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  • 101.
    Ekmekҫi, Karolin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leandersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är alla svenskar kalla, tråkiga och osociala?: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av det svenska samhället2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study is to highlight the elements of civil society that can help newly arrived youths a sense of connection and belonging in the new society and what impact this may have on their future in the new country. The study is a qualitative method where four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The youths we interviewed are young men from Afghanistan who came to Sweden as an unaccompanied refugee children. The study is based on a phenomenological / hermeneutical approach and empirical data have been analyzed in the analytical unit with IPA. The study is abductive. We have analyzed the empirical basis and in cooperation with Antonovsky's theory of SOC. And the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion. Giddens' theory of ontological security and självreflexivitet have also been used and at last we choose to problematize change of culture using to describe two different society models. The results of our study show that civil society is significant because the youths felt a sense of community and social inclusion within organizations and associations in the community. The importance of having a job is seen as a key aspect of social inclusion. The biggest setback was the loss of their family and culture at home and try to find a new sense of community and belonging in Sweden. Young people tell us that they have encountered limitations in the Swedish society, which means that they sometimes feel excluded. While mention the other situations where they experience social inclusion. Youths feel that they are in Sweden have greater opportunities to influence their own life choices which gives them the motivation to find new challenges and goals to aim for in life. The youths we interviewed strive to feel involved in various ways in the social community.

  • 102.
    Ekmekҫi, Karolin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leandersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är alla svenskar kalla, tråkiga och osociala?: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av det svenska samhället2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study is to highlight the elements of civil society that can help newly arrived youths a sense of connection and belonging in the new society and what impact this may have on their future in the new country. The study is a qualitative method where four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The youths we interviewed are young men from Afghanistan who came to Sweden as an unaccompanied refugee children. The study is based on a phenomenological / hermeneutical approach and empirical data have been analyzed in the analytical unit with IPA. The study is abductive. We have analyzed the empirical basis and in cooperation with Antonovsky's theory of SOC. And the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion. Giddens' theory of ontological security and självreflexivitet have also been used and at last we choose to problematize change of culture using to describe two different society models. The results of our study show that civil society is significant because the youths felt a sense of community and social inclusion within organizations and associations in the community. The importance of having a job is seen as a key aspect of social inclusion. The biggest setback was the loss of their family and culture at home and try to find a new sense of community and belonging in Sweden. Young people tell us that they have encountered limitations in the Swedish society, which means that they sometimes feel excluded. While mention the other situations where they experience social inclusion. Youths feel that they are in Sweden have greater opportunities to influence their own life choices which gives them the motivation to find new challenges and goals to aim for in life. The youths we interviewed strive to feel involved in various ways in the social community

  • 103.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes2017In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e12132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective

    In this study, we explore how personal and situational factors relate to the provision of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes. Specifically, we focus on the relationship between the care staff's personality traits and provision of PCC and to what extent perceptions of the working environment influences this relationship.

    Background

    The ultimate goal of elderly care is to meet the older person's needs and individual preferences (PCC). Interpersonal aspects of care and the quality of relationship between the care staff and the older person are therefore central in PCC.

    Design and methods

    A cross-sectional Swedish sample of elderly care staff (= 322) completed an electronic survey including measures of personality (Mini-IPIP) and person-centred care (Individualized Care Inventory, ICI). A principal component analysis was conducted on the ICI-data to separate the user orientation (process quality) of PCC from the preconditions (structure quality) of PCC.

    Results

    Among the five factors of personality, neuroticism was the strongest predictor of ICI user orientation. ICI preconditions significantly mediated this relationship, indicating the importance of a supportive working environment. In addition, stress was introduced as a potential explanation and was shown to mediate the impact of neuroticism on ICI preconditions.

    Conclusions

    Personality traits have a significant impact on user orientation, and the perception of a supportive and stress free working environment is an important prerequisite for achieving high-quality person-centred elderly care.

    Implications for practice

    Understanding how personality is linked to the way care staff interacts with the older person adds a new perspective on provision of person-centred elderly care.

  • 104.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Kazemi, Ali
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The older person as a client, customer or service user?2019In: Working with Older People, ISSN 1366-3666, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 9-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe three different approaches to work in elderly care (i.e. professional, market-oriented and person-centred) and examine whether these theoretically derived approaches can be confirmed empirically. Additional aims were to examine the endorsement of these approaches and whether there were differences in the endorsement of these approaches in nursing home vs home care and municipality vs privately run care units. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey study of frontline care staff (n=1,342). Exploratory factor analysis was used to investigate the empirical validity of the proposed approaches to work in elderly care. A series of paired and independent samples t-tests were conducted to analyse mean differences between the proposed approaches to work. Findings A principal axis factoring analysis yielded three theoretically meaningful factors as proposed. These results indicated that the respondents were able to differentiate between three distinct but related approaches to work with older persons. The results also showed that the professional care approach was the highest endorsed and the market-oriented the lowest endorsed approach. No notable differences in approaches to work were observed in nursing home vs home care and municipality vs privately run care units. Originality/value This is the first study to examine multiple approaches to work in elderly care as previous research studies mainly have investigated the person-centred care approach. Current findings indicate that these approaches to work often coexist in various combinations and that the care staff adopts all these approaches but to varying degrees. The approaches differ in several important respects (e.g. legitimacy and view of the older person) and most likely affect the way care staff treats the older person and how the older person perceives their relationship with the care staff. Knowledge about these differences facilitates management of the care staff’s work situation and helps to improve the quality of care.

  • 105.
    Eliason, Felix
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad chefer anser vara väsentligt när de anställer chefer för att nå Employer of Choice2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employer of choice is a marketing form, where an organization chooses to identify,attract, optimize and retain skilled employees. This includes future and currentemployees. The purpose the present study is to investigate the employer's choicebased on a management perspective. Which leadership qualities are important? Isthe employer "employer of choice" in mind when they recruit senior positions? Thiswas a qualitative study with semistructured interviews, carried out at amanufacturing company. The following themes emerged: (1)Employers ofchoice,(2) executives acting to reach the employer of choice, and (3) managers'thoughts in recruiting other managers to reach the employer of choice. These arediscussed in relation to the essay's approaches and presented theories. Based onidentified themes and questions asked, we can see tendencies that managers haveemployer of choice in mind when recruiting, and that they look whether thecandidates have a genuine interest, stands for what the company does, the motivebehind, and the willingness to take responsibility. The study shows how managersact to reach the employer of choice, and by being a rolemodel, building longtermrelationships, understanding employee needs, being accessible, and beingvisible and open to their surroundings.

