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  • 1101.
    Barimani, Mia
    et al.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Reproductive Health, Karolinska Institutet, Re tsius väg 13 A, SE:17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Rosander, M.
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Berlin, A,
    Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Childbirth and parenting preparation in antenatal classes2018In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 57, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: to describe topics (1) presented by midwives' during antenatal classes and the amount of time spent on these topics and (2) raised and discussed by first-time parents and the amount of time spent on these topics. Design: qualitative; data were gathered using video or tape recordings and analysed using a three-pronged content analysis approach, i.e., conventional, summative, and directed analyses. Setting and participants: 3 antenatal courses in 2 antenatal units in a large Swedish city; 3 midwives; and 34 course participants. Findings: class content focused on childbirth preparation (67% of the entire antenatal course) and on parenting preparation (33%). Childbirth preparation facilitated parents' understanding of the childbirth process, birthing milieu, the partner's role, what could go wrong during delivery, and pain relief advantages and disadvantages. Parenting preparation enabled parents to (i) plan for those first moments with the newborn; (ii) care for/physically handle the infant; (iii) manage breastfeeding; (iv) manage the period at home immediately after childbirth; and (v) maintain their relationship. During the classes, parents expressed concerns about what could happened to newborns. Parents' questions to midwives and discussion topics among parents were evenly distributed between childbirth preparation (52%) and parenting preparation (48%). Key conclusions: childbirth preparation and pain relief consumed 67% of course time. Parents particularly reflected on child issues, relationship, sex, and anxiety. Female and male participants actively listened to the midwives, appeared receptive to complex issues, and needed more time to ask questions. Parents appreciated the classes yet needed to more information for managing various post-childbirth situations. Implications for practice: while midwifery services vary among hospitals, regions, and countries, midwives might equalise content focus, offer classes in the second trimester, provide more time for parents to talk to each other, allow time in the course plan for parents to bring up new topics, and investigate: (i) ways in which antenatal course development and planning can improve; (ii) measures for evaluating courses; (iii) facilitator training; and (iv) parent satisfaction surveys.

  • 1102.
    Barimani, Mia
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Wikström, Anna
    Karolinska institutet.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings organisation.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Berlin, Anita
    Karolinska institutet.
    Facilitating and inhibiting factors in transition to parenthood: ways in which health professionals can support parents2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, p. 537-546Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The transition to parenthood is an overwhelming life event. From a theoretical perspective, tran- sition to parenthood is a developmental transition that contains certain phases and patterns.

    Aim: This study aim was twofold (i) discover, describe and comprehend transitional conditions that parents per- ceive as facilitating and inhibiting during transition to parenthood and to (ii) use that knowledge to develop recommendations for professional interventions that sup- port and facilitate transition to parenthood.

    Design: Meleis transition theory framed the study’s deduc- tive qualitative approach – from planning to analysis. Methods: In a secondary analysis, data were analysed (as per Meleis transition theory) from two studies that implemented interviews with 60 parents in Sweden between 2013 and 2014. Interview questions dealt with parents’ experiences of the transition to parenthood – in relation to experiences with parent-education groups, professional support and continuity after childbirth. Ethical issues: A university research ethics board has approved the research.

    Results: These factors facilitated transition to parenthood: perceiving parenthood as a normal part of life; enjoying the child’s growth; being prepared and having knowledge; experiencing social support; receiving professional support, receiving information about resources within the health care; participating in well-functioning parent-education groups; and hearing professionals comment on gender dif- ferences as being complementary. These factors inhibited transition to parenthood: having unrealistic expectations; feeling stress and loss of control; experiencing breastfeed- ing demands and lack of sleep; facing a judgmental attitude about breastfeeding; being unprepared for reality; lacking information about reality; lacking professional support and information; lacking healthcare resources; participating in parent-education groups that did not function optimally; and hearing professionals accentuate gender differences in a problematic way.

    Conclusion: Transition theory is appropriate for helping professionals understand and identify practices that might support parents during transition to parenthood. The study led to certain recommendations that are important for professionals to consider. 

  • 1103.
    Barkman, Henrik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Forsler, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Motives for voluntary sustainability reporting: A study of SMEs in Sweden and the U.K.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The climate is rapidly changing due to an increasing amount of emitted carbon dioxide which will lead to problems for future generations to meet their needs in terms of resources. More and more organizations have started acknowledging that their activities affect the environment surrounding the organization. Multinational organizations are forced by law to present a sustainability report to declare their contribution to a more sustainable development. Small and medium-sized organizations (SMEs) do not need topublish a sustainability report by law, but an increasing number of SMEs publish a sustainability report voluntarily. Therefore, it is of interest to gain knowledge about what motives SMEs have to present a voluntary sustainability report. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about motives for voluntary sustainability reporting by SMEs in Sweden and the U.K. To gain knowledge about the subject, a quantitative approach was used. In order to limit the scope of this study, SMEs in Sweden and the U.K. was targeted to answer a web-based survey. The survey was based on the theoretical framework, which consisted of the triple bottom line, the legitimacy theory and the stakeholder theory. Based on the theoretical framework, four hypotheses were formulated. Hypothesis 1 was that organizations have more motives for presenting information about environmental sustainability. Hypothesis 2 was about motives for voluntary sustainability reporting and legitimacy. Hypothesis 3b was that organizations prioritize certain stakeholders' demands. Hypotheses 1, 2 and 3b were all confirmed by descriptive statistics and one sample t-tests. Hypothesis 3a was about motives for voluntary sustainability reporting and satisfying their stakeholders' demands. Hypothesis 3a could not be confirmed or rejected due to scattered results in the descriptive statistics and the one-sample t-test. Two major conclusions could be drawn from the conducted survey. The first conclusion was that organizations have more motives to sustainability report about the environment rather than about the social or economic aspects of sustainability. The second conclusion was that both gaining legitimacy and satisfying certain stakeholders' demands are motives for sustainability reporting for SMEs.

  • 1104.
    Barkman, Linnéa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Holmquist, Jacob
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Läroplansanalys: Önskvärda lärarkompetenser2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bakgrunden till uppsatsen uppkom då vi i klassen ofta diskuterade vilka kompetenser som lärare bör ha. Efter genomgång av litteratur och tidigare forskning kring vilka kompetenser som framhävs som positiva hos lärare ansåg vi att en analys av läroplanen i förhållande till den tidigare forskningen vore intressant. Vi kom fram till att en undersökning av vad som ses som positiva kompetenser för en lärare, utöver kunskaper inom de specifika ämnesområdena, känns relevant och aktuellt för oss som kommande grundskollärare. Medan kunskap inom detta insamlades ställde vi oss frågan; Hur väl överensstämmer egentligen den tidigare forskningen med vad som framkommer genom en analys av läroplanen? Frågan blev för oss intressant då läroplanen utgör grunden för vad undervisningen ska innehålla och inte minst hur undervisningen ska bedrivas. Därför ansåg vi att det är av intresse att analysera dess innehåll och undersöka hur önskvärda lärarkompetenser framkommer i läroplanens formuleringar för att tydliggöra uppdraget.

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att genom en kvalitativ textanalys av Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 granska förekomsten av lärarkompetenser. Metod: I studien har en kvalitativ textanalys av läroplanens kapitel 1 och 2 genomförts.

    Resultat: Utifrån den kvalitativa textanalys som genomförts framkommer det två övergripande kompetenser och dessa kompetenser kan kopplas samman med bland annat kunskaper, färdigheter, egenskaper och attityder.

  • 1105.
    Barrvik, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Hagman, Alma
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Undersökning av orsaker till komponenthaverier i uppsamlingsnätet till vindkraftparkerna Vettåsen och Mårtensklack2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate why the cable terminations and power transformers in Wallenstam’s wind power plants, at Vettåsen and Mårkensklack, have broken down six times since December 2011, which was when they were first put into service.

