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  • 101.
    Johansson, Mathilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Unga vuxnas upplevda hälsa: Och hur hälsan skiljer sig bland olika bostadsområden i samhället2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate how young adults experience their health in different housing areas, as well as investigate differences that may arise in different types of areas (City, countryside, suburb and other). Background: Health is a term that is of great importance to us individuals. What affects our health is an individual's living habits, environment, environment, etc. How the individual perceives his surroundings has a major influence on how he subsequently perceives his life and well-being. Therefore, I have chosen to use these a survey to investigate how factors in their environment affect their health and their lifestyle. Method: Based on my purpose, two questions were formulated: Does the living habits differ among young adults in different housing areas and, if so, what way and what experience do young adults have of well-being and environment in their respective residential areas? To answer my question, I have chosen as a method of making a quantitative survey that is best suited for investigating a larger material, and of which a more general opinion can be obtained. Results: The result showed that those areas there people experienced unhealthy living-conditions and a low sense of context is in the suburb. It's because of a sense of insecurity and environmental factors which according to the people wasn't satisfied with their needs. Areas such as city and countryside were areas where people experienced a more satisfying environment and life situation which made health feel the most positive in these areas.

  • 102.
    Karlsson, Jan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Bremander, Ann
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Haglund, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Nyman, Carin Staland
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Holmqvist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Lydell, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förändringsledarskap vid digital transformation inom vård och omsorg: En sammanfattande rapport från kompetensutvecklingsprojektet ”Trygg motivation och inspiration” i Kungsbacka kommun 20182018Report (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Karlsson, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Olsson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Aggressiva och antisociala beteenden och dess relation till psykiatriska diagnoser hos gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Mental illness and the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses have increased radically over the past 20 years and according to the calculations today a total of 190 000 children and adolescents in Sweden suffer from mental illness. Adolescents also tend to exhibit increased amount of aggressive and antisocial behavior, which today constitutes a major problem area in our society.

    Aim. To investigate the relation between aggressive, antisocial behaviours and the existence of a psychiatric diagnosis in high school students.

    Method. The current study was conducted with a quantitative approach and an empirical starting point. Aggressive and antisocial behaviors were assessed using the "Life History of Aggression" measuring instrument. The study population consisted of 286 high school students from a school in the west part of Sweden. Differences in the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviors between those students who had none and those who had at least one psychiatric diagnosis was calculated with Mann-Whitney U test .

    Results. About 12% of the study population reported the existence of at least one psychiatric diagnosis. Female students with psychiatric diagnosis had significantly higher scores in LHA Total (p = 0,012), Self-directed aggressiveness (p = < 0,001), and Antisocial behavior (p = 0,007), while male students with psychiatric diagnosis scored significantly higher in the Antisocial behavior (p = 0,011) subscale, than their same gender classmates without any psychiatric diagnosis . Conclusion The study participants who stated that they had a psychiatric diagnosis show to a greater extent an antisocial behavior compared to the participants who stated that they did not have a psychiatric diagnosis. Female students with psychiatric diagnosis in this study had a greater tendency to target the aggressiveness to themselves while the male students with psychiatric diagnoses showed increased aggressive behaviour against others.

  • 104.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Apelqvist, Susanne
    Swedish Prison and Probation Services, R&E, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Fielding, Cecilia
    Swedish Prison and Probation Services, R&E, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Prison Adjusted Measure of Aggression (PAMA): Psychometric Characteristics of a New Tool Measuring Change in Aggressive Behaviors in Correctional Settings2018In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 263, p. 130-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for instruments that can be used in correctional settings to measure changes in aggressive behaviors over a limited time period. This study aimed to validate an instrument (the Prison Adjusted Measure of Aggression, PAMA) that assesses specifically the past month’s aggressive behaviors and is adapted for use in correctional facilities. The psychometric properties of the self-rated and interview versions of the PAMA were explored and compared to those of two well-established measures of aggression: The Staff Observation Aggression Scale (SOAS); and the self-rate Aggression Questionnaire-Revised Swedish Version (AQ-RSV). The study group comprised 93 male and 59 female inmates, who were followed for two months. During the study, the prevalence of aggressive acts was observed and reported by SOAS. On two occasions, at monthly intervals, subjects reported their own aggressive behaviors using AQ-RSV and the self-report version of the PAMA; also, a psychologist conducted interviews according to PAMA. This study’s main finding was that the self-rated version of PAMA is a valid measure of different types and dimensions of aggression (physical and verbal aggression, hostility) and has acceptable psychometric properties. Therefore, PAMA could potentially be of value for use in correctional services evaluating aggression managing treatment interventions.

  • 105.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Falk, Örjan
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Sweden.
    Brändström, Sven
    Washington University, Center for Well-being School of Medicine in St. Louis, USA.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Sweden.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund University, Sweden; Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Sweden.
    Hofvander, Björn
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Sweden.
    The protective effect of character maturity in child aggressive antisocial behavior2017In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, ISSN 0010-440X, E-ISSN 1532-8384, Vol. 76, p. 129-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD.

    METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden. Their parents rated them according to the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory following a telephone interview during which information about the children's development and mental health was assessed with the Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory.

    RESULT: Scores on the CD module significantly and positively correlated with scores on the Novelty Seeking temperament dimension and negatively with scores on character maturity (Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness). In the group of children with either neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems, the prevalence of low or very low character maturity was 50%, while when these two problems coexisted the prevalence of low or very low character maturity increased to 70%. Neurodevelopmental problems (such as: oppositional defiant disorder, symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder) and low scores on character maturity emerged as independently significant predictors of CD; in a multivariable model, only oppositional defiant symptoms and impulsivity significantly increased the risk for coexisting CD while a mature self-agency in a child (Self-Directedness) remained a significant protective factor.

    CONCLUSION: These results suggest that children's willpower, the capacity to achieve personally chosen goals may be an important protective factor - even in the presence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems - against progressing into persistent negative outcomes, such as aggressive antisocial behaviors.

  • 106.
    Kerekes, Nora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Fielding, Cecilia
    R&E, Swedish Prison and Probation Services, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Apelqvist, Susanne
    R&E, Swedish Prison and Probation Services, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Yoga in Correctional Settings: A Randomized Controlled Study2017In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 8, article id 204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The effect of yoga in the reduction of depressive symptoms, anxiety, stress, anger as well as in the increased ability of behavioral control has been shown. These effects of yoga are highly relevant for prison inmates who often have poor mental health and low impulse control. While it has been shown that yoga and mediation can be effective in improving subjective well-being, mental health, and executive functioning within prison populations, only a limited number of studies have proved this, using randomized controlled settings. Methods: A total of 152 participants from nine Swedish correctional facilities were randomly assigned to a 10-week yoga group (one class a week; N=77) or a control group (N=75). Before and after the intervention period, participants answered questionnaires measuring stress, aggression, affective states, sleep-quality and psychological well-being, and completed a computerized test measuring attention and impulsivity. Results: After the intervention period, significant improvements were found on 13 of the 16 variables within the yoga group. (e.g., less perceived stress, better sleep quality, an increased psychological and emotional well-being, less aggressive and antisocial behavior) and on two within the control group. Compared to the control group, yoga class participants reported significantly improved emotional well-being and less antisocial behavior after ten weeks of yoga. They also showed improved performance on the computerized test that measures attention and impulse control. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the yoga practiced in Swedish correctional facilities has positive effects on inmates’ well-being and on considerable risk factors associated with recidivism, such as impulsivity and antisocial behavior. Accordingly, the results show that yoga practice can play an important part in the rehabilitation of prison inmates.

