Change search
Refine search result
1234567 101 - 150 of 489
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The concept of active citizenship, social skills and youth life styles2006In: Towards Active Citizenship -: Friskie programme as a professional mehtod for guidance., Turku: Turku University of applied science , 2006, p. 18-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Young people´s experiences of parental unemployment and economic adversity2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 40-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While much is known about young people growing up in poor families, and how they experience the familys economic situation, little is known about young people who suddenly find themselves living in economic adversity. In the context of post-financial crisisSweden, where in the late 2000s/early 2010s large numbers of families with previously stable incomes found themselves in economic adversity, the objective of this research is to investigate how young people experience substantial decreases in household income as a consequence of parental unemployment. Adopting an agency perspective, focus is directed to the ways in which they reason about and respond to the family s new economic circumstances. Interviews with children and young people (N=45) whose parents had previously been in long-term employment but lost their jobs during the period 2010-2013 were carried out. While the results are largely in line with research on children and young people living in long-term poor families some difference emerged. In the current study self-excluding behaviour characteristic of avoidance-oriented strategies was not found. Unlike young people living in poverty where self-exclusion and the avoidance of exposure to situations where resource disparities are highlighted are common, the young people in the current study did not regard parental unemployment and the familys loss of income as stigmatizing. Rather, they expressed awareness of how macro-economic forces had impacted on their lives and, as active agents, developed strategies that enabled them to adjust to the familys new economic reality and even saw several positive outcomes with parent´s unemployment. The implications of this result indicate that socialworkers working with young people in families affected by periodic, rather than longterm unemployment need to reconsider interpretations of behavior that are rooted in the assumption that economic adversity generates stigma and shame.

  • 103.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Young Peoples Strategies for Handling Economic Adversity: Extending the Research Agenda2016In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 309-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As an extension of the research into strategies for handling economic adversity of young people in poor families, this study examines strategy use in the context of middle-income families affected by unemployment. Interviews with 39 young people in previously comfortably-off families where one or both of the parents had become unemployed were conducted. The purpose was to explore how, in a Swedish context, young people think about and respond to situations following a drastic reduction in family income. Results indicate that while the strategies used by these young people are generally similar to those in poor families, no use of avoidance-oriented strategies was found. This, it is argued, is because parental unemployment and financial adversity are not perceived as stigmatizing.

  • 104.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Consequences of Availability of 'extended´ Pupil Welfare Interventions2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 59-59Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young people living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parents psychiatric illness are commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social and health problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers, school social workers and other relevant staff all have important roles to play in identifying pupils within this target group. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged and professionals fail to identify young people at risk in early stages. This presentation offers an evaluation of the project Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare (2013 2015) funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency. The research questions are: Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support? , and In what way does this support influence school performance? In this presentation focus is directed to findings emerging from data with children and young people (N=88) who has received interventions. Statistics on grades (grade 7-9) and school absence and interviews (N=20). Thematic analysis has been adopted and the interview data was coded and closely analyzed by identifying increasinglevels of abstraction in the material. The result indicate that the children and young people perceive they can control whether, and if so, when they want to receive support from the support team (self-referrals). This, they report, contributes to a willingness to both emotionally and cognitively engage in the preRepuls program and in the counselling provided. Also three affordances facilitating childrens and young people´sself-referrals is identified: (i) the day-to-day presence of the social workers enables investment in relationships, (ii) team members use communication technologies in domains familiar to the children, and (iii) the social workers practice is visible. A further resultis also that grades are improved, often pointing to subjects such as Swedish, Maths and English and decreased absence from school.

  • 105.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of Availability of 'extended' Pupil Welfare interventions: Effects on School Performance2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol or drug misuse, violence or a parent's psychiatric illness are commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social and health problems, but also at risk of failing in school. In Sweden social services have the responsibility to intervene to change the situation for such children (National Board of Health and Welfare, 2013). Teachers, school social workers and other relevant staff all have important roles to play in identifying pupils within this target group (Backlund, 2007). However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes very serious and/or where the pupil's school achievements have deteriorated in a serious way (SOU 2010).This presentation offers an evaluation of an ongoing project 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' (2013–2015) funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency and which is one of sixteen projects aimed at children and young people within this target group in the national program 'Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions'. The 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to accept/or seek support at an earlier stage than had the interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: 'Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?', and 'In what way does this support influence school performance?'In recent decades a great deal of attention has been directed to the creation and implementation of effective interventions designed to adress the needs of pupils at risk of failing academically (Allen-Meares, Montgomery & Kim, 2013; Dube & Orpinas, 2009). Interventions operate at a number of levels. While Tier 1 interventions are at the whole school level, Tier 2 interventions address specific groups and individuals (Allen-Meares et al., 2013). In Sweden a multitude of collaborative joint ventures by social services and schools at both tiers have emerged in recent years (SOU, 2010). A national evaluation of a government sponsored program comprising more than one hundred collaborative projects revealed that collaboration is in great need of development. Further, a majority of teachers report that collaboration with social services, child psychiatry, the police and other agencies is, in different ways, unsatisfactory (Danermark, Englund & Germundsson, 2010). From this point of departure the 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the assumption that if the school is the sole stakeholder in providing support interventions, actions can be more effectively directed in ways that best fit the school's organization and impact most directly on pupils' school achievement. For example, research demonstrates that when social services and schools are both stakeholders, the process of identifying and supporting pupils in need is not only unnecessarily time-consuming, but also less effective (Bolin 2011).Focusing on an interprofessional staff group comprising two teachers and two social workers based on-site in a medium sized primary/secondary school, and comparing pupils' and parents' perceptions of the availability of pupil welfare support with similar parental/pupil perceptions at another school used as a control, the objectives of this research is to theoretically analyse and critically evaluate the impact on school performance of on-site extended pupil welfare support. In this presentation focus is directed to findings emerging from interview data with pupils at the intervention school, and on their perceptions of the impact that the work of the interprofessional support team has had on their approaches to school work.Methodology, Methods, Research Instruments or Sources UsedIn addition to assessing pupils' achievement (encapsulated in subject grades) the study also focuses on the perception the pupils have of the impact on school performance of on-site social welfare support, and it is these findings that are presented here. Individual interviews have been carried out with participating pupils and their parents. The rationale behind this choice is that interviews are contextualised and can thus provide depth and detail (as opposed to questionnaire based approaches), and are to be preferred when 'why' and 'how' questions have been posed (Flyvbjerg, 2007). The interviews with pupils were carried out using a semi-structured guide, as is recommended for interviews with children (Docherty & Sandelowski, 1999). The guide consisted of a series of open questions pertaining to the pupil's understanding of the process of receiving support; the pupil's perception of the impact of the intervention with regard to school performance; out-of-school activities and activities in the family, and if positive changes are experienced, how enduring the pupil perceives such changes to be. The interviews with the pupils took place in a municipality community hall or in a room at the school. When processing the raw information the interviews were digitally-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data was processed using NVIVO 10. Each interview transcript was entered as a single case, with twenty cases in total. The approach adopted when analysing the empirical data has been inspired by what Patton (2002) describes as thematic analysis and involves the recognition of patterns. Data was coded and closely analyzed by identifying increasing levels of abstraction in the material (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Conclusions, Expected Outcomes or FindingsPreliminary results indicate that pupils see encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement. This, as the pupils report, is in part due to the experience in lessons of being able to keep away from conflicts with other pupils and teachers. Previously a consequence of being involved in conflicts meant the pupil having to leave lessons. Pupils also speak of experiencing an increased capacity for subject goal attainment. A majority of the interviewees estimate that they have improved their grade in at least two or three subjects, often pointing to core subjects such as Swedish, Maths and English. Further, the results indicate that the pupils perceive they can control whether, and if so, when they want to receive support from the support team. This, they report, contributes to a willingness to both emotionally and cognitively engage in the program and in the counselling provided. They describe that this engagement gives them tools to better focus on subject learning in class, to take control of their emotions and not to initiate conflicts or respond violently in peer relations in the classroom. A particularly interesting finding is that pupils do not perceive that support from the onsite team is attached to any sense of stigma, shame or embarrassment. Indeed, some pupils' accounts indicate that, when receiving support from the team, they feel much more comfortable about talking about problems they experience in the home such as, for example, violence or parents' alcohol misuse. However, some negative experiences of receiving support from the onsite team are revealed. For example, pupils perceive that the staff are not as immediately available as they would like them to be, and that support is not sufficiently 'on-demand', thus causing causes them anxiety and feelings of reduced self-worth

  • 106.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of availability of social work support in a school context: 'Extended' pupil welfare interventions and effects on school performance2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parent’s psychiatric illness are not only commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers and school social workers have important roles to play in identifying these pupils. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes serious and/or where the pupil’s school achievements have deteriorated.This presentation is based on an evaluation of the project ‘Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare’ funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency´s national program ‘Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions’. The project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to both seek and accept support at an earlier stage than had such interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: ‘Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?’, and ‘In what way does this support influence school performance?’ The empirical base for this presentation draws on (i) data from a survey of parents (N=137) and pupils (N=49) pre- and post-project that focused on perceptions of the availability of support from pupil welfare and socials services, (ii) data on school performance with regard to pupils in receipt of interventions (N=86), and (iii) individual interviews (N=20) with pupils who received interventions. Results indicate that the availability of social workers plays an important role for children’s motivation to seek/or accept support. Pupils regard encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement.

  • 107.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    När många vill "hjälpa till": Barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av interprofessionellt samarbete inom den sociala barnavården2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence and the strategies they use. The purpose of the study was, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Secondly, the aim was to investigate the perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating their participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived asbeing able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognizing that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers". Findings with regards to the second aim revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive they have capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by pretending to be bored and disengaged, butat the same time paying close attention to what is going on, alert to important details concerning them, (ii) by using exit strategies, and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings believed to be of little value. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children talk of how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners, who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.This research has been funded by the Swedish Children's Welfare Foundation Sweden (Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset)

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 108.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    The self-referral affordances of school-based social work support: a case study2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 869-881Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School-based social work can reach children at risk through the promotion of children’s participation in seeking support. Drawing on Gibson’s theory of affordances, the aim of this interview-based study was to identify affordances for self-referral associated with school-based social work support. Results reveal three affordances facilitating children’s self-initiated contact: (i) the day-to-day presence of social workers in the school environment supports investment in relationships, (ii) use of communication technologies facilitates contact and (iii) the visibility of the social workers’ practice encourages contact-initiation. Common to all three affordances are the accessibility of the social workers, and the generation of trust.

  • 109.
    Boquist, Theres
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindefur, Mariah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Mycket snack och lite verkstad": En kvalitativ studie om delaktighet för brukarrepresentanter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study deals with the participation of user-representatives from various social enterprises. The overall aim of the study is to examine how participation can be influenced by social interactions between future social workers and user-representatives from social enterprises. A qualified study has been carried out through a participant observation for two days in a future-workshop between social work students, teachers and user-representatives. Empirical data has been analyzed by means of symbolic interactionsm and Goffman's dramaturgical theater analysis. The age range of study participants is at 22-70 years and it was predominately female group of participants.

    The study-results show that the inclusion of real influence is something pursued both from the policies of the National board and from community citizens, in this study in terms of students and user representatives. However, this is nothing that shows in practice, it is rather a pseudoparticipation which includes a lot of talk and little action, where participation does not lead to any real influence. It requires an even division of power between different group representatives to provide the right conditions in the making of participation on equal terms. Lack of time is a preventing factor. It appears that the success of participation is that we share the same understanding of reality and pursue a power leveling to fight stigmatization. This requires common meeting places. The study shows that a long term approach for a successful implementation at all stages from education to the workplace to the citizen is required. There is at long chain where much can go wrong along the way. This may explain the inertia detected in this study.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 110.
    Borgh, Denise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Paun, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkan mellan professioner internt och externt i skolans elevhälsa.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about describing interactions within the school's student health organization inter-nally and externally, and how collaboration on student affairs created in multi-disciplinary teams. The study is based on a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews that give the interviewee the opportunity to answer the exact same question but with their own thoughts and opinions. This gives interviews a more openness in the responses. The study includes a descrip-tion of the student care / student health emergence, collaboration, professions and international research. This is to give the reader a broad insight and understanding about the subject. The selection of representatives for the interviews were conducted on the basis of different profes-sions, given their connection to participation in student health team. The interview questions are based on the issues; How is the interaction between the different professions described within the student health organization? And how does the interaction with external organiza-tions work out? The study shows that collaboration in student health and its external partners is a necessity to carry out a task / achieve a common goal. The collaboration internally at the school works well and professions welcomes the collaboration. Having meetings continuously provides security at work where everyone uses their own specific skills. It is noticeable that during a time of reorganization the staff is not always focused and not able to participate in meetings, which affects the interaction negatively. A continuity of a team is important for con-fidence in each other's professions. The external collaboration usually works well but some-times it takes too long before school and student receives the help sought. A better structure of the meetings would improve a better collaboration. Themes that emerged during the study were; positive and negative interactions, the importance of formal and informal cooperation, the im-portance of external cooperation, comments on the organization and working procedures, and views on student health. In conclusion, the results show that collaboration is a necessity for the success of working prevention and health promotion towards a common goal. The school by law is required to implement this common goal.

  • 111.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University.
    Leen, Eline
    University of Erlangen.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Jaans, Sebastian
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Awouters, Valere
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Northern European Adolescent Attitudes Toward Dating Violence2013In: Violence and Victims, ISSN 0886-6708, E-ISSN 1945-7073, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 619-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus group methodology was used to examine attitudes toward dating violence among 86 adolescents (aged 12-17) from four northern European countries (England, Sweden, Germany, and Belgium). Four superordinate themes were identified from thematic analyses: gender identities, television as the educator, perceived acceptability of dating violence, and the decision to seek help/tell someone. Although violence in relationships was generally not condoned, when violence was used by females, was unintended (despite its consequences), or was in retaliation for infidelity, violence was perceived as acceptable. Adolescents indicated that their views were stereotypical and based solely on stereotypical television portrayals of violence in relationships. Stereotypical beliefs and portrayals generate barriers for victimized males to seek help because of fear of embarrassment.

  • 112.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University, England.
    Walker, Kate
    Coventry University, England.
    Mawer, Matthew
    Coventry University, England.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University, England.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leen, Eline
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Held, Paul
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Awouters, Valère
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    Jans, Sebastiaan
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    "It’s like you're actually playing as yourself": Development and preliminary evaluation of 'Green Acres High'€™, a serious game-based primary intervention to combat adolescent dating violence2014In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 43-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an overview of the development of 'Green Acres High', a serious game-based primary intervention to raise awareness of and change attitudes towards dating violence in adolescents, and an analysis of how adolescents described their experience of playing this game. Transcripts from focus group data were analysed using thematic analysis. The global theme that was developed, Assessment of the game, was represented by two organising themes, Positive assessment: Pedagogical Underpinnings andNegative Assessment: Functionality Limitations and Frustrations. These represented the fact that overall the learning experience was positive based on the pedagogical principles and content that could be embedded in this digital game but that technical issues with the game needed to be addressed as these could impinge on the learning experience of the adolescents. It was seen that using a serious game was a valid and meaningful way for adolescents to learn about dating violence and that this is a viable alternative or adjunct to traditional teaching methods.

  • 113.
    Brandqvist, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Henriksson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    När lögnerna blir en del av vardagen: En kvalitativ studie om hur man kan uppmärksamma samt förebygga ätstörningsproblematik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie som handlar om ätstörningar ur ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur man inom socialt arbete kan uppmärksamma personer med ätstörningsproblematik samt hur man kan arbeta för att motverka ätstörningar. Vi ville dessutom få en ökad förståelse för ämnet där vi som blivande socialpedagoger kommer att stöta på problematiken ute på fältet.

    Vi har använt oss av kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer med personer som själva har erfarenheter från en tidigare ätstörningsproblematik men som idag anser sig vara friska från ätstörningen. Dock valde vi att avgränsa studien genom att endast intervjua personer som haft någon av ätstörningarna anorexi, bulimi eller ortorexi.

    I studien har vi besvarat frågor om hur intervjupersonerna upplevt sig själva under ätstörningen, vilken betydelse omgivningen och samhället fått utifrån media och normer, samt hur intervjupersonerna utifrån egna erfarenheter tror att man kan förhindra utvecklingen av ätstörningar. Studien är alltså avgränsad till att innefatta det sociala och vardagliga livet runt ätstörningen och går inte in på djupare detaljer om det fysiska och psykiska området.

    Vi har analyserat empirin i intervjuerna utifrån ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv med teorier från Husserls livsvärldsbegrepp, Shütz tolkningsschemata och Merleau-Pontys kroppsfenomenologi. Studien utgår från två centrala begrepp; självbild och normer, som är två viktiga delar för att förstå ätstörningar i samhället. Därefter har vi dragit kopplingar mellan tidigare forskning, teorier, centrala begrepp och empiri. Utifrån tidigare forskning där studierna är genomförda i USA och i Sverige, har vi visat på skillnader och likheter som uppmärksammats inom ätstörningsproblematiken; där både forskningen från USA och Sverige belyser media, normer och kroppsidealens betydelse. I det empiriska resultatet framkommer tydliga skillnader och likheter i resonemangen hos intervjupersonerna som vi sedan analyserade med hjälp av fenomenologin, för att därefter försöka nå slutsatser om hur man inom socialt arbete kan uppmärksamma ätstörningsproblematiken på sociala arenor, samt arbeta för att motverka ätstörningar.

  • 114.
    Brask, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Augustsson, Maria-Magdalena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att definiera verkligheten: En kvalitativ studie om medias dagordningssättande makt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att med stöd av dagordningsteorin undersöka hur invandrare och invandring framställs i media. Således utgjorde dagordningsteorin ett av de främsta redskapen i analysarbetet. För att kunna svara på våra frågeställningar använde vi oss av kvalitativ innehållsanalys till att undersöka vår empiri som bestod av utvalda tidningsartiklar. Utifrån en konstruerad vecka och med valda sökord efter tidigare forskning och frågeställningar fann vi 65 artiklar att undersöka.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att media framställer en negativ bild av invandring och invandrare och benämner de generellt i negativa ordalag. Vi fann att media har en dagordningssättande makt där invandring, till följd av medias publicering, blir en viktig samhällsfråga. Resultatet visar också att medias dagordningssättande makt förmedlar hur läsarna ska tycka om invandring och invandrare och då i överlag negativa termer. Media förmedlar en bild av invandring som en belastning på samhället där mycket fokus ligger på områden inom politik, samhällsresurser och frågor om terror och hot. Invandrare framställs i media med egenskaper så som farliga, hotfulla, våldsamma och som offer i en patriarkal struktur.Vår slutsats är att resultatet går i linje med tidigare forskning. Bilden som media förmedlar ger också påverkan på det socialpedagogiska arbetet då socialpedagogen i mötet med målgruppen definierar situationen utifrån denna bild.

  • 115.
    Broman, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindblom, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda risksituationer inom psykiatrin: Tematisk studie kring boendestödjares berättelser av en riskfylld situation på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supporting residents in Sweden has increased by 60% in the past four years. This study enrolled 11 participants employed at a psychiatric facility; the majority of whom were middle-aged women. The purpose of the study was to examine perceived risk situations of that the supportive workers within psychiatry and see if that condition led to changes within their workplace. Participants received a question-guide where they wrote answers to open-ended questions about perceived risk situation, and were given opportunity to answer if said risk led to any change in the workplace environment or its practices. These were individual risk situations that participants experienced in person. The material was then transcribed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The results revealed three main themes:

    Rules are broken, Strategies in a risk situation and Perceived effects after risk situation. From the three main themes, nine sub-themes were identified. The study shows that the supportive housing residents are perceived as a threat in the workplace and that during risk situations the participants find safety in their own immediate actions as well as those of their professional peers. The changes made by the organization did either consist of more personnel or technical measures. A conclusion of the study shows that the colleagues and other professionals are highly important for the well-being and safety of the psychiatric residents. More in-depth research needs to be done in the risks and the work with the psychiatric residents. The research concerning risk management is relatively undeveloped and more research needs to be done, for as it is today, there are no dominant risk management guidelines.

  • 116.
    Broo, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Grundskoleelevers icke-kognitiva kunskaper: En uppgift för socialpedagogen?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school has undergone great changes, society places different demands on today's youth's and international measurements show that Swedish pupils perform lower results in school. Research has shown that non- cognitive skills play a major role in the future progress and development of cognitive skills. What is the school's mission to develop children and young people's non- cognitive skills? Through a qualitative content analysis examines the Education Act, the compulsory school curriculum and the UNCRC, focusing on school assignments for child and adolescent development of non- cognitive skills, young people's rights to a safe school environment and the opportunity for socialization and how the document allocates responsibility between school and home in child development. The study also examines the curriculum for elementary teacher program at University West to clarify teachers' knowledge area and analyzed how a social pedagogical framework can supplement teacher in the above responsibilities and tasks in relation to home. The social pedagogical reference framework emphasizes the importance of seeing the big picture of a child's situation and that it´s important that young people are included in social communities and businesses to develop. To thrive, children need to get the basic needs in Maslow's needs pyramid satisfied. This gives an understanding of how important it is to give children and young people right conditions to develop optimally. Based on the categories of socialization, home and school, safe school environment, non- cognitive skills and disposition reveals among other things that the school has an important responsibility for the child's development but that the home has the primary responsibility and that the school is responsible for more than just cognitive skills.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 117.
    Brorsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Blomqvist Tuvesson, Ann-Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den tysta delaktigheten: En studie om den äldre personens upplevelse av delaktighet och meningsfullhet i vardagen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse how persons within the elderly care experience their every-day life with respect to their opportunities to affect the content. A part of the purpose is also to illuminate this issue from the perspectives of participation and meaningfulness. The authors are answering the following questions in the study: How do elderly people experience their every-day life? How do elderly people experience their ability to make every-day decisions? How can elderly people participate in the every-day life? How is meaningfulness expressed in the every-day life of elderly people?

    This study has a qualitative approach and the data in the study was collected through nine interviews with elderly people within the elderly care. The respondents are persons over 65 years of age who benefits from elderly care such as home care service and special home.

    The result of the study shows that the elderly persons experience their every-day life based on their knowledge of their physical abilities and limitations. The result also shows that elderly persons experience participation and ability to affect their every-day life based on their physical limitations. Simultaneously, participation is also present in an unknown process of adoption to the routines of elderly care. In addition, another aspect of the conclusion is that the elderly person expresses sadness and loneliness due to old age, disability and lack of someone or something.

    A part of the result is also a deeper, existential form of participation – the silent participation. This comes in two perspectives, the satisfied silent participation that means that the elderly person participates in his or her mind in a positive way, and the suppressed participation when the elderly sees and observes how he or she really would like to have it, without expressing it. The result also shows that meaningfulness, or lack of meaningfulness, is depended on whether the elderly person has insight in their perceived life situation and their ability to manage and affect the content of their every-day life.

    Keywords: Elderly persons, elderly care, every-day life, resource, participation, meaningfulness

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 118.
    Burke, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ståhl, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vägleda barn i ett senmodernt samhälle: en studie där föräldrar berättar om sina upplevelser av att uppfostra barn i vår tid2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur föräldrar ser på sin föräldraroll idag och vi har valt att betrakta det ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv med sociokulturella teorier. Syftet är att undersöka senmoderna föräldrars syn på sin roll som uppfostrare under deras barn/barns uppväxt. Vi ställer oss frågorna: Vad innebär en senmodern, god uppfostran och hur vill föräldrarna att deras barn ska leva som vuxna? Vi använder oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, fokusgruppsintervjuer, där medlemmarna i gruppen interagerar och delar med sig av egna erfarenheter. Intervjumaterialet som ligger till grund för studien är analyserat horisontellt och sammanslaget. Vi intervjuar även "experter" som i yrket jobbar nära familjer. Den informationen kontrasterar och kompletterar gruppintervjuerna. I analysen utgår vi huvudsakligen från begrepp som sociologerna Beck, Bauman, Giddens och Habermas har använt för att beskriva det senmoderna samhället: individualism, ambivalens, reflexivitet, självidentitet och självförverkligande; tid och stress, konsumism, livsvärld/systemvärld och förvetenskapligande av det privata. Vi använder även några andra begrepp som kontrast mot det senmoderna: familj och tradition; och uppfostran. I diskussionen funderar vi över vad studien kan lära oss om det senmoderna föräldraskapet. Föräldrarna som intervjuats besitter en god förmåga att hantera senmodernitetens krav och snabba kast. Det viktigaste de vill ge sina barn är trygghet, kärlek och social kompetens för att barnen så småningom själva skall kunna bemästra sin framtid och sitt vuxenliv.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 119. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström E, Åse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Rhizomatiska lekplatser2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 173-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan, Vänersborg, Sweden.
    Explorations in intercultural work integrated learning: Educational process for a Topsy-Turvy world2011In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how work integrated learning (WIL) can be re-imagined/re-enacted as collaborative playgrounds of networks. To do this we first establish the working context for these reflections by exploring fragments of biography and the immediate catalyst which was a recent seminar held over 5 days, beginning in the rural Swedish town of Ed and, for the last 2 days, at University West in Trollhättan. We then set out to explore the normative and theoretical context of our approach before finally moving to an exploration of the concept of WIL via CLA and scenarios. Our overall goal is to describe some features of an expanded concept of WIL as it relates to intercultural learning. In doing this we hope to generate processes that facilitate the kind of learning necessary if we are to enable teachers and students to build sustainable futures they can realistically aspire to. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 121. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Avadhuta, Shambhushivananda
    Nadhomi-Mukisa, Bernard
    Ceruto, Leonel
    Denis, Muwanguzi
    Kumar Giri, Ananta
    Mukherjee, Asha
    Pervyi, Gennady
    Pineda, Maria Victoria
    Weaving pedagogies of possibility2012In: Learning for sustainability in times of accelerating change: / [ed] Wals, Arien E. J. & Corcoran, Peter Blaze, Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2012, p. 77-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is easy to feel impatient with the pace for change when it comes to developing truly sustainable culture yet things are happening all over the world to lay the ground work, create the architecture and language of sustainability as a cultural reality. In Weaving Pedagogies of Possibility the authors seek to leverage from such developments. In this chapter the authors share their adventure in designing an open learning system within, across and between their instititutions. We insists this work involves peagogies in the plural as we seek to affirm and embrace alternative approaches to learning that draw on many cultures and places. We take it axiomatic that the word is always becoming other then it appears to be; that this is contested space; and thus it is in the play of environment, context, structure, culture an identity that the future lies. The sensitivity to the multiple and contested nature of social and ecological space lies at the heart of our vision an practice of pedagogies of possibiliy 

  • 122.
    Bäckevik, Annie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Linnarsson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mina åsikter är precis lika viktiga som alla andras.: En kvalitativ studie om deltagares upplevelser inom daglig verksamhet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The choice of daily activities as a study area was made because we wanted to investigate how people with disabilities experience their work situation. An empowerment perspective seemed appropriate in this study because many of the theoretical concepts we wanted to use occurs within empowerment.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how participants experience and create meaning in daily activities based on an empowerment perspective.

    Method:

    The study is of a qualitative nature with semi-structured interviews where the empiricism is based on five transcribed interviews. The persons interviewed have been selected on the basic of two criteria, that they could express themselves verbally and that they was granted and worked within daily activity according to LSS (1993:387). To get our interview questions answered an interview guide was composed. The empiricism was analyzed on the basis of the studies three theories belonging, meaningfulness and power. Interview analysis with focus on sentences has been used that includes sentence coding.

    Result:

    The result shows that all participants are content with their work situation, they express that it is important for them to have something to occupy their day and to interact with others, but they don't experience that their work is accepted in society. It is made clear from the result of the study that the power relation between the staff and participants are relatively equal but that the participants are conscious of the fact that the staff has the greater responsibility and in that way also the greater power.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 123.
    Bäckman, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Allting sker ju inte på en och samma dag": En kvalitativ studie om före detta kriminellas exitprocesser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Criminality represents a social problem and it is a concern in social work. People who leave criminality often undergo the "exit process" with its four stages. These stages describe what people go through when they choose to leave their criminal lifestyles. The path from the old lifestyle can often be bumpy when individuals switch between the different stages. If this happens, the key is to look forward and continue their process and be aware that the exit process can last for a long time. It is impossible to predict which way the society develops but an endeavor is to present studies results that may form the basis for continued social work, when the exit process is under study. The purpose is to examine which factors that emerge as important for the exit process in the life of former criminals, and which obstacles and opportunities that emerge during this. The core concept and the analytical instrument is the

    role, which is analyzed through the exit process four stages and systems theory's concept "formal" and "informal systems". These systems consist agencies in the formal systems as well as friends and family in the informal systems. To find answers to this the authors apply a qualitative approach in the form of narrative interviews. A self-help group were contacted and collaboration has taken place with this during the study. A specific event has been the starting point for all informants exit process, but it has taken different amount of time for informants to actually leave the criminal lifestyle. The new role has been shaped by the desire to change and finally all were ready to assume this. All informants have found their new role within a self-help group. Support and feedback from both the informal and formal systems has pervaded all the stages out of the exit process, however, consideration of the informal system. Positive feedback has been an opportunity for informants to continue the process, while negative feedback prevented it

  • 124.
    Börjesson, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap: En studie utifrån Fontänhusverksamhetens rehabiliteringsmodell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivet till inriktningen på studien grundar sig i en gemensam erfarenhet och intresse kring arbete med människor med psykisk ohälsa. En av oss har även genomfört sin VFU- period på ett Fontänhus och därför blev detta utgångspunkten för studien. Grundprincipen för den rehabiliteringsmodell som finns på Fontänhus är återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap, det finns också inom Fontänhusets institutionella ramar som skiljer sig mot traditionella vårdinrättningar då det inte finns samma krav på förväntningar och prestation. Studien har lagt fokus på att finna ny kunskap till hur detta fungerar i praktiken. Valet av Symbolisk interaktionism relateras till hur människor inom Fontänhuset utvecklas genom samspel med andra. Vilket kan förstås utifrån en symbolisk interaktionistiskt begreppsapparat.

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt perspektiv studera vilken betydelse som delaktighet och gemenskap har för återhämtningsprocessen vid psykisk ohälsa. Studien baseras på erfarenheter hos medlemmar inom ramen för en verksamhet vid ett Fontänhus. Studien är av en kvalitativ art och baseras på sex stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjupersonerna är rekryterade utifrån tre kriterier: De ska vara medlemmar av Fontänhuset, över 25 år gamla, och ha erfarenhet av återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa. För att få svar på intervjuns frågor så utgick vi från ett frågeformulär. Analysen är en tematisk analys. Empirin har analyserats utifrån begreppen gemenskap, delaktighet, symbolisk interaktionism och stigmatisering.

    Resultatet visar att delaktighet och gemenskap har stor betydelse för återhämtning. Det stöd som har störst betydelse är de av mobiliserande karaktär, att man får bekräftelse, blir sedd, att man har en plats att komma till och aktivera sig och träffa människor. Utifrån symbolisk interaktionism har vi förstått att Fontänhuset är en plats som skapar stark symbolisk mening för medlemmar. Fontänhuset skapar ett symboliskt värde som vi anser kan liknas vid ett arbete, eller likvärdigt sysselsättning.

  • 125.
    Carlsson, Aleksandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvinnors drivkrafter för att lämna en kriminell livsstil: val, uppbrott och förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 126.
    Carlsson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bästa behandlingsförutsättningar: hur personal vid en låsbar SiS-institution beskriver sin syn på hur en optimal behandlingsinstitution behöver utformas2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how staff at a secure SiS-institution describes their view of how an optimal treatment institution needs to be designed to achieve the best treatment conditions. The examination took place in one of the State's board of Institutional Care (SiS) youth homes inSwedenfor young people 14-20 years. The three questions that the study accounts for are:

    • How does the staff describe that institutions needs to be organized to achieve the best treatment conditions?
    • How do the staff describe that the treatment needs to be designed to achieve lasting behavioural change?
    • How do the staff describe that the optimal group of youth needs to be designed from the youth's treatment time and treatment content?

    The frame of knowledge used in the thesis contains the research results in this area but also the theory that subsequently was developed from the research produced. In the frame of knowledge, there are three key concepts presented, organization, lasting behavioural change and group of youth, which are relevant to both the aim as to the questions at issue.

    Based on the aim of the study a qualitative research approach was chosen to understand each interviewee’s lifeworld and to see from their perspective and experiences. Semi-structured interviews were accomplished with four informants, all staff at the selected institution. The interviews were recorded with a Dictaphone and transcribed verbatim in order to be subject to analysis. As a concrete method of analysis, meaning condensation was used inspired by the phenomenological approach in the study. The result shows that there are many components in the themes organization, lasting behavioural change and group of youth which affects the chances of a positive treatment outcome and that informants' descriptions is alignment with previous research findings. The essence found in the results is different kinds of conditions. It means that the institution and its staff need conditions for example, economy, policies, methods, theories, staffing, skills development, structure and environment. If the organization can give the institution the right conditions with clear definitions, increases the chances of a positive treatment outcome significantly. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Bästa behandlingsförutsättningar
  • 127.
    Carlström, Eric
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Boken om team: En kunskapsöversikt om team och teamarbete in hälso- och sjukvården2004Book (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Cederholm, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hansson, Emmie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att leva som en triangel bland fyrkanter: Omgivningens påverkan på människor med alkohol-och narkotikaberoende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the purpose is to examine and analyze the experiences of people who have had an alcohol and/or drug addiction. What are their perception and experience of the social environment’s views on them and their abuse? Further, it is to highlight and discuss if and how these attitudes affects them. To answer that, the following questions have been used: How do people who have had an alcohol and/or drug addiction experience the way people in their surrounding look at them and their abuse? What was crucial for these people when it comes to get out of their addiction? How can this be understood from a stigma perspective? Today, many claims that the problem of alcohol and drug abuse is not just the drugs, but that an increasing amount of people are living under negative social pressure. Via stigmatization this creates personal inconveniences such as anxiety, self-destructiveness and a poor selfimage. This leads to an even more developed conflict according to traditional norms and behaviors, which in turn leads to further stigma reactions. These reactions strengthens the problems and results in an even more negative and deviant spiral. The investigastion has a qualitative design based on an phenomenological approach. The method for data collection is a combination of semi-structured and narrative interviews. To analyze our empirical results, we use the method of purpose analysis which focuses on the meaning and importance of ur own assumptions and interpretations. We have thus become co-creators of the interviews and the meaning of the texts. The result of the study shows that people with alcohol and drug addiction may feel that negative views on them have an impact for their continued deviant behavior. It also shows that these people have been stigmatized by others and that they therefore have a poor selfimage. Furthermore, the result shows that fellowship is a prerequisite for the possibility of people with alcohol and drug addiction to improve their self-image, to be able to abandon their addiction and continue to live a life without drugs

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 129.
    Christiansen, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hugosson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delaktighet i missbruksbehandling: En studie om missbrukbehandlares syn på delaktighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1980s participation has been discussed increasingly. Participation can both improve the efficiency of the organization and for the individual user it can be a successful factor in care and treatment. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how therapists view the importance of participation, how participation is implemented by the therapists as well as highlight the obstacles therapist experience while offering participation. The central questions for the study are

    : How do the therapists define participation? How do the therapists view the importance of participation in the drug treatment of alcohol? How do therapists implement participation? What obstacles do the therapists meet in its discretion to promote participation?

    Key concepts for the study are users, addiction and abuse. A description of treatment methods, user participation and evidence-based practice is entered to the understanding of the study.

    The theoretical perspectives are participation, street-level bureaucracy with focus on discretion and power theory. The theories have been used for the construction of the interview guide and in the analyzing of the results. The study has a qualitative approach and is based on five interviews. The interviews were carried out individually with one interviewer. The interviewer used an interview guide during the interviews that contained themes and related issues. The interviews were transcribed in order to facilitate the analysis. In the analyzing the transcript were coded. The codes were then thematized and summarized. The results of the interviews are in the analysis set in relation to the purpose, issues, theory and previous research. The study's results and the conclusion is that participation is to be sought and is a factor for a successful outcome of the therapy. Meanwhile, there are obstacles in the process of implementing participation such as the power and the discretion of the therapists.

    Awareness of participation is central in social pedagogy. The results of this study view that drug therapists consider participation as important. Studies like this are needed for social work and social pedagogy as it leads to knowledge of participation. At the same time, it is important that it do not stop at just knowledge as participation must also be applied in the daily work

  • 130.
    Christiansson, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skogsberg, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samspela med 400 kg häst: en kvalitativ studie om hästunderstödd terapi som kompletterande behandlingsmetod för individer med psykisk ohälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån terapeuters perspektiv ta reda på vad hästunderstödd terapi kan bidra med för individer med psykisk ohälsa. Vidare vill vi med studien ta reda på vad det är, samt på vilket sätt hästunderstödd terapi kan leda till främjande respektive hämmande effekter. Med utgångspunkt i att det är relativt lite forskat kring hästunderstödd terapi och dess effekter väcktes vårt intresse av att öka kunskapen kring detta. Val av målgrupp är individer med psykisk ohälsa eftersom att psykisk ohälsa är ett utbrett samhällsproblem som generellt sett ökar och som det läggs relativt lite resurser på. Djur har visats vara en kostnadseffektiv resurs som bidrar med att den psykiska ohälsan minskar och levnadsvanor förbättras hos individerna.Metoden som valdes för att besvara forskningsfrågan var kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Studien utformades genom bekvämlighetsurval och målinriktat urval genomfördes intervjuer med tre verksamma terapeuter inom området. Efter bearbetning av materialet framkom tre huvudteman som visar på effekterna av den hästunderstödda terapin och dess bidragande faktorer vilka är: Hästen som redskap, Ökad kunskap och medvetenhet, och Känslan av att ha kontroll. Studiens resultat visar positiv effekt på individernas självförtroende, självinsikt, motivation, välmående, gemenskap och position i samhället. Hästen är en stor bidragande effekt till detta genom att den möjliggör skapandet av goda relationer till både hästen och terapeuten. Terapin medför även utomhusvistelse i naturen vilket har stor betydelse för individers välmående.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 131.
    Corneliusson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fhager, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vägen in: En studie om bostadens betydelse för att uppnå delaktighet i samhället2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how a municipality in Sweden is working to give the people living in homelessness access to a home. The questions we sought to answer were: what kind of support is organized for people experiencing homelessness? What are the social workers´ perceptions of how support should be designed? What possibilities and difficulties exist for people experiencing homelessness to get an opportunity to achieve participation in a social community? We used a qualitative research method by interviewing professionals in the public and nonprofit sectors and examine how this work is carried out. The interviews have been processed and analyzed based on a sentence analysis. Our theories have covered the role of social pedagogy, the significance of strategies to combat homelessness, inclusion, exclusion and social support. We also have associated what significance power has on an individual and structural level for the individual's ability to achieve recognition in the society. The results of the study has shown that in order to give people living in homelessness a chance to participate in society, it is crucial that they have a home and that this in combination with a well-functioning support on the individual's own terms

  • 132.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Towards Roma Empowerment and Social Inclusion Through Work-Integrated Learning2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Roma people are the largest ethnic minority group in the EU and all over, they have been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Thus, Roma are the most economically and socially excluded and marginalized group in Europe. The Roma living in Sweden are no exception; many are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor objective health. The Roma have been treated as a helpless group in need of "expert" help and action from the authorities. They have usually not been permitted to actively participate in adjusting efforts to their needs and situation. An alternative approach to the Roma situation is to allow the Roma to take the leading role and to initiate processes and activities concerning the group.These were the foundations for the 3-year health promotion project based on participatory action research (PAR) initiated in West Sweden in 2009. Through work-integrated learning(WIL) and the principle of training the trainers, the purpose of the programme was to strengthen Roma empowerment and participation in society, enabling Roma-led integration.The overall aim of the PhD thesis was to analyse and elaborate a WIL model to be applied inempowerment and adult education for the Roma minority- and other vulnerable groups in similar situation. The thesis is based on five papers: Paper 1 aimed to examine how 14 Roma adolescents in West Sweden perceive the concepts of health, well-being and quality of life, and further, to investigate the degree to which theyconsider themselves able to cope with their own life situation within these areas. The data, comprising six interviews, was analysed through qualitative content analysis. The most common understanding of health and well-being was to feel good, secure, happy and having awide social network of family and friends. Health and well-being were considered in a collective perspective, thus controversy earlier studies, the respondents perceived their health and well-being to be good. Freedom, independency, education and employment were the most important elements of QoL. Social support was the most frequently used coping strategy.

    The Roma adolescents preferred the tight relationship within the Roma community and associated mostly with Roma, a phenomenon previously referred to as homophily. The processof homophily seemed to be a salutogenic factor and a general resistant resource of the Roma adolescents and hence health-enhancing. Homophily was suggested as a determinant factor of health.Paper 2 aimed to explore how Roma people in West Sweden understand health, well-being,and quality of life, and how they cope with their life-situation. The data, consisting of 27 interviews (n = 33), were analysed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The findings indicated that the respondents perceived health as a resource and an ability to self-manage. Crucial elements of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security,and involvement in society. The findings demonstrated that the respondents perceived their health and life situation as good, despite being marginalized and discriminated. A possible explanation to this is what the respondents described as survival strategies. As a result of decenniums of oppression, the Roma have developed survival strategies helping them to cope with the situation and to survive. Paper 3 aimed to analyse whether there is connection between health literacy and empowerment. The paper is based on a literature search conducted in December 2013. Of the total 303 initial hits, no articles primarily addressing the issue were found; yet five articles were identified taking up on both health literacy and empowerment, hence reviewed in more detail. The five articles acknowledged a nexus between health literacy and empowerment, though the nexus itself was never discussed in specific. The paper suggests that for health literacy to be critical to empowerment, the focus has to be on social determinants of health and the involved individuals', groups and/or communities perceptions on health and health needs defined by themselves. Such a perspective will build on the genuine needs of the people in concern. The paper proposes functional- and interactive health literacy as another way to label capacity building for health and empowerment, and critical health literacy as a way to describe empowerment. Hence, health literacy might be regarded as a tool for empowerment. Health literacy is considered not to automatically lead to empowerment. Health literacy as such might be increased by health education. Crucial for empowerment is to achieve the critical level of health literacy including an ability to question the prevailing power relations and societal conditions and reflecting on these, a strengthened sense of power, self-esteem and self efficacyand an ability to utilize these resources to engage in social and political action for change.Paper 4 aimed to explore how participatory action research (PAR) and work integrated learning (WIL) might function as empowering tools in the Roma inclusion process and to propose a working model to use in empowerment of the Roma minority- and other vulnerable groups in similar situation. The data were collected and produced continuously during the project and consisted of interviews, self-evaluation reports and written essays by the seven Roma participants, participatory observations, research groups' workshop notes, 21 monthly project reports, the project plan, syllabus of the WIL training programme and notes from ajoint planning workshop. The data were considered as a whole and analysed in a triangulating fashion using hermeneutical understanding inspired by heuristic research. Through improved abilities to mobilise the local Roma community for social change, the participants' critical health literacy improved, allowing them to experience a greater control over their own lives and integration processes. The results indicate an increased empowerment of the local coordinators indicating that WIL may be a worthwhile approach in strengthening the individual empowerment of Roma people. Based on the findings, health literacy was suggested as a catalyst in the empowerment process, serving as a tool for analyzing and describing the process of empowerment.Paper 5 aimed to analyse the health promotion project from the Roma participants' perspective. The focus was on the participants' perceived individual empowerment and perceptions on their contribution to the common good and community empowerment. The data, consisting of interviews and self-evaluation reports of the Roma participants,participatory observations, newspaper articles with interviews of the participants and 21 monthly reports, were analysed through an approach that comes closest to hermeneutical phenomenology. The findings indicate that the WIL approach, the participating nature of the programme, and the trust and support from both the Roma and the non-Roma facilitators, were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged portraying the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, sense of power and sense of enculturated social inclusion. Sense of enculturated social inclusion demonstrated the participants "new" way of understanding social inclusion; turning social inclusion from something they feared to something they embraced. As the participants realized that social inclusion would not require them the let go of their Roma identity and culture, their Roma identity was strengthened, they became more hopeful, felt more in control and felt generally better. Despite of limited time and resources for local community directed activities, the participants perceived that improvements were achieved at the local level. In conclusions, the findings indicate that when based on the specific health needs of the people involved, basic/functional- and interactive health literacy together comprise the same idea as capacity building for health that might lead to empowerment. What found to be essential for the Roma local coordinators development of empowerment was the combination of the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the project, the trust and support from the non-Roma facilitators and Roma colleagues, and the perception of being respected as human beings and as equals. The local coordinators empowerment consisted of strengthened Roma identity, sense of power and sense of enculturated social inclusion. This indicates that the suggested WIL model/approach, comprising a participatory approach with health literacy as a tool may be a worthwhile strategy in empowering Roma people and enhancing their self-led social inclusion process. A possible road for Roma self-led integration, hence, might be through a process of enculturated social inclusion. This may also be the case for other vulnerable groups in similar situations. Further research and interventions are needed however, in order to elaborate and verify WILs' potential and sustainability in empowering other minority- and vulnerable groups

  • 133.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Roma Empowerment and social inclusion through Work-Integrated Learning2015In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, no jan-march, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators' perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based on qualitative data, primarily interviews with the Roma coordinators, indicated that the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the program, and the trust and support from the Roma colleagues and non-Roma facilitators were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged that portrayed the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, a sense of power, and a sense of enculturated social inclusion.

  • 134.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. University of Southern Denmark (SDU) Esbjerg,Unit for Health Promotion Research, .
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    University of Southern Denmark (SDU) Esbjerg,Unit for Health Promotion Research, .
    The Nexus Between Health Literacy and Empowerment2016In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to explore what is known about the assumed connection between health literacy and empowerment and how this connection is portrayed in the scientific literature. If empowerment is an outcome of health literacy, what are the mechanisms behind this process? A literature search conducted in 2013 yielded 216 hits, of which five met the inclusion criteria, and thus were read in depth and analyzed through a narrative-review approach. The findings indicate that health literacy might be regarded as a tool for empowerment but does not automatically lead to empowerment. Health literacy might be increased by health education. Crucial for empowerment is to achieve the critical level of health literacy including an ability to question and reflect on the prevailing power relations and societal conditions; increased senses of power, self-esteem, and self-efficacy; and an ability to utilize these resources to engage in social and political action for change. This article suggests that for health literacy to be critical to empowerment, there must be a focus on social health determinants and individuals’ subjective perceptions of health and health needs. The article proposes functional and interactive health literacy as a form of capacity building for health and empowerment and critical health literacy as a way to describe empowerment. This scoping review indicates a research gap and a need for future research examining the relationship between health literacy and empowerment.

