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  • 151.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ragnestål Impola, Carina
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Some Bright And Dark Sides Of Personality May Be Adaptive For Well-Being In Face Of Workplace Bullying2017In: Enabling Change Through Work and Organizational Psychology : Opportunities and Challenges for Research and Practice, Dublin, Irland, 2017, article id Th-OR-S36-2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Targets of workplace bullying tend to have poor health, and we set out to determine whether personality may predict their health quality. 

    Design/Methodology We collected data from 172 people (98 women); social workers, engineers and restaurant employees. To measure health, we used parts of EQ-5D (usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression), and EQ VAS, a visual analogue scale. Bright (Big-Six) and dark (Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and narcissism) personality traits were measured by MiniIPIP6 and Short-D3. NAQ-R was used to determine who feel bullied. The relationships of the traits and bullying with health (outcome) were analyzed using 3-step hierarchical linear regressions, controlling for gender, age and social desirability.

    Results In face of workplace bullying low extraversion, humility-sincerity and low narcissism significantly predicted poor health related to both discomfort and usual activities. Separate regression models regarding both bright and dark sides of personality predicting depression/anxiety became non-significant when NAQ-R was entered.

    Limitations Cross-sectional design and Swedish population.

    Research/Practical Implications These results imply that high extraversion and narcissism may protect aspects of health important for working life in face of workplace bullying, while low levels of these traits make a target’s health more sensitive. 

    Originality/Value The study is the first to analyze different dimensions of health quality with predictors of both bright and dark personality in face of workplace bullying, discussing the results in the light of Hobfoll’s COR theory and evolution theory. 

  • 152.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ragnestål-Impola,, Carina
    Student MSc at Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bully-typifying personality traits (the Dark Triad) of workplace bullies are not shared by their victims2015In: PSYSOC-2015 Abstracts Book, 2015, p. 10-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying in workplaces creates great suffering for the victims and causes major consequences for the workplace atmosphere and the organization. Personality in bullies and their victims is an under-investigated issue, and some researchers have suggested that not only those who bully, but also those feeling bullied may be likely to act aggressively by sharing several bully-typifying personality traits. This investigation set out to compare levels of dark personality traits (“Dark Triad”: Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and subclinical narcissism) in workplace bullies and their victims. This study comprised 172 employed people (99 women): social workers, engineers, restaurant employees, and security personnel. The study used two questionnaires, Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R) and Negative Acts Questionnaire-Perpetrators (NAQ-P) to measure who feel bullied and who can be classified as bullies. Dark Triad personality traits were measured using the Short Dark Triad (SD3) self-report measure. Bivariate correlational analyses determined that the NAQ-R was positively associated with the NAQ-P (.27). Participants who reported being the target of workplace bullying were no more likely to act aggressively themselves. The NAQ-P was positively associated with Machiavellianism (.60), subclinical psychopathy (.58) and subclinical narcissism (.54). Negligible associations (.00, .01, -.14) were found between the NAQ-R and these traits. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that Machiavellianism and subclinical psychopathy, but not subclinical narcissism, related significantly to the NAQ-P. Machiavellianism alone accounted for 36% of the variance in bullying behaviour.

  • 153.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ragnestål-Impola, Carina
    Msc, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Workplace Bullies, Not Their Victims, Score High in Dark Triad, but Both Tend Toward Introvert Neuroticism2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation set out to compare levels of the Dark Triad traits and the Big-Six personality factors in workplace bullies and their victims in 171 people (98 women); social workers, engineers and restaurant employees in Sweden. Two questionnaires, NAQ-R and NAQ-P, were used to determine who feel bullied and who are bullies. The Dark Triad traits were measured using the Short-D3, while the Big-Six were measured by the MiniIPIP6. The relationships of the traits with bullying were analyzed using 2-step hierarchical linear regression. The first step included the Dark Triad––Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and narcissism. The model explained about half of the variation in bullying. In the next step, the Big-Six factors–honesty-humility, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, neuroticism, openness–as well as social desirability were entered. This added 9% in explained variance. Machiavellianism and psychopathy were significant positive predictors of bullying in both steps. In step 2, narcissism, neuroticism and honesty-humility were significant positive predictors, while extraversion was a significantly negative predictor. Regression models with the same predictors, but with victimization as the dependent variable, explained only 4% of the variation in step 1, narcissism being the only significant (negative) predictor. In step 2, including the Big-Six factors in the model explained an extra 14%. Significant predictors of victimization were high neuroticism and low extraversion. These were the only traits shared by bullies and bullied. Personality traits may give an indication of who in an organization is most likely to become a target of bullying, as well as who is most likely to bully others.

     

  • 154.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    Lpdata AB.
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 18-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

  • 155.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Amfora Future Dialogue AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekegren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan, Sweden.
    Mårdberg, Emanuel Bertil
    LPADATA AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    "Managing with my Heart, Brain and Soul": The Development of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire2013In: Journal of Cooperative Education and Internships, ISSN 1933-2130, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 61-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new Swedish leadership theory of "leadership intelligence" (Ronthy, 2006; 2013) is characterized by a work integrated learning approach. This theory arose from analysis of the experiences of managers trained in performance appraisals, and describes the balance between being a leader and being a manager. A leader develops and uses, in an integrative good balance, leadership intelligence, which comprises emotional intelligence, rational intelligence and spiritual intelligence. The aim of this study was to further develop the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ) created by Ronthy (which has been developed to measure leadership intelligence), and to examine its reliability. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years completed the 71-item LIQ. A shorter, 32-item version of the LIQ was developed by confirmatory factor analysis thorough excluding psychometrically "poor" items. The internal consistency measured by Cronbach’s alpha was high (> .80), and we conclude that leadership intelligence may be reliably measured with both versions of the questionnaire. Future studies should examine the internal and external validity of the LIQ before its introduction into education or into managerial practice.

