Change search
Refine search result
1 - 29 of 29
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Athlin, Elsy
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Department of Nursing.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    A model for a national clinical final examination in the Swedish bachelor programme in nursing2012In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 90-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To describe the development and evaluation of a model for a national clinical final examination in the bachelor nursing education.

    Background After the transfer of nursing education to the academy, concerns have been raised among nurses, nurse leaders, lecturers and researchers about the nursing students clinical competence at the entrance to professional life.

    Methods During 2003 to 2005, a collaborative project was carried out between four universities and adjunctive health-care areas supplying clinical placements in Sweden. A two-part examination was agreed upon comprising a written theoretical test and a bedside test. An assessment tool for the bedside test was created. Nursing students, nurses and clinical lecturers participated voluntarily in the evaluation.

    Results The model was highly appreciated, and its relevance, usability, and validity were considered quite good for the assessment of nursing students clinical competence at the final stage of their education. Several deficiencies were revealed, which led to further development of the model.

    Conclusions and implications for nursing management The development and first evaluation of the model proved encouraging for further use, but it needs further evaluation. Involvement of nursing managers is necessary in order to satisfy new demands on competence and staffing of clinical nurses.

  • 2.
    Dale, Björg
    et al.
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport.
    Sævareid, Hans Inge
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport.
    Kirkevold, Marit
    University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Nursing and Health Science.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Older home nursing patients' perception of social provisions and received care2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 523-532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social loneliness and isolation may be some of the consequences that older people experience regarding age-related changes and losses, and nurses should be engaged in identifying social networks and social needs in this group. The aims of this study were to describe perceived social provisions in a group of older home-dwelling care-dependent patients, and to explore the relationship between perceived social provisions, physical functioning, mental state and reception of formal and informal care. The sample consisted of 242 persons aged 75+ years from seven municipalities in southern Norway, all receiving home nursing. Data were collected by means of structured interviews. Social support was assessed using the revised Social Provisions Scale. Physical functioning was assessed using the Barthel Index, and mental state using questions about loneliness, depressive symptoms and anxiety. Types and frequencies of social network contacts and formal and informal care were registered. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U-tests, Cronbach's alpha coefficient and stepwise multiple regression were used in the analyses. In general, the level of perceived social provisions and togetherness in the study group was high, especially among women and the married. Decreased physical functioning and declined mental state were related to lower level of social provisions. The majority of the individuals had frequently contacts with several types of social networks, like friends, neighbours and religious communities, in addition to close family. Contact with these informal networks was found to be close related to perceived social support and togetherness. Reduced social provisions was related to increased amount of home nursing, which could indicate that demand for home care may work as a strategy to gain social contact. In this sense, dependence in daily life functioning could possibly contribute to social contact rather than reduce it. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  • 3.
    Dale, Björg
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Sævereid, Hans Inge
    Kirkevold, Marit
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Formal and informal care in relation to activities of daily living and self-perceived health among older care-dependent individuals in Norway.2008In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 194-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Research about formal care of older home-dwelling people in the Nordic countries is comprehensive, while research on informal care has been less inclusive.

    Aim. To describe self-reported activities of daily living and perceived health, and to relate them to amount and types of formal and informal care received by a group of care-dependent, home-dwelling older individuals in Norway.

    Design and methods. A sample consisting of 242 persons aged 75+ years receiving home nursing services. Data were collected by means of structured interviews with questions about activities of daily living (ADL), amount and types of formal and informal care and demographic variables. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U-test and multiple stepwise regression were used in the analyses.

    Results. ADL dependency was the only predictor for explaining quantity of home nursing received. Those who received a generous amount of formal care also received a lot of care and support from informal networks. The type of care from the two sources differed. The home nurses performed PADL tasks. While the informal caregivers offered help with IADL tasks.

    Conclusion. This study of receiving help in this group of older people in Norway shows that formal and informal care resources complement one another.

