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  • 101.
    Forsman, Berit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Frail Older Persons' Experiences of Information and Participation in Hospital Care2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 16, article id E2829Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe frail older persons' experiences of hospital care of information and participation when being an inpatient at a hospital. A qualitative method was used. Data were collected at the hospital from 20 interviews with frail older patients, together with observations in the environment at the hospital ward. A content analysis was performed. Patients experienced not receiving information about their care and rehabilitation, or receiving such information in noisy surroundings. They experienced situations of misunderstanding related to their medication, which indicates the need for appropriate discharge calls for frail older patients. They expressed feelings of distress concerning the future, caused by hasty admissions or relatives' problems to handle the situation. The results highlight the need to receive appropriate information and to participate in decision-making. The level of health literacy should be taken notice of when giving information, using peaceful and quiet environments when informing frail older persons. Person-centered care should be recognized to a greater extent in order for healthcare professionals to give information to frail older people in a health literacy-friendly way. This might make it easier for frail older persons to participate in a partnership in care.

  • 102.
    Forssell Eriksson, G.
    et al.
    Ytterbyskolan, Kungälv .
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Coping Skills of Students in Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication2013In: ICERI2013 Proceedings, 2013, p. 1210-1216Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive and communicative situations within social environments are prerequisites for learning in collaboration. Synchronous computer-mediated communication is often used as a means to achieve active learning in collaboration. Synchronous communication thus offers the opportunity to actively engage students in collaborative learning activities. This paper is based on an ethnographic case study of synchronous communication between students in the lower secondary school collaborating in a cross-border project involving Danish, Norwegian and Swedish students. The project is aimed to promote the students in their Scandinavian intercomprehension skills using their own native languages when the students are collaborating in different joint projects. The aim of the paper is to analyze the characteristics of the coping skills of the students within a collaborating learning project using synchronous computer-mediated communication.One of the students in each group in each of the collaborating countries acted as a group leader, decided in advance. The students were also prepared in advance of what to synchronously discuss with their collaborating Scandinavian student groups. However, a critical part of the synchronous collaboration was the assignment for the group collaboration leader. It has been obvious that the student assigned for the role really is coping with this situation. The group collaborating leader has to take initiative, relate the discussion to the actual subject, distribute the word between the participants, ask questions and distribute the questions between the students in the different collaborating countries speaking different neighbor languages. To help in this situation is to have visible name tags on each student. A prerequisite is that the group collaboration leaders have to have the social skills as self-esteem, empathy, emotional intelligence as well as problem solving. Thus, these students need different types of cognitive, affective and social skills related to cope with a real situation performed synchronously with support of information and communication technology. Some students sometimes prove specific coping skills in this real context in the school and are not necessarily those students who are the most skilled within their native language.The engagement from the teachers is of vital importance for the students' active participation in the synchronous collaboration. Therefore the teachers have to take part in the background in each room in the different countries within the collaborating computer-mediated synchronous session. This will imply a more serious and engaged participation of all the students. The instructional strategies and advices the students got from the teachers in advance were of significant importance. Moreover, the teachers' engagement also has an impact on the students' sense of trust and security between each other and between the students in each collaborating country within the synchronous communication.

  • 103.
    Fransson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, Sverige.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jaldemark, Stefan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Sverige.
    Lindberg, Ola J.
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Applied Information Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anders D.
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Öberg, Lena-Msrie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap, Sverige.
    On the Swedish national graduate school for digital technologies in education - GRADE: Expectations and experiences of doctoral students and supervisors2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, Sevilla, 2018, p. 769-774Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish National Graduate School for Digital Technologies in Education (GRADE) is a cooperative venture between six Swedish universities established during 2018. Within the field of educational sciences and in the area of digital technologies in education, GRADE aims to strengthen the expertise in the area and to increase national and international cooperation in research training activities.Over a number of years, and from multitude of sources (cf. Brown & Davis, 2004; Fisher, Higgins & Loveless, 2006; Kafai & Resnick 1996), research has stressed that increased digitalization in schools leads to a complexity that needs to be taken into account on different levels, from different perspectives and with different designs, methodologies and theoretical perspectives (cf. Olofsson, Lindberg, Fransson & Hauge, 2015; Price, Jewitt & Brown, 2013; Tondeur, Valcke & van Braak, 2008). At a micro-level, the learning situation of students, teachers and school-leaders changes and it becomes important to deepen the knowledge about the impact digital technologies has on the fundamental conditions for teaching and learning of different school subjects (cf. Chun, Kern & Smith 2016; Leung & Baccaglini-Frank, 2017). On a macro-level, conditions for education as such changes and digital technologies becomes an important object of study as agents of change (Wong & Li, 2008). The digitalization of K-12 schools has long been highlighted in policy as a necessity (cf. Kirkman et al, 2002; OECD, 2010). However, research and evaluations (cf. Fransson et al, 2012; OECD, 2015; Wastiau et al, 2013) show that many substantial challenges remain. One of the fundamental pillars of GRADE is the interdisciplinary approach. Several disciplines are present (Applied IT, Curriculum studies, Education, Informatics, Technology and Learning, Educational work, Work-interated Learning) in researching digital technologies in K-12 schools with the ambition to contribute to the continued implementation, integration and use of digital technologies in Swedish K-12 schools that stems from the evidence-based knowledge produced within the activities of GRADE. The research within GRADE will be characterized by close cooperation with stakeholders from school practice, with the aim to contribute to concrete school development. In GRADE, a multi-level approach that involves multiple layers or levels of school activities will be encouraged. When possible, studies will be longitudinal. This will imply studies from an organizational and management perspective, e.g. studies of school leaders and other members of senior management positions responsible for digital technology use and implementation. Also implied are studies of teachers' teaching practices and didactical considerations, as well as studies of the students in classrooms and their learning using digital technologies. This will also imply that several issues with a bearing on the digitalization of education, for example regarding school policy, teaching, learning, assessment and professional development will be researched from different perspectives and with different methodological approaches. In this paper, these points of departure will be explored based on the expectations and experiences of the first twelve admitted doctoral students and their supervisors

  • 104.
    Fritzon, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wester, Linn
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Säkerhetsaspekterna med "Bring Your Own Device": Hur företag hanterar egna enheter på arbetsplatsen, samt säkerheten som krävs för en tryggare arbetsplats2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2007, a whole new market of mobile phones was created, which we today call smartphones. As smartphones developed at a furious pace, new technology and security issues also surfaced for companies. Since 2009, "Bring Your Own Device" (BYOD) made companies start thinking and plan their activities for the wireless technology that we use all the time, and this caused information security to come into focus. BYOD has become so much larger that it has meant a new creation of policy documents and safety issues that are coming into focus among companies that use BYOD. Consequences, threats, risks, etc. are things that companies need to be aware of if they are going to use BYOD in their businesses. By interviewing five different companies of different sizes and industries, an impression of how Swedish companies manage BYOD and its security aspects can be determined. While providing clear facts, one can also increase awareness among other companies and help the thinking about why they should adopt BYOD into a company. BYOD was difficult for the companies to define. Should employees own a device or could a company own a device and the employees use it? The purpose of this report is to contribute knowledge about how companies manage BYOD, and if they know what the consequences for safety are that may arise. This study provides the following results, if the companies use BYOD and if so, how they use their mobile devices when connecting to different networks. And how companies provide security to minimize the risks that can be generated when companies make use of BYOD. Safety is always a focus of companies and they are aware of the consequences that may occur if security does not functions within the company.

