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  • 151.
    Eriksson, Michaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vara i sitt livs form: en studie om hur en ofrivillig uppsägning blir en vändpunkt i livet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how involuntary discharge affects the identity and everyday life of an individual. Further purpose is to investigate how events like this can be understood based on the concept of a turning point in life. The premises of my questions proceeds from a human facing a discharge, an involuntary change in life, and the strategies they develop to deal with the situation.

    The choice of perspective in this study is based on the concept of life form and turning point. These concepts are placed in relation to a theoretical frame of reference and research survey. The methodological chapter follows, which explains the empirical close method approach, data collection method and 5 interviews with 7 informers. Further a presentation of selected informers, the narrative analytic method and aesthetic considerations.

    Results show that an involuntary change of life circumstances through discharge leads to a reorientation in life. The informants in this study faced an involuntary change and what happened can mainly be described as accepting change and take the necessary actions in the existing society context.

    The empirical and theoretical analysis in this study leads to the conclusion that informants developed strategies to let the discharge become a chance to make a change, a possibility. The informants share life stories that contains positive memories connected both to the life before, during and after the critical event. They describe the factory shutdown were perceived as a crucial situation, but not necessary a problematic experience. How an individual reacts to a thing like this has, among other things, to do with the current life form of the individual. What their everyday life consist of and how the individual identifies itself in their own context.

  • 152.
    Eriksson, Michaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vara i sitt livs form: En studie om hur en ofrivillig uppsägning blir en vändpunkt i livet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how involuntary discharge affects the identity and everyday life of an individual. Further purpose is to investigate how events like this can be understood based on the concept of a turning point in life. The premises of my questions proceeds from a human facing a discharge, an involuntary change in life, and the strategies they develop to deal with the situation.

    The choice of perspective in this study is based on the concept of life form and turning point. These concepts are placed in relation to a theoretical frame of reference and research survey. The methodological chapter follows, which explains the empirical close method approach, data collection method and 5 interviews with 7 informers. Further a presentation of selected informers, the narrative analytic method and aesthetic considerations.

    Results show that an involuntary change of life circumstances through discharge leads to a reorientation in life. The informants in this study faced an involuntary change and what happened can mainly be described as accepting change and take the necessary actions in the existing society context.

    The empirical and theoretical analysis in this study leads to the conclusion that informants developed strategies to let the discharge become a chance to make a change, a possibility. The informants share life stories that contains positive memories connected both to the life before, during and after the critical event. They describe the factory shutdown were perceived as a crucial situation, but not necessary a problematic experience. How an individual reacts to a thing like this has, among other things, to do with the current life form of the individual. What their everyday life consist of and how the individual identifies itself in their own context.

  • 153.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenging the ADHD consensus2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-2, article id 31124Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Esmatiar, Wazhma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur presenteras invandrare i svenska tidningar?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av tre tidningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 155.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Garaate Goraane Gheyre Dini - Jeld 2 Din va Imane Dini- Ketab va goraane Dini: A study of the "Non-religious Koran", Vol. 2, Religion and Religious Faith- The Book and the "Religious Koran2007Book (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 1, Mahdudiyat'ha-yi qurani va tahrifat-i qira'at-i "rasmi va ba vasitah"2006Book (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 2, Din va iman-e dini - Kitab va "Quran-e dini".2007Book (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Falk, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kulin, Susanne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Social utveckling? Då tänker jag nog mycket på kommunikation": En studie om social utveckling hos ungdomar under insatsen korttidstillsyn enligt LSS2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study examines how social development occurs in adolescents with the insertshort period of supervisionin accordance withact concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments. The insert is for schoolchildren over the age of 12 outside their own home in conjunction with the school day andduring the holidays. This study is based on the professionals' perspective. The study is based on the leisure-activities available on short-term supervision and in which way they promote the social development for adolescents. It also focuses on the interactions with others and how it can lead to social development. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore if and how the leisure activities and interactions with others that occur during the operation short-term supervision LSS contribute to social development of adolescents, based on the professionals' perspective.Methodology: The empirical data were collected through interviews with seven informants from four different organizations engaged in short-term supervision. Social development is analyzed on the basis of the socio-cultural perspective that highlights the collective learning.Conclusions:Leisure-activities in which several can attend helps facilitate social development. In the adolescent ́s collective learning, they use the discursive tools to share their knowledge with each other. It is important that the professionals plan the adolescent ́s leisure-activities in groups. Through the creation of a collective learning promoted social development. Businesses' approach is different, which affects the interaction and social development. The adolescents are socialized into the context available on short period of supervision and learn thereby what rules apply in business. The use of aids during the short period of supervision contributes to social development. Aids are physical tools and discursive tools that promote social development.

  • 159.
    Farhoud, Narjes
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Annerhäll, Ann-Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kommunikation och socialt samspel i vardagen - boendestödets betydelse för människors delaktighet och egenmakt: en kvalitativ studie om människor med psykiska funktionshinder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 160.
    Feldtmann Lobrant, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bedöma Risk för våld hos frihetsberövade: Vad säger forskningen?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Assessing risk for violence among incarcerated people in prisons, in inpatient settings and otherwise, is an important part of the work aimed at reducing the number of violent encounters in these settings. Reducing violence is beneficial for both incarcerated persons and for the staffs work environment. The purpose of this thesis is to make a review of research of how to assess risk for violence among incarcerated people in different settings, describe research about the assessment methods, how these methods define ‘violence’ and what theoretical explanations to violence that are used. Furthermore, what level of consideration for the interaction between staff and incarcerated people is taken when assessing risk for violence.

    The thesis is performed by searching for, and analyzing written material with the questions asked in the purpose of the study. The following words are used for search in databases: “inmate”, “inpatient”, “violence”, “risk”, “assessment”, “juvenile” and “youth”.

    The findings in the study gives that there are models for assessing violence, with research-proven validity and mostly also interrater-reliability, namely: Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), Historical-Clinical-Risk management-20(HCR-20), Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASA) and Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). Aside from these findings there are also some models using only static variables to assess risk for violence among incarcerated, also known as “actuarial” models. Generally, the research shows that more dynamic variables that are prone to change, has stronger validity in predicting violence among incarcerated than historical, static data. The BVC and the DASA takes greater consideration to interaction between staff and incarcerated than the HCR-20 and the SAVRY, that is not primarily constructed to assess risk for violence in forensic/caregiving settings in the immediate short term.