  • 4.
    Fex, Angelika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Ek, A. C.
    Linkoping Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Div Nursing Sci, Dept Med & Hlth Sci.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Self-care among persons using advanced medical technology at home2009In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18, no 20, p. 2809-2817Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Fex, Angelika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Health–illness transition among persons using advanced medical technology at home2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 253-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to elucidate meanings of health–illness transition experiences among adult persons using advanced medical technology at home. As an increasing number of persons perform self-care while using different sorts of advanced medical technology at home, knowledge about health–illness transition experiences in this situation may be useful to caregivers in supporting these patients. A qualitative design was used. Five women and five men, all of whom performed self-care at home, either using long-term oxygen therapy from a ventilator or oxygen cylinder, or performing peritoneal or haemodialysis, were interviewed. Ethics committee approval was obtained. Informed consent was received from all participants, and ethical issues concerning their rights in research were raised. The interviews were analysed using a phenomenological hermeneutical methodology, including both an inductive and a deductive structural analysis. This method offers possibilities to obtain an increased understanding by uncovering a deeper meaning of lived experiences through interviews transcribed as texts. The health–illness transition for adult persons in this context was found to mean a learning process of accepting, managing, adjusting and improving daily life with technology, facilitated by realizing the gain from technology at home. Further, the meaning of the health–illness transition experience was interpreted as contentment with being part of the active and conscious process towards transcending into a new state of living, in which the individual and the technology were in tune. The healthy transition experience was characterized by human growth and becoming. This study elucidates one meaning of health–illness transition experiences in relation to the use of advanced medical technology on a more generic level, independent of the specific type of technology used. A positive attitude towards technology at home facilitates the transition.

  • 6.
    Fex, Angelika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences .
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Living with an adult family member using advanced medical technology at home2011In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 336-347Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Living with an adult family member using advanced medical technology at home An increased number of chronically ill adults perform self-care while using different sorts of advanced medical technology at home. This hermeneutical study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the meaning of living with an adult family member using advanced medical technology at home. Eleven next of kin to adults performing self-care at home, either using long-term oxygen from a cylinder or ventilator, or performing peritoneal or haemodialysis, were interviewed. The qualitative interviews were analysed using a Gadamerian methodology. The main interpretation explained the meaning as rhythmical patterns of connectedness versus separation, and of sorrow versus reconciliation. Dependence on others was shown in the need for support from healthcare professionals and significant others. In conclusion, next of kin took considerable responsibility for dependent-care. All next of kin were positive to the idea of bringing the technology home, even though their own needs receded into the background, while focusing on the best for the patient. The results were discussed in relation to dependent-care and transition, which may have an influence on the self-care of next of kin and patients. The study revealed a need for further nursing attention to next of kin in this context. 

  • 7.
    Fex, Angelika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Self-care agency and perceived health among people using advanced medical technology at home2012In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 806-815Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim.

    This article reports a study of self-care agency and perceived health in a group

    of people using advanced medical technology at home.

     

    Background.

    An increasing number of people are using medical technology for selfcare.

    Few studies describe daily life in this context at an overriding level, irrespective

    of the specific sort of technology. A connection between self-care, perceived health

    and sense of coherence has previously been implied.

     

    Methods.

    A descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional quantitative design was used.

    Data were collected from a questionnaire during the winter of 2009/2010. The

    questionnaire addressed perceived health and daily life with medical technology.

    Swedish versions of the Appraisal of Self-care Agency scale and the 13-item version

    of Antonovsky’s sense of coherence scale were included.

     

    Results.

    The questionnaire was answered by 180 adults performing self-care at

    home involving long-term oxygen, a ventilator, or peritoneal- or haemo-dialysis.

    Health-related and technology-related variables in daily life were mostly highly

    satisfactory. Perceived health was rated significantly lower among participants using

    long-term oxygen. Sufficient sense of coherence, knowledge of how to use technology,

    close contact with others and not feeling helpless contributed positively to

    self-care agency. Positive contributing factors for perceived health were being satisfied

    with life, having an active life and not feeling helpless, whereas age was a

    negative factor.

