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  • 101. Bernheim, B-G.
    et al.
    Hattinger, Monika
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sharing Thoughts and Associations: Towards a Neural Metaphor Supporting Boundary Objects in Community Networks,2003In: IRIS 26, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Bernheim, Bo-Göran
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ett förslag till en metod för konceptuell modellering2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vetenskapliga teorier och begreppsmodeller kan ses som representationer av kunskap om något fenomen. Teorier är alltid abstraktioner av ett fenomen, med syfte att; beskriva, förklara, förutse eller styra detta fenomen.

    I ett nummer av MIS Quarterly (2003 27(3) pp iii-xii), argumenterar Ron Weber (2003) för att forskare inom IS-domänen bör sträva efter bättre precision när man presenterar och diskuterar forskning och teorier.

    I den här uppsatsen analyseras Ron Webers artikel för att ta fram en konceptuell modell, en begreppsmodell, för vetenskapliga teorier.

    Syftet är att skapa en modell för vetenskapliga teorier som kan leda till bättre formalisering och tydliggörande av vetenskapliga teorier.

    Dessutom skapas en enhetlig och konsistent terminologi avseende de element (relationer mellan olika entiteter, dessas egenskaper, tillstånd och relaterade händelser) som kan ses som den minsta gemensamma nämnaren för att beskriva alla existerande fenomen. En instansiering av denna modell skulle kunna tjänstgöra som ett generiskt arkiv 1 för kunskap.

  • 103.
    Bernheim, Bo-Göran
    et al.
    Semcon Sweden AB, Department of Industrial Management, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Towards Organizational Performance Understanding Management Mindsets and Work Practice2004In: Proceedings of IRIS27 2004, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces the concept of Organizational Performance (OP). Werefer to OP as a management concept, which further develops the research andpractise within Knowledge Management (KM). Our implications suggest Empowerment as a complementary concept to KM. Based upon a practitioner'sreflections on different OP-related problems identified from different consultancy projects within Swedish Industry Bureaucracies we discuss the similarities and differences between different KM/OP management theories andpractises. In such settings, relations between knowledge workers and managersare not satisfactory matched. We discover that different management mindsets are applied from the understanding of work practise. We refer to these mindsetsas Controlling figures respective Managing Knowledge. As a result, we relate experienced-based stories to theoretical concepts within different management mindsets in order to identify implications for a sound organizational performance.

  • 104.
    Berntsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Ny trend för hjälporganisationer: viral video?: Hur hjälporganisationer kan dra lärdom av den virala videon "Kony 2012"2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar upp om hjälporganisationer skulle kunna använda sig utav viral video sommarknadsföringsmetod i sitt arbete att samla in pengar samt sprida sitt budskap. En fallstudiegjordes även på videoklippet “Kony 2012” från organisationen Invisible Children som är ettaktuellt exempel på en hjälporganisations användning av viral video. Klippet “Kony 2012” hardessutom blivit det snabbast sprida klippet någonsin (Wasserman 2012). Det gjordes enkvalitativ studie där tolv personer blev intervjuade. Studien kretsade kring tre huvudområden:spridning av videoklipp, “Kony 2012” och hjälporganisationer. Denna metod valdes för att fåfram hur användare sprider videoklipp, varför klippet “Kony 2012” samt vad de anser omhjälporganisations marknadsföring.För att få reda på om hjälporganisationer kan tänka sig att använda sig utav viral video iframtiden så mailade författarna ut frågor kring ämnet till elva stycken hjälporganisationer. Sexav dessa svarade. Av de svarade så sa alla att de kunde tänka sig att använda viral video sommarknadsföringsmetod i framtiden. Även i intervjuerna så visade att intervjudeltagarna idagsläget inte hade sett så mycket marknadsföring från hjälporganisationer på Facebook menatt det var positiva till att se mer av det i framtiden. Det visade sig även att klippet “Kony2012” väckte mycket känslor och fick många att engagera sig, något som andrahjälporganisationer kan dra nytta av i sin framtida marknadsföring.

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    berntssonjohansson_hjalporg_viralvideo
  • 105.
    Bicoli, Ngadhnjim
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pepi, Elvis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Säkerhetsutmaningar företag står inför vid övergång till molntjänster: En Litteraturöversik2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud Computing has been and still is a rapidly developing innovation with a lot of beneficial impact for companies. The new IT-paradigm of Cloud Computing poses a shift from the traditional way of IT businesses and resources to a new and coveted infrastructure. The Cloud offers the next generation of internet-based computer systems that will promote Cloud Service Users (CSU) through customizable services anywhere and at any time. Despite the many benefits that cloud services offer, security and privacy still remain a key issue, which makes many Chief Technology Officers (CTO) and Chief Information Officer (CIO) not convinced that migrating their company to the cloud is worth the posed risks. This study uses a literature review as a method for compiling and analyzing previous studies, as well as identifying and classifying the security challenges that may arise and or exist for companies in migration to cloud services. The result of this study shows that companies in migration to the cloud risk being exposed to several security attacks, legal problems, transparency, network threats and various security challenges when choosing a different service or implementation model.

  • 106.
    Bijan, Dina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Haddad, Daniella
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Effekter av grafisk design: Den grafiska designens påverkan på användarens tillit till e-handelswebbplatser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has become increasingly important to focus on good graphic design. Users are more likely to use and trust a website when it has a well thought out and appealing graphic design. As it is common to shop from e-commerce websites, it is important to get users to trust the site. E-commerce has become an increasingly important part of users’ lives and it’s important for users to influence factors that contribute to increased engagement, where trust plays a major role. In online transactions where the parties are unknown to each other, online trust is crucial for whether the transaction will take place or not. The purpose of this study is to investigate how graphic design influences users to experience trust in e-commerce websites. This led to the research question:“How does graphic design affect users’ trust in e-commerce websites?”. For this study, aqualitative method has been used, where focus groups have been used to collect data. For this study,we have put together two focus groups that have looked at and compared two types of graphic design on two different websites. Based on our interview questions and based on the graphic design criteria in previous research, the focus groups have responded and discussed which website they trust the most and why. The results have shown that aspects within the graphic design criteria affects users’ trust by having an attractive graphic design and that relevant information must be discoverable to users, that is, the placement of information plays a major role. In addition, the results have shown that it is a factor that a website’s graphic design has aspects that characterize familiarity. 

  • 107.
    Bjurström, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Essle Brantäng, Viktor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Upplevelse om trovärdighet av kastanimationinom 3D CGI: Förbindelse mellan karaktär och projektilrörelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using perception theory as a basis this paper examines the believability of animationusing a ball toss as an outset. Those preconceptions that humans have on how a ballshould travel after a throw are built on previous knowledge and experiences. The papercovers a survey which consists of a sequence of animations made from a recording asreference where the distance of the throw has been changed without changing the speedof the character, as well as a number of clips where the character’s motionspeed hasbeen manipulated while the trajectory of the ball stays the same. The respondents got torate the animation on the basis of believability. The results show that throws that areexaggerated have a tendency to be seen as more believable than those that adhere to reallife reference footage.