    Safety is always in focus of the companies and they are aware of the consequences that may occur if the security functions within the company. Smaller companies find it easier to use a BYOD approach in dealing with less information within the company. If companies are not protected, they can suffer from threats and viruses even though they were fully aware of the consequences.

  • 105.
    Färnefors, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindman, Oskar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användaracceptans av IT inom svensk hälso- och sjukvård: En kvalitativ studie om användaracceptans av ny teknologi under postimplementation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of IT in healthcare is by many considered to have several benefits. On the one hand, it can improve the health care by, among other things, making it more efficient. On the other hand, it can give economic advantages, for example by health care providers being able to save money. At the same time, there are studies showing problems may arise at the implementation of new technologies in healthcare. Problems reported include hesitation regarding the profitability of the technologies, and staff deeming the technology taking up too much time. There have also been reported difficulties in the post-implementation phase, for example increased strain on personnel and worsened communication between staff and patients. In the light of this, this study has investigated which factors influence the user acceptance of IT in healthcare during the post-implementation phase. This study has, with a qualitative approach and based on the theory UTAUT, carried out a number of interviews with personnel working in healthcare who recently took part in an implementation of new technology. Then, the result was analyzed to find out which factors most influence the acceptance of technology in healthcare. The result shows that expected performance is the factor that matters most for acceptance of new technology. The voluntariness and if the usage has become norm in the workplace both have a large effect on whether the technology is accepted or not. When the work routine is of a more complex nature it is also important to have a good understanding of the processes which the technology is built around. The study also shows that there is a need to adjust the UTAUT model to better explain acceptance within the context of Swedish healthcare. The degree of voluntariness should be more than a moderating variable, and a new construct, regarding knowledge about the processes and routines that govern the work in healthcare, ought to be considered.

  • 106.
    Gabrys, Piotr
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Införande av IT-system i kommunala organisationer: Faktorer som kan påverka resultatet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An implementation of an IT system is a socio-technical change that places many demands on the organization if the implementation is to be considered successful. There are challenges of both the technical, social and organizational nature. Descriptions of the implementations that were perceived as successful often refers to common factors that contributed to the successful implementation, so-called success factors. The purpose of this work is to obtain knowledge about those factors and how they can affect system implementations in municipal organiza-tions. In this work those so-called success factors are identified based on theory and studies of practical circumstances in organizations. The factors are examined and knowledge about them is gathered and presented. This work is conducted using a qualitative interview study of two organizations in two small municipalities with large experience on system implementations. The interviewed persons have varying roles in the organizations and different experiences of implementations. The results are the respondents' perceived views, experiences and comments on implementations regarding such as system usability, leadership, training and commitment.

    This work presents factors perceived to have contributed to the success, for example the lead-ers support and commitment, technical stability and user participation. The main conclusions of this work include that a number of success factors that are described in studies from other types of organizations can even be found in municipal organizations. Factors that affect the implementations success are found in fields that regards organization, qualifications, systems applicability and the systems users. There are different methods for evaluation, and different definitions of success, therefore they are not general shortcuts to success, but rather a base for the work before, during and even after the systems implementation. The specific circum-stances of each system implementation and organization overall strategy for system and busi-ness development may vary and influence the factors' effects.

  • 107.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Partitioning reference values of several Gaussian subpopulations with unequal prevalence--a procedure with computer program support2006In: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN 1434-6621, E-ISSN 1437-4331, Vol. 44, no 10, p. 1258-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: To be able to interpret laboratory values, it is essential to develop population-based reference intervals. A crucial consideration is whether a reference interval should be divided into subpopulations or not, so-called partitioning. There are established methods for deciding whether partitioning should be done or not. However, these methods are only applicable when partitioning into two subpopulations is considered. The primary aim of this study was to suggest a procedure that was also valid for several subpopulations. The method assumes that these subpopulations are Gaussian. Furthermore, a secondary aim was to provide a tailor-made computer program to support calculations. METHODS: The fundamental idea is to partition reference intervals if the proportions of the distributions of the subpopulations outside the combined reference limit deviate from the nominal value of 0.025. This is made possible by finding the combined reference interval using an equation solver algorithm. RESULTS: It was found that an equation solver algorithm could easily identify the combined reference interval when combining two or more subpopulations, even if these subpopulations had unequal prevalences. It was also found that this could be done even if the ratio between samples does not reflect the ratio between prevalences. Using this algorithm, it was possible to study whether the proportion outside the combined reference limits in any of several subpopulations deviated from the nominal 0.025 by such a magnitude that partitioning was recommended. When similar figures to those found in earlier studies with other methods were tested, the procedure showed consistent results with these methods. The procedure was also found to be applicable when several subpopulations were considered. As a practical result of the study, a tailor-made computer program was developed and is now provided over the Internet. CONCLUSIONS: The suggested procedure could serve as an alternative or complement to existing methods. The procedure provides calculations of the combined reference interval, even if sample fractions do not reflect prevalence fractions. The important advantage with the suggested procedure is the generalisation to the situation when several Gaussian subpopulations, possibly with unequal prevalences, are considered. Finally, since a tailor-made computer program is provided, the procedure is simple to use.

  • 108.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The impact of word of mouth when booking a hotel: could a good friend's opinion outweigh the online majority?2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 289-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online user generated reviews are transforming business and customer behavior and could have a major impact on sales. The primary aim of this study was to measure the impact of online reviews in comparison with the impact of a good friend's opinion. The question in focus was: to what extent could a single review made by a good friend compensate the opinion of the online majority? Subjects were randomly allocated to different versions of guest reviews of a fictive hotel: either constituting a positive or a negative online majority. After reading the reviews, respondents were asked about their booking intention. The respondents were also asked to re-evaluate booking intention given the additional information that a good friend has given a recommendation or an advice against booking the hotel. The study design was experimental and based on a survey which included 1319 respondents who were randomized to the different versions of guest reviews. The results showed that the overall valence of reviews is crucial for booking intention, also the latest two reviews were important even though the effect was much smaller. If the overall valence was negative the latest two reviews had no importance, no matter if these were positive or negative. But, if the overall valence was positive, then the booking intention could be diluted if the two latest reviews were negative. Concerning the primary aim of the study, it is concluded that a good friend’s word of mouth could outweigh the online majority. This means that a negative online majority could be outweigh by a good friend's recommendation and that a positive online majority could be outweigh by a goods friend's recommendation against booking the hotel. 