    The result is discussed on basis of the strengths and weaknesses of the thesis, as well as ethical problems with assessing risk for violence among people that have been deprived of their freedom. The purpose of different kinds of incarcerations and different categories of incarcerated people that have different needs, may cause need for the results to be carefully considered- What does apply in one setting may not be true in another. From an ethical point of view, it is to be taken into consideration how the information from violence risk assessments is used, since punitive and repressing interventions often is far from desired.

  • 161.
    Flensner, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Konsten att prova sina vingar: förutsättningar för kreativa förändringsprocesser i socialt arbete – en kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In social work clients encounter arts in different contexts as in, for example, daytime activities, employment or job training. The participation in the activities may be voluntary or mandatory. This study examines how specialist crafts tutor work with creative activities in social work and the structures and attitudes necessary to provide conditions for change for the participant. The work places surveyed in this study all used creative methods involving visual arts such as paintings, ceramics, textile and sewing.

    The study´s purpose is to deepen the understanding of how visual creative activity is used to enable change for users in the field of social work. The activities evaluated in the study all use forms of visual creativity, which include various forms of creativity such as painting, sculpture, textile printing and sewing.

    The study was conducted based on a qualitative approach and the choice of method was unstructured focus groups with specialist crafts tutors. The method was extended during the research process by a telephone interview. In total, there were two focus group sessions and one telephone interview with a total of six informants.

    The theoretical framework from which creative activity is highlighted and analyzed is based on symbolic interactionism, where definition of the situation and sympathetic introspection are two key concepts. Other key concepts in the study are Axel Honneth's definition of recognition as well as Martin Buber's interpersonal encounters.

    The result of the study shows that specialist crafts tutors work contributes to change through structural and pedagogical approaches, which both are permeated by a process-oriented approach where the participant's own processes are central. In the final discussion the potential of creative activities for change within social work is discussed in relation to the theoretical concepts of interpersonal encounters, definition of the situation and symbolic violence to illuminate a choice between two approaches that social pedagogue faces.

  • 162.
    Fog, Elsebeth
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A learning process takes part within a supportive relationship2006In: Towards active citizenship: Friskie programme as a professional method for guidance, Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences , 2006, p. 42-48Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 163.
    Fog, Elsebeth
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The Social pedagogue as boundary-crossing broker in different learning cultures2006In: European Journal of Social Education, ISSN 1810-4789, no 10/11, p. 171-184Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Fog, Elsebeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Friskie Arbetsbok: ett socialpedagogiskt verktyg för arbete med ungdomar och unga vuxna2007In: Meningsskapande och delaktighet: vår tids socialpedagogik, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2007, p. 209-224Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 165.
    Fog, Elsebeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    How to gain Social Pedagogic Competencies from Work Integrated Learning2009In: Journal européen d'éducation sociale : revue semestrielle de la FESET = European journal of social education : a bi-annual periodical of FESET, ISSN 1810-4789, no 16/17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Forslind, Annelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kron, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter som professionell: handlingsutrymmet och professionalitetens betydelse för yrkesutövandet på ett HVB-hem2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 167.
    Fota, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbete med långtidsarbetslösa i dagens Sverige: En studie om långtidsarbetslöshet utifrån professionellas perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Bakgrund: Sedan finanskrisen 2008 har antalet arbetslösa höjts i Sverige och som har successivt sänkts de senaste åren med risk att höjas igen inom framtiden. Under denna period har antalet långtidsarbetslösa individer höjts till 30 % av den totala siffran av arbetslösa.

    I dagens läge finns många organisationer som hjälper långtidsarbetslösa att komma ut ur arbetslösheten och in på arbetsmarknaden. Med tanke på att vid arbete med arbetslöshet läggs ett fokus på att matcha rätt person till rätt jobb utifrån individers styrkor kan det sägas att arbetet som utförs sker utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att komma fram till de faktorer som leder till långtidsarbetslöshet/fast anställning utifrån personalens perspektiv samt undersöka hur organisationerna hjälper långtidsarbetslösa individer till att få ett fast lönearbete utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv.

    Metod: En kvalitativ undersökningsform har använt i denna studie utifrån att den empiriska datainsamlingen gjorts med hjälp av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med 4 informanter på 3 organisationer i 4 kommuner. Datan har senare analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analys.

    Resultat: Resultaten visar på att organisationerna arbetar utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv samt med empowerment i mån av att stärka individer samt hjälpa individer att hjälpa sig själva genom stärkande av individers hälsa, självförtroende, känsla av sammanhang, tillgång till resurser m.m.

    Vidare så framkom det utifrån intervjuerna att de faktorer som är ledande till arbetslöshet även är de faktorer som är ledande till att individer får arbete. Dessa faktorer finns i två dimensioner, Faktorer på makronivå (exempelvis strukturändringar och konjunkturer) samt faktorer på mikronivå (exempelvis utbildning, hälsa och individuella aspekter). Organisationerna arbetar förhållandevis med stärkande av individerna genom de faktorer som är på mikronivå vilka går att påverka på en individuell nivå såsom att ge möjligheter till erfarenhet, kontaktnät, utbildning etc.

  • 168.
    Fransson, Ted
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gahnström, Viktor
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det är inget självspelande piano": En studie om mellanchefers upplevelser av organisationskultur i socialt arbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett ledarskapsperspektiv beskriva och analysera hur chefer i socialt arbete upplever att de kan påverka organisationskulturen. Metod: Denna studie bygger på kvalitativa, halvstrukturerade, intervjuer av kommunala mellanchefer i socialt arbete verksamma inom omsorg av funktionshindrade. Bakgrund: Kulturen inom medarbetargruppen kommer att påverka brukaren i sista led. Om chefer kan påverka kulturen betyder det också att de påverkar brukarens liv. Tidigare forskning som studien lyfter fram behandlar främst ledarskap och organisationskultur.

    Resultat: Resultat visar att cheferna upplever att de använder sig av motivation, delaktighet och målsättning för att påverka verksamhetens kultur i enlighet med organisationens mål. Det handlar om att motivera medarbetargruppen i sin helhet och att hitta individuella motivationsfaktorer hos varje specifik medarbetare. Cheferna är noga med att delaktiggöra medarbetarna i så stor mån som det är möjligt utifrån organisationen och den beslutsfattande hierarki den innefattar. Det skapar motivation och kan alstra en medarbetargrupp som strävar för verksamhetens mål. Cheferna lyfter fram ett antal olika ingångar för att kunna arbeta med motivation, delaktighetoch målstyrning som strategier till exempel; utvecklingssamtal, utvecklingsdagar, arbetsplatsträffar och värdegrundsarbete. Under avsnitten analys och diskussionproblematiseras dessa resultat.