     

    Conclusion.

    Daily life is manageable for people in this context. Long-term oxygen

    treatment and advanced age can be regarded as risk factors for perceiving ill health.

  • 8.
    Finnström, Berit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Conceptions of pain among Somali women living in Sweden.2006In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 418-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This paper reports a study of a group of Somali mothers' views on pain, the causes of pain, pain behaviour and pain treatment concerning themselves and their family members. BACKGROUND: Both the meaning of pain and pain behaviour are associated with values in a patient's social and cultural context. Culture also provides models for how to treat and relieve pain. Several studies report a lack of cultural sensitivity and competence among healthcare professionals, resulting in lower quality of and less access to health care and pain treatment for minority groups. However, the majority of the scientific literature on pain and culture concerns adults in the United States of America. METHOD: Focused conversational interviews were carried out with a convenience sample of nine Somalia women living in Sweden in order to describe and explore their conceptions of pain. Qualitative content analysis was conducted through meaning condensation. The data were collected in 2002-2003. FINDINGS: The women expressed a number of different ideas about definitions and causes of pain. Somalis, especially men, are expected to be stoic about pain. The women had different strategies for communicating about and relieving pain. Children from the ages of 6-8 years upwards were expected to control their pain expression. Respondents used both formal and informal care to relieve pain. For some of the women, consulting a psychologist was not a culturally acceptable way of seeking pain relief. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses must strive for increased cultural competence and explore ways to make healthcare services sensitive to culturally diverse groups. Nurses have an educational role in educating parents and children about pain and the importance of sufficient pain relief. All healthcare providers should be aware of their own cultural values and the risk of stereotyping people.

  • 9.
    Finnström, Berit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Kokinsky., Eva
    Utvärdering av två självskattningsinstrument för smärta bland barn på en akutmottagning2008In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 48-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this pilot study a faces pain scale (FPS) and the ColouredAnalogue Scale (CAS) were evaluated. The FPS consists of six faces corresponding to a numeric scale of 0 to 10, and the CAS is a modified visual analogue scale from 0 to 10. The aims were to examine if FPS and CAS were considered as equal, valid and applicable in measuring pain in children in an emergency room. To assess concurrent validity, 62 children in an emergency room were asked to mark their current pain on both self-report scales. When construct validity was assessed, a subgroup of children (n=19) was asked to score their pain before and after administered analgesics. All children were asked which scale they preferred. There were no significant differences in the scores between the scales. The correlation between them was 0.64 for children >8 years of age and 0.66 for children 4.5–7 years (p<0.05). Median scores after analgesic administration decreased from 5.8 to 4.2 with CAS (p<0.001) and from 6 to 4 with FPS (p<0.001). Children >8 years preferred CAS, while younger children preferred FPS (p<0.05). Both scales showed concurrent and construct validity in this study group of untrained children in an emergency room.

  • 10.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences .
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    Linköping University, Division of Neurology, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Fatigue in relation to perceived health: People with multiple sclerosis compared with people in the general population2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 391-400Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Lived experience of MS-related fatigue: a phenomenological interview study2003In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 707-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatigue is a major problem among individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS), but its meaning in daily living is unclear. The aim was to describe MS-related fatigue as lived by a group of individuals diagnosed with MS. Interviews with nine individuals were analysed from a phenomenological perspective. MAIN FINDINGS: MS-related fatigue is living with a time-consuming and all absorbing phenomenon, involving the body and the whole human being. Fatigue is commonly non-constructively perceived and expressed in terms of energy loss, emotional afflictions, dependency and restrictions of life in general, however, it is also constructively perceived and involves a desire to accept life and strive for a better situation. CONCLUSION: MS-related fatigue is a comprehensive phenomenon and its relationship with self-care requires further investigation.