  • 109.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A first step towards a model for teachers' adoption of ICT pedagogy in schools.2018In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 9, article id e00786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to identify and understand important factors underpinning the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in schools. And, it is important that ICT is adopted in a sound pedagogical manner. The aim with this study was to suggest a model for the actual use of ICT in schools and how it may be related to important factors such as technological pedagogical expectations. The design of the model was inspired by TAM2 and UTAUT models, but with some modifications. We have developed a model which highlight the pedagogical aspects beyond the technical ones. Furthermore, our suggested model also include the adoption of digital techniques in everyday life as a potential predictor of adoption of ICT at work. The sample consists of 122 teachers and we analyzed the model with a structural equation model. This study contributes with a suggested model including a new construct for measuring expected performance from a technological pedagogical point of view. This new construct was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school. Furthermore we also developed a new construct for adoption of ICT in everyday life, which also was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school.

  • 110.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-integrated Learning: Increasing societal impact by decreasing the gap between research and practice2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we outline models for conducting work-integrated learning research. Our experiences from two decades of doing research in close collaboration with practitioners are presented and discussed. Our main message is that by engaging practitioners in all steps of the research project there is a potential for research outcomes to have high societal impact, and theoretical contribution

  • 111.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Victoria
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing2019In: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, p. 3601-3609Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim with this study was to examine the impact of digitalization and the use of ICT for knowledge sharing in an organization. A secondary aim was to further develop knowledge management models to also include collaborative knowledge production and expertise sharing. Based on such a model, we developed a questionnaire answered by 265 respondents. We found that the relationship between using ICT for knowledge sharing was correlated to knowledge sharing also when adjusted for established factors like organisational climate and social norms. We conclude that digitalization, both individually and on an organisational level is an important asset for knowledge management, and that the use of ICT could support knowledge sharing beyond known and established important factors.

  • 112.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Goalkeeper: a tool for monitoring learning outcomes in PhD education2015In: ICERI2015 Proceedings, 2015, p. 6223-6230Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The journey from being a new Ph. D.-candidate towards passing the doctorate grade is often a bumpy road with both unexpected and complex challenges that has to be turned in to learning experiences that adds to progression. In this paper we describe the development and use of a tool (the Goalkeeper) designed to support, structure and visualize this journey. It is a tool for supervisors, doctorate students as well as people responsible for quality assurance of a doctorate education. Based on our experiences of having utilised the tool we argue that it is important that the implementation of such a tool is firmly grounded in a quality culture where support of progression and formative assessment dominate over summative assessment and control.

  • 113.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rawshani, Nina
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, Skaraborg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Could prioritisation by emergency medicine dispatchers be improved by using computer-based decision support?: A cohort of patients with chest pain2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 220, p. 734-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To evaluate whether a computer-based decision support system could improve the allocation of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or a life-threatening condition (LTC). We hypothesised that a system of this kind would improve sensitivity without compromising specificity. Methods: A total of 2285 consecutive patients who dialed 112 due to chest pain were asked 10 specific questions and a prediction model was constructed based on the answers. We compared the sensitivity of the dispatchers' decisions with that of the model-based decision support model. Results: A total of 2048 patients answered all 10 questions. Among the 235 patients with ACS, 194 were allocated the highest prioritisation by dispatchers (sensitivity 82.6%) and 41 patients were given a lower prioritisation (17.4% false negatives). The allocation suggested by the model used the highest prioritisation in 212 of the patients with ACS (sensitivity of 90.2%), while 23 patients were underprioritised (9.8% false negatives). The results were similar when the two systems were compared with regard to LTC and 30-day mortality. This indicates that computer-based decision support could be used either for increasing sensitivity or for saving resources. Three questions proved to be most important in terms of predicting ACS/LTC, [1] the intensity of pain, [2] the localisation of pain and [3] a history of ACS. Conclusion: Among patients with acute chest pain, computer-based decision support with a model based on a few fundamental questions could improve sensitivity and reduce the number of cases with the highest prioritisation without endangering the patients.

  • 114.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Navigating in a new pedagogical landscape with an introductory course in applied statistics.2014In: Topics from Australian Conferences on Teaching Statistics: OZCOTS 2008-2012 / [ed] MacGillivray, H., Martin, M., and Phillips, B, New York: Springer , 2014, p. 119-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades, a great deal of effort has been put into improving statistical education, focusing on how students learn statistics and how we as teachers can find effective ways to help them. At the same time the use of computers, the Internet, and learning management systems has grown rapidly, and offers new educational possibilities. In this chapter, we will discuss how these changes in the pedagogical landscape have affected our introductory course in applied statistics. The course and teaching context are presented in relation to guidelines for assessment and instruction in statistics and to seven principles for effective teaching. Teaching strategies, course content, and examples of course material are included. Furthermore, results from evaluations are discussed, especially focusing on diversity in student characteristics. These results indicate a variation in learning styles both between and within groups. Finally, we present some of our ideas for future development including strategies for individualization and the use of educational mining.

  • 115.
    Gillberg, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Moment 22: sambandet mellan systemförvaltning och den uteblivna måluppfyllnaden vid övergång till ehandel hos en offentlig organisation i Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of e-commerce has become an established term for various businesses that in various ways occur via the internet. This study has its focus on e-commerce in the public sector in Sweden. In Sweden e-commerce is introduced in the public sector continuously. It has been introduced in various degrees. Today more than one third of the local government organizations in Sweden and more than half of the country council management organizations have embraced e-commerce.

    The research question for this study is:

    What conditions can affect an organization’s progress toward goals regarding e-commerce project viewed from a system management perspective?

    The purpose of this study is to identify and describe the conditions that may affect a public organizations progress towards goals for e-commerce projects, from a system management perspective. The study is qualitative in nature. The empirical data,in the form of a case study was gathered through interviews and document studies in the municipal administrative organization. The theory in the study was collected through literature with presentation of research in the area of system management and organizational theory.

    Two conditions were observed in the study. These conditions have led to the consequence that the progress towards goals for e-commerce project in the organization where the case study was conducted not has been achieved:

    1. Competence and resources: The organization has not had sufficient staff resources dedicated to system management for the entire e-commerce lifetime of the organization.There is lack of resources with the right IT skills in the current situation

    2. The vertical organization: The online ordering system is not designed for the type of vertical organization as public organizations has. The organization where the case study was conducted has implemented an order process that is not consistent with the intended order process online ordering system. The organization made this adjustment to overcome the problems it brings to have a system that is not adapted to the organization's structure.

    The two conditions that were observed during the study has direct connection to the consequence that the organization has failed to reach its goal with the e-commerce adoption. The study demonstrates the link between the organization’s failure to progress towards the goals with the e-commerce project and the management of the e-ordering system. The result is that the organizations did not reach their goals to turn over to e-commerce. The goal for all public organizations is that all their outbound orders for goods and services electronically with the exception since it is unsuitable to manage them electronic by confidentiality or security reasons.

  • 116.
    Gotis, Georgos
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Sten M
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hemtjänsten, som på svävande moln: Molntjänster inom hemtjänsten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Home care service helps people who live in their own homes and have difficulties coping with the daily chores, for various reasons. The wider concepts are service and personal care in the home, and the municipality may grant aid, depending on the resolved healthcare, in the daytime, evening and nighttime. The information about how the healthcare is supposed to be performed for the individual is stored both by paper at their homes and digitally in the home care service center. Storing the data in two places means that it occasionally is inconsistent, which can cause problems. Home care service strives towards the concept of pervasive healthcare. Pervasive healthcare means healthcare to anyone, anytime and anywhere. With increasing pressure on financial savings in healthcare, cloud services and pervasive healthcare will be a way to meet these requirements based on that the patients can be cared for in their homes. Cloud services are effective, increases the availability of information, and provides scaleability of hardware and software for the business.

    The aim of the study is to see how home care services may be affected by having their business systems operated as cloud services and the key aspects of the paper is security, privacy and accessibility. The survey is based on a case study conducted in three municipalities home care services and their IT management. The methods used to collect data were mainly interviews and literature study. The empirical data describes home care services as a business, its information and communications systems and how they are hosted, information security, and finally the perception of future opportunities for cloud services in the business of home care service. By using cloud services as business systems the availability of information about patients increase and the staff only have to assume one source of information, which also increases its reliability. When it comes to security of cloud services, the perspective must change from securing the infrastructure to securing the data. However, the security and the confidentiality of the data limits the availability and can be a difficult balancing act for the home care service. Integration with existing systems in the home care service can be a security risk and barrier because the systems cannot currently be integrated into the cloud. Therefor the cloud services should be discussed on a management level as a viable selection of strategy rather than evaluated to solve a specific problem on an operational level.

  • 117.
    Grimmbråten, Erik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Söderberg, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kostnadsfria tjänster i utbyte mot övervakning: En kvalitativ intervjustudie undersökande hur medvetna människors är om hur Google samlar in och hanterar deras personliga integritet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, more people are dependent on Google as a search engine for information or other services offered by Google, both at work and in privacy. With regard to previous surveys that expose a prevailing trend where users possess a naive behavior regarding how they share personal information on the internet, the question of how aware people are about how their personal privacy is exposed on the internet. Significantly more people are currently exposed to cybercrime and internet fraud than physical crimes and fraud, which places a greater demand on defending their personal privacy on the internet.

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to investigate how aware Google users are about what information Google collects about them and what that information is used for. The study also aims to investigate how familiar Google users are to Google's privacy policy and privacy settings, focusing on influencing factors. Finally, the study also aims to investigate users' opinions about Google and whether these views are affected by an improved understanding about how Google collects information about their users.

    Method: A qualitative research approach was used with the intention of obtaining an insight and understanding of the subtle and complex phenomenon that the study intends to investigate. The method consisted of an initial exploratory literature study and an interview study applying semi-structured personal interviews. The selection consisted of eight people with varying sex, occupations, age and previous experience with Google. The analysis of the interview material was performed with an inductive approach inspired by the phenomenological approach and applied content analysis as the selected approach.

    Result: The result shows that people vary in how aware they are about how Google collects and manages their personal information. There is a lack of interest in people to familiarize themselves with and read Google's privacy policy or to make active choices within Google's privacy settings. People stick to their beliefs and values that they had about Google before participating in the study, even after an improved knowledge and understanding of how Google collects and manages their personal information.

    Conclusion: The study presents great challenges about creating a genuine interest and inclination for people to actively protect their personal privacy on the internet. Google is such a big part of people's everyday lives that they agree to be monitored in exchange for access to Google's services. The dependence on Google's services generates a naive behavior in people, who expose their personal integrity to major security risks on the internet.

  • 118.
    Grisot, Miria
    et al.
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindroth, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Patient Generated Data And Affordances: Conversation Cues In Clinical Decision Making2018In: Proceedings from the annual NOKOBIT conference held at Svalbard the 18th-20th of September 2018, 2018, Vol. 26, p. 1-10, article id 542Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of systems support the use of patient-generated data in patient-provider collaboration.However, there is yet limited understanding of how patient-generated data impact the way healthpersonnel work with data in clinical decision-making processes, and whether patient-generated data mightbe able to support clinical processes, for instance by providing evidence for diagnoses, treatment monitoring,or recovery. In this paper, we explore the use of patient-generated data in clinical decisions in twocase studies. In the first case an App is used by patients in cancer rehabilitation to track their pain levels,frequency of specific events, and symptoms. Rather than requiring patients to remember past events at thetime of the visit, patients can use the App to register events as they happen. In the second case an App isused in conjunction with a set of digital medical devices to track a defined set of parameters in remote carefor patients with chronic conditions. Both Apps are designed with the aim to improve data accuracy andensure data quality. Our findings show that beside gaining data quality and accuracy, patient generateddata work as conversational cues in the context of the interaction between patients and health personnel.This finding is relevant as it shows that patient generated data need to be treated not just as facts but ascues or as an affordance for patient-provider dialogue. Based on this understanding, we identify threedesign implications for Apps for patient-generated data to support patient-provider dialogue.

  • 119.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Implementation of a contact Centre in a Swedish Municipality2011In: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on e-Government / [ed] Klun, Maja, Decman, Mitja and Jukic, Tina., Reading, UK: Academic Publishing Limited , 2011, p. 296-303Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of a contact centre (CC) in a Swedish municipality was analysed and discussed. Interviews were made with 16 respondents in different organizational units and positions. The implementation of CC was successful so far, but it will be a challenge to have continuous learning possibilities for the municipality guides, in order to avoid future monotonous work situations. There was an alternation between a top down and bottom up approach in the implementation work. There was even a need for increased focus on back-office and social aspects in the further implementation work. There was also a need to communicate personnel strategies related to the transfer of work tasks from the administrations and CC, in order to reduce anxiety and concerns about change of work situations for the handling officers. There were some problems with different mental images among the handling officers and the project management regarding the vision for the implementation.  There was also a need for more co-operation between the project team and the handling officers in order to have a more homogenous implementation process at the different units. Furthermore, there was a need for increased competence development education of the handling officers. E-learning combined with group discussions could be relevant educational forms.

  • 120.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Integration of e-learning outcomes into work processes2011In: Eleed. e-learning & education., Vol. 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three case studies of in-house developed e-learning education in public organizations with different pedagogical approaches are used as a starting point for discussion regarding the implementation challenges of e-learning at work. The aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of integrating mechanisms of e-learning outcomes into work processes in large, public organizations. The case studies were analyzed from a socio-cultural perspective using the MOA-model as a frame of reference. Although the pedagogical approaches for all of the cases seemed to be relevant and most of the learners showed overall positive attitudes towards the courses, there were problems with integration of the e-learning outcomes into work processes. There were deficiencies in the adaption of the course contents to the local educational needs. There was also a lack of adjusting the local work organization and work routines in order to facilitate the integration of the e-learning outcomes into the work processes. A lack of local management engagement affected the learners’ motivation negatively. Group discussions in local work groups facilitated the integration of the e-learning outcomes. Much of the difficulties of integrating e-learning outcomes into work processes in big organizations are related to the problems with adjusting centrally developed e-learning courses to local needs and a lack of co-operation among among the developers (often IT-professionals) and the Human Resources Department of the organizations.

  • 121.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lessons learned from the development of an e-circle for munipalities2012In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2012 / [ed] T. Bastiaens & G. Marks, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2012, p. 577-585Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study is analyzed and lessons learned from the emergence of the Sambruk Academia for Swedish municipalities are discussed. The case study of an e-learning project was part of the Innoveta project, supporting and evaluating the establishment of contact centers in Swedish municipalities. An e-circle and video films were developed using Moodle as a Learning Management Systems. The main results were that it is important not to imitate successful solutions from other organizations, because of the different contexts and cultures. Instead good examples could be used in order to inspire, but there is a strong need of initial investigation and understanding of the learning cultures in the organizations, in order to develop e-learning courses that are relevant and used. It is also important to create a project group with members both from the organization and researchers, in order to have a mutual responsibility and understanding of the work.

  • 122.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Social media marketing in the wellness industry2013In: Toulon-Verona Conference XVI. USB-minne, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of social media is dramatically changing the way marketing communication is conducted. This paper reports a study regarding the use of social media in the wellness industry. This industry is competitive and utterly dependent on creating mutually beneficial relationships with customers. The purpose has been to investigate the use of social media marketing in the wellness industry. Qualitative methods have been used. In-depth interviews have been carried out with marketing communication professionals in seven leading Swedish SPA-hotels. The data from the interviews were analysed utilising the constant comparative method from the grounded theory approach. As a result dimensions describing the activities, challenges and results of social media in the hotels have been defined. The findings are related to service quality theory, in particular the service dominant logic of marketing, and a comprehensive framework is proposed. The findings should be useful for the scientific understanding of the effects of social media in marketing as well as for companies wanting to communicate in a better way in these new media.

  • 123.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Virtual Experiences: Towards an understanding of the role of ICT in the innovation systems of creative industries2005In: Uddevalla Symposium 2005: Innovations and Entrepreneurship in Functional Regions, Uddevalla: Högskolan Trollhättan Uddevalla , 2005, p. 501-512Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Eliasson, Anton
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Interpretations of feminism in party ideology: a comparative qualitative study of Feministiskt initiativ (Fi) and Vänsterpartiet (V)2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate two left wing political parties, Feministiskt initiativ and Vänsterpartiet's aligning with radical feminism, socialist feminism or liberal feminism. If political upbringing in a identity political or traditional way has an effect on feminist views. Fi and V are interesting cases to compare due to because of the presence of a feminist party in Sweden's political landscape and Sweden's international rumour as a gender equal contry. Previous research within the field is primarily of theoretical sort, some studies on women in participation but no comparative studies between two Swedish political parties in concerns of feminist views, hence there is a gap within this scholarly field. The theoretical approach includes constructivism, left wing standpoint, identity political and feminist views: radical feminism, socialist feminism and liberal feminist, which are concluded in an analytical framework. The analytical framework is used to analyse the elected cases. In order to fulfil stated aim we conducted a comparative textual analysis of our cases official party programmes, to detect similarities or differences in how they articulate feminism. Fi is more aligned with radical feminism than V, both parties have alignments with all view of feminism.

  • 125.
    Hahne, Markus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Att inte vara vän med sina vänner: Vilka är de psykosociala konsekvenserna av ett utanförskap från socialamedier?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media is increasing among all ages. At the same time, there are thosewho choose to stay offline. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a deeperunderstanding of how social media exclusion affects the individual, what thepsychosocial consequences are and how to cope with those. The study focused on howindividuals within a social network feel that relationships are influenced by socialmedia, when the network consists of both users and non-users. The empirical data wasgained from in-depth interviews with seven individuals of different gender and ageliving in Sweden. Amedeo Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological human scientificmethod was used to find the essence / structure of the phenomena. Antonovsky's theory,Sense of Coherence (SOC), was also applied in the analysis and discussion to link theinformants' experiences to the psychosocial consequences. The result describes thestructure of the phenomena, which is based on a number of psychosocial consequencesfor the individual. Some of the overall consequences were a risk of exclusion, missingout on information and uncontrolled publicity through other people's posts. The generalexperience of exclusion is that it is fine to live without social media and there is no lackof social networks. The result also shows that the consequences are influenced byproximity to social media. However, it is not certain that you have a lower SOC justbecause you are affected by more psychosocial consequences.

  • 126.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Design Principles for E-Learning that Support Integration Work: A Case of Action Design Research2019In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 11491 LNCS, p. 300-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design principles are prescriptive knowledge that offers theory-based guidelines for Design Science Research in Information Systems. This paper introduces and proposes a set of design principles for e-learning that support integration work. The design principles are proposed based on two cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were conducted in the organizational setting of stakeholders and end-users known as integration workers, which are responsible for supporting the integration process of newly arrived immigrants of society. Overall, the contributions of this paper are (1) e-learning technologies that support integration work, (2) prescriptive knowledge in form of design principles for designing e-learning technologies that support integration work, and (3) an explicit case of Action Design Research that demonstrates the process of shaping and re-shaping design principles through two different cycles. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

  • 127.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing for Adaptable Learning2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis emphasizes the endeavor of designing for adaptable learning. Designing for adaptable learning is understood as an overall response to designing for integration work. Designing for integration work is thus classified as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Integration work in this research is understood as a professional practice that aims to improve and support the integration process of newly arrived immigrants (referred to as newcomers) in society. As professional practitioners of integration work, integration workers face daily challenges that are wicked by nature. In order to understand and problematize these challenges, the empirical work of this research was organized and performed within a case of digitalizing the civic orientation program in Sweden. The civic orientation program is a special case of integration work in Sweden, where integration workers organize and provide civic orientation to newcomers in Sweden. Different groups of newcomers are subsequently participating in a required 60 hours of civic orientation and are provided sessions through their native language. The integration workers are responsible for organizing and performing civic orientation through a dynamic process of dialogues, exercises, and more. Integration work as a practice, however, does not incorporate a standardized knowledge base, which provides integration workers a unified way of organizing and performing civic orientation. Instead, different counties and municipalities in Sweden organize and perform civic orientation in various ways. Furthermore, due to the extreme heterogeneity among newcomers as participants in civic orientation, the integration workers are forced to adapt. In turn, the integration workers themselves are heterogeneous due to their different roles, areas of responsibilities, and more essentially, worldviews. In order to understand and problematize the aspects of designing for integration work, an explorative approach was adopted through three consecutive cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were performed from 2013 until completion of this thesis. The thesis was subsequently governed through three research questions: (1) How to design for integration work? (2)What makes designing for integration work significant? (3) Why do design for integration work? There search questions were addressed and answered through a body of produced knowledge that captures and provides the essential contributions of the thesis. The contributions of the thesis highlight different aspects of designing for integration work, as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Thus, the contributions are presented and discussed with an explicit bearing toward designing for adaptable learning,as the general class of problems and solutions of this research. The contributions are consequently provided through: (1) an ensemble artifact that is termed a digital platform for civic orientation; (2) an Information Systems Design Theory for adaptable e-learning; (3) a design research methodology that incorporates work-integrated learning; (4) the meta-design of an open learning platform that supports the social integration of newcomers in society; and (5) a philosophical concept that problematizes and conceptualizes the essence of presence in e-learning. Ultimately, the research contributes to the research domains of information systems and work-integrated learning, by providing findings that problematize core aspects of designing for adaptable learning. Furthermore, the thesis extensively discusses the findings of this research by emphasizing a philosophical perspective toward core aspects of the research contributions. Finally, the thesis concludes with a set of limitations of the current research and a brief discussion about potential endeavours of future research.

  • 128.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kernel Philosophy: A Way of Inspiring and Making Sense of Design in Information Systems Research?2018In: SIGPrag's proceedings, American Information Society , 2018, p. 1-19Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research in progress introduces the concept of kernel philosophy to advance prior discussions concerning design, meta-design, the underlying rationale of design, and the assumptions and values of which a design rationale rests upon. Consequently, the present research proposes philosophy as a kernel that ingrains the assumptions and values of a design rationale, and how an active use of kernel philosophy may establish a reflective attitude to-wards design in information systems research, through two main features (1) sense-making of design/meta-design and (2) inspiring the design/meta-design process. Finally, the paper pro-vides a brief demonstration of kernel philosophy in use and ends with a brief discussion con-cerning limitations and future research.

  • 129.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Revitalizing thoughts on Theory, Theorizing, and Philosophizing in Information Systems2020In: Advancing Information Systems Theories / [ed] Leslie Wilcox Nik och Hassan Rushdi, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter provides revitalizing thoughts on the meaning of theory, theorizing, and philosophizing in the field of Information Systems (IS). More specifically, the chapter scrutinizes and explicates central definitions of theory, theorizing, philosophy, and philosophizing, in the context of developing theoretical implications as a part of a larger theory development project. Additionally, the chapter introduces the concept of kernel philosophiesand conceptualizes different spaces for theory development projects in IS. Finally, the chapter ends with concluding remarks on philosophy and philosophizing as supportive medium for the theorizing process in IS.

  • 130.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Notion of Users in Design Science Research2015In: Proceedings of the 38th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 38), Oulu, Finland, 9-12 August / [ed] Anssi Öörni, Netta Iivari, Kari Kuutti, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen and Mikko Rajanen (eds.), 2015, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design Science Research (DSR) has since the last decade become a paradigm within the field of Information Systems (IS). It provides researchers and practitioners within IS with a rich set of tools in terms of methods, theoretical foundations, research validity and other characteristics. This paper investigates what the notion of users is in DSR. It presents results from a small literature review based on 31 DSR-papers. The results indicate a low presence of how DSR-papers conceptualize the concept of users. The paper suggests that DSR hasn’t reached it’s full potentialities in terms of positioning an explicit notion of users, and that it can be a relevant task for further research for IS-researchers in general, and for DSR-researchers in particular.

  • 131.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The phenomenon of feeling addicted to social media: why do we feel addicted to social media?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    A Duality of Digitalization: How Can We Understand the Tension Between Professional's Beliefs and Affordances with Digital Services in Civic Orientation?2015In: Conference Proceedings: ABSTRACTS All Concurrent Sessions Presented at the 19th World Conference on Cooperative & Work Integrated Education, WACE , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the last 2 decades, workplaces have been provided with digital services for optimizing work activities and processes. A variety of professions have incorporated their tasks for teaching and learning through the utilization of novel digital services. Teachers and students have the opportunity to interact with each other regardless of geographical locations through distance education and learning. Overall, the phenomenon of digitalization has generated consequences and effects for the society in general, and workplaces and professionals in particular.

        Recently, a notion of digitalization has reached projects conducted on a national level for integrating newcomers in Sweden. The Swedish government has appointed members from University West, together with a municipality in West Sweden to launch a novel digitalization project. The project emphasizes challenges and issues with designing, developing and evaluating an open digital experience in Civic Orientation. This paper examines and discusses a duality of digitalization by investigating how we can understand the tension between professional’s pre-understanding and affordances of digital services in Civic Orientation. We will present results from interviews with professionals at the municipality, together with results from a survey evaluation. We argue in the paper, that it is beneficial for further research, to understand the tension between professional’s beliefs and affordances of digital services.

  • 133.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    CollaborGeneous: A Framework of Collaborative IT-Tools for Heterogeneous Groups of Learners2015In: New Horizons in Design Science: Broadening the Research Agenda / [ed] Donnellan, Brian; Helfert, Markus; Kenneally, Jim; VanderMeer, Debra; Rothenberger, Marcus; Winter, Robert, Springer International Publishing , 2015, Vol. 9073, p. 376-380Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present our designed prototype: CollaborGeneous. CollaborGeneous is a framework of collaborative IT-tools for heterogeneous groups of learners in Civic Orientation. It is designed to serve different types of activities for producing, maintaining, distributing and presenting digital learning-material within Civic Orientation. The significance of introducing our prototype is relevant for both practitioners and researchers within Design Science Research. The novelty of our artifact lies in its characteristic of use in the intersection between Civic Orientation and Information Systems, providing different groups of learner's necessary tools to collaborate and create an open digital experience of Civic Orientation.

  • 134.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    An information systems design theory for adaptabe E-learning2016In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, ISSN 1530-1605, Vol. 2016-March, p. 4414-4423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An Information Systems Design Theory is a prescriptive theory that offers theory-based principles, which can guide practitioners and scholars in the design of effective information systems and set an agenda for on-going research. This paper introduces and describes an ISDT for adaptable E-Learning. We formulate our ISDT based on two cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were conducted in an authentic organizational setting with end-users, responsible for organizing, producing and distributing civic orientation. Based on our findings, we propose that our ISDT, together with its components, can be used to design, implement and support an information system that incorporates E-Learning, which is not explicitly constrained to the formal context of higher education. © 2016 IEEE.

