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  • 1.
    Bolelli, G.
    et al.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari”, Via Pietro Vivarelli 10/1, I-41125 Modena (MO), Italy.
    Berger, L. -M
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS), Winterbergstr. 28, D-01277 Dresden, Germany.
    Börner, T.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari”, Via Pietro Vivarelli 10/1, I-41125 Modena (MO), Italy.
    Koivuluoto, H.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, FI-33720 Tampere, Finland.
    Lusvarghi, L.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari”, Via Pietro Vivarelli 10/1, I-41125 Modena (MO), Italy.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Matikainen, V.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, FI-33720 Tampere, Finland.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Sassatelli, P.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari”, Via Pietro Vivarelli 10/1, I-41125 Modena (MO), Italy.
    Trache, R.
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS), Winterbergstr. 28, D-01277 Dresden, Germany.
    Vuoristo, P.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, FI-33720 Tampere, Finland.
    Tribology of HVOF- and HVAF-sprayed WC-10Co4Cr hardmetal coatings: A comparative assessment2015In: Surface and Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, Vol. 265, p. 125-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    his paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the sliding and abrasive wear behaviour of WC–10Co4Cr hardmetal coatings, representative of the existing state-of-the-art. A commercial feedstock powder with two different particle size distributions was sprayed onto carbon steel substrates using two HVOF and two HVAF spray processes.Mild wear rates of < 10-7 mm3/(Nm) and friction coefficients of ≈ 0.5 were obtained for all samples in ball-on-disk sliding wear tests at room temperature against Al2O3 counterparts. WC–10Co4Cr coatings definitely outperform a reference electrolytic hard chromium coating under these test conditions. Their wear mechanisms include extrusion and removal of the binder matrix, with the formation of a wavy surface morphology, and brittle cracking. The balance of such phenomena is closely related to intra-lamellar features, and rather independent of those properties (e.g. indentation fracture toughness, elastic modulus) which mainly reflect large-scale inter-lamellar cohesion, as quantitatively confirmed by a principal component analysis. Intra-lamellar dissolution of WC into the matrix indeed increases the incidence of brittle cracking, resulting in slightly higher wear rates. At 400 °C, some of the hardmetal coatings fail because of the superposition between tensile residual stresses and thermal expansion mismatch stresses (due to the difference between the thermal expansion coefficients of the steel substrate and of the hardmetal coating). Those which do not fail, on account of lower residual stresses, exhibit higher wear rates than at room temperature, due to oxidation of the WC grains.The resistance of the coatings against abrasive wear, assessed by dry sand–rubber wheel testing, is related to inter-lamellar cohesion, as proven by a principal component analysis of the collected dataset. Therefore, coatings deposited from coarse feedstock powders suffer higher wear loss than those obtained from fine powders, as brittle inter-lamellar detachment is caused by their weaker interparticle cohesion, witnessed by their systematically lower fracture toughness as well.

  • 2.
    Bolelli, G.
    et al.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria 'Enzo Ferrari', Via P. Vivarelli 10/1, Modena, MO, Italy .
    Berger, L.-M.
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS), Winterbergstr. 28, Dresden, Germany.
    Börner, T.
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS), Winterbergstr. 28, Dresden, Germany.
    Koivuluoto, H.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, Tampere, Finland .
    Matikainen, V.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, Tampere, Finland .
    Lusvarghi, L.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria 'Enzo Ferrari', Via P. Vivarelli 10/1, Modena, MO, Italy .
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Sassatelli, P.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria 'Enzo Ferrari', Via P. Vivarelli 10/1, Modena, MO, Italy .
    Trache, R.
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS), Winterbergstr. 28, Dresden, Germany .
    Vuoristo, P.c
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, Tampere, Finlan.
    Sliding and abrasive wear behaviour of HVOF- and HVAF-sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr hardmetal coatings2016In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 358-359, p. 32-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a comprehensive characterisation of HVOF- and HVAF-sprayed Cr3C2–25 wt.% NiCr hardmetal coatings. One commercial powder composition with two different particle size distributions was processed using five HVOF and HVAF thermal spray systems.All coatings contain less Cr3C2 than the feedstock powder, possibly due to the rebound of some Cr3C2-rich particles during high-velocity impact onto the substrate.Dry sand-rubber wheel abrasive wear testing causes both grooving and pull-out of splat fragments. Mass losses depend on inter- and intra-lamellar cohesion, being higher (≥70 mg after a wear distance of 5904 m) for the coatings deposited with the coarser feedstock powder or with one type of HVAF torch.Sliding wear at room temperature against alumina involves shallower abrasive grooving, small-scale delamination and carbide pull-outs, and it is controlled by intra-lamellar cohesion. The coatings obtained from the fine feedstock powder exhibit the lowest wear rates (≈5x10−6 mm3/(Nm)). At 400 °C, abrasive grooving dominates the sliding wear behaviour; wear rates increase by one order of magnitude but friction coefficients decrease from ≈0.7 to ≈0.5. The thermal expansion coefficient of the coatings (11.08x10−6 °C−1 in the 30–400 °C range) is sufficiently close to that of the steel substrate (14.23x10−6 °C−1) to avoid macro-cracking

