of four functions such as problem diagnosis, roots of the problem, moral evaluation, and remedies. The study's findings indicate that both news media outlets share a similar perspective on the war in Ukraine and NATO's role in it. This is evident from their extensive coverage of quotes from NATO's secretary general and officials from NATO member countries. Furthermore, they exhibit a favorable inclination towards Ukraine's success in the conflict and Russia's defeat. Their suggested remedies predominantly revolve around supporting Ukraine through the provision of weapons or training its soldiers. Additionally, they strongly condemn Russia's invasion of Ukraine, employing language that conveys negative connotations toward Russia. The findings of our study demonstrate that although there are subtle differences in the coverage provided by both news media outlets, their framing of the war in Ukraine and NATO's involvement in it does not indicate any differences based on their political leanings. Therefore, the results of this study suggest no contentious differences in their coverage.  

  • 166.
    Ghassaban Kjellén, Mina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rational Solidarity: Turkish and Iranian role conceptions in the Middle East 2013-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines Iranian and Turkish role conceptions in the Middle East, using role theory as its analytical tool. More specifically, the research aims to describe how Islamic identity is used in the analyzed states' conceptions of themselves in the Middle East. The theoretical framework is built upon an eclectic combination of realism and social constructivism as the basis of interpretation. The main theoretical argument guiding the research is that both Iran and Turkey are striving for influence and power in the region, and that much of their interests in the region are shaped by their Islamic identity. The study is a multiple case study, comparing the main principles within the cases to each other to highlight their differences and similarities. The analysis is conducted as a qualitative content analysis of speeches, interviews and papers by central actors in Iranian and Turkish foreign policy within the time frame of 2013 to 2016. The results of the analysis pointed towards that Iran primarily uses its Islamic identity to call for Islamic revolutionism in the region, thus legitimizing both its own domestic leadership as well as a central role in the region acting as a role model. For Turkey, their Islamic identity was mainly used to justify a larger role in the region on the basis of their Ottoman heritage. One of the central conclusions has thus been that both case states uses their Islamic identity for strategic purposes, although based on different ideological foundations and prescriptions.

  • 167.
    Gillberg, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tijanic, Jelena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Saab & the Swedish Country Image: A Case-study of Saab's Usage of the Country Image of Sweden in the Marketing of JAS Gripen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the Swedish defense company Saab use the national country image of Sweden in their documents to market their product JAS Gripen. The interest for this case lies in the paradoxical identities of the national identity of Sweden, and the ongoing long and robust relationship between Saab and the Swedish government. The paradoxical identities concern the dual identity of Sweden as both a "humanitarian superpower" and the focus on the national defense industry.

    The study was conducted by using textual qualitative content analysis on official documents collected from Saab's official webpages. Focus is at analyzing the documents by two categories: technological arguments and emotional arguments. Technological arguments focus on products physical capabilities,whereas emotional arguments focus on values and beliefs related to the Swedish origin of the product. These categories serve to divide the material to conclude to the extent Saab uses the Swedish country image: extensively/marginal/none- or little usage.

    The results we reach based on the analysis is that the company does use the country image of Sweden in their documents and does so as a shorthand for values that the reader plausibly connects with Sweden. We further conclude that, between the categories, the country image of Sweden is used differently, whereas the focus is at different aspects of the Swedish identity. Lastly, we conclude that this has been a minute contribution to the field of political science and branding, and more research needs to be conducted on this issue to obtain a greater understanding of the phenomenon.

  • 168.
    Gready, Paul
    et al.
    Centre for Applied Human Rights, University of York (GBR).
    Anciano, Fiona
    Department of Political Studies, University of the Western Cape (ZAF).
    Papane, Boitemelo
    Centre of Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape (ZAF).
    Mvelase, Zamantungwa
    Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor of Research and Innovation, University of Western Cape (ZAF).
    Mushengyezi, Aaron
    Uganda Christian University (UGA).
    Universities as Sites of Protection: Insights from the Global South on Gender-Based Violence2023In: Emancipatory Human Rights and the University: Promoting Social Justice in Higher Education / [ed] Tibbitts, Felisa, Keet, André, Routledge, 2023, p. 105-121Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While universities and academic freedoms are under attack globally in the context of rising populism and shrinking civic and political space, universities retain some freedom to offer “protection”. Protection, in this chapter, is conceptualised along three dimensions: (1) protection as presented in human rights standards, (2) a continuum of protection derived from political science and international relations (research on gender-based violence (GBV) and neoliberal governance), and (3) understandings of the particular role of universities in protection (physical protection of people, protection of values, and protection of diverse forms of knowledge). In this chapter, we develop a multi-layered conceptualisation of universities as sites of protection that both highlight tensions and value clashes and identifies pathways that would allow universities to champion a progressive politics of protection. The chapter showcases two public universities, Makerere University in Uganda and the University of the Western Cape (UWC) in South Africa, to show how protection is both envisaged and enacted by these institutions in relation to GBV. Drawing on these three frameworks and two case studies, the chapter concludes with an overarching, if provisional, theorisation of protection, as a template to analyse the role universities play in relation to protection.

  • 169.
    Guellil, Adil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dilles, Wayne
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Legacies of colonialism in postcolonial Africa: a comparative case study on how different colonial legacies of eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes are represented in Moroccan and South African contemporary history school textbooks.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive study that is aided by the theories of representation and post colonialism, which aims to compare how different the colonial legacies of British and French eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes are represented in contemporary Moroccan and South African history school textbooks. By aiming to incorporate the wealth of international scholarship knowledge on eurocentric perspectives and colonial stereotypes in school textbooks. This thesis indicates how postcolonial theory and in this case eurocentrism, often ignores the fact that different legacies in Europe have different understandings of the representation of history, colonialism and finally the representation of the oriental "other" and the black "other". The qualitative content analysis method aids the comparative analysis in studying the underlying meanings, motives and purposes within the text, to assist in understanding, if there are and if so, how these eurocentric legacies are still perpetuated in contemporary Moroccan and South African history textbooks. To conclude, this study demonstrates that the British representations are illustrated and discussed through a critical perspective in the South African textbooks, while the Moroccan textbooks are mainly dominated by the French representations.

  • 170.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Martinsson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender and self-representation of political leadership skills: The case of Hillary Clinton2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following bachelor thesis is, with the help of Gender Role Congruity Theory of Prejudice and Gender Communication Style theory, analyzing the case of Hillary Clinton in relation to masculine and feminine leadership style. More specifically, it examines 1) To what extent is Hillary Clinton adopting a feminine or masculine leadership style during the 2008 campaign? 2) To what extent is Hillary Clinton adopting a feminine or masculine leadership style during the 2016 campaign? 3) Are there any changes in her approach, given that she lost the nomination in 2008 and won in 2016? The thesis is a single case study with a qualitative content analysis. The data selection which is analyzed in the research constitutes Hillary Clinton's transcribed campaign remarks from her two presidential election campaigns, 2008 and 2016. Our research concludes that Hillary Clinton uses a rather mixed leadership style during both campaigns. Although, we can conclude that Hillary Clinton's general leadership style shifted from being more influenced by masculine traits in 2008 to slightly more feminine traits in 2016.

  • 171.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    et al.
    Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Automation of Income Support in the Public Social Services: A Case Study of an Innovation that is Still Struggling2019In: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: : Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 187-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization of public services has been high up on the political agenda in Sweden, with considerable efforts that accompany other initiatives to reform and modernize production of welfare services and their administration. Digital solutions are usedto build both technical and organizational innovations in public services, as well asin bureaucratic decision-making. The "Digital first principle" is guiding the European policies in the field and is also central in the Swedish digitalization strategy for public administration. This means that the contact between the citizens,the companies or other society actors, and the public sector authorities shall initially and to largest possible extent occur digitally.

    A digital innovation that is currently spreading among Swedish municipalities is automatizing social assistance services mainly addressing income support for vulnerable citizens. In a context of nationally highly regulated income support schemes, the municipalities manage the digitalization of services highly differently, coping with inherent tensions in relation to their local autonomy. We have conducted a long-term case study following such an implementation case in amedium size Swedish municipality. Based on interviews, observations and workshops we can conclude that the implementation is hampered since it is not focusing on the core to coach for self-support and that it even made the system less transparent. This indicates that the principle 'digital first' has to be embedded into the core focus of the service and not address shallow interfaces.

  • 172.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Eliasson, Anton
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Interpretations of feminism in party ideology: a comparative qualitative study of Feministiskt initiativ (Fi) and Vänsterpartiet (V)2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate two left wing political parties, Feministiskt initiativ and Vänsterpartiet's aligning with radical feminism, socialist feminism or liberal feminism. If political upbringing in a identity political or traditional way has an effect on feminist views. Fi and V are interesting cases to compare due to because of the presence of a feminist party in Sweden's political landscape and Sweden's international rumour as a gender equal contry. Previous research within the field is primarily of theoretical sort, some studies on women in participation but no comparative studies between two Swedish political parties in concerns of feminist views, hence there is a gap within this scholarly field. The theoretical approach includes constructivism, left wing standpoint, identity political and feminist views: radical feminism, socialist feminism and liberal feminist, which are concluded in an analytical framework. The analytical framework is used to analyse the elected cases. In order to fulfil stated aim we conducted a comparative textual analysis of our cases official party programmes, to detect similarities or differences in how they articulate feminism. Fi is more aligned with radical feminism than V, both parties have alignments with all view of feminism.

