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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Carler, Nicklas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Media and the Muslims: A thesis on media framing & priming in Argentina2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All over the western world, media are giving Muslims the role as scapegoats for everything that is wrong with society. Through grave generalizations as well as alleged connections between Islam and terrorism, social categorizations are established in which Muslims become the ‘others’. Research has been made on a various amount of western nations, with the exception of a few, and this thesis explores how Argentinean media portray Islam and Muslims. With the use of quantitative and qualitative text analyses, the result will show the levels of priming and framing in relation to earlier research. By assuming social constructivism, a high frequency of these two ‘faces of power’ would affect societal relations, possibly creating a gap between an ‘us’ and ‘them’. Our findings suggest, however, this is not the case in Argentina; on the contrary, Argentinean media lack the frames which make Muslims ‘others’. This important discovery implies that the relationship between Islam and the West of today does not necessarily have to be one of two combatants, incapable of coexisting.

  • 2.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Viker, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Argumentationens grunder i media: En argumentationsanalys om beviskraft, faktualitet och normativitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Denna studie har, utifrån argumentationsanalys, undersökt sex ledare med temat extremism från tre morgontidningar, utifrån en tidsaktuell kontext. Temat valdes framförallt på grund av att det planerades en nazistisk demonstration utanför Svenska Mässan under bokmässan i Göteborg. Avsikten med valet av tema är för att knyta ämnet till en aktuell samhällsdebatt som tydligt presenterades i tidningarnas ledare, vilket gav både relevans och hållbarhet till det valda temat. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att göra en argumentationsanalys på sex ledarsidor från tre morgontidningars hemsidor. Det är ledarnas normativitet och faktualitet tillsammans med argumentationens beviskraft som kommer vara målet för analysen. Det som är intressant är att få fram hur beviskraften kan påverkas av hur normativ respektive faktuell ledaren är, och också hur olika ledares argumentationer kan få olika beviskrafter. Samt se hur många argument som inte bara är faktuella utan också vilar på en vetenskaplig grund. Metod: Argumentanalysen används för att undersöka varje arguments hållbarhet och relevans, samt den slutliga beviskraften för hela ledaren. Analysen kollar på grunden som sätts för ett argument och hur detta påverkar argumentets hållbarhet, samt hur det presenteras i ledaren. Medan relevansen undersöks genom att både kolla på hur argumentet passar ihop med både hela ledarens slutsats och i samband med de andra argumenten i samma ledare. Resultat: Resultatet visar på att de flesta ledarna är normativa. Mellan ledarna återfinns både likheter och skillnader, dessa tar sig i olika former beroende på vilket huvudfokus ledarna har, samt vad för grunder de har till sina argument.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Stina
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Democracy Spinning backwards?: A study of agency advocacy in Sweden2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to assess whether agency advocacy in newspapers debate articles has increased since the 1970’s and what forms agency advocacy take. This is done by investigating if the number or share of debate articles written by agencies increased from the 1970’s to the 2000’s, what types of communication approaches and subjects that are used over the years. The theoretical approach is based on research about new public management (NPM) and mediatisation through a normative institutionalist perspective. It is mainly a quantitative study where we collect debate articles from four different decades and code the content according to three ideal types: information, agency advocacy by promoting issue and agency advocacy by legitimating agency.  The thesis finds that the share and to some extent the number of debate articles has increased over the years, which supports the NPM theory and in part mediatisation theory. All ideal types are present; agency advocacy exists in all analysed debate articles while information is highly absent.  There is little change over the years which make it difficult to assess which theory that is supported.  

