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  • 1.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Adolescents' self-defining internet experiences2015In: Technology and youth: growing up in a digital world / [ed] Kinney, David A., Bass, Loretta, Blair, Sampson Lee, Neff Claster, Patricia, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 105-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate how young women and men perceive the Internet as a phenomenon and what role and meaning they ascribe to the Internet as an arena for defining themselves and for shaping their identity.Methodology/approachThe empirical data consist of narratives written by Swedish adolescents. Using content analysis the analysis was carried out in three steps: (1) finding categories and themes, (2) calculation of statistical differences in category frequencies, (3) a theoretically informed interpretation of central themes, using Bourdieu's concept of different forms of capital, and Giddens' concept of "pure relations."FindingsThe narratives exemplify how computer literacy and technological competence can be converted into social, cultural, and symbolic capital. Gender differences occur both in statistical differences between category frequencies in girls' and boys' narratives and in the interpretation of central themes. But there are also several examples that show more complex and contradictory tendencies, exceeding or transformative of gender differences and hierarchy.Originality/valueThis study considers adolescents' own perspectives on an arena of great importance. The analyses have been performed both qualitatively and quantitatively, which gives a nuanced picture of young people's self-defining experiences on the Internet.

  • 2.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers,  CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Rene
    University of Bordeaux and CHU of Bordeaux, Tinnitus Clinic, Department of ORL-HNS, CNRS-UMR 5287, Bordeaux.
    Intra-individual variability in tinnitus patients: Current thoughts and perspectives.2015In: HNO (Berlin. Print), ISSN 0017-6192, E-ISSN 1433-0458, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 302-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most tinnitus studies have attempted to compare groups of individuals, thus revealing inter-individuals differences, i.e., variations between compared subjects. For methodological reasons, inter-individual studies cannot take into account the variability of tinnitus experience, which has been known for decades to be relevant in daily practice with tinnitus patients. The concept of intra-individual variability has been promoted in the research literature, in order to shed light on this aspect of individual perception. In previous studies, unrelated to hearing, the concept of intra-individual variability implied inclusion of the environment (i.e., physical and social interactions) as a factor of individual performance. In tinnitus research, we believe that the concept of variability (within a person) could find a place beside the concept of variation (between groups of subjects). In this paper, four perspectives of tinnitus experiences from the clinical and research fields are described: (1) ENT consultation; (2) short-term group psychotherapy; (3) psychodynamic psychotherapy; and (4) clinical psychological research. Intra-individual variability stresses the importance of defining tinnitus in a dynamic way, contrary to the current definition of tinnitus as the perception of sound(s). In clinical practice, it is useful to embrace the perspective of the perceiverof tinnitus, and to include social and cultural circumstances as well as audiological/physical changes.

  • 3.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
    The experience of tinnitus and its Interaction with unique life histories2014In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

     

    Alleviating tinnitus is a challenging project for professionals within audiology and related fields. Meeting a suffering patient can be challenging as it demands a special interest for the patient as a complex living system. One perspective that risks being placed in the background, is the experience of the patient – the inside perspective.

    Focus of the present study was to describe tinnitus through the eyes of the sufferer reflecting two aspects: Why is tinnitus accompanied by a psychological suffering? Can the personal life history contribute in making the relationship between tinnitus and the experienced suffering more comprehensible?

     

    Methods

     

    The unique meaning structure of patients’ reflections on their life with tinnitus was explored by the use of the narrative psychological approach. Participants were women and men in the age between 40-60 years and for whom tinnitus was experienced as a major problem. Individual, tape-recorded, deep interviews (3 – 4 for each patient) took place over a period of 3 to 4 months. The ethical committee in the West region of Sweden approved the study.

     

    Results

     

    In resemblance with how people suffering from a severe illness construct their stories (Gergen & Gergen, 1983) the analysis of the study samples’ narratives emanated from three plot dimensions: stability, progression and regression. Patients who in their passed had been faced with several serious challenges seemed to have a particularly pessimistic undertone. This may reflect how the construction of life stories interacts with previous experiences and interpretations. Tinnitus may thus pose a particularly great challenge for individuals who have experienced accumulative trauma in their past.

     

    Conclusion

    By allowing different voices to be heard increased understanding can be gained about how tinnitus interacts with unique life histories.

     

  • 4.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Punzi, Elisabeth
    Gothenburg University, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

  • 5.
    Johansson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olofsson, Carina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Pedagogens sätt att arbeta för att alla barn skall få bli delaktiga i den fria leken2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den fria leken är ständigt ett aktuellt ämne och under senare år har det framkommit forskning som påvisar hur viktig lek är. Under vår tredje termin blev vi medvetna om att inte alla barn deltar i den fria leken tillsammans med andra barn. Vi förstod då att det är viktigt att arbeta för att ge alla barn möjlighet att kunna delta.

    Syfte: Att undersöka vad pedagogerna anser om den fria leken och hur pedagogerna arbetar för att alla barn skall få möjlighet att delta.

    Metod: I vår studie har vi valt att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer. Vi intervjuade 12 pedagoger på fem olika förskolor. Förskolorna var förlagda i tre olika kommuner vilket vi ansåg kunde möjliggöra variation i informanternas svar.

    Resultat: I studien framkommer det att pedagogerna använder sig av olika metoder som alla är överförbara till andra förskolor för att på bästa sätt hjälpa alla barn för att de skall få möjlighet att vara delaktiga i den fria leken. Det resultat som framkommit är att pedagogerna anser den fria leken vara viktig för barns utveckling och lärande. Pedagogerna finner också att det är i den fria leken som barnen befäster många kunskaper och skapar nya erfarenheter. Forskning visar att den fria leken inte alltid är vad den ser ut att vara. Den kan även innebära att barnen upplever en känsla av att inte duga och att de känner sig utanför.

  • 6.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A narrative analysis of online discussions about self-harm within an attachment framework2017In: Annals of Behavioural Science, ISSN 2471-7975, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 1-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-harm has become a prevalent problem among young people. Research reveals that people who self-harm tends to avoid seeking health care due to fear of being judged or dismissed and instead prefer support from peers on online forums. These online forums are ideal tools for gaining access to the often-hidden world of self-harmers and can be used as sources of research data. In the present study the research objective was thus to gain insights into how individuals narrate meaning of their experiences related to self-harm. As research tool the narrative psychological approach was adopted for the analysis of 648 online narratives. The main findings in the present study were that online narratives tended to reflect narrative fragmentation, incoherence and confusion. The narrators expressed difficulties understanding their own needs behind the acts of selfharm but tended to perceive these acts as coping strategies for regulating emotional distress and built up pressure. The development of self-destructive coping mechanisms was sometimes described as stemming from adverse childhood experiences. The online narratives were discussed and interpreted within an attachment based theoretical narrative framework conceptualizing how attachment needs in childhood can be associated with pain and suffering if these needs have consistently been dismissed or met with hostility. Although the narratives in the present study may not generalize to all individuals who self-harm, clinicians can benefit from understanding the phenomenon of self-harm from an inside perspective.

  • 7.
    Lundin, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Parental discussions online through the medical discourse-lens2017In: Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders, ISSN 2472-1786, Vol. 3, no 4, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study the research objective was to gain insights into parental communication on an open Internet forum where parents had the opportunity to discuss issues related to ADHD. In order for clinicians to help troubled children brought to the health clinic it may be important to learn more about the life situations of these troubled families as treatment options can require complex interventions for the whole family. Our aim was thus to go beyond the neurobiological medical model of ADHD, which does not take into account contextual factors. In today’s society specialized online discussion forums are available for parents who seek support for various difficulties that arise in the family. The online forums are sources of research data. As research tools we used the narrative psychological approach for the analysis of 72 online naratives. These narratives provided support for that the parents embraced medical explanations for the difficulties experienced when raising children, despite obvious challenging life circumstances, such as for example being a single parent without social support. Even very young children had been given serious psychiatric medical diagnoses such as ADHD, Bipolar disorder, Mood disorders and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Some of them had been diagnosed with more than one of these disorders. The complexity of the parental nnarratives in the present study indicates that the neurobiological model is not sufficient enough to form the basis of a personalized and comprehensive care for vulnerable families.

  • 8.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att experimentera med sitt själv: internet och identitetsskapande2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 120-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på internet som en kontext för identitetsskapande där ungdomar tillåts experimentera med och kommunicera delar av sin identitet både i grupp och individuellt.

  • 9.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mothers’ and fathers’ insights into teenagers’ use of the internet2012In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 1181-1197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that parents have limited insight into their teenagers’ activities and experiences on the internet. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate associations between mothers’ and fathers’ insight and teenagers’ experiences of the internet. A total of 538 teenagers (242 girls, 296 boys), aged between 13 and 15, and their 798 parents (491 mothers, 307 fathers) participated in the present study. Findings revealed that parental trust in sensible teenage internet use and parental active participation in teenage internet use were related to parental insight into teenage experiences on the internet. It is possible that a relationship based on trust and active engagement facilitates parental insight into teenage activities.

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