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  • 151.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Reflection Meetings as a Method for Learning and Evaluation2004In: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Information Technology Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, 2004, p. 169-174Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflection meetings were used as a method for learning and evaluation in the project County Academy at the County Administration of Sweden. An internal organisation for the administration of in-house education should be developed in the project. The project group consisted of both researchers and practitioners. The reflection meeting became an arena for ptoblem setting, analysis, reflection and evaluation. There were no pre-defined agendas for the meetings. The discussions often focused on different psychosocial aspects of the project. The discussions at the previous project meetings focused more on technical-oriented aspects.

  • 152.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Transparancy Aspects of eGovernment2006In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of e-Government / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited , 2006, p. 197-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementations of eGovernment are criticised as being too focused on technical issues that lead to consequences such as user resistance. For example, a transparent problem analysis could contribute to define real problems and find proper solutions. Different professional competencies are needed in order to focus and analyse different aspects of problem situations. Traditional work culture and the competence of systems developers as well as professional territories towards other professionals could hinder cooperation in multi-professional teams.

     

  • 153.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Utvärdering av arbetsintegrerat e-lärande vid länsstyrelsen2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, B., Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, 1, p. 285-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Frisk, Elisabeth
    The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation (EJISE): ECIME2009 Special2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 155.
    Grönblad, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Öman, Marcus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kan animation öka motivationen i skolan?: En kvantitativ analys av en animerad prototyp i skolmiljö 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if animated pictures combined with spoken and written text can increase primary school students' motivation. We will design and create a prototype based on earlier research and theory about how to design animated images for educational use. We conduct an experiment involving 55 students. The students would perform an identical school assignment, half the group performed the task without our prototype and half the group used our prototype. Afterwards students answered a questionnaire in which they rate their experience and motivation of the task. This in order to explore whether students' motivation increased by using the prototype or not. The results show no clear correlation between students' motivation and use of the prototype. We discuss possible reasons for this in our text and give suggestions for further research.

  • 156.
    Gunnarsson, Maj
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Magnusson, Maria
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Rasmusson, Peo
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Less is more: When IT comes to knowledge management2000In: Proceedings of IRIS23, 2000, Vol. 23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we take the point of departure from two thoroughly conducted casestudies, in which we have analysed certain knowledge work activities with followingimplications for design. Both studies clearly stated the call for a ICT-support whensearching information and sharing knowledge. For example, sharing bookmarksamong knowledge workers seemed to be a necessary and useful activity. Importantand valuable bookmarks often mirror what kind of information and knowledgepeople are looking for, and also what kind of forum they usually go to on the worldwide web. In this work we have developed a prototype, KnowMan, which managesbookmarks on the world wide web. The prototype is designed as a user-friendly"pad-interface" in which bookmarks can be collaboratively collected, shared andfurther explored and annotated by other knowledge workers. We end up with ageneral discussion about the possible effects of using KnowMan and what furtherdesign aspects that should be considered.

  • 157.
    Gustafsson, Jon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandberg, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attraktionskraften hos Göteborgs Stad: En kvalitativ studie om Employer- och Corporate Branding i offentlig sektor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer Branding and Corporate Branding are two components of the same strategic tool – which is to attract and retain talents in a competitive environment. Within the City of Gothenburg this strategy is implemented under the name "Attractive Employer". The aim for this study has been to portray what made employees, with a technical background within the private sector, choose to seek employment within the city of Gothenburg. The study focused on the employee's experiences before, and after, they became employees within the city. On the basis of the employee's experiences, the ambition has been to raise a constructive discussion with a focus to support the City of Gothenburg in its continuing work with Employer- and Corporate Branding. The study is qualitative and the data was collected through six semi-structured interviews. The interviews were conducted among employees from four municipal departments within the city. The interview data was transcribed and analyzed by a thematic analysis. The result showed that three out of the six interviewees had made an active choice to seek employment in the public sector. Furthermore the result indicated a discrepancy among the employees regarding the external image of a public employer – and what the employees now were experiencing from within the organization. The employees also experienced some key differences in values when working in the public sector compared to the private sector. Festinger's (1957) dissonance theory was used as a way to further discuss the employee´s choice to seek employment within the public sector.

  • 158.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Anders
    EDS.
    Brandt, Eric
    University West/Chalmers Technical University3.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Reliability and Quality of Software Engineering in Manufacturing Industry: a case study2008In: 19th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering (ISSRE 2008.): Proceedings of a meeting held 10-14 November 2008, Seattle, Washington., Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ) , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software engineering has proposed the use of formal and industrial methods, models and tools within software industry for some time now. There are several good examples like the aircraft industry, branches of the military, the space shuttle development and the nuclear power plant industry that have come a long way with their software processes. However, there is still an ongoing dilemma of how to better introduce software processes within most regular production industry. In this paper we try to summaries our experiences of software processes and quality systems within the vehicle industry of northern Europe. A first investigating case study is conducted at a large software consulting company, focused on industrial software, and then we further investigate the software situation at one of the largest vehicle manufacturers in Scandinavia. We use a ten point list with adapted metrics to evaluate process quality and create a progress report of the work-flow and process implementation rate. Based on our results from the evaluation we also provide a first set of guidelines for how to level the differences in quality processes for hardware and software development.

  • 159.
    Gustavsson Christiernin, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Prytz, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Evaluation of Interaction with Commercial Educational Games when Used by Children with Autism2010In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Software Engineering Research & Practice: Software Project Management + Education and Computer Law / [ed] Hamid R. Arabnia, Hassan Reza, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Juan Jose Cuadrado-Gallego, Vincent Schmidt, Ashu M. G. Solo, Las Vegas: CSREA Press , 2010, p. 418-424Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Gårdelid, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Danielsson, Mikael
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    IT för alla: En analys av mellanstora kommuners arbete för att uppfylla lagen om tillgänglighet till digital offentlig service2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent publication of the Swedish accessibility law for public services says that all public E-services and websites in Sweden must be accessible to all users, regardless of disabilities, in September 2020. This includes authorities as well as county councils and municipalities. However, making an E-service accessible requires clear guidelines as well as specific competence within the organization. This study aims to investigate the ongoing work to make the E-services accessible in some of the medium-sized municipalities in Sweden. The study was made in a qualitative way, where we interviewed nine people with different positions in the municipalities, both in the procurement as well as the IT sector. The study shows that the work is proceeding in all the municipalities, but that the process is at different stages. The thing that the municipalities find most difficult regarding E-service accessibility is how to make the documents that is published on their websites accessible. These documents typically include forms in PDF format. The municipalities do not currently know the best way to make these documents accessible and this study presents a few strategies hereby

  • 161.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Semantiska webben och sökmotorer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with the definitions and terms main purpose has been to investigate how the semantic web affects search engines on the web. This has been done through an investigation consisting of ten different search engines. Nine of these search engines are considering being semantic search engines, and the last one being the most used one on the web today. The study is conducted as a descriptive and quantitative study. A literature review has also been implemented by the relevant sources about the semantic web and search engines. The conclusions drawn where that the semantic web is multifaceted with its definitions and that the result of how concrete search engines implements semantic web principles can vary depending on which search engine one interacts with.

