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  • 151.
    Bulduk, Gülistan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Sanduvac, Fatma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens arbetsmiljö inom äldrevård: En kvalitativ studie kring dess påverkan på brukarsäkerheten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has become increasingly common for health care workers in elderly care to work in difficult conditions, such as staff shortages, workloads and stress. The nursing staff manages various intercurrent difficulties in their work and these difficulties they face lead to mistakes which affect the safety for the elderly. The main purpose of the study was to investigate and analyze the nursing staff working environment by studying what deficiencies they experience in their work and how this impacts the safety.

    The research questions for this study were: 1. What situations create stress among health care staff? 2. How does this affect the health care staff perceptions of their work situation and the idea of occupant safety? To answer to these questions, a semi-structured interview guide with the following themes was performed: environment and occupant safety. The interviews were conducted with six nurses at two different homes for elderly in Gothenburg. Data was analyzed and processed from the interviews to identify themes that were essential to the subject by a thematic analysis. Themes that emerged were the following; stress, staff shortage, policies and actions of managers. Even some subthemes emerged in some of the major themes that were identified. Based on the study we can conclude that the management has the obligation and a vital role when it comes to providing a safe working environment for health professionals and residents.

  • 152.
    Bäck, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hurtig, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    ”Det kanske inte är så jätteattraktivt att se någon stå och hålla i en stor gädda liksom”: Heterosexuella kvinnors preferenser och resonerande av mäns profiler inom online-dejting2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor del av dem som bildar par i Sverige har idag träffats på olika online-dejtingplattformar. Tidigare forskning har visat att kvinnor är mer selektiva i val av partner. Detta kan göra att män riskerar att bli bortvalda i dessa sammanhang, vilket kan medföra negativa konsekvenser för den enskilda individen och samhället i stort. Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka heterosexuella kvinnors preferenser och resonemang om mäns profiler inom online-dejting, med fokus på vad som får dem att välja en profil. För att besvara syftet ställs följande frågeställningar: “Vad anser heterosexuella kvinnor att en online-dejtingprofil skall innehålla för att de skall välja den?” och “Hur resonerar heterosexuella kvinnor när de väljer en online-dejtingprofil?". Semistrukturerade intervjuer har utförts med nio heterosexuella kvinnor mellan 22 och 30 år och materialet har därefter analyserats tematiskt. Studien har haft en abduktiv ansats och data diskuteras delvis utifrån teorin om assortative mating. Studien visade att kvinnor initialt resonerade kring profilens uppfattade positiva attribut, därefter sökte de efter ledtrådar i profilen om mannens egenskaper och slutligen visualiserade de sig att dejta mannen i verkligheten. Studiens resultat visade visst stöd för assortative mating då liknande värderingar var något många av respondenterna uppvisade preferenser för. Resultatet visade också att respondenterna konsekvent sökte efter ledtrådar i mannens online-dejtingprofil, ett sätt för dem att hantera den digitala miljön, med begränsad information. Studiens resultat diskuteras delvis utifrån ett perspektiv om kulturella skillnader, då assortative mating är utformad i en amerikansk kontext.

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  • 153.
    Bäckemo, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    “Jag vill vara barnmorska men inte till vilket pris som helst”: En kvalitativ studie om sex barnmorskors upplevelse av sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö inom förlossningsvården2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The maternity care crisis is described as a crisis that has escalated in 2021. Although the same issue has been ongoing for many years. This study aimed to examine midwives' experience of the psychosocial work environment within maternity care. Qualitative method was applied. The study was conducted in Sweden. The first respondent was selected through a convenience sample and the other five through a snowball sample. Semi-structured interviews were applied via video calls and the data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed partly in line with previous research, that midwives experienced their psychosocial work environment demanding but also meaningful. Understaffing compromised patient safety and limited respondents ability to provide the support they wanted to patients. In addition to understaffing, the main negative factors identified in the study were the high levels of stress experienced by respondents in the workplace, dissatisfaction with having to work three shifts and the feeling that they were not being seen. Support and community among colleagues and the meaningfulness of the profession were described as contributing factors to respondents' desire to remain working in maternity care

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  • 154.
    Bäckman, Beata
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samordnarens upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön på en bemanningsenhet i kommunal regi: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project aims to examine the psychosocial working environment within a communal staffing unit, the experience of the coordinators working there, as well as the contributing factors affecting the psychosocial working environment. The information used in the research was extracted from semi-structured interviews with five individual coordinators. Each coordinator was working with allocating employees in the leave of absence due to various sickness, annual leave and/or flexible working hours; as well as child care, home care services, group homes, retirement homes and personal assistance. The material was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach and these four overarching patterns emerged: feedback, clear objectives in the workplace, working in an open plan office and collaboration. The results clearly show which factors the informants perceive to be the most meaningful for a favorable and less propitious psychosocial work environment. By demonstrating a greater understanding for what improvement that are needed, the results contribute to future enhancements which could provide an improved psychosocial working environment for the coordinators.

  • 155.
    Bäckman, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ekegren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Möjliga samband mellan upplevda utbildningseffekter,  emotionell och själslig intelligens samt självkänsla2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    

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  • 156.
    Bäverhag, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carén, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Har en arbetssökande med uttalad ADHD svårare att fåarbete?: En randomiserad experimentell design avseende sambandetmellan ADHD och anställningsbarhet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 3% of the adults in Sweden are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are numerous stereotypes connected to the disability, like bothersome behavior and difficulties with concentration. This study examined whether individuals with ADHD have trouble getting employed, compared to others.

    The hypotheses were as follows: a) an individual applying for a job will be denied when including the word “ADHD” in their cover letter, b) an employer with earlier experience of employing a person with a disability will more likely employ someone with ADHD, c) an employer with higher agreeableness will have a positive attitude towards someone with ADHD.

    A quantitative and randomized experiment was conducted. It consisted of having participants working in the HR sector perform a personality test, examine cover letters and answer questions about a fictional candidate. The results are based on 58 participants, with 30 participants in the manipulation group and 28 in the control group. The manipulation meant having the word “ADHD” explain the candidate's behavior in their cover letter, while not including the word in the letter for the control group. The following results were concluded in IBM SPSS statistics version 27 using ANOVA and correlation analysis: a) there was a difference between groups (d = .14) but not statistically significant (p = .65), b) there was no statistically significant difference (p = .34), c) there was no statistically significant correlation (p = .66).

    Even though the results were not statistically significant, the topic of this study remains relevant because of earlier research finding preconceptions about individuals with ADHD. For future research, it is recommended to conduct more comprehensive studies on the same topic and to include more participants.

  • 157.
    Bång, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Närmande som försvar: En kvantitativ studie om närmandemotivation och personlighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employers would benefit from increased knowledge in approcah motivation, to aid employees in directing their drive toward constructive goals.

    The purpose of this paper was to examine if there where differences in how people use approach motivation as a defensive mechanism when experiencing goal conflict (when the pursuit of one goal hinders the pursuit of other goals) in the goal domains of work life and personal life.

    Goal conflict was operationalized by randomly assigning participants into two groups, asking one group to describe a personal dilemma concerning their personal life, and the other group to describe a dilemma concerning their professional life. Personality according to the five factor model was then measured, as well as approach motivation towards the two goal domains.

