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  • 151.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Graphical Arithmetic for Learners with Dyscalculia 2005In: Proceedings of the 7th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility , New York: ACM [Association for Computing Machinery] , 2005, p. 214-215Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a model for arithmetic, based on graphical representations, to complement the symbolic language of mathematics. The focus is conceptual understanding of arithmetic. We argue that the graphical model supports understanding concepts known to be difficult for learners with dyscalculia, such as number-sense and decimal system. The proposed graphical representation share properties of the decimal system, but is closer to the semantic representation of numbers vital to the number-sense. The model is evaluated with school-children, but needs to be further tested by learners with dyscalculia. 

  • 152.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Teachable Agents that Learn by Observing Game Playing Behavior2009In: AIED 2009, 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, Workshops Proceedings: Volume 3- Intelligent Educational Games / [ed] Scotty D. Craig & Darina Dicheva, Brighton, 2009, p. 31-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An educational game in mathematics targets cognitive skills oincluding pattern finding and generalization from example by teaching an agent. These can be difficult for young children, let alone teaching about them. Therefore, we have designed a new way of teaching an agent, the teach-by-guiding model. We describe the model and its basic implementation. Because this is a work-inprogress, we end by raising questions of how such an agent is perceived, and in what respect it may differ from other pedagogical agents.

  • 153.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lundh-Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Design Experience from Experience Design : Towards Strategies for Enhancements  2007In: Proceedings of the 15th European conference on information systems (ECIS 2007) : relevant rigour, rigorous relevance  / [ed] Hubert Österle, Joachim Schelp & Robert Winter, University of St. Gallen , 2007, p. 1898-1909Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises within the experience-based economy face big challenges when investing in IS applications for their products and services. Especially, organizations and services that offer different kinds of attractions and experiences have realized the emergent use of mobile technology. In this paper we explore in what way an IS (information systems) design can enhance experience-based activities conducted at a Swedish regional museum. The research presents an in-depth analysis of a case study along with requirements and design activities for a location-aware, auditory museum guide, primarily aimed for people with visual and language disabilities was developed. We argue that in order to keep in pace with the on-going growth of experience-based and IS design initiatives, enterprises and designer must consider its value for their businesses. Thus, we have developed a three-level strategy for valuing enhancements of a proposed IS application. The strategy proved to be particular fruitful for both designers and managers when assessing the potential of various enhancements to generate values for the different target groups.

  • 154.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Snis, Ulrika L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    An explorative, operational method supporting usability evaluation of technology changes in work contexts2006In: Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering, as part of the 24th IASTED International Multi-Conference on APPLIED INFORMATICS, Innsbruck, 2006, p. 276-281Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we elaborate on the process of designing usability evaluations of technology that is to be integrated into specific real work settings, and where technology is the main target for change. Our research question relates to both what to evaluate and how to evaluate, and the ambition is to support evaluation designers on a practical level. We propose an explorative, operational method for usability evaluation design, which makes the design process explicit and design decisions more tractable. The evaluation design method is illustrated by an empirical example of how to design a comparative usability evaluation study, in a health care setting. The method supports the designer on a conceptual level by describing the different levels in the evaluation design. On an operational level it supports the designers by defining transitions between levels. And, on the analytical level it provides a template for a usability matrix, which allows for an explorative approach of constructing the conceptual content as well as a structured way to define and refine usability measures. However, the method needs to be further tested in other settings.

  • 155.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Snis, Ulrika L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Design strategies for enhancing experience-based activities2006In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 4161 LNCS, p. 326-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enjoyment and experience-based activities are important in today's society. The purpose of this paper is to explore and better understand how experiences can be enhanced using IS in such experience-based enterprises. The research is based on a case study conducted in collaboration with a Swedish regional museum, where a location-aware auditory museum application for experience enhancement is being designed. The results include design approach recommendations, enhancement strategies and a model for estimating the potential benefits related to enhancements features of the system design. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2006.

  • 156.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Snis, Ulrika L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Understanding users with reading disabilities or reduced vision: Toward a universal design of an auditory, location-aware museum guide2006In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN 1565-012X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 147-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present ongoing work on the design of an information system for users with reading disabilities and users with reduced vision. The design target is a portable, auditory, location-aware information system, to complement visually displayed information in exhibitions. Applying a user-centered, we identify non-typical user-groups' specific requirements, which are turned into a design. The first design-iteration, which includes a formative evaluation, using a mock-up prototype, with dyslectic and visually impaired participants, is completed. The evaluation indicates that the user-group's specific aspects we have identified are relevant, while designing for these groups. Copyright © Freund Publishing House Limited.

  • 157.
    Pettersson, Linda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Sökmotorsoptimering – Från nyckelord till relevant innehåll: Fem företags SEO-praktik i förändring2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In all theory about Search Engine Optimization there are lots of different ideas on how to optimize search engines. Much of the theory concerns the technical aspects and only offers a short explanation on the importance of the actual content of the website. In this essay I will examine how web companies think and act around search engine optimization and web statistics, but also go deeper into how the relationship between customer and company affects where the market is heading. By doing qualitative interviews with web companies where the subject search engine optimization, paid ads and web statistics were discussed, a result has been formed.

