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  • 151.
    Fuxborg, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Skarström, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur har de svenska hushållens skuldkvot påverkats av reporäntan, bostadspriserna och bostadsbristen i landet mellan år 2005-2016?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The household debt ratio has risen in recent years. The figures speak their clear language when Swedish households are among the highest debt ratios in Europe. This increase has led to several actions on the recommendation of government agencies implemented by the current government. One of these actions is the amortization requirement, which has now come in two stages. The idea of this was to get people to repay more of their loans, thus reducing the debt ratio in society. The effects of the actions will we be able to read in the future as it takes some more time to get appropriate data about this. There is still no one today questioning the high households' debt ratios. The important issue in this context is what lies behind this strongly rising debt ratio. In order to answer this we have chosen to explain the underlying factors through literature study, theory review and regression analysis. Following a review of previous work, we chose to look at housing prices, property prices, population, repo rate and the number of newly built housing in the realm. These variables were used in the report to investigate its effect on the debt ratio. After a regression analysis, it was found that only one of the above variables had a significant impact on the debt ratio, this variable was the repo rate. This means that our report proves with support from data that the repo rate has a negative relation to the debt ratio. That is, reducing the repo rate, the debt ratio will increase. Other variables we can not say with statistical certainty that they have an impact on the debt ratio.

  • 152.
    Gahnström, Emil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Knowles, Robin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Dragon, The Unicorn and the Grip of The Lion: A Comparative Case Study on the Secessionist Political Parties in Scotland & Wales and the Nationalist Arguments Aiming for Secession2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted as a descriptive comparative case study with the aim to explore the utilisation of different forms of nationalist arguments for secession by the Scottish National Party in the Scottish Parliament and Plaid Cymru in the Welsh Assembly. Based on the application of nationalist theories from three different modernist scholars, statements made by each party are analysed from politico-ideological, economic, and socio-cultural perspectives.

    The Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru share both secession as the ultimate goal and perceptions of being in a subjugated position within the United Kingdom. However, the results of the qualitative textual content analyses show that the approach towards secession is fundamentally varied between the two parties. The Scottish National Party utilises predominantly economic arguments for independence whilst Plaid Cymru find themselves arguing for further devolution of powers together with attempts to differentiate themselves from the UK.

    This study confirms a number of claims and ideas from previous research within the academic fields of nationalism and secessionism while simultaneously delivering findings on unexplored idiosyncrasies of nationalist discourses in Scotland and Wales. Subsequently, it is our aim to contribute to a deeper and more structured understanding regarding the content of nationalist arguments for secession.

  • 153.
    Gatjetjiladze, Sofia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Empirical relationship between Foreign Direct Investment and economic growth in Georgia2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and economic growth in Georgia over the time period of 1997-2015. With the use of previous research and empirical theories, I expect a positive influence of FDI on economic growth in Georgia both in long-run and short-run. Further, this study considers additional determinant factors based on the previous studies and theories. Concerning the method used in this thesis, I apply Dickey-Fuller test in order to test unit roots for time series and Engle-Granger cointegration test to investigate their equilibrium relationship between the series. Further, I run a regression between the series to obtain the long-run relationship and Error Correction Model (ECM) to obtain the short-run relationship. The result confirms that FDI have a significant and positive effect on economic growth both in long-run and short-run. The result also illustrates that FDI along with other explanatory variables such as inflation have a long-run relationship with economic growth. Further, it is shown that in long run, population have a negative influence and Gross Capital Formation (GCF) have a positive influence on economic growth, however, the coefficients are not quite significant. In short-run, change in FDI, change in GCF, and change in population have a significant explanatory power in change in economic growth. Thus, the study shows that FDI inflow in Georgia has a positive effect on economic growth.

  • 154.
    Gatjetjiladze, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tomaszewska, Magdalena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The five permanent members behaviour toward the ICC: A comparative study of how the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council justified their voting behaviour in resolution 1593 and 19702016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the five permanent (P5) members’ justifications, and compare their justifications with different voting behaviour in resolutions 1593 and 1970. In previous studies regarding the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), International Criminal Law, and UNSC and International Criminal Court (ICC), there is a lack of comparative research on the P5 members voting behaviour towards the ICC. Thus, a study of justifications on the voting behaviour fills the existing gap. This thesis use the theoretical approach of Logic of Appropriateness (LoA) and Logic of Consequences (LoC). This study is comparative and data is collected from resolutions from the official website of the United Nations. Further, the method of analysis is qualitative textual analysis. The results of this study are that LoA describes the P5's behaviour with justifications on the basis of justice, cooperation and humanitarian concern. Both China's and the US’s behaviour on the other hand can be described with LoC where sovereignty norms, cooperation and security are emphasised. Further, the P5's behaviour in resolution 1970 are also described by LoA with similar justifications, whereas France and Russia's behaviour on the other hand are also described by LoC. The change in the voting decision is described by the logics with the change of behaviour which in resolution 1593 is based on sovereignty norms and security, and in resolution 1970 is based on norms, humanitarian concern and cooperation. This result shows that the P5 members’ behaviour is based on both LoC and LoA, it is recognised in justifications that the voting behaviour is described by the two logics in the resolutions.