  • 106.
    Elmquist, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvalitativt förundersökningsledarskap i polisens mängdbrottsutredningar: Vad är viktigt, vad kan påverka beslut?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The investigations of petty crimes are of public interest. They constitute our most common crimes in society. The purpose of this study was to examine which factors police officers leading preliminary police investigations consider most important to carry out investigations with high quality. Furthermore, factors that influence how easy or difficult the decision-making process becomes, and how police officers handled these factors was studied.

    Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight police officers working with investigations. The interviews were thematically analyzed and four themes were found: (1) job demands, (2) work attitudes, (3) the basis of decision, (4) take responsibility and feel secure in decision-making.

    Results showed that ability to prioritize, work involvement and values were important in the working process and that easy decision-making was based on experience among other factors. Interestingly, the police officers, seeking for well-funded decisions, handle different kinds of influences and biases, even though they were not aware of the influence factors. Participants also expressed influencing factors such as pressure from investigators, mass media, time-pressure and stereo-types.

    The study showed high workload and that decision-making concerning petty crimes could be complex and demanding. These factors may lead to faster decision-making resulting in bad decisions due to time-pressure and is a major issue to examine further.

  • 107.
    Emilsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pedagogical challenges in nurse education: A Case Study Focusing on the Completion Rate in Theoretical Education at a Swedish University2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Engblom, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Behandlingsassistenters upplevelse av arbetsmiljön inom Statens institutionsstyrelse: En kvalitativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how treatment assistants, employees on a special youth home for care of young people, experience their work situation and the conditions for performing their work. The study is based on three questions, "How do the informants view their opportunities to do the job they are employed to do?", "Are there any dilemmas and difficulties in the work that the treatment assistants experience in their professional role?" and "What would increase the treatment assistants opportunities to offer young people more successful care? ". Karasek and Theorell's requirement and control model is the theory chosen as a theoretical perspective.

    To answer the study's questions, five semi-structured interviews with treatment assistants were conducted at one of SiS's youth homes. The data has then been analyzed through a thematic analysis.

    The result showed that all informants considered themselves to have relevant education in order to perform the job well, the social support from the employees proved to be important for the informants ability to perform their job. The informants had different experiences about whether rules and procedures were followed at the departments. Their experiences of the expectations and the demands they have on them, varied. Absence of support from managers and family as well as staff shortages were identified as dilemmas and difficulties with the work. Internal education as well as internal and external resources would increase the treatment assistants opportunities to offer young people more successful care.

  • 109.
    Engelbrektsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundvall, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Äventyrsguiders upplevelse av flow vid utomhusaktiviteter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study whose purpose was to examine how adventure guides are experiencing a sense of flow when they execute different types of outdoor activities. This study has focused on the flow theory, since flow is a feeling that hopefully many can relate to. There is a lot of research regarding outdoor activities and flow but the connection between these two topics has a narrow area of research, which this study was trying to broaden.

    The informants on whom this study has relied on are individuals with different ages, genders and backgrounds. Their only common factor is that they are all students at an adventure guide program and for that reason they all fit in the target group of this study. The informants were interviewed with the help of a semi structured interview guide and the collected material was transcribed and analysed with a phenomenological analysis according to Giorgi, which makes this a qualitative study.

    The result of the analysed material is somewhat varied. Four main themes were manufactured, whereof three of the main themes find support in previous research. All produced themes were analysed from a phenomenological approach and discussed separately and against each other to detect different similarities and differences.

  • 110.
    Engelbrektsson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Turtell, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka ungdomar mobbar andra?: Samband med impulsivitet, våldsbenägenhet och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying affects 60,000 children in Sweden every year and is a problem in school.Not only do bullies have problems at school but also runs a greater risk of committingviolent crimes at an adult age than people who do not bully others. The purpose ofthis study is to highlight whether impulsivity, violence and parenting communicationcan have relationships with bullying and to find out if there are any differencesbetween boys and girls. A quantitative study was made based on data from LoRDIA(Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence) wave 3, where 1324 youngpeople aged 13-17 were included. The result shows that based on self-reported andself-assessed behavior there is a positive statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others, violent behavior and parenting communication in the form ofparental solicitation, and a negative statistically significant relationship betweenbullying others and parenting communication in the form of parental knowledge andchild disclosure.

  • 111.
    Englund, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erséus, Matilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tenderar individer med kreativa arbeten att vara mer nöjda med livet?: En kvantitativ studie utifrån World Value Survey Wave 62018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today companies face big competition that requires them to have a niche that makes the company unique compared to other actors. Creativity has thus become an important factor in the survival of the organization and has also been shown to help employees become happier.

    The purpose of this study was thus to investigate whether there is a positive correlation between the extent to which individuals consider themselves to have creative work and how satisfied they are with life, which in this study is also referred to as satisfaction with life. Age influence on the perceived satisfaction with life was investigated as previous studies showed that older individuals tend to assess their work as more creative. Finally, it was investigated whether individuals who assess their work as creative also tend to assess their work as independent.

    The results were based on World Value Survey Wave 6 data collected for Sweden. Raw data for 931 respondents with an age range between 18 to 65 were examined, of which about 53 percent women and 47 percent men.

    The results show a strong positive correlation between creativity and independence at work, as well as between creativity and satisfaction with life. A small positive correlation was identified between age and satisfaction with life. The studied variables could only explain 6 percent of individuals' self-estimation of satisfaction with life. This indicates that there are other factors not investigated in this study that can explain individuals' experience of satisfaction with life.