  • 156.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallman, Jarmila
    Uppsala universitet .
    Different Personality Patterns in Non-Socialized (Juvenile Delinquents) and Socialized (Air Force Pilot Recruits) Sensation Seekers2001In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 15, p. 239-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young delinquents are known to be sensation seekers. Not all sensation seekers become delinquents: many engage in socially accepted activities, such as mountaineering or parachute jumping. The present study compares 47 juvenile delinquents (mean age 17 years) with 18 Swedish air force pilot recruits (mean age 23 years) and 19 conscripts (mean age 18 years) as a control group. Sensation-seeking behaviour, impulsiveness, and psychiatric/psychological vulnerability were measured by the Zuckerman Sensation-Seeking Scales (SSS), the Karolinska Scales of Personality, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Two separate multivariate analyses of variance were performed, followed up by stepdown analyses to identify those personality scale scores that contributed uniquely. In order to clarify the relationships, the pooled within-group correlations among scales were computed. Juvenile delinquents and pilot recruits were both high in sensation seeking, but on different subscales. Delinquents were high in impulsiveness, somatic anxiety, and extraversion–sociability, and low in socialization, suggesting psychiatric/psychological vulnerability. The findings may have implications for the treatment of juvenile delinquents. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

  • 157.
    Dåderman, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strindlund, Hans
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro University.
    Fredriksen, Svend-Otto
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Gothenburg.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    The importance of a urine sample in persons intoxicated with flunitrazepam: legal issues in a forensic psychiatric case study of a serial murderer2003In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 137, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sedative–hypnotic benzodiazepine flunitrazepam (FZ) is abused worldwide. The purpose of our study was to investigate violence and anterograde amnesia following intoxication with FZ, and how this was legally evaluated in forensic psychiatric investigations with the objective of drawing some conclusions about the importance of urine sample in a case of a suspected intoxication with FZ. The case was a 23-year-old male university student who, intoxicated with FZ (and possibly with other substances such as diazepam, amphetamines or cannabis), first stabbed an acquaintance and, 2 years later, two friends to death. The police investigation files, including video-typed interviews, the forensic psychiatric files, and also results from the forensic autopsy of the victims, were compared with the information obtained from the case. Only partial recovery from anterograde amnesia was shown during a period of several months. Some important new information is contained in this case report: a forensic analysis of blood sample instead of a urine sample, might lead to confusion during police investigation and forensic psychiatric assessment (FPA) of an FZ abuser, and in consequence wrong legal decisions. FZ, alone or combined with other substances, induces severe violence and is followed by anterograde amnesia. All cases of bizarre, unexpected aggression followed by anterograde amnesia should be assessed for abuse of FZ. A urine sample is needed in case of suspected FZ intoxication. The police need to be more aware of these issues, and they must recognise that they play a crucial role in an assessment procedure. Declaring FZ an illegal drug is strongly recommended.

  • 158.
    Edvinsson, Stina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Johansson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: en studie om i vilken utsträckning personlighet kan predicera inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse hos lärare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personality and job satisfaction are two well known terms in research in psychology. Personality is the basic characteristics of people, being relatively stable over time and often reflected in how to react and act on the things in daily life (Furnham, 2011). Job satisfaction is, according to Spector (1997), how individuals feel about their job, how much they like or dislike their work. Based on Herzberg´s two-factor theory (Kaufmann & Kaufmann, 2010) job satisfaction in this study is divided into intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study's purpose was to examine whether the personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness could predict intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study had a quantitative approach and was conducted using a questionnaire consisting of the Big Five Inventory and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnare. The 54 respondents in this study were teachers in primary, secondary and adult school. The average age was 44 years (SD = 12.6), 70% women and 30% men. Data were analyzed by three multiple regression analyzes which showed that personality accounted for 4-8% of the variance in the three factors of job satisfaction. Neuroticism was the only one of the five personality dimensions that showed a significant correlation with job satisfaction. The correlation was negative, which meant that those who were higher on the neuroticism scale tended to be lower in intrinsic and general job satisfaction. This is substantially in line with previous research on the subject. One conclusion of the study is that the intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction to the greatest extent is influenced by other factors.

  • 159.
    Ekegren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ledarintelligens, självkänsla och personlighetsdrag före och efter deltagande i UGL2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 160. Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership Intelligence Before and After Participation in UGL Leadership Training2015In: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, ISSN 1321-0122, E-ISSN 1942-3241, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 23-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether there was a difference in three types of leadership intelligence (spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, and rational intelligence) before and after participation in a specific leadership training course. Leadership intelligence was assessed with the aid of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ; Dåderman, Ronthy, Ekegren, & Mårdberg, 2013). The study included 125 participants (M = 38 years, SD = 8), 82 of whom were women. The participants achieved significantly higher mean scores in the three types of leadership intelligence after participation in leadership training, than their mean scores before the training. This professional development program may have contributed to the increase in leaders’ mean scores in leadership intelligence, hopefully leading to a higher quality of leadership.

  • 161.
    Eklund, Jimmie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Hultman, Niclas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Short Dark Triad: En begreppsvalidering av svensk översättning med femfaktormodellens IPIP-120 och Swedish universities Scales of Personality2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dark triad is a group of three dark personality scales consisting of subclinical psychopathy, subclinical narcissism and Machiavellianism (Paulhus & Williams. 2002). The Short Dark Triad (SD3), is the measuring tool and was developed by Jones and Paulhus (2013). The purpose of this thesis was to validate a Swedish translation of the SD3. This was done within an existing research project and included 103 respondents, aged 19-64 years, all being employed. They were assigned to respond to nine different surveys, three of them measuring psychopathy, narcissism and Machiavellianism-related scales. Convergent validation was done by correlation analysis with IPIP-120, measuring the personality of five factor model and Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP), measuring personality traits based on biological markers, and how well they measure the SD3.

    Our results generally confirm earlier research on studies between five factor models personality scales and SD3 (Furnham, Richards, Rangel, & Jones, 2014). One result of particular importance was the negative correlation with the Agreeableness Scale since it is a core for the dark triad personalities. Furthermore, our results followed the expected patterns in the correlations between dark triad personalities and the five factor model. The result of our thesis concludes that the Swedish translation of thPSKe SD3 test is to be considered valid.

  • 162.
    Eklund, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nilsson, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv: En studie om samverkande faktorer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social structures are changing and the boundary between work and personal life is becoming more blurred as a result of gender development, constant reachability through technology and changing family constellations which can create conflict between work and private life. The study's purpose was to examine the conflict between work and private life, and how factors such as social support in private life, gender, place of work, number of close friends and relatives, age, number of years in the workplace and civil status interacts with conflict. The survey was conducted at three workplaces, had 45 participants, with an average age of 45.38 years, of which 13.3% men and 86.7% women. Surveys were MOS Social Support Survey and the Work-Family Conflict Scale and analyzed by multiple linear regression, independent t-test and independent one-way ANOVA. The study showed that the number of years of work interacted positively with conflict between work and private life, which is also part of the previous research has shown. Other factors examined in the study showed no statistical significance, which was partly in line with previous research. One conclusion is that gender, civil status, and children living at home are not colluded in the perceived conflict between work and private life and we discuss whether it can be attributed to cultural factors and modern gender roles. The perception of social support in the private life not interacted with the conflict between work and private life, which is in contrast to some previous research.

  • 163.
    Ekman, Sven
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nilsson, Chris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är du man, tryck start, är du kvinna, byt spel: En kvantitativ studie om könsskillnader inom elektroniskt spelande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined gender differences in electronic gaming and presents a result with a quantitative survey (N=111, n=36 women, n=75 men). The respondents answered how much they play, how much they appreciate different game genres and also to a set of statements meant to measure their motivation for playing games. The result shows that the amount of gameplay correlates negatively with increased age, that men prefers physical and imaginary games to a higher degree than women and that women appreciate simulator games more than men. Regarding gamers’ motives for playing, the result shows that men are to a higher degree than women motivated by social interaction between players and the feeling of excitement within gameplay

  • 164.
    El Amrani Enghult, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress och arbetsmotivation: En kvantitativ studie om samband mellan upplevd stress och motivation på arbetet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there is any correlation between per-ceived stress and motivation at work. The purpose was also to examine if the de-mograpich questions could be of interest according to the results of the study. The study was based on a quantitative approach and used a questionnaire that was devided in two parts. One that measured perceived stress and the other that meas-ured working motivation. The questionnaires that were being used were PSS- Per-ceived Stress Scale and BPNS- Basic Psychological Needs at Work Scale. The study included 78 respondents, all working at five different companies. The study was based on the P-E fit- theory, Karasek´s demand- and control model and Self Determination Theory. The results of this study showed that there is a significant correlation between percevied stress and motivation at work.

  • 165.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes2017In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e12132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective

    In this study, we explore how personal and situational factors relate to the provision of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes. Specifically, we focus on the relationship between the care staff's personality traits and provision of PCC and to what extent perceptions of the working environment influences this relationship.

    Background

    The ultimate goal of elderly care is to meet the older person's needs and individual preferences (PCC). Interpersonal aspects of care and the quality of relationship between the care staff and the older person are therefore central in PCC.

    Design and methods

    A cross-sectional Swedish sample of elderly care staff (= 322) completed an electronic survey including measures of personality (Mini-IPIP) and person-centred care (Individualized Care Inventory, ICI). A principal component analysis was conducted on the ICI-data to separate the user orientation (process quality) of PCC from the preconditions (structure quality) of PCC.

    Results

    Among the five factors of personality, neuroticism was the strongest predictor of ICI user orientation. ICI preconditions significantly mediated this relationship, indicating the importance of a supportive working environment. In addition, stress was introduced as a potential explanation and was shown to mediate the impact of neuroticism on ICI preconditions.

    Conclusions

    Personality traits have a significant impact on user orientation, and the perception of a supportive and stress free working environment is an important prerequisite for achieving high-quality person-centred elderly care.

    Implications for practice

    Understanding how personality is linked to the way care staff interacts with the older person adds a new perspective on provision of person-centred elderly care.

  • 166.
    Eliason, Felix
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad chefer anser vara väsentligt när de anställer chefer för att nå Employer of Choice2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer of choice is a marketing form, where an organization chooses to identify,attract, optimize and retain skilled employees. This includes future and currentemployees. The purpose the present study is to investigate the employer's choicebased on a management perspective. Which leadership qualities are important? Isthe employer "employer of choice" in mind when they recruit senior positions? Thiswas a qualitative study with semistructured interviews, carried out at amanufacturing company. The following themes emerged: (1)Employers ofchoice,(2) executives acting to reach the employer of choice, and (3) managers'thoughts in recruiting other managers to reach the employer of choice. These arediscussed in relation to the essay's approaches and presented theories. Based onidentified themes and questions asked, we can see tendencies that managers haveemployer of choice in mind when recruiting, and that they look whether thecandidates have a genuine interest, stands for what the company does, the motivebehind, and the willingness to take responsibility. The study shows how managersact to reach the employer of choice, and by being a rolemodel, building longtermrelationships, understanding employee needs, being accessible, and beingvisible and open to their surroundings.

  • 167.
    Ellertsson, Christin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stress ur ett studentperspektiv: Studenters egna upplevelser och erfarenheter av stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has become more frequent and has evolved into a social problem in a large portion of the population. All interviewees were students at a college in the South of Sweden consisting of three women and one male within the age-range of 25-40. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of how students experience stress, how they reason, counteract and manage stressful situations. Two interviews were conducted, one with a focus group involving three interviewees, and one involving a single interviewee. An interview guide was created and all interviews were recorded using a dictation machine. The analysis was conducted using thematic analysis which resulted in six themes: driving force, control damage, ambiguity, forward planning, positive thinking, and security. The results showed, among other things, that the interviewees could experience that stress adds to personal progress and sometimes as hindering and draining. Situations where the students experience stress as cumbersome can be when they have vague information about what can be expected of them before an examination while they believe a way to counteract this is good structure. The students also have different approaches as to how they handle their stress, such as exercise or performing stimulating activities, which give them satisfaction and motivation.

  • 168.
    Elmquist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvalitativt förundersökningsledarskap i polisens mängdbrottsutredningar: Vad är viktigt, vad kan påverka beslut?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The investigations of petty crimes are of public interest. They constitute our most common crimes in society. The purpose of this study was to examine which factors police officers leading preliminary police investigations consider most important to carry out investigations with high quality. Furthermore, factors that influence how easy or difficult the decision-making process becomes, and how police officers handled these factors was studied.

    Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight police officers working with investigations. The interviews were thematically analyzed and four themes were found: (1) job demands, (2) work attitudes, (3) the basis of decision, (4) take responsibility and feel secure in decision-making.

    Results showed that ability to prioritize, work involvement and values were important in the working process and that easy decision-making was based on experience among other factors. Interestingly, the police officers, seeking for well-funded decisions, handle different kinds of influences and biases, even though they were not aware of the influence factors. Participants also expressed influencing factors such as pressure from investigators, mass media, time-pressure and stereo-types.

    The study showed high workload and that decision-making concerning petty crimes could be complex and demanding. These factors may lead to faster decision-making resulting in bad decisions due to time-pressure and is a major issue to examine further.

  • 169.
    Engdahl, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Sofie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikation och stress på demensboende: - En intervju- och observationsstudie av vårdgivares kommunikation medvarandra2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the literature, communication is a vital component to avoid incidents. The aim was to illuminate the importance of communication during transport, to study how caregivers are influenced by time related stress, and how being stressed for time influences communication and to compare the result from this study with an earlier by the same authors. Therefore the following issues were chosen: 1) How caregivers communicate with each other during transport of the care-taker 2) Does time related to stress influence communication? 3) Is there any difference in communication-pattern between two experienced caregivers and one experienced and one less experienced caregivers? Five semi-structured interviews and an observational study were conducted, followed by thematic analysis. The interview participants consisted of four experienced caregivers and a trainee. The results show that the caregivers used double communication, where they indirectly informed each other through the care recipient. A great deal of work was spent on routine and therefore communication between the caregivers was not required. To be on "the same level" and to count before a transport was an important part of communication. Experiencing low stress was something that may had come with years of experience. The conclusion was that a great deal of what was going on was supported by reliable praxis, which affected how the caregivers communicated and experienced the stress level. Many of those who worked the geriatric care had worked together for years. Consequently the need for instructions was reduced. Since the caregivers did not experience stress as a problem, neither did they experience that communication was influenced. These results were further verified in three follow-up interviews at two other dementia care facilities. The theories proposed were supported by the follow-up interviews which were based on analyses from the observation.

  • 170.
    Engelbrektsson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Turtell, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka ungdomar mobbar andra?: Samband med impulsivitet, våldsbenägenhet och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying affects 60,000 children in Sweden every year and is a problem in school.Not only do bullies have problems at school but also runs a greater risk of committingviolent crimes at an adult age than people who do not bully others. The purpose ofthis study is to highlight whether impulsivity, violence and parenting communicationcan have relationships with bullying and to find out if there are any differencesbetween boys and girls. A quantitative study was made based on data from LoRDIA(Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence) wave 3, where 1324 youngpeople aged 13-17 were included. The result shows that based on self-reported andself-assessed behavior there is a positive statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others, violent behavior and parenting communication in the form ofparental solicitation, and a negative statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others and parenting communication in the form of parental knowledge andchild disclosure.

  • 171.
    Englund, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erséus, Matilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tenderar individer med kreativa arbeten att vara mer nöjda med livet?: En kvantitativ studie utifrån World Value Survey Wave 62018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today companies face big competition that requires them to have a niche that makes the company unique compared to other actors. Creativity has thus become an important factor in the survival of the organization and has also been shown to help employees become happier.

    The purpose of this study was thus to investigate whether there is a positive correlation between the extent to which individuals consider themselves to have creative work and how satisfied they are with life, which in this study is also referred to as satisfaction with life. Age influence on the perceived satisfaction with life was investigated as previous studies showed that older individuals tend to assess their work as more creative. Finally, it was investigated whether individuals who assess their work as creative also tend to assess their work as independent.

    The results were based on World Value Survey Wave 6 data collected for Sweden. Raw data for 931 respondents with an age range between 18 to 65 were examined, of which about 53 percent women and 47 percent men.

    The results show a strong positive correlation between creativity and independence at work, as well as between creativity and satisfaction with life. A small positive correlation was identified between age and satisfaction with life. The studied variables could only explain 6 percent of individuals' self-estimation of satisfaction with life. This indicates that there are other factors not investigated in this study that can explain individuals' experience of satisfaction with life.

  • 172.
    Eriksson Jeppsson, Adrian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestlund, Adrian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Employer branding: Att attrahera kvinnor inom olika utbildningsfält2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market is currently beneficial for the employees. The number of vacancies vacant in some areas is greater than the amount of labor in today's Sweden. The occupational groups that are mainly sought after in the labor market are post-secondary educated, specialists and academics. The interest in attracting and retaining skilled personnel is therefore great. This work goes under the concept of Employer Branding. Previous research in the field has focused in particular on how an employer can attract staff with different attributes, as well as comparisons between women and men, age, civil status, etc. Something not previously investigated is whether individuals from different educational background have different values regarding desirable attributes with a prospective or current employer. The present study has aimed at contributing to and reducing the lack of knowledge existing in this area. Semi-structured interviews with four female graduates from different educational backgrounds were held to gain increased knowledge of whether these different individuals resonated differently about job attributes. The interviews resulted in five main themes: similarities, differences and unique attributes. For the study, three major employers have also been interviewed to gain a better understanding of how they work with their employer branding. The results have partly confirmed much of what previous theories have raised in the field, but also shown deviations and added to the previous understanding of what individuals of the generation Y are looking for at a prospective or current employer. In order to gain a better understanding of what individuals are attracted to by employers, Herzberg's two-factor model has been applied.

  • 173.
    Eriksson, Madelen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Klaesson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det är ett teamarbete samtidigt som det är ett ensamarbete”: En kvalitativ studie om interprofessionellt teamarbete i hemtjänst/hemsjukvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our elderly and ill persons today receive assistances from various activities, professions, but also from different principals. Previous research addresses the importance of investigating the context in which inter-professional teamwork is an appropriate organizational form, as well as the importance of creating the right conditions for teamwork in the context of elderly care. Person-centered care takes the team work to a wider dimension where the user becomes an equal partner in the inter-professional team. The members of the team exchange information with the caretaker/patient instead of about the caretaker/patient, and then assess, plan and evaluate the continued efforts. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how a team, in municipal housing services/home care in the elderly care sector, experiences/describes its obstacles and 2 opportunities to work in an inter-professional team in accordance with person-centered care. Research questions aimed at gaining knowledge of which factors as individuals/group and structure levels perceive the ability of the team to be effective and how the concept of person-centered care is perceived. Seven employees in an interprofessional home care team were interviewed according to semi-structured interviews, and the interviews were analyzed according to thematic analysis. A complex picture was described, and in the results it emerged that the current context can create obstacles to the professions to interact effectively in inter-professional teams. Factors that hinder the team's ability to be effective are considered by respondents to be; the organization's set up as well as the team’s lack of close interaction. The professions perceive and describe the concept of person-centered care in a similar manner. It is about listening and assuming the patient/caretaker's perception of quality of life and creating an opportunity for participation in how the care is performed. Our results can contribute to knowledge and understanding of the challenges a home care team face. 

  • 174.
    Eriksson, T. Gerhard
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Masche-No, Johanna G.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Psychology, Building 14, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: Signs of adjustment to the situation?2017In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, p. 237-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

  • 175.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning2018In: Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, Vol. 9, no 34, p. 17-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Reactions to Tinnitus2008In: The Consumer Handbook on Tinnitus / [ed] Tyler, Richard S., Sedona: Auricle Ink. , 2008, p. 49-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Olsson, Astrid
    University West, University West, the Library.
    The state and art of tinnitus research from a critical discourse perspective2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives 

    Tinnitus is a condition that almost entirely belongs to the field of audiological medicine, predominately regarded as a disorder of the ear. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of the art concerning the scientific discourse on tinnitus. Our main interest was to find the answers to: Who are involved in the research; i.e. within a disciplinary context? What approaches have been most influential?  How much influence does one specific perspective have on the discourse compared to another perspective?