  • 173.
    Habib, Adel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Heineman, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Integration in a Swedish community: A qualitative study on the understanding of integration2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration has been a dominant political topic, especially in the last decade. Mainly because integration is one of the most important policy areas for the average Swedish voter. With this background in mind, what we want to achieve with this thesis is to study how different social groups within a Swedish municipality understands integration. To reach that goal, we will primarily focus on three specific groups. First and second-generation immigrants and native Swedes. The main goal of this study is to discover if the selected focus groups have a similar or different understanding of integration. Because if there are any eventual differences between them, how can various social groups achieve social cohesion with others? To answer this question, we have conducted focus group interviews. The groups are composed of people of the selected categories: first-generation, second-generation immigrants and native Swedes. We found out that there are both similarities and differences between the groups on how they percept integration. The interesting part with our findings was that, despite the differences from their social environments they grew up in, their view on integration was much alike. The differences were noted when we discussed about how integration should be implemented. There was an agreement between the majority of the attendants that multiculturalism and interculturalism are two concepts that are equally as important, in order to overcome challenges with integration. However, there was a dispute in how to coexist, when the question came up on how to adapt, where some attendants thought that minorities should adapt to the majority, while the others argued about the importance of meeting up in the middle.

  • 174.
    Hafezi Yashi, Aida
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wikström, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Think Tanks and Immigration: A comparative study on how the think tanks Motpol, Timbro and Arena Idé frame immigration in Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanks are important social and political actors in the Swedish society because of their increasing exposure in the media. Immigration is a highly politicized issue in Sweden today, especially due to the refugee crisis of 2015 and the upcoming elections of 2018. Our thesis studies how immigration is framed by one specific actor in Sweden, namely think tanks, which attempt to influence policy-making and public opinion. While the field of research on policy advice institutions is rather significant in the American context, studies on Swedish think tanks are still rather scarce. From a research perspective this topic is of great importance because think tanks work behind the scenes, and our thesis helps expose their agenda. The aim of this thesis is to explore how three established Swedish think tanks with diverging ideological positions, Motpol, Timbro and Arena Idé frame immigration. We do so through a comparative small-N study and with the use of textual analysis. The analytical framework is based on Robert Entman’s version of framing theory and the three ideologies far-right, liberalism and socialism help us position the studied think tanks. Our analysis shows that the three think tanks differ in some respects from their ideological ideal type when framing immigration in Sweden.

  • 175.
    Hallden, Sophie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences: A comparison of Detroit and Trollhättan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities’ economic growth strategies, and to compare the municipalities’ of Detroit and Trollhättan. Municipalities formulate goals and policies in order to achieve different outcomes that will impact residents, cities, and the economy. Three different theories for economic growth are operationalized into an analytical framework and applied, in combination with interpretative policy analysis, on the economic growth policies and goals of the municipality of Detroit and the municipality of Trollhättan. The results show that elements all three economic growth theories are present in both municipalities’ approaches to achieve economic growth. It also shows that there are different combinations of economic growth theory elements present in the goals and policies. It is also demonstrated that both municipalities’ emphasize population growth, art and culture, and a high provision of amenities in the approaches’ to achieve economic growth.  

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    Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences
  • 176.
    Hamad, Deron
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Assad regime in the eyes of the Swedish media: A comparative study of how Swedish media represents the Assad regime2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how the Swedish media have represented the Assad regime, and if the Swedish media representation towards the Assad regime has changed or not. By using Carol Bacchi`s represented to be theory, and framing theory to frame the data. More specifically this thesis examines (1) what kind of regime is the Assad regime represented to be? Is it a religious, democratic, ethnic, undemocratic or something else, (2) what are the causes for the regime´s Actions represented to be?. (3) What is the relation between Syria and other countries represented to be?. This study uses a qualitative approach to conduct a comparative study by comparing the data from two different time periods, 2000-2010 before the civil war in Syria, and the second period 2011-2018 from the start of the conflict in Syria. By looking at newspaper articles from the two Swedish newspapers, Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter. This study shows that the Swedish media represented the Assad regime as a as a Religious, undemocratic and political regime between the period of 2000-2010, but during the period of 2011-2018 the Swedish media represented the Assad regime as an undemocratic regime. This study also shows that Swedish media’s representation of the Assad regime has changed, events like the shooting of demonstrators, chemical attacks. The Swedish media presentation of the Assad regime has shifted, from representing the Assad regime as a religious, undemocratic and political regime, shifting to represent the Assad regime as a more extreme undemocratic regime.