  • 107.
    Kinde, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lindström, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Rehabilitering med stöd av djur vid psykisk ohälsa: En empirisk studie ur ett personalperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is a complex concept which comprises conditions from mild mental issues to serious mental illness and disabilities. During the recent time, the amount of mental illness has increased and rehabilitation efforts supported by animals have surfaced, one being Green rehabilitation. Research based on the perspective of clients indicate that animals and the nature can positively affect individuals with mental illness.Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight the staff's experiences of rehabilitation with the support of animals, directed at individuals living with mental illness. Method: The study was conducted empirically with a qualitative approach. The collection of data was performed thru five interviews with staff active in Green rehabilitation establishments supported by animals. The material was analysed using Graneheim and Lundmans qualitative content analysis. Result: The result of the study showed that the staff experiences a positive effect from efforts supported by animals and it being stimulating for the participant's mental health. During interviews, the staff repeatedly brought up that the animals helps to open the opportunity for natural and non-demanding meetings, which is why "The undemanding meeting" is the theme of the study. The sub-themes developed during the study was positive relations and spontaneous conversations. The undemanding meeting can contribute to more natural conversations and revealing the underlying problem can happen more naturally. Since the work with animals help to flatten the imbalance of power and help to carry natural conversations, this can lead to a better mental health.

  • 108.
    Kohkoinen, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ögren, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Barns upplevelser av våld i hemmet: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every child needs a safe and healthy childhood, but this is not the reality for all children. Research shows that experiencing violence is very harmful and can cause the child to develop mental illness. There are laws to protect children but that is not enough for the child to be guaranteed safety. Therefore, it is important that children have safe relationships with adults to prevent the child from suffering.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe children's experiences of domestic violence.

    Method: A literature review based on seven qualitative and two quantitative articles. The articles were retrieved from two databases; Cinahl and PsycINFO.

    Results: The results show that children who experience domestic violence are negatively affected, both psychologically and emotionally. Common consequences of experiencing violence proved to be anxiety, depression and PTSD. Children's attachment to their parents was also negatively impacted by the violence. The children experienced various negative emotions as a consequence of the violence.

    Conclusion: The experience of domestic violence leads the child to become a victim, and psychosomatic and emotional symptoms are common consequences. An insecure attachment may result in ruptured trust in adults. Professionals who work with children need a high competence to discover signs of a child that is experiencing domestic violence. This study can be a support to professionals, other adults in the child's environment and to children who are experiencing similar situations.

  • 109.
    Kostmann, Ebba
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Children's Perspectives on Health.: What Makes Children Feel Good According to Themselves?2012In: International Journal of Education, ISSN 1948-5476, E-ISSN 1948-5476, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this study is to examine children’s perspectives on health and what elements make them feel good. Health promoting contributions rarely emanate from children’s perspectives but most often from a child perspective, what adults consider children need in order to feel well. There are relatively few studies made from children’s viewpoints on health - children should be made more involved in the shaping of health interventions. The study was carried out at two nine-year compulsory schools in Western Sweden, 78 pupils aged 9 through 11years participated. To collect the material interviews was the principal source, and the result is mainly supported by an analysis of the contents from 52 interviews. What the children declared to be the most important element for health were relations. This circumstance was stated in 88 percent of the interviews, and it was in substance the relations to family and friends that were brought up. A condition to lift children’s perspectives is that they are taken seriously, that their part-taking leads to influence and a real utilization of their opinions. A conclusion from this study is that activities that handle health for children and young people should consider children’s perspectives: partly through focusing the work on promoting children’s social and familial relations, and partly to let the children participate more in the final shape of contents and working methods.

  • 110.
    Kratzer, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Strand, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Från idé till praktik, en enkel väg?: En studie av föräldrars uppfattning av verksamheten på en familjecentral2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses perceptions of small children's parents of a family centre in a western Swedish municipality. A family centre is a place where child welfare centre, midwife reception, open preschool and counsellor work together for families. A qualitative study that is inspired by a phenomenography approach. The data collection has been done through semi-structured interviews with convenience selection of parents who visited the family centre. The purpose of the study is to find out what perceptions the parents have about the family centre as an activity and how well the basic purpose of the family center is followed in practice. In the municipality in which the survey has been conducted, a social overview plan has been developed, and in this study the background is where they plan to open another family centre. The study makes it possible to highlight the parts that the parents identify as important as well as possible shortcomings, which could form a basis for the startup of a new family centre. This in order to create opportunities for promoting and improving the operation.

    The theoretical starting point is based on both a salutogenic perspective, which refers to the origin of health and the way in which the factors that promote health could be identified in the family centre as an activity. As well as from a socio-cultural perspective on learning, where the perspective on the human is that she lives in constant change and learning in the context, which she is in. By looking at the family center as an arena in a social context, these theories are applied. A review of documents that deals with how the family center is supposed to be has been reviewed to compare with the perceptions of parents.

    The result shows that the parents who visit the family centre perception is positive. It is a positive experience to visit the family center and its basic purpose is to create a meeting place, where support and advice can be obtained. Most parents feel they are very well-treated and feel secure with the help they get but also that they meet a social need. Many point out that they come to the family center for the sake of the children, so that they can meet other children and get used to being with them. Many of the parents feel strengthened by the operation which has helped them in events or periods of life that have been tough. Most parents testify that all of the staff, the treatment and social interaction which is provided there, are the reasons to continue to visit the family centre and the knowledge provided there.

    What has been less good is that the local area in which the family centre is located is too small, it usually does not respond to the demand for the family centre. Some parents also call for an overall view of the family as they have experienced that it has not been the same for parents as individuals to feel good without focusing on the child feeling good. According to parents, an overall view would mean that it is equally important for parents to feel good as it is for the child to feel well.

  • 111.
    Kron, Ninni
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hemberg, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Personalens erfarenheter av behandlingsarbete inom SiS2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim and goal when a youth is placed within The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care (SiS) is to break the destructive behavior. The individually tailored treatment and care focuses on breaking an addiction or the criminal behavior. Studies have shown that, however it is difficult to reverse a negative behavior and that most young people who were previously placed on housing within the State Institution Board once again end up on a criminal or with addiction dependency. The study intends to focus on the staff's experience of how individualized treatment and care work within the departments of the institutions.

    Aim: The purpose is to describe the staff's experiences of treatment work within SiS.

    Method: The study was conducted as semi-structured interviews. The study was conducted through interviews with eight treatment educators.

