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  • 1301.
    Berglin, Veronica
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Personalens attityder till datorisering av administrativa rutiner inom äldreomsorgen2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 1302.
    Berglind, Betty
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnad av patienter med myelomatos och associerad kronisk smärta: en litteraturstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multiple myeloma is a malignant incurable cancer disease associated with severe chronic pain. The nurse has several important roles in the management of patients with multiple myeloma. This study focuses on nurse´s roles including the caring of pain relief.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate the nurse’s role in giving care to patients with multiple myeloma and associated chronic pain.

    Method: This literature study was based on scientific articles.

    Results: The nurse is in a key position to facilitate ongoing adequate pain and psychosocial assessment of patients with multiple myeloma. The study presents ways of relieving pain and suffering via different ways of caring management. Five themes emerged: communication, support, distraction, information and education, pain assessment and evaluation. The nurse´s roles are acknowledged, and associated ethical dilemmas are presented. Knowledge about how to decrease pain and suffering by non-pharmacological means, improves the nurse´s possibility to manage difficult situations in patients with incurable cancer.

  • 1303.
    Berglund, Britta
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Nursing Division, Department of Medical and Surgical Gastroenterology.
    Mattiasson, Anne-Cathrine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Randers, Ingrid
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Dignity not fully upheld when seeking health care: Experiences expressed by individuals suffering from EhlersDanlos syndrome2010In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The principle of human dignity has assumed importance in ethics and constitutional law throughout the 20th century in the Western world. It calls for respect of each individual as unique, and of treating him or her as a subject, never as a mere object. As such, the principle constitutes an ethical cornerstone in health care. Patients suffering from Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) challenge medical care and knowledge in health-care professionals' as symptoms sometimes are vague. Individuals with this disorder have reported not being respected when seeking health care.

    PURPOSE: To describe encounters in health-care situations when individuals suffering from EDS experienced that their dignity was not fully upheld. A further aim was to describe the long-term consequences of these experiences.

    METHOD: A study-specific questionnaire was designed, where individuals with EDS described their encounters with health care from a personal perspective.

    RESULTS: After qualitative content analysis, the following five categories were identified: 'Being ignored and belittled by health-care professionals,' 'Being assigned psychological and/or psychiatric explanations', 'Being treated and considered merely as an object', 'Being trespassed in one's personal sphere' and 'Being suspected of family violence'. Consequences of these encounters were 'Mistrusting the physician' and 'Risking bad health'.

    CONCLUSIONS: The memory of not being respected is substantial for individuals with EDS and can last for years. As a result, lack of trust for the health-care system is created and they may experience difficulties in future encounters with health care. Therefore, health-care professionals should base their actions on norms that protect human dignity and confirm each patient as a unique human being with resources and abilities to master their own life.

  • 1304.
    Berglund, Christin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Stake, Emma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Tillsammans kämpar vi mot cancer som en familj: En litteraturbaserad studie om barns erfarenheter av att ha en förälder med diagnostiserad cancer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Every year 3000-4000 children in Sweden loses a parent due to accident and illness which means that every day nine children suffer from losing one of the most important person in their life. Cancer is expected to increase from 14 million to 22 million over the next two decades, in the future it will become increasingly common for nurses to meet a child whose parent has cancer. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate children's experiences of having a parent diagnosed with cancer. Method: A literature-based study based on eight articles from the databases Cinahl and ProQuest was chosen, read, reviewed and analyzed according to Friberg's analyzing model. Results: Five themes with 11 sub-themes emerged; "Feeling need of support", "The world turns upside down", "Cancer is equal to death", "Changed outlook on life" and "Putting words into feelings". According to young people's perspective the crisis resulted in a positive way of life. Conclusion: Children's anxiety and fear is the greatest when the parent get the diagnosis and future forecast. It is important to provide a safe support since the children's world is turned upside down.

  • 1305.
    Berglund, Emil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Thörnqvist, Simon
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Detaljplan med enskilt huvudmannaskap för allmänna platser: planering kontra genomförande2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har vi utrett om genomförandet av allmänna platser inom detaljplanelagda områden med enskilt huvudmannaskap utförts i enlighet med kommunens intentioner. Studien baserades på elva detaljplaner inom tre kommuner i Västra Götalandsregionen där planhandlingar granskats och jämförts med de förrättningar som skett på områdena. Slutligen besiktigades också områdena för att se hur det blev i verkligheten. Granskningen visade att kommunernas intentioner har följts överlag men avvikelser förekommer. Vi kom fram till att enskilt huvudmannaskap kan vara en fungerande lösning för att säkerställa kommunens intentioner om de använder sig av planbestämmelser för att reglera utformningen av allmänna platser i detaljplan.

    En kortare studie av aktuell lagstiftning visar att kommunerna får använda sig av planbestämmelser på allmän plats vid enskilt huvudmannaskap i samma grad som kommunen skall använda sig av dessa vid kommunalt huvudmannaskap.

    Med ett kommittédirektiv som bakgrund, där det b.la. skall utredas hur tillgängligheten till allmänna platser med enskilt huvudmannaskap skall vara, har vi under besiktningen av områdena också undersökt hur tillgängligheten faktiskt var. Besiktningen visade att tillgängligheten till de allmänna platserna varierade mellan de kommuner vi granskade.

    En enkätundersökning visar att lantmäterimyndigheterna anser att samarbetet med kommunerna är för dålig p.g.a. bristande resurser. Lantmäterimyndigheterna har som utgångspunkt att följa planbestämmelser gällande utformning av allmänna platser. Det förekommer att lantmäterimyndigheterna förbiser prövning av väsentlighet och båtnad i de fall detaljplan ligger till grund för förrättningen.

    Övriga slutsatser vi dragit från arbetet är att naturområden som skall vara allmänt tillgängliga ej bör ingå i en gemensamhetsanläggning då väsentlighetsvillkoret enligt Anläggningslagen, AL kan ifrågasättas. Vi kom också fram till att anläggningsbesluten bör utformas mer utförligt för att tydliggöra kostnader och ansvar för fastighetsägare i framtiden.

  • 1306.
    Berglund, Emilia
    et al.
    Göteborgs stad.
    Lager, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lundqvist, Jennifer
    Göteborgs stad.
    Gustafsson Nyckel, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Det dubbla kompetenskravet: en studie av lärarstudenters utveckling av kompetenser inom en ny lärarutbildning2019In: Forskning i Pædagogers Profession og Uddannelse, E-ISSN 2446-2810, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 87-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The dual competence requirement - A study of teacher student competences in a new teacher education" examines students dealing with a dual competence requirement in teacher education. The study has its' background in educational trends that aim to bring together a social pedagogical tradition with an educational tradition, with a focus on teacher training in School age educare (fritidshem). Focus group interviews have been used to interview 16 students in teacher education at a university in Sweden with a focus on working in school-age educare. A thematic analysis was implemented, where development of three different competences emerged that correspond to a dual competence requirement, which is Re-creators, Co-Creators and Innovators. The analysis highlights both the differences and similarities between the three competences, while also showing how the competences complement each other. The Re-creators are characterized by adapted and reproduced skills development, in which the student actively chooses to become either a teacher in the school-age educare or his subject. The Co-creators are characterized by the students adapting to the education's implementation and producing parallel skills and becoming teachers in the school-age educare and their subject. The Innovators feature a productive creative competence in which the students use their practical aesthetic subject knowledge in the school-age edu-care activities, and their school-age educare skills in the teaching of the practical aesthetic subject. Findings are discussed in relation to the offering of creative skills.

  • 1307.
    Berglund, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Laborativ matematikundervisning och dokumentation: Elevers uppfattning om egen dokumentation i samband med laborativ matematikundervisning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ studie vars syfte är att belysa hur lärare kan arbeta med elevers egen dokumentation i samband med laborativ matematikundervisning. I forskningsöversikten definieras en laborativ matematikundervisning som ett arbetssätt där eleverna arbetar med praktiska aktiviteter som har ett bestämt undervisningssyfte i matematik. Laborativt material definieras som ett material som kan användas som stöd för elevers tänkande. Men vad händer när matematiklektionerna är över och det laborativa materialet plockas bort? Vad finns då kvar av det matematiska lärandet?  I forskningsöversikten påvisas fördelar med att låta elever dokumentera det laborativa arbetet för att minnas lärandet på olika sätt. Exempel på olika sätt att dokumentera lärandet är att skriva, rita, stillbildsfotografering samt ljud- och videoinspelning. För att undersöka vad elever uttrycker kring dokumentation har studien utgått från barns perspektiv. Deltagande observation och barnintervjuer har använts som metoder för insamling av data. I studien deltog sex elever från årskurs ett och studien genomfördes vid två tillfällen. Vid det första tillfället genomfördes en lektion som handlade om att introducera multiplikation med laborativt material. Under lektionstillfället fick eleverna dokumentera arbetet genom att rita och stillbildsfotografera. Vid det andra tillfället intervjuades eleverna för att undersöka om dokumentationsformerna fungerade som ett sätt att minnas lärandet. Eleverna fick först berätta vad de mindes från det första lektionstillfället utan fotografier och teckningar, de fick därefter berätta vad de mindes med dokumentationen som stöd. Efter att empirin var insamlad genomfördes en transkribering och textkodning för att frambringa resultatet. Resultatet i studien visar att fotografierna fungerade som ett stöd för tanken hos samtliga deltagande elever för att komplettera de muntliga utsagorna om vad de lärt sig. Det framkom även att eleverna uttryckte att fotografier var ett bättre sätt att dokumentera på än att rita för att de då kunde se vilket laborativt material som användes och hur de matematiska problemen löstes.

  • 1308.
    Berglund, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Olsson, Evelina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det är roligare när man är två": En kvalitativ studie om hur elever interagerar under parsamtal i matematik när läraren aktivt arbetar med Talk Moves2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Kommunikation i ämnet matematik är viktigt för att eleverna ska kunna uttrycka och resonera kring matematiska problem. Trots att kommunikation i skolan är nödvändigt finns det en avsaknad av matematiska samtal i den traditionella matematikundervisningen vilket leder till att eleverna inte får lika stor möjlighet att träna på att samtala i matematik. En metod som kan användas för att förbättra elevernas förmåga att resonera är Talk Moves, vilket är samtalsstrategier som kan användas av läraren för att hjälpa elever att träna på att samtala i matematik.

    Syfte Studiens syfte är att med hjälp av Talk Moves undersöka vad som sker i parsamtal mellan elever i årskurs två när läraren arbetar aktivt med dessa samtalsstrategier. Elevernas egna erfarenheter av parsamtal kommer också att undersökas.

    Metod Studien är kvalitativ och för att besvara studiens forskningsfrågor användes både deltagande observationer och barnintervjuer. Metoderna användes för att både undersöka Talk Moves i relation till parsamtal utifrån ett barnperspektiv men även utifrån barns perspektiv då observationerna följdes upp med barnintervjuer.

    Resultat Resultatet visar att när vi arbetade aktivt med Talk Moves blev parsamtalen mer utvecklande och eleverna fick mer talutrymme i klassrummet. När eleverna inte påmindes om att först diskutera igenom hur de skulle gå till väga resulterade det i att elevernas samarbete blev sämre. Samtliga elever kunde se fördelar med parsamtal. Fördelar som eleverna nämnde var att de blev bättre på att lyssna på varandra, samarbeta och kunde lära sig av varandras strategier.

  • 1309.
    Berglöv, Jonna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Två arbetslag inom förskolan och deras syn på trivsel och arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns lite forskning kring förskollärares upplevelse av trivsel och arbetstillfredsställelse och därför syftade den här studien till att undersöka det hos förskollärare från två nybildade arbetslag. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats med en tematisk analysmetod genom halvstrukturerade intervjuer och öppna observationer. Resultatet visade att aspekter som påverkade positivt var känsla av upprymdhet i att gå till arbetet, glädje i att vara med barnen och trygghet i arbetslagen. Aspekter som påverkade negativt var stress, tidsbrist och frustration över saker de inte kunde kontrollera. Deras arbetsmiljö skulle förbättras om de negativa aspekterna reducerades och om de fick göra de förändringar de önskade. Exempel på förändringar var att de ville ha mer tid till planering, mindre barngrupper och större budget.

  • 1310.
    Berglöv, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvalitativ studie om vad anställda anser är ett givande medarbetarsamtal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigated employees' subjective experiences and opinions about what a useful employee performance appraisal consists of and it's consequences. A qualitative research method was used with help of semi-structured interviews with a sample of five employees who worked at the same company. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis and the study's result showed three themes of what a useful performance appraisal is according to the participants. The participants thought that a giving performance appraisal is a conversation between themselves and their supervisor where the result of the employees' work is the focus, where the employee's is the main subject of the conversation, and that it has positive outcomes for the employee's work situation. These outcomes can be a sence of satisfaction for the tasks, inspiration, and motivation to perform well and to get a clear vision of what it takes to get there. A relationship-building aspect between the employee's and their supervisor was also raised as a positive desired outcome for the participants of the study

  • 1311.
    Berglöv, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Söderqvist, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Personcentrerad vård inom BVC2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Person centered care (PCC) is about understanding the totality of individuals' lives and what context they are in. Therefore, flexibility can be seen as an important feature in specialist nurses work with PCC at the child health center (CHC). Today, PCC is recognized in healthcare and shows good results, however, there is a resistance among the professionals. Research on PCC in child health care is deficient, while at the same time studies show that children do not feel respected.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe child health nurses view of person centered care with focus on the child in relation to the parents.

    Method: Nine individual semistructured interviews with specialist nurses were conducted and data analyzed through qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The specialist nurses all agreed that PCC was about seeing the child and the parents, meeting them here and now and always having the child in focus. Allowing the child to participate and to share their stories was a prerequisite for working person centered. The specialist nurses also considered that their own professional experience played a crucial role. There were also obstacles and difficulties, the reasons for that were several, but most often was it about ignorance and uncertainty.

    Conclusion: The fact that the focus always on the child and that the specialist nurse always assumes the best interests of the child is the most important when it comes to PCC at the CHC. Family focused care and person centered care complement each other where it is up to the specialist nurse to decide which of them who is the most important in the current situation.

  • 1312.
    Bergman, Adam
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Westbring, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars behov av stöd från sjuksköterskan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background When a child is in need for care, they are mostly accompanied by their parents. In the meeting with the family, the nurse has to give comfort, attention and support to everyone, not least the parents. Due to swedish law it is the nurse’s responsability to give information and encourage good care. The parents needs to have support to be involved and feel safe in the care of their child. To achieve all of this, the nurse has a big responsability to see each person as a unique individual. Aim The aim of this study was to describe parents' need of support from the nurse when their child requires care at hospital.  Method A literature-base study has been made of qualitative articles retrieved from database Cinahl. The studies were found used systematic searches. The result of a total of eight scientific articles from different countries around the world were compiled. Results The themes highlight what kind of support parents need when their child requires care at hospital. To be a confidence-giving nurse, to be guided as a parent, to be involved, individually adapted information, education about the child’s condition and a functional communication were highlighted in the study. The main themes were- "An involved nurse" and "Verbal and non verbal support for the parents".  Conclusion Parents are in need of support when their child is in need of care. Each parent is unique and the support must be built from each individual parent. The relationship between parents and nurse could be important for the support and for the involvement of the parents.