  • 3.
    Clement, C.
    et al.
    National School of Engineers, University of Limoges, Limoges, 87280, France.
    Sadeghimeresht, Esmaeil
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Corrosion behavior of HVAF- and HVOF-sprayed high-chromium Fe-based coatings2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fe-based coatings with three particular elemental compositions and two different powder particle size were prepared by high-velocity air fuel (HVAF) and high-velocity oxy fuel (HVOF) techniques. The corrosion behavior of which were comparatively studied in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. The results indicated that the coatings produced by HVAF process exhibited denser structure with lower porosity. Polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests indicated that the HVAF coatings provided better corrosion resistance than the HVOF coatings. The presence of defects was significant in HVOF coatings. The investigation illustrated that the corrosion paths initiated and grow through defects of the coating. Furthermore, adding Cr strongly improved the corrosion resistance of the coatings. The results confirmed that the cheap HVAF process could be a potential alternative to HVOF to fabricate Fe-based coatings for industrial applications.

  • 4.
    List, A
    et al.
    Helmut Schmidt University, University of the Federal Armed Forces, Hamburg.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Villa, M
    Helmut Schmidt University, University of the Federal Armed Forces, Hamburg.
    Gärtner, F
    Helmut Schmidt University, University of the Federal Armed Forces, Hamburg.
    Klassen, T
    Helmut Schmidt University, University of the Federal Armed Forces, Hamburg.
    Mechanical properties of cold-sprayed Ti-6Al-4V coatings2013In: Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference, ASM International, 2013, p. 155-160Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Titanium and titanium alloys are of great interest in aerospace and medical industries. Especially, Ti-6Al-4V alloys show a unique combination of high mechanical strength, low density and an outstanding corrosion resistance. However, particularly the high strength restricts industrial processing procedures. Thus, there are increasing demands for powder metallurgical process routes. For pure titanium, cold spraying already proved to be a promising alternative for manufacturing semi-finished products, mainly due to the use of high process gas temperatures and pressures. Nevertheless, due to the higher material strength, the production of Ti-6Al-4V coatings by cold spraying is still challenging, even under higher process parameters. The present study deals with the production and characterization of Ti-6Al-4V coatings produced by cold spraying. All experiments were performed using nitrogen as process gas. By a systematic variation of the spray parameters up to a process gas temperature of 1000°C and a process gas pressure of 5 MPa, the coatings could be tuned for optimum mechanical properties. In addition, attainable coating properties are described in terms of a newly introduced coating quality parameter η, namely the ratio of the particle velocity to the critical velocity, to reveal the most significant influences on coating performance and to give hints for further optimization.