    Results: The study resulted in three categories: The effects of treatment methods on treatment, motivation and individualization and a balance to maintain a good relationship.

    Conclusion: The treatment staff's experiences with individualized care in relation to young men who are admitted are mostly positive. Personalized care is considered the best option for young people with different issues. Aftercare and support after their time at SiS is seen as a difficulty and this is why many young people fall back in the same situation as before.

  • 112.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Socialt inkluderande aktivitetscentrum i Grästorp2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 113.
    Kurdian, Nancy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ali, Nourah
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter som nyanlända under den första tiden i Sverige, med fokus på förutsättningar för hälsa och lärande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The flow of refugees is a topic that has touched us since the autumn of 2015, and therefore we have been inspired by the topic of integration. We believe that health and learning can be associated with terms and conditions and we have chosen to focus on women asylum seekers as a starting point for our study. The purpose of the study is to investigate a group of women's experiences of being newly arrived in Sweden with an emphasis on health and learning. The Swedish Migration Board (2015a) confirms that there are more men than women who migrate to Sweden. Women are not always in the focus of research and we therefore see that it is important to obtain knowledge and awareness of the situation of women.

    Our study was inspired by a hermeneutics approach and a qualitative approach, interviews therefore constitute the basis for this study. We conducted 15 interviews and developed a semi-structured interview guide. The respondents are women from 19 years upwards. The selected theoretical starting points are theories of learning by John Dewey (1999) and Paulo Freire (1996).

    The result shows that there are terms and conditions of important meaning for the first time in Sweden. Examples of them are the accommodation as the environment, social life, waiting time, integration and perceived health. Culture and the future are also aspects that have an important dimension in the new country.

  • 114.
    Landry, M.
    et al.
    University of Bordeaux, IINS, CNRS UMR 5297, Bordeaux, France.
    Bouchatta, O.
    Cadi Ayyad University, LPNB URAC 37, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    M’Hamed, S. B.
    Cadi Ayyad University, LPNB URAC 37, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Bouali-Benazzouz, R.
    University of Bordeaux, IINS, CNRS UMR 5297, Bordeaux, France.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Fossat, P.
    University of Bordeaux, IINS, CNRS UMR 5297, Bordeaux, France.
    Bennis, M.
    Cadi Ayyad University, LPNB URAC 37, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Mechanisms of pain hypersensitivity in a pharmacological mouse model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder2017In: Journal of Neurochemistry, ISSN 0022-3042, E-ISSN 1471-4159, Vol. 142, no 1, SI, article id WTH13-07Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Larsson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Rundström, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    En sjuk tillvaro: Anhörigas upplevelser av att leva med en närstående som lider av schizofreni2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Next of kin's part and participation in the life of a family member who suffers from schizophrenia has gone through big changes over time. The situation that is created greatly affects the family not only in the relationships with each other but the family member's everyday life. Schizophrenia is a severe illness that carries a negative stigma of how it manifests. This inevitably leads to negative effects on the family.

    Aim: To describe next of kin's experience of having a close kin who suffers from schizophrenia.

    Method: The chosen method was a literature review. The data for the study was collected through systematic searches and secondary searches. A total of eight qualitative articles were included and one article with mixed method. The data was analyzed after a model for literature reviews where the data was compiled and divided after themes.

    Result: The study's result generated four themes and ten subthemes. The themes where (1) A palpable turning point in life. (2) An impact on the relationships. (3) Contact with healthcare. (4) Consequences in everyday life.

    Conclusion: To have a family member that suffers from schizophrenia results in consequences in several part of the next of kin's life. The majority of these consequences are negative but the next of kin still have hopes for the future.

  • 116.
    Lester, Nigel
    et al.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Ctr Well Being, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Garcia, Danilo
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Center for Well-Being, St. Louis, MO, United States.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth CELAM, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Brändström, Sven
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth CELAM, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Råstam, Maria
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), Institute for Neuroscience and Physiology, Sweden; Swedish Prison and Probation Service, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth CELAM, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cloninger, C Robert
    Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St Louis, USA.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth CELAM, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The genetic and environmental structure of the character sub-scales of the temperament and character inventory in adolescence.2016In: Annals of General Psychiatry, ISSN 1744-859X, E-ISSN 1744-859X, Vol. 15, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The character higher order scales (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) in the temperament and character inventory are important general measures of health and well-being [Mens Sana Monograph 11:16-24 (2013)]. Recent research has found suggestive evidence of common environmental influence on the development of these character traits during adolescence. The present article expands earlier research by focusing on the internal consistency and the etiology of traits measured by the lower order sub-scales of the character traits in adolescence.

    METHODS: The twin modeling analysis of 423 monozygotic pairs and 408 same sex dizygotic pairs estimated additive genetics (A), common environmental (C), and non-shared environmental (E) influences on twin resemblance. All twins were part of the on-going longitudinal Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS).

    RESULTS: The twin modeling analysis suggested a common environmental contribution for two out of five self-directedness sub-scales (0.14 and 0.23), for three out of five cooperativeness sub-scales (0.07-0.17), and for all three self-transcendence sub-scales (0.10-0.12).

    CONCLUSION: The genetic structure at the level of the character lower order sub-scales in adolescents shows that the proportion of the shared environmental component varies in the trait of self-directedness and in the trait of cooperativeness, while it is relatively stable across the components of self-transcendence. The presence of this unique shared environmental effect in adolescence has implications for understanding the relative importance of interventions and treatment strategies aimed at promoting overall maturation of character, mental health, and well-being during this period of the life span.

  • 117.
    Lind, Britt-Marie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    BHV sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av Bamse hälsosamtal vid 4-års besöket på BVC2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The child health care in Sweden has a health program for children of various ages. Traditionally, the child health nurse would turn to the parents to talk about the child's health and lifestyle habits. This often results in a communication that does not involve the child. To involve the child more, new routines have been implemented during health care visits. The implementation of artifacts, such as puzzles (Bamsepussel) and cartoons, has given the child health nurses tools to communicate more directly with the child. Aim: To describe the child health nurses' experiences of using the Bamse program when communicating with the child during its four-year checkup at the child health center. Method : Child health nurses (n=8) were interviewed during a semi structured interview used openended questions, recorded as digital audio files. Their answers were transcribed verbatim and then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The child health nurses describes experiences of the Bamse program as timeconsuming, involvement and interaction and a learning tool. Conclusion: The Bamse program tool is effective, and the joy that Bamse conveys creates an environment that leads to child participation and interaction. Bamse is time consuming as it takes time to communicate with the child. The child health nurses experience a sense of purpose and joy through this method of working. In-service training is requested.

  • 118.
    Lundgren, Michelle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Klarheden, Michaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sluta missbruka substanser: vilka förutsättningar är viktiga i svensk kontext?2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Substance abuse is a widely spread social problem that has consequences for mental health, physical health, economics and relationships. Substance abuse involves the abuse of alcohol, drugs, and/or medicine. In Sweden there are about 880 000-900 000 people who have an ongoing substance abuse. There are recommendations for addiction treatment and for these to be followed collaboration between the health care, psychiatry, primary care and social services is important. There is need for increased competence and education to improve treatment. Treatment should be adapted based on person centered care.

    Aim: The aim was to describe personal and surrounding prerequisites for recovery in substance abuse in Sweden.

    Method: The method was a literature review. Both quantitative and qualitative research were used, ten articles were selected. The analysis was based on Fribergs (2017) three-step model.

    Results: Three main categories were found, the unique person, worthy life and care and treatment as well as seven subcategories, the importance of insight, the value of relationships, emotional impact, meaningful occupation, the security of a home, structure as support and the importance of professionals. These categories described prerequisites for recovery in substance abuse.

    Conclusion: Factors of success in recovery were rarely isolated, they consisted of an interaction between different factors in a person's life. Important prerequisites were a supportive social network, the own will as well as regular and structured treatment. Substance abuse implies a complex set of problems, often with multiple problems. This complexity sometimes made it difficult for professionals to treat these people.

  • 119.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Petersen, Ann-Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wicke, Kurt
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nordic Innovation Networks in Education: Dealing with Educational Challenges with Cross Boarder Collaboration and User Driven Design2012In: Uddevalla Symposium 2012 : Entrepreneurship and Innovation Networks. Revised papers presented at the 15th Uddevalla Symposium 14-16 June, 2012, Faro, Portugal. / [ed] Bernhard, Irene, 2012, p. 553-571Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an EU-funded project related to cross boarder collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies between Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. The project started in 2011 and extends to 2014 so this empirically dominated paper reports on early findings related to cross-border collaboration challenges. The aim of the project is to develop innovative cross-border teaching models by the means of user-driven, practice-based co-design processes between practitioners and researchers. In the first year, 18 classes from 13 schools in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the Öresund-Kattegatt-Skagerack region participated. Organized in so called Nordic class-match groups (consisting of students and teachers from one class in each country) new cross-border teaching models are co-created, tested and evaluated in an iterative process. Since teaching models are subject dependent, the project develop teaching models in several subject domains, i.e. math, language, science and social studies / history. Heretofore findings show, however, that organizational and technical issues have superseded and squeezed out subject-oriented discussions due to surprisingly many practical issues that needed to be handled first. We have identified three major thresholds to overcome. The first is related to technical difficulties in schools when diverse IT systems are to be synchronized. The second threshold concerns scheduling coordination difficulties in order to allow synchronous cross boarder collaboration. The third threshold concerns linguistic and communication difficulties rooted in participants communicating in their respective Nordic language. Being able to communicate within Nordic languages are explicit learning goals in all three schools systems, and therefore part of the project aim and consequently all participants are expected to use their native languages when communicating. The next phase of the project is therefore to find solutions to these technical, organizational and linguistic barriers, and already now we see some barrier breaking models taking shape in the active network of Nordic teachers, students, school leaders, IT support teams and researchers.

     

  • 120.
    Lundström, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Health-related lifestyle and perceived health among people with severe mental illness: Gender differences and degree of sense of coherence.2019In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 82-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with severe mental illness (SMI) experience an increased risk of physical ill health and premature death, which appears to be partly related to unhealthy lifestyle habits. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of health-related lifestyle habits and perceived health among people with severe mental illness. A further aim was to explore if there were any gender differences or differences based on degree of sense of coherence. The study adopted a cross-sectional design based on data from 65 people with SMI. The results show that degree of Sense of Coherence (SOC) does have relevance for perceived health and for dimensions of Quality of Life (QOL). Furthermore, among the participants with strong SOC, there were less daily smokers and they seemed to have less sedentary leisure time than those with low SOC. Men reported more anxiety/depression than women and women ate fruit more often than men, otherwise there were no gender differences. In comparison with the general population, people with SMI show a higher Body Mass Index are more sedentary, more often daily smokers, have lower SOC and perceive a lower QOL. This emphasizes the importance of health-promotion support that focuses on lifestyle changes, and support for strengthening SOC and QOL for people with SMI. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.

  • 121.
    Lundström, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University , School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad , Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University , School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad , Sweden.
    Eriksson, Helena
    Halmstad University , School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad , Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University , School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad , Sweden.
    The Meaning of the Lived Experience of Lifestyle Changes for People with Severe Mental Illness.2017In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 38, no 9, p. 717-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of the lived experience of lifestyle changes as perceived by people with severe mental illness (SMI). People with SMI who have experience in managing lifestyle changes were interviewed (n = 10). The interviews were analyzed with a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The findings reveal three themes: (1) struggling with inner and outer limitations, (2) on one's own but together with others and (3) longing for living a life in harmony. The meaning of lifestyle changes can be understood as a person's internal and external endeavors to make well-considered decisions about lifestyle changes. Support should focus on strengthening the person's self-efficacy and should be based on the person's experiences.

  • 122.
    Magnusson, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Malcolm, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Det går inte att bara fånga dem": en fenomenologisk studie om en grupp nyanlända ungdomars upplevelser av skola, fritidsaktiviteter och integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate how a group of newly arrived teenagers, aged 16-24, perceive and experience of, and in what way, school and leisure activities can function as supportive environments for learning and integration. The study was conducted in Sweden, an asylum accommodation located in Vänersborg. Selection of the target group, input materials and issues was motivated by highlighting some elements of the asylum seeker situation. To answer the study's purpose and questions, there have been nine interviews in which twelve people participated, with a phenomenological approach as a starting point. The collected data is processed and treated with inspiration taken from the analytical interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The final results of the analysis highlights three themes that were common to all interview answers. All participants believe that there is a desire to become a part of Swedish society but currently, they can experience a sense of alienation towards the Swedish citizens. Young people wish there were more opportunities for asylum seekers to associate with Swedish adolescents. By creating some sort of relationship to other Swedes, the participants believe that it can have a positive impact on their schooling, language development and way to become a part of the Swedish society.

  • 123.
    Melke, Gabriel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Gül, Johannes
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Varför spela och varför sluta?: En studie av fotbollsspelande i ungdomsåren och dess effekter på det mentala välbefinnandet, utifrån vuxna mäns tillbakablickande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's main aim is to enlighten the meaning of a membership in a soccer-club, with a focus on the importance to mental wellness. Empirical consists of interviews with the adult men who are or have been active players. The aim has been to try to capture the reasons why they start to play, to continue but also reasons why they quit. The focus is on the mental health and our intention has been to examine the impact of the activity. The method is qualitative in what we conducted interviews with 16 men born between 1987-1991. The respondents are thus between 26 and 30 years old, some have stopped playing, some are still on, but the common thing is that they can look back in the "rear-view" on the membership/activity and the importance to mental wellness. The theoretical part consists mainly of a pedagogical perspective, a social perspective and partially of a health perspective.

    The result has been divided in to three themes, which are linked to the issues of the study These categories contain a total of 6 subcategories, whose information explaining that soccer-playing in adolescence has an impact on mental wellness. The subcategories include, positive: fellowship and family feeling, negative: performance requirements and alienation.

    The conclusion of this study is that soccer-playing in adolescence has an impact on mental wellness, in negative and positive terms.