  • 177.
    Handzic, Medina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Imsirovic, Haris
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Erlander VS Tito: A comparative analysis of ideology2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis intends to do an analysis of the socialist ideology in former Yugoslavia and Sweden during the time 1948 until 1962. The analysis is done on 8 political speeches each, from the former president of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito and from the former prime minister of Sweden, Tage Erlander. We have specified our analysis on five certain policy areas which are: labour market, welfare, foreign policy, democracy and national identity. The aim of the study is to find what kind of similarities and differences that can be found in the speeches, in relation to socialist values. The reason for analysing the views from these two politicians’, is because both claim to be socialist. The study shows that the socialist ideology in Sweden and Yugoslavia, have both similarities and differences. Both Erlander and Tito stem from a Marxist idea tradition which is evident in how they advocate for economic socialism, the labour theory and for the overall implementation of socialism in their respective nation. The main differences that is evident from their speeches is how they look upon the control of government, something which makes them very different in terms of socialist values. Erlander is advocating for a social democratic socialist model which is controlled by the people in a democratic manner, whereas Tito is advocating for a revolutionary, soviet-like socialism that is controlled by himself and the party he represents. The differences and similarities in the socialist values becomes apparent in the different policy areas. Where in some areas, the socialist values differ a lot and in some, less.

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    fulltext
  • 178.
    Hani, Ilirijana-Zulfiret
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Isteffan, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Where can we position the Sweden Democrats and the Centre Party’s on the GAL-TAN scale?: Analysing the parties positioning based on elderly care- and immigration policy2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse whether the positions of the Swedish Democrats (SD) and the Centre Party (C) on the GAL-TAN scale present a different outcome when using one premise-policy (immigration), and one focus-policy (the elderly care). The study is based on qualitative strategy, using the qualitative content method to analyse the collected data from the Swedish Parliament. The objective is to empirically describe the representation of the problem to position the parties on the GAL-TAN scale. With the WPR approach we identify the representation and the cause of the problem with elderly care from the parties’ views presented between the timeline of 2018-2021. GAL values identify the representation of the problem to be: lack of freedom, resources, insecure employment, and education opportunities. While TAN values identify: lack of knowledge for culture and traditions, communication issues, and poor quality within the elderly care, which in turn creates insecure and unsafe working environments. The results of the analysis concluded that, based on their views on the elderly care policy, SD is placed closer to both GAL- and TAN values, while the Centre Party’ positions more on the GAL side of the scale. 

  • 179.
    Hannouche, Pamela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The justifications of restrictions within migrations policies since 2015: A comparative case study regarding the securitization of migrants in Sweden and the United Kingdom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how restrictions on migration are being justified in Sweden and the United Kingdom, and in what ways those justifications are linked to security issues.

    The Copenhagen school's securitization theory, which deals with the processes of treating political issues as urgent threats to legitimize extraordinary measures, is applied as the theoretical framework. Swedish and British governments' approaches are compared by looking at statements in Parliaments, official speeches by government leaders, migration laws, and other official policy documents, as these two states have significant similarities, but they also have policy differences.

    Findings suggest that after 2015, Swedish and British states have framed migration as a threat towards their societies and sovereignty as states and a security discourse have been used to justify stricter migration policies.

  • 180.
    Hansson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Osbakk Malmström, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    "We face neither East nor West; We face forward": A study about policy implementation to receive Chinese Foreign Direct Investments in Ghana2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis focuses on examining the Ghanaian state's policies regarding inward Foreign Direct Investments and furthermore the policy implementation to attract and receive FDI, the question asked is What policy choices have been implemented by Ghana to attract Chinese FDI?

    This thesis employs a single case study design with a qualitative approach as it seeks to draw upon Liberal IPE and RAM to understand the policy choices in attracting FDI, more specifically how Ghana has shaped their policies. When conducting the analysis, the thesis assembles documents, both primary and secondary data to be able to answer the research question. The documents used for gathering data is from Ghana's government as well as governmental organisations, governmental policies and official statistics to peer reviewed articles and organisational data. This enables the thesis to find empirical evidence to support the aims of the conducted research. Moreover, secondary data will be used to situate, contextualize and present the findings.

    The main problem seen is how the policy behaviour of governments is conducted to receive FDI in this trudge. The solution to the problem is presented to be the policy decision taken to open markets and welcoming Foreign Direct Investment, through reforms aimed at both domestic companies and market as well as to the global markets and actors.