  • 108.
    Björnberg, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Coster, Marie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Content marketing: En guide för digital marknadsföring på sociala medier2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this degree project is to explore how content marketing canbeused as a strategy in digital marketing in the limited area social media. The conclusion was brought together by our content analysis, along with some relevant theories in the subject. Our selection is based on fifty companies who each got positive attention for their content marketing. In addition we also conducted qualitative analyses on two of these companies content marketing. We realized when we went through the results that the companies have an entertainment value that relies on a strong customer relationship. A known deficiency was discovered about the companies results early on. We realized we would not be able to get an insight about the companies profits and increased traffic, because of this we where able to put in more effort in the other parts that comprises the full meaning of content marketing.Our conclusion is a graphic guide that shows the use of content marketing in digital marketing on social media.

  • 109.
    Blomgren, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Victoria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ljud och musik som marknadsföringsverktyg2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our thesis is to examine how audio and music can be used for marketing purposes. To answer our purpose, we have conducted interviews with six respondents with experience and knowledge of using audio and music in marketing. The respondents came from three different specializations within the industry; producer, bureau and company. We have also analysed the respondents answers through theories such as content marketing, sensory marketing, musical fit and sonic branding. Our results show that knowledge of how audio and music affects us is of great importance to successfully use it in marketing. Further, our study indicates that audio and music tends to be used as a compliment rather than being in focus, which could risk that it instead becomes a deficient, rather than a winning concept.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 110.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Social mobilisering och organisering via sociala medier2016In: Socialt arbete och internet: att förstå och hantera sociala problem på internet. Liber förlag. Bokkapitel / [ed] K. Daneback & E. Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2016, 1, p. 122-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Borg, Margareta
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "It´s Not For Real": The Tablet as Palette in Early Childhood Education2019In: International Journal of Education & the Arts, E-ISSN 1529-8094, Vol. 20, no 14, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigated how a group of three-year-old preschool children use the drawing application Doodlecast on iPads. The smoothness, rapid response, and distinctive digital visual expressions of the tablet provided visual feedback that influenced the children's preferences for colors. Doodlecast seemed to encourage the children to explore colors and superimpose and fill-in the iPad's screen. In addition, they painted very precise shapes and lines, which seemed to facilitate pattern making and discovery of signs and relations. The children used the eraser tool to correct, reveal, remove, and create shapes. Irrespective of the method –erasing, superimposing, or filling-in the screen – the clear and professional result seemed to provide a visual confirmation that the children were able to master formulas.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 112.
    Boström, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Schagerholm, Emelie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Responsiv webbdesign: en komparativ studie om responsiv fluid och adaptiv webbdesign2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, responsiveness on a website is a must since people use all possible devices to reach a website. It can range from mobiles, tablets, laptops and desktops to smart TVs and game consoles. In this report, we have done a comparative study with experiments to compare two techniques that can be used to create responsive web. Responsive fluid web design that in a fluid/compliant way adapts the elements of the website to the width of the screen and adaptive web design which, with the help of media queries, creates a more "jumpy" design that can change the layout at specific breakpoints/ resolutions. The purpose of the report has been to see how they differ in adaptability, number of lines of code, file size and load times. We have tested by creating two different layouts, a simpler blog page and a slightly more advanced portfolio page, see Appendix 1. We first created these with only responsive fluid techniques to then apply media queries in the second test to improve the layout where it "breaks". The results showed that the adaptive technique was better at adapting the entire layout to different units, it also had better load times but higher number of lines with code and therefore also larger file size compared to the responsive fluid side. Our conclusion is that media queries are still needed to a great extent to help fix the layout in specific places, but that new functions of the grid systems can lead to that media queries is going to be used in the future only to create features on specific units more than to control the layout.

  • 113.
    Boström, Tina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Holmberg, Niklas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "Bilderna som jag lägger upp, ja de betyder väl kanske ingenting": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om bilddelning i sociala medier och privat kommunikation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how we use photo sharing in a communicative purpose, where social media is used as a tool for information and documentation of what we experience. This study tries to answear the following research questions;

    ■ What thoughts do our respondents have regarding image sharing and the desire to document with images?

    ■ What is the attitude towards social media?

    ■ How do one choose social medium in both private and public photo-sharing?

    ■ What can likes and comments in connection with a shared photo create?

    ■ How does one protect the integrity in photo sharing and social media?

    Method: Qualitative in-depth interviews.

    Results: We came to the conclusion that the image plays a very complex and important role in how our respondents communicate with pictures of family, friends and society. There was a standard for how to share information and images, most of the respondents were conscious in what parts should and should not be shared publicly. The image was used to save a memory and for documentation, and works as a communicatively medium to consciously or nconsciously send messages to their friends, families and acquaintances. We saw that image sharing is about sharing, documenting, promoting and communicating, but also about group membership, affirmation and integrity.

  • 114.
    Brandes, Erika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Det mobila arbetslivet: Beredskapsanalys och planering inför organisatorisk förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined how mobile work processes can be integrated into organizations from a business-oriented perspective, and among organizations there’s a lack of long-term strategies, and understanding, for internal business mobility.

    This study examines how an organization can prepare itself for change towards a mobile work life. In order to do this a literature review and case study involving document studies and interviews at an organization with specifically developed methodologies were conducted.

    The results showed that the state of maturity is still relatively low, and there is a need to focus on developing a more thorough understanding of mobility, where challenges involve handling attitudes, organizational culture and leadership. Mobility-related needs involve task-oriented and social aspects, where different technological solutions were suggested to maintain the connections between individuals and the organization.

    There is also a need for more longitudinal studies due to the results showing how the significant changes occur over a longer period of time. An important part of the development of knowledge concerning mobility also involves learning from others’ examples, where this study is a contribution.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 115.
    Brocker, Kristina
    et al.
    Strömstads kommun, Strömstad, Sverige.
    Dalenius, Martin
    Strömstad kommun, Strömstad, Sverige.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Producing digital stories for language learning and digital competence across generations and positions of learners in municipalities2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2019, p. 3-4Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: There is a strong need for methods how to develop language learning and digital competence through all levels of education, and in particular for adult immigrants. In Sweden, the responsible organization for such adult education is called Swedish For Immigrants (SFI), hosted in municipalities. Our paper will describe and analyze a specific effort to create innovative models to not only enhance language learning but also digital competence, something that is emphasized in all levels in the Swedish educational system ranging from kindergarten to adult educations in which SFI is part of. Furthermore, it will also describe how future digital divide between new arrivals and their children growing up in a digital society can be prevented.

    Method and process: The study is framed as an action design research study incorporating initial trials in classroom practice of first translating stories from the mother tongue into Swedish and then later make a digital production using voice and pictures freeware functions in an app on surf tablets. These digital folk tales were then made accessible with QR codes in both Swedish and mother tongue. The latter with the aim of spreading digital folk tales in different mother tongues for children at kindergartens. In order to create an authentic situation for the adult learners in the SFI class, the teacher arranged for the learners to present their stories at kindergartens for both children and staff. At each visit there were 4 students, meeting 8-10 children and 8 staff. This turned out to be a true learning experience for all involved participants.

    Result: In a short period of time the immigrants learnt how to produce digital stories and QR-codes. The children were able to use their tablets and find different stories on different languages on laminated printed QR-code. After listening to the stories, the children could ask questions directly to the producer of the story what it was about including additional questions linked to the specific country the adult person came from. After the round of different stories in Swedish the immigrants hold a presentation for the kindergarten staff about how they had worked with the process of the making of the digital production. Inspired by the immigrants in combination of the response from the children, the staff became enthusiastic in relation to work with digital competence more related to their own work practice rather than a top-down demand, as they had previously experienced curriculum driven need to develop digital competence for their young children.

    Conclusion and future plans: In this case, we could clearly see promising effects from the combined effort of involving actors from children to top management of the municipality interlinked by the curriculum demand of developing digital competence and language learning combined with 21 century skills in life-long learning. Our argument is that story driven digital production combined with co-located presentations and cross generational meetings and talk, is a fruitful way of collaborative effort to empower both children, immigrant adult learners and professional practice of education. The next step is to enlarge the number of participant and have more kindergartens involved in this collaborative model of supporting lifelong learning to find out more about the positive effects seen so far in the design process as well as its problems.

  • 116.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Jalminger, J
    Västra Götaland County.
    Johansson, L-Å
    Alkit Communications, Mölndal.
    Parmerud,, A
    Alkit Communications, Mölndal.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Rydmark, Martin
    Gothenburg University.
    Information and communication technology: a person-centered approach to stroke care2012In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies / [ed] P M Sharkey, E Klinger, Readings: University of Readings , 2012, p. 329-335Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the possibilities of information and communication technology (ICT) in stroke care, addressing a person-centered care (PCC) approach. Attention is paid to user involvement, design, videogames, and communication between health care professionals mutually as well as with patients, and how to share performance data with an electronic health record. This is the first step towards a supportive ICT system that facilitates interoperability, making healthcare information and services available to citizen’s across organizational boundaries. 

  • 117.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Britt
    NU-sjukvården, Uddevalla kommun.
    Ljungberg, Christer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rydmark, Martin
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Götebrog Universitet.
    Stroke rehabilitation using m-Health Care and 3D virtual environments: work in progress2010In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies / [ed] Sharkey, Paul & Sánchez, Jaime, 2010, p. 115-122Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     We have now started testing a telehealth system for stroke rehabilitation in a rural area in Sweden (NU- Hospital Group Area). For collection of assessments and audiovisual communication, the telehealth system has bidirectional contact with the home-based units. To date, three stroke subjects’ participated; they were instructed to play 3D computer games with the hemiplegic upper extremity. The intervention led to clinical changes for all subjects. The analysis of the audiovisual communication revealed that the both stroke subjects and therapists were not yet effective in regulating their turn taking process. The data suggests the feasibility of a distance based approach using 3D virtual environments for upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke.

  • 118.
    Bäckström, Albin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Anton
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Föräldrars upplevelser med webbsidan neonatalvard.se: En webbsida för prematurer och deras familjer under tiden de är i behov av vård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate and evaluate the parents’ experiences with the webpage neontalavard.se. It also aims to contribute with any suggestions for improvement to the webpage that arises during the study. The study applied method combination and triangulation to build up the results. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was used. The quantitative data was collected from a survey and the qualitative was from interviews. An analysis model was created. The analysis model (UTAM) is a further development of TAM.  The results of the surveys and the interviews conducted are presented in the same section. It is done to put words on the numbers by weaving the questionnaire and quotes from the interviews. It results in a greater understanding why someone felt like they did. The analysis was conducted on the basis of the analysis model, UTAM, indicating that the idea is good and the need for a webpage as this is great. But the parents feel that the health care staff are not sufficiently committed to experience the benefit of the webpage. This study shows that the parents’ want better and greater commitment from the health care staff. They also thought it was a good idea and they felt the need for the webpage was great but that is wasn’t necessary this webpage that was the solution. 

  • 119.
    Bäckström, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Classon, Sandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    ÅH! Vad trendigt: Inspirationssökning, inställning till design, trender och plagiering hos designers och studenter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our essay is based on qualitative interviews that we have carried out with professional designers and students who are new to the field of design. From now on, we do only refer to these as "students". We have also collected literature studies to our work and reported these. The reason why we have chosen to interview designers who work professionally with design and design students is that we wanted to be able to compare the answers from these both groups with each other to see what parts they agree on and disagree on when it comes to inspiration, trends and ethics.Our result that we have retrieved in this essay shows that professional designers and students both agree and disagree in different parts when it comes to inspiration, trends and ethics. Both of these groups use, for instance, the social network Pinterest to find inspiration. The professional designers are rather looking for inspiration through portfolio pages where they know they will find materials of good quality than by Google. The students, however, do often search for inspiration by Google by using keywords. When it comes to design trends the professional designers consider trends as important in order to develop the society and themselves as designers. The students on the other hand have a desire that all design should feel timeless and that we should focus on creating sustainable design instead. When it comes to where the line between being inspired by a design and to copy it outright goes, both professional designers and students agrre on that it is permissible to copy some elements from other design work that they then use to create something own. But they agree on that a design has become a plagiarism of something else if an entire layout or design has been copied without any modifications were made

  • 120.
    Bält, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Farnoud Birank, Elmira
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Designprinciper för ökad flödesupplevelse inom Ehandel: en action resign research studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research study brings forth design principles for how to design the user interfaces of e-commerce systems to enhance the user’s flow experience. With regards to the continuously growing amount of need for improvements in e-commerce websites to maintain market competitiveness, a crucial part of achieving a web design with good usability in a competitive industry, is to offer an enhanced flow experience based on the needs of the different user types. Earlier studies on flow theory have identified two types of users, consumers driven by utilitarian values and consumers driven by hedonic values. Earlier studies also states that improving a websites’ flow experience based on knowledge of customers’ individual driving forces can lead to increased sales and a sustainable economy for e-commerce companies. The chosen research approach Action Design Research lets the researchers develop an artifact for an organizational problem, whereas the chosen design method Lean UX enables constant collaboration and embraces Lean-Agile methods. To fulfill the purpose, this study has followed the methods together with the e-commerce company Chimi Home in Gothenburg. Prototyping a new design for the e-commerce website’s user interface was made using the design tool Figma. Through conducted interviews and user tests with staff at Chimi Home and external users data gathering has taken place during two iterations using the ADR method. Through the analysis of the six interviews in the first iteration a clear need for increase for flow experience in the Chimi Homes websites’ interface was identified. To deal with the identified organizational problem, five design principles were developed for increased flow experience within the design of e-commerce systems: Design visual designs that aim to increase trust, Easy navigation through known patterns and the possibility of multi-way navigation, Strive for the right feedback and reduce pop-ups, Increase usability by reducing workload and Ensure that the content meets different user types. 

  • 121.
    Bürge, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Olsson, Christopher
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Typografi inom webbdesign: Webbyråer och deras typografiska mönster2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to review how 40 web agencies design the body text of their own websites regarding font, font size, color & contrast and font weight and how these correlate with the research. The method used to answer the question is a quantitative survey. Data from 40 web agencies in Småland and Västra Götaland has been collected through a random sample.

    The result shows that sans-serifs are used to an extremely high extent in web agencies' body text and that Open Sans and Roboto are very well used. In addition, the majority of websites have black or gray text on a white background. A total of 92.5% of the sites surveyed meet the values for approved (AA) contrast ratio.

    Likewise, it turns out that the font size of the body text corresponds to what previous research has concluded. 30 pages are in the range of 15px to 21px font size. From the results, it can be inferred that Web agencies have a well designed page where font, font size, color & contrast and font weight often correspond to what previous research has concluded.

  • 122.
    Carling, Vilma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Drewitz, Michel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Dark patterns – en del av vår konsumtion på internet?: En artefaktstudie av svenska E-handelsplattformar2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A dark pattern is a manipulative design method used to mislead a user. This can lead to a user making a decision that they have not planned to make. Most people today live in a digital world and dark patterns can be encountered on all types of websites and mobile applications. If a user is aware of the dark patterns that exist, they become ineffective, therefore dark patterns evolve all the time to remain as invisible as possible. To be able to establish better protection for the consumer in the future, against the negative impact of dark patterns at the time of purchase, our study aims to explore the presence of dark patterns on Swedish e-commerce platforms. The study examines both the frequency of dark patterns but also the way in which the design methodology emerges. The study was carried out as an artifact study, where one explores and studies an IT artifact through practice and documentation. In this study, e-commerce platforms were considered as IT artifacts. The e-commerce platforms examined during the artifact study were examined based on a framework developed by Gray et al. (2018), which categorizes dark patterns. The study examined dark patterns on both desktop and mobile devices, on 12 different Ecommerce platforms. These E-commerce platforms were divided into three different Ecommerce categories: Consumer Electronics, Clothing and Food. Dark patterns were found on all E-commerce platforms examined. The results showed that the spread of dark patterns was uneven, with toying with emotion, hidden information and privacy zuckeringbeing most prominent on the E-commerce platforms. No significant difference could be discerned in the appearance of dark patterns on desktop-adapted versus mobile-adapted E-commerce platforms. The results also showed that dark patterns were significantly more prominent in the e-commerce category Home Electronics, compared with Clothing and Food.

  • 123.
    Carlsson, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Inte helt med på noterna?: En kvalitativ studie kring kommunernas tonalitet på Facebook2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our degree project is to create an increased understanding of what tonality municipalities use in their posts on Facebook. The aim of the work is that afterwards there should be clearer guidelines for how a municipality should express itself on Facebook in order to promote the commitment that arises. Our questions are: What tonality does municipalities use in their posts on Facebook? And how does the municipality's tonality on Facebook affect the commitment that occurs? Research will be limited to the four municipalities: Munkedal, Trollhättan, Uddevalla, and Vänersborg, all of which have different degrees of commitment to their Facebook publications (SKL, 2010). The reasons behind the choice of municipalities are that it gives us a wide range of urban and rural municipalities as well as the spread of size between these municipalities. As a method, we used a case study and a content analysis. We categorize the ways we see that municipalities use Facebook. The categories we could distinguish were encouraging, inviting, authoritative and informative. In addition, we saw how the municipalities could express themselves either personally or impersonally.   When it comes to our first issue, we saw that in many places an informative and impersonal tonality is used. It was also that the tonality of posts shifted from posts to posts within the same municipality, which gave the impression that they had no strategy behind how to express themselves on Facebook.

    When it comes to our second issue, we can see much earlier research suggesting that personal tonality is more inviting than neutral (Zavattaroa, Frenchb and Mohantyc, 2015, Kellher and Miller, 2006). Much of the communication that takes place is of typical state-of-the-art design. It is one-way communication that does not call for discussion and creates significantly less commitment than two-way communication (Liu and Horsley, 2007). We therefore recommend municipalities to strive for a two-way communication which gives rise to a greater degree of feedback from the followers (Moonhee et al. 2014).

  • 124.
    Carlsson, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Webbtillgänglighet: en studie om tillgängligheten på Sveriges regioners hemsidor2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to investigate whether Sweden's regions work with accessibility on their websites. As internet usage increases, it is therefore important that everyone can use the web, no matter who you are. Today, there is the Web Accessibility Directive, which requires that you comply with the international standard for accessibility called Web Content Accessibility (WCAG), which contains a collection of guidelines that can be followed to get a more accessible web. have chosen to use a quantitative content analysis as a method, and with a coding scheme as a basis for examining how accessible the websites of the adapted regions are. Based on the guidelines, which are a requirement for the Web Accessibility Directive, some of these were selected which later form the basis of the survey. The results show that the regions comply with the requirements to some extent, but that there are still regions that have not given full priority to complying with the requirements. It is obvious that there is a lack of knowledge about accessibility among developers and web designers today, which can have a significant effect, and it emphasizes how important it is that accessibility is taught on the same terms as other subjects in web development. 

  • 125.
    Carlsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Social Aspects of Strategizing Industrial Digitalization2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to contribute to understanding how contemporary Swedish manufacturing organizations can strategize industrial digitalization with an emerging focus on social aspects. It complements earlier research by highlighting Swedish manufacturing organizations as they stand at the intersection of Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0.

    The thesis is a longitudinal case study of interviews and focus groups between early 2019 and spring 2023. The case study follows an explorative approach to give texture to industrial digitalization and to understand the social aspects of strategizing industrial digitalization. It is limited to the Swedish context and the characteristics of original equipment manufacturers.

    The thesis contributes by texturizing industrial digitalization through three social aspects, which are argued to be a way for manufacturing organizations to give shape to industrial digitalization. The social aspects elaborated on and presented in this thesis are: to look beyond digital technologies, to formalize a shared understanding, and to transcend organizational structures. These social aspects are thematic but also interlinked. Together, these social aspects bring insights into how managers can guide the organizational capabilities to ensure synergy between an organization’s actions and objectives when strategizing industrial digitalization. Strategizing industrial digitalization should, therefore, be texturized by each organization to define and redefine its organizational capabilities. This means each organization's social aspects are unique, making the manufacturing organizations' capabilities unique.

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  • 126.
    Carlsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Strategizing organizational capabilities for industrial digitalization: exploring managers’ technological frames2023In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 20-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study draws on technological frames to provide an understanding of organizational processes of strategizing by exploring how strategizing organizational capabilities for industrial digitalization could be understood through managers’ perceptions of digital technology applications. This study complements earlier research focused on industry outcomes by addressing technological frames to understand how strategizing organizational capabilities within industrial digitalization may provide insight into socio-cognitive aspects which may affect technology-induced organizational change.

    Design/methodology/approach – The single case study uses 14 in-depth interviews collected over two years (October 2020 to February 2022). The study follows an interpretative research design exploring managers’ perceptions of industrial digitalization through a digitalization project.

    Findings – The case study contributes to research by emphasizing socio-cognitive aspects through technological frames exploring how and why managers’ perceptions of industrial digitalization affect strategizing organizational capabilities. The study contributes to practice by bringing attention to the disparate views of industrial digitalization. By illustrating how socio-cognitive aspects shape organizational capabilities, this study offers managers valuable insight into the relationship between an organization’s capabilities, the individual and the shared structures affecting a digitalization project.

    Research limitations/implications – The case study is limited to Swedish manufacturing industries and is not aiming to be transferred or generalized to other industrial contexts or countries.

    Originality/value – This study recognizes that strategizing organizational capabilities depends on managers’ ability to illuminate the socio-cognitive aspects. Hence, the study contributes to practice by bringing attention to the disparate views among managers on the enhancement efforts made using digital technologies.

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  • 127.
    Carlsson, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Taking care of Digital initiatives: Managers approaching industrial digitalization2021In: Proceedings of the International Association for Computer Information Systems: Europe June 24 - 25 2021 - Virtual Conference, 2021, p. 22-24Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Carlsson Norlin, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Storm, Alicia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    IoT: Säkerhet vs användbarhet, vad värderas högst?2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IoT, or Internet of Things, have risen in popularity over the years. IoT can be useful for individuals in different aspects and they can offer an increase in productivity. Although IoT is useful it can also bring security risks. This study will discuss if these advantages will outweigh the device’s security risks and if the users are conscious of the risks that exist. The study will report on how IoT is structured and the risks existing within these layers, as well as what the consequences with the risks are for the users. The study will also report on earlier studies who have looked at people's perceptions of IoT from a security and utility aspects. There have been a number of interviews done in order to examine the research question in the study. The interviews in question have been done in different age groups. This study correlated with different aspects of previous studies and found that there’s a lack of understanding of what the risks with IoT are, but also found that the users wouldn’t change their behavior even after having gained a deeper understanding of the risks. The advantages with IoT are therefore perceived to outweigh the potential risks. The study then discusses if the biggest issue could be the risks that will surface with the expected increase of IoT-devices in 2030 if security measures aren’t taken early enough. The conclusion is that regardless if the solution is to give control back to the users and through this create an awareness of the risks with IoT, or a legislation that forces manufacturers to safeguard the security, that action needs to be taken now to make IoT safer in the future.

  • 129.
    Carlsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Forbidden and necessary: making sense of smartphones in vocational teaching2023In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The digitalization of schools has intensified in recent years. It is reflected in policy documents as well as in extensive investments in digital technology and professional development initiatives to promote digitalization. At the same time, attempts are being made to “tame” the same digitization sometimes by regulations banning smartphones in class. This study aims to examine how smartphones are interpreted by vocational teachers in Sweden using the theoretical lens of technological frames.

    Design/methodology/approach – The data consist of ten semi-structured interviews with vocational teachers, representing eight vocational programs in Sweden.

    Findings – The results show breadth in how teachers understand, interpret and relate to the smartphone in vocational education. The authors show how the smartphone often forms an integral part of professional work and is thus difficult to separate from vocational teaching and nurturing vocational competencies.

    Originality/value – The authors’ contributions include using technological frames to explore how smartphones are interpreted and understood by vocational teachers by demonstrating how they relate to the nature of the smartphone, the strategy for the smartphone and the smartphone in use. The theoretical framework is used to interpret restrictions on technology use, in this case a smartphone, in education. The results could be of interest to researchers as well as to teachers, school leaders and policymakers.

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  • 130.
    Carlsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design. Department of Education, School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Halmstad University (SWE).
    Teaching Here and Now but for the Future: Vocational Teachers' Perspective on Digitalization2022In: International Conference on Work Integrated Learning: Abstract Book, Trollhättan: University West , 2022, p. 70-71Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    When digital technology is introduced into work practice, it means that vocational practice develops and changes (Castells, 2011). New methods, tools, and processes in working life require vocational teachers to develop fundamental vocational competencies and preparedness for this change for their pupil's employability (Persson, 2020). The concept of vocational competencies is understood in different ways (Billett, 2001) yet is often described as tacit and situated (Gåfvels and Paul, 2019). Vocational competence can be described as a symmetric relationship between knowledge, skills, and attitudes (Hiim, 2020, Baartman and De Bruijn, 2011). As working life changes, it places new demands on vocational competence and the use of different technologies. Various attempts have been made to elaborate on the competence needed for teaching in a digitalized society and a digitalized school (Ferrari, 2012, Hatlevik and Christophersen, 2013, Howell, 2012, Kivunja, 2013, Krumsvik, 2008). Vocational practices are intimately associated with physical materials such as objects, bodies, technologies, and these settings permit some actions and prevent others (Carlsson et al., 2022; Fenwick, 2015). In this study, we explore vocational teachers' perspectives on preparing students for future working life and how they relate to teaching in a digitalized society.

    Theoretical perspective

    The TPACK framework, expressing Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge, has arisen as a theoretical framework that specifies what knowledge is required for teaching with technology. It emphasizes that teaching involves developing an understanding of the complex relationship between technology, pedagogy, and content and using this understanding to develop suitable context-specific strategies and representations (Mishra and Koehler, 2006; Willermark, 2018; Willermark and Pareto). In this study, we use TPACK as an analytical lens to explore vocational teachers' perspectives on preparing students for future working life and how they relate to teaching in a digitalized society.

    Method

    The data consists of 10 interviews with vocational teachers from 8 different vocational programs in Swedish upper secondary vocational education. The participants were recruited from a previous survey carried out by the authors (Carlsson & Willermark, 2022) that explored vocational teachers' experiences in using and developing teaching material. A qualitative content analysis was carried out.

    Findings and contributions

    Findings show how teachers benefit from digital technology to support pedagogical strategies as well as facilitate students' content knowledge. Still, digitalization entails challenges of keeping up with changes in professional life and providing students with appropriate vocational digital technologies. It is clear how intimately connected and intertwined digitalization is with pedagogy and the subject content of vocational education (Koehler and Mishra, 2009). Contributions include increased knowledge about digitalization in vocational education, and how it entails navigating tensions between a) teaching practice and vocational practice, b) between different curricula and c) supportive and disruptive digital technologies.

  • 131.
    Carlsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Teaching Here and Now but for the Future: Vocational Teachers Perspective on Teaching in Flux2023In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 16, p. 443-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As working life changes, it places new demands on vocational competence and the use of different digital technologies. It affects vocational teaching, yet digitalization within vocational education constitutes a scarcely researched area. In this study, we explore how vocational teachers relate to teaching in a digitalized society from a socio-material perspective and explore the possibilities as well as the discursive manifestations of contradictions it gives rise to. Data includes semi-structured interviews with ten vocational teachers, representing eight vocational programs in Sweden. Findings show how vocational teachers benefit from digital technology to realize pedagogical strategies and facilitate students’ vocational competence. At the same time, digitalization entails challenges of keeping up with changes in working life and providing students with relevant vocational digital technologies. Contributions include increased knowledge about digitalization in vocational education, and how it entails navigating different contradictions.

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  • 132.
    Carlén, Urban
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde.
    Understanding athlete's online participation: a ticket to qualitative research of online arenas in sport2017In: Digital qualitative research in sport and physical activity / [ed] Bundon, Andrea, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 59-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Carstensen, Peter H.
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Center for Tele-Information, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    "Here is the knowledge-where should I put it?": Findings from a study of how knowledge spaces are used within a support group1999In: Proceedings. IEEE 8th International Workshops on Enabling Technologies:: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises (WET ICE'99), IEEE, 1999, p. 223-231Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to design useful knowledge media spaces to knowledge workers it is essential that we understand the nature of the work conducted and the knowledge applied in real settings. This paper reports from a study of how a group of quality assurance specialists gather, structure and distribute information and knowledge. Based on the findings a number of overall requirements for knowledge mediaspaces are identified and discussed. The essential findingswere that information and knowledge are created and  handled in many different ways and have many differentforms. The core issues of our lessons learned so far are that we carefully need to consider knowledge media spaces both in terms of communication channels and knowledge archives. Knowledge media spaces should be seen as spaces in which knowledge and information is exchanged, filed,retrieved, presented and refined by actors having different vocabulary and perspectives on the knowledge. These characteristics must be taken into account when designing IT and multimedia based knowledge media spaces.

  • 134.
    Carstensen, Peter H.
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    On knowledge management: a field study2000In: Internet-Based Organisational Memory and Knowledge Management, IPG Group Publishing , 2000, p. 170-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that knowledge is one of the most important assets of today's organizations. According to Davenport and Prusak (1998), knowledge is often a company's greatest competitive advantage in a global economy. How to support the company's knowledge-intensive work processes (e.g., quality support, product design or strategic planning) is therefore becoming a vital issue in many organizations worldwide. Identification, analysis and characterization of the knowledge-intensive work processes become essential in order to qualify a discussion of how to support knowledge management processes. This chapter presents, discusses and reflects upon findings from a study of how highly skilled actors manage information and knowledge, i.e., how information is gathered from a wide range of sources, structured according to needs and relevance for the users, and disseminated to the relevant suppliers in the organization. The aim of the chapter is two-folded: first, to contribute to the general empirical body of knowledge about knowledge-intensive work, especially focusing on the central characteristics of the knowledge management processes; secondly, to initiate a discussion of which overall requirements we must set up for how knowledge management processes could be supported by means of information and communication technology. Knowledge-intensive work processes often concern collaborative problem-solving and mutual support that require effective ways of handling information and knowledge between different people, both in short-term and long-term situations. The distributed and dynamic nature of knowledge management work also imposes a high degree of complexity involving many different actors with different conceptualizations, interpretations, perspectives, needs, etc. of the knowledge produced and approached. The various actors have different perspectives on the concept of knowledge. The work needed to articulate knowledge and make information and knowledge accessible becomes extremely demanding and complex. Often face-to-face interaction is required. However, in complex and collaborative work settings the problem of articulating knowledge by rich interaction and communication is obvious. The actors are distributed both geographically and temporally. There is a need for computer-based mechanisms for interaction and coordination of information and knowledge (cf. e.g., Carstensen and Wulf, 1998).

  • 135.
    Cermak, Pavel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Changes in work performance of employees brought by the Covid-19 pandemic2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout 2020, millions of workers were restricted to their houses due to the spread of Covid-19 and the adoption of social distancing regulations. Our habits, ways of working, and communications have all changed. It was a big challenge for the companies to adapt to the situation.

    The research question "How did the performance of employees change while working from home?" is answered using semi-structured interviews with people working at the manager level and through a self-administrated questionnaire to analyze employees'efficiency change while remote working with a focus on three areas, teamwork, creative and administrative work.

    The findings highlight that companies should remain benevolent to remote workers after the Covid-19 pandemic. The result showed that the overall performance of employees while working from home (WFH) does not change. However, there is a slight tendency to decrease teamwork and creative task efficiency.On the other hand, administrative tasks show the opposite.

    The study also rejects previous discoveries that female workers have a more negligible probability of being distracted while WFH. On the other hand, the results confirm that industries such as "Computing and IT," "Business, consultancy or management," "Engineering or manufacturing," and "Marketing, advertising or PR" are more likely to perform work remotely.

  • 136.
    Cerna, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Weilenmann, Alexandra
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Jonas
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rysedt, Hans
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenberg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nurses' work practices in design: managing the complexity of pain2020In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 135-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the activities in nurses' work practices in relation to the design process of a self-monitoring application. Design/methodology/approach: A design ethnographic approach was applied in this study. Findings: To solve the problem of translating highly qualitative phenomena, such as pain, into the particular abstract features of a self-monitoring application, design participants had to balance these two aspects by managing complexity. In turn, the nurses'€™ work practices have changed because it now involves a new activity based on a different logic than the nurses’ traditional work practices. Originality/value: This study describes a new activity included in nurses’ work practices when the nurses became part of a design process. This study introduces a novel way on how to gain a deeper understanding of existing professional practice through a detailed study of activities taking place in a design process. This study explores the possible implications for nurses’ professional practices when they participate in a self-monitoring application design process. Â2020, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 137. Christie, Michael
    et al.
    Ferdos, Fariba
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers tekniska högskola Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    Axelsson, A
    Online collaborative learning: a case study2005In: Proceedings of the ALE conference, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 6-11 June 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Christie, Michael
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Ferdos, Fariba
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The Task Takes Over: Assuming Too Much in Online Collaborative Learning2005In: Research and Practice of Active Learning in Engineering Education / [ed] E. de-Graaf, G. Saunders-Smith and M. Nieweg (eds.), Amsterdam: Pallas Amsterdam University Press , 2005, p. 12-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Cukur, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Adoption of ERP system for operations management in SMEs2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast development of the IT in the society of today has led to that more SMEs rely on ERP systems. Especially, IT has facilitated the management of the flow of goods within and between organizations and have made lead times more effective and also have increased the overview of the flow of goods. This will help SMEs obtain a competitive advantage. The aim of this paper is analyze the factors influencing SMEs adoption of ERP systems. A qualitative case study is conducted within a company which both is engaged in manufacturing and project work. The company runs service projects for its customers and at the same time they produce articles both for sale and for use within the service projects. An ERP system can also serve as an overall system for the administration, the production and inventory management in the company. However, there are important factors to take into account in the adoption phase, related to the technological infrastructure, the organizational challenges as well as environmental relations in order to decide on an implementation on an ERP system. It is of a critical importance that the SME really change their routines in order to follow the processes implemented in the ERP system. Otherwise, the company runs the risk to be stuck in its previous and ineffective inventory management processes, regardless of investments in the ERP system and the technological infrastructure.

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  • 140.
    Dahl, Emma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hirschfeldt, Doris
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Webbhotell: En jämförelse utifrån miljömässig hållbarhet och tjänster2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, it is important for all companies and businesses to have a website and to be visible on the internet. You could say that if you are not digitally visible, you are not on the market. To publish your website, you need to use a web hosting service. The reason for using a web hosting service is to use the offered services instead of having your own datacentre with servers and network. There are many different web hosting companies to choose from that offer a range of services that are well described like capacity, bandwidth, and availability. In this subject specialization we have added the important aspect of sustainability. With help of a comparative content analysis of several web hosting companies and their offerings, this will show if and how the suppliers chose to present sustainability. The result shows that only a few web hosting companies present sustainability on their website where smaller companies present no information at all. The conclusion is that web hosting companies do not consider sustainability as important. It is the midsize and larger web hosting companies with more customers, servers and datacentres who prioritize sustainability. With sustainability also comes a higher cost.

  • 141.
    Danielsson, John
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lokomotion i ett gyllene snitt: En observationsstudie av naturtrogna och uttryckslösa kroppsrörelser med en metod designad för naturalistisk karaktärsanimation.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In aspiration to achieve naturalistic character animation, some difficulty does show up, both in 3D-CGI, 2D-CGI as in traditional handmade animation. The reason why difficulty appears in the task of achieving naturalism is for instance because of the simulated natural laws in the digital world which cannot affect the characters cinematic movement. The result of illustrating the natural law manually by hand can affect the illusion of the movement as not naturalistic or inconsistent, which can result in that the spatial adaptation to space is not perceived as naturalistic. It is most often up to the animator to make a believable illusion of the natural laws. This study examines a deeper understanding of the human way to behave and to adapt to the physical reality and through that, apply this movement on character animation.

    The purpose of a deeper understanding of movement's phenomena is to find a clearer method dedicated to naturalistic movement that can be adapted to all forms of character animation, regardless of the character anatomy. Unfortunately, it would not be possible to study all aspects of the physically adaptive behaviors as to the size of the topic. This study will therefore orbit the human locomotion, also known as walking. Focus will therefore be on the bottom part of the body, from the pelvis down to the ankles. There are scientists that do argue about a connection between the golden ratio and the human locomotion. This study is an attempt to apply the golden ratio on 3D-characters.

    This study has been devoted to a different approach in the character animation, where its starting point will be mathematical equations. For this study, it has meant an application of the golden section in a temporary form, that is in motion.

    The result is therefore a mathematically based method dedicated to imitating naturalistic movement in terms of time, that is to say human locomotion. The method has been proved to be useful even in the imitation of characters movements that do not possess human proportions.

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  • 142.
    Darell, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Henriksson, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Min smartphone & jag: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om det emotionella bandet till smartphones2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smartphones implements many user areas, and it is an artifact that reflects and reshapes our society. During the year 2013, over a billion smartphones were sold around the world, and that was the first time more smartphones than traditional cellphones was sold (Westlund, 2014, s. 103). Smartphones let the user engage in activities that satisfies their needs and is therefore ranked as the most valuable artifact (Turner & Turner, 2011).

    The study uses qualitative group interviews with respondents between ages 20 to 25. The empirical research has analyzed how these experienced users are affected by and perceive their smartphones. Theory shows that all people act based on their life goals and user experience. By examining these aspects user values can be distinguished regarding smartphones. Smartphones possess the ability to satisfy three user themes: social, utilitarian and hedonic. It’s when one or more of these user needs are satisfied an emotional attachment to the artifact is created. The emotional attachment affects users in such a way that they tolerate the eventual negative aspects of smartphones

  • 143.
    Davoud, Ivan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Khadem Haghighi, Sam
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Att bättra på användarupplevelse: En fallstudie på Högskolan Västs nylanserade webbplats användbarhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are today few websites that can fully meet a user's requirement. A reason for this could be because you either do not know your target audience enough or that you try to make your business cost-effective. University West has recently relaunched their website. The response from the target audience, the university students, was negative, but unclear. This study has researched how the existing students are experiencing the new website from a usability perspective. To collect empirical data, a questionnaire was sent out to the students. 230 students responded and answered the questionnaire. The results were later categorized in categories that should be improved, from the students view of point. The empirical data was then transformed into usability requirements which in turn was applied into a prototype. The approach of this study did conclude on a few usability aspects that needs to be re-worked to satisfy the users. Among other things navigation, efficiency and appearance.

  • 144.
    de Blanche, Andreas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering. Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik (Chalmers.
    A Slowdown Prediction Method to Improve Memory Aware Scheduling2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific and technological advances in the area of integrated circuits have allowed the performance of microprocessors to grow exponentially since the late 1960's. However, the imbalance between processor and memory bus capacity has increased in recent years. The increasing on-chip-parallelism of multi-core processors has turned the memory subsystem into a key factor for achieving high performance. When two or more processes share the memory subsystem their execution times typically increase, even at relatively low levels of memory traffic. Current research shows that a throughput increase of up to 40% is possible if the job-scheduler can minimizes the slowdown caused by memory contention in industrial multi-core systems such as high performance clusters, datacenters or clouds. In order to optimize the throughput the job-scheduler has to know how much slower the process will execute when co-scheduled on the same server as other processes. Consequently, unless the slowdown is known, or can be fairly well estimated, the scheduling becomes pure guesswork and the performance suffers. The central question addressed in this thesis is how the slowdown caused by memory traffic interference between processes executing on the same server can be predicted and to what extent. This thesis presents and evaluates a new slowdown prediction method which estimates how much longer a program will execute when co-scheduled on the same multi-core server as another program. The method measures how external memory traffic affects a program by generating different levels of synthetic memory traffic while observing the change in execution time. Based on the observations it makes a first order prediction of how much slowdown the program will experience when exposed to external memory traffic. Experimental results show that the method's predictions correlate well with the real measured slowdowns. Furthermore, it is shown that scheduling based on the new slowdown prediction method yields a higher throughput than three other techniques suggested for avoiding co-scheduling slowdowns caused by memory contention. Finally, a novel scheme is suggested to avoid some of the worst co-schedules, thus increasing the system throughput.

  • 145.
    De Castro Emerick, Agatha
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Utveckling av e-tjänster med hjälp av processbaserad verksamhetsutveckling ur medarbetarnas perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government requires municipalities to provide their services via new channels. These requirements come from an EU directive. What is expected from municipalities is that they provide their services electronically, so called e-services. The municipalities have different ways of developing e-services. The city of Trollhättan uses processes to develop eservices, through process-based business development. This means that employees in addition to dealing with a new information system also sometimes need to participate in an organizational change. Literature studies show that research about municipal e-services has grown while researchers have spent less time researching on how e-services affects the public administration work. There is a growing interest in how the change affects the individual employee's daily work. The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge about the experiences of the employees involved, partly by the way in which different e-services are created, and how these affects and changes the working situation of the employees. In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a qualitative approach was chosen. The survey is based on four deep interviews with employees from the city of Trollhättan. E-service development through a process-based business development is perceived as complex, instructive and constructive. It leads to a transition from an individual perception to a holistic view of the organization, which means greater understanding of the employee's own work in conjunction with the goals of the organization. The effects that have been found with the introduction of e-services are a more efficient way of working that leads to easier handling of incoming cases and better control over them; Time saving where manual work is replaced by direct communication computer to computer and an increased workload when e-services are not the primary application method.

  • 146.
    Dervisevic, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Oskarsson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Seshat: A sync system for Audiobooks and eBooks2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this degree project we present a way to construct a synchronization system that is able to create a timings file, which is the file the system uses to know how to sync the eBook and audiobook, using speech recognition and estimation algorithms. This file is then used by the system to let the user select a sentence and have the audiobook start reading from that sentence, or vice versa. This system can create these files with a mean offset from a manu-ally timed file which is within our expectations for the system.

    We use estimation algorithms to fill in the blanks where the speech recognition falls short. Speech recognition accuracy is typically between 40-60%, sometimes dipping lower, so there are blanks to fill in. Using basic algebraic principles of calculating velocity we can ex-trapolate the speed of a reader, using the duration of the audiobook as the time and the amount of characters written as the distance. For increased accuracy we derive this value on a per-chapter basis.

    Using this method we are able to create accurate files, which the user can use to freely sync any location in the book. Our system is designed to work for any book in the world that does not have an audiobook which cuts off between sentences in the audio files.

    We manually create timings files for four different books with widely varying publishing dates, author styles, reader style and gender to create as wide and representative a testing pool as possible for the project

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  • 147.
    Diaz, Patricia
    et al.
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, Stockholm (SWE).
    Frykman, Malin
    Innovitaskolan (SWE).
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lärande i en digitaliserad värld2023Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av skolans uppdrag är att utveckla elevernas digitala kompetens. Lärande i en digitaliserad värld, som är en konkret och undervisningsnära handbok, är tänkt att stödja läraren i arbetet med detta.

    Enligt Skolverket omfattar arbetet med digital kompetens fyra övergripande punkter, som alla behandlas i boken. Dessa är att förstå digitaliseringens påverkan på samhälletatt kunna använda och förstå digitala verktyg och medieratt ha ett kritiskt och ansvarsfullt förhållningssättatt kunna lösa problem och omsätta idéer i handling.Bokens författare konkretiserar och problematiserar vad lärande i en digitaliserad värld innebär i praktiken. I varje kapitel ges konkreta exempel på hur lärare kan designa undervisningen så att eleverna ges tillfälle att använda digitala verktyg för att söka kunskap, bearbeta information, lösa problem, skapa, kommunicera och lära.

    Boken riktar sig till verksamma och blivande lärare inom grundskolan. Även lärare på gymnasium och vuxenutbildning kan ha glädje av bokens innehåll. [Förlagets bokinformation]

  • 148.
    Diehl, Catarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kuzet, Stanko
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Immersion och checkpoints inom Singelplayerspel: Bidrar spelets checkpointsystem till immersionen?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our intent was to examine the checkpoint system in Witcher 3; The Wild Hunt to see if it creates a better experience for the user but the results also show how immersion is generally perceived. With greater understanding of key factors to the game and checkpoints in general based on interviews and an online survey, our goal is to aid game developers during their process. The interviews are supplemented with the survey to compare our results to ensure a reliable report. The participants gave us an interesting insight to what makes a checkpoint system a contributing factor. Our result shows that checkpoints can contribute to immersion but it can also counteract with it when the game autosaves before a larger event. Yet our participants consider the checkpoints to be a positive factor. The majority of our participants consider playing without checkpoints to increase the immersion but it is has a negative effect to the gameplay. Our solution benefits all participants and the design is to let the users design their own personal checkpoint system, including visual indicators, not to reveal key moments throughout the game.

  • 149.
    Drugge Wikman, Olivia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Brantmo, Annalena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hitta rätt och hitta lätt på kommunens webbsajt: En studie av navigationsstrukturer på svenska kommunsajter2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet is the main source of information for many of us, regardless of whether it is a telephone number, train timetables or information from the municipality we are looking for. The purpose of this essay has been to study navigation on municipalities’websites and how its design and structure affect users' opportunities to find important information. The results show that there are several parts of the navigation that are important to make it easy to find information. How well connected the different pages of the website are and how easily you can reach other pages on the site. A clear main navigation with well-chosen names for the different categories. A consistent word choice throughout the site and that the name of the links leads the user's thoughts on the right track. The opportunity to see where on the site you are and clearly marked links. All of these are examples of things that in our empirical study prove to be of importance to the user. 

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  • 150.
    Dubois, Andrea
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Larsson, Thilda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Studenternas möte med arbetslivet: Digitala jobbportalers potentiella värde för studenter i samspel med traditionella kontaktnätverk2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on students’ encounters with working life. The thesis aims to contribute to an increased understanding of the potential value of digital job portals in interplay with traditional social networks by capturing students’ perceptions of their paths to working life.

    A qualitative research method has been applied where respondents from University West have been interviewed both individually and in groups. Both current and previous students were included in the study. Eleven semi-structured individual interviews and two group interviews were conducted and recorded with the support of field notes. Based on this combined approach, which also permitted interaction among the respondents, the study could capture a greater variety of both current and previous students’ experiences.

    The study contributes with knowledge based on a number of students’ experiences of their encounters with working life, both before and after completing their studies at the university. The results of the study suggest that the interplay between digital job portals and traditional contact networks is of great importance. Digital job portals seem to provide a broad picture of the job opportunities in relation to the education, while the contact networks provide more in-depth understanding as well as relationships that might contribute to actual job offers. Hence, values are created as a result of their interplay. In addition, the study shows that the practice part of the work integrated learning approach at University West is instrumental for students in enriching their contact networks and that this, in turn, often result in their first jobs. On the basis of the results, recommendations are suggested for further studies as well as for actions that might improve the students’ paths to working life.The recommendations concern capturing of previous students’ experiences, analysis of the effects of Work Integrated Learning and in particular different forms of practice, exploringmore aspects of comp

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