  • 12.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing. University West, Department of Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS).2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 170-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that, for those not affected, is hard to understand. To achieve better assessments, caregivers need reliable and valid tools. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS) among working-aged individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS), as well as in a comparative group randomly selected from the general population in the same geographical area. Both individuals with MS ( n =161) and individuals recruited from the general population ( n =194) participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for the data collection. The data were analysed using non-parametric statistical methods. Reliability of FIS was addressed by item-to-item and item-to-total correlations. Concurrent validity was tested for by analysing correlations between the FIS and general questions, and construct validity by investigation of differences in the FIS scores between known groups. The FIS was found to be homogenous, with item-to-total correlation coefficients of 0.42 ≤ r s ≤0.86 ( p [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

  • 13.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Reply to commentary on "Reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS)"2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 134-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    Linköping University Division of Neuroscience, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sensitivity to heat in MS patients: A factor strongly influencing symptomology - an explorative survey2011In: BMC Neurology, Vol. 11, no 27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many individuals diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are sensitive to increased body temperature, which has been recognized as correlating with the symptom of fatigue. The need to explore this association has been highlighted. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of heat sensitivity and its relations to disease course, disability, common MS-related symptoms and ongoing immunosuppressive treatments among individuals 65 years of age or younger diagnosed with MS.Methods: A cross-sectional designed survey was undertaken. A questionnaire was sent to MS-patients with an Expanded Disability Status Score (EDSS) in the interval of 0-6.5 and who were between 20 and 65 years of age, living in an eastern region of Sweden (n = 334). Besides occurrence of heat sensitivity (Yes/No) and corresponding questions, the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), the MS-related symptom checklist and the Perceived Deficit Questionnaire (PDQ) were included. Data were analysed in relation to data level using Chi-square, Mann Whitney U-test, and Student's t-test. Pearson's and Spearman's correlations were calculated. In the logistic regression analyses (enter) dichotomized MS-symptoms were used as dependent variables, and EDSS, disease-course, time since onset, heat-sensitivity, age and sex (female/male) were independent variables. In the linear regression analyses, enter, mean FSS and summarized PDQ were entered as dependent variables and EDSS, disease-course, time since onset, heat sensitivity, age and sex (female/male) were independent variables.Results: Of the responding patients (n = 256), 58% reported heat sensitivity. The regression analyses revealed heat sensitivity as a significant factor relating not only to fatigue (p < 0.001), but also to several other common MS symptoms such as pain (p < 0.001), concentration difficulties (p < 0.001), and urination urgency (p = 0.009).Conclusions: Heat sensitivity in MS patients is a key symptom that is highly correlated with disabling symptoms such as fatigue, pain, concentration difficulty and urination urgency. © 2011 Flensner et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  • 15.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Work capacity and health-related quality of life among individuals with multiple sclerosis reduced by fatigue: a cross-sectional study2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, no 224, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Among individuals diagnosed with the chronic neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a majority suffers from fatigue, which strongly influences their every-day-life. The aim of this study was to investigate work capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a group of MS patients and also to investigate if work capacity and HRQoL could be predicted by background factors, fatigue, heat sensitivity, cognitive dysfunction, emotional distress or degree of disability. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, designed survey was undertaken A questionnaire was sent to 323 individuals diagnosed with MS, aged between 20 and 65 years, with physical disability on the expanded disability status score (EDSS) in the interval 0 ≥ EDSS ≤ 6.5, living in Östergötland county in eastern Sweden. Questions on background factors, occupation and work, together with the health-related quality of life short form instrument (SF-36), the fatigue severity scale (FSS), the perceived deficit questionnaire (PDQ) and the hospital anxiety depression scale (HAD) were posed. Associations between variables were analyzed using Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlations. Differences between groups were tested using the Chi-square test, the Mann Whitney U-test, and the Student’s t-test. Predictive factors were analyzed using multiple linear and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: Of those who completed the questionnaire (n = 257, 79.6%), 59.8% were working. Work capacity was found significantly more among men (p < 0.005), those with a higher level of education (p < 0.001), those reporting less fatigue (p < 0.001), and those having no heat sensitivity (p = 0.004). For work capacity, significant predictors were low physical disability (EDSS), low fatigue, higher level of education, male sex and lower age. Those with work capacity showed significantly higher HRQoL than those who had no work capacity (p < 0.001). Levels of fatigue, cognition and emotional distress were found to be major contributing factors for HRQoL. Conclusions: Work capacity and HRQoL among individuals diagnosed with MS are highly influenced by fatigue which can be considered as a key symptom. Work capacity was influenced by heat-sensitivity, cognitive difficulties and emotional distress and significant predictive factors besides fatigue, were physical disability (EDSS), age, sex, and level of education. Remaining at work also gives a better HRQoL.