  • 169.
    Fransson Zueiter, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eriksson, Josefine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hedern är allt: En textanalys utifrån tre individers upplevelser avheder och dess konsekvenser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to, on the basis of three autobiographies where the main character is a victim of honor-related violence and oppression, find out how individuals perceive their life situation. In what ways are there signs of collective oppression against individuals who are exposed to honor-related violence and oppression in our three selected autobiographies? In what ways do the individuals, who are in the process of breaking free from violence and oppression, experience the encounter with professionals in social work, in our three selected autobiographies? Is there a clear turning-point away from honor-related violence and oppression on the basis of our three selected autobiographies, and if so for what reason?

    As a theoretical basis, we have chosen to use KASAM and stigma. The first is created by Aaron Antonovsky and his theory of KASAM; sense of shared context, and the second is Erving Goffman’s theory of stigma. We will be using the theories during our analysis of individual's experiences of honor-related violence and oppression. The theories are available to us, understandable and especially useful with previous research, and the results we have seen in the autobiographies. We have chosen to do a textual analysis where our method is a content analysis, and it has a phenomenological basis. We do this in order to gain an understanding of how a person living with honor-related violence and oppression experience their situation. The results show that all of the individuals have experiences of a collective oppression, from family and relatives to maintain the honor that exists within the group. We have concluded that the individual's experience of the professional is important to embrace the help that they need. And that two of the three individuals perceive that the professional is the turning-point away from the honor-related violence and oppression

  • 170.
    Fredrichsen, Tomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvinnor i reklam: En studie om hur genus kan konstrueras i reklam2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my analytical study, I examine images in advertising for hygiene products aimed at women, with products like perfume, lipstick and skin care crème in focus. The purpose of this study is to highlight how advertising may affect the creation of gender, as well as the mechanisms that interact with a purpose of selling a message and a product. The essay begins with an overview of previous research focusing on gender stereotypes, advertising, identity and women in advertising. Further proceeding with the essay chosen theoretical an attitude which include text and picture in advertising, social constructionism, gender theory and semiology. The results demonstrate that the mechanisms used in order to sell a product portrays women as passive participants where the focus is concentrated around the outer attributes such as thinness and youthfulness. The attributes that are produced in earlier research demonstrated to have adverse effects on both body image and that this petition maintains stereotypical attitudes related to gender roles. Furthermore it may be construed as advertising with a certain possibility affects gender in a negative way.

  • 171.
    Fredriksson, Catharina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Korán, Mikael
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att skapa goda levnadsvillkor i någon annans hem: upplevelser av roll och handlingsutrymme hos personal i bostad med särskild service enligt LSS2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Disability care in Sweden has grown out of the old poor care and led to a gradual transfer of responsibility for persons with disabilities from family and charity to the community. The social work and political decisions of the 20th century eventually arise in 1994 resulting in LSS – law on support and service to some people with disabilities. LSS is made up of a series of actions to be adopted, enforced and executed by the municipality of today and to ensure they are covered by the law of good living conditions. One of the efforts is a secondary lease by the municipality with access to staff and service. This staff and their own stories interest us, because working with disabled people is a core activity in the area of social pedagogy.

    Objective:

    To examine how professionals in residence with particular service under section 9: 9 LSS perceive their professional role, mission and action and the factors affecting the room for maneuver.

    Method:

    Qualitative interviews with eight people from a total of four different units situated in two municipalities. The analytical method is focused essence with color coding of text in the interviews to answer the research question.

    Results:

    Informants tell us that they feel their professional role and its mission to ensure that their users have it as good and safe as possible and compensate for the disability. They say that they'll support their needed to become as independent as possible. Informants feel their room for maneuver to be good. Factors that restrict the room for maneuver is needed own will and when staff does not agree. There were not any major bureaucratic constraints of the room for maneuver. Economy was cited as a factor affecting the role and room for maneuver.

  • 172.
    Fredriksson, Catharina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Korán, Mikael
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att skapa goda levnadsvillkor i någon annans hem: upplevelser av roll och handlingsutrymme hos personal i bostad med särskild service enligt LSS2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Disability care in Sweden has grown out of the old poor care and led to a gradual transfer of responsibility for persons with disabilities from family and charity to the community. The social work and political decisions of the 20th century eventually arise in 1994 resulting in LSS – law on support and service to some people with disabilities. LSS is made up of a series of actions to be adopted, enforced and executed by the municipality of today and to ensure they are covered by the law of good living conditions. One of the efforts is a secondary lease by the municipality with access to staff and service. This staff and their own stories interest us, because working with disabled people is a core activity in the area of social pedagogy.

    Objective:

    To examine how professionals in residence with particular service under section 9: 9 LSS perceive their professional role, mission and action and the factors affecting the room for maneuver.

    Method:

    Qualitative interviews with eight people from a total of four different units situated in two municipalities. The analytical method is focused essence with color coding of text in the interviews to answer the research question.

    Results:

    Informants tell us that they feel their professional role and its mission to ensure that their users have it as good and safe as possible and compensate for the disability. They say that they'll support their needed to become as independent as possible. Informants feel their room for maneuver to be good. Factors that restrict the room for maneuver is needed own will and when staff does not agree. There were not any major bureaucratic constraints of the room for maneuver. Economy was cited as a factor affecting the role and room for maneuver

  • 173.
    Garå, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hallén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jag är normen här, men män har det lättare: Om kvinnligt chefskap, sociala roller och rollmotsättning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Men has dominated the labour markets management positions through the history and formed the qualities of leadership. The leadership is linked to agentic attributes that are considered "male". How women deal with a manager role has mostly been studied in male- dominated environments where women are deviants. There is a knowledge gap in the research regarding women’s ways of handling managerial positions in a female- dominated environment where the women is the norm. The aim of this study was to see how women managers in female- dominated places of work comment on male and female qualities in the manager role. The study has a qualitative approach where six semi- structured interviews with female managers in the public sector. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The material is processed and analyzed by thematic analysis method which has been interpreted by social role theory and role congruity theory. The two theories are used to illuminate the differences that we believe is due to the social constructions of gender and the gender order witch also is used in the analysis. The respondents felt that they were respected as managers and expressed no conflict in the role, to be a woman and at the same time manager. They constituted the norm in social services where most around them were women. The majority of the managers did not feel that they needed to use some specific strategies to be taken seriously or get their voice heard. The women felt that they did not have specific expectations because they were women; they felt that their own expectations influenced them the most. All managers describe their leadership from both communal and agentic characteristics. They describe more communal characteristics as important in the manager role, which is far from the stereotypical agentic dominated manager role. It appears that they see management to be a balance between communal and agentic qualities but that communal characteristics emphasized most. The results reveal, however, some perceived differences between male and female managers conditions. The women have sometimes been regarded as inferior managers in recruitment and one of the managers who have more men around here, sometimes felt that men wanted to step in front and take over the leadership. One manager mentions strategies to get men to handle her straight communication. Several women described that they felt that men have it easier when it comes to being accepted into the managerial role and easier accepted in its authority. It also appears that some women find that they were expected to solve more problematic situations just because they were women

  • 174.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Integrated Learning: a Marriage Between Academia and Working Life2015In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 38-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a demand for increased cooperation between higher education institutes and surrounding society, and different frameworks for such cooperation have been developed. University West in Sweden has a profile calledwork-integrated learning which could be regarded as a systematical approach for combining theory and practice.Actually work-integrated learning has become an ideologyfor the University which permeates all activities, i.e. education, research and cooperation with surrounding society. This article is a review, explaining and exemplifying our approach. We will also discuss strategies and challenges for bringing the relationship between theory and practice into a prospering marriage.

  • 175.
    Genberg, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En plats att få vara sig själv: En kvalitativ studie av hur trygga mötesplatser skapas för HBTQ-ungdomar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den psykiska ohälsan är högre bland HBTQ-ungdomar än andra ungdomar och den ökar på grund av stigmatisering och utsatthet. Det finns dock mötesplatser som arbetar för att ge ett bättre bemötande samt stöd och hjälp. Dessa mötesplatser arbetar för att ge trygghet till ungdomarna samt för att förändra attityder och normer i samhället.

    Syfte: Att undersöka trygga mötesplatser för HBTQ-ungdomar och vad som är bakgrunden till dessa. Vidare är syftet att också ta reda på hur verksamheten på mötesplatserna bedrivs för att skapa trygghet för HBTQ-ungdomar.

    Metod: Studien bygger på en kvalitativ ansats och materialet är insamlat med hjälp av halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna är utförda efter en intervjuguide som består av förbestämda frågor som baserades på studiens syfte. Informanterna har bestått av 5 trygga mötesplatser över hela Sverige och en ungdom som ett exempel. En av intervjuerna är utförd på engelska. Resultatet baseras på citat med kopplingar till aktuell forskning och teoretiska utgångspunkter.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att bakgrunden till mötesplatserna är heteronormens kraft i samhället. Vidare tas vikten av att vara sig själv upp som en del av att skapa trygghet samt hur mötesplatserna arbetar för att behålla ungdomarnas anonymitet. Det utåtriktade arbetet för att förändra attityder och normkritiskt tänkande visades vara viktigt. Fortsättningsvis var det viktigt att ge ungdomarna ett sammanhang som de fritt kunde komma till om de behövde. De största utmaningarna för mötesplatserna var begränsade resurser och heteronormens kraft i samhället.

  • 176.
    Gerenmark, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En fallstudie av arbetssökandes upplevelse av sin arbetsitiuation under jobb- och utvecklingsgarantin.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is a case study of an activity, called the Oliven, that provides practice for people who are in the Arbetsförmedlingens Job- and development guarantee. The purpose of this study was to examine what it is in the Olivens activities, for people who are part of Phase 2 and 3 of the Job- and development guarantee, which, according to the participants, are working well and what works less well. We wanted to study how the participants perceive their work situation during the time that they participate in the activities. That is to gain knowledge of how the activities for people who are looking for work can be designed so that the participants can, from a salutogenic perspective, create a sense of coherence while they are participating.

    We have collected the empirical data through participant-observation and semi-structured interviews during two days. The analysis was made using the concepts of

    comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. We have created an image of how the participants' sense of coherence has changed during the time that they have been working at the Oliven and how their experiences of being out of a job for a long time looks like. The analysis was done in two steps, a first, empirical close interpretation and then in the second interpretation we looked for themes in the text that was highlighted by the mentioned above concepts. We found that the participants' sense of coherence has increased over time in the Oliven. The reasons for the increased sense of coherence is related to the participants' increased self-confidence, which in turn are a product of they being seen as human beings and the fact that they had their skills and resources confirmed by others. 5

    The participants highlighted the group community and meaningful work as the Olivens positive sides. However, some participants expressed that it sought a stronger leadership and clearer structure. We have learned that the main reasons for the participants increased sense of coherence is based on the participation and meaningfulness on the workplace which have increased their self-confidence. 

  • 177.
    Goles, Dario
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Emanuel, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Trygghet, lojalitet och brödraskap: En kvalitativ studie om en huliganfirmas betydelse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hooliganism has been brought into the spotlight over the past 20 years in Swedish media and is described as a social problem. The intention of this study is to look behind the image of hooliganism that the media shows and see what meaning the group has too the individuals in it. The study aims to see how a number of men describes their experience of how their identity was formed in the group. We also have the ambition to find out what drove them too joining the group as well as we want to know how the negative image of the group effects its identity. We collected the data in the study by doing 4, half structured, qualitative life world interviews. The theories that we have used are based on symbolic interactionism, with focus on the terms identity, stigma and masculinity. Our conclusion is that the participation in a hooligan-firm and the community that it is has an important impact on the creation of the identity. We also see that a need to belong gets fulfilled in the group and the individuals become someone in that context.

  • 178.
    Grevle, Mette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Line
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Perspektiv på föräldrautbildning2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser föräldrautbildning på individ-, organisations-, och samhällsnivå. Vårt syfte är att beskriva samhällssynen på föräldraskapet och föräldrautbildning i ett historiskt perspektiv för att kunna lyfta dagens syn på föräldraskapet och den speglar dagens föräldrautbildning. Vi ställer oss frågorna om de manualbaserade föräldrautbildningarna som diskuteras i samhället har ökat, vem som har initierat dem och vilka utmaningar som föräldrar ställs inför som de behöver hjälp med? Med hjälp av den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden har vi växlat mellan litteraturstudier och tematiska, halvstrukturerade intervjuer med deltagare och ledare för föräldrautbildningar samt telefonintervjuer med tjänstemän på en kommun. Vi har valt det sociokulturella perspektivet som teoretisk ram i vår analys av deltagare och ledares upplevelser av föräldraskapet och erfarenheter av föräldrautbildning. Föräldrar efterfrågar verktyg för att bättre kunna hantera problematiska situationer med sina barn. Med hjälp av gruppens stöd i föräldrautbildning får många konkreta lösningar för att bättre kunna hantera det för dem konfliktfyllda, stressiga vardagslivet. Vår slutsats är att det ökade arbetet med evidensbaserade manualstyrda föräldrautbildningar fyller en funktion i dagens samhälle då många föräldrar är i behov av att utbyta tankar omkring föräldraskapet och få råd och stöd i sin situation.

  • 179.
    Grip, Cajza
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nåhdin, Kristin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bristande Föräldraskap: en studie om föräldrabedömning och förutsättningar för samverkan mellan två instanser kring föräldraskapet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a study about parents and parenting. Our purpose with this study is to see how rep-resentatives from two authorities make valuation of parents that lack parenting skills. The chosen authorities are an authority and one performer of task. Our questions are: defined by the authori-ties – what do good parenting mean? Which factors are considered in an assessment of parents? What kind of guidelines/ work models do the organisations have? To what extent do these two authorities collaborate around support and assessment? This is an empirical study, were we have interviewed representatives from two authorities, in total four groups. We have used hermeneutic interpretation to look at the empirical material. Our analy-sis is built on the system theory, intersectional analysis and collaboration theory. The terms we examined were good parenting and good enough. The view of the term good enough depended on if the term was in Swedish or in English. Overall, good parenting is when the emotional and physical care is in relation to the needs of the child. The result we found was that these two authorities share the same view on the terms that we ex-amine. Further on we describe the condition for collaboration and the meaning of reaching for the same “language”. Our conclusion is that these terms, especially good enough, is very subjective and that it´s hard to write down criteria’s. This because it´s all about people. This study also shows that the authorities work together around people. In the discussion describes the social pedagogues’ approach that includes a salutogen perspective, intersectional analysis and empowerment.

  • 180.
    Grundberg Eriksson, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nazelius, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det kunde ju ha varit jag": En studie om emotionellt stöd till människor med psykiska funktionshinder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    People with mental disabilities are often in need of help and support. There are different perspectives of looking at mental disabilities, the medical and social science perspectives. The medical perspective is based on a biological angle, while the social science perspective is based on a psychodynamic angle. In the 1990s, conducted the psychiatric reform which aimed at a more transparent health care, instead of closed institutional care. People with mental disabilities would be given access to the commu-nity at the same conditions as all other people. Key concepts in the context of the reform was; self-determination and participation. The question is how these key words can be lived up to, and this study is intended to examine a part in this.

    Aim:

    The aim of the study is to examine how the treatment staff at the accommodation for mental disabilities works with emotional support. The aim has been broken down into the following issues: What approach is the treatment staff on accommodation for mental disabilities use when working with emotional support? And what could it be for aggravating circumstances to satisfy the emotional support that might be provided? Method: This study is a qualitative approach and has been implemented by means of interviews. A total of six interviews was conducted and the issues have been designed with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. The interviews transcribed by a con-cept-driven coding. There were also notes in the interviews and they together with the printed interviews, gave the basis for the analysis.

    Results:

    The study shows that participation and safety are key concepts in the treatment staff group. Good relationships permeating the statements and the emotional support provided by equal meetings, key concepts, implementation plans and contact acumen. Aggravating circumstances may consist of personal chemistry and receptivity.

  • 181.
    Grönkvist, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Preusse, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkan på lika villkor?: En studie om professionellas upplevelser av samverkan mellan två verksamheter som arbetar med personer med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to study professional experience of the conditions that exist for collaboration while working with people with neuropsychiatric disorders. The professionals are working with two different occupations in different organizations and collaborate on the target audience. The method we used is a qualitative research interview. The informants consist of six professionals working with neuropsychiatric disorders. The results were analyzed using new institutional organization theory, the concepts of business domain, integration, professionals, discretion, and with the help of literature from systematic review and the background chapter. 

    The conclusions we can draw from the results are:

    • Collaborative process works well and is well integrated between the two studied organizations. 
    • Collaboration is built on the basis of common goals and clear roles and responsibilities. Preconditions for collaboration are sufficient resources, collaboration forums, a driving force, understanding and personal commitment.
    • All professions / occupations are important in the work of people with neuropsychiatric disorders and the professions / occupations that have the medical responsibility have a higher and more dominant role.
    • Case Management could create better conditions for cooperation between the two organizations, as the working model creates better opportunities for professions / professional groups to communicate about specific individuals.
    • Collusion on target is important the individuals have complex needs and a cohesive support is essential to make sure that the individual's needs are met in the best way.
  • 182.
    Grönqvist, Simon
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Existentialismen är en sociologi: en essä om sociologi i en fragmenterad samtid2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to discuss the base of sociology from an existentialistic perspective. The discussion takes it's position in the debate on the crisis of sociology, and aligns with Alvin Gouldner's understanding of the crisis. Gouldner believed that the crisis of sociology was mirrored in a sociological method that failed to describe the social reality that it meant to describe; a lack in self-criticism and self-reflexivity, a lack in self-containment in relation to state interests and a lack in moral engagement. This raises a number of questions, which I discuss in the essay. What is the role of sociology in our society? How shall we form a method that responds to the social reality that we sociologists aim to describe? How can we make sociology more moral?

    Existentialism offers a starting point to describe these questions. I argue that the existentialistic description of man as essence carries implications for the social science. By constituting a critique of a computable moral, existentialism points at the necessity of a standing self-criticism and dialogue. An existentialistic description of man as non-essence carries implications for the theory and method of sociology. Man's possibility of radical exceeding of himself means the impossibility to reach theories that describe reality as it is. At the same time, method and theory are necessary to create knowledge about social phenomenon. I read existentialism as an imperative for a sociology that is reflexive in the sense a) a reflexivity in relation to the basic presumptions (value philosophical and ontological) that effect our sociological examinations b) a self-reflexivity that amount to an understanding of the scientists own role relation to his study and the object being studied. Furthermore, I read existentialism as an imperative for a radicalization of dialogue as method.