    Power readings have been taken but there are no records for the times of the failures, which make it difficult to specify the failure source. However, from the readings that have been taken, there is nothing to indicate a cause for the failures. The transients are small and the proportions of harmonics are low. Since the instruments used to take the readings will only record up to 50th harmonics, a possible cause of failure could be high harmonics. Thunder storms, and cutovers in the power grid can probably be dismissed as sources of failure as well as manufacturing and installation faults.

    One proposal to remedy cable termination failures is to use geometric terminations which have been developed for grids with harmonics. Also, to reduce transients in the systems, surge arresters could be installed at the Vettåsen and Mårtensklack stations to ensure that the power quality can be monitored. The power readings need to be continued to specify the failure source

  • 1106.
    Bartha, Fredrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Balans mellan arbete och fritid – en möjlighet eller omöjlighet i dagens flexibla arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie om första linjens chefer och deras upplevelse av balans2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The balance between work and leisure is a controversial topic in today's working life. The imbalance between work and the rest of life is related to poorer well-being, wherein stress-related consequences can be included. Also, from an organizational perspective, imbalance causes negative consequences, in the form of lower productivity, reduced commitment and increased costs. Today, organizations are providing their employees various flexible solutions so they can increase autonomy in working life. This flexibility seems to reduce the conflict between work and leisure. However, research indicates that the workload can increase, especially if the flexibility is combined with objectives and result-driven tasks. The purpose of the study was to examine how first-line managers perceive the balance between work and leisure, and the conditions that are crucial to achieving balance. The study was conducted at a government agency in a county of Västra Götaland. The study is of qualitative character, and is based on semi-structured interviews with four managers of first line. Despite flexible working conditions there were additional factors that were experienced as critical for the individual's ability to maintain balance. One of the findings from the study was the importance of support from managers and colleagues when it comes to being able to define work. Without this support, it seems like the flexible work conditions are losing its effectiveness when it comes to achieving a balance between work and leisure. Therefore focus should be on actively communicating the organizational reasoning about health, wellbeing and workload. Additionally, this requires the establishment of guidelines that employees can relate to, be able to define work and to counter the factors that are contrary to established guidelines.

  • 1107.
    Basaran, Hülya
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Ett herrans liv": en diskursanalytisk studie om skolavslutning i kyrkan2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det finns skilda uppfattningar om var skolan skall ha skolavlutning inför sommarlovet. Kyrkan som plats för skolavslutning skapar debatt när anhängare och motståndare vill definiera vad skolavslutning i kyrkan är, bör vara och/eller kan innebära. Olika uppfattningar och tolkningar av skolans styrdokument har mynnat ut i att skolavslutning i kyrkan har diskuterats flitigt i media.  Bakgrunden, eller det så kallade forskningsproblemet uppstår just i oenigheten över skolavslutning i kyrkan. Åsiktsströmningar om skolavslutning i kyrkan öppnar upp för att undersöka vilka diskurser som finns i media. Syfte: Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur skolavslutning i kyrkan konstrueras och vilka diskurser som framträder i artiklar i dagstidningar. Metod: Studien innefattar analys av texter i utvald nyhetsmedia. Kritisk diskursanalys som specifik teori med ansats av socialkonstruktion. Resultat: Resultatet visar att det finns meningsskillnader i frågan där ställningstagandet producerar föreställningar och kategoriseringar av motståndarna. Skolavslutning i kyrkan konstrueras som ett problem som grundar sig i att samhället har blivit mångkulturellt. Sympatisörer till kyrklig skolavslutning konstruerar den som svensk, naturlig, fin och som en tradition och de personer som tillskrivs vilja ha skolavslutning i kyrkan konstrueras homogena, passiva och laglydiga. Skolavslutning i kyrkan framställs som hotad av ”byråkrater” och människor med annan religion. Byråkraterna konstrueras vara odemokratiska när de inte följer majoritetens vilja – att ha skolavslutning i kyrkan.  Byråkrater tillskrivs därtill driva ett projekt som stegvis kommer att urarva svenskheten. Skolavslutningen i kyrkan konstrueras vara hotad. Motståndare menar att skolavslutning exkluderar elever och att kyrkan som plats under tillställningen strider mot lagar. Mot -diskurserna är inte lika synliga som diskurserna som är för skolavslutning i kyrkan. Skolan beskrivs som ”en skola för alla” som inte skall indoktrinera någon religion eller bryta mot lagar. De rådande diskurserna påvisar den kamp som pågår att definiera vad skolavslutning i kyrkan är. Resultatet påvisar vilka som har tolkningsföreträde och hur personer inom diskurserna tillskrivs olika egenskaper och tillhöra andra grupper.

  • 1108.
    Basaran, Hüsnücan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    El Labaki, Jonathan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Byggprojektledning: att strukturera upp projektledares tillvägagångssätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The bachelor's thesis of 15 credits was carried out in Vara municipality after the property manager stated a need. The task was to standardize the project managers' approach in terms of management and structure, and to improve the possibility of new recruitments and takeovers of existing projects. With the help of interviews, it was identified that the project managers worked in different ways without tools to support structuring and managing their projects.

    In order to be able to answer how the problem image could be sorted out, the writers designed a content for a manual that the project managers could use. By following the contents of the manual, the project managers are expected to be able to more easily manage and structure their projects. As a result of a standardized work method, new recruitments and takeover of projects are also expected to be simplified.

    The introductory chapter of the bachelor's thesis describes how the background to the work looked, as well as the purpose, goal and delimitation.

    The second chapter describes the writers' method for designing the work that followed a scientific starting point.

    The third chapter consists of the writers' theory sections that were needed to create an understanding of how the actual construction process and the project management process could look. This chapter was used as a knowledge base to be able to make decisions about the contents of the manual.

    With the help of interviews and meetings at the municipality, a current situation analysis was formed, which is presented in chapter four. The current situation analysis was used as a basis for designing the contents of the manual.

    In the fifth chapter, the contents of the manual are described using a presented result as well as discussion and analysis of why the content was necessary for the project managers to follow.

    Finally, in the sixth chapter, a conclusion is drawn about how the purpose of the degree project should be fulfilled and a future recommendation for continued work in the subject area.

  • 1109.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Be fearless : Positive affect as a mediator between venturesomeness and self-efficacy in future entrepreneurs and managers: Être intrépide : affect positif agissant comme médiateur entre l’audace et la connaissance de ses propres capacités chez les futurs entrepreneurs et managers2018In: Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology, ISSN 1162-9088, Vol. 68, no 4-5, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and objectives. – Self-efficacy, personality and different affect states in entrepreneurs and managers are important factors for effectiveness and well-being. The aim of the study was to examine in young adults during entrepreneurship-related education, the relationships between venturesomeness and self-efficacy, and the mediating effects of positive affect and positive emotions (joviality, self-assurance, attentiveness) on these relationships.

    Method. – One hundred and fifty-three participants (mean age 22 years) completed questionnaires that assessed venturesomeness, general self-efficacy, positive affect (measured as a state), and positive emotions. Bootstrapping analyses with simple and multiple mediators were conducted, controlled for gender, to estimate the indirect effects of positive affect and positive emotions on venturesomeness and general self-efficacy.

    Results. – Venturesomeness was significantly correlated with self-efficacy. Positive affect (model 1), joviality and self-assurance, but not attentiveness (model 2), were complete mediators in the relationship between venturesomeness and self-efficacy.

    Conclusion. – The present study provides new evidence that heightened venturesomeness is related to higher levels of positive affect, self-assurance and joviality. Venturesomeness, therefore, may strengthen self-efficacy in young people during entrepreneurship-related education, and positive emotions may lead to an aware use of resources, including self-efficacy. These results may stimulate young people to be braveand to try new experiences.