    Based on the latest articles, the answers from the respondents and my own personal reflections of the situation, there are clear signs that the definition of Search Engine Optimization has changed. The technical aspect is still there, but with less importance since the search engines keeps changing the algorithms in order to become smarter. Instead the focus is on the content. Rich content, good written text, interesting videos and images has a larger impact than changing the little things in the structure of a website.

    The search market looks different today than it did a few years ago. The term Search Engine Optimization has changed its meaning into something more than just improving your own homepage. Now it also includes all the marketing your company does outside of the web.

  • 158.
    Pongolini, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Avdelningen för tillämpad IT, Göteborgs universitet.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Global Online Meetings in Virtual Teams: from Media Choice to Interaction Negotiation2011In: Proceedings of the Fifth Communities and Technologies Conference 2011, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Australia / [ed] Jesper Kjeldskov and Jeni Paay, Brisbane, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on an ethnographical study of a community of technology experts within a global automotive manufacturing company that uses information technology to communicate and collaborate in global virtual teams. Our findings show that discussions, negotiations, compromises and joint problem solving characterize media choices made in virtual teamwork. Practitioners are adding new media to ongoing interactions, rather than using media in sequence. Furthermore, one medium is not used exclusively, rather a number of media can be used in parallel. This shows that some of the fundamental assumptions built into the concept of media choice theories, are somewhat problematic as an analytical perspective when virtual teams are researched in real settings outside of laboratories and hypothetical scenarios.

  • 159.
    Riha, Jan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Social sensing och dess reglering för koordination i arbetsgrupper: Mobile Phone Sensing och forslag pa ramverk for trygg Social sensing inom IT & Media arbetsgrupper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses possibility of People centric opportunistic social sensing system usage in coordination of small IT and Media teams. Paper define inter and extern dependencies of private sensing data sharing in IT and Media groups through coordination theory. Design science research method is used for analysis of such dependencies in small work teams. These dependencies are analysed with help of focus groups discussions. Result from combination of analysis and theory leads to development of graphic artefact with rules of Google Material Design. This artefact is used as material in inquiry sheet where more possibilities of dependencies and sharing are discussed. Results of this paper is possible groundwork for usage of People centric opportunistic social sensing system in small IT and Media groups. Part of the result is graphic artefact of possible mobile application based on this paper. This paper also describes that new study of possibilities is needed in future because of ever shifting relationship between humans and computers.

  • 160.
    Ruijan, Du
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Guideline for Work-Integrated E-Learning: Design Challenges of Online Courses in Production Technology2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing requirements for continuous competence development in the manufacturing industry, workplace training and e-learning combined builds a new education platform. Such initiatives and educational models have increasingly been studied as work-integrated e-learning focusing on how organizations are trying to increasingly incorporate higher education at the work place, and how higher education can benefit from close cooperation with organizations.

    This thesis work investigate challenges among experienced higher education teachers who are going to design and implement course modules as a work-integrated e-learning initiative based on demands from several manufacturing industries in West Sweden. During the project, the required 20-40 course credits (ECTS) will be divided into smaller course modules, consisting of about 2-5 credits in order to meet demands of flexibility and time sensitiveness from participating manufacturing companies. As it is a cooperative project, the course modules could be tailored according to different requirements from the companies. The course modules are focusing on industrial automation, flexible and virtual automation, robotics, simulation based manufacturing, production systems and precision engineering among other fields within production technology. The research method is abduction with qualitative research, and the empirical data is collected through interviews.

    Through an abductive approach teachers subjective experiences were analyzed in accordance to how they expressed their challenges in relation to how to design courses with flexible pedagogical set ups, incorporating course content and what digital technology best matched these aspects. Based on these analyses, the design guideline was constructed in relation to the analysis and to previous research of collaborative learning and engineering education. The guideline for engineering teaching in production technology suggests a new pedagogical approach of work-integrated e-learning. The guideline is expected to help teachers to design and implement work-integrated e-learning course modules in the production technology field. As a result, the outcome of the guideline could contribute to the development of work-integrated e-learning as a more effective learning approach for competence development for engineering teachers

  • 161.
    Runesson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Young, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Samverkan mellan Trestads kommuner: ett kommunöverskridande samarbete för en gemensam e-förvaltningsutveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector is now developing an electronic society through strategic planning with help of IT, and is then called e-governance. There are more demands on Sweden's municipalities to develop their government services by offering e-services, to become more transparent. E-governance needs to be promoted through an innovative and participatory approach to improve quality and effectiveness. To support the development of e-governance, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) has established a strategy to help the municipal sector. They have decided that it is necessary that local governments increasingly need to collaborate. However it should not be taken for granted that collaboration generates success. Several earlier studies have shown this kind of arrangements are difficult to manage, particularly because of the lack of initiative to clarify the purpose of the collaboration, professional differences and distinctions in internal practices and cultures. The aim of the present study is to find out what opportunities and what obstacles municipal employees experience when several municipalities collaborate to develop a general e-service. By the results we intend to gather knowledge about how municipal collaborations can be beneficial. We have in our survey chosen to use a qualitative method. By performing a case study in the form of interviews and observations we have sought a deeper understanding in the field of cross municipal collaboration. The empirical data has been analysed from a hermeneutic interpretive approach and is to be put in relation with previous research but also to provide new perspectives on municipal collaboration when developing a general e-service. The analysis of the results shows the participant's attitude and motivation, team composition, distinct leadership and different organisation conditions were significant factors affecting the outcome of cross municipal collaboration. The conclusion of the study indicates that initial collaboration on projects when developing a general e-service between municipals should be carefully selected, because of the organisational differences. Extra time should be given to planning and establishing the outcome of the collaborations within all the municipal from a distributed project management. Cross municipal collaboration is based on ideas, knowledge and skills exchange but the major obstacle is the time given and the internal and external organisation differences.

