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  • 10551.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Norms and social hierarchies: Understanding international policy diffusion "from below"2012In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 179-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to rethink the operation of norms in international policy diffusion. Norms do not simply standardize state behaviors, as is conventionally argued; norms also draw on and set up hierarchical social orders among states. Through a conceptual rethinking we gain a better understanding of where-among which states-new policies may first emerge: social hierarchies create incentives for new policies to develop at the margins of international society so that policies may diffuse "from below." We also get a better grasp of how policy advocates frame the appropriateness or benefits of a new state practice: they must frame policy demands in terms of the international standing and rank of the targeted state. This article's empirical aspiration is to use these insights to help account for the international policy diffusion of legal sex quotas, a policy to increase the level of female legislators that developed first among "developing" states rather than among the so-called core of international society. By pointing to the link between norms and social hierarchy, the article helps account for policy diffusion "from below." © 2012 The IO Foundation.

  • 10552.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Våld och kön på de kulturella slagfälten2013In: Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Fia Sundevall (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 102-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10553.
    Towns, Ann E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Erika
    Linköping University.
    Eyre, Joshua
    Göteborg University.
    The equality conundrum: Gender and nation in the ideology of the Sweden Democrats2014In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 237-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the gender ideology of the parliamentary radical right populist party (RRPP) – the Sweden Democrats. More specifically, the article analyses how the party integrates old nationalist ideas about the importance of traditional gender roles and male superiority for the stability and welfare of the nation with new nationalist ideas about Sweden as the most gender-equal nation in the world. Prior studies suggest that RRPPs have integrated gender equality as a policy measure against multiculturalism and immigration. Our analysis shows this to be true also of the Sweden Democrats. However, unlike prior scholarship, we argue that the integration of gender equality is a tenuous and difficult one, as nationalist ideologies generally rest on ideas of sexual difference and male superiority. While the Sweden Democrats claim to support gender equality in discussions of multiculturalism and immigration, the party is a fierce critic of gender equality in all other contexts.

  • 10554.
    Towns, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Niklasson, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gender, International Status, and Ambassador Appointments2016In: Foreign Policy Analysis, ISSN 1743-8586, E-ISSN 1743-8594, Vol. 0, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on ambassador appointments, the aim of this pioneering article is to address some fundamental questions about where men and women are positioned in diplomacy. Most of the gender-related diplomacy studies are limited to individual Ministry of Foreign Affairs and say little about diplomacy as an aggregate set of practices. We draw on theories of gender and positional status to ask whether there are gender patterns in ambassador appointments—with men occupying positions of higher military and economic status than women—much like the ones found in other institutions. Our analyses are based on a unique data set containing almost 7,000 ambassador appointments, made by the fifty highest ranked countries in terms of GDP in 2014. The results show that female ambassadors are less likely to occupy high-status ambassadorships than men. In short, gender patterns, linked to power and status, are present also in ambassador appointments. Diplomacy studies need to do much more to address the presence and impact of gender in international affairs.

  • 10555.
    Trajanoska, Aleksandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Yapisan, Duygu
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Rekryteringsprocessers utformning: Hur ser en optimal rekryteringsprocess ut?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment is a current topic in the labor market for this recruitment is done daily in organizations. To recruit the right person is important when employees are the organization's greatest resource. The right skills, qualifications and experience of the candidate will strengthen the organization's position in the market. The purpose of the recruitment process is to find the organization's most important resource, and thus considered the recruitment process as a measure to meet the needs of the organization.

    This study discusses the subject recruitment and its application in the market. We have collected our empirical data through interviews with recruitment consultants from two employment agencies and municipalities. The focus is on examining and interpreting the recruitment process, the planning, implementation and results. Our investigation will interpret how felrekryteringar may arise in organizations and how the recruitment process can be designed to avoid felrekryteringar. Organisations experiencing wrong recruitment as a common problem regardless of the industry organization, therefore, two employment agencies and a municipality in question in this study. The aim is to contribute with an interpretation based on the theoretical perspectives and empirical evidence.

    The study was based on a qualitative method selection to allow an interpretation and understanding of information under the Act. We started from the hermeneutic interpretation and doctrine have created their own interpretations of respondents' statements. Recruitment consultants argue that organizations maintain their competitive position in the labor market through an optimal recruitment process. We have, together with respondents' interpretation linked together our individual findings to a common whole picture.

    Our conclusion about recruitment processes design is that the organizations will include five stages to avoid wrong recruitments. To plan and create the right basis in the preparatory stage of the recruitment process facilitates the search process advertising. The selection process can be optimized when recruiters based on a planned basis. The dossier contains demand factors as organizational goals and needs of the organization. The introduction and follow-up, which comes next in the recruitment process, will vary depending on organizations' strategic choices in the earlier parts of the process. We recommend that organizations are undergoing an introduction to the new employees and presents a follow-up plan. An optimal recruitment process is under us possible and our important aspects are clarified by the needs of the organization demands

  • 10556.
    Travis, Fred
    et al.
    Maharishi University of Management, USA.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Creativity and Brain-Functioning in Product Development Engineers: A Canonical Correlation Analysis2014In: Creativity Research Journal, ISSN 1040-0419, E-ISSN 1532-6934, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 239-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study used canonical correlation analysis to explore the relation among scores on the Torrance test of figural and verbal creativity and demographic, psychological and physiological measures in Swedish product-development engineers. The first canonical variate included figural and verbal flexibility and originality as dependent measures and (a) higher scores on the brain integration scale, (b) faster speed of processing in an event-related potential task, (c) faster conflict-resolution during the Stroop task, (d) higher moral reasoning, and (e) higher manageability and lower comprehensibility as independent measures. Flexibility and originality reflect the ability to see old situations in new ways leading to unique responses. Greater mental adaptability was associated with greater brain integration and speed of processing along with higher moral reasoning and feeling of being in control. Future research could investigate effects of interventions that optimize brain integration on creative output across professions.

  • 10557. Travis, Frederick
    et al.
    Harung, Harald
    Oslo University College.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Moral development, Executive Functioning, Peak Experiences and Brain Pattern in Professional and Amateur Classical Musicians. Interpretation in light of a Unified Field Theory of Performance2011In: Consciousness and Cognition, ISSN 1053-8100, E-ISSN 1090-2376, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 1256-1264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compared professional and amateur classical musicians matched for age, gender, and education on reaction times during the Stroop color-word test, brainwaves during an auditory ERP task and during paired reaction-time tasks, responses on the Gibbs Sociomoral Reflection questionnaire, and self-reported frequencies of peak experiences. Professional musicians were characterized by: (1) lower color-word interference effects (Stroop task), (2) faster categorization of rare expected stimuli (P3b), and a trend for faster processing of rare unexpected stimuli (P3a), (3) higher scores on the Sociomoral Reflection questionnaire, and (4) more frequent peak experiences during rest, tasks, and sleep. Both groups had high values on the Brain Integration Scale. These findings are interpreted in light of a Unified Theory of Performance, which posits that effectiveness in any area is influenced by one’s level of mind-brain development—emotional, cognitive, moral, ego and cortical development—with higher mind-brain development supporting greater effectiveness in any domain.