  • 1110.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Pozytywny afekt a relacja między śmiałością, impulsywnością i własną skutecznością [Positive affectivity and the relationship between venturesomeness, impulsiveness and self-efficacy]2012In: Zdrowie w cyklu zycia czlowieka [Health across the life span] / [ed] Oginska-Bulik, Nina & Miniszewska, Joanna, Lodz: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Lodzkiego, 2012, 1., p. 109-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent research has demonstrated a relationship between personality, affectivity and performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of basic and general positive affectivity on personality traits (venturesomeness and impulsiveness) and self-efficacy. Methods: The correlational design was used. 175 students filled in the Impulsiveness – Venturesomeness - Empathy Inventory (Eysenck et al., 1985), PANAS (Watson, Clark, 1994 - basic and general positive affectivity) and General Self-Efficacy (GESE by Schwarzer et al., 2008). Findings: Impulsiveness did not matter to the strength of self-efficacy, and was independent of positive affectivity. The results obtained indicated a significant mediating effect of basic positive affectivity, self-assurance and joviality, on the link between venturesomeness and general self-efficacy, and a direct impact of general positive affectivity on self-efficacy.

  • 1111.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Academy, Szczytno, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Burnout among a group of policemen: the role of fatigue and emotions in the work context2012In: Book of Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference / [ed] Jain, Aditya, Hollis, David, Andreou, Nicholas, Wehrle, Flavia, Nottingham: I-WHO, International House, Jubilee Campus , 2012, p. 125-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Policework is a profession with a high risk of operational and organizational stress at work. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of job-related affectivity and fatigue on burnout; specifically we aimed to study the relation between acute fatigue and burnout and the indirect role of emotion during work.

    We adopted the concept of burnout with two components: exhaustion and disengagement (Halbesleben & Demerouti, 2005). In this concept, exhaustion is related to the energetic aspect, and disengagement is connected to the motivational aspect. We hypothesized that acute fatigue is a precursor to burnout. According to Van Katwyk et al. (2000), psychological well-being is synonymous with work-related affectivity, and emotions are classified into four categories: high and low-arousal of pleasant emotions and high and low-arousal of unpleasant emotions. According to the theory of stress by Selye (1978), eustress and distress are assumed to be a high arousal of emotion.

    Methods: Acute fatigue was measured by the index in accordance with the Japan Society for Occupational Health. In order to investigate exhaustion and disengagement the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used (Halbesleben & Demerouti, 2005). Job-related affective well-being was used to assess emotions within the work context (Van Katwyk et al., 2000). Hierarchical regressions analyses were performed.

    Group: 187 policemen (28 women) filled in the questionnaires. Half of them worked in the prevention department and one-third were on duty in the criminal division. Their average work experience was 14.7 years (range 5 - 28).

    Results: Fatigue had a direct impact on exhaustion and disengagement. This first effect was 3 times stronger than the second. In the next step the emotions were entered into these separate models. We observed that a low arousal of unpleasant emotions had an indirect relation with fatigue and exhaustion. Additionally, a high arousal of positive and negative emotions (eustress and distress) mediated between fatigue and disengagement. These effects of partial mediation were large (f2 = .34 and f2 = .32 respectively).

    Conclusion: Our results indicate that a high arousal of emotions can lead to a deterioration of motivation of work, but a low arousal of negative emotions reduce energetic ability to work among policemen.

     

     

  • 1112.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Acad Szczytno, Dept Adm, SzczytnoPoland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fatigue and burnout in police officers: the mediating role of emotions2014In: Policing: an international Journal of Police Strategies and Managment, ISSN 1363-951X, E-ISSN 1758-695X, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 665-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The policing profession is associated with psychosocial hazard. Fatigue and burnout often affect police officers, and may impair the functioning of the organization and public safety. The relationship between fatigue and burnout may be modified by job-related emotions. While negative emotions have been extensively studied, the role of positive emotions at work is relatively less known. Additionally, there is insufficient knowledge about the role of the intensity of emotions. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of job-related emotions in the relationship between fatigue and burnout in police officers.

    Design/methodology/approach – In all, 169 police officers (26 women) completed a test battery that assessed acute fatigue, burnout (Oldenburg Burnout Inventory: exhaustion and disengagement), and emotions (Job-related Affective Well-being Scale).

    Findings – Acute fatigue was associated more strongly with exhaustion than with disengagement. Low-arousal negative emotions partially mediated the relationship between fatigue and exhaustion. High-arousal positive and negative emotions were partial mediators between fatigue and disengagement experienced by police officers.

    Research limitations/implications – The results show that high-arousal emotions were associated with changes in work motivation, while low-arousal negative emotions reduced energetic ability to work.

    Originality/value – This paper enhances understanding of burnout among police officers and the mediating role of emotions. The patterns of the relationships between fatigue, burnout and emotions are discussed in the context of the conservation of resources theory and the tripartite model of anxiety and depression.

  • 1113.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Academy in Szczytno, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fatigue, vigor and dedication: the role of job-related emotions2013In: Imagine the future world: How do we want to work tomorrow? / [ed] Hertel, Guido & Holling, Heinz, 2013, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim of the study was to examine the role of job-related positive and negative emotions between acute fatigue at work and engagement. We tested two components of engagement: vigor (energetic aspect) and dedication (motivational aspect). We hypothesized that negative emotions mediate in energy depletion process and positive emotions mediate in broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

    Design/Methodology. Fatigue was measured by an index in accordance with the Japan Society for Occupational Health. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – short version (UWES) was used to evaluate vigor and dedication (Schaufeli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006). Job-related affective well-being (JAWS) was used to assess positive and negative emotions (Van Katwyk et al., 2000). The study group consisted of 174 police officers (the average tenure of 10 years, range 1–23).

    Results. Baron and Kenny approach and the Sobel test supported our hypotheses. Fatigue was more negative related to vigor than dedication. We observed that positive and negative emotions fully mediated between fatigue and vigor (large effect size f2 = .36). Additionally, positive emotions fully mediated between fatigue and dedication (medium effect size f2 = .16). We confirmed these results by the Sobel test.

    Limitations. The correlational design was applied.

    Research/Practical Implications. Our results indicate that in police officers positive emotions may lead to broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

  • 1114.
    Basińska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Values of Police Officers and their Relationship with Job Burnout and Work Engagement2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Values represent people’s highest priorities and are cognitive representations of basic motivations. Work values determine what is important for employees in their work and what they want to achieve in their work. Past research shows that levels of both aspects of job-related well-being, job burnout and work engagement, are related to work values. The policing profession is associated with high engagement and a risk of burnout. There is a gap in the literature regarding the hierarchy of work values in police officers, how work values are associated with job burnout and work engagement in this group, and whether work values in police officers are sensitive to different levels of job burnout and work engagement. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the relationships between work values and job burnout and work engagement, in a group of experienced police officers. We investigated: (a) the hierarchy of work values based on Super’s theory of career development, (b) relationships between work values and burnout and work engagement, and (c) differences between the work values in four groups (burned-out, strained, engaged, and relaxed). A group of 234 Polish police officers completed the Work Values Inventory (WVI) modeled upon Super’s theory, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results show that police officers gave the highest priority to extrinsic work values. Job burnout was negatively correlated with the cognitive intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, and Variety), while work engagement was positively correlated with the largest group of intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, Variety, Altruism, and Achievement), as well as with the extrinsic work values (Prestige and Co-workers). The police officers showed significant differences, between levels of job burnout and work engagement, for intrinsic work values such as Variety, Challenge, and Creativity (large effects), and for Altruism and Prestige (moderate effects). The findings are discussed within the context of the Conservation of Resources theory, which explains how people invest and protect their personal resources, and how this is connected with preferred work values. We conclude that intrinsic work values are sensitive to different levels of burnout and engagement.

  • 1115.
    Bassem Yehia, Khaled
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Abdowod,, Vahab
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Analys av indikatorerna AIT, AIF, SAIDI och SAIFI i lokalnätet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate (EI) is a regulatory authority for electricity, district heating and natural gas, where one of their tasks is to control the company's power distribution quality. A good electrical delivery reliability is determined on the basis of EI:s regulations and general advice in the publication EIFS 2013:1.