  • 162.
    Ryrå Landgren, Isabella
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Samspel i det berättartekniska: text, bild och effekter i musikvideor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Music videos have under the last 50 years become entertainment in our society. Some are created to reflect feelings while others are a kind of showcase for the artist. There are also those based off of the lyrics and thus creates a short film or an illustration of the lyrics. Through the use of technologies such as visual effects is it possible to bring the impossible worlds and stories alive.Videos with these effects are the kind of videos I've been analyzing in this essay with the purposeto explore how much the visual effects affect the narration. To achieve this I have chosen to make a semiotic study focused on analysis and interpretations of five chosen music videos created during orafter the year 2000. CGI, slow-motion and metaphors are techniques I've been looking at and they have proved to contribute to how the story of the video is told and how it's understood. The interplay between image and text is another thing I've been studying and in the chosen videos it's been varying between interpretations and literal translation to the other.

  • 163.
    Sargsyan, Michael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Saad, Robin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den digitala plånboken: aspekter som påverkar viljan att utnyttja mobila betalningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explored how consumers want to use a digital wallet, thus mobile payment services. This study highlights aspects that affect individuals wishing to use mobile payments, thus the aim is to increase the understanding of issues that affect mobile payments. We used the qualitative method. Interviews were conducted with respondents after they tested up to deal with the cell phone in a couple of times with SEQR, WyWallet and PayEx. Scientific papers and books have been used as a basis for the study.

    We see that the major factors that emerged through our study is the simplicity, safety and user-friendliness that affect how consumers embrace this new payment method. We found that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments.

    The conclusions we can draw from our study is that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments. Depending on different individuals' perceptions regarding mobile payment services, how each one looks at mobile payments, our study led to compatibility, time savings, ease of use affects these individuals choose to use their services

  • 164.
    Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vårdpersonalens attityder till videoteknik vid samordnad vård och omsorgsplanering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Västra Götalandsregionen have implemented video technology for all hospitals in the region to facilitate care planning meetings. There are templets available and the system is ready for use, although the system is not used that much like VGR wants. In this study, the problem has been examined by a qualitative research method, in which seven people with experience of care planning took part in semi-structured interviews. Before the interviews an interview guide was compiled composed of questions based on previous research and theoretical model The interviews were compiled and categorized on the basis of previous research and TAM2, that brought us to the results. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. On the other hand, the hospital staff experienced distance meetings to be shorter than face-to-face meetings and a number of participants that would otherwise not usually be able to participate now have the opportunity to do that. It gets even better for the patient because the patient receives information directly from all participants. The hospital staff does not experience distance meetings to be time-efficient for them comparatively with face-to-face meetings. There is a lack of available meeting rooms, the equipment must be prepared before the distance meeting and documentation must be carried out after a distance meeting, therefore distance meetings are time consuming for the hospital staff. Another influencing factor that we identified in this study is that the hospital staff felt that the training was not sufficient. The hospital staff would have preferred a more practical training to be able to feel comfortable in the use of video technology.

  • 165. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018In: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 166.
    Shuyu, Bai
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing Software for Learning Swedish: Method to Improve Oral Swedish with Learning Theory2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the number of immigrants in Sweden has been increasing rapidly. To help immigrants integrate into the local society, the Swedish government provides a free Swedish course to immigrants (SFI). This study gathers the learning experiences of the newcomers in SFI courses and relates their learning experiences to teaching theories. The aim of this research is applying teaching methods into language learning software to explore how to improve oral Swedish for SFI students.

    A qualitative method and inductive approach are used in this research. From the literature review, I created the theoretical framework which consisted of situational language teaching theory, motivation theory, previous research of mobile device and design theory. Qualitative data was collected by interview. 9 SFI students were interviewed with some questions which related to their own learning experience from SFI course and opinions about oral Swedish learning. Almost all respondents complained that SFI course is not provide enough opportunities for them to practice oral Swedish.

    Based on the SFI students’ individually learning experience, they require more opportunities to communicate with other in Swedish and learn oral language. life-related learning materials, making Swedish friends and appropriate reward system can help students improve oral Swedish and promote learning motivation. The author summarized four tentative findings about oral Swedish learning software. These findings were analyzed and discussed with learning theories and finally verified. Recommendations of the author were put forward in the end of this research.

  • 167.
    Sjöberg, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Andersson, Martina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kan man vara vän med en vloggare?: En kvalitativ studie om följarnas sociala relation till vloggare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the relationship created and maintained between the video blogger (vlogger) and their followers in the production and consumption of video blogs (vlogs) on Youtube. Vlogs has contributed with a new form of autobiographical documentation that has engendered many positive effects on young people. Trough vlogs they get the possibility to feel togetherness, find like-minded and it has also brought courage to talk about rule-breaking subjects.

    We take a follower perspective where the interest lies in understanding what the vlogger means to the followers. With the study we are also exploring how the connection they feel to a vlogger can arise and how it is maintained through various forms of social exchanges.