    Methods

     A selection of articles with tinnitus as the main objective, published in international journals between 1930-2013, were analyzed according to Critical discourse analysis and influenced by concepts deriving from (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985). Collected articles were representative, disciplinarily seen.

    Results

    Discourse analysis showed to be an appropriate method for studying the discourses on tinnitus within a time period of more then 80 years. The most influential discourse on the definition of tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of a sound (s) in the absence of an external sound source. It is clear that this definition has been adopted regardless of disciplinary field. Philosophical and existential aspects of tinnitus suffering are not prevalent in the discourses on tinnitus, a somewhat understandable result, as the influence of medical science is exceptional. 

    Conclusion

    Generally seen, the dominance of one discourse in a field of research can lead to an inhibition of other valuable discourses from the periphery (the field of discursivity). The most productive scientific strategy would be to allow several discourses to exist side by side. A significant point to stress, since no epidemiological data so far have demonstrated that the populations of tinnitus patients in any way are homogeneous.

  • 178.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicholas
    Univ Poitiers, Dept Psychol, .
    Categorization of tinnitus in view of history and medical discourse2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, p. 23530-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation and paradigms have had no influence on how the condition is defined as for instance one would expect psychologists and neurologists to have their own viewpoint on this issue.

  • 179.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Audiology.
    The impact of perceived tinnitus severity on health-related quality of life with aspects of gender.2001In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 3, no 10, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) has been used to investigate the health profiles in different medical conditions. It has, however, never been applied to tinnitus sufferers. The present study aimed at investigating relationships between the perceived severity of tinnitus, audiometric data, age, gender and non-disease specific health-related quality of life measured with the NHP divided into two sections; NHP I (topics related to health status) and NHP II (health induced problems in daily life). These parameters were statistically analysed to identify predictive factors to the perceived severity of tinnitus, described by the Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire (TSQ). A total of 186 consecutive tinnitus patients (57 females and 129 males) attending an audiological specialist clinic in Sweden were included in the study. The stepwise regression model used explained 37.8 per cent of the variance in the perceived severity of tinnitus, and the significant predictors were: "Emotions", "Sleep", and "Pain", three of the six dimensions of the NHP I. Differences between gender were found in NHP II and age-related differences emerged in NHP I when male and female patients were compared to normal controls.

  • 180.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A
    University of Florida, Department of Communicative Disorders, College of Public Health and Health Professions.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults2008In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 182.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 183.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olsen, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The effects of noise, attitudes, and risk taking on children and young adults.2004In: Perspectives on Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 8-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Maj-Liz
    Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neuroscience.
    A longitudinal study investigating the contribution of mental illness in chronic tinnitus patients2006In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 124-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of affective components seen in relation to tinnitus suffering was investigated in 70 patients consulting at an audiological clinic. They were interviewed and answered the Spielberger's State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). It was hypothesized that an anxious and depressed mood might be a sign of a serious psychiatric illness and, therefore, diagnostic interviews including the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), Axis II (personality) disorders (SCID-II), the BDI, the Montgomery A?sberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Hopelessness Scale (HS), as well as biomedical tests, were conducted in a subgroup of 18 individuals. Fifty per cent (two women and seven men) were diagnosed as suffering from a personality disorder. No significant relationships were revealed when various biochemical markers were analysed. One and a half years later, 16 subjects were interviewed a third time and answered the STAI and the BDI. There was a clear trend in the data showing that patients having a personality disorder did not change their distress profile from the first to the third period of assessment. In these patients, a vicious circle caused by pronounced intolerance to life stress seems to operate in a more serious way than in patients who do not suffer from a personality disorder. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

  • 185.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, E.
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, article id 1319584Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenging the ADHD consensus2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-2, article id 31124Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Riskbeteende och sociala faktorers betydelse för barns och ungdomars hörsel.2006In: Inre och yttre världar: funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Essman, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lugnet efter stormen: En kvalitativ studie om delar av polisens omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the organizational change of the police organization, with the intention of increasing employee involvement, motivation and organization's flexibility, is perceived by its employees. The study was based on six participants, including four police officers and two civil servants. In order to investigate the participants' experiences, semi-structured interviews have been conducted. The semi-structured interviews allowed supplementary questions, which has helped to explore the participants' experiences more closely. Interview material was recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed. The transcripts subsequently identified several recurring codes that together formed different themes. These themes formed a total of six main categories which are: conditions for reorganization, attitude to reorganization, motivation factors, structural factors, lack of trust and lack of understanding. The result showed that all participants had been informed of the reorganization before its implementation. However, the information varied in quality, and the participants experienced different degrees of satisfaction. None of the participants had expectations of the organizational change and participants reported differences in experienced motivation and structural benefits and disadvantages after the organizational change. Furthermore, the result showed that some participants experienced insufficient confidence in managers and management after the reorganization. Finally, the result showed that all participants experienced difficulties understanding the goal of increased organizational flexibility.