  • 135.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Introducing PADRE: Participatory Action Design Research2015In: Workshop Programme and Proceedings: AIS SIGPRAG Pre-ICIS Workshop :Practice-based Design and Innovation of Digital Artifacts, SIGPrag , 2015, p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action Design Research (ADR) is a Design Research (DR) method that enriches the DesignScience Research (DSR) paradigm, by providing stages and principles for designing IT artifacts and allowing for their emergence in an organizational context. The method has been used and elaborated by scholars, extending the mode of the method and its stages, incorporating and adopting knowledge from related approaches such as Participatory Action Research(PAR) and Participatory Design (PD). In this paper, we have adopted principles and philosophy from PAR and PD to extend and elaborate the AD R method, by providing afront-end of Action Research (AR) that emphasizes learning through incremental iteration. We will introduce our elaborated method as Participatory Action Design Research (PADRE) and demonstrate how we have used it in our own research. We argue that the ADR method can benefit from incorporating learning within and across each and every stage iteratively. We also argue that learning can be used as an repository of knowledge, which informs and gets accumulated for formalization of learning that can be re-used within different cycles of ADR.Hence, we introduce PADRE and provide a model that consists of a set of key-components, which extends and elaborates the ADR method.

  • 136.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems, Aalto University, Finland.
    PADRE: a Method for Participatory Action Design Research2016In: Tackling Society's Grand Challenges with Design Science: 11th International Conference, DESRIST 2016, St. John's, NL, Canada, May 23-25, 2016, Proceedings / [ed] Editors: Parsons, J., Tuunanen, T., Venable, J., Donnellan, B., Helfert, M., Kenneally, J. (Eds.), Springer International Publishing , 2016, Vol. 9661, p. 19-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action Design Research (ADR) is a Design Research (DR) method that enriches the Design Science Research (DSR) paradigm, by providing stages and principles for designing artifacts and allowing for their emergence in an organizational context. The method has been used and elaborated by scholars, extending the mode of the method and its stages, incorporating and adopting knowledge from related approaches such as Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Participatory Design (PD). In this paper, we have adopted principles and philosophy from PAR and PD to extend and elaborate the AD R method, by providing a front-end of Action Research (AR) that emphasizes learning through incremental iteration. We will introduce our elaborated method as Participatory Action Design Research (PADRE) and demonstrate how we have used it in our own research. We argue that the ADR method can benefit from incorporating learning within and across each and every stage iteratively. We also argue that learning can be used as a learning nexus, which informs and gets accumulated for formalization of learning that can be re-used within different cycles of ADR. Hence, we introduce PADRE and provide a model that consists of a set of key-components, which extends and elaborates the ADR method

  • 137.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Björck, Ville
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Toward Hybrid Spaces for Immersive Experiences of Work-integrated Learning: An Initial Inquiry2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 10-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This work-in-progress paper briefly scrutinizes and discusses how immersive media (e.g. virtual reality, augmented reality) plays a role in supporting work-integrated learning through immersive experiences.

    In order to achieve this, a literature search was performed to identify and scan studies that emphasize immersive media and work-integrated learning. Initial findings resulted in a discussion about the concept of hybrid spaces, and how immersive media can mediate an experience of work-integrated learning in higher education.

    Finally, the paper concludes with a short discussion on the limitations of this study and potential research challenges that need to be addressed through further work.

  • 138.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Chandra Kruse, Leona
    University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Iivari, Juhani
    University of Oulu, Information Systems, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, 90014 Oulu, Finland.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How Habermas' Philosophy can Inspire the Design of Information Systems: The Case of Designing an Open Learning Platform for Social Integration2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016. Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, 2016, Vol. 7, p. 1-13Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The notions of immigration and social integration have increasingly become central themes in public discourse,particularly in the European Union. Besides opportunities, this phenomenon also poses challenges to the host nations of promoting social integration of immigrants. Continuing an earlier Design Science Research project that developed an open learning platform for Civic Orientation in Sweden, this paper attempts to extend this platform using Jürgen Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action as an inspiration. We aim at designing a more inclusive open learning platform for social integration that supports instrumental, strategic, normatively-regulated, dramaturgical, and communicative action. We expect to further the relevance of philosophy in IS research by not only making sense of phenomena through philosophical lens, butalso attaining inspirations from philosophy in designing sociotechnical information systems.

  • 139.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Conceptualizing the Essence of Presence in Distance Education through Digital Dasein2017In: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 149-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: In order to learn, presence is necessary. If we experience a genuinely rich presence, exams, tests and other forms of evaluating knowledge are not crucial for learning. In distance learning, the concept of presence is not obvious. Presence in distance and network contexts usually means being active on social media. However, in distance and network learning, something more is needed. It is the face-to-face interaction that needs to be "digitalized". In order to investigate this, we have turned to Heidegger (1927) and the concept of Dasein. The concept of Dasein means to apprehend the existence of the world and not only the world itself. Digital Dasein means to transcend the digital medium and reveal the essence of presence for a more translucent form of e-learning. The need for an artefact mediating Digital Dasein has been identified.

  • 140.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Conceptualizing the essence of presence in E-learning through digital dasein2017In: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 149-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to learn, presence is necessary. If we experience a genuinely rich presence, exams, tests and other forms of evaluating knowledge are not crucial for learning. In distance learning, the concept of presence is not obvious. Presence in distance and network contexts usually means being active on social media. However, in distance and network learning, something more is needed. It is the face-to-face interaction that needs to be “digitalized”. In order to investigate this, we have turned to Heidegger (1927) and the concept of Dasein. The concept of Dasein means to apprehend the existence of the world and not only the world itself. Digital Dasein means to transcend the digital medium and reveal the essence of presence for a more translucent form of e-learning. The need for an artefact mediating Digital Dasein has been identified. © 2017, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. All rights reserved.

  • 141.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing a Web-Based Education Platform for Swedish Civic Orientation2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37), Ringsted, Denmark, 10-13 August. / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Newcomers in Sweden face a problem of learning the Swedish society with respect to laws, culture, democratic values, education system, labor market and aspects of taking the role as a parent. The municipality of Gothenburg and the county administrative board in Västra Götaland are appointed by the Swedish government to educate newcomers in civic orientation. This paper describes some problems in providing distance education for Swedish civic orientation in forms of advanced learning modules (ALM). Requirements for implications for design were gathered through several conducted workshops together with relevant stakeholders through a participatory design approach. We concluded that our design for implications can be processed for future research and used together with a system solution.