    The empirical data were gathered through in-depth interviews with 6 experienced followers. They share their experiences and feelings about their vlog consumption and discuses their relationship with their favorite vlogger.

    Social penetration theory, Para social relationship theory helps us to understand how relationships can appear and develop. Our results, together with theories within public design, show that these theories are insufficient to explain the complex ties that are built through an asynchronous monologue with the asynchronous response from followers. The study also shows that the relationship between the followers and vlogger depends on its context. Factors affecting building relationships are mediated form, the common context, accessibility, participation, content and authenticity.

  • 168.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ericsson, Thommy
    Department of Applied IT, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg.
    Sunnerstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Huang De-Voss, Cammy
    Virtual Labs, Stanford University, Stanford.
    Axelsson, Michael
    Department of Zoology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg.
    Unlock the rigidity and design for flexibility2010In: US-China Education Review, ISSN 1548-6613, Vol. 7, no 11, p. 44-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports findings from a project implementing the VL (virtual labs) site featuring

    flash-based animations developed at Stanford University. The main conclusion in this paper stresses the need to

    design for flexibility and adaptability of interactive media to better suit the specific situation teachers encounter in

    their everyday work, in order to allow them to build their own audiovisual presentation kits based on various

    available resources. Ambitious but rigid visualization products might otherwise end up not being used at all. 

  • 169.
    Stanke, Maria Helena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Boktrailern: varför marknadsföra text med ljud och bild?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce the book trailer as a phenomenon and method of marketing. Similarities between the book trailer, the book cover and the movie trailer are examined to show how a "typical" book trailer looks and what functions it possibly has. The paper also explores the book trailer’s prospects of reaching different audiences in different age groups. It also points to difficulties in defining an audience. Young adult literature and the fantasy genre are linked to the book trailer and examples are given on how authors and publishers can establish relationships with readers through the Internet. General guidelines are given for what should be considered to appeal to as many potential readers as possible when a book trailer is being used or designed. The book trailer's ability to reach young, reluctant readers, who have given up on reading to the benefit of image based storytelling like movies and computer games, are explored. The conclusion highlights the advantages of promoting books with audio and video.

  • 170.
    Svanberg, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lundh-Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Incentives for Participation in Organised Business Networks2009In: Proceedings of the 32nd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 32: Inclusive Design / [ed] Molka-Danielsen, J., Molde University College , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much research shows several implications that business collaboration and knowledge exchange takes place across several inter-organisational network constellations. As organisational boundaries become inter-connected into networks of people and resources there is a need to consider the value and effects of such non-traditional networking businesses. This paper portrays how business managers perceive the role of an organised business network and what values cross-company business networking generate. 16 in-depth interviews form the foundations of this preliminary findings. The research question is: Which are the incentives for participation in business networks? The aim is to better understand incentives and values for participation in order to design and manage the business network organisation more effectively. Our argument is that the specifics of incentives and preconceptions of business networking have big impact on how valuable the actual effects of such network participation are. From this study we also discuss implications of how the network can facilitate and coordinate for increased business opportunities.

  • 171.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Development of the Road Carriers Cluster in the Western Region of Sweden2007In: Uddevalla Symposium Tenth Anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 701-712Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The road carriers business in West Sweden is described as a cluster of the Swedish business world. This cluster has been exposed to great competitiveness and deregulation during about the last ten years. The road carrier cluster has been analysed by Porter´s diamond model. The preconditions for the successful growth of the cluster are presented. Especially the road carrier cluster´s opportunities and limitations have been taken into consideration. The study has been performed as a literature study, complemented by studies of magazines in the branch. Furthermore three interviews have been performed of an owner of a road carrier firm. One day has been spent as carrying out an ethnographical study as a driver of a trailer truck. The conclusion of the study is that there are many factors influencing the development of the road carriers business. The road carriers business furthermore has a strong influence from the general business cycle.

  • 172.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation2018In: Proceedings Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2018 / [ed] Margarethe Überwimmer, Robert Füreder, Martina Gaisch, Shaker Verlag, 2018, p. 319-327Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve and strengthen regional development is often subject of political decisions. This is thesituation within the European Union, to increase innovation in SMEs. SMEs need access to knowledge,competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness inproducts higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs ofdecreasing the time from knowledge development to ready products to the market. Ongoing evaluationis prevalent in many research and development projects today in order to follow up the intended results.The ongoing evaluation could contribute to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of a specificinnovation project by highlight areas of improvement and needs of development. The purpose of thispaper is to analyze how collaboration within research and innovation can be evaluated, using a specificinnovation project as an example. Qualitative methods have been used for the data collection andanalysis, based on documents, interviews and participation in various activities. An intervention theory iscreated, as interpreted and structured based on information from documents and interviews. Theintervention theory should be further refined, and could be used to select important aspects of theinnovation project for the further evaluation. The intervention theory can be used to evaluate the causesand effects, and if the innovation project is reaching its intended final achievements and results.

