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  • 101.
    Bornstein, Marc H
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Putnick, Diane L
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand..
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Mixed blessings: parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective.2017In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 58, no 8, p. 880-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    METHODS: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    RESULTS: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children's better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    CONCLUSIONS: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting are important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 102.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Putnick, Diane L.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, (ÜSA).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Neapel, (ITA).
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology (ITA).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome (ITA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau (MAC).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002, (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University (USA).
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University (USA).
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University (KEN).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University (USA) and King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University (THA).
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico (ITA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    ’Mixed Blessings’: Parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective2022In: Parenting: Selected Writings of Marc H. Bornstein / [ed] Marc H. Bornstein, Taylor & Francis, 2022, p. 392-415Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    Methods: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children’s adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    Results: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children’s better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    Conclusions: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting is important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 103.
    Boson, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Behavioral SDepartment of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg (SWE) ;Department of Psychology, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Lillehammer (NOR).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Claesdotter-Knutsson, Emma
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund (SWE); Region Skåne, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Regional Outpatient Care, Lund University Hospital, Lund (SWE).
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Adolescent gaming and parent–child emotional closeness: bivariate relationships in a longitudinal perspective2024In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to add knowledge of the longitudinal associations between gaming and emotional closeness between parents and their children. We hypothesized that parent–child emotional closeness was linked to less gaming activity over time and that more gaming activity was linked to less parent–child emotional closeness over time. We also tested the moderating efect of child gender on these anticipated links. This study involved a sample of Swedish adolescents, spanning the developmental years from age 12.5 to 17, and included data from two time points (T1; year 2013 and T2; years 2017/2018) with N=782 participants (T1 Mage=12.10, SD=0.40; 49.6% girls). Utilizing a series of Cross-Lagged Panel Models, we found that emotional closeness to both mother and father predicted less time spent on gaming over time. More time spent on gaming predicted less emotional closeness to mother over time. Additionally, gaming activity among girls was specifcally related to less emotional closeness to their father over time. Strengthening parent–child relationships and emotional bonds may be crucial in safeguarding adolescents from developing habits of excessive gaming that could potentially pose problems for their psychosocial development.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 104.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    University of Worcester, Institute of Health and Society, United Kingdom.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Bozsodi, Judit
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan sex timmars arbetstid skapa ett hållbart arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie baserad på några medarbetares erfarenhet av sex timmars arbetsdag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction can be a means of reducing stress in society. Having a reasonable working time for wage workers is important in order to get the job done today. Today's problem is to create a sustainable working life for people in the future. According to the Ministry of Labor, several factors show that working life is not adapted to people's ability and needs. Work-related ill health is growing, which has been shown in increasing sick leave and stress in working life. Even the recovery time has decreased which leads to wear damage (Ds 2000: 22, p.14). The study aims at examining employee's experience of working time shortening thirteen years after organizational reform and see what this type of working-time reduction has meant for internal values such as: motivation, participation, requirements and learning that are indicators of a sustainable working life. Data gathering has helped with semi structured interview questions combined with open questions to get a more detailed answer. The study is based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The interview includes eight workshop staff in a car company that has worked with both eight hours and six hours of work since 2002. The results showed that six hours of work with retained pay create motivation for employees who increase their productivity unemployment and efficiency even after thirteen years. This may be because they are experiencing their psychosocial work environment positively, which are the main motivational factors, indicating sustainable working life. Furthermore, the requirement has increased after the shortening of working hours, as the pressures to perform in a short period of time are experienced stressful. However, despite this picture, there is no risk of ill health when the employee's absence due to illness is not increased. Six-hour working day with retained salary contributes to reduced sick leave for long-term sickness who work full time instead of being partially ill-treated. The role of organizations is to create greater conditions for recovery for individuals to work longer and to have a sustainable working life. The result is consistent with previous research that has been done in a shorter period of time, where self-perceived health is increasing. Furthermore, the result shows that the activities and focuses on people's learning and skills development can thus maintain a sustainable working life. The theoretical frame of reference for the study contains the requirements -control-support model, experience theory, organization's change, Kasam.

  • 106.
    Brask Larsén, Wilma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intuition i rekryteringsprocessen: En kvalitativ studie om varför rekryterare, HR-generalister och chefer förlitar sig på intuition i rekryteringsprocesser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, recruitment tools with high validity are available to predict candidates future work performance. At the same time, there are many indications that most recruiters prefer to use their intuition, which is also described as the human gut feeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate why recruiters, managers and HR generalists use intuition in recruitment processes, even though there are recruitment tools with objective capabilities. The study was qualitative with a phenomenological research approach. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and data collection was analyzed using the IPA method, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The results of the interviews show that the majority of respondents use intuition during the recruitment process. The respondents refer to the explanation that intuition can predict personality, performance and how well the candidate fits into the workplace. The majority of respondents felt that based on their experience they could rely on their intuition, while other respondents felt that objective tools were not adapted to their specific workplace. The study's results reinforce, among other things, previous research on the lack of understanding of intuition and how intuition affects the selection process.

  • 107.
    Bravo Vera, Evelyn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Behrami, Vjollca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi springer in och ut": En kvalitativ studie om NPM införandet i hemtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and increase our understanding of what the New Public Management reform has resulted for the employees of the municipal home care service and if they feel that the work has changed. The study is based on a qualitative research methodology and empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews. In the study six respondents participated. All worked as assistant nurses in municipal home care services in Västra Götaland County. In order to analyze the collected material, Foucault's theories about discipline, power and monitoring were used. These theories can be interpreted as a power-using tool. Who are exercised to create committed bodies with the purpose of socializing the individual to adapt to norms and rules that will lead to efficiency in the work. The results of the study shows that the respondents feel controlled and supervised. It has also had a negative impact on the quality of care and social relations with the care providers.

  • 108.
    Brinkeborn Östling, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rasimus, Ottilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialt stöd och välmående: En kvalitativ studie om HR-utövares upplevelser avtillfälligt distansarbete2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the year 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced many organizations and their employees to make rapid adjustments and get used to new work arrangements, such as increased teleworking. The aim of this study is to gain an increased understanding of how the psychosocial work environment in terms of social support is experienced during temporary telework by employees in an HR department. To concretize the aim, two research questions were selected: How do employees describe their experiences of social support from managers and colleagues during telework? How do employees feel that social support contributes to their well-being in the workplace? The study is relevant as there are many indications that telework will become increasingly common in the future, which entails challenges for organizations and HR practitioners who are responsible to ensure a good work environment for employees. Theory and previous research presented have focused on social support, telework, well-being and the demand-control-support model. Previous research has shown that telework can lead to risks such as social isolation and work-related stress, something that can be counteracted through social support from colleagues and managers. In order to collect data, a qualitative research method was chosen. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with ten HR practitioners from a municipal operation. Through a thematic analysis with an inductive approach three main themes emerged: Social support Social support in relation to the professional role, social support and relationships during telework and social support and workload during telework. The results of the study show that there are challenges in applying social support when teleworking. What stands out most in the result is that there are limitations in social support, due to changes in informational and emotional support. Our conclusions are that these changes create a reduced control at work, which is important for the well-being of employees. 

