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  • 1.
    Roumbanis-Viberg, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Being and acting as a teacher educator in a digitalized society2018In: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 5-6Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Teacher educators in many parts of the world, face and have faced challenges inrelation to digitalization of the educational systems. Digitalization changes among other things the conditions of communication, meaning-making and learning which affects teacher educators who teach pre-service teachers (Jonker, März, & Voogt,2018; Selwyn, 2017). The teacher education and the teacher educator have a responsibility in giving the pre-service teacher the best prerequisites to be able to work as a teacher. As many other pre-service programs around the world, the Swedish teacher education is currently not preparing the pre-service teachers enough for a digitalized teaching (Demoskop, 2016).

    The purpose of this study was to broadly explore teacher educators’ perceptions regarding their professional practice in relation to the digitalization of society. The study has an inductive approach and is based on 18 semi-structured interviews witha vignette-based interview guide. The interviews are coded in NVivo and analysed using thematic analysis (Braun & Clark, 2006). Findings show that the teacher educator perceive digitalization on a scale from using tools (software and hardware) to being part of a technology-initiated revolution of educational institutions and society. With this; requirements/demands, needs and consequences emanate in being and acting as a teacher educator on an individual-, group- and organizational level.

  • 2.
    Roumbanis-Viberg, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lärarutbildarens professionella agency i en digital tid2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    With the entry of digitalization into educational institutions, conditions for teaching, learning and knowledge acquisition have changed. A constant feature inprevious studies on digitalization in higher education has been a technologyoptimistic view, that technology automatically benefits learning and teaching, and that the university teacher ought to adapt to teaching with digital technologies. However, now the picture has become more nuanced, and a critical discussion is being held on the impact of technology on learning, pedagogy, and the human aspects of digital technology in education. Studies that contribute to this discussion by investigating teacher educators’ perceptions, attitudes, and metacognitive competencies in relation to digital innovations in teaching and professional development are needed. This since the digital transformation of society means that the teacher educator is faced with learning new things, understanding, and managing digitalization in their professional practice, and at the same time, developing students’ professional digital competence and understanding of their future digital teaching assignment. The teacher educator’s learning is crucial in coping with both assignments, but learning new things and developing professionally in a constantly changing everyday life is complex.

    Aim and research questions

    Based on teacher educators’ stories about their everyday professional life, the purpose of the thesis is to increase knowledge of and contribute understanding for teacher educators’ perceptions as well as manifestations of professional agency in a digital age. The research questions are:

    1. How do the teacher educators perceive their professional day and themselves as professionals in a changed teaching assignment?

    2. How does the teacher educator manifest agency in change?

    Theoretical framework

    The sociocultural perspective is the theoretical umbrella applied in the thesis through two models, partly a Professional development community model (Professional development community, PDC), partly the subject-centered sociocultural framework for professional agency (Subject-centered sociocultural approach) (SCSC). The PDC- model is used as an analytical tool to examine the teacher educator’s perceptions of their professional everyday life in a digital society and perceived conditions for learning and development at the individual, group, and organizational level in a teacher education context. To supplement the analysis from a group perspective, SCSC has been used as an analytical tool to examine the complex interplay between the individual’s professional agency, identity, and social context reflected in the teacher educator’s perceptions. The study of professional agency is a way of understanding the actions of professionals in change.

    Method

    Based upon the aim of the study, the research design can be described as a "basic qualitative study" (Merriam & Tisdell, 2016). This is to enable the study how teacher educators understand and construct their reality and what meaning they attribute to their experiences. To get a multifaceted picture of the phenomenon on an individual basis, semi-structured interviews have been used as a method. In this thesis, interviews have been conducted at two specific times with the same participants, in June-September 2017 and May-July 2020, before and at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. Participants were eighteen teacher educators working with pre-service teachers on a teacher education program for grades 4–6. To analyze the empirical data, thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) and qualitative content analysis with a directed approach was conducted (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005).

    Contributions: A summary of the articles

    Article A. Teacher educators’ perceptions of their profession in relation to the digitalization of society. The aim was to explore teacher educators’ perceptions of their profession in relation to the digitalization of society and skills that may be needed in the future. The article contributes to an in-depth understanding of how changes in schools and higher education linked to the digitalization of society affect the teacher educator’s professional everyday life and the conditions that are given and created to develop the student teachers’ readiness to teach and work in a digitized school.

    Article B. The teacher educator’s perceptions of professional agency–a paradox of enabling andhindering digital professional development in higher education.

    The aim was to investigate manifestations of professional agency in teacher educators’ perceptions about their professional everyday life in a digital society, as well as to gain insight into salient factors that influenced the teacher educator's professional agency and identity, with possible consequences for professional development. The article contributes an understanding of how professional agency affects the individual’s digital professional development as well as thegroup’s and the organization’s development.

    Article C. Game face on when doing “good enough” work: Manifestations of professional agency in teacher educators’ perceptions of a transition to remote work. The aim was to investigate manifestations of professional agency in teacher educators’ perceptions about their professional everyday life, now in a distance mode, and gain insights into salient factors that influence teacher educators’ professional agency and identity and possible consequences for professional development. The article contributes to the understanding of how professional agency is exercised in a rapid, extensive change into digital work, in a transition to hybrid work, and its impact on the individual’s professional development.

    Discussion and conclusion

    The thesis contributes with knowledge about what is particularly distinctive in terms of contextual and individual resources and conditions for the teacher educator’s exercise of agency. The result show that the teacher educator, in order to manage the digital change, exercises agency to frame the digital professional space, an exercise that varies between a managing and an expanding agency, and(re)negotiations of their own professional identity, an exercise which varies between a maintaining and a shaping agency. Further, the analyses reveal that autonomy and solitude can be used as means in dealing with and controlling the digital transition that a teacher educator is affected by. Teacher educators see themselves as having a digital autonomy and often also as being professionally isolated, which makes room for action in the implementation of digital resources in their own teaching and development of their own digital competence with an impact on professional development at the individual, group, and organizational levels. Furthermore, teacher educators perceive themselves to be part of a semi-digital culture, which delays digital development. The results of the thesis indicate that the participating teacher educators primarily perceive themselves as objects that are digitized, rather than active subjects who drive digitalization forward. In this, the more digitally competent and interested colleagues have contributed to other participants being able to use their autonomy and their professional agency to minimize digital resources in, for example, the teaching situation and thus being able to delay their own digital development in the complex teaching mission while maintaining their professional identity. In the transition to distance mode, however, there will be a shift in digital autonomy and a cultural change as it was now not about how you as an individual should relate to the digital resources, which meant that all teacher educators were now faced with having to balance external and internal requirements more clearly regarding responsibility, quality, and willingness to change related to their digital teacher educator assignment. The teacher educator perceives that there is a lack of a common arena and an organizational responsibility for an epistemic discussion and reflection on the impact of digitalization on teacher education. The discussion and reflection on the epistemological and human aspects of digitalization as a phenomenon of change in teacher education has not been prioritized or given space. There is thus a lack of dialogue and reflection on issues that can be said to form the core of teaching and training, which has caused the teacher educator to exercise agency related to their own knowledge, practice, and professional identity.

    To enable digital professional development, the impact of digitalization on the teacher educator’s epistemic practice should be highlighted, collegially discussed, and critically reviewed. The organization also needs to consider and support the teacher educator’s exercise of agency, negotiations of their professional identity and feelings associated with digital change to promote continued professional development to take place. Furthermore, the two theoretical models in the thesis, adjusted for a digital process of change, contribute in designing digital development efforts.

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  • 3.
    Roumbanis-Viberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping (SWE).
    Hashemi, Sylvana Sofkova
    Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad (SWE) .
    The teacher educator's perceptions of professional agency: a paradox of enabling and hindering digital professional development in higher education2021In: Education Inquiry, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate professional agency in the context of higher education as manifested in Swedish teacher educators' perceptions regarding their working life in a digital society and to seek to obtain insights on salient factors influencing professional agency and identity. Eighteen semi-structured interviews with teacher educators working at four different universities were analysed using directed content analysis. The theoretical perspective taken is a subject-centred socio-cultural approach to professional agency. This is an approach where the social context (the socio-cultural conditions) and individuals' agency (professional subjects) are mutually constitutive but analytically separate. Agency is something that is exercised, and in this study, professional agency was explored in the work context, in teaching practice and in relation to the professional identity. The results of this study not only confirm the complexity of being a professional TE in the times of digitalisation but more importantly demonstrate a paradox in the TE's perceived high agency that both enables and hinders self-development (the individual) as well as development of the working community, the organisation, and the university. The study implies that considerations and understanding of the TE's autonomy and perceived agency are significant for professional and work development.

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    T&F Open Access
  • 4.
    Roumbanis-Viberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession, Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Teacher educators' perceptions of their profession in relation to the digitalization of society2019In: Journal of Praxis in Higher Education, no 1, p. 87-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes an exploratory approach to investigating Swedish teacher educators' perceptions regarding their profession in relation to the digitalization of society and education, including higher education. Eighteen semi-structured interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. Findings show that the teache reducators perceive digitalization on a scale that ranges from simply using tools to being part of a technology-initiated revolution of educational institutions and society. From this range of digital developments emanate individual, group, and organizational requirements/demands, needs, and consequences for being, that is, personal experiences of how digitalization affects the work, and acting, that is, doing something in response to the demands of using and teaching with digital technology. The teacher educator is situated primarily in being with the requirements for working professionally and acting as a teacher, which creates tensions and challenges for the individual and the professional self. Teacher educators require support to strengthen their professional identity, to facilitate activities for professional development, and to stimulate reflective practice. A further difficulty is the lack of relevant policies and strategies. This study highlights the complex challenge of teaching and learning simultaneously in a profession that implicates autonomy and responsibility of its practitioners. This creates limitations for the teacher educators to move from being to acting.

  • 5.
    Roumbanis-Viberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Teacher Educator’s Perceptions of Professional Agency Pre-Covid: the Paradox of Enabling and Hindering Digital Professional Development in Higher Education2021In: (Re)imagining & Remaking Teacher Education / [ed] Mhairi Beaton,Tatjana Bicjutko, Diola Bijlhout, Birger Brevik, Cornelia Connolly, Katarzyna Brzosko-Barratt, Miroslava Cernochova, Chandrika Devarakonda, Joanna Dobkowska, Dobromir Dziewulak, Onur Ergunay, Eskisehir Osmangazi, Maria Assunção Flores, Mercé Gisbert,Lorraine Harbison, Ellen Beate Hellne-Halvorsen, Pilar Ibáñez-Cubillas, Kalina Jastrzębowska, Hanneke Jones, Cendel Karaman, Steinar Karstensen, Anna Kowalewska, Virginia Larraz, Laurinda Leite, Caro Lemeire, Monique Leygraaf, Joanna Madalińska-Michalak, Urszula Markowska-Manista, Deirdre Murphy, Marino Elizabeth Oldham, Davide Parmigiani, Marta Pietrusińska, Marlena Plebańska, David Powell, José G. Puerta, Blerim Saqipi, Olena Shyyan, Borge Skåland, Ronny Smet, Marek Smulczyk, Milan Stojkovic, Agnieszka Szplit, Jan Kochanowski, Elizabeth White, Anna Zielińska, & Małgorzata Żytko, Association for Teacher Education in Europe (ATEE) , 2021, p. 193-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In digital working life, the individual must take increasingly more responsibility for constructing their way forward. It is up to the individual, in general, to seek knowledge and to learn - to learn for work and life (Eteläpelto, Vähäsantanen, Hökkä, & Paloniemi, 2013; Roumbanis Viberg, Forslund Frykedal, & Hashemi Sofkova, 2019). The aim of this study was to investigate professional agency in the context of higher education as manifested in Swedish teacher educators’ perceptions regarding their working life in a digital pre-Covid society, and to seek to obtain insights on salient factors influencing professional agency and identity. Eighteen semi-structured interviews with teacher educators working at four different universities were analyzed using directed content analysis.The theoretical perspective taken is a subject-centered socio-cultural approach to professional agency (Eteläpelto et al., 2013). This is an approach in which the social context (the socio-cultural conditions) and individuals’ agency (professional subjects) are mutually constitutive but analytically separate. Agency is something that is exercised, and in this study professional agency was explored in the work context, in teaching practice and in relation to professional identity. The results of this study not only confirm the complexity of being a professional TE in these times of digitalization, but more importantly demonstrate a paradox in the TEs perceived high agency that both enables and hinders self-development (the individual) as well as the development of the working community, the organization, and the university. The TEs feel they have professional autonomy and space, which in this study gave rise to exercising agency mainly to keep their current teacher identity and manage their practice. The study implies that considerations and understandings of the TE’s autonomy and perceived agency are significant for the professional and work development.

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