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  • 151.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Malm, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Saura, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Riskdiskurser i kvällspressen2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 166-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på vanligt förekommande sätt att beskriva risker i olika medier.

  • 152.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Widen, Stephen E.
    Örebro University, Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risks and music - Patterns among young women and men in Sweden2011In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 53, p. 310-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Music and high levels of sound have not traditionally been associated with risk-taking behaviors. Loud music may intensify and bring more power and meaning to the musical experience, but it can at the same time be harmful to hearing. The present study aims to increase the knowledge about young women′s and men′s risk judgement and behaviour by investigating patterns in adolescent risk activities among 310 adolescents aged 15-20 (143 women; 167 men). The Australian instrument ARQ was used with additional questions on hearing risks and a factor analysis was conducted. The main results showed that the factor structure in the judgement and behavior scale for Swedish adolescents was rather different from the factor structure in the Australian sample. Also, the factor structure was not similar to the Australian sample split on gender. The results are discussed from a gender- and existential perspective on risk taking, and it is emphasized that research on risk behavior needs to reconceptualize stereotypical ideas about gender and the existential period in adolescence.

  • 153.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risktagande: Hot eller utveckling?2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 93-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Bohlin, Nidas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med digitala möten i barn -och unga ärenden: möjligheter och hinder för ökad delaktighet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the covid-19, many Swedish businesses have changed and taken measures to reduce the spread of infection between people. People's situation and living conditions have changed over a short period of time and it is somewhat unclear how this affects psychosocial health over a longer period of time. The activities of the social services have also had to change in their way of meeting children and young people in order to continue to be able to protect them from getting hurt. This study has examined how social workers perceive the participation of children and young people in digital meetings. The study was conducted on the basis of a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews with seven social secretaries who have experience of working with children and young people, after which a thematic analysis was used on the interview material. The theoretical references used include Molin's (2004) model of the domains of participation and Shiers' (2001) model of "the path to increased participation". The results show that social workers have predominantly positive experiences of digital meetings with children and young people. Digital meetings are primarily a complement to the physical meeting and enable increased participation by giving children and young people more options to express opinions by contributing to increased accessibility and a sense of security. The participation of children and young people can be strengthened by activities creating routines and increasing the competence of employees regarding digital technology and digital meetings.

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  • 155.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att få pengarna att räcka till som de brukar: Barns och ungas perspektiv på föräldrars arbetslöshet2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about the ways in which children in families with previous economic stability experience and adapt to substantially decreased household income as a consequence of a parent's/parents' unemployment. While much is known about children growing up in poor families, and how they understand and act in relation to the family's economic situation, little is known about children who suddenly find themselves living in economic adversity. In the context of post-financial crisis Sweden where in the late 2000s/early 2010s large numbers of families with previously stable incomes found themselves in economic adversity, the objective of the research is to investigate how children and young people experience substantial decreases in household income as a consequence of parental unemployment. In particular focus is directed to the ways in which they reason about and respond to the family's new economic circumstances. Interviews with children (N=45) whose parents had previously been in long-term employment but lost their jobs were carried out. Drawing on national data provided by the National Transition Fund for Blue-collar Workers (TSL) and (ii) the Local Transition fund for white-collar staff in the private sector (TRS), five municipalities in the west of Sweden with the highest numbers of transition grants were initially identified for recruitment of families subjected to unemployment during the years of 2010-2013.The interview data was analysed using thematic content analysis (Broun & Clark2006) with focus directed to children's agency (Kuczinski 2003). While the results are largely in line with previous research on children living in long-termpoor families, that is to say that parents put children´s needs first, children take responsibility for the family situation by not financial demands on the parentsone major difference emerged. None of the types of self-excluding behavior characteristic of avoidance-oriented strategies was found. Unlike children living in poverty where self-exclusion and the avoidance of exposure to stigmatizing situations where resource disparities are highlighted are common, the children in the current study did not regard parental unemployment and the family's loss of income as a source of shame. Rather, they expressed awareness of how macroeconomic forces had impacted on their lives and, as active agents, developedstrategies that enabled them to adjust to the family's new economic reality. The implications of this result indicate that social workers working with children insuch situations need to reconsider interpretations of behavior that are rooted inthe assumption that economic adversity generates shame and stigma.

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    fulltext
  • 156.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in interprofessional collaboration2015In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 50-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently little research into social welfare interventions where children's agency has been in focus and, in particular, a lack of research on children's experiences and perceptions of interprofessional collaboration. Findings from studies that have looked at children's perceptions of opportunities to influence the support they receive have tended to show how they lack power and influence. Drawing on Kuczynski, Harach, and Bernardini's (1999) three principles for investigating and understanding children's agency, the purpose of this study is, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of support in the form of either home-based interventions, foster or institutional care. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived as being able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children, agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognising that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers'. The study provides important insights from the child's perspective into the ways in which, through their agency, children are active in defining and re-defining their own 'organisational chart' of collaboration. Limitations are discussed and proposals for future research are made.

  • 157.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in interprofessional collaborative meetings in child welfare work2016In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 502-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence.The purpose of the study is, in a Swedish context, to investigate children's perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. Findings revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive that they have the capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by feigning boredom and seeming disengaged, but at the same time paying close attention; (ii) by using exit strategies; and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children tell how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.

  • 158.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Learning ‘at work’ during socialwork education: an example of practice learningopportunities from Sweden2005In: Journal of Practice Teaching in Health and Social Work, ISSN 1746-6105, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 6-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyse the learning processes of Swedish social work students during and after periods of workplace-based learning. The article describes the process in which the practice learning opportunities that the students have been involved in are reflected upon, discussed, problematised and theorised, both in a series of workshops and via the process of the narrativedescription of critical incidents. Practice learning opportunities form an integralpart of studies of social work in the Social Pedagogy program at the University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla in Sweden where a reflective approach to both campus and practice learning has been developed. In presenting the analysis of the reflective approach to studies of social work the article draws on both Scandinavian and international research and presents Säljö’s theory of situated learning and Nielsen & Kvale’s theory of Mesterlaerer  in the analysis of the critical incident narratives of two individual social work students.

  • 159.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärande på "arbetsplatsen" i socialpedagogisk utbildning2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, Björn och Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, 1, p. 123-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Organizing for agency: rethinking the conditions for children's participation in service provision2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1564515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the organization of child care services, constraints restrict the potential for children's participation in the formation and delivery of support programmes. These constraints involve the prioritization of risk management, poor understandings of what participation entails, and entrenched socio-cultural perspectives of children as vulnerable and requiring protection. However, when children's participation is recognized as an imperative, both morally and as a means of enhancing service efficiency, and when organizational visions and practice ideologies uphold the importance of children's involvement in decision-making, spaces for children's agency can become part of everyday practice routines. Drawing on three examples of organizational innovations in child-directed social work, this article explores the benefits involved in "organizing for children's agency".

  • 161.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shifting Subordination: Co-located interprofessional collaboration betweenteachers and social workers2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyse the practice processes involved in colocated interprofessional collaboration. The study took place in a resource school where social workers and teachers collaborate on an everyday basis around children who are both in receiptof special educational support and interventions from social services. The research questioncentres on the division of labour and the explicit notions and implicit assumptions thatunderpin it. Further, the organisational conditions that influence the division of labour, theprocess involved in the selection of pupils, and the processes of maintenance anddevelopment of professional identities in a close collaborative context are all examined.