  • 155.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Digitalization of Health Care Paves the Way for Improved Quality of Life?2016In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of health care is really a game changer for developing health care. This article gives an, overview, discuss opportunities and reflects on methodological issues in this new era. Important issues discussed include: Could digitalization offer the right chemistry between evidence based medicine and individualization of health care. Does Big Data imply long tail health care? How could patients be co-creators of health care? And, methodological pros and cons with different sources of "evidence".

  • 156.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The impact of word of mouth when booking a hotel: could a good friend's opinion outweigh the online majority?2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 289-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online user generated reviews are transforming business and customer behavior and could have a major impact on sales. The primary aim of this study was to measure the impact of online reviews in comparison with the impact of a good friend's opinion. The question in focus was: to what extent could a single review made by a good friend compensate the opinion of the online majority? Subjects were randomly allocated to different versions of guest reviews of a fictive hotel: either constituting a positive or a negative online majority. After reading the reviews, respondents were asked about their booking intention. The respondents were also asked to re-evaluate booking intention given the additional information that a good friend has given a recommendation or an advice against booking the hotel. The study design was experimental and based on a survey which included 1319 respondents who were randomized to the different versions of guest reviews. The results showed that the overall valence of reviews is crucial for booking intention, also the latest two reviews were important even though the effect was much smaller. If the overall valence was negative the latest two reviews had no importance, no matter if these were positive or negative. But, if the overall valence was positive, then the booking intention could be diluted if the two latest reviews were negative. Concerning the primary aim of the study, it is concluded that a good friend’s word of mouth could outweigh the online majority. This means that a negative online majority could be outweigh by a good friend's recommendation and that a positive online majority could be outweigh by a goods friend's recommendation against booking the hotel. 

  • 157.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Work-integrated learning with work-integrated learners2014In: Proceedings of the international conferences on educational technologies (ICEduTech 2014), 2014, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-integrated Learning: Increasing societal impact by decreasing the gap between research and practice2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we outline models for conducting work-integrated learning research. Our experiences from two decades of doing research in close collaboration with practitioners are presented and discussed. Our main message is that by engaging practitioners in all steps of the research project there is a potential for research outcomes to have high societal impact, and theoretical contribution

  • 159.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Victoria
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing2019In: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, p. 3601-3609Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim with this study was to examine the impact of digitalization and the use of ICT for knowledge sharing in an organization. A secondary aim was to further develop knowledge management models to also include collaborative knowledge production and expertise sharing. Based on such a model, we developed a questionnaire answered by 265 respondents. We found that the relationship between using ICT for knowledge sharing was correlated to knowledge sharing also when adjusted for established factors like organisational climate and social norms. We conclude that digitalization, both individually and on an organisational level is an important asset for knowledge management, and that the use of ICT could support knowledge sharing beyond known and established important factors.

  • 160.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Operationalizing the performance of a tourism network: A case study of Network Limfjorden, Denmark2014In: The 23rd Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research: THE VALUES of TOURISM / [ed] Budeanu, Adriana; Möckel, Marie & Gyimóthy, Szilvia, 2014, p. 56-58Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Partnership arrangements in order to achieve sustainable economic growth is nowadays a more and more common feature of developing strategies in different sectors of modern society. This is also the case in the tourism sector, where value of tourism for destination development is highlighted. Many of these partnership arrangements are formalized through the concept of the "network". Although there are usually several aims, the declared purpose of collaboration in a network or partnership is almost always to create synergy or added value. The members of the network are realizing that they have a common goal, which cannot be reached if they act individually. Instead, if the members pool their resources and act together the probability to reach the goal increases. Sometimes situations arise when actors take advantage of what others give, but do not themselves contribute equally (network problems arise in the form of "free riders"). This can then create an attitude in the network where members are reluctant to communicate experience and information to other members and then the mutual exchange of experience that is so important for successful networks can be lost. Hence, it is important to acknowledge that a network beside cooperation also may include a competitive dimension.