  • 109.
    Broberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Martinsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet och innovation: vad karaktäriserar den kreativa medarbetaren?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative ability is a sought-after competence in today's labor market, marked by expansive technological progression, globalization and increased flexibility. International studies in work psychology indicate that innovative ability is correlated with specific personality traits.

    In this study the correlation between personality through Five Factor Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and innovative ability through Ideational Behavior (IB; Runco, Plucker, & Lim, 2001) was explored. There is a lack of exploration of IB and its two distinct factors in relation to personality in previous Swedish research, which has led to this study aiming to remedy the situation.

    Data was collected through a web survey based on the self-assessment instrument IPIP-NEO-120 (Johnson, 2014) to examine personality, and Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS) to examine IB. The survey gathered 256 respondents with various educational background and main occupation.

    The result indicates that IB was positively and significantly associated with the personality traits Openness to Experience and Extraversion, while Conscientiousness and Agreeableness presented negative correlations with IB. A noteworthy result implied that there were differences in the correlations between FFM and the two distinct factors of IB, which measures two separate constructs of creativity: Divergent thinking and Scatterbrained. The difference was especially prominent for the trait Neuroticism, for which the correlation indicated a negative association with the factor Divergent thinking and a positive association with the factor Scatterbrained. It was established through forced entry regression method that selected personality facets of FFM and gender accounted for a little over half of the variance in IB. The results are in line with international research, indicating that IB is a possible instrument for measuring innovative behavior at an individual level.

  • 110.
    Brorsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestin, Eric
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utforskande sambandsstudie om moralisk vitalism och värderingar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some people imagine, and believe, that good and evil exist as active forces that can influence people and events and also determine actions as morally right or wrong. This conception is called moral vitalism. The study examined connections between belief in moral vitalism and values. Values refer to the individual's personal estimation of the value of something, in the results of an action. The study had a wide angle and 188 respondents answered the webb questionnaire. The questionnaire had a normal distribution and of the respondents 74.2 % was women, 24.7% men and 1.1% answered being another sex. The largest part of the respondents were 26–35 (36%) and 79% had some kind of college or university education. The instrument from Schwartz values model (2012) and Bastian, Bain, Buhrmester, Gómez, Vásquez, Knight and Swann´s (2015) instrument to measure the degree of belief in moral vitalism were used in collecting data. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to explore the connections. The study show two weak correlations between having conservation values or universal values and belief in moral vitalism, i.e. the belief that evil and good power have influence over people and events.

  • 111.
    Brorsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefers inställning till fortsatt distansarbete efter covid-19-pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market has gone through changes during the ongoing covid-19 pandemic and a large amount of the working population has started work on remote from their homes. The majority of the Swedish working population wishes a hybrid solution of remote work after the pandemic. This aroused interest in examining what opportunities and challenges employers see with such a solution. The aim with this study was to investigate managers preferences about further remote work in the future. Questions at issue were how managers perceive management on remote and which possibilities and challenges they experience with remote work in the future. This qualitative study comprised semi-structured interviews with ten managers within different sectors. The interviews were analyzed by thematic analysis. The result shows that the perception of remote work has changed, and the managers are positive about a hybrid version in the future. How the design of the hybrid version should be composed depend on several factors as the nature of the task, the organizations’ and employees’ needs and conditions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 112.
    Brunedal, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Väringer, Kajsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Global självkänsla & prestationsbaserad självkänsla: En kvantitativ undersökning om generell tilltro till den egna förmågans modererande effekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was examined to get an insight in the underlying factors of global selfesteem. More specifically, the purpose was to examine if the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was moderated by general selfefficacy. Our hypothesis was that individuals who have a greater tendency to link their self-worth to their performance will have higher global self-esteem, but only if they have high general self-efficacy. The study was based on an online survey which used Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Performance-based Self-EsteemScale (PBSE) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). Through a conveniencesample 242 participants were recruited and 81.8% were women, 17.4% men and .8% stated another gender identity. The ages varied between 19 to 74 years (M = 31.83,SD = 13.8). Data was analysed via the Process macro for SPSS and the moderatoranalysis "model 1" was used. The study showed that global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was negatively correlated and global self-esteem and general self-efficacy was positively correlated. These results are in line with previous studies. Further, the study showed that the level of general self-efficacy did not affect the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem. In otherwords there was no moderating effect of general self-efficacy.

  • 113.
    Bubach, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kesete, Sara  
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mindfulness, Big Five, ålder och kön: en sambandsstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness means being deliberately focused on the present with a nonjudgmental attitude towards the feelings and thoughts that may emerge. Since a person can be more or less mindful by default this study will look at the relations between mindfulness (dependent variable), and personality traits, sex and age (independent variables).

    This essay used a quantitative method with an internet-based inquiry poll with a total of 20 questions. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to measure mindfulness and Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to measure personality traits. The participants (N = 114) consisted of 76 women and 38 men (average age = 25.8, standard deviation = 6.7). The data material was analyzed by using correlation analysis, regression analysis, t-test and Cohen's d.

    The results were similar to previously conducted studies on the same topic although there were a few small differences. The results showed that age and extraversion lacked any connection to mindfulness. Agreeableness showed a weak and negative connection to mindfulness. Conscientiousness have a medium strong and positive connection towards mindfulness. Neuroticism showed a strong and negative connection to mindfulness. Openness showed a weak and positive connection to mindfulness. A moderate difference was found between the sexes in relationship to mindfulness with a statistical significance. Conscientiousness and neuroticism was the two personality traits that had a statistical significance to mindfulness. The results from the regression analysis showed that traits, age and gender explain a quite large portion (42%) of mindfulness while age and sex and age have a smaller explanatory effect (4%) on mindfulness.

  • 114.
    Buchanan, Christy M.
    et al.
    Wake Forest Univ, Winston Salem (USA).
    Glatz, Terese
    Orebro Univ, Orebro (SWE).
    Selçuk, Şule
    Hacettepe Univ, Ankara (TUR).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC (USA).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Abu Dhabi Early Childhood Authority, Abu Dhabi (ARE); Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples “Federico II” (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda; 0 UNICEF, New York (USA); Institute for Fiscal Studies, London (GBR).
    Chang, Lei
    Department of Psychology, University of Macau (CHN).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (CHN).
    Long, Qian
    Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Department of Psychology, Maseno University, Maseno (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Peace Culture Foundation, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia (USA); King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Suthep, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses2023In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the developmental trajectories of parental self-efficacy as children transition into adolescence. This study examined parental self-efficacy among mothers and fathers over 3 1/2 years representing this transition, and whether the level and developmental trajectory of parental self-efficacy varied by cultural group. Data were drawn from three waves of the Parenting Across Cultures (PAC) project, a large-scale longitudinal, cross-cultural study, and included 1178 mothers and 1041 fathers of children who averaged 9.72 years of age at T1 (51.2% girls). Parents were from nine countries (12 ethnic/cultural groups), which were categorized into those with a predominant collectivistic (i.e., China, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Colombia, and Jordan) or individualistic (i.e., Italy, Sweden, and USA) cultural orientation based on Hofstede's Individualism Index (Hofstede Insights, 2021). Latent growth curve analyses supported the hypothesis that parental self-efficacy would decline as children transition into adolescence only for parents from more individualistic countries; parental self-efficacy increased over the same years among parents from more collectivistic countries. Secondary exploratory analyses showed that some demographic characteristics predicted the level and trajectory of parental self-efficacy differently for parents in more individualistic and more collectivistic countries. Results suggest that declines in parental self-efficacy documented in previous research are culturally influenced.

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  • 115.
    Buchanan, Christy M
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, (USA).
    Zietz, Susannah
    Duke University (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Chongqing Medical University (CHN).
    Long, Qian
    Duke Kunshan University (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza” (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University (USA) and King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University (THA).
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín 050001, (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Department of Psychology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education (ARE).
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Neapel, (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau (MAC).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002, (USA).
    Typicality and trajectories of problematic and positive behaviors over adolescence in eight countries.2022In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, article id 991727Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine the predictions of a storm and stress characterization of adolescence concerning typicality and trajectories of internalizing, externalizing, and wellbeing from late childhood through late adolescence. Using data from the Parenting Across Cultures study, levels and trajectories of these characteristics were analyzed for 1,211 adolescents from 11 cultural groups across eight countries. Data were longitudinal, collected at seven timepoints from 8 to 17 years of age. Results provide more support for a storm and stress characterization with respect to the developmental trajectories of behavior and characteristics from childhood to adolescence or across the adolescent years than with respect to typicality of behavior. Overall, adolescents' behavior was more positive than negative in all cultural groups across childhood and adolescence. There was cultural variability in both prevalence and trajectories of behavior. The data provide support for arguments that a more positive and nuanced characterization of adolescence is appropriate and important.

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  • 116.
    Bäckemo, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    “Jag vill vara barnmorska men inte till vilket pris som helst”: En kvalitativ studie om sex barnmorskors upplevelse av sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö inom förlossningsvården2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The maternity care crisis is described as a crisis that has escalated in 2021. Although the same issue has been ongoing for many years. This study aimed to examine midwives' experience of the psychosocial work environment within maternity care. Qualitative method was applied. The study was conducted in Sweden. The first respondent was selected through a convenience sample and the other five through a snowball sample. Semi-structured interviews were applied via video calls and the data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed partly in line with previous research, that midwives experienced their psychosocial work environment demanding but also meaningful. Understaffing compromised patient safety and limited respondents ability to provide the support they wanted to patients. In addition to understaffing, the main negative factors identified in the study were the high levels of stress experienced by respondents in the workplace, dissatisfaction with having to work three shifts and the feeling that they were not being seen. Support and community among colleagues and the meaningfulness of the profession were described as contributing factors to respondents' desire to remain working in maternity care

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  • 117.
    Bäckman, Beata
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samordnarens upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön på en bemanningsenhet i kommunal regi: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project aims to examine the psychosocial working environment within a communal staffing unit, the experience of the coordinators working there, as well as the contributing factors affecting the psychosocial working environment. The information used in the research was extracted from semi-structured interviews with five individual coordinators. Each coordinator was working with allocating employees in the leave of absence due to various sickness, annual leave and/or flexible working hours; as well as child care, home care services, group homes, retirement homes and personal assistance. The material was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach and these four overarching patterns emerged: feedback, clear objectives in the workplace, working in an open plan office and collaboration. The results clearly show which factors the informants perceive to be the most meaningful for a favorable and less propitious psychosocial work environment. By demonstrating a greater understanding for what improvement that are needed, the results contribute to future enhancements which could provide an improved psychosocial working environment for the coordinators.

  • 118.
    Bäverhag, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carén, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Har en arbetssökande med uttalad ADHD svårare att fåarbete?: En randomiserad experimentell design avseende sambandetmellan ADHD och anställningsbarhet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 3% of the adults in Sweden are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are numerous stereotypes connected to the disability, like bothersome behavior and difficulties with concentration. This study examined whether individuals with ADHD have trouble getting employed, compared to others.

    The hypotheses were as follows: a) an individual applying for a job will be denied when including the word “ADHD” in their cover letter, b) an employer with earlier experience of employing a person with a disability will more likely employ someone with ADHD, c) an employer with higher agreeableness will have a positive attitude towards someone with ADHD.

    A quantitative and randomized experiment was conducted. It consisted of having participants working in the HR sector perform a personality test, examine cover letters and answer questions about a fictional candidate. The results are based on 58 participants, with 30 participants in the manipulation group and 28 in the control group. The manipulation meant having the word “ADHD” explain the candidate's behavior in their cover letter, while not including the word in the letter for the control group. The following results were concluded in IBM SPSS statistics version 27 using ANOVA and correlation analysis: a) there was a difference between groups (d = .14) but not statistically significant (p = .65), b) there was no statistically significant difference (p = .34), c) there was no statistically significant correlation (p = .66).

    Even though the results were not statistically significant, the topic of this study remains relevant because of earlier research finding preconceptions about individuals with ADHD. For future research, it is recommended to conduct more comprehensive studies on the same topic and to include more participants.

  • 119.
    Bång, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Närmande som försvar: En kvantitativ studie om närmandemotivation och personlighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employers would benefit from increased knowledge in approcah motivation, to aid employees in directing their drive toward constructive goals.

    The purpose of this paper was to examine if there where differences in how people use approach motivation as a defensive mechanism when experiencing goal conflict (when the pursuit of one goal hinders the pursuit of other goals) in the goal domains of work life and personal life.

    Goal conflict was operationalized by randomly assigning participants into two groups, asking one group to describe a personal dilemma concerning their personal life, and the other group to describe a dilemma concerning their professional life. Personality according to the five factor model was then measured, as well as approach motivation towards the two goal domains.

    The conducted study could not show any significant differences between groups in approach motivation towards the two goal domains. A regression analysis showed that the personality factors explaining most of the variance in approach motivation were conscientiousness (β = .43), extroversion (β = .32) and openness to experience3(β = .18).