  • 142.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Conceptualizing the Essence of Presence in Distance Education through Digital Dasein2014In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2014, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2014, p. 746-754Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve learning, presence is necessary. If we have good presence, no tests are necessary. In distance learning, the concept of presence is not obvious. Presence in distance and network contexts usually means being active on social media. However, in distance and network learning, something more is needed. It is the face-to-face interaction that needs to be “digitalized”. In order to investigate this, we have turned to Heidegger (1927) and the concept of Dasein. The need for an artifact mediating Dasein has been identified. The concept of Dasein is not easy, not even in philosophical terms. It means being somewhere else, and not on the place you are present. We have extended the The Community of Inquiry Model originating from Garrisson & Andersson (2003) by introducing the concept of digital Dasein.

  • 143.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Thapa, Devinder
    University of Agder, Department of Information Systems, Gimlemoen 25, Kristiansand.
    Imparting social values through eLearning platform: A social learning approach2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-15Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we have identified a gap with regard to imparting social values in an eLearning platform that was designed for orienting immigrants entering Sweden (newcomers). We identified that an existing eLearning platform is more oriented towards creating awareness rather than imparting transformative learning. Therefore, we propose a conceptual framework suggesting how to bring in the social values in eLearning platform,by subsequently applying social learning approach to promulgate transformative learning in which the learner also internalize the values in their attitude and behavior. The proposed framework makes a theoretical contribution by combining the notion of value, value content, value systems and social learning approach in the eLearning platform. The contribution also has practical implications in terms of providing transformative learning to newcomers. We argue that the contents on social values through the eLearning platform should be transformative, and not only informative. We suggest to integrate social values in the eLearning platform; make the learning transformative, and impart those values through social learning approaches such as triple-loop learning, connecting various communities of practices and to make the platform more interactive and engaging

  • 144.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems,Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-Integrated Learning as an Outcome of Using Action Design Research in Practice2019In: Extending the Boundaries of Design Science Theory and Practice / [ed] Tulu B., Djamasbi S., Leroy G., Springer, 2019, Vol. 11491, p. 92-107Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) as an outcome of using Action Design Research (ADR) in practice. We argue that ADR is a subtype of Design Science Research (DSR) and a prominent method for facilitating mutually beneficial collaboration between academia and practice. Subsequently, we tie our work around ADR and WIL to the Scandinavian school of IS-research and worker participation, by emphasizing reflective practice on both researcher and practitioner side. We demonstrate this through two empirical cases and four case episodes. Consequently, the cases highlight building, intervention, and evaluation in the areas of civic orientation and county administration. The narrative around each case focuses on ADR-activities that mediate reflection and learning through iterative cycles. Outcomes from the cases are reported as WIL-outcomes and finally, we conclude this paper by briefly suggesting two implications for future relevant research.

  • 145.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Information and Process Management, Bentley University, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems, Aalto University, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Action Design Research as a Method-in-Use: Problems and Opportunities2017In: Designing the Digital Transformation: DESRIST 2017 Research in Progress Proceedings / [ed] Maedche, Alexander [Hrsg.]; Brocke, Jan vom [Hrsg.]; Hevner, Alan [Hrsg.], Karlsruhe: KIT Publishers, 2017, p. 110-118Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study to investigate how scholars engage with and use the action design research (ADR) approach. ADR has been acknowledged as an important variant of the Design Science Research approach, and has been adopted by a number of scholars, as the methodological basis for doctoral dissertations as well as multidisciplinary research projects. With thisuse, the research community is learning about how to apply ADR's central tenets in different contexts. In this paper, we draw on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADR project to identify recurring problems and opportunities related to working in different ADR stages, balancing demands from practice and research, and addressing problem instance vs. class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding of how ADR projects are carried out in practice, how researchers use ADR, and pointers to possibilities for extending ADR.

  • 146.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Bentley University, Bentley, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Action Design Research in Practice: Lessons and Concerns2018In: Proceedings ECIS 2018 / [ed] Frank U.,Kautz K.,Bednar P.M., 2018, article id 1755Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study of how scholars engage with and use the action designresearch (ADR) method. Since its publication, ADR has been acknowledged as an importantvariant of DSR, and has been adopted by a number of researchers. It has been adopted as theprimary research method for doctoral dissertations as well as research projects in severaldisciplines. With the increasing use of ADR, the research community is also learning about how toapply ADR in different contexts. In this paper, we focus on how researchers are using the method.Drawing on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADRproject, we identify several recurring themes: managing expectations with actual outcomes ofADR-projects, coordinating work across different ADR-stages, and balancing the focus on probleminstance versus class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding about how ADRprojects are carried out in practice, how researchers can avoid some of the common pitfalls, andhow the method can be applied more effectively.

  • 147.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing for Heterogeneous Groups of End-Users Towards a Nascent Design Theory2014In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2014, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2014, p. 765-776Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poverty, war, conflicts, and other forces of global turmoil are constantly challenging how developed nations design their processes for immigration in general, and civic orientation in particular. This paper focuses on an exploratory study of the challenges coupled with the digitalization of civic orientation in a region of West Sweden – and concludes with a set of five tentative design guidelines for how to design for heterogeneous groups of end-users.

  • 148. Hansson, Anders
    et al.
    Larsson, Lena G
    Närhälsan, FoU Primärvård, Västra Götalandsregionen och NU-akademin.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vem tar bollen?: går vården för de mest sjuka äldre att förbättra?2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Flera svenska rapporter visar att de mest sjuka äldre ofta far illa på grund av bristande samordning och oklar ansvarsfördelning mellan olika behandlingsinstanser. Primärvården, hemtjänsten och den kommunala hemsjukvården anses i otillräcklig omfattning ta över ansvaret efter utskrivningen av de sjuka äldre från sjukhuset. Svenska erfarenheter stämmer väl med vad man funnit i flera internationella studier: sjukvården är illa rustad för att möta de mest sjuka äldres komplexa behov av vård och omsorg.

  • 149.
    Hansson, Anders
    et al.
    University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County; Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Larsson, Lena G.
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Flawed communications: Health professionals’ experience of collaboration in the care of frail elderly patients2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 7, p. 680-689Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals’ experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. Methods: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative. These individual people were then asked to discuss the obstacles and opportunities for communication between themselves and with the patients and their relatives when presented with the case report of a fictitious patient. Content analysis was used to identify categories. Results: Several obstacles were identified for effective communication and care planning: insufficient communication with patients and relatives; delayed collaboration between care-givers; the lack of an adequate responsible person for care planning; and resources not being distributed according to the actual needs of patients. The absence of an overarching responsibility for the patient, beyond organisational borders, was a recurring theme. These obstacles could also be seen as opportunities. Conclusions: Obstacles for collaboration were found on three levels: societal, organisational and individual. As health care professionals are well aware of the problems and also see solutions, management for health care should support employees’ own initiatives for changes that are of benefit in the care of frail elderly patients with multiple illnesses.

  • 150.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Frontrunners in ICT: Kenyan runners'€™ improvement in training, informal learning and economic opportunities using smartphones2014In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
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