    Even if scholars have studied tourism networks in general, methods of how to evaluate tourism networks have been relatively neglected as an area of academic study. In this respect, the objective of the present paper was to study performance of a tourism network. The case of our study is a partnership called Network Limfjorden, which is a cooperation with the aim to develop the tourism around Limfjorden in Denmark. The network was established in 1995 and consists of two regions, eight municipalities and tourist offices around Limfjorden. The tourism activities in the Limfjorden region can be characterized as "slow" activities. In spring 2010 Network Limfjorden, adopted a new action plan "Towards 2015". The action plan states that the Limfjorden continues to be a strong brand. This will be achieved through:

    • Development of coherent useful products and activities
    • Launch projects and develop until they can run on their own
    • Marketing of products and activities under the common brand
    • A concerted effort to promote network development

    These goals are conventional for most networks. In order to study if the different network partners are committed to use and express the common branding one can study either what is said or written. We have chosen to study written material and in this case the traditional tourism brochures. Because branding, beyond its own operations, is about describing the common; common values, specific joint projects developed etc. Our study includes five tourism brochures from five municipalities around Limfjorden. We operationalized the study of brochures with the following measures:

    • The portion of sentences with a "network umbrella description". Such a sentence includes for instance a description of an area or an activity outside their own municipal but within the network area Limfjorden.
    • Yes/No whether or not the brochure include: the network logo, the address to the network website, map over the Limfjorden area, common launched network activities (old sail ship regatta, storytelling, etc.)

    In this way we examined to what extent a network member (municipality) in its own brochure promotes i) their own activities, and ii) other members' activities.  The results of the study indicate that it is more common to promote the own specific activity or location even if similar activities can be found also in other municipalities around Limfjorden. Several partners did not include network logo, link to website or common network activities. Consequently, the opportunity to create positive synergy effects among the network partners is not fully exploited. The macro perspective found among the aims with the network, was simply not adopted by several partners. Perhaps this may be explained by a lack of understanding and handling the balance between cooperation and competition. In conclusion, even though the network were ambitious and had well thought-thrown aims, our findings indicate that these ambitions were not successfully adopted by partners. This might well be the reason for why it was decided to discontinue the network. 

  • 161.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Integrated Learning: a Marriage Between Academia and Working Life2015In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 38-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a demand for increased cooperation between higher education institutes and surrounding society, and different frameworks for such cooperation have been developed. University West in Sweden has a profile calledwork-integrated learning which could be regarded as a systematical approach for combining theory and practice.Actually work-integrated learning has become an ideologyfor the University which permeates all activities, i.e. education, research and cooperation with surrounding society. This article is a review, explaining and exemplifying our approach. We will also discuss strategies and challenges for bringing the relationship between theory and practice into a prospering marriage.

  • 162.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Magnusson, J.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ahlstedt, S
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Bengtsson, U
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg.
    Interpretation of subjective symptoms in double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges: interobserver reliability2004In: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, E-ISSN 1398-9995, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 354-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Subjective symptoms after food challenges are difficult to interpret and no standard is available. We discuss a strategy for how to interpret a diary. Furthermore, the interobserver reliability is evaluated.

    Methods: Diaries for 32 patients with subjective symptoms were used. The diaries were re-evaluated with a predefined strategy by three independent observers.

    Results: The proportion of positives was 21.9% among the old diagnoses, according to the new approach 34.4% (observers I and II) and 37.5% (observer III) were positive. The new approach had high interobserver reliability (97 and 100%).

    Conclusions: The proportion of positives depends on how subjective symptoms are interpreted. Interpretations of subjective symptoms in diaries could be made with high interobserver reliability.

    The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is the gold standard for diagnosing food hypersensitivity (1–5). However, DBPCFC needs further standardization regarding essential issues, e.g. quantity of food, vehicles, blinding, dose titration and interpretation of symptoms (2, 3, 6–10). This study highlights the latter problem. For patients with several subjective symptoms that may occur in various degrees both on active and placebo provocations, a standardized strategy for interpretation would be valuable. Bindslev-Jensen et al. have theoretically illustrated that there may be great differences dependent on how placebo symptoms are treated (11, 12) and in a position paper (13) it is suggested that in situations when only subjective symptoms are present, several provocations must be used. The lack of an interpretation standard may be one reason for explaining the doubts regarding the value of subjective variables for making a diagnosis (9, 14). We discuss a strategy for how to interpret the symptom profile found in such a mixed sequence of active and placebo provocations. Furthermore, the interobserver reliability is evaluated.

  • 163.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Goalkeeper: a tool for monitoring learning outcomes in PhD education2015In: ICERI2015 Proceedings, 2015, p. 6223-6230Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The journey from being a new Ph. D.-candidate towards passing the doctorate grade is often a bumpy road with both unexpected and complex challenges that has to be turned in to learning experiences that adds to progression. In this paper we describe the development and use of a tool (the Goalkeeper) designed to support, structure and visualize this journey. It is a tool for supervisors, doctorate students as well as people responsible for quality assurance of a doctorate education. Based on our experiences of having utilised the tool we argue that it is important that the implementation of such a tool is firmly grounded in a quality culture where support of progression and formative assessment dominate over summative assessment and control.