    Following these results, connections between personality and approach motivation are discussed based on the assumption that human beings are cybernetic (goal directed and self regulating) systems (DeYoung, 2014).

  • 120.
    Böckman, Pontus
    et al.
    Vetenskap och folkbildning VoF.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet.
    Katz, Dan
    VoF.
    Malmaeus, Fredrik
    Primärvården Göteborg.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skoruppa, Björn
    Göteborg.
    Wolf, Li
    Göteborg.
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholms universitet.
    DN Debatt. ”Pseudovetenskap frodas i vården och på universiteten”2020In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 121.
    Campbell, Cory
    et al.
    University of Washington, Seattle (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, (USA).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology , Rome, Italy (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Norham, NC (USA).
    Liu, Qin
    Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (CHN).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Sapienza, University of Rome (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia (USA).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Private practice (THA).
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogota (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Pena Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Manila (PHL).
    Al-Hassan, Suha
    The Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Baccini, Dario
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Rockville (USA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau (CHN).
    Parallel Growth of Children’s Internalizing Behaviors Predicted by Positive Parenting Behaviors2021In: SRCD 2021 Virtual Biennial Meeting, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The global outbreak of COVID-19 has impacted all systems essential to human life and wellbeing (Masten & Motto-Stefanidi, 2020). The complex combination of health and economic stressors together with difficulty accessing protective factors may impact the family system in particular. Families differ in their responses to stressors (Bonanno et al., 2010), and the way in which families adjust to events and transitions related to the pandemic may be related to the distress perceived by children and their long-term wellbeing (Felix et al., 2013).This symposium will examine whether and through which processes families adjust during the global outbreak of COVID-19. We explore 2 research questions: 1)What did families do during the pandemic to maintain resilience? 2)What are the main protective and risk factors within the family context that are related to children’s and adolescents’ adjustment during this stressful and potentially traumatic event?Three strengths characterize the symposium. First, longitudinal designs with pre- and post-onset measurements enabled us to capture the dynamic nature of changes impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. Second, the global nature of the outbreak is represented in cross-cultural perspective to understand commonalities and specificities of the processes activated by the event in different countries from Europe, North America, and Asia. Finally, mechanisms of resiliency and vulnerability examining the adjustment of the family members are assessed through longitudinal moderation and mediation analyses.

  • 122.
    Campbell, My
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oro och hopplöshet som konsekvens när skolpersonal beskriver elevers delaktighet: En studie om hur skolpersonal beskriver att elever görs delaktiga i en process där skolor stängs för att motverka skolsegregation2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how school personnel describes that student are made involved in a process where schools are closed to counteract school’s segregation. Underlying issues are also about how the school personnel describes the psychosocial situation of the students and more in-depth how students are made more involved to influence their situation. 

    The study and the analysis take support in the theory of discourse and refer to see discourses as a specific way to speak of something within a specific sphere. Sheirs (2001) model about participation is also in the work of analysis as a support. The method of the study has been interviews with focus groups which is school personnel from the schools who now are shutting down. 

    In the result appears three discourses in relation to the school personnel’s speaking about participation and psychosocial situation. In relation to the psychosocial situation appears a"lack of context" as a discourse. Not knowing where to go, lack of information from the management and to not be accepted in the new environment are articulations as the school personnel testifies about. In relation to influence and participation appears both "hopelessness" and "expectations" as two discourses of participation. "Hopelessness" in relation to that the students are not being given influence for real and "expectations" in relation to participation in a longer perspective. To learn the language, see new environments and to meet others are the aspects that by extension could give students more participation ina broader perspective in life. 

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  • 123.
    Carlsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rihu, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Arbetsmotivation, en fråga om personlighet eller arbetstillfredsställelse?”2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is most important in terms of work motivation, hiring the right people or making your employees feel satisfied in their workplace? Work motivation is an important factor regarding employees work performance and is a up-to-date topic in organizations concerning work profitability and growth. The research in this area is extensive and studies draw attention to the relevance of both personality factors and job satisfaction. The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the relationship between work motivation, job satisfaction and personality and to answer whether the individual's personality or well-being at work has the greatest significance for the individual's motivation. The study participants consisted of 143 people aged 20-66 years with previous work experience. The data was conducted through an online survey consisting of questions from the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), General Self-Efficiency Scale (GSE) and IPIP-NEO-60 andcontrol questions. The collected data was analyzed in IBM SPSS Statistics 27 through a reliability test based on McDondald's Omega and then analyzed through three multiple regression analyzes and a hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that both personality and job satisfaction affect the individual's work motivation, however personality traits account for most of the motivation (44%).

  • 124.
    Carlsson, Anabelle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Mina föräldrar, de sa ’har man inte det man vill, då tar man det": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomsbrottslighet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study designed to examine the current societal phenomenon of juvenile delinquency to highlight childhood factors that have resulted in a criminal lifestyle and how to best help young people with preventive work based on their own experiences in the area. The study is based on the perspectives of former criminals from the associations Unga Kris and Trygg Rätt, who share their life stories concerning their early years and how their preventive work has developed. The theoretical perspective is based on the theory of differential associations to gain a broader understanding of how criminal behavior is learned and stamping theory to obtain a deeper understanding of how the young individual is affected by being defined with deviant behavior from society. The study is designed according to a qualitative interview method where the data collection was carried out through life history interviews and thematic analysis. The results are analyzed based on three different themes. The theme of Deviating from the normative provides an insight into the factors that were influential during adolescence, Internalization of traits and behavior sheds light on how criminal behavior developed, and the third concerns Using one's own life experience to help young people from crime where the characteristic of a preventive work is presented. The study's conclusion is based on the respondents' life history where factors such as learning about criminal behavior, drugs, home conditions, and deviant behavior have been identified as influencing factors. The preventive work that has been identified to help young people in the best way is through better role models, demarcation of parents and the opportunity for safer leisure time. These favorable preventive measures should have been required earlier in life in order not to develop a criminal lifestyle. The conclusion cannot be defined as final as the study would have needed to be complemented with more participants.

  • 125.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hansson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att leda på distans: En kvalitativ studie om chefers ledarskap under Covid-19 pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A manager's perspective is the focus of this qualitative study and the purpose is to discover if a manager's leadership style has changed due to leading remotely. Employee empowerment and leader-member exchange as theories can encourage a greater work relationship and trust between the manager and worker which can increase the workers motivation, well-being and involvement. To fulfill the studies purpose, eight interviews were held with managers with staff responsibility that all come from different industries. A thematic analysis was used to find reocurring themes within the interviews. The themes that evolved were leadership, work relationships and communication. The results showed that some managers experienced that their leadership style had changed while others did not. The work relationship between the managers and their workers had also changed due to working from home but this did not have an impact on the trust the managers had in their workers. The results also showed that digital meetings as the number one communication method have been working very well despite the lack of regular social interaction that usually comes with a physical workplace.