  • 1313.
    Bergman, Ann
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Broberg, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Barnen ska marineras i böcker...: en undersökning om hur skönlitteraturen används i skolans undervisning år 3 och 42004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 1314.
    Bergman, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Våga välja lämna ifrån sig makten: att möjliggöra ökad delaktighet för patienter som behndlas med dialys2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1315.
    Bergman, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Gustavsson, Anna-Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Ökad kunskap hos sjuksköterskor om orsaker till bristande följsamhet förbättrar patienters delaktighet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s health care it’s most common to treat an illness with a kind of pharmaceutical preparation. But lack of resources, given information and bad communication and collaboration between the patient and the nursing staff can lead to a patient unwilling to follow the doctor’s prescription. This does not just affect the individual patient’s health but it can also result in consequences for other people and the whole society. The purpose of this study was to analyse studies about the concepts compliance and concordance in order to illustrate why patients with chronic illnesses fail to follow their prescriptions. Our method has been to read and analyse the methods and results of articles out of the perspective similarities and differences of the concepts compliance and concordance. It was hard to keep the concepts separated because of their similar meanings. Our result shows that the method used was interviews with questionnaires which has been analysed on the basis of the qualitative studies’ themes and categories. The quantitative articles’ data were displayed statistically. Our analyse showed that patients often lack knowledge about their medical treatment which affects their attitudes and can lead to bad compliance and concordance. As a nurse it’s therefore important to identify the cause that affects the patient. The nursing staff’s goal ought thus to be to get the patient involved as much as possible in their self-care. If the patient is involved in hers/his treatment, it’s more likely that they feel a responsibility towards themselves and therefore gets a better quality of life.

  • 1316.
    Bergman, Cassandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hektor, Micaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Svenska gymnasieelevers drogvanor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies indicate that drug use has increased the last 12 years among Swedish high school students. There is also a clear gender difference in the frequency of drug use where male high school students use more often drugs than female students. There is a difference in the risk factors between the genders. Biological factors are dominant riskfactors for men's drug use while for females there are more dominant environmental riskfactors. It's of high importance to asses updated information about adolescents' drug use habits, because drug use can lead to sever and chronic mental ill-health, criminal behaviors and social marginalization.

    Aim: The aim of the present study is to measure the drug use habits and describe it by gender and age in a sample of Swedish high school students.

    Method: The study used descriptive and comparative statistical (Shapiro-Wilks test, Spearman correlation and Mann-Whitney U-test) methods. Information assessed from 280 Swedish high school students about their drug use habits with the instrument Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT). Previously validated cut-off ≥ 6 for male and ≥ 2 points for female students were used to identify students with drug related problems/dependence.

    Results: The result showed that about 10 % of the Swedish high school students have some form of drug use habit. The male students scored higher than the female students concerning their drug use habits (they used drugs in a greater extent) meanwhile the female students showed a drug related problems/dependence in a younger age than their male classmates. According the previously validated cutoffs about 4% of male and 8% of female high school students have drug related problems/dependence.

    Conclusion: In a sample of Swedish high school students male students reported more serious drug use habits than female students, while a larger proportion of the female students had drug related problems/ dependence, which also emerged in earlier ages than in their male classmates. The study raises the question of the need of a new validation of the cut-off for a gender specific identification for Swedish adolescents with drug related problems/dependence.

  • 1317.
    Bergman, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Tynkkinen, Tanya
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Faktorer som påverkar ungdomars återfall i drogmissbruk2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Drugs have been around for ages. Previous studies show that drug use among young people is a problem that exists in large parts of the world. In Europe, 11.2% of young adults aged 15-24 have used cannabis in 2011. A survey conducted in Swedish schools shows that drug abuse is the number of students using drug increase but consumption is increasing. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe factors that affect relapse in drug abuse among young people. Method: A literature review of 10 scientific articles from the years 2003 to 2015 were used in which various factors that affect relapse in adolescents discerned.

    Results: The factors that affect a relapse can vary from individual to individual and therefore it is difficult to point out one single factor. The factors found to counteract a relapse is physical health, physical activity, treatment and the environment surrounding youth including engagement of family. Conclusions: The interaction of influencing factors is complex and indicates that no factor alone can be considered as anti-relapse into drug abuse. The study shows that several factors need to cooperate to prevent a relapse, such as the environment and the emotional state of the youth. Interacting factors have been shown to minimize the risk of recurrence.

  • 1318.
    Bergman, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    …så då bestämmer jag!: Lekens makt, positioner och genus i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Överallt i vår omgivning möts vi av makt av olika slag. Människor både tar och ger makt och fördelar den mellan sig. Redan i tidig ålder utövar barn makt och förhåller sig till genus. Både makt och genus är intressanta ämnen att undersöka i förskolan. Barn har i alla tider lekt, men alla barn är individer och agerar på olika sätt. I leken är det ofta vissa barn som får bestämma mer än andra och i vissa lekar använder barn makt på olika sätt för att få bestämma. I denna undersökning har det gjorts observationer på barns fria lek. Barnen har tagit olika maktpositioner i leken. Det har även gjorts observationer på flickors och pojkars lek samt om deras maktpositioner skiljer sig åt. Vad för slags makt och positioner har barn i förskolan? Hur leker flickor och pojkar, har de liknande sätt att leka eller skiljs det åt?

    Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka hur barnen i sin fria lek fördelar maktpositioner mellan sig samt hur de förhåller sig till dessa positioner utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Mer specifikt är det följande frågeställningar som är i fokus:

    -Vilka maktpositioner tar barn i sin fria lek i förskolan?

    -Hur framträder genus i barns lekar i förskolan?

    Metod: Genom att observera barnens lek synliggörs hur barnen förhåller sig till olika maktpositioner och till genus. Genom observationerna framträder ett mönster i barnens lek. Observationerna genomfördes i en 3-6 årsgrupp.

    Resultat: Det finns flera olika maktpositioner i barnens lekar. Alla dessa positioner är viktiga för barnens utveckling. Även begreppet genus har analyserats i barngruppen och både flickor och pojkar leker liknande lekar. Det finns alltså ingen större skillnad på flick-pojklek men deras maktpositioner är olika. Flickor har en benägenhet att prata och resonera fram till lösningar medan pojkar är mer tävlingsinriktade. Resultatet visar att barnen tar olika positioner i sin lek. Analysen lyfte fram följande positioner: ledandeposition, lösningsbenägenposition, mellanposition och underposition. Alla dessa positioner har lika stor betydelse för barns utveckling.

  • 1319.
    Bergman, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Karlsson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    En padda i förskolan: En studie i hur Ipaden kan användas i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I en mer digitaliserad värld vinner surfplattor och smarttelefoner mark. Dessa verk-tyg har kommit att tillhöra många förskolors vardag. Fler och fler pedagoger ser dessa digitala verktyg som ett möjligt redskap för att underlätta det pedagogiska arbetet som sker på förskolan, framförallt i ett dokumentationssyfte.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka de digitala verktygens användningsområden i för-skolan. Vi vill också få reda på pedagogernas syn på vilka för och nackdelar som de digitala verktygen kan ha i verksamheten.

    Vår frågeställning är:

    1. Inom vilka områden använder pedagogerna de digitala verktygen i förskolans vardag?

    2. Vilka för och nackdelar ser pedagogerna att verktygen kan ha i verksamheten?

    Metod: Vi har använt oss av en kvantitativ webbaserad enkätundersökning och för att få en fördjupad förståelse för vissa frågor gjorde vi fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att de digitala verktygen har många användningsområden. I studien såg vi att de digitala verktygen i hög grad användes i dokumentationssyfte men att applikationer gör verktygen mer kompletta. Fördelarna med de digitala verktygen var att de bidrog till att barnen fick tänka, prova på och utmana sig själva. Verktygen bidrog också till att dokumentat-ion kunde ske i ett "här och nu"- perspektiv. De är lätta att ta med sig för att kunna dokumentera överallt. Nackdelarna var rädslan att verktygen skulle bidra till ett meningslöst tidsfördriv och att barn inte leker på samma sätt som innan. Det framkom även att pedagogerna ansåg att det var av vikt att verktygen inte ersätter pedagogerna utan istället skulle fungera som ett komple-ment till dem. Studien visar även att krånglande teknik medför att pedagogerna känner frustrat-ion. Möjligheten att reflektera över det dokumenterade materialet var ett ämne som också upp-märksammades. Pedagogerna upplevde att tidsbrist kunde vara ett hinder för dem att hitta ge-mensam reflektionsstund

  • 1320.
    Bergman, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Johansson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Kränkningar på sociala medier: en del av ungdomars vardag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social media center is a platform where most of the young people are online a considerable time of their freetime. The new arena to socialize has many advantages, such as containing and exploring the social life. At the same time there are benefits with the huge activity on the internet. There are also plenty of risks such as sleep disorders, internet addiction and internet violations. The purpose of the study is to examine the youth's perception of what kind of violations there are on the social media center and how they may be prevented and inhibited.

    The study has a qualitative approach where our results and analysis are based on three semistructured life-world interviews in form of focus groups. The young people of the study attend a secondary school in a smaller town in southern Sweden and are anonymous in the study. We have used the symbolic interactionism as a theoretical reference framework, where the "definition of the situation", "social interaction", "symbols" and "emphasis on activity" are our theoretical concepts.

    The results of our study show that offensive images and offensive comments about the sexual orientation, political opinion and appearance are the most common violations of social media. It has been shown to be a hard climate on social media and that violations can be seen openly, especially in social media where users can be anonymous. The young participants of the study believe that one of several ways to prevent these violations are through better understanding and continuous discussion among adults and teenagers.

  • 1321.
    Bergman, Peter
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Åsberg, Angelica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Alla kan inte bli akademiker: en kritisk studie av regeringens kunskapssyn och betygspolitik2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Bakgrunden till vår uppsats grundar sig på frågan vem skolan egentligen är till för. Vi tog sedan vår utgångspunkt i en föreläsning av Sir Ken Robinson "Changing Education Paradigms". För att smalna av vårt forskningsområde valde vi att inrikta oss mot betyg och dess konsekvenser.

    Syfte:

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka varför betyg existerar, vad vi betygsätter och hur det påverkar elever att bli betygsatta.

    Metod:

    Metoden som använts i uppsatsen är en diskursanalys, där olika utdrag ur olika artiklar och publikationer (regering, skolminister, självhjälpsbok) analyseras utifrån två teoretiker och två forskare.

    Resultat:

    I vår analys av vårt valda material framkommer en relativt oproblematisk syn på kunskap och betyg, som innebär att fakta är fakta oavsett perspektiv. Analysen visar också att uppfattningen om betyg inte stämmer överens med forskningen

  • 1322.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Knowledge Management Group, Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Practising peer review in organizations: a qualifier for knowledge dissemination and legitimization2001In: JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), ISSN 0268-3962, E-ISSN 1466-4437, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 99-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key issue in many organizations is how to disseminate information in an effective way and, more importantly, how to make use of this information in order to create new knowledge. One way of addressing this problem is to focus on how information is socially transformed into knowledge. This includes how knowledge is handled in practice and how the knowledge produced is qualified as being something worth knowing and acting upon. Two well-established practices for doing this are the refereeing system and the peer review process. These are used in scientific communities as a means of validating and legitimating knowledge, for example by reviewing journal papers before publishing or project proposals before granting funds, etc. This paper argues that peer review is a useful concept when looking at knowledge creation and legitimization in organizations. The social meaning of peer review is to legitimize new knowledge by organizationally sanctioning it and thereby creating a platform for collective sense making. This paper uses an example from a field study in a pharmaceutical company in order to illustrate this argument. The study took place in a quality support department where the quality of health care products and processes was assessed. The organization had a need for fast and reliable updating of information that could influence how the production process of pharmaceuticals should be carried out. In order to cope with these problems the department established an 'evaluation loop', which shared several characteristics with the peer review process.

  • 1323.
    Bergqvist, Annie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Busche, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lekpedagogik under de första skolåren: en studie om lärares syn på lekens plats i undervisningen2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Lpo 94 står det att skolans uppdrag är att inkludera lek i undervisningen. Särskilt under de tidiga skolåren betyder leken mycket för elevernas kunskapsutveckling. Forskare är eniga om lekens betydelse för barns lärande. Lärarutbildningen förespråkar lek och lustfyllt lärande för att främja barns lärandeprocess. Under vår verksamhetsförlagda utbildning (VFU) har vi dock inte sett mycket lekpedagogik i undervisningen och vi blev intresserade av varför leken är så lite förkommande i skolan. Den lek som vi har observerat under våra VFU-perioder är styrd lek och används av pedagogen antingen som rekreation mellan arbetspass eller som hjälp till inlärning. Syfte: Studien syftar till att undersöka lärares syn på lek i undervisningen under de tidiga skolåren och hur de använder sig av lekpedagogik i undervisningssyfte. Metod: Vi har använt oss av kvalitativ forskningsmetod i form av fokusgruppsintervjuer. Vi har i fyra fokusgruppsintervjuer fört samtal med pedagogerna om vad de anser om lekpedagogik i skolan och hur de använder leken som redskap för lärande. Resultat: Genom fokusgruppsintervjuer med lärare i de tidigare skolåren har vi funnit att samtliga informanter anser sig använda lekpedagogik i undervisningen. De menar att lek kan man använda i alla sammanhang och i alla ämnen. Vår studie visar på att pedagogerna är positivt inställda till lekpedagogik och de anser att det behövs mer lek i skolan. Syftet med lek i undervisningen är främst som inlärning och som paus mellan arbetspass. De anser att fri lek är viktig i undervisningen men använder själva den styrda leken. Pedagogerna menar att det finns olika faktorer som bidrar till att lekpedagogik är svår att ta i bruk.

  • 1324.
    Bergqvist, Anton
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Wellme, Andreas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Kvalitetssäkring med Visionteknik: Inspektion av monterade produkter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tyri Sweden AB is a company that produces LED-lights for heavy vehicles. Tyri wants to investigate if machine vision can help them to assure that gaskets and membranes are assembled to ensure that the end customer doesn't get a faulty product. The purpose of the project is to create an understanding on how machine vision can be a tool to detect faulty products. The goal is to answer the question regarding if machine vision is a suitable technique to detect gaskets and membranes. Another thing that is to be investigated is whether the movement of the object and if light conditions affects the reliability of the inspection method. To answer these questions is a literature study conducted followed by an experiment with the suitable method. The company has previously done studies on threedimensional inspection methods and therefore want the focus to be on two-dimensional methods. The two-dimensional methods that are presented are traditional camera and thermal images. A suitable method is identified based on the literature study and criteria from the company. The chosen method is a smart-camera with software developed by the camera manufacturer. This method is used in an experiment with the purpose to collect data for a statistical analysis to determine how reliable the method is. The reliability is tested via hypothesis testing where it is examined how often the method makes a wrong decision. The null hypothesis states that more than one percent of the decisions are incorrect and the counter hypothesis states that less than one percent are incorrect.

    The experiment is done in a production environment that simulates the production of the company. A smart-camera is placed above a conveyer and each time a product pass below the camera a photo is captured. The photo is then analyzed in a software to identify if gaskets and membranes are assembled or not. Four test runs are conducted where gaskets and membranes are tested separately in either factory lighting or controlled lighting. From the statistical calculations based on the results from the test runs the null hypothesis can be seen as false in three of the test runs. The test run where the null hypothesis is true is when gaskets are being detected in factory lighting.

    A conclusion is then made that machine vision is a suitable method to detect if gaskets and membranes are missing. Another conclusion is that the inspection can be made in a reliable way in spite of the movement of the object as long as controlled lighting is used. Controlled lighting is not as critical if the object to inspect is standing still. Controlled lighting can be used to create shadows to optimize the accuracy of the inspection and therefore the importance of the light can be seen as situational.

  • 1325.
    Bergqvist Boström, Ewa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Nilsson Wicke, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att lyssna är att stödja: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienter med utmattningssyndrom2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness where fatigue syndrome is one of the diagnoses is an increasing problem. Many persons with fatigue syndrome experience abandonment and do not achieve the help they need and are entitled to. Time for conversation and self-care is an important part of rehabilitation where primary healthcare and occupational healthcare have a prominent role Aim: This study's purpose was to explore what experience that nurses in primary and occupational healthcare had of patients with fatigue syndrome. Method: Eight nurses from primary and occupational healthcare were interviewed using semi-structured questions. The interview material was analyzed using content analysis. Results: A theme listening and two categories gatekeeper and create comprehensibility emerged. All nurses had initially long conversations with the patients, but their experience differed. Some of the nurses told that they were important to the patients and others indicated that they were not working with this patient group. Conclusion: All nurses describes that what they do means that they are listening to the patients at the same time that several of them not explicit express it as a support. That can be interpreted as the relation part of nursing are invisible for the nurses who does not perceive their listening valuable for the patients.

  • 1326.
    Bergqvist, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Tingberg, Sofia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    En fråga med dolda svar: en registerstudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since 2008 there is a law stating that patients who do not require institutional forensic psychiatric care may be moved to non-institutional forensic care, with special conditions. RättspsyK is a national quality register where all of the 25 forensic care units in Sweden collect information about their patients and their care. Previous analysis showed that a considerable amount of patients continue to receive institutional forensic psychiatric care despite they are assessed and found ready to move onto non-institutional forensic care. Aim: The objective of this study was to identify factors affecting why patients were still in institutional forensic care despite assessed to be ready for non-institutional forensic care.Method: First, yearly assessment of each patient between 2009 and 2014 was drawn from the RättspsyK register. Answers to the specific question, Question 10, were analyzed with descriptive statistics and were planned to be used in regression analyses as dependent variable. Result: 1900 patients were included. During analyses the fact that answers to this question were not trustable was found, therefore no exact prevalence of inpatients kept in institutional forensic care despite assessed ready for non-institutional care could be determined. Other information revealed that lack of housing and lack of collaboration were the most frequent reasons for this phenomenon. Conclusion: The present study could not give answer to the original question, but pointed out avalidity problem in the Swedish Forensic Psychiatry Register. The result calls for caution and for the need of validation of RättspsyK register.

  • 1327.
    Bergqvist, Christer
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som patienter upplever påverkar följsamheten av den ickefarmakologiska behandlingen vid hypertoni2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this work hypertension was considered by the author to be of great concern. The work initially defined hypertension including pathophysiology, occurrence, risk factors and treatment. Self care in the form of lifestyle changes was recognized as a substantial part of the treatment for hypertensive patients. Health as a concept was discussed and Dorothea Orems self care theory was used as a basis for the study. The nurse`s role was described as helping the patient develop and maintain self-care. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate factors that patients perceived as influential when it came to self-management of hypertension. Metod: The method used was an analysis of qualitative research developed by Friberg (2006). Nine scientific articles were analyzed to identify themes and subthemes. Results: Eleven subthemes and five themes that described what patients felt effecting their selfcare were identified. The themes that was spawned were: lifestyle which included the subthemes culture and living conditions; support which included the subthemes relation with health care and social support; attitude which included the subthemes self-esteem, engagement and responsibility; competence which included the subthemes information and advice and knowledge and information and the final theme perceived health which included the subthemes symptoms and comorbidity. Conclusions: The conclusions drawn from this work was that there were a lot of different factors that patients believed facilitated or inhibited their self-care and that it was important for nurses to consider that in the care relation with patients suffering from hypertension.

  • 1328.
    Bergqvist, Gudmund
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Att förutse framtiden: En översikt och några personliga synpunkter2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att spå i framtiden har man sedan länge försökt. Och det har även skrivits böcker kring hur man kunde tänka sig den t.ex. Platons Staten och Mores Utopia. Numera försöker man med olika statistiska och matematiska modeller liksom politiska analyser göra så och kallar det prognoser. Detta är svårt. Och många olika faktorer spelar in: teknik, politik, samhällsutveckling, finans och zeitgeist påverkar. Ofta gör man extrapoleringar av tidigare utveckling enligt någon form av kurva:rak, S-formad. logaritmisk etc. Det hela kompliceras av både positiva faktorer i form av nya uppfinningar, ny teknik etc. men även negativa faktorer som t.ex. inom hälsa en ökande antibiotikaresistens, förekomst av droger, krig, korruption och inte minst vår inverkan på miljö i form av ökande utsläpp av ämnen som påverkar atmosfär, vatten och jord och kan ge allvarliga klimatstörningar, ökande havsnivåer etc.En annan osäkerhet är hur begränsade är våra tillgångar ? Tillgången till färskvatten är i detta sammanhang central. Sammanfattningsvis ett svårt ämne där vi dock för våra barnbarns framtid måste arbeta hårt för att påverka framtiden och tillskapa ett demokratiskt, hållbart, rättvist och öppet samhälle.

  • 1329.
    Bergqvist, Gudmund
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Cannabis den 12. landsplågan: En översikt i ett angeläget ämne2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cannabis är den vanligaste narkotiska drogen i både vårt land och hela världen. Folk i allmänhet är ofta okunniga om hur skadlig inverkan den har på både enskilda individer och samhället. Detta har visats dels med tekniska metoder som MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) och andra metoder för studera hjärnan liksom även stora statistiska materiel beträffande såväl medicinska skador hos individer men även dess effekter på samhället. En drogliberal rörelse stödd av starka ekonomiska intressen strävar att legalisera drogen möjligtvis för att ha den som ersättning för den tobaksindustri som minskar. Ett antal US delstater har givet efter för dessa rörelser. "Akuta effekter " som ökad risk för trafikolyckor, ointresse i skolan men också långsiktiga skador som bestående IQ-nedsättning , missbruk av andra narkotika, ökad förekomst av psykoser av olika slag men även somatiska sjukdomar som lungcancer, hjärtsjukdomar och en överdödlighet både på kort och lång sikt. Problem kring så kallad legalisering och "medicinsk marijuana" diskuteras liksom behovet och olika metoder för prevention. Att förebygga är det mest effektiva ! Kampen för att skydda vår ungdom och vårt samhälle från denna pest måste fortsätta !

  • 1330.
    Bergqvist, Gudmund
    et al.
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Gustavsson, AndersStrömstad Akademi.
    Hälsa och miljö: En antologi2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1331.
    Bergqvist, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Johansson, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Att arbeta med tolk vid bedömningar: sjuksköterskors upplevelser av kvalitén2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Studies show that when nurses are experiencing problems in the care of non-Swedish speaking patients, it is often due to obstacles in the communication. Studies also show that a prerequisite for adequate care is that there is a basis for a direct communication. Nurses perceive interpreters as an important link to the patient when they do not share a mutual language, the nurses perceive interpreters as a bridge in the conversation.

    Aim:

    The purpose of the study is to describe nurses' experiences of the quality of assessments done with the help of an interpreter.

    Method:

    The study was conducted through interviews with ten nurses, working at psychiatric clinics. Qualitative content analysis was used for the analysis, which resulted in five categories.

    Results:

    The analysis resulted in one theme: "it´s the interpreter who tells me and have not the feeling that the patient has" and five categories: "shades of the language", "conversation structure", "the interpreter's competence", "interpreting implementing" and "the interpreter's gender and origin". The nurses experience working with interpreters as a challenge. The difficulty of working with the help of an interpreter is that the nurse cannot see the spoken word in connection with the patient's body language. Communication through an interpreter also felt unnatural and the interpreter's participation is perceived as a filter.

    Conclusion:

    The quality of the assessments were not perceived as good with the interpreter as without, however, there was no risk to patient safety.

  • 1332.
    Bergqvist, Lovisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lugner, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lek I ur och skur: Barns tankar om sin lek i en "I ur och skur verksamhet"2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Utomhusvistelse och utomhuspedagogik spelar viktiga roller i förskolans vardag. Utevistelsen och utomhuspedagogiken är ett alternativ och ett komplement till de traditionella inomhusmiljöerna på förskolan. Pedagogiska aktiviteter och fri lek kan med fördel växlas mellan inomhus- och utomhusmiljöer för att ge olika sinnliga upplevelser. Utomhusmiljöer och naturmiljöer kan erbjuda autentiska lärmiljöer och inspirera till lek. "I ur och skur" är ett koncept från Friluftsfrämjandet där förskole-, skol- och fritidshemsverksamhet bedrivs utomhus och med betoning på friluftsliv. Hur påverkar utomhusvistelsen barns lek och hur pratar barn om sin lek i en verksamhet med daglig vistelse i en rik naturmiljö? Skiljer det sig mellan barnens lek inomhus och utomhus?

    Syfte:

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur barn på en "I Ur och Skur verksamhet" upplever och skildrar sin lek. Särskilt fokus riktar vi mot hur utevistelsen och utomhuspedagogiken, som präglar en "I ur och skur verksamhet", kan ha inverkan på barnens lek. Studien ämnar att ge en närmare förståelse för barnens perspektiv på sin lek utomhus/inomhus på en "I Ur och Skur verksamhet".

    Metod:

    Vi har valt att använda oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Inledningsvis observerade vi en barngrupp på sammanlagt 30 barn under en dag i verksamheten. Vi skapade två intervjugrupper bestående av sex barn vardera. Vi genomförde intervjuerna med dessa två grupper.

    Resultat:

    Vår studie har visat att barnens lek skiljer sig mer beroende på barnens ålder och utveckling än om leken sker inomhus eller utomhus. Utomhusmiljön och inomhusmiljön ger olika förutsättningar för leken. Vi upplever under studien att de äldre barnen i högre utsträckning leker roll- och fantasilek som i sin tur gynnas mer av utomhusmiljön därför att den kan erbjuda utrymme och stimulera eller inspirera till kreativitet. De yngre barnen i verksamheten leker i större utsträckning ensamlek eller parallellek/bredvidlek och tycks även fokusera mer på lekmaterial för att inspireras till lek. De yngre barnens lek blir därför påverkar av att det finns olika lekmaterial utomhus än inomhus

  • 1333.
    Bergqvist Nordholm, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jarl, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars kunskap och förhållningssätt kring premenstruellt syndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine young people's knowledge and approach about premenstrual syndrome based on the category gender and the residence. A survey was made, that 209 not entirely randomly picked high school students, between the age of 16 and 20, from three different cities replied in. One conclusion was that there was a significant difference on how the males and the females responded concerning general knowledge about premenstrual syndrome. This indicated that the women had higher general knowledge about PMS than the men. This applied as well to the knowledge of physical symptoms. The survey also showed that there was a difference in knowledge about physical symptoms between large city and medium size city. The respondents from the large city had higher knowledge about physical symptoms than the respondents from the medium size city. The results correspond to earlier studies that indicate that men have lower levels of knowledge than women about premenstrual syndromes and that men perceives the physical symptoms different than women.

  • 1334.
    Bergstedt, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sociala mediers påverkan på vår kreativitet: En studie i hur referensmaterial från sociala medier påverkar vår kreativa förmåga2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay was made to investigate the effects on creativity of students and professionals in the creative field caused by the use of reference materials from social media. It was performed by using an Aesthetics and Media class from De la Gardie High School to carry out an experiment where participants in two test groups were given the task of individually creating an image of a dragon. With the help of a preliminary investigation survey and an evaluation survey an interesting conclusion could be drawn.

    The result of the survey was that we were not significantly affected by the inspiration and reference material from social media. There was a clear difference between the results from the two groups, but this could be explained by the preliminary survey. From this survey it was obvious that the participants in Group 2 considered themselves to be more creative than the participants in group 1 did. Assuming that the participants had appreciated their ability correctly, it means that after correction based on this difference, the difference between using and not using social media for references is almost non-existent.

  • 1335.
    Bergsten, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Holmberg, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Undernäring vid Kronisk Obstruktiv Lungsjukdom: sjuksköterskans ansvar för mat och dryck till patienter med KOL2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 1336.
    Bergstrand, Andrea
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Säkerhetsbilden mot den uppkopplade bilen: En analys om säkerhet och hot i fordons trådlösa kommunikation2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Connected vehicles are being developed extensively, and in 2019, vehicle manufacturers and transport companies will start equipping vehicles and roads with wireless communication around Europe. This will increase safety and streamline the traffic by allowing drivers to be warned of what they have not yet seen as vehicles around the corner, queuing, slipping, collision and road work. However, accidents involving connected vehicles have occurred recently, which has created uncertainty regarding its safety. Great demands are placed on its safety when connected vehicles will increase significantly on the roads.

    The study aims to carry out a safety assessment against the connected car with the aim of investigating potential threats and risks in vehicle wireless communication, what is required for the technology to be considered safe and reviewing various safety solutions developed.

  • 1337.
    Bergstrand, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ideology Convergence Within The Alliance Coalition In Sweden.: A critical case study of the similarities and differences between the non-socialistic parties in Sweden, 2002 and 2010.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ideological similarities between political parties in Europe are increasing which makes the future of politics unsure. We know from previous coalition research that parties which is ideologically similar to each other are more likely to form a coalition than parties with large ideological differences. Thus there is a lack of research which analyses ideology convergence within coalitions. The aim of this study is to examine the ideological convergence within the Alliance coalition in Sweden by analysing the differences and similarities before and after the Alliance creation in 2004. This study will investigate the political parties' liberal ideology convergence according to two ideal types, social liberalism and neoliberalism. This thesis are studying if and how the parties within the non-socialist Alliance coalition in Sweden, which ruled between 2006 and 2014, adjusted their ideology to each other in order to govern successfully. With a social constructivist approach, a textual content analysis of election manifestos from 2002 and 2010 will analyse the possible ideology convergence of the Alliance coalition. The result of this study is that two out of four parties made an ideology convergence when entering the coalition which made Social Liberalism to be the dominated ideology. With the use of Downs (1957) centripetal pattern a conclusion was drawn regarding stable long run coalitions in general. The Alliance coalition has demonstrated that parties within stable long run coalitions tend to converge their ideology towards the parties in the middle of the ideological spectrum. In the end, this thesis comes to the conclusion that parties which enters a stable, long run coalition and converge towards the middle as the Alliance coalition, risks to lose votes to new extreme parties which arises from the edges of the ideological spectrum.

  • 1338.
    Bergstrand, Rebecca
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Jonsson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Elevers uppfattning av formativ bedömning: Hur känner elever inför olika typer av bedömning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Formativ bedömning innebär att den enskilde eleven under lärandeprocessens gång får stöd för att komma vidare i sin kunskapsutveckling. Aktuell forskning har visat att denna bedömningsform är effektiv för alla elevers lärande. Inom forskningen beskrivs fyra nivåer av återkoppling; uppgifts-, process-, metakognitiv- och personlig nivå som har olika effekt på elevers lärande. Återkoppling på process- och metakognitiv nivå har visats vara de mest gynnsamma. Forskningen är dock mest fokuserad på att undersöka hur läraren kan applicera den formativa bedömningen i undervisningen så att den blir så effektiv som möjligt. Få studier har gjorts kring elevers uppfattningar och upplevelser av den formativa bedömning de får.

    Syfte

    : Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur elever upplever och uppfattar den återkoppling och formativa bedömning som de får och hur de tror att den påverkar deras lärande.

    Metod:

    Studien är kvalitativ och vi utgår från ett hermeneutistiskt perspektiv. Vår empiri har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer där vi använt oss av intervjuguider. Vårt urval består av två lärare och sex elever ur respektive lärares klass. I vår analys utgår vi från våra forskningsfrågor och de fyra olika nivåerna som kategorier där våra tolkningar av elevernas svar hamnar. Vi har i vår studie även valt ut tre olika perspektiv som vi använder i vårt analysarbete dessa är lärarbedömning, kamratbedömning och självbedömning.

    Resultat:

    I resultatet av elevintervjuerna framkom det att eleverna uppfattade alla nivåer av återkoppling, dock uppfattades uppgifts- och processnivå starkast och upplevdes främst komma från läraren. Elevernas känslor kring de olika nivåerna och de olika perspektiven såg förhållandevis lika ut då merparten av eleverna hade positiva känslor inför lärarbedömning men kände en viss osäkerhet inför självbedömningen, som upplevdes som svår. Den skriftliga kamratbedömningen upplevdes positiv då denna innefattade information som hjälpte eleverna framåt i deras kunskapsutveckling, den muntliga kamratbedömningen upplevdes däremot som personlig och svår att ge på processnivå. Det rådde till viss del oenigheter eleverna emellan kring vilken bedömning de önskade möta, de flesta eleverna var dock överens om att den formativa återkopplingen på processnivå som kom från läraren gynnade deras lärande mest

  • 1339.
    Bergström, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Davallius, Johanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Upptäckt av kvinnomisshandel: Hinder och möjligheter i vården2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a growing problem. Nurses in emergency departments often meet abused women when seeking healthcare for injuries. The woman often concealed the true reason for seeking medical attention and nurses also avoided asking. Consequently many failed to be discovered and further abuse were at risk. The aim of this literary review was to illuminate the hindrance and possibilities in health care to discover domestic violence. Eleven articles were analyzed. Hindrance to discover domestic violence was attitudes among nurses, lack of knowledge concerning the importance of communication skills and risk factors for domestic violence when enhanced attention was needed. The presence of the partner, feelings of shame and insecurity were also hindrance for the women to tell. There were cultural differences what was considered as domestic violence. There were also lack of resources and time. Guidelines and screening were often absent even though it was an efficient way to discover domestic violence. Education was requested by nurses and improved their sense of security when meeting abused women. Nurses and health care organizations have both an obligation to be updated about and using best practice. In a time of lacking resources it is even more important. Then there are increasing possibilities to discover abused women and be able to give them proper attention. This decreases the risk of further discrimination of abused women in health care.

  • 1340. Bergström, L
    et al.
    Bruce, Å
    Persson, LÅ
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sjölin, S
    Day-to-day variations in swedish diets: Results from a multicenter nutrition survey of swedish childern.1983Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1341.
    Bergström, Ola
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Strömvall, Johan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Elever från samma klass?: En studie av hur elever i en skolklass på Komvux tolkar filmen Crash.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen har vi studerat hur en film aktiverar människors sociala och kulturella positioner. Vi visade filmen Crash för åtta komvuxelever, vilket följdes av en kvalitativ intervju med dem. Eleverna fick svara på frågor om sin egen bakgrund, filmens budskap och rollfigurer, hur de uppfattade filmen och den föreslagna verkligheten i filmen, samt frågor kring sin egen framtid. Informanternas svar har hjälpt oss att synliggöra hur det görs över- och underordningar i filmen. Med hjälp av vår bakgrund och analytiska verktyg har vi interagerat med våra informanter och de har bidragit med perspektiv som vi aldrig hade kunnat se med tillämpning av enbart teorier. Något som blev framträdande var att de applicerade problematiken som den amerikansktillverkade filmen tar upp, på ett svenskt samhälle. Vi kom fram till att filmen som populärkulturellt medel hjälper till att reproducera gamla maktordningar och fördomar. Trots att detta inte var filmskaparens intention, blir det här till fördomar och stereotypa föreställningar om att det finns rasskillnader. Med den här studien har vi synliggjort att filmen medverkar till att reproducera maktordningar. Film och dess folkliga inflytande, skulle kunna bli ett redskap för nytänkande runt klass, kön och etnicitet med mera.

  • 1342.
    Bergström, Patrik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Var det bättre förr?: En läroboksanalys över tre epoker.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. Läroböcker är ett material som används flitigt av lärare. Böckerna har en makt som ett riktgivande material. Eftersom lärare använder sig av läroböcker så flitigt är det intressant att se hur de uttrycker sig kring olika grupper som är en del av den svenska skolan. I och med dess riktgivande makt kommer läroboken att påverka elever och lärare. 

    Syftet med uppsatsen är dels att undersöka om och hur andrafiering förekommer, samt om den förändrats över tid i läroböcker. Dels att undersöka hur kulturbegreppet har förändrats över tid i läroböckerna utifrån en socialkonstruktivistisk ansats.

    Metod. Undersökningen har genomförts genom en kvalitativ textanalys på sex läroböcker i samhällskunskap som är spridda över tre epoker. Epokerna som har använts är 1980-tal, 2000-tal och nutid. Alla böcker har eller används fortfarande som läroböcker. Genom att gå igenom de kapitel som behandlar människor från andra länder och kulturer undersöker jag om och hur andrafiering förekommer. Hur böckerna behandlar kulturbegreppet behandlas också.

    Resultat. Undersökningen visar att andrafiering förekommer i stort sett i samtliga läroböcker under samtliga perioder Andrafiering ser dock annorlunda ut beroende på vilken period som avhandlas, det är olika sätt att andrafiera som framkommer. I dagens period förekommer det mindre andrafiering än vad det gör i de tidigare perioderna. Kulturbegreppet förändras också över tid. Dock är inte förändringen linjär mot en mer socialkonstruktivistisk ansats. I den tidiga perioden och nutid uppvisar författarna en socialkonstruktivistisk ansats i förhållande till kulturbegreppet men inte i perioden som är 2000-tal

  • 1343.
    Bergström, Per
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå, Sweden.
    Fergusson, Michael
    Xtura AB, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Folkesson, Patrik
    Xtura AB, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Runnemalm, Anna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Ottosson, Mattias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Andersson, Alf
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Product and Production Development, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå, Sweden.
    Automatic in-line inspection of shape based on photogrammetry2016In: The 7th International Swedish Production Symposium, SPS16, Conference Proceedings: 25th – 27th of October 2016, Lund: Swedish Production Academy , 2016, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are describing a fully automatic in-line shape inspection system for controlling the shape of moving objects on a conveyor belt. The shapes of the objects are measured using a full-field optical shape measurement method based on photogrammetry. The photogrammetry system consists of four cameras, a flash, and a triggering device. When an object to be measured arrives at a given position relative to the system, the flash and cameras are synchronously triggered to capture images of the moving object.From the captured images a point-cloud representing the measured shape is created. The point-cloud is then aligned to a CAD-model, which defines the nominal shape of the measured object, using a best-fit method and a feature-based alignment method. Deviations between the point-cloud and the CAD-model are computed giving the output of the inspection process. The computational time to create a point-cloud from the captured images is about 30 seconds and the computational time for the comparison with the CAD-model is about ten milliseconds. We report on recent progress with the shape inspection system.

  • 1344.
    Bergström Walker, Catharine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Narrative ethics and intuition of the infinite: E. L. Doctorow's gnostic hope for the postmodern era2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1345.
    Bergvall, Jonathan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Leijon, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Securing the Arctic: A comparative study of mainstream media representation of the securitization of the Arctic in Norway and Canada2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and compare how the securitization of the Arctic is represented in mainstream media of Norway and Canada. As two Arctic nations part of the likeminded group in international relations it is interesting to see how national media frames respective nations’ Arctic interests and strategy. Based on securitization and framing theory this thesis identifies themes and trends surrounding the Arctic by using three different security concepts: economic security, traditional security and environmental security. The data for study will be in total 189 full-text articles from both nations’ mainstream media, where search terms relating to a security grammar will be used. A qualitative content analysis will be employed on articles from Norwegian media, specifically Aftenposten, and Canadian media, The Globe and Mail. The analysis will show that both Norwegian and Canadian mainstream media thematically framed the securitization of the Arctic predominantly through the same security concepts. Yet there were differences in relation to attitudes towards Arctic securitization where Canadian media showed a more assertive disposition towards other nations involvement. Norwegian media, on the other hand was more inclined towards regional cooperation.

  • 1346.
    Bergérus, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Karlsson, Harald
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Inbrott eller besök?: En experimentell studie av narrativ varseblivning genom spelmekanisk interaktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between mechanical interaction in a digital game and the narrative perception of the player, and thereby whether one and the same digital game sequence is perceived as thematically and narratively different based on available interactions and their degree of granularity. By executing a user test and allowing two groups of participants to experience and evaluate a game sequence with different degrees of granularity in their core mechanics, we have aquired the self-reflective experiences of the participants through subsequent interviews. The result of this shows a correlation between the granularity of the interaction phase and the subjective perception and narrative understanding of the digital game sequence. When the player is offered mechanical conditions that enables peeking through a door before opening it, the participant's perception of the relation between player character and location changes in a way that colors the overall understanding of the scenario. The study reaches the conclusion that game mechanical interaction in a digital game is a strong semiotic information carrier and that the possibilites of extended use of thorough granularity in games creates new narrative possiblites in interactive experiences. Research on narrative aspects of game mechanics are currently very limited and we see this study as part of a foundation for further and more extensive research within the field.

  • 1347.
    Berhane, Kudus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Daauud, Abdi
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kirsh, David
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Studentens användning av elektronisk handel och dess tjänster2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 1348.
    Berholt, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lilienberg, Ann-Charlotte
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos intagna med självriktad aggressivitet: Effekt av 10 veckors yoga2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental ill-health is common among prisons inmates. More than half of inmates in Swedish prisons suffer from different psychiatric problems that untreated can contribute to aggressive behaviors, including self-directed aggressive behaviors such as self-harm, suicide attempt or completed suicide. Evidence shows that participation in yoga exercise may improve mental health in the general but even in prison inmates population. The effect of yoga on self-directed aggressive behavior in prison inmates population has not yet been specifically studied, according to our knowledge.

    Aim: To examine the self-reported prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses by gender among prison inmates, and to study the effect of 10 weeks yoga on the prevalence and severity of self-directed aggression in this population.

    Method/Study population: From nine prisons in Sweden, 211 inmates participated voluntarily in the 10 weeks of study. They were randomized into two groups, one yoga group in which inmates participated in 90 minutes of hatha yoga once every week and a control group including those who were placed into a waiting list for yoga and asked to participate in 90 minutes of physical activity of free choice, once a week during the study.

    Results: Major depression, substance use disorder, anxiety disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder were the most common psychiatric diagnoses among inmates. The prevalence of many psychiatric diagnoses was significantly higher in female inmates than in male inmates. Both yoga and freely chosen physical activity reduced self-directed aggression during incarceration, but the improvement was better in the group that preformed yoga.

    Conclusion: The study provides evidence that yoga made on a regular basis have a positive effect on reducing self-directed aggression. Since no side effects of yoga exercise have previously or in this study detected, it can be concluded that yoga can be effective measure to increase inmates well-being.

  • 1349.
    Berholt, Minne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Olander, Yasmine
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ungdomar och Facebook: En studie om en grupp gymnasieelevers användning av Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:To study the everyday use of Facebook among high school students in order to gain a deeper understanding of Facebooks possibility to motivate and activate interaction and how this tool is given different purposes and alternative meaning in users self-presentation. With this information we aim to explain how the phenomena Facebook impacts the interaction between people and examples can be defined by how the users communicate and interact witheach other online and how they choose to present themselves in a desirable way on their profiles. Material and method:By netnografi. The material in this study consist of non-participating hidden observations on seven high school students and their use of the social media tool Facebook. We used the approach qualitative observation with the justification that this grant us the opportunity to approach the real behaviour of the users without disturbing the sequence of event. Main results: The conclusion of this study is that youths everyday use of Facebook consists of sharing videos and links more than updated information about what they are doing. Friends are more responsible for the activity on the users Facebook profile. Social spheres are the answer to the users neutral posts. The students were members in several groups were the majority of the activity took place. The interaction between the users took place in the group-tool were the students interacted with like minded people who shared the same interest and communicated with the similar language patterns.

  • 1350.
    Berisha, Agnesa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sundblad, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Arbetsmotivation i öppna kontorslandskap: En kvalitativ fallstudie om sambandet mellan den fysiska utformningen av en kontorsavdelning och medarbetarnas individuella motivationsnivå på ett försäkringsbolag2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en kvalitativ fallstudie om sambandet mellan fysisk arbetsmiljö och medarbetares individuella motivationsnivå till det dagliga arbetet. Studien är riktad till en specifik avdelning på ett försäkringsbolag i centrala Göteborg. Avdelningen är ett öppet kontorslandskap där medarbetarnas främsta arbetsuppgift att ta emot skadeärenden från kunder via telefon.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att studera och nå ökad kunskap kring vad som motiverar medarbetarna på den valda organisationens avdelning utifrån fysiska arbetsmiljöaspekter.

    De ämnesområden studien behandlar inom den fysiska arbetsmiljön är planlösning, inredning och ergonomi. Studien kommer även belysa ämnesområden så som motivation och psykosocial arbetsmiljö.

    De slutsatser vi kan dra efter genomförd studie är att medarbetarna på avdelningen sällan medvetet lägger märke till vad i den fysiska arbetsmiljön som fungerar motivationshöjande för dem. Det som istället är märkbart angående fysisk arbetsmiljö är medarbetarnas medvetenhet kring de faktorer som stör deras motivation till arbetet på olika sätt.

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