  • 183.
    Gunnarsson Maeder, Izabelle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hagberg, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ska vi ses backstage?: Hur barn förhåller sig till sina föräldrars missbruksproblematik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate different descriptions of children of parents with substance abusive problems from the socialworkers descriptions about the work of supportgroups. Based on these descriptions, we want to highlight the factors that affect these children in a positive and negative way. This is done through semi-structured qualitative interviews of socialworkers in various supportgroups in Västra Götaland. We used an interviewguide, which was based on the study's purpose and issues. The results shows that the children of substanceabusive parents benefit from a supportive network, to meet other children in similar home situations and also foster a wider perspective of their situation through a supportgroup. Most children seem to try to keep their parents substanceabusive problems as a secret or defend their parent's behaviors in different ways. It is thus clear that children are often aware of the norms of the society when it comes to addiction and sobriety, as well as their parent´s discrepance from these norms. Many of the children referred to in our study is taking responsibility for their family situations and are living under unpredictable and sometimes turbulent conditions. A dilemma may accurre where the children themselves must decide to either continue to keep the problems as a secret or to seek support and with that reveal the hidden problems.

  • 184.
    Gustafsson, Annelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ingemarsson, Lina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det kan hända att jag kommer fram till att det är något annat som behövs än det du önskar dig": -En studie om hur socialsekreterare hanterar frågor om delaktighet och etik2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a qualitative study that describes and analyzes how professionals deal with social issues of inclusiveness and ethics in the investigation of cases involving interventions for adolescents. The focus is on the strategies that staff in social services expressed in terms of obstacles and opportunities for working participatively and especially when it comes to dealing with ethical dilemmas that may arise.

        The method used was qualitative research interviews. Five social workers from two different municipalities were interviewed and the material is analyzed on the basis of socio-cultural theory and organizational theory. Themes that emerged were participation, ethics, discretion and flexibility, collaboration, organization, skills and time. The main obstacles that have emerged in the study are that those who work in social services have had been difficulties to fully create participation due to various factors. The study has shown that organizational factors, limited room for maneuver, and time has a huge impact and can be seen as a threat towards quality and job involvement. The main conditions that have emerged in the study is that discretion, knowledge and experience as an opportunity to create participation.

     

  • 185.
    Gustafsson, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mårdh, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Varför lämnade jag?: En kvalitativ studie om avgörande faktorer och stödets betydelse i våldsutsatta kvinnors uppbrottsprocess.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a big public health problem. It can happen to all woman regardless of age, social status, geographic location, religion or ethnicity and it is one of the biggest threats to women's lives and health (Amnesty, 2004). The entire life situation for these women is affected and we think it is important to increase the knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon in the whole society, both for professionals and individuals. The purpose of this study was to use three autobiography and describe abused women´s experiences and perceptions of what was the deciding factor that they left their violent partner and which support the woman describes as the most valuable and desirable during the breakup. We used a qualitative content analysis based on exit theory and the concept of significant others. The results show that the deciding factors for the breakup are women´s children and fear for their own life. According to the woman is a combination of support from families and professionals the most helpful. The result also shows that professional support often is absent, women had wished for more help from the community

  • 186.
    Gustafsson, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mårdh, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Varför lämnade jag?: Ev kvalitativ studie om avgörande faktorer och stödets betydelse i våldsutsatta kvinnors uppbrottsprocess.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a big public health problem. It can happen to all woman regardless of age, social status, geographic location, religion or ethnicity and it is one of the biggest threats to women's lives and health (Amnesty, 2004). The entire life situation for these women is affected and we think it is important to increase the knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon in the whole society, both for professionals and individuals. The purpose of this study was to use three autobiography and describe abused women´s experiences and perceptions of what was the deciding factor that they left their violent partner and which support the woman describes as the most valuable and desirable during the breakup. We used a qualitative content analysis based on exit theory and the concept of significant others. The results show that the deciding factors for the breakup are women´s children and fear for their own life. According to the woman is a combination of support from families and professionals the most helpful. The result also shows that professional support often is absent, women had wished for more help from the community.

  • 187.
    Gustafsson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samtal som livets krydda: en studie om äldres samtalskontakter2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva och analysera äldres samtal med avseende på innehåll och betydelse för deras sociala identitet. Utifrån syftet har följande frågeställningar arbetats fram: Vad samtalar äldre om i möte med andra? Vad är det äldre försöker förmedla i samtalen? Vilken betydelse har samtalen när det gäller äldres sociala identitet? Studien har en kvalitativ metod med en explorativ ansats. Fyra deltagande observationer har använts i kombination med fyra semi­strukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har spelats in och transkriberats till skriven text, för att sedan tematiseras. Under observationerna har fältanteckningar gjorts. Informanterna är i åldrarna 80-95 år, boende i eget hem samt utan större omfatt­ning av hjälpinsatser.

    Resultaten av studien visar på betydelsen av samtal för äldres välbefinnande. Den visar på skillnader av samtalsämnen i olika sammanhang. När det gäller hälsofrågor vänder äldre sig helst till familjemedlemmar. Samtal med vänner och bekanta innehåller ofta minnen från förr samt aktuella händelser i bygden. I analysen har valda delar lyfts ut och ställts mot teoretiska perspektiv samt tidigare forskning.  Slutsatserna är att äldre har behov av samtal i olika sammang för ett gott åldrande och de sociala arenorna som finns i samhället spelar en viktig funktion för att finna samtalspartners. För att samhället ska klara av att möta äldres behov behövs ökande kunskaper om deras vardagsvillkor.

  • 188.
    Hadzic, Lejla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Gunnar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Konsten att skapa mening: En studie om kreativitetens och skapandets möjligheter för socialpedagogiska målgrupper2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have written a qualitative study with a phenomenological and a hermeneutical approach. We have collected data using semi-structured interviews. The basis of the study's theoretical framework is based on May's and Marcuse's explanation of art and creativity as a general human, meaningful and transcendent practice. We interviewed staff at three non-therapeutic institutions for women suffering from domestic violence, psychiatric vulnerable people and homeless women. The study aims to investigate how staff defines art and creativity, the risk and opportunities creative activities means for users and about the activities enables empowerment for users. We also examined the social consequences of art and creativity, for both users and staff. The study results and analysis show that art and creativity gives the users a range of possibilities. Art and creativity provides opportunities for fellowship, knowledge and acknowledgment, a break from the outside world, processing and to some extent empowerment. The social policy implications of art and creativity are that they liberate the institutions from hierarchies. The institutions offer users worthy and equal protection zones, were the staff, in turn, can put down repressive power, rules and rigid roles. By contrast, the art and creativity don’t lead to social change for the target groups in question outside the institutions.