  • 5.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Olika grupper av material med avseende på korrosion, slitage2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Björklund, Stefan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Internal Diameter HVAF Spraying for Wear and Corrosion Applications2015In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 235-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrolytic hard chrome (EHC) methods are still widely utilized in the printing, automotive and off-shore industries. Alternative methods to EHC have been widely developed in the past decade by conventional HVOF processes and more recently HVAF systems, which are processing at higher kinetic energy and more particularly at lower temperature, significantly increasing wear and corrosion resistance properties. A dedicated internal diameter HVAF system is here presented, and coatings characteristics are compared to the one obtained by standard HVAF coatings. Specially R&D designed fixtures with inside bore of 200 mm have been manufactured for this purpose, with a possibility to spray samples at increasing depth up to 400 mm while simulating closed bottom bore spraying. WC-based and Cr3C2-based powder feedstock materials have been deposited onto high-strength steel substrates. Respective coating microstructures, thermally induced stresses and corrosion resistance are discussed for further optimization of coating performances. The fact that the ID-HVAF system is utilized both for spraying and gritblasting procedures is also given a particular interest.

  • 7.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Björklund, Stefan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Karlsson, M.
    Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Barchfeld-Immelborn, Germany.
    Runte, M
    Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Barchfeld-Immelborn, Germany.
    Reisel, G.
    Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Barchfeld-Immelborn, Germany.
    Boccaccio, P.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy .
    Screening Design of Supersonic Air Fuel Processing for Hard Metal Coatings2014In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1323-1332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Replacement of electrolytic hard chromium method by thermal spray technology has shown a growing interest in the past decades, mainly pioneered by depositing WC-based material by conventional HVOF processes. Lower thermal energy and higher kinetic energy of sprayed particles achieved by newly developed Supersonic Air Fuel system, so-called HVAF-M3, significantly reduces decarburization, and increases wear and corrosion resistance properties, making HVAF-sprayed coatings attractive both economically and environmentally. In the present work, full factorial designs of experiments have been extensively utilized to establish relationships between hardware configurations, process and engineering variables, and coatings properties. The relevance of those process factors is emphasized and their significance is discussed in the optimization of coatings for improved abrasion wear and corrosion performances. © 2014 ASM International.

  • 8.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Dizdar, S.
    Höganäs AB, Höganäs, Sweden.
    Cavitation-erosion resistance of HVAF-sprayed Fe-based metal coatings for marine applications2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Fasth, Angelica
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Mechanical Property of HVOF Inconel 718 Coating for Aeronautic Repair2014In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 380-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The module of elasticity is one of the most important mechanical properties defining the strength of a material which is a prerequisite to design a component from its early stage of conception to its field of application. When a material is to be thermally sprayed, mechanical properties of the deposited layers differ from the bulk material, mainly due to the anisotropy of the highly textured coating microstructure. The mechanical response of the deposited layers significantly influences the overall performance of the coated component. It is, therefore, of importance to evaluate the effective module of elasticity of the coating. Conventional experimental methods such as microindentation, nanoindentation and four-point bending tests have been investigated and their results vary significantly, mainly due to inhomogeneous characteristics of the coating microstructure. Synchrotron radiation coupled with a tensile test rig has been proposed as an alternative method to determine the coating anisotropic elastic behavior dependence on crystallographic orientations. The investigation was performed on Inconel 718 (IN718) HVOF coatings sprayed on IN718 substrates. Combining these experimental techniques yield a deeper understanding of the nature of the HVOF coating Young’s modulus and thus a tool for Design Practice for repair applications. © 2013 ASM International.

