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  • 1.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Cracking the Body’s Armour: Young People´s Need for Musical Experiences in a Rational Society2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to problematize young people’s desires for musical experiences in Western society by theoretically analyzing such needs from a deep psychological as well as a sociological perspective. The rationalized society and new patterns of socialization form the foci of analysis. Further, special emphasis is placed on understanding and analyzing the causes of the high volume of music played at rock concerts and music festivals. Music is a medium that allows young people to get in contact with and process the deep psychological patterns that, in contemporary society, are often repressed by hard rationality. It is claimed that new patterns of socialization have made it more difficult for adolescents to establish contact with, and to integrate into, the pre-oedipal mental layer, which is a prerequisite for growth, achieving a greater degree of maturity, and the progression to and realization of new life phases.

  • 2.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ethical Conceptions of Young People in Different Work Areas2002In: International Sociological Association, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to a post-industrial society has implied great changes, including partial dissolution of existing value systems and of btraditional unitary conceptions regarding work, identity, rationality, truth and morality. Increased globalization, faster communication and, not least, greater mobility between different nations and cultures have caused changes of traditional value systems. Many people today, especially young people, experience difficulty defining moral questions and values which they find complicated and hard to agree on. However, interest in moral and ethical questions has not diminished. On the contrary, as traditional basic moral values have begun to dissolve, people are becoming forced to reflect upon their own personal responsibility to other people and how society is actually functioning on an ethical plane. Research today shows that new patterns of working life with increased flexibility, but also accompanying stress and uncertainty are a consequence of deep structural changes. This has consequences for human identity, which is exposed to fragmentation and disconnectedness. The ethic dimension of the human character is expressed by loyalty, trust and mutual interaction, which are not easy to maintain today in working life. The changes affecting working life can also be noticed in other social areas - school, family and social interaction as a whole. A resulting powerlessness and marginalization from traditional support systems characterizes the social situation of many young people. The present study investigates how young people in western Sweden reason, think and act based on their conception of the world of morality. Young people from different work areas are being interviewed - from industry, a computer company, health care and adult education. Relevant concepts are authority, self-respect, deviation, trust, strength-weakness, solidarity and compassion.

  • 3.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Function Based Manning and Aspects of Flexibility2010In: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 121-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to examine the concept of flexibility from a shipping perspective. Flexibility is examined in order to develop strategies, theoretical and applicable, in the field of Function Based Manning (FBM), for achieving optimized manning, which is not the same as reduced manning, with a healthy crew. This is a complex concept in many aspects. Based on research on working life and work organizations conducted by social scientists, two aspects of flexibility are examined; functional flexibility including job enrichment and competence training, and working time flexibility. These issues are analyzed from a shipping perspective. The concept is double-edged in the sense that it entails both having flexibility and being flexible. Does flexibility only serve the interests of the employer? Or, do workers also benefit from flexibility? By combining these two aspects of flexibility, a win-win situation benefiting both employers and employees can be achieved. This article highlights and discusses strategies intended to promote the implementation of amodel of optimized manning.

  • 4.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samtal i natten på en kommandobrygga2012In: En gestalt, många berättelser: en vänbok till Lars-Erik Berg / [ed] Jessica Mjöberg & Anetter Lundin, Skövde: Skövde: Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle , 2012, p. 149-159Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Musik som livsmening: om unga människors musikupplevelser2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 109-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, .
    Functions, performances and perceptions of work on ships2014In: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 231-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demands for greater efficiency and increased profitability in shipping have increased with hardened competition. In recent years major reductions in manning have been made. When the STCW Convention was revised in 1995, this led to changes in terms of the organization of work on board. By using a functional approach, it became possible to handle current demands that all tasks on board are founded on competency-based skills. This article reports the results from an investigation of work functions performed on board ships. The aim was to investigate how these functions are performed today and how marine officers perceived this. Main questions were as follows: How do officers handle the working situation with a reduced crew? Which job functions do they have and how are these performed? How do officers experience the work situation on board? Field studies, involving participant observation and interviews on various types of vessels were conducted and issues were illuminated and analyzed from a socio-technical perspective. The results revealed some specific areas. Reduced crews highlight the need for the right kind of knowledgeable people. Not everyone can be good at everything, maybe not even within their own profession. The predominating issue is about the increased administrative work and the lack of skills development. A continuous professional development should be part of the work and a planned activity. Vessel crews are trying to create flexible solutions for performing the work on board. They are doing this in various ways, depending on the number of the crew, the leadership and the specific vessel culture.

