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  • 1.
    Hoier, P.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology,GothenburgSweden.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology,GothenburgSweden.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, A.
    KN Aerospace Engine Systems AB,Trollhättan,Sweden.
    Characterization of tool wear when machining alloy 718 with high-pressure cooling using conventional and surface-modified WC-Co tools2017In: Journal of Superhard Materials, ISSN 1063-4576, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 178-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coolant supplied by high pressure into the cutting zone has shown the lower thermal loads on the tool when machining difficult-to-cut materials as the Alloy 718. In this study, we investigate how the combination of high-pressure cooling and tool-surface modifications can lead to further improvements regarding tool life. The general approach is to enhance the coolant-tool interaction by increasing the contact area. Therefore, we machined cooling features into flank and rake faces of commercially available cemented tungsten carbide inserts. In this way, the surface area was increased by similar to 12%. After the cutting tests, the tools were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Compared with conventional tools, the tool modifications reduced the flank wear by 45% for the investigated cutting parameters. Furthermore, we were able to significantly increase the cutting speed and feed rate without failure of the tool. The investigated surface modifications have great potential to enhance the productivity of metal cutting processes.

  • 2.
    Hoier, Philipp
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Characterization of tool wear when machining Alloy 718 with high pressure cooling using conventional and surface-modified WC-Co tools2016In: The 7th International Swedish Production Symposium, SPS16, Conference Proceedings: 25th – 27th of October 2016, Lund: Swedish Production Academy , 2016, p. 1-7Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coolant supplied by high pressure into the cutting zone has shown to lower thermal loads on the tool when machining difficult-to-cut materials as Alloy 718. In this study, we investigate how the combination of high pressure cooling and tool-surface modifications can lead to further improvements regarding tool life. The general approach is to enhance the coolant-tool interaction by increasing the contact area. Therefore, we machined cooling features into flank and rake faces of commercially available cemented tungsten carbide inserts. In this way, the surface area was increased by ~ 12%. After the cutting tests, the tools were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Compared with conventional tools, the tool modifications reduced the flank wear by 45% for the investigated cutting parameters. Furthermore, we were able to significantly increase the cutting speed and feed rate without failure of the tool. The investigated surface modifications have great potential to enhance the productivityof metal cutting processes.

  • 3.
    Hoier, Philipp
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Flank wear characteristics of WC-Co tools when turning Alloy 718 with high-pressure coolant supply2017In: Journal of Manufacturing Processes, ISSN 1526-6125, Vol. 30, no Supplement C, p. 116-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, the tool wear mechanisms of uncoated cemented tungsten carbide (WC-Co) tools during machining Alloy 718 with high-pressure coolant supply are investigated. Worn flank faces are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). With increasing spiral cutting length, larger areas on the tool surface are subjected to erosion of Co-binder by the coolant jet impact. Moreover, the amount and morphology of workpiece-precipitates adhered on worn flank surfaces are influenced significantly by the extent of flank wear land (due to increasing spiral cutting length). The reasons for the obtained results are addressed with respect to the underlying mechanisms. Possible implications for the tool wear behavior are discussed.

  • 4.
    Jäger, Henrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. Swerea-KIMAB AB, 164 40, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Holmberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. Swerea-IVF AB, 431 22, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Vretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, 461 81, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    EDS Analysis of Flank Wear and Surface Integrity in Machining of Alloy 718 with Forced Coolant Application2016In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 45, p. 271-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been extensive research on forced coolant application, usually known as high pressure coolant, in machining heat resistant super alloys. This technology has shown to improve the tool life, chip segmentation, surface integrity and reduce the temperature in the cutting zone. A number of studies have been done on hydraulic parameters of the coolant. This study has been focused on residues on the flank face of the insert and residual stress on the workpiece surface generated by regular and modified cutting inserts. To identify any residual elements, analysis were done by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, EDS, on regular as well as modified inserts in combination with forced coolant application on both rake and flank face. The investigations have shown that the temperature gradient in the insert has changed between the regular and modified cutting inserts and that the tool wear and surface roughness is significantly affected by the modified cutting tool.

  • 5.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Enhanced heat transfer and tool wear in high-pressure coolant assisted turning of alloy 7182019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Heat generated in a machining process is a common and critical obstacle faced in today's manufacturing industries. The heat generated in the cutting zone has adirect negative influence on the tool life, which, in turn contributes to increasing the manufacturing costs. Especially in the machining of Heat Resistant Superalloys, HRSA, this is a very limiting factor. HRSA are capable of retaining their mechanical strength and hardness at elevated temperatures. This property is advantageous for applications such as aero-engines, but also a disadvantage, since it also lowers the machinability significantly.This work is an attempt to improve the heat transfer from the cutting zone, which would lead to an increase in the tool life. To achieve this goal, the effect of cooling the flank face (tertiary shear zone) with high-pressure is studied; furthermore, the cutting tool has been modified to create an improved interface between the high pressure coolant and the tool where high-temperature gradient exists.Three main generations of inserts have been designed and investigated. Firstly, an insert with surface texture features created with the purpose of increasing the available surface area for heat dissipation: First generation, Gen I. Secondly, GenI+, a modified rake design of Gen I, for improved frictional conditions on the tool-chip contact. Thirdly, Gen II was designed as a further improvement of GenI. Here, several channel features on the rake face were added, reaching out from the contact zone to the near proximity of the cutting edge. This has the purpose of improving access of the coolant closer to the cutting edge.The experiments were conducted in facing operations of Alloy 718 with uncoated round carbide inserts. All experiments were carried out with high-pressure coolant, with a maximum available pressure of 16 MPa on the rake face and 8MPa on the flank face, respectively. The three generations of inserts, Gen I, I+and II, were experimentally evaluated by tool wear analysis in comparison with a regular insert. The results shows that the tool life increased significantly for the Gen I insert, compared to catastrophic failure of the regular insert at the same conditions. Regarding the Gen II insert, an increase in tool life by approximately30-40 percent, compared to Gen I inserts was observed. XRegarding the coolant-boiling phenomenon, results revealed the existence in form of dark region (Ca precipitate) below the flank wear land. The location and size of the coolant-boiling region is interrelated between flank wear, cutting zone temperature, coolant pressure and vapour pressure of the coolant at the investigated coolant pressure levels. The coolant applied at a pressure lower than the vapour pressure of the coolant itself will cause the "Leidenfrost effect" to appear that will effectively act as a coolant barrier region. However, most importantly, this effect led to the observation of a new wear mechanism present "Cavitation Wear". This type of wear appears in the form of erosion pits on the flank surface of the insert and it is observed for flank pressure conditions of 4and 8 MPa. It is a new phenomenon in tool wear to be seen on uncoated WC cutting tools during machining operations with high-pressure coolant.

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  • 6.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Textured insert for improved heat extraction in combination with high-pressure cooling in turning of superalloys2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Heat generated in a machining process is a common and critical obstacle faced in today's machining industries. The heat generated in the cutting zone has a direct negative influence on the tool life which, in turn contributes to increase the manufacturing costs. Especially, in machining of Heat Resistant Super Alloys, HRSA this is a very limiting factor. HRSA are capable of retaining their mechanical strength and hardness at elevated temperatures. This property is advantageous in the application in e.g. aero-engines but also a disadvantage, since it also lowers the machinability significantly. This work is an attempt to improve the heat transfer from the cutting zone, which would lead to an increase in the tool life. To achieve this goal, the cutting tool has been modified to create an improved interface between the coolant and tool in the high-temperature areas. Two generations of inserts have been designed and investigated. Firstly, an insert with surface texture features has been created with the purpose of increasing the available surface area for heat dissipation: First generation, Gen I. Secondly, a GenII was designed as a further improvement of Gen I. Here, several channel features on the rake face were added, reaching out from the contact zone to the near proximity of the cutting edge. This with the purpose of improving access of the coolant closer to the cutting edge. The experiments were conducted in facing operations of Alloy 718 with uncoated round carbide inserts. All experiments were carried out with high-pressure coolant assistance, with a pressure of 16 MPa on the rake face and 8 MPa on the flankface, respectively.The two generations of inserts, Gen I and Gen II, were experimentally evaluated by tool wear analysis in comparison with a regular insert. The results shows that the tool life increased significantly for the Gen I insert, compared to a catastrophic failure of the regular insert at the same conditions. Regarding the Gen II insert,an increase in tool life by approximately 30 to 40 percent compared to Gen I insert was observed.