  • 189.
    Haidar, Angelika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Multidimensionell delaktighet i Namibia: En studie om elevers upplevelse av delaktighet i den namibiska skolan.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participation is a common concept, which is used in social pedagogy to study human relations. However, there are many dimensions of participation and the concept can be both a subjective and objective meaning. According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), all children should have the right to go to school. Additionally, the CRC points out that the school should create participation for the children. To feel involved can thus be regarded as a human right, but how participated does the pupils experience themselves?

    This study aimed to study and analyze how pupils' participation is emphasized in the school environment from a pupils' perspective, both in class with teachers and outside of the classroom among the pupils themselves. The study has been conducted in a municipal Namibian school using participant observation, semi-structured interviews and a micro ethnographic methodological approach.

    The results of the study are consistent to some extent with previous research. Pupils experience very social and informal participation among each other, but the school fails to create relational pedagogy and participation in the classroom. The lack of influence is affecting the pupils study motivation, which in turn is perceived as bad study performance by the teachers and they therefore get punished. Unlike the results of previous research, this study shows that socio-economic status does not affect pupil performance. This probably has to do with the fact that the school compensates pupils with lower socio-economic status by providing affordable accommodation, free food and school uniforms. The results of this study can be used to conduct similar research.

  • 190.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing a Web-Based Education Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37), Ringsted, Denmark, 10-13 August. / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Newcomers in Sweden face a problem of learning the Swedish society with respect to laws, culture, democratic values, education system, labor market and aspects of taking the role as a parent. The municipality of Gothenburg and the county administrative board in Västra Götaland are appointed by the Swedish government to educate newcomers in civic orientation. This paper describes some problems in providing distance education for Swedish civic orientation in forms of advanced learning modules (ALM). Requirements for implications for design were gathered through several conducted workshops together with relevant stakeholders through a participatory design approach. We concluded that our design for implications can be processed for future research and used together with a system solution.

  • 191.
    Hallgren, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hörgård, Emmeli
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delaktighet i skolkontexten: Personal inom elevhälsan om elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsvariationer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School and its significant role is a common subject in the early discussion of the social pedagogy field, and are still topical. International and national policies states that the school environment should be including and that the student welfare service is supposed to work preventative and conduce participation for all pupils in school related circumstances. Pupils with neuropsychiatric diversities tend to be neglected in the school context, which is the main reason for the selection of this issue.

    The aim of this study is to examine how staff within the student welfare service perceives circumstances regarding participation amongst pupils with neuropsychiatric diversities.

    With inspiration from the hermeneutic and phenomenological theory of science, a qualitative method has been used to corral information. The data is processed with an abductive technique, based on seven semi structured interviews with staff working in the student welfare services.

    The result is presented with a sociocultural view of understanding and the participation conception is applied to describe the situation. Inclusive communions appear to be a complex phenomenon and the conclusion emphasizes several vital aspects concerning conditions of participation such as individual circumstances, pupil interaction, teacher’s approaches and collaboration between professions. Beneficial variables are the project of working with basic values, that pupils and teachers have good relationships and coaction in regard of school based professions and with external community actors. Knowledge deficiency and limitations in the room for manoeuvre are considered to be preventing.

  • 192.
    Hanic, Anela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Trygghet och vikten av ett socialt sammanhang: En kvalitativ studie om hur frivilligorganisationer arbetar med papperslösa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To obtain reliable statics over the number of undocumented migrants is very difficult, precisely because they are undocumented and live in hiding. The estimated number of undocumented migrants in Sweden is between 10,000 to 50,000, which is a large group of people who live under very difficult living conditions. It is this group that the essay will shed the light on, based on the work of voluntary organizations.

    Objective: The aim of the study is to examine the work of voluntary organizations' participation promotion work to support undocumented people.

    Method: I have used a qualitative research method, in the form of semi-structured interviews. Four employees of a voluntary organization were interviewed. The interviews used the same interview guide, with room for supplementary questions. The theoretical approach has been the KASAM, and the concepts of participation and social support. I have categorized, coded, thematised and analyzed the data collected on the basis of my theoretical perspective as well as the previous research.

    Results: The results demonstrate that the organization works extensively with creating security for the undocumented migrants. Partly by that the undocumented migrants should feel that the organization's premises are a safe place for them, but also by allowing as much of the business to be predictable. They also offer practical support to the undocumented, in the form of clothes and food, but also access to health care. This demonstrates by cooperation with other organizations, but also by other people, who choose to contribute. The organization also tries to create a social context for the undocumented, and press the importance that all people feel good to be part of a context. Participation is something they work with on a daily basis, in many different ways, including getting them to participate in all activities and have the opportunity to be volunteers.

  • 193.
    Hansen Orwehag, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindström, Ann-Charlotte
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The undergraduate thesis in academic professional education (teachers, nurses and social workers): A study of supervisors’ and examiners’ perspectives2009In: Literacy as Worldmaking, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Hanson Stenberg, Kim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Varje situation som anhörig respektive närstående är unik": En studie om implementeringen av 10§ 5kap SoL och samverkan kring anhöriga till människor med missbruksproblematik2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att se om och i sådana fall hur 10§ kap5 SoL har påverkat stödet för anhöriga till människor med missbruksproblematik samt att se hur samverkan mellan organisationer används för att underlätta för de anhöriga. I och med att dessa anhöriga är en tyst målgrupp krävs det samverkan för att nå dem då alla inte är i kontakt med socialtjänst eller andra myndigheter.

     Fem kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sex personer som arbetar med anhörigstöd på olika sätt. Materialet transkriberades och analyserades sedan genom analysmodellen grounded theory genom att jag hittade olika kategorier delvis utifrån vad informanterna sade och delvis utifrån studiens syfte, efter det hittade jag underkategorier.

    Resultatet analyserades med stöd utav samverkansteori och implementeringsteori, och visar att så länge samverkan används för den anhöriges bästa fungerar den bra då stödet blir individuellt anpassat efter dennes behov. Det är inte många utav informanterna som har kunnat uttala sig om någon nackdel med samverkan. Flera av informanterna har inte påverkats av lagen fast alla arbetar med anhörigstöd. Den skillnaden som kan ses är att vissa kommuner skapat en ny tjänst efter att lagen kom, men det visar ändå att implementeringen inte har lyckats helt. Resultaten visar också att det kan finnas ett samband mellan samverkan och implementering, för om fler professioner s vet om lagen desto bättre går samverkan mellan verksamheterna, då alla vet vad lagen innebär och kan samverka utifrån den.