  • 7.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    Safety on passenger ferries from catering staff’s perspective2016In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of employees on passenger ferries consist of the catering staff: those who operate in restaurants, shops, and in the hotel on board. Research on this category is scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the catering staff’s experiences and perceptions of safety practice on board passenger ferries. The methods are semi-structured interviews and a qualitative content analysis of official documents and research articles. Results: Increased safety regulations and directives on an international and a national level have taken place after the major ferry disasters of late 1990s. Changes in the safety organization on the passenger ferries have resulted in more involvement of the catering crew in safety on board. Safety awareness and the way the catering staff think about safety have improved. The risk of terrorism has further reinforced safety awareness. A clear challenge for safety work on ferries is the reduction of catering crew. The transition to job flexibility for catering crew may constitute risk factors regarding safety and security. © 2016 by the author.

  • 8.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Widell, Gill
    Seafarers´ working career in a life cycle perspective: driving forces and turning points2014Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    et al.
    Chalmers.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nodin, Karin
    University West.
    Funktionsbaserad bemanning : En förstudie 2008Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Säkerhet och arbete på passagerarfärjor ur intendenturpersonalens perspektiv2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska färjesjöfarten brottas idag med bristande lönsamhet. En effekt av detta är personalminskningar och ökad stress i arbetet. På passagerarfärjorutgör intendenturpersonalen ofta majoriteten av ombordanställda. De ärinlemmade i fartygens säkerhetsorganisation och deras roll i denna har blivit allt viktigare. I denna artikel belyses genom en intervjustudie hur denna personalkategori ser på denna roll utifrån olika aspekter.

  • 11.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhet och intendentur på passagerarfärjor: en dokument- och litteraturstudie2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to fatal accidents in the last three decades the safety of passenger ferries has been of central concern for ship owners and regulating authorities. New technology, regulations and education to improve the construction of ships and the capability of the crews to act in critical situations have been implemented. In this report we focus how one special category of personnel, the service staff, is integrated in the safety organisation and culture on board passenger ferries. We do this by study in gresearch literature and a variety of documents issued by regulating authorities on the subject. An internet-based discussion among seafarers about who is considered to be a "real seafarer" is also analysed. Another topic discussed in the report is the everyday working conditions for the servicestaff and its impact on their health. By analysing statistical data it is shown that work-related accidents and sickness are far more common among this category compared to other seafarers. The main conclusion in the report is that research on and interest in the role of the service staff in the safety organisation and culture of passenger ferries is underdeveloped and weak. Traditional strong hierarchies among seafarers and seafarers' and other relevant actors' views on who is considered tobe a "real seafarer" may to some extent explain this situation. More research and more efforts to integrate this category in the concrete work to improve safety are therefore needed.

  • 12.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik.
    Who Cares and Who Pays?: The Stakeholders of Maritime Human Factors2009In: Human Factors in Ship Design & Operation: London, September 25-26, 2009, London: Royal Institute of Naval Architects , 2009, p. 69-76Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at identifying the key stakeholders in maritime human factors and analyse their interest in, and power to influence the human factors issues. A stakeholder analysis is done and a model displays eight stakeholders from a vessel lifecycle perspective. It is concluded that the interest and the power to influence is much differentiated, largely due to the nature of shipping. An increased public interest in environmental, economic and socio-political sustainability has affected the environmental work in the industry and it is believed that pressure from consumers will lead to increased demands on shipping. It is further concluded that well operated shipping contribute to greater overall efficiency and economy and should offset higher unit freight costs resulting by the use of better maintained and managed ships.

1 - 12 of 12
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