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  • 151.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Långtidsfrisk eller långtidssjukskriven?: D. 2. En studie av långtidssjukskrivnas och långtidsfriskas erfarenheter2005Report (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Musik hela livet2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Spelfilm som ett normkritiskt diskussionsunderlag i utbildning: attityder till åldrande och äldre2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Wahlström, Emmie
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Resultatsammanställning avseende: Organisering och implementering av kulturaktiviteter i syfte att främja den jämlika hälsan bland äldre2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 155.
    Hinders, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "... det kanske är medicin för dem att få komma hit när de har en dålig dag?": En tolkande fenomenologisk studie om hälsofrämjande upplevelser  och erfarenheter i ett arbetsintegrerande socialt företag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how experiences in a work integrative social enterprise can promote health for the employees and what significance this may have for business development in the organization and for the society. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) has been used as the approach and method in the study and data has been collected through participatory observations and interviews. The result shows that the solidarity in the enterprise is one of the most significant factors for the wellbeing of the employees. It also shows that the work integrative social enterprise serves as a supportive environment because the work is characterized by empowerment and participation. This is reflected in the fact that employees have the opportunity to learn and develop at their own pace, that there is room for mistakes that they are able to learn from and also that it is an accepting environment where one believes that every employee is doing the best they can during their workshifts. Work-integrated learning takes place in the meeting between the employees and the business. The development of knowledge through work in the company shows that the conditions for learning exist but it is up to every employee what they learn and how they acquire new knowledge. The learning that arises from the activities differs depending on the employees different backgrounds and experiences from life it self as well as their work experiences and also the different conditions they have for learning. The fact that learning processes arise in the business and that employees create new knowledge is beyond doubt, but it is on a very individual basis. Through constant learning, the competence increases among employees, enabling the business to develop. A conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that work integrative social enterprises like this one promotes health in different ways for the employees, and in turn contributes to a more socially sustainable society with reduced social exclusion.

  • 156.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    “We’re not supposed to work with ICT—we’re supposed to work with the clients”: Home health aides in Sweden using loyalty as resistance2011In: Journal of Workplace Rights, ISSN 1938-4998, E-ISSN 1938-5005, Vol. 15, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to shed light on informal resistance among home health aides in Sweden. Although they endure stressful working conditions, down-sizing, and management-initiated changes that are in some cases considered irrelevant and even stupid, surprisingly few formal resistance actions are carried out by home health workers in Sweden. This doesn’t mean that they (and other workers too) are passive victims of management power; nor does it mean that they are free riders acting only according to their self-interest. Their resistance strategies are characterized by divided loyalties and competing interests rather than conscious and rational choice. The results of this study show that the home health aides do not engage in formal resistance even though they are unionized and have the opportunity of collective action; instead they engage in informal resistance. The main reason for their informal resistance, I argue, is the loyal attitude and loyal way of thinking and acting that is embedded in their professional identity. It holds them back and hinders them from expressing resistance in a loud manner. At the same time,their loyalty can also be considered as a form of resistance when they use it in a selective manner as a way of creating scope for action.

  • 157.
    Holbein, Christina E.
    et al.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, United States USA (USA).
    Peugh, James
    Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, United States USA (USA).
    Veldtman, Gruschen
    Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States USA (USA).
    Apers, Silke
    KU Leuven - University of Leuven, KU Leuven Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leuven, Belgium (BEL).
    Luyckx, Koen
    KU Leuven - University of Leuven, School Psychology and Child and Adolescent Development,Leuven, Belgium (BEL).
    Kovacs, Adrienne H
    University Health Network, University of Toronto, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Toronto, Canada (CAN); Oregon Health & Science University, Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Portland, OR, USA (USA).
    Thomet, Corina
    University of Bern, Center for Congenital Heart Disease, Department of Cardiology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland (CHE).
    Budts, Werner
    Division of Congenital and Structural Cardiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (BLE); KU Leuven - University of Leuven, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Leuven, Belgium (BLE).
    Enomoto, Junko
    Department of Adult Congenital Heart Disease,Cardiovascular Center, Chiba, Japan (JPN).
    Sluman, Maayke A
    University of Amsterdam, Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Netherlands (NLD).
    Lu, Chun-Wei
    National Taiwan University Children’s Hospital, Adult Congenital Heart Center, Taiwan (TWN).
    Jackson, Jamie L
    Center for Biobehavioral Health, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA (USA).
    Khairy, Paul
    Université de Montréal, Adult Congenital Heart Center, Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Canada (CAN).
    Cook, Stephen C
    Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI, USA (USA).
    Chidambarathanu, Shanthi
    Pediatric Cardiology, Frontier Lifeline Hospital (Dr. K. M. Cherian Heart Foundation), Chennai, India (IND).
    Alday, Luis
    Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Niños, Córdoba, Argentina (ARG).
    Eriksen, Katrine
    Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway (NOR).
    Dellborg, Mikael
    Adult Congenital Heart Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden; Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Mackie, Andrew S
    University of Alberta, Division of Cardiology, Stollery Children's Hospital, Edmonton, Canada (CAN).
    Menahem, Samuel
    Monash University, Monash Heart, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia (AUS).
    Caruana, Maryanne
    Department of Cardiology, Mater Dei Hospital, Birkirkara Bypass, Malta (MLT).
    Soufi, Alexandra
    Department of Congenital Heart Disease, Louis Pradel Hospital, Hospices civils de Lyon, Lyon, France (FRA).
    Fernandes, Susan M
    Adult Congenital Heart Program at Stanford, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital and Stanford Health Care, USA (USA).
    White, Kamila S
    Washington University, Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, USA (USA): University of Missouri, Barnes Jewish Heart and Vascular Center USA (USA).
    Callus, Edward
    Clinical Psychology Service, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Italy (ITA); Universita degli Studi di Milano,Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Italy (ITA).
    Kutty, Shelby
    University of Nebraska Medical Center, Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, USA (USA);Taussig Heart Center, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine USA (USA).
    Moons, Philip
    KU Leuven - University of Leuven, KU Leuven Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leuven, Belgium (BEL); University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden;University of Cape Town, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, South Africa (ZAF).
    Health behaviours reported by adults with congenital heart disease across 15 countries2020In: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 10, p. 1077-1087Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health behaviours are essential to maintain optimal health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications in adults with congenital heart disease. This study aimed to describe health behaviours in adults with congenital heart disease in 15 countries and to identify patient characteristics associated with optimal health behaviours in the international sample. Design: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Methods: Adults with congenital heart disease (n = 4028, median age = 32 years, interquartile range 25–42 years) completed self-report measures as part of the Assessment of Patterns of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart disease - International Study (APPROACH-IS). Participants reported on seven health behaviours using the Health Behaviors Scale-Congenital Heart Disease. Demographic and medical characteristics were assessed via medical chart review and self-report. Multivariate path analyses with inverse sampling weights were used to investigate study aims. Results: Health behaviour rates for the full sample were 10% binge drinking, 12% cigarette smoking, 6% recreational drug use, 72% annual dental visit, 69% twice daily tooth brushing, 27% daily dental flossing and 43% sport participation. Pairwise comparisons indicated that rates differed between countries. Rates of substance use behaviours were higher in younger, male participants. Optimal dental health behaviours were more common among older, female participants with higher educational attainment while sports participation was more frequent among participants who were younger, male, married, employed/students, with higher educational attainment, less complex anatomical defects and better functional status. Conclusions: Health behaviour rates vary by country. Predictors of health behaviours may reflect larger geographic trends. Our findings have implications for the development and implementation of programmes for the assessment and promotion of optimal health behaviours in adults with congenital heart disease. © The European Society of Cardiology 2019.