  • 190.
    Fagerberg, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Jevås, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Samverkan mellan KASAM, personlighet och stress2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress in the workplace is increasing in today's society, consequently, the workload and demands in health care will be greater. The study's purpose was to investigate whether there was a relationship between the SOC (sense of coherence), stress, personality variables (neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness), and age. Even comparative analyzes were conducted with the purpose to investigate whether there are differences between groups. Analyses have been done to investigate if SOC and stress can be predicted. A survey was carried out on the children's section at a hospital in Sweden. There were 44 respondents who participated in the study, all women. Mean age was 48 years. Analyses were performed by correlations, regressions, t-test and ANOVA. The results of the study showed mainly a strong negative correlation between SOC and stress, which is consistent with previous research. The results also showed that SOC has a positive correlation with age among women, which differs from previous research where the correlation has previously only been seen among men. The study also demonstrated that age and stress had a significant negative correlation. The personality trait neuroticism had a negative correlation with SOC and was positively correlated with perceived stress. Conscientiousness showed a negative correlation with stress and a positive correlation with SOC. The study also showed that stress and neuroticism to 62% could predict SOC. The result showed that there was a significant difference in the degree of perceived stress among those who had worked 0-5 years, compared with those who had worked 6-20 years, as well as those who had worked 21 or more in the workplace.

  • 191.
    Falkeling, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Everlund, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd anställningsbarhet bland högskolestudenter: Betydelsen av ålder, upplevd självförmåga samt extraversion2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there was a relation between perceived employability, extroversion, self-efficacy and age in students at a university in Western Sweden. Furthermore the purpose was to examine if these factors can predict perceived employability. A comparison between differences in perceived employability was also made between different programs and gender. Surveys was handed out to second-years students at six different educational programs at University West. The results showed that self-efficacy and age can predict perceived employability. There was also a positive correlation between each of the predictors with perceived employability. There was no significant difference between the sexes in perceived employability. Although, differences between the various programs was significant and the nurses self-rated themselves highest in perceived employability.

  • 192.
    Fihn, Belinda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Jumark, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    "De bästa marknadsförarna är ju våra medarbetare": En kvalitativ studie av medarbetares syn på en organisations interna varumärkesarbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was that by using employees' voices study how they view the organization's own internal work with the organization's brand (that is, internal branding). Previous studies that examined internal branding work have not demonstrated methods of how employees can be involved in branding. Our research questions were about how employees feel about the organization's brand, how the view of the internal work differs between managers and employees and how employees themselves would like to design the internal branding work. The result builds on 12 qualitative interviews with eight employees and four managers for the brand work. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis. The results show that employees have ideas about how the organization's internal branding could be designed in the future. The result is in line with previous research but contributes to involves employees by asking about how they would like to design the internal work. The conclusion that can be drawn is that organizations can involve employees in the work by asking them to contribute with their experience of the brand and how they would like the organization to work in the future.

  • 193.
    Fjellman, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ylander, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är emotionell intelligens här för att stanna?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence is a concept that in recent decades has been more and more talked about. The concept is often described by other concepts such as motivation, empathy, social skills, warmth and optimism. The present study focuses on the emotional intelligence of managers, and variables that correlate with Ronthys emotional intelligence. The study included 95 managers in Gothenburg and Mölndal. In order to answer the questions of the study, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regressions were used. The dependent variable was Ronthy’s emotional intelligence and independent variables were emotional intelligence as measured by well-tested instruments (BEIS-10 and HrQM empathy). The results showed that there was a sex difference and there was a statistically significant difference regarding HrQM empathy, and variable BEIS-10 (1) assessment of their own feelings. ANOVA revealed no significant differences in Ronthys emotional intelligence in relation to work position. Based on the regression analysis, HrQM empathy, BEIS-10 (4) regulation of the feelings of others and BEIS-10 (5) emotion explained part of the variance in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. HrQM empathy explained more of the variance than the other variables, although the differences were small. The conclusion showed, according to the current sample, that there was no significant difference between women and men in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. Women showed, according to self-ratings, more HrQM empathy in their leadership than men, which is interesting because empathy is said to be a part of emotional intelligence

  • 194.
    Floberg, Bent
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Avdelningsledare på högskolan: Möten och ledarskapsroller2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att illustrera avdelningsledares roller och möten i det dagliga arbetet. Uppdraget som avdelningsledare på en högskola är speciellt då avdelningsledaren arbetar inom tre olika kulturer samt är begränsat i både tid och omfattning. Studien har utförts genom observationer där tre avdelningsledare har följts. Resultatet visar att 64 % av arbetstiden gick åt till olika typer av möten och de vanligaste ledarskapsrollerna som observerades var som ledare och informationsspridare. Vidare bedömdes avdelningsledarna bedriva ett ledarskap som visade sig till övervägande del vara vad som enligt Luthans (1988) är ett effektivt ledarskap för organisationen, snarare än ett karriärinriktat ledarskap.

  • 195.
    Fors, Petra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rosenqvist, Agnes
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Känsla av sammanhang samt socialt stöd: faktorer som samvarierar med upplevd stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study was a survey that examined covariation between stress, sense of coherence and social support. The study also compared the differences in perceived stress, depending on the number of exercise days a week, civil status and differences in perceived social support and civil status. There were 49 students in adult education who participated in the survey (40 women and 9 men between 20-58 years). The result showed a highly significant negative correlation between SOC and perceived stress. This is in line with previous research (Korotkov & Hannah 1994). The results also showed a medium negative significant correlation between perceived stress and social support, which also aligns with previous research (Glozah & Pevalin, 2014). In the regression analysis predicted SOC stress but social support predicted no stress.

  • 196.
    Forsberg, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En positiv revolution för förändring: Hur Appreciative Inquiry kan bidra till att utveckla organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities and private companies are facing major challenges, both when it comes to keeping their current employees but also when it comes to recruiting new employees who wants to work inside the public sector. As a step towards these challenges, the municipality of Grästorp has chosen to focus on their leaders, but with an intention that it also will benefit every employee in the organization at hand. A work with Hospitality Management (värdskap) has been going on during several years and has proven to be successful but the municipality intends to improve it one step further. To do that they have chosen to work actively with methods like Appreciative Inquiry, appreciative leadership, coaching and organizational development. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a method that focuses on the positive things that already exist in the organization instead of focusing on the existing problems. This study has, by interviewing four leaders, examined how they experience that a venture on methods or ways to work like AI can help an organizational development. Some of the important results from the study are that AI is about finding a new focus, that it demands a new kind of leadership and that it demands that the leaders get guidance and support if it is going to be successful. There are very few Swedish and international studies within the area of AI that put focus on potential downsides of AI, which is why there is a need for further study.

  • 197.
    Forsman, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Heisler, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan specifika personlighetsdrag och inkomst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is limited research on the relationship between specific personality traits and income. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between income and specific personality traits within the Big Five. The term "facet" was used in the study referring to the 30 specific personality traits, 11 of which are highlighted in this study, which together form five broader factors. The correlations were studied at facet level, whilst controlling for age, sex and number of years in the current profession. The study consisted of a two-part questionnaire, partly with 16 selfassessed questions about income, partly with 120 self-assessed claims about personality (IPIP NEO-120). Data was processed using a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. 4 hypotheses were tested, where 3 out of 4 could be supported by the result (N = 131, age 18-61 years, 68% women and 32% men). Anxiety, assertiveness and achievement-striving were the 3 facets that found support in the result, while Modesty did not find support. Of all facets, adventurousness (β = .24, p = .02) and achievement-striving (β = .25, p = .01) showed the greatest predictive ability along with the control variable age (β = .52 , p <.001). The results from the study can be helpful by showing the predictive ability of personality on income as well as the relation between professional qualifications and personality. Knowledge about how personality correlates with income can contribute to development in areas such as recruitment, personnel development and salary settlements.

  • 198.
    Forsman, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivation i samband med monotona arbetsuppgifter: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how employees, in this case assemblers, who have been working with monotonous tasks are experiencing their work in terms of competence, belonging, autonomy and what improvements they think could increase these factors to a greater extent. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analysed through thematic analysis. In this study, all six respondents believed that competence is important to successfully carry out their tasks as for the development of the organisation. Competence was developed through distinct guidelines within the organisation, but to advance the development the organisation could offer more education and possibilities for promotions. The level of belonging was considered high, but the respondents also called for more kinds of activities together with the other work groups to increase it further. Moreover, the respondents find the level of autonomy to be low and the possibilities to affect anything within their tasks to be insufficient. The results of this study corresponds with previous studies on this subject and assemblers in particular find their job to be strictly controlled and changes difficult to bring through.

  • 199.
    Forster, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svenska ungdomars uppfattning av sexualkunskapen de får i skolan: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual education in school is important to provide a guideline forward in adolescents' lives, where some schools seem to accomplish this mission in a better way than others. Research in these results in education is available, but studies that examine adolescents' perception are rare.

    This phenomenological study aims to make visible the opinions and wishes of the students. The study is based upon semi-structured interviews in which eleven 18-year-olds had the opportunity to evaluate and comment on their sexual education in school.

    In the results of the thematic analyses three themes emerged; the teachers' contribution and impact, content and arrangement of the tuition, and time dedicated to the subject. The overall result that was found in all interviews was discontentment and disappointment, which also incuse the results of the analyses. An unexpected finding was that a majority of the informants were more satisfied with the sexual education at lower grades, but that it got worse at higher grades.

    The results of this study provides an understanding that the students perceive the sexual education as scanty, shallow and old fashioned and that they wish for a more updated tuition that meet their needs in a better way. Furthermore, there is a desire for teachers that are confident in the topic which leads to a confidence in their role as sexual educators, as well as more time in class for sexual education. The study thereby constitutes a contribution to the vega

    development of the contemporary sexual education.

  • 200.
    Forsén, Märit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Larsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Belief in a just world och attityder till individuell lönesättning: vad avgör om du upplever att du får vad du förtjänar?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to earlier research the employees’ attitudes towards individualized pay are vital for how well the pay system will work in the organization. The aim of this study was to examine as to what degree Belief in a Just World (BJW) correlates with attitudes towards individualized pay. BJW is the need to believe that the world is a just place where people get what they deserve. The construct can be divided into personal and general BJW. Personal BJW concerns the belief that events in the person’s own life is just and general BJW that the world over all is just. An additional aim for this paper was to research to what degree personal and general BJW predicts attitudes to individualized pay when satisfaction with current pay-system and perceived pay equity where controlled for. Data was collected through a questionnaire that measured attitudes towards individualized pay, experience with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity. The total number of respondents where 54, 44 women and 10 men. The average age was 43,7 years (sd= 9,5). The respondents were mainly Swedish public sector employees. A positive correlation (.24) between personal BJW and attitudes towards individualized pay was found. Those who had a stronger belief

     

    that the world is just had a more positive attitude towards individualized pay. When more variables where controlled for the satisfaction with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity were stronger predictors for attitudes towards individualized pay than general and personal BJW.

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