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    fulltext
  • 181.
    Hartling, Josh
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    McGrath, Mairead
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing between Fox News vs. CNN in the 2020 United States Presidential Election: How did Fox News and CNN frame the 2020 presidential election between Joe Biden and Donald Trump, and what does this tell us about media partisanship?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is constructed as a qualitative small-n analysis with the aim to understand how media framing is presented by Fox News and CNN (Cable News Network) in the 2020 presidential elections between elected Democrat nominee Joe Biden, and his opponent Donald Trump’s campaign for his second presidential term in office. This thesis uses Entman’s (1993) work on the importance of framing in the media. This is in order to make any frames used by the media more visible. It may impact elections as the media affects the public by subjecting them to a bias framing of certain events. We have chosen Fox News and CNN as our two mainstream media news networks for analysis. The results of our qualitative analysis showed U.S media framing is president between both Fox News and CNN in their broadcast. Fox News shows support for Donald Trump, while writing negatively on Joe Biden and the Democrat party. CNN shows loyal support for Democrat nominee Joe Biden. While CNN supports Joe, they continue to attack Trump during his campaign run and his presidency in their network. This study has chosen 12 important key events in the 2020 presidential run to analysis. Such events include, the first and second presidential debate, Joe Biden announcing his choice for vice president, vice president debate, and November 3rd, election day. For each event we take news articles, nightly broadcast, reports both done by Fox and CNN respectively covering the same event and analysis how framing is presented in both of their publishing’s. This study confirms a number of points and discussions done by previous scholars and literature review that media framing is present in the U.S media. Our main goal and aim is to understand why media framing is such an important factor for political elections in the U.S, using the 2020 as a test. We also would like to mention a few gaps in our research, one being the number of media events we covered were strictly after Joe Biden won the democratic nominee. We could have covered more media events before Joe Biden winning the democratic nominee but wanted to stick with the battle between Biden & Trump. Lastly, we would also like to highlight why our research contributes to the political field, we felt there was not much research presented in the political field for the 2020 presidential election in media framing specially between Fox News & CNN. We felt our thesis contributes to the political research due to the importance of the media effecting a presidential election and we wanted data to highlight the importance of the media’s role in an election. 

  • 182.
    Hassan, Abdulqadir Abdullahi
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Role of Somali women in Reconciliation and peace process in Somalia: How do Somali diaspora women to contribute the reconciliation and peacebuilding process in Somalia?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis attempts to explain the role of diaspora women in peacebuilding and examine how these women actors pursue the peace process. A qualitative case study focusing on the Somali communities and reconciliation in Somalia, with a specific emphasis on gathering data from Somali diaspora women in Sweden, can be a valuable and insightful research endeavor. This type of study allows for an in-depth exploration of complex issues related to the peace process in Somalia and the role of the Somali diaspora, particularly women, in contributing to reconciliation efforts. Randolph Bourne's transnationalism concept of diaspora and peace feminism theory are also applied. International approach is used to describe trans-nation, which refers to a country's interconnected culture, ideas, and economics with another country. The study examined these following questions: 1- How do Somali women in the diaspora approach and contribute to the reconciliation processes in Somalia? 2 -How do women overcome the obstacles that stand in the way of contributing to peacemaking? 4- How is gender issue viewed in the Somali context in peacebuilding? The study’s finding shows that the positive role of diaspora women actors in peacebuilding including reconciliation, remittance of money, mediation, and gender equality. The results of the research indicate also that the diaspora role through the bottom-up approach led to Somaliland and Puntland regions in peace with stability, while southern regions employed a top-down approach which caused less effective outcomes and marginalized middle and grassroots levels. The study recommends more inclusive peacebuilding efforts by international peacemakers, including Somali diaspora women. 

  • 183.
    Hassan, Faduma Zahra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Yachouh, Simon
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Residential Segregation and Public Policies in Trollhättan: Is Sweden’s colour-blindness a factor in Trollhättan’s residential segregation?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project examines residential segregation in Trollhättan and the measures the municipality has taken to counter it. We are using a descriptive case study to understand how earlier reports and municipal policies frame residential segregation in Trollhättan when it comes to ethnicity. Theories such as Urban Ecology and neighbourhood tipping describe diverse types of segregation and situations where segregation occurs. We are also using the WPR approach to analyse how the issue of residential segregation is presented in Trollhättan municipality and why that representation exists.

    This thesis aims to first look at the policies implemented by the government. We conducted two qualitative semi-structured interviews. One with an official that handles social strategy and sustainability in Trollhättan municipality and another with the head of social sustainability in AB Eidar. Bades on these interviews, we analyse whether residential segregation in Trollhättan is based on socioeconomic or ethnic reasons

    .In Trollhättan, the focus lies on the socioeconomic aspect, while other factors are easily overlooked. Our study discovered that considering residential segregation from a socioeconomic standpoint has blinded Trollhättan municipality to other equally important aspects. While there are reports highlighting the significance of ethnicity, they are not reflected in everyday policies or even looked at as one of the contributions to residential segregation.