  • 158. Holm, A K
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Uhrbom, E
    [Dietary formulas for adults].1983In: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 75, no 8, p. 442-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 159. Holm, Ann-Karin
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Kostrådgivning inom hälso- och tandhälsovård för barn: förslag till kostanemnesformulär1981In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 3, p. 151-152Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 160. Holmgren, G
    et al.
    Blomquist, H K
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Positive effect of a late introduced modified diet in an 8-year-old pku child.1980In: Neuropadiatrie, ISSN 0028-3797, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 76-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A modified low phenylalanine diet was instituted in an 8-year-old PKU boy earlier untreated and mentally retarded. The boy was treated during a ten year observation period. A marked progress in mental capacity and in IQ scoring was seen. The difficulties in objective evaluation of the benefit of late introduced treatment with a diet low in phenylalanine is discussed.

  • 161. Holmgren, G
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sjögren, S
    Treatment of a presymptomatic 14-year-old girl with Wilson's disease.1982In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 91-6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Hoppe, Judith
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Appeby, Irma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Unga mäns benägenhet att söka vård för psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is a growing public health issue and to live with mental illness can cause different emotions like shame, fear and anxiety for young men. There are masculine norms and ideals in society about how a young man should be. Aim: The purpose is to describe what influences young men's tendency to seek care in the event of mental illness. Method: The litterature study was made and based on qualitative and on quantitative articles. The CINAHL and PsycInfo databases were used. The data analysis was based on an existing an alysedescription, articles were reviewed through a quality assessment template. Results: During the analysis did the main category emerged “The dilemma of manhood” with subcategories “To beafraid of not being accepted”, “To hide their weakness” and “To be governed by the power of stigma” and also the main category was “Helping or overturning” with subcategories “To avoid consequences and difficult emotions”, “To be lost in the landscape of care” and “To be unsure of the health care’s helpfulness”. Conclusion: The conclusion based on the results are that young men’s tendency to seek care for mental illness has a complex problem picture with several combined problems. Practical implications: Increased knowledge among healthcare professionals and other treatment professionals about how young men’s difficulties in help seeking in the event of mental illness prove to contribute to an increased understanding and sensitivity of staff. Suggestions for continued knowledge development: More research is needed on what could affect young men`s tendency of help seeking and how the current knowledge about mental illness in young men can be implemented in healthcare.

  • 163.
    Hägg-Martinell, Ann
    et al.
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Huddinge.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Ekstrand, Per
    Schuster, Marja
    Larsen, Joacim
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Huddinge.
    Social Participation as Reported by Civil Servants and Volunteers Working with Newly Arrived Immigrants in Sweden: Qualitative Datafrom a Delphi Study2021In: Journal of Identity and Migration Studies, E-ISSN 1843-5610, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 98-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Primary health prevention regarding social participation for newly arrived immigrants is needed to address challenges when responding to the needs of such immigrants in their new and vulnerable situation. The aim of this study was to describe social participation as reported by civil servants and volunteers working with newly arrived immigrants in Sweden. Open-ended data collected in a Delphi project targeting civil servants and volunteers working within the policy establishment programme was used. Qualitative content analysis was conducted. The findings show that several interacting factors contribute to resources that create perquisites for “going native in the community” and “being part of everyday life” as points of perquisites for how civil servants and volunteers elaborate on social participation for newly arrived immigrants. A focus on the “here and now” and avoiding measures that “put life on hold” are two points of aspects that generate possibilities for promoting social participation in health services.

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  • 164. Höglund, D
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Mark, A
    Food habits in Swedish adolescents in relation to socioeconomic conditions.1998In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 52, no 11, p. 784-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the food habits of Swedish adolescents 14-15 y of age. To analyse the connection between food habits and socioeconomic circumstances and background factors.

    DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a Food Frequency Questionnaire including questions on meal patterns.

    SETTING: The city of Göteborg and the County of Alvsborg, Sweden 1996.

    SUBJECTS: Pupils in the 8th grade in all schools in the city of Göteborg and the County of Alvsborg were in February 1996 invited to participate. The study comprised 7605 pupils. The drop-out rate was 14.4% (n = 1280).

    RESULTS: The adolescents had an infrequent consumption of vegetables and fruits and they had a daily consumption of sweets. Cereals, dairy products and snacks: buns, wafers, soft drinks, ice cream and potato crisps were consumed more than once a day. Thirty percent of the girls and 20% of the boys did not eat breakfast every day. The free school lunch was eaten daily by 50% of the boys and 30% of the girls, the remainder ate some type of snack. A negative correlation was found between smoking and the frequency of vegetable consumption. Pupils from areas with high socioeconomic status more often ate breakfast and lunch and the boys more often ate dinner compared to adolescents from areas with low socioeconomic status.

    CONCLUSIONS: An irregular meal pattern as well as snack consumption and smoking were common, especially among girls in areas with low socioeconomic status.

  • 165. Höyer, S
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    [The man behind the syndrome: Joannes Cassianus Pompe. The first person to determine glycogen storage in heart enlargement--he died violently before an execution squad].1986In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 83, no 16, p. 1477-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Ibeh, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Imsirovic, Albina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Rosengren, Linda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Må bra i skolan: Högstadieelevers föreställningar och förslag på förbättringar gällande hälsa i skolan2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SYFTET: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka högstadieelevers föreställningar om hälsa i skolan. Vi kommer att besvara följande frågeformuleringar:

    Hur upplever elever sin skolmiljö ur ett hälsoperspektiv?