  • 164.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rawshani, Nina
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, Skaraborg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Could prioritisation by emergency medicine dispatchers be improved by using computer-based decision support?: A cohort of patients with chest pain2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 220, p. 734-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To evaluate whether a computer-based decision support system could improve the allocation of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or a life-threatening condition (LTC). We hypothesised that a system of this kind would improve sensitivity without compromising specificity. Methods: A total of 2285 consecutive patients who dialed 112 due to chest pain were asked 10 specific questions and a prediction model was constructed based on the answers. We compared the sensitivity of the dispatchers' decisions with that of the model-based decision support model. Results: A total of 2048 patients answered all 10 questions. Among the 235 patients with ACS, 194 were allocated the highest prioritisation by dispatchers (sensitivity 82.6%) and 41 patients were given a lower prioritisation (17.4% false negatives). The allocation suggested by the model used the highest prioritisation in 212 of the patients with ACS (sensitivity of 90.2%), while 23 patients were underprioritised (9.8% false negatives). The results were similar when the two systems were compared with regard to LTC and 30-day mortality. This indicates that computer-based decision support could be used either for increasing sensitivity or for saving resources. Three questions proved to be most important in terms of predicting ACS/LTC, [1] the intensity of pain, [2] the localisation of pain and [3] a history of ACS. Conclusion: Among patients with acute chest pain, computer-based decision support with a model based on a few fundamental questions could improve sensitivity and reduce the number of cases with the highest prioritisation without endangering the patients.

  • 165.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Navigating in a new pedagogical landscape with an introductory course in applied statistics.2014In: Topics from Australian Conferences on Teaching Statistics: OZCOTS 2008-2012 / [ed] MacGillivray, H., Martin, M., and Phillips, B, New York: Springer , 2014, p. 119-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades, a great deal of effort has been put into improving statistical education, focusing on how students learn statistics and how we as teachers can find effective ways to help them. At the same time the use of computers, the Internet, and learning management systems has grown rapidly, and offers new educational possibilities. In this chapter, we will discuss how these changes in the pedagogical landscape have affected our introductory course in applied statistics. The course and teaching context are presented in relation to guidelines for assessment and instruction in statistics and to seven principles for effective teaching. Teaching strategies, course content, and examples of course material are included. Furthermore, results from evaluations are discussed, especially focusing on diversity in student characteristics. These results indicate a variation in learning styles both between and within groups. Finally, we present some of our ideas for future development including strategies for individualization and the use of educational mining.

  • 166.
    Ghassaban Kjellén, Mina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rational Solidarity: Turkish and Iranian role conceptions in the Middle East 2013-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines Iranian and Turkish role conceptions in the Middle East, using role theory as its analytical tool. More specifically, the research aims to describe how Islamic identity is used in the analyzed states' conceptions of themselves in the Middle East. The theoretical framework is built upon an eclectic combination of realism and social constructivism as the basis of interpretation. The main theoretical argument guiding the research is that both Iran and Turkey are striving for influence and power in the region, and that much of their interests in the region are shaped by their Islamic identity. The study is a multiple case study, comparing the main principles within the cases to each other to highlight their differences and similarities. The analysis is conducted as a qualitative content analysis of speeches, interviews and papers by central actors in Iranian and Turkish foreign policy within the time frame of 2013 to 2016. The results of the analysis pointed towards that Iran primarily uses its Islamic identity to call for Islamic revolutionism in the region, thus legitimizing both its own domestic leadership as well as a central role in the region acting as a role model. For Turkey, their Islamic identity was mainly used to justify a larger role in the region on the basis of their Ottoman heritage. One of the central conclusions has thus been that both case states uses their Islamic identity for strategic purposes, although based on different ideological foundations and prescriptions.

  • 167.
    Gillberg, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tijanic, Jelena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Saab & the Swedish Country Image: A Case-study of Saab's Usage of the Country Image of Sweden in the Marketing of JAS Gripen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the Swedish defense company Saab use the national country image of Sweden in their documents to market their product JAS Gripen. The interest for this case lies in the paradoxical identities of the national identity of Sweden, and the ongoing long and robust relationship between Saab and the Swedish government. The paradoxical identities concern the dual identity of Sweden as both a "humanitarian superpower" and the focus on the national defense industry.