  • 184.
    Hassan, Fartun
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A pandemic of xenophobia: representation of Swedish-Somali community in Swedish news reports during COVID-192023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine the representation of the Swedish-Somali community in Swedish news reports during the Covid-19 pandemic. The purpose of this research is to look into how the two major Swedish newspapers, Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter represented the Swedish-Somali community and its experiences throughout the pandemic. A selection of articles from the two news outlets published during the first and third wave was selected using a qualitative content analysis approach. Discrimination and racism against racialized individuals and groups remain major challenges in today's society, partly shaped by media discourse and the construction of "the others". The results of this research contribute to a broader understanding of the intersection between media, public health, and social identities during a global crisis. By exploring the particular case of the Swedish-Somali community, this study provides insights into the structure of media representation, emphasizing the importance of accurate and impartial reporting in promoting social cohesion and battling xenophobia

  • 185.
    Hassan, Maymuna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Abdukadir, Hodan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    How do the English-speaking Western media frame the drought crisis in Somalia and the implication this has for international aid?: A case study of CNN and BBC2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Drought has been a recurring crisis in Somalia, often leading to crop failure, depletion of water supplies, and decreased natural vegetation due to insufficient rainfall. As a consequence, it causes a mass scale death of livestock and human beings, putting the country on the brink of famine. Existing research sheds light on the profound impacts of drought on people’s livelihood and socioeconomic progress, as well as the intricate relationships between drought and famine. However, there is a limited analysis of how media frame droughts in post-conflict contexts, especially in Somalia.

    This thesis addresses this gap by critically analysing how the BBC and CNN portray the drought situation in Somalia. Furthermore, we examine the implications of these framings on international aid actions. To achieve this, we conducted a careful content analysis utilizing “frame theory” as an approach to data analysis, drawing on Entman's (1993) four framing elements.

    The findings from our analysis show a consistent framing pattern used by both BBC and CNN, portraying Somalia’s draughts as a cute humanitarian crisis. In their coverage, these media outlets underscore the critical role of international humanitarian aid organizations in providing necessary assistance. This framing underscores the media's critical role in drawing aid organisations' attention to an ongoing global humanitarian crisis.

  • 186.
    Hedberg Rundgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Stiftelsen Stockholms läns Äldrecentrum, Stockholm (SWE).
    Klinga, Charlotte
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (SWE).
    Löfström, Mikael
    Göteborgs Universitet, (SWE).
    Mossberg, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Inledning2022In: Perspektiv på samverkan: om utmaningar och möjligheter i välfärdens praktik / [ed] Åsa Hedberg Rundgren, Charlotte Klinga, Mikael Löfström, Linda Mossberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 23-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Hedberg Rundgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Stiftelsen Stockholms läns Äldrecentrum, Stockholm (SWE).
    Klinga, CharlotteKarolinska Institutet, Stockholm (SWE).Löfström, MikaelGöteborgs Universitet, Göteborg (SWE).Mossberg, LindaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Perspektiv på samverkan: om utmaningar och möjligheter i välfärdens praktik2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Heintze, Oliwia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Poltén, André
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A comparative study of news media representation of Greta Thunberg in Poland and Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In August 2018 a 15-year-old girl decided to spend her days outside the Swedish parliament with a sign saying Skolstrejk för klimatet, which in English means School strike for climate instead of going to school. Soon after, other young students decided to follow her footsteps and left their schools to protest for a better environment in their own municipalities and even countries. The protests got the name Friday for future and the girl who started them became an environmental icon all around the world. This girl's name is Greta Thunberg and even now, two years after her first protest she still manages to get peoples' and medias' attention sometimes in a positive and sometimes in a negative way. Sweden and Poland are members of the European Union and supposedly under a common environmental policy, however, while Sweden, Greta's homeland, is one of the top eco-friendly countries, Poland is not as concerned about the environment.

    This research aims to find out how Greta Thunberg is framed by the press media in Sweden and in Poland. The study combines frame analysis with the focus on three frames. It discusses differences and similarities when it comes to framing of intentions, capabilities and actions of Greta Thunberg in both Swedish and Polish newspapers. The purpose is to compare both countries' newspapers and see how they frame Greta.

    The thesis concludes that the framing of Greta Thunberg is more similar than different in both countries. All newspapers frame her intentions, capabilities and actions in a good way, however, journalists from each country has different strategies emphasizing different aspects of her for portraying Greta in a positive way.

  • 189.
    Hellqvist, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Nature of euroskepticism:: A Comparative Study of media framing of Euro in Great Britain and Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines what frames is used in editorials and debate articles in the chosen newspapers; From Sweden, Aftonbladet and Svenska Dagbladet, from Great Britain, The Guardian and Financial Times. Both Sweden and Great Britain are members of the European Union but has not yet implemented Euro. The study examines how newspapers in each country frame Euro. Four different frames were used:

    National identity, Democratic Sovereignty, Economic Growth and Social Welfare. These frames are used to see how writers of editorials and debate articles applied them in order to persuade the citizens of Sweden and Great Britain. Bacchis' "What is the Problem Represented to be", was used to get a better understanding of the framing methods, where we analyse the data by stating problem, cause and solution. This study has contributed with a comparative case study to a limited field of research. Studies on this subject have been done before, however, not a comparative study using these cases, Sweden and Great Britain. The question answered is if there are any similarities and differences regarding media framing between Sweden and Great Britain. The result differs from frame to frame.

