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  • 101.
    Andersson, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johansson, Josefine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    "Where I come from cannot make me who I want to be”: A Minor Field Study in the townships of Cape Town2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The purpose of this thesis is to describe peer educators’ experiences from the training given to them by The Leadership South Programme. The aim is also to describe the participants’ perceived self-empowerment and perceptions about their own learning and experiences of being a peer educator. The study also aims to explore how peer educators share their skills with others.

    Methods: Grounded Theory is the method used for the research presented in this thesis. The data collection was done by open-ended questionnaires followed by qualitative interviews.

    Results: The results show that the peer educators who participated in our study show increased self-esteem and motivation. The training has also given them increased knowledge in communicating, listening and facilitating others. Furthermore peer educators experienced increased self-awareness and learned how to motivate and support their peers and share information.

  • 102.
    Andersson, My
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sandblom, Petra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Våga vilja förändra: Övervikt och fetma – en bestående beteendeförändring2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Overweight and obesity have become a worldwide epidemic, when people choose to eat and live unhealthy. The epidemic will, according to the researchers to harvest more victims than an epidemic normally do, they believe that more than a million people at risk of dying prematurely of complications from obesity. The nurse responsible for the patient's health and can make use of the method of motivational interviewing as treating methods for patients with obesity. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the obese patient's road to a lasting behavioral change. Method: A literature review was used to analyze scientific articles related to the subject area. One qualitative- and eight quantitative studies are included in this review. Results: The result is based on the main category, the patient summarizing the seven subcategories, obstacle, consciousness, emotions, food, discipline, physical facility and failure and good results. These categories describe the patient's road to lasting behavioral change. Conclusion: It is the patient who must have the courage to want to change their unhealthy behavior. Seven steps are defined with the result that reflects the patient's path toward a behavior change, the patient must undergo all the seven steps to achieve lasting change

  • 103.
    Andersson, Oskar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Rosengren, Jessica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    God man i vården av personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trustee is an actor who a specialist nurse in psychiatry may cooperate within the care of people with mental disabilities. Trustee works as a deputy to a person who himself cannot protect their own interests. Mental disability is a reason why trustee is held by the Swedish courts. There are no new measurements of how many people's with mental disabili-ties that have a trustee, but research shows that this insert is a common occurrence for these people. No previous research has been found which describe trustee's impact on the nursing care of people with mental disabilities.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to describe the specialist nurse in psychiatry experiences of a trustee in the care of people with mental disabilities in psychiatric outpatients.

    Method:

    The study was based on interviews with 10 specialist nurse in psychiatry, working in psychiatric outpatient. A qualitative content analysis was conducted.

    Results:

    In the present study the specialist nurse in psychiatry describe that trustee can be promoting in the care of people with mental disabilities. The nurses described that the trustee was a person who they could cooperate with and who also guarded the patient´s rights. Trus-tees could also be aggravating to the care when the cooperation was hampered by various fac-tors such as the trustee's personality and the patient opposed the insert.

    Conclusion:

    Trustee has an impact on the care of people with mental disabilities. There are opportunities for cooperation between the specialist nurse in psychiatry and the trustee that can promote a more full care of people with mental disabilities.

  • 104.
    Andersson, Paula
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Åberg, Nathalie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Närståendes erfarenheter av att vårda en person med Alzheimers sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alzheimer's disease is the most common dementia disease and affects 60-70 percent of people suffering from a dementia disease. About 100 000 people in Sweden are diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Managing and taking care of a person who needs a lot of support and help means that life becomes completely different than before. Support from the surroundings are therefore very important for close relatives caring for a person with Alzheimer's Disease.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to explore closely related persons' experience of caring for a person with Alzheimer's disease.

    Method: The method to create evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was used. Eleven articles were obtained through the databases Cinahl and PsycINFO. From the 11 articles three themes and eight sub-themes emerged.

    Results: The results showed that close relatives experienced difficulties communicating with the person in Alzheimer's disease. They felt great fear and concern about the disease and its development. Relatives breached themselves to meet the person's need for care. The close relative felt that caring for Alzheimer's disease caused them to feel isolated. Relatives found strategies that made it easier for them to care for Alzheimer's disease.

    Conclusion: It was stressful to care for a person with Alzheimer's disease and the close relatives were in great need of support. The nurse must be able to meet the close relatives' feelings of anxiety, guilt and shame, especially as a close relative caring for a person with Alzheimer's disease is not always voluntary.

  • 105.
    Andersson, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Khalily-Larsson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Riskfaktorer för självskadebeteende hos kvinnor som avtjänar ett fängelsestraff: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-harming behavior has increased globally and has recently become its own diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Methods of self-harm can consist in cutting, burning, hitting and starving yourself. Self-harming behaviors are more frequent among women in a prison environment than in rest of society. Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for self-harming behavior among females serving a prison sentence. Method: A literature review was performed and data was collected from eight scientific articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach.

    Results: The results were analyzed and compiled into three main themes considering risk factors for self-harm: 1) Social strains and past negative life-experiences, 2) Mental illness and 3) Prison environment. The subthemes describe factors as family relations, age and ethnicity, abuse and traumas in the past; mental stresses, psychiatric diagnosis, substance abuse and withdrawal and relationships; and finally imprisonment, activities and restrictions in the environment and relations. Conclusion: Women who engage in self-harming behavior while serving a prison sentence often carry a problematic background with severe events who has affected them. The prison environment does not support their health and risk factors for self-harming behavior remains and even increases. This study can reinforce increased knowledge about self-harming behavior in women prisons and improve preventive work.

  • 106.
    Andersson, Sanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vega, Claudia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Aggressiva och antisociala beteenden hos ungdomar i Marocko och Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Knowledge about adolescents' aggressive and antisocial behaviour is of highest importance to possess in human-treating organizations. This knowledge should be based on a holistic approach, which takes into account the environment (social and cultural factors) effect on behaviours. Previous research on youths' aggressive and antisocial behaviour primarily focused on biological and social factors. The present study focuses on the possible association between environment and aggressive and antisocial behaviours from a cultural perspective.

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviours of high school students in Morocco and Sweden and compare them between genders and countries.

    Method: Self-reported frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviours was assessed by the "Life History of Aggression" instrument. The study population consisted of 361 high school students in Morocco and 276 high school students in Sweden. Mann-Whitney U test was used o examine differences in the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviour between Moroccan and Swedish high school students and between genders. Eta2 was used to measure the effect size of the differences. 

    Results: The male students (in both countries) estimated their aggressive and antisocial behaviour higher than the female students. Moroccan male students scored significantly higher on aggressive behaviours directed both against others and themselves than Swedish male students. Swedish female students indicated significantly more often occurring antisocial behaviours than the Moroccan female students.

    Conclusion: The result indicates significant differences in the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviour between high school students in Morocco and Sweden. In general, the Moroccan students reported more aggressive and antisocial behaviour than the Swedish students. Importantly, this cannot be interpreted that Moroccan high school students have more atypical and norm-breaking behaviour than Swedish high school students, as atypical and norm-breaking behaviours are culture-sensitive. The result also showed some gender-specific behavioural differences between the countries.

  • 107.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Backman, Emma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vårdpersonals upplevelser av att vårda personer med ätstörningar: En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Eating disorder was a serious health disorder that was mostly common in the western world. An eating disorder meant that a person had an uncontrolled eating behavior and control needs of their weight. It was classified in three groups, Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa and eating disorder no other specificated.

    Aim:

    Study health professional's experience of caring for persons with an eating disorder.

    Method:

    Ten qualitative articles according to the aim had been analyzed in this literature study.

    Result:

    The result showed two main theme. Theme one was "experience barriers" which included the negative feelings about caring for eating disorders. Theme two was "the experience of developing good relations" which included the positive feelings for the persons with an eating disorder.

    Conclusion

    Caring for persons with an eating disorder aroused a lot of feelings among the healthcare professionals which influenced the care.

  • 108.
    Andersson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Faktorer som hindrar patienter med diabetes typ 2 att genomföra livsstilsförändringar.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, 90% of all people living with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. The reason for obtaining type 2 diabetes is rising age, obesity, physical inactivity and genetic factors. Symptoms from the disease are fatigue, thirst and increased amounts of urine. Lifestyle changes can be explained as an act performed to change lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity. Treatment of type 2 diabetes is dietary changes and increased physical activity in combination with medications.

    The aim of this literature study was to identify factors that prevent patients with type 2 diabetes from performing lifestyle changes.

    The method was a systematic literature study where seven qualitative articles were analyzed and the result was based on. Six articles were found through searches in databases Cinahl and PubMed, one article via manual search.

    Results: Two categories and six subcategories emerged from content analysis of the included articles, the categories were; Internal factors and external factors. Subcategories were; lack of inner motivation, lack of support, lack of knowledge/information, attitude/expectations to lifestyle changes, physical barriers and surrounding obstacles.

    Conclusions: Interpretation of the result could be that patients need different types of support to be able to implement the lifestyle changes required by them. It can be assumed that each patient needs an individualized counseling/information about type 2 diabetes and how obstacles to carrying out lifestyle changes could be eliminated. More research and increased knowledge are required for specialist nursing in diabetes regarding obstacles to the implementation of lifestyle changes.

  • 109.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Holmgren, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Patienters upplevelser av bemötande på akutmottagning: En litteraturöversikt2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how patients with acute illness experience their given care in the emergency department. Method: A literature review of ten studies where differences and similarities were analyzed. These studies had been published between the years of 2000 and 2011. Results: The analysis showed a lack of sufficient care concerning patients’ subjective experiences. The researchers found three themes that specifically stood out when studies that had already been made were researched. These themes played an important role in care in the emergency department and insufficient attention to these from the staff could lead to a negative impact on patients’ experiences. The themes were: patients’ participation, patients’ need of communication and information and waiting period. The result showed that a lack in these presented themes could cause feelings of distress, frustration and irritation among patients. Because of this they often used different kinds of strategies to get more involved in their own caring process. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was that there is a lack of resources within the emergency department where lack of personnel is the most forthcoming reason to patients’ negative experiences. There was however ways for the nurses to improve patients’ experiences within the emergency department by using Travelbee’s philosophy. This was to better interact and understand the patients’ lived experiences as a whole. Every patient is unique and by using proper communication, nurses can understand the patients’ whole life situation and by that, improve the quality of care.

  • 110.
    Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hannu, Annina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Barns upplevelser av våld i hemmet och dess samband till psykisk ohälsa i vuxen ålder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being subjected to violence is a trauma for every individual whom is exposed. If a child is exposed to violence there is a risk that the child will have consequences that in some cases also follow the child into adulthood.

    Aim: The purpose of this paper is to describe how experiences of physical and/or psychological violence in childhood can affect mental health in adulthood.

    Method: The study was done through a literature review where data was obtained already existing research. Seven scientific articles have been reviewed according to a five step modell.

    Result: The result shows that different types of violence against children often occur in parallel with each other. The result also shows that the consequences for the exposed individual differ depending on the type of violence used and to what extent. In addition to various types of mental illness as a result of violence in childhood the vulnerable individuals tend to develop negative behaviors, e.g. in form of problems with impulse control and difficulties in adapting to change.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this paper is that violence, regardless of form, has a negative impact on the child whom is exposed. The exposure to violence affects the individual negatively not only when he or she is a child but can also affect the exposed individual later in life.

  • 111.
    Andersson Solum, Linus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wallin, Lisa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att beskriva personers upplevelser av att lära sig leva med diabetes typ 22015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is a disease that is getting more common in the society and the numbers of diagnosed people are expecting to grow markedly. Self-care is an important part in the managing of the disease that demands education and guidance so that persons with diabetes type 2 can take control of the disease and achieving a good health. The nurse´s responsibility is to educate the patient so that a good self-care can be pursued.

    Aim: To describe persons experiences of learning to live with diabetes type 2.

    Method: A literature study was carried through based on 11 qualitative scientific articles.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three main themes and six sub-themes that describe the experiences of learning to live with type 2 diabetes from a patient perspective.

    Conclusion: The result shows that persons with diabetes type 2 go through various periods showing the handling of the disease from diagnosis determined until the disease is accepted. Which shows how important it is with the support of health care and the environment.

  • 112.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bennet, Louise
    Lunds universitet, Centrum för primärvårdsforskning, Limhamns vårdcentral, Region Skåne, Sweden.
    Fellbrant, Klas
    Family Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Skövde, Sweden.
    Hellgren, Margareta
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Attitudes Regarding Participation in a Diabetes Screening Test among an Assyrian Immigrant Population in Sweden2016In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 1504530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. In total, 13 of the 43 participants were diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism, 4 of these 13 had TD2. The interviewed participants perceived that screening was an opportunity to discover more about their health and to care for themselves and their families. Nevertheless, they were not necessarily committed to taking action as a consequence of the screening. Instead, they professed that their health was not solely in their own hands and that they felt safe that God would provide for them. Assyrians’ background and religion affect their health beliefs and willingness to participate in screening for TD2.

  • 113.
    Andersson, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Karlsson, Sara
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av att involvera närstående i omvårdnaden av patienter med diabetes typ 22015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background;

    Approximately four percent of women and six percent of men in the Swedish population is estimated to have diabetes, 80-90% of those with diabetes type 2. Family focused care is of great importance in families where one member is suffering from a chronic illness. A family-focused approach to diabetes care supports positive family function. Health professionals should spend more time and attention to non-clinical factors such as social support.

    Aim;

    To identify primary health care nurses´ experiences of involving family members in the care of patients with diabetes type 2.

    Methods;

    Data was collected by written narratives from ten primary health care nurses working with patients with diabetes type 2 and qualitative content analysis was used for analysis of data.

    Results;

    The result was based on the theme Intimate as enhanced cooperation partner in the meeting, with categories Intimate as resource and Intimate as obstacle. Intimate as resource was divided into subcategories Lifestyle changes as a joint project, The creation of knowledge and security, A different point and Facilitation of communication in language problems. Intimate as obstacles were divided into Intimate taking over, Private conversations substances and Family conflicts.

    Conclusions;

    To suffer from diabetes type 2 sets high demands on the daily life of the patient. Primary health care nurses experiencing intimate as a resource in nursing care. In some cases primary health care nurses has experienced intimate as an obstacle in the meeting.

  • 114.
    Andersson Värnlund, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Larsson, Victoria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Inte bara glömska: partnerns erfarenheter av att leva tillsammans med en person som har demens2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is a degenerative disease which effects the brains cognitive functions and there are several different types of dementia. A person who has dementia is likely to wander, shout, be aggressive, memory loss and poor perception of time. All of these symptoms affect the partner to the person with dementia. Every year over 25'000 persons gets dementia and many of these persons lives at home. The partner is often the one who takes care of the person with dementia.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate partners experiences of living with a person who has dementia. Method: The method used in this study was literature study and fifteen qualitative articles were analysed.

    Results: Two main themes emerged: a changed relationship and to manage the situation.Dementia affects the relationship of a couple. There will be changes in the emotional relationship because the person who once was there disappears as the dementia deteriorates. At the same time there is a change in the roles. The chores that the person with dementia did earlier is now the partner’s responsibility. To be able to take care of the person with dementia the partner had his or hers own resources.These resources could consist of practical and emotional strategies. Also external resources where available, such as support from family, friends, church or support groups. Conclusion: The conclusion is that the partner is doing everything in its power to keep the person with dementia at home as long as possible.

  • 115.
    Andreasson, Ingegärd
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Patienterfarenheter av organisationen på en mammografiavdelning2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The women who were called in for further examinations after a breast screening had all their examinations and test during one day. This organization has been conducted since 1993 in this clinic, but has not previously been evaluated. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the patients’ experiences of the organization, in a radiologic breastcancer clinic, where all the examinations and the test-results were given at the same day. Method: An empirical quantitative study was performed. The study was performed in eighty-one consecutive women who had an appointment for further investigations after a breast screening. A self-administered questionnaire was designed specifically for this study and mailed to the participants. Results: All of the participants where very satisfied to have all the examinations, tests, counseling with a doctor and to see a nurse in the same day. The results included both woman diagnosed with and without cancer and independent on the type or number of examinations the women had had.

  • 116.
    Andreasson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Wiklander, Christine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Hälsoprofessioners uppfattningar om arbetet med överviktiga barn i skolan: En fenomenografisk studie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Overweight and obesity have been increasing problems among children in Sweden since the 1980s. These children’s health is at risk and the problems can become extensive if the youths remain overweight until adulthood. Diabetes type 2, low self confidence and cardiovascular diseases are but a few examples of health troubles caused by overweight and obesity. Obesity and its related diseases cost society three billion crowns per year in Sweden for health care and treatment, plus the cost for medicine, sick leaves and early retirement. Seen from a cultural point of view, the society ideal linked with health is to be slim. Since overweight and obesity have increased among children, we have investigated the obesity problem in a Swedish municipality. The demographics of the municipality suggests a socio-economic context of students' weight problems when the schools are in residential areas only have a few students who are overweight or obese compared to those schools that are in flat areas, where the problem of overweight and obesity is considerably larger. We have chosen school nurses as target group to examine the problem since they have contact with children and their health from the beginning of elementary school until the end of high school.

    Our purpose was to examine the school nurses’ and other school and children related personnel’s conception and experience of obesity among children and young people, as well as their working methods with this problem. We were inspired by the phenomenographical approach and carried out fifteen semi-structured interviews with fifteen school nurses, one school physician and a physiotherapist, a total of seventeen people. The result reveals a demographic difference in overweight problems where culture and social economy emerged as primary factors. It appeared also that the parents must take responsibility for their children’s health by creating themselves healthy lifestyles at home, with support and help from the municipality. However, we could distinguish a lack of efforts to prevent obesity. The school nurses had a varied approach on which knowledge was needed and how one can work with overweight children and their families. We found also a need to review and revise the school nurses’ and municipality’s responsibilities.

  • 117.
    Andreasson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Alexandersson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Stress på akutmottagningen: sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress among ´nurses´ at the emergency department is a common problem. Emergency departments are often overcrowded and the lack of staff is a usual issue. The work pace in the emergency department is often high and dealing with stressful situations is often forgotten.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to explore ´nurses´ experience of occupational stress in the emergency department.

    Method: A literature review has been made of 7 qualitative and 7 quantitative articles. Articles were analyzed by searching for similarities and differences. The analyzed articles were published between 2008-2016.

    Results: The results showed that ´nurses´ showed a high level of occupational stress due to high workload and lack of staff. The results also showed that consequenses of stress were fatigue syndrome and depression. The most effective coping strategy among ´nurses´ were a strong social support, and the use of debriefing.

    Conclusion: To work as a ´nurse´ at the emergency department can be stressful. To be able to deal with stress effectively ´nurses´ need to be educated in coping strategies. Clear guidelines in the emergency department are an effective method in dealing with stress.

  • 118.
    Andreasson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Berglund, Nina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    How nurses at a state health clinic in Namibia work to reduce diarrheal diseases among children under five years of age.: - How do they work preventive and what obstacles are they facing? -2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diarrheal diseases are one of the leading causes in the world that leads to mortality for children under the age of five. A very common factor for an undeveloped country’s lower class is that the access to clean water, sanitation, education and the right nutrition for children are lacking. Part of the nurse profession is to prevent and to make sure that the message is being received by the client in order to reduce sickness.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to find out how nurses at a state health clinic work preventive to reduce diarrheal diseases among children under five years of age and what obstacles nurses are facing in their daily work when giving preventive advice.

    Method: The method used is qualitative research. In depth interviews were conducted with six nurses that lasted 30-45 min.

    Result: To prevent diarrheal diseases the nurses at the state clinic are using a national guideline and they give health education. The obstacles they face in their daily work are communication difficulties due to many different ethnical groups and different languages in the country, poverty and sanitation. Many mothers are working or are infected by HIV and do not want to breastfeed.

    Conclusions: More research should focus on how to give health education to people in society and the connection between nursing education and practice. Preventive work is a relatively cheap way to reduce suffering and make a whole population healthier.

    Keywords: Communication, Hygiene, Namibia, Nursing, Preventive work

    Acknowledgements: We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Sida that gave us a scholarship so we were able to make a minor field study in Namibia.

     

  • 119.
    Andréasson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wirheim, Sara
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos barn som växer upp hos vårdnadshavare med borderline personlighetsstörning: - en litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    It is not unusual that a child grows up with a guardian with mental illness, such as borderline personality disorder. It is important that children grow up in a safe environment where their needs are met. It is known, that when children grow up with a guardian with borderline personality disorder, it can affect their mental health and their social skills. These children are in need of extra care and attention from heath care personal and from the society, but these needs are sometimes not met.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to enlighten children's mental health when growing up with a guardian with borderline personality disorder

    Method:

    A literature review based on three quantitative and six qualitative articles was conducted.

    Result:

    Three main themes and six subthemes emerged: Emotional instability, with subthemes Aggressive and avoiding behavior and Fear of abandonment; difficulties in intimate relations with subthemes Bad integration with the guardian and Lack of social interaction; and finally reduced wellbeing with subthemes Depressive symptoms and anxiety and Guilt and shame.

    Conclusion:

    The result show through the study that mothers BPD has a negative impact on children's mental health. This was demonstrated by low self-esteem, low self-control, aggression, separation anxiety, less responsive to their mothers, less integrated with their family, difficulty in social situations. This literature review can help health professionals to gain a greater understanding of how much a guardian with borderline personality disorder actually affects children. Through this understanding, the caregivers can give these children the support they need.

  • 120.
    Andréasson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Mjölnevik, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Programme.
    Att leva i skuggan av psykisk sjukdom2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backround: Many people today live with mental illness. But what is often forgotten is their families that also they will be affected. Knowledge of how families perceive their situation is of great importance to health care. This is to be able to involve family members in care and meet their needs for support, which in the long term is vital for patient recovery. Aim: To illustrate the relatives' experiences of having a loved one with mental illness. Metod: A literature study with qualitative approach. Ten articles where chosen to be read, reviewed and analyzed according to Friberg (2012a) analysis model.

    Results: Two themes with eight subthemes appeared. The first theme was: Experiences of inner suffering. The theme was marked by feelings of concern, fear, shame, guilt, and sorrow. The second theme was: Experiences of increased responsibility. This revealed feelings of a wasted life, feelings of lack of knowledge and the need of confirmation. Conclusion: The result of this study shows that the need for support from health care his huge for the next of kin. The feelings of concern, fear, shame, guilt and sorrow leads to inner suffering, and can there for involve to a depression for themselves. With a few actions from the nurse, which involves to listen to the next of kin, give emotional and practical support and to give knowledge of the mental illness, there can lift a huge load of the mental stress the next of kin is feeling.

  • 121.
    Andréasson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    När livet är en berg- och dalbana: En litteraturbaserad studie om att leva med ett barn med diabetes2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is one of Sweden's national diseases. Around 7000 children live with type 1 diabetes in Sweden today. The diagnosis requires planning of everyday life and revaluation of routines which places great demands on the family.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe parents and siblings' experiences of living with a child or young adult diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: The study was designed as a literature-based study to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research to reach a deeper understanding of families' experiences. An analysis of thirteen qualitative articles resulted in four main themes and ten subthemes.

    Results: The results of the study showed that the whole family is affected when a child gets diabetes. That the child was diagnosed was a shock that caused many feelings with both parents and siblings. There was a constant concern for complications in both the long and short term, resulting in a fear to hand over responsibility, causing a huge pressure on parents who could feel isolated.

    Conclusion: The families experienced strong feelings when the child was diagnosed. The families needed support from the healthcare professionals to be able to handle the disease.

  • 122.
    Andrén, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Carl, Yelena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Musikens effekter på personer med demenssjukdomar: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The rising living standard leads to an increase in age of population. With higher age the risk to develop dementia increase. In 2050 approximately 250 000 people in Sweden are likely to be affected by the dementia. Cognitive failure and irrational behavior is large problem that challenge the care and many of the patients are pharmacological treated.

    Aim:

    The aim of the study was to describe the music's effects on people with dementia.

    Method:

    A systematic literature review study based on twelve articles, both qualitative and quantitative.

    Results:

    Four themes developed and were named, behavior, quality of life, cognitive functions and interactions between caregivers and caretakers. Music's effects can advantageously to break aggressive and agitated behavior as well as other behavioral and psychological symptoms caused by the pathological changes in the brain.

    Conclusion:

    The result showed that music and song had generally positive effects on health, well-being and quality of life and can be an efficient help in caretaking. All types of music had some effect. Individually adapted live music was most effective.

  • 123.
    Andrén, Ulla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Ahlström, Britt Hedman
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Student’s trajectory through the education into the labour market2014In: Conference Proceedings Abstracts, 2014, p. 1-23Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A range of programmes and new vocations emerge as an answer to societal changes that suggest new work functions as well as new sub-specializations of already existing professions and work functions. In 2010, a multidisciplinary designed training programme started at the University West in Social Psychiatric Care (SPC). The new occupation can be said to fall within the category of pre-professions, a third generation of professionals seeking professional status. The possibility for employment is broad and unspecified and in worst case might go no further than the students' hopes of new careers. Against this background, an inside perspective is given from students experiences. The purpose was to gain a deeper understand of student's trajectory through a new education into the labour market. Eleven female students were interviewed prior to graduation. A hermeneutical phenomenological approach was conducted in order to identify central themes important in students professional becoming. As preliminary result three themes were identified. The theme 'tensions between high and low position' concerning level of involvement in treatment and care or in morea dministrative leading function, were connected to power and payment. The theme 'generalistor specialist' concerned specialist in the respect of expert on broadness suitable for coordinating positions, otherwise broadness was defined as knowing everything anddifficulties in finding professional identity. The theme 'change and tradition' concerned questions concerning establishment where new vocations seek legitimacy among employers and colleagues in the workplace. Standing at the threshold to labour market is an existentially challenging position between hope and despair.

  • 124.
    Andrén, Ulla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kinnander, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Utveckling av ett nytt yrke inom socialpsykiatrisk vård2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The program in Social Psychiatric Care is a three-year program at the university level leading to a vocational qualification in social psychiatric care and a bachelor's degree in the field of Health Sciences. Until the spring of 2018, six litters have graduated. Students in the social psychiatric care program often have personal interest, previous professional experience from the business areas or inspiration from related friends working in the field of activity. Personal experiences of problems in the fields of activity are also prominent among the students. Students believe that personal experience, willingness and ability is important in order to work within the profession. Characteristics of the students are also an interest and a clear empathetic willingness to work with people and they consider that the profession primarily requires characteristics such as altruism, empathy, social skills and deeper knowledge and understanding in the field. Upon completion of education, students want a career role where they can help other people, feel motivated, or they aim for specific positions or areas of activity. Both managers and alumni from the Social Psychiatric Care program value the broad professional competence that the program leads to. Psychiatric competence is emphasized as particularly valuable by both alumni and managers. This competence means that they also complement the other professions in the activities. Students consider themselves possessed a professional identity that involves introducing psychiatric and custody skills to organizations that previously lacked these perspectives. Something that also brings new approaches to patients, users and clients. Being able to use knowledge from several disciplines are considered to be a strength and competence that are well-needed in environments where people with mental ill health are cared for. The alumni perceive their knowledge as both interdisciplinary and interprofessional.

  • 125.
    Angenete, Eva
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg.
    Angerås, U.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Börjesson, M.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekelund, J.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Thorsteinsdottir, T.
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Haglind, Eva
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Physical activity before radical prostatectomy reduces sick leave after surgery: results from a prospective, non-randomized controlled clinical trial (LAPPRO)2016In: BMC Urology, ISSN 1471-2490, E-ISSN 1471-2490, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 50-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that early physical rehabilitation after surgical procedures is associated with improved outcome measured as shorter hospital stay and enhanced recovery. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the preoperative physical activity level and subsequent postoperative complications, sick-leave and hospital stay after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer in the setting of the LAPPRO trial (LAParoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open). METHODS: LAPPRO is a prospective controlled trial, comparing robot-assisted laparoscopic and open surgery for localized prostate cancer between 2008 and 2011. 1569 patients aged 64 or less with an occupation were included in this sub-study. The Gleason score was <7 in 52 % of the patients. Demographics and the level of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, length of hospital stay, complications, quality of life, recovery and sick-leave were extracted from clinical record forms and questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression, with log-link and logit-link functions, was used to adjust for potential confounding variables. RESULTS: The patients were divided into four groups based on their level of activity. As the group with lowest engagement of physical activity was found to be significantly different in base line characteristics from the other groups they were excluded from further analysis. Among patients that were physically active preoperativelly (n = 1467) there was no significant difference between the physical activity-groups regarding hospital stay, recovery or complications. However, in the group with the highest self-assessed level of physical activity, 5-7 times per week, 13 % required no sick leave, compared to 6.3 % in the group with a physical activity level of 1-2 times per week only (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In our study of med operated with radical prostatectomy, a high level of physical activity preoperatively was associated with reduced need for sick leave after radical prostatectomy compared to men with lower physical activity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered at the ISCRTN register. ISRCTN06393679 .

  • 126.
    Angenete, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra.
    Jacobsson, Anders
    Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Haglind, Eva
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra.
    Laparoscopy on the Risk of Small-Bowel Obstruction: A Population-Based Register Study2012In: Archives of surgery (Chicago. 1960), ISSN 0004-0010, E-ISSN 1538-3644, ISSN 0004-0010, Vol. 147, no 4, p. 359-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective  To investigate the incidence and risk factors for small-bowel obstruction (SBO) after certain surgical procedures. Design A population-based retrospective register study. Setting Small-bowel obstruction causes considerable patient suffering. Risk factors for SBO have been identified, but the effect of surgical technique (open vs laparoscopic) on the incidence of SBO has not been fully elucidated. Patients The Inpatient Register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare was used. The hospital discharge diagnoses and registered performed surgical procedures identified data for cholecystectomy, hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, bowel resection, anterior resection, abdominoperineal resection, rectopexy, appendectomy, and bariatric surgery performed from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2004. Data on demographic characteristics, comorbidity, previous abdominal surgery, and death were collected. Main Outcome Measures Episodes of hospital stay and surgery for SBO within 5 years after the index surgery. Results A total of 108 141 patients were included. The incidence of SBO ranged from 0.4% to 13.9%. Multivariate analysis revealed age, previous surgery, comorbidity, and surgical technique to be risk factors for SBO. Laparoscopy exceeded other risk factors in reduction of the risk of SBO for most of the surgical procedures.

    Conclusions Open surgery seems to increase the risk of SBO at least 4 times compared with laparoscopy for most of the abdominal surgical procedures studied. Other factors such as age, previous abdominal surgery, and comorbidity are also of importance

  • 127.
    Angervall, Elwira
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Eliasson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Åtgärder som vidtas för att förhindra spridning av vårdrelaterade infektioner: en litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Hospital-acquired infections are/is a major problem in health care. In order to reduce the spread of these infections, it is important that health professionals perform basic hygiene practices and precautions. Aim. The aim is to highlight the steps that are taken, in health care, to prevent the spread of hospital-acquired infections in health care. Method. A literature review based on qualitative and quantitative research. Result. The findings show the different measures taken and reported in the following five thematic areas: staff hygiene, protection equipment, environment, isolation and training/responsibility. In these outlines basic hand hygiene, cautions, cleaning and the nurse's responsibility. Conclusion. Healthcare staff is aware of the precautions to be taken but the infections spread anyway. It is located in the nurse's responsibility to engage in a good and safe care with high standards of hygiene, which means to be responsible that the hygiene procedures are followed in the workplace.

  • 128.
    Ankerson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pham, Yen
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Personers upplevelser av livsstilsförändring vid diabetes typ 22019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), one of the largest public disease, is rapidly increasing in the entire world. The disease causes increased morbidity and mortality. In case of illness in the T2D, lifestyle change has a crucial importance in the health and well-being of a person, just like diet changes and physical activity. To reduce the risk of severe complications self-care through lifestyle change are necessary.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe experiences of lifestyle change in people with the T2D.

    Method A literature review was conducted with a qualitative approach. Nine qualitative studies were analyzed according to Fribergs five-step analysis, which resulted in three themes and eleven subthemes.

    Results The theme Experiences about physical activity described Obstacles to being physically active and Source of motivation and recovery. The theme Experiences around diet described Understanding of the importance of the diet and Changing diet - a challenge. The theme Self-care and own responsibility described Denial and rejection, Hope for the future, Struggle for a meaningful life, Powerlessness and Willingness to change.

    Conclusion Implementing lifestyle changes is a complex process that requires knowledge and motivation in people with DT2. The nurse needs to find appropriate ways to inform and transfer useful knowledge to the person. The persons need support to find their usefulresources to perform self-care and achieve the nursing goals. A preferable way to support the person is involving the family or relatives.

  • 129.
    Antonsson, H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Nursing.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Lundström, M
    Umeå University, Department of Nursing.
    Graneheim, U H
    Umeå University, Department of Nursing.
    Skilled interaction among professional carers in special accommodations for adult people with learning disabilities.2013In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 576-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Communicative difficulties affect interactions between people with learning disabilities and their carers. Despite such difficulties, however, some carers seem to interact successfully with people who have limited ability to communicate verbally and exhibit challenging behaviour. This study aims to illuminate skilled interaction among carers working in special accommodations for people with learning disabilities. Interactions between 16 caregivers and 11 residents with learning disabilities were recorded on video. Verbal and non-verbal interaction skills among the carers were identified. Four caring situations with people with learning disabilities were chosen to illuminate skilled interaction. The transcribed text was subjected to qualitative content analysis and core stories were created. The results show that skilled interaction between the carers and the people with learning disabilities is based upon being confirming, sharing daily life experience, giving time and space, and using congruent and distinct language. In this paper we present examples that offer concrete suggestions of how to promote successful interaction and create meaning in the shared day-to-day life in special accommodations for people with learning disabilities.

  • 130.
    Antonsson, Helena
    et al.
    University of Umeå , Department of Nursing , Umeå , Sweden.
    Hällgren Graneheim, Ulla
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Umeå , Department of Nursing , Umeå , Sweden.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    University of Umeå , Department of Nursing , Umeå , Sweden.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Umeå , Department of Nursing , Umeå , Sweden.
    Lundström, Mats O
    University of Umeå , Department of Nursing , Umeå , Swede.
    Evaluation of a Web-Based Training Program for Professional Carers Working With People With Learning Disabilities and Challenging Behavior: A Pilot Study with SSED-Design.2016In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 37, no 10, p. 734-743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction between people with intellectual disabilities and professional carers is often influenced by communicative difficulties contributing challenging behaviours. The aims of this study were to evaluate to a web-based training program aimed at improving carers' abilities to interact with people with learning disabilities who exhibit challenging behaviours and to explore carers' experiences of participating in such a program. A single-subject experimental design and mixed methods were used to integrate qualitative and quantitative data. Triangulation of questionnaires, interviews with carers, and assessments of one woman's behaviour was performed. The participants were professional carers aged 20 to 55 years. The web-based training program increased carers' abilities to handle challenging behaviours and decreased challenging behaviours in daily care. The program improved the opportunities to offer training to carers who work in community-based accommodations with limited time to receive training.

  • 131.
    Antonsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Gustavsson, Carolina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Livet efter organtransplantation: En litteraturbaserad studie om patienters upplevelser2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: For patients with end-stage organ failure receiving an organ is lifesaving. To be transplanted means a big change and adjustment in life with lifelong medication. The ambition for these patients is to go back and live as normal of life as possible.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients experiences of being organ transplanted.

    Method: The method used was a literature-based study based on qualitative scientific articles. A total of 9articles were analyzed with a qualitative content analysis.

    Result: After analysis 5 categories emerged; indebted, limitations in daily life, fear of organ rejection, concerns about medicine and a positive attitude to life. It showed that patient´s experiences of being organ transplanted are individual and unique. Some experiences are harder to deal with than others.

    Conclusion: Patients describe both negative as well as positive experiences of being transplanted. They express a need for more knowledge about their condition and a need that health care staff enhance their knowledge and understanding about their unique situation.

  • 132.
    Aoude, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Mengstab, Yolanda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 22017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is an incurable and chronic disease and a risk factor for both stroke and cardiovascular disease. Type 2 Diabetes mostly affect people over the age of 40 however, in recent years even a lot of younger people got this disease. Since every patient is a unique person with its own needs and conditions the experiences of how to live with this disease is an important acknowledge in the caring of these patients.

    Aim: The aim with this study was to illuminate experiences of living with diabetes type 2.

    Method: 10 articles has been analyzed by Friberg's five step model.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three themes; The environmental impact, with sub team the feeling of shame, blame and grief; the need of support with sub themes support and information and information for self-care; and another life with sub themes lifestyle changes and self-care and fear of complications. 

    Conclusion: The results showed that the need for support and information about self-care was important to increase patient motivation. Lack of knowledge about the disease gave negative experiences such as difficulty in accepting the disease and also the feeling of guilt and shame occurred.

  • 133.
    Appelgren, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Dahl, Inger Helén
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    När kroppen inte gör som hjärnan vill: En litteraturstudie om personers erfarenheter av att leva med Parkinsons sjukdom2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Parkinson’s disease is a chronic progressive neurological disease. About 10 million people are living with the disease today, knowing that there is no cure. There are different types of pharmacological ways to slow down the development of the symptoms but little is known about people’s experiences of living with the disease. Aim The aim of this study was to describe people’s experiences of living with Parkinson’s disease. Method A literaturebased study based on analysis of eleven qualitative scientific studies to get a deeper understanding of people’s experiences. Result The analysis resulted in three themes with ten sub themes. The themes that emerged was Readjustment of life, Changed as a person and The body does not work properly. People suffering from Parkinson’s disease experienced physical, mental, social and existential challenges which led to feelings of shame and isolation. It also affected their daily lives and relationships. Shame and anxiety was constantly present causing them to withdraw from others and made them worry about the future. Conclusion Due to the results the conclusion was that an early effort in psychological support, continuous follow-up and information is necessary to give the people the opportunity to manage their disease and to increase their quality of life

  • 134.
    Appelt, Kalle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Karlsson, Rasmus
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Motivation till fysisk aktivitet: Skillnader och bidragande faktorer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different kinds of physical activity were and had been of interest to both of us for the larger part of our lives. This made us decide to create a quantitative survey study. The focus of this study would be on motivation for being physically active. The reason for this decision being, that we both thought it would be interesting to study what motivates gym-goers to be and stay physically active. The positive effects of physical activity are well documented in today’s society. It helps diminish the effects of heart problems, strengthens the immune system, and makes the individual more energetic.

    Purpose & Issues: The purpose of this study, was to investigate, and try to pinpoint what makes people motivated to be and stay physically active. Further important topics and issues that were to be investigated in this study, was if there were any differences regarding gender, and how motivation could differentiate between subgroups regarding the subject of physical activity.

    Method: This study has been a quantitative cross-sectional study, using a survey to collect data.

    Results: The result shows that most people who responded to this survey, indicated that the health and pleasure that exists within physical activity are the main motivational factors. Further comparisons also show that there are some differences in what men and women prefer to do in correlation of physical activity, and how the level of motivation may differ from earlier exercise experiences. Our results showed, that in general strength training was more popular among men, while endurance training was more popular among women.

    Conclusion: After the analysis of the result of this study, the conclusion could be made that people are motivated by what they think is fun. To preserve the health and joy in their physical activity, was what appeared to be the main motivation sources. A further conclusion was also that people became more motivated, the longer they had been regularly physically active. A slight difference was also observed between men and women regarding training habits. Men engage more in strength training, whilst women are more active regarding endurance training.

  • 135.
    Arakelian, Erebouni
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Rudolfsson, Gudrun
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Rask-Andersen, Anna
    Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Runeson-Broberg, Roma
    Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wålinder, Robert
    Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden.
    I Stay: Swedish Specialist Nurses in the Perioperative Context and Their Reasons to Stay at Their Workplace2019In: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 633-644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate why nurse anesthetists and operating room nurses choose to stay in the same workplace.

    Design Qualitative design.

    Methods Individual interviews were conducted with 15 nurse specialists from four hospitals in Sweden. Two men and 13 women aged between 43 and 63 participated. Data were analyzed with systematic text condensation according to Malterud.

    Findings Three themes were identified. (1) Organizational stability contributed to low staff turnover, with good spirits between colleagues, representing everyone’s equal value and resulting in a feeling of homelikeness. (2) Sustained development in one’s own profession. (3) A humane head nurse who was at hand, who was a facilitator, who knew staff members, and eliminated obstacles for them.

    Conclusions In a nonhierarchical and stable organization with a head nurse with caritative leadership skills, a welcoming working environment with opportunities for professional development is created. Thus, nurse specialists choose to stay, contributing to organizational development.

  • 136.
    Arakelian, Erebouni
    et al.
    Uppsala University Hospital,Department of Surgical Sciences, Entrance 70, SE-751 28..
    Swenne, Christine Leo
    Uppsala University, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Box 564, SE-751 22, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Susan
    Skaraborg Hospital, Department of Anaesthesia, SE-541 85, Skövde, Swede.
    Rudolfsson, Gudrun
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Faculty of Professional Studies, University of Nordland, 8049, Bodø, Norway..
    von Vogelsang, Ann-Christin
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience,Stockholm, Sweden..
    The meaning of person-centred care in the perioperative nursing context from the patient's perspective: an integrative review2017In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 17-18, p. 2527-2544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the meaning of person-centred care from the patient's perspective and in the context of perioperative nursing. BACKGROUND: Person-centred care (PCC) is used but not defined in the perioperative context. The concept indicates an interest in the patient's own experience of health, illness, needs and preferences. As with many terms that are frequently used, there is a tendency for person-centred care to mean different things to different people in different contexts. METHODS: A two-part search strategy was employed; firstly, a computerized database search of PubMed and CINAHL, using Medical Subject Headings and free terms to search articles dating from 2004 to 2014, and secondly, a hand-search of those articles' reference lists was performed. Twenty-three articles were selected and an integrative review was conducted. RESULTS: Four themes were discovered: 'Being recognized as a unique entity and being allowed to be the person you are', 'Being considered important by having one's personal wishes taken into account', 'The presence of a perioperative nurse is calming; prevents feelings of loneliness and promotes wellbeing, which may speed up recovery', and 'Being close to and being touched by the perioperative nurse during surgery'. CONCLUSIONS: PCC means respecting the patient as a unique individual, considering the patient's particularities and wishes, and involving the patient in their own care. PCC also implies having access to one's own nurse who is present both physically and emotionally through the entire perioperative process and who guides the patient and follows up postoperatively, guaranteeing that the patient is not alone. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: By having a common understanding of the concept of PCC, the nurse anaesthetists' and theatre nurses' caring actions or concerns will be directed towards the patient', resulting in personalization of care rather than simply defining the concept. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 137.
    Araujo, Johane
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Calo, Nyssa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara närstående till en person med afasi2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being close to a person who suffers from a disease can mean a burden, as these tends to disregard own needs in favor of the person who is sick. Aphasia is a disorder that affects communication skills and is one of the most common complications due to brain damage.

    Aim: The main purpose of this literature study was to illuminate relatives experiences of living with a person with aphasia.

    Method: Nine scientific articles were analyzed with a qualitative manifest content analysis which resulted in three themes with subthemes: Emotional reactions: The impact on well-being, Changing social and emotional relationships; A changed everyday life: Obstacles in communication, Decreased social interaction, Being able to handle everyday; Increased need for support: To get information about the aphasia; Deterioration of the economy and the need for financial support.

    Result: It was revealed that relatives felt left aside in the care of their relative with aphasia, resulting in an increased need for information, support and relief.

    Conclusion: Therefore conclusion was that relatives should be asked by nurses of how much involved in the care of their sick relative they want to be or can be and how much support they need to be able to handle that.

  • 138.
    Arifaj, Fitore
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Larsson, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lågaffektivt bemötande: ett verktyg för den psykiatriska slutenvården? En studie av sjuksköterskors erfarenheter.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A low arousal approach is defined as a working method that focus on the interaction between the patient and the caregiver. The approach is one of the most important tools in psychiatric inpatient care, which focus on getting the patient to maintain control over their emotions. The work method has been well-evaluated in other contexts outside psychiatry but sparingly evaluated in psychiatric inpatient care. The aim of the study has been to increase knowledge about low arousal approach and its effect in psychiatric inpatient care.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe registered nurses' experiences of low arousal approach in psychiatric inpatient care.

    Method: The study is a descriptive qualitative study in which interviews were conducted with ten registered nurses in child- and adult psychiatric inpatient care. The data was analyzed by a qualitative content analysis. An inductive approach was used where similarities and differences in the collected material were described.

    Result: The analysis resulted in three categories. Low arousal approach: Gives an inner and outer strength, Gives a feeling of uncertainty and Put the patient in the center. The result of the study shows both a strength in the low arousal approach experiences, but at the same time it can give the registered nurse a feeling of uncertainty when there are a knowledge gap both in herself or in the staff group. The registered nurses in the study find that the low arousal approachmeans that the patient is seen as a person regardless of diagnosis.

    Conclusion: When the registered nurse feels safe in his or her knowledge and the working group works on a staff-common way with low arousal approach, can this create a calmer careenvironment and a good working climate. The registered nurses also feel that the working method gives the patient an increased opportunity to control his or her feelings and this increases the patient's sense of empowerment.

  • 139.
    Arnold, Melina
    et al.
    Erasmus University Medical Center,Department of Public Health, Rotterdam.
    Moore, Suzanne P
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Section of Cancer Information, Lyon, France.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Ellison-Loschmann, Lis
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Forman, David
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Section of Cancer Information, Lyon, France.
    Bray, Freddie
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Section of Cancer Information, Lyon, France.
    The burden of stomach cancer in indigenous populations: a systematic review and global assessment2014In: Gut, ISSN 0017-5749, E-ISSN 1468-3288, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 64-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Stomach cancer is a leading cause of cancer death, especially in developing countries. Incidence has been associated with poverty and is also reported to disproportionately affect indigenous peoples, many of whom live in poor socioeconomic circumstances and experience lower standards of health. In this comprehensive assessment, we explore the burden of stomach cancer among indigenous peoples globally.Design The literature was searched systematically for studies on stomach cancer incidence, mortality and survival in indigenous populations, including Indigenous Australians, Maori in New Zealand, indigenous peoples from the circumpolar region, native Americans and Alaska natives in the USA, and the Mapuche peoples in Chile. Data from the New Zealand Health Information Service and the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program were used to estimate trends in incidence.Results Elevated rates of stomach cancer incidence and mortality were found in almost all indigenous peoples relative to corresponding non-indigenous populations in the same regions or countries. This was particularly evident among Inuit residing in the circumpolar region (standardised incidence ratios (SIR) males: 3.9, females: 3.6) and in Maori (SIR males: 2.2, females: 3.2). Increasing trends in incidence were found for some groups.Conclusions We found a higher burden of stomach cancer in indigenous populations globally, and rising incidence in some indigenous groups, in stark contrast to the decreasing global trends. This is of major public health concern requiring close surveillance and further research of potential risk factors. Given evidence that improving nutrition and housing sanitation, and Helicobacter pylori eradication programmes could reduce stomach cancer rates, policies which address these initiatives could reduce inequalities in stomach cancer burden for indigenous peoples.

  • 140.
    Arnoldsson, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Cederqvist, Lisa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    '' När jag visste att jag hade MS trodde jag att jag skulle dö inom 6 månader": en litteraturbaserad studie om patienters upplevelser av att leva med Multipel Scleros2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious chronic disease that affects people all over the world. In Sweden about a thousand new patients every year got MS, and today there are approximately 17 500 people who have the diagnosis. As MS often arise in the prime time of life and is unpredictable this causes great difficulty for those individuals who are diagnosed and then forced to live with the disease. Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate patients' experience of living with Multiple Sclerocis. Method: Method was a literature-based study, in which the analysis is based on qualitative studies. Results: The result showed that MS have a great influence in patients life and tell us how patients experience emotions fear, despair, uncertainty and hope in their everyday lives and emotions of fear. Conclusion: It is evident from the findings of this study that individuals living with MS face several challenges in life. It is valuable for nurses and people who work in health care to know how these patients experience their daily lives. This study will hopefully create awareness of the disease and how the patients feel.

  • 141.
    Aro, Mirja
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bemötande av patienter med oro på sjukhus i Namibia.: Empirisk studie om sjuksköterskors och sjuksköterskestudenters bemötande.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The way nurses encounter patients affects the whole nursing process. It can be influenced by several different factors. In Namibia the general health situation largely depends on socio-economic resources. The competence of the nurse and the way s/he responds to the needs of anxious patients is crucial in terms of how the patient experiences the nursing interventions. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the ways in which Namibian nurses respond to anxious patients in the context of nurse-patient encounters. Method: This empirical qualitative study is based on three semi-structured interviews and six non-structured observations which were carried out in Namibia during the spring of 2017. These were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The results consist of three main categories and eight sub categories. Namibian nurses respond to anxious patients by “Conversation”, “Calm behavior” and “Expression of compassion”. The nurse should have the language skills to explain and talk with the patient. Nurses must not be stressed out, have patience, show empathy and respect. Conclusion: The degree to which the nurse was calm and able to show compassion in the conversations determined the quality of the nurse-patient encounter and the success of the information exchange between them

  • 142.
    Aronsson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Magnusson, Hanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    När hjärtat är skadat: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie som beskriver patienters erfarenheter av att leva med hjärtsvikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a chronic disease that increases among the population, despite progress in research. Living with heart failure can cause suffering and impaired health due to physical limitations in daily life. Research indicates that patients experience of living with heart failure is paid too little attention in relation to the medical treatment itself.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences of living with heart failure.

    Method: This study is based on a method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research. Eleven qualitative articles were analyzed using Fribergsfive step model.

    Results: Through the analysis three main themes and eight sub-themes were developed. The main themes were: The daily life changes, To be involved in your own care and Listen to your heart.

    Conclusion: To be diagnosed with heart failure means a life change. Therefore, it is important that the nurse is aware of the physical, and psychological effects of the disease.

  • 143.
    Aronsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sikström, Lina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    De osynliga barnen: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One-third of patients in psychiatric care were also parents who lived with their children. There is a connection between mental illness among parents and mental illness among children. Mental illness may affect the parental ability. Despite laws and regulation that exists to protect and support children who were living with a parent suffering from mental illness, these children are often forgotten. Children's needs are sometimes not recognized and met. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate children's experience of living with a parent who suffers from mental illness. Method: A qualitative literature study based on 13 qualitative studies was conducted. Results: The result of this study is divided in two themes of experiences. The results shows that children who were living with a parent who suffers from mental illness experiences a different everyday life and feelings of being different and alone. A life full of fear and worries, a shifting parenting role, lack of knowledge and feeling of being invisible constitute the first theme. The second theme shows children's experiences of being on the outside, alone with thoughts and living in uncertainty. Conclusion: The result shows that children who lived with a parent with mental illness are affected in one or another way. An interpretation of the result is that parents who suffers from mental illness deficits to vouch for the children and that children are forced to handle strenuous situations on their own.

  • 144.
    Aronsson, Lovisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Svanung, Linda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Barns upplevelser av stöd vid förälders sjukdom eller död: en litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    According to previous studies there is little known about children's experiences of support when a parent is seriously ill or dying. Even though children have the right to gain information and support when a parent is seriously ill or dying there has not been extensive study regarding the children´s own experiences. Aim: This study aimed to explore children´s support experiences when a parent becomes ill or dies. Method: A literature review was used to analyze ten qualitative articles. Analyses are made according to Friberg's model. Family-related care is used as a thematic framework throughout the essay. Result: Three themes were found describing children's support experiences: children's support experiences in daily life, children's support experiences from health care professionals and children's own support system. Conclusion: It was found that family and friends constitutes a secure base for the children. The children asked for more information and support to handle stressful situations in family life. Children wish to remove responsibility and continuing being a child.

  • 145.
    Aronsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Brobeck, Matilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sociala mediers påverkan på ungdomars psykiska hälsa: en litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents mental health has increased during the past decade, meanwhile social media has expanded in our society. High standards and idealistic expectations for appearance, health and lifestyle are created and maintained through social media. The aim of this study was to describe how social media impact on adolescents mental health. To provide an overwiew of social medias impact on adolescents mental health this study were conducted as a literature review. The search for studies were made in different databases using words like adolescents, mental health and social media. The inclusion criterias were adolescents of both gender, depressive symptoms and social medias. The analysis was conducted by a thematic analysis where the similarities and differences were identified and created themes. The results showed that social media had an impact on adolescents mental health. The impact was made through victimization on social medias and the usage frequency of social medias. Victimization on and usage frequency of social medias showed a relationship to social comparison, lower self-esteem and increased depressive symptoms among adolescents. Social medias impaired adolescents mental health. It needs further research to create future direction how healthcare organizations manage the effects of adolescents social media use.

  • 146.
    Aronsson, Mariana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Lindström, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Du får lite att fundera över liksom": En intervjustudie av medarbetarnas upplevelse av reflektion som arbetsmetod inom äldreomsorgen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate the employees' experience of reflection as a work method. The sample for the study consisted of 16 employees (women aged 25-55 years) from four special housing care of the elderly who regularly work with the reflection as a work method. The methodology for this study was qualitative in nature, inspired by a phenomenological approach. The empirical data collected consisted of 16 banded individual semi-structured interviews. The asked questions have been open to give the respondents the opportunity to develop their views and thoughts and to give the study a depth. All 16 interviews were then transcribed and analyzed to arrive a result.

    The theoretical framework for this study includes literature and previous research about the importance of reflection for learning and skills development in the workplace.

    The result has three overarching themes emerged;

    Learning, professionally approach and Culture. These themes summarize the categories that have emerged in the study. The study shows that reflection as a work method provides the group with a better fellowship where they learn from each other and a respectful attitude towards each other. For the individual person, the method gives greater self-insight, improved communication skills and increased competence. The conclusion of the study show that the reflective work method can be considered as a tool that lays the foundation for a common learning where employees have the opportunity to develop both elderly care as common values in order to strengthen and develop the quality of health care.

  • 147.
    Aronsson, Patricia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hallqvist, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Livet efter en hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Myocardial infarction is one of the most common life threatening diseases in Sweden. Those who suffer have many complications both physical and emotional. In effort to help patients with the rehabilitation nurses need to have knowledge about symptoms, strategies and patients sadness.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to illustrate patients' experiences to carry on living after a myocardial infarction.

    Method:

    A literature-based method based on ten articles with a quality approach was chosen.

    Results:

    The analysis revealed three categories and eight subcategories: The new me, A second chance, To move on. To not be able to live life to the fullest because of tiredness caused by fatigue created problems for patients after a myocardial infarction. At the same time they felt happiness surviving and each minute where valuable. The nurse played an important role under the first year of the recovery and it was important to receive right information during the rehabilitation process. It was an important goal for the patients to survive the first anniversary after the myocardial infarction.

    Conclusion:

    Fatigue influenced their lives in a negative way and made it difficult to manage. Nurses' awareness of fatigue and how to overcome it was mostly required from patients. Patients had wishes to access information that's easy to understand and strategies that they could use in daily life. Mentors were very helpful and a complement in the rehabilitation process.

  • 148.
    Aronsson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Besic, Damira
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Triage på akutmottagning: ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    2.5 million people each year, is expected to seek care at emergency rooms. In order to make a correct prioritization of care needs of the patient, the nurse use a triage scale. Knowledge and experience shows there are great demands on the nurse.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to illustrate the experiences of the nurse, when perform triage.

    Method:

    In order to capture the experience of the nurse, a qualitative literature- based study was chosen. Ten articles was read several times and analyzed by the writers.

    Results:

    The results are presented in three different themes and three subthemes, which all highlights nurses' experience of performing triage in the emergency department. The three themes that emerged were: Communication, assessment and decision making and ability.

    Conclusion:

    Results of the study show that communication, assessment, decision making and nurses ability are important parts, when nurses describes there experience to perform triage at an emergency department. But also to get to practice and to study cases related to performing triage

  • 149.
    Arthursson, Joakim
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Följder efter behandling av prostatacancer2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, around 30 men receives the diagnosis prostate cancer every day. Healthcare services need to understand how treatment for prostate cancer effects a man and his lifeworld. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in Sweden, but insufficient treatment for men's well-being and sense of self after treatment is made.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of men who is treated for prostate cancer.

    Method: A literature overview was performed.

    Results: Results show that men need support when diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. Men were less likely to seek support and admit to themselves that they needed professional help. The treatment for prostate cancer had negative effects on the man's sense of self.

    Conclusion: The importance of nurse's professionalism in treatment of men with prostate cancer. Nurses need to initiate conversations about the impact the treatment of prostate cancer had on the men's lifeworld.

  • 150.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Drama and Learning in Nursing Education: A study in first and second cycle2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore and describe the nature of students learning through drama in nursing education, in first and second cycle. Methods: Study I was conducted as an integrative review of the literature. Study II was performed as a qualitative phenomenographic study were 16 nursing students was interviewed. In study III 43 group assignment by nursing students in first cycle were analyzed using Qualitative content Analysis. Study IV was conducted as a qualitative phenomenographic study where 15 nursing students in second cycle was individually interviewed. Results: The findings in study I showed that drama can be used effectively in nursing education to enhance students' learning. The summarized results of the empirical studies (II–IV) showed that drama enabled the students to learn about themselves and develop a higher self-awareness. Learning through drama also gave the students opportunities to learn about others by exploring the perspectives of colleagues, patients, and patients' next of kin in fictive nursing situations. The findings showed in addition that drama could make the theoretical course content more concrete and easier to grasp. Learning through drama activated the students' learning by offering them the possibility to be active and explore various roles and scenarios, and by promoting reflection in which they could share experiences with their peers. By participating in drama, the students reached an evolving identification with the profession of a nurse (II–III) and of a specialist nurse in paediatric care (IV). Conclusion: Drama in nursing education has the unique potential to prepare nursing students in both first and second cycle for their future nursing role. Through drama, students are given the opportunity to explore and gain knowledge about how to use theoretical knowledge in practice, about their inner selves, and about other person's perspectives.

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