    The study is a qualitative case study of interprofessional collaboration. Through interviews with the teachers and social workers, and via participatory observation of their professionalpractice, empirical data has been generated. This has been used to examine processes ofcollaborative collaboration in accordance with a thematic analytical scheme. A theoretical framework based on theories of the sociology of professions (Abbot, 1988; Evetts, 2006b) and drawing also on the work of Hasenfeld (2010a) on human serviceorganisations and Lipsky (1980) on street level bureaucrats, in conjunction with Strauss’ (1978) theory of negotiations, has been used in analysing the empirical data.

    The results indicate that the intake process functions primarily to legitimise collaborationfrom an organisational and professional perspective. Further, the teachers and social workerscreate what are termed common and separate grounds for practice. The concept of common grounds describes the processes in which common collaborative relationships are created, such as, forexample, the construction of interchangeability and a common practice ideology. Separate grounds, on the other hand, involves situations in which social workers and teachers are engaged in defining and specifying their profession-specific roles in the context of their  everyday work. Another means of maintaining and reinforcing a profession-specific professional identity in co-located collaborative contexts is the use of the spatial design. The results also point to three particular characteristics in the construction of co-located interprofessional collaboration. First, professionals are engaged in what can be termed a form of  shifting subordination as a means of both legitimising and developing their professional identities. Shifting subordination is a strategy used to reduce and avoid professional conflict around roles and working tasks. Secondly, they are engaged in constructing a shared professional identity as a means to meet the organization’s imperative of ‘getting the job done’. Thirdly, there is the characteristic of interdependence which shapes the negotiation processes involved in the division of labour.

  • 162.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The concept of active citizenship, social skills and youth life styles2006In: Towards Active Citizenship -: Friskie programme as a professional mehtod for guidance., Turku: Turku University of applied science , 2006, p. 18-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevelser av ekonomisk utsatthet: barns och ungas aktörskap och strategier2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas; Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 597-607Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Young people´s experiences of parental unemployment and economic adversity2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 40-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While much is known about young people growing up in poor families, and how they experience the familys economic situation, little is known about young people who suddenly find themselves living in economic adversity. In the context of post-financial crisisSweden, where in the late 2000s/early 2010s large numbers of families with previously stable incomes found themselves in economic adversity, the objective of this research is to investigate how young people experience substantial decreases in household income as a consequence of parental unemployment. Adopting an agency perspective, focus is directed to the ways in which they reason about and respond to the family s new economic circumstances. Interviews with children and young people (N=45) whose parents had previously been in long-term employment but lost their jobs during the period 2010-2013 were carried out. While the results are largely in line with research on children and young people living in long-term poor families some difference emerged. In the current study self-excluding behaviour characteristic of avoidance-oriented strategies was not found. Unlike young people living in poverty where self-exclusion and the avoidance of exposure to situations where resource disparities are highlighted are common, the young people in the current study did not regard parental unemployment and the familys loss of income as stigmatizing. Rather, they expressed awareness of how macro-economic forces had impacted on their lives and, as active agents, developed strategies that enabled them to adjust to the familys new economic reality and even saw several positive outcomes with parent´s unemployment. The implications of this result indicate that socialworkers working with young people in families affected by periodic, rather than longterm unemployment need to reconsider interpretations of behavior that are rooted in the assumption that economic adversity generates stigma and shame.

  • 165.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Young Peoples Strategies for Handling Economic Adversity: Extending the Research Agenda2016In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 309-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As an extension of the research into strategies for handling economic adversity of young people in poor families, this study examines strategy use in the context of middle-income families affected by unemployment. Interviews with 39 young people in previously comfortably-off families where one or both of the parents had become unemployed were conducted. The purpose was to explore how, in a Swedish context, young people think about and respond to situations following a drastic reduction in family income. Results indicate that while the strategies used by these young people are generally similar to those in poor families, no use of avoidance-oriented strategies was found. This, it is argued, is because parental unemployment and financial adversity are not perceived as stigmatizing.

  • 166.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Epilog: Socialpedagogisk handling: förutsättningar, utmaningar och möjligheter2018In: Socialpedagogisk handling: i teori och praktik / [ed] Martin Molin & Anette Bolin, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 185-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An early-response, police-social work collaborative intervention: Perspectives of young participants2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For society, measures targeted at early crime prevention pose a dilemma. On the one hand, there is a risk that an early intervention can label a young person as a criminal, and have negative consequences on identity formation. On the other, lack of an intervention can have the consequence of a continued lifestyle involving crime. Many are the stories from former prisoners who claim that an earlier intervention could have disrupted an identity trajectory leading to becoming a ‘criminal’ (Kacprzak, 2019). Other research indicates that young people – particularly those from ethnic minority groups – relate to police preventative practices with dissatisfaction (Wästerfors & Burcar Alm, 2020). However, there are also studies which demonstrate that young people experience interventions from police and social services as legitimate and valuable. 

    The current study seeks to explore the perceptions of young people aged between 11–17 who received an early intervention following the commission of a crime. In this collaborative project between police and social services, the young person received a coordinated chain of interventions involving first the police, thereafter a social worker, and, finally a qualified youth support worker. Each of the three elements occurred within a two-week period following the commission of the crime. The crime committed could range in severity from shoplifting to a drug offence, or a robbery. 

    Participation in the research was voluntary. Those taking part (N=21) were interviewed on a minimum of one and a maximum of three occasions during and after the intervention period. In total, 40 interviews were conducted. The interviews sought to elicit the young people’s perceptions of police practices, the practices of the social and youth workers, the effects on the young people’s attitudes, and their thoughts about the future. Data was analyzed using a narrative approach (Riessman, 2001). Focus was directed to how the young person perceived and understood the actions and practices of professionals involved in the project. In this respect, the interview functioned not only as a means of providing insights, but also a space for self-presentation and the construction of understanding. 

    Drawing on theories about procedural justice (Bradford, B. & Jackson, 2015) results reveal, firstly, that the participants experienced the intervention as an opportunity to reflect on the future. While the rapid response – from the police, the social workers, and the youth workers – came as a surprise, participants were positive about this swift reaction. In relation to the police practice of forcibly intervening when the crime had happened (frequently involving a shorter detention), this was perceived in a wider global context of police violence. For example, references were made to the George Floyd case (“I can’t breathe”). Frequently, police actions created a tangible sense of fear. Many participants perceived the intervention as reflective of society’s reaction to criminality. For some, experiences of being ‘labelled’ were prominent. While the results point to the value of a swift response, they also warn of the dangers attached to early labelling.