  • 195.
    Hansson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sennung, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lika men ändå skillnad…: En studie om hemtjänstpersonals arbete kring delaktighet och bemötande runt vårdtagare med alkoholmissbruk.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka alkoholmissbrukets betydelse för arbetet med vårdtagares möjligheter till delaktighet samt vilket bemötande hemtjänstpersonalen har mot vårdtagare med alkoholmissbruk. Frågeställningarna var; hur skiljde sig arbetet med delaktighet, enligt hemtjänstpersonal, mellan vårdtagare med alkoholmissbruk och vårdtagare utan alkoholmissbruk? Hur såg möjligheter till delaktighet ut för alkoholmissbrukande vårdtagare inom hemtjänsten, enligt hemtjänstpersonal? Hur såg, enligt hemtjänstpersonal, bemötandet ut till vårdtagare med alkoholmissbruk i förhållande till de vårdtagarna utan alkoholmissbruk?

    Den teoretiska utgångspunkten var teorier kring delaktighet och bemötande. Exempel på teorier kring delaktighet är att en individ måste själv uppleva sig som delaktig för att vara delaktig. Delaktighet handlar om ett samspel mellan individ och omgivning. Bemötande definieras bland annat som något som sker i en relation och i mötet mellan människor.

    Det empiriska materialet består av fem intervjuer med undersköterskor som arbetar inom hemtjänst. Bearbetningen av datamaterialet gjordes genom kategorisering, kodning och tematisering som sedan analyserades. Slutsatserna är att vårdtagarna har bra möjligheter till att vara delaktiga med vissa begränsningar beroende av alkoholmissbruk. Alla informanter vill att alla vårdtagare ska behandlas lika, trots detta framkommer skillnader i både arbetet med delaktighet och bemötande till vårdtagare utan alkoholmissbruks fördel. En annan slutsats är att hemtjänstpersonal saknar kunskap för att på ett professionellt sätt arbeta med vårdtagare med alkoholmissbruk.

  • 196.
    Hansson, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mahrs, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barns relation med vuxenvärlden: en kvantitativ studie om hur barn vill möta myndigheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis exceed from the United Nations convention on the rights of the child, which implies children's right to freedom of information, freedom of speech and opinion. Furthermore, the estimated number of children who might be in danger of some sort is according to previous research substantial. Therefore, our study investigates how children in grade 6 in Sweden want to take contact with an administrative authority or another public institution through a quantitative study that is based in a questionnaire.

    Trust is key determinant in whether individuals choose to take contact with a public institution and administrative authorities. Therefore this study examines the informants' trust in public institutions in accordance with Giddens theory of trust.

    83 informants from grade 6 participated in this research and these children where from 6 different schools situated in the midst of Sweden.

    The results from this research showed that our informants' have fundamental conditions for taking contact with a public institution and administrative authorities if they are in need for help. They have access to several different communication technologies and are often members of social media websites and apps. They also express a trust toward the public institutions and administrative authorities, but even though they primarily want to take contact with their parents if the feel sad, angry or scared. In a situation where they cannot take contact with family or friends, the majority of the informants choose the option of calling a public institution and administrative authorities.

  • 197.
    Harrison, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Elmér, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seniorboende - en ny bostadsform för äldre: En studie om uppkomsten av seniorboende och varför äldre väljer att bo i denna boendeform.2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Senior housing is new living residents for elderly people, from 55 year and up. What factors can we see in official documents for the establishment of senior housing? Why do the people move to these living residence and how is the living there? One big changing for the elderly people was when the “kvarboendeprincip” started in Sweden under the 1950 century. That means that people not longer had to move from their home when they become older and ill. During the time we have worked in geriatric care have we seen a large changing in shape of the “ädelreform” which came 1992. A larger responsibility was giving to the municipality and they started to phase out the old people´s home and started with “särskilda boenden” instead. These two big reformatories have had importance for the sight of the human being and her living residence. The society has gone from position of collectivism to a more individualistic society nowadays. Today have the elderly person more demands and expectations on their living form and that’s why the thought of senior hosing has grown. This form of living residence is an ordinary renting apartment but the shape are different and the thought are that they could live there if they become in need of more help in the home. When they started to build these senior housing they often build them central in the society. One important factor for the buildings is that they have a joint local for they who live there should have a feeling of solidarity. They assume from that the living residence shall feel securely and easy of access for them who lives there. Senior housing can be an important factor for elderly people there week ties can be developed, when the social networks has been changed, by for example changed family situations

  • 198.
    Heikkilä, Elli
    et al.
    Institute of Migration, Finland.
    Rauhut, DanielUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Marriage Migration and Multicultural Relationships2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With human mobility on the rise, multicultural marriages have become noticeably more common in the past decades. The marriage market has thus expanded over time, going from being exclusively local and national to becoming increasingly global. Marriage, in turn, has become a significant factor that influences migration. This edited book looks at marriage migration and multicultural marriages from a wide range of viewpoints and takes into account the spectrum of dynamism.

    This edited book aims to deliver more information and a greater understanding of how dynamic multicultural marriages are in different societies around the world. The book includes chapters that look at the phenomenon globally but also provide views at the national and local levels.

  • 199.
    Heikkilä, Elli
    et al.
    Institute of Migration, Finland.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Over time and space: what do we know?2015In: Marriage Migration and Multicultural Relationships / [ed] Heikkilä, Elli & Rauhut, Daniel, Turku: Migration Institute , 2015, p. 5-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Hellgren, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gemenskap när fröken är med: en kvalitativ studie om hur lärare möjliggör inklusion2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I have studied how teachers are working to enable inclusion for pupils with difficulties in social interaction without the need to have a diagnosis. Municipalities and schools work differently when it comes to students who need support. Teachers in the study agree that the work of the school around the inclusion is important. The empirical data were collected using qualitative methods through interviews with four female teachers from three different schools in two different municipalities. The analysis of the results was done by qualitative content analysis according to Lundman and Hällgren Graneheim (2008) where the theoretical basis has been participation. The results of the study show that the interviewed teachers are actively working to enable inclusion for pupils who have difficulties in social interaction. They also focus on increasing the understanding of students' differences and diverse needs by advocating that all are important just as it is. The conclusions you can make from this study is that teachers work actively and purposefully to enable inclusion and resources for this planned based on student needs. The work takes place not only at the individual level but also at group level with the whole class and school together. The diagnosis has no bearing on whether the pupil should be supported, but it may in some cases facilitate the planning of assistance

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