  • 10.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Östergren, Lars
    Volvo Aero Corporation.
    Sieger, Max
    Klassen, Thomas
    Binder, Kurt
    Comparative Study on the Properties of INCONEL 718 Coatings Deposited by High Velocity Thermal Spray Methods2011In: Surface Modification Technologies XXV : Proceedings of the Twenty Fith  International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies-SMT25: Trollhättan, June 20-22, 2011, 2011, p. 51-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Manescu, A.
    Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.
    Pirling, T.
    Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL), Grenoble, France.
    Erratum  Residual stresses distribution through thick HVOF sprayed inconel 718 coatings: (Journal of Thermal Spray Technology DOI: 10.1007/s11666-008-9242- 9)2011In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 1140-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Pirling, T.
    Insitute Laue- Langevin, Grenoble.
    Manescu, A.
    Universitá Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona.
    Influence of substrate preparation on HVOF IN718 coating adhesion strength2011In: Surface Modification Technologies XXV : Proceedings of the Twenty Fith International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies - SMT25: Trolhättan June 20-22, 2011, 2011, p. 59-70Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Östergren, L.
    Volvo Aero Corporation, Trollhättan.
    Relationships between process parameters, microstructure, and adhesion strength of HVOF sprayed IN718 coatings2011In: Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, Vol. 20, no 1-2, p. 76-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fundamental understanding of relationships between process parameters, particle in-flight characteristics, and adhesion strength of HVOF sprayed coatings is important to achieve the high coating adhesion that is needed in aeronautic repair applications. In this study, statistical Design of Experiments (DoE) was used to identify the most important process parameters that influence adhesion strength of IN718 coatings sprayed on IN718 substrates. Special attention was given to the parameters combustion ratio, total gas mass flow, stand-off distance and external cooling, since these parameters were assumed to have a significant influence on particle temperature and velocity. Relationships between these parameters and coating microstructure were evaluated to fundamentally understand the relationships between process parameters and adhesion strength. © 2010 ASM International.

  • 14.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Nylén, Per
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Östergren, L.G.
    Volvo Aero Corporation, Trollhättan.
    Adhesion strength of HVOF sprayed IN718 coatings2012In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 86-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The adhesion strength of high-velocity oxyfuel thermally sprayed coatings is of prime importance when thick coatings are to be sprayed in repair applications. In this study, relationships between process parameters, particle in-flight characteristics, residual stresses, and adhesion strength were explored. The most important process parameters that influence HVOF sprayed IN718 coating adhesion strength on IN718 substrate material were identified. Residual stress distributions were determined using the modified layer removal method, and adhesion strength was measured using an in-house-developed tensile test. Relationships between process parameters, particle in-flight characteristics, coating microstructure, and adhesion strength were established. Particle temperature, particle velocity, substrate preparation, and deposition temperature were identified as critical parameters to attain high adhesion strength. Controlling these parameters can significantly improve the adhesion strength, thus enabling thick coatings to be sprayed for repair applications. © 2011 ASM International.

  • 15.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Sato, K.
    Fujimi Incoporated.
    Houdkova, S.
    University of West Bohemia.
    Smazalova, E.
    University of West Bohemia.
    Lusvarghi, L.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
    Bolelli, G.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
    Sassatelli, P.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
    Tribological Properties of Hard Metal Coatings Sprayed by High-Velocity Air Fuel Process2016In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 25, no 1-2, p. 331-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lowering the thermal energy and increasing the kinetic energyof hard metal particles sprayed by the newly developed HVAF systems can significantly reduce their decarburization, and increases the sliding wear and corrosion resistance of the resulting coatings, making the HVAF technique attractive, both economically and environmentally, over its HVOF predecessors. Two agglomerated and sintered feedstock powder chemistries, WC-Co (88/12) and WC-CoCr (86/10/4), respectively, with increasing primary carbides grain size from 0.2 to 4.0 microns, have been deposited by the latest HVAF-M3 process onto carbon steel substrates. Their dry sliding wear behaviors and friction coefficients were evaluated at room temperature via Ball-on-disk (ASTM G99-90) wear tests against Al<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> counterparts, and via Pin-on-disk (ASTM G77-05) wear tests against modified martensitic steel counterparts in both dry and lubricated conditions. Sliding wear mechanisms, with the formation of wavy surface morphology and brittle cracking, are discussed regarding the distribution and size of primary carbides. Corrosion behaviors were evaluated via standard Neutral Salt Spray, Acetic Acid Salt Spray, accelerated corrosion test, and electrochemical polarization test at room temperature. The optimization of the tribological properties of the coatings is discussed, focusing on the suitable selection of primary carbide size for different working load applications. © 2015 ASM International