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  • 7.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Hoier, Philipp
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, SE-461 81 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Influence of Surface Features for Increased Heat Dissipation on Tool Wear2018In: Materials, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 11, no 5, article id E664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The critical problems faced during the machining process of heat resistant superalloys, (HRSA), is the concentration of heat in the cutting zone and the difficulty in dissipating it. The concentrated heat in the cutting zone has a negative influence on the tool life and surface quality of the machined surface, which in turn, contributes to higher manufacturing costs. This paper investigates improved heat dissipation from the cutting zone on the tool wear through surface features on the cutting tools. Firstly, the objective was to increase the available surface area in high temperature regions of the cutting tool. Secondly, multiple surface features were fabricated for the purpose of acting as channels in the rake face to create better access for the coolant to the proximity of the cutting edge. The purpose was thereby to improve the cooling of the cutting edge itself, which exhibits the highest temperature during machining. These modified inserts were experimentally investigated in face turning of Alloy 718 with high-pressure coolant. Overall results exhibited that surface featured inserts decreased flank wear, abrasion of the flank face, cutting edge deterioration and crater wear probably due to better heat dissipation from the cutting zone.

  • 8.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, 461 81, Sweden.
    Investigation of Modified Cutting Insert with Forced Coolant Application in Machining of Alloy 7182016In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 42, p. 481-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract In the last decades machining methods have witnessed an advancement in both cutting tools and coolant/lubrication, sometimes in combination with high pressure jet. The aim of this work is to investigate a modified cutting insert with forced coolant application, FCA, how it influences the tool-chip contact in the secondary shear zone and how it affects the tool wear when turning Alloy 718. During the machining process the main and frequent problems are heat generation and friction in the cutting zone, which has a direct impact on the cutting tool life. High pressure jet cooling have headwayed the cutting technology for the last five decades, showing an improvment of tool life, reduced temperature in the cutting zone and better surface integrity of the workpiece. These developments have practically enhanced the capability and quality in machining of superalloys. This paper is an advancement of the previous work, increasing surface area of the insert, with a additional channel design to improve the coolant reachability in the tool-chip contact area on the rake face. The influence in tool wear has been investigated. Through a set of experiments, a channel design insert with forced coolant application, has shown about 24-33% decrease in tool wear compared to only a textured insert. Hybrid inserts with its cooling and channel features have even widened the operational cutting region with significantly less tool wear.

  • 9.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Next Generation Insert for Forced Coolant Application in Machining of Inconel 7182016In: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 836-837, p. 340-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Machining technology has undergone an extensive evolution throughout the last decades in its capability to machine hard-to-cut material. This paper will discuss about the next generation insert with cooling feature coupled with forced coolant in machining Inconel 718. The geometry of the insert was changed in a way which has enlarged the surface area approximately 12% compared to regular insert named as nusselt insert. The idea applied in “nusselt insert” was the relation of increase in surface area to heat dissipation. Forced coolant application has become a way to improve existing metal cutting concepts and improve their current material removal rates without any need for a reengineered machining process. Experiments conducted on the inserts is that the first experiment of its kind in machining technology together with forced coolant and tested in four different inserts. The primary focus of the work was the investigation of the relation between the heat dissipation with an increase in surface area/mass ratio in the cutting interface based on its influence on tool wear. The experimental results showed the nusselt insert have better ability for heat dissipation which has led to significant reduce in tool wear and successfully facing Inconel 718 at vc 105 m/min, f 0.3 mm/rev and ap 1 mm where the regular insert had a catastrophic failure at vc 90 m/min, f 0.1 mm/rev and ap 1 mm. Nusselt insert has shown to increase MRR significantly compared to regular insert.

  • 10.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Hoier, Philipp
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Zeman, Pavel
    Department of Production Machines and Equipment, Faculty of Mechanica lEngineering, Center of Advanced AerospaceTechnology, CzechTechnical University in Prague, Czech Republic.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Gothenburg, Swede.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB,Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Effects of high pressure cooling in the flank and rake faces of WC tool on the tool wear mechanism and process conditions in turning of alloy 7182019In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 434-435, article id 102922Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The exceptional properties of Heat Resistant Super Alloys (HRSA) justify the search for advanced technologiesthat can improve the capability of machining these materials. One such advanced technology is the applicationof a coolant at high pressure while machining, a strategic solution known for at least six decades. The aim is toachieve extended tool life, better chip control and improved surface finish. Another aim is to control the temperature in the workpiece/tool interface targeting for optimum cutting conditions. In most of the existing applications with high-pressure coolant media, the nozzles are positioned on the rake face side of the insert andthey are directed towards the cutting edge (the high-temperature area). The coolant is applied at high-pressureto improve the penetration of the cooling media along the cutting edge in the interface between the insert andworkpiece material (chip) as well as to increase chip breakability. However, the corresponding infusion ofcoolant media in the interface between the flank face of the insert and the work material (tertiary shear zone) hasbeen previously only scarcely addressed, as is the combined effect of coolant applications on rake and clearancesides of the insert. The present work addresses the influence of different pressure conditions in (flank: 0, 4 and8 MPa; rake: 8 and 16 MPa) on maximum flank wear, flank wear area, tool wear mechanism, and overall processperformance. Round uncoated inserts are used in a set of face turning experiments, conducted on the widely usedHRSA "Alloy 718" and run in two condition tests with respect to cutting speed (45 (low) and 90 (high) m/min).The results show that an increase in rake pressure from 8 to 16 MPa has certainly a positive impact on tool life.Furthermore, at higher vc of 90 m/min, cutting edge deterioration: due to an extensive abrasion and crack in thewear zone were the dominant wear mechanism. Nevertheless, the increase in coolant pressure condition to16 MPa reduced the amount of abrasion on the tool compared to 8 MPa. At the lower cutting speed, no crack orplastic deformation or extensive abrasion were found. When using 8 MPa pressure of coolant media on the flank,the wear was reduced by 20% compared to flood cooling conditions. Application of high-pressure cooling on theflank face has a positive effect on tool life and overall machining performance of Alloy 718.

  • 11.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Höier, Philipp
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Coolant boiling and cavitation wear: a new tool wear mechanism on WC tools in machining Alloy 718 with high-pressure coolant2020In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 452-453, article id 203284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, research interest in liquid coolant media applied to the tool–workpiece interface (the tertiary shear zone) has grown considerably. In particular, attention has increased for work where the media has been applied under high-pressure. This is most likely triggered by the positive results reported on similar applications, but with coolant media directed towards the rake face of the cutting tool (the secondary shear zone). The most typical applications have not surprisingly been related to the machining of Heat Resistant Super Alloys (HRSA) or other “difficult to machine” alloys where the main intention has been to extend tool life and improve surface finish through reduced shear zone temperatures. Concurrently, these achievements have revealed a knowledge gap and unlocked a new research area in understanding the effects and influences of coolant media applied on super-heated surfaces under high-pressure conditions. The aim of this study is to investigate the “coolant boiling and cavitation” phenomena that emerges during the application of coolant under high-pressure to the flank face of an uncoated WC tool while turning Alloy 718. The experimental campaign was conducted in three aspects: varying flank (coolant media) pressure; varying spiral cutting length (SCL); and varying cutting speed. The results revealed that the location and size of the coolant-boiling region correlated with flank wear, coolant pressure and vapour pressure of the coolant at the investigated pressure levels. Further, the results showed that coolant applied with a lower pressure than the vapour pressure of the coolant itself caused the “Leidenfrost” effect. This then acts as a coolant media barrier and effectively reduces the heat transport from the cutting zone. Further, erosion pits were observed on small areas of the cutting tool, resembling the typical signs of cavitation (usually found in much different applications such as pumps and propellers). The discovered wear mechanism denoted as “Cavitation Wear” was used as base for the discussion aimed to deepen the understanding of the conditions close to the sliding interface between the tool and the workpiece. Even though “Cavitation Wear” has been widely reported in hydraulic systems like pumps and water turbines, it is a new phenomenon to be seen on cutting tools while using high-pressure flank cooling. © 2020 The Authors

  • 12.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. Innovation and Technology, Hydro Extrusion Europe, Norsk Hydro, Oslo (NOR).
    Sajja, Nikhil Teja
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova,Padova (ITA).
    Gustafsson, Andreas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Savio, Enrico
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padova (ITA).
    Ghiotti, Andrea
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padova (ITA).
    Bruschi, Stefania
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova,Padova (ITA).
    Bertolini, Rachele
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padova (ITA).
    Investigation of the quality of Al-CFRP stacks when drilled using innovative approaches2023In: CIRP - Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, ISSN 1755-5817, E-ISSN 1878-0016, Vol. 43, p. 260-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of metal/composite stacks such as those made of aluminum alloy (Al) and carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CRFP) has recently increased in the aerospace industry thanks to their high strength-to-weight ratio. As drilling high-quality holes in metal/composite stacks is still a challenge, innovative machining processes, such as ultrasonic vibration-assisted drilling and cryogenic drilling, have gained increasing attention for the part quality they promise. The feasibility of using the synergistic ultrasonic cryogenic drilling approach on Al/CFRP stacks is investigated for the first time, and the influence of the aforementioned innovative drilling approaches at varying feed in relation to the hole quality declined in terms of geometrical accuracy, surface roughness, delamination, and surface defects evaluated. The cutting forces are acquired as well. The obtained results show that, at increasing feed, the hole quality drastically worsens, nevertheless, it improves when applying innovative drilling technologies with respect to the standard one. Overall, ultrasonic cryogenic drilling carried out at the lowest investigated feeds represents the best drilling scenario thanks to the simultaneous application of ultrasonic vibrations, which enhances the surface finish as a consequence of the decreased contact between the workpiece and tool, and cryogenic cooling, which makes the surfaces harder.

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  • 13.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Zeman, Pavel
    Czech Technical University in Prague, Research Center of Manufacturing Technology, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Hoier, Philipp
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Investigation of micro-textured cutting tools used for face turning of alloy 718 with high-pressure cooling2019In: Journal of manufacturing processes, ISSN 1526-6125, Vol. 37, p. 606-616Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand to improve the service life of cutting tools during machining of heat resistant superalloys (HRSA). Various studies showed that textured cutting tools improved the tribological properties and reduced cutting forces, temperature, and tool wear. Surface texturing can be seen as a futuristic design to improve the performance of the cutting tool and to increase productivity. However, only limited research has been conducted in machining superalloys with textured inserts and high-pressure coolant. In this work, three different micro texture designs on both rake and flank face are investigated in combination with high-pressure coolant in machining Alloy 718. Due to better tool life predictability, carbide cutting tools are used in machining components made from superalloys. However, the disadvantage is that machining can only be done at lower cutting speed/feed rate/depth of cut with high tool wear rates. The experimental investigation using different tool wear analysis methods showed that the combination of a cylindrical dimple on the rake and the square pyramid texture on the flank surface improved the wear resistance of the tool. An increase in tool life of about 30% was achieved as compared with a regular insert for the investigated cutting conditions. Different levels of adhering workpiece material were observed on the rake face of textured tools. Furthermore, the chip backside showed imprints from the tool textures. The tool textures on the rake face have influenced the tool-chip friction conditions during cutting.

  • 14.
    Tamil Alagan, Nageswaran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Zeman, Pavel
    Department of Production Machines and Equipment (RCMT), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague (CZE).
    Mara, Vladimir
    Department of Material Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, (CZE).
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhattan (SWE).
    High-pressure flank cooling and chip morphology in turning Alloy 7182021In: CIRP - Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, ISSN 1755-5817, E-ISSN 1878-0016, Vol. 35, p. 659-674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of cutting fluids is commonly considered a necessity while machining Heat Resistant Super Alloys (HRSA). Specifically, cutting fluids applied under high-pressure, which for many decades have been the solution for the most demanding applications. The results might be diverse and vary between applications, but typically leads to improved tool life, enhanced chip breakability, lower temperature in the cutting zone and better surface quality of the finished product. The available high-pressure cutting fluid delivery systems are usually designed with the intention to improve the cutting fluid penetration at the vicinity of the cutting edge on the rake face side of the insert. However, there has been limited interest in investigating high-pressure cutting fluid applied to its flank face. Both specifically and in combination with cutting fluid directed to the rake face. In this study, the focus has been to investigate the chip formation process during the turning of Alloy 718 (Inconel 718). Particularly, for a defined turning operation where high-pressure cutting fluid is applied to the flank side as well as the rake side of an uncoated carbide insert. Several combinations of pressure levels and jet directions were investigated. The corresponding effects on the tool-chip contact zone and chip characteristics were studied for two cutting speeds. The results of the investigation showed a substantial improvement in lowering the tool-chip contact area at a rake pressure of 16 MPa. At which pressure, additional cutting fluid applied to the flank at a moderate pressure of 8 MPa had no dominant effect on chip formation (chip break). However, flank cooling of the cutting zone supports chip segmentation and thus indirectly chip breakability. For cutting fluid applied to the rake side at a more moderate pressure of 8 MPa, more prominent effects on the insert became apparent when additional cutting fluid was applied to the flank side. This was particularly noticeable when cutting fluid was directed towards the flank side of the insert at the same pressure level as the cutting fluid applied towards its rake face. The additional thermal transfer was seen to have a significant effect on the material deformation phenomena in the primary shear zone (lowering shear angle) as well as the sliding and sticking conditions of the tool-chip interface. Based on the evidence from this study, it can be concluded that cutting fluid applied towards the flank side of the insert has a significant impact on the cutting process. In particular, if applied in combination with a rake pressure at a similar level, in this case, 8 MPa. © 2021 The Authors

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