  • 173.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Utvärdering av nätbaserad utbildning 2007In: Högskoleverkets kvalitetskonferens, 10-11 oktober, 2007., Stockholm: Högskoleverket , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Voluntary Disclosure of Information on Intangibles in Corporate Annual Reports2014In: Global Review of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1838-5915, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 133-147Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Forssell Eriksson, G.
    Ytterbyskolan, Kungälv.
    Conditions for participation within synchronous online collaborative learning2014In: 20th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive and communicative situations within social environments are prerequisites for learning in collaboration. Synchronous communication offers the opportunity to actively engage students in collaborative learning activities. This paper is based on an action research conducted within a learning project including synchronous communication between students in lower secondary school. The students collaborate in a cross-border project involving Danish, Norwegian and Swedish students. The aim of the paper is to analyse the conditions for participation in synchronous online learning. collaborative learning. The findings are derived from the empirical study within a three-part learning project using synchronous online communication. The conclusion is that the conditions for participation in synchronous online learning are authenticity, motivation, confidence, preparation and teacher engagement.

  • 176.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Forssell Eriksson, Gunilla
    Ytterbyskolan Göteborg.
    Inter-professional Learning for Teaching: Using Digital Tools2014In: Proceedings of 15th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2014, p. 946-953Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of inter‐professional learning and knowledge integra‐tion for teaching is increasing as the use of digital tools will challenge the peda‐gogical conditions within the school context. It is the responsibility of schools thatthe students can use modern technology as a tool for searching knowledge, forcommunication, as well as for creation and learning. Therefore, teachers often arechallenged in integrating digital tools in their pedagogical practices. It has beenobvious that the implementation of new digital tools in the classrooms has causedsome uncertainty within the school professions. Thus, professionals working inschools need to collaborate, interact and communicate with other professionalsin order to develop their knowledge within their work practice. Communities ofpractice are sharing a specific practice and can create a common understandingand sense‐making. Digital tools have occurred as resources for interaction andcollaboration at different locations and times, also to a great extent facilitatinginter‐professional work and learning. This paper is based on an action‐based qual‐itative study of a Nordic education project, with focus on the inter‐professionalcollaboration and the use of digital tools. In the project different professions asteachers, principals, IT‐pedagogues, IT‐technicians as well as researchers haveparticipated. The aim of this paper is to analyze conditions for how to enable in‐ter‐professional learning and knowledge integration through various digital tools.Knowledge acquired collectively is actually negotiated and accepted within acommunity of practice. To collaboratively produce common teaching cases, obvi‐ously challenges the creation of a system of collective knowledge. Challenges arealso related to the inter‐professional processes of learning as different profes‐sions are acting in different contexts. Trust between different individuals and pro‐fessions seems to be an important aspect together with participation in the com‐munities of practice for inter‐professional learning and knowledge integratingusing various digital tools in a virtual environment

  • 177.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman, E.
    NU Healthcare, Sweden.
    Knowledge management for operations management within health care2018In: Proceedings of the ... European conference on knowledge management, ISSN 2048-8971, E-ISSN 2048-8963, Vol. 2, p. 847-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population of the western world poses a medical challenge for the society of today and of the future. In hospitals, healthcare professionals manage health care with the objective to provide care of high quality using the limited available resources. The decision-making in production and capacity planning decisions requires coordination and management of knowledge in different hierarchical levels and in different time-frames. Thus, this knowledge management is also needed between various health care services within a hospital, as well as with other healthcare providers, at a horizontal level. This paper is based on a qualitative study, conducted as a case study at a hospital in western Sweden. Eleven managers together with their production controllers were interviewed. This paper aims to analyze the challenges the health care at the hospital face related to the knowledge management in the production and capacity planning and control of activities performed. The difficulties found refers to limitations in knowledge management according to three different themes identified. These themes are the influence of political decisions, coordination and participation, and methods and IT-systems. 

  • 178.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Lund University.
    Growth of Ecological Production in the Agricultural Sector2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance : Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan  / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, p. 359-372Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The agricultural sector in Sweden has been experienced rather large changes through the last twenty to thirty years. The ecological production of foodstuff has increased during the last years. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the marketing strategies performed by the ecological farmers and its cluster. Then the paper will analyse and discuss how sucessful the marketing strategies have been, in comparison to the marketing strategies theories. There is now a cultural shift in food consuming, where more people choose ecological produced KRAV-foodstuff. It depends on that people has been more aware of environmental- and climate issues. Consumers chose to buy ecological products, as KRAV-products, because their values accord with a good environment, good caring of animals, and also because of health and social responsibility. In the marketing communication process it is important to inform and make potential customers aware of a firm´s or an organization´s offering. Therefore for example the Internet is a fruitful tool to convey different types of messages to the customers. We believe that the consumption of ecological products could increase more and faster if there is effective and lasting environment marketing. Until now there has been some restrictions of contracs for ecological farmers.

  • 179.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lundh-Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svanberg, Pia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Attitudes to information technology in health care professions2009In: The 17th European Conference on Information Systems, Verona, june 8-10, 2009., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore attitudes towards IT among various categories of health care staff; health care professions. We will identify problem areas that may be the reasons for why different attitudes among different professions at a healthcare organisation exist, and subsequently we will analyse how this may have impact on how to make sense of IT use. The research question is: What factors may explain differences regarding attitudes to IT among different professions in a health care organisation?

    The paper reports from a particular study of the “NU” healthcare organisation in west Sweden. The results reveal two main problem areas: i) the infrastructural and; ii) the socio-organisational. These are discussed as analytical implications for bridging the gaps between different professions in health care organisations.

