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  • 101.
    Björnström, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pettersson, Mathilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur upplever personal inom kvinnojourer sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö?: En kvalitativ studie om deras egna erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every fifth woman in Sweden is at some point during her life exposed to crimes in close relationships, where men's violence against women is strongly over-represented. Research has shown that treating women who have been subjected to violence after a trauma is one of the most difficult and hard treatment work, mainly due to exposure of the vulnerable woman's difficult life situation. In Sweden, there are about 200 women's shelters working to provide support and protection to vulnerable women.

    Structured interviews were conducted with seven women at women's shelters, focusing on how they experience their work environment. Five themes emerged in the results of the thematic analysis: (1) work tasks, (2) resources, (3) strains (4) success and (5) support.

    The results of the study provide an understanding of how staff in women's shelters can experience their working environment based on their own experiences, and that it can be useful knowledge for women's shelters in the development of their organizations. The study constitutes a psychological contribution to the research on experiences of work and working conditions in women's shelters.

  • 102.
    Bladh, Moa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilzén, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stereotyper och fördomar i rekrytering: en studie om påverkan av attraktivt respektive oattraktivt utseende2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, companies are investing more in recruitment than ever before, and the importance of a well-functioning recruitment process has been recognized to get the right candidate for the position. Attempts have been made for a long time to discover and eliminate prejudice in recruitment processes. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether two different photos with different looks, stereotypical attractive respectively stereotypical less attractive looks, but with identical CVs can have an impact if the person is called for an interview. The study was conducted with an instrument containing two online surveys that consisted of an information letter, a job description, a CV with a photo and a total of 17 questions. A total of 130 participants participated in which 69 participants answered the questionnaire on CV 1 and 61 participants answered the questionnaire on CV 2. The participants willingness to employ the applicant who was more stereotypically attractive had a significant higher mean than on the applicant whose picture was less stereotypically attractive. There was a statistically significant difference on the variables; skilled, intelligence, good salesman, able to handle the role, hire, positive, friendly and attractive except competence and reliability. Results showed that the participants would rather interview the more stereotypically attractive person than the stereotypically less attractive one. Since people today tend to judge how a person's personality reflects on their appearance, this could lead to companies would miss competent workforce if they do not know about these psychological processes.

  • 103.
    Blobecq, Peter
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Gunnarsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En studie kring sambandet mellan Honesty-humility och Agreeableness2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Research has shown that the personality dimensions Honesty-humility from HEXACO and Agreeableness from the Big Five are important indicators of Counterproductive workplace behavior (CWB). There is a lot of research on Honesty-humility and Agreeableness, however, as far as we know the relationship between these two personality dimensions is sparsely explored. The purpose of this study was to research the relationship between Honesty-humility and Agreeableness.

    Material and method. The Riks-SOM survey from 2018 was used to study the relationship between Honesty-humility and Agreeableness. 3500 people between the ages of 16-85 were randomly selected from the register for the total population. Multiple regression analysis with 5000 bootstrap iterations was used to study the relationship while controlling for background variables, with a sample of 1635 subjects.

    Result and conclusions. The study showed a positive relationship between Honesty-humility and Agreeableness even after controlling for age, sex, and education.

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  • 104.
    Blom, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sköld, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Utmaningen att kombinera arbete med privatliv: med fokus på könsskillnad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society increasingly requires high demands on flexibility, which leads to more limitless work. Today, digitization allows employees to take their work home as well. This entails an increased risk of conflict between work and private life.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived conflict is based on whether it is work life or private life that adversely affects the other and whether there are any gender differences regarding the experience of conflict. The study also aims to investigate whether there is a correlation between Work Interference with Family (WIF), Family Interference with Work (FIW), workaholism and life satisfaction and which of the FIW, workaholism, life satisfaction and gender that predicts WIF most strongly.

    The study was conducted with a quantitative method using an electronic survey within a governmental organization in 9 municipalities in Sweden. The participants were active in the organization in the specific municipalities (256 potential participants, of which 56% were women and 44% were men). A total of 162 people participated, of which 67% were women, 32% were men and 1% identified themselves as other. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon's signed rank test, t-test and multiple regression analysis.

    The result showed that WIF was stronger than FIW. There were no significant gender differences in WIF and FIW, which may indicates that in today's society it is more equal between the genders in terms of conflict between work and private life. FIW was positively correlated with WIF and workaholism but negatively correlated with life satisfaction. WIF was positively correlated with workaholism and negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The correlation between workaholism and life satisfaction was negative. The variable that predicts WIF the strongest was workaholism.

  • 105.
    Blomgren, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sixtensson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Könsskillnader i personlighetsdrag utifrån Big Five2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Big five är en personlighetsteori som säger att det finns fem olika personlighetsdrag; neuroticism, extraversion, tillmötesgående, samvetsgrannhet samt öppenhet. Viss tidigare forskning har visat att kvinnor har högre grad av personlighetsdragen samvetsgrannhet, tillmötesgående och neuroticism i Big Five än vad män har. I denna studie undersöks det om detta stämmer in på den svenska befolkningen med frågeställningen: Finns det könsskillnader i personlighetsdrag hos den svenska befolkningen? Studien har tagit del av datamaterial ur SOM- undersökningen (2018) där personlighetsdragen i Big Five mättes med den etablerade enkäten BFI-10. Antal kvinnor i studien var 936 och antal män var 853. Med IBM SPSS statistics analyserades resultatet med fem stycken t-test. Resultatet visade på könsskillnader på fyra av fem personlighetsdrag samt att män hade högre grad av samtliga personlighetsdrag än kvinnor. Detta resultat stämmer till viss del överens med tidigare forskning där könsskillnader mellan personlighetsdrag konstaterats men kvinnors nivåer gentemot mäns inom personlighetsdragen sett annorlunda ut. Anledningen till att resultatet i studien går lite åt ett annat håll kan vara för studierna är gjorda i olika länder samt att SOMundersökningen (2018) har en större svarsandel av äldre personer än yngre.

  • 106.
    Blomqvist Storm, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Edvartsen, Andreas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Arbetsbelastning och personlighet: En sambandsstudie om högstadielärares upplevda arbetsbelastning och personlighetsdrag2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Grundskollärare är ett yrke där hög upplevd arbetsbelastning är vanligt. Negativa följder kring den mentala hälsan kan uppstå hos arbetare som erfars högarbetsbelastning. För att ta reda på varför upplevd arbetsbelastning ser olika ut hos individer formulerades ett syfte att undersöka sambandet mellan upplevd arbetsbelastning och personlighet hos högstadielärare i Sverige. Syftet preciserades med frågeställningen: Hur samvarierar upplevd arbetsbelastning med personlighetsdrag hos högstadielärare i Sverige?

    Metod: En kvantitativ enkätundersökning genomfördes där 113 högstadielärare från kommunala skolor runt om i Sverige besvarade ett frågeformulär där mätinstrumenten Quantitative Workload Inventory (QWI) och IPIP-30 användes för att bestämma deltagarnas upplevda arbetsbelastning respektive personlighetsdrag. All data analyserades i programmet IBM SPSS Statistics version 28.

    Resultat: Ett svagt positivt samband återfanns mellan upplevd arbetsbelastning och neuroticism, välvillighet respektive samvetsgrannhet trots kontroll för bakgrundsvariabeln antal arbetstimmar i veckan. Extraversion och öppenhet hade inget signifikant samband med upplevd arbetsbelastning hos högstadielärarna i undersökningen.

    Diskussion: Ju högre nivåer av arbetsbelastning individen upplever desto högre nivåer av personlighetsdragen neuroticism, välvillighet och/eller samvetsgrannhet har individen enligt studiens resultat, respektive ju lägre nivåer av upplevd arbetsbelastning individen erhåller desto lägre nivåer av neuroticism, välvillighet och/eller samvetsgrannhet har denne.

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  • 107.
    Blomsterberg, Maja
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Besättningsmedlemmars och fackliga representanters upplevelser av och syn på det organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljöarbetet ombord på fartyg2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More recently, mental illness and its consequences have become increasingly focused in society. The media as well as authorities and politicians pay attention to the problem and the topic is frequently discussed in many different contexts. Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018) reports that over the past 10 years, mental illness and reduced well-being have become more common. This problem is believed by many researchers to be due to problems in the working environment, which in turn leads to work-related mental illness.

    This fact motivated the purpose of the study: to investigate the experience and view of work environment work on board among crew members and union representatives.

    The method has been based on qualitative interviews that have been phenomenographically analyzed with a deductive approach.

    The results showed a uniform experience and view of the work environment work among both crew members and trade union representatives. The data processing and analysis work led to categories that reflect the experience and view of the work environment work: factors affecting the mental well-being, the organizational and social work environment work on board, the experience and view of the legislation, lack of knowledge and education and a complex issue. Eventually, the experience and view of the working-environment work was discussed based on legislation and previous research in the area as well as the findings. Among other things, there are some shortcomings that occur, but also the consequences of such a lack of working-environment work.

    Conclusions that can be drawn from this study are: there is great potential for improvement among the workplaces involved in this particular study, but also: there is still little research that investigates the working environment on board ships and the importance of prioritizing this issue in order to improve the working environment for onboard employees.

  • 108.
    Bodin, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Edgren, David
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Tänk chef, tänk man": Kvinnliga och manligachefers upplevda förutsättningar kring chefskapet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fewer women than men are found in leading positions in the society and women who hold these positions more often have lower wages than men. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the respondents felt that there were different circumstances for women and men to achieve leading positions, in exercising their leadership, and to understand how they saw issues around leadership in relation to male and female? Are there different circumstances for women and men in the role as leaders? How do these in such cases look like? Are female and male managers attributed with different properties? To try to answer these questions we conducted a qualitative study in which we interviewed three female and three male managers in public administration. The main themes that emerged were "Manager roles", the "Manager Properties", "Private Life" and "Mentors and role models." The results showed that the respondents had become managers for a variety of reasons and that there was a big difference in education between the sexes. The respondents perceived that there were differences in the exercise of leadership between men and women. The female and male managers described the male and female leadership based on the characteristics "soft" and "hard". This is in line with already established preju-dices or categories that were found in mentioned theory. Especially the female managers felt that the combination of leadership and privacy were hard to balance. The lack of role models and mentors was perceived as a problem by many of the respondents and quotas was pointed out as a possible measure. The topic was perceived as very complex and one conclusion was that there were some differences in the perceived opportunities for men and women in management landscape.

  • 109.
    Bodin, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    DuBar, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Delaktighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: En jämförelse mellan olika anställningsformer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows a connection between participation and job satisfaction. However, many studies do not take into account temporary employees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the correlation between perceived participation and job satisfaction, and if there are differences in perceived participation and job satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment. The following questions are considered: (1) What connection is there between perceived participation and job satisfaction? (2) Are there differences in perceived participation between individuals in different types of employment? (3) Are there differences in perceived work satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment? To measure participation parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire were used, and to measure job satisfaction, a short form based on the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was answered by temporary agency workers and members on Facebook/LinkedIn (n = 93; including 45 men (48.4%) and 48 women (51.6%) in the ages 18-61 (MD = 27; IQR = 10). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA-test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The results show (1) a very strong correlation between degree of participation and job satisfaction (r = .715, p < .001) (2) significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in some of perceived participation, and (3) no significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in work satisfaction. Unexpected was that no significant differences appeared for work satisfaction and that permanent employees through employment agencies as well as temporary employees report greater result than individuals in permanent employment regarding participation The results indicate that the subject needs to be investigated further to determine whether it is the type of employment or other underlying factors that are crucial for the perceived participation and work satisfaction.

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  • 110.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Häng med på fest vid Sipperödssjön om en kvart"2012In: Barnbladet : SHSTF:s rikssektion för sjuksköterskor i öppen och sluten barnavård och barnsjukvård, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Music and risk in an existential and gendered world2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents in Western society often expose themselves to high levels of sound at gyms, rock concerts, discotheques etc. These behaviours are as threatening to young people’s health as more traditional risk behaviours. Testing boundaries and risk taking are fundamental aspects of young people’s lives and the processes of developing their identities. There is, however, a need to balance reasonable risk taking and risks that can damage health. The aim of Study I was to analyze the relationship between self-exposure to noise, risk behaviours and risk judgements among 310 Swedish adolescents aged 15-20 (167 men/143 women). The adolescents’ behaviour in different traditional risk situations correlated with behaviour in noisy environments, and judgements about traditional risks correlated with judgement regarding noise exposure. Another finding was that young women judge risk situations as generally more dangerous than young men, although they behave in the same way as the men. We suggest that this difference is a social and culture based phenomenon which underlines the importance of adopting a gender perspective in the analysis of risk factors. Adolescents reporting permanent tinnitus judged loud music as more risky than adolescents with no symptoms and they did not listen to loud music as often as those with occasional tinnitus. The aims of study II were to illuminate  the complexity of risk behaviour, the meaning and purpose of adolescent risk-taking in both a traditional sense (e.g. smoking and drug use) and in noisy environments (e.g. discotheques and rock concerts), in relation to norms and gender roles in contemporary society. In total, 16 adolescents (8 men/8 women, aged 15-19) were interviewed individually and in focus groups. The interviewees’ responses revealed social reproduction of gender and class. Main themes of the phenomena for both genders emerged: Social identity and Existential identity of risk taking. The descriptive sub themes, however, which together formed the general structure, were rather diverse for men and women. The incorporation of social and existential theories on gender as basic factors in the analysis of attitudes towards risk-taking behaviours is considered to be of utmost importance. Likewise, research on hearing prevention for young people needs to acknowledge and make use of theories on risk behaviour and similarly, the theories on risk behaviour should acknowledge noise as a risk factor.

                 Study III aims to increase the knowledge about young women’s and men’s risk judgement and behaviour by investigating patterns in adolescent risk activities among 310 adolescents aged 15-20 (143 women; 167 men). The Australian instrument ARQ, developed by Gullone et al, was used with additional questions on hearing risks [1] and a factor analysis was conducted. The main results showed that the factor structure in the judgement and behaviour scale for Swedish adolescents was rather different from the factor structure in the Australian sample. The factor structure was not similar to the Australian sample split on gender and there were differences in factor structures between genders among Swedish adolescents. The results are discussed from a gender and existential perspective on risk taking, and it is emphasized that research on risk behaviour needs to reconceptualize stereotypical ideas about gender and the existential period in adolescence. The aim of Study IV was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition, the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behaviour, e.g. the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. Furthermore, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not solely contribute to any explanation of protective behaviour in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute solely to the explanation of protective behaviour, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behaviour in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ’careful’ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men regarding actual noise-related risk-taking.

     

  • 112.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk behaviour and noise exposure among adolescents2007In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 9, no 36, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ voices on organization via social media2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescents are industrious users of social media (i.e. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) and most of 9-16 years old in EU´s 25 countries have a profile on a social network where they can socialize, express their thoughts and feelings. In Sweden there have been recent actions where adolescents have organized themselves with help from social media very quickly and with many participators. Studies have shown both positive and negative effects of using social media. Positive, since almost everyone can share experiences or make their voice heard. Negative, since young people can expose themselves and others to situations that can be difficult to manage. There are concerns that adolescents online can be socially isolated from their friends in “real life”, while others mean that social media increases the possibility for adolescent to make new friends and develop existing relationships. Significance: Earlier studies have focused on use of social media in school and social resisting gatherings, but not as many studies on adolescents’ use of social media for organizing their activities in everyday life. Young people can be considered to be digital natives and adults, that constitute a certain power in the society, can be considered as digital immigrants. From that perspective it is important to let young people’s own voices be heard on a central arena for daily activities. Hence, the aim the presented study was to examine how adolescents describe social media as an arena for organizing themselves and how the organizational actions affect their everyday life. Data derives from interviews with 13-19-year old pupils, and were recruited from the Western part of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis in several steps. Results revealed that social media is perceived both positive and negative. Social media was described as an arena where young people can experience feelings of being free, but also as an arena that contributes to major problems. The adolescents describe social media as a platform where social power is performed, but that the users are unaware about the responsibilities that follow such power. Conclusions drawn from this study is that young people reason about the complexity of what social media means for organizing events and relationships in everyday life and social medias are seen as both problematic and enabling. The study contributes, by letting young people´s own voices being heard, a better understanding of adolescents’ experience of social organization in new medias.

    Adolescents' voices on organization via social media. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280719_Adolescents'_voices_on_organization_via_social_media [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 114.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People of all ages participate in activities that can pose a risk to their health. However, it is important not only to see risks as threats, but also something that can enhance positive experiences and opportunities. The media has a huge influence on young people and thus there are good reasons to investigate how risks and risk-taking are portrayed. Significance: The communication in the media can be described as bi-directional, with subjects covered from many different perspectives, for example the reporting of views and values held by the authorities, politicians, residents and other community stakeholders. The human identity is constructed from self-experiences, but also through the different public discourses (collectively agreed discussions or arguments) that are present in the media and in everyday speech. For adolescents in particular, contact with the media affects their lives and the development of their identity. Hence, the media plays an important role in the presentation of how the world is constituted. The aim of this study was therefore to explore how risks and risk taking are described in media targeting young people in Sweden. Methods: 270 adolescents aged 15-20 years were surveyed on which newspapers they primarily read. Two daily tabloids were identified, both in paper format and on the Internet. Hence, the data consisted of two daily tabloids, each studied over a 14 day period. Each article that mentioned risks and risk taking was analyzed using discourse analysis from three perspectives: 1) what is stated, 2) by whom and 3) how such statements are articulated. Results showed that risks were mainly addressed in four ways; 1) News reports by journalists and press spokespersons articulating the theme “offender, heroes and victims”, e.g. news about crimes and accidents. 2) Reports about sports by athletes, coaches, doctors and columnists on the theme “enduring punches and injuries”, e.g. reports about violence and injuries in sports. 3) Reports, about entertainment by actors, performers, presenters and columnists about “Idols, drugs and confessions”, e.g. celebrities’’ confession stories, and 4) Expert- and opinion reports by journalists, experts, panels about “opinions and influence”, e.g. columnists writing about current events. The Conclusion drawn is the importance of discussing the discourses media create and reproduce, and that all levels of society need to take responsibility for what risks are reported, how and, by whom. For example, the media can reproduce outdated gender roles and may obstruct equal opportunities for young men and women. This study contributes in several ways, one being to bring awareness on how discourses are presented in the media and the impact on young peoples’ opportunities to create balanced and conscious attitudes to risk.

    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280598_Risk_discourses_in_Swedish_tabloids [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 115.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandssson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Voices on risk-taking : Young women and men in an existential and social world 2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The present study was influenced by existential - and gender aspects on young people's everyday lives with the aim to shed light on the complexity of the phenomenon of risk-taking, the meaning and purpose of adolescent risk-taking in a traditional sense (e.g. smoking and drug using) and in noisy environments (e.g. discotheques and rock concerts). The intention was to identify possible new ways of understanding young people's experiences and apprehensions about different risk behaviours by the use of qualitative method; The Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Sixteen adolescents (8 men/8 women, aged 15-19) were interviewed, 4 in separate interviews and 12 in focus groups. The analysis revealed two dimensions: "Social identity" and "Existential identity" and six superordinate themes of the phenomena of risk-taking. The two dimensions and the six super-ordinate themes were equal for women and men, while the sub-themes were found to be gender-related. The interviewees' responses revealed social (gender) - and existential considerations which affected the participants in many areas of their daily lives. The study implies that one of the challenges for the preventive strategies is to be able to talk about risk-taking in terms of both threat and development, and not as a case of either or. 

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  • 116.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences Swedish Institute for Disability Research Örebro University, Sweden..
    University teacher and student judgments on misleading behavior in study situations2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with teachers' and students' judgments of misleading (e.g. cheating or plagiarism) behaviors during examinations. The data was collected at a university in Sweden using a questionnaire presenting specific behaviors to bejudged. In total, 253 individuals completed the questionnaire. The teachers, incontrast to the students, tended to judge the behaviors presented as more serious. There was, however, plenty of variation in the judgments made by both teachers and students. Although the teachers, on average, tended to judge the behaviors as more serious, about 20% of the students were found to judge the behaviors as more serious than the average teacher. It was also found that about 20 % of the teachers judged the scenarios as less serious compared to the average student judgments. This indicates a lack of agreement among teachers and students on the definition of misleading behavior. Subjective opinions seem to play a more important role for judgment than having actual knowledge about the rules and regulations stating what misleading behaviors really are inacademic work.

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  • 117.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of Availability of 'extended' Pupil Welfare interventions: Effects on School Performance2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol or drug misuse, violence or a parent's psychiatric illness are commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social and health problems, but also at risk of failing in school. In Sweden social services have the responsibility to intervene to change the situation for such children (National Board of Health and Welfare, 2013). Teachers, school social workers and other relevant staff all have important roles to play in identifying pupils within this target group (Backlund, 2007). However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes very serious and/or where the pupil's school achievements have deteriorated in a serious way (SOU 2010).This presentation offers an evaluation of an ongoing project 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' (2013–2015) funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency and which is one of sixteen projects aimed at children and young people within this target group in the national program 'Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions'. The 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to accept/or seek support at an earlier stage than had the interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: 'Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?', and 'In what way does this support influence school performance?'In recent decades a great deal of attention has been directed to the creation and implementation of effective interventions designed to adress the needs of pupils at risk of failing academically (Allen-Meares, Montgomery & Kim, 2013; Dube & Orpinas, 2009). Interventions operate at a number of levels. While Tier 1 interventions are at the whole school level, Tier 2 interventions address specific groups and individuals (Allen-Meares et al., 2013). In Sweden a multitude of collaborative joint ventures by social services and schools at both tiers have emerged in recent years (SOU, 2010). A national evaluation of a government sponsored program comprising more than one hundred collaborative projects revealed that collaboration is in great need of development. Further, a majority of teachers report that collaboration with social services, child psychiatry, the police and other agencies is, in different ways, unsatisfactory (Danermark, Englund & Germundsson, 2010). From this point of departure the 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the assumption that if the school is the sole stakeholder in providing support interventions, actions can be more effectively directed in ways that best fit the school's organization and impact most directly on pupils' school achievement. For example, research demonstrates that when social services and schools are both stakeholders, the process of identifying and supporting pupils in need is not only unnecessarily time-consuming, but also less effective (Bolin 2011).Focusing on an interprofessional staff group comprising two teachers and two social workers based on-site in a medium sized primary/secondary school, and comparing pupils' and parents' perceptions of the availability of pupil welfare support with similar parental/pupil perceptions at another school used as a control, the objectives of this research is to theoretically analyse and critically evaluate the impact on school performance of on-site extended pupil welfare support. In this presentation focus is directed to findings emerging from interview data with pupils at the intervention school, and on their perceptions of the impact that the work of the interprofessional support team has had on their approaches to school work.Methodology, Methods, Research Instruments or Sources UsedIn addition to assessing pupils' achievement (encapsulated in subject grades) the study also focuses on the perception the pupils have of the impact on school performance of on-site social welfare support, and it is these findings that are presented here. Individual interviews have been carried out with participating pupils and their parents. The rationale behind this choice is that interviews are contextualised and can thus provide depth and detail (as opposed to questionnaire based approaches), and are to be preferred when 'why' and 'how' questions have been posed (Flyvbjerg, 2007). The interviews with pupils were carried out using a semi-structured guide, as is recommended for interviews with children (Docherty & Sandelowski, 1999). The guide consisted of a series of open questions pertaining to the pupil's understanding of the process of receiving support; the pupil's perception of the impact of the intervention with regard to school performance; out-of-school activities and activities in the family, and if positive changes are experienced, how enduring the pupil perceives such changes to be. The interviews with the pupils took place in a municipality community hall or in a room at the school. When processing the raw information the interviews were digitally-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data was processed using NVIVO 10. Each interview transcript was entered as a single case, with twenty cases in total. The approach adopted when analysing the empirical data has been inspired by what Patton (2002) describes as thematic analysis and involves the recognition of patterns. Data was coded and closely analyzed by identifying increasing levels of abstraction in the material (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Conclusions, Expected Outcomes or FindingsPreliminary results indicate that pupils see encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement. This, as the pupils report, is in part due to the experience in lessons of being able to keep away from conflicts with other pupils and teachers. Previously a consequence of being involved in conflicts meant the pupil having to leave lessons. Pupils also speak of experiencing an increased capacity for subject goal attainment. A majority of the interviewees estimate that they have improved their grade in at least two or three subjects, often pointing to core subjects such as Swedish, Maths and English. Further, the results indicate that the pupils perceive they can control whether, and if so, when they want to receive support from the support team. This, they report, contributes to a willingness to both emotionally and cognitively engage in the program and in the counselling provided. They describe that this engagement gives them tools to better focus on subject learning in class, to take control of their emotions and not to initiate conflicts or respond violently in peer relations in the classroom. A particularly interesting finding is that pupils do not perceive that support from the onsite team is attached to any sense of stigma, shame or embarrassment. Indeed, some pupils' accounts indicate that, when receiving support from the team, they feel much more comfortable about talking about problems they experience in the home such as, for example, violence or parents' alcohol misuse. However, some negative experiences of receiving support from the onsite team are revealed. For example, pupils perceive that the staff are not as immediately available as they would like them to be, and that support is not sufficiently 'on-demand', thus causing causes them anxiety and feelings of reduced self-worth

  • 118.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of availability of social work support in a school context: 'Extended' pupil welfare interventions and effects on school performance2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parent’s psychiatric illness are not only commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers and school social workers have important roles to play in identifying these pupils. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes serious and/or where the pupil’s school achievements have deteriorated.This presentation is based on an evaluation of the project ‘Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare’ funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency´s national program ‘Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions’. The project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to both seek and accept support at an earlier stage than had such interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: ‘Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?’, and ‘In what way does this support influence school performance?’ The empirical base for this presentation draws on (i) data from a survey of parents (N=137) and pupils (N=49) pre- and post-project that focused on perceptions of the availability of support from pupil welfare and socials services, (ii) data on school performance with regard to pupils in receipt of interventions (N=86), and (iii) individual interviews (N=20) with pupils who received interventions. Results indicate that the availability of social workers plays an important role for children’s motivation to seek/or accept support. Pupils regard encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement.

  • 119.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    När många vill "hjälpa till": Barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av interprofessionellt samarbete inom den sociala barnavården2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence and the strategies they use. The purpose of the study was, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Secondly, the aim was to investigate the perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating their participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived asbeing able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognizing that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers". Findings with regards to the second aim revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive they have capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by pretending to be bored and disengaged, butat the same time paying close attention to what is going on, alert to important details concerning them, (ii) by using exit strategies, and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings believed to be of little value. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children talk of how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners, who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.This research has been funded by the Swedish Children's Welfare Foundation Sweden (Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset)

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  • 120.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Johanna
    Trollhättans Stad, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande arbete ur ungas perspektiv2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en lång historia av brottsförebyggande initiativ för att tidigt upptäcka ungdomar som är involverade i brottslighet eller befinner sig i kriminella miljöer. På operativ nivå involverar samarbetet främst socialtjänst och polis. Socialtjänsten i Trollhättans Stad har under 2021–2022 genomfört brottsförebyggande insatser inom ramen för projektet Tidig upptäckt – tidig insats (TUTI). Den här rapporten redovisar den följeforskning som bedrivits i anslutning till arbetet.TUTI bygger på tidiga interventioner, delaktighet och samverkan, såväl övergripande som i det enskilda fallet. Ambitionen med projektet var att minska risken för att unga 9–17 år utvecklar en kriminell livsstil samt förebygga risk för kriminalitet, missbruk, psykisk ohälsa och utanförskap. Detta genom att systematisera det arbete med brottsförebyggande insatser gällande unga förstagångslagöverträdare som sker i samverkan mellan socialtjänst, polis, åklagare och civilsamhälle.Följeforskningen har kartlagt typ av och bakgrund till orosanmälningar för unga 9–17 år i Trollhättans Stad samt undersökt ungas egna erfarenheter och förståelse av socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser (TUTI-insatser). I studien har både kvantitativa och kvalitativa datainsamlingsmetoder använts. Data har tagits fram dels på aggregerad nivå gällande orosanmälningar i Trollhättans Stad under perioden 2017–2022, dels gällande de 196 unga som under perioden 2021–2022 erbjöds socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser. Orsaker till orosanmälan var främst ringa stöld (30%), misshandel/våld/hot (20%) samt ringa narkotikabrott (20%). Ungefär hälften av de som erbjöds brottsförebyggande insatser tackade ja till insats. 21 av dessa deltog i återkommande kvalitativa intervjuer. Totalt genomfördes 41 intervjuer.Majoriteten av de intervjuade uppger vid uppföljningen cirka ett år efter den första intervjun att de inte har haft någon ny kontakt med socialtjänsten och att TUTI-stödet har förstärkt deras kapacitet att inte begå någon ny lagöverträdelse. Alla vittnar om att de redan vid tidpunkten för händelsen bestämt sig för att det var dumt gjort, men för några av dem var rentav det väsentligt att de fick stöd att vidmakthålla beslutet. De unga berättar att de har lärt sig mer om sig själva och utvecklat sin förmåga att ta positiva snarare än negativa beslut.För att förstå unga som för första gången kommer i kontakt med samhällets representanter när de misstänks för ett brott, har materialet analyserats med hjälp av modellen för proceduriell rättvisa (Tyler & Blader, 2003). Resultaten visar att de unga har högt förtroende för samhällets reaktion och ger legitimitet till det stöd som ges i kedjan av insatser: polis, mottagningsgrupp och familjebehandlare. Sammantaget kan vi konstatera att unga som genomgått hela TUTI-kedjan upplever samhällets reaktion vid sin första lagöverträdelse som positiv.

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  • 121.
    Boman, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jonsson, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Empati och arbetsbelastningens samband med hälsa hos personal inom frivården2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve successful treatment in mental health care professions empathy is required. Thefour dimensions of empathy; fantasy, empathic concern, personal distress and perspectivetaking, as well as workload are important for the health of staff who perform conversational treatments in probation. The purpose of this study was to study how empathy and workload are experienced by the staff who have contact with clients in probation and its significance for their self-rated health. To achieve this, a specially designed instrument was used that measures health, Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) test that measures the four dimensions of empathy, Quantitative Workload Inventory (QWI) test that measures workload and a form regarding background of the participants. Data were collected electronically during the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. The study involved 73 employees in the probation service. The study indicates that there was a significant correlation between workload and personal distress (r = .50), health and personal distress (r = -.40), workload and empathic concern (r = .40) and between health and workload (r = .48). It was also shown that personal distress and empathic concern predict workload (R2 = .31) and that workload predicts health (R2 = .27). A preliminary conclusion is that empathy and workload can affect the perceived health of the staff in the probation service, especially during the current pandemic situation which makes interpersonal meetings more difficult.

  • 122.
    Boman, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Effektivitet i projektteam:: -En kvalitativ studie utifrån tjänstemän inom en byggorganisation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a team to work in the best possible way and to be able to work efficiently, several factors are required. The complexity and need for different skills in the construction industry often requires teamwork to achieve success. The purpose is to get a deeper understanding of the factors for employees in project teams in the construction industry experience are crucial to the effectiveness of a team and how to work to improve team efficiency. To investigate this, I have chosen a qualitative research and semi-structured in-depth interviews with white collars in an organization within the construction industry working in project teams. I used thematic analysis. The results of the study show that clear communication, motivated team members as well as direct problems and conflict management are factors that the respondents consider to be decisive factors for team effectiveness in the building organization. According to the respondents in this study, team effectiveness can be improved by paying attention to and working with these factors.

  • 123.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Eklöf, Mats
    Forsander, Gun
    Törner, Marianne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Conceptions of diabetes and diabetes care in young people with minority background" 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Borgstedt, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om den upplevda motivationen bland tjejer till att utöva idrott2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is at the forefront when it comes to the number of members in sports- and exercise associations and the gender equality work in relation to other European countries. Swedish girls at the age of 16–18 engage in physical activity to a lesser extent, unlike boys.

    The purpose of the study’s was to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge of what motivates girls at the ages of 16–18 to practice sports regularly. The study was based on the theory of self-determination by Deci and Ryan.

    Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with an interview guide and the sample was sports girls at the said age. The data analysis was carried out through a thematic analysis.

    The results were divided into three main themes that described what motivates girls to play sports: Comparison and positioning, the impact of social interaction and conscious inner positive affective reactions. The results are based on discussions around internal and external motivation and the psychological needs. The study can add knowledge and understanding of the motivated factors for girls to do sports.

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  • 125.
    Bornstein, Marc H
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Putnick, Diane L
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand..
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Mixed blessings: parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective.2017In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 58, no 8, p. 880-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    METHODS: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    RESULTS: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children's better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    CONCLUSIONS: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting are important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 126.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    et al.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Putnick, Diane L.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza’, Faculty of Psychology, Italy.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Quezon, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Psychology, Kenya.
    Mother and father socially desirable responding in nine countries: Two kinds of agreement and relations to parenting self-reports2015In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 174-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed 2 forms of agreement between mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and the United States (N = 1110 families). Mothers and fathers in all 9 countries reported socially desirable responding in the upper half of the distribution, and countries varied minimally (but China was higher than the cross-country grand mean and Sweden lower). Mothers and fathers did not differ in reported levels of socially desirable responding, and mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding were largely uncorrelated. With one exception, mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding were similarly correlated with self-perceptions of parenting, and correlations varied somewhat across countries. These findings are set in a discussion of socially desirable responding, cultural psychology and family systems.

  • 127.
    Boson, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Behavioral SDepartment of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg (SWE) ;Department of Psychology, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Lillehammer (NOR).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Claesdotter-Knutsson, Emma
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund (SWE); Region Skåne, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Regional Outpatient Care, Lund University Hospital, Lund (SWE).
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Adolescent gaming and parent–child emotional closeness: bivariate relationships in a longitudinal perspective2024In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to add knowledge of the longitudinal associations between gaming and emotional closeness between parents and their children. We hypothesized that parent–child emotional closeness was linked to less gaming activity over time and that more gaming activity was linked to less parent–child emotional closeness over time. We also tested the moderating efect of child gender on these anticipated links. This study involved a sample of Swedish adolescents, spanning the developmental years from age 12.5 to 17, and included data from two time points (T1; year 2013 and T2; years 2017/2018) with N=782 participants (T1 Mage=12.10, SD=0.40; 49.6% girls). Utilizing a series of Cross-Lagged Panel Models, we found that emotional closeness to both mother and father predicted less time spent on gaming over time. More time spent on gaming predicted less emotional closeness to mother over time. Additionally, gaming activity among girls was specifcally related to less emotional closeness to their father over time. Strengthening parent–child relationships and emotional bonds may be crucial in safeguarding adolescents from developing habits of excessive gaming that could potentially pose problems for their psychosocial development.

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  • 128.
    Boström, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Tore
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjuksköterskors motivation och inställning till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    NU-sjukvården önskade hantera sina resurser optimalt och öka kostnadseffektiviteten. Med denna studie undersöktes vad som skulle kunna motivera sjuksköterskor på kirurgi- respektive medicinavdelningar (N= 62) att öka sin kompetens för att arbeta på två olika avdelningar, om inställningen till detta skiljer sig mellan områdena samt huruvida ålder, anställningstid, inre motivationoch omotivation kunde predicera inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar. Instrumentet bestod av fyra delar. En demografisk del, två förundersökningen konstruerade skalor avseende att mäta sjuksköterskornas motivation till att öka sin kompetens för att arbeta på två olika avdelningar och inställningen till detta system, samt en svensk version av Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale. Svarsfrekvensen var 60,9% och respondenterna var mellan 23 och 62 år (M = 39,8, SD= 11). Undersökningen visade att sjuksköterskorna främst motiverades till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar av högre lön, både på sikt och omgående. Inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar skiljde sig inte signifikant mellan de olika områdena.Motivationstyperna inre motivation och omotivation kunde var för sig signifikant förutse inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar. De sjuksköterskor som var mest positivt inställda till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar var de sjuksköterskor som drevs av att uppnå resultat och få belöningar.

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  • 129. Boström, P.K.
    et al.
    Broberg, M.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parents' descriptions and experiences of young children recently diagnosed with intellectual disability2010In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 93-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the variation of parents' descriptions and experiences of their child that was recently identified to have an intellectual disability (ID). Methods: The study applied interpretative phenomenological analysis and analysis of narrative style looking at content and form of parental narratives. Data was collected from nine fathers and eight mothers through semi-structured interviews within 6 months following diagnosis. Results: Analysis revealed three factors indicating the parents' level of processing: (1) emotional expressions regarding the child - varying between limited (distanced or idealized) and balanced/affectionate; (2) experience of the disability - varying between preoccupation and acceptance; and (3) time orientation - varying in terms of flexibility and temporal focus. Conclusions: Although parents of children with ID describe negative emotions in relation to the child and the disability, most of these parents also describe positive emotions that seemed to balance the negative experiences. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 130.
    Bouchatta, Otmane
    et al.
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco. 2 Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France. 3 Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Manouze, Houria
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences,Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Bouali-Benazzouz, Rabia
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ba-M'hamed, Saadia
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Fossat, Pascal
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Landry, Marc
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Bennis, Mohamed
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Neonatal 6-OHDA lesion model in mouse induces Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like behaviour2018In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 15349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The "neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine" (6-OHDA) lesion is a commonly used model of ADHD in rat. However, a comprehensive assessment of ADHD-like symptoms is still missing, and data in mouse remain largely unavailable. Our aim was to analyse symptoms of ADHD in the mouse neonatal 6-OHDA model. 6-OHDA mice exhibited the major ADHD-like symptoms, i.e. hyperactivity (open field), attention deficit and impulsivity (five-choice serial reaction time task). Further, the model revealed discrete co-existing symptoms, i.e. anxiety-like (elevated plus maze test) and antisocial (social interaction) behaviours and decreased cognitive functioning (novel object recognition). The efficacy of methylphenidate, a classical psychostimulant used in the treatment of ADHD, was also evaluated. A histological analysis further supports the model validity by indicating dopamine depletion, changes in cortical thickness and abnormalities in anterior cingulate cortex neurons. A principal component analysis of the behaviour profile confirms that the 6-OHDA mouse model displayed good face and predictive validity. We conclude that neonatal dopamine depletion results in behavioural and morphological changes similar to those seen in patients and therefore could be used as a model for studying ADHD pathophysiological mechanisms and identifying therapeutic targets.

  • 131.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University.
    Leen, Eline
    University of Erlangen.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Jaans, Sebastian
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Awouters, Valere
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Northern European Adolescent Attitudes Toward Dating Violence2013In: Violence and Victims, ISSN 0886-6708, E-ISSN 1945-7073, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 619-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus group methodology was used to examine attitudes toward dating violence among 86 adolescents (aged 12-17) from four northern European countries (England, Sweden, Germany, and Belgium). Four superordinate themes were identified from thematic analyses: gender identities, television as the educator, perceived acceptability of dating violence, and the decision to seek help/tell someone. Although violence in relationships was generally not condoned, when violence was used by females, was unintended (despite its consequences), or was in retaliation for infidelity, violence was perceived as acceptable. Adolescents indicated that their views were stereotypical and based solely on stereotypical television portrayals of violence in relationships. Stereotypical beliefs and portrayals generate barriers for victimized males to seek help because of fear of embarrassment.

  • 132.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    University of Worcester, Institute of Health and Society, United Kingdom.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University, England.
    Walker, Kate
    Coventry University, England.
    Mawer, Matthew
    Coventry University, England.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University, England.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leen, Eline
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Held, Paul
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Awouters, Valère
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    Jans, Sebastiaan
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    "It’s like you're actually playing as yourself": Development and preliminary evaluation of 'Green Acres High'€™, a serious game-based primary intervention to combat adolescent dating violence2014In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 43-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an overview of the development of 'Green Acres High', a serious game-based primary intervention to raise awareness of and change attitudes towards dating violence in adolescents, and an analysis of how adolescents described their experience of playing this game. Transcripts from focus group data were analysed using thematic analysis. The global theme that was developed, Assessment of the game, was represented by two organising themes, Positive assessment: Pedagogical Underpinnings andNegative Assessment: Functionality Limitations and Frustrations. These represented the fact that overall the learning experience was positive based on the pedagogical principles and content that could be embedded in this digital game but that technical issues with the game needed to be addressed as these could impinge on the learning experience of the adolescents. It was seen that using a serious game was a valid and meaningful way for adolescents to learn about dating violence and that this is a viable alternative or adjunct to traditional teaching methods.

  • 134.
    Brandt, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hed, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att prestera mera?: En sambandsstudie kring organisationsidentifikation och organizational citizenship behavior inom bemanningsbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the variables organizational identification, organizational citizenship behavior, perceived organizational prestige and seniority. The variables were examined partly to see if participants' identification with the organization is linked to seniority and perceived organizational prestige, and the degree to which participants choose to perform beyond role expectations. The correlation study was performed at a service company in Trollhattan, in the business area staffing and recruitment.90 bluecollar employees working in warehouse/ logistics and manufacturing were asked to participate in the study. Response frequency was low, since only 29 attended. The participants' ages ranged between 20 and 57 years old (M = 37) and the averagelength of seniority was 14 months. The study was conducted using a quantitative method, using a questionnaire made up of three parts, which measured the degree of organizational identification, degree of organizational citizenship behavior and perceived organizational prestige. The Mael Scale, OCB–scale, and Mael's perceived organizational prestige scale were used to measure the three variables.The results showed weak correlations between organizational identification and organizational citizenship behavior, and organizational identification and perceived organizational prestige. However, these correlations were not statistically significant. The study could not infer statistically significant correlations between seniority and organizational identification. The results showed a highly statistically significant relationship between the variables organizational citizenship behavior and seniority. The variables used in the study had good reliability with an alphavalue of .71, however, perceived organizational prestige had an alpha value of .45.Future research should focus on to further investigate the importance of identification for the staffing industry, with its triangular relationship between the consultant, staffing agencies and client companies.

  • 135.
    Brask Larsén, Wilma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intuition i rekryteringsprocessen: En kvalitativ studie om varför rekryterare, HR-generalister och chefer förlitar sig på intuition i rekryteringsprocesser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, recruitment tools with high validity are available to predict candidates future work performance. At the same time, there are many indications that most recruiters prefer to use their intuition, which is also described as the human gut feeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate why recruiters, managers and HR generalists use intuition in recruitment processes, even though there are recruitment tools with objective capabilities. The study was qualitative with a phenomenological research approach. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and data collection was analyzed using the IPA method, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The results of the interviews show that the majority of respondents use intuition during the recruitment process. The respondents refer to the explanation that intuition can predict personality, performance and how well the candidate fits into the workplace. The majority of respondents felt that based on their experience they could rely on their intuition, while other respondents felt that objective tools were not adapted to their specific workplace. The study's results reinforce, among other things, previous research on the lack of understanding of intuition and how intuition affects the selection process.

  • 136.
    Brevestedt, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Beroende av datorspel: Är barn och unga med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar en riskgrupp för att utveckla ett datorspelsberoende?2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Computer gaming has increased significantly in recent years and on average children and young people spend more than 3 hours a day playing computer games. Computer game addiction is a new diagnosis that in 2018 was classified as a disease by the World Health Organization and goes under the name "gaming disorder" as there is currently no correct Swedish translation. In many cases computer gaming does not mean anything problematic, but for some children and young people, a computer game addiction can develop. Several studies have examined the risk factors that are linked to computer game addiction and where neuropsychiatric disabilities are seen as a risk factor for developing a computer game addiction.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to increase knowledge about the diagnosis of computer game addiction and to bring forward knowledge about whether neuropsychiatric disabilities such as ADHD and AST are possible risk factors for developing a computer game addiction. The purpose is further to investigate whether it is precisely neuropsychiatric disabilities that are the main risk factor or whether there are surrounding and interacting factors that affect children and young people with neuropsychiatric disabilities to a greater degree of risk of becoming addicted.

    Method: The study was conducted as a literature review where 12 quantitative scientific articles were included. Searches were mainly made in the database APA PsycINFO. The articles were reviewed and evaluated.

    Results: Based on the issues on which the work is based, results showed that children with neuropsychiatric disabilities are more likely to be addicted to computer games. Results also show that there are other interacting factors that affect the degree of computer game addiction in children with neuropsychiatric disabilities.

    Conclusion: Computer game addiction is a relatively new area of research, but an area that is constantly increasing and needs to be monitored. More and more children are playing computer games and some of these children end up in a computer game addiction. This literature study shows an interaction between neuropsychiatric disabilities and an increased degree of computer game addiction while there are several other interacting factors such as gender, age, mental illness, and difficulties in social interaction. Children with neuropsychiatric disabilities have a need to create social networks and vent their hyperactivity, and by playing computer games, these needs can be met. Computer games give children the opportunity to, despite difficulties in social interaction, get a network of peers in similar interests without having to be exposed to what is difficult. Difficulties with computer games are that several of the computer games that exist are endless and the player therefore finds it difficult to stop playing as it constantly means new rewards and success. This in turn leads to other parts of a player's life no longer being as important and the child being hidden away in an anonymous world. It is of the utmost importance to pay attention, prevent and work for a healthy and fun time on the internet where you can take advantage of all the good things that exist but in limited forms. 

  • 137.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlson, Björn W
    Sahlgrenska University, Division of Cardiology.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R M
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Health-related quality of life in women and men one year after acute myocardial infarction2005In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 749-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was, first, to detect possible changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time and, second, to predict HRQL at 1 year based on measures made 1 week and 5 months after a first-time acute myocardial infarction. There was an improvement in HRQL at 1 year, as measured by the questionnaire 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form (SF-36), for both men and women as compared with the assessment 5 months after the acute myocardial infarction. However, the pattern was somewhat different for women and men. Women mainly reported increased scores on scales reflecting better mental health, whereas men, on the whole, demonstrated higher scores in the physical health domain. Depression (HAD) and fatigue were identified as early predictors of lower HRQL at the 1-year follow-up. Our conclusion is that early assessment of fatigue and depression is worthwhile, as they may indicate decreased HRQL in men and women 1 year after first-time myocardial infarction.

  • 138.
    Broberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Martinsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet och innovation: vad karaktäriserar den kreativa medarbetaren?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative ability is a sought-after competence in today's labor market, marked by expansive technological progression, globalization and increased flexibility. International studies in work psychology indicate that innovative ability is correlated with specific personality traits.

    In this study the correlation between personality through Five Factor Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and innovative ability through Ideational Behavior (IB; Runco, Plucker, & Lim, 2001) was explored. There is a lack of exploration of IB and its two distinct factors in relation to personality in previous Swedish research, which has led to this study aiming to remedy the situation.

    Data was collected through a web survey based on the self-assessment instrument IPIP-NEO-120 (Johnson, 2014) to examine personality, and Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS) to examine IB. The survey gathered 256 respondents with various educational background and main occupation.

    The result indicates that IB was positively and significantly associated with the personality traits Openness to Experience and Extraversion, while Conscientiousness and Agreeableness presented negative correlations with IB. A noteworthy result implied that there were differences in the correlations between FFM and the two distinct factors of IB, which measures two separate constructs of creativity: Divergent thinking and Scatterbrained. The difference was especially prominent for the trait Neuroticism, for which the correlation indicated a negative association with the factor Divergent thinking and a positive association with the factor Scatterbrained. It was established through forced entry regression method that selected personality facets of FFM and gender accounted for a little over half of the variance in IB. The results are in line with international research, indicating that IB is a possible instrument for measuring innovative behavior at an individual level.

  • 139.
    Broman, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindblom, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda risksituationer inom psykiatrin: Tematisk studie kring boendestödjares berättelser av en riskfylld situation på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supporting residents in Sweden has increased by 60% in the past four years. This study enrolled 11 participants employed at a psychiatric facility; the majority of whom were middle-aged women. The purpose of the study was to examine perceived risk situations of that the supportive workers within psychiatry and see if that condition led to changes within their workplace. Participants received a question-guide where they wrote answers to open-ended questions about perceived risk situation, and were given opportunity to answer if said risk led to any change in the workplace environment or its practices. These were individual risk situations that participants experienced in person. The material was then transcribed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The results revealed three main themes:

    Rules are broken, Strategies in a risk situation and Perceived effects after risk situation. From the three main themes, nine sub-themes were identified. The study shows that the supportive housing residents are perceived as a threat in the workplace and that during risk situations the participants find safety in their own immediate actions as well as those of their professional peers. The changes made by the organization did either consist of more personnel or technical measures. A conclusion of the study shows that the colleagues and other professionals are highly important for the well-being and safety of the psychiatric residents. More in-depth research needs to be done in the risks and the work with the psychiatric residents. The research concerning risk management is relatively undeveloped and more research needs to be done, for as it is today, there are no dominant risk management guidelines.

  • 140.
    Brongers, Rosalinde
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Livskvalitet hos högkänsliga personer: en studie om högkänslighet, självmedkänsla och personlighet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty percent of all people are highly sensitive (HSP = Highly Sensitive Person) which means that they are born with a sensitive nervous system. Many HSP's are experiencing negative consequences in their everyday lives that affect their quality of life. As the group HSP is large and the correlation between HSP, quality of life and self-compassion is not specifically is investigated, the present study was relevant. The examined questions are: Is there within the group of HSP regarding Quality of Life, Self-compassion, High sensitivity, BIS, BAS, Extraversion and Neuroticism (a) significant correlations between the variables? (b) To what extend do the variables explain Quality of Life and High Sensitivity? (c) Are there gender differences regarding the variables? (d) Is there a positive correlation between High Sensitivity and Age? The 111 participants were members of the Sveriges Förening för Högkänsliga and all were HSP according to self-assessment, which also was confirmed by the data collected. The group of participants consisted of 93 women (84%) and 18 men (16%) and the average age was 50, where the lowest age was 35 years and the highest 70. All questions were answered by these analytical methods: Pearson's correlation analysis, Standard Multiple Linear Regression and T-test. The main outcome was that the link between HSP and self-compassion contributed to new knowledge, which concluded that the practice of Self-compassion can help to actively increase the level of quality of life for HSP's. The strongest correlation in the study was between BIS and neuroticism, which means that at an increase of BIS, the degree of negative affect also increased and vice versa; the result was in line with previous research. Two unexpected results were that (a) the driving force (BASDrive) predicted high sensitivity most, unlike the literature suggesting that BIS and neuroticism would have the strongest connection and (b) the degree of high sensitivity decreased with increase in age; which contradicts earlier research. The essay is a relevant source of information for the HSP and all others who are interacting with HSP.

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  • 141.
    Brorsson, Joachim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Över ån efter vatten: en studie om chefers syn på kunskap och kunskapsutveckling2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 142.
    Brorsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestin, Eric
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utforskande sambandsstudie om moralisk vitalism och värderingar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some people imagine, and believe, that good and evil exist as active forces that can influence people and events and also determine actions as morally right or wrong. This conception is called moral vitalism. The study examined connections between belief in moral vitalism and values. Values refer to the individual's personal estimation of the value of something, in the results of an action. The study had a wide angle and 188 respondents answered the webb questionnaire. The questionnaire had a normal distribution and of the respondents 74.2 % was women, 24.7% men and 1.1% answered being another sex. The largest part of the respondents were 26–35 (36%) and 79% had some kind of college or university education. The instrument from Schwartz values model (2012) and Bastian, Bain, Buhrmester, Gómez, Vásquez, Knight and Swann´s (2015) instrument to measure the degree of belief in moral vitalism were used in collecting data. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to explore the connections. The study show two weak correlations between having conservation values or universal values and belief in moral vitalism, i.e. the belief that evil and good power have influence over people and events.

  • 143.
    Brorsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefers inställning till fortsatt distansarbete efter covid-19-pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market has gone through changes during the ongoing covid-19 pandemic and a large amount of the working population has started work on remote from their homes. The majority of the Swedish working population wishes a hybrid solution of remote work after the pandemic. This aroused interest in examining what opportunities and challenges employers see with such a solution. The aim with this study was to investigate managers preferences about further remote work in the future. Questions at issue were how managers perceive management on remote and which possibilities and challenges they experience with remote work in the future. This qualitative study comprised semi-structured interviews with ten managers within different sectors. The interviews were analyzed by thematic analysis. The result shows that the perception of remote work has changed, and the managers are positive about a hybrid version in the future. How the design of the hybrid version should be composed depend on several factors as the nature of the task, the organizations’ and employees’ needs and conditions.

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  • 144.
    Brunedal, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Väringer, Kajsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Global självkänsla & prestationsbaserad självkänsla: En kvantitativ undersökning om generell tilltro till den egna förmågans modererande effekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was examined to get an insight in the underlying factors of global selfesteem. More specifically, the purpose was to examine if the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was moderated by general selfefficacy. Our hypothesis was that individuals who have a greater tendency to link their self-worth to their performance will have higher global self-esteem, but only if they have high general self-efficacy. The study was based on an online survey which used Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Performance-based Self-EsteemScale (PBSE) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). Through a conveniencesample 242 participants were recruited and 81.8% were women, 17.4% men and .8% stated another gender identity. The ages varied between 19 to 74 years (M = 31.83,SD = 13.8). Data was analysed via the Process macro for SPSS and the moderatoranalysis "model 1" was used. The study showed that global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was negatively correlated and global self-esteem and general self-efficacy was positively correlated. These results are in line with previous studies. Further, the study showed that the level of general self-efficacy did not affect the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem. In otherwords there was no moderating effect of general self-efficacy.

  • 145.
    Bränneby, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindborg, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetstrivsel i förhållande till personlighet och sociala relationer på arbetet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether job satisfaction correlates with personality and the quality of social relationships at work. To measure job satisfaction and social relationships at work, six questions were designed to measure the degree to which participants enjoyed their work and how they enjoyed their work group. To measure the personality the Ten-Item Personality Inventory was used which is a personality test developed from the Five Factor Model. The collected data consisted of 57 completed surveys from nurse assistants in three municipal workplaces. The results showed a clear positive relationship between job satisfaction and social relations at work.

    No significant associations between personality and job satisfaction was found which differs from previous research, but based on Hemphill's guidelines interesting relationships were found.

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  • 146.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    Dysfunctions, disabilities and disordered minds: Our response to the commentaries2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    What is mental about mental disorder?2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent discussion of the concept of mental disorder has focused on what makes a mental disorder a disorder. A question that has received less attention is what makes a mental disorder mental rather than somatic. We examine three views on this issue—namely, the internal cause view, the symptom view, and the pluralist view—and assess to what extent these accounts are plausible. In connection with this, three strategies that have been used to pinpoint the mental in psychiatry are identified, namely negative characterizations (the mental as the nonsomatic), exemplification of paradigmatic mental features, and an appeal to intentional content. We also examine different versions of nihilism, the view that the distinction between mental and somatic disorder is ill founded. Finally, it is observed that the discussion of what makes a mental disorder mental has largely been unaffected by conceptions of the mental in the philosophy of mind.

  • 148.
    Bubach, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kesete, Sara  
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mindfulness, Big Five, ålder och kön: en sambandsstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness means being deliberately focused on the present with a nonjudgmental attitude towards the feelings and thoughts that may emerge. Since a person can be more or less mindful by default this study will look at the relations between mindfulness (dependent variable), and personality traits, sex and age (independent variables).

    This essay used a quantitative method with an internet-based inquiry poll with a total of 20 questions. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to measure mindfulness and Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to measure personality traits. The participants (N = 114) consisted of 76 women and 38 men (average age = 25.8, standard deviation = 6.7). The data material was analyzed by using correlation analysis, regression analysis, t-test and Cohen's d.

    The results were similar to previously conducted studies on the same topic although there were a few small differences. The results showed that age and extraversion lacked any connection to mindfulness. Agreeableness showed a weak and negative connection to mindfulness. Conscientiousness have a medium strong and positive connection towards mindfulness. Neuroticism showed a strong and negative connection to mindfulness. Openness showed a weak and positive connection to mindfulness. A moderate difference was found between the sexes in relationship to mindfulness with a statistical significance. Conscientiousness and neuroticism was the two personality traits that had a statistical significance to mindfulness. The results from the regression analysis showed that traits, age and gender explain a quite large portion (42%) of mindfulness while age and sex and age have a smaller explanatory effect (4%) on mindfulness.

  • 149.
    Buchanan, Christy M.
    et al.
    Wake Forest Univ, Winston Salem (USA).
    Glatz, Terese
    Orebro Univ, Orebro (SWE).
    Selçuk, Şule
    Hacettepe Univ, Ankara (TUR).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC (USA).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Abu Dhabi Early Childhood Authority, Abu Dhabi (ARE); Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples “Federico II” (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda; 0 UNICEF, New York (USA); Institute for Fiscal Studies, London (GBR).
    Chang, Lei
    Department of Psychology, University of Macau (CHN).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (CHN).
    Long, Qian
    Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Department of Psychology, Maseno University, Maseno (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Peace Culture Foundation, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia (USA); King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Suthep, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses2023In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the developmental trajectories of parental self-efficacy as children transition into adolescence. This study examined parental self-efficacy among mothers and fathers over 3 1/2 years representing this transition, and whether the level and developmental trajectory of parental self-efficacy varied by cultural group. Data were drawn from three waves of the Parenting Across Cultures (PAC) project, a large-scale longitudinal, cross-cultural study, and included 1178 mothers and 1041 fathers of children who averaged 9.72 years of age at T1 (51.2% girls). Parents were from nine countries (12 ethnic/cultural groups), which were categorized into those with a predominant collectivistic (i.e., China, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Colombia, and Jordan) or individualistic (i.e., Italy, Sweden, and USA) cultural orientation based on Hofstede's Individualism Index (Hofstede Insights, 2021). Latent growth curve analyses supported the hypothesis that parental self-efficacy would decline as children transition into adolescence only for parents from more individualistic countries; parental self-efficacy increased over the same years among parents from more collectivistic countries. Secondary exploratory analyses showed that some demographic characteristics predicted the level and trajectory of parental self-efficacy differently for parents in more individualistic and more collectivistic countries. Results suggest that declines in parental self-efficacy documented in previous research are culturally influenced.

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  • 150.
    Buchanan, Christy M
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, (USA).
    Zietz, Susannah
    Duke University (USA).
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, (USA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Chongqing Medical University (CHN).
    Long, Qian
    Duke Kunshan University (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza” (ITA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University (USA) and King Abdulaziz University (SAU).
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University (THA).
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín 050001, (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Department of Psychology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University (PHL).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education (ARE).
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Neapel, (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, (USA).
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau (MAC).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002, (USA).
    Typicality and trajectories of problematic and positive behaviors over adolescence in eight countries.2022In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, article id 991727Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine the predictions of a storm and stress characterization of adolescence concerning typicality and trajectories of internalizing, externalizing, and wellbeing from late childhood through late adolescence. Using data from the Parenting Across Cultures study, levels and trajectories of these characteristics were analyzed for 1,211 adolescents from 11 cultural groups across eight countries. Data were longitudinal, collected at seven timepoints from 8 to 17 years of age. Results provide more support for a storm and stress characterization with respect to the developmental trajectories of behavior and characteristics from childhood to adolescence or across the adolescent years than with respect to typicality of behavior. Overall, adolescents' behavior was more positive than negative in all cultural groups across childhood and adolescence. There was cultural variability in both prevalence and trajectories of behavior. The data provide support for arguments that a more positive and nuanced characterization of adolescence is appropriate and important.

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    fulltext
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