    Vad är det som gör att eleverna mår bra i skolan/Vad upplever eleverna själva som viktiga hälsobestämmande faktorer?

    Hur ser nuläget ut och hur skulle ett önskat läge kunna se ut?

    METOD: I denna undersökning har vi använt oss utav kvalitativ intervjumetod med en fenomenologisk ansats. Vi har besvarat vårt syfte med hjälp av den fenomenologiska ansatsen som har åskådliggjort elevernas egna föreställningar kring hälsofenomen i skolmiljön. Tjugotvå högstadieelever intervjuades i fyra olika fokusgrupper. I tre utav fokusgrupperna befann sig eleverna i den direkta skolvardagen och i en fokusgrupp befann sig eleverna på en fritidsgård.

    MATERIAL: Det är intervjuerna med eleverna som är vårt huvudsakliga material och som ligger till grund för undersökningen.

    RESULTAT: Elevernas föreställningar om hälsa innefattar både den psykosociala – och den fysiska miljön. Det eleverna lyfter upp som en viktig aspekt till att de mår bra i skolan handlar om goda relationer. Vi kan konstatera att eleverna är medvetna om faktorer som påverkar deras hälsa positivt och att ett önskat läge kunde uppnås genom deras delaktighet.

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  • 167. Idan, Orly
    et al.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Al-Yagon, Michal
    The salutogenic model: The role of generalized resistance resources2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Maurice B. Mittelmark, Shifra Sagy, Monica Eriksson, Georg F. Bauer, Jürgen M. Pelikan, Bengt Lindström, Geir Arild Espnes, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, p. 57-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168. Jansson, Nina
    et al.
    Nilsfelt, Anna
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Wennergren, Margareta
    Rossander-Hulthén, Lena
    Powell, Theresa L
    Jansson, Thomas
    Maternal hormones linking maternal body mass index and dietary intake to birth weight.2008In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0002-9165, E-ISSN 1938-3207, Vol. 87, no 6, p. 1743-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Obese women often give birth to large-for-gestational age infants (typically defined as a birth weight greater than the 90th percentile), who are at risk of birth injuries and of developing metabolic syndrome later in life. The mechanisms underlying increased fetal growth remain to be established. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify maternal hormones that can explain the link between dietary intake, body mass index (BMI), and birth weight. DESIGN: Pregnant women with BMIs (in kg/m(2)) ranging from 17 to 44 (n = 49) were recruited in gestational weeks 8-12. Serum hormone concentrations were measured and dietary history interviews were performed in the first and third trimesters. Multiple regression models were produced to identify hormones that correlate with birth weight and are influenced by BMI or dietary factors. RESULTS: We found a strong positive correlation between BMI and first- and third-trimester insulin and leptin concentrations and a negative correlation between BMI and first-trimester adiponectin and first- and third-trimester insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1). Maternal total fat intake in the first trimester was positively correlated with maternal leptin and inversely correlated with adiponectin. In addition, third-trimester total fat intake was positively correlated with circulating resistin concentrations. First-trimester maternal serum resistin was positively correlated with birth weight, whereas third-trimester maternal IGFBP-1 was negatively correlated with birth weight. CONCLUSIONS: High first-trimester maternal serum resistin and low third-trimester IGFBP-1 were correlated with increased birth weight. We propose that low serum concentrations of IGFBP-1 represent a link between high BMI and increased fetal growth by increasing the bioavailability of insulin-like growth factor-I, which up-regulates placental nutrient transport.

  • 169.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margareta
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden The Queen Silivia Children’s Hospital Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SWE).
    Ragnarsson, S.
    Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, (SWE).
    Brorsson, A -L
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Garcia de Avila, M.
    Department of Nursing, Botucatu Medical School - UNESP (BRA).
    Forsner, M.
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, (SWE).
    Kull, I.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Sachs’ Children and Youth’s Hospital, Södersjukhuset (SWE).
    Olinder, A. L.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Sachs’ Children and Youth’s Hospital, Södersjukhuset (SWE).
    Mattson, J.
    Department of Health Science, The Swedish Red Cross University College, Sweden Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Nilsson, S.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Rullander, A -C
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University (SWE).
    Rydström, L -L
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Olaya-Contreras, P.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. The Queen Silivia Children’s Hospital Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SWE).
    Young children’s voices in an unlocked Sweden during the COVID-19 pandemic2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 693-702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: During the COVID-19 pandemic, Sweden was one of the few countries that rejected lockdowns in favour of recommendations for restrictions, including careful hand hygiene and social distancing. Preschools and primary schools remained open. Several studies have shown negative impacts of the pandemic on children, particularly high levels of anxiety. The study aim was to explore how Swedish school-aged children aged 6–14 years, experienced the COVID-19 pandemic and their perceived anxiety. Methods: In total, 774 children aged 6–14 years and their guardians answered an online questionnaire containing 24 questions, along with two instruments measuring anxiety: the Children’s Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale. A convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used for analysing the quantitative and qualitative data. Each data source was first analysed separately, followed by a merged interpretative analysis. Results: The results showed generally low levels of anxiety, with no significant sex differences. Children who refrained from normal social activities or group activities (n=377) had significantly higher levels of anxiety. Most of the children were able to appreciate the bright side of life, despite the social distancing and refraining from activities, which prevented them from meeting and hugging their loved ones. Conclusions: These Swedish children generally experienced low levels of anxiety, except those who refrained from social activities. Life was nonetheless mostly experienced as normal, largely because schools remained open. Keeping life as normal as possible could be one important factor in preventing higher anxiety and depression levels in children during a pandemic.  

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  • 170.
    Johansson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Netz, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    En paus i vardagen: en undersökning om uppfattningar av stresshanteringsyoga2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur 16 av deltagarna på den stresshanteringsyogakurs vi har följt uppfattar yogapasset och kursen som helhet. Studien har inspirerats av en fenomenografisk ansats, vilket innebär att finna variationer mellan yogadeltagarnas uppfattningar om stresshanteringsyogakursen. Vi har använt oss av en semistrukturerad intervjuform för att yogadeltagarna skulle få utrymme att tala fritt om sina uppfattningar utifrån de teman intervjun innehöll. I undersökningen är urvalet 16 yogadeltagare mellan 26-61 år som har valt att fullfölja kursen. Av dessa är 14 kvinnor och 2 män. Vi har analyserat vårt material med inspiration av en fenomenografisk analysmodell. Resultatet är att de flesta av deltagarna upplever att stresshanteringsyogapasset leder till lugn och harmoni samt att kropp och själ hänger ihop. Andningsövningar som är en del av yogapasset har de flesta tagit med sig i sin vardag. I stresshanteringsyogakursen är yogaläraren och yogagruppen yttre betydande faktorer för de flesta deltagare.

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  • 171.
    Johansson, Mathilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Unga vuxnas upplevda hälsa: Och hur hälsan skiljer sig bland olika bostadsområden i samhället2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate how young adults experience their health in different housing areas, as well as investigate differences that may arise in different types of areas (City, countryside, suburb and other). Background: Health is a term that is of great importance to us individuals. What affects our health is an individual's living habits, environment, environment, etc. How the individual perceives his surroundings has a major influence on how he subsequently perceives his life and well-being. Therefore, I have chosen to use these a survey to investigate how factors in their environment affect their health and their lifestyle. Method: Based on my purpose, two questions were formulated: Does the living habits differ among young adults in different housing areas and, if so, what way and what experience do young adults have of well-being and environment in their respective residential areas? To answer my question, I have chosen as a method of making a quantitative survey that is best suited for investigating a larger material, and of which a more general opinion can be obtained. Results: The result showed that those areas there people experienced unhealthy living-conditions and a low sense of context is in the suburb. It's because of a sense of insecurity and environmental factors which according to the people wasn't satisfied with their needs. Areas such as city and countryside were areas where people experienced a more satisfying environment and life situation which made health feel the most positive in these areas.

  • 172. Jonsell, R
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sigurfinnsson, G P
    Haemophilus-cellulit och sepsis hos spädbarn - smittspridning troliga via syskon.[Haemophilus cellulitis and sepsis in infants--infection presumably spread via siblings].1980In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 77, no 8, p. 660-1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Jonsson, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Karlsson, Therese
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    John Blund i Cyberspace: En undersökning om ungdomars sömn kopplat till deras användning av Informations- och Kommunikationsteknik2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sömnstörningar hos ungdomar anses vara ett växande problem. Det finns misstankar om att ungdomarnas ökade användning av Informations- och Kommunikationsteknik (IKT) är boven i dramat. Ungdomar upplevs spendera en allt större del av sin tid framför datorn, samtidigt som mobilen går varm av samtal och SMS. Det saknas dock utförlig forskning kring sambanden mellan IKT-användande och sömn. Syfte: Att undersöka huruvida ungdomar lider av sömnstörningar och om det i så fall kan kopplas till deras IKT-användande. De frågeställningar som behandlas är hur ungdomars sömnmönster ser ut och om det finns några kopplingar mellan eventuella negativa sömnmönster och deras IKT-användande. Dessutom undersöker vi om det finns några könsmässiga skillnader i sömn och IKT-användandet. Metod: Den metod som används är kvantitativ och datainsamlingen har skett genom en enkät. Urvalet består av 392 elever i årskurs ett från en gymnasieskola i västra Sverige. Enkäten besvarades och samlades in vid ett och samma tillfälle. Datan har bearbetats och analyserats i statistikprogrammet SPSS. Resultat: Analysen av resultaten visar att deltagarna har sömnproblem och att de upplever negativa effekter av dessa sömnproblem. Resultatet visar även att det finns ett samband mellan deltagarnas IKT-användande och dålig sömnkvalité, ju högre användande desto sämre sömn. Det finns inga direkta könsmässiga skillnader gällande sömnmönstret, däremot finns det skillnader gällande IKT-användandet. Slutsats: Undersökningen visar att deltagarna faktiskt lider av sömnproblem, och att användandet av IKT påverkar sömnen. Samtidigt indikerar resultatet att IKT-användning endast är en av flera påverkansfaktorer. Ytterligare forskning behövs för att till fullo förstå de bakomliggande orsakerna till ungdomarnas sömnproblem.

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  • 174.
    Juneholm, Petra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Hälsofrämjande patientsamtal: fyra läkares röster om kompetens och förhållningssätt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur relationen mellan läkare och patient tas i uttryck i hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation med hälsofrämjande inriktning. Undersökningens fokus har varit på samtalet mellan läkare och patient. Huvudsyftet har varit att försöka få syn på det hälsopromotiva inslaget i samtalet mellan läkare och patient.Studiens metod bygger på fyra kvalitativa intervjuer som inspirerats av fenomenologisk ansats som sedan bearbetats och analyserats samt en deltagande observation. Studiens resultat bygger på kategorier som funnits utifrån forskningsfrågorna; Vad innebär det att arbeta hälsofrämjande i samtalet? I vilken mån tar läkare upp frågan om livsstil och levnadsvanor i samtalet med patient? Och Vilken kompetens har läkare inom samtalsmetodik? Resultatet tyder på att det finns en brist på kunskap om vad hälsopromotion är. Respondenterna blandar ihop begreppen kring de salutogena och patogena perspektivet. Det finns en viss kunskap och intresse för samtalets betydelse för patientens hälsa och välmående. Men att de anser att sin utbildning inte varit tillräcklig och att det finns behov och önskemål om mer kunskap inom samtals metodik samt att man i liten utsträckning utnyttjar den kunskap som finns. Slutligen visar även resultatet på att läkarna har behov av handledning och kollegialt stöd och de har en liten kunskap om vad motiverande samtal är.

     

     

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  • 175.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden and Univ Skovde, Dept Cognit Neurosci, Skovde, Sweden.
    Carlander, Anders
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Who gets ahead in life?: Personality traits and childhood background in economic success2017In: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 59, p. 164-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many societies around the world, the ideal is that anyone can achieve a successful life independent of family background. An indication of such social mobility could be that personality characteristics have stronger impact than childhood background on economic success. The present study investigated how much of life outcomes (i.e., educational attainment, annual income, and life outcome satisfaction) were accounted for by adult personality traits (the Big Five), when controlled for childhood socio-economic status (SES). The results from a large, representative Swedish sample (N = 5280) showed that personality traits (especially neuroticism) were associated as much as or more than childhood SES to annual income and life outcome satisfaction, whereas childhood SES related more to educational attainment. These results may help facilitate our understanding of the mechanisms behind individual economic success. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 176.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ander, Birgitta
    School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescent smoking, alcohol use, inebriation, and use of narcotics during the Covid-19 pandemic.2022In: BMC Psychology, E-ISSN 2050-7283, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate how general family relations, reported changes in family interaction and involvement with peers during the Covid-19 pandemic, and following rules and recommendations during the pandemic relate to adolescent smoking, alcohol use, inebriation, and use of narcotics during Covid-19.