  • 126.
    Carlsson, Katrine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Viktorsson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur upplever samkönade föräldrar bemötandet i förskola/skola och vården?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Same-sex parents often feel excluded in everyday contexts due to the norms of sexuality. The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how same-sex parents experience treatment in preschool/school and healthcare. The study is based on a qualitative method with semistructured interview questions where five women and five men participated. The interviews have been thematically analyzed. The result presents the respondents' experiences of treatment in preschool/school and healthcare as mostly positive, while some respondents experienced uncomfortable situations in specific contexts. Several of the respondents mention the need for a more norm-critical approach among employees in preschool/school and healthcare in order to include all parents. The study further states that the respondents are confident in themselves and have developed positively pursuant to the identity process, and thus do not lay much importance in inferior treatment and do not experience that a deviation from societal norms have much impact on the individual's selfesteem. The discussion addresses the creation of social categorization and why it still exists in preschool/school and healthcare. One conclusion of this study is that the climate for same sex parents today is considered to be open albeit the heteronormativity is strongly implemented in preschool/school and healthcare which can create exclusion.

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  • 127.
    Carlsson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hafstrand, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utvärdering av ungdomars akademiska målsättningar: Betydelsen av prestationsbaserad självkänsla, personlighet och kön i samverkan med akademiska målsättningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What goals young people have after their high school studies and how easily they are achieved are influenced by what kind of personality one has (Zhou, 2015).

    This study examined how young people's performance-based self-esteem and personality interacted with their academic goals. To understand how these variables, interact and differentiate, the study has been conducted in two secondary schools where fifty-nine students participated in a survey. The youth were between 15-19 years old and were distributed fairly evenly between girls and boys. Research shows (Spinath, Eckert & Steinmayr, (2014) that girls are more likely to achieve their academic goals than boys. This study has chosen to investigate whether personality and performance-based self-esteem are factors that capture. The questionnaires used in the study was the Big Five Personality Test and Performance-Based Self-esteem Scale (Dåderman, Personal communication, 2018; Hallmer, Josephson & Torgén, 2005).

    The study results showed that girls more than boys intend to study further after high school. There was a positive relationship between performance-based self-esteem and personality trait neuroticism. Individuals with a high degree of conscientiousness show a statistical significance in pursuit of further education after secondary school. These results are in line with previous research results (Furnham, Monsen & Ahmetoglu, 2009).

  • 128.
    Carttenridge, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att inte räcka till: En kvalitativ studie om (o)hälsan bland nyexaminerade förskollärare inom förskolans verksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the newly graduated preschool teachers (ill)health within the preschool. In the study, the well-being of preschool teachers is examined in relation to the preschool's working environment.

    The informants consisted of four preschool teachers aged 26-33 who have been working for one and a half to three years. The informants work at four different districts within the City of Gothenburg. The study is based on preschool teachers' reports on their own work. The material was collected through interviews and analyzed on the basis of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional theory of stress and coping, Karasek and Theorell's (1990) job demands-control model and Antonovsky's (1979) sense of coherence model.

    In the study, four themes emerged which are to find their role, to create context, to handle challenges and to gain insight. The study shows that the result is in line with the theory, models and previous research. The result shows that the participants in the study experience a high degree of mental and physical (un)health during their first working years.

    The study's results suggest that work-related (un)health is based on external and internal factors. The external factors concern the organizational design such as lack of resources, high workload and high child numbers, while the internal factors are the preschool teachers lack of job satisfaction and motivation.

  • 129.
    Caspersen, Albin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet och stresshantering: En kvantitativ studie om relationen mellan copingstrategier och femfaktormodellen hos restaurang och serviceanställd2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to examine potential correlations between coping strategies with restaurant and service employees opposite personality traits from The Five Factor model with a quantitive approach. The study examined whether the four chosen coping strategies disconnected coping, avoiding coping, use of emotional support and active coping were related to the five personality traits extraversion, kindness, openness to experience, neuroticism and conscientiousness. There were 99 people who answered our form, and from our collected data we performed multiple linear regression analyzes in order to examine which personality trait were predicted high or low against respective coping strategies. The results showed that the personality trait extraversion correlated with active coping, use of emotional support and avoiding coping.

  • 130.
    Chamoun, Adina Katrina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wallenius, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Är sociala medier den nya fritidsgården?”: Fritidsgårdverksamhet och sociala medier ur fritidsledarnas perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A society without the internet, and social media would now have been difficult to live in, ecpecially for those who are natives of the digital world. Many young people between the agesof 12 and 18 spend much of their time on social media, as there has been a drastic increase of 52% between the years 2010 and 2016 and there have also been trends of a continued increase. The purpose of the study is to investigate young people’s use of social media, with particular emphasis on the perception of leisure leaders. The study is based on theory about the effect social media has on young people and how they interact with one another in different situations. The study is based on a qualitative study with eleven interviews with leisure leaders from various leisure centers around western Sweden. The study was performed at the leisure center, and by phone calls, due to the current Covid19 pandemic. The results from the study is that social media is problematic in some aspects but also rewarding in terms of knowledge. This emerges from our analyzes of the respondents stories, which also show that the leisure leader’s work is influenced by the existence of social media. 

  • 131.
    Chang, Lei
    et al.
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Lu, Hui Jing
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA; Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Chen, Bin-Bin
    Fudan University Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China..
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Humanistic Studies, Napoli, Italy..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Department of Special Education, Zarqa, Jordan; Counseling, Special Education, and Neuroscience Division, Emirates College for Advanced Education, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology , Rome, Italy .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Department of Psychology, Bogota,Colombia.
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    External environment and internal state in relation to life-history behavioural profiles of adolescents in nine countries2019In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 286, no 1917, article id 20192097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The external environment has traditionally been considered as the primary driver of animal life history (LH). Recent research suggests that animals' internal state is also involved, especially in forming LH behavioural phenotypes. The present study investigated how these two factors interact in formulating LH in humans. Based on a longitudinal sample of 1223 adolescents in nine countries, the results show that harsh and unpredictable environments and adverse internal states in childhood are each uniquely associated with fast LH behavioural profiles consisting of aggression, impulsivity, and risk-taking in adolescence. The external environment and internal state each strengthened the LH association of the other, but overall the external environment was more predictive of LH than was the internal state. These findings suggest that individuals rely on a multitude and consistency of sensory information in more decisively calibrating LH and behavioural strategies.