  • 10558. Travis, Frederick
    et al.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Exploring Underlying Principles of Brain Functioning for Efficient Entreprenurial Organizing2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2011 : Entrepreneurial knowledge, technology and transformation of regions: 16-18 june, Bergamo, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, 2011, p. 441-449Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10559.
    Tricarico, L.
    et al.
    DMMM – Politecnico di Bari, viale Japigia 182, Bari, Italy.
    Ancona, Antonio
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems. CNR-IFN UOS Bari, via Amendola 173, 70126 Bari, Italy.
    Palumbo, G.
    DMMM – Politecnico di Bari, viale Japigia 182, Bari, Italy.
    Sorgente, D.
    CNR-IFN UOS Bari, via Amendola 173, Bari, Italy.
    Spina, R.
    DMMM – Politecnico di Bari, viale Japigia 182, Bari, Italy.
    Lugarà, P.M.
    CNR-IFN UOS Bari, via Amendola 173, Bari, Italy.
    Discrete spot laser hardening and remelting with a high-brilliance source for surface structuring of a hypereutectoid steel2017In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 115, p. 194-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work the single-pulse laser irradiation of a hypereutectoid steel was investigated using a fiber laser source, in a range of process parameters enabling surface hardening and remelting. Effects of laser power, pulse energy and defocusing distance were investigated using a numerical/experimental approach. Laser surface treatments were conducted on uncoated samples without any gas shielding, changing both the laser power and the pulse energy, and exploring a wide range of defocusing distances. Numerical simulations were conducted using a finite element model calibrated by means of an optimization procedure based on a specific calculation algorithm and using a subset of experimental data producing surface melting. Using both simulations and experiments, the process operating windows of the discrete spot laser treatment were determined: it was found that, when varying the laser power between 250 W and 750 W, melt-free hardened zones are produced with a maximum extension between 0.7 mm and 1.0 mm; on the contrary, in case of more tightly beam focusing conditions, surface melting occurred with a size of the re-melted areas ranging between 1.0 mm and 1.4 mm. Results further showed that a small change (generally 2–3 mm) of the defocusing distance suddenly brings the material from melting to a non-hardening condition. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 10560.
    Tricarico, Luigi
    et al.
    DMMM, Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia 182, Bari, 70126, Italy; CNR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy.
    Ancona, Antonio
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems. CNR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy.
    Palumbo, Gianfranco
    DMMM, Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia 182, Bari, 70126, Italy; CNR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy.
    Sorgente, Donato
    NR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy; Università degli Studi della Basilicata, School of Engineering, Via Ateneo Lucano, 10, Potenza, 85100, Italy .
    Corizzo, Ottavio
    DMMM, Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia 182, Bari, 70126, Italy.
    Spina, Roberto
    DMMM, Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia 182, Bari, 70126, Italy; CNR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy.
    Lugara, Pietro Mario
    CNR-IFN UOS Bari, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy; Università degli Studi e Politecnico di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Amendola 173, Bari, 70126, Italy .
    Numerical and experimental investigation of the discrete spot laser hardening of a graphite-coated hypereutectoid steel using a fibre laser2019In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015, Vol. 104, no 1-4, p. 1393-1402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The single-pulse laser hardening of a hypereutectoid steel coated by a graphite layer was investigated using a numerical/experimental approach. Experimental tests were conducted on coated samples using a fibre laser source and without any gas shielding aiming to explore the effect of laser power, pulse energy and defocusing distance on the dimensions of the hardened region. The process operating window of the discrete spot laser hardening using the graphite layer was determined through a finite element model and compared with previous results obtained on uncoated samples. For the same laser power and interaction times, an enlargement of the hardened region was found when using the graphite coating, especially when operating at the lowest laser energy level. The process operating window remains similar in shape to the one of the uncoated steel but moves towards larger hardened diameters and much larger defocusing distances. Once the maximum temperature has been fixed, a linear relationship between the hardened diameter and the defocusing distance exists. No obvious surface oxidation occurs since the graphite coating acts as a protective layer. © 2019, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.

  • 10561.
    Trkulja Pecanac, Ljiljana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bäcksström, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Pedagogers arbete med barn i behov av särskilt stöd under förskolans samling2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När barn börjar på förskolan möts de oftast för första gången av en större barngrupp och ett vanligt förekommande planerat moment i verksamheten är samlingen. I varje barngrupp finns det ofta barn som i någon form är i behov av särskilt stöd. Läroplanen för förskolan (Lpfö 98 reviderad Skolverket, 2010) betonar att pedagoger har som uppdrag att tillmötesgå varje individs behov. Vi vill undersöka hur pedagoger förhåller sig till barn i behov av särskilt stöd och hur de ser till att barnen utvecklar sin förmåga att fungera enskilt och i grupp.

    SYFTE

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur pedagoger arbetar på olika förskolor med barn i behov av särskilt stöd under samlingen i förskolan.

    METOD

    Vårt empiriska material består av en kvalitativ ansats med observationer vid fyra olika samlingar på två förskolor.

    RESULTAT

    Vi har utifrån våra tre frågeställningar kategoriserat vårt resultat i tre delar; inkludering i samlingen, förutsättningar att delta och miljöns bidrag. Vi kan konstatera att alla pedagogerna hade en intention att inkludera alla barn under genomförandet av samlingen. Den ena förskolans pedagoger har ett ytterligare verktyg, tecken, att kommunicera med barn i behov av särskilt stöd och inkluderar därmed i ytterligare en aspekt. Vår analys visar att det är viktigt att pedagogerna har de specialpedagogiska kunskaperna, för att kunna ge barnet de rätta förutsättningarna för att nå sin optimala utvecklingsnivå

  • 10562.
    Trnka, Radmila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Tosun, Suzan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Personers upplevelser av livskvalitet efter hjärtinfarkt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year many people suffer from a myocardial infarction. Life after a myocardial infarction can mean changes that have an impact on different aspects of the quality of life of a person. Subjective experiences on quality of life lead to a deeper understanding of life after a myocardial infarction. It is important that the nurse proceeds from every individual's perspective and adapts the information, caring, and motivation during the rehabilitation to achieve a good quality of life.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate a person´s experiences on the quality of life after myocardial infarction.

    Method: A literature-based study based on a method to contribute to evidence-based care with basis in the analysis of qualitative research. A total of 10 articles were analyzed.

    Results: The result ended up in following 5 themes; losing control, limitations in daily life, adapt life, a second chance, information and support.

    Conclusion: Both positive and negative experiences of life after myocardial infarction had an impact on the quality of life of a patient. More information, support and understanding is needed from the nurse to satisfy the experienced problems in the daily life.

  • 10563.
    Trolin, Mikael
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Planering för ombyggnad av ställverk T11/T12 på SCA Edet bruk2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor's Thesis is a result of a study that has been done at SCA Hygiene Products in Lilla Edet, Sweden. The goal of the study was to present a proposal on how to reconstruct the low-voltage switchgear T11/T12 in the pulp department of the factory. The switchgear T11/T12 is outdated and the possibility of proper maintenance is low. It´s hard to find spare parts and many outgoing modules are unused which means that the switchgear takes up valuable floor space. By investigating which outgoing modules that are in use, a plan for reconstruction and what new equipment required has been made. The plan shows which outgoing modules that needs to be removed, how they could be arranged in a new switchgear and how a new switchgear could connect to the transformer. The report shows that it is possible to reuse the ABB MNS-switchgear already acquired by the company and place it where switchgear compartment SB3-SB6 is positioned today. It´s also possible to reuse the already bought air circuit-breaker SACE E4S as a breaker for incoming power, and for connection to the transformer it is suggested a new busbar trunking system branded Impact. A plan for moving, dismounting and rebuilding the switchgear in four steps is given and a general proposal of how to equip the outgoing modules is also included. The cable control that has been made shows that all of the outgoing cables are well sized and should not cause any trouble after a rebuild.

  • 10564.
    Trollklint, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Thollander, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Kunskapsresan: Hälsovetares resa genom utbildning och arbetsliv, utifrån ett Arbetsintegrerat lärandeperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna intervjustudie är att studera examinerade hälsovetarstudenters övergång från studier till arbetsliv och deras uppfattningar om kunskap, studier och arbete idag. Vi har intervjuat 17 hälsovetare som gick Hälsovetarutbildningen på Högskolan Väst för ett flertal år sedan. Utifrån ett nutida perspektiv undersöker vi hur de har utvecklat sin yrkesroll övertid och vilken betydelse Hälsovetarutbildningen har haft för deras yrkesroll.

    I studien framkommer att hälsovetarna har en bred syn på kunskap och att det är vanligt att de förhåller sig till flera olika kunskapsinriktningar och pedagogiska teorier samtidigt. Det finns influenser av humanism, naturvetenskaplighet och flertalet pedagogiska inriktningar. Hälsovetarna ser kunskap som både objektiv faktakunskap och som en subjektiv process om vart annat, beroende på i vilka sammanhang de tas upp. Detta menar vi uppstår i och med att hälsovetarna förväntas leva upp till både en vetenskaplig profession (en slags ”hälsoexpert”) och en ödmjuk pedagog. En viktig förmåga för hälsovetarna blir därför att kunna balansera dessa olika kunskaper och synsätt, för att passa in i alla roller och situationer som krävs. Ett av de mest framträdande resultaten i studien är att hälsovetarna har tillägnat sig flera ”tysta” och anpassande förmågor. Yrkesrollen handlar om ledarskap, självständighet, tålamod, argumentation, förtroende, ödmjukhet, social kompetens och förståelse för olika lokala kulturer, strukturer och sociala koder i olika grupper med mera. Särskilt viktiga strategiska förmågor är till exempel att känna av när det är läge för vissa projekt och när människor är mogna för förändring.

    Hälsovetarna har till stor del ett livslångt perspektiv på kunskap och uppfattar de olika förhållningssätt som de fick med sig ifrån Hälsovetarutbildningen som mycket värdefulla i deras yrke. Själva inträdet på arbetsmarknaden upplevs olika beroende på yttre omständigheter som till exempel omorganisationer och tillgång till socialt stöd. Hälsovetarna upplever att det fanns en bra koppling mellan teori och praktik under Hälsovetarutbildningen, men att deras verklighetsuppfattning av arbetslivet inte alltid stämde överens med verkligheten. Yrkesrollen är mer strategisk än vad de kunde föreställa sig under utbildningen. Samtidigt är hälsovetarna övertygade om att de kunskaper som behövs i deras yrkesroll går att tillägna sig under resans gång.

  • 10565.
    Trulsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie om psykisk ohälsa utifrån fyra chefers perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är en ledande orsak till sjukskrivningar i Sverige idag. Trots det så fortsätter många att arbeta vilket ställer krav på chefens kunskap och bemötande. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka chefers perspektiv på psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare. Studien utgick ifrån två frågeställningar (a) Hur hanterar chefer psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen? (b) Vilken kunskap upplever chefer att de har om psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare? Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med chefer inom två olika typer av organisationer genomfördes. För att få kunskap om chefernas upplevelser av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare, analyserades empiri enligt Tolkningsfenomenologisk analys. Resultaten visade att cheferna har erfarenheter av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare samt hanterar och får kunskap och inblick om medarbetarnas psykiska ohälsa genom en kombination av att ge socialt stöd och att visa engagemang. Chefernas bemötande av psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen tyder på ett hälsofrämjande ledarskap och det Salutogena perspektivet då de såg till medarbetarnas resurser. Individuella hinder i privatlivet samt organisatoriska hinder ansågs av cheferna som faktorer vilka försämrar medarbetarnas psykiska välmående. Slutsatsen blev att chefer behöver få ökad kunskap om hur man känner igen signaler på psykisk ohälsa samt förbättrade förutsättningar att ge adekvat stöd.

  • 10566.
    Trulsson, Paulina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nielsén, Paulina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det är a och o, barn ska röra på sig!": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur fysisk aktivitet bedrivs i fritidshemmet i förhållande till fritidshemmets kapitel i läroplanen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Under vår utbildning har läroplanen kompletterats med ett kapitel även för fritidshemmet och det är ett kapitel vi arbetat mycket med i utbildningen. Därför väcktes ett intresse hos oss där vi ville undersöka hur fritidslärare arbetar med fritidshemmets kapitel i sin planering för verksamheten. Då vi båda har ett brinnande intresse för fysisk aktivitet var det av intresse för oss att undersöka hur fritidslärare tänker kring fysisk aktivitet och vilka möjligheter det finns för eleverna att vara fysiskt aktiva på fritidshemmet.

    Syfte: Syftet med vår uppsats är att undersöka hur fritidslärare tänker kring och arbetar med fysisk aktivitet i förhållande till kapitel fyra i läroplanen.

    Metod: För att besvara undersökningens syfte valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som insamlingsmetod. Vår undersökning har genomförts i Västragötalandsregionen i två olika kommuner och på fyra olika skolor.

    Resultat: Sammanfattningsvis visar vårt resultat att fysisk aktivitet bedrivs på fritidshemmet, men i vilken grad det bedrivs varierar mellan de olika fritidshemmen som deltagit i undersökningen. I samtliga intervjuer framkommer det också att fritidslärarna tycker att fysisk aktivitet är en viktig del under hela skoldagen. Det som främst lyfts i intervjuerna är att fritidslärarens egna intresse är den största påverkansfaktorn i vilken grad fysisk aktivitet bedrivs. Det framkommer också att fritidslärarna till viss del använder sig av fritidshemmets kapitel i läroplanen vid planering av verksamheten, men inte i synnerhet för att enbart planera fysiska aktiviteter.

  • 10567.
    Truong, Anh
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Brekke, Anneli
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Trycksår och risk för trycksår bland äldre vårdtagare ur ett könsperspektiv: En registerstudie2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Pressure ulcers are a major problem especially for the victim. Suffering in the elderly can be both large and long-lasting pain and impaired quality of life. Most pressure ulcers could be prevented by means of preventive measures. As there are many who suffer poses significant resource requirements and costs of treatment. Aim: To describe the prevalence of pressure ulcers and risk of pressure ulcers among elderly patients, 85+. Method: The study was descriptive with quantitative approach. The study was a survey of pressure ulcers in elderly ≥ 85 years in quality registry Senior Alert.

    The instrument was based on the Modified Norton Scale.

    Results: The study included a total of 10,882 registered assessments. The mean age was 90.3 years. Estimates from the men represented 29.6% and 70.4% of women. There was a statistical difference between the sexes regarding the risk of pressure ulcers. The number of assessments that showed the risk of pressure ulcers was 3347 (31%). 1270 (100%) assessments had been planned actions and follow-up. Conclusion: A third of older patients had a risk of pressure ulcers.

  • 10568. Trygg, Linda
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro universitet.
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindgren, May
    Lunds universitet.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Levander, Sten
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö.
    Projektiva test inom rättspsykiatrin medför risker för rättssäkerheten: Endast metoder med god empirisk förankring bör användas2001In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 98, no 26-27, p. 3118-3123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En rättspsykiatrisk utredning innebär ett etiskt och juridiskt ansvar mot den enskilde och samhället. Därför måste de test som används av psykologer vid rättspsykiatriska utredningar vara väl prövade. Ändå användes projektiva test med ifrågasatt tillförlitlighet när man vid rättspsykiatriska avdelningen i Stockholm (Huddingeenheten) genomförde psykologiska utredningar av en grupp män med multipla psykiatriska diagnoser. Empiriskt utprövade neuropsykologiska testbatterier (t ex Halstead-Reitan eller Luria-Nebraska) användes trots detta inte. Utifrån vetenskapliga kriterier måste nuvarande utbredda användning av projektiva test och psykodynamiska bedömningar av patienter med omfattande neuropsykologiska funktionsnedsättningar ifrågasättas. De mest frekvent använda metoderna ger utrymme för omfattande subjektivt baserade tolkningar.

  • 10569.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Att säga till och höra till: en internationell studie om barns delaktighet i familjen2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opportunities to participate are seen by many as a keystone of a good life and a well functioning society. Participation by children has primarily been equated with the perception that children should have a ‘voice’, while participation in the sense of interactivity, being part of and doing things and taking on responsibility for others, has been omitted. In the thesis, it is argued that the emphasis on children having a voice is based in an individually oriented manner that may not be applicable to all children. For children living in societies that are more collectively oriented, participation may not primarily be about making decisions on their own or being able to speak for themselves. Rather participation can encompass doing things together and making decisions in a reciprocal way in which the individual is not at the centre. By broadening the concept of participation to include both decision-making processes and activities in the family, the thesis aims to explore how children from different parts of the world perceive their participation and what contextual factors might affect how children’s participation is expressed. Data are collected within the frame of the international research project Parenting Across Cultures (PAC) and consists of structured interviews with children and background data retrieved from their parents. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 1290 children (age M = 10.37, SD = 0.72; 51% girls) from thirteen cultural groups in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and the United States). The analysis process has included frequency analysis, factor analysis, multilevel analysis and bivariate analyses. The results indicate that the two forms of participation are not mutually exclusive. On the contrary, for most children they are positively linked: the more children participate in activities, the more they take part in decision-making and vice versa. Results also show that variations in participation are not mainly dependent on the cultural group or country to which the children belong. Instead, overall and individual socioeconomic conditions both appear to be decisive to the way participation is expressed. The more children’s rights are realized and the safer children feel where they live, the more children perceive they participate in both decision-making and activities. At an individual level, however, the results indicate that if children live in hard socioeconomic circumstances in their families, there is a risk they will participate mainly in activities and lack influence in decision-making. It is suggested that there are four possible participation positions for children in the family, with the different forms of participation being more or less prominent. Social workers are therefore recommended not to convey a one-sided discourse on participation based on a particular childhood ideology that emphasizes either the children’s individual rights or their mutual obligations. When children of different backgrounds and traditions meet social work, keeping both aspects of participation in the air at the same time can be a more passable way to fulfil children’s rights in their families. The result also has implications for structural social work. One of the main findings is that children’s feelings of safety where they live are clearly positively linked to participation in both decision-making and activities. Social work aimed at creating safe neighbourhoods can therefore be a key factor for children’s participation, not only for increased involvement in the area in which they live but also for giving children greater opportunities to have a say and engage in activities in their families.

  • 10570.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Children's participation in the family from a cross-culture perspective2017In: Seventh European conference for social work research: Challenges in social work research  - conflicts, barriers and possibilities in relation to social work. Book of abstracts, Aalborg: ESWRA , 2017, p. 208-209, article id 423Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10571.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Unga föräldrar: identitet, möjligheter och utmaningar2012 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 10572.
    Träff, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kristensson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Alpha på den svenska fondmarknaden: Har förvaltningsavgiften någon påverkan på alpha?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mutual funds in Sweden are a very popular and attractive investment option for both companies and civilians. Fondbolagens förening claims that almost every Swedish person have some sort of fund saving and that the number of mutual funds on the Swedish market have grown during the last years. Today there is almost 2 500 mutual funds for an investor to choose from. It can make it hard for civilians and companies to know which mutual fund to invest in. To ease the decision have many models been developed in a try to prognosticate the mutual funds expected return, one of them the CAPM-model. The model has been further developed to make it possible to compare mutual fund performance. Many scientists have during the years tried to find variables that can affect the mutual funds' performance, the opinions are different but many scientists believe that the mutual funds fees and size are common factors.This study examines the performance of fifteen Swedish equity funds during a period of ten years. The performance then analyzes and thereafter the performance is put in relation to the mutual funds fee and size to find an eventual relationship.

    The study is done in a quantitative approach were we assume three hypotheses, thereafter deduction is used to find relate theory to empiricism. Therefore we use a hypothetical-deductive method to make conclusions. We find that the examined equity funds have a lower risk and return than the market portfolios. Like many other scientists we find that it is hard for the examined Swedish equity funds to outperform the market, the mutual funds have during the examined period underperformed the market. We can show that fees are significant and can explain variations in alpha, but the relationship is very weak. We cannot show any relationship between a mutual funds size and it´s return, which means that the return isn´t affected by the fund size.

  • 10573.
    Tsai, Jia-Jiuan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    What Is the Problem Represented to Be?: A Case Study of How China Central Television Network Represents the Problems in the Chinese Two-Child Policy2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016, the Chinese one-child policy officially ended and was replaced by the two-child policy, which was designed to increase the fertility rate. However, the fertility rate had not increased as the state expected.

    This thesis aims to provide a descriptive analysis of how China Central Television Network (CCTV) represents the problems that the two-child policy seeks to address between 1st January 2017 and 31st March 2019.

    The purview of social constructivism, framing theory, and more precisely, "What's the problem represented to be?" developed by Carol Bacchi (2012), are used to analytically unpack how the news is framed. Within the analytical framework, this study conducts a single-case design with qualitative content analysis to investigate latent meanings in CCTV's news articles.

    This study identifies that the problems in the policy are framed as a population problem (i.e. the low fertility rate, labour shortage, population aging) and an economic problem (i.e. the economic system, structure and development). I further suggest that the "priority of national interests" and "male chauvinism" are assumptions that underpin the representation. Also, that the issues of "discrimination against women" and the "elderly care system" are unproblematised. Additionally, due to the Chinese censorship, it seems difficult to criticise the representation.

  • 10574.
    Tsouknidas, Helena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ekvall, Nicole
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Konkursprognostisering på den svenska marknaden: En undersökning av Altmans Z''-score2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Altman's Z-score model is a well-known and a recognized bankruptcy prediction model in the United States dating back to the 60's. Since we use a different accounting model in Sweden, the Z-score model hasn't been used to such extent in this part of the world, due to different regulations. The prediction model is based on a multiple discriminant analysis (MDA), and its main purpose is to evaluate companies whether there is any risk of default in the nearest future. The fourth edition of Z-score; Z''-score is fitted for the service industry and hasn't been studied on the Swedish market as widely as Z-score. To investigate if Altman's Z" score and its critical value can be applied to another well-known model, Robert Merton's Distance to default, (which is based on option pricing theory) a statistical test has been conducted.

    Purpose: The purpose of this empirical paper is to try Altman's Z-score model on the Swedish market, on non-manufacturing companies. We will also compare Altmans Z"score to another bankruptcy prediction model called Distance to default, DTD, to see what happens when the DTD Z-scores are being converted into Altman's critical values.

    Method: To investigate the credibility of the Z''-score model and Distance to default on the Swedish market, a certain number of companies have been selected and examined, where 50% of the companies are already bankrupt, and 50% are not. The companies financial ratios have been analysed according to the Z''-score model.

    Conclusion: This paper shows that financial ratios analysed with Altman's Z''-score, can predict a bankruptcy. The companies examined in this study, both healthy and defaulted, shows a Z-score with high credibility. One year before the bankruptcy, the model shows a precision of 90% which means that in nine out of ten examined companies, the multiple discriminant analysis could predict an upcoming default one year before it happens. It also shows a high precision for the healthy companies; it confirms that there is no default risk in the nearest future. In the test between Altman's Z "score and distance to default, we found that the models showed almost the same predictions of the companies, where Altman's model was slightly better than DTD.

  • 10575.
    Tu, Juei-feng
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. North Carolina State University, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Raleigh, United States.
    Rajule, Nilesh
    North Carolina State University, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Raleigh, United States.
    Liu, Yi
    North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Department of Material Science and Engineering,United States.
    Martin, James
    North Carolina State University, Department of Chemistry, Raleigh, United State.
    Nanostructure diffraction analysis of a copper/single walled carbon nanotube nanocomposite synthesized by Laser Surface Implanting2017In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 113, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new wet process, denoted as Laser Surface Implanting (LSI), has been developed to synthesize a Copper-Single Wall Carbon NanoTube (Cu-SWCNT) metal nanocomposite by dispersing SWCNTs into molten copper, followed by rapid and non-equilibrium solidification to form the Cu-SWCNT nanocomposite such that dispersed SWCNTs could locked in positions without agglomerating into large clusters. However, the nanometer sizes of the SWCNT clusters inside this nanocomposite make it extremely difficult to obtain TEM images with discernable SWCNT clusters in the copper matrix. In this paper, TEM images and their diffraction patterns for annealed pure copper, quenched pure copper (by the same synthesis process without introducing SWCNTs), and Cu-SWCNT nanocomposite are compared. It is concluded that TEM images with discernable SWCNT clusters are rare. Therefore, diffraction patterns are better tools to identify SWCNTs within the copper matrix. The indexed diffraction patterns confirm that the copper fcc lattice is preserved. However, the Cu-SWCNT nanocomposite samples also exhibit ordered diffuse scattering, consisting of at least two polyhedra of diffuse-scattering bounded by the 110* and 200* family of reciprocal lattice planes, respectively. In addition several samples exhibit super-lattice Bragg diffraction indicative expanded unit cells. It thus appears that the SWCNTs are incorporated into the Cu matrix with precise arrangements commensurate with specific Cu lattice planes. 

  • 10576.
    Tu, Juei-feng
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. North Carolina State Univ, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Raleigh, NC 27695 USA.
    Rajule, Nilesh
    North Carolina State Univ, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Raleigh, NC 27695 USA.
    Molian, Pal
    Iowa State Univ, Dept Mech Engn, Ames, IA USA.
    Liu, Yi
    Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Auburn Hills, MI USA.
    Laser synthesis of a copper-single-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposite via molecular-level mixing and non-equilibrium solidification2016In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 49, no 49, article id 495301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A copper-single-walled carbon nanotube (Cu-SWCNT) metal nanocomposite could be an ideal material if it can substantially improve the strength of copper while preserving the metal’s excellent thermal and electrical properties. However, synthesis of such a nanocomposite is highly challenging, because copper and SWCNTs do not form intermetallic compounds and are insoluble; as a result, there are serious issues regarding wettability and fine dispersion of SWCNTs within the copper matrix. In this paper we present a novel wet process, called the laser surface implantation process (LSI), to synthesize Cu-SWCNT nanocomposites by mixing SWCNTs into molten copper. The LSI process includes drilling several microholes on a copper substrate, filling the microholes with SWCNTs suspended in solution, and melting the copper substrate to create a micro-well of molten copper. The molten copper advances radially outward to engulf the microholes with pre-deposited SWCNTs to form the Cu-SWCNT implant upon solidification. Rapid and non-equilibrium solidification is achieved due to copper’s excellent heat conductivity, so that SWCNTs are locked in position within the copper matrix without agglomerating into large clusters. This wet process is very different from the typical dry processes used in powder metallurgy. Very high hardness improvement, up to 527% over pure copper, was achieved, confirmed by micro-indentation tests, with only a 0.23% SWCNT volume fraction. The nanostructure of the nanocomposite was characterized by TEM imaging, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy mapping and spectroscopy measurements. The SWCNTs were found to be finely dispersed within the copper matrix with cluster sizes in the range of nanometers, achieving the goal of molecular-level mixing.

  • 10577.
    Tullock, Hanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Concept and simulation of robotized assembly application2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Assa OEM is a manufacturer of locks and fittings for windows, doors and cabinets. To be more competitive, automating the production is an advantage. Assa assembles six different types of left and right reversible hinges. One product stands for 80 % of the assembly time on the line. For this product Assa wants to implement a robotized assembly solution in one of the three assembly stations. The remaining 20% still needs to be assembled manually. The aim of this study is to investigate three assembly stations, select one assembly station to automate, give three concepts at half-time of the project for the selected assembly station and simulate one final automated concept. The assembly line produces approximately 2000 reversible hinges each day. For the stations in the assembly line the cycle time is around 16 seconds. In the three assembly stations the assembly tasks are similar, it is the number of rivets or parts that differ. In assembly station three there is one additional task that is not included in the first two assembly stations. In this task the arm is lifted and turned 180 degrees, and then placed over three rivets. This is more complex for a robot to perform and will require more equipment. There are similarities between assembly station one and two and therefore concepts for both stations will be given. Three layout concepts are presented for the first assembly station and for the second assembly station one concept is presented. Also, two concepts of combining assembly station one and two are presented. On April 17th, 2018, a meeting at Assa was held to discuss the different concepts and layouts. The discussion led to the conclusion that a further investigation on implementing a robot will be carried out for the concept in assembly station two. The main result is that the cycle time of 16 seconds is difficult to accomplish. The path must be well planned to achieve this with a collaborative robot. To attain the cycle time the end-effector must be designed so that no tool change will be necessary. The rivet is small and therefore a gripper would have difficulty gripping the rivets. Therefore, other methods such as ferromagnetic or vacuum are recommended. The feeder system of the rivet is suggested to have a vibrating bowl feeder due to the orientation of the rivets. The frames’ feeder system needs to be designed for the purpose in assembly station two. The frame that is to be assembled on to the fixture exposes a risk for an operator if working beside the robot. To minimize the risk area from the frame, relocation of the frame feeder and planning the path differently is suggested. The layout will require safety equipment and the suitable safety equipment depends on the flexibility Assa requires.

  • 10578.
    Tumkur Sampathu, Shashishekar
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Offline programming for 3D printing using ABB robot: Automatic path generation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    3D printing is one of the additive manufacturing process in which product is created layer by layer. In almost all 3D printing first computer aided drawing (CAD) model is generated then it is coveted into Standard Tessellation language (STL) file format after that it is sliced to generate the toolpath for printer. In the thesis process planning for 3D printing using industrial robot is identified and verified. 3D printing is performed by industrial robot using feeder tool which feeds the plastic through the nozzle. The wire which is fed for 3D printing is controlled by Arduino Uno. For generating the path for 3D printing an add-in called RMD is used in process simulate. Add-in RMD is developed by University west.

    First goal of thesis is to find process planning steps for the robotics 3D printing which involves all the process starting from CAD to final product and verify all the steps. The other goal is to find the process parameter which affects final products. Process planning steps from CAD to final product is identified and verified. The process planning step involves modelling, layer and manufacturing all these steps are verified and final product is produced. In modelling step the part that is to be manufactured is modelled. In layer step the pre-processing like converting 3D solid CAD model into layers that in turn is converted to robot code is done. In manufacturing step the downloaded robot code is loaded to real robot and the part is manufactured. Next is to find the process parameters which affects the final product. The process parameter which affects the final products are found. Since there are many parameters which affects the final product so only three process parameter like layer thickness, speed of robot and path to path width is selected based on literature. In order to verify this parameter experiment was designed according to Taguchi method at three levels then the surface roughness of 3D printed sample are measured using surface measuring instrument. According to analysis of S/N ratio and analysis of variance layer thickness was found to affect the final product more than the other two parameter. After layer thickness speed deposition has more effect on final product.

  • 10579.
    Tungebo Falk, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Larsen, Charlotta
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Organisationsförändringars effekt på kultur inom familjeföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Family companies constitute a majority of all organizations in the labour market. Although family business research has addressed what makes these companies unique, such as succession, there is still insufficient understanding of family business organizational cultures and how they are affected by organizational changes. The purpose of the study was thus to investigate the organizational culture of family companies that had undergone an organizational change. This was done by investigating how the organizational culture is affected by the change. The study has its foundation in the dynamics that exist between the systems found in the family business. The method used was a comparative case study of two family companies, both of which have undergone extensive organizational changes. In both companies, empirics have been obtained through deep interviews with members of the family that own and manage the family businesses, as well as through observations of the organizations' facilities. By applying Schein´s culture model, the two organizations cultures and how these were influenced by the changes that the companies had undergone were analysed. The result of the study showed that in the interaction between family and business, family had the greatest impact on culture, and this was shown by what is described as a family spirit. This spirit was identified to originate from the values the founder introduced into the organization and which eventually developed into basic assumptions. We also found that organizational changes led to a cementing and a strengthening of the organizational culture.

  • 10580.
    Tunney, Ruth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Interaktivt Innehåll och Konvergenskultur: En diskursiv fallstudie av Black Mirror: Bandersnatch2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As illustrated by the Netflix special Bandersnatch as a cultural phenomenon, the purpose of this study was to analyze how "new" storytelling forms exist in today's convergence culture. This was done by a discursive case study about TV-critics' reception of Bandersnatch, along with smaller comparative discourses covering both relatively traditional film and TV organizations within the media industry, as well as an online forum. Therefore, it was demonstrated how the convergence culture expanded the expression of interactive content. Themes inspired by the reviews included the categorization of Bandersnatch as a media product. The technological aspects of interactive elements were furthermore used in the analysis of the result. Moreover, this was discussed in relation to theories of design and convergence culture. Finally, the results of the study indicated that Netflix's Bandersnatch was compared to both analogue and digital media products. The film's technological aspects were considered to detract from the storytelling experience of a movie, but rather it generated the type of entertainment found in a video game. An insecurity of the future of film as an artform and a dilution of traditional ownership roles also emerged, as the viewer's control continued to be discussed, not only in relation to Bandersnatch, but also to the overall interactive and participatory digital media landscape.

  • 10581.
    Turborn, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Zetterman, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Socialt arbete inom utbildningens diskurs: En kvalitativ studie av skolkuratorers syn på normkritiskt arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school’s primary task is education, but it also have a legal obligation to work against discrimination, violations and harassment, a task that is usually imposed on the school counselor. Based on the area of interest regarding how the social work gets space and authority when it is placed within another profession’s domain, the purpose of the study is to investigate how school counselors perceive the school’s norm-critical work and how they work to counteract the negative effects of gender-norms. The study’s empirical material has been developed through qualitative method in forms of semi-structured interviews with three school counselors. The data was analyzed by ”sentence-concentration” and was interpreted through contributions from Bronfenbrenner’s human development theory and Foucalt’s discourse theory. The result shows that the norm-critical work is considered to imbue everyday life and mainly exists through the establishment of a “equal treatment plan”. The school counselor bears a great responsibility in running a norm-critical work but lacks authority in the professional role as a result of the secondary position. The result also shows that the knowledge of gender norms and how the individual is affected by these is insufficient in school which constitutes an obstruction for the norm-critical work.

  • 10582.
    Tuyishimire, Gabriel
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Utvärdering av osäkerhet i sprickfortplantningsmodeller2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In aerospace industry and other major mechanical industry systems, engineering components that are subjected to cyclic loads often lead to progressive crack growth that eventually results in struc-tural fracture. The damage tolerance design which is based on the assumption of pre-existed flaws in a structure is an important approach in aircraft industry since it is impossible to have flaw-free manufactured components.In this thesis work, an evaluation of crack propagation models was carried out. Fatigue crack growth threshold and fatigue crack growth rate models were evaluated. A method to present ex-perimental data available was developed to evaluate uncertainties in fatigue life models for more accurate predictions. Currently, a software that is used for predicting crack propagation life is NASGRO. The study has been made for two types of materials: a nickel-iron-based alloy (Inconel 718 forging) and titanium alloys (Ti 6-4 both forging and casting).A threshold model is in the normal case developed for each temperature. A method to model fatigue threshold (ΔKth) has been suggested by assuming temperature independence of ΔKth. In this method, a new threshold model was created by making use of an A/P (Actual/Predicted) plot so that all measured threshold values are on the conservative side of the minimum model. With this method, an understanding of fatigue threshold model was improved over the other method due to the possibilities to model ΔKth with average and minimum threshold values for each load ratio (ΔKth, R).Moreover, a method to investigate which set of parameters that best represent the crack growth behaviour has been suggested. In this method the best set of parameters were chosen to be the set of parameters giving the best fit to the available (da/dN, ΔK) points. The comparison between this method and the method with the set of parameters that give minimum scatter in the A/P values was done.Crack growth rate da/dN log curves were plotted as function of stress intensity range ΔK for R-ratio values ranging from -2 to 0.9 for the two different methods. A distinctive difference between the two methods was observed in Paris region at high temperatures (5500C-6500C) which becomes more obvious at lower R-ratios. Predicting crack propagation rate model with set of parameters giving minimum standard deviation in da/dN points was shown to be less conservative than that of parameter sets giving lowest scatter in A/P. Using both evaluation methods, da/dN versus ΔK plots of Inconel718forging were compared to da/dN (ΔK) plots for the pre-existing data at 5500C for R-ratios ranging from 0 to 0.8. An overall R-ratio influence was observed throughout for both ΔKth and da/dN.

  • 10583.
    Tuzla, Marinko
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Analys av total felbortkopplingstid för 20-10/0,4 kV nätstationer med reläskydd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In pace with moving towards underground cables and adapting to new technological solutions the structure and properties of substations in the electric distribution network are changed. They shift from traditional substations that are protected on the high voltage side with fuses and disconnector to new designed constructions that are protected with relay-protection and circuit-breaker. An important variable that changes with implementing new technology is fault clearance time when fault current occur.The report's main task is to find the new total fault clearance time for relay protection and circuit-breaker. Using the result, it becomes possible to update the setting table and determine the selectivity. To find out the fault clearance time relevant theory of the related equipment and short-circuit current were obtained. In order to better understand the new substations, studies were made on the substation concept of type Xiria with belonged relay protection of type WIC1-2P. In the report analyses only Fr-fuse which is one of relay protections function that simulate General-purpose fuse were studied. MV switchboards have relatively fixed circuit breaker break-time while relay protectors reaction time varies depending on the strength of short-circuit current. To find out the reaction time a theoretical calculation of the time that is expected according to the manufacturer´s manual was performed. This was followed by a LAB-test in a usual way for relay protections test. The comparison of these two tests resulted in that they were not consistent. As a result of the differences an additional test was performed in order to analyze correlations between the different parameter settings for relay protection. By conventional testing we do not obtain the expected clearance time according to parameters set in the relay protection. This implies among other things that the protection can not be set for overload. The question of what the appropriate test for current relay protection is, remains.

  • 10584.
    Tverelv Gjertsson, Agnes
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Petersson, Sofia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hinder och möjligheter i sjuksköterskans förebyggande arbete mot malnutrition hos äldre: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Malnutrition is a common problem within the elderly care. Malnutrition is in many cases a critically state which can generate suffering and, in some cases an earlier death for the elderly patient. Nurses has a central role in preventing malnutrition since it belongs to the nurse´s responsibility and area of expertise.  Many different factors can affect elderly patients’ appetite and cause loss of weight. It is important for nurses to have knowledge about how to work preventive against this problem. 

    Aim: The purpose of this review was to highlight obstacles and opportunities within nurses’ preventive work against malnutrition of the elderly patient.

    Method: The method chosen was a literature review based on qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research studies. The databases Cinahl and PubMed were used and 11 studies was found. The chosen studies were critically reviewed using Friberg’s three step model.

    Results: The results presented was based on three major themes and eight subthemes describing obstacles and opportunities. Lack of knowledge, time and organizational barriers were major factors that affected nurses’ preventive work. The results showed also nurses’ lack of knowledge of validated measuring instruments for identifying patients at risk. Instead identification was preformed incorrectly which caused risk patients as unidentified.

    Conclusion: Nurses has a great responsibility for early identification of patients at risk of developing malnutrition. Good knowledge about risk factors, relevant actions and administrating the different measuring instruments are a prerequisite for reducing the number of malnourished patients.

  • 10585.
    Tveter, Helena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Visit or visitation?: parent's experiences of receiving a home visit by a district nurse after the birth of their first child.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the first contact between parents and child health care is normally in the form of a home visit by a district nurse from a child health care clinic. This study aims to describe first-time parents' experiences of a home visit by a district nurse after the birth of their first child. A qualitative research design was used to acquire an understanding of the parents' experiences. Collected data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis and resulted in the category Visit or visitation, and two subcategories, being overwhelmed and being relieved by the home visit by the district nurse and represent the feelings experienced by the participants. Many participants were negative to the purpose and necessity of the home visit, but conversely positive to the actions and behavior of the district nurse. By the district nurse being positive and supportive, she made the home visit a positive experience after all.

  • 10586.
    Tveter, Helena
    et al.
    District nurse, Bengtsfors Community, Bengtsfors, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Parents' experiences and perspectives of a postnatal home visit by a district nurse in Sweden2017In: Journal of Health Visiting, ISSN 2050-8719, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 82-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to parenthood can involve major adjustments for a couple. New roles are to be learned and new relationships formed, and already existing relationships may need to be realigned. There is a dearth of recent literature about parents' experiences of home visiting by a district nurse and more research is required to explore parents' views of the home visit to help make it meaningful and build a trusting relationship between parents and health professionals. This Swedish study aimed to describe parents' experiences and perspectives of a home visit by a district nurse after the birth of their first child. The study results showed that parents can feel uncomfortable before the home visit and not fully understand the purpose of the visit, but that the respectful attitude of the district nurse encouraged parents to focus on their strengths, and made the visit a positive experience. 

  • 10587.
    Tvingby, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Vogler, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nordfeldt, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Å, så kör vi lite gymnastik: en studie om språk och motorik i förskolan2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: För att barn skall kunna tillägna sig nya kunskaper och erfarenheter krävs det att pedagoger i deras omgivning samspelar med barnen och stimulerar deras utveckling. Det är av stor betydelse att barnens motoriska grundrörelser är automatiserade för att de skall kunna ta till sig ytterligare kunskap (Ericsson, 2005). Ämnena är knutna till varandra och av den anledningen bör pedagoger i förskolan arbeta med språklig och motorisk utveckling samtidigt, för att barnen skall kunna tillägna sig kunskap. Som blivande lärare i förskolan anser vi att det är viktigt att på ett lustfyllt sätt ge barnen en språklig och motorisk grund att stå på, som de sedan kan utveckla vidare i ett livslångt perspektiv. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur pedagoger i förskolan arbetar med att utveckla barns språk och motorik och se vilket synsätt de har när det gäller sambandet mellan barns språkliga och motoriska utveckling. Metod: I undersökningen har vi använt en kvalitativ metod. Vi har använt intervjuer med halvstrukturerade frågor. Genom att intervjua pedagoger i förskolan har vi tagit del av deras tankar och erfarenheter och därigenom fått svar på våra frågeställningar. Informanternas svar har delats in i olika kategorier som därefter har tolkats och analyserats. Resultat: Resultatet visar att pedagogerna i studien anser att det är betydelsefullt att arbeta med språkliga och motoriska aktiviteter under olika former och i olika miljöer. Vidare visar resultatet att pedagogerna har två olika synsätt att se på sambandet mellan barns språkliga och motoriska utveckling. En del pedagoger visade tydligt att de såg ett samband, medan andra saknar en tydlig medvetenhet.

    Slutsatsen av resultatet är att alla pedagogerna i undersökningen arbetar med språkliga och motoriska aktiviteter. Den övervägande delen av pedagogerna i vår undersökningsgrupp ser inte dessa ämnen ur ett helhetsperspektiv, utan som två skilda delar. De övriga pedagogerna arbetar medvetet genom att integrera dessa ämnen till en helhet.

  • 10588.
    Tyllman Svensson, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Wik Rybell, Fanny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Socialpedagogers attityder till att söka socialsekreterartjänster: Vilken betydelse har media?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är personalomsättningen inom socialtjänsten väldigt hög och det är svårt att rekrytera socialsekreterare. Samtidigt sker det en ständig rapportering om socialsekreterare i media. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur socialpedagoger uppfattar medierapporteringen av socialsekreterare och sedan beskriva och analysera vilken betydelse medieporträtteringen har på deras attityder till att söka socialsekreterartjänster. Till studien valdes en kvalitativ metod där det genomfördes sex intervjuer med andraårs-studerande socialpedagoger för att samla empiri. Resultatet analyserades utifrån ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv. I studien kom det fram att socialpedagogerna uppfattade medierapporteringen av socialsekreterare som genomgripande negativ. Det identifierades även tre olika attityder som socialpedagogerna hade gentemot medias betydelse till att söka socialsekreterartjänster. Dessa tre attityder var att yrket endast sågs som ett steg i karriären, att media triggar en till att söka tjänsten och att media inte alls hade någon betydelse för ens yrkesval.

  • 10589.
    Tyllström, Camilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    How do young people understand voting and voter turnout?: A comparative study of Sweden and the United States of America2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and analyse how young people reason around voting and voter turnout in two different national contexts - Sweden and the United States - and how the reasoning might differ. The material has been gathered in qualitative interviews with students in both countries and ordered according to a typology of four theories, namely rational choice, new institutionalism, social identity and norm theories. Findings indicate that there is much difference in the reasoning between the countries while similarities may be due to them being students of similar ages. In the US, young people reason more according to rational institutionalism, about the system itself and seem to be rather cynical about it while the Swedish youths reason more in terms of institutional norms and seem to be satisfied with the system of voting at large. This thesis develops previous research by adding qualitative findings to hard facts which can be used to understand voters and national contexts more thoroughly.

  • 10590.
    Tynkkinen, Mona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Samspel och (sam)tal för (gem)ensamt lärande: En diskursanalys av hur lärarstudenter konstruerar undervisning och lärarkunskap under examination2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The organization of teacher education and practicum is constantly under scrutiny in both policy documents and in research, often in connection to correlating debates regarding theory and practice. However, how pre-service teachers construe teaching and (teacher-) knowledge ought to be scrutinized before entering a discussion about the fundamental principles of teacher education.

    Aims: The aim of the study is to clarify how pre-service teachers construe teaching and teacher knowledge during an examination that includes: Teaching in an authentic learning environment (a class of pupils), feedback from a class teacher and a subsequent reflection seminar based on video recordings of the students' teaching and the teacher response.

    Method: A group of four pre-service teachers' verbal and non-verbal communication is examined using discourse analysis. The empirical data for this study is collected from a development project within subject teacher education, during autumn 2016. The results of descriptive and genealogical analysis phases are presented with Communities of Practice (CoP) as a theoretical figuration.

    Results: The discourse analysis reveals that pre-service teachers construe teaching that correlates with established practices based on their own experiences. What is construed as teacher knowledge is also conditioned by other members in a group. Pre-service teachers in the current exam move between what could be described as three different Communities of Practices: class-as-CoP; teachers-as-CoP as well as pre-service teachers-as-CoP. Each CoP has its own rationalities that the pre-service teacher needs to take into consideration; the rationalities concern the conditions for reification and participation in each CoP during examination. The positions that pre-service teachers manage to negotiate and maintain, governs what can be said/done in each CoP and by whom.

    Conclusion: In addition to the formal education, teacher education consists of two parallel and informal education programs that can be described as intra- and interpersonal discourses. The study shows that pre-service teachers need to make considerations regarding these concurrent programs and that the discourses govern how pre-service teachers construe teaching and teacher knowledge during examination. Therefore, pre-service teachers need to be made aware of consequences related to choices within intrapersonal discourses, i.e. the different roles available, and to interpersonal discourses, i.e. how the chosen role affects one´s encounter with other members within a CoP.Keywords: communities of practice,

  • 10591.
    Tyrlinder, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lindblad, Emelie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som påverkar familjehemsplacerade barn och ungdomars hälsa: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children and adolescents are, for various reasons related to their upbringing situation, moved into foster care. Studies have showed that these young people's health is far worse than those who did not grow up with their biological families.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how children and adolescents health was affected by being moved to foster care.

    Method: Literature reviews were the authors read and analyzed recent research and complied this to see what main factors were affecting the children's health.

    Results: Children placed in foster care developed health problems more often than children who grew up with their biological family. Factors as age, number of placements and contact with the biological family affected their health and well-being. Children who were placed in foster care at a younger age had better conditions for a successful placement. Conditions in the foster care turned out to be important for well-being. Knowledge, experience and support from society to the foster family led to improved health and wellness for the children.Results showed that the youth in kinship placement had better health and well-being then youth in nonkinship placement.

    Conclusion: Children and adolescence placed in foster care were had a higher risk for developing illness than those who were growing up with their biological families. The foster care family's needs support and knowledge about behavior problems so that they can give right support to the children. Social workers need to know how the children's health effects by being placed several times in different families.

  • 10592.
    Tysse, Simon
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Utveckling av torkningsprocess för produkter av PEPP2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fordonsbranschen står i nuläget inför många utmaningar att identifiera lösningar med hög prestanda för att klara av konkurrens i en global marknad. Cellplaster är en grupp material som är attraktiv för fordonsbranschen då de möter många av de höga krav som ställs. Exempel på sådana cellplaster är: expanderad polystyren (EPS), expanderad polyetylen (EPE) och expanderad polypropylene (EPP). Materialen produceras till ett granulat som sedan kan formgjutas med vattenånga. Slutresultatet är produkter med hög prestanda i stöttålighet, energiabsorbering och en mängd övriga egenskaper. Bewi Automotive formgjuter komponenter i EPP till Volvo Car Corporation, SCANIA trucks och ett flertal underleverantörer. Komponenter som tillverkas är stötfångare, utfyllandsdetaljer och emballage. Under 2016–2017 har företaget genomgått en expansionsfas där ett flertal produktfamiljer introducerats i verksamheten. En produktfamilj tillverkas av en ny variant av materialet EPP kallad Porous expanderad polypropylene (PEPP); materialgranulatet har håligheter vilket efter formgjutning skapar luftfickor i den färdiga produkten. Luftfickorna bidrar till att produkten blir ljudisolerande. Ett problem som uppstått med det nya materialet är att vid formgjutning med vattenånga stannar mycket vatten kvar i produkternas luftfickor.

    Syftet med rapporten var att antingen identifiera ett sätt att förebygga vatteninnehållet i PEPP-produkter, eller skapa en lösning för att hantera problemet. Examensarbetet avgränsades till att endast behandla tre PEPP-produkter; endast konceptuella lösningar skulle identifieras. Mål med examensarbetet var att framställa en kravspecifikation. DMAICmodellen valdes för att identifiera en lösning på problemet. En intervju med företagets kvalitetschef gjordes för att definiera problemet. Mätningar av produkternas vikt gjordes för att identifiera mängden vatten som stannar kvar i PEPP-produkterna. En intervju med representant från råvarutillverkaren JSP Arpro genomfördes för att analysera problemet och identifiera möjliga lösningar. Torkningstiden mättes i en konvektionsugn i en temperatur på 80 grader Celsius. En strukturerad produktionsutvecklingsprocess användes för att identifiera en lösning som hanterar problemet. Företagets nuläge och de tre utvalda produkterna analyserades. Värde-och flödesanalyser genomfördes och en kravspecifikation upprättades. Därefter utfördes en konceptgenerering och konceptval. Det slutliga konceptet utvärderades med en process-FMEA och kostnader uppskattades. Viktiga resultat är att det krävs en behandling i 360 minuter i en konvektionsugn för att avdunsta vattnet i PEPPprodukter. Ingen gångbar förebyggande lösning kunde identifieras. Det slutliga konceptet är en konvektionsugn som är konstruerad för att kunna existera i fabrikens nuvarande layout, och har kapacitet att klara av full produktionstakt av PEPP-produkter. Potentiella effektiviseringar kan göras genom användning av andra torkningsmetoder såsom strålning.

  • 10593.
    Täljemark, Jakob
    et al.
    Lund University, Medical Faculty, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent PsychiatryLundSweden.
    Råstam, Maria
    Lund University, Medical Faculty, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent PsychiatryLundSweden; Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Karolinska Institutet Stockholm Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology University of Gothenburg Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The coexistence of psychiatric and gastrointestinal problems in children with restrictive eating in a nationwide Swedish twin study2017In: Journal of Eating Disorders, E-ISSN 2050-2974, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Restrictive eating problems are rare in children but overrepresented in those with neurodevelopmental problems. Comorbidities decrease wellbeing in affected individuals but research in the area is relatively scarce. This study describes phenotypes, regarding psychiatric and gastrointestinal comorbidities, in children with restrictive eating problems.

    Methods

    A parental telephone interview was conducted in 9- or 12-year old twins (n = 19,130) in the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden. Cases of restrictive eating problems and comorbid problems were established using the Autism, Tics-AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory, parental reports of comorbidity as well as data from a national patient register. In restrictive eating problem cases, presence of psychiatric and gastrointestinal comorbidity was mapped individually in probands and their co-twin. Two-tailed Mann–Whitney U tests were used to test differences in the mean number of coexisting disorders between boys and girls. Odds ratios were used to compare prevalence figures between individuals with or without restrictive eating problems, and Fisher exact test was used to establish significance.

    Results

    Prevalence of restrictive eating problems was 0.6% (concordant in 15% monozygotic and 3% of dizygotic twins). The presence of restrictive eating problems drastically increased odds of all psychiatric problems, especially autism spectrum disorder in both sexes (odds ratio = 11.9 in boys, odds ratio = 10.1 in girls), obsessive-compulsive disorder in boys (odds ratio = 11.6) and oppositional defiant disorder in girls (odds ratio = 9.22). Comorbid gastrointestinal problems, such as lactose intolerance (odds ratio = 4.43) and constipation (odds ratio = 2.91), were the most frequent in girls. Boy co-twins to a proband with restrictive eating problems generally had more psychiatric problems than girl co-twins and more girl co-twins had neither somatic nor any psychiatric problems at all.

    Conclusions

    In children with restrictive eating problems odds of all coexisting psychiatric problems and gastrointestinal problems are significantly increased. The study shows the importance of considering comorbidities in clinical assessment of children with restrictive eating problems.

  • 10594.
    Tärnqvist, Henrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Engdahl, Niklas
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Metod för optimering och effektivisering av sekvensflöden: SAAB Automobile AB2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 10595.
    Törnell, Charlotta Maria Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    “Jag tror jag skulle kunna prata riktigt bra svenska om jag bara övade lite.”: Andraspråkselevers attityder till uttal2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND Människors attityder till brytning påverkar ofta avsändaren negativt. Det kan handla om trovärdighet eller möjligheten att få ett jobb. Elever jag möter i min undervisning talar ofta om att de i sinom tid, när de ska söka jobb ska prata “mycket bättre”, utan brytning eller slang. Men om de har några strategier för hur detta ska gå till är oklart och då även lärare tycker att det är svårt med uttalsundervisning får eleverna många gånger få möjligheter att träna sitt uttal i klassrummet. Kotsinas (1994; 2005) studerar ungdomars språk kopplat till deras identitet och hur ungdomar visar grupptillhörighet genom språket. Mitt intresse ligger mer kring elevernas egna attityder till själva brytningen och om explicit uttalsundervisning kan få attityderna att förändras.

    SYFTE Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på om attityder till uttal hos gymnasieelever inom svenska som andraspråk förändras, efter en viss tids explicit uttalsundervisning. Syftet är också att ge kunskap om hur elevgruppen anser att deras uttal på något sätt begränsar deras sociala tillvaro och om de har några egna strategier för att förbättra sitt uttal.

    METOD Metoden för denna fenomenologiska studie bestod av två enkäter, en som besvarades före undervisning och en efter, samt djupintervjuer med fyra elever. Undervisningen bestod i en serie av 30 min pass varje vecka under 7 veckor med uttalsövningar tagna från Olle Kjellin (2002) Uttalet, språket och hjärnan samt Ylva Slagbrands och Bosse Thoréns Övningar i svenska basprosodi (1997).

    RESULTAT Uttalsundervisningen i denna studie har bara haft en marginell påverkan på elevernas attityder till uttal generellt och sitt eget uttal specifikt. Flera elever har vid flertalet tillfällen skämts för sitt uttal, men har inte mött någon diskriminering på grund av detta. Det har framkommit att eleverna blivit mer medvetna om strategier som behövs och motivation för att själva förbättra sitt uttal.

  • 10596.
    Törner, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Velander, Therese
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Känns det okej?": En liten fråga med stor betydelse -en studie om subjektivt välbefinnande bland ungdomar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine young people's experiences and reasoning on subjective well-being, as well as its influencing factors. The study is inspired by a phenomenological approach and the material for our study were collected by means of triangulation through focus groups. The target group was 15-year-olds in Sjuhärad municipalities. The material has been analyzed using a qualitative analysis inspired by a phenomenological analysis model. The result resulted in three themes; Social support, participation and identity formation. These we then interpreted and discussed using theories of subjective well-being, Antonovsky's concept Sense of coherence and, from an empowerment perspective.

    Far from all young people feel good and youth welfare affects not only them but also the whole society and its development. We hope the study is to contribute to further research and to increase understanding primarily of politicians and officials. We believe that they are the ones that most easily can enable conditions in the soceity that lead to increased well-being. We see a need to implement a health-promotor in school then it would mean a support for students as well as teachers. It would contribute to a healthier school and workplace

  • 10597.
    Törner, Marianne
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Arbets- och miljömedicin, Inst. f. medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Posette, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet, Arbets- och miljömedicin, Inst. f. medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Björk, Kenneth
    Swedavia, Göteborg Landvetter Airport.
    Organisationsklimat för högt luftfartsskydd vid flygplatsarbete: Utveckling av Airdrome Security Climate Questionnaire (ADSECQ)2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En viktig förutsättning för att flygtrafiken ska kunna bedrivas säkert är att personer och farliga, förbjudna föremål som kan hota luftfartsskyddet inte ges tillträde till flygplatsens behörighetsområden eller till flygplanen eller utrustning eller funktioner som är betydelsefulla för flygplanens säkerhet. För att säkerställa detta finns säkerhetsledningssystem på flygplatserna. Dessa system omfattar såväl tekniska delsystem för säkerhetskontroll, som rutiner och procedurer för upprätthållande och utveckling av hög nivå på luftfartsskyddet. De anställda på flygplatsen har därmed en avgörande betydelse för luftfartsskyddet, och alltså blir inte bara tekniska och strukturella utan även individuella och sociala fenomen viktiga att beakta. De sociala förutsättningarna handlar om hur sociala normer med betydelse för luftfartsskyddet ser ut och utvecklas på arbetsplatsen. Sådana normer utvecklas på basis av vad de anställda uppfattar som viktiga värden i organisationen och gruppen, och dessa bedömningar baseras i hög grad på perceptioner (det man kan uppfatta med sina sinnen) och erfarenheter från det dagliga arbetet. Här blir fenomen som organisationskultur och organisationsklimat betydelsefulla. En förutsättning för att kunna arbeta med att utveckla organisationsklimatet så att det än bättre stöder en hög nivå på luftfartsskyddet vid flygplatsarbetet är att man kan skaffa sig en uppfattning om karaktären på säkerhetsklimatet för luftfartsskydd. Är det högt eller lågt? Vilka är de svaga punkterna, som behöver utvecklas? Och vilka är de starka sidorna, som man bör gynna ytterligare? Ett sätt att mäta säkerhetsklimat är genom enkät. Denna rapport ger en teoretisk bakgrund till begreppet säkerhetsklimat och beskriver utvecklingen av ett enkätinstrument för att mäta luftfartsskyddsklimat vid flygplatsarbete; Airdrome Security Climate Questionnaire, ADSECQ.

  • 10598.
    Törner, Marianne
    et al.
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Pousette, Anders
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Björk, Kenneth
    Swedavia, Landvetter.
    Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire (ADASCQ): Utveckling av enkätinstrument för att mäta organisationsklimat för hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbete2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att de flygplan som används i flygtrafiken är oskadade är självklart en viktig förutsättning för flygsäkerheten. När flygplanen befinner sig på mark sker en mängd olika operativa moment i och omkring planen, ofta under tidspress, och som involverar ett stort antal individer, organisationer, och olika typer av teknisk apparatur. För att flygplanen inte ska komma till skada i dessa operationer måste de utföras enligt tydliga procedurer, med kunskap och noggrannhet och med hög grad av koordinering av olika moment och aktörer. Detta ställer höga krav på de formella säkerhetssystemen. Men flygsäkerheten påverkas även av individuella och sociala fenomen. De sociala förutsättningarna handlar om hur sociala normer ser ut och utvecklas på arbetsplatsen. Här blir fenomen som säkerhetskultur och säkerhetsklimat betydelsefulla. En förutsättning för att kunna arbeta med att utveckla flygsäkerhetsklimatet så att det än bättre stöder en hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbetet är att man kan skaffa sig en uppfattning om kvaliteten på säkerhetsklimatet. Är det högt eller lågt? Vilka är de svaga punkterna, som behöver åtgärdas? Och vilka är de starka sidorna, som man bör gynna ytterligare? Ett sätt att mäta säkerhetsklimatet är genom enkät. Denna delrapport ger en teoretisk bakgrund till begreppet säkerhetsklimat och beskriver sedan utvecklingen av ett enkätinstrument för att mäta flygsäkerhetsklimat vid flygplatsarbete; Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire, ADASCQ.

  • 10599.
    Türkdogan, Sevim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur turkiska kvinnor konstruerar kön genom arbetsfördelningen i hemmet: en kritisk diskursanalys2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10600.
    Uca, Xélat
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nerso, Joyce
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    An analysis of the representation of EU immigrants and other immigrants in British Press during the Brexit-referendum period: A comparative study on how EU immigrants and other immigrants were represented by the British press during the Brexit-referendum period2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media representation has a powerful effect on the opinions and behavior of the public and can affect how different groups are perceived and treated. This research aims to describe and compare how European immigrants and other immigrants are represented in The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian during the Brexit referendum period. The theoretical part is based on constructivism and representation theory to explore how European immigrants and other immigrants are represented in the British media within the areas of culture, religion and the economy. The research is qualitative and uses articles by The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian to collect data material; all articles are analyzed between the periods of January the 1th 2016 until the 31th of December 2016. The analysis shows that EU immigrants and other immigrants are portrayed differently, where EU immigrants are mainly represented through economic features, they are portrayed as both a threat and a resource to the economy and labour. While other immigrants are merely represented through cultural and religious aspects, they are mainly represented as dangerous and violent.

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