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  • 1. Bergfors, P G
    et al.
    Höglund, T
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Winberg, J
    Lasarettsvecka i pediatrik : Försöksverksamhet  under grundutbildningen: [Hospital week in pediatricsExperiments in medical education].1974Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, nr 22, s. 2237-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2. Bjure, J
    et al.
    Fälström, S P
    Latuszek, B
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Cystisk fibros med okaraktäristisk debut: [Cystic fibrosis with uncharacteristic onset].1976Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 73, nr 10, artikkel-id 870Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Povlsen, Lene
    Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Borup, Ina
    Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Hanås, Ragnar
    Uddevalla Hospital.
    If dad comes, we are happy - if mom fails to appear, we become desperate: A Grounded Theory study of Swedish diabetes teams perecption of fathers’ involvement in their child's everyday life2011Inngår i: 4th International Research Seminar on SALUTOGENESIS and meeting of the IUP-GWG-SAL: May 30-31, 2011, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden, 2011, s. 1-12Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since parental involvement is essential to the outcome of diabetes type 1 treatment in childhood and high paternal engagement in everyday life promote the child's health, it is of value to explore how professionals, the diabetes teams (DT), perceive fathers' involvement in their child with diabetes type 1.

    Method: The study design was Constructivist Grounded Theory and data was collected by Repeated Focus Groups discussions with three Swedish pediatric diabetes teams, between May 2010 and January 2011.

    Results: The core category for the diabetes teams' perception of fathers' involvement was If dad comes, we are happy – if mom fails to appear, we become desperate. The core category relied on three subcategories. Societal and cultural context where DTs perceived fathers involvement as having specific properties and specific areas of responsibility, Balancing where the DTs balanced the father's involvement against the mother's engagement and Becoming aware where the DTs raised awareness of the fathers from being a indistinct parents-unit till to identify and appreciate the father's engagement.

    Conclusions: Perceiving fathers as equal caregivers, and becoming aware of fathers as a health resource, could support an active health promotion perspective in pediatric diabetes care. 

  • 4.
    Dahlén, Johanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Davallius, Johanna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    BVC-sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att hålla hälsosamtal2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Livsstilsrelaterad ohälsa ökar bland barn och ungdomar, såväl fysiskt som psykiskt. Levnadsvanor utvecklas i tidig ålder och brukar följa med upp i vuxna år. Därför är det viktigt att tidigt identifiera vad varje barn och familj har behov av för stöd för att främja hälsosamma levnadsvanor. Under hälsosamtalen på barnavårdscentralen (BVC) är det då av vikt att ge information och möta familjen utifrån deras specifika behov och förutsättningar. Tidigare studier har visat att sjuksköterskor kan uppleva utmaningar med att hålla hälsosamtal gällande levnadsvanor, särskilt när det gäller övervikt. På uppdrag av barnhälsovården i Fyrbodal har vi analyserat fokusgruppsintervjuer med BVC-sjuksköterskor som arbetar på BVC, för att identifiera deras upplevelse av att föra hälsosamtal.

    Syfte: Att undersöka BVC-sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att hålla hälsosamtal på BVC, med särskilt fokus på levnadsvanor.

    Metod: Kvalitativ innehållsanalys av två fokusgruppsintervjuer.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i tre kategorier: att skapa struktur och stöd, att skapa relation och tillit samt att utgå från familjens förutsättningar. Resultaten visade att det kunde vara utmanande att samtala levnadsvanor, och att det var viktigt att skapa tillit till föräldrarna för att kunna bidra till stöd och förändring. Fynden talar för att vissa strategier och verktyg kunde fungera som pedagogiskt stöd för samtalet, men även att mycket inom barnhälsovården upplevs föråldrat och inte är anpassat för dagens digitaliserade samhälle eller för familjer med olika kulturer och normer. 

    Slutsats: Levnadsvanor är viktiga för barns utveckling av hälsa, och måste hanteras med en god kommunikationsförmåga och förmåga att skapa tillitsfulla relationer för att hantera frågor och situationer som kan vara av känslig karaktär. Sverige är idag ett heterogent samhälle vilket ställer krav på BVC-sjuksköterskan att ha kunskap och förmåga att möta sina egna så väl som andras kultur och normer.

  • 5. Domellöf, L
    et al.
    Eriksson, S
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sönne, B
    Local perineal actinomycosis1974Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 63, nr 3, s. 450-2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Eklund, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Jangsten, Elisabeth
    Institue of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Assessing and promoting responsive interaction between parents and children: A qualitative study of the experiences of child health care nurses in Sweden.2022Inngår i: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 63, nr March-April, s. e95-e101, artikkel-id S0882-5963(21)00303-1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: One of the main tasks of a child health care nurse is to assess and promote a responsive interaction and secure connection between children and their parents for the future. This study aims to develop an understanding of Swedish child health care nurses´ experiences of assessing and promoting responsive interaction between parents and children.

    DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative interview study using an inductive approach was implemented. Eleven nurses were interviewed (range: 30-58 min) during the period March to August 2016, and the transcripts were analysed using qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman.

    RESULTS: Three categories emerged: Interpreting signals in parent and child behaviour, Reinforcing the parents in their role and Feeling inadequate as professional. Interpreting signals in parent and child behaviour was described fundamental when promoting responsive interaction. Further reinforcing the parents in their role was described central. The child health care nurses also described how they often felt inadequate in promoting responsive interaction.

    CONCLUSIONS: Assessing and promoting responsive interaction is an important but challenging task which requires extensive knowledge and good communication skills. The child health care nurses express their insufficiency in that regard.

    PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A targeted education and sufficient time for each visit at the child health care center should be allocated to facilitate the important work on parenting and child interaction and to enhance nurses' feelings of managing their work.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • 7. Eksmyr, R
    et al.
    Fex, G
    Jagell, S
    Johansson, B G
    Ravnskov, U
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Low molecular weight proteinuria and slight hyperlipoproteinemia in three mentally retarded brothers.1976Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 65, nr 4, s. 521-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental retardation in combination with proteinuria and a slight hyperlipoproteinemia was found in three brothers. The increased urinary protein excretion was dominated by albumin and the low molecular weight proteins retinol-binding protein (RBP) and beta2-microglobulin, indicating the presence of proximal tubular dysfunction. However, there was no glucosuria, phosphaturia or amino aciduria and the renal concentrating and acidification capacities were normal. A kidney biopsy in one of the patients revealed morphologic evidence of glomerular damage but a normal tubular structure. A mild hyper-beta-lipoproteinemia was found in the patients but not in their healthy siblings. The cause of this syndrome, hitherto not described, is unknown.

  • 8.
    Fast, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Bjork, Anna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Närhälsan Krokslätt Primary Health Care Center, Mölndal, (SWE).
    Strandberg, Maxwell
    Global Market Data Analyst, SKF, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Johannesson, Elias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Wentz, Elisabet
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Half of the children with overweight or obesity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder reach normal weight with stimulants2021Inngår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 110, nr 10, s. 2825-2832Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Treatment of childhood obesity is often insufficient and may be aggravated by high co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate whether children with overweight or obesity normalised in weight when receiving stimulant treatment for ADHD. Methods Growth data of 118 children were obtained from medical records at outpatient paediatric and children’s psychiatric services in the Gothenburg area, Sweden. The children were diagnosed with ADHD and were between 6 and 17 years at the start of stimulant treatment. The pre-treatment data act as an internal control where every child is their own control. Results At the start of treatment, 74 children had normal weight and 44 had either overweight or obesity. During the year with stimulants, the mean (SD) body mass index (BMI) in standard deviation score (SDS) decreased significantly: -0.72 (0.66) compared with 0.17 (0.43) during the year before treatment (p < 0.01). After one year with treatment, 43% of those with overweight or obesity had reached normal weight. Conclusions Stimulant treatment for ADHD yields significant weight loss. In children with overweight or obesity and ADHD, this is an important finding showing additional benefit in terms of weight management.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Finnström, Berit
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Käck, Britt-Marie
    Drottning Silvias barn och ungdomssjukhus, 416 85 Göteborg.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    Universitetet i Agder, Grimstad.
    Fingertoppskänsla och fingerfärdighet: Föräldrars uppfattningar om faktorer som inverkar på barnets upplevelse av perfer venpunktion2011Inngår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 40-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:Pain in connection with needles is a major reason to children’s anxiety and fear. Parents have a unique competence and knowledge about their children’s experiences and reactions that should be regarded as important in health care. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a group of parents' perceptions of the factors that influence their children's experience in relation to venepuncture. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 11 parents. The interviews were based on the question “What factors influence your child's experience in relation to venepuncture?”. The data were analysed through manifest and latent content analysis. Results: The manifest analysis resulted in five categories: Children's experience of fear and stress, The parent's behaviour, Information and preparation, Distraction and Staff expertise. The latent content analysis led to the theme: Adapting the peripheral venepuncture for the individual child is both the responsibility of the parents and the health care professionals. Conclusions: Parents have specific knowledge of the child they wish to convey to the nursing staff. They also want to work in collaboration with staff to minimize the child's anxiety and fear. Parents should be seen as a resource in the child’s health care.

  • 10.
    Garcia de Avila, Marla Andréia
    et al.
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Hamamoto Filho, Pedro Tadao
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Neurology, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    da Silva Jacob, Francine Letícia
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Souza Alcantara, Léia Regina
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Berghammer, Malin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå. The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 416 50 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margaretha
    The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 416 50 Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olaya-Contreras, Patricia
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Children's Anxiety and Factors Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Exploratory Study Using the Children's Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale2020Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, nr 16, artikkel-id E5757Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on children's lives deserve attention. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety among Brazilian children and its associated factors during social distancing during COVID-19. We used a cross-sectional design with an online survey from April to May 2020 in Brazil. We included children aged 6-12 years and their guardians. The Children's Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ; scores 4-12) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS; scores 0-10) were used to measure anxiety. We enrolled 157 girls and 132 boys, with a mean age of 8.84 (±2.05) years; 88.9% of respondents were mothers. Based on CAQ ≥ 9, the prevalence of anxiety was 19.4% (n = 56), and higher among children with parents with essential jobs and those who were social distancing without parents. In logistic regression, the following variables were associated with higher CAQ scores: social distancing without parents; more persons living together in home; and education level of guardians. Based on NRS > 7, the prevalence of anxiety was 21.8% (n = 63); however, no associations with NRS scores were found with the investigated variables. These findings suggest the necessity of implementing public health actions targeting these parents and their children at the population level.

  • 11.
    Granberg, Agnes
    et al.
    Psykologiteamet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Bäckström, Caroline
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences, Post Box 408, S 541 28, Skövde, Sweden.
    First-Time Mothers' Enjoyment of Breastfeeding Correlates with Duration of Breastfeeding, Sense of Coherence, and Parental Couple and Child Relation: A Longitudinal Swedish Cohort Study2020Inngår i: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2020, artikkel-id 8194389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Many women do not reach their own breastfeeding goals regarding duration of breastfeeding. Different factors influence breastfeeding, and to learn more about breastfeeding within a multidimensional and longitudinal perspective, further research is needed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate diverse factors correlated with first-time mothers' enjoyment of breastfeeding and breastfeeding duration, between childbirth and two years after birth.

    Methods: In a prospective longitudinal cohort study, 324 newly become mothers were followed. The Spearman correlation test was used to investigate factors correlated with the degree to which mothers enjoy breastfeeding and the duration of breastfeeding. The Mann-Whitney test was conducted for comparisons of demographic characteristics between mothers who did or did not breastfeed.

    Results: Among the mothers, 99.2% initiated breastfeeding after birth. Frequencies of breastfeeding were 54.8% at six months, 9.1% at one year, and 1.0% at two years. The degree to which the mother enjoyed breastfeeding was correlated positively with (1) the duration of breastfeeding, (2) more positive feelings for and relation to the child, (3) the partner's perceived relation to the child, (4) a higher sense of coherence, and (5) stronger perceived parental couple's relationship. Longer breastfeeding duration was correlated positively with (1) a higher degree of enjoyment of breastfeeding, (2) more positive relation to the child, and (3) stronger perceived parental couple's relationship. Additionally, breastfeeding during the first two hours after birth, more positive feelings for and relation to the child, and a higher degree of enjoyment of breastfeeding were more frequently reported among breastfeeding mothers, in comparison with not breastfeeding mothers.

    Conclusion: Mothers' subjective experience from breastfeeding, sense of coherence, and couple relationship with partner and relationship with the child are valuable factors in regard to breastfeeding.

  • 12.
    Gustavsson, Erica
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Kullberg, Elin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    ”Amning är ingen quick fix”: BHV-sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge stöd till ammande mödrar - En intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet var att belysa BHV-sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge stöd till ammande mödrar.

    Metod: En intervjustudie av kvalitativ design med en induktiv ansats. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 13 BHV-sjuksköterskor från vårdcentraler inom Västra Götalands län. Datan som samlades in analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Två teman framkom. Ett tema blev Faktorer som främjar stöd vid amning. I detta tema har sex kategorier tagits fram som benämns Använda sin erfarenhet och specialistkunskap, Att kunna ge individanpassat stöd, Kunna bidra med utvidgat stöd, Gynna en avslappnad miljö, Motiverade mammor samt Förmedla vikten av socialt stöd. Andra temat är Faktorer som hindrar stödet vid amning. I detta tema har tre kategorier tagits fram som är Amning är komplext, Att det saknas resurser och Mammor som inte vill ha amningsstöd.

    Slutsats: Om mamman slutar att amma så går både mamman och barnet miste om det positiva effekter amning har på anknytning och hälsa. Amning är komplext eftersom både mamma och bebis ska vilja och kunna amma samt passa ihop på ett både kroppsligt och mentalt plan. Därför upplevde BHVsjuksköterskan att det bör finnas mer tid till att ge amningsstöd, framför allt i början. Brist på tid vardock ett hinder för att nå detta. Mammor kan välja att sluta amma fastän det skulle kunna ha blivit en lyckad amning om hon fick det stöd som hon egentligen hade behövt. Det stöd som BHV-sjuksköterskan ger kan därför påverka amningens exklusivitet och längd samt bidra till minskat lidande för mamman.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13. Hambraeus, L
    et al.
    Holmgren, G
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Ska äldre PKU-patienter behandlas?: [Should older patients with PKU be diet treated?].1974Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, nr 12, s. 1183-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Holmgren, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden / Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Wekell, Per
    Department of Pediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Uddevalla, Sweden / Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Combining learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme2019Inngår i: BMC Medical Education, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 19, artikkel-id 28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most continuing professional development (CPD) programmes do not include an educational training module. In our country, educational practice in the areas of CPD and continuing medical education relies traditionally on conventional lectures. This is in sharp contrast to the educational research that clearly demonstrates that educational programmes emphasising adult learning methods have greater potential to change physicians'clinical practice. To investigate whether lecture-oriented educators were prepared to change their educational practice towards principles of adult learning, we decided to combine learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme.The aim of the study was to investigate educators' reflections on their learning and educational practice after they have undergone an educational skills component integrated in the implementation of a CPD learning module for paediatricians and evaluate the results from the participants' perspective.

    Methods: The objectives of the educational skills component of the learning module were developed according to adult learning theories. The learning objectives for the CPD learning module were based on a pre-course needs assessment. Evaluations were made using questionnaires.

    Results: Seven of 10 participants in the educational skills component of the learning module and all the participants, 13 paediatricians and 14 nurses, who participated in the learning module, answered the questionnaires.The results of this pilot study show that educators whose main experience of teaching was based on lectures were strengthened in their practice; they defined their competence and were prepared to move towards adult learning principles. The participants in the learning module expressed a high degree of satisfaction.

    Conclusions: We conclude that it is feasible to combine learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme and that lecture-oriented educators are prepared to change their educational practice towards principles of adult learning.

  • 15. Holmgren, G
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Hermansson, B
    The prevalence of diabetes mellitus: a study of children and their relatives in a northern Swedish county.1974Inngår i: Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, E-ISSN 1399-0004, Vol. 5, nr 5, s. 465-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Jakobsson, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Glahns, Henrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att ge palliativ vård till barn inom slutenvården: en litteraturbaserad studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About 21 million children around the world need palliative care every year. Palliative care aims to prevent suffering and increase quality of life among patients with life threatening diseases and their families. The whole family is affected when a child is diagnosed with a life-limiting illness. The nurse plays a key role in palliative care and provides care and support to the child and family. The asset of palliative care for children is limited around the world and mostly focused on adults.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to shed light on nurses’ experiences of providing palliative care to children in inpatient care. 

    Method: A literature-based study design with a qualitative approach. The study is based on eleven scientific articles and analyzed with Friberg’s five step method.

    Results: The study emerged three themes and seven subthemes. Family-centered care was an important part of the palliative care that nurses provide. They experienced a lack of knowledge and training. The care came with a wide spectrum of emotions for nurses that could be difficult to handle. They needed to find coping strategies. Nurses needed communication skills to manage challenging dialogues with the family.

    Conclusion: The need for increased knowledge and training calls for skills development offered by the workplace. It’s important so that nurses can feel confident providing palliative care to children and their families. Increased knowledge of palliative care can increase nursing quality and strengthen the profession of nurses.

  • 17. Jonsell, Ragnar
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Winberg, Jan
    Kompendium i intravenös vätsketerapi för barn1974Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan and Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries2019Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 74-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined longitudinal links between household income and parents' education and children's trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behaviors from age 8 to 10 reported by mothers, fathers, and children. Longitudinal data from 1,190 families in 11 cultural groups in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and United States) were included. Multigroup structural equation models revealed that household income, but not maternal or paternal education, was related to trajectories of mother-, father-, and child-reported internalizing and externalizing problems in each of the 11 cultural groups. Our findings highlight that in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, socioeconomic risk is related to children's internalizing and externalizing problems, extending the international focus beyond children's physical health to their emotional and behavioral development.

  • 19.
    Larsson, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Agernäs, Madelene
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hur sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården stödjer nyblivna mödrar under amningsperioden: En intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att stödja amning är en folkhälsofråga för att främja hälsa hos mor och barn. Amningens positiva effekter på såväl barn som moder är väl belagt, men trots detta minskar amningsfrekvensen. Mödrar går hem tidigare från BB och sjuksköterskorna vid barnhälsovården har fått mer ansvar för amning, samtidigt som många mödrar beskriver svårigheter och brister i information och stöd under amningsperioden.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården stödjer nyblivna mödrar under amningsperioden.

    Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården genomfördes. Intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. 

    Resultat: Resultatet visade tre kategorier; emotionellt stöd, socialt stöd samt praktiskt stöd. I det emotionella stödet framkom att sjuksköterskor vid barnhälsovården kunde stärka mödrar genom uppmuntran, bekräftelse samt vara lyhörda och lyssna. I det sociala stödet framkom att sjuksköterskorna var tillgängliga och skapade ett förtroende samtidigt som det var viktigt att involvera andra personer under amningsperioden. För att optimera mödrarnas amning använde sjuksköterskorna sig av ett praktiskt stöd, där det handlade om att skapa goda förutsättningar för amningen och att stödja med hjälp av olika verktyg.

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat visar att stödet från barnhälsovården är betydelsefullt för nyblivna mödrar och som sjuksköterska är det viktigt att ge dessa former av stöd, för att främja amning hos mödrar. 

  • 20. Michaelsen, K F
    et al.
    Weile, B
    Larsen, P
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Krasilnikoff, P A
    Does the low intake of wheat in Danish infants cause the low incidence rate of coeliac disease?1993Inngår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 82, nr 6-7, s. 605-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Patriksson, Katarina
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå. Division of Paediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Selin, Lotta
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NU-Hospital Group, Trollhättan, (SWE).
    Parents and newborn "togetherness" after birth2022Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 17, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Zero separation is a family-centred approach where newborns should be accompanied by their parents, regardless of the type of birth or health status. To our knowledge, few studies have described the way this approach is realized in clinical practice. This study describes situations of separation between mother/partner and newborn after birth on the labour ward, maternity ward and at the neonatal unit.

    Method: An observation study was conducted during four months at a Swedish hospital. All caregivers at the three units were given the task of collecting the data. A semantic thematic analysis was performed with an inductive approach.

    Results: Six themes emerged from the analysis. Two themes were common to all three units, one theme was common to two units and three themes emerged at only one unit. The themes describe various causes of separation, such as organizational and economic barriers, clinical routines, parents' own decisions, shortage of collaboration within and between units, as well as a shortage of interprofessional communication.

    Conclusion: Our study shows that there is still a gap between the latest evidence-based knowledge of the importance of zero separation and current practice in newborn care. There is a need for continuous collaboration between all units responsible for the care of mother and newborn.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    T&F
  • 22. Samuelson, Gösta
    Adoptivbarn från utlandet : bör PKU-test ingå i hälsoundersökningen?: [Adopted children from abroad should the PKU-test be included in their health examination?]1977Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 74, nr 12, artikkel-id 1156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23. Samuelson, Gösta
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a Northern Swedish county: I. Food consumption survey1971Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica. Supplement, ISSN 0300-8843, Vol. 214, s. Suppl 214:5-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24. Samuelson, Gösta
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish County: II. Methodological study of the recall technique1970Inngår i: Nutrition and metabolism, ISSN 0029-6678, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 321-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Göteborgs .
    Dietbehandling av PKU-barn i Sverige: [Diet treatment of PKU children in Sweden].1974Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, nr 12, s. 1177-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26. Samuelson, Gösta
    Hereditary ectodermal dysplasia: Report of two cases1970Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 94-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27. Samuelson, Gösta
    Om näringsundersökningar hos småbarn1973Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Blomquist, H K
    Crossner, C G
    Holm, A K
    Grahnén, H
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish county.: VII. A comparative study of general and dental health, food habits and socio-economic conditions in 4-year-old children.1975Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 64, nr 2, s. 241-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of the general and dental health and the food habits of randomly selected 4-year-old Swedish urban children was performed. The results were compared with the findings of an investigation carried out four years earlier in the same area. In comparison with the earlier study no significant differences were found in haemoglobin values, packed red cell volume, microsedimentation rate and anthropometric measurements. The food habits had altered. A reduction in the frequency of between-meal consumption, particularly of sweets and soft drinks, as well as a reduction of the frequency of meat, fish and egg consumption was found. The children had an increased sandwich and milk consumption. The caries frequency was markedly reduced, which might be explained by the decreased between-meal consumption and an increased consumption of fluoride tablets. The food habits and the caries situation were generally influenced by the parents' socio-economic conditions, especially their educational level.

  • 29.
    Skoog, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Sorbring, Emma
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Boys’ Pubertal Timing Measured on the Pubertal Development Scale is Linked to Online Sexual Activities2013Inngår i: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 281-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored the link between boys’ pubertal timing and offline and online romantic and sexual activities using a sample of 142 Swedish early adolescent boys. Boys reported on two aspects of pubertal timing, a stage-normative (measured by five indicators of physical development related to puberty) and a peer-normative, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing was related to being romantically and sexually active offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to corresponding activities online. Thus, the implications of stage-normative pubertal timing on sexual activities seem to extend to online contexts.

  • 30.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Svensson, Ylva
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst (USA).
    Editorial: The Consequences of COVID-19 on the Mental Well-Being of Parents, Children and Adolescents2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Frontiers
  • 31. Sterky, G
    et al.
    Holmgren, G
    Gustavson, K H
    Larsson, Y
    Lundmark, K M
    Nilsson, K O
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Thalme, B
    Wall, S
    The incidence of diabetes mellitus in Swedish children 1970--1975.1978Inngår i: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 67, nr 2, s. 139-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We report a retrospective study of diabetic children, 0--14 years of age, from seven Swedish departments of paediatrics. There were 359 new cases in the years 1970--1975. Notification suggested that there was a mean yearly incidence of 19.6 cases per 100 000 with a year to year variation of 10.0--26.4 per 100 000. Consequently about 330 new cases of childhood diabetes would be expected in Sweden every year. Incidence varied considerably between different geographical areas. The age distribution was bimodal with a main peak at about 12 years and another peak at about 7 years. There was some evidence for clustering of new cases in January and the autumn. The mean prevalence of childhood diabetes in the seven districts was 1.3 per 1 000.

  • 32.
    Wiljen, Angelica
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Department of Paediatrics, Region Västra Götaland, Södra Älvsborg Hospital, Borås (SWE).
    Chaplin, John Eric
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Crine, Vanessa
    University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Jobe, William
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Johnson, Ensa
    Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria, Pretoria (ZAF); Department of Inclusive Education, University of South Africa, Pretoria (ZAF).
    Karlsson, Katarina
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås (SWE).
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Schwarz, Annelie
    Department of Research, Education and Innovation, Region Västra Götaland, Södra Älvsborg Hospital, Borås (SWE).
    Stenmarker, Margaretha
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping (SWE); Department of Paediatrics, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping (SWE).
    Thunberg, Gunilla
    University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Dart Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Assistive Technology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (SWE); Speech and Language Pathology Unit, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Öhlén, Joakim
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Palliative Centre, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    The development of a mHealth tool for children with long-term illness to enable person-centred communication: a co-design approach2021Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 30, nr SUPPL 1, 1, SIArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Children with long-term illnesses frequently experience symptoms that could negatively affect their daily lives. These symptoms are often underreported in health care. Despite a large number of mobile health (mHealth) tools, few are based on a theoretical framework or supported by scientific knowledge. Incorporating universal design when developing a product can promote accessibility and facilitate person-centered communication.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the symptom-reporting needs of children with cancer and congenital heart defects that could be satisfied by using a mobile app. Another aim is to evaluate how the child might interact with the app by considering universal design principles and to identify parents’ views and health care professionals’ expectations and requirements for an mHealth tool.

    Methods: User-centered design is an iterative process that focuses on an understanding of the users. The adapted user-centered design process includes 2 phases with 4 stages. Phase 1 involved interviews with 7 children with long-term illnesses, 8 parents, and 19 health care professionals to determine their needs and wishes for support; a workshop with 19 researchers to deepen our understanding of the needs; and a workshop with developers to establish a preliminary tool to further investigate needs and behaviors. Phase 2 involved interviews with 10 children with long-term illnesses, 9 parents, and 21 health care professionals to evaluate the mock-up (prototype) of the mHealth tool. Data were synthesized using the interpretive description technique.

    Results:A total of 4 aspects of needs emerged from the synthesis of the data, as follows: different perspectives on provided and perceived support; the need for an easy-to-use, non–clinic-based tool to self-report symptoms and to facilitate communication; the need for safety by being in control and reaching the child’s voice; and a way of mapping the illness journey to facilitate recall and improve diagnostics. The children with long-term illnesses expressed a need to not only communicate about pain but also communicate about anxiety, fatigue, fear, and nausea.

    Conclusions: The findings of this study indicated that the PicPecc (Pictorial Support in Person-Centered Care for Children) app is a potential solution for providing communicative support to children with long-term illnesses dealing with multiple symptoms and conditions. The interview data also highlighted symptoms that are at risk of being overlooked if they are not included in the mobile app. Further studies are needed to include usability testing and evaluation in hospitals and home care settings.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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