  • 124.
    Mittelmark, Maurice B
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Department of Health Promotion and Development, Bergen, Norway.
    Sagy, Shifra
    Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Martin Springer Center for Conflict Studies, Department of Education, Beersheba, Israe.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Bauer, Georg F.
    University of Zürich, Division of Public, Organizational Health, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute,Zürich, Switzerland.
    Pelikan, Jürgen M.
    WHO-CC Health Promotion in Hospitals and Health Care, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Health Promotion Research, Vienna, Austria.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Center for Health Promotion and Resources, Trondheim, Norway.
    Espnes, Geir Arild
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Center for Health Promotion and Resources, Trondheim, Norway.
    Preface2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] [ed] Mittelmark, M. B., Sagy, Shifra, Eriksson, Monica, Bauer, Georg F., Pelikan, Jürgen M., Lindström, Bengt, Espnes, Geir Arild, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, p. vii-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Mjøsund, Nina Helen
    et al.
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Norheim, Irene
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Center for Health Promotion Research, Department of Public Health and Nursing, Trondheim, Norway.
    Espnes, Geir Arild
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Center for Health Promotion Research, Department of Public Health and Nursing, Trondheim, Norway.
    Forbech Vinje, Hege
    University College of Southeast Norway, Department of Health, Social and Welfare Studies, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Kongsberg, Norway..
    Reorienting Norwegian mental healthcare services: listening to patients' learning appetite2018In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reorientation of healthcare services towards more efficient health promotion interventions is an urgent matter. Despite policies and guidelines being in place, it is the least developed key action area of the Ottawa charter. User involvement, or the voice of the patient, is missing from the knowledge base of health promotion in the mental healthcare services. The aim of this study was to add experiential knowledge from former patients. We explored the lived experience of 12 former inpatients at a mental healthcare hospital. We describe what they perceive as mental health promoting efforts. A salutogenic theoretical framework and the methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis were used. The analysis revealed an appetite for learning in order to develop an in depth understanding of their former experiences. This was motivated by a desire to master daily life despite living with an illness and to increase health and well-being. The participants perceived the learning processes within the healthcare setting as mental health promoting. This craving for a better life is compatible with health promotion. It may turn out to be an opportunity to complement the curative activity of healthcare services with health promotion educational activities.

  • 126.
    Mjøsund, Nina Helen
    et al.
    Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norge.
    Espnes, Geir Arild
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vinje, Hege Forbech
    Perceived mental health: a basis for assessing comprehensive health needs2015In: Person-oriented health promotion in a rapidly changing world: Co-production – continuity – new media & technologies : Abstractbook, Oslo, Norway: International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services , 2015, p. 35-36Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Mjøsund, Nina Helen
    et al.
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Vinje Forbech, Hege
    University of South-Eastern Norway, Department of Health, Social and WelfareStudies, Faculty of Health and SocialSciences, Norway, Kongsberg, Norway.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Haaland-Øverby, Mete
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Jensen, Sven Liang
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Kjus, Solveig
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Norheim, Irene
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Portaasen, Inga-Lill
    Department of Mental Health Research and Development, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway.
    Espnes, Geir Arild
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Center for Health PromotionResearch, Trondheim, Norway.
    Salutogenic service user involvement in nursing research: A case study2018In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 74, p. 2145-2156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim was to explore the process of involving mental healthcare service users in a mental health promotion research project as research advisors and to articulate features of the collaboration which encouraged and empowered the advisors to make significant contributions to the research process and outcome.Background There is an increasing interest in evaluating aspects of service user involvement in nursing research. Few descriptions exist of features that enable meaningful service user involvement. We draw on experiences from conducting research which used the methodology interpretative phenomenological analysis to explore how persons with mental disorders perceived mental health. Apart from the participants in the project, five research advisors with service user experience were involved in the entire research process.Design We applied a case study design to explore the ongoing processes of service user involvement. Methods Documents and texts produced while conducting the project (2012-2016), as well as transcripts from multistage focus group discussions with the research advisors, were analysed.Results The level of involvement was dynamic and varied throughout the different stages of the research process. Six features: leadership, meeting structure, role clarification, being members of a team, a focus on possibilities and being seen and treated as holistic individuals, were guiding principles for a salutogenic service user involvement. These features strengthened the advisors' perception of themselves as valuable and competent contributors. Conclusion Significant contributions from research advisors were promoted by facilitating the process of involvement. A supporting structure and atmosphere were consistent with a salutogenic service user involvement.

  • 128.
    Mourad, Natali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Amman, Sumeya Mohammed
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ungdomar i förort: en kvalitativ studie av hur ungdomar ser på sitt bostadsområde och sina framtidsmöjligheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our report is based on young people living in a socioeconomically exposed area and their thoughts about the future, their residential area and other factors that matters. Our pre-understanding of the chosen subject is based on our own upbringing and experiences as we live in a socio-economically vulnerable area. The purpose of the study has been to gain a better understanding and to highlight some young people's perceptions and thoughts about their future and how different factors influence their future opportunities. This study has been conducted with a qualitative method, through semi-structured interviews and group interviews. The participants in this study are young people aged 18-27 years. The study's results show that the young people find that their residential area is segregated and separated from the rest of the society. They also state that their residential area facing problems with criminality and riots. But despite the problems they see their residential area as their home and they feel secure there. Society labeling, ethnicity and religion are factors that the youths feel may be an obstacle to their future.

  • 129.
    Namro, Natalie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lärares kompetensutveckling i arbetet med flyktingar: Kvalitativ studie av lärarnas lärande i arbetet med flyktingar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on teachers learning during a rapid change in the school. The number of refugee children has increased during the years 2014-2016 which has had consequences in schools (Diagrammet, bilaga 4; Migrationsverket, 2014; Migrationsverket, 2015; Migrationsverket, 2016a; Migrationsverket, 2016b).

    It has been more pressure on schools and teachers where they have more students but also newly arrived refugees. Therefore, it is interesting to study teachers' handling of the increased number of newly arrived refugees and if they develop professionally. The research questions used are: "What challenges teachers face because of the increased flow of unaccompanied refugee? What skills have they developed? ".

    The study used the theories of learning, change and skills. Learning as it is about teachers learning, change when there is a change and skills for dealing with teachers' competence and its development. There were found five studies the studies related to the dealing with various kinds of teachers' experiences of work with refugees. This is a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews on 7 teachers. The results were analyzed through thematic analysis, where it conducted a content analysis. This study is based on the use of the abductive research method because this study need both inductive and deductive research method.

    The study result in four categories of competencies that teachers considered important in the work with refugees, Social Ability, plan and prioritize, flexibility and didactics. These categories have sub categories where the first had genuine interest and responsiveness, relationship-building and humility and understanding. The second have no subcategories while the third have Language Development and cultural competence, the fourth category have patience and clarity. These sub categories were determined based on the respondents answers, of being responsive and genuinely interested in the students' current situation and their background. Important is also to listen the similarities and differences in the groups and focus on the humanitarian aspect when working with students especially children refugee. Language and culture knowledge is as important to be able to convey knowledge. Respondents emphasize that there is often a lack of time and therefore it is important to plan so that the lesson is structured and prioritize so that everyone gets as much help. Important is also flexibility, because the class is dynamic and knowledge levels are uneven which requires continuous adaption.

  • 130.
    Nilsson, Erika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Personcentrerad vård – från vision till verklighet: En studie av ledarskapets upplevelse av ett förändringsarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development in society has caused pressure on health care to change. From a traditional medical perspective on health, health care is facing the challenge of also promoting health and prevent health. Health care is at the same time facing a quality and efficiency pressure that seemed to prevent good caregiving. Based on the new law for patients, person-centered care was designed as a solution to address the challenges. Person-centered care is characterized by a health-promoting approach and brings about change in both routines and values and has been considered a paradigm shift. The health promotion approach has been difficult to interpret and is not yet sufficiently widespread in the fields of health care. Managers and leaders play a significant role in changes, and their experiences of the implementation of person-centered care will therefore be interesting.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the experiences of managers of the paradigm shift that the person-centered care involves. The intention is to gain a deeper understanding of the changes and learning process that the implementation of the person-centered care has brought.

    In order to provide a deeper understanding, the purpose will be answered with a qualitative research and hermeneutic approach. Managers experiences have been accumulated trough five interviews. The interviews have been supplemented with observations during two education opportunities, that contributed a deeper knowledge of the social context.

    The main result shows that the implementation process was inadequate as the senior management did not understand the meaning and magnitude of the changes and did not add the right resources nor informed the organization. While many contributors have a positive attitude towards the person-centered care, there is resistance that may depend on the fact that they feel they already work person-centered and because of a fear of losing their position. Trough practical experience and reflective action, understanding of the fact that contributors have not worked person-centered before can grow and the benefits become even clearer. Finally, senior management needs to allocate more time to valuation work for every person involved. This applies to both senior management, decision makers, managers, leaders and contributors.

  • 131.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att utveckla kunskap om matematiksvårigheter med utgångspunkt från lärares kunskap och erfarenhet2012In: VILÄR konferens  2012, Abstract: Interaktiv session, 2012, p. 10-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många lärare deltar i kompetensutveckling. Tidigare var det ofta fristående ämneskurser på grund- eller fördjupningsnivå. Numera erbjuds masterprogram som ska ge fördjupade kunskaper för kvalificerad yrkesutövning eller förberedelse till forskarutbildning. Studien genomförs i kursen Matematik i specialpedagogiska perspektiv som behandlar matematiksvårigheter, ett komplext och nybildat forskningsområde (Lunde 2011).

    Det råder oenighet om hur matematiksvårigheter ska undersökas och hur stor andel det handlar om. Ca 1-3 % anses ha specifika matematiksvårigheter medan 40-50 % har bristande matematisk förståelse i något avseende vilket till viss del kan förklara försämrade resultat i internationella undersökningar som TIMSS (Skolverket 2010). Att öka elevers konceptuella förståelse är en central del i att motverka matematiksvårigheter.

    Kursdeltagarna har lång yrkeserfarenhet. Några undervisar elever med specifika matematiksvårigheter, andra är förskollärare med intresse för små barns matematik, klasslärare eller matematiklärare till exempel för vuxna i arbetsmarknadsåtgärder. Kursen ingår i ett masterprogram med inriktning mot specialpedagogik som är ett tvärvetenskapligt område där medicinska perspektiv till stor del dominerat. Det är angeläget att stärka pedagogiska och didaktiska perspektiv inom området specialpedagogik. Hur kan lärares kunskaper och erfarenhet främja elevers matematikförståelse? Hur kan lärares erfarenheter stärka det pedagogiska perspektivet i specialpedagogik?

    Kursens syfte är att öka förståelsen för komplexiteten i matematiksvårigheter och hur man kan arbeta för att främja matematikförståelse. Kursen utformas som "cogenerative learning" och dialogseminarier (Elden & Levin 1991; Lennerstad 2012) vilket innebär kommunikation mellan kursdeltagarna genom texter och examinerande seminarier. Vid seminarierna delas förberedda reflektioner utifrån litteratur och erfarenhet. En uppgift för seminariet är att formulera frågor till sin egen praktik. Frågor och idéer sammanfattas för fördjupat lärande och långsiktiga samtal mellan yrkeserfarna och forskare för att formulera praktikers kunskap för utvecklad praktik och frågor för fortsatt forskning i examensarbeten. Kursen genomförs under ht 12 och preliminära slutsatser presenteras.

  • 132.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Du äger ditt liv: Vad vill du med ditt liv?2018Report (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Hälsofrämjande och inkluderande processer2014In: Inkludering: möjligheter och utmaningar / [ed] Margareta Sandström, Lena Nilsson, Jonas Stier, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1. uppl., p. 163-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet diskuterar hur inkluderande och hälsofrämjande arbetssätt kan förstås i relation till vartannat. Exempel ges från lärarstudenters användning av begreppen vid en kurs i inkluderande och hälsofrämjande pedgogik i samspel. 

  • 134.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Samverkansforskning kring satsningen i Vara2014In: Psynkprojektets Stormöte, Att främja psykisk hälsa i förskola och skola. 11 november, 2014 (websänd konferens)., 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wip - halvtidsresultat2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Aktionsforskning som modell för utvecklingsprocesser och lärande i äldreomsorg och förskola2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkt i detta paper är ett utvecklingsarbete vars ursprungliga syfte var att söka nya arbetsuppgifter för kommunal musikskola. Eftersom kommunen har en musikprofil väcktes idén att låta musiklärarna arbeta med barn i förskolan och låta dessa besöka äldreboenden och sjunga tillsammans med äldre. Samarbete utvecklades mellan musikskolan, äldreomsorgen och förskolan. Högskolan Väst fick uppdrag att följa projektet som dokumenterats genom film, massmedia samt en uppsats. Ett omfattande intervjumaterial ska redovisas i rapporter och artiklar.Forskning visar att kulturutövning av olika slag kan bidra till äldres hälsa och livskvalitet. En aspekt av många möjliga infallsvinklar att undersöka i den typ av verksamhetsöverskridande projekt som vi studerar är hur omsorg om äldre kan utvecklas. Problem som lyfts fram är behov av resurser för en äldrevård som kan ta hand om ökningen av antalet äldre, behov av personal samt personalens kompetens (Nilsson & Herrman 2012). Gerontologer uppmärksammar att forskning bör ske ur ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv (Tornstam 2005). I detta paper är syftet att undersöka hur deltagarorienterad aktionsforskning inom vård och omsorg för äldre kan bedrivas och hur akademien kan bidra till kvalitet i välfärdsarbetet? Vilka möjligheter till lärande och förändring ger intersektoriell samverkan och möte mellan kommunala verksamheter och högskolan? I projektet är huvuddelen av arbetskraften kvinnor med kvinnokodade arbetsuppgifter. Kan feministiskt inspirerad aktionsforskning framhäva kunskapsvärdet i kvinnligt kodade yrken (Heldke 2002, Minnich 2002, Gillberg 2009).Hur kan en feministiskt inspirerad forskning stödja utvecklingsarbete? Aktionsforskning kan stödja ett tekniskt och praktiskt kunskapsintresse dvs. att bidra till att tolka och förändra situationer genom att frigöra deltagares potential. I aktionsforskning fokuseras handlingar. Forskningsprocessen innebär att undersöka handlingar och aktörers föreställningar, om/hur dessa kan bli gemensamma och bidra till en kollektiv problemlösning. Kan detta stödja verksamhetsutveckling och teoretisering av erfarenheter för en ökad förståelse?

  • 137.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Att bygga gemensamma miljöer: delaktighet och lärande genom dialogplanering2012In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 12-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to investigate how dialogue planning can provide users and professionals with tools for learning and be a path to organizational development in the context of design and construction of a town square and a sports hall adjacent to a K-9 school. Design and construction was carried out in collaboration between a municipality, a building contractor, school staff and students. A model for dialogue planning using artistic practice and collaboration with an artist was applied to develop an authentic dialogue. An architect and an artist were project managers. Their role was to support students to formulate interests, needs and creative solutions. Awareness of the complexity of planning was developed.

    Students’ participation had major impact on the design of the town square. With support, students can give a qualified contribution, significant for design of physical environment. Students’ involvement contributes to the learning of professional partners. Learning takes place primarily at the horizontal level around the students. Learning can be seen vertically among representatives of the school and community. Among building producers horizontal learning can be seen with entrepreneurs directly facing students.

  • 138.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Co-generative learning at the frontline of elderly care: options for full-time work in the outermost reaches of the organisation2012In: International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, ISSN 0976-4089, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 44-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The proportion of elderly in the population grows all over the world which means a great challenge providing qualified health care, care in nursing homes and community care for the elderly. Staff in the elder care is predominantly female workforce with auxiliary part time positions and short training. Care work is often, not recognized as heavy work in the same way as male-dominated working-class occupations. From the stand point of management, the employers, home care workers are situated outermost in the organization. From the care workers perspective, however, they are on the frontline. In Sweden, for a long period, quite a lot of pilot projects to provide full time work in home care and nursing homes have been carried out. The purpose of this study is to examine how home care workers consider opportunities to work full time. What benefits could be anticipated, what are the obstacles, how should working conditions and environmental be changed for the care workers to accept and cope with full time employments? Further what training would be needed and how should education be accomplished?

    The study has been conducted with round table workshops with two groups of women, employed as assistant nurses or as unskilled auxiliary nurses. They express a strong engagement for care work. They also express a perceived competence from their experience on the front line, both for the hands on work and for higher level skills, for example of assessment and advanced commitments. Further they are voicing a disappointment in the employer regarding organization, equipment and support.

    The conclusions are, there is need for dialogue and cogenerative learning between care workers, the employer and education providers, both as a way to meet the challenge the increasing proportion of elderly imposes, increasing the quality in care work and as a way to provide care workers with better working conditions.

  • 139.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Intergenerational Learning – Children Singing Along with Older People: Possibilities and Complications in a Project Context2016In: Advances in social sciences research journal, E-ISSN 2055-0286, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 187-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Culture for Older People is a project funded by Swedish Arts Council. The aim of the project, managed by heads of department’s för the preschool, the older care and the culture school, is increased well-being for older people. In this article one of the activities, Children Singing Along with Older People is scrutinised in an ongoing evaluation.  In this subproject, headed by expert music teachers together with preschool teachers and care home staff, five-year old preschoolers visit care homes for singing along with the residents. The project is poly-motivated; besides improved well-being for older people, also enhanced learning for the children and interprofessional learning for staff. The concept musicking, which highlights music as an activity creating community and relations between participators, is used for discussing the meetings between the children and older people. Results are based on observations of activities and interviews with staff. Music is an activity that can be used for enhanced well-being and creating relations as well as learning. Nonetheless there are issues in the project that need to be discussed e. g. children’s participation and role, the older’s activity or desire for passivity and support for learning among the staff as well among children and older.

  • 140.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Uppsala universitet.
    Sandström, Margareta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lilja, Johnny
    Displaying Mathematical Literacy: Pupils' Talk about Mathematical Activities2013In: Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, ISSN 1927-2677, E-ISSN 1927-2685, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 55-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to exemplify pupils’ mastering of mathematical literacy. The study is a comparative multiple case study. In pupils’ talk of mathematical activities aspects of mathematical literacy are discerned. A distinction is made between pupils: (1) pupils in mathematical difficulties, (2) pupils with another mother tongue than Swedish or (3) pupils without mathematical difficulties. The study was performed as a comparative multiple case study. The ”cases” were constituted by the three groups of pupils, and these were compared. Seventy-two pupils in grade 5 in six different primary schools in Sweden participated: twenty-four pupils in mathematical difficulties (twelve girls and twelve boys), twenty-four pupils with another native language than Swedish (twelve girls and twelve boys) and twenty-four pupils without mathematical difficulties (twelve girls and twelve boys). After each of the performed lessons in which the activities were carried out the pupils were interviewed (groupwise in the above defined groups) about their experience of the activities. In the analysis of the results three ideal types were described, on for each group of pupils. The idealt types were discussed with relation to mathematical literacy.

     

  • 141.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Samverkansforskning, för interprofessionellt lärande och utveckling av tidiga insatser i förskolan2016In: ViLär 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Tidiga insatser i förskolan: erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsarbete i Vara kommun2016Report (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Tidiga insatser i förskolan: erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsarbete i Vara kommun2016Report (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, University of Gothenburg.
    Falk, Örjan
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, University of Gothenburg.
    Billstedt, Eva
    Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Forensic psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Ragarden, House 1, SU – East Hospital, SE-416 85 Gothenburg, Sweden, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg.
    Wallinius, Märta
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Research and Development Unit, Regional Forensic Psychiatric Clinic, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hofvander, Björn
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Lund University.
    Aggressive Antisocial Behaviors Are Related to Character Maturity in Young Swedish Violent Offenders Independent of ADHD2016In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 7, no NOV, p. 1-12, article id 185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Antisocial personality and psychopathic traits have constantly been found to accompany criminal and aggressive behaviors, but little attention has been given to aspects of character maturity and its relation to such behaviors. The present study investigated (1) whether level of character maturity (low, medium, and high) is associated with amount of aggressive antisocial behaviors (AABs) and psychopathic traits in young men imprisoned for violent criminality, and (2) whether such an association is independent of coexisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Swedish males (N =  270, aged 18–25) sentenced to prison for violent and/or sexual criminality in the western region of the Swedish Prison and Probation Service underwent a thorough clinical examination during their in carceration. Data on character maturity, as measured by the character dimensions Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness of the Temperament and Character Inventory, were available for n = 148 subjects and were used to divide these offenders into three groups with low, medium, and high character maturity. These groups were then compared for variables reflecting criminal history, a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD, conduct disorder (CD) and substance use disorders (SUD), aggressive behaviors, and psychopathic traits. Results: Character maturity was consistently associated with less AABs and psychopathic personality traits; the group with the highest character maturity showed: (i) a later age at on set of criminality, (ii) a smaller number of prior violent criminal acts, (iii) lower prevalence of ADHD, CD, and SUD, (iv) less self-rated and expert-rated aggressive behaviors, and (v) less psychopathic traits. The association between character maturity and aggressive behaviors/psychopathic personality traits remained even when ADHD was controlled for. The only exception was sexual criminality, where the group with the highest character maturity contained the largest amount of sexual offenders. Conclusion: Higher character maturity appeared to be a protective factor among young male violent offenders, associated with less AABs, suggesting that character maturity isa promising target for treatment interventions for this group of individuals.