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  • 162.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The phenomenon of feeling addicted to social media: why do we feel addicted to social media?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 163.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing a Web-Based Education Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37), Ringsted, Denmark, 10-13 August. / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Newcomers in Sweden face a problem of learning the Swedish society with respect to laws, culture, democratic values, education system, labor market and aspects of taking the role as a parent. The municipality of Gothenburg and the county administrative board in Västra Götaland are appointed by the Swedish government to educate newcomers in civic orientation. This paper describes some problems in providing distance education for Swedish civic orientation in forms of advanced learning modules (ALM). Requirements for implications for design were gathered through several conducted workshops together with relevant stakeholders through a participatory design approach. We concluded that our design for implications can be processed for future research and used together with a system solution.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Designing a Web-Based Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation
  • 164.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems,Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-Integrated Learning as an Outcome of Using Action Design Research in Practice2019In: Extending the Boundaries of Design Science Theory and Practice / [ed] Tulu B., Djamasbi S., Leroy G., Springer, 2019, Vol. 11491, p. 92-107Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) as an outcome of using Action Design Research (ADR) in practice. We argue that ADR is a subtype of Design Science Research (DSR) and a prominent method for facilitating mutually beneficial collaboration between academia and practice. Subsequently, we tie our work around ADR and WIL to the Scandinavian school of IS-research and worker participation, by emphasizing reflective practice on both researcher and practitioner side. We demonstrate this through two empirical cases and four case episodes. Consequently, the cases highlight building, intervention, and evaluation in the areas of civic orientation and county administration. The narrative around each case focuses on ADR-activities that mediate reflection and learning through iterative cycles. Outcomes from the cases are reported as WIL-outcomes and finally, we conclude this paper by briefly suggesting two implications for future relevant research.

  • 165.
    Hamberg, André
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Are Teslas Too Minimalistic?: A quantitative study on how Tesla drivers view that interacting with a center console touchscreen for controlling functions and features affect their distraction while driving2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a trend amongst car manufactures today on implementing bigger and more touchscreens for controlling functions in the cars, with a reduce in physical controls and levers. In Sweden, it is illegal to use a smartphone while driving since it is considered as distracting, and now there are touchscreens in many new cars, which are also found to be distracting. One company that has gone the furthest regarding reducing physical controls and the implementation of center console touchscreens is Tesla. They have been using big center console touchscreens since the launch of their Model S in 2012 and all their cars have a big central touchscreen. they are even thought of to influence other car manufacturers. But how distracting is it to use Teslas touchscreens while driving,? That is what this study is investigating, and the research question addressed in this study is:

    - “How do Tesla drivers view that interacting with a center console touchscreen for controlling functions and features affect their distraction while driving?

    Four hypotheses were constructed from the previous research presented in this study; those are: 

    H1. It is distracting to use the screen while driving.

    H2. Using the screen causes more distraction early on. 

    H3. Younger drivers are more distracted by the screen.

    H4. Gestures can reduce distraction.

    To answer the research question and the hypotheses, a quantitative method has been applied. An online self-completion questionnaire was designed and tested in a pilot-study before it was released. The questions have been generated from the previous research, the hypotheses, the theoretical framework consisting of a presentation Teslas interior, but also the theory for planned behaviour. The result shows that a majority of the participants does not believe that using the screen while driving, but a majority believes that using the screen early on is more distracting. The number of younger participants in this study was low, but no relation between age and distraction was found either way, and gestures was not believed to reduce distraction. When the theory of planned behaviour was applied to the result of this study, it argues for that the participants will use the screen whenever they feel a need for using it.

  • 166.
    Hammenberg, Nora
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Gustavsson, Madeleine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hur väl använder Sveriges stor- och retailbanker alt-attributet på webben?: En kvantitativ undersökning om webbtillgänglighet2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Images are widely used on the internet today. For a part of the population these images are not accessible. Individuals who need a screen reader to access the web content must rely on the use of the alt attribute instead. This research examines web accessibility in Sweden’s commercial and retail banks through quantitative content analysis. We think this research subject is interesting because web accessibility is crucial for people’s online inclusiveness. The purpose of this study is to raise awareness among web developers about web accessibility and to evaluate the use of the alt attribute by the represented banks. 

    Our result points to an understanding throughout the web development community that the alt attribute should be used in the img tag. Though, we find a misunderstanding about how the alt text (text that describes an image) should be used in different types of images. Most of the improperly used alt texts were found in the decorative images. However, when the alt text is used correctly, we can also see good quality in the written text.

  • 167.
    Hansson, Magnus
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Molander, Marc
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Robotiserad processautomation inom kommunal verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om hur automatisering med RPA påverkat en kommun2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the society we live in today analog techniques have been replaced by digital tools. Processes that used to handle forms or letters are now processed in an electronic way which users can access by using a computer, phone or tablet. The function to read, write or send different kinds of documents has been digitized. In an office environment there are monotone and repetitive tasks that are manual, which can be time consuming. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a growing automation method which is being used more in municipalities, bigger corporations and organizations to handle these kinds of tasks. With RPA it is possible to make processes more effective in a way to relieve a human resource from time consuming tasks to give them time to do something else of more importance. 

    The purpose of this study is to examine how automation with RPA affects a municipality. What the positive or negative aspects are, and how the attitude of the employees is towards RPA. 

    To collect data qualitative methods have been used with semi-structured interviews and interview guides. A total of six persons from a municipality in Västra Götaland have participated in this study. To analyse the data from the result the literature review has been used as a starting point. 

    In the study it shows that RPA is mostly suitable for repetitive tasks that contain structured data. A robotized process saves both money and time and gives the employees time to focus on tasks that have a higher priority. Some employees have also been worried that they would be replaced, which is one of the challenges with RPA. 

  • 168.
    Hansson, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Markovic Nikolic, Milica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Acceptans och användandet av Internet of Things-teknik i hemmiljön: En undersökning av IoT i hemmet med hjälp av UTAUT Modellen2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IoT, or the Internet of Things, is developing rapidly in our society and this means that there are results in almost all areas, from households, finance, healthcare to smart cities, energy and much more. IoT is something that is on the rise and something that many would consider to be the future. The ability to control, measure and control things automatically, in sync and through apps is what made it slowly but surely weave itself into most homes. In healthcare, it adds another layer of security where things like bracelets can measure differences and deviations in such things as heart rate and other values. The UX design for a single object aims to meet the costumer’s expected needs for the device to be efficient to use, leading to the common goal of and IoT device. Simply put, the goal of IoT is to enable people to live better, work smarter, generate revenue and reduce costs. 

    The purpose of this study is to investigate why people use or do not use this technology in the home environment. But also examine how it is used and determine what affects what is being used. By conducting a quantitative survey with elements of qualitative questions where empirical data is collected, the answers are then interpreted with a modified version of the UTAUT (Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology) model.

  • 169.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Frontrunners in ICT: Kenyan runners' improvement in training, informal learning and economic opportunities using smartphones2014In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Harry, Chinecherem Promise
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How the use of E-Learning can improve students’ learning process in a Developing Country: A Study of Imo State University (IMSU)2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research examine how e-learning platforms can aid teaching and learning among students at the Imo State University in Nigeria. This study will furthermore identify opportunities students derive in using e-learning platforms and the students' challenges surrounding the adoption and use of the e-learning platforms. 

    The research was based on the qualitative method approach through which data will be accessed and collected. Qualitative research is based upon the ontological assumption that humans socially construct and produce reality. The researcher uses primary data to conduct a semi-structured interview with 10 participants from the Imo State University. Thematic codification was used to analyse the research data into themes, coupled with the theoretical approach for the research study.

    In the study, the results revealed that students appreciated the usefulness of e-learning during this pandemic era to be very effective for teaching and learning, especially with the restriction of social gathering. Students accepted the benefits of e-learning platforms to be influential in the period of the covid-19 for education through information technology. Students exposed to information technology and opportunities appreciate the usage of information communication systems. E-learning has also enhanced learning and development as far as information technology is concerned. The common challenge for using information technology generally in Nigeria is the lack of a constant power supply. 

    The research limitation lacks detailed hypothesis testing, and scientific testing should encourage the established complete findings of the research. Finally, time constraints limit the researcher to apply all the data and information collected to be incorporated into the study, leading to better and comprehensive research outcomes.

    The zoom application was very effective and efficient in delivering teaching and learning during the COVID-19 restriction and lockdown. TAM model was used to measure how many students accepted technology usage as perceived usefulness for information technology. E-learning gives significant opportunities for students through teaching and learning accessible to all.

  • 171.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Sociomateriality and design – How do we un-pack technology for knowing in practice?: Research in Progress/Workshop2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Blended e-learning permeates flexibility and school is no longer the only place for learning, rather through e-learning courses new ways of building competences throughout life and integrated in the workplace can be accomplished. Technological artifacts, the material itself do not create learning,rather, social and pedagogical aspects from a participatory perspective in e-learning courses is needed to balance the impact of technology. Challenges to reach balance between material and social is in this paper illustrated as a sociomaterial learning practice through a work-integrated e-learning (e-WIL) project between a university and collaborating manufacturing industries. This learning practice comprise design of e-learning courses, target industry knowledge needs to reach for being a competent employee. Teachers' and course participants' activities show various challenges of work integrated e-learning. Early results from focus group sessions and observations are categorized as knowing-how to design and use digital learning technology, knowing-what knowledge to be learnt for work practice and knowing-when to use new knowledge in work practice.

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    fulltext
  • 172.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Malmsköld, Lennart
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems. Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Product and Production Development,.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-Integrated Learning and Co-creation of Knowledge: Design of collaborative technology enhanced learning activities2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37) / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we aim to understand management’s perceptions of knowledge and competence development to inform the design of technology enhanced learning activities integrated in the workplace. Work-integrated learning can be viewed with the university lens on studies of formal education integrated in the workplace setting, but here we rather emphasize the conditions of the workplace as implications for design of successful e-learning initiatives. We conducted interviews with 15 manufacturing industries in Sweden and used qualitative content analysis approach to interpret the text data. Results show that companies describe a rich variation of work-integrated learning activities, but the step towards external collaboration with academia for co-production of knowledge is marginal. Also, broad-minded work for innovations is limited. This imply the need for well-planned design of richer collaborative acitivites between academia and organizations through use of media technology to encourage competence development.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 173.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Treurnicht, Nico
    Department of Industrial Engineering Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Learning Aspects for Manufacturing Enterprises within Aerospace industry entering into Quality Standard AS91002011In: 24th ICDE World Conference on Open and Distance Learning: Expanding Horizons- new approaches to ODL, 2011, p. 1-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aerospace industry is expected to grow substantially during the next two decades. As a result more suppliers aim for entering into this industry. Demands on safety and quality in this sector are particularly high, where SME´s must upgrade from the generic group of quality standards, the ISO9000 family, to AS9100, the aerospace standard. In this research we focus on the meaning of learning processes for successful implementation of quality standards in a workplace context at a manufacturing company. By using Blooms Revised Taxonomy of learning, we can understand, evaluate and design actions for continuous improvement which can be supported by an IT-based tool for self-assessment supporting organisational learning and implementation of the Quality Management System.

  • 174.
    Hermansson, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Thornfält, Johannes
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    "Man behöver ju kommunicera på andra sätt, och då är det väldigt smidigt att kunna göra det centralt på en lärplattform": Komvuxlärares upplevelse av digitala lärplattformar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease the Swedish colleges, adult schools and high schools closed and switched to distance education. Beside the pandemic a report from the Teachers' Union was published in which it was found that many teachers are dissatisfied with the learning management systems used. The digitization of the school thus became a highly relevant area during this time.

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the municipal adult education teacher's experience and use of learning management systems and thereby highlight what they see for challenges and opportunities with the learning management systems and if it has an impact on the actual usage.

    This paper is expected to respond to how teachers in Swedish municipal adult education feel that it is to work with learning management systems. To answer the question, a qualitative starting point is used, where semi-structured interviews have been used. In this study, the theoretical model UTAUT is used to analyze the result. The four constructs from UTAUT are used to categorize and identify the teachers' experiences, to better answer our research question.

    Ten municipal adult education teachers from four different schools in Västra Götaland, Sweden participated in the study. In the study, we could see that the most common area of use for the learning management system seems to be to communicate and to make materials accessible to students between classes. In addition, we could see that the teachers felt that their level of technical experience were somewhere between medium and high, all had some type of education and training in how to use learning platforms, however, more teachers described that there was a need for more education among colleagues. Advantages of learning management systems that most teachers described were increased efficiency, communication and accessibility, disadvantages that teachers described were legal security, integration, compliance with law and feedback. In general, the teachers seem more positively attuned to the platforms than negative. From the UTAUT model, we could see that all factors affect the teacher's intention and the actual use of the platform positively, however, some parts of the effort expectancy can negatively affect the teacher's intention to use.

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  • 175.
    Hernández Gracia, José Ignacio
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Immersive navigation system for vehicles using AR, a VR proof of concept experience.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master's thesis explores the design principles and user preferences for immersive navigation systems in augmented and virtual reality, with a focus on enhancing the driving experience and improving safety. Drawing on Action Design Research methodology and flow theory, an artifact and valuable insights were obtained from 13 interviews. Four design principles emerged from user preferences and aligned with flow theory: Personalized Navigation, Contextual Driving Guidance, Simplified Information Display, and Familiar and Consistent Navigation Feedback. These principles emphasize tailoring the navigation experience, providing relevant information, presenting it clearly, and offering timely feedback. They serve as valuable guidelines for the design and development of immersive navigation systems that enhance the driving experience and promote safety. 

    The study also examines the implications of using virtual reality for testing and showcasing navigation systems designed for augmented reality or the real world. Despite challenges such as motion sickness and technical limitations, virtual reality shows promise in simulating immersive experiences beyond the capabilities of current augmented reality technologies. Factors such as embodiment and the alignment of virtual and physical elements are identified as critical for enhancing immersion and reducing discomfort.

    Overall, this thesis provides a preliminary understanding of user preferences and lays the groundwork for future research to further investigate and refine these design principles. It contributes to the development of immersive navigation systems that offer drivers a more accurate and engaging view of their surroundings, thereby enhancing the driving experience and improving safety.

  • 176.
    Hjertén, Alma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Alva Soplin, Betsy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    De formade ögonbrynens ilska: Queer coding inom Disneys porträttering av manliga skurkar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examinehow and what Disney communicate to their target audience, by analyzing the four animated feature films Peter Pan (1953), The Lion King (1994), Pocahontas (1995), and Princess and the Frog (2009). The animated movies have been analyzed through a qualitative method to get a better understanding of how Disney portray their male antagonists through queer coding. Through semiotics, and Peter Dahlgren's approach to analyzing media texts, we have gained a deeper understanding of what Disney is communicating. The study shows that there are many obvious cases of queer coding because of the stereotypically feminine way that the male villains are portrayed. The villains show signs of this femininity through everything from facial features to bodily movements. Through this detailed analysis it has come to our attention, that there is no doubt that the villains are being portrayed in a much more feminine way in comparison to the remaining characters in the movies.

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  • 177.
    Holmlund, Terese
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Lindgren, Emilia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    WhatsApp som shadow-IT för intern kommunikation mellan medarbetare inom vården: En kvalitativ studie om tillgänglighetens påverkan på arbets- och privatlivet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media is growing both in private life and in work life. Using social media as a communication tool in the workplace entails the need for adaptations in the way of working, but also an understanding of how it affects the privacy of employees. Previous research shows that there are both advantages and disadvantages to the use of digital communication tools in workplaces. Previous research in the subject mainly focuses on how the business and the way of working are affected, less focus is placed on how the employees actually use digital communication tools to facilitate internal communication and how their well-being and privacy are affected. The following study investigates how the employees, at a clinic in Sweden, use WhatsApp as a communication tool and source of information, i.e. shadow-IT which means that the user uses IT resources that have not been reviewed by the IT department. But also how it affects the employees' privacy as a result of the constant connection to the workplace. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of digital communication tools at a specific clinic in Sweden. The study will identify in what way and for what purpose the employees use the digital communication tool WhatsApp, how their private and working lives are affected by the use and which advantages and disadvantages exist in comparison to traditional approaches to internal communication. From this, the following questions were formulated: For what and how is WhatsApp used in the clinic? and How is the private and working life of the employees affected by using WhatsApp in the clinic? 

    To investigate these, semi-structured, individual interviews were conducted with eight employees at the clinic. According to the results of the study, it was found that the main advantage that WhatsApp contributes is that the spread of information is faster, unlike previous methods of communication. The main disadvantage that the respondents emphasize is that you are never completely free. However, all respondents, except those who hold a leadership position, believe that themselves do not feel stressed by the connection and that it does not affect their privacy negatively. This is because they turn off the notifications from WhatsApp. 

  • 178.
    Hussein, Liban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jubell, Sebastian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hur rendering påverkar prestanda och sökmotoroptimering: – NextJS vs React2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Frameworks have had a big influence on how websites are structured. They give developers an opportunity to create websites which previously were seen as too complex. React is the most popular framework and will be compared to NextJS which is based on React but with extra features. The biggest difference between the frameworks is how the websites are rendered, NextJS uses server-side rendering while React uses client-side rendering. In the test, loading time and SEO will be compared between the two frameworks. Three tools are used to test the websites, Chrome Developers Tools, Lighthouse and Apache Bench. Two applications are created, one in each framework and contains a navigation, text, data from an API and a footer. The results show that React is faster in most of the tests and just as good as NextJS at SEO. In the first page load, NextJS has a shorter average loading time per resource but needs to load additional resources, which is why React is faster. The results do not match the previous academic studies which can be because of the applications we created not being big enough. Our conclusion is that React has a better performance and equally good search engine optimization asNextJS. Continuation of the report can be done by cooperation with companies that have websites which use either NextJS or React.

  • 179.
    Häggman, Link
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Häggman, My
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Webbutveckling med ChatGPT: En undersökning av dess potential och användningsområden2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we delve into whether ChatGPT can be a useful tool for web developers. For this study, we employed a comparative method with multiple experiments to investigate ChatGPT's potential and applications in web development. We chose to examine four areas that are prevalent in web development. These areas were code generation, code completion, code optimization, and code debugging. We constructed various prompts for the experiments we conducted. To assess ChatGPT's potential and applications in web development, we performed several experiments that involved testing ChatGPT's ability to generate code, optimize code, and solve coding problems. The results of these experiments indicate that ChatGPT is capable of generating code, providing suggestions for code optimization, and resolving coding problems. However, we also observed limitations in ChatGPT's ability to generate more advanced functionalities. Based on this study, we can conclude that ChatGPT has potential and capabilities. In theory, the use of generative AI could contribute to streamlining various tasks and potentially take over monotonous tasks. In its current version, ChatGPT can only serve as an assistant, but its future is likely to have an impact on web development.

  • 180.
    Häggström, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bergqvist, Emilia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vad har människor för behov och önskemål vid kontakt med vården via digitala verktyg?: En kvalitativ fallstudie på 1177 Vårdguiden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of technology in our everyday life has increased and there are no indications that the use of technology will decrease in the near future. The development of technology means that healthcare services are being digitized and with that, the individual's ability to search for health information is increasing as well. Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting has developed four segments that describe how individuals act in contact with healthcare. To meet the needs of these individuals, the healthcare in Sweden has to find more ways to perform its services. The purpose of this study is to investigate how individuals in Sweden want to use the digital health tool 1177 Vårdguiden in their own care and to investigate whether the respondents identify themselves with any of the foursegments.

    To answer the study's question, a qualitative approach has been applied to the data collection. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and a total of nine respondents participated in the study. To investigate individuals' needs when searching for health information, the results were analyzed with “health information behavior” as a theoretical frame of reference.

    The study shows that the respondents can imagine themselves using digital health tools in their everyday life. According to the answers of the respondents, they want to use 1177 Vårdguiden to search for information, read about symptoms and book appointments. It also appears in the study that the segments that Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting has developed agrees with the respondents to a certain extent, but based on the answers of the respondents there are opportunities to create more.

  • 181.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Making sense of social media implementation: a longitudinal case study of the technological frames of hotel employees2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has become an important part of people’s social life and effect how they communicate, interact and consume online. Social media, has therefore also to a great extent been adopted by organizations in order to be used both for internal and external communication. The purpose of this paper is to study the adoption and implementation of social media in hotel organizations from the employee’s, or user’s perspective by applying the concept of “technological frames” with focus on the nature of technology, technology strategy and technology in use. The paper is designed as a longitudinal, qualitative case study consisting of data collected in seven European countries. In total 28 in-depth interviews have been conducted during 2.5 years. Findings show that the employees’ technological frames to a high extent has been constructed outside the organization during their private usage, or non-usage of social media, and that these frames affect how they use social media in the hotel organizations. The contribution is an insight into how technologies, like social media that is introduced to employees outside the organizational setting, are used during an implementation process within the workplace. Keywords: social media, implementation, adoption, technological frames, social media marketing, usage, perception, hospitality,

  • 182.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pongolini, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Björkum, Klara
    Campus Västervik, Västervik.
    Kommunikation för hållbar energianvändning i bostäder2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En effektivare användning av energi och minskat resursslöseri är viktigt för att begränsa klimatförändringar och arbeta mot en mer hållbar utveckling, inte minst inom bostadssektorn. Bostadens energianvändning är beroende av både de professionellas och hushållens agerande. I dag finns teknisk kunskap om hur vi utvecklar och producerar energieffektivaoch smarta energilösningar till bostäder och till den teknik som hushållen använder. Det finns också forskning om hur hushållen agerar och bör agera för att spara och effektivisera användningen av energi i hemmet. Ett mer angeläget problem är hur dessa grupper ska samverka med varandra så att energieffektivisering och besparing också genomförs. Det gäller såväl kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll, som de senares interaktion med den energiteknik som de professionella tillhandahåller.Syftet är att undersöka hur kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll kan utvecklas för att uppnå en hållbar energianvändning i bostäder. Rapporten baseras på en sammanställning av beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning som på olika sätt har behandlat kommunikation om energiteknik, energibesparing och effektivisering. Vi har även genomfört intervjuer med olika professionella aktörer vid ett energibolag. Avsikten har då varit att undersöka hur energibolaget kommunicerar om miljö- och energifrågor med hushållen. Vår bakgrundsförståelse utgår från tre olika kommunikationsstrategier; informations-, respons och medverkansstrategier, som grundar sig i delvis olika sätt att förstå vad kommunikationenmellan professionella och hushåll kan innebära.Resultatet från kunskapssammanställningen pekar på vikten av att, i kommunikationen med hushåll, utgå från deras egen energianvändning, energirelaterade vanor och val av energiteknik, liksom deras intresse och motiv till att spara energi. För att kommunikation om energifrågor ska upplevas som relevant och meningsfull för hushållen så räcker dock inte detta.Man bör även identifiera och/eller skapa adekvata tillfällen för kommunikation och sträva efter att budskapet liksom kommunikationen kan anses som trovärdig. För att nå fram är det också av vikt att tänka igenom hur man talar eller skriver om energifrågor, exempelvis att det som sägs och skrivs är tillräckligt begripligt. De professionellas kommunikation medhushållen sker även via tekniken. Att designa tekniken för god användbarhet och effektivare energianvändning är därför viktigt.Resultatet från intervjuerna med professionella aktörer på energibolaget VMEAB visar på olika former av kommunikationsaktiviteter såsom allmänt informationsmaterial som skickas till hushåll, digital kommunikation, reklam, evenemang och personlig kontakt. Intervjupersonerna lyfter fram vikten av att det som kommuniceras är begripligt för hushållen och att den information som ges ut varken är för omfattande eller knapphändig. Personlig kontakt medhushållen är eftersträvansvärt, men det är resursmässigt svårt att tillgodose. Energibolaget har en ambition att ytterligare utveckla kommunikationen med hushållen för att öka deras intresse och medvetenhet för energianvändningen. Insatser som då nämns är att synliggöra energianvändningen via en personlig hemsida, utveckla funktioner som ska ge direkt återkoppling mellan kund och bolag, samt se över möjligheten att vara mer informell i kommunikationen med hushållen.

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  • 183.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    An mHealth artifact in home care: Professional progression through work integrated learning: Towards an IT supported caring conversations2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to study a problematic grocery-shopping situation within a home care organization, in one studied municipality in Sweden and for this, a qualitative action design research method is applied. As a solution to this problem, an mHealth (mobile health) artifact was developed and the thesis aims to study the developed solution and the WIL effects on the organization and the caring situation. The purpose is to emphasize on the perceptions of an mHealth artifact for the grocery shopping process as well as capture the early perceptions focusing on the values and effects for the different levels of engagement spanning the user groups involved. Then, finally investigating the effects on the caregivers’ competence development in relation to the mHealth artifact and the work integrated learning. This leads to the recognition of the need for a conversation between the caretakers and the caregivers. This results in the developed artifact, being found a conversational starter, nurturing and triggering a caring conversation, which leads to professional progression. This consequently, leads to higher quality of care and to the caregivers having more pride in their profession as well as having more time for the caretakers. This all concludes that technology will not replace caregivers. But caregivers, who use technology, will probably replace caregivers who don’t. 

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 184.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Taking Care Seriously: Transforming Practices by Design2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Jenkins, Samantha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Kirk, Steven
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Software architecture graphs as complex networks: a novel partitioning scheme to measure stability and evolution2007In: Information Sciences, ISSN 0020-0255, E-ISSN 1872-6291, Vol. 177, no 12, p. 2587-2601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stability and evolution of the structure of consecutive versions of a series of software architecture graphs are analysed using the theory of complex networks. Brief comparisons are drawn between the scale-free behaviour and second order phase transitions. On this basis a software design metric Icc is proposed. This software metric is used to quantify the evolution of the stability vs. maintainability of the software through various releases. It is demonstrated that the classes in the software graph are acquiring more out-going calls than incoming calls as the software ages. Three examples of software applications where maintainability and continuous refactoring are an inherent part of their development process are presented, in addition to a Sun Java2 framework where growth and backward compatibility are the more important factors for the development. Further to this a projected future evolution of the software structure and maintainability is calculated. Suggestions for future applications to software engineering and the natural sciences are briefly presented.

  • 186.
    Jeppsson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Morell, Erik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Användning av responsiv webbdesign för att skapa en användarvänlig webb: Webb- och enhetsanpassning utifrån olika åldersgruppers behov2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, the internet is a big part of our everyday lives. We can scroll through social media, post pictures, share links and surf the web wherever we are thanks to the development of mobile devices. More than 50 percent of all internet use today is through mobile phones. Since the technological development is so big, this has also meant that web development and web design has had the need to develop parallel with the technology. In order for web pages to keep up with the technological development and to work on all types of devices regardless of screen size or screen resolution, the technique responsive web design had been developed. In responsive web design there are also several different methods to facilitate the work for responsive web design. In this report we will investigate some of these methods. Also, the web design concept "mobile first" and "one click away" will be discussed. In addition to the fact that the web has been forced to adapt to the technological development, we must not forget that the web should be a user-friendly place where all different age groups can interact with each other and with different types of web pages without difficulty or annoyance. It is important that all age groups are able to use the web and that it is adapted for different types of users so that all people are able to access and take part of the information that is available online.

  • 187.
    Jiremalm, Erik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Andréen, Anders
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den svåra konsten att samarbeta: En fallstudie om rollförändringar vid digitalisering av offentlig sektor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to create a deeper understanding of the effects of digitalization on individuals involved in a small size ongoing agile public sector development project. Our research question was: How does the digital transformation of society affect the requirement and development process in digitalization projects in the public sector, and what effects does this digitalization have on organizations and individuals? The main question was clarified using two sub-questions: (1) How are roles and expectations of the digitalization process changing? (2) What are the expectations on the product owner and how do they respond to needs and resources? A case study was conducted on a smaller, internal, agile development project at University West. Five key people, all with multiple years of knowledge in their respective domains and connection to the project, were selected and interviewed. A thematic analysis of the interviews was done, and three main themes were found: 'History', 'Current situation', 'Future'. These three main themes and associated subthemes then formed the basis for analysis and discussion regarding digitization.

    This study is very small and therefore it is not possible to draw general conclusions from the results. On the other hand, the unique characteristics of the researched project can give a deeper understanding by clearly displaying the problems resulting from lack of knowledge transfer and unclear roles. Unspoken role expectations and unclear role definitions appear to prevent knowledge exchange and learning

  • 188.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Kenyan Cloud School: Massive Open Online & Ongoing Courses for Blended and Lifelong Learning2013In: Open Praxis, ISSN 2304-070X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 301-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research describes the predicted outcomes of a Kenyan Cloud School (KCS), which is a MOOC that contains all courses taught at the secondary school level in Kenya. This MOOC will consist of online, ongoing subjects in both English and Kiswahili. The KCS subjects offer self-testing and peer assessment to maximize scalability, and digital badges to show progress and completion to recognize and validate non-formal learning. The KCS uses the Moodle LMS with responsive web design to increase ubiquitous access from any device. Access is free and open, and the KCS intends to be a contextualized open educational resource for formal secondary institutions to support blended learning and a free source of non-formal education for lifelong learning. The expected outcomes are that this effort will reduce secondary school dropout rates, improve test scores, become a quality resource for blended learning, as well as validate and recognize lifelong learning in Kenya.

  • 189.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bridging the learning gap in Kenya with mobile learning: Challenges and future strategies2015In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015 / [ed] curtis Ho & Grace Lin, University of Hawaii, USA, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015, p. 1319-1325Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching aim of this research was to study how mobile technology can catalyze informal learning and bridge the gap between informal and non-formal learning. In this study 30 Kenyan elite runners were equipped with a simple Android smartphone and free Internet for one year. The original research project focused on studying how a smartphone in the hands of impoverished Kenyans could assist and enhance informal learning. This project used log data, workshops and interviews to track the users’ progress. During the course of the study a huge desire for more formalized learning developed. Thus, a non-formal course on Human Rights was developed and made available for all Kenyans via any Internet connected device. In this way the intersection of these two projects provided an opportunity to satiate interests gained from unguided informal learning with structured non-formal learning. Key findings were that the smartphone empowered marginalized groups, augmented informal learning opportunities, and provided a means to bridge informal and non-formal learning to deliver educational opportunities to any device in the form of a non-formal MOOC. This research made a significant impact in the participants’ lives and the most common statement from the interviews was the statement “it helps us a lot”.

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  • 190.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Do-It-Yourself Learning in Kenya: Exploring mobile technologies for merging non-formal and informal learning2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The educational landscape is changing and a variety of technologies and techniques are blurring the lines between traditional and non-traditional learning. This change is substantial in low-income countries: individuals in developing countries have a great desire to educate themselves and improve their quality of life. Kenyans are adequately literate and accustomed to mobile technology despite being a largely impoverished, poorly educated populace. Kenya represents an optimal setting in which to research the use and feasibility of modern mobile and educational technologies. The broad aim of this dissertation is to explore how mobile devices can catalyze and enhance both informal and non-formal learning. In particular, this dissertation explores how technologies and concepts such as mobile web apps, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), and learning incentives via a smartphone specifically affect informal and non-formal learning in Kenya. The primary research question is how can learning efforts that utilize mobile learning, MOOCs, and learning incentives combine non-formal and informal learning to develop and contribute to a do-it-yourself (DIY) approach to learning in Kenya? The primary method is action research. The first contribution of this dissertation is the finding that mobile web apps are currently better suited for data exchange than producing new content. The second contribution is the finding that a smartphone can enhance informal learning in a developing country with little or no scaffolding. The third contribution is the finding that non-formal learning efforts as a MOOC are shown to be a viable means of delivering non-formal learning in a developing country via a smartphone. The fourth contribution is the finding that the use of incentives such as digital badges provide a means by which to validate non-formal learning and contribute to a DIY attitude towards learning creation, where individuals can freely complement or replace a traditional curriculum.

  • 191.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Native Apps Vs. Mobile Web Apps2013In: International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), E-ISSN 1865-7923, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 27-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extensive growth and expansion of smartphones and tablets and therewith the use of mobile web applications that utilize HTML5 and related technologies are frequently discussed and debated in media as possible replacements for native applications. The aim of this study was to explore the viability of replacing native applications with mobile web applications in a developing country setting. Two mobile web applications were developed. The first mobile web application tracked runs and the second mobile web application was a booking system for scheduling "slum runs". The subjects who tested these apps were elite, semi-professional Kenyan runners primarily from the Kibera slum area outside of Nairobi. After a 6-month test period the participants concluded and results indicated that the mobile web application for tracking runs performed poorly compared to native applications due to poor GPS performance, while the mobile web application for booking slum runs performed well. The conclusion from this study is that mobile web applications that require hardware interaction such as using the GPS, GPU, or camera are not yet viable alternatives for native applications. However, mobile applications that only require a native interface and content consumption are suitable substitutes for native applications.

  • 192.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    No University Credit, No Problem?: Exploring Recognition of Non-Formal Learning2014In: 2014 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference Proceedings, IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 2420-2426, 2014, p. 2420-2426Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are disrupting traditional, higher education and redefining how learning takes place online. These open courses typically offer some form of recognition, such as a certificate of completion and/or digital badge, to recognize, validate, and in some cases even accredit learning. A general problem with MOOCs is the uncertainty regarding the use and goals of recognition, validation, and accreditation (RVA), and participants' acceptance and perception of such techniques. This research effort addresses this problem by exploring course partici-pants' attitudes and levels of acceptance of non-formal learning recognition compared to traditional university credit in both devel-oped and developing countries. The actual study uses both certifi-cates of completion and digital badges to recognize and validate learning in an introductory, university level course in web pro-gramming using HTML5/CSS. The course is available to anyone, but was specifically marketed to participants from Sweden and Kenya. Empirical data was gathered using interviews and online surveys in the course. The preliminary results are that participants from developing countries value digital recognition to a greater extent than their counterparts in Europe. However, both Swedes and Kenyans see open courses with digital recognition as a com-plement to traditional learning to individually construct an educa-tion.

  • 193.
    Jobe, William
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    Linköping University.
    Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the Hands of Kenyans: The Haki Zangu Case for Non-Formal Learning2014In: The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research goal of this project was to explore the use and effects of non-formal education and incentives in the context of a developing country. The practical aim of this project was to create, implement, and evaluate a platform about human rights that was available to any Kenyan for free in order to increase knowledge and engagement. Therefore, a non-formal massive open online course (MOOC) about human rights was designed and launched. The course was free and open to anyone in Kenya and offered both a digital badge and certificate from Stockholm University in Sweden upon completion. The course was called Haki Zangu (Kiswahili for "My Rights"), and it explored how using incentives such as a digital badge and certificate of completion affected learning outcomes. This course offered ubiquitous access based on principles of responsive web design and used audio recordings of the entire course content. The course is perpetual and still on-going, but after six months there were 160 participants who had enrolled, and ten participants had completed the course and received certificates and digital badges. The participants showed extensive enthusiasm and engagement for human rights issues, and they expressed desires to learn more and further spread knowledge about human rights. The current findings suggest that the availability of digital badges and certificates increased interest for participation and positively affected learning outcomes. Moreover, the use of a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) format with incentives proved successful, combined with the contextualization and accessibility of the course content. Furthermore, the technical platform proved adequate for disseminating education for free in a developing country, and allowed for unencumbered access regardless of device. Lastly, a key challenge for future non-formal learning efforts in developing countries is the cost of Internet access.

  • 194.
    Jobe, William
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    MOOCs for Professional Teacher Development2014In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2014, p. 1580-1586Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A MOOC is a trending concept in education that is disrupting traditional methods oflearning consumption. The emergence and use of MOOCs for professional teacher development isstill uncommon, but on the verge of gaining a foothold. Research regarding MOOCs typicallyfocuses on impacts for higher education and lifelong learning. However, the specific intersection ofMOOCs and professional teacher development is poorly researched. This concept papercontemplates the benefits and drawbacks of using MOOCs for professional teacher developmentand calls for more practical studies and explorative research. This paper also speculates on the basicMOOC design criteria and principles needed to maximize engagement and course completion,which are currently common issues with general MOOCs. The conclusion is that MOOCs can be acost- and resource-effective means to deliver quality education in order to further professionalteacher development. However, possible risks are employers' reluctance to accept MOOCaccreditation as equivalent professional development and the lack of relevant MOOC courses forprofessional development.

  • 195.
    Johansson, Christoffer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sutt, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "Då menar jag inte att man ska få en käftsmäll när man får en käftsmäll": En kvalitativ analys om spelares uppfattning av inlevelse med Head Mounted Displays2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will study if Head Mounted Displays affect the immersion experienced by gamers while playing video-games, how they expect it to affect the experience and what gamers feel is missing from the technology today to be able to experience total immersion.

    The research is conducted by using a survey and interviews. The main purpose of the survey is to identify which aspects affect the immersion while playing with classic videogame consoles. The in-depth interview show the responses from four different gamer respondents about their experiences and expectations for using Head Mounted Displays today.

    Our study show that Head Mounted Displays do make the user experience higher levels of immersion compared to classic consoles, but if there is a break in presence the reaction is much stronger, since the amount of sensory data that needs to be dealt with is increased. The study also identifies new possible design issues for more seamless experiences with the Head Mounted Displays. For example, using better hand representations, to be able to see and use your own hand in the game, applying wireless technology and solutions for better support for users travel over large areas in game. Summing up, the gamers are optimistic about how Virtual Reality and Head Mounted Displays will affect the gaming industry, they believe it is the future of videogames.

  • 196.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, Halmstad.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Exploring brokering situations in an innovation boundary context2011In: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia:: “IRIS 34 - ICT of Culture – Culture of ICT” / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen & Kai Kimppa,, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on studies of a living lab process, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. We aim to describe and analyze the dynamics in an innovation boundary context based on a living lab process. An action-oriented research approach was applied and the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), with the aim of customizing an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where the three different communities i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD), and iii) next of kin's to demented elderly persons (NOKD) represented the units of analysis. The analysis identified several boundary situations that played a vital role for the innovation process. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a process model describing the dynamics in an innovation boundary context with regard to boundary objects-in-use as well as to brokering. The research highlights two different levels of brokering: i) product/service brokering; and ii) process brokering.

  • 197.
    Johansson, L-O
    et al.
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation2012In: 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems 2012, AMCIS 2012, Seattle, WA, 2012, Vol. 4, p. 2910-2919Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, which is seen as an example of community interaction that overcomes boundaries. Free2Ride aimed at developing a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a sender (on the horse) and a receiver (application in a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. We will answer the research question of what the characteristics of a boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities are. The aim of the paper is to propose a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation that involve different communities of practices such as ICT developers, users and researchers. We applied a combination of research approaches consisting of action research and engaged scholarship approach. The theoretical framework for analyzing our findings is communities of practices with a specific interest in boundary spanning and learning dialogues. Our contribution is a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation. An important element of that model is the mental wandering, inwards and outwards, by core members in a community. We discuss the temporal as well as the symbolic nature of the mental wandering during the boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities. © (2012) by the AIS/ICIS Administrative Office All rights reserved.

  • 198.
    Johansson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Freja
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    “Men det står ju rekommenderat, då tar jag väl det”: En kvalitativ studie om nudging i e-handelns kassa2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, consumption in e-commerce has increased with more purchases being made in down payment. The consequences of that being more citizens in Sweden, and especially young adults, applying for debt restructuring. To overcome the problem, the government made new legislation that has been integrated into the digital cash register, where paying methods that involve credit are no longer to be promoted as a default. The legislation is based on Nudging technology, where the aim is to push consumers towards making more well-thought-out decisions, without limiting the free will, in hope that more consumers will make better choices for their economy. The purpose of this study is to examine how consumers act in digital cash registers, to see if nudging can be applied and influence the choice of payment method. The study was implemented by using qualitative research methods where two semi-structured focus group interviews were implemented. Consumers were invited to talk about their own experience and discuss the visual examples of digital cash registers that were presented before them. The result of the study shows that consumption in e-commerce is carried through mostly due to flexibility, that a payment method that is default is not as effective at check-out at the digital cash register, but that personal preferences, experiences, and trust play a great role in choosing payment methods. The result also implies that the consumers were unfamiliar with nudging, were positive about the new legislation but thought that if nudging is to be used, they should be simple and transparent. Finally, the conclusion that is drawn: nudging the digital cash registers would have had a greater effect if the information was clear about why the choice was the default or recommended, in order to increase motivation and reduce the risk of manipulation among those who were exposed to nudging.

  • 199.
    Johansson, Rebecka
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Johansson, Anton
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Lärarledarskap på distans: utmaningar och möjligheter i teknikmedierad undervisning2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Covid-19 pandemic caused a series of consequences for the educational environment. Teachers who normally taught in traditional physical classrooms now had to move to digital online classrooms thus they had to change their ways of teaching to fit the new environment. The purpose of this thesis is to identify how the distance education form affected the teacher leadership. In order to identify and research the possibilities and challenges that the digitally mediated education brought to teacher leadership, eleven university teachers who had taught in classrooms before and during the pandemic were interviewed. Two main dimensions were identified from the empirical data and were analysed using athematic analysis. The first theme is being the teachers leadership duties, the second being the effects of forced distance education. The teachers leadership duties consisted of five sub-themes: individualisation, planning, control, motivation and grouping. The effects of forced distance education consists of three sub-themes: student contact, technology and psychosocial wellbeing. Conclusively all dimensions were affected negatively by the enforced distance education whereas the challenges far outweigh the possibilities. The primary factors that affected teacher leadership negatively were the loss of control and student contact. These factors are the base of all of the other themes and they are all affected negatively when the aforementioned two are lost.

  • 200.
    Jonasson, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Öhman, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vill ni betala för min film?: En kvalitativ fallstudie kring framgångsfaktorer i crowdfundingkampanjer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding is a concept that is growing among entrepreneurs. Crowdfunding involves using small donations from many people able to finance their product or project. Kickstarter is a crowdfundingplattform where you can create campaigns to raise money. If the campaign should be seen as successful need a financial target that met. Our investigation involves identifying factors that are important for the success of their campaign. We also want to investigate how these factors are interrelated and how the description of the project affects people to donate.

    The survey found that personal and targeted languages to different types of genres is important to motivate people to want to donate. Use of images to enhance text is a factor that proved to be effective. Moreover, it is important to work creatively with rewards given to people who donate. These factors motivate a person to both donate money to the campaign, but also spread it to other social media, which is crucial for the success of the campaign.

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