    The study was conducted by using textual qualitative content analysis on official documents collected from Saab's official webpages. Focus is at analyzing the documents by two categories: technological arguments and emotional arguments. Technological arguments focus on products physical capabilities,whereas emotional arguments focus on values and beliefs related to the Swedish origin of the product. These categories serve to divide the material to conclude to the extent Saab uses the Swedish country image: extensively/marginal/none- or little usage.

    The results we reach based on the analysis is that the company does use the country image of Sweden in their documents and does so as a shorthand for values that the reader plausibly connects with Sweden. We further conclude that, between the categories, the country image of Sweden is used differently, whereas the focus is at different aspects of the Swedish identity. Lastly, we conclude that this has been a minute contribution to the field of political science and branding, and more research needs to be conducted on this issue to obtain a greater understanding of the phenomenon.

  • 168.
    Gille, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tevell, Joakim
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Värdepåverkande faktorer på bostadsrätter på Södermalm2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Apartment prices have for a long time been much disputed subject in Sweden. The square foot prices continue to increase and in central Stockholm you find the highest prices for condominiums. The prices of condominiums in the same area varies due to specific factors and characteristics, and that is why it is interesting to investigate how much they affect the sales price. The purpose of the study is to examine how different factors affect the value of condominiums in Södermalm. Through the hedonic pricing model this study is based on 101 observations from the sales of condominiums in Södermalm between 1st of januari to 31st of december 2013. Estimates of prices has been made by using a multiple regression where the independent variables had its purpose to explain the dependent variable price. The study showed that 68.5% of the dependent variable, the price of condominiums, could be explained by the independent variables. The survey shows that living space, monthly fee and fireplace had the greatest impact on the price.

  • 169.
    Glader, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Larsen, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prisutvecklingen på småhusmarknaden för Sveriges tre storstadsregioner: Vilka makroekonomiska och regionala faktorer har påverkat?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prices of Sweden's housing market has developed strongly since the late 1990s. This is particularly obvious in big towns where pricetrends are significantly higher than in small towns. The purpose of this paper is to examine the macroeconomic and regional variables affecting house prices and the extension, of Sweden's three largest cities. Influencing factors have been chosen based on previous research and a quantitative method has been used. A time series of quarterly data is used between the years 1995 and 2013 have been test for stationarity and unit roots. Subsequently, a regression is made with the OLS- method to investigate the long-term relationship.

  • 170.
    Granath, Sara
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Täng, Sofia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Energiprestanda för småhus, en värdefaktor att räkna med?: 10 år efter första energideklarationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has been 10 years since the first energy efficiency certification was established in Sweden. In year 2009 legal requirements for energy efficiency certifications for singlefamily homes were introduced. The energy efficiency certification was developed as an instrument to reduce the energy use of real estate. Housing and service accounts for 40 percent of Sweden’s total use of energy, this must be reduced considerably to be able to achieve the country’s environmental goals. The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether there is a link between single-family homes energy performance and selling price. The aim is also to find out whether the relationship has developed between 2009 and 2017. The research question is answered by multiple regressions based on the hedonistic pricing model. Regressions are based on sales data of single-family homes in Gothenburg municipally, 746 observations in 2009 and 1094 observations in 2017. The results indicate a link between single-family homes energy performance and selling price. The correlation has increased since the legal requirements of energy performance certifications for single-family homes was introduced. The conclusion is that a clear presentation of the energy performance and information regarding benefits with a low energy consumption on the real estate market, would help to increase real estate owner’s knowledge. This would give the homeowners incentive to invest in energy saving improvements. An addition of energy performance as a factor of value in real estate appraisal, would probably have an impact on the opportunities to reach the environmental goals.

  • 171.
    Grek, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Determinants of Entry and Exit: The Significance of Demand and Supply Conditions at the Regional Level2011In: Drivers of In­novation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Dynamics / [ed] Kourtit, K., Nijkamp, P. & Stough, R.R., Berlin: Springer, 2011, p. 121-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Grut Jonsson, Emmie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tell, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Den svenska växelkursen: Vilka är de påverkande faktorerna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the factors that determine the Swedish exchange rate versus Euro in the monetary model Sticky-Price during the period 1998-2016. By testing data in a cointegration test, for long-term results, and the ECM error correction model, for short-term results, the study shows each variables significance for the exchange rate. The results shows that interest rate, GDP and inflation have the greatest impact on the exchange rate SEK/EUR. The longterm analysis indicates that the dependent variable have a negative relation to the two of the significant variables, interest rates and GDP, and can therefore show that a depreciation of the Swedish krona is caused by lower interest rates or reduced national income in the short term.

  • 173.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Monte Carlo Simulation Study of Tobit Models2001In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 8, no 9, p. 581-584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on a comparison of diOEerent kinds of Tobit models. According to the ® ndings, a simple Tobit I method can produce results that are similar to and in some cases better than much more sophisticated methods. This is especially true if the participation or index equation is incorrectly speci® ed.