  • 5.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Knife in the Heart: Suburban mythology in the new post-industrial order2010In: (Re)searching Gothenburg: Essays on a Changing City / [ed] Holgersson, Helena m. fl., Göteborg: Glänta produktion , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Aracic, Tea
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Saini, Simranpreet
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Perceptions of integration: We came here to add more colour in a colourful society2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to see how asylum seeking refugees, between the ages of 18-25 years old, perceive their integration and to further investigate if the perception of integration differs within this group. More specifically this thesis asks two questions: (1) How do young asylum seeking men and women perceive the concept of integration in terms of mutuality and onesidedness? (2) Are there any similarities or differences within this group when it comes to their perceptions of integration? This thesis is designed as a qualitative case study with comparative elements and semi-structured interview questions. It consists of a combination of a theory of integration as a process within the economic, social and political spheres, and a theory of integration as a process based on mutual adjustment or one-sided adjustment relationships. From the analysis, it resulted that there are more differences than similarities among the asylum seeking refugees. Especially among men and women when it comes to the perception of integration, and more specifically within the economic and social sphere. Within the economic sphere, women strongly associate this with a one-sided relationship, while men tend to perceive that relationship within the social sphere. However, both women and men expressed the need for a mutual relationship within the political sphere due to the asylum process which lies in the hands of the society and not something that these women and men can decide on their own.

  • 7.
    Aziz, Amanj
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Korta byxor, slöjor och skägg: Muslimer, det svenska samhället och interaktion2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar frågan kring fördomar, muslimer och interaktion. Undersökningen sker genom en intervjuundersökning där respondenterna får svara på frågor som berör deras syn på muslimer utifrån deras interaktionsnivå. Tidigare forskning säger att den socialt konstruerade bilden av muslimer är negativ, och att den upprätthålls av samhället, däribland filmindustrin. Som ramverk för att undersöka detta används socialkonstruktivismen och kontaktteorin. Kontaktteorin, som introduceras av Gordon Allport, säger att interaktion mellan grupper minskar fördomar genom att grupperna interagerar som jämbördiga och med gemensamma mål. Dessa grupper beskrivs som ingroup och outgroup. Uppsatsen behandlar således om interaktionen hos respondenterna påverkar perceptionen de har av muslimer i Sverige. Slutsatsen är att interaktionen hos respondenterna påverkar uppfattningen de har av muslimer. De respondenter som hade regelbunden kontakt med muslimer, uppfattade inte gruppen i negativa termer.

  • 8.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Synchronous work - myth or reality?: a critical study of teams in health and medical care2010In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1314-1321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.

  • 9.
    Bralic, Nikola
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ethnic identity and generalized trust in heterogenous environments: A comparative study in the Gothenburg region2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has studied two things, the first thing is to see if contact between different ethnic minorities but were the ethnic majority is absent has the same alleged positive effect on generalized trust as contact between ethnic minorities and the ethnic majority. The second issue is to see if people that have contact with people with other ethnic origin than themselves changed their perception of their ethnic identity and if that effects generalized trust. This was done by using theories of social constructivism and social capital were I had an inductive theoretical approach. The research design was comparative research design, comparing heterogeneous environments were there were different ethnic minorities but were the ethnic majority was absent to ethnic heterogeneous environments were there were different ethnic minorities but were the ethnic majority was present using semis structured interviews. What I found out is that contact did in deed effect how people perceived their ethnic identity but not always in the way that the theories suggested that they should. Age seemed to have an bigger effect on generalized trust then ethnic heterogeneity. Also ethnic identity did not directly effect generalized trust but that contact and ethnic identity did in some indirect way effect generalized trust because contact led people to believe that all people are the same no matter their ethnic identity.

  • 10.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Om global rättvisa2010In: Filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 3-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Chen, Kedi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Yang, Jialu
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    A good one or a bad one:A comparison of US and Chinese reviews of the film: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to compare the different Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon film reviews from Chinese and American reviewers respectively, and to see how they evaluate and understand the film in the different ways. We use reception theory as our theoretical tool, and divide the film into four themes so that we can compare the different reviews in a more relative way. Meanwhile, we also present some brief ideas to explain the reason why the film gets the different response from both sides. Since our main purpose is to compare the different film reviews, so we choose the comparative design as our research design. The main findings of this thesis show that Chinese and American reviewers do have some distinct evaluations, understandings and views about the film.Besides, culture and aesthetic become the two major factors to influence the response from both sides.

  • 12.
    Coetzee, Wayne
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University of Gothenburg, School of Global Studies.
    The interplay between national interest and idealism regarding Sweden's Gripen exports2017In: Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 2309-9682, E-ISSN 2224-0020, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 45-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study on which this article is based, aimed to map out and analyse the ways in which Sweden's Gripen exports have been shaped and sustained since the end of the Cold War. It did so by examining three interrelated factors that have had an effect on Sweden's defence industry. By illustrating how societal preferences, defence and security policy shifts, and the role of national identity have influenced weapons manufacturing and exports, this article provides a balanced overview of the most salient push and pull factors of Sweden's Gripen exports. The central contention of the study was that Swedish weapons manufacturing and exports often involve a close interaction between interests and ideals. Moreover, due to the multitude of richly correlated, interconnected and mutually reinforcing elements related to such practices, there cannot be a neat and parsimonious distinction between agents and structures and domestic and international settings. Instead, the study was especially reflective of real-world practices and the strategic relational approach between those forces that shape and sustain Sweden's Gripen exports.

  • 13.
    Dharsani, Moez
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ericsson, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Women In Diplomacy: How is the Problem of Absence of Women in Diplomacy Framed by the UN?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor’s thesis is analyzing contemporary advocacy for more women in diplomacy by the United Nations (UN), with the help of framing theory. More specifically, it examines, (1) how is the absence of female diplomats represented as a problem? (2) What is represented as the causes of that problem? And finally, (3) what is represented as the solutions to that problem? The thesis examines one UN body: UNITAR, which is the only body that focus on the promotion of women explicitly in diplomacy. This is a single case study with a qualitative approach, and makes use of framing theory, based on social constructivism. Through gathering of outward-focused documents from UNITARs webpage, it has been observed that UNITAR frames the absence of women in diplomacy as an inefficiency problem. The argument is that by promoting more women in foreign policy, there will be greater productivity, enhanced economical growth and less poverty. The main causes of the problem are represented as a mix of societal, individual and organizational barriers. The solution to the problem is represented to be mainly training of individual women to improve skills needed to successfully carry out diplomacy, but also, to a lesser extent, training of organizations to inforce a gender mainstreaming approach.

    Key Words:  Women in diplomacy, framing, United Nations, women in foreign policy, international campaigns.

  • 14.
    Djumaev, Bekhan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Sohlman, Rickard
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Should the Plundered Arts be Restituted?: How international norms are interpreted differently in national contexts2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to look at two cases where the debate rages regarding whether or not to restitute stolen art back to the states from which it was originally stolen. By looking at the debate in each country the essay focuses on gaining understanding in how one state might decide upon returning the cultural treasures and the other refuses to. In assisting the analysis of the debate, theories from social constructivism, norms and ideas of different national identities are assessed. More closely, this essay tries to examine the different ideas of national identity (Imperial Cosmopolitanism and Egalitarian Cosmopolitanism) and analyze the domestic interpretations of the international norm on restitution of plundered treasures that follow from these identities. In doing so, states of interest, Sweden and Great Britain, are chosen and the theoretical model for analysis developed by Bacchi (2010) will be used in order to present ―the problem‖, the causes to the problem and the solutions provided to solve the problem. Thereby, the essay aims to show how the actions, behavior and arguments of these states, in the question of restitution, are greatly dependant on the differences in the ideas of national identity that each state might possess or have inherited from past.

  • 15.
    Dumani, Gentrim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A qualitative descriptive study on the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party's post-2014 political integration approaches2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis is to describe the approaches of the Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party to political integration for the newly-arrived immigrant groups in the post-2014 period. This is a descriptive study is with textual qualitative content analysis as a methodology to explore the statements made by the two parties. The sources and data used in the analysis chapter are from the two parties' official websites, government website and the parliamentary website. When the data is analysed by using three models, i.e. the multicultural, assimilationist, and exclusionary models, of integration, this study concludes that while both parties had adopted a multicultural model of integration before 2014, in the post-2014 period there are some elements of change in Moderate Party's integration approaches, such as the addition of demands like the compulsory participation in integration courses for the immigrants and an the integration test shifting the Moderate Party's position toward the exclusionary model of integration. The findings indicate that the Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, still promotes the multicultural model of integration after 2014.

  • 16.
    Ehlin, Björn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Toledo, Claudia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Is the European Parliament Election a second-order election due to centre-periphery structures?: Geographical distances and institutional differences within the European Union2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in the European Parliament Election has steadily declined since the start in 1979. In 2004 less than half (47.8%) of the voting-age population of the European Union used their right to vote. This has actualized questions asking if the European Parliament is a good representation of the European citizens. The paradigm when it comes to explaining the electoral turnout in the European Parliament Election is the second-order theory. Though the theory explains the low voter participation, it does not explain why the European Parliament Election has become a second-order election. Thus, in this thesis will search for the underlying variable explaining why the European Parliament Election is a second-order election. Through our research we find that distances are important in the European Union, and they create centres and peripheries within the European Union. By looking at Rokkan and Urwin‟s horizontal and vertical types of peripheries, where the vertical type consists of Rokkan and Urwin‟s three domain of social life, our research concludes that centre-periphery structures within the European Union are the underlying variable, explaining why the European Parliament Election is a second-order election.

  • 17.
    Høines, Benedicta Idiaye
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigrants' gender norms in integration process: A comparative study of first- and second-generation Somali immigrant women2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate how culture and hence values change in an immigrant group in Sweden and if their understanding of gender changes over generations, by using first- and second-generation Somali immigrants.

    The study is a comparative small-N study design and uses a qualitative method of data collection with the help of a focus group interview.

    This study employs the theory of agenda setting priming & framing, the aspects of gender and gender ideal types of traditional and liberal gender role ideologies - to explore the differences and similarities of the understanding and importance of gender between the two groups. The analysis was categorized under the first- and second-generation Somalis with subcategorization of the aspects of gender, to have a better structured analysis.

    The key findings of this study indicate that the first-generation Somalis are compelled to conform to the liberal mainstream of the Swedish society, whilst keeping their core values such as their religious beliefs. However, they hold their religion to a higher esteem and placed more values on religion than culture. This is so because Somali culture is routed in religion and a lot of their cultural practices are based on religion, as indicated by both groups. Further, none of the aspects of gender raised in this study seems to be of great importance to the participants other than the aspects of clothing which is the wearing of Hijab.

  • 18.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 19.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Towns, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Taming feminism?: The place of gender equality in the "Progressive Sweden" brand2018In: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, E-ISSN 1751-8059, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As prior work on nation branding in Japan, Canada and Iceland has shown, gender can be an important component in nation branding. This article looks at the evolution of the idea of gender equality as a “Swedish” trait, from the initial incorporation of gender equality in Swedish state identity in the 1990s to contemporary nation branding. Based on standard discourse analysis of branding documents, branding websites and social media presence administered by the public diplomacy agency, the Swedish Institute, we show that gender equality remains a central pillar in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. In contrast with other national brands, “Progressive Sweden” is devoid of the more androcentric narratives and sexually objectifying representations of women. However, the “Progressive Sweden” narrative sports its own peculiarities, as it presents a liberal dreamscape that slides between utopian ideals and generalizations about “Sweden” as a unified actor whose population shares behaviors and goals. Discord and political struggle are written out of this narrative. Despite its rhetorical centrality in Swedish foreign policy, feminism thus disappears from view in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. The article ends with some considerations for the future of Swedish nation branding.

  • 20.
    Karlsson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Eyre, Joshua
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Gender (in)equality in the Swedish Radical Right: A Comparative Study of New Democracy and the Sweden Democrats2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the use of gender symbols and gender equality ideas in contemporary nationalist parties in Sweden. Nationalism and national identity traditionally contain gendered ideas, symbols and identities, in which women are subordinate to men. Paradoxically, in Sweden, gender equality has become an intrinsic part of the national identity. Theories on gender and nationalism are applied and used in the quantitative and qualitative analysis in order to distinguish and describe the use of gender symbols and gender equality ideas in the two Swedish parties New Democracy and the Sweden Democrats. The findings show that the parties do rely on traditional nationalist gender roles, and that the Sweden Democrats emphasize these roles to a greater extent than New Democracy. The analysis also shows that both parties try to incorporate the Swedish gender equality into their ideologies but interpret the notion of gender equality in two different ways. 

  • 21.
    Larsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Neo-liberal ideas in Social Democratic arguments?: A look at the privatization debate regarding the Swedish railway sector2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Privatization is said to be fundamentally a neo-liberal idea and deregulation is one form of privatization. The Swedish railway sector has been deregulated gradually over the years. Some of the policy changes towards more deregulation have been done with the Swedish Social Democrats in government. This thesis analyzes the arguments for and against privatization on two occasions, 2000 and 2009 with the Social Democrats in government and opposition respectively, to see if the party’s argumentation has been influenced by neo-liberal ideas and if that change depending on whether they are in government or not. The analysis shows that there has been influence of neo-liberal ideas on arguments from the Social Democrats and that their view on privatization and deregulation differed depending on whether they were in government or in opposition.

  • 22.
    Lindquist, Annica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Sköld, Mathias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    The paradox of municipal cooperation: Municipalities’ organizational culture and its effect on negotiation strategy   -The case of Northern Bohuslän2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study if organizational culture affects the negotiation strategy in negotiation processes between municipalities in Sweden. Our cases are four municipalities involved in the municipal cooperation “Tillväxt Bohuslän”; a project which aims to foster cooperation.

    The question this thesis seeks to answer is: “Does the cultural attribute of organizational culture (ability for joint action) of the municipalities in ‘Tillväxt Bohuslän’ affect negotiation strategy in a negotiation process?”

    The municipalities’ ability for joint action has been classified as either strong or weak by a previous study. This thesis uses these already established classifications with the intention to test if they affect which negotiation strategy municipalities use. The negotiation strategy can either be of a competitive or a collaborative nature.

    The method to collect data about the municipalities’ negotiation strategies is semi-structured interviews with politicians who are actively involved in the negotiation in the municipal cooperation “Tillväxt Bohuslän”.

    Results from the analysis in this thesis show a zero result; the municipalities’ ability for joint action does not affect which negotiation strategy they use. However, interesting empirical findings are explored.

  • 23.
    Lundmark, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Den fungerande stadsplaneringen: En studie i uppfattningar och effekter av torget och dess påverkan på demokrati2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this undergraduate thesis you will venture on a journey through the land of democratic values and urban planning. My research question is stated as: whether or not urban planning can show effects on democratic values and whether or not the municipalities in Sweden takes these possible effects into account when planning their city centres. You will in my theory part of this thesis be able to read about different views on urban planning and on democracy. Famous authors like Robert D. Putnam and Richard Florida will be examined as well as other theorists on democracy and urban planning. To be able to map whether or not urban planning matter I have done a thorough research on two cases of urban planning in two of Sweden’s smallest municipalities. Both of them have fairly recently rebuilt their urban centres and my research will try to show how this new urban planning has influenced the democracy in those regions. This research will show to you that thoughts, that urban planning affects the democracy, actually exist and affect the ones who execute and plan the urban centres in the municipalities. On the question whether or not there exist a correlation between urban planning and a well functioning democracy this research will show that no such link is recognizable and that urban planning, for the two cases, did not matter.

  • 24.
    Löf, Cajsa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Love is ours only in death: An analysis of how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped on Western television shows through the use of tropes2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Television is a mirror of society and in which we hope to see our lives and existence reflected. When the images shown marginalises your reflection through the use of stereotypes and common tropes it is hard to believe this does not affect the world around you and your perception about yourself. Television is vastly researched and this case study will add to it by analysing how lesbian and bisexual relationships are stereotyped through the use of tropes on Western television shows. Semiotics is used to decipher the underlying meanings of stereotypes and tropes; as stereotypes and tropes marginalise groups of people. By using visual analysis to watch episodes, the scenes analysed through qualitative content analysis proved that same-sex relationships are stereotyped through tropes and rarely challenge previous research. Social interaction based on representation theory solidify the perceptions through television images causing further harm to lesbians and bisexuals.

  • 25.
    Redjepagic, Valeria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Widerberg, Mikaela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Framing Refugees: Swedish Media Representations in 1992 and 20152019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During 1992 and 2015 there were two of the biggest refugee crises in Sweden. Debates on refugees flourished within media. Media have had a big impact on how refugees have been framed. Media have essential power to influence public views on different issues. Media framed refugees in different ways, both in negative and positive context.

    The thesis analyse how media have framed refugees during both crises in Sweden. This paper investigates how the newspapers 'Svenska Dagbladet' and 'Aftonbladet' have framed refugees during the crises in 1992 and 2015. The theoretical approaches that have been used are Framing theory and Bensons 'frames' which are victim, hero, and threat. The study has used a comparative two case study. This study aims to get a deeper knowledge about how Swedish media framed refugees during the two refugee crises in 1992 and 2015 and compare them to see if these framings are different. The result showed that the years differentiate quite much in which frames are dominant. In 1992 the dominant frame used by media was by far the threat frame which talked about refugees being criminals and causing problems for the Swedish economy.

  • 26.
    Reznik, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Safedof, Secil
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Intersectionality between Gender and Class in Modern Culture: An Analysis of the Sex and the City movies2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore how gender and socioeconomic class is portrayed in the two

    Sex and the City movies. The underlying purpose is to critically assess the celebration of emancipated women, as the movies allegedly portray. The intersection between gender and class will enable to analyse the depiction of different femininities and their power relationships. The uniqueness of the thesis is that the two movies have until today by large been ignored by the academia therefore it will hopefully commence a discussion which is long overdue. The result of analysing from an intersectional perspective will include a wider range of factors and provide a comprehensive interpretation of contemporary society as well as its interrelation with movies.

  • 27.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Åberg, Martin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    How 'the politics of retrenchment' was said and done: remodelling of concepts and roles in Swedish welfare state discourse2004Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Are Relative Norms More Persuasive Than Absolute Standards?2011In: Workshop on Moral Entrepreneurship in International Politics / [ed] Robert Keohane and Kathryn Sikkink, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Civilization2016In: The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory / [ed] Lisa Disch and Mary Hawkesworth, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 79-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the treatment of civilization as a concept and phenomenon in feminist scholarship from the late 1970s until the present. How have feminist scholars understood and approached civilization and its relation to gender and/or women? In what ways have these interventions contributed to and challenged more mainstream scholarship on civilization, particularly on the West and Islam? The chapter begins with a discussion of feminist treatments of civilizations as bounded sociocultural entities and the role of women and men therein. It then continues with a longer analysis of the alternative feminist understanding of civilizations as discourses that are contextually unfolding. In this understanding, gender and the status of women are implicated in the production as well as challenging of civilizational boundaries and hierarchies. The chapter ends with suggestions for the direction of future research, including a call to more directly engage central civilizations scholarship that is inattentive to gender.

  • 30.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Manning the State: Negotiating Masculinity in the New Norway of 18142014In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 116-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender historians have identified the period around 1800 as a crucial time for transforming elite masculinities in Europe: there were shifts away from ideals of polite gentlemen towards more martial forms of manhood; and this was a transition period away from more fluid notions of masculinity and an emphasis on the mixing of male and female towards a period of upholding stricter binaries between male and female. This article contributes to scholarship on the intersection of masculinities and states by centring on the formation of a new, partially independent Norway around 1814, when the Norwegian constitution was crafted. I use the analysis of Norway as an entry to exploring broader European trends at that time. As this article will show, Norwegian ideals of masculinity suitable for state office are a good illustration of more general interpretations of elite manhood in northern Europe. Norwegian constructions did offer a twist, however, as they idealized the Norwegian elite male as rough, unsophisticated, and natural.

    In contrast with other forms of elite state-bearing European masculinity, which emphasized

    advancement and cultivation, Norwegian masculinity was celebrated for its lack of refinement.

  • 31.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Manning the State: Negotiating Masculinity in the New Norway of 18142012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prestige, Immunity and Diplomats: Understanding Sexual Corruption2015In: Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government / [ed] Carl Dahlström, Lena Wängnerud, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diplomacy is an institution of prestige and political weight. In a discussion of cabinet rankings, Krook and O'Brien (2011, p. 14) designate foreign affairs as an elite and high-prestige area as it offers individuals the potential for sustained "visibility and significant control over policy." It is also an institution that has traditionally been populated by an elite political class – such as the nobility in Europe – which continues to provide diplomacy with an air of exclusivity. Diplomats thus occupy a position which carries considerable prestige and esteem, often more so than other public positions. Diplomacy is interesting for corruption research in other respects as well. To ensure that diplomacy functions even in situations of international enmity and competition, diplomats need to be shielded from politically motivated persecution and harassment by foreign states. Diplomats thus enjoy privileges of immunity from the host country's laws and are not susceptible to prosecution unless diplomatic privileges are waived, which is very rare. Compared with other political elites analyzed in this volume, diplomats therefore enjoy more unchecked power and less accountability for criminal actions. While perhaps necessary, such protections can obviously be abused, turning immunity into impunity.

  • 33.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sandholtz, Wayne. (2007). Prohibiting plunder: how norms change. New York: Oxford University Press2010In: Perspectives on Politics, ISSN 1537-5927, E-ISSN 1541-0986, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 991-993Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Inter-American Commission of Women and Women’s Suffrage, 1920-19482010In: Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0022-216X, E-ISSN 1469-767X, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 779-807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In studies of the international dimensions of women's suffrage, the role of international organisations has been overlooked. This article examines the suffrage activities of the Pan-American Union (PAU), and in particular those of the Inter-American Commission of Women (IACW), between 1920 and 1945. Attentive to historical context, the examination suggests that international organisations can be both bearers of state interests and platforms for social movement interests. The article also argues that while not independent bureaucracies, the PAU and IACW nevertheless had some importance for suffrage that cannot be attributed either to their state members or to the suffragist movements. 

  • 35.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Women and states: Norms and Hierarchies in International Society2010Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Towns, Ann E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Erika
    Linköping University.
    Eyre, Joshua
    Göteborg University.
    The equality conundrum: Gender and nation in the ideology of the Sweden Democrats2014In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 237-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the gender ideology of the parliamentary radical right populist party (RRPP) – the Sweden Democrats. More specifically, the article analyses how the party integrates old nationalist ideas about the importance of traditional gender roles and male superiority for the stability and welfare of the nation with new nationalist ideas about Sweden as the most gender-equal nation in the world. Prior studies suggest that RRPPs have integrated gender equality as a policy measure against multiculturalism and immigration. Our analysis shows this to be true also of the Sweden Democrats. However, unlike prior scholarship, we argue that the integration of gender equality is a tenuous and difficult one, as nationalist ideologies generally rest on ideas of sexual difference and male superiority. While the Sweden Democrats claim to support gender equality in discussions of multiculturalism and immigration, the party is a fierce critic of gender equality in all other contexts.

  • 37.
    Towns, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Niklasson, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gender, International Status, and Ambassador Appointments2016In: Foreign Policy Analysis, ISSN 1743-8586, E-ISSN 1743-8594, Vol. 0, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on ambassador appointments, the aim of this pioneering article is to address some fundamental questions about where men and women are positioned in diplomacy. Most of the gender-related diplomacy studies are limited to individual Ministry of Foreign Affairs and say little about diplomacy as an aggregate set of practices. We draw on theories of gender and positional status to ask whether there are gender patterns in ambassador appointments—with men occupying positions of higher military and economic status than women—much like the ones found in other institutions. Our analyses are based on a unique data set containing almost 7,000 ambassador appointments, made by the fifty highest ranked countries in terms of GDP in 2014. The results show that female ambassadors are less likely to occupy high-status ambassadorships than men. In short, gender patterns, linked to power and status, are present also in ambassador appointments. Diplomacy studies need to do much more to address the presence and impact of gender in international affairs.

  • 38.
    Asal, Maher (Editor)
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Contemporary Problems in Corporate Governance: Revised Papers presented at the 4th conference on Contemporary Problems in Corporate Governance, 6-8 May, 2015, the Faculty of Management, University of Gdansk, Sopot, Poland.2016Report (Refereed)
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