  • 132.
    Chang, Lei
    et al.
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Lu, Hui Jing
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Applied Social Sciences, China.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Chen, Bin Bin
    Fudan University, Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China.
    Tian, Qian
    Fudan University, Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Environmental harshness and unpredictability, life history, and social and academic behavior of adolescents in nine countries.2019In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 890-903Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety conditions. The present study tested LH hypotheses concerning safety based on a 6-year longitudinal sample of 1,245 adolescents and their parents from 9 countries. The results revealed that, invariant across countries, environmental harshness, and unpredictability (lack of safety) was negatively associated with slow LH behavioral profile, measured 2 years later, and slow LH behavioral profile was negatively and positively associated with externalizing behavior and academic performance, respectively, as measured an additional 2 years later. These results support the evolutionary conception that human development responds to environmental safety cues through LH regulation of social and learning behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

  • 133.
    Christenson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    By Faal, Jasmine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sambandet mellan arbetstillfredsställelse  och informellt lärande: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan arbetstillfredsställelse och informellt lärande med personlighet som modererande variabel2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Job satisfaction and informal learning are two well-studied subjects, but insufficient studies have examined the relationship between them both. An explanation could be that job satisfaction being within the framework of psychology and informal learning being within the framework of pedagogy. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. As previous studies indicate personality is important for both job satisfaction and informal learning, we have chosen to add personality as a moderating variable, to see how the relationship is affected. A quantitative method was used and data collection was done through web-based questionnaires consisting of 66 statements. The questionnaires consisted of four instruments, IPIP-30 (intended to measurepersonality dimensions), instruments for informal learning in the workplace (LPW),instruments for job satisfaction, instruments for Work-Life-Balance (COPSOQ) and general questions (age, gender, education, distance during covid-19, personnel responsibilities, years at current workplace and general state of health). A total of 225 people participated in the study(M = 34 years, SD = 12, range 18-69 years, 91.5% women). The results testify to a positively significant relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. Neuroticism,extraversion, and conscientiousness demonstrate significance to job satisfaction separately, but have no interaction effect on the relationship between our two main variables, meaning that personality has no moderating effect on the relationship between job satisfaction and informal learning. Our conclusion is that informal learning seems to play a significant role in job satisfaction and that further studies in this area are encouraged.

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  • 134.
    Cicak, Cindy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ghouili, Nadia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Medarbetares upplevelse av en medarbetarundersökning: Hur detta hör ihop med delaktighet och anonymitet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To use an employee survey with the purpose to measure the psychosocial work environment is what the employee survey from Winningtemp are offering. The process includes the employeesin working with the psychosocial work environment. The purpose of this study was partly to examine how inclusiveness relates with how the results from the employee survey is understood, in which extend the employees experience anonymity and how the employee survey portrays the reality of the companies. This was examined because inclusiveness could lead to a higher job satisfaction and higher productivity. The aim of the study was also to examine how anonymity and understanding of the results relates with the true image of the companies. The respondents (N=120) consisted of employees in an organization in Sweden which uses Winningtemps employee survey. The variables were analyzed with a correlationtable and a multiple regression analysis. The result showed a positive correlation between inclusiveness and the other variables. The multiple regression showed that anonymity and the understanding of the results explained 40 percent of how the employee survey reflects thereality in the companies. How these results can be used will be discussed in this study. 

  • 135.
    Clausén Gull, Ingela
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Norman, Åsa
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (SWE).
    Ferrer-Wreder, Laura
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Olsson, Tina M.
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE) School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping.
    Eninger, Lilianne
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Neighborhood conditions in a Swedish context: Two studies of reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation using Google Street View2023In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, p. 1-16, article id 1020742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The goal of these studies was to investigate the reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation (virtual SSO) using Google Street View in a Swedish neighborhood context.

    METHODS: This was accomplished in two studies. Study 1 focused on interrater reliability and construct validity, comparing ratings conducted in-person to those done using Google Street View, across 24 study sites within four postal code areas. Study 2 focused on criterion validity of virtual SSO in terms of neighborhoods with low versus high income levels, including 133 study sites within 22 postal code areas in a large Swedish city. In both studies, assessment of the neighborhood context was conducted at each study site, using a protocol adapted to a Swedish context.

    RESULTS: Scales for Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and Physical Disorder were found to be reliable, with adequate interrater reliability, high consistency across methods, and high internal consistency. In Study 2, significantly higher levels of observed Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and signs of garbage or litter were observed in postal codes areas (site data was aggregated to postal code level) with lower as compared to higher income levels.

    DISCUSSION: We concluded that the scales within the virtual SSO with Google Street View protocol that were developed in this series of studies represents a reliable and valid measure of several key neighborhood contextual features. Implications for understanding the complex person-context interactions central to many theories of positive development among youth were discussed in relation to the study findings.

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  • 136.
    Connysdotter Karlsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Live to Post": Studie kring internetroller, ljusa och mörka personlighetsdrag samt internetmiljö2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Via Internet, a lot of communication takes place through different commentary styles. Therefore, it is important to investigate which psychological processes characterize the individual's behavior on the Internet. The aim was to investigate whether the light (MiniIPIP6 / Big 6) and the dark (DT4 / The Dark Tetrad) personality traits could predict the Internet roles that the individual adopts, and whether the individual was influenced by being anonymous on the Internet. The roles were Troll (seeking attention, or revenge), Lurker (reading rather than writing own comments) and Poster (motives for writing comments were altruistic and / or darker). The study included N = 212 (73% women). The mediation effect of the Online Environment, using OE-scale, was investigated. The result showed Troll had strong correlations with two light personality traits (Honesty-Humility, Agreeableness) and with three dark personality traits (Sadism, Machiavellism, Psychopathy). The strongest correlation was observed for Lurker controlling for age and for Poster with psychopathy. The Online Environment had strong correlations with two of the roles (Troll, Poster). Three regression analyzes showed that the strongest relationships were found in Troll with Sadism (r = .38) and Machiavellism (r = .28). The overlap of common variance for Troll was R2 = .48. Suppressor effect was suspected so simple regressions analyzes was performed. Exploratory mediator analysis showed that the various aspects of anonymity in the online environment can play a role in how particularly dark personality is expressed (indirect effects around β = .10) in Troll and Poster. The conclusion is that personality, and especially dark personality traits, play a big role in how the individuals express themselves online, which can have implications for the abuse of forums on the internet.

  • 137.
    Cordasevic, Tatjana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det viktiga är att de får träffas och ha roligt”: En kvalitativ studie om idrottsföreningars arbete med social delaktighet och deltagande för barn med fysiska funktionsnedsättningar2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children with disabilities tend to be excluded from active sports in the community and are not offered the same opportunities for participation as other children. In addition to the positive effects of physical activity, sport in clubs can offer chances for children to establish relationships with peers and achieve social inclusion. Sports for children is to be conducted from a children's rights point of view, which means that all children, including those with physical disabilities should have equal access to participation in sports clubs.