  • 174.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Accessibility to R&D and Patent Production2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose in this paper is to study to what extent accessibility to R&D can explain patent production. Therefore a knowledge production function is estimated both on aggregated level and for different industrial sectors. The output of the knowledge production is the number patent applications in Swedish municipalities from 1994 to 1999. In order to account for the importance of proximity, the explanatory variables are expressed as accessibilities to university and company R&D. The total accessibility is then decomposed into local, intra-regional and inter-regional accessibility to R&D. As often is the case with R&D outputs, the regional distribution of patents is highly skewed with influential outliers. The estimations are therefore conducted with quantile regressions. The main results on aggregated level indicate that high accessibility (local) to company R&D has the greatest positive effects on patent production. The effects are statistically significant for municipalities with a patent production corresponding to the median and to quantiles above the median. Local accessibility to university R&D is only of importance for certain industrial sectors and not on aggregated level. There is also evidence that intra-regional accessibility to company R&D affects patent production positively. A conclusion is that concentrated R&D investments in companies situated in municipalities with a high patenting activity would not only gain the municipalities themselves, but also the patent production in other municipalities in the functional region.

  • 175.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Accessibility to R&D on Patent Production2009In: Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie. Johansson Börje. and Stough Roger R., Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 231-260Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Effekter av högre utbildning på regional utveckling: WP4 delrapport inom K3-projektet ”Nya vägar”2020Report (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Explaining Variations in Regional Housing Prices: An Accessibility Approach2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 259-273Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the relative geographical position of a municipality needs to be accounted for when explaining variations in housing prices. In particular, the paper aim to show that travel time distance to important economic centers have an impact on the spatial variation in housing prices across municipalities. A suitableway to model this possible impact is to use the accessibility concept, which takes into account both the time distance and the size of the economic opportunity, measured by gross pay, that can be realized in a another municipality. The model will be estimated for average municipality level housing prices using data on Swedish municipalities in 2015. To a large extent, the expectations are confirmed by the econometric estimation results. Geographical time distance have a negative effect on local housing prices. Good access to economic centers increases average housing prices, even after taking into account a large number of other determinants.

  • 178.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Imports, R&D and Local Patent Production2012In: The Regional Economics Of Knowledge And Talent Local Advantage in a Global Context / [ed] Karlsson, C., Johansson, B. and Stough, R., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 343-368Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the effects of national and international knowledge flows on innovative activity. Therefore a knowledge production function is estimated with patent applications in Swedish municipalities as the measure of innovation. The knowledge resources applied are R&D investments and high-valued imports. In order to account for the importance of proximity, the knowledge resources are expressed as accessibilities. The total accessibility of a municipality is decomposed into local, intraregional and interregional accessibility. The main results indicate that knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the innovative activity of another municipality, given that the municipalities belong to the same functional region. Thus the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions. This result holds for both R&D investments and high-valued import products.

  • 179.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Imports, R&D and Local Patent Production2007In: Uddevalla Symposium tenth anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Buildning Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden. / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 433-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effects of national and international knowledge flows on innovative activity. Therefore a knowledge production function is estimated with patent applications in Swedish municipalities as the measure of innovation. The knowledge resources applied are R&D investments and high valued imports. In order to account for the importance of proximity, the knowledge resources are expressed as accessibilities. The total accessibility of a municipality is decomposed into local, intra-regional and inter-regional accessibility. The main results indicate that knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the innovative activity of another municipality, given that the municipalities belong to the same functional region. Thus, the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions. This result holds for both R&D investments and high valued import products.

  • 180.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Spatial econometrics: Methods and applications2011In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 90, no 4, p. 886-888Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Spatial Spillovers of Knowledge Production: An Accessibility Approach2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of the thesis is on issues concerning production of knowledge. It is a common observation that knowledge activities have a tendency to agglomerate as well as to spill over in space. In order to incorporate geographical proximity, the thesis applies an accessibility approach in which actual travel time distances between locations are used to discount spatial knowledge spillovers. The thesis consists of three individual essays and a joint introduction. The first essay explores to what extent accessibility to R&D conducted at universities and companies can explain the number of patent applications in Swedish municipalities. The second essay analyses the relationship between knowledge accessibility and regional export performance. The knowledge resources used are R&D efforts and university educated labour. Since the distributions of the dependent variables are skewed with a few influential outliers, the estimations are conducted with quantile regressions. The empirical findings indicate that accessibility to university R&D has minor effects on patent production and export performance in Sweden. However, the other used inputs, i.e. accessibility to company R&D and accessibility to university educated labour, are of greater importance. The results also show that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions. The third essay investigates how the inclusion of accessibility variables, i.e. spatially lagged explanatory variables, affects the extent of spatial autocorrelation. The basic proposition is that the inclusion of inputs external to the spatial observation as separate variables reveals spatial dependencies via the parameter estimates. This is confirmed by Monte Carlo simulations. The Monte Carlo Simulations also indicate that problems with spatial autocorrelation and biased parameter estimates are reduced.