    METHODS: An online national survey of Swedish adolescents (n = 1818) aged 15-19 years was conducted in June 2020. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to predict adolescents' reported change in substance use during the pandemic. Person-oriented analyses, were used to identify clusters of participants characterized by similar patterns of substance use following ANOVA analysis with Scheffe post hoc tests testing differences between clusters in terms of family relations, reported changes in family interaction and involvement with peers during the Covid-19 pandemic, and following rules and recommendations during the pandemic.

    RESULTS: Higher general family conflict, increased involvement with peers, a strained relationship with parents, and less compliance with rules and restrictions during the pandemic predicted a reported increase in adolescent substance use during this period. The grouping of scores for adolescent smoking, alcohol use, inebriation, and use of narcotics resulted in a six-cluster solution. One cluster (n = 767) either did not use or had decreased use of substances during the Covid-19 pandemic. Five other clusters, thus risk clusters, had retained or increased use of substances during the pandemic. Poor general family relations, increased peer involvement, and difficulties to conform to the rules and restrictions during the covid-19 pandemic were characteristics of risk clusters.

    CONCLUSIONS: Most of adolescents in our study did not increase their substance use during the pandemic. However, adolescents with poor family relations who turn to peers during stressful times and who have difficulty following the government's rules and restrictions, are at risk of increased substance use during the pandemic. This is a potential threat both to adolescents themselves and others in their surroundings which is why at-risk adolescents and their families need more attention from public health and social services during this time of crisis.

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    BMC Psychology
  • 177.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping,.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Reported Changes in Adolescent Psychosocial Functioning during the COVID-19 Outbreak2021In: Adolescents, E-ISSN 2673-7051, no 1, p. 10-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What effect the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has had on adolescents’ psychosocial functioning is currently unknown. Using the data of 1767 (50.2% female and 49.8 male) adolescents in Sweden, we discuss adolescents’ thoughts and behaviors around the COVID-19 outbreak, as well as reported changes in substance use, everyday life, relations, victimization, and mental health during the outbreak. Results showed that (a) the majority of adolescents have been complying with regulations from the government; (b) although most adolescents did not report changes in their psychosocial functioning, a critical number reported more substance use, conflict with parents, less time spent with peers, and poorer control over their everyday life; and (c) the majority of adolescents have experienced less victimization, yet poorer mental health, during the COVID-19 outbreak. Adolescent girls and adolescents in distance schooling were likely to report negative changes in their psychosocial functioning during the COVID-19 outbreak. Based on these findings, we suggest that society should pay close attention to changes in adolescents’ psychosocial functioning during times of crisis.

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  • 178.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Bador, Kourosh
    AGERA KBT AB,Gothenburg (SWE).
    Sfendla, Anis
    High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Errachidia ( MAR); Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR); Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Moulay Ismail University, Errachidia (MAR) .
    Belaatar, Mohjat
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan(MAR).
    El Mzadi, Abdennour
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Jovic, Vladimir
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth,Belgrade (SRB).
    Damjanovic, Rade
    Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Education in Sombor, University of Novi Sad, Sombor (SRB).
    Erlandsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nguyen, Hang Thi Minh
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities,Hanoi (VNM).
    Nguyen, Nguyet Thi Anh
    Department of Social Work with Children and Family, Faculty of Social Work, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi (VNM).
    Ulberg, Scott E.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (USA).
    Kuch-Cecconi, Rachael H.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (USA).
    Meszaros, Zsuzsa Szombathyne
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (USA).
    Stevanovic, Dejan
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, Belgrade (SRB).
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Zouini, Btissame
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions2021In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 16, article id 8755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work studied self-reports from adolescents on how the COVID-19 pandemic has changed their behaviors, relationships, mood, and victimization. Data collection was conducted between September 2020 and February 2021 in five countries (Sweden, the USA, Serbia, Morocco, and Vietnam). In total, 5114 high school students (aged 15 to 19 years, 61.8% females) responded to our electronic survey. A substantial proportion of students reported decreased time being outside (41.7%), meeting friends in real life (59.4%), and school performance (30.7%), while reporting increased time to do things they did not have time for before (49.3%) and using social media to stay connected (44.9%). One third of the adolescents increased exercise and felt that they have more control over their life. Only a small proportion of adolescents reported substance use, norm-breaking behaviors, or victimization. The overall COVID-19 impact on adolescent life was gender-specific: we found a stronger negative impact on female students. The results indicated that the majority of adolescents could adapt to the dramatic changes in their environment. However, healthcare institutions, municipalities, schools, and social services could benefit from the findings of this study in their work to meet the needs of those young people who signaled worsened psychosocial functioning, increased stress, and victimization.

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    MDPI
  • 179.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sanchéz-Pérez, Ana Maria
    Neurobiotechnology Laboratory, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM), University Jaume I, Castellon (ESP).
    Landry, Marc
    University of Bordeaux, CNRS, Institute for Neurodegenrative Diseases, IMN, UMR 5293, Bordeaux, (FRA).
    Neuroinflammation as a possible link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain2021In: Medical Hypotheses, ISSN 0306-9877, E-ISSN 1532-2777, Vol. 157, article id 110717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pathological pain are two complex syndromes of multifactorial origin. Despite their prevalence and broad impacts, these conditions are seldom recognized and managed simultaneously. The co-existence of neuropsychiatric conditions (such as ADHD) and altered pain perception and chronic pain has been noted in children, and the comorbidity of ADHD and chronic pain is well documented in adults. Pathophysiological studies have suggested dysfunction of the dopaminergic system as a common neurochemical basis for comorbid ADHD and pain. Considerable evidence supports the role of neuroinflammation in the pathophysiology of both. We suggest that central neuroinflammation underlies altered pain perception and pain sensitization in persons with ADHD. Based on our hypothesis, targeting neuroinflammation may serve as a potential new therapeutic intervention to treat ADHD and comorbid pain in children and adolescents and a preventive strategy for the development of chronic pain in adults with ADHD.

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  • 180.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Zouini, Btissame
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University of Tetouan (MAR).
    Tingberg, Sofia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Psychological Distress, Somatic Complaints, and Their Relation to Negative Psychosocial Factors in a Sample of Swedish High School Students2021In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 9, p. 1-16, article id 669958Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescence is a period in life characterized by major neurobiological, physiological, and psychological changes. Those changes may give rise to worsened mental health and an increased prevalence of somatic complaints combined with a negative psychosocial environment. Rapid changes in society, which may also affect young people in several ways, call for a renewed screening of today's adolescents' mental and somatic well-being. Aim: The present study's primary aim was to measure the level of self-rated psychological distress and the prevalence of somatic complaints in a sample of Swedish high school students. As a secondary aim, it identifies gender-specific patterns and examines mental and somatic health in relation to negative psychosocial factors (such as parental alcohol use problems or the experience of physical or psychological abuse). Method: Two hundred and eighty-seven Swedish high school students completed a survey including the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and a questionnaire about the presence of defined somatic complaints. In order to examine the relationship between negative psychosocial factors and mental and somatic health, three groups were formed: those reporting (i) parental substance use problems, (ii) previous experience of abuse, (iii) none of these problems. Results: The majority of the Swedish high-school students (>80%) reported no or only a few problems with psychological distress and no or only one somatic complaint. Female students disclosed a significantly higher psychological distress level captured by each BSI domain. The number of somatic complaints was similarly distributed between the genders. The students rarely reported parental substance use problems, but almost 40% of the male and 50% of the female students indicated the experience of physical and/or psychological abuse. Such negative psychosocial circumstances were related to an increased level of anxiety in the male and an increased general level of psychological distress in female students. Conclusions: The study confirmed female students' higher psychological distress level. Gender differences in the type of somatic complaints, but not in the number were detected. The experience of physical and/or psychological abuse was found to significantly worsen psychological distress in students of both genders.

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  • 181.
    Koelen, Maria
    et al.
    Wageningen University, Wageningen (NLD).
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Older People,: Sense of Coherence and Community2022In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Maurice B. Mittelmark, Georg F. Bauer, Lenneke Vaandrager, Jürgen M. Pelikan, Shifra Sagy, Monica Eriksson, Bengt Lindström &Claudia Meier Magistretti, Cham: Springer, 2022, 2., p. 185-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the authors consider the meanings of the concepts of healthy ageing, ageing well, salutogenic ageing and reciprocity between the sense of coherence (SOC) and ageing processes. They discuss how the community can provide resources to strengthen older adults’ SOC, perceived well-being and quality of life. Quoting ‘It’s not how old we are; it’s how we are old’, the authors illuminate critical differences in understanding healthy ageing by professionals, researchers and older people themselves.

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  • 182.
    Koelen, Maria
    et al.
    Wageningen University, Department of Social Sciences, Health and Society Group, Wageningen, Netherland.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Cattan, Mima
    Northumbria University, Department of Health and Life Sciences, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
    Older people, sense of coherence and community2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Mittelmark, M. B. et al., New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, p. 137-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Population ageing is a global trend and even though years added to life often are lived in good health; it will have an impact on healthcare, housing and facilities, and social security costs. Healthy ageing in place, especially in one's own home and community, increasingly receives attention from health professionals, researchers, and policymakers. In this chapter, we first discuss the meaning of the concept of healthy ageing, and how Sense of Coherence contributes to this process. Next, we discuss the characteristics of the community in which older people live their lives and how the community can provide resources (GRR and SRR) to strengthen Sense of Coherence and hence perceived well-being and quality of life. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2017.

  • 183.
    Korp, Peter
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Health on the Internet: implications for health promotion2006In: Health Education Research, ISSN 0268-1153, E-ISSN 1465-3648, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 78-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the implications of health on the Internet for health promotion, focusing in particular on the concept of empowerment. Empowering aspects of health on the Internet include the enabling of advanced information and knowledge retrieval, anonymity and convenience in accessing information, creation of social contacts and support independent of time and space, and challenging the expert-lay actor relationship. The disempowering aspects of health on the Internet are that it involves a shift towards the expert control and evaluation of sources of health information, that it widens the gap between 'information-rich' and 'information-poor' users, thus reproducing existing social divisions, and that the increase in medicalization and healthism results in increased anxiety and poorer health. The health promotive and empowering strategies presented in this article are directed at strengthening people's ability to evaluate different information sources in relation to their own interests and needs rather than in relation to scientific and/or professional standards.

  • 184.
    Korp, Peter
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Hälsopromotion: en sociologisk studie av hälsofrämjandets institutionalisering2003Report (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Korp, Peter
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    The symbolic power of 'healthy lifestyles'2008In: Health Sociology Review, ISSN 1446-1242, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 18-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Korp, Peter
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences GIH, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Making sense of health in PE: conceptions of health among Swedish physical education teachers2023In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, E-ISSN 1758-714X, Vol. 123, no 2, p. 79-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Over the last couple of decades, health has become a central part of the subject content in physical education (PE) curricula in many countries. As a result, issues of health have been foregrounded much more clearly in the teaching of PE. The aim of this study was to explore how Swedish PE teachers make sense of health in relation to their teaching practices. This was done through investigating conceptions and theories about health in the teachers' descriptions of their teaching practices.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The data analyzed in this paper were collected through focus group and individual interviews with PE teachers in the grades 7-9 within compulsory schools in Sweden. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    Findings

    Four dominant themes were identified in the data: 1) Health as a healthy attitude, 2) Health as a functional ability, 3) Health as fitness, 4) Health as mental wellbeing. There is a clear impact from healthism and obesity discourses on the teachers' accounts of health, but there is also an impact from holistic views and approaches to health. The authors contend that teachers should be explicit in what they mean by health in relation to what they teach, how they teach and why they teach health in a certain way.

    Originality/value

    The knowledge produced by this study is crucial since teachers' assumptions regarding health affect the subject content (what), the pedagogies (how), as well as the reasons (why) they teach health and therefore what students learn regarding health.

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  • 187.
    Kostmann, Ebba
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Children's Perspectives on Health.: What Makes Children Feel Good According to Themselves?2012In: International Journal of Education, E-ISSN 1948-5476, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this study is to examine children’s perspectives on health and what elements make them feel good. Health promoting contributions rarely emanate from children’s perspectives but most often from a child perspective, what adults consider children need in order to feel well. There are relatively few studies made from children’s viewpoints on health - children should be made more involved in the shaping of health interventions. The study was carried out at two nine-year compulsory schools in Western Sweden, 78 pupils aged 9 through 11years participated. To collect the material interviews was the principal source, and the result is mainly supported by an analysis of the contents from 52 interviews. What the children declared to be the most important element for health were relations. This circumstance was stated in 88 percent of the interviews, and it was in substance the relations to family and friends that were brought up. A condition to lift children’s perspectives is that they are taken seriously, that their part-taking leads to influence and a real utilization of their opinions. A conclusion from this study is that activities that handle health for children and young people should consider children’s perspectives: partly through focusing the work on promoting children’s social and familial relations, and partly to let the children participate more in the final shape of contents and working methods.

  • 188.
    Kovacevic, Anka
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Thorén - Begger, Gerd
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Förberedelseklasser: Pedagogiska perspektiv på andraspråkinlärning2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade invandringen i Sverige har bland annat bidragit till ökade krav på skolans bemötande av nyanlända elever från olika länder som är i behov att lära sig det svenska språket.

    Med tanke på språkets betydelse för individen i ett främmande land är syftet med vår studie att undersöka andraspråkinlärning i förberedelseklasser, utifrån pedagogiska perspektiv.

    Frågeställningarna i undersökningen är; Hur upplever förberedelseklasslärare att invandrarelever lär sig det svenska språket? Vilka pedagogiska redskap används under språkinlärningsfasen och bedömer lärarna att eleverna får tillräckliga språkkunskaper för att möta skolans krav i övrig ämnesundervisning?

    Studien belyser mångfald i samhälle och skola, språkets betydelse, undervisningsmetoder samt modersmålets roll i andraspråksundervisningen, utifrån några lärares syn på dessa fenomen. Skiljer sig uppfattningen åt mellan pedagoger, angående detta?

    Studien bygger på kvalitativ metod med sju intervjuer och en observation samt en omfattande litteraturundersökning, vilket enligt vår mening visar att det finns ett ökat behov av mångkulturell förståelse i den svenska skolan.

    Resultatet av våra intervjuer är naturligtvis inte generaliserbar på grund av dess begränsade omfattning men den visar ändå enligt vår uppfattning att det efterfrågas förändrade förhållningssätt och undervisningsmetoder som inkluderar samtliga ämnesområden. Resultatet åskådliggör även att invandrarelever inte har tillräckliga språkkunskaper för att klara skolans kunskapskrav och att det finns ett utanförskap som kan ha sin grund i samhällets segregation, vilket vi anser har stärkts genom litteraturen.

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  • 189.
    Krdzic, Samra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Naeim Abadi, Mohadesseh
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Substansbrukets väg in till en livsstil av kriminalitet: En litteraturstudie som beskriver samband mellan substansbruk och kriminell utveckling hos ungdomar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research shows that substance use and criminality have increased among young people in Sweden. Drug crime is one of several crimes for which young people become a common convict. Based on Sweden's statistics on drug crimes and general crimesamong young people, it is established that 15-20 years is a common age range to both be suspected of and convicted of crime. The reasons why young people start with substance use and crime are many and risk factors have a common pattern. One of the risk factors is related to previous norm-breaking behavior of the individual and/or the individual's closest circle.

    Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe the connection between substance abuse and criminal development in young people.

    Method: The study is based on a literature study. The data collection is carried out through systematic literature searches in the Cinahl and PsycInfo databases, of which scientific articles with both a qualitative and quantitative approach were included. A three-step method was used. A total of nine articles were selected which had high quality and ethical approval.

    Findings: The result was based on selected articles and presented through two themes and five subthemes. The first theme was "risk factors in and around young people " and its subthemes were "The influence of the family situation on substance use development, "The influence of social circle on substance use development” and "Early debut with substances risked increased substance use". The second theme was "the substance's negative impact" and its subthemes were "Substance use as a gateway to new relationships in criminal gangs” and “Substance use as a gateway to juvenile delinquency".

    Conclusion: Based on the results of this literature study, it can be concluded that there are a number of different factors to substance use and criminality. Much is based on the family structure and family background. The findings also showed that substance use was a key for criminal involvement and association. A connection emerged that substance use began at an early age in young people.

  • 190.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Work integrated learning for employee health in schools 2014In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 387-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine relationships between quality management health dimensions, employee health, flow and work integrated learning in primary schools. Previous research has indicated relationships between quality management and health. In this study, the role that work integrated learning plays in the connection between quality and health is investigated.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study object has been a number of schools. A quantitative survey has been carried out. A random sample of 20 primary schools, of which 13 (65 per cent) agreed to participate, was selected. Questionnaires to their 301 employees were delivered and 229 (76 per cent)were returned. The reliability of the items were analysed with Cronbach’s alpha test. The statistical relationships between the items were studied with Pearson’s correlation test.

    Findings – The results show that the items are reliable. Moreover, statistical correlations between work integrated learning on the one hand and employee health, quality management health dimensions and flow on the other hand are found.

    Research limitations/implications – One limitation is that the research has only been carried out in schools and the possibilities of generalising the findings to other sectors are uncertain. Research implications are the relationships that have been identified between work integrated learning and the other factors.

    Practical implications – The knowledge that has resulted from the study should be useful for organisations in their attempts to improve the health status of the employees.

    Originality/value – The relationship between work integrated learning and employee health has not been studied in any other major study.

  • 191.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linneuniversitetet, Department of Marketing,School of Business and Economics,Kalmar.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Lind, Linda
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Health Leadership in the Wellness Industry2015In: Complete proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Management Leadership and Governance ICMLG 2015 Auckland, New Zealand. / [ed] Coral Ingley & James Lockhart, Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2015, p. 167-174Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Lind, Linda
    Workplace health in the wellness sector: implications for HRM2014In: 29th EIASM Workshop on Strategic Human Resource Management, 24-25/4 2014, Ajaccio, France, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnaeus University,Department of Marketing, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden .
    Entrepreneurial Learning for Quality and Competitiveness: A Study in the Spa-Industry2015In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ECIE, ACAD CONFERENCES LTD, CURTIS FARM, KIDMORE END, NR READING, RG4 9AY, ENGLAND , 2015, p. 392-399Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The connection between well-functioning quality management and competitiveness has been established. Moreover, research has found that the success of quality management efforts is dependent on the values held by management and employees in the organisations. Consequently, there is a connection to organisational culture and organisational learning. Quality management is sometimes accused of only promoting incremental improvements while entrepreneurial learning is seen as a way of promoting truly innovative improvements in organisations. Combining entrepreneurial learning and quality management is, however, not obvious since they have aspects that may be contradictory. Nevertheless, organisational learning theories are often addressed in recent quality management literature and such attempts have often been found to be fruitful. Consequently, introducing entrepreneurial learning aspects in the quality management field might further its development. Exploring ways of combining these fields and perhaps finding a common ground should thus be valuable. The study reported in this paper has been carried out in the Swedish spa-industry. The purpose has been to explore if and how entrepreneurial learning can contribute to the management of quality in the companies. Case studies have been carried out at seven leading spa-hotels which have formed a learning network. Qualitative methods of data collection have been used including in-depth interviews, participant observation, seminars and a novel method called the quality café. The results are presented and a framework for entrepreneurial learning driven quality management is proposed.

  • 194.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Department of Marketing, Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Workplace health in wellness: a study of Swedish spa-hotels2019In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 395-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In previous research, quality management practices have been found to be related to better health for employees. Dimensions of health-promoting quality leadership have been defined. The purpose of this study was to identify dimensions of workplace health in the wellness industry and relate them to the dimensions of health-promoting quality leadership. Design/methodology/approach: An empirical study involving seven leading spa-hotels in Sweden has been carried out. The first part of the study consisted of quality cafés carried out at each of the hotels. The quality café is a novel method, which has the World Café-method as its basis, combined with quality management techniques. Based on the findings from the quality cafés, an employee survey was developed. Findings: The findings from the study include a definition of five major health dimensions for the employees, namely, happiness, kinship, respect, physical health conditions and control. The dimensions were found to be statistically consistent and correlated with the self-reported health of the respondents. Research limitations/implications: The findings are related to health promotion theory and the dimensions of health-promoting quality leadership. A framework for health leadership in the wellness industry is proposed. The study was only carried out in one country. Practical implications: The framework and the findings should be useful for managers, particularly in the wellness sector, when designing their operations and health promotion activities. Originality/value: Workplace health in the wellness sector, which is growing worldwide, is very scarcely researched. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 195.
    Lahtela, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gillenäng, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ger det fria arbetet frihet: En studie om balans mellan arbete och privatliv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study treats the construction and maintenance of balance between work and private life and how flexibility in the workplace is perceived. The study was conducted using semi-structured interviews and these have been conducted in five large companies around Gothenburg. The analysis and results are based on the phenomenographic method approach and the final results were four themes: Balance, Flexibility, Combining family and work and lifelong learning with related subcategories. The result shows that the construction and maintenance of balance between work and personal life is something that is tied to the indi-viduals and the current situation in life. Two of the most common strategies to maintain a dis-tinction proved to be planning as well as other activities, in order to move the focus away from the work. In the larger picture flexibility of work turned out to be something that all re-spondents are in favor of, and not perceived as something stressful

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  • 196.
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    et al.
    Duke University, Durham, NC (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Durham, NC (USA).
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Durham, NC (USA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau (CHN).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza,"Rome (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Durham, NC. (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (CHN).
    Long, Qian
    Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza,"Rome (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, (USA), and King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (SAU).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City (PHL).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples "Federico II," Naples (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H
    Eunice Kennedy ShriverNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA, UNICEF, New York, USA, and Institute for Fiscal Studies, London (GBR).
    Pre-pandemic psychological and behavioral predictors of responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in nine countries.2021In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents (N = 1,330; Mages = 15 and 16; 50% female), mothers, and fathers from nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, United States) reported on adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems, adolescents completed a lab-based task to assess tendency for risk-taking, and adolescents reported on their well-being. During the pandemic, participants (Mage = 20) reported on changes in their internalizing, externalizing, and substance use compared to before the pandemic. Across countries, adolescents' internalizing problems pre-pandemic predicted increased internalizing during the pandemic, and poorer well-being pre-pandemic predicted increased externalizing and substance use during the pandemic. Other relations varied across countries, and some were moderated by confidence in the government's handling of the pandemic, gender, and parents' education.

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    Cambridge
  • 197.
    Lantz, H
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Medicine.
    Brattby, L.-E
    Uppsala University Hospital, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
    Fors, H.
    Northern Älvsborg Hospital, Trollhättan,Department of Paediatrics.
    Sandhagen, B.
    Uppsala University Hospital, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
    Sjöström, L.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Medicine.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Body composition in a cohort of Swedish adolescents aged 15, 17 and 20.5 years2008In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 97, no 12, p. 1691-1697Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Larsen, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, the Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Department of Health Sciences, the Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Hägg Martinell, Ann
    Department of Health Sciences, the Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet.
    A Scoping Review of Delphi Studies Concerning Social Participation of Refugees in Health Services2021In: JAMK Journal of Health and Social Studies, p. e1-e10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to appropriately attend to refugee health needs in the countries that are receiving them is an enormous institutional challenge. The varying practicalities of administering refugee health services can affect a refugee’s mental health outcome during the adjustment period to their new home country. This is a report on a study undertaken to overview Delphi method approaches used to investigate the consensus by experts on the issue of refugees’ social participation in health services. The review was conducted from March to December 2018 by two evaluators utilizing a systematic search strategy in presently available electronic databases. Only Delphi studies concerning forced adult refugee’s social participation in health services were included, while studies that focused on children, minorities, immigrants, migrants, asylum seekers, etc., as well as studies that did not utilize the Delphi technique, were excluded. Ten peer-reviewed articles were included in the final charting of the data. The results show that Delphi approaches regarding refugee social participation have focused on important factors important for providing quality health care, health care priorities, barriers preventing social participation, and research priorities. The experts make clear that bureaucratic procedures, cross-cultural communication and empowerment, be taken into consideration when creating policies, in practice and in research. The conclusion is that by emphasizing the tacit knowledge of experts, the Delphi method can contribute to a deeper understanding of policy priorities and responsive health services.

  • 199. Larsson, Y
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Nytt vårdprogram för barn- och ungdomsdiabetes1988In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 85, no 4, p. 195-198Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 200. Larsson, Y
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Tuvemo, T
    Åman, J
    Vårdprogram för barn- och ungdomsdiabetes1988In: XXII Nordiska Pediatriska kongressen, Reykjavik, 1988, 1988, no 4Conference paper (Other academic)
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