    Every year, the power distribution companies reports data to EI of the disturbances they have had in their networks, which is used to measure and analyse the electrical delivery reliability in the Swedish electricity grid. EI uses established indicators that describe the electrical delivery reliability of the distribution networks in Sweden. The indicators used today are named SAIDI and SAIFI, which are customer-weighted indices that describe the average interruption duration and the average interruption frequency for a specific network.

    In the beginning of 2019, EI will consider introducing two indicators to replace the current SAIDI and SAIFI indices, the indicators are being defined as AIT and AIF. According to EI, these indicators will be better than SAIDI and SAIFI as they take into consideration the customer's expected power consumption during the power outage.

    The purpose of this report is to investigate how the new indicators AIT and AIF affects the delivery reliability indicators in GENAB:s network, where these indicators are exercised on different types of networks and then compared. How the network can be made more efficient in the future by means of automation in the network is investigated based on the results on the indicators.

    From the results and investigations, it can be concluded that the transition to AIT and AIF will result in an increase of the indicator´s interruption time and the number of interruptions for customers per year in GENAB:s network.

  • 1116. Basu, A.
    et al.
    Chakraborty, J.
    Shariff, S. M.
    Padmanabham, G.
    Joshi, S. V.
    Sundararajan, G.
    Dutta Majumdar, J.
    Manna, I.
    Laser surface hardening of austempered (bainitic) ball bearing steel2007In: Scripta Materialia, Vol. 56, no 10, p. 887-890Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns laser surface hardening (LSH) of austempered SAE 52100 steel to enhance hardness and wear resistance. Following LSH with selected laser parameters, surface microstructure and mechanical properties were evaluated by optical/scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, hardness measurement and wear studies, and thermal profile modeling. The results suggest that LSH could develop residual compressive stress and high hardness and wear resistance in this steel without affecting the bainitic core. © 2007 Acta Materialia Inc.

  • 1117.
    Battabyal, Manjusha
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Norell, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Goutier, Simon
    University of Limoges.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Comparison of microstructure in Ni-Al single splats and millimeter sized droplets2011In: Surface Modification Technologies XXV : Proceedings of the Twenty Fith International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies - SMT25: Trolhättan June 20-22, 2011, 2011, p. 3-12Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1118.
    Batungwanayo, Guillaume
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Weld bead tracking by use of an infra-red vision system2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A survey of robotized seam-tracking techniques was conducted in preparation for a project consisting of using an infrared camera on a robot for on one side collect continuous weld images for NDT inspection and on the other one track the weld joint. The tracking system can be used to discover the position of the weld bead without previous information. The robust system is outlined, along with its merits and disadvantages.

  • 1119. Batungwanayo, Guillaume
    et al.
    Runnemalm, Anna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Ericsson, Mikael
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Electrical and Automation Engineering.
    Weld Joint Tracking System in an Automatic Inspection Cell by Using Emissivity Variation2014In: Proceedings of the 6th International Swedish Production Symposium 2014 / [ed] Stahre, Johan, Johansson, Björn & Björkman, Mats, 2014, p. 1-7Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermography has proven to be a suitable nondestructive testing method for automatic crack inspection of welds. However automatic weld inspection raises challenges. E.g. the position of the weld might not be exactly as the predefined weld seam, and a weld joint tracking system is needed. To reduce the number of equipment used, a solution is presented in this papers. The infrared camera in the thermography system is a carrier of information of the weld path. This is used for the weld joint tracking system. It is shown that the weld joint tracker is fast enough for an on-line automatic inspection.

  • 1120.
    Bauer, G.F.
    et al.
    Center of Salutogenesis, Institute of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Prevention, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Roy, M.
    Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada,.
    Bakibinga, P.
    Health Challenges and Systems Research Program, African Population & Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya,.
    Contu, P.
    Department of Medical Sciences and Public health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardegna, Italy.
    Downe, S.
    School of Community Health and Midwifery, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Espnes, G.A.
    Center for Health Promotion Research, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Jensen, B.B.
    8 Health Promotion, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.
    Juvinya Canal, D.
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.
    Lindström, B.
    Center for Health Promotion Research, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Mittelmark, M.B.
    Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Morgan, A.R.
    School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.
    Pelikan, J.M.
    Institute of Sociology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Saboga-Nunes, L.
    Institute of Sociology, University of Education Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Sagy, S.
    Center for Health Promotion Research, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Shorey, S.
    Alice Lee Center for Nursing Studies, Yong Lo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore .
    Vaandrager, L.
    Department of Social Sciences, Health and Society, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Vinje, H.F.
    Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Health, Social and Welfare Studies, University College of Southeast Norway, Kongsberg, Vestfold, Norway.
    Future directions for the concept of salutogenesis: A position article2019In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aaron Antonovsky advanced the concept of salutogenesis almost four decades ago (Antonovsky, Health, Stress and Coping. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 1979; Unravelling the Mystery of Health. Jossey-Bass,San Francisco, CA, 1987). Salutogenesis posits that life experiences shape the sense of coherence (SOC)VC that helps to mobilize resources to cope with stressors and manage tension successfully (determiningone's movement on the health Ease/Dis-ease continuum). Antonovsky considered the three-dimensionalSOC (i.e. comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness) as the key answer to his question about theorigin of health. The field of health promotion has adopted the concept of salutogenesis as reflected in theinternational Handbook of Salutogenesis (Mittelmark et al., The Handbook of Salutogenesis. Springer,New York, 2016). However, health promotion mostly builds on the more vague, general salutogenic orientation that implies the need to foster resources and capacities to promote health and wellbeing. Tostrengthen the knowledge base of salutogenesis, the Global Working Group on Salutogenesis (GWG-Sal)of the International Union of Health Promotion and Education produced the Handbook of Salutogenesis.During the creation of the handbook and the regular meetings of the GWG-Sal, the working group identified four key conceptual issues to be advanced: (i) the overall salutogenic model of health; (ii) the SOC concept; (iii) the design of salutogenic interventions and change processes in complex systems; (iv) the application of salutogenesis beyond health sector. For each of these areas, we first highlight Antonovsky'soriginal contribution and then present suggestions for future development. These ideas will help guideGWG-Sal's work to strengthen salutogenesis as a theory base for health promotion.

  • 1121.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lamas, K
    Umeå University, Nursing, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Facilitators and barriers for physical activity in adults with congenital heart disease2018In: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 39, no suppl_1, p. 1120-1121, article id ehy566.P5433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A majority of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended level of physical activity. A physically active lifestyle is essential to maintain health and counteract acquired cardiovascular disease. This study illuminates aspects that may be relevant for performing physical activity.Purpose: To describe facilitators and barriers for physical activity in adults with CHD.Methods: Semi-structured interviews were performed individually with fourteen adults (age 19–68 years, women=7) with complex CHD. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.Results: Aspects that may enable or inhibit physical activity were found in two domains; Facilitators and Barriers, which both consisted of four categories physical, psychological, psychosocial and environmental aspects (Table 1).

  • 1122.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden; Department of Nursing, Sweden.
    Dellborg, Mikael
    Gothenburg University, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden..
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sweden.
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Sweden.
    Engström, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Science, Cardiothoracic Surgery Division,.
    Moons, Philip
    KU Leuven Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Belgium; Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Sweden..
    Patient reported outcomes are associated with physical activity level in adults with congenital heart disease.2017In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 243, p. 174-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In general, adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have impaired exercise capacity, and approximately 50% do not reach current recommendations on physical activity. Herein we analysed factors associated with physical activity level (PAL) in adults with CHD by using patient-reported outcomes (PRO).

    METHODS: Patients with CHD (n=471) were randomly selected from the national register on CHD and categorized according to complexity of lesions - simple (n=172, 39.1±14.6years), moderate (n=212, 39±14.1years), and severe (n=87, 31.7±10.7years). Participants completed a standardized questionnaire measuring PRO-domains including PAL. Variables associated with PAL were tested in multivariate logistic regression.

