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  • 1. Kaur, N.
    et al.
    Kumar, M.
    Sharma, S. K.
    Kim, D. Y.
    Kumar, S.
    Chavan, N. M.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    Singh, N.
    Singh, H.
    Study of mechanical properties and high temperature oxidation behavior of a novel cold-spray Ni-20Cr coating on boiler steels2015In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 328, p. 13-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current investigation, high temperature oxidation behavior of a novel cold-spray Ni-20Cr nano-structured coating was studied. The nanocrystalline Ni-20Cr powder was synthesized by the investigators using ball milling, which was deposited on T22 and SA 516 steels by cold spraying. The crystallite size based upon Scherrer's formula for the developed coatings was found to be in nano-range for both the substrates. The accelerated oxidation testing was performed in a laboratory tube furnace at a temperature 900 degrees C under thermal cyclic conditions. Each cycle comprised heating for one hour at 900 degrees C followed by cooling for 20 min in ambient air. The kinetics of oxidation was established using weight change measurements for the bare and the coated steels. The oxidation products were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and X-ray mapping techniques. It was found from the results that the coating was successful in reducing the weight gain of SA213-T22 and SA 516-Grade 70 steel by 71% and 94%, respectively. This may be attributed to relatively denser structure, lower porosity and lower oxide content of the coating. Moreover, the developed nano-structured Ni-20Cr powder coating was found to perform better than its counterpart micron-sized Ni-20Cr powder coating, in terms of offering higher oxidation resistance and hardness. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Mahade, Satyapal
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Ruelle, Céline
    ENSIL, Limoges, Franc.
    Curry, Nicholas
    Treibacher Industrie AG, Althofen, Austria.
    Holmberg, Jonas
    Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Björklund, Stefan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Understanding the effect of material composition and microstructural design on the erosion behavior of plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings2019In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 488, p. 170-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, three different TBC compositions comprising of yttria partially stabilized zirconia (8YSZ), yttria fully stabilized zirconia (48YSZ) and gadolinium zirconate (GZ) respectively, were processed by suspension plasma spray (SPS) to obtain columnar microstructured TBCs. Additionally, for comparison, lamellar microstructured, 7YSZ TBC was deposited by air plasma spray (APS) process. SEM analysis was carried out to investigate the microstructure and white light interferometry was used to evaluate the surface morphology of the as-sprayed TBCs. Porosity measurements were made using water intrusion and image analysis methods and it was observed that the SPS-YSZ and APS-YSZ TBCs showed higher porosity content than SPS-GZ and SPS-48YSZ. The as-sprayed TBC variations (APS-YSZ, SPS-YSZ, SPS-GZ, and SPS-48YSZ) were subjected to erosion test. Results indicate that the erosion resistance of APS-YSZ TBC was inferior to the SPS-YSZ, SPS-GZ and SPS-48YSZ TBCs respectively. Among the SPS processed TBCs, SPS-YSZ showed the highest erosion resistance whereas the SPS-48YSZ showed the lowest erosion resistance. SEM analysis of the eroded TBCs (cross section and surface morphology) was performed to gain further insights on their erosion behavior. Based on the erosion results and post erosion SEM analysis, erosion mechanisms for splat like microstructured APS TBC and columnar microstructured SPS TBCs were proposed. The findings from this work provide new insights on the erosion mechanisms of columnar microstructured TBCs and lamellar microstructured TBCs deposited by plasma spray. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

  • 3.
    Sadeghimeresht, Esmaeil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Environment Production Technology West. Amirkabir University of Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University of Tehran.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Björklund, Stefan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering.
    Corrosion performance of bi-layer Ni/Cr2C3–NiCr HVAF thermal spray coating2016In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 369, p. 470-481Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The corrosion behavior of three HVAF thermal spray coating systems (A: single-layer Ni, B: single-layer Cr2C3–NiCr coatings, and C: bi-layer Ni/Cr2C3–NiCr coating) was comparatively studied using immersion,salt spray, and electrochemical tests. Polarization and EIS results showed that the corrosion behavior of Cr2C3–NiCr coatings in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was significantly improved by adding the intermediate layer of Ni. It was illustrated that the polarization resistance of the bi-layer Ni/Cr2C3–NiCr and singlelayerCr2C3–NiCr coatings were around 194 and 38 k cm2, respectively. Microstructure analysis revealed that the bond coating successfully prevented the corrosion propagation toward the coating.

  • 4.
    Vijay, Sudarshan
    et al.
    Birla Institute of Technology and Science-Pilani (BITS-Pilani), Pilani, India.
    Wang, Litian
    Østfold University College, Fredrikstad, Norway.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Surface characteristics investigation of HVAF sprayed cermet coatings2019In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 493, p. 956-962Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Superhydrophobic surfaces that are durable and can be easily manufactured are of high interest for many industrial applications. Measuring and understanding roughness in the context of superhydrophobicity is the first step in creation of a surface that does not require activation to be hydrophobic. In this study, the as sprayed surface of different cermet (WC-10Co4Cr and Cr3C2-25Ni20Cr) coatings produced by High Velocity Air Fuel (HVAF) spraying – have been investigated to assess their wetting ability. In order to address the challenges raised by the specific roughness profile of thermal spray surfaces, two routes have been adapted and used for surface characteristics analysis i.e. statistical and fractal. Results show that both methods have a strong correlation to wettability. Roughness parameters Sdq and Sdr show good correlation with advancing contact angle. Hausdorff Dimension of a sub-micrometer profile shows good relation with the contact angle and provides information for state of the droplet. To determine how to increase the contact angle of the coating surface, coating parameters such as CGS Density have been correlated with Hausdorff Dimension. Both methods provide good understanding in terms of wettability of rough cermet surfaces. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

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