  • 190.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Du kan bli vad du vill: Gästkrönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 15 maj, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 191.
    Henriksen, Philip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vikström, Jonathan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    NATO or not?: A Comparative study on how the Swedish Political Parties in the Parliament frame their opinion of a NATO option and NATO -membership2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to compare how the eight (8) Swedish political parties in the parliament frame their arguments about NATO membership or NATO option. The framing has been made from the Securitization theory's concepts of “military/security,” “economic,” “political/moral” security and from the Framing Theory’s view of “problem definition”, “causal interpretation”, and “solution”. We have employed qualitative content analysis and the data that has been analyzed in this thesis has been three (3) parliamentary debates where the focus has been on the Swedish security order. On two (2) of the three (3) occasions there has been voting regarding whether Sweden should apply for a NATO membership or announce a NATO option. This thesis explores how Sweden's eight political parties have framed their arguments regarding NATO membership or NATO option from 2020 to 2022 and what the changes in their rhetoric have been in relation to the three themes. 

  • 192.
    Hersi, Idil Elmi
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Ali Addo, Sumaia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Social Media and the First Time Voter: A qualitative study on how young adult first time voters of the second generation Somali immigrants, experience how social media has shaped their voting behaviour during the 2018 Swedish general election.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has for the last two decades grown and emerged as an influential part of our daily lives. Access to social media has brought new opportunities and behavior in regard to political participation. The aim of this thesis is to examine if the first-time voters of Somali descent perceive that social media has shaped their voting behaviour. Through a qualitative small-N study, we gain a deeper understanding of the young voter and various factors that contribute to their political behaviours, and in addition, their motivation around it. The qualitative method includes a semi-structured interview with ten participants that were between the ages of 18-25 in the 2018 general election. Through our findings we identified that not only social media, but also ethnic and social background, were factors that they identified influenced them to take on the political behaviors that they did during the 2018 general Swedish elections. This study concludes that the chosen subject is a rather complex topic. Several factors that contribute to the individual's political behaviours were noticed. However, it is apparent that social media is perceived to partly shape the political behaviour of this group of young first-time voters. 

  • 193.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle (SWE).
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Kouvola Unit, LUT University – Kouvola Unit, Kouvola, (FIN); Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle (SWE).
    Competitive priorities and capabilities: high-cost country case survey2023In: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, ISSN 2398-5364, E-ISSN 2398-5372, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 641-660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Globalization and the importance of emerging markets have increased the pressure of high-cost manufacturing locations to sustain operations. However, there are still some countries in which manufacturing is prospering despite high costs (like Germany, Sweden and Switzerland). This study examines seven competitive priorities through 24 different capabilities, using a case survey of four manufacturing companies located in Sweden. This study aims to develop a contemporary understanding from vital priorities and capabilities.

    Design/methodology/approach: A case survey was conducted in four different-sized manufacturing companies in Sweden during the autumn of 2018. In total, the survey attracted 89 responses. Respondents were mainly middle managers and other management team members. Findings: In general, companies assess the importance of manufacturing capabilities higher than performance and improvement. The authors’ analysis shows that quality priority through product and process capabilities is ranked highest in terms of importance, performance and improvement. In addition, delivery capability shows a similarity with quality. At the other end, being lowest ranked are typically different flexibility and advertising capabilities. This study demonstrates with correlation analysis that most often capabilities have a positive correlation in terms of their importance, performance and improvement needs. Some capabilities show potential correlations across importance, performance and improvement. Research limitations/implications: This research is limited to one high-cost environment and to four companies within that environment. Further research should examine the impact of the pandemic era on manufacturing priorities and capabilities.

    Originality/value: In general, case surveys have relatively rarely been used in management studies. This research offers an alternative and deeper perspective from high-cost country manufacturing, as the responses are from numerous persons in management positions.

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  • 194.
    Hodzic, Amela
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Maloudi, Gaziza
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Perspective matters: How is the issue of food waste framed by the Swedish Food Agency?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food waste is an issue that affects every single person in the world, in one way or another. It is an important topic for people who cannot afford food, but it does not end there. Food waste is also a great threat to our environment, which makes it an important topic for everyone. In this thesis we wanted to shed light onto these problems related to food waste, by looking at the case of Sweden. As Sweden is an environmentally conscious nation, we were curious to see if the issue of food waste is framed as an environmental threat. With the help of framing theory and “What is the problem represented to be” we take a look into how the Swedish Food Agency represents this issue and what it does to combat food waste. We also talk in detail about the different issues that are connected to food waste, such as social and economic issues. Our findings show that the issue of food waste is indeed represented as an environmental issue. However, we look into other perspectives in which food waste can be looked at, such as social and economic. We argue that the environmental frame will predominate.