    RESULTS: PAL was categorized into high (≥3 METs ≥2.5h/week, n=192) and low (≥3 METs <2.5h/week, n=279). Patients with low PAL were older (42.6 vs. 35.8years, p≤0.001), had more prescribed medications (51% vs. 39%, p=0.009), more symptoms (25% vs. 16%, p=0.02) and comorbidity (45% vs. 34% p=0.02). Patients with low PAL rated a lower quality of life (76.6 vs. 83.4, p<0.001), satisfaction with life (25.6 vs. 27.3, p=0.003), a lower Physical Component Summary score (PCS) (78.1 vs. 90.5, p<0.001) and Mental Component Summary score (MCS) (73.5 vs. 79.5, p<0.001). Complexity of heart lesion was not associated with PAL. The included PROs - separately tested in the model, together with age were associated with PAL.

    CONCLUSIONS: PCS and MCS are stronger associated with PAL than age and medical factors. The use of these PROs could therefore provide valuable information of benefit for individualized advice regarding physical activity to patients with CHD.

  • 1123.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine Department of Nursing.
    Lämås, Kristina
    Umeå University, Department of Nursing, .
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Sweden.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    It's like balancing on a slackline: A description of how adults with congenital heart disease describe themselves in relation to physical activity2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 15-16, p. 3131-3138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how adults with CHD describe themselves in relation to physical activity.

    BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended daily level of physical activity. With this in view, it is of immense importance to investigate how this population experiences physical activity.

    DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews analysed with qualitative content analysis.

    METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were individually performed with fourteen adults (women=7, age 19-68 years) with complex CHD. Patients were purposively recruited from the clinic waiting list, based on a scheduled follow-up and diagnosis.

    RESULTS: The overall theme, It's like balancing on a slackline, illustrates how adults with CHD described themselves in relation to physical activity. This overall theme consisted of four subthemes: (1) Being an adventurer- enjoying the challenges of physical activity; (2) Being a realist- adapting to physical ability; (3) Being a non-doer- lacking prerequisites for physical activity; and (4) Being an outsider- feeling excluded depending on physical ability.

    CONCLUSIONS: Adults with CHD seem to have a diverse relationship to physical activity and it involves various aspects throughout the lifespan. The findings point out factors that might constitute as obstacles for being physically active, specific for people with chronic conditions like CHD. This highlights the importance of further exploring the hindering and facilitating factors for being physically active in order to get a deeper understanding of how to support adults with CHD to be physically active.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Given the diverse relationship to physical activity, nurses have to further investigate the patients' relationship to physical activity, in order to support a healthy lifestyle. Nurses and allied health professionals should offer individualized exercise prescriptions and education about suitable physical activities in relation to physical ability. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 1124.
    Bayar, Aylin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bergman, Tilde
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Att förändra utan att förstöra: En intervjuundersökning om hur externa byråer arbetar med rebranding2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are required to have the ability to be attractive because of today's intense market. They have to constantly make sure that their visual elements and graphic profile are related to the current market conditions. Furthermore the market are placing higher demands on how companies expose their brands and quite often the companies have to do a rebrand to keep their brand relevant. To do this, companies often have to hire an external party, such as an external advertising- or media agency.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what causes a rebranding and how the external agencys are working with the process. The study also examines which factors the agencies take into account when designing a new visual identity and whether it's important to preserve certain core elements from the previous visual identity. This is investigated based on following questions: "What are the reasons to why a company chooses to do a rebrand?", "What do external agencies take into account when designing a new visual identity?" and "Is it important to maintain graphic elements from the previous visual identity?".

    To answer the questions, the researchers have applied a qualitative study where semi-structured interviews have been implemented. Theory is based on secondary sources and previous research that deals with the area of rebranding, visual identity and the different elements of identity.

    The reasons to rebranding can be different. The study also shows that some companies have a visual identity that does not interact with their products or services, which is the reason to rebranding. In summary, the external agencies take into account many of the aspects surrounding the design that are brought up by previous research, but the study also adds new perspectives.

  • 1125.
    Bayar, Sevinç
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Ryckenberg, Anette
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av möten med patienter från andra kulturer och deras närstående: en intervjustudie om smärta2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: Many Swedish inhabitants origin from different countries with different cultures that may show pain in other ways than Swedes. The Swedish law stress that nursing care should be done individually according to the patient's capabilities and needs. Aim and Method: The aim of this study was to describe nurses´ experiences of encounters with patients from other cultures with pain, and also their next of kin. Qualitative interviews were carried out with seven nurses. The interviews were analysed with the starting point in Giger and Davidhizars Transcultural Assessment Model and the six phenomena: communication, space, social organisation, time, environmental control and biological diversity. Result: The result shows that the majority of the nurses were of the opinion that patients from other cultures express pain differently verbally and non-verbally. The next of kin was important for the patient. Fear, unknowledge and unfamiliarity sometimes made the nurses react in a way they did not want to. All phenomena, except biological diversity, were included in the result. Conclusion: Better knowledge about other cultures and patients' view of illness and disease would make it easier for the nurse to understand the patient and to encounter differences in pain expression.

  • 1126.
    Bayard, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Erixon, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kontorslandskapet: hur påverkas kommunikationen och vad innebär det för den psykosociala arbetsmiljön?2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 1127.
    Beagan, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Brandberg, Jessica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hälsa och lidande efter en njurtransplantation: En beskrivning av patienters erfarenheter att leva med en ny njure2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden last year 426 patients received a new kidney. As a patient you can be on a waiting list for a kidney transplantation between 1-3 years, sometimes longer. While waiting for a kidney transplantation dialysis is often required. Kidney transplantation is the renal replacement therapy of choice for more than 55 % of people with kidney failure. Despite improvements of quality of life in physical, social and psychological domains many factors influence life in a negative way.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients’ experiences after a kidney transplant.

    Method: A literature-study was based on ten qualitative research articles.

    Result: Our analysis of the result emerged in two themes; "Adaption from ill to health with side-effects" and "Difficulties to make friends with uncertainty". Patients experienced a wide range of emotions while trying to adjust to life after transplantation. It is a complex task to establish normality in the shadow of troublesome side-effects and the constant risk of rejection.

    Conclusions: The kidney transplant patient often hovers between health and suffering. It is a big adjustment in life to try to live as a healthy person but along with side-effects and constant threat of graft rejection on the patients’ mind. To learn to cope with the situation and move towards acceptance the patient also needs hope. The nurse must be attentive to what the patient experiences to be able to support the patient in the process of striving towards health.

  • 1128.
    Beaubert, F.
    et al.
    TEMPO, UVHC, Campus Mont Houy, 59313 Valenciennes Cedex 9, France.
    Pálsson, H.
    University of Iceland, Sæmundargötu 2, Reykjavík 101, Iceland.
    Lalot, S.
    EMPO, UVHC, Campus Mont Houy, Valenciennes Cedex 9, France.
    Choquet, Isabelle
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Mechanical Engineering.
    Bauduin, H.
    EMPO, UVHC, Campus Mont Houy, Valenciennes Cedex 9, France.
    Fundamental mode of freely decaying laminar swirling flows2016In: Applied Mathematical Modelling, ISSN 0307-904X, E-ISSN 1872-8480, Vol. 40, no 13-14, p. 6218-6233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract A detailed study of a swirling flow in a tube is presented in the first part of the paper. A simplified analytical solution of the governing equations indicates specific modes of the tangential velocity and that the decay of the swirl effect is exponential. The problem is then solved in three dimensions using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and a comparison with analytical expressions shows that the CFD code is reliable in terms of accuracy. The CFD results confirm that a fundamental swirling mode is reached within a short distance from the inlet. The torque swirl number is introduced to physically estimate the intensity of the swirl. A companion value is given: it is the average deviation.