  • 16.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Sato, K.
    Fujimi Incoporated.
    Houdkova, S.
    University of West Bohemia.
    Smazalova, E.
    University of West Bohemia.
    Lusvarghi, L.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
    Sassatelli, P.
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
    Tribological Properties of Hard Metal Coatings Sprayed by High Velocity Air Fuel Process2015In: International Thermal Spray Conference ITSC 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lowering the thermal energy and increasing the kinetic energy of sprayed particles by newly developed HVAF systems can significantly reduce material decarburization, and increases sliding wear and corrosion resistance of hard metal coatings, making HVAF coatings attractive both economically and environmentally over its HVOFs predecessors. Two agglomerated and sintered feedstock powder chemistries, respectively WC-Co (88/12) and WC-CoCr (86/10/4), with increasing primary carbides grain size from 0.2 to 4.0 microns, have been deposited by the latest HVAF-M3 process onto carbon steel substrates. Respective dry sliding wear behaviours and friction coefficients were evaluated at room temperature via Ball-on-disk (ASTM G99-90) wear tests against Al2O3 counterparts, and via Pin-on-disk (ASTM G77-05) wear tests against modified martensitic steel counterparts in both dry and lubricated conditions. Sliding wear mechanisms, with formation of wavy surface morphology and brittle cracking, are discussed regarding the distribution and size of primary carbides. Corrosion behaviours were evaluated via standard Neutral Salt Spray (NSS), Acetic Acid Salt Spray (AASS), accelerated corrosion test and electrochemical polarization test at room temperature. Optimization of coating tribological properties are discussed regarding the suitable selection of primary carbide size for different working load applications

  • 17.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Sato, Katu
    Fujimi Incorporated, Japan.
    Screening design of hard metal feedstock powders for supersonic air fuel processing2014In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 258, no 15 November, p. 447-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Replacement of Electrolytic Hard Chromium (EHC) method by Thermal Spray Technology has shown a growing interest the past decades, mainly pioneered by depositing WC-based material by conventional HVOF processes. Lower thermal energy and higher kinetic energy of sprayed particles achieved by newly-developed Supersonic Air Fuel system, so-called HVAF-M3, significantly reduces decarburization, and increases wear and corrosion resistance properties, making HVAF-sprayed coatings attractive both economically and environmentally. In the present work, a first order process map has been intended via a full factorial Design of Experiments (DoE) to establish relationships between powder feedstock characteristics, such as primary carbides grain size, binder grain size and powder strength, and coatings microstructure and mechanical properties. A second order process map was then established to study possible correlations between the deposit microstructural properties and their respective abrasion/erosion wear and corrosion performances.

  • 18.
    Vijay, S.
    et al.
    BITS Pilani, Pilani, India.
    Roy, B.
    BITS Pilani, Pilani, India.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Wetting properties of ceramic reinforced metal matrix composites on varied roughness profiles2017In: Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference & Exposition (ITSC 2017), New York: Curran Associates, Inc. , 2017, Vol. 1, p. 537-542Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Superhydrophobic surfaces are of great importance in many industrial applications, especially where components are exposed to wet environments and low temperatures.Texturing of surfaces to reach superhydrophobicity can be achieved by thermal spraying technology, which is an attractive coating method as it is cheap, flexible and can employ a large range of feedstock materials. In this study, ceramic reinforced metal matrix composite (WC-CoCr) powders were sprayed using High Velocity Air Fuel method. They were varied based on their powder parameters such as carbide grain size, binder grain size and powder strength. The purpose was to investigate their hydrophobic characteristics and how these are influenced by different roughness profiles. The wetting properties such as contact angle and contact angle hysteresis were first investigated for the as-sprayed coatings. The roughness properties and Hausdorff Dimension were then related to the wetting properties. Aside from as-sprayed coatings, the effect of roughness and inherent wetting characteristics were studied by investigating the coating surface after grit blasting and polishing. Results show that powder parameters can lead to designing surfaces with higher surface roughnesses and thus having higher contact angles. It was also shown that surface composition of cermets has an impact on wettability, with the binder accounting for wetting characteristics and carbides accounting for roughness. 

  • 19.
    Vijay, Sudarshan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Lyphout, Christophe
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Roy, B.
    Investigation of wetting properties of ceramic reinforced metal matrixc omposites on varied roughness profiles2017Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 19 of 19
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