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to examine ways to make it possible to increase the participation of children with physical disabilities in sporting associations and to observe how sports associations work to promote social inclusion. 

    Method: A qualitative approach has been used in the study where data collection has resulted in eight semi structured interviews with people representing sports associations targeting disabled children. A thematic analysis has been used to analyze the results

    Results and conclusions: The thematic analysis identified three main themes: A sense of belonging and coexistence contribute to social inclusion, aiding and supporting - a form of social inclusion? Also, the importance of adaptation and structure to enable participation. The results of the study show that sporting activities that are fun and inclusive are important for participants. There is a need for adaptation to include all children in the activities. Moreover, peer relationships and the possibility of meeting other children with disabilities are significant for children's participation. In addition, the study noted that there is a lack of participation by children with disabilities in general in sports associations. It appears that social inclusion is promoted by sporting activities which encourages children to interact. Finally, the sense of belonging to a team has been proven to be essential for social inclusion of children with physical disabilities.

  • 138.
    Coster, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johnsson, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillfredsställelse med livet bland svenskar: En kvantitativ studie om vad som predicerar tillfredsställelse med livet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many psychological factors that affect how satisfied a person is with his life, and many studies have investigated whether it is possible to predict life satisfaction. To achieve a high level of life satisfaction is a relevant goal that concerns everyone. In this study, life satisfaction was examined and the aim of this study was to study how much of the variance in life satisfaction that could be explained by the variables: income, age, gender and to what extent the participants had creative- and independent work.

    An analysis was performed on already collected data from the World Value Survey. Data consisted of 1204 participants, of which 50 percent were women and 50 percent were men, aged 18-85 years.

    The results revealed that all the variables together accounted for 9 percent of the variance in life satisfaction. Consistent with the other studies in the literature, findings indicate that income could predict the most variance in life satisfaction. Results also revealed that having independent work was important. Furthermore findings also suggest that self-reported creative work was not a vital variable when predicting life satisfaction.

    This study concluded, similar to previous research, that there is a strong relationship between income and self-reported life satisfaction.

  • 139.
    Cronholm, Tina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Från empati till backlash: en studie om den diskursiva förändringen av medierapporteringen av metoo2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017 a movement had started which quickly reached a great crowd around the world, metoo. We thought that we saw something new and unique, but in fact a woman named Tarana Burke had already started the hashtag nearly a decade before.

    The aim with the study was to investigate if there has been a discursive change in the media's reporting of the topic over time, and if it in that case reflects the social structures that is found in the gender system. The questions that the study aims to answer is the following: "How is metoo portrayed in Swedish media?", "Which discourses reveals and how can these be analyzed?" and "If there has been a change in discourse, how can these changes be explained?".

    The method used to answer these questions was critical discourse analysis and to analyze the results social constructionism and gender theory was used.

    The material used in the study has been news articles from Swedish media. Two different time periods have been chosen, the first one being 2017-10-15 to 2017-11-30, and the seconds one being 2018-10-15 to 2018-11-30. The articles have been analyzed based on Norman Fairclough's three-dimensional model which builds upon three different parts: texts, discursive practice and social practice. To get an overview of the material the different parts of the discourses have been put together into two different matrices, one for each of the time periods.

    The result of the comparison has shown that there has been a discursive change in the media's reports about metoo and also that the social structures partially can be found in gender theory.

  • 140.
    Dafgård, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Edvardsen, Catrin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Du är huvudpersonen i ditt liv, eller?: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser av empowerment dimensioner på kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study is to promote women in working life and to find methods for preventing ill health and sick leave, as well as highlighting women's experiences of empowerment processes in their area regarding their work situations. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate what strengthens women in their professional role. Do women have the opportunity to participate in empowerment processes and influence their skills development? Do women experience powerlessness in the women-dominated workplaces? The vision of the ideal work in which organization and employees are prioritized equally is the human relation theory where organization and employees need each other. Seven workplaces are represented by fifteen informants interviewed with a hermeneutic approach and interpreted through the IPA model. The result showed differences in the different workplaces that gave empowerment the dimensions of empowerment, powerlessness and strengthening through skills development. Where more knowledge gives more power.

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  • 141.
    Dahl, Therése
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hevosaho, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillsammans är vi trygga: En kvantitativ studie om den feministiska identitetens inverkan på unga kvinnors upplevda trygghet i ett samhälle präglat av sexuella trakasserier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual harassment is not a new phenomenon, but with the #metoo movement, this world-wide health problem showed a whole new side. Studies have shown that future perceptions of safety are significantly affected after being sexually harassed. Also, women who identify themselves as feminists, have better coping strategies after being sexually harassed, than women who do not identify themselves as feminists.

    This study aimed to explore if a feminist identity would serve young women as a protector for keeping the perception of safety in a world where sexual harassment is perceived as a big problem. Girls (n =27) at a Swedish gymnasium were heard through a web-based survey, which is the fundament of the study´s data.

    The results showed that there was no relation between feminist identity and perceived safety or the perception of sexual harassment as a societal problem. However, a significant relation between sexual harassment and perceived safety was to be found.

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  • 142.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Inst. för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fenomenografi2009In: Handbok i kvalitativ analys / [ed] Fejes, Andreas, Thornberg, Robert, Stockholm: Liber , 2009, 1. uppl., p. 122-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Dahlqvist, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det finns alltid lösningar i livet, även i mobbningssituationer”: En kvalitativ studie om hur HR förebygger, hanterar och upplever arbetsplatsmobbning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying occurs everywhere in workplaces around the world. It is a growing global problem that needs to be addressed. Workplace bullying can lead to both mental and physical ailments such as depression and cardiovascular disease. There is not much research on HR's role in bullying cases. The purpose of the study was therefore to investigate how HR staff in municipalities prevent, handle and experience workplace bullying. The issues shed light on preventive bullying work, experiences and handling as well as obstacles and difficulties according to HR staff. To investigate this, a qualitative study was conducted, based on an interview guide, with eight experienced women with HR roles from different municipalities in West Sweden. Data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and the results presented in a structured way based on four main themes: What is workplace bullying?, Preventive work, Handling, and Obstacles and difficulties. The word bullying has been carefully examined and HR feels that the word bullying is only used when it comes to children in school. For adults, HR chooses to use the word violation in their cases. Different ways of dealing with vulnerable people who come to HR in trust are further discussed and the objectivity of the HR role is described and interpreted as a difficulty. 