  • 182.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    University-educated labor, R&D and regional export performance2008In: International regional science review, ISSN 0160-0176, E-ISSN 1552-6925, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 211-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    University-educated Labour, R&D and Regional Export Performance2009In: Entrepreneurship and Innovations in Functional Regions / [ed] Karlsson C., Stough R. and Johansson B., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009, p. 141-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    On the Specification of Regression Models with Spatial Dependence: An Application of the Accessibility concept2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the taxonomy by Anselin (2003), this paper investigates how the inclusion of spatially discounted variables on the ‘right-hand-side’ (RHS) in empirical spatial models affects the extent of spatial autocorrelation. The basic proposition is that the inclusion of inputs external to the spatial observation in question as a separate variable reveals spatial dependence via the parameter estimate. One of the advantages of this method is that it allows for a direct interpretation. The paper also tests to what extent significance of the estimated parameters of the spatially discounted explanatory variables can be interpreted as evidence of spatial dependence. Additionally, the paper advocates the use of the accessibility concept for spatial weights. Accessibility is related to spatial interaction theory and can be motivated theoretically by adhering to the preference structure in random choice theory. Monte Carlo Simulations show that the coefficient estimates of the accessibility variables are significantly different from zero in the case of modelled effects. The rejection frequency of the three typical tests (Moran’s I, LM-lag and LM-err) is significantly reduced when these additional variables are included in the model. When the coefficient estimates of the accessibility variables are statistically significant, it suggests that problems of spatial autocorrelation are significantly reduced. Significance of the accessibility variables can be interpreted as spatial dependence

  • 185.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Human Capital and Productivity in a Spatial Economic System2007In: Annales d'Èconomie et de Statistique, ISSN 0769-489X, no 87/88, p. 125-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University.
    Regional Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth2007In: Uddevalla Symposium 2006: Entrepreneurship and Development - Local Processes and Global Patterns: Revised papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, Fairfax, VA, USA / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 47-63Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge is maintained as a core variable for growth in a large set of contemporary theories. In this paper we have analyzed the relationship between knowledge accessibility and regional growth. The knowledge resource used in our model is R&D conducted at universities and in companies. A precise definition of accessibility was introduced and calculations were based on actual travel time distances. Using data at the municipality level in Sweden, the hypothesis that knowledge accessibility has a positive effect on growth cannot be rejected. The knowledge accessibility in a given period has a statistically significant effect on the growth in value-added per employee in subsequent periods.

    The total accessibility of a municipality was divided into three types (i) intramunicipal accessibility, (ii) intra-regional accessibility and (iii) extra-regional accessibility. The paper has shown that this division gives a clear indication of that there is spatial dependence in the sense that the knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the growth of another municipality, conditional on that the municipalities belongs to the same functional region. Thus, the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions.

    The findings in the paper provide support for the theories that emphasize the role of knowledge for growth. However, the paper demonstrates that spatial proximity to knowledge resources is important to materialize the positive effect of such resources. Accessibility to knowledge in space is thus imperative.

  • 187.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    The Role of Higher Education and University R&D for Industrial R&D Location2009In: Universities, Knowledge Transfer and Regional Development: Geography, Entrepreneurship and Policy / [ed] Attila Varga, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 85-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    University Colleges’ Effect on Economic Growth in Swedish Middle-sized Municipalities2014In: Knowledge, Innovation and Space / [ed] Karlsson C, Johansson B, Kobayashi, K. & Stough, R, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 287-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ejermo, Olof
    CIRCLE, Lunds Universitet.
    Accessibility to R&D: A Reexamination of the Consequences for Invention and Innovation2014In: Knowledge, Innovation and Space / [ed] Karlsson C, Johansson B, Kobayashi, K. & Stough, R, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 51-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ejermo, Olof
    Lund University.
    The Effects of R&D on Regional Invention and Innovation2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance: Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, p. 263-282Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effects of regional R&D on patenting for Sweden within an accessibility framework. We use two measures of patenting: number of patents granted per capita and a composite of quality-adjusted patents which we regard as an innovation indicator, respectively. Three conclusions emerge. First, we find that the specification where innovations per capita is used as a dependent variable performs much better than with granted patents per capita for capturing relationships with regional R&D. In fact, quantile regressions over the distribution of different patenting and innovation levels per capita show that R&D efforts within regions affect innovations per capita positively, except for the regions with the lowest levels of R&D. The effetcs on granted patents per capita are less robust and depend inconsistently on the level of R&D. Secondly, accessibility to inter-regional R&D do not affect innovation significantly in our results, which suggests that effects are locally bounded. This implies that studies of the R&D-innovation relationship are plagued by misspecification, since studies tend to show that R&D-effects diffuse to other regions. This is also the case in our study: the inter-regional effects are an important factor for granted patents. Third, the share of university R&D of all regional R&D has no effect on patenting, which suggests that the two types of R&D are substitutes. In view of these results the redommendation must be to use quality-adjusted patents for regional innovation studies rather than patent grants.

  • 191.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Flood, Lennart
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Regression Analysis and Time Use Data: A Comparison of Microeconometric Approaches with Data from the Swedish Time Use Survey1999In: Time Use: Research, Data and Policy / [ed] Merz, Joachim & Ehling, Manfred, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999, p. 457-472Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Flood, Lennart
    Regression Analysis and Time Use Data: A Comparison of Microeconometric Approaches with Data from the Swedish Time Use Survey (HUS)1999In: Time Use Research, Data and Policy: Contributions from the International Conference on Time Use (ICTU) Baden-Baden / [ed] Joachim Merz and Manfred Ehling, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999, 10, p. 151-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lindh, Kristina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Experience Design: Understanding the Role of Technology for Virtual Experiences2006In: Proceedings of 29th Information System Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 29: Paradigms, Politics, Paradoxes, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New technologies have always teased the imagination of avant-garde artists on how to challenge existing cultural paradigms. For instance, experience design for the creative industries of today provides exciting challenges with a potential to innovate practices and creating new ways of interaction between the artist and her audience. In an ongoing research project we aim at framing the design space for virtual experiences. The paper presents and discusses the role of technology in such context and use three ongoing case studies where ICT has been used to augment and support consumers of cultural experiences. The analysis shows how technology-driven interventions are less oriented towards radical change compared to interventions that are rooted in their nondigital origins.

  • 194.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Virtual Experiences: Towards an understanding of the role of ICT in the innovation systems of creative industries2005In: Uddevalla Symposium 2005: Innovations and Entrepreneurship in Functional Regions, Uddevalla: Högskolan Trollhättan Uddevalla , 2005, p. 501-512Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Jönköping International Business School.
    Accessibility: An Underused Analytical and Empirical Tool in Spatial Economics2014In: ACCESSIBILITY AND SPATIAL INTERACTION, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 211-236Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility has for many years been a widely used tool in transportation research. Many definitions have been suggested and researchers have constructed numerous mathematical formulations to measure its value in order to be able to evaluate the relationships between the nature of the transport systems and the patterns of land use. Such correlations have been used especially in assessing existing transport systems and forecasting their performance to provide decision-makers with ideas about the need for investments in the transport systems. However, accessibility measures can be regarded as the spatial counterparts of discounting. The measures represent the spatial distribution of economic agents and their activities in a simple way that imposes a very clear structure upon the relationship between these agents and their activities and their environment. Various frictional effects arising from geographical distance between economic agents determine their interaction options, that is, their options to trade, to cooperate, to learn, to commute, and so on. Observing that the time sensitivities of the economic agents vary between different spatial scales (and between different economic activities) we may impose a spatial structure (for example, local, intra-regional, interregional and international) which offers opportunities to define variables in such a way that spatial dependencies can be accommodated. These newly defined variables can then be used in empirical explanations of various spatial phenomena, such as patent output, new firm formation, the emergence of new export products, and economic growth in different spatial units. We will in this chapter against this background show that accessibility is an underused analytical and empirical tool in regional science with an underestimated potential.

  • 196.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Entrepreneurial knowledge, technology and the transformation of regions: An introduction2013In: Entrepreneurial knowledge, technology and the transformation of regions / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie, Johansson, Börje & Stough, Roger R, London: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 197.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Knowledgeflows, knowledge externalities and regional economic development2014In: Handbook of Regional Science / [ed] Fischer, M. M. & Nijkamp, P., Springer, 2014, p. 413-437Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Swedish Perspectives on creative cities2014In: International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, ISSN 1466-6650, E-ISSN 1741-5136, Vol. 13, no 2-4, p. 100-117Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Urban Regions in Europe: Preconditions and Strategies for Growth and Development in the Global Economy2012In: Lacittà nell’economia della conoscenza (The city in the knowledge economy) / [ed] Cappelin, R., Ferlaino, F. & Rizzi, P., Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2012, p. 81-103Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, CharlieUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus, Blekinge Institute of Technology.Bernhard, IréneUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

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