  • 1129.
    Beaubert, Francois
    et al.
    Valenciennes University.
    Pálsson, Halldór
    University of Iceland.
    Lalot, Sylvain
    Valenciennes University.
    Choquet, Isabelle
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Bauduin, Hadrian
    Valenciennes University.
    Design of a device to induce swirling flow in pipes: A rational approach2015In: Comptes rendus. Mecanique, ISSN 1631-0721, E-ISSN 1873-7234, Vol. 343, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a rational approach is proposed to design a device for inducing swirling flow in heat exchanger pipes, for improved efficiency in the laminar regime. First, 2D computational fluid dynamics results lead to select, among four profiles, the blade profile with the most favorable lift to drag ratio. Then, the fluid flow in the swirler made with the selected blade profile is simulated in 3D, for Reynolds numbers ranging from 50 to 1600. Based on the simulation results, an analytic approximation of the evolution of the tangential fluid velocity is proposed as a function of the Reynolds number.

  • 1130.
    Becker Gruvstedt, Maria
    et al.
    Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University.
    Niemi, Mariella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Östnäs, Anna
    The first steps on starting courses in music for students with intellectual disabilities at the Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University: Ways, means and barriers2012In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: Special Issue: A World of Potential, 2012, Vol. 56, no 7-8, p. -713Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The education system in Sweden has not yet formed a sustainable way into higher education and lifelong learning for students with intellectual disabilities. Discussions on inclusive education nationally in society are ongoing but few concrete examples have yet been implemented. This presentation will present experiences from the first attempt to organize and provide courses for students with intellectual disabilities within higher music education in Sweden. Methods: Two courses were given at the Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University in 2010 and 2011. The content of the first course focused on the history of music, rhythm and ensemble playing. The second one focused on Opera as an art form with both process and product as means of learning. Results & Conclusions: The experiences show the students' capability to develop and enhance musical expression. However, questions concerning (a) the quality of music education currently available to students with ID, (b) pedagogical approaches in the academy, (c) rules for admission to higher education and (d) different attitudes to widening participation within the academies has emerged and need to be processed.

  • 1131.
    Becker, Wulf
    et al.
    Statens livsmedelsverk, Uppsala.
    Hambraeus, Leif
    Institutionen för näringslära, Uppsala universitet.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Institutionen för klinisk fysiologi, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala.
    Hög proteinhalt i svensk mat: en hälsorik?1996In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 93, no 1-2, p. 37-40Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Proteininnehållet i svenskkost är relativt högt i förhållande till internationella rekommendationer. Höga proteinintaghos barn har satts i samband med ökad risk för övervikt. Hos vuxna har ett högt proteinintag,och därmed förhöjda homocysteinnivåer i serum, samtidigt med ett lågt intag av folacin förts fram som riskfaktorer förhjärt–kärlsjukdom. Det finns inga fördelar – men eventuellt nackdelar – med ett proteinintag över 15 energiprocent, eller1,5 g/kg kroppsvikt.

  • 1132.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det handlar om att kompromissa": Unga Vuxna Samtalar Om Livsval, Framtidstankar Och Hur Det Är Att Bo Och Studera I Västerviks Kommun2018Report (Other academic)
  • 1133.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Exempel 10: Ung och arbetslös i Västervik2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 100-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1134.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Re-imagining Work and Masculinity in a Postindustrial Society2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the narratives of young working-class men, living in a small town in Sweden that is located outside the regions with economic growth. As in many other European countries, the rate of unemployment among Swedish youth is disproportionally high. Based upon material consisting of in-depth interviews with unemployed young men, the paper will analyze the changed meaning of masculinity in relation to work in a postindustrial society. Since working-class masculinity has traditionally been closely connected to wage labor and to the ability to provide for oneself as well as being the breadwinner of the family, the lack of resources that unemployment implies, means that masculinity and its relational implications must be re-imagined. The young men's narratives can thereby be seen to reflect social and cultural changes that have taken place on a structural level related to the labor market, the educational system, as well as the changed conditions for the formation of social identities. The intergenerational working-class culture on the one hand and neoliberal ideas permeating activities for the unemployed, such as training- and coaching-programs, on the other – serve as reference points for the young men's experience of subordination. In many ways the situation described was marked by deficiency and vulnerability, an effect of the social division of today, where the long-term unemployed are depicted as 'abject others' and even more so if placed in subordinated categories such as (non)working-class males, living in the back country. But what also can be traced in the young men's own narratives are some critical reflections and possible alternative ways of forming social identities and masculinities. This is furthermore related to different kinds of work ethics than the familiar one they have been socialized into when growing up and the other one that they have met as jobseekers.

  • 1135.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Göteborg.
    Väntan: Etnografiskt kollage kring ett mellanrum2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is about waiting. It's about what happens when an ethnographer goes into the field and asks people to fill a small and indeterminate word like waiting with thoughts, experiences and recollections. The study is primarily based on twenty qualitative interviews with thirteen interviewees in Gothenburg. The interviewees were selected from the ethnographer's own circle of acquaintances and constitute a fairly homogenous group of individuals. They are early middle-aged, were brought up in Sweden during the 1960s and 1970s, belong to a relatively well-educated lower middle-class, have artistic/cultural interests and work in the public/cultural sector. In an attempt to put the interviewees' narratives into a wider context, I have collected and used supplementary material in the form of different narratives communicated, for example, through the mass media, fiction, DIY-books, popular science and art. A central point of departure in the study is that the words we use are filled with meanings that we ourselves assign to them, and that an interview is a form of narrative in which knowledge is constructed at that particular moment in time. The aim of this dissertation is to study some of the articulations of waiting. What kind of waiting is highlighted in the narratives of waiting in every day life? Which words, themes, images, characters and motifs are available to use and grapple with? What is the purpose of waiting, and which ideals, norms and perceptions connected with waiting emerge? By listening to and studying the articulations of waiting I capture a time-dimension – that is partly about an everyday perception and organisation of time and partly about a central aspect of becoming a subject at a more existential level. The aspect of time that has been captured here indicates that waiting is about change. When subjectivity is understood as something that happens, an activity, an action or a process, movement is at the core. Being or becoming a subject demands transition and change – the movement from one state to another. Fulfilling oneself means moving between the different positions that one seeks to occupy. Waiting can thus be said to capture the actual passage, which means that this state that we usually define as something stationary and uneventful is actually an important productive mechanism. This then constitutes the actual effort, attempt and charging up involved in being able to attain something else. The driving force in all these processes is different kinds of imagined needs – the need to become a subject and be fulfilled.

  • 1136.
    Beckman, Anita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    "Jag skulle så jätte, jätte, jättegärna vilja ha ett fast jobb att gå  till": om att vara ung och arbetslös i Västervik2017Report (Other academic)
  • 1137.
    Beckman, Anita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Sverige.
    "Kvar vid barnbordet...": om unga vuxna utanför arbetsmarknaden2018In: Barn och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 529-543Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1138.
    Beganovic, Melissa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sadinmaa Halttu, Sara
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Självskadebeteende: En litteraturöversikt om faktorer som påverkar mötet och bemötandet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The definition of self-harm is described as a conscious act of harm towards oneself without the intent of suicide. The hospital staffs attitudes are important in the encounter with a patient who self-harms. A negative attitude can increase the self-harm, while a positive attitude can prevent it. Factors that can influence the attitudes of staff and the encounter with a patient who self-harms include respect, understanding and sympathy. Aim The aim of this study was to illuminate factors that influence the encounter with a patient and the attitudes of hospital staff toward people with a self-injurious behavior, when being treated for self-harming or mental illness. Method The study was conducted as a literature review with both qualitative and quantitative articles. Twelve articles were analyzed with a focus on differences and similarities. This resulted in four themes. Results The overall result

    displays factors that influence the encounter and attitudes toward patients whit self-injurious behavior. The first theme discusses the lack of understanding and knowledge. The second theme underlines the staffs lack of genuine interest, sympathy and responsiveness. The third theme highlights the absence of availability and patience among staff. The final theme illuminates the staffs emotional experiences in the encounter with self-injurious patients.