  • 145.
    Norberger, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wassenius, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att vårdas under tvång i psykiatrisk slutenvård: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The main purpose of coercive care is to protect patients from injuring themselves and/or others. Patients treated under coercive care in psychiatric care have limited possibilities to influence and participation in their care.

    Aim: To illuminate patients' experiences of being cared for in locked psychiatric care.

    Method: A literature review was conducted. Nine scientific articles were analyzed following a five-step model. The articles were retrieved from the databases Cinahl and PsycInfo.

    Results: There were both positive and negative experiences of being cared for under coercion. The experiences were summarized in three themes: Lack of information and control, Wishing for understanding instead of neglect and Insight into the necessity of compulsory care. Conclusion: The attitudes and treatment of caregivers are crucial factors in how patients experience compulsive care.

  • 146.
    Olofsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hinders, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vart är alla svenskar efter klockan 19.00?: Upplevelser av lärandet i integrationsprocessen hos högutbildade nyanlända vuxna män.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get knowledge of the experiences highly educated adult men, who are newcomers, has of their learning process to become integrated in the Swedish society. We had a phenomenological approach and used interviews as our method. Our result shows that there are possibilities for our target group to integrate and acclimatize. There is already a foundation to stand on but it needs to be developed and improved. To learn the language, be able to understand the culture and the values in society is problematic for our target group. The reason for this is that they don't meet enough native-born or immigrated Swedish people. A part of the solution is to give our target group the possibility to enjoy other environments beside the refugee camp. It also requires that the society listens to their individual needs.

  • 147.
    Olsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Ida
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Integration och lärande som nyanländ i Sverige: hur nyanlända unga vuxna upplever sig lära Sverige och integrationen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to investigate how a group of young people between 18-25 years perceive and learn of their situation as a refugee in Sweden. We used semi-structured interviews, the method is qualitative and inspired by "content analysis". Our respondents are living in two different places for asylum seekers in West Sweden and have moved from different countries in the Middle East.

    Our questions were:

    • What kind of emotions were experienced during the first encounter with Sweden and how do they experience everyday life?

    • How is the encounter with the Swedish society and how is it acquired?

    • What do they think about their future?

    The results showed that the participants experienced different emotions in their first meeting with Sweden. They were in a difficult situation, they felt lonely and had nothing to do. At the same time, they felt relieved to come and seek asylum in a safe country, and to have the "Immigration Service" as a security. The lack of knowledge of the Swedish language was a big deal, sometimes feeling like a stranger made it tough. Many respondents felt that it was a relief to leave their country because of the hard situation. Several times a week they study the Swedish language in different ways, did volunteer work or internship while someone had an extra job. It was important for them to keep themselves busy by having different kinds of activities or other stuff to do. The majority of the participants felt that it was difficult to meet Swedish people and they saw that as a problem for the integration. The language was considered the most important thing to learn and almost all participants wanted to continue their studies. They saw a future for themselves in Sweden, to get a job for income and later on, build a family.

  • 148.
    Ottosson Högberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vårdenhetschefen sätter agendan: Att stödja nya sjuksköterskor att växa in i yrkesrollen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: New graduate nurses experience difficulties in meeting the expectations of the new professional role. Leadership has been shown to be important when supporting new graduate nurses develop a professional role and develop competence and practical skills. Aim: This study aims to describe nurse managers´ experiences of creating prerequisites for new graduate nurses to grow into the new professional role during an introduction program. Method: A qualitative method was used in this study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. A total of nine managers were interviewed. Results: The result presents five categories shown to be important when managers support new graduate nurses to grow into the new professional role: organize introduction to the clinical work, care for the group of personnel, create opportunities for learning, exercise a committed leadership and having a supportive attitude. Conclusion: The result suggests that many factors affect nurse's conditions on the ward and that the manager's approach is complex. By showing support, participating in nurse's social process and by organizing the introduction and clinical work, it could promote learning and professional role-building among new graduate nurses. This requires leaders who are active and dedicated, and understand their role in the nursing process of growing into the professional role. The conditions that are presented in this study could strengthen new graduate nurses to grow into the professional role and could promote their intention of remaining in the profession.

  • 149.
    Persson, Anna-Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Segerfelt, Petra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Organisationskultur ur ett hälsofrämjande perspektiv: en fenomenografisk studie om ledares och medarbetares uppfattningar kring organisationskulturen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is, from a health promoting perspective, to examine how leaders and employees perceive and are affected by the organizational culture. The study is located in one of Volvo Cars Torslanda factories and to achieve the purpose we have used a qualitative approach in the form of 16 semi-structured interviews. Further, the study is inspired by a phenomenographic approach and analysis model, which contains seven steps. The result of the study mainly displays that it is primarily the interpersonal contacts that affect how the respondents in this survey feel at work and it is therefore important to have an organization culture that promotes good relationships between employees, where well being and laughter is centrally. The study also suggest that it is beneficial, both for the company's business and employees' health, trying to implement a desired organizational culture through communication among the hierarchical levels rather than a top-down approach. The results of the study are considered to give already proven factors further strengthening and demonstrate the fact that organizations through their culture can work with promoting health influencing factors.

  • 150.
    Pontén, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Thorsen, Tova
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Aggressiva antisociala drag hos svenska och marockanska fängelseintagna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study compared aggressive antisocial traits in Swedish and Moroccan male prisons inmates. The countries were compared based on their cultures, community structure, laws and norms. Sweden has a strong economy and many inhabitants are continuing their education after high school. In Morocco it is not as common with highly educated residents and many children are dropping out of school early. The legal systems also differ in the two countries; In Sweden it is independent from the state while in Morocco it is the king who has the last word both in the judiciary and the government.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the aggressive antisocial traits of Swedish and Moroccan male prison inmates. Method: In the study, the self-rated form of the Life History of Aggression instrument was used to measure the aggression, antisocial traits and self-directed aggressiveness of male prison inmates. A cross sectional study with descriptive design was conducted.

    Result: The result showed that Swedish prison inmates had stronger aggressive antisocial traits than the Moroccan inmates.

    Conclusion: The result shows that aggressive antisocial traits differ significantly for male prison inmates from different cultures. The reason for this outcome may be the different legal systems or that the used measure is not adapted to the different cultures. The study's results reinforce the need for validated measures in different countries and cultures of aggressive antisocial behavior.

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