  • 16.
    Fossum, Mariann
    et al.
    Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, University of Adger.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    Translation and testing of the Risk Assessment Pressure Ulcer Sore scale used among residents in Norwegian nursing homes2012In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 2, no 5, p. e001575-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of the Norwegian language version of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore (RAPS) scale.

    Background: Risk assessment scales for pressure ulcer (PU) prevention have become an aspect of quality improvement in healthcare, but their effectiveness depends on the reliability and validity of the scale.

    Methods: A convenience sample of 481 residents in 15 nursing homes in rural Norway was included between January and June 2007. The English-language version of the RAPS scale was translated into Norwegian, and this scale was used to collect the data, including a skin  examination. The number of PUs and grades were documented. Reliability was assessed in a small group of 26 residents and construct validity in the total study group.

    Results: Equivalence between two assessments regarding total scores of the RAPS scale was reflected in an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.95. Construct validity was supported, and the RAPS scale could define groups with expected low and high scores. Further evidence of construct validity was shown in a confirmatory factor analysis.

    Conclusion: The Norwegian version of the RAPS scale has shown sufficient psychometric properties to be considered a reliable and valid scale for identifying risk of PUs among nursing home residents. However, further testing is needed.

  • 17.
    Gombos, Timea
    et al.
    Semmelweis University, IIIrd Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, 1125 Budapest, Hungary.
    Kertész, Krisztina
    Semmelweis University, Dietetical Service, Kútvölgyi Clinical Center, 1125 Budapest, Hungary.
    Csíkos, Ágnes
    Semmelweis University, IIIrd Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, 1125 Budapest, Hungary.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport, 4809 Arendal, Norway.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Prohászka, Zoltán
    Semmelweis University, IIIrd Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, 1125 Budapest, Hungary.
    Nutritional form for the elderly is a reliable and valid instrument for the determination of undernutrition risk, and it is associated with health-related quality of life2008In: Nutrition Research, ISSN 0271-5317, E-ISSN 1879-0739, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 59-65Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Sandén, Inger
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Experiences of living in a disrupted situation as partner to a man with testicular cancer2009In: American Journal of Men's Health, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 126-133Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Björnestad, John Olav
    Skisland, Anne
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP)2011In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 4, p. 165-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP) using structural equation modeling. The instrument is a 12-item self-report instrument, developed in the Scandinavian cultural context and based on Kohlberg's theory. A hypothesized simplex structure model underlying the MDSP was tested through structural equation modeling. Validity was also tested as the proportion of respondents older than 20 years that reached the highest moral level, which according to the theory should be small. A convenience sample of 339 nursing students with a mean age of 25.3 years participated. Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high. A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level. The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory

  • 20.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    The Internal Structure of the Appraisal of Self-care Agency (ASA) Scale.2001In: Theoria : journal of nursing theory, ISSN 1400-8033, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 5-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    The structure of self-care in a group of elderly people2001In: Nursing Science Quarterly, ISSN 0894-3184, E-ISSN 1552-7409, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 55-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Orem's self-care deficit theory of nursing, the structure of self-care consists of self-care agency balanced by therapeutic self-care demand. Different conditioning factors constitute these two constructs. The aim of this study was to investigate through secondary analysis the structure of self-care in a group of elderly. Data were originally collected from a total of 125 randomly chosen elderly individuals (65+ years of age) in Sweden by means of a mailed questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to show that self-care agency was totally and significantly balanced against therapeutic self-care demand and explained by five conditioning factors.