    Conclusion The study reveals a lack of knowledge, education and sympathy among hospital staff towards patients who self-harm. This affects the encounter and the attitudes negatively. More education on the subject is necessary to ensure an improved and effective care

  • 1139.
    Begby, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Apelqvist, Hampus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Den asymmetriska karaktärsanatomin: En jämförande analys av kroppsliga differenser vid animering av asymmetriska och symmetriska karaktärer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how asymmetrical anatomy on 3D CGI characters can be constructed and influence experiences. The paper is based on comparing symmetrical and asymmetrical characters for a given situation. The experiment contains of two character animations where both characters are walking up on a staircase. One of the character has a prosthetic leg, otherwise, both characters have identical design for the same situation. For this thesis the character with asymmetrical leg is called 'asymmetrical character'.

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify and examine the effect of the differences between the characters, based on three of Disney's twelve animation principles (Frank Thomas & Ollie Johnston, 1981, s.47). The three most common, and chosen principles are: Anticipation, Exaggeration and Squash & Stretch. The comparison also include differences calculated in frames, and a discussion on considering the center of mass and the balance for figures. The aim is to create more believable characters and show how the combination of these factors can improve the reliability of the animation, and help to keep the suspension of disbelief alive.

    The results shows how the three animation principles applied to symmetrical and asymmetrical characters differs in terms of 1) usage, 2) needed frames, and 3) handling the center of gravity and obtaining balance for the characters. By interpreting the results, this study contributes to guidelines for the students interested in animation to create animation on asymmetrical characters. Since asymmetrical characters are needed for many settings, awareness about the resources required for asymmetrical characters should be clearer. Changing symmetrical characters to asymmetrical can also be common, and therefore methods and requirements for understanding the changes should be already described in handbooks and manuals used for character animations.

  • 1140.
    Begicevic, Dias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vi ses på nätet: en studie om ungdomars sätt att umgås via datorn2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When young people today tend to spend part of their leisure time in front of the computer and communicate via various internet-based communication tools may the question be asked if the communication is different from the communication that takes place in reality, and this in turn influences the ability to communicate in an empathic way with their fellow human beings. The question formulation is about if communication via the internet and in real life is different from each other, how young people look at the interaction via the internet-based communication tools, and how this affects them. The method that has been used is qualitative interviews to get as detailed answer as possible by the respondents.The survey results show that young people differ in their way to be, depending on the form of socializing utilized. The selection of social company form are based on mood, the home's rules, weather and season. Internet-based communication tools are used more as a supplement to physical meetings rather than replacing them, in spite of this there is a skepticism from the parents against Internet communication. It can be concluded that the interaction and communication via the internet is not a substitute for physical interaction with other people, but rather serves as a complement to this. An awareness that the communication over the internet can seem harsher exists and it is not used in physical meetings and that communications over the internet seems to be more intense during a short period of adolescence can also conclude that the interaction with other people in real life is not significantly affected.The work does largely agree with what previous research has shown.

  • 1141.
    Behrman, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Larsson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "de flesta mår ju bra, men många ungdomar mår dåligt, så är det ju": En kvalitativ studie om skolsköterskors syn på faktorer som påverkar ungdomars mentala hälsa2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden most young people feel good, but there are some young people who are not doing well and this part is so large that it is considered a public health problem. The problems of young people’s lack of mental health are both national and local. According to the reports we have read, the self-reported experience of feeling bad in recent years has leveled off, but there are still too many who are doing poorly. Through qualitative interviews with professional nurses in Sjuhäradsbygden we have investigated the perceptions of factors affecting mental health and contribute to a better mental health. The results were analyzed inspired by a phenomenographic analysis. The school nurses' mandate is to work on health promotion and disease prevention and thus it was interesting to see their beliefs about the aim in this study. The results show that the state of knowledge of nurses about factors affecting mental health is broad. However there are perceptions of the difficulties that influence the factors that affecting young people's mental health. The factors are often described as structural problems based in young people's entire living environment and life situation. Four categories emerged from the analysis: requirements, support, habits and stability all important for important for children/young people during their formative years in order to be able to feel good and develop good mental health. We hope that this work contributes to a deeper understanding to people working with young people in schools about factors affecting their mental health. It may provide a state of knowledge that can be useful not only for the investigations on health promotion at a local level but also for forthcoming activities on public health

  • 1142.
    Beijer, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Eng, Caroline
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Äldre och barn sjunger tillsammans: en kvalitativ intervjustudie ur personalens perspektiv2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish population is getting older. Ageing can be defined from several perspectives. How elderly people experience ageing depends on a number of different factors. If the elderly can participate in social activities, it brings meaningfulness and strengthens their wellbeing and health through sense of coherence. Music and singing has previously been beneficial in regards to the care of elderly. The elderly that are living in nursing homes tend to be old and dependent on the help of others. To give person centred care is to be aware of, and see, the whole being. The advanced nurse in elderly care has a responsibility to person centred care and to help and support co-workers and nursing staff in this. Aim: To describe the staff experience of the effect singing with children has on the elderly. Method: A qualitative interview study. Results: Three major themes emerged: To sing with children gives the elderly validation, it awakens feelings in them but it also brings stressors. The elderly is validated through the relationship that forms between the elderly and the children. This also brings understanding between them. The feelings that are awakened are joy and anticipation. The stressors are related to tiredness and failing health which means the elderly cannot always participate in the activities. Conclusion: Singing with children brought the elderly joy and validation. To make meaningful activities part of nursing home care can contribute to better health in the elderly.

  • 1143.
    Beijer, Fanny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rydbeck, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "När jag får ångest och känner att nu behöver jag skära mig, då kan jag gå till hästen”: En studie om hästunderstödd terapi som behandlingsmetod för flickor med självskadebeteende2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have examined in which way the horse is used in Equine Assisted Therapy, and what effects the treatment staff experience and describes that the interaction with horses has on girls who self-harms. Our Empirical data was collected through qualitative methods such as interviews, participant observation and informal interviews with a total of six different informants, from five different activities with Equine Assisted Therapy for girls who self-harms. In the analysis we have assumed symbolic interactionism, a theory focusing on the human as a social being, where the self-image alters in the social interaction with other human beings. We interwove this theory with the Biophilia hypothesis, an explanatory model concerning human’s relationship to animals and nature.

    The conclusions we have found in the results are:

    • Equine Assisted Therapy is a complementary treatment comprises both horseback riding and exercises which is not based on the horseback
    • Equine Assisted Therapy almost always involves three parts, the therapist, the client and the horse. The therapist constantly interpreters the horse to get information about the clients senses tuning.
    • The horse can be especially useful for sexual abused girls. It can be used as a help for the client in relaxation exercises, and can be a help for the client in body awareness recovery.
    • Equine Assisted Therapy contributes to increased self-confidence, self-esteem and altered self-image
    • The horse has not the ability to lie, which results in a completely honest relationship between the horse and the human.
    • Both the ambient environment and just interacting with the horse can be calming and anxiolytic for the client.     

     

     

  • 1144.
    Beining Dahlgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Steffenburg Wennberg, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som skapar trygga möten vid smärtsamma procedurer på barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Many children are visiting hospitals and health care institutes daily due to a numerous reasons. A child´s experience of pain has for long time been underestimated. Pain together with anxiety could develop mental and physical worries for future meetings with treatment institutes. To upturn the feasibility when a child meets the health care this essay was written.

    Aim:

    The aim was to enlighten factors which creates reassuring meetings for children in painful treatments.

    Method:

    The method used was a literature study based on qualitative and quantitative research. The databases Cinahl and PubMed has been used as sources. All articles has been reviewed according to Friberg.

    Results:

    The result revealed mutual factors with the three pillars in Katie Erikssons nursing theory "Tend, Play and Learn" which are the bases in the result. It's important to please, gain trust, listen, form confidence, participate, share information and utilize the parents as the comfort zone for the child in the meeting. Through distraction and coping strategies moves the interest to cooperate is activated which significant lower the level of distress and fear.

    Conclusion:

    The nurse could by focusing on the patient during the conversation benefit the child personality, resource and caring need by using the three pillars "Tend, Play and Learn". Together with the child and parents the nurse could create solid ground for a safe and sound meeting during a painful examination.

  • 1145.
    Beissinger Bart, Andres
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Soto Vallejos, Nicolas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Beredning av kabelnät i området Sjöhaga - Lerdala Gård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis describes a preparation work for Ellevio AB. The preparation work is supposed to rebuild the power grid in Sjöhaga - Lerdala in Skövde municipality with the aim to weatherproofing the local area network and increase the reliability. The project concerns all work on preparation such as contact with authorities and landowners involved in the project, in order to agree on where the new cables can be built. Field visits were conducted continuously during the project for an overview of the area and to plan possible cable stretches, as well as the best possible location for the network stations in agreement with the landowners. The preparation of the underground cable is carried out in four parts, part one is Sjöhaga - Melldala, part two is Melldala - Karlsfors, part three is Karlsfors - Dämman and part four is Dämman – Lerdala Farm. Part one will have a serial satellite network station with a 200kVA transformer and no local network preparation will take place at this stage. In part two Karlsfors will keep its current local distribution network and network station, part three will have an ELIT3 network station fitted with a 100kVA transformer. For part four, there will be an ELIT3 network station with 100kVA transformer and three cable cabinets. In addition to these parts, the possibility for a redundancy feeding between Karlsfors - Yttersöra was investigated. However, when this was perceived as not possible due to the environmental conditions, it was decided, on the recommendation of a supervisor at PSN Kraftkonsult, to be placed between Dämman - Björnsäter with a overhead cable on existing poles. The cost of the renewal amounts to 2.6 million SEK and 449 thousand SEK for the redundancy from Dämman to Björnsäter. Network stations are positioned in Melldala, Dämman and Lerdala Farm which also has three cable cabinets. The total cable length of the HV-system is 6.5 km and the LV-system is 1.70 km.

  • 1146.
    Bejbom, David
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Mätmetodik vid interiörmätning – kan den effektiviseras genom vidareutvecklad EDM-teknik?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines surveying with indoor surveying as main focus. Indoor surveying is used to produce plans of an existing building that is being conversed to e.g. dwellings. The study evaluates reflectorless and prism measurement with total station. The purpose with the study is to identify the problems that occur when measured surveying is conducted and establish adequate surveying methods with regards to efficiency and quality. It will also be examined if a further development of the electromagnetic distance measurement (EDM) technique will enable for reflectorless measuring to phase out the use of prism. To put the purpose into practice a few question formulations were established:  What objects are today problematic when conducting indoor surveying?  Which are the most adequate methods when measuring the objects identified above with regards to efficiency and uncertainty?  What are the ratio between reflectorless measuring made with different developed EDM technique? A number of qualitative interviews with surveyors were carried out to identify problematic objects and surveying methods used today. Together with earlier studies in the field, those interviews was the basis for the design of the quantitative field examination. The problematic areas examined were; large incidence angle, outside corner, inside corner and circular objects. Each of the reflectorless measurements were carried out by two instruments using different developed EDM technique, which enabled a comparison. Furthermore prism measurement were conducted since that is the leading method this day. The examination showed that prism measurement had the largest amount of results meeting the requirement of an enlarged uncertainty < 10 mm. Prism measurement fulfilled the requirement in 34 out of 46 of the scenarios, compared to 38 out of 54 when using reflectorless measuring with the newer total station. The examination also showed that the instrument using a newer EDM technic performed better in 50 out of 54 scenarios. Hence the conclusion were made that a further development of the EDM technique may enable a phase out of the use of prism on a wider scale. To be able to make correct choices of surveying methods, the final products requirements, which instrument that are being used and the shape and placing of objects need to be taken into consideration.

  • 1147.
    Bejbom, Johannes
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lindbäck, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Fritidspedagogen och utomhusmiljön: hur fritidspedagogen ser på naturen som en pedagogisk miljö2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera undersökningar visar att barn rör allt mindre på sig idag och allt fler sitter framför datorn och Tv: n. För vissa är idrottslektionerna i skolan den enda styrda fysiska aktiviteten som de utför. Den tredje pedagogiska miljön, utomhuspedagogiken, ger en miljö som erbjuder många utmaningar och skapar miljöer där man kan sätta in sin teoretiska kunskap. Naturen erbjuder också fysisk träning, ett miljömedvetande och en ökad socialkompetens hos barnen. Syftet med studien är att få reda på; Hur utnyttjar fritidspedagogen den närliggande miljön? Hur ofta och på vilket sätt är de ute? Vad är fritidspedagogens ändamål med att vara ute i naturen? Vi har valt att göra en kvalitativ enkätundersökning med strukturerade frågor som bygger på de tre områden som våra frågeställningar berör. Vi har sett att det finns tre olika grupper fritidspedagoger, skolgårdsgruppen, skog/skolgårdsgruppen och skogsgruppen. Dessa tre grupper använder närmiljön som ett pedagogiskt syfte på olika sätt. Den stora likheten mellan grupperna är att de betonar att barnen behöver vistas utomhus, men även att de vill tillgodose rörelsebehovet hos barnen.

  • 1148.
    Bektic, Mirsad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hadzidedic, Amra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Mobboffers lidande: En studie om mobbning och samhällsmisslyckande2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bullying can affect the

    victims’ health and quality of life. Seven participants were studied, who had been

    subjected to degrading treatment during their schooling. The study went on to

    capture the participants' experiences concerning bullying and therefore a qualitative

    approach based on grounded theory was chosen for the data analysis. The

    participants were free to talk about their experiences of bullying in the form of a

    semi-structured interview that included the following items: their home situation,

    school situation and life during and after the bullying. The analytical work resulted

    in the core category "Societal failure". This core category is composed of five high

    order categories: "Lack of parental care", "Ambivalence of school staff”, "Social

    chaos", "Mental suffering" and "Reduced quality of life". The study showed that

    people who have been subjected to bullying often come from insecure home

    environments and they have had complex difficulties during their childhood where

    bullying is just one aspect. Today's society has no tool for preventing the bullying

    of children with special needs and the measures taken in that direction end up in

    institutional failure.

  • 1149.
    Beljic Zivkovic, Lidija
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Galle, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Attityder och och kännedom om etnisk mångfald på BUP-kliniken i Västra Götalandsregionen2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 1150.
    Bellak, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bellak, Susanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Responsiv Webbdesign: En studie av två responsiva gränssnitt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The market for new devices is expanding, while older devices and browsers still remains. This makes it problematic for designers and developers to know what screen size and device that is used by the visitor. Previously , this has often been handled by creating a separate mobile site , but since we are no longer limited to a few screen sizes , this becomes untenable. The designer / developer then would have to create different web pages for all devices. One popular solution to this is responsive web design, which is based on a flexible and dynamic interface that automatically adapts to the visitor's screen size. Although responsive web design has had a major impact on the web , it is still a new area which is reflected in the lack of research on the subject. The rapid development of the area has also led to that the designers and developers have had to quickly adapt interfaces and techniques as they no longer work for all user situations.

    The purpose of our study was to increase the understanding about responsive web design, and how this can be adapted to improve the usability and user experience . We have chosen to evaluate different, responsive interface to find guidelines that can be the basis for future, responsive web pages. Our research question is therefore :

    "How can responsive design be optimized for an improved user experience and greater usability?"

    The main findings in our study is partly that it is very important that the user perceives the website as consistent and recognize both the design of aesthetic elements and the interface, regardless of platform. We were also able to say that it is important for the designer / developer to prioritize the content and maintain margins and distance even on the smaller screens, allowing users to create a good overview and therefore get a better user experience

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