  • 112.
    Eriksson Jeppsson, Adrian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestlund, Adrian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Employer branding: Att attrahera kvinnor inom olika utbildningsfält2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market is currently beneficial for the employees. The number of vacancies vacant in some areas is greater than the amount of labor in today's Sweden. The occupational groups that are mainly sought after in the labor market are post-secondary educated, specialists and academics. The interest in attracting and retaining skilled personnel is therefore great. This work goes under the concept of Employer Branding. Previous research in the field has focused in particular on how an employer can attract staff with different attributes, as well as comparisons between women and men, age, civil status, etc. Something not previously investigated is whether individuals from different educational background have different values regarding desirable attributes with a prospective or current employer. The present study has aimed at contributing to and reducing the lack of knowledge existing in this area. Semi-structured interviews with four female graduates from different educational backgrounds were held to gain increased knowledge of whether these different individuals resonated differently about job attributes. The interviews resulted in five main themes: similarities, differences and unique attributes. For the study, three major employers have also been interviewed to gain a better understanding of how they work with their employer branding. The results have partly confirmed much of what previous theories have raised in the field, but also shown deviations and added to the previous understanding of what individuals of the generation Y are looking for at a prospective or current employer. In order to gain a better understanding of what individuals are attracted to by employers, Herzberg's two-factor model has been applied.

  • 113.
    Eriksson, Madelen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Klaesson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det är ett teamarbete samtidigt som det är ett ensamarbete”: En kvalitativ studie om interprofessionellt teamarbete i hemtjänst/hemsjukvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our elderly and ill persons today receive assistances from various activities, professions, but also from different principals. Previous research addresses the importance of investigating the context in which inter-professional teamwork is an appropriate organizational form, as well as the importance of creating the right conditions for teamwork in the context of elderly care. Person-centered care takes the team work to a wider dimension where the user becomes an equal partner in the inter-professional team. The members of the team exchange information with the caretaker/patient instead of about the caretaker/patient, and then assess, plan and evaluate the continued efforts. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how a team, in municipal housing services/home care in the elderly care sector, experiences/describes its obstacles and 2 opportunities to work in an inter-professional team in accordance with person-centered care. Research questions aimed at gaining knowledge of which factors as individuals/group and structure levels perceive the ability of the team to be effective and how the concept of person-centered care is perceived. Seven employees in an interprofessional home care team were interviewed according to semi-structured interviews, and the interviews were analyzed according to thematic analysis. A complex picture was described, and in the results it emerged that the current context can create obstacles to the professions to interact effectively in inter-professional teams. Factors that hinder the team's ability to be effective are considered by respondents to be; the organization's set up as well as the team’s lack of close interaction. The professions perceive and describe the concept of person-centered care in a similar manner. It is about listening and assuming the patient/caretaker's perception of quality of life and creating an opportunity for participation in how the care is performed. Our results can contribute to knowledge and understanding of the challenges a home care team face. 

  • 114.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning2018In: Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, Vol. 9, no 34, p. 17-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barn behöver vuxna som kan lyssna2018In: Barnbladet, E-ISSN 0349-1994, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Olsson, Astrid
    University West, University West, the Library.
    The state and art of tinnitus research from a critical discourse perspective2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives 

    Tinnitus is a condition that almost entirely belongs to the field of audiological medicine, predominately regarded as a disorder of the ear. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of the art concerning the scientific discourse on tinnitus. Our main interest was to find the answers to: Who are involved in the research; i.e. within a disciplinary context? What approaches have been most influential?  How much influence does one specific perspective have on the discourse compared to another perspective?

    Methods

     A selection of articles with tinnitus as the main objective, published in international journals between 1930-2013, were analyzed according to Critical discourse analysis and influenced by concepts deriving from (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985). Collected articles were representative, disciplinarily seen.

    Results

    Discourse analysis showed to be an appropriate method for studying the discourses on tinnitus within a time period of more then 80 years. The most influential discourse on the definition of tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of a sound (s) in the absence of an external sound source. It is clear that this definition has been adopted regardless of disciplinary field. Philosophical and existential aspects of tinnitus suffering are not prevalent in the discourses on tinnitus, a somewhat understandable result, as the influence of medical science is exceptional. 

    Conclusion

    Generally seen, the dominance of one discourse in a field of research can lead to an inhibition of other valuable discourses from the periphery (the field of discursivity). The most productive scientific strategy would be to allow several discourses to exist side by side. A significant point to stress, since no epidemiological data so far have demonstrated that the populations of tinnitus patients in any way are homogeneous.

  • 117.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicholas
    Univ Poitiers, Dept Psychol, .
    Categorization of tinnitus in view of history and medical discourse2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, p. 23530-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation and paradigms have had no influence on how the condition is defined as for instance one would expect psychologists and neurologists to have their own viewpoint on this issue.

  • 118.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 119.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 120.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Punzi, E.
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, article id 1319584Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Inledning2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 7-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Essman, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lugnet efter stormen: En kvalitativ studie om delar av polisens omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the organizational change of the police organization, with the intention of increasing employee involvement, motivation and organization's flexibility, is perceived by its employees. The study was based on six participants, including four police officers and two civil servants. In order to investigate the participants' experiences, semi-structured interviews have been conducted. The semi-structured interviews allowed supplementary questions, which has helped to explore the participants' experiences more closely. Interview material was recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed. The transcripts subsequently identified several recurring codes that together formed different themes. These themes formed a total of six main categories which are: conditions for reorganization, attitude to reorganization, motivation factors, structural factors, lack of trust and lack of understanding. The result showed that all participants had been informed of the reorganization before its implementation. However, the information varied in quality, and the participants experienced different degrees of satisfaction. None of the participants had expectations of the organizational change and participants reported differences in experienced motivation and structural benefits and disadvantages after the organizational change. Furthermore, the result showed that some participants experienced insufficient confidence in managers and management after the reorganization. Finally, the result showed that all participants experienced difficulties understanding the goal of increased organizational flexibility.

  • 124.
    Finnson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindberg, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan organisatoriskt engagemang till arbetsplatsen vara en prediktor för upplevd stress?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave due to stress-related problems has increased in recent years and the number of sick leave days varies between women and men. Previous research has shown that employees with high organizational commitment had a stronger desire to practice greater work efforts and efforts on behalf of the organization. However, there was a risk that the employee made such an effort that it affected the recovery, which in turn could lead to stress-related illnesses.

    Studies on work-related stress occur to a large extent, however, few studies have done research on the correlations between organizational commitment and work-related stress. A quantitative study was conducted to answer the research questions; data collection was done through both online- and paper questionnaires with a total of 25 items. The survey was designed by two established questionnaires; Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and Perceived Stress Scale 10-items (PSS) that were intended to measure workplace engagement and work-related stress. A total of 233 people participated in the study (M = 24.9 years, SD = 10.2 years, range of ages 18-68 years, 63% women). The variables showed a normal distribution and therefore a simple linear regression was conducted.

    The results showed a negative statistically significant correlation between commitment and stress for women, but not for men. Engagement levels can to a greater extent predict stress levels in women than in men.

  • 125.
    Fonjah, Ismael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dahlbom, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Äldre personers upplevelser av välbefinnande: En kvalitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the experience of well-being among older people and their strategies to maintain the well-being experience. The results are based on half-structured interviews of approximately 20-45 minutes, with thirteen older people. Interviews are conducted with older people living in two different elderly homes, but we have also conducted interviews with older people who still live at home. Five of the interviewed live in elderly homes and eight live at home.

    The analysis of the material has consisted of a qualitative content analysis where the research effort is phenomenology, which means a term in which predetermined sentences should not be found by our authors. As theoretical tools, we have used the lifecycle perspective, participation, society, quality of life and needs.

    During the compilation, the various factors highlighted by the informants are most important to the well-being. These were experiences of retirement homes, safety, mental attitudes, life tensions and approaches to creating well-being. The answers differed between the older people at elderly homes and those living at home. Those who still live in their own homes had, in many cases, life partners, they participated in different associations and were generally active. Those living at home had fewer physical and mental constraints compared to those living in homes for elderly people.

    In the final discussion we have elucidated older people's experiences of well-being and discussed our findings and found that older people who are not dependent on elderly care are still living in their own homes where they can handle their daily tasks and personal hygiene, expressed well-being and more positive emotions and happiness.

  • 126.
    Forsberg, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En positiv revolution för förändring: Hur Appreciative Inquiry kan bidra till att utveckla organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities and private companies are facing major challenges, both when it comes to keeping their current employees but also when it comes to recruiting new employees who wants to work inside the public sector. As a step towards these challenges, the municipality of Grästorp has chosen to focus on their leaders, but with an intention that it also will benefit every employee in the organization at hand. A work with Hospitality Management (värdskap) has been going on during several years and has proven to be successful but the municipality intends to improve it one step further. To do that they have chosen to work actively with methods like Appreciative Inquiry, appreciative leadership, coaching and organizational development. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a method that focuses on the positive things that already exist in the organization instead of focusing on the existing problems. This study has, by interviewing four leaders, examined how they experience that a venture on methods or ways to work like AI can help an organizational development. Some of the important results from the study are that AI is about finding a new focus, that it demands a new kind of leadership and that it demands that the leaders get guidance and support if it is going to be successful. There are very few Swedish and international studies within the area of AI that put focus on potential downsides of AI, which is why there is a need for further study.

  • 127.
    Forsman, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Heisler, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan specifika personlighetsdrag och inkomst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is limited research on the relationship between specific personality traits and income. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between income and specific personality traits within the Big Five. The term "facet" was used in the study referring to the 30 specific personality traits, 11 of which are highlighted in this study, which together form five broader factors. The correlations were studied at facet level, whilst controlling for age, sex and number of years in the current profession. The study consisted of a two-part questionnaire, partly with 16 selfassessed questions about income, partly with 120 self-assessed claims about personality (IPIP NEO-120). Data was processed using a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. 4 hypotheses were tested, where 3 out of 4 could be supported by the result (N = 131, age 18-61 years, 68% women and 32% men). Anxiety, assertiveness and achievement-striving were the 3 facets that found support in the result, while Modesty did not find support. Of all facets, adventurousness (β = .24, p = .02) and achievement-striving (β = .25, p = .01) showed the greatest predictive ability along with the control variable age (β = .52 , p <.001). The results from the study can be helpful by showing the predictive ability of personality on income as well as the relation between professional qualifications and personality. Knowledge about how personality correlates with income can contribute to development in areas such as recruitment, personnel development and salary settlements.

  • 128.
    Forsman, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivation i samband med monotona arbetsuppgifter: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how employees, in this case assemblers, who have been working with monotonous tasks are experiencing their work in terms of competence, belonging, autonomy and what improvements they think could increase these factors to a greater extent. Six interviews were conducted and the material was analysed through thematic analysis. In this study, all six respondents believed that competence is important to successfully carry out their tasks as for the development of the organisation. Competence was developed through distinct guidelines within the organisation, but to advance the development the organisation could offer more education and possibilities for promotions. The level of belonging was considered high, but the respondents also called for more kinds of activities together with the other work groups to increase it further. Moreover, the respondents find the level of autonomy to be low and the possibilities to affect anything within their tasks to be insufficient. The results of this study corresponds with previous studies on this subject and assemblers in particular find their job to be strictly controlled and changes difficult to bring through.

  • 129.
    Forster, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svenska ungdomars uppfattning av sexualkunskapen de får i skolan: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual education in school is important to provide a guideline forward in adolescents' lives, where some schools seem to accomplish this mission in a better way than others. Research in these results in education is available, but studies that examine adolescents' perception are rare.

    This phenomenological study aims to make visible the opinions and wishes of the students. The study is based upon semi-structured interviews in which eleven 18-year-olds had the opportunity to evaluate and comment on their sexual education in school.

    In the results of the thematic analyses three themes emerged; the teachers' contribution and impact, content and arrangement of the tuition, and time dedicated to the subject. The overall result that was found in all interviews was discontentment and disappointment, which also incuse the results of the analyses. An unexpected finding was that a majority of the informants were more satisfied with the sexual education at lower grades, but that it got worse at higher grades.