  • 195.
    Hoffman, Madeleine Rose
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Utilisation of Work-Integrated Learning in Social Capital Theory: An Autoethnographic Study of the Effects of Social Capital on Knowledge Management Processes as Seen from an Outsider2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly being used by global NGO’s to keep up with international development. With that comes more virtual interaction and accessibility to a wealth of knowledge in a short amount of time, but also the reliance of ICT has brought some valid concerns. This autoethnographic study’s main question is: how did ICT intervention and in-person social interactions influence the way I experienced knowledge management when completing EU applications for Support Group Network?

    This thesis’s aim will relate the field of WIL to social capital theory through the exploration of ICT interventions in combination with social relationships in influencing an international student’s perception of knowledge management. Bourdieu (1986)’s and Putnam (1995)´s perspectives on social capital theory are utilized in combination in this thesis.

    Using fieldnotes and coding into the four stages of knowledge management, the result of this study exposed my overreliance on ICT systems and certain individuals which held me back from gaining knowledge from my co-workers. Future implications include using a hybridized space of learning.

  • 196.
    Holgersson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Contested Concept of Democracy: An illustration of the meaning of democracy in Argentina2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas are important to the world of politics and they play a key role in defining and understanding the meaning of concepts. Studying present ideas and discussions about a concept is important as it helps us understand more about the ideas and approaches that are mediated to the general public and hence more about the meaning of the concept at large. Political scientists argue that democracy is a contested concept whose meaning is not given. Yet, little is known about ideas about democracy in Latin America at large and ideas about democracy in Argentina in particular. This study examines Argentinian newspapers as an arena for ideas to understand more about the meaning of democracy in Argentina. The data was collected through qualitative content analysis of articles from 2013 from three nationally distributed newspapers with different positions on the ideological spectrum. Two dimensions of democratic deepening and ideals types were used to analyse the data. The study shows that the understanding that Argentinians have of the concept of democracy seems to differ from a more traditional reductionist approach, hence also the general approach that is generally applied when studying democracy. Analysing the results will lead on to a discussion on improvement of democratic practices and new ideas of how popular sovereignty could be exercised through more grass-root participation and extension of democratic practices.

  • 197.
    Hourdad, Hermineh
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Caglioni, Federica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Framing of The Woman-Life-Freedom Movement in Iran: Comparison of Government-controlled media versus Dissident Media2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study delves into the recent "آزادی زندگی زن "movement, translating to "Woman-Life-Freedom," examining it through the lens of news organizations.

    The primary objective of this thesis is to meticulously examine the contrasting dynamics that prevail between government-controlled news media and media outlets affiliated with the opposition outside Iran. The central focus of analysis lies in the comprehensive deconstruction of the discrepant framing of identical news events that unfolded during the initial hundred days following the passing of Mahsa Amini in Iran. It is noteworthy that the narratives disseminated by governmental media and oppositional media exhibited pronounced disparities, all of which unfolded within the broader context of the ongoing Iranian Revolution driven by women.

    Employing a comparative case study methodology, this research rigorously scrutinizes a singular case through the application of qualitative content analysis. The central theoretical framework underpinning this research is Entman's framing theory, bolstered by the incorporation of one supplementary theory: the Madonna/Whore complex theory. The application of the Madonna/Whore complex theory aims to bring to light the intrinsic motivations that inform the government's approach towards women.

  • 198.
    Hulterström, Jarl
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Berglund, Matteus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Construction of Security: A Discourse Analysis of Sweden’s Foreign and Security Policy between 2014 and 20232023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted as a descriptive single case study to establish empirical knowledge regarding how securitisation is expressed in discourse by the Swedish policymaking elite, in other words “securitising actors”. The thesis takes an ontological approach of interpretivism with a theoretical approach of securitisation theory. Further, by utilising a methodological approach of an inductive method to empirically analyse 44 collected speeches from Folk och Försvars annual national conference and the annual foreign declaration in order to analyse what prominent themes emerged from the discourse. The analysis was conducted through a discourse analysis by applying two analytically driven questions derived from securitisation theory. This is in order to analyse how securitisation was expressed by the securitising actors, and what motivating factors could be identified for the shift from non-alignment to military-alignment in Swedish foreign and security policy. The result of the analysis indicated that with an ongoing security concern in Sweden’s immediate neighbourhood, securitisation was expressed as focusing on an increased national defence. Along with indicating a conflict of interests in Swedish foreign and security policy through the conflict of ideals and interests by breaking Sweden’s long-term tradition of military non-alignment. By this, this thesis aims to contribute to knowledge and to the overarching literature pertaining to discourse and shifts in Swedish foreign and security policy. 

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  • 199.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Dept. of Geography.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Centre for Geographical Studies.
    The Political and Territorial Organisation of Welfare in the ESPON Space2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Dept. of Geography.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Centre for Geographical Studies.
    Towards a Welfare Typology in the ESPON Space.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
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