  • 22.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Holmgren, Linda
    Health Promotion Officer, Feelgood, Linköping.
    Testing Antonovsky's sense of coherence (SOC) scale among Swedish physically active older people2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 215-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, the major concept sense of coherence (SOC) is constituted of three core components called comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Several scales that are intended to measure SOC are available and used by researchers in health and caring sciences all over the world. When using a scale, evidence of its quality in different study groups is needed in order to get reliable and valid data. The aim of this study was to test reliability and construct validity of the Swedish version of Antonovsky's original 29-item sense of coherence (SOC) scale in a group of physically active older people. The scale was tested with a convenience sample of 140 physically active older individuals, who took part in different fitness-training groups in eastern Sweden. Reliability was assessed as item to total correlations and with the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed with the known groups technique, confirmatory factor analysis, and with logistic regression analysis. The results showed that in the studied group of older individuals, the instrument was a very reliable tool with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.92. Construct validity of the scale was supported by the fact that the global concept sense of coherence was found to be hierarchically organized in a model that consisted of the three core components of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Furthermore, perceived health could be explained to some degree by sense of coherence, but even more by comprehensibility, in both cases independently of chronological age. The results clearly corroborated Antonovsky's theory.

  • 23.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Linköping University, Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nurses' influence on quality of care in postoperative pain management: a phenomenological study.2003In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 26-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to describe a group of nurses' influence on the quality of care in postoperative pain management and to elucidate the meaning of exercising this influence. Fifteen protocols, written by experienced clinical nurses, describing complex postoperative pain situations where the nurses' actions influenced the outcome were analysed by using two different phenomenological methods. The results showed that the general meaning structure of the nurses' influence on the quality of care in postoperative pain management consisted of (i) the nurses' perception of an unsatisfactory situation concerning the pain management of the surgical patients; (ii) that the nurses personally intervened; and (iii) that they changed the outcome of the situation in a positive direction. The meaning of exercising this influence was interpreted as an aspiration to relieve the patients from their suffering by exercising professional skills and knowledge in a creative, problem-solving, caring process.

  • 24. Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    Lindencrona, C
    National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm.
    Gustavsson, Siw Merit
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Attitudes toward older people among nursing students and registered nurses in Sweden2001In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 225-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geriatric nursing is generally not considered to be a popular branch of nursing among Swedish nursing students and registered nurses. It is, therefore, important for nurse educators and others with responsibilities for the development of nursing to pay attention to trends of importance for the care of the elderly. Attitudes - conceptualized as feelings, knowledge, and readiness to act - may be one important factor. It has been reported that feelings toward older people may change with experience, age and gender. The aim of this study was to measure feelings toward older people among nursing students and registered nurses. A convenience sample of 151 undergraduate nursing students and 41 registered nurses in Sweden participated in the study. Data were collected through Kogan's Old People scale. The results confirmed earlier findings and showed that limited previous experience of care of older people, age <25 years, and male gender were significant factors for showing less favourable feelings towards the aged. In the education of nurses, goal-directed experience of elderly care is recommended in order to create positive feelings towards and interest in older people among students. It is also suggested that special considerations should be given to very young students and male students.

