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  • 1.
    Feldtmann Lobrant, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bedöma Risk för våld hos frihetsberövade: Vad säger forskningen?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Assessing risk for violence among incarcerated people in prisons, in inpatient settings and otherwise, is an important part of the work aimed at reducing the number of violent encounters in these settings. Reducing violence is beneficial for both incarcerated persons and for the staffs work environment. The purpose of this thesis is to make a review of research of how to assess risk for violence among incarcerated people in different settings, describe research about the assessment methods, how these methods define ‘violence’ and what theoretical explanations to violence that are used. Furthermore, what level of consideration for the interaction between staff and incarcerated people is taken when assessing risk for violence.

    The thesis is performed by searching for, and analyzing written material with the questions asked in the purpose of the study. The following words are used for search in databases: “inmate”, “inpatient”, “violence”, “risk”, “assessment”, “juvenile” and “youth”.

    The findings in the study gives that there are models for assessing violence, with research-proven validity and mostly also interrater-reliability, namely: Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), Historical-Clinical-Risk management-20(HCR-20), Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASA) and Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). Aside from these findings there are also some models using only static variables to assess risk for violence among incarcerated, also known as “actuarial” models. Generally, the research shows that more dynamic variables that are prone to change, has stronger validity in predicting violence among incarcerated than historical, static data. The BVC and the DASA takes greater consideration to interaction between staff and incarcerated than the HCR-20 and the SAVRY, that is not primarily constructed to assess risk for violence in forensic/caregiving settings in the immediate short term.

    The result is discussed on basis of the strengths and weaknesses of the thesis, as well as ethical problems with assessing risk for violence among people that have been deprived of their freedom. The purpose of different kinds of incarcerations and different categories of incarcerated people that have different needs, may cause need for the results to be carefully considered- What does apply in one setting may not be true in another. From an ethical point of view, it is to be taken into consideration how the information from violence risk assessments is used, since punitive and repressing interventions often is far from desired.

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