  • 180.
    Svensson, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Bergman, Joel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Utveckling av en metod för att implementera IPv6 i en existerande nätverksmiljö2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report began with the fact that many companies and organizations today do not have any or little knowledge about IPv6 and what it means, nor do they know how to implement it. At the time of writing there were no complete method for how an analysis of a network were done, what was important to think on and which techniques were available.

    To ease future transitions to IPv6, we decided to develop a general method that a user could follow step by step, with instructions for what to think on at each step. The method also gives examples on how the user could do an analysis and examinations, and it eventually leads to a solution based on their needs. The method answers the question "what does a company need to do to be able to implement IPv6 in an already existing network?"

    The transition to IPv6 is happening and many techniques is still in development. To be able to present solutions that work with different needs, research in IP version four, version six and in transfer techniques were done as well.

    A set of transfer techniques was chosen and set up in a lab network where IPv6 functionality was verified. To develop a method that covered most of the common scenarios, the question were discussed with Empir AB, a company that works with IT solutions that hosts their own services. Their network was analyzed and the result was the foundation for the method.

    Since all techniques in the method were tested in the lab network, the IPv6 functionality was verified by testing different services over the network. The tests showed that it was possible to implement IPv6 after a step by step model. The result of this work can be used to initiate and follow through with a transition to IPv6 since the user have a method to follow, recommendations to what needs to be done and proposed solutions that can be implemented after instructions.

  • 181.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Me, myself and Genre : Bridging IS Design Theory and Distance Educational Practice withTechno-Pedagogical Genres 2006In: 2nd International Workshop on Digital Genre, Halmstad, June 15-16, 2006, Halmstad University , 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Bernheim, Bo-Göran
    Volvo Aero.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg university.
    Lundh-Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Supporting Competent Acting in the new Workplace2008In: Proceedings of E-Learn2008: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education / [ed] Curtis J. Bonk, Mimi Miyoung Lee & Tom Reynolds, Las Vegas, 2008, p. 3934-3941Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Re-thinking the LMS: Designing for Engaged Collaboration2014In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2014, p. 1702-1707Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there has been extensive research done on technology supporting communication and interaction in online higher education, this research focus on the potential of new web development tools for designing educational technologies. With the recent advent and maturity of the HTML5-standard together with CSS3 and advanced javascript libraries such as jQuery andNode.js developers now have access to tools enabling them to create dynamic, web-based systemssupporting rich social interaction & collaboration between students & educators with features that were previously only available in proprietary applications. This paper reports from an ongoingresearch project utilizing a design research approach aimed at creating and evaluating such a tool.

  • 184.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Framing work-integrated e-learning with techno-pedagogical genres2007In: Journal of Educational Technology & Society, ISSN 1176-3647, E-ISSN 1436-4522, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Swenman, Patrick
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    UGV - Kvalité räknas: En undersökning om skillnader mellan användargenererade videos på Youtube2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we analyzes the 75 largest user generated videos (UGV) at Youtube. The goal is to be able to place videos into categories by identifying differences and similarities between different videos. By doing this we'll be able to calculate if there is a difference in exposure value between different kind of videos. Our findings indicates that videos with a higher production quality may have a greater chance of being shared.

  • 186.
    Tallvid, Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Avdelningen för lärande, kommunikation och IT.
    Lundin, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för tillämpad IT.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindström, Berner
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet.
    Exploring the Relationship between Sanctioned and Unsanctioned Laptop use in a 1:1 Classroom2015In: Educational Technology & Society, ISSN 1176-3647, E-ISSN 1436-4522, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 237-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research reported in this article explores and discusses students' use of laptops in a 1:1 setting. A problem experienced by teachers is that the laptops are possible distractors and tempt students to engage in use that is not in line with the teacher's idea of what would be suitable in relation to the current assignment. Three annual surveys in combination with interviews and classroom observations were carried out in two Swedish secondary schools during a phase of the implementation of 1:1-laptops. The results show how that there is not a reciprocal correlation between sanctioned laptop use and unsanctioned laptop use. The findings also show that the students' unsanctioned use of laptops was relatively high, but stable throughout the duration of the three years. Furthermore, results show that the number of students who do not game or chat at all has increased every year. The findings have implications for the discussions concerning the use of personal laptops in secondary schools.

  • 187.
    Thielen, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Goffe, Karin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Internet of Things och marknadsföring: En kvalitativ studie om användning av Internet of Things inom marknadsföring2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to identify the relationship between marketing and the Internet of Things. The goal is to contribute to increased knowledge for marketers and Internet of Things developers to understand the opportunities and challenges it is in creating marketing with the Internet of Things. To explore this matter we have used inductive approach and then made a qualitative interpretation of semistructured interviews. Through subjective selection we have selected five respondents in which everyone has actively worked with the Internet of Things in combination with marketing and there by possesses experience and knowledge of the subject. We have analyzed the answers of the respondents based on theories and concepts that involve content marketing, context marketing, interactive marketing, big data and privacy by design. The results of this thesis show that the combination of the Internet of Things and marketing is best suited to develop the customer relationship between consumers and businesses. To expand the interaction- and relationship perspective will be in focus, and to create value of the Internet of Things for the consumer. These opportunities can be summarized in the concept of "mother sees you," and that is precisely the concept that embody Internet of Things in marketing. Although the thesis demonstrates the possibilities of using the Internet of Things in marketing the challenge in getting the customer to feel confident to hand over data about themselves to the Internet of Things and see the benefits of doing so remains. To analyze the data that the customer creates and know how to use it is also a challenge for marketers and Internet of Things developers. The thesis discuss the risk that comes with the lack of framework of rules to lean on in the development of marketing with Internet of Things.

  • 188.
    Vogel-Rödin, Rasmus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Blivande lärares perspektiv på nätmobbning: En studie baserad på transcendental fenomenologi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of digital communication due the ever-expanding Internet, has made cyberbullying a more frequent focused on topic. Smartphones and tablets are today standard communication tools used by students. However, there are few policies or guidelines describing how the consequences of this use, should be handled, or approached. This transcendental phenomenological study focus on prospective teachers, experience and experiences of cyberbullying in school, were they play a critical role in working proactive. The prospective teachers described various different experiences regarding social network sites, Internet behavior, cyberbullying in school, and proactive work related to cyberbullying. The study shows that cyberbullying is a multidimensional phenomenon, were emotional, social and technical dimensions are described with detailed experiences. Finally, the study reveals prospective teachers common unawareness and insecurities generally in schools, due to lack of knowledge and education, on how they should act when faced with the problems cyberbullying creates.

  • 189.
    Wiberg, Olivia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Ström, Frida
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Publish on-the-go: en studie av mobilt socialt nätverkande hos early adopters2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes mobile social networking, with the use of smartphones. The purpose is to illustrate what subjective user values there are for the user type known as "early adopters". We look deeper into how society is changing due to how technology is advancing, and what consequences these changes bring us. Furthermore, we study a specific group of people, professionally engaged within the IT and Media business and therefore progressive in adopting new technologies. We study their use of the social network Facebook combined with Apple’s iPhone, and analyze the result of interview research and observations, using the theoretical model Theory of Consumption Values. This model is used to clarify different types of user-experienced values, such as functional values, social values, emotional values, epistemic values and conditional values. By analyzing the result, we find that the prime values among our participants concern availability and information. Distinguishing how social networking among our participants focuses on personal approach, the value of the personal trademark, and how knowledge and accessibility with new technologies and trends come to be extremely important within their profession.

  • 190.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge: A Review of Empirical Studies Published From 2011 to 20162018In: Journal of educational computing research (Print), ISSN 0735-6331, E-ISSN 1541-4140, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 315-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) has been introduced asa conceptual framework for the knowledge domains teachers need to master to teach successfully using technology, and has drawn much attention across the educational field. Yet, the framework has been criticized for not being practically useful, due to inaccurate and insufficient definitions. To better understand the critics and the usefulness of the framework, an investigation of how the framework has been applied to show teacher TPACK is needed. This study is a systematic literature review of107 peer-reviewed journal articles concerning the use of TPACK in empirical studies published from 2011 to 2016. The study supplements previous review studies with more recent work on general characteristics of TPACK studies as well as contributes an analysis of how the framework has been applied to identify teacher TPACK inrecent literature. Findings show a variety of approaches and instruments to examine teacher TPACK. Most common is to identify teacher TPACK via self-reporting, while performance evaluations of teaching activities are rare. Additionally, the ways TPACK is operationalized as a measuring instrument are often implicit and make comparison of results difficult. Future directions for research are discussed.

  • 191.
    Wissmach, Toni
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    USB 3 jämfört med 2.0: En jämförande studie om bulköverföringar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokuset i denna studie ligger huvudsakligen på en av de fyra överföringstyper som USB 2 och 3 använder sig av, bulköverföringar. Från den valda typen av överföring kommer tider och hastighet mätas i tolv testfall. Alla testfall delas in i två grupper ett där mätningarna genomförs under tiden media strömmas ifrån en annan USB-enhet för att belasta USB-bussen. Och ett annat där bussen är obelastat. Värden visas och jämförs sedan med hjälp av grafer och histogram där medelvärden, standardavvikelser samt variationskoefficienten har tagits fram.

    Resultatet i denna studie visar att USB 3 en högre variationskoefficient i vissa lägen. Mätvärden visar att USB 3 har ett lägre variationskoefficientvärde när testdatan består av många små filer än vad det gör för USB 2. Dock ökar variationskoefficienten för USB 3 när filstorleken blir större jämfört med USB 2 som påvisar en sjunkande variationskoefficient.

  • 192.
    Yako, Aram
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Dahl, Isak
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Factors that affect usage intention towards mobile augmented reality in fashion e-commerce.: A quantitative study using UTAUT2 model2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today e-commerce is growing more and more popular. It might be because of the easy access directly from the home or workplace. It might also have to do with the continuous smartphone evolution allowing more people internet access than ever before. Augmented reality (AR) is a technology that can generate virtual objects and integrate them into the real world. When new technology such as AR enters the field of ecommerce, it is difficult to predict the consumers' response. This study will focus on the factors that are important for consumers' usage intentions towards mobile AR in fashion e-commerce. A few of these factors are how well technology provides benefits in performing certain activities, how easy it is to use technology and how enjoyable it is to use it. Based on past research, an acceptance model (UTAUT2) was adopted to examines what factors affect user's intention to use mobile AR in fashion e-commerce. PLS-SEM was used to estimate the relationship between factors in the UTAUT2 model. With the help of social media, a survey was distributed with the "snowball technique" to gather information. To limit the data, only those between the ages of 16 and 38 were allowed to participate in the survey. Towards the end of the timeframe of collecting data, there were 120 participants. Only two out of the six investigated factors had a positive impact on user's usage intentions: habit and performance expectancy.