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  • 144.
    Dahlström, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Swedén, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Alltså den här gillningen eller kommentaren liksom, det ger en viss bekräftelse...": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars meningsskapande på Instagram2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to increase the understanding for the meaning-making that comes to expression when adolescents uses the social network Instagram. Specific focus is directed on what defines meaning-making in relation to adolescents experiences of the images on body ideal and health that is portrayed on Instagram. To answer the purpose we have used a qualitative research method, inspired by a phenomenological approach. We have completed three group interviews with a total of 16 adolescents in the last year of high school and then analyzed the data with inspiration from a qualitative content analysis. The result shows that Instagram are used as a tool to maintain the social interaction, on and beside of the media. By being interesting and show your best side the users also seek confirmation, which they get from likes and comments. The results also shows that adolescents are aware that the image of body ideal and health that exists on Instagram only shows a part of the whole picture. To be healthy the adolescents express that it's important to love yourself and have a balance in life.

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  • 145. Daneback, Kristian
    et al.
    Sorbring, EmmaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialt arbete och internet: att förstå och hantera sociala problem på nya arenor2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    Département de psychologie, Université de Poiters, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Learning from tinnitus patients' narratives: A case study in the psychodynamic approach2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 7, no 19540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tinnitus is assumed to be the perception of sound that results exclusively from activity within the nervous system without any external stimulation. Approximately 1-2% of the population regard their tinnitus as a serious threat towards their quality of life. The way the patients describe their suffering varies, sometimes also depending on the interest and insight of the clinician to whom they turn to for help. The lack of insightful narratives of someone who is severely annoyed by the presence of a constant tinnitus sound may lead to limited and biased models of tinnitus suffering. In the present case study the participating patient, a woman aged 70, shared her experience of being victimized by tinnitus with the clinician/ researcher during a number of psychotherapeutic sessions. The psychodynamic, narrative approach, made it possible for the client to articulate the unique and specific meaning that she experienced as being part of her suffering. In her words, tinnitus became a tolerable symptom that she managed to work through within psychotherapeutic alliance

  • 147.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The construction of meaning through psychotherapy: a tinnitus case story2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Besides considering tinnitus as a complication following a hearing impairment or a sudden noise trauma, it is essential to consider the emotional suffering of the patient as it may be linked to personal experiences in life. Repressed traumatic incidents can manifest itself in the wake of tinnitus onset.  

     

    Objective

    In the case of tinnitus suffering psychotherapy resting on psychodynamic foundations has a very remote place in the literature. Naturally, the narrative of the client is of special quality in the psychodynamic psychotherapy approach. The objective of this study was therefore to illustrate how the narrative of a suffering client can be an inherent part of psychotherapy as well as a source of qualitative data in research on tinnitus (Dauman & Erlandsson, 2012). 

     

    Method

    The patient was a 70 years old woman with tinnitus (Lucie) who experienced her suffering as life threatening, which at times required psychiatric hospitalization. She participated in 16 psychotherapy sessions taken place over a period of eight months. The interview method building on free associations was judged to be the best way to understand the meaning behind evoked narratives of the patient.

     

    Results

    With the purpose to describe the analytical procedure we applied a narrative structure based on the following four labels: Listening to Lucie - Learning from Lucie’s speech - Narrative breakdown and psychotherapy  - Psychodynamic insights on Lucie’s emotional drives. The social dimension of the patient’s suffering was a central theme in her narrative, expressed by others’ reluctance to listen to her despair as well as her own deep sorrow for a broken social bond prior to her psychological brake-down.

     

    Conclusion

    The construction of meaning is a human act of self-preservation. In this case, it helped the patient to overcome alienation and made her tinnitus bearable.

  • 148.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Albarracin, Dolores
    University of Poitiers, CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers, France.
    Dauman, Rene
    University of Bordeaux, INCIA, UMR Centre Nationnal de la Recherche Scientifique, Bordeaux, France.
    Exploring Tinnitus-Induced Disablement by Persistent Frustration in Aging Individuals: A Grounded Theory Study2017In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 9, p. 1-18, article id 272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Qualitative research can help to improve the management of patients, meet their expectations and assist physicians in alleviating their suffering. The perception of moment-to-moment variability in tinnitus annoyance is an emerging field of exploration. This study sought to enlighten variability in tinnitus-induced disablement using a qualitative approach. Methods: Twelve participants (six females, six males, aged 51-79) were recruited via the French Tinnitus Association Journal for participation in recorded semi-structured interviews. Each participant had three interviews lasting 1 h, the sessions being separated one from the other by 2 weeks. Following recommendations of Charmaz (2014), the second and third interviews were aimed at gathering rich data, by enhancing the participants’ reflexivity in the circumstances of distress caused by tinnitus. After transcription, the data (n = 36 interviews) were analyzed using the approach to Grounded Theory proposed by Strauss and Corbin (1998). Results: Tinnitus as persistent frustration emerged as being the core category uniting all the other categories of the study. Hence, the core category accounted for the broader scope in participants’ experience of chronic tinnitus. It is suggested that tinnitus-induced disablement varied according to the degree of frustration felt by the participants in not being able to achieve their goals. The implications of this were analyzed using the following categories: “Losing body ownership,” “ Lacking perspectives,” and “Persevering through difficulties.” Based on these findings, we draw a substantive theory of tinnitus tolerance that promotes an active, disciplined and individualized approach to tinnitus-induced disablement. The model distinguishes pathways from sustained suffering to reduced annoyance (i.e., emerging tolerance). It accounts for difficulties that the participants experienced with a perceived unchanged annoyance over time. Furthermore, this model identifies a set of new attitudes toward oneself and others that tinnitus tolerance would entail. Conclusion: The subjective experience of frustration enlightens tinnitus-induced disablement, offering new perspectives for long-term self-management. Modulation of frustration, rather than moderation of tinnitus interference, is suggested as a new approach to the clinical management of tinnitus-related distress.

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  • 149.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Habituation models: can tinnitus be compared to anexternal sound?2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The process of habituation often remains obscure to those patients most disturbed by tinnitus.

    Since three decades, the Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has promoted a habituation model (Hallam et al. 1984) founded on experimental data regarding the orienting response (OR) (Horvath 1980). Habituation of the OR is the natural extinction of attention to repeated identical stimuli which lose their ability to trigger orientation. Considering epidemiological data, the habituation model (Hallam & McKenna, 2006) hypothesizes that:

    1. tolerance is “a natural and inevitable process” illustrated by three quarter of people with tinnitus;

    2. annoyance is “a consequence of a failure to cease attending” to tinnitus, because of psycho-physiological factors that delay a natural process to occur (i.e., extinction of the OR)

  • 150.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlsson, Sven G.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Habituation theories in current models of chronic tinnitus: evidence and criticism2013In: Habituation: theories, characteristics and biological mechanisms / [ed] Buskirk, Arie, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , 2013, 1, p. 55-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
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