  • 168.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att organisera stöd så att barns och ungas aktörskap tas till vara2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 638-651Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Consequences of Availability of 'extended´ Pupil Welfare Interventions2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 59-59Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young people living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parents psychiatric illness are commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social and health problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers, school social workers and other relevant staff all have important roles to play in identifying pupils within this target group. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged and professionals fail to identify young people at risk in early stages. This presentation offers an evaluation of the project Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare (2013 2015) funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency. The research questions are: Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support? , and In what way does this support influence school performance? In this presentation focus is directed to findings emerging from data with children and young people (N=88) who has received interventions. Statistics on grades (grade 7-9) and school absence and interviews (N=20). Thematic analysis has been adopted and the interview data was coded and closely analyzed by identifying increasinglevels of abstraction in the material. The result indicate that the children and young people perceive they can control whether, and if so, when they want to receive support from the support team (self-referrals). This, they report, contributes to a willingness to both emotionally and cognitively engage in the preRepuls program and in the counselling provided. Also three affordances facilitating childrens and young people´sself-referrals is identified: (i) the day-to-day presence of the social workers enables investment in relationships, (ii) team members use communication technologies in domains familiar to the children, and (iii) the social workers practice is visible. A further resultis also that grades are improved, often pointing to subjects such as Swedish, Maths and English and decreased absence from school.

  • 170.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of availability of social work support in a school context: 'Extended' pupil welfare interventions and effects on school performance2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parent’s psychiatric illness are not only commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers and school social workers have important roles to play in identifying these pupils. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes serious and/or where the pupil’s school achievements have deteriorated.This presentation is based on an evaluation of the project ‘Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare’ funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency´s national program ‘Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions’. The project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to both seek and accept support at an earlier stage than had such interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: ‘Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?’, and ‘In what way does this support influence school performance?’ The empirical base for this presentation draws on (i) data from a survey of parents (N=137) and pupils (N=49) pre- and post-project that focused on perceptions of the availability of support from pupil welfare and socials services, (ii) data on school performance with regard to pupils in receipt of interventions (N=86), and (iii) individual interviews (N=20) with pupils who received interventions. Results indicate that the availability of social workers plays an important role for children’s motivation to seek/or accept support. Pupils regard encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement.

  • 171.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Economic Support, Migration and Agency: The Experiences of Young People in Newly Arrived Families from Syria2020In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 157-174, article id 1103308820966432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on young people’s perceptions of economic disadvantage has not focused on specific groups, or adversity connected to demographic phenomena such as migration. The current study seeks to explore perceptions about receiving state economic support among young people in newly arrived families from Syria. Participants were young people in families who arrived in Sweden between 2014 and 2016 and were in receipt of social assistance. Analysing interview data using a thematic approach (Braun & Clarke, 2006, Qualitative Research in Psychology, vol. 3, pp. 77–101) and applying Kuczynski and De Mol’s (2015) model of children’s agency reveal how participants’ experiences of social assistance in this study differ from those of young people in previous studies. Rather than connecting social assistance with hardship, limitations, stigma and shame, participants viewed social assistance as sufficient for current needs and providing opportunities to improve the family’s  situation. Reciprocity was also highlighted, with participants expressing the desire to contribute to a welfare system from which they currently benefitted.

  • 172.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    När många vill "hjälpa till": Barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av interprofessionellt samarbete inom den sociala barnavården2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence and the strategies they use. The purpose of the study was, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Secondly, the aim was to investigate the perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating their participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived asbeing able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognizing that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers". Findings with regards to the second aim revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive they have capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by pretending to be bored and disengaged, butat the same time paying close attention to what is going on, alert to important details concerning them, (ii) by using exit strategies, and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings believed to be of little value. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children talk of how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners, who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.This research has been funded by the Swedish Children's Welfare Foundation Sweden (Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset)

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  • 173.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    The self-referral affordances of school-based social work support: a case study2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 869-881Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School-based social work can reach children at risk through the promotion of children’s participation in seeking support. Drawing on Gibson’s theory of affordances, the aim of this interview-based study was to identify affordances for self-referral associated with school-based social work support. Results reveal three affordances facilitating children’s self-initiated contact: (i) the day-to-day presence of social workers in the school environment supports investment in relationships, (ii) use of communication technologies facilitates contact and (iii) the visibility of the social workers’ practice encourages contact-initiation. Common to all three affordances are the accessibility of the social workers, and the generation of trust.

  • 174.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Johanna
    Trollhättans Stad, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande arbete ur ungas perspektiv2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en lång historia av brottsförebyggande initiativ för att tidigt upptäcka ungdomar som är involverade i brottslighet eller befinner sig i kriminella miljöer. På operativ nivå involverar samarbetet främst socialtjänst och polis. Socialtjänsten i Trollhättans Stad har under 2021–2022 genomfört brottsförebyggande insatser inom ramen för projektet Tidig upptäckt – tidig insats (TUTI). Den här rapporten redovisar den följeforskning som bedrivits i anslutning till arbetet.TUTI bygger på tidiga interventioner, delaktighet och samverkan, såväl övergripande som i det enskilda fallet. Ambitionen med projektet var att minska risken för att unga 9–17 år utvecklar en kriminell livsstil samt förebygga risk för kriminalitet, missbruk, psykisk ohälsa och utanförskap. Detta genom att systematisera det arbete med brottsförebyggande insatser gällande unga förstagångslagöverträdare som sker i samverkan mellan socialtjänst, polis, åklagare och civilsamhälle.Följeforskningen har kartlagt typ av och bakgrund till orosanmälningar för unga 9–17 år i Trollhättans Stad samt undersökt ungas egna erfarenheter och förståelse av socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser (TUTI-insatser). I studien har både kvantitativa och kvalitativa datainsamlingsmetoder använts. Data har tagits fram dels på aggregerad nivå gällande orosanmälningar i Trollhättans Stad under perioden 2017–2022, dels gällande de 196 unga som under perioden 2021–2022 erbjöds socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser. Orsaker till orosanmälan var främst ringa stöld (30%), misshandel/våld/hot (20%) samt ringa narkotikabrott (20%). Ungefär hälften av de som erbjöds brottsförebyggande insatser tackade ja till insats. 21 av dessa deltog i återkommande kvalitativa intervjuer. Totalt genomfördes 41 intervjuer.Majoriteten av de intervjuade uppger vid uppföljningen cirka ett år efter den första intervjun att de inte har haft någon ny kontakt med socialtjänsten och att TUTI-stödet har förstärkt deras kapacitet att inte begå någon ny lagöverträdelse. Alla vittnar om att de redan vid tidpunkten för händelsen bestämt sig för att det var dumt gjort, men för några av dem var rentav det väsentligt att de fick stöd att vidmakthålla beslutet. De unga berättar att de har lärt sig mer om sig själva och utvecklat sin förmåga att ta positiva snarare än negativa beslut.För att förstå unga som för första gången kommer i kontakt med samhällets representanter när de misstänks för ett brott, har materialet analyserats med hjälp av modellen för proceduriell rättvisa (Tyler & Blader, 2003). Resultaten visar att de unga har högt förtroende för samhällets reaktion och ger legitimitet till det stöd som ges i kedjan av insatser: polis, mottagningsgrupp och familjebehandlare. Sammantaget kan vi konstatera att unga som genomgått hela TUTI-kedjan upplever samhällets reaktion vid sin första lagöverträdelse som positiv.

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  • 175.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ottosson, Emma
    Västerviks kommun;Campus Västervik.
    Holm, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Poulios Nordenberg, Alexandra
    Västerviks kommun.
    Barn och unga i försörjningsstödsärenden: en studie med fokus på myndigheternas dokumentation samt barn och ungas vardag, strategier och syn på försörjningsstöd2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett flertal studier har beskrivit de omedelbara och långsiktiga effekter som ekonomisk utsatthet har på barns och ungas livssituation och möjligheter att utvecklas.Betydligt färre studier har fokus på barn och unga vars föräldrar erhåller någon form av ekonomiskt bistånd, såsom försörjningsstöd, och vilken plats barn och unga har i denna situation. Den aktuella forskningsstudien ger med sina tre delar en breddad och fördjupad bild av vilken plats barn och unga ges i försörjningsstödsärenden samt vilken syn och vilka strategier de själva ger uttryck för. En utgångspunkt för samtliga delar i studien är att barn och unga är aktiva aktörer, med egna behov och resurser, som bör beaktas vid handläggning av försörjningsstödsärenden.Del 1 har som syfte att beskriva hur barns och ungas situation dokumenteras i sambandmed försörjningsstödsärenden, dels generellt, dels beroende på om ärendepersonenär född i Sverige eller utomlands. Dokumentationsakter för en mindre kommuns samtliga biståndsärenden gällande familjer med minst ett barn i åldern0–21 år (N=147 ärenden; 368 barn) har granskats med avseende på den dokumentation som rör barn och unga.Del 2 har som syfte att undersöka barns och ungas syn på försörjningsstöd. Intervjuer har genomförts med 36 barn och unga i åldern 9–20 år vars föräldrar erhåller försörjningsstöd.Samtliga deltagare är födda i Syrien och kom som nyanlända till Sverige under 2014–2016.Del 3 har som syfte att undersöka barns och ungas vardag och strategier i relation till att familjen erhåller långvarigt försörjningsstöd. Intervjuer har genomförts med tolv barn och unga i åldern 10–21 år vars föräldrar erhållit försörjningsstöd under en längre tid. Deltagarna är antingen födda i Sverige eller har levt här under lång tid.Resultaten pekar på att barn och unga i familjer som erhåller försörjningsstöd tar ett stort eget ansvar samt utformar sina strategier utifrån det. Det kan finnas konflikter och svårigheter i familjerelationerna, men också förståelse och empati. Hur barns meningsskapande ser ut påverkas av familjens ekonomiska och relationella resurser. Barn utvecklaren ekonomisk kompetens med medvetenhet och kunskap om pengars värde.Vardagen formas genom de strategier som både barnen och föräldrarna använder sig av. Att bli sedd som avvikande kan leda till utanförskap och barn i familjer som erhåller ekonomiskt bistånd löper större risk att inte känna delaktighet.Synen på att erhålla försörjningsstöd skiljer sig åt mellan de två grupper av barn som vi har intervjuat, även om strategierna för att hantera situationen delvis överlappar. Bland barnen i nyanlända familjer ger många uttryck för att pengarna de erhåller är tillräckligtför att tillgodose familjens behov samt att försörjningsstödet ger dem och deras familj möjlighet att bygga nya liv. Även dokumentationen av barns och ungas situation i samband med försörjningsstödsärenden skiljer sig åt, eventuellt på grund av att anledningarna bakom föräldrarnas behov av försörjningsstöd är olika. Forskningen har genomförts i samarbete med Campus Västervik.

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  • 176.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Teambaserat skolsocialt arbete: fördjupad och utökad elevhälsa2017In: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Backlund, Åsa, Högdin, Sara & Weitz, Ylva Spånberger (red.), Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 183-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Book, Lise-Lott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ekström Laihanen, Thérèse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Feminism under förändring: En diskursanalys ur olika feministiska perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism is challenged today by conservative forces. The purpose of our study is to investigate how to talk about feminism in conservative/liberal media after the impact of metoo 2017. We also look at how women differ between conservative/liberal views and the radical perspective.

    The conservative views contribute to a more biological starting point in our gender debates where men and women become an important division. This leaves the social construction aside and the traditional gender norm becomes more given. The discussion about feminism that deserves earlier was more radical than what is going on today. There are more actors who now speak out about feminism than when feminism's debate started. Now men are allowed to participate in discussions in a way that may not have been allowed. The word that often recurs in the debates rather than feminism is gender equality as it is an easier word to relate to. It includes more people.

    We used discourse analysis as a method to explore the phenomenon of feminism more deeply. A discourse defines a phenomenon and thereby closes other other assumptions about the phenomenon. I a discourse determines who can talk and what can be said but also what is taboo. During the early 2000s, there was an awakening around sexual harassment that Tarana Burke started through the metoo movement and got her boost in 2017. It was now allowed to think and think highly about the debate and feminism together and of course place.

    By looking at three newspapers and one news site, we will explore how liberal and conservative media relate to the phenomenon of feminism. To get answers to our questions while we have two different questions "How do you talk about feminists after metoo in conservative/liberal media" and "How does the conservative / liberal view of feminism differ from the radical feminist perspective".

    In our results we found about the conversation about feminism that differs between the conservative / liberal view and the radical feminist perspective.

  • 178.
    Boquist, Theres
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindefur, Mariah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Mycket snack och lite verkstad": En kvalitativ studie om delaktighet för brukarrepresentanter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study deals with the participation of user-representatives from various social enterprises. The overall aim of the study is to examine how participation can be influenced by social interactions between future social workers and user-representatives from social enterprises. A qualified study has been carried out through a participant observation for two days in a future-workshop between social work students, teachers and user-representatives. Empirical data has been analyzed by means of symbolic interactionsm and Goffman's dramaturgical theater analysis. The age range of study participants is at 22-70 years and it was predominately female group of participants.

    The study-results show that the inclusion of real influence is something pursued both from the policies of the National board and from community citizens, in this study in terms of students and user representatives. However, this is nothing that shows in practice, it is rather a pseudoparticipation which includes a lot of talk and little action, where participation does not lead to any real influence. It requires an even division of power between different group representatives to provide the right conditions in the making of participation on equal terms. Lack of time is a preventing factor. It appears that the success of participation is that we share the same understanding of reality and pursue a power leveling to fight stigmatization. This requires common meeting places. The study shows that a long term approach for a successful implementation at all stages from education to the workplace to the citizen is required. There is at long chain where much can go wrong along the way. This may explain the inertia detected in this study.

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  • 179.
    Borg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Hedman, Lisa
    Campus Västervik.
    "Jag ser att det här kan va' min framtida stad": unga vuxans upplevelser av att leva och bo i Västervik2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här forskningsprojektet tar sin utgångspunkt i tidigare studier som har gjorts i Västervik och som presenterats i kortrapporterna "Det handlar om att kompromissa" – unga vuxnasamtalar om livsval, framtidstankar och hur det är att bo och studera i Västerviks kommun(Beckman, 2018) och "Här är ganska nice, men..." – ungdomars tankar om Västervik och vad som är viktigt i livet (Holm, Henriksen & Beckman, 2019). Föreliggande studie genomfördes under 2019 och fokuserar på unga vuxna i åldern 20–30 år som har valt att flytta till eller återvända till Västervik.Vilka var anledningarna till att de flyttade (tillbaka) till Västervik? Hur upplever de att det är att leva och bo i Västervik? Upplever de att flytten till Västervik har påverkat deras liv, och i så fall hur? Vilka reflektioner gör de kring valet att stanna kvar eller ej? Studien är liten i sin omfattning, men i materialet ser vi ändå att vissa teman återkommer fråntidigare studier genomförda såväl nationellt som internationellt. De upplevelser som de unga vuxna i studien delar med sig av anser vi vara värdefulla. Upplevelserna visar på anledningar som kan finnas kring att bosätta sig i en mindre stad som Västervik, likväl som på att det kan finnas en ambivalens kring vad flytten innebär. Förhoppningen är att den här studien kan bidra med ytterligare perspektiv kring livet på mindre orter och vad som kan ses som styrkor respektive utmaningar för mindre kommuner när det gäller att locka unga vuxna som inflyttare. Likt tidigare nämnda studier är även denna genomförd som ett samverkansprojekt mellan den barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga forskningsmiljön (BUV) på Högskolan Väst och Campus Västervik. 

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  • 180.
    Borgh, Denise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Paun, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkan mellan professioner internt och externt i skolans elevhälsa.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about describing interactions within the school's student health organization inter-nally and externally, and how collaboration on student affairs created in multi-disciplinary teams. The study is based on a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews that give the interviewee the opportunity to answer the exact same question but with their own thoughts and opinions. This gives interviews a more openness in the responses. The study includes a descrip-tion of the student care / student health emergence, collaboration, professions and international research. This is to give the reader a broad insight and understanding about the subject. The selection of representatives for the interviews were conducted on the basis of different profes-sions, given their connection to participation in student health team. The interview questions are based on the issues; How is the interaction between the different professions described within the student health organization? And how does the interaction with external organiza-tions work out? The study shows that collaboration in student health and its external partners is a necessity to carry out a task / achieve a common goal. The collaboration internally at the school works well and professions welcomes the collaboration. Having meetings continuously provides security at work where everyone uses their own specific skills. It is noticeable that during a time of reorganization the staff is not always focused and not able to participate in meetings, which affects the interaction negatively. A continuity of a team is important for con-fidence in each other's professions. The external collaboration usually works well but some-times it takes too long before school and student receives the help sought. A better structure of the meetings would improve a better collaboration. Themes that emerged during the study were; positive and negative interactions, the importance of formal and informal cooperation, the im-portance of external cooperation, comments on the organization and working procedures, and views on student health. In conclusion, the results show that collaboration is a necessity for the success of working prevention and health promotion towards a common goal. The school by law is required to implement this common goal.

  • 181.
    Borgström, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    A literature review about young people with intellectual disabilities and social media2017In: Cyberspace 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has studied internet use in youth and adults in general, but little is known about how young people with intellectual disabilities use the Internet and social media. The available research indicates that there are risks and barriers but also opportunities to be found. While there are risks for victimization and bullying and barriers in terms of difficulties caused by literacy and communication skills, cyber-language, cyber-etiquette and accessibility, there are also opportunities such as friendships, development of social identity and self-esteem and enjoyment. The purpose of this study is to conduct a literature review of the research field, with special focus on young people with intellectual disabilities and social activities on the Internet. A search strategy was designed in collaboration with the Gothenburg University library. The databases Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar was chosen due to their multi-disciplinary character. The search was limited to scientific journal articles and brief reports published in English. Search terms were chosen and combined with Boolean operators. Search was concluded in May 2017. After articles off topic and cross references were removed, 12 of 452 publications remained. The preliminary analysis showed that most research was conducted in Europe and North America. The studies were primary from psychology, education, medicine and social science. More than half of the studies were published after 2015 indicating a rapidly growing field. Most of the studies were qualitative. The studies were grouped thematically based on content: opportunities, risks, vulnerability, barriers, sexuality, identity and support.

  • 182.
    Borgström, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Daneback, Kristian
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Young People with Intellectual Disabilities and Social Media: A Literature Review and Thematic Analysis2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 129-140Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this review is to identify and analyse the research findings in the field of young people with intellectual disabilities and social media.Method: Twelve peer-reviewed papers published in well-established and recognized journals between 2001 and 2017 were identified from electronic database searches (Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar), the Internet (Facebook) and correspondence with experts.Results: Six topics were identified through thematic analysis of the texts: opportunities, risk and vulnerability, sexuality, identity, barriers and support.Conclusion: The latest research on young people with intellectual disabilities is characterized by issues of risk, vulnerability and support. The concept of positive risk-taking is suggested for the development of methodological approaches in practice and research. Furthermore, vulnerability, online and offline activities and identity formation should be examined more closely, and there is a call for new research methods in this area, for example observations and netnography.

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  • 183.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Putnick, Diane L.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, (ÜSA).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Neapel, (ITA).
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology (ITA).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome (ITA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau (MAC).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002, (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University (USA).
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University (USA).
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University (KEN).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University (USA) and King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University (THA).
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico (ITA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    ’Mixed Blessings’: Parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective2022In: Parenting: Selected Writings of Marc H. Bornstein / [ed] Marc H. Bornstein, Taylor & Francis, 2022, p. 392-415Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    Methods: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children’s adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    Results: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children’s better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    Conclusions: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting is important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 184.
    Boström, Edvin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Johansson, Felicia
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Enskilt huvudmannaskap för allmänna platser: en jämförelse av redovisning av särskilda skäl2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to make a comparison of how the reporting of special reasons for private responsibility for public space looked like before and after the surveying authority's changed role in the detailed planning process that took effect from 2015. In addition, an assessment is also made of whether the stated reasons are acceptable according to the law.Detailed development plans within Kalmar County that contain individual principalship for public space are collected. The plans that are examined have gained legal force between 2010 and 2020. Plan descriptions in these detailed plans are studied to see what reasons the municipality has stated for private responsibility. The assessment of whether the stated reasons are acceptable according to the law is made by studying legal cases, preparatory work, reports and manuals from the National Land Survey.For the study, 52 detailed plans were collected from different municipalities in Kalmar County. The period before the survey's changed role in 2015 consists of 28 detailed development plans and after 2015 consists of 24. The results show that the reporting is often deficient for special reasons. In a large part of the plans, no reasons are presented at all. However, there is a clear difference between the periods. Before the new role of surveying, no reasons were reported at all in 15 of the 28 plans studied. The period between 2015 and 2020 shows that 4 out of 24 plans did not state any reason which can be seen as an improvement. 

  • 185.
    Bovellan, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Heilig-Blom, Jens
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Därav står dörren oftast öppen”: Professionellas, inom gymnasiesärskolans verksamhet, upplevelser och erfarenheterav identitetsskapande för ungdomar med funktionsvariationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier har visat att omgivningens förhållningssätt och bemötande påverkar identitetsskapandet för ungdomar med funktionsvariationer och att de har en önskan om att leva som andra medborgare i samhället. Det har framkommit att personer med funktionsvariationer får tilldelade roller genom olika kategoriseringar och att det motsätter sig den tilldelade identiteten som exempelvis särskoleelev. Syftet med studien var att söka kunskap om professionellas upplevelser av identitetsskapande förungdomar med funktionsvariationer och hur de hanterar samtal om identitet i sin yrkesvardag. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats i form av intervjuer utifrån en allmän intervjuguide. Fem intervjuer genomfördes med professionella inom gymnasiesärskolans verksamhet och det empiriska materialet analyserades genom tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att relationsskapande mellan eleverna och de professionella är en viktig faktor för elevernas personliga utveckling och identitet. Det handlingsutrymme som de professionella har visade sig påverka förutsättningarna för elevernas identitetsskapande som kunde främjas av att professionella hade ett stort utrymme att samtala med eleverna som bidrog till en trygg miljö och vidare entrygg identitet. I samstämmighet med tidigare forskning visade studien att det finnsen grupp elever som motsätter sig tillhörigheten till gymnasiesärskolan. Det framkom vidare att professionella tolkar sin roll utifrån sina egna normer och hur de skall bemöta eleverna, vilket omsorgsbehov som finns, vilket påverkar ingången den professionella tar. Det finns en rådande norm i samhället som påverkar elevernas identitetsskapande och känsla av att gå på gymnasiesärskolan. För att förändra dessa strukturer behöver kunskapsutvecklingen om personer med funktionsvariationer utvecklas inom gymnasiesärskolans verksamhet och andra verksamheter i samhället.

  • 186.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    University of Worcester, Institute of Health and Society, United Kingdom.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Brandel Ericsdotter, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    I bemötandet kan ett erkännande uppstå: En kvalitativ studie över kvinnojourspersonals erfarenheter av rättsprocessens påverkan på våldsutsatta kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialt arbete har en viktig roll i att förstå utsattheten och effekterna av mäns våld mot kvinnor. För att klara av att stötta kvinnor som har drabbats av våldet är kunskap om rättsprocessen ett viktigt verktyg. Studiens syfte har varit att undersöka kvinnojourspersonals erfarenheter av rättsprocessens påverkan på våldsutsatta kvinnor.

    Studien bygger på en kvalitativ ansats med tematisk analys av de intervjuer som genomförts med personalen. Det sociala arbetets perspektiv på rättsprocessen har synliggjort vad som behövs för att ge våldsutsatta kvinnor som genomgår en rättsprocess det stöd de är i behov av och har rätt till.

    Resultatet visar att bemötandet från professioner inom rättsväsendet kan bidra till det erkännande som krävs för att stärka kvinnans självbild, vilket i förlängningen kan hjälpa henne att frigöra sig från våldets konsekvenser och medverka till en förändring av sin situation. Samtidigt kan ett bemötande som missaktar riskera en försämring av kvinnans självbild, vilket hindrar möjligheten till trygghet och självaktning som kan få konsekvensen av att det blir svårare att ta sig ur våldet. Erkännandet eller uteblivandet av detsamma, påverkar därför kvinnans syn på sig själv både som individ och som medlem i ett samhälle. Det faktum att kvinnans mest privata blir offentligt när en rättsprocess drar igång kan leda till både erkännande och missaktning beroende på vilket bemötande som uppstår. Studien ger en fördjupad förståelse av bemötandets påverkan på våldsutsatta kvinnor som genomgår en rättsprocess.

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  • 188.
    Brandqvist, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Henriksson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    När lögnerna blir en del av vardagen: En kvalitativ studie om hur man kan uppmärksamma samt förebygga ätstörningsproblematik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie som handlar om ätstörningar ur ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur man inom socialt arbete kan uppmärksamma personer med ätstörningsproblematik samt hur man kan arbeta för att motverka ätstörningar. Vi ville dessutom få en ökad förståelse för ämnet där vi som blivande socialpedagoger kommer att stöta på problematiken ute på fältet.

    Vi har använt oss av kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer med personer som själva har erfarenheter från en tidigare ätstörningsproblematik men som idag anser sig vara friska från ätstörningen. Dock valde vi att avgränsa studien genom att endast intervjua personer som haft någon av ätstörningarna anorexi, bulimi eller ortorexi.

    I studien har vi besvarat frågor om hur intervjupersonerna upplevt sig själva under ätstörningen, vilken betydelse omgivningen och samhället fått utifrån media och normer, samt hur intervjupersonerna utifrån egna erfarenheter tror att man kan förhindra utvecklingen av ätstörningar. Studien är alltså avgränsad till att innefatta det sociala och vardagliga livet runt ätstörningen och går inte in på djupare detaljer om det fysiska och psykiska området.

    Vi har analyserat empirin i intervjuerna utifrån ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv med teorier från Husserls livsvärldsbegrepp, Shütz tolkningsschemata och Merleau-Pontys kroppsfenomenologi. Studien utgår från två centrala begrepp; självbild och normer, som är två viktiga delar för att förstå ätstörningar i samhället. Därefter har vi dragit kopplingar mellan tidigare forskning, teorier, centrala begrepp och empiri. Utifrån tidigare forskning där studierna är genomförda i USA och i Sverige, har vi visat på skillnader och likheter som uppmärksammats inom ätstörningsproblematiken; där både forskningen från USA och Sverige belyser media, normer och kroppsidealens betydelse. I det empiriska resultatet framkommer tydliga skillnader och likheter i resonemangen hos intervjupersonerna som vi sedan analyserade med hjälp av fenomenologin, för att därefter försöka nå slutsatser om hur man inom socialt arbete kan uppmärksamma ätstörningsproblematiken på sociala arenor, samt arbeta för att motverka ätstörningar.

  • 189.
    Brask, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Augustsson, Maria-Magdalena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att definiera verkligheten: En kvalitativ studie om medias dagordningssättande makt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att med stöd av dagordningsteorin undersöka hur invandrare och invandring framställs i media. Således utgjorde dagordningsteorin ett av de främsta redskapen i analysarbetet. För att kunna svara på våra frågeställningar använde vi oss av kvalitativ innehållsanalys till att undersöka vår empiri som bestod av utvalda tidningsartiklar. Utifrån en konstruerad vecka och med valda sökord efter tidigare forskning och frågeställningar fann vi 65 artiklar att undersöka.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att media framställer en negativ bild av invandring och invandrare och benämner de generellt i negativa ordalag. Vi fann att media har en dagordningssättande makt där invandring, till följd av medias publicering, blir en viktig samhällsfråga. Resultatet visar också att medias dagordningssättande makt förmedlar hur läsarna ska tycka om invandring och invandrare och då i överlag negativa termer. Media förmedlar en bild av invandring som en belastning på samhället där mycket fokus ligger på områden inom politik, samhällsresurser och frågor om terror och hot. Invandrare framställs i media med egenskaper så som farliga, hotfulla, våldsamma och som offer i en patriarkal struktur.Vår slutsats är att resultatet går i linje med tidigare forskning. Bilden som media förmedlar ger också påverkan på det socialpedagogiska arbetet då socialpedagogen i mötet med målgruppen definierar situationen utifrån denna bild.

  • 190.
    Bravo Vera, Evelyn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Behrami, Vjollca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi springer in och ut": En kvalitativ studie om NPM införandet i hemtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and increase our understanding of what the New Public Management reform has resulted for the employees of the municipal home care service and if they feel that the work has changed. The study is based on a qualitative research methodology and empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews. In the study six respondents participated. All worked as assistant nurses in municipal home care services in Västra Götaland County. In order to analyze the collected material, Foucault's theories about discipline, power and monitoring were used. These theories can be interpreted as a power-using tool. Who are exercised to create committed bodies with the purpose of socializing the individual to adapt to norms and rules that will lead to efficiency in the work. The results of the study shows that the respondents feel controlled and supervised. It has also had a negative impact on the quality of care and social relations with the care providers.

  • 191.
    Broo, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Grundskoleelevers icke-kognitiva kunskaper: En uppgift för socialpedagogen?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school has undergone great changes, society places different demands on today's youth's and international measurements show that Swedish pupils perform lower results in school. Research has shown that non- cognitive skills play a major role in the future progress and development of cognitive skills. What is the school's mission to develop children and young people's non- cognitive skills? Through a qualitative content analysis examines the Education Act, the compulsory school curriculum and the UNCRC, focusing on school assignments for child and adolescent development of non- cognitive skills, young people's rights to a safe school environment and the opportunity for socialization and how the document allocates responsibility between school and home in child development. The study also examines the curriculum for elementary teacher program at University West to clarify teachers' knowledge area and analyzed how a social pedagogical framework can supplement teacher in the above responsibilities and tasks in relation to home. The social pedagogical reference framework emphasizes the importance of seeing the big picture of a child's situation and that it´s important that young people are included in social communities and businesses to develop. To thrive, children need to get the basic needs in Maslow's needs pyramid satisfied. This gives an understanding of how important it is to give children and young people right conditions to develop optimally. Based on the categories of socialization, home and school, safe school environment, non- cognitive skills and disposition reveals among other things that the school has an important responsibility for the child's development but that the home has the primary responsibility and that the school is responsible for more than just cognitive skills.

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  • 192.
    Brorsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sandberg, Mathina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Det är bara jag som har nyckeln till låset": en kvalitativ studie om unga vuxna med missbruksproblematik och deras upplevelser av stödinsatser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore and analyze young adults' experiences with the support given by social workers as part of a program for young adults with substance abuse. The respondents in the study had a current or recently completed assistance effort from the social services constituted by support from this program. The study is qualitative with a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach, in order to explore and analyze the respondents' personal perspectives and experiences. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted and the data was analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. The results were analyzed in relation to previous research and the study's theoretical framework. The study is based on the empowerment theory and the key concepts used were availability, alliance, motivation, user influence and power.

    The results of the study show that it is important that social workers have a comprehensive view and that user influence is important in the treatment work. Furthermore, the existence of an alliance between the social workers and young adults is crucial for the young adults' changing process, an alliance that is built by the social worker's confidence-inspiring efforts. These efforts include understanding and caring for the young adults, being there for them and allowing them the time they need. The results also show that consciousness-raising and educational talks between the social workers and young adults create motivation and willingness regarding continued contact with the social workers. Additionally, the results show that the young adults understand the social workers' rules as well as their preferential right of interpretation, which in turn shows that they have an acceptance for the social worker's assumption of power. A central conclusion of the study is that the quality of the social workers' and young adults' relationship is of fundamental importance throughout the young adults' process of change.

  • 193.
    Brorsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Blomqvist Tuvesson, Ann-Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den tysta delaktigheten: En studie om den äldre personens upplevelse av delaktighet och meningsfullhet i vardagen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse how persons within the elderly care experience their every-day life with respect to their opportunities to affect the content. A part of the purpose is also to illuminate this issue from the perspectives of participation and meaningfulness. The authors are answering the following questions in the study: How do elderly people experience their every-day life? How do elderly people experience their ability to make every-day decisions? How can elderly people participate in the every-day life? How is meaningfulness expressed in the every-day life of elderly people?

    This study has a qualitative approach and the data in the study was collected through nine interviews with elderly people within the elderly care. The respondents are persons over 65 years of age who benefits from elderly care such as home care service and special home.

    The result of the study shows that the elderly persons experience their every-day life based on their knowledge of their physical abilities and limitations. The result also shows that elderly persons experience participation and ability to affect their every-day life based on their physical limitations. Simultaneously, participation is also present in an unknown process of adoption to the routines of elderly care. In addition, another aspect of the conclusion is that the elderly person expresses sadness and loneliness due to old age, disability and lack of someone or something.

    A part of the result is also a deeper, existential form of participation – the silent participation. This comes in two perspectives, the satisfied silent participation that means that the elderly person participates in his or her mind in a positive way, and the suppressed participation when the elderly sees and observes how he or she really would like to have it, without expressing it. The result also shows that meaningfulness, or lack of meaningfulness, is depended on whether the elderly person has insight in their perceived life situation and their ability to manage and affect the content of their every-day life.

    Keywords: Elderly persons, elderly care, every-day life, resource, participation, meaningfulness

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  • 194.
    Broström, Magnus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Existentiella dimensioner i socialpedagogiskt välfärdsarbete med äldre människor2018In: Socialpedagogisk handling: i teori och praktik / [ed] Martin Molin & Anette Bolin, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 131-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Brundin, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Larson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Våldet vi inte ser: Litteraturöversikt om våld i nära relation mot män2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intimate partner violence is not a new problem, it has existed in all cultures and throughout history. Violence occurs in different degrees and what distinguishes violence in a close relationship is that it is not continuous, it also includes loving bits from the partner. The environment and suffering is palpable, as the violence takes place in the home environment and the suffering is constant for the vulnerable vulnerability experienced by the men.

    Aim: The aim of the literature review is to describe the types of violence to which men are exposed to and what prevents men from seeking help in cases of intimate partner violence by a female partner.

    Method: A literature review was conducted as a method included eight qualitative and six quantitative articles, as well as three articles that used both methods, all of which were quality reviewed. The databases used for the literature review were CINAHL and PsycInfo. 

    Results: The results show that men are exposed to different types of violence and there are several factors that make it difficult for men to seek help for their vulnerability. The social structure of how men should be, expectations of masculinity, norms and the stereotype that exists on how men and women should be.

    Conclusion: The results of the literature review showed that men are not getting the help they need due to the expectations placed on men. Further knowledge is needed to recognize and prevent men's vulnerability.

  • 196.
    Bujupi, Pranvera
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bujupi, Lulevera
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att byta land och börja om...: En kvalitativ studie om människor med utländsk bakgrund och hur de förhåller sig till att känna sig "hemma" i Sverige.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ studie vars syfte är att undersöka hur människor med utländsk bakgrund förhållersig till "att känna sig hemma i Sverige". De frågeställningar vi använt vid vår undersökning är: Vad innebär det att känna sig hemma i Sverige? Vad är avgörande för att känna sig "hemma" i Sverige? Hur och med vilka medel kan känslan av hemma förstärkas i Sverige? Informanterna har varit mellan 19-68 år gamla och har varit bosatta i Sverige i minst tio år. Tidigare forskning visar att majoriteten av människor med utländsk bakgrund känner sig "hemma" i Sverige och att en del till och med känner sig mer "hemma" i Sverige än i ursprungslandet. Anledningen anses vara Sveriges höga levnadsstandard och ekonomiska skyddsnät. Men forskning visar att det även finns etniska och kulturella skillnader i socialt deltagande mellan inrikes och utrikes födda. Integrationen påverkas av individers sociala nätverk enligt tidigare studier. Vi har använt oss av kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer vars syfte är att ta del av intervjupersonernas egna perspektiv. Analysmetoden vi valt att använda är meningskoncentrering. Vårt resultat visade att trygghet, annorlundaskap, språk, arbete, utbildning samt umgänge med människor av annan etnicitet var avgörande för att människor med utländsk bakgrund ska känna sig hemma i Sverige. Studien visade också att öppenhet för andra kulturer och att ha en större förståelse för människor med utländsk bakgrund kan effektivisera det sociala arbetet men även bidra till känsla av delaktighet för invandrare i Sverige.

  • 197.
    Burman, Andrea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Berntsson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Det är ingen som bara serverar en": En kvalitativ studie om hur arbetsförmedlare responsibiliseras och responsibiliserar utrikes födda kvinnor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I överensstämmelse med arbetslinjen förväntas alla vuxna människor i Sverige idag ha ett lönearbete. Kraven på arbetsmarknaden är dock höga och det finns flera kriterier man måste uppfylla för att anses vara anställningsbar. Utrikesfödda kvinnor utpekas av staten som en speciellt svår grupp att få ut i sysselsättning och ska därmed prioriteras av arbetsförmedlingen. Arbetsförmedlingen upplever å sin sida en ökad arbetsbörda och större press att få ut personer i sysselsättning. Studiens syfte är därmed att undersöka arbetsförmedlares upplevelser av att både själva bli responsibiliserade och att i sin tur responsibilisera utrikes födda arbetslösa kvinnor. Begreppet responsibilisering används för att förstå och beskriva arbetsförmedlarnas upplevelser av sitt arbete med målgruppen. Studien är kvalitativ med sex deltagare varav samtliga är arbetsförmedlare som arbetar i olika sysselsättningsprojekt för att få ut utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden. Empirin analyserades genom tematisering och den teori vi valt att ta avstamp i är responsibiliseringsteorin. Resultatet visar på att både arbetsförmedlarna och kvinnorna på olika sätt responsibiliseras. Arbetsförmedlarna använder en rad olika tekniker för att responsibilisera kvinnorna och därmed få dem att ändra på sig, för att anses mer anställningsbara. Teknikerna innefattade att ändra kvinnornas inställning, att få dem att jobba på sig själva samt att få dem att bli mer aktiva. Kvinnorna hålls även ansvariga för sin egen aktivering då arbetsförmedlarna i slutändan skjuter ifrån sig ansvaret. Arbetsförmedlarna responsibiliseras samtidigt genom en hög arbetsbelastning som leder till en känsla av stress och otillräcklighet. Arbetsförmedlarna beskrev också att de ansåg sig ha lyckats med sina arbeten när kvinnorna kom ut i sysselsättning och att de därmed misslyckades när kvinnorna valde bort arbete.

  • 198.
    Burns, Tom
    et al.
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden; Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE), Lisbon, Portugal;.
    Roszkowska, Eva
    University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
    Machado Des Johansson, Nora
    Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE), Lisbon, Portugal;.
    Corte, Ugo
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden; Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, Helsinki, Finland.
    Paradigm Shift in Game Theory: Sociological Re-Conceptualization of Human Agency,Social Structure, and Agents' Cognitive-Normative Frameworks and Action Determination Modalities2018Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to present some of the initial work of developing a social science grounded game theory—as a clear alternative to classical game theory. Two distinct independent initiatives in Sociology are presented: One, a systems approach, social systems game theory (SGT),and the other, Erving Goffman's interactionist approach (IGT). These approaches are presented and contrasted with classical theory. They focus on the social rules, norms, roles, role relationships,and institutional arrangements, which structure and regulate human behavior. While strategic judgment and instrumental rationality play an important part in the sociological approaches, they are not a universal or dominant modality of social action determination. Rule following is considered, generally speaking, more characteristic and more general. Sociological approaches, such as those outlined in this article provide a language and conceptual tools to more adequately and effectively than the classical theory describe, model, and analyze the diversity and complexity of human interaction conditions and processes: (1) complex cognitive rule based models of the interaction situation with which actors understand and analyze their situations; (2) value complex(es) with which actors operate, often with multiple values and norms applying in interaction situations;(3) action repertoires (rule complexes) with simple and complex action alternatives—plans, programs,established (sometimes highly elaborated) algorithms, and rituals; (4) a rule complex of action determination modalities for actors to generate and/or select actions in game situations; three actionmodalities are considered here; each modality consists of one or more procedures or algorithms for action determination: (I) following or implementing a rule or rule complex, norm, role, ritual,or social relation; (II) selecting or choosing among given or institutionalized alternatives according toa rule or principle; and (III) constructing or adopting one or more alternatives according to a value,guideline, or set of criteria. Such determinations are often carried out collectively. The paper identifies and illustrates in a concluding table several of the key differences between classical theory and the sociological approaches on a number of dimensions relating to human agency; social structure, norms, institutions, and cultural forms; patterns of game interaction and outcomes,the conditions of cooperation and conflict, game restructuring and transformation, and empirical relevance. Sociologically based game theory, such as the contributions outlined in this article suggest a language and conceptual tools to more adequately and effectively than the classical theory describe,model, and analyze the diversity, complexity, and dynamics of human interaction conditions and processes and, therefore, promises greater empirical relevance and scientific power. An Appendix provides an elaboration of SGT, concluding that one of SGT's major contributions is the rule based conceptualization of games as socially embedded with agents in social roles and role relationships and subject to cognitive-normative and agential regulation. SGT rules and rule complexes are based on contemporary developments relating to granular computing and Artificial Intelligence in general.

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  • 199.
    Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan, Vänersborg, Sweden.
    Explorations in intercultural work integrated learning: Educational process for a Topsy-Turvy world2011In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how work integrated learning (WIL) can be re-imagined/re-enacted as collaborative playgrounds of networks. To do this we first establish the working context for these reflections by exploring fragments of biography and the immediate catalyst which was a recent seminar held over 5 days, beginning in the rural Swedish town of Ed and, for the last 2 days, at University West in Trollhättan. We then set out to explore the normative and theoretical context of our approach before finally moving to an exploration of the concept of WIL via CLA and scenarios. Our overall goal is to describe some features of an expanded concept of WIL as it relates to intercultural learning. In doing this we hope to generate processes that facilitate the kind of learning necessary if we are to enable teachers and students to build sustainable futures they can realistically aspire to. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 200.
    Bäckemo, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    “Jag vill vara barnmorska men inte till vilket pris som helst”: En kvalitativ studie om sex barnmorskors upplevelse av sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö inom förlossningsvården2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The maternity care crisis is described as a crisis that has escalated in 2021. Although the same issue has been ongoing for many years. This study aimed to examine midwives' experience of the psychosocial work environment within maternity care. Qualitative method was applied. The study was conducted in Sweden. The first respondent was selected through a convenience sample and the other five through a snowball sample. Semi-structured interviews were applied via video calls and the data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed partly in line with previous research, that midwives experienced their psychosocial work environment demanding but also meaningful. Understaffing compromised patient safety and limited respondents ability to provide the support they wanted to patients. In addition to understaffing, the main negative factors identified in the study were the high levels of stress experienced by respondents in the workplace, dissatisfaction with having to work three shifts and the feeling that they were not being seen. Support and community among colleagues and the meaningfulness of the profession were described as contributing factors to respondents' desire to remain working in maternity care

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