  • 193.
    Öman, Anne
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Design and redesign of a multimodal classroom task: implications for teaching and learning2015In: Journal of Information Technology Education, ISSN 1547-9714, E-ISSN 1539-3585, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 139-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technologies are increasingly implemented in Swedish schools, which impact on education in the contemporary classroom. Screen-based practice opens up for new forms and multiplicity of representations, taking into account that language in a globalized society is more than reading and writing skills. This paper presents a case study of technology-mediated instruction at the primary-school level including an analysis of the designed task and how the teacher orchestrated the digital resources during three introductory classes. The aim was also to explore the pupils’ redesigning of advertising films based on teacher’s instructions and available digital resources. Sequences of a learning trajectory were video recorded and analysed from a multimodal perspective with a focus on the designed task and the processes of how pupils orchestrate meaning through their selection and configuration of available designs. The findings show a distinction between the selection of design elements in the teacher’s orchestration of the laptop resources during instruction and the pupils’ redesigning of the task. Pupils’ work developed from the linguistic design provided by the teacher towards visual design and the use of images as the central mode of expression in the process of creating advertising films. The findings also indicate a lack of orientation towards subject content due to the teacher’s primary focus on introducing the software.

  • 194.
    Öman, Anne
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Similar products different processes: Exploring the orchestration of digital resources in a primary school project2014In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 81, p. 247-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, teachers and pupils are interacting with digital devices during different types of activities in theclassroom context. During such activities, dialogic interaction has a particular value as a pedagogicalpractice that helps to develop pupils' understanding. This study has explored the question: In what waysdo digital resources support dialogic and synergistic interaction?In order to explore primary schoolpupils' interaction within group activity and how they make use of the features of the laptops, theempirical material was collected through video recordings and further analysed with the interactivityanalysis framework (IAF) developed by Beauchamp and Kennewell (2010). The findings show thatalthough the products produced by the different groups of pupils were similar in a technological way (i.e.the pupils used the same modes of expression), the patterns of interaction during the group processesvaried. Two out of six groups used the digital resource as an 'object of interaction', where the tool had amore passive role during the group collaboration. The other four groups used the ICT resource as a 'toolfor interaction', where the resource became more of an interaction partner during the meaning-makingprocesses, which opened up opportunities for learning. The findings also indicate that the interplay inthese four groups between the group members and the laptop features seems to have developed thepupils' understanding of ICT resources as well as their understanding of the subject content during thegroup work. Synergistic interaction with ICT was rather rare but was observed in one of the groups

  • 195.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-learning use patterns in the workplace: Web logs from interaction with a web based lecture2012In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 4-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing for e-learning the objective is todesign for learning i.e. the technology supporting thelearning activity should aid and support the learningprocess and be an arena where learning is likely to occur. Toobtain this when designing e-learning for the workplace theauthor argue that it is important to have knowledge on howusers actually access and use e-learning systems. In order togain this knowledge web logs from a web lecture developedfor a Scandinavian public body has been analyzed. During aperiod of two and a half months 15 learners visited the weblecture 74 times. The web lecture consisted of streamingvideo with exercises and additional links to resources on theWWW to provide an opportunity to investigate the topicfrom multiple perspectives. The web lecture tookapproximately one hour to finish. Using web usage miningfor the analysis seven groups or interaction patternsemerged: peaking, one go, partial order, partial unordered,single module, mixed modules, non-video modules.Furthermore the web logs paint a picture of the learningactivities being interrupted. This suggests that modulesneeds to be fine-grained (e.g. less than 8 minutes per videoclip) so learners’ do not need to waste time having to watchparts of a video clip while waiting for the part of interest toappear or having to fast forward. A clear and logicalstructure is also important to help the learner find their wayback accurately and fast.

  • 196.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-training through web lectures2014In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2014, p. 397-402Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to inform how technology can be designed to support formal workplace training by acknowledging the context of every day work. The research in this paper follows the approach of design science research and a design theory for e-training through web lectures emerged in collaboration with members of the county administration through four designcycles of problem awareness: conceptual suggestion, system development, and evaluation. Aframework called authentic e-learning with nine design principles was chosen as a kernel theory.The design principles were then evaluated in the context of workplace learning and after four design cycles some of the original design principles was still unaltered, some was adapted to the conditions of workplace learning and new principles emerged from the evaluation process.

  • 197.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Kautz, Karlheinz
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Towards adapting authentic learning for formal workintegrated e-learning2009In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology, DESRIST '09, 2009, p. Aricle 29-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster reports from the initial steps of formulating a prescriptive design theory to support the development of scholastic/formal work-integrated e-learning systems. For this purpose a framework for authentic learning, developed andevaluated in a school setting and the eight components of design theories by Gregor and Jones has been used to guide two elearning activities in a work setting. Adapting authentic learning to a formal work-integrated e-learning context calls for a simplification of the framework where some elements of authentic learning become peripheral whereas others become more central. Copyright 2009 ACM.

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