    The results of this study provides an understanding that the students perceive the sexual education as scanty, shallow and old fashioned and that they wish for a more updated tuition that meet their needs in a better way. Furthermore, there is a desire for teachers that are confident in the topic which leads to a confidence in their role as sexual educators, as well as more time in class for sexual education. The study thereby constitutes a contribution to the vega

    development of the contemporary sexual education.

  • 130.
    Fransson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyström, Michela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvantitativ studie över sambandet mellan personlighet och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that personality traits measured according to the Five Factor Model (which will henceforth be referred to as FFM), are of predictive value for both job satisfaction as well as well-being. This led to the hypothesis that individuals with different personality traits prefer different degrees of flexibility in work hours. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between personality, age as well as gender, and preferred degree of flexibility in working hours. The study was conducted using surveys which were posted on Facebook and in a medium-sized company in western Sweden (n = 572 of whom 115 men and 451 women aged 18-69+). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho. The main outcome of the study shows no significant connections between four of the personality traits in FFM, age, gender and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. An unexpected result proved to be a positive correlation between openness to experience and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. Previous studies of connection between work-related factors and traits have indicated that openness to experience was the least predictive trait within the FFM (Judge et al., 2002). Combined, the results of this study indicate that further studies need to be conducted to investigate what factors may affect preferred degree of flexibility in working hours.

  • 131.
    Franzén Kotarevic, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    För enkelhets skull: En studie om hur anställda upplever ansvar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how employees experience responsibility, primarily at work that is considered to have low autonomy and partly managed tasks. The goal was to try to find out where the boundary goes between the positive and negative dimensions of responsibility. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach in which seven semi- structured interviews were made and the material was analyzed with thematic analysis. The study found that responsibility had a major impact on employees' experience of the work, where emotions such as joy and nervousness arose. It was emphasized that responsibility is a major commitment and that the balance was important to ensure that responsibility would not contribute to negative aspects, such as health impacts. It also turned out that the possibilities for development were limited and the assignment of responsibility would increase motivation considerably when a belief inthemselves and confirmation of their competence would arise. The result showed that it was important to keep the balance between the positive and negative dimensions in order to keep their employees motivated to the level that they were willing to perform their utmost.

  • 132.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality Item Pool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 133.
    Fred, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kling, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan personlighetsdimensioner, workaholism och livstillfredsställelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workaholism has, through research, been shown to be linked to several negative consequences. At the same time, positive consequences associated with perceived life satisfaction have been demonstrated. Common to these concepts is that they, on many occasions, have been associated with different personality dimensions, including the personality trait emotional intelligence. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate how workaholism and life satisfaction relates to each other and which personality variables can predict workaholism and life satisfaction. The number of participants in the study was 171, with an average age of 40 years. Official working time averaged 36.26 h/week and actual working time 40.56 hours/week. Workaholism was measured with Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS-10), perceived life satisfaction with Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), emotional intelligence with Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form(TEIQue-SF), general personality traits with Mini International Personality ItemPool-6 ( Mini-IPIP-6), dark personality traits with Short Dark Triad (SD3) and socially desirable "style" with Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding(BIDR6). Between workaholism and life satisfaction, the correlation analysis showed a negative relationship. Regression analyzes showed, through positive correlations, that the personality dimension with the greatest importance for workaholism was neuroticism. For life satisfaction, emotional intelligence was most important. The study's summarized results indicates that workaholism and neuroticism adversely affect individuals' perceived life satisfaction. The results also indicate that individuals can improve life satisfaction by developing their emotional intelligence.

  • 134.
    Fridéhn, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Thyrsson, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samhällsvägledarens integrationsarbete: - en kvalitativ studie om yrkes- och kunskapsutveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the global migrant crisis, the immigration to Sweden has increased markedly (SCB, 2017). The Establishment Reform was implemented in 2010 to handle the social challenges that were identified and its main purpose was to accelerate the newly arrived's establishment in the job market (lag 2010:197). The responsibility for handling the establishment of the newly arrived was allocated among different actors, were Arbetsförmedlingen was assigned the main responsibility. The primary task of Arbetsförmedlingen is to support the newly arrived to establish themselves in the job market, which entailed that the family perspective and children perspective, as well as the health perspective ended up in the background of the integration work. The Establishment Reform also meant that each municipality is responsible for the integration work, which may look different depending on interest and preconditions. Furthermore, authorities work in what is called "vertical coordination", meaning, among other things, that the assignment of responsibility between delimited assignment may become a challenge (Bolman & Deal, 2012). It may also mean challenges for the newly arrived, which is often in contact with numerous authorities and other operations. For the municipality were the aforementioned study was carried out, a need was identified for a function which bridged the gap between operations and the newly arrived, hence personel was hired to carry out this function. The municipality choose to denominate these personel as Community Guidance workers with bridging capabilities. The objective of the study was to examine the municipality's integration work preconditions, as well as the Community Guidance worker's profession and the development of professional knowledge for their health promotional integration work. The study was carried out using a quality method, were inspiration was drawn from the hermeneutic approach. Semi-structured interviews and documents constitutes the empirics were thematic analysis were performed. The result of the study shows that the Community Guidance worker's job mainly is carried out as meetings between individuals that they follow in their matters. The work of the Social Guidance worker demands a great ability to adapt and a broad knowledge, as it is distinctively based on the needs of the newly arrived individual. This is possible within the scope of the establishment's guidelines and that the Community Guidance worker works between the operations and the newly arrived. The development of the Community Guidance worker's professional knowledge is formed in the everyday integration work. They will for instance happen upon challenges that will bring about learning possibilities through conversations with the newly arrived. The Community Guidance worker is in contact with the operations in the municipality and will gain knowledge regarding how they work, which in turn will facilitate their own work when the meet newly arrived with similar needs. The Community Guidance worker's own life experiences and cultural understanding constitutes a different prerequisite for the integration work. Further, this work may be seen as health promotional efforts, as the Community Guidance worker clarifies social functions such as explaining how Arbetsförmedlingen works or refer them to Försäkringskassan. The newly arrived will be put I contact with the correct operation based on their need, via the Community Guidance worker, which may accelerate their establishment process. The profession is new and relatively unexplored, which makes this study a valuable contribution to integration work, what expertise will support integrationwork and how the professions that are part of this work may be developed.

  • 135.
    Frisell, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jakobsson, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Evolutionsteorin: Har barndomsminnen ett överlevnadsvärde?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in human memory is extensive and so is research on the theory of evolution, but studies that investigate how people's childhood memories have influenced their behaviors and approaches in adulthood based on the theory of evolution are rare.

    The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the completion of this knowledge gap. Semi-structured interviews with three educators, a social educator, two psychology students, two sociology students and a nursing student were conducted focusing on which childhood memories they have had, negative or positive, and how they have experienced how it has affected their behavior and approach in adult life. The informants were between 25 and 66 and there were five men and four women. Based on the informants' answers, we examined whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values.

    In the result of the thematic analysis, seven themes emerged: 1. Fear, 2. Alienation, 3. Helpfulness, 4. Parental / Adult Role, 5. Belonging, 6. Betrayal / Lack of Trust and 7. Negative experiences. The study's results give an understanding of how childhood memories can affect people's behavior and how evolution  theory can be applied in people today. The result shows people's efforts to constantly improve their characteristics by learning from their or other’s mistakes.

    The study thus makes a psychological contribution to the qualitative research on how people's memories can be adapted through generations based on the theory of evolution.

  • 136.
    Frisk, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mångfald på arbetsplatsen: En studie om hur personliga värderingar påverkar attityden till utrikes födda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how attitudes towards foreign-born employees are linked to the individual's personal values. The study was conducted with the help of Swedbank and its staff. Study subjects consisted of 137 participants. To investigate the impact of personal values on attitudes towards foreign-born coworkers, questionnaires were sent consisting of 44 questions. The questionnaire was structured in two parts, one part which consisted of a scale that measured how survey participants felt that the bank and the staff are affected. The second part of the questionnaire measured the weight that study participants attach to different personal values. In order to answer the research questions, a correlation analysis Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and a multiple linear regression were used. The results showed positive correlations between the perceived effect on the bank as well as the banking staff and the values for universalism and benevolence. Also shown, there was a negative correlation between the perceived effect on the bank and the banking staff with values for power. Finally, the results also showed a negative correlation between the values of security and tradition with the perceived effect on banking staff. The results mean that the participants who value relationships and appreciation for diversity of people, felt that the recruitment of foreign-born is positive for the bank and the staff. Study participants who instead value the control, domination, security and respect for traditional culture was shown to have a negative attitude towards foreign-born employees. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the value dimensions (self-transcendence and self-enhancement) and (openness to change and conservation) explain 10 percent of the total variance in perceived banking impact, as well as explaining 7 percent of the total variance in perceived impact on banking staff.

  • 137.
    Frödin, Rolf
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetet som ordningsvakt: Att möta motstridiga krav2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has its starting point in two articles in the daily press, one debate article and one reply, about the security guards work at the pub. The debaters in the article said that the insecurity in the nightlife depends on the security guards abusing their power discriminating and committing violence against the guests at the pub. A security guard replicated on the article and said that the insecurity in the pub is not created by the security guards but by the pub owner with his staff. There is a conflict of interest between the security guard's assignment and the pub owner who pays the guard's salary. The owner of the pub would like to have influence over the work of the security guards, otherwise he /she may lose his /her work. In the reply, it is proposed that the solution to the conflict of interest is that the security guards become employees and receive a salary from the police authority. The contents of the security guard's reply to the debate article caught my interest in this study.

    The aim of the study is to gain increased knowledge and understanding of how the conditions are for the work of the security guards, in a pub environment, based on three issues. 

    • How do the guards experience their profession and mission?

    • How do the security guards handle the conflict of interest between the principal police authority and the owner of the pub?

    • How do the security guards reason to be state employees and receive salaries from the police authority? 

    The theoretical perspective of the study consists of Rational Choice theory (RC), Georg Simmel's theory of triads and Pierre Bourdieu's concept of habitus. To answer the questions, qualitative method was chosen with interview. Five security guards were interviewed through semi-structured interview method. The interviews were printed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The themes that appear in the study are the professional role of the security guards, conflict of interest, form of employment and improvement area.

    The study's results show that the security guards watch their professional role as an important service function at the pub where good reception of the guests is in focus. The described conflict of interest was known by the interviewed guards, but they judged that it was caused by security guards who were unsuitable and who did not stand up for their profession and assignments. All security guards did not want to be employed and receive salaries from the police authority, but argued that security guards would only be employed by security companies and not directly by the owner of the pub.

  • 138.
    Fåll, Alexander
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Depersonalisation: En kvalitativ studie kring hur vårdpersonal upplever patienter med depersonalisationssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depersonalization syndrome is a mental condition that is estimated to affect between 1-3 percent of the world's population at some time during their lives. Although it is considered as a well-documented syndrome there are relatively few people who know the concept and what it means. The aim of the present study was to contribute to increasing the general knowledge and to examine how healthcare professionals experience these patients. Semi-structured interviews with five informants, two psychologists and three psychiatric nurses, ware carried out with a focus on how they experienced their patients and how they are affected in their life and what treatment they received. Analysis of the empirical data was performed by theoretical interpretation where the two built-in themes in the interview guide were central. The results of the analyses showed the different approaches in the treatment stage between psychologists and psychiatric nurses. Besides that the analyses confirmed previous research by demonstrating that the under diagnosis is great, medical use is common and the ordinary life of individuals with depersonalization syndrome can often be problematic. The study thus represents a psychological contribution in the dissemination of knowledge regarding depersonalization syndrome.

  • 139.
    Gadd, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Börjesson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fysisk integritet i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt till barns fysiska integritet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Bakgrund: Vi har arbetat inom förskola i fyra år och har de tre senaste åren utbildat oss till förskollärare utan att någon gång stött på ämnet barns fysiska integritet trots att det är ett av fem barn som blir sexuellt utnyttjade. Det finns mycket tidigare forskning om sexuella övergrepp men denna studie är avgränsad till fysisk integritet i förskolan vilket det tyvärr fanns begränsat med tidigare forskning om. Vi anser därför att denna studie är välbehövlig och intressant att genomföra. Studien vill påvisa hur förskollärare kan lära barnen att de har rätten till sin kropp och att andras fysiska integritet ska respekteras. Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur förskolepersonal arbetar med och ser på barns fysiska integritet i förskolan. Metod: Den valda metoden för studien är kvalitativa semistrukturerade forskningsintervjuer som genomförts med fem kvinnliga förskollärare och två kvinnliga barnskötare i ett åldersspann mellan 25-53 från tre olika förskolor. För att analysera intervjumaterialet har vi använt oss av kategorisering och datastyrd kodning. Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att deltagarna arbetar på olika sätt med barns fysiska integritet t.ex. genom arbete med känslor, dramatiseringar av olika slag, musik, massage och samarbetsövningar. Samtliga deltagare är medvetna om att både de och barnen ska respektera varandras fysiska integritet och att det är ett arbete som pågår hela tiden vilket underlättas om förskolepersonalen är närvarande för att kunna stötta barnen. Deltagarna påvisar också en medvetenhet gällande situationer som måste utföras på grund av hygienskäl men som kan bli problematiska vid t.ex. tidspress.

  • 140.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    University of Turku, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Finland, University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, Sweden.
    Al Nima, Ali
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden .
    Brulin, Joel Gruneau
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rapp-Ricciardi, Max
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IRT analyses of the Swedish Dark Triad Dirty Dozen2018In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) can be captured quickly with 12 items using the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Jonason and Webster, 2010). Previous Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses of the original English Dark Triad Dirty Dozen have shown that all three subscales adequately tap into the dark domains of personality. The aim of the present study was to analyze the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen using IRT. Method: 570 individuals (nmales = 326, nfemales = 242, and 2 unreported), including university students and white-collar workers with an age range between 19 and 65 years, responded to the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Garcia et al., 2017a,b). Results: Contrary to previous research, we found that the narcissism scale provided most information, followed by psychopathy, and finally Machiavellianism. Moreover, the psychopathy scale required a higher level of the latent trait for endorsement of its items than the narcissism and Machiavellianism scales. Overall, all items provided reasonable amounts of information and are thus effective for discriminating between individuals. The mean item discriminations (alphas) were 1.92 for Machiavellianism, 2.31 for narcissism, and 1.99 for psychopathy. Conclusion: This is the first study to provide IRT analyses of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Our findings add to a growing literature on the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen scale in different cultures and highlight psychometric characteristics, which can be used for comparative studies. Items tapping into psychopathy showed higher thresholds for endorsement than the other two scales. Importantly, the narcissism scale seems to provide more information about a lack of narcissism, perhaps mirroring cultural conditions. © 2018 The Authors

  • 141.
    Gerhard Eriksson, Tommy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fördomsfullhet (modern rasism) och social dominansorientering bland polisstuderande och intagna i fängelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that police officers and police-trainees are more ethnically prejudiced than the average population. Research on the phenomenon of prejudice has revealed that intolerant people tend to “divide” people hierarchically into groups, so-called social dominance orientation (SDO). In social dominance theory there is a thesis that police officers belong to the dominant group, while the prison population belongs to the subordinate group. Later research has linked prejudice and SDO to personality traits in the Five Factor Model and to the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy), primarily to low levels of factor agreeableness and openness, and high levels of Machiavellianism. The main aim (Study 1) was to examine the differences in prejudice and SDO between police-trainees at the end of their education (N = 202) and inmates (N = 264), as well as investigate relationships between prejudice and SDO through regression analyses in each group. Unexpectedly, a multivariate analysis of variance disclosed that police-trainees were less ethnically prejudiced than inmates, and that the thesis on social dominance theory could be rejected, as police-trainees also were less socially dominant than inmates. SDO predicted prejudice throughout the whole sample; the effect was significantly higher within the groups of inmates. A more open set of questions (Study 2) was to examine, from a personality approach, in which way inmates were more prejudiced and socially dominant. Multiple regression analyses showed that low levels of agreeableness and high levels of Machiavellianism predicted ethnic prejudice and SDO in the group of inmates, which may well explain the difference between the groups.

  • 142.
    Gerward, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur lärarlönelyftet påverkade upplevelsen i gruppen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Lärarlönelyftet” was a project by the Swedish government to elevate the status of the teacher profession and student performance by rising the wages of the best teachers. This resulted in that 40% of the teachers got a raise of about 3,000 SEK.

    The following thesis focus on examining how the teachers in Skellefteå county public schools (students age 16-19) experienced that “lärarlönelyftet” influenced their work group and work climate. There are few previous studies on how performance-based pay influence the group and its members.

    This thesis includes five semi-structured interviews with teachers. The participants included males and females, people who had or hadn’t taken part of the rise. A thematic analysis of the data resulted in four themes, showing both positive and negative effects.

    Teachers who’d gotten the rise felt acknowledged, while the ones who hadn’t felt devalued. A rift developed between colleagues; conflicts and devaluating comments were prominent. There was a feeling of injustice and anger about who had gotten the rise. The ones who got the rise felt favoured in an unwanted way which led to anxiety. The anxiety was, among other, founded in the notion that they had gotten more than their colleagues. Opinions differ if the effects linger three years later.

    The result of this thesis acknowledges the effects performance-based pay can have on a group and its dynamics. Additional studies on a bigger scale should be carried out to reach deeper analysis about if and how the effects linger and what happens to the group.

  • 143.
    Gidoff, Emilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsson, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tidsbaserad konflikt mellan arbete och familj2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common subject today is how people experience difficulties keeping requirements from work and family apart. This study aimed to investigate: (1) What correlations can be found between experienced work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC), the number of hours worked (paid work), the number of hours spent on family and household labor (non-paid work) and division of labor. (2) To what extent paid work, non-paid work and division of labor can predict experienced conflict. (3) If the results concerning experienced conflict differ between women and men. The participants in the study consisted of 389 employees who lived with an employed partner. 211 women and 178 men in the ages of 29-80 years (M = 52) participated. The instrument used to answer the research questions was parts of International Social Survey Program 2012: Opinions on family and work. With correlations, regressions, and t-test the results showed that the only important variables that correlated with experienced WFC was paid work (r = .19) and nonpaid work (r = -.11). Experienced FWC did not show any important correlations for this study. The result also showed that all variables in the study could predict WFC up to 9% and experienced FWC up to 6%, and that women experienced WFC to a greater extent than men do. Division of labor had almost non-existent correlations with either conflict, but did show a strong correlation with gender (r = .58). The conclusion of the present study is that paid and non-paid work, division of labor and gender can to some extent play an important role for in what extent a person experiences conflict between work and family, and vice versa.

  • 144.
    Gillard, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Moa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work-Family Conflict: en kvalitativ studie om småbarnsmammors upplevelse av relationen mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how working women with children under the age of five experience the relationship between work-life and family-life. We examine what conflicts can arise and how theese women cope with them.

    To learn more about this relationship we have used a qualitative method and collected data based on six semi-structured interviewes. The data has then been analysed using a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that the women in this study experience work-family conflict as a result due to lack of social support from their spouse.

    The conclusion is that theese women experience stress, which can be derived to inequality in housework, as a consequence of the work-family conflict.

  • 145.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En första bok om kvantitativa metoder för psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper2019 (ed. Upplaga 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvantitativ forskning inom psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper är inspirerad av ett naturvetenskapligt sätt att förstå världen. Mätningar och insamling av sifferdata sker genom att frågor eller påståenden presenteras tillsammans med svarsalternativ som kan översättas till siffror. Insamlat siffermaterial analyseras med statistiska metoder vilket gör det möjligt att dra slutsatser om samband mellan variabler och skillnader mellan grupper. Boken tar främst upp enkäter som metod för insamling av data. Du får lära dig hur du lägger upp en enkätundersökning, hur du ställer de rätta frågorna och hur svaren ska analyseras. Du lär dig också om vanliga fallgropar vid kvantitativa undersökningar. Medelvärden, standardavvikelser, korrelationskoefficienter, enkel regressionsanalys och test av statistisk signifikans är några av de statistiska verktyg som tas upp och förklaras i boken. Metoderna förklaras och exemplifieras så att även läsare utan speciella matematiska förkunskaper lätt kan följa resonemangen och förstå de bakomliggande idéerna. En första bok om kvantitativa metoder kan användas som grundbok i kurser i kvantitativ forskningsmetod för psykologistuderande och andra beteendevetare.

  • 146.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johnsen, Svein Åge
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Department of Psychology, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Hanss, Daniel
    Hochschule Darmstadt–University of Applied Sciences, Department of Social Sciences, Darmstadt, Germany.
    Values and willingness-to-pay for sustainability-certified mobile phones2019In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 657-664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether endorsement of personal values is associated with willingness to pay more for mobile phones with an environmental or social sustainability label. Participants were students in Sweden, Norway and Germany. A self-report inventory was used to measure willingness to pay and the importance attached to values of Schwartz's circular model. In Sweden and Norway, participants were willing to pay, on average, 18% extra for a mobile phone with labels for environmental or social sustainability. In Germany, the corresponding share was 12%. To strive for self-enhancement values, that is, social status and prestige, as well as control and dominance over people and resources, was associated with a lower willingness to pay for mobile phones with labels for environmental or social sustainability in all three countries. Furthermore, women were willing to pay more than men for mobile phones with both kinds of sustainability labels. In Sweden and Norway, participants were, on average, willing to pay more for a mobile phone with a label for social sustainability compared to a mobile phone with a label for environmental sustainability. © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 147.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Anders
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tuffare konkurrens ökar fusk bland forskare2019In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345, Vol. 7 oktober, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att oredlighet och fusk förekommer inom akademisk forskning är nu ingen nyhet. Men vi menar att blicken bör höjas över enskilda fall för att se vilka strukturella förhållanden som kan utgöra incitament för sådana beteenden, skriver Anders Persson universitetslektor i sociologi vid Högskolan Väst och Gunne Grankvist, docent i psykologi vid Högskolan Väst.

  • 148.
    Gulamhusein, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Muhiaddin, Esma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Varför kollar dom snett?”: En kvalitativ studie om bostadsområdet och ungdomars identitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att öka förståelsen kring hur bostadsområdet har format ungdomarnas identitet utifrån respondenternas upplevelse. Polismyndigheterna presenterar i deras studie femton särskilda utsatta områden i Sverige. Ett av dessa utsatta områden var Angered som blev studiens fokusområde (Hellberg & Khorramshahi, 2017). Denna undersökningen gjordes med stöd av kvalitativa intervjuer och en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. För att stärka analysen av det empiriska materialet utifrån metoderna har författarna dessutom tagit Erikssons teori om identitetsutveckling samt Goffmans teori om sociala stigman. Insamlingen av materialet gjordes utifrån intervjuer med unga individer mellan 16- 19 år. För att analysera resultaten av dessa intervjuer användes tematisk analys där materialet kodades och delades in i teman. I slutändan kom författarna fram till att respondenterna upplevde en stark gemenskap i bostadsområdet samtidigt som det fanns faktorer som har påverkat individernas identitet. Respondenternas syn och samhällets syn stämmer inte riktigt överens om hur Angered är som stadsdel.

  • 149.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Föräldraresursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar2017Report (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1565239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine children's perception of their agency in different relationship contexts. Historically, most studies conducted in Sweden concerning children's agency, in relation to their self-efficacy and perceptions of their effectiveness as agents, have been carried out in school situations or other institutional organizations. Past research has shown that children'sagency has positive links to health, school achievement and/or adjustment. Method: Interviews were conducted with 103 10-year-old Swedish children to examine three relationship contexts: parent-child, teacher-pupil, and peer relations. Vignettes about the different contexts were presented to the children and their answers were analysed with thematic analysis. Results: The results show that children think of their agency differently depending upon which relationship context they find themselves in. Most perceived agency are found insituations with peers, and children perceive they have the least agency with teachers. In situations with parents, children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find asolution together, while they would be more emotional and perceive less power with adults. Conclusion: We conclude that children make adistinction in their perception of agency depending upon the relationship context. These findings can be relevant for helping children receive more agency in all contexts, which might have apositive impact on health and adjustment.

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