  • 25.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Arendal.
    Skisland, Anne
    Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Kristiansand.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Attitudes towards the anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context2010In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no Suppl 1, p. 129-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:There may be different attitudes towards the transition into retirement and old age pensioner life among people who are relatively close to get into their third age. This phenomenon has not been widely studied in the nursing literature. Since this predictable-involuntary transition may have influences on personal health and well-being, it should be meaningful to study it in a self-care perspective. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. Methods and Materials:A qualitative design was used in this  study. A total number of 13 individuals, 55–65 years of age, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon was revealed. Results: All informants viewed their lives in retrospective with  positive feelings with respect to their childhood and youth. As grown up individuals, they saw family, friends and social relations as very important. No particular differences between the informants from the different municipalities were found, nor in relation to age, sex or profession. There were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns and worries related to the transition into old age pensioner life among the informants from both the rural and urban municipalities. Conclusion: Autonomy and mature dependence seem to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into old age. Supporting autonomy should, therefore, be a way for facilitating the predictable-involuntary transition into retirement. Further studies about the retirement transition within a self-care perspective are needed. This study indicates that motivation, autonomy and mature dependence are important issues that should be focused in such research. Gender issues and connectedness are other important areas.

  • 26.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Skisland, Anne
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Self-care and anticipated transition into retirement and later life in a Nordic welfare context2011In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 2011:4, no 4, p. 273-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Few studies have appeared in the health care literature on the meaning of transition into retirement and later life. However, this predictable-involuntary transition may influence personal health and well-being, and studying it from a self-care perspective could be useful. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. A total of 13 individuals, aged 55 to 65 years, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. Conversational interviews took place, during which the informants shared important events in their lives that had occurred from early childhood until the present time, together with thoughts about their anticipated future developmental transition into later life. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive picture of the phenomenon was revealed. The results showed that there were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns, and worries related to the transition into retirement and old age among informants from both rural and urban municipalities. Self-care, in connection with this, depended on motivating and demotivating factors. Autonomy and mature dependence seemed to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into later life. Supporting autonomy should be a way of facilitating the transition into retirement and later life.

  • 27.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    A successful way for performing nutritional nursing assessment in older patients2009In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 431-439Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norra Älvsborgs Länssjukhus, Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Developing and testing the Nutritional Form For the Elderly2001In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 336-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Undernutrition among elderly patients is a significant problem in nursing care. The aims of this study were to develop and test an instrument for identifying actual and potential undernutrition among elderly patients in clinical nursing care. A Likert-type scale consisting of 15 items was constructed. A consecutive sample of 56 elderly patients (>65 years) in a geriatric rehabilitation ward in western Sweden were interviewed with the instrument. The data were mainly analysed with non-parametric statistical methods. The results showed that the instrument was a fairly reliable scale with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.72. Evidence of validity concerning face validity, criterion-related validity-including concurrent and predictive validity-and construct validity was shown in the study group. Further testing is required if the instrument is to be used in clinical nursing care and research.

  • 29.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norra Älvsborgs Länssjukhus, Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Reliability and validity of the nutritional form for the elderly (NUFFE)2002In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 28-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Nutritional Form for the Elderly (NUFFE). BACKGROUND: The prevalence of undernutrition among older people in nursing homes and hospitals reaches high levels. Assessment of older patients' nutritional status is an important task for nurses in clinical care. To use a simple nutritional assessment instrument for older people is one approach for nurses. Examples of such instruments are the well validated Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and the newly developed NUFFE. METHODS: A total of 114 consecutively chosen, newly admitted older patients in an elder care rehabilitation ward in western Sweden were interviewed using the NUFFE and MNA. Arm and calf circumferences, body mass index (BMI), and presence of pressure sores and skin ulcers were noted as part of the MNA on admission. Weight was monitored and BMI calculated on discharge. Serum albumin levels on admission and discharge were used if these were available in the records. Reliability of the NUFFE was measured as homogeneity. Criterion related validity, concurrent validity, construct validity, and predictive validity were assessed with different statistical methods. The regional research ethics committee approved the study. RESULTS: The results showed that the NUFFE is a fairly reliable and valid instrument for identifying actual and potential undernutrition among older patients. CONCLUSION: The NUFFE is a simple tool for nurses to use to assess older patients with the aim of detecting undernourished individuals and those at risk for undernutrition. When doing a nutritional assessment with the NUFFE, the BMI ought also to be calculated. The assessment could also be combined with food intake recording for a period of time.

1 - 29 of 29
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf