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  • 101.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Hellström, Åke
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Törestad, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Using the Karolinska Scales of Personality on male juveniles in correctional institutions: some psychometric issuesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overriding aim of the present study was to psychometrically evaluate the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) in a delinquent sample. The KSP was administered to a group of male juvenile delinquents (N = 47, mean age 17 years; SD = 1.2) from four representative Swedish national correctional institutions for serious offenders with conduct disorder, and evaluated by means of statistical methods. As expected, reliability in terms of internal consistency, measured by Cronbach's alpha, for some basic scales (Socialization, Muscular Tension, Somatic Anxiety, and Impulsiveness) was high (> .70). However, according to previous research, all aggressiveness and hostility-related scales, with the exception of Verbal aggression scale, showed low reliability. Reliability in terms of homogeneity, measured by mean interitem correlations, was acceptable (> .20) for 6 out of 15 scales. Factor analysis (maximum likelihood) arrived in this sample at a four-factor solution. Issues regardingthe interpretation of reliability, in terms of Cronbach's alpha or scale homogeneity, are highlighted. The concepts of reliability of personality measures in deviant groups are discussed and also possible guidelines for the construction of personality inventories in groups of this kind. The results are  briefly discussed from a cultural perspective.

  • 102.
    Dåderman, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strindlund, Hans
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro University.
    Fredriksen, Svend-Otto
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Gothenburg.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    The importance of a urine sample in persons intoxicated with flunitrazepam: legal issues in a forensic psychiatric case study of a serial murderer2003In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 137, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sedative–hypnotic benzodiazepine flunitrazepam (FZ) is abused worldwide. The purpose of our study was to investigate violence and anterograde amnesia following intoxication with FZ, and how this was legally evaluated in forensic psychiatric investigations with the objective of drawing some conclusions about the importance of urine sample in a case of a suspected intoxication with FZ. The case was a 23-year-old male university student who, intoxicated with FZ (and possibly with other substances such as diazepam, amphetamines or cannabis), first stabbed an acquaintance and, 2 years later, two friends to death. The police investigation files, including video-typed interviews, the forensic psychiatric files, and also results from the forensic autopsy of the victims, were compared with the information obtained from the case. Only partial recovery from anterograde amnesia was shown during a period of several months. Some important new information is contained in this case report: a forensic analysis of blood sample instead of a urine sample, might lead to confusion during police investigation and forensic psychiatric assessment (FPA) of an FZ abuser, and in consequence wrong legal decisions. FZ, alone or combined with other substances, induces severe violence and is followed by anterograde amnesia. All cases of bizarre, unexpected aggression followed by anterograde amnesia should be assessed for abuse of FZ. A urine sample is needed in case of suspected FZ intoxication. The police need to be more aware of these issues, and they must recognise that they play a crucial role in an assessment procedure. Declaring FZ an illegal drug is strongly recommended.

  • 103.
    Ekegren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ledarintelligens, självkänsla och personlighetsdrag före och efter deltagande i UGL2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 104. Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership Intelligence Before and After Participation in UGL Leadership Training2015In: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, ISSN 1321-0122, E-ISSN 1942-3241, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 23-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether there was a difference in three types of leadership intelligence (spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, and rational intelligence) before and after participation in a specific leadership training course. Leadership intelligence was assessed with the aid of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ; Dåderman, Ronthy, Ekegren, & Mårdberg, 2013). The study included 125 participants (M = 38 years, SD = 8), 82 of whom were women. The participants achieved significantly higher mean scores in the three types of leadership intelligence after participation in leadership training, than their mean scores before the training. This professional development program may have contributed to the increase in leaders’ mean scores in leadership intelligence, hopefully leading to a higher quality of leadership.

  • 105.
    Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership intelligence, self-esteem and personality traits before and after participation in UGL2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 17-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and 2 immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 106.
    Ekman, Sven
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nilsson, Chris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är du man, tryck start, är du kvinna, byt spel: En kvantitativ studie om könsskillnader inom elektroniskt spelande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined gender differences in electronic gaming and presents a result with a quantitative survey (N=111, n=36 women, n=75 men). The respondents answered how much they play, how much they appreciate different game genres and also to a set of statements meant to measure their motivation for playing games. The result shows that the amount of gameplay correlates negatively with increased age, that men prefers physical and imaginary games to a higher degree than women and that women appreciate simulator games more than men. Regarding gamers’ motives for playing, the result shows that men are to a higher degree than women motivated by social interaction between players and the feeling of excitement within gameplay

  • 107.
    Ellertsson, Christin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stress ur ett studentperspektiv: Studenters egna upplevelser och erfarenheter av stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has become more frequent and has evolved into a social problem in a large portion of the population. All interviewees were students at a college in the South of Sweden consisting of three women and one male within the age-range of 25-40. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of how students experience stress, how they reason, counteract and manage stressful situations. Two interviews were conducted, one with a focus group involving three interviewees, and one involving a single interviewee. An interview guide was created and all interviews were recorded using a dictation machine. The analysis was conducted using thematic analysis which resulted in six themes: driving force, control damage, ambiguity, forward planning, positive thinking, and security. The results showed, among other things, that the interviewees could experience that stress adds to personal progress and sometimes as hindering and draining. Situations where the students experience stress as cumbersome can be when they have vague information about what can be expected of them before an examination while they believe a way to counteract this is good structure. The students also have different approaches as to how they handle their stress, such as exercise or performing stimulating activities, which give them satisfaction and motivation.

  • 108.
    Engdahl, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Stenberg, Sofie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikation och stress på demensboende: - En intervju- och observationsstudie av vårdgivares kommunikation medvarandra2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the literature, communication is a vital component to avoid incidents. The aim was to illuminate the importance of communication during transport, to study how caregivers are influenced by time related stress, and how being stressed for time influences communication and to compare the result from this study with an earlier by the same authors. Therefore the following issues were chosen: 1) How caregivers communicate with each other during transport of the care-taker 2) Does time related to stress influence communication? 3) Is there any difference in communication-pattern between two experienced caregivers and one experienced and one less experienced caregivers? Five semi-structured interviews and an observational study were conducted, followed by thematic analysis. The interview participants consisted of four experienced caregivers and a trainee. The results show that the caregivers used double communication, where they indirectly informed each other through the care recipient. A great deal of work was spent on routine and therefore communication between the caregivers was not required. To be on "the same level" and to count before a transport was an important part of communication. Experiencing low stress was something that may had come with years of experience. The conclusion was that a great deal of what was going on was supported by reliable praxis, which affected how the caregivers communicated and experienced the stress level. Many of those who worked the geriatric care had worked together for years. Consequently the need for instructions was reduced. Since the caregivers did not experience stress as a problem, neither did they experience that communication was influenced. These results were further verified in three follow-up interviews at two other dementia care facilities. The theories proposed were supported by the follow-up interviews which were based on analyses from the observation.

  • 109.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Reactions to Tinnitus2008In: The Consumer Handbook on Tinnitus / [ed] Tyler, Richard S., Sedona: Auricle Ink. , 2008, p. 49-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    Olsson, Astrid
    University West, University West, the Library.
    The state and art of tinnitus research from a critical discourse perspective2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives 

    Tinnitus is a condition that almost entirely belongs to the field of audiological medicine, predominately regarded as a disorder of the ear. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of the art concerning the scientific discourse on tinnitus. Our main interest was to find the answers to: Who are involved in the research; i.e. within a disciplinary context? What approaches have been most influential?  How much influence does one specific perspective have on the discourse compared to another perspective?

    Methods

     A selection of articles with tinnitus as the main objective, published in international journals between 1930-2013, were analyzed according to Critical discourse analysis and influenced by concepts deriving from (Laclau and Mouffe, 1985). Collected articles were representative, disciplinarily seen.

    Results

    Discourse analysis showed to be an appropriate method for studying the discourses on tinnitus within a time period of more then 80 years. The most influential discourse on the definition of tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of a sound (s) in the absence of an external sound source. It is clear that this definition has been adopted regardless of disciplinary field. Philosophical and existential aspects of tinnitus suffering are not prevalent in the discourses on tinnitus, a somewhat understandable result, as the influence of medical science is exceptional. 

    Conclusion

    Generally seen, the dominance of one discourse in a field of research can lead to an inhibition of other valuable discourses from the periphery (the field of discursivity). The most productive scientific strategy would be to allow several discourses to exist side by side. A significant point to stress, since no epidemiological data so far have demonstrated that the populations of tinnitus patients in any way are homogeneous.

  • 112.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dauman, Nicholas
    Univ Poitiers, Dept Psychol, .
    Categorization of tinnitus in view of history and medical discourse2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, p. 23530-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation and paradigms have had no influence on how the condition is defined as for instance one would expect psychologists and neurologists to have their own viewpoint on this issue.

  • 113.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A
    University of Florida, Department of Communicative Disorders, College of Public Health and Health Professions.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults2008In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Korvela, Anita
    Korvela, Nina
    Döva ungdomars vardag med tolk2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 116.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 117.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Persson, Maj-Liz
    Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neuroscience.
    A longitudinal study investigating the contribution of mental illness in chronic tinnitus patients2006In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 124-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of affective components seen in relation to tinnitus suffering was investigated in 70 patients consulting at an audiological clinic. They were interviewed and answered the Spielberger's State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). It was hypothesized that an anxious and depressed mood might be a sign of a serious psychiatric illness and, therefore, diagnostic interviews including the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), Axis II (personality) disorders (SCID-II), the BDI, the Montgomery A?sberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Hopelessness Scale (HS), as well as biomedical tests, were conducted in a subgroup of 18 individuals. Fifty per cent (two women and seven men) were diagnosed as suffering from a personality disorder. No significant relationships were revealed when various biochemical markers were analysed. One and a half years later, 16 subjects were interviewed a third time and answered the STAI and the BDI. There was a clear trend in the data showing that patients having a personality disorder did not change their distress profile from the first to the third period of assessment. In these patients, a vicious circle caused by pronounced intolerance to life stress seems to operate in a more serious way than in patients who do not suffer from a personality disorder. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

  • 118.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, LenaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssät2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Inledning2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 7-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Avrundning2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 169-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Inledning: Perspektiv på ungdomars vardag2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, EmmaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Riskbeteende och sociala faktorers betydelse för barns och ungdomars hörsel.2006In: Inre och yttre världar: funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Falkeling, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Everlund, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd anställningsbarhet bland högskolestudenter: Betydelsen av ålder, upplevd självförmåga samt extraversion2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there was a relation between perceived employability, extroversion, self-efficacy and age in students at a university in Western Sweden. Furthermore the purpose was to examine if these factors can predict perceived employability. A comparison between differences in perceived employability was also made between different programs and gender. Surveys was handed out to second-years students at six different educational programs at University West. The results showed that self-efficacy and age can predict perceived employability. There was also a positive correlation between each of the predictors with perceived employability. There was no significant difference between the sexes in perceived employability. Although, differences between the various programs was significant and the nurses self-rated themselves highest in perceived employability.

  • 125.
    Fjellman, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ylander, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Är emotionell intelligens här för att stanna?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence is a concept that in recent decades has been more and more talked about. The concept is often described by other concepts such as motivation, empathy, social skills, warmth and optimism. The present study focuses on the emotional intelligence of managers, and variables that correlate with Ronthys emotional intelligence. The study included 95 managers in Gothenburg and Mölndal. In order to answer the questions of the study, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regressions were used. The dependent variable was Ronthy’s emotional intelligence and independent variables were emotional intelligence as measured by well-tested instruments (BEIS-10 and HrQM empathy). The results showed that there was a sex difference and there was a statistically significant difference regarding HrQM empathy, and variable BEIS-10 (1) assessment of their own feelings. ANOVA revealed no significant differences in Ronthys emotional intelligence in relation to work position. Based on the regression analysis, HrQM empathy, BEIS-10 (4) regulation of the feelings of others and BEIS-10 (5) emotion explained part of the variance in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. HrQM empathy explained more of the variance than the other variables, although the differences were small. The conclusion showed, according to the current sample, that there was no significant difference between women and men in Ronthy’s emotional intelligence. Women showed, according to self-ratings, more HrQM empathy in their leadership than men, which is interesting because empathy is said to be a part of emotional intelligence

  • 126.
    Floberg, Bent
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Avdelningsledare på högskolan: Möten och ledarskapsroller2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att illustrera avdelningsledares roller och möten i det dagliga arbetet. Uppdraget som avdelningsledare på en högskola är speciellt då avdelningsledaren arbetar inom tre olika kulturer samt är begränsat i både tid och omfattning. Studien har utförts genom observationer där tre avdelningsledare har följts. Resultatet visar att 64 % av arbetstiden gick åt till olika typer av möten och de vanligaste ledarskapsrollerna som observerades var som ledare och informationsspridare. Vidare bedömdes avdelningsledarna bedriva ett ledarskap som visade sig till övervägande del vara vad som enligt Luthans (1988) är ett effektivt ledarskap för organisationen, snarare än ett karriärinriktat ledarskap.

  • 127.
    Floodh, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Serey, Katerine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Learning by cleaning: En studie om utvecklingsinriktat lärande i en kommunal verksamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been conducted in a municipal workplace where employees who attended work in the sanitation / cleaning. The purpose is to examine the learning that comes in ex-pression by interaction between employees in various working groups and how it is perceived by the employees.

    The methods that have been used to obtain the empirical data have been interviews and ob-servations. In this study10 interviews has been conducted with employees and five observa-tion times with four different groups. The interviews were then transcribed and analyzed from a phenomenological approach and observations with a hermeneutic approach inspired by eth-nography.

    What has appeared from the empirical data were five themes: change, communication, under-standing, obstacles and participation. These themes indicate shows overall the result of how learning can be experienced in a workplace where employees can integrate with each other. Employees experience a high level of learning and development through exchange experi-ences, variety, good dialogue and participation for example, but they also experience obsta-cles such as stress, alienation and top-down.

  • 128.
    Forsén, Märit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Larsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Belief in a just world och attityder till individuell lönesättning: vad avgör om du upplever att du får vad du förtjänar?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to earlier research the employees’ attitudes towards individualized pay are vital for how well the pay system will work in the organization. The aim of this study was to examine as to what degree Belief in a Just World (BJW) correlates with attitudes towards individualized pay. BJW is the need to believe that the world is a just place where people get what they deserve. The construct can be divided into personal and general BJW. Personal BJW concerns the belief that events in the person’s own life is just and general BJW that the world over all is just. An additional aim for this paper was to research to what degree personal and general BJW predicts attitudes to individualized pay when satisfaction with current pay-system and perceived pay equity where controlled for. Data was collected through a questionnaire that measured attitudes towards individualized pay, experience with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity. The total number of respondents where 54, 44 women and 10 men. The average age was 43,7 years (sd= 9,5). The respondents were mainly Swedish public sector employees. A positive correlation (.24) between personal BJW and attitudes towards individualized pay was found. Those who had a stronger belief

     

    that the world is just had a more positive attitude towards individualized pay. When more variables where controlled for the satisfaction with the workplace’ current pay-system and perceived pay equity were stronger predictors for attitudes towards individualized pay than general and personal BJW.

  • 129.
    Francke, Sophia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strandh Bäckström, Linn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lojalitet, motivation och socialt stöd inom bemanningsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lojalitet, socialt stöd och motivation anses vara väsentliga faktorer för företags framgång. Bemanningsföretag verkar i en expansiv bransch där konkurrensen om lönsamma affärer och professionella medarbetare ökar. Med utgångspunkt från att konkurrensen inom branschen kommer att öka finns det fördelar med att verka för en ökad långsiktighet vad gäller anställningstiden i branschen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur ett bemanningsföretags interna medarbetare och externa konsulter upplevde konsultrollen, lojalitet, socialt stöd, kommunikation och motivation samt eventuella diskrepanser mellan de interna medarbetarna och externa konsulternas inom dessa områden. Kvalitativ metod har använts och semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med nio respondenter. Tematisk analys användes vid bearbetningen av insamlad data. Studiens resultat visade, i enlighet med tidigare forskning, att kommunikation var en viktig faktor för att skapa lojalitet. I studien betonades vikten av personliga möten för att förbättra den personliga relationen och kommunikationen. Faktorer som bidrog till ökat socialt stöd var en individanpassad och tydlig kommunikation, feedback, konsultträffar samt konsultchefer som var väl insatta i arbetsförhållandena för de externa konsulterna. De främsta motivationsfaktorerna var utbildning och kompetensutveckling. Andra motivationsfaktorer som framhölls var goda relationer på arbetsplatsen samt intressanta arbetsuppgifter. 

  • 130.
    Fransson, Madelene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konflikthanteringsstil och upplevd stress hos universitetslärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress has been found to occur in the teaching profession. Stress is connected with conflicts in the psychosocial work environment. The purpose of the study was to investigate if conflict styles were related to the experience of stress. The study examined which style that was most and least frequent, and university teachers perceived stress levels. A further aim was to examine whether stress and conflict styles were related to gender and age. The participants were 92 full-time teachers (52 women) at University West. For the data collection the Perceived Stress Scale and Thomas - Kilmann Conflict Mode Instruments were used among with background questions regarding gender, age and institutional belonging. The results showed the competing style to be least frequent and that teachers' perceived stress level was considered to be relatively low. The results also showed a weak positive non-significant correlation between stress and the two styles; collaboration and avoidance. The relationship between stress and the avoidance style, and between stress and the collaborative style, were discussed to be perceived as more stressful since both styles try to ensure both needs in a conflict. The study found that stress and the competing style tended to be less frequent and less prevalent among older teachers, which were discussed to be positive since it indicates that teachers do not look to meet their own needs in front of their students. A critical approach should be use with these results, since the internal consistency regarding conflict management styles, were difficult to assess

  • 131.
    Fredriksson-Larsson, Ulla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Stress Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, , Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    The single-item measure of stress symptoms after myocardial infarction and its association with fatigue.2015In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 5, p. 345-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surviving a myocardial infarction (MI) can be a stressful event entailing challenges in daily life during the recovery period. Experiencing fatigue symptoms post-MI has been described as bothersome and occurs in nearly half of patients four months and two years after MI. The aetiology of fatigue disorder is unclear, but research has shown that fatigue plays an important role in the relationship between stress and perceived poor health. Previous findings indicate that having access to an easily administered stress measurement is worthwhile both in the clinic and in research. The single-item measure of stress symptoms has not been validated in persons treated for MI. The aim was to validate the single-item measure of stress symptoms and to explore its association with fatigue in a sample of persons treated for MI. Methods: 142 respondents completed the questionnaires of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20, the single-item measure of stress symptoms and the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PPS-10) two months post-MI. Correlation analysis and t-tests were used to validate the single-item stress measure and its association with post-MI fatigue. Results: The convergent validity of the single-item measure of stress symptoms was confirmed. In analyses of relations between stress and fatigue, it was found that the single-item stress measure was strongly associated with both the global fatigue score and all four fatigue dimension scores (general, physical and mental fatigue as well as reduced activity). Conclusion: The single-item measure of stress symptoms was found to be a valid measure of post-MI stress. Also, the measure was useful in assessing associations between stress and fatigue and could therefore indicate that post-MI fatigue experiences should be further explored in full using multidimensional fatigue assessmen

  • 132.
    Friberg, Martina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wallius, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasieelevers attityd till marijuana: Upplevd självkänsla och upplevd känsla av sammanhang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey was made on the basis of today's attention of the use of the drug marijuana and its synthetic counterparts among young people. Also, the liberalization that has occurred in other countries created an interest to do the survey. A questionnaire study was conducted among third graders in upper secondary school in the region of Västra Götaland. The study had 57 respondents with a mean age of 18 years and the gender distribution was 33 % female and 67 % male. The study showed that male upper secondary students' tended to have a more accepting attitude towards the drug marijuana. This attitude also had a positive correlation with self-esteem. The study found no statistically significant correlation between sense of coherence (SOC) and attitude toward marijuana. SOC and self-esteem was however positively correlated, which is in line with previous research. In summary, students in the third grade of upper secondary school with higher self-esteem also tended to be more accepting in their attitude toward the drug marijuana.

  • 133.
    Frisen, Ann
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology.
    Anneheden, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Changes in 10-year-old children’s body esteem: A time-lag study between 2000 and 20102014In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 123-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This time-lag study examined if there has been any changes in body esteem over a 10-year period for 10-year old children in Gothenburg, Sweden. Two cohorts of children, one in year 2000 and one in 2010, answered the same questionnaire about body esteem. A total of 960 children, 515 girls and 445 boys, participated in the first wave in 2000 and a total of 342 children, 171 girls and 171 boys participated in the second wave in 2010. The results showed a general stability in levels of body esteem for both girls and boys over the past 10years. The gender differences, with boys being more satisfied with their appearance and weight compared to girls also seems to be stable over the years. In addition, the results also showed a somewhat positive development among the overweight girls with enhanced body esteem for the overweight girls compared to the non-overweight girls during the ten years studied. Unfortunately, the same pattern was not found for overweight boys. For them the discrepancy in body esteem compared to non-overweight boys, with the overweight boys being more dissatisfied, found in 2000 remained in 2010.

  • 134. Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Lunde, Carolina
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Peer Victimisation and Its Relationships with Perceptions of Body Composition2009In: Educational Studies, ISSN 0013-1946, E-ISSN 1532-6993, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the links between children's exposure to peer victimisation, in terms of type and frequency, their body composition and subjective perceptions of body composition. A total of 960 Swedish 10-year-olds (515 girls and 445 boys) completed questionnaires about their peer victimisation experiences, weight and height, and perceptions of shape and stature. Results showed that whereas overweight girls reported exposure to both appearance-teasing and bullying, overweight boys mainly reported repeated experiences of appearance-teasing. When examining the relative importance of body composition (weight and height) and perceptions of body composition on peer victimisation experiences, children's negative body perceptions were more strongly associated with the outcome than were body composition. This study hence stresses that children who are victimised also seem to battle unfavourable attitudes towards their physical selves, which may cause increasing concern as the child enters adolescence.

  • 135.
    Gavelin, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjöström, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar och villighet att betala extra: En kvantitativ studie gällande miljömärkning och social produktmärkning av mobiltelefoner2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal values are an important part of psychology and concerns what people consider to be of importance in their lives. Recent studies have focused on the effect personal values have on people’s willingness to pay when it comes to fair trade and eco-labelled food. The purpose of this study was to examine personal values linked to willingness to pay when it comes to a fairtrade or eco-labelled mobile phone, regarding people who live in three closely situated towns in western Sweden. The participants in this study were 79 men and women in the ages 18 – 64. This was a quantitative study and one of the instruments used were Schwartz Portrait Values. The results show that people who found the values benevolence and univeralism to be most important where those who were willing to pay more for these kind of mobile phones. The result is consistent with earlier studies

  • 136.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Integrated Learning: a Marriage Between Academia and Working Life2015In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 38-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a demand for increased cooperation between higher education institutes and surrounding society, and different frameworks for such cooperation have been developed. University West in Sweden has a profile calledwork-integrated learning which could be regarded as a systematical approach for combining theory and practice.Actually work-integrated learning has become an ideologyfor the University which permeates all activities, i.e. education, research and cooperation with surrounding society. This article is a review, explaining and exemplifying our approach. We will also discuss strategies and challenges for bringing the relationship between theory and practice into a prospering marriage.

  • 137.
    Gharib, Kashma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Halawi, Nafisse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Monetära och icke-monetära belöningar: En kvantitativ studie gällande motivationsfaktorer på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was written to examine the factors that motivate most in the workplace and whether these could be predicted based on gender, qualifications length, and personality. The aim was to find out how the employees at the company estimate different motivational factors at work, if there is a difference in estimation among genders, and if different variables could affect this estimation. The method was carried out by letting the employees answer a survey form where they had to estimate different motivational factors and conduct a personality test. 43 out of 50 participated and all of them were office-workers from two different departments. The results showed that monetary motivation factors, at a group level, were valued higher at the workplace and that women estimated monetary motivators higher than men. The results also showed that the variables gender and monetary motivation factors correlated statistically significantly, while the remaining variables, which all varied with difference in strength and direction, were not statistically significant. This therefore means that the results cannot be generalized to the population since there is an absence of evidence for such correlations. However, these relationships between the variables are considered common in psychology. Another thing that can have affected the validity of the study's results is the expansion of the sample. Since this study was conducted in different departments, this may have affected the results since the different departments may have had different experiences or attitudes. The authors of this study did not find plenty of previous research and studies to confirm the survey results.

  • 138.
    Ghorban, Maryam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Människa – Teknik – Organisation ur ett utredningsperspektiv: En intervjustudie av medarbetare vid Statens haverikommission2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human - Technology - Organization (HTO) is a well-established, general unifying concept in the Swedish Accident Investigation Authority (SHK) that represents an approach, knowledge and use of various tools regarding interactions between people, technology and organizational factors. The HTO-perspective is well described in literature but there are few studies on how SHKs staff experiences working according to this method in their investigations. The aim of this study was therefore to describe their HTO-perspective, examine how it is used in the investigations at SHK and describe the investigators experience of working with the HTO-perspective as well as the method's usefulness compared to old methods in accident investigations. A literature study has been conducted in the areas of HTO, Theory of planned behavior (TPB) and safety culture. TPB and safety culture are described in this paper since they highlight the different aspects of a HTO-perspective. The hypothesis was answered by using semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analyzed by a content analysis and themes were identified. Furthermore the material from the interviews was subsequently structured through a Strength – Weakness – Opportunities – Threats analysis (SWOT), i.e. the informants' view on the HTO-perspective was structured based on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats SHKs staff experience that the method has in the investigative work. The informants consisted of two investigators at SHK who 3have worked with accident investigations for a long time in various roles. The results yielded that the investigators had a positive attitude towards conducting investigations according to the HTO-perspective because they feel that this perspective provides them with cross-competence. A flaw is though that the perspective lacks a structured approach. As a result of this, the investigators own experiences and expertise play a major role in the quality of the investigation. As the study's aim is met and the informants are considered to be experts the validity requirements are also fulfilled.

  • 139.
    Gilbertsson, Rebecka
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hjalmarsson, Matilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Studenters upplevda stress inför det kommande arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie bland sistaårsstudenter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine to what extent internal and external locus of control along with work experience could predict the degree of perceived stress for the future working life. The study also aimed to measure the degree of perceived stress for the coming working life among the participants. The study participants consisted of 45 last year students, mainly from the programs Human Resource Management and Human Factors, at University West. The study was a quantitative survey with a cross-sectional design. The questionnaire consisted of background questions, Rotter’s I-E scale, and three self-constructed questions about the stress of the future working life. The theoretical background consisted of various researchers’ definition of stress and Julian B. Rotter’s concept of locus of control. Data were analyzed in a multiple regression analysis with locus of control, work experience in the field of education and work experience in total as independent variables. Stress for the coming working life was the dependent variable. The study results, which were in line with previous research, showed

    2

    that the degree of internal versus external locus of control and work experience, to some extent could predict the degree of perceived stress for the future working life. The results indicated that the higher degree of external locus of control an individual had, the higher the level of stress for the coming working life experienced by the individual. The results also showed that the longer work experience in the area for the education, the lower the degree of stress for future working life. The study results also showed a relatively high degree of perceived stress for the coming working life. The authors of the study found no previous research on perceived stress for the future working life. The study thus contributed to a broader field of knowledge in the area

  • 140.
    Gjokaj, Demir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Spjuth, Jon
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kommunikationen om risker på en svensk flygplats: En kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Airports are an important part of today´s existent infrastructure and are often built in close connection to our cities. Airports are covered by the law of aviation security, which aims to prevent criminal and unlawful acts against civil aviation. Safety at airports is crucial for passenger´s, but also for second- and third party victims who would be adversely affected by an aircraft accident. The following study aims to investigate how employees perceive airports communication of risks and how airports are organized to be high-reliability organizations (HROs). To examine the purpose of the study we interviewed four informants who at that time worked on a major airport in Sweden. The age range of the informants was 24-45 years and was represented by both men and women. Informants of this study were working with strategic and supervisory tasks related to safety at the airport. Data collection was done through interviews and the questions were formulated to answer this study´s purpose. On the basis of an interview guide, semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis and by repetitive reading of the transcript we were able to identify important themes and subthemes. The results of the following study argues that the work of the investigated airport is not organized on the basis of HRO-principles and that the communication of risks does not take place according to HRO- principles, this based on the informants experiences. The conclusion of present study indicates that some error can occur at the investigated airport without a catastrophic event as a result.

  • 141.
    Gouranios Nycander, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hermansson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie av sambanden mellan locus of control, self-efficacy, socialt stöd och positiv feedback2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational psychology can sometimes appear too problem-oriented emphasizing only the problems and conflicts within organizations. Though there is some focus on studying of the relationships and processes that contributes to people, groups and organizations working well. The purpose of this study was so to explore possible relationships between positive feedback, self-efficacy, locus of control and social support. Data was collected through a web-based questionnaire. The scales that were used were Work Locus of Control Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Social Support subscale from QPS Nordic. To measure positive feedback the authors constructed a scale specifically for the task. The participants of this study were employees at three different elementary schools in a middle-sized town in Sweden. The sample size was 58 persons (47 women and 11 men). The result of this study showed significant correlations between positive feedback, self-efficacy and locus of control. Conclusions made from the result are that positive feedback plays a significant role in the workplace and is a variable to consider for further investigation. 

  • 142.
    Graepler, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cyberloafing: En enkätstudie om internetanvändning för privat bruk under arbetstid2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technology has made great strides during the last years. The development of technology has created new opportunities for growth and marketing for companies. Internet is a tool that has helped to createtheseopportunities. This asset has also led to an opportunity for employees to engage in”invisible”, non-work related activities such as cyberloafing (internet use for personal use during working hours). Previous researchhas reportedtwo levels of cyberloafing which are called minor cyberloafing (e.g. sending and receiving private e-mail) and severe cyberloafing (e.g. participate in online games involving real money). The purpose of this study was to examine the activities that occurred when employees used the Internet for private purposes and also why cyberloafing occurred. The purpose was also to studytherelationships between participants' attitude towards cyberloafing and how they felt that cyberloafing affected their job performance. It also examined if therewasa connection between how many times per day the participants on average used the cyberloafing and their attitude towards the subject. It was of interest to investigate whether there were any differences between the public and the private sector. The study was conducted using an online questionnaire and had 87 respondents. The participants came from companiesinthe Trestads area. Therequirementwas that the employees had daily access to Internet. Our results showed that the most common activity was visiting news sites. The results of this study showed some significant differences between genders and between the public and the private sector.

  • 143.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    An Examination of Swedish Human Resource Management Students' Beliefs about What Work Should Ideally Be Like2015In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 166-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Resource Management students' beliefs about how work should be organised will influence their behaviour in future professional positions. This prompted a study in which students in a three-year programme in Human Resource Management at University West in Sweden commented on a number of statements about what work should ideally be like. All 140 respondents were born between 1978 and 1990 and hence belong to Generation Y, also known as Generation Me. The respondents generally agreed strongly with humanistic beliefs about work and female students agreed with humanistic beliefs to a far greater extent than male students.

  • 144.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attitudes towards Fairtrade Principles and Environmental Views among the Inhabitants of a Rural Swedish Town2015In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 6, no 13, p. 1661-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates associations between values and preference for the Fairtrade concept andcompares the ecocentric and anthroprocentric views of Nature. The intention of Fairtrade productlabelling is to increase consumers' awareness of products that have a presumably more positiveinfluence on workers' lives in developing countries. The ecocentric view assumes that Nature hasan intrinsic value and should be preserved regardless of economic implications. The anthropocentricview, on the other hand, assumes Nature has value only because of the material, physical,or other benefits Nature provides humans. All respondents in the study were residents of Gestad, asmall town in a sparsely populated area of Sweden. Among the main results of the study was thatself-transcendence values (e.g., universalism and benevolence) were positively correlated with apreference for Fairtrade and ecocentrism, and negatively correlated with anthropocentrism. Conservationvalues (e.g., tradition and conformity) were positively correlated with anthropocentrism,and negatively correlated with a preference for Fairtrade. Another result was that women weremore positive than men towards Fairtrade and ecocentrism.

  • 145.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consumer attitudes to ethically labelled products2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is an overview of academic research into consumer attitudes towards, and choice of, alternatives with ethical, in the sense of socially aware, product labelling. Nearly all research within this field has been conducted on consumers in (northern) Europe and in the USA. In certain literature on the subject, a broader definition is used of ethical product alternatives; normally products are included in that case with different types of environmental labelling. Socially responsible product labelling focuses on issues linked to how the production of labelled goods influences both the people as well as the local communities where the production of the goods takes place. In order for the product to be socially labelled it is necessary that active work is undertaken in the field of employee rights. Child labour and all forms of discrimination shall be actively opposed while democracy and the right to organise in the workplace, including the right to form trade unions, shall be promoted. The purpose of social labelling is that consumers in the developed world shall be given the possibility of choosing product alternatives that have a more favourable effect on the communities where the goods are produced. The Fairtrade label is the dominant social labelling; the lion's share of the academic research into consumer attitudes to products with social labelling has been carried out with Fairtrade labelled product alternatives in focus. Research has shown that a large share of the Swedish population knows the Fairtrade label and their trust in the Fairtrade label is relatively high. Women generally have a more positive attitude towards Fairtrade than men. To place greater emphasis on self-transcending values, i.e. to strive to transcend personal and individual interests and instead to work for the good of others (and in that case also others with whom one is not in direct contact) has been shown to increase the likelihood of having a positive view of Fairtrade. To strive for "warm relations" (to have close colleagues and friends and deep ties of friendship) are also associated with a positive attitude to Fairtrade. Certain studies have investigated how much consumers are prepared to pay for a socially labelled product. The results vary quite sharply and the methodology in itself has also been criticised. Researchers in this field believe that the so-called "willingness-to-pay" studies function as a kind of attitude indicator, rather than a measure of how much one is actually prepared to pay. In studies where factors such as good working conditions are set against the products being produced in an eco-friendly manner, it has been found that the social, employee right aspects, and in particular the fact that no child labour has occurred, are shown to be more important than the fact that the products are produced in an eco-friendly way.

  • 146.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konsumenters inställning till produkter med etisk märkning2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en översikt över akademisk forskning om konsumenters inställning till och val av alternativ med etiska, i meningen sociala, produktmärkningar. Nästan all forskningen inom området har genomförts på konsumenter i (norra) Europa och i USA. I viss litteratur används en bredare definition av etiska produktalternativ, vanligen inkluderas då än  produkter med olika typer av miljömärkning. Sociala produktmärkningar har fokus på frågor om hur produktionen av de märkta varorna påverkar såväl människor som de lokala samhällena där produktionen äger rum. För att produkten skall få märkas med en social märkning krävs att det arbetas aktivt med arbetsrättsliga frågor. Barnarbete och diskriminering skall motverkas och demokrati och organisationsrätt, inklusive rätten att bilda fackföreningar, skall främjas. Syftet med de sociala märkningarna är att konsumenter i i-länder skall ges möjlighet att välja alternativ av varor som har en mer gynnsam inverkan på de samhällen där varorna produceras. Fairtrade-märkningen är den dominerande sociala märkningen och den största delen av akademisk forskning om konsumenters inställning till produkter med sociala märkningar har gjorts med Fairtrade-märkta produktalternativ i fokus. Forskning har visat att en stor andel av den svenska befolkningen känner till  fairtrademärkningen och förtroendet för märkningen är relativt hög. Kvinnor är generellt sett mer positivt inställda till Fairtrade. Att lägga större vikt vid självöverskridande värderingar, d.v.s. att sträva efter att överskrida personliga och individuella intressen och istället arbeta för att vara andra till gagn (och då även andra som man inte är i direkt kontakt med) har visat sig öka sannolikheten för att man är positivt inställd till Fairtrade. Att sträva efter "varma relationer" (att ha nära kompisar och vänner och djupa vänskapsband) är även det förknippat med en positiv inställning till Fairtrade. I en del studier har man undersökt hur mycket konsumenter är beredda att betala för en produkt som är märkt med en social märkning. Resultaten varierar ganska kraftigt och även metodiken som sådan har kritiserats. Forskare inom området menar att så kallade "willingness-to-pay" studier fungerar som ett slags attitydmått, snarare än mått på hur mycket man faktiskt är beredd betala. I studier där man ställt faktorer som goda arbetsförhållanden mot att produkterna är miljövänligt producerade har man funnit att de sociala, arbetsrättsliga aspekterna, och då i synnerhet att inget barnarbete har förekommit, anges som viktigare än att produkterna framställts på ett miljövänligt sätt.

  • 147.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Köpkriterier, sociala normer och åsikter om miljömärkta matvaror2003Report (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar och preferens för rättvis handel (fair trade) hos gymnasielever2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras resultat från en studie av samband mellan vikt en individ lägger vid värderingar och preferens för rättvis handel (fair trade). Respondenterna var gymnasieelever i Vänersborg (n = 99). Data samlades in med hjälp av enkäter. Vikt vid värderingar mättes med List of Values (LOV) skalan. Större vikt vid värderingarna ”Varma relationer till andra” och ”Självförverkligande” hade samband med starkare preferens för rättvis handel.

  • 149.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bergström, Kerstin
    Dept. of Home Economics Gothenburg University.
    Fuentes, Christian
    Dept. of Business Administration Marketing Group, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg University.
    Shanahan, Helena
    Dept. of Home Economics Gothenburg University.
    Solér, Cecilia
    Dept. of Business Administration Marketing Group, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg University.
    Exploring the perception and use of environmental information in the food system2006In: Environmental information in the food supply system, Stockholm: Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI) , 2006, p. 31-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Biel, Anders
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Predictors of purchase of eco-labelled food products: A panel study2007In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 701-708Article in journal (Refereed)
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