    The conducted study could not show any significant differences between groups in approach motivation towards the two goal domains. A regression analysis showed that the personality factors explaining most of the variance in approach motivation were conscientiousness (β = .43), extroversion (β = .32) and openness to experience3(β = .18).

    Following these results, connections between personality and approach motivation are discussed based on the assumption that human beings are cybernetic (goal directed and self regulating) systems (DeYoung, 2014).

  • 158.
    Böckman, Pontus
    et al.
    Vetenskap och folkbildning VoF.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet.
    Katz, Dan
    VoF.
    Malmaeus, Fredrik
    Primärvården Göteborg.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skoruppa, Björn
    Göteborg.
    Wolf, Li
    Göteborg.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholms universitet.
    DN Debatt. ”Pseudovetenskap frodas i vården och på universiteten”2020In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 159.
    Börresen, Henrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Bytyqi, Andiona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan personlighet och arbetsengagemang2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's organizations, it is often expected that employees should be proactive, take initiative, and take responsibility for their development and to perform at a high level. Therefore, it is essential that employees have a high level of work commitment in order to meet the organization's expectations. Research has shown that personality traits correlate with work engagement. The purpose of the study is thus to investigate the relationship between personality traits and work commitment in a Swedish context. In this quantitative cross-sectional study surveys were used to collect data from a convenience sample. A total of 123 people in the range 20 to 69 years answered all questions. The measuring instruments used were the Big Five Inventory (BFI-44) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9). Data were analyzed and presented in a correlation table and a regression table. There was a strong statistically significant and positive correlation between conscientiousness and work commitment even after controlling for informal learning, gender, age and state of health. This may be due to the fact that employees who are goal-oriented and responsible are also more involved in the work. With the help of the personality trait of conscientiousness, it is thus possible to predict employees' work commitment.

  • 160.
    Campbell, Cory
    et al.
    University of Washington, Seattle (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, (USA).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology , Rome, Italy (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Norham, NC (USA).
    Liu, Qin
    Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (CHN).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Sapienza, University of Rome (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia (USA).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Private practice (THA).
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogota (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Pena Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Manila (PHL).
    Al-Hassan, Suha
    The Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Baccini, Dario
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Rockville (USA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau (CHN).
    Parallel Growth of Children’s Internalizing Behaviors Predicted by Positive Parenting Behaviors2021In: SRCD 2021 Virtual Biennial Meeting, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The global outbreak of COVID-19 has impacted all systems essential to human life and wellbeing (Masten & Motto-Stefanidi, 2020). The complex combination of health and economic stressors together with difficulty accessing protective factors may impact the family system in particular. Families differ in their responses to stressors (Bonanno et al., 2010), and the way in which families adjust to events and transitions related to the pandemic may be related to the distress perceived by children and their long-term wellbeing (Felix et al., 2013).This symposium will examine whether and through which processes families adjust during the global outbreak of COVID-19. We explore 2 research questions: 1)What did families do during the pandemic to maintain resilience? 2)What are the main protective and risk factors within the family context that are related to children’s and adolescents’ adjustment during this stressful and potentially traumatic event?Three strengths characterize the symposium. First, longitudinal designs with pre- and post-onset measurements enabled us to capture the dynamic nature of changes impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. Second, the global nature of the outbreak is represented in cross-cultural perspective to understand commonalities and specificities of the processes activated by the event in different countries from Europe, North America, and Asia. Finally, mechanisms of resiliency and vulnerability examining the adjustment of the family members are assessed through longitudinal moderation and mediation analyses.

  • 161.
    Carlsbogård, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Semmelhofer, Vilde
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Big Five och organisationslojalitet: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan individens personlighet och organisationslojalitet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research on organizational commitment has recently increased, as the phenomenon is an important factor that is added to the aspect of retaining staff. Research calls for studies on the relationship between organizational commitment and personality, as personality plays an important role in predicting an individual's choices and preferences in a work context. Our study aims to build further on the previous research, through a question that aims to investigate whether the relationship between the different personality traits within the Big Five and organizational commitment is shown. The study is conducted through a quantitative method where the data collection took place via a questionnaire consisting of 50 questions. The survey was based on the validated instruments IPIP-30 and Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) which intended to measure personality and organizational commitment respectively. In our study, 187 respondents participated, where the most representative age group was in the range of 18-30 years. The gender distribution consisted of a majority of women, at 68.6%. The results suggest that certain personality traits were associated with organizational commitment. Extraversion, neuroticism and conscientiousness show a significant relationship with organizational commitment. Agreeableness and openness showed no significant relationship with organizational commitment. In the study's regression analysis, it can be shown that 13,7% of the variance in organizational commitment can be explained by personality within the Big Five. Our conclusion is that personality is an important factor for organizations to consider in the work of keeping personal. It is based on the results of how certain personality traits show relationships and can predict organizational commitment.

  • 162.
    Carlson, Paula
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En jämförelse mellan ungdomars självkänsla 1999 och 2010 genom faktoranalys, baserat på självskattningsskalan Jag tycker jag är 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to follow up on Ouvinen – Birgerstam to study similarities and differences in adolescents’ ways to value their self-worth in 1999 and 11 years later. Also

    of interest was to see how well the scale fared in relation to young people in 2010 compared to 1999. To do so, the samples from Ouvinen - Birgerstam from 1999 (n = 1470) and Carlson's sample from 2010 (n = 405) were used. The participants in the two samples were high school students and they had all responded to the 72-item scale that I think I am is made of. Conditions were obviously not identical between the two samples. Ouvinen – Birgerstam’s sample were from what was at the time considered an industrial city of immigrants. Carlson’s sample was from an island in Bohuslän. Both analyses were executed by a principal component analysis and then a rotation according to the varimax method. A common feature of the studies was that six factors were preferable to five, and it was the component "Relationship to family" that valued the highest. Considerable differences were that "Relationship to friends" was something that weighed heavily on adolescents self-esteem in 1999 but not in 2010. And that Ouvinen-Birgerstam had a higher proportion of explained variance of 74.1% compared to this six 2

    component analysis that resulted in 37.9%. Carlson (2010) and Ouvinen-Birgerstam (1999) have similar results from their studies, even though they had different samples and a time difference of 11 years. Despite this, the component analysis in this study showed that young people in 2010 seemed more fragmented. The focus was not on any particular component; instead it seemed adolescents were affected by several factors. Young people's perception of the concepts used to measure self-esteem has changed over time. Concepts such as friends, shyness, popularity, etc. may have changed with the development of technology. The author interpreted therefore that the validity of the self-rating scale was not as good in 2010 as it was in 1999

  • 163.
    Carlsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rihu, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Arbetsmotivation, en fråga om personlighet eller arbetstillfredsställelse?”2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is most important in terms of work motivation, hiring the right people or making your employees feel satisfied in their workplace? Work motivation is an important factor regarding employees work performance and is a up-to-date topic in organizations concerning work profitability and growth. The research in this area is extensive and studies draw attention to the relevance of both personality factors and job satisfaction. The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the relationship between work motivation, job satisfaction and personality and to answer whether the individual's personality or well-being at work has the greatest significance for the individual's motivation. The study participants consisted of 143 people aged 20-66 years with previous work experience. The data was conducted through an online survey consisting of questions from the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), General Self-Efficiency Scale (GSE) and IPIP-NEO-60 andcontrol questions. The collected data was analyzed in IBM SPSS Statistics 27 through a reliability test based on McDondald's Omega and then analyzed through three multiple regression analyzes and a hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that both personality and job satisfaction affect the individual's work motivation, however personality traits account for most of the motivation (44%).

  • 164.
    Carlsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nordqvist, Nathalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetsegenskaper och subjektivt välbefinnande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether different personality characteristics are associated with subjective well-being. Of the total sample of 95 participants (Myear = 26), 55 were women and 38 were men. Extraversion, Openness to experience and Agreeableness were found to have positive associations with well-being, and Neuroticism was found to have a negative association with well-being. Women were found to have statistic significantly higher score on Agreeableness than men. Age of the total sample had no statistic significant relationship with any of the personality traits. The participants were divided into two groups according to their age, young adults (< 29) and adults (> 30). A positive relationship was found between the age of young adults and Neuroticism and a negative relationship with Openness to experience. The age of the adult participants were positively associated with Openness to experience as well as Extraversion and a negative association with Neuroticism. The results indicated that the age of young adults were found to have a negative relationship with well-being while the age of adults were found to have a positive relationship with well-being. The Personality traits were to explain 46 % of the variation of well-being in the total sample of this study. The results of this study imply that personality traits to a large extent are important when accounting for people's wellness.

  • 165.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hansson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att leda på distans: En kvalitativ studie om chefers ledarskap under Covid-19 pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A manager's perspective is the focus of this qualitative study and the purpose is to discover if a manager's leadership style has changed due to leading remotely. Employee empowerment and leader-member exchange as theories can encourage a greater work relationship and trust between the manager and worker which can increase the workers motivation, well-being and involvement. To fulfill the studies purpose, eight interviews were held with managers with staff responsibility that all come from different industries. A thematic analysis was used to find reocurring themes within the interviews. The themes that evolved were leadership, work relationships and communication. The results showed that some managers experienced that their leadership style had changed while others did not. The work relationship between the managers and their workers had also changed due to working from home but this did not have an impact on the trust the managers had in their workers. The results also showed that digital meetings as the number one communication method have been working very well despite the lack of regular social interaction that usually comes with a physical workplace.

  • 166.
    Carlsson, Jesper
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lawson, Andreas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Facilitering och Motivation: Hur påverkar facilitering motivationen hos chefer vidarbete med kompetenssäkring2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate if facilitation as a method would create a social context that increases Intrinsic Motivation among managers in work with securing competences. This study was conducted in a public organization and the participants consisted of first line managers. The study is approached in both a quantitative and a qualitative form and consisted of a survey that was emailed to each of the participants. The survey turned to 35 managers from which six responded on the survey that was drawn from WEIMS-test regarding Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation and based on Self-Determination Theory. Other theoretic frameworks that the study touched upon in its work was Replacement planning theory which is a theory of how work with competence securing regarding formal competence, theories about facilitation which is a method that is used in mediation or at meetings and motivation theories such as Vroom’s Expectancy Theory. The results of the study demonstrate the participant didn’t shown any change in Intrinsic or Extrinsic Motivation, however, the result shows a slightly negative level of the Amotivation variable which means a lower motivation for work with competence securing. The study did not demonstrate whether facilitation helped to maintain the level of Intrinsic Motivation the participants had; therefore, further

  • 167.
    Carlsson, Katrine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Viktorsson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur upplever samkönade föräldrar bemötandet i förskola/skola och vården?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Same-sex parents often feel excluded in everyday contexts due to the norms of sexuality. The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how same-sex parents experience treatment in preschool/school and healthcare. The study is based on a qualitative method with semistructured interview questions where five women and five men participated. The interviews have been thematically analyzed. The result presents the respondents' experiences of treatment in preschool/school and healthcare as mostly positive, while some respondents experienced uncomfortable situations in specific contexts. Several of the respondents mention the need for a more norm-critical approach among employees in preschool/school and healthcare in order to include all parents. The study further states that the respondents are confident in themselves and have developed positively pursuant to the identity process, and thus do not lay much importance in inferior treatment and do not experience that a deviation from societal norms have much impact on the individual's selfesteem. The discussion addresses the creation of social categorization and why it still exists in preschool/school and healthcare. One conclusion of this study is that the climate for same sex parents today is considered to be open albeit the heteronormativity is strongly implemented in preschool/school and healthcare which can create exclusion.

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  • 168.
    Carlsson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hafstrand, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utvärdering av ungdomars akademiska målsättningar: Betydelsen av prestationsbaserad självkänsla, personlighet och kön i samverkan med akademiska målsättningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What goals young people have after their high school studies and how easily they are achieved are influenced by what kind of personality one has (Zhou, 2015).

    This study examined how young people's performance-based self-esteem and personality interacted with their academic goals. To understand how these variables, interact and differentiate, the study has been conducted in two secondary schools where fifty-nine students participated in a survey. The youth were between 15-19 years old and were distributed fairly evenly between girls and boys. Research shows (Spinath, Eckert & Steinmayr, (2014) that girls are more likely to achieve their academic goals than boys. This study has chosen to investigate whether personality and performance-based self-esteem are factors that capture. The questionnaires used in the study was the Big Five Personality Test and Performance-Based Self-esteem Scale (Dåderman, Personal communication, 2018; Hallmer, Josephson & Torgén, 2005).

    The study results showed that girls more than boys intend to study further after high school. There was a positive relationship between performance-based self-esteem and personality trait neuroticism. Individuals with a high degree of conscientiousness show a statistical significance in pursuit of further education after secondary school. These results are in line with previous research results (Furnham, Monsen & Ahmetoglu, 2009).

  • 169.
    Carlund, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Näslund, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Betydelsen av upplevt socialt stöd på sambandet mellan personlighet och utmattning: Ett kvantitativt arbete2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Coping with stressful events in our daily lives is dependent on an individual's own perception of resources. It is therefore essential to not let the stress become chronic. When it does become chronic, the outcome might result in a person ending up being burned out, which can have a long recovery process.

    Purpose: The main purpose of this thesis is to determine what unique contribution perceived social support has on the correlation between personality and burnout.

    Method: The demographics of this study had (N = 119) participants with an age span between 18–65. The respondents were chosen out of a comfort selection through social media platforms Facebook and Linkedin. The participants had to fill out a questionnaire revolving about personality, perceived social support and burnout.

    Results: After having included variables emotional instability, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and control variables age and gender, did the significance of perceived social support persist. The results showed that perceived social support had a decreasing effect on burnout.

    Conclusions: The unique results show the implications for the perceived social support and it’s relevance on burnout. It is therefore of importance that individuals who are at risk of developing burnout are met with a good perceived social support, because it can be seen as are source for good health and prosperity.

  • 170.
    Carttenridge, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att inte räcka till: En kvalitativ studie om (o)hälsan bland nyexaminerade förskollärare inom förskolans verksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the newly graduated preschool teachers (ill)health within the preschool. In the study, the well-being of preschool teachers is examined in relation to the preschool's working environment.

    The informants consisted of four preschool teachers aged 26-33 who have been working for one and a half to three years. The informants work at four different districts within the City of Gothenburg. The study is based on preschool teachers' reports on their own work. The material was collected through interviews and analyzed on the basis of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional theory of stress and coping, Karasek and Theorell's (1990) job demands-control model and Antonovsky's (1979) sense of coherence model.

    In the study, four themes emerged which are to find their role, to create context, to handle challenges and to gain insight. The study shows that the result is in line with the theory, models and previous research. The result shows that the participants in the study experience a high degree of mental and physical (un)health during their first working years.

    The study's results suggest that work-related (un)health is based on external and internal factors. The external factors concern the organizational design such as lack of resources, high workload and high child numbers, while the internal factors are the preschool teachers lack of job satisfaction and motivation.

  • 171.
    Caspersen, Albin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet och stresshantering: En kvantitativ studie om relationen mellan copingstrategier och femfaktormodellen hos restaurang och serviceanställd2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to examine potential correlations between coping strategies with restaurant and service employees opposite personality traits from The Five Factor model with a quantitive approach. The study examined whether the four chosen coping strategies disconnected coping, avoiding coping, use of emotional support and active coping were related to the five personality traits extraversion, kindness, openness to experience, neuroticism and conscientiousness. There were 99 people who answered our form, and from our collected data we performed multiple linear regression analyzes in order to examine which personality trait were predicted high or low against respective coping strategies. The results showed that the personality trait extraversion correlated with active coping, use of emotional support and avoiding coping.

  • 172.
    Cedervall, Tina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Konflikträdsla: ur den konflikträddes perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att få en inblick i vad som menas med konflikträdsla, vilka former konflikträdsla kan ta och vilka strategier konflikträdda använder sig av. I artiklar och litteratur används inte ordet konflikträdsla utan man talar om konfliktundvikande beteende. Denna undersökning har velat ta reda på om det bara är konfliktundvikande strategier konflikträdda använder sig av. Undersökningen utformades som en kvalitativ studie med sju halvstrukturerade djupintervjuer om ca 30 – 80 min per intervju. Informanterna, tre män och fyra kvinnor, rekryterades via anslag på bl.a. högskolan och arbetsförmedlingen. De fick själva ta kontakt för intervju som hölls på högskolan. Resultatet visade att konflikträdda människor främst använder sig av undvikande konfliktstilar men gärna vill gärna kompromissa. Fyra olika typer av undvikandestilar identifierades: osynliggörande av sig själv, avvärjande av konflikt, inte se konflikt och gottgörelse. Rädslan för konflikter är att själv bli sårad eller förlora relationer.

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  • 173.
    Ceho, Dino
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Jahiu, Mimoza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sjukhusanställda undersköterskors upplevelse av motivationsfaktorer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Assistant nurses are the largest working group in Sweden and a socially important profession. To work as an assistant nurse is physically and mentally demanding and this can affect motivation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the motivational factors in assistant nurses who work in a hospital. This study was based on a qualitative method conducted via a semi-structured interview with ten assistant nurses at a hospital. The age range was between 22–53 years old. Thematic analysis was used to reflect the answers of the respondents. The results showed that relationships, psychosocial work, environment, feedback, development opportunities and the patient's confirmation constitute motivational factors for the assistant nurses. The results showed that salary was not as high a factor as previous research has shown. Also, the pandemic has had a negative impact on the physical and mental workload, which has been affected by a reduced motivation among the assistant nurses. We conclude that assistant nurses thrive in their work while at the same time they wish that the management considerstheir needs and motivation in the workplace.

  • 174.
    Chang, Lei
    et al.
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Lu, Hui Jing
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA; Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Chen, Bin-Bin
    Fudan University Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China..
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Humanistic Studies, Napoli, Italy..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Department of Special Education, Zarqa, Jordan; Counseling, Special Education, and Neuroscience Division, Emirates College for Advanced Education, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology , Rome, Italy .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Department of Psychology, Bogota,Colombia.
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    External environment and internal state in relation to life-history behavioural profiles of adolescents in nine countries2019In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 286, no 1917, article id 20192097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The external environment has traditionally been considered as the primary driver of animal life history (LH). Recent research suggests that animals' internal state is also involved, especially in forming LH behavioural phenotypes. The present study investigated how these two factors interact in formulating LH in humans. Based on a longitudinal sample of 1223 adolescents in nine countries, the results show that harsh and unpredictable environments and adverse internal states in childhood are each uniquely associated with fast LH behavioural profiles consisting of aggression, impulsivity, and risk-taking in adolescence. The external environment and internal state each strengthened the LH association of the other, but overall the external environment was more predictive of LH than was the internal state. These findings suggest that individuals rely on a multitude and consistency of sensory information in more decisively calibrating LH and behavioural strategies.

  • 175.
    Chang, Lei
    et al.
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Lu, Hui Jing
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Applied Social Sciences, China.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Chen, Bin Bin
    Fudan University, Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China.
    Tian, Qian
    Fudan University, Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Environmental harshness and unpredictability, life history, and social and academic behavior of adolescents in nine countries.2019In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 890-903Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety conditions. The present study tested LH hypotheses concerning safety based on a 6-year longitudinal sample of 1,245 adolescents and their parents from 9 countries. The results revealed that, invariant across countries, environmental harshness, and unpredictability (lack of safety) was negatively associated with slow LH behavioral profile, measured 2 years later, and slow LH behavioral profile was negatively and positively associated with externalizing behavior and academic performance, respectively, as measured an additional 2 years later. These results support the evolutionary conception that human development responds to environmental safety cues through LH regulation of social and learning behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

  • 176.
    Christenson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    By Faal, Jasmine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sambandet mellan arbetstillfredsställelse  och informellt lärande: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan arbetstillfredsställelse och informellt lärande med personlighet som modererande variabel2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Job satisfaction and informal learning are two well-studied subjects, but insufficient studies have examined the relationship between them both. An explanation could be that job satisfaction being within the framework of psychology and informal learning being within the framework of pedagogy. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. As previous studies indicate personality is important for both job satisfaction and informal learning, we have chosen to add personality as a moderating variable, to see how the relationship is affected. A quantitative method was used and data collection was done through web-based questionnaires consisting of 66 statements. The questionnaires consisted of four instruments, IPIP-30 (intended to measurepersonality dimensions), instruments for informal learning in the workplace (LPW),instruments for job satisfaction, instruments for Work-Life-Balance (COPSOQ) and general questions (age, gender, education, distance during covid-19, personnel responsibilities, years at current workplace and general state of health). A total of 225 people participated in the study(M = 34 years, SD = 12, range 18-69 years, 91.5% women). The results testify to a positively significant relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. Neuroticism,extraversion, and conscientiousness demonstrate significance to job satisfaction separately, but have no interaction effect on the relationship between our two main variables, meaning that personality has no moderating effect on the relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. Our conclusion is that informal learning seems to play a significant role in job satisfaction and that further studies in this area are encouraged.

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  • 177.
    Christensson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie av förskolelärares personlighet och upplevda arbetstrivsel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to examine how much of work satisfaction that can be explained from the personality traits extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness and humility-honesty in preschool teachers in Västra Götaland's County. This thesis was based on a quantitative study and used a questionnaire, first part being about work satisfaction, second being a personality test. The study was based on Herzberg's two factor model and the Big Five personality theory. The study included 54 respondents, with a mean age of forty years, all working as preschool teachers. The results of this study showed that the strongest correlations for satisfaction with external factors were neuroticism and openness and that the strongest correlations for intrinsic factors were neuroticism, openness and humility-honesty. Extroversion was also a factor that could predict work satisfaction, in the form of recognition.

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  • 178.
    Cicak, Cindy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ghouili, Nadia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Medarbetares upplevelse av en medarbetarundersökning: Hur detta hör ihop med delaktighet och anonymitet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To use an employee survey with the purpose to measure the psychosocial work environment is what the employee survey from Winningtemp are offering. The process includes the employeesin working with the psychosocial work environment. The purpose of this study was partly to examine how inclusiveness relates with how the results from the employee survey is understood, in which extend the employees experience anonymity and how the employee survey portrays the reality of the companies. This was examined because inclusiveness could lead to a higher job satisfaction and higher productivity. The aim of the study was also to examine how anonymity and understanding of the results relates with the true image of the companies. The respondents (N=120) consisted of employees in an organization in Sweden which uses Winningtemps employee survey. The variables were analyzed with a correlationtable and a multiple regression analysis. The result showed a positive correlation between inclusiveness and the other variables. The multiple regression showed that anonymity and the understanding of the results explained 40 percent of how the employee survey reflects thereality in the companies. How these results can be used will be discussed in this study. 

  • 179.
    Clausén Gull, Ingela
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Norman, Åsa
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (SWE).
    Ferrer-Wreder, Laura
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Olsson, Tina M.
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE) School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping.
    Eninger, Lilianne
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Neighborhood conditions in a Swedish context: Two studies of reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation using Google Street View2023In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, p. 1-16, article id 1020742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The goal of these studies was to investigate the reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation (virtual SSO) using Google Street View in a Swedish neighborhood context.

    METHODS: This was accomplished in two studies. Study 1 focused on interrater reliability and construct validity, comparing ratings conducted in-person to those done using Google Street View, across 24 study sites within four postal code areas. Study 2 focused on criterion validity of virtual SSO in terms of neighborhoods with low versus high income levels, including 133 study sites within 22 postal code areas in a large Swedish city. In both studies, assessment of the neighborhood context was conducted at each study site, using a protocol adapted to a Swedish context.

    RESULTS: Scales for Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and Physical Disorder were found to be reliable, with adequate interrater reliability, high consistency across methods, and high internal consistency. In Study 2, significantly higher levels of observed Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and signs of garbage or litter were observed in postal codes areas (site data was aggregated to postal code level) with lower as compared to higher income levels.

    DISCUSSION: We concluded that the scales within the virtual SSO with Google Street View protocol that were developed in this series of studies represents a reliable and valid measure of several key neighborhood contextual features. Implications for understanding the complex person-context interactions central to many theories of positive development among youth were discussed in relation to the study findings.

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  • 180.
    Collin, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kvidal, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Work-life balance och stress bland första linjens chefer2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As society develops, the line between work and private life has become more blurred. The individual needs to balance the demands from the different domains and if one does not succeed, it can result in stress. Work-life balance and stress is a broad field of research, but has previously been focusing on the organisation as a whole. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine the relationship between Work-life balance and stress for first line managers at a production company. The method used for data collection was a web survey and the number of respondents was 62 (N = 62). Two validated instruments were used to compose the questionnaire, Work-life Conflict Scale by Netemeyer et al. (1996) and Perceived Stress Scale 14 by Cohen et al. (1983). The findings indicated a strong relationship between Work-life balance and stress for first line managers. Both Work-family conflict (WFC) and Family-work conflict (FWC) was positively related to stress. Since Work-life balance is the opposite of Work-life conflict, the result implies that the higher level Work-life balance the lower level of stress and vice versa. The result indicated that the same relationship as previous research has found between Work-life balance and stress also applies for first line managers. For future research it would be interesting to examine the relationship for these phenomenon in other levels of the organisation. 

  • 181.
    Connysdotter Karlsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Live to Post": Studie kring internetroller, ljusa och mörka personlighetsdrag samt internetmiljö2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Via Internet, a lot of communication takes place through different commentary styles. Therefore, it is important to investigate which psychological processes characterize the individual's behavior on the Internet. The aim was to investigate whether the light (MiniIPIP6 / Big 6) and the dark (DT4 / The Dark Tetrad) personality traits could predict the Internet roles that the individual adopts, and whether the individual was influenced by being anonymous on the Internet. The roles were Troll (seeking attention, or revenge), Lurker (reading rather than writing own comments) and Poster (motives for writing comments were altruistic and / or darker). The study included N = 212 (73% women). The mediation effect of the Online Environment, using OE-scale, was investigated. The result showed Troll had strong correlations with two light personality traits (Honesty-Humility, Agreeableness) and with three dark personality traits (Sadism, Machiavellism, Psychopathy). The strongest correlation was observed for Lurker controlling for age and for Poster with psychopathy. The Online Environment had strong correlations with two of the roles (Troll, Poster). Three regression analyzes showed that the strongest relationships were found in Troll with Sadism (r = .38) and Machiavellism (r = .28). The overlap of common variance for Troll was R2 = .48. Suppressor effect was suspected so simple regressions analyzes was performed. Exploratory mediator analysis showed that the various aspects of anonymity in the online environment can play a role in how particularly dark personality is expressed (indirect effects around β = .10) in Troll and Poster. The conclusion is that personality, and especially dark personality traits, play a big role in how the individuals express themselves online, which can have implications for the abuse of forums on the internet.

  • 182.
    Coster, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johnsson, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillfredsställelse med livet bland svenskar: En kvantitativ studie om vad som predicerar tillfredsställelse med livet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many psychological factors that affect how satisfied a person is with his life, and many studies have investigated whether it is possible to predict life satisfaction. To achieve a high level of life satisfaction is a relevant goal that concerns everyone. In this study, life satisfaction was examined and the aim of this study was to study how much of the variance in life satisfaction that could be explained by the variables: income, age, gender and to what extent the participants had creative- and independent work.

    An analysis was performed on already collected data from the World Value Survey. Data consisted of 1204 participants, of which 50 percent were women and 50 percent were men, aged 18-85 years.

    The results revealed that all the variables together accounted for 9 percent of the variance in life satisfaction. Consistent with the other studies in the literature, findings indicate that income could predict the most variance in life satisfaction. Results also revealed that having independent work was important. Furthermore findings also suggest that self-reported creative work was not a vital variable when predicting life satisfaction.

    This study concluded, similar to previous research, that there is a strong relationship between income and self-reported life satisfaction.

  • 183.
    Dahl, Maja
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Fransson, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Medarbetarens upplevda behov av socialt stöd från chef vid sjukfrånvaro: En kvantitativ studie vid en västsvensk kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to examine the Sense of Coherence and Extraversion could predict individuals´ need of social support. Then purpose was to illuminate individual characteristics to call attention to the different needs of social support during absence due to illness. The survey was a correlational study (N=135). The respondents were municipal employees where the age distribution amounted to M = 44.14 years, SD = 12.16 years, the majority of the participants were women, 74.4 % (N=99). A questionnaire was used consisting of three inclusive measurement tools: The abbreviated version including 13 questions of the Sense of Coherence Scale, Mini IPIP6 (where only questions on the subject of Extroversion were included), as well as five self-designed questions intending to measure the perceived need of social support during absence due to illness. The data was analyzed through a regression model, ANOVA and t-test. The most important results from the study were firstly that SOC (Sense of Coherence) on its own could predict the need of social support during absence due to illness, which means that the higher the individual rated on the SOC scale the higher their need of social support was. Secondly there were gender differences concerning the need of social support, women expressed a greater need of social support during absence due to illness than men. Those who expressed a greater degree of extroversion also expressed a greater degree on KASAM, and those who express a greater degree of extroversion where older. The results showed that there were also differences between the professions social oriented work and administrative work and their measured levels of Extroversion, where those who worked social oriented work express greater degree on extroversion. There was a lack of previous research focusing on the perceived need of social support which provided difficulties in discussing similarities to previous research. The study could be an opportunity to continuing discussion on individual differences and needs which according to the authors are of great importance for future working life.

  • 184.
    Dahl, Therése
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hevosaho, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillsammans är vi trygga: En kvantitativ studie om den feministiska identitetens inverkan på unga kvinnors upplevda trygghet i ett samhälle präglat av sexuella trakasserier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual harassment is not a new phenomenon, but with the #metoo movement, this world-wide health problem showed a whole new side. Studies have shown that future perceptions of safety are significantly affected after being sexually harassed. Also, women who identify themselves as feminists, have better coping strategies after being sexually harassed, than women who do not identify themselves as feminists.

    This study aimed to explore if a feminist identity would serve young women as a protector for keeping the perception of safety in a world where sexual harassment is perceived as a big problem. Girls (n =27) at a Swedish gymnasium were heard through a web-based survey, which is the fundament of the study´s data.

    The results showed that there was no relation between feminist identity and perceived safety or the perception of sexual harassment as a societal problem. However, a significant relation between sexual harassment and perceived safety was to be found.

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  • 185.
    Dahlgren, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Räddningsledningens upplevelser av ledning under svåra förhållanden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Community disturbances in the form of major accidents, natural disasters and similar emergencies have in recent years been relatively frequent in western Sweden. This qualitative study’s overall aim was to expand the knowledge concerning some delimiting factors perceived as being facilitating or aggravating for the leadership in the handling of hurricane Gudrun and the collapse of the European Highway 6 in Munkedal. A lesser aim of the study was to connect this study's results to Ronthy’s (2006) theory of leadership intelligence. The basis for this study consisted mainly of how the management personnel in the rescue organization experienced these events, which the author got acquainted to through seven semi-structured interviews. Of those interviewed were six men and one woman, and the age distribution ranged from 40 to 65 years. All participants were well experienced in crisis management with at least ten years of work experience. Collected data were analyzed by thematic analysis. The strengths of leadership that emerged from the study was the importance of having a common objective, well-defined roles, experience, common structure, the opportunity to distance oneself, that the organizations were in place, and personnel replacing available. Difficulties with respect to leadership, as noted, was that the participants were faced with unfamiliar situations, uncertainties, conflicts, emotional impact, and that there could be problems to meet basic needs. The results also showed the many demands made on the leaders, such as expertise and social skills such as humility and ability to produce harmony and trust among employees. Finally, the results showed the importance of continued training and the professional development needs of the leaders who are working in crisis management organizations, which should be considered for future events that require a long-term management work.

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    Elin Dahlgren
  • 186.
    Dahlqvist, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det finns alltid lösningar i livet, även i mobbningssituationer”: En kvalitativ studie om hur HR förebygger, hanterar och upplever arbetsplatsmobbning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying occurs everywhere in workplaces around the world. It is a growing global problem that needs to be addressed. Workplace bullying can lead to both mental and physical ailments such as depression and cardiovascular disease. There is not much research on HR's role in bullying cases. The purpose of the study was therefore to investigate how HR staff in municipalities prevent, handle and experience workplace bullying. The issues shed light on preventive bullying work, experiences and handling as well as obstacles and difficulties according to HR staff. To investigate this, a qualitative study was conducted, based on an interview guide, with eight experienced women with HR roles from different municipalities in West Sweden. Data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and the results presented in a structured way based on four main themes: What is workplace bullying?, Preventive work, Handling, and Obstacles and difficulties. The word bullying has been carefully examined and HR feels that the word bullying is only used when it comes to children in school. For adults, HR chooses to use the word violation in their cases. Different ways of dealing with vulnerable people who come to HR in trust are further discussed and the objectivity of the HR role is described and interpreted as a difficulty. 

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  • 187.
    Dahlström, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Kan svenska sjuksköterskor balansera sitt arbets- och privatliv?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is a replication of Dåderman and Basinska’s (2016a) study. Work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) are based on the problems that can arise when employees feel that working life affects privacy negative and vice versa. In this study, 98 nurses residing in Sweden participated; 94% were women and 6% were men. The study had the quantitative approach and questionnaire used was web-based. The questionnaires used were Swedish translated versions of Quantitative Workload Inventory, Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), which measures the work engagement (vigour, dedication and absorption), and Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict scales. Even questions about the intention to change the current workplace or change of occupation were included. Of the results that could be imposed was the most important result that the WFC was larger, or perceived with a greater intensity than the FWC, and it means that people with high WFC experience a higher workload. This is consistent with previous research.

  • 188.
    Dahnér, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Johnsson, Kim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Intuitionens vikt som central faktor i rekryteringsprocessen: utbildningens inverkan och framfart2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The steady increase of people in the labor market educated in HR-skills was the foundation of the study's central question of whether the recruiter's age, and therefore access to HR-education, would affect their attitude towards intuition when recruiting. With a survey carried out in one singular occasion the study was conducted with 50 people in various HR-departments in Sweden, all of whom worked with recruitment. The participants were asked to answer a few background questions and then asked to estimate their level of agreement with various statements, all of which measure attitude towards intuition. The study showed a strong correlation between age and the number of years spent working within the organization, in relation to the attitude towards using intuition as a tool when recruiting. However, there was no relationship between age and intuition when it was controlled for other variables. The correlation with age might also imply a correlation between education and intuition, since a younger age and shorter period of time as an employee within an organization may lead to increased likelihood that the person has education in HR. This might also lead to a more positive attitude towards intuition. These results concur with a previous study by Nordin (2015) who found that recruiters with less education were more likely to use their "gut feeling" as a tool for recruiting than were those with higher level of education.

  • 189.
    Dalung, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Magnusson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Självförtroende och att lita på människor i allmänhet: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan självförtroende och att lita på människor i allmänhet bland den svenska befolkningen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Self-confidence affects people's interactions with peers and acquaintances. Individuals with low self-confidence may avoid social interactions with other people. Self-confidence is affected by the interaction with others, which means that it is important to feel understood and respected. This study was carried out with the aim of investigating whether the relationship between self-confidence and trust in other people looks like in the Swedish population, as these two phenomena have been shown to be the cause of people's social well-being.

    This study is a quantitative correlational study where the data has been based on the results of the national SOM-survey (Society, Opinion, Media). In total, there were 1498 respondents. Multiple regression analysis was used to check whether the study´s control variables had an impact on the relationship between self-confidence and the tendency to trust people in general.

    The result showed in the statistical analysis that self-confidence and trusting people in general interact statistically significantly moderately strongly positively with each other, that is, it may indicate that the higher self-confidence an individual has, the more the individual trusts other people in general but also vice versa. Self-confidence is a potential health-promoting factor that, together with trust in other people in general, should be considered to promote individuals' social relationships.

  • 190.
    Danemo, Björn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Schultz, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kritisk granskning av riskstyrningsprocessen på Reinertsen Sverige AB: en kvalitativ studie ur projektledarna på Reinertsen Sverige AB perspektiv.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's petroleum industry companies work systematically with risk management to prevent major accidents; despite this major accident have occurred on several occasions in the history of petroleum industry. Many of these accidents are derived from deficiencies in companies' risk management. The purpose of this study is to do a critical research on Reinertsen Sverige AB through the project managers' perspective, and to understand how communications and group dynamics produce conditions for the risk management process. Semi-structured interviews were used on five project managers to gather data which was used in a thematic analysis. Results indicated that project managers experienced variations in the collective engagement which confines the project team possibilities to implement an effective risk management. Results also indicated the need for implications training in risk management which can be affected by lack of education and experience of installations offshore. Project managers also indicated deficiencies in the communication with platforms which affect the risk management. This study clarifies three main areas which have direct impact on the deviancies and are evolvable, group dynamics, communication and experience.

  • 191.
    Darius, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stroh, Veronika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    En kvalitativ uppsats om socialsekreterares val att lämna sitt yrke2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, it was investigated why social workers in a western Swedish municipality have chosen to leave their professions. The main reason behind this study is that the lack of social workers is a national problem that Sweden's municipalities struggle with, especially in today's society when refugees are pouring in and need to be attended to. The research was conducted using qualitative interviews. To analyse the results of the interviews several theories where used, such as motivation, salutogenic leadership, strategies of coping and role theory. For the interviews, thematic analysis was used. The study showed that the informers felt dissatisfied with several aspects of their work. One of the aspects that resulted from the interviews was that the demand to be available at all times, was too much for them. Some additional aspects to why they quit was the high workload, the lack of appreciation and dissatisfaction with the leadership. The informers would gladly have stayed as social workers since they considered it to be meaningful, but the other aspects weighed more heavily compared to meaningfulness which caused them to leave. One suggestion that was brought up to get the informers to stay was to create a so-called contact centre in the reception area where smaller errands could be handled directly with the client. This would have given more time for the social workers with their own clients and more energy for the more heavy cases.

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  • 192.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The construction of meaning through psychotherapy: a tinnitus case story2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Besides considering tinnitus as a complication following a hearing impairment or a sudden noise trauma, it is essential to consider the emotional suffering of the patient as it may be linked to personal experiences in life. Repressed traumatic incidents can manifest itself in the wake of tinnitus onset.  

     

    Objective

    In the case of tinnitus suffering psychotherapy resting on psychodynamic foundations has a very remote place in the literature. Naturally, the narrative of the client is of special quality in the psychodynamic psychotherapy approach. The objective of this study was therefore to illustrate how the narrative of a suffering client can be an inherent part of psychotherapy as well as a source of qualitative data in research on tinnitus (Dauman & Erlandsson, 2012). 

     

    Method

    The patient was a 70 years old woman with tinnitus (Lucie) who experienced her suffering as life threatening, which at times required psychiatric hospitalization. She participated in 16 psychotherapy sessions taken place over a period of eight months. The interview method building on free associations was judged to be the best way to understand the meaning behind evoked narratives of the patient.

     

    Results

    With the purpose to describe the analytical procedure we applied a narrative structure based on the following four labels: Listening to Lucie - Learning from Lucie’s speech - Narrative breakdown and psychotherapy  - Psychodynamic insights on Lucie’s emotional drives. The social dimension of the patient’s suffering was a central theme in her narrative, expressed by others’ reluctance to listen to her despair as well as her own deep sorrow for a broken social bond prior to her psychological brake-down.

     

    Conclusion

    The construction of meaning is a human act of self-preservation. In this case, it helped the patient to overcome alienation and made her tinnitus bearable.

  • 193.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Habituation models: can tinnitus be compared to anexternal sound?2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The process of habituation often remains obscure to those patients most disturbed by tinnitus.

    Since three decades, the Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has promoted a habituation model (Hallam et al. 1984) founded on experimental data regarding the orienting response (OR) (Horvath 1980). Habituation of the OR is the natural extinction of attention to repeated identical stimuli which lose their ability to trigger orientation. Considering epidemiological data, the habituation model (Hallam & McKenna, 2006) hypothesizes that:

    1. tolerance is “a natural and inevitable process” illustrated by three quarter of people with tinnitus;

    2. annoyance is “a consequence of a failure to cease attending” to tinnitus, because of psycho-physiological factors that delay a natural process to occur (i.e., extinction of the OR)

  • 194.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlsson, Sven G.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Habituation theories in current models of chronic tinnitus: evidence and criticism2013In: Habituation: theories, characteristics and biological mechanisms / [ed] Buskirk, Arie, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , 2013, 1, p. 55-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers,  CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Rene
    University of Bordeaux and CHU of Bordeaux, Tinnitus Clinic, Department of ORL-HNS, CNRS-UMR 5287, Bordeaux.
    Intra-individual variability in tinnitus patients: Current thoughts and perspectives.2015In: HNO (Berlin. Print), ISSN 0017-6192, E-ISSN 1433-0458, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 302-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most tinnitus studies have attempted to compare groups of individuals, thus revealing inter-individuals differences, i.e., variations between compared subjects. For methodological reasons, inter-individual studies cannot take into account the variability of tinnitus experience, which has been known for decades to be relevant in daily practice with tinnitus patients. The concept of intra-individual variability has been promoted in the research literature, in order to shed light on this aspect of individual perception. In previous studies, unrelated to hearing, the concept of intra-individual variability implied inclusion of the environment (i.e., physical and social interactions) as a factor of individual performance. In tinnitus research, we believe that the concept of variability (within a person) could find a place beside the concept of variation (between groups of subjects). In this paper, four perspectives of tinnitus experiences from the clinical and research fields are described: (1) ENT consultation; (2) short-term group psychotherapy; (3) psychodynamic psychotherapy; and (4) clinical psychological research. Intra-individual variability stresses the importance of defining tinnitus in a dynamic way, contrary to the current definition of tinnitus as the perception of sound(s). In clinical practice, it is useful to embrace the perspective of the perceiverof tinnitus, and to include social and cultural circumstances as well as audiological/physical changes.

  • 196.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, Department of Psychology, Poitiers , France.
    Haza, Marion
    University of Poitiers, Department of Psychology, Poitiers , France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Liberating parents from guilt: a grounded theory study of parents' internet communities for the recognition of ADHD2019In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 1564520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: This study presents a qualitative analysis of information posted on the Internet by two communities of French parents promoting the recognition of ADHD in the context of current health and school practices.

    METHOD: Grounded Theory (Strauss & Corbin's approach) was applied to the posted messages, with the aim to discover the main concern and common theme through a constant comparison analysis.

    RESULTS: Liberating parents from feeling responsible for their child's misconduct was found to be the core category. From this perspective, we account for the commitment of the digital communities to formalize the child's conduct as a consequence of a neurodevelopmental disorder. This approach helps to account for the promotion of behavioural expertise and conditioning strategies (e.g., positive reinforcement) for handling the child's so-called disorder as appropriate parental responses. Giving evidence for parenting struggles was the third main concern of the communities, in the face of perceived skepticism from professionals towards ADHD as a medical condition.

    CONCLUSIONS: By using examples from countries that are found to have a more pro-medical approach to ADHD, the communities aim at improving such medical practices in France. Issues surrounding the claim that ADHD would require a specific style of parenting are also discussed.

  • 197.
    de Bruin, Mirja
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wallander, Irma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Flexibilitet och inflytande – avgörande i upplevelsen av balans?: - En kvalitativ studie om egenföretagares upplevelse av balans mellan arbete och privatliv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get a deeper comprehension regarding self-employed people and their ability to reach flexibility and grant leverage over their work, it also seeks to investigate how they view the balance between leisure time and work. A qualitative approach was employed and the empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews with seven respondents who are self-employed. The collected data was analyzed using thematic analysis method and through the themes of Clarks (2000) theories where different domains are put in relation to the conceptualization of integration and segregation. Working and private lives can be viewed as two contrasting domains, two very different domains yet interrelated. The individual draws the line between these domains through either integration, which refers to converging both work and private life or segregation, which instead refers to separating the two domains (Clark, 2000). The result of the study indicates that the respondents have difficulties to find the balance between work and private life in the sense that the domains integrate with each other. However, this was not considered negative but rather as a possibility to be able to manage the different domains. Furthermore, the possibility to reach flexibility and leverage over their work was a central aspect in the pursuit of a balance between working and private life.

  • 198.
    de Colli, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samtidig kriterierelaterad validitet hos ett nytt svenskt arbetspsykologisk test mot arbetsprestation inom polisen2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka validiteten hos ett nytt svenskt arbetslivspsykologiskt personlighetstest, Understanding Personal Potential (UPP) (Sjöberg, 2008).

    Teoretiskt ramverk. Ett vanligt problem inom den tillämpade psykologin är att utifrån det begränsade stickprovets korrelation, uppskatta hur stor den korrelationen hade varit i populationen. Begränsning i spridning (”range restriction”) uppstår när stickprovet inte är perfekt representativt för den populationen som avses att generalisera till.

    Summering av resultaten. Som externa kriterier användes i studie 1 (N = 100) polisens lönekriterier och i studie 2 (N = 46) ett objektivt kriterium i form av antal förhör för utredare.  Resultaten indikerar att vissa variabler i UPP-testet har en rimlig samtidig validitet mot de externa kriterierna. Emotionell stabilitet uppvisar god validitet mot kriterierna i enlighet med tidigare forskning. Noggrannhet uppvisar negativa samband med två av kriterierna, vilket inte bekräftar tidigare forskning. Flera av UPP-testets specifika variabler uppvisar lika god validitet eller bättre jämfört med de generella variablerna enligt FFM.  Studiens resultat ger stöd framförallt för en modell bestående av personlighetsvariablerna emotionell stabilitet, samarbetsvilja, positiv grundattityd, perfektionism, arbetsvilja och balans.

    Slutsatser. UPP-testets sammanslagna variabler jagstyrka, stresskänslighet och chefspotential utgjorde starka prediktorer för kriterierna som mäter arbetsprestation.

    Praktiska och teoretiska implikationer. Personlighet spelar en betydande roll för prestation i arbetslivet. Att välja rätt personal till en organisation är en fundamental nödvändighet för att organisationen ska fungera väl. Studien bidrar till psykometrisk teori då det ansågs vara nödvändigt att korrigera resultaten för spridningsbegränsningar, vilket förespråkas av klassiska teoretiker såsom Gulliksen och Magnusson. 

  • 199.
    De Sousa Vieira, Paulina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Om sambandet mellan prestationsbaserad självkänsla och konfliktstilar: utifrån såväl kvantitativ som kvalitativ ansats2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For individuals with a high performance-based self-esteem there may be a vulnerability to threats. This vulnerability has been shown to cause conflicts. Is there a relationship between performance-based self-esteem and a certain style of conflict? How does people with a high performance-based self-esteem experience work-related conflicts? The study consisted of a total of 118 participants (M = 40 years, SD = 12 years; 77 women and 41 men): Six of those with high Performance-based self-esteem were interviewed. Performance-based self-esteem was measured by a standardized questionnaire and conflict style of the participants was measured by the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI). Data was analyzed by a correlation analysis and a thematic analysis method. The results of the study showed a weak positive significant correlation between performance-based self-esteem and the conflict style avoiding and a weak negative significant correlation between performance-based self-esteem and the conflict style collaborating. It emerged from the thematic analysis method that the interviewees experienced disagreements about the right and wrong approach to the performance of tasks, negative perceptions about the other party's attitude and feelings of being overridden, of frustration as well as of irritation during the conflict situation. One difficulty for people with high performance-based self-esteem was interpreted to be dealing with task conflicts. Another interesting result also showed that the interview participants tended to prefer a certain conflict style while the social context for the conflict situation alsobecame of importance for which conflict style that was actually being used. A critical approach should be taken to the quantitative result as the internal consistency of TKI was low.

  • 200.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    et al.
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura,Consultorio Psicologico Popular, Medellín, Colombia.
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan; Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Chaos, Danger, and Maternal Parenting in Families: Links with Adolescent Adjustment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries2019In: Developmental Science, ISSN 1363-755X, E-ISSN 1467-7687, Vol. 22, no 5, article id e12855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current longitudinal study is the first comparative investigation across Low- and Middle- Income Countries (LMICs) to test the hypothesis that harsher and less affectionate maternal parenting (child age 14 years, on average) statistically mediates the prediction from prior household chaos and neighborhood danger (at 13 years) to subsequent adolescent maladjustment (externalizing, internalizing, and school performance problems at 15 years). The sample included 511 urban families in six LMICs: China, Colombia, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, and Thailand. Multigroup structural equation modeling showed consistent associations between chaos, danger, affectionate and harsh parenting, and adolescent adjustment problems. There was some support for the hypothesis, with nearly all countries showing a modest indirect effect of maternal hostility (but not affection) for adolescent externalizing, internalizing, and scholastic problems. Results provide further evidence that chaotic home and dangerous neighborhood environments increase risk for adolescent maladjustment in LMIC contexts, via harsher maternal parenting. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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