  • 135.
    Dagobert, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av hinder och möjligheter för att agera i linje med barnets bästa i handläggandet av ärenden som rör ensamkommande barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     The study is aimed to investigate the social workers´ experiences of living conditions regarding unaccompanied refugee children and investigate obstacles and possibilities to act in accordance with the best interest of the child in case management and cooperation regarding unaccompanied refugee children and their cases. In the study, I have used a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The material was analyzed from a systems theory perspective. The terms action space and collaboration were employed in the analysis. I conducted semi structured interviews with four social workers who are all part of a network for social workers who manage cases of unaccompanied refugee children in central Sweden. The informants had different length of experience in managing involving unaccompanied children. The study reveals several factors that in different ways affected the social worker´s action space, the collaboration with other agencies and hence his or her ability to act in accordance with the best interest of the child.

    The informants spoke of that even though the children had different backgrounds they all shared the experiences of having fled the home country. The children´s living conditions were characterized by difficulties and the children often had experiences of abuse and were forced to grow up fast. When unaccompanied children come to Sweden to seek asylum, there are many agents involved in their cases, which can create a lot of confusion for the child. The asylum process is stressful for the child and can yield a feeling of uncertainty. Cultural differences are often difficult to manage and unaccompanied children have the need to get assisted in learning to with cultural conflicts that arise. The informants argued that it is important already from the initial contact, that the child is met with respect and consideration.

    Perceived barriers were the children´s lack of trust in authorities, lack of effective mechanisms for investigation, not to speak the same language – the need for an interpreter, lack of knowledge and collaboration between agencies. Perceived opportunities have been, the children´s own resources, relatively good economic resources, to build bridges between the different agents and the social worker´s network. The compiled results reveal that there were more perceived obstacles than possibilities

  • 136.
    Dall Schmidt, Torben
    et al.
    Department of Border Region Studies, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark .
    Kangasharju, Aki
    Nordea, Finland.
    Mitze, Timo
    Department of Border Region Studies, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark, RWI and RCEA .
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The impact of aging on regional employment: Linking spatial econometrics and population projections for a scenario analysis of future labor market outcomes in the Nordic region2014In: Economics and Business Letters, E-ISSN 2254-4380, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 232-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ageing is a key challenge for many countries. The purpose of this paper is to simulate how ageing affects future regional labour market outcomes. We develop a simulation procedure based on data for 71 Nordic regions in Finland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark. The procedure combines spatial econometrics and population projections for scenario analyses of future employment patterns up to 2021. Compared to a "benchmark scenario" based on projections of the working age population, we find that predicted regional labour market outcomes tell a much richer story if a combination of estimation results and population projections is used. To this end, our results can be helpful for economic policymaking, which is constantly in need of accurate regional labor market forecasts.

  • 137.
    Davidsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hultman, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapetblommor: En studie om yrkesverksammas beskrivning av arbetet med barn i familjer med alkoholmissbruk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose is to study professionals' description of their work with children in families with alcohol abuse problems. From there we also want to highlight the various support methods that they use in their work. We used a qualitative approach in the form of interviews. The interviews were semi-structured and an interview guide was used in the various interview sessions. The result shows that the most common method of aid for children with addicted parents is support groups in various forms. The result also shows that parents who abuse alcohol affect both themselves and their children. Parents living with shame and simultaneously in a lie when they try to hide their addiction. The children find themselves in a similar situation when they, among other things take the blame while they are very loyal to their parents. This means that children have to carry a secret to the surroundings. The professionals' work becomes complicated, as these children are difficult to detect and offer help.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 138.
    Drott, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialpedagogiskt arbete i rollen som skolkurator2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social pedagogy is a relatively unexplored area in the Swedish school-system and there are different opinions about what social pedagogy could, and indeed already contribute with out in the Swedish schools. The study, a thesis C-level aims to capture the social pedagogical work out a specific profession perspective, the school counselors. The empirical material consists of semi-structured research interviews with five school counselors who are all trained social pedagogues. The study has an exploratory purpose where the core is to provide a picture of how the school counselors themselves perceive that they use social pedagogy in their professional role as school counselors. The theoretical framework is based on a social pedagogical perspective built on traditional social pedagogical thoughts and theories. These theories and concepts all focuses on the individual that shapes their identity in relation to their environment and the learning processes that can be found in the interaction between the individual and society. Theories about community, participation, empowerment, dialogue, inclusion and exclusion has served as starting points to consider the experiences given by the school counselors. The material was analyzed with the analytical IPA and resulted in four broad themes: Relationship building, Creating socializing processes, Inclusion and Focus on what works. In the discussion section the study's relevance to the social field and the current situation in Swedish schools today is addressed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 139.
    Edberg, Evelin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kinnsjö Jansson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Sen jag kom hit – aktivitetscentret – har det blivit mer skratt": En studie kring den sociala gemenskapens betydelse för äldres hälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka den sociala gemenskapens betydelse för äldres hälsa. Studien har grundat sig i tre frågeställningar: Hur beskriver äldre personer begreppet hälsa och hur definieras den självupplevda hälsan? Vilken betydelse har gemenskapsaktiviteter för den självupplevda hälsan? Vad har aktivitetscentret Blåklockan för hälsofrämjande effekter?

    Studien är kvalitativ med ett teoretiskt ramverk som har sin utgångspunkt i hermeneutiken och avstamp tas i empirin. Empirin är insamlad på ett aktivitetscenter som i studien benämns som Blåklockan. Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer och ett flertal kompletterande informella samtal/fikastunder har utförts. Informanterna har varit både kvinnor och män mellan 75-91 år.

    Resultaten har analyserats mot det teoretiska ramverket och tidigare forskning. Resultaten i studien visar att social gemenskap har stor betydelse för den självupplevda hälsan. Det visar även att aktivitetscentret Blåklockan hade många hälsofrämjande effekter. Det uppdagades att informanternas svar på deras definition av hälsa speglades av deras dagsform. Slutsatser som gjorts är att informanternas övriga sociala nätverk låg till grund för hur stor betydelse aktivitetscentrets gemenskapsaktiviteter hade för informanterna. Det vill säga de informanter som hade ett stort socialt nätverk var inte lika beroende av aktivitetscentret som de med svagare nätverksband. Det var även viktigt för informanterna att kunna trivas i hemmet vilket de beskrev på lite olika sätt. De kunde vara att spela keyboard, tända en speciell ljusstake, fika eller lyssna på musik.

  • 140.
    Ekerum, Tina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Unga mammors upplevelser av ungt moderskap2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and analyze young mothers' thoughts on parenthood and how it affects their identity process. It is also to understand what support they need in their situation as young parents. The study is based on interviews with six mothers who all gave birth to their first child before they turned 21 years of age. The interviews have then been analyzed with the help of theories about identity and support.

    The results of this study show that despite the mothers living seemingly well-managed lives, they are a group of young mothers who experience loneliness and exclusion. They are isolated at home where they have the greatest responsibility for the children and the home. The child's father is responsible for supporting the mother and child which contributes to his absence from the family. These young mothers have difficulty in resuming studies and are limited in their possibilities to return to working life. They are also limited in their ability to develop their identity due to the fact that they are not able to reside in physical environments other than the home or with their children. The young mothers are in need of support on several different levels. They are in need of societal support in order to have a chance to go out to work, and their own network which is an important part of the young mother's everyday life helping them function on an everyday basis but in addition they also need access to contacts of the same age outside the family and to meet other young mothers in similar situations.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 141.
    Eklund, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa .
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Organisering av en fingerad verklighet: Om övningar mellan blåljusorganisationer2013In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 34-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to elucidate exercise participants’ understanding of critical aspects of organizing and implementation of collaboration exercises with police, fire department and ambulance services. The focus is critical aspects in exercises that have, or are expected to have, bearing on the participants’ ability to learn. Collaboration exercises are used as a tool to reinforce and develop the preparedness for future incidents. The need for such exercises was usually advocated after critique to actions during largescale real-life incidents. The study had a qualitative approach and is based on phenomenographic analysis of interviews with participants from four exercises with different scenarios. The identified critical aspects of exercises were related to realism, acceptance for mistakes, exercise extent and aims and opportunities for joint discussions. The management of an accident can be described to a large extent depend on the organizations’ joint ability to adapt to the prevailing situation and to collaborate. For exercises to contribute to these abilities, they could benefit from shifting the focus to how to organize exercises that allow participants to test different decisions and actions, with less emphasis on the choice of scenario.

  • 142.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The meaning of health, well-being, and quality of life perceived by Roma people in West Sweden2013In: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 243-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as "being healthy" and "feeling good". Elements that were crucial part of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

  • 143.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Ringsberg, Karin
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Work-integrated learning and health literacy catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion: A participatory action research2019In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 549-572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Roma people all over the world have often been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Many Roma have little or no education, which in combination with other factors often leads to unemployment and marginalization. Based on a case study in Sweden, this paper proposes an approach that can be used in participatory projects aiming at improving the living situation of marginalized people. In such an approach, the Roma themselves would be the leaders in all activities concerning the group. The first aim of this paper is to describe how health literacy and work-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research participants. The findings indicate that work-integrated learning may be a worthwhile approach for increasing the individual empowerment and self-led social inclusion of vulnerable people. However, the obstacles of structural discriminatory nature hindered the project to reach its full potential in its intended emancipatory goals.

  • 144.
    Ericsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Isabelle
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie av genusperspektivet vid Ungdomsmottagningens informationsträffar för årskurs 92014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Konstruktionen av könsroller och samhällets behov av att kategorisera in i "manligt" och "kvinnligt" får en rad konsekvenser. De flesta individer försöker passa in i den könstillhörighet som de tilldelats, ibland omedvetet. För att komma ifrån denna traditionella könsindelning är det viktigt att arbetet med detta börjar i tidig ålder. Personal som arbetar med barn och ungdomar har en viktig roll och kan påverka hur dessa individer kommer att se på sig själva. En stor del av det socialpedagogiska arbetet görs med barn och ungdomar på ungdomsmottagningar runt om i landet.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att ur ett genusperspektiv undersöka en specifik ungdomsmottagnings informationsträffar med skolklasser. Avsikten var att granska om och i så fall hur könsroller kommer till uttryck i informationsträffarna och om ungdomarna uppfattade att personalen förmedlade könsspecifika förväntningar. Vår förförståelse var att stereotypa könsroller för "manligt" och "kvinnligt" formas genom socialiseringsagenter i ungdomens närhet. Därför ville vi undersöka om även ungdomsmottagningspersonalen är med och gör kön.

    Metod: Studien utgår från en kvalitativ metod. Vi har observerat två informationsträffar som hållits av olika personal. I anslutning till observationerna har två semistrukturerade gruppintervjuer genomförts. Med hjälp av diskursanalys har vi sedan kategoriserat den insamlade informationen efter teman som vi funnit centrala i observationer och intervjuer. Fokus har legat på hur personalen talade kring kön och genus samt hur ungdomarna uppfattade detta. De teman som vi kunde urskilja kunde kopplas till våra frågeställningar.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att den specifika ungdomsmottagningen där observationer och intervjuer utfördes har kommit långt med att implementera genusperspektivet i verksamheten. Få genusskillnader kunde observeras men de som framkom rörde sexualitet och stereotypa uppfattningar. Resultatet visar även att en av ungdomsgrupperna upplevde könsspecifika förväntningar på sig då det kom till användandet av preventivmedel. Båda grupperna hade vissa svårigheter med att svara på frågan om de upplevde könsspecifika förväntningar på sig från personalen. Detta kan kopplas till diskursbegreppet. Ungdomarna är inte alltid är medvetna om vilken makt som könsdiskursen har och hur detta påverkar dem.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 145.
    Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holmén, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motvindens moderskap: en studie om moderskap och intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study seeks to from professionals perspectives describe and analyze the beliefs they have about women with intellectual disabilities and their pregnancy and motherhood. We will also discuss and reflect on the possible support that professionals find important for women to handle pregnancy and motherhood. The information has been gathered through interviews with five different professions that have come in contact with the audience in their work. In our material we found three distinctive perspectives: a child´s perspective, a parent´s perspective and a community perspective. From these perspectives, we could find many similarities in the informants´ perceptions, which resulted in different themes. These themes are: "Attachment and love is the most important", "Little children - little worry, big kids - big trouble", "The civil right to have children", "Parents dynasty limitations", "Promotion and aggravating factors", "Support in different forms", "To influence and be affected" and "Collaboration and visions for the future ". The results of the study indicate a belief that everyone has the right to have children and it is the community’s responsibility to put adequate measures to which the parental ability is not enough. An ambivalence among the professionals have interpreted when they are experiencing difficulties and sometimes conflicting demands of the role of relating to one part children's right to a safe and caring nursery and on the other hand, the mother's right to autonomy over her own lives. An important prerequisite for a functioning maternity highlighted is that the mother has the ability to bond with her children, and other practical efforts that society can come in with. The interpretation is that the community´s attitudes have changed over time towards a more positive attitude among the professional abilities with appropriate assistance for managing a maternity. The analysis is based on theories of social construction, empowerment, power, and the proximal development zone.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 146.
    Eriksson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Angelica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det är inte OM utan NÄR: En studie om unga vuxnas upplevelser kring att vara nykter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att utforska unga vuxnas upplevelser av hur det är att som ung vuxen idag välja bort alkohol och att dessutom göra det i organiserad form. Med utgångspunkt ur vårt syfte har vi utformat frågeställningar där identitet och synen på sig själv är återkommande; Hur har nykterheten inverkat på de unga vuxnas bild av sig själva? Hur har de unga vuxnas medlemskap i ett nykterhetsförbund inverkat på deras bild av sig själva? Hur påverkar andra människor runt omkring de unga vuxnas identitet? Vi har valt att använda oss av symbolisk interaktionism för att skapa oss en förståelse för informanternas upplevelser och för att samla in empiri till vår studie har vi valt en kvalitativ ansats och använt oss av enskilda delvis strukturerade intervjuer. Vi sökte kontakt med unga vuxna som var medlemmar i någon form av nykterhetsför­bund. För att tolka och analysera vårt material använde vi oss av en kvalitativ analysmetod där vi kategoriserade och tematiserade våra data med begrepp ur symbolisk interaktionism som stöd, för att hitta mönster och strukturer. Vi har presenterat och analyserat vårt resultat under fyra olika rubriker och sedan dragit slutsatser och diskuterat våra fynd. Vad vi kan se utifrån vår studie är att nykterheten, medlemskapet i ett nykterhetsförbund och människor runt omkring har en betydelse när det kommer till informanternas syn på sig själva. Stöttning och gemenskap har gjort att de är tillfreds och stolta över sitt val samtidigt som andras reaktioner och påtryckningar gjort att de känner sig annorlunda och ifrågasatta men även starka som står emot trycket. Nykterheten och medlemskapet i nykterhetsförbunden har också förändrat hur informanterna tolkar och ser på olika situationer och på så vis även påverkat deras handlande.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Det är inte OM utan NÄR
  • 147.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Social pedagogy in a Swedish Context2009In: The diversity of social pedagogy in Europe / [ed] Kornbeck, Jacob, Rosendal Jensen, Niels, Bremen: Europ. Hochsch.-Verl , 2009, 1. Aufl, p. 46-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Staffan
    Sipos-Zacrisson, Katarina
    Hur formas egentligen vuxnas undervisning?2009In: Lärande på vuxnas vis: vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet / [ed] Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine, Carlsson, Irma, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1. uppl., p. 79-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Nilsson, GunillaHögskolan i Jönköping.Svensson, Lars A.University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 150. Eriksson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Winman, ThomasUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Learning to Fly: social pedagogy in